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R & D Focus

A ULL Researcher Invents a Catalyst Model for Biodiesel

(Canarias 7) The model uses pumice as a support, an abundant and low-cost volcanic material. — The researcher at the University of La Laguna (ULL) Laura Díaz has invented a utility model on a catalyst to produce biodiesel , which has been accredited by the Patent and Trademark Office and in which pumice , a volcanic material , is used

January 26, 2022 Read Full Article

MTM to Expand Biofuel Use after Successful Trial

by Marcus Hand (Seatrade Maritime News) Singapore-headquartered MTM Ship Management is to expand its use of biofuels following a successful trial.  — A trial voyage using biofuels was successfully completed on the Singapore-flagged MR tanker MTM Colorado using biofuel blend (B30 Bio VLSFO) on a voyage from the Netherlands to Brazil.

January 26, 2022 Read Full Article

Liebherr Expands Its Use of Neste MY Renewable Diesel

(Neste) From January 2022 onwards, Liebherr will be expanding its use of Neste MY Renewable Diesel™ to its plant in Kirchdorf where the company develops and manufactures annually approximately 2,500 machines, such as hydraulic excavators, material handling machines and articulated trucks. Neste-produced renewable diesel will be used in the first fill and

January 26, 2022 Read Full Article

Cepsa and the Iberia Group Seal an Ambitious Strtegic Alliance to Decarbonize Air Transport on a Large Scale

(Crepsa) º The two major Spanish companies are joining forces to develop and produce sustainable aviation biofuels (SAF) on a large scale from waste, recycled used oils, and other sustainable plant-based feedstocks (2nd generation bios) The agreement, which also includes Iberia Express, contemplates other alternative energy sources such as renewable

January 26, 2022 Read Full Article

Overcoming a Bottleneck in Carbon Dioxide Conversion

by David Chandler  (MIT News) Study reveals why some attempts to convert the greenhouse gas into fuel have failed, and offers possible solutions. — If researchers could find a way to chemically convert carbon dioxide into fuels or other products, they might make a major dent in greenhouse gas emissions. But

January 26, 2022 Read Full Article

New List: These Commercial Vehicles Are Allowed to Fill up with Biodiesel

(LifePR) A new list shows the trucks, buses, engines, and other commercial vehicles that have been approved by the manufacturers to run on higher blends of biodiesel. They can be fuelled with a proportion of 10 percent (B10), 20 percent (B20), 30 percent (B30) or pure biodiesel (B100). Almost all

January 25, 2022 Read Full Article

Algae Biomaterials Research Gets $6.4 Million Funding Boost from the US Department of Energy

(The Fish Site) Researchers with Montana State University have been awarded a series of grants totalling $6.4 million to identify ways algae can be used for biofuels and other products as it removes carbon dioxide from the air. — Building on more than a decade of MSU research on the

January 25, 2022 Read Full Article

Recent Algae Discovery Gives Clues to Boost Biofuel Production

(Michigan State University/Phys.Org) A new study from the Michigan State University-Department of Energy (DOE) Plant Research Laboratory (PRL) shows how some algae can protect themselves when the oxygen they produce impairs their photosynthetic activity. The discovery also answers a long-standing question about how algae survive when CO2 levels are low. The findings

January 25, 2022 Read Full Article

United Arab Emirates: TotalEnergies Joins Masdar and Siemens Energy in Initiative to Drive Green Hydrogen Development and Produce Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(TotalEnergies)  TotalEnergies, Masdar and Siemens Energy sign collaboration agreement at Abu Dhabi Sustainability Week 2022 to act as co-developers on green hydrogen project; Project aims to establish demonstrator plant at Masdar City for green hydrogen production to convert carbon dioxide into Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF). —  Masdar, one of the world’s

January 24, 2022 Read Full Article

Carbios Accelerates Its Industrial Development

(Carbios) This industrial scale-up is supported by the excellent results obtained at the demonstration plant, which launched in September 2021; Two world-class PET producers have been shortlisted to host the reference unit operating Carbios’ technology and the final choice of a European site will soon be communicated – Carbios (Euronext Growth Paris:

January 24, 2022 Read Full Article

Hyzon Motors to Collaborate with Transform Materials on Renewable Hydrogen Production

(Transform Materials) Hyzon Motors Inc. (NASDAQ: HYZN), a leading supplier of hydrogen-powered fuel cell electric vehicles, today announced a non-binding memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Transform Materials, a provider of renewable hydrogen through its innovative proprietary microwave reactor technology. Together, Hyzon and Transform Materials will evaluate proposals to develop facilities to

January 24, 2022 Read Full Article

Scientists Build Bioreactors and Engineer Bacteria to Advance Biofuel Research

by Gary Hughes (University of Kent) Researchers from the School of Biosciences have designed and built equipment that can be used to investigate bacterial biofuel production at a fraction of the cost of commercial systems. Using this technology they also demonstrated that bacterial genetic engineering could be used to enhance biofuel production. Commercial equipment used

January 21, 2022 Read Full Article

Feedstocks and a Growing Biodiesel, Renewable Diesel Industry

by Aimie Simpson (Brownfield Ag News) U.S. farmers are ready to meet demand for feedstocks in a growing biodiesel and renewable diesel industry.   East Central Iowa farmer David Walton, a Clean Fuels Alliance America governing board member, says the industry is poised to see rapid growth in the next 10 years

January 21, 2022 Read Full Article

Shell’s Massive Carbon Capture Plant Is Emitting More Than It’s Capturing

by Anya Zoledziowski (Vice World News)  A new Global Witness report found that it has the same carbon footprint per year as 1.2 million gas-powered cars.  — A first-of-its-kind “green” Shell facility in Alberta is emitting more greenhouse gases than it’s capturing, throwing into question whether taxpayers should be funding it,

January 21, 2022 Read Full Article

Biggest Breakthrough in Plastic Recycling

by Anjana Nair (Bio Market Insights)  … The recent research from the Aarhus University, Denmark, demonstrated for the first-time computer vision technology, which can be used to differentiate between a wide range of plastics according to their chemical composition. Applied on an industrial scale, this could enormously increase the rate of

January 20, 2022 Read Full Article

RFA Says Carbon-Nevative Ethanol Achievable within Decades

by Kellan Heavican (Brownfield Ag News) The head of the Renewable Fuels Association says they’re continuing to work towards carbon neutrality by 2050.   Geoff Cooper says one plan to help create zero-carbon ethanol would be to “connect ethanol facilities together via pipeline – to take that CO2 from fermentation and sequester

January 20, 2022 Read Full Article

UD and LSU Collaborate to Advance Manufacturing Technologies that Employ Carbon Dioxide and Renewable Energy

by Karen B. Roberts (University of Delaware)  … One hurdle that keeps promising CO2 electrolyzer technologies in academic laboratories rather than being scaled for industrial use — where they could make a dent in our carbon dioxide emission problem — is that the critical materials needed for the job, including membranes

January 20, 2022 Read Full Article

Animal, Vegetable or Mineral (Oil)? Exploring the Potential Impacts of New Renewable Diesel Capacity on Oil and Fat Markets in the United States

by Chris Malins and Cato Sandford (International Council on Clean Transportation)  This report provides an overview of the U.S. renewable diesel market and explores the potential market and environmental impacts of increased renewable diesel capacity. The United States currently supports renewable diesel supply through the federal Renewable Fuel Standard, a biomass-based

January 19, 2022 Read Full Article

New Research Explores ‘Toilet-Linked’ AD Potential

(Bioenergy Insight) Research by the University of Stirling will help decision-makers understand and overcome the barriers preventing the uptake of ‘toilet-linked’ biogas technologies. One pioneering process enables home toilets to be connected to an anaerobic digester, which converts the waste into biogas for use as a clean cooking fuel, and

January 18, 2022 Read Full Article

$2.5M for Food-Chain Microbiome Research Could Impact Agriculture, Biofuel Systems

by Marc Arakaki (University of Hawai’i News) World-renowned microbiome research at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa received a major boost by the National Science Foundation. The five-year, $2,499,432 grant will support new research led by School of Life Sciences Professor Anthony Amend and his team to study how microbiomes influence food chains, which may lead to the creation

January 18, 2022 Read Full Article

Rayonier Introduces New 2G Bio-ethanol Product to Meet Growing Biofuel Demand

(RTT News) Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc. (RYAM), a maker of high purity cellulose pulp, on Tuesday announced introduction of a second generation or 2G bio-ethanol product for Europe’s fast-growing bio-fuels market. The new 2G bio-ethanol product is produced using wood-based feedstock. The construction on RYAM’s 2G production facility is expected to

January 18, 2022 Read Full Article

Why Terpenes in Jet Fuels?: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to SAF from Biobased Terpenes

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Did you know the Naval Air Systems Command is working on high-performance sustainable aviation fuels from biobased terpenes? Check out this illuminating slide guide from Dr. Benjamin G. Harvey at the Naval Air Warfare Center on why terpenes, RJ-4 from cellulosic feedstocks, biosynthetic terpenes in

January 18, 2022 Read Full Article

Advanced Feedstocks Represent a Generational Opportunity – Here’s How to Take It

by Mikala Grubb  (Haldor Topsoe)  The global transition to sustainably produced fuels offers refiners, biorefiners, and investors a once-in-a-generation-sized opportunity. The key to taking it will be advanced feedstocks, as detailed in this column which uncovers how to make the most of the enormous potential. … Add to this the

January 18, 2022 Read Full Article

Microalgal Crops: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to MicroBio

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) From algal-based wastewater treatment plants and purification ponds with biofuels/co-products in California to aviation fuels and algae strain improvements, MicroBio is leading R&D and innovation of microalgae cultivation for bio products. Get all the details from MicroBio’s CEO John Benemann in this illuminating slide

January 17, 2022 Read Full Article

Indaba Renewable Fuels to Produce 6,500 Barrels per Day SAF in 2 Locations Using Haldor Topsoe Tech

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) News just in that Indaba Renewable Fuels will build two greenfield refineries in California and Missouri to produce Sustainable Aviation Fuel utilizing Topsoe’s HydroFlex technology. The facilities are expected to begin production of SAF in 2024 with the capacity of the plants expected to be 6500

January 17, 2022 Read Full Article

Indonesia Plans B40 Biodiesel Road Tests Next Month

(Reuters) Indonesia’s energy ministry plans to begin road tests for a biodiesel programme using 40% palm based bio-content (B40) in February, a senior government official said on Monday. The world’s largest palm oil producer mandated that biodiesel sold in the country be blended with 30% of palm-based biodiesel to cut its

January 17, 2022 Read Full Article

Microbial Production of Fourth-Generation Biofuels

(University of Exeter) Bacteria modified to produce fuel on demand have been produced by University of Exeter researchers in collaboration with energy and petrochemicals group Shell. Academics led by Professor John Love have found a way to get the organisms to produce fuel nearly identical to diesel. This will help meet future fuel demands

January 16, 2022 Read Full Article

Indian Refinery to Produce Bioethanol from Bamboo

(Biofuels International)  Sulzer technology is helping to convert bamboo into bioethanol in a pioneering Indian refinery. India’s national objective of achieving self-sufficiency in energy and reducing its fossil fuel footprint is being supported by Sulzer’s expertise in pump manufacturing and refinery processes. The country’s first biorefinery, Assam Bio Refinery, built

January 15, 2022 Read Full Article

Blue Biofuels Achieves over 99% Conversion of Cellulose

(MENAFN/Globe Newswire) Blue Biofuels, Inc. ( PINK: BIOF ) (the“Company” or“BIOF”) is pleased to announce that it has achieved full conversion ( 99% + ) of king grass cellulosic material to water soluble sugars on a repeatable basis. This conversion occurs with a reaction time of under one minute. This achievement was accomplished with

January 14, 2022 Read Full Article

Nouryon Signs Long-Term Supply Agreement with Suzano to Support New Eucalyptus Pulp Mill in Brazil

(Nouryon)  Nouryon has signed a 15-year agreement with Suzano, a world leading eucalyptus pulp producer. Under the long-term agreement, Nouryon will commission its sustainable Integrated Manufacturing Model for the new Suzano eucalyptus pulp mill in the municipality of Ribas do Rio Pardo, located in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. The project,

January 14, 2022 Read Full Article

CropEnergies AG Unveils Plans to Produce Renewable Ethyl Acetate Using Johnson Matthey Technology

(Crop Energy AG) CropEnergies AG, Mannheim, and Johnson Matthey, London, a leader in sustainable technologies, have entered into an engineering, license and technical services agreement for a plant to allow CropEnergies AG to produce renewable ethyl acetate from sustainable ethanol near its production site in Zeitz, Germany. Using Johnson Matthey

January 14, 2022 Read Full Article

Carinata Cover Crops: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Nuseed

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Where are the opportunities for cover cropping? How can non-food, non-GMO, RSB-certified carinata make a difference? How can it be used for oil/fuel and high protein meal? Is it scalable globally? Check out this slide guide from Glenn Johnston at Nuseed.  READ MORE

January 14, 2022 Read Full Article

Plug Power and Lhyfe Announce Commercial Arrangement to Develop Green Gydrogen Plants throughout Europe

(Lhyfe) Plug Power Inc. (NASDAQ : PLUG), a leading provider of turnkey hydrogen solutions for the global green hydrogen economy, and Lhyfe, a pioneer producer and supplier of renewable and ecological hydrogen, today announced an partnership to jointly pursue and develop green hydrogen generation plants throughout Europe. The initiative seeks

January 14, 2022 Read Full Article

Liquid Wind Partners with Ørsted to Produce Green Electro-Fuel in Large-Scale eMethanol Project in Sweden

(Liquid Wind) Ørsted and Liquid Wind AB have reached an agreement, under which Ørsted will acquire a 45 % ownership share of Liquid Wind AB’s FlagshipONE eMethanol project. FlagshipONE is a late-stage development project and could become the world’s first large-scale sustainable eMethanol project. Liquid Wind AB plans to establish

January 13, 2022 Read Full Article

Neste Successfully Concludes First Series of Processing Trial Runs at Industrial Scale with Liquefied Waste Plastic in Porvoo, Finland

(Neste)  Neste has successfully concluded its first series of trial runs processing liquefied waste plastic at its Porvoo refinery in Finland. After kicking the series off with its first-ever industrial scale trial run with liquefied waste plastic in 2020, Neste has conducted additional runs in 2021. In the course of the

January 13, 2022 Read Full Article

LanzaJet Secures Industry-Leading, Innovative Financing with Microsoft Climate Innovation Fund to Construct the World’s First Commercial Alcohol-to-Jet Sustainable Fuel Plant

(LanzaJet)  LanzaJet partners with Microsoft Climate Innovation Fund to enable the transition towards net-zero sustainable fuels —   Today, LanzaJet, a sustainable fuels technology company and renewable fuels producer, announced it has secured financing for its Freedom Pines Fuels plant in Soperton, Georgia, through the Microsoft Climate Innovation Fund. The Microsoft Climate

January 13, 2022 Read Full Article

Growing Algae Outside of Wastewater

by Brandie Jefferson (Washington University in St. Louis) Using wastewater to produce biomass has some drawbacks, namely, ‘what you get is messy’  — Growing algae in wastewater has been a hot topic in research for years. News reports for decades have touted the latest research as bringing us within reach of new

January 13, 2022 Read Full Article

Algal Jet Fuel from Istanbul’s New Carbon-Negative Biorefinery

(Bio Market Insights) Europe’s first and only carbon-negative biorefinery has opened in Istanbul. The 2,500 square metre facility will create jet fuel from algae whilst capturing 1,200 tons of carbon dioxide per year. Mustafa Varank, the Turkish Minister of Industry and Technology, says they want Turkish Airlines to carry out its

January 13, 2022 Read Full Article

Seeds of Beauty Leaf Tree Examined as Source of Low-Emissions Biodiesel

 by Jasmine Hines (ABC Capricornia)  The native beauty leaf tree could be grown in large-scale plantations on marginal land for biofuel; Researcher Nanjappa Ashwath says the trees could produce 4,000 litres of biofuel per hectare each year; The bioenergy sector could contribute an extra $10 billion to the economy annually

January 12, 2022 Read Full Article

Auburn University Wins Funds for Biofuel, Bioplastics Research

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine) Auburn University was recently awarded more than $1 million in research grants from the state of Alabama to support projects that aim to produce jet and diesel fuels from woody biomass and convert organic waste into biobased plastics. The awards were made through the Alabama Research

January 12, 2022 Read Full Article

3 Ways the Catalyst Property Database Can Accelerate Biofuels Research

by Zia Abdullah (U.S. Department of Energy) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) researchers have developed a public, online library of catalyst data. It could be fertile ground for breakthroughs in catalytic technologies needed to turn renewable biomass or waste materials into sustainable transportation fuels. Perhaps worse than reinventing the wheel

January 12, 2022 Read Full Article

Gene Editing Produces Breakthrough Canola Variety

by Jeff Melchior (Alberta Farmer)  Shorter, highly branched canola plants with more pods show the power of the cutting-edge technology — University of Calgary researchers have used gene editing to bring to life a new shorter, highly branched variety of canola that has more pods and is easier to harvest. “Based on

January 12, 2022 Read Full Article

Moving Hemp Forward with Mandi Kerr and Vincent James

(Global Hemp Association) Join Mandi Kerr and Vincent James on Wednesday morning’s episode of Moving ^HEMP Forward. Vincent James is the Chief Technology Officer for Community BioRefineries LLC and Director its division, Hemp-BioRefineries.  Mr. James’s background is in Zymology, “the workings of fermentation,” an applied science that studies the biochemical process

January 12, 2022 Read Full Article

Startup Developing Hydrogen-Powered Aviation to Open Facility in Everett

by Dominic Gates (Seattle Times) ZeroAvia, a startup with facilities in the U.K. and California that aims to integrate hydrogen fuel cells with electric motors to power zero-emission aircraft, said Tuesday it will open a new research facility at Paine Field airport in Everett. The project received a $350,000 grant from

January 12, 2022 Read Full Article

Wolf Carbon Solutions, ADM Announce Partnership to Advance Decarbonization of Ethanol Production

(ADM) Wolf Carbon Solutions US LLC (Wolf Carbon Solutions) and ADM (NYSE: ADM), a global leader in nutrition and agricultural origination and processing, today announced that they have signed a Letter of Intent paving the pathway toward further decarbonization of ADM’s footprint via construction of a pipeline – developed, owned and

January 12, 2022 Read Full Article

The Gulf CCUS Hub

by Matthew Choi (Politico’s Morning Energy)  The National Ocean Industries Association, a trade group representing the offshore energy industry, is calling on policymakers to lay the groundwork for Exxon Mobil and other companies to make the Gulf of Mexico a hub for carbon capture and storage projects. NOIA is releasing

January 12, 2022 Read Full Article

ExxonMobil Expands Interest in Biofuels, Acquires Stake in Biojet AS

(ExxonMobil)  ExxonMobil is expanding its interests in biofuels that can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the transportation sector, acquiring a 49.9% stake in Biojet AS, a Norwegian biofuels company that plans to convert forestry and wood-based construction waste into lower-emissions biofuels and biofuel components. • Lower-emissions biofuels and biofuel components

January 12, 2022 Read Full Article

The Bioeconomy Jump to Light Speed: 10 Storylines Shaking the World: Exxon, J-M, KLM, UGI, Amyris, Tesla, Origin, More

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In recent days, we’ve had 10 stories that shook the world. The players are so big, the technologies so ambitious, the scale so huge and the risks in some cases so high — we’ve grouped them together into one Big Story. These are ‘Quakers, as in

January 12, 2022 Read Full Article

Trials Using Biofuels on Spliethoff Group Vessels

(Spliethoff) Spliethoff Group’s constant striving to reduce its CO2 emissions has led to two trials using biofuel on its vessels. The first trial took place between June and November last year on BigLift Shipping’s HTV BigLift Baffin. The vessel was supplied with a blend of 50% FAME based biofuel – a second

January 11, 2022 Read Full Article

Pharma-Grade Ethanol: Thinking beyond Fuel-Grade Ethanol

by Ghanshyam Deshpande  (Praj Industries/Biofuels Digest) … In fact, there have been global shortages due to the huge demand and supply gap of pharma grade ethanol since the pandemic. To meet the demand posed by the pandemic, distilleries (ethanol plants) rose to the occasion by ramping up the production of ethanol.

January 11, 2022 Read Full Article

Department Of Energy Announces $13.4 Million Investment to Combat Plastic Waste and Reduce Emissions Across The Plastics Industry

(U.S. Department of Energy) The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has awarded $13.4 million to seven projects for research and development of novel recycling processes and technologies that that will cut plastic waste and reduce the energy consumption and carbon emissions of single-use plastics at every stage of their lifecycle.   Single-use plastics – plastic bags, wraps, and films – are incredibly energy-intensive to make. In

January 11, 2022 Read Full Article

Which Is More Important To Biofuels – The Soil Or The Crop?

by James Conca (Forbes) … Plants take carbon from the air, build cells, then release some of the carbon into the soil through roots and root exudates. Some have suggested that growing biofuel crops in marginal soils, which generally have low carbon content, might be a way to remove carbon from the atmosphere

January 11, 2022 Read Full Article

Bio-Crude Production from Protein-Extracted Grass Residue through Hydrothermal Liquefaction

by Saqib Sohail Toor, Ayaz Ali Shah, Kamaldeep Sharma, Tahir Hussain Seehar, Thomas Helmer Pedersen and Lasse Aistrup Rosendahl (Energies) In the present study, the protein-extracted grass residue (press cake) was processed through hydrothermal liquefaction under sub and supercritical temperatures (300, 350 and 400 °C) with and without using a

January 11, 2022 Read Full Article

Energies’ Special Issue “Hydrothermal Liquefaction for Aviation and Maritime Sustainable Fuels”

(Energies) … Aviation and maritime, key components of the transport fuel area, will thus be pillars of future sustainable energy scenarios and thus prioritized in policymaking, being the most difficult sectors to electrify. These applications, however, present very peculiar and different technological and economical challenges, and often involve additional processes such as

January 11, 2022 Read Full Article

Blending of Hydrothermal Liquefaction Biocrude with Residual Marine Fuel: An Experimental Assessment

by Andrea Maria Rizzo and David Chiaramonti (Energies Special Issue Hydrothermal Liquefaction for Aviation and Maritime Sustainable Fuels) … As sustainable biofuels will be used as blend components in the case of large-scale deployment, it is necessary to investigate the behavior of bio- and fossil-based fuels when mixed in various

January 11, 2022 Read Full Article

Connecticut Launches Food Waste Collection Pilot

(Bioenergy Insight)  A new food waste collection pilot programme has been launched in Connecticut to generate biogas and help address the state’s waste disposal problems. The Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection (DEEP) and the City of Meriden announced the launch of ‘Making Meriden Green’, a first-of-its-kind municipal food

January 11, 2022 Read Full Article

Carbon Negative Biofuels Can Build Soil and Rural Prosperity

by Chuck Hassebrook, David Laird and Jill Euken (The Gazette)  … That pathway is the Pyrolysis-Biochar-Bioenergy Platform, which produces biofuel and biochar by heating crop residue, grass, wood or other forms of biomass in the absence of oxygen. Biochar is a form of charcoal that lasts hundreds to thousands of years

January 10, 2022 Read Full Article

Barriers to Scale for Algae: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to BETO’s Algae Crop Protection

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  How can algae crop protection facilitate scaling of the algae industry? That’s what a BETO workshop focused on when it gathered experts in algal research and production, regulatory bodies and agriculture/aquaculture experts, to discuss where comparable issues have been solved or solutions are under

January 10, 2022 Read Full Article

Wander: An Abridged Ph.D. Memoir Essay

by Olatomiwa Bifarin (Bifarin V Substack) Wander is a memoir written by Olatomiwa Bifarin about his Ph.D. experience in the United States. In this 5000-plus-word essay, he tells his story of completing a Ph.D. program in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at the University of Georgia. His tales highlight the surprising benefit

January 10, 2022 Read Full Article

Phillips 66 Eyes Higher Returns from Low-Carbon Unit

by Dylan Chase (Argus Media) Phillips 66 has increased expectations for financial returns from its low-carbon business areas, partly as a result of optimism about the development of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) industries in the US. The US refiner previously targeted $2bn in annual earnings by 2030 for its Emerging Energy

January 7, 2022 Read Full Article

Charting a Course toward Cleaner Shipping

by Christina Nunez  (Industry Today) Research suggests that swapping heavy fuel with fuel made from wood waste, waste fats, oils and greases could cut planet-warming emissions. … Using batteries instead of heavy fuel oil to propel gigantic cargo ships, which annually move more than 10 billion tons of goods, isn’t yet

January 6, 2022 Read Full Article

airBaltic Increases Sustainable Aviation Fuel Usage

(Biofuels International)  Latvian airline airBaltic has increased the use of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) by 20%. This has been achieved in cooperation with Neste and other fuel providers on the airBaltic network. The collaboration started recently when airBaltic fuelled the first flight using an allocation of Neste MY Sustainable Aviation Fuel. Martin Gauss, CEO of airBaltic, said: “Our vision sees us

January 6, 2022 Read Full Article

Novozymes to Deliver on Strategy with Carbon Capture Collaboration Agreement

(Novozymes)  Novozymes launched its 2025 strategy with a clear objective to explore new growth opportunities. The company is now delivering on its strategy by entering a collaboration agreement with Saipem, a leading engineering company, to deliver new biotech solutions for enzymatic carbon capture. In September, Novozymes launched its new 2025

January 6, 2022 Read Full Article

Johnson Matthey Launches HyCOgen, an Enabling Technology to Efficiently Convert CO2 and Green Hydrogen into Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(Johnson Matthey/PR Newswire) – Launch of HyCOgen will play a key role in enabling captured CO2 and green hydrogen to be converted into sustainable aviation fuel; – In combination with FT CANSTM technology, Johnson Matthey delivers an integrated, scalable solution Johnson Matthey, a global leader in sustainable technologies, has launched an innovative technology – HyCOgenTM – designed to play a pivotal

January 6, 2022 Read Full Article

Versalis, BTS Biogas Join Forces to Develop New Technology

(Bioenergy Insight) Versalis and BTS Biogas will develop and market an innovative technology for the production of biogas and biomethane from residual lignocellulosic biomass. BTS Biogas has over 25 years of experience in anaerobic digestion and is involved in the development, engineering, construction, and maintenance of more than 250 facilities

January 6, 2022 Read Full Article

UGI and Vertimass Enter Agreement to Produce Renewable Fuels in the U.S. and Europe

(UGI Corporation) UGI Corporation (NYSE: UGI) announced today that it has entered into a 15-year agreement with California-based technology developer, Vertimass, to utilize their catalytic technology to produce renewable fuels from renewable-ethanol in the U.S. and Europe. The agreement centers on the development of production facilities using Vertimass’ catalytic technology to convert renewable ethanol into renewable-propane and

January 6, 2022 Read Full Article

Biodiesel Blends Battle Snow and Ice in the Windy City

(National Biodiesel Board) With much of the country facing the onslaught of winter weather and the challenges it can bring, many fleets will power their diesel vehicles with biodiesel blends throughout the winter months, including the Chicago Park District. With much of the country facing the onslaught of winter weather and

January 5, 2022 Read Full Article

Cummins, Sinopec, Oberon Fuels and More – The Latest Green Hydrogen Initiatives from Power-to-Hydrogen, Methane, DME

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  …  What about the different routes to get that lovely green hydrogen? From splitting water via excess green power (power-to-hydrogen), to stripping hydrogen out of renewable methane or out of DME, here’s a look at some of the latest hydrogen initiatives. In today’s Digest, from

January 5, 2022 Read Full Article

New US Regional Carrier Plans to Be “America’s First Zero-Emission Airline” with Hydrogen-Powered Turboprops

by Tony Harrington (GreenAir Online) New US-based short-haul carrier Connect Airlines has announced plans to become “America’s first zero-emission airline”, signing a letter of intent to retrofit up to 24 turboprop aircraft with hydrogen propulsion systems from California’s Universal Hydrogen. The airline has committed to 12 conversion kits for Dash 8-300

January 4, 2022 Read Full Article

One of UK Largest Transport Operators Chooses Bio-LNG to Power Its Volvos

(Volvo UK/NGV Journal) Gregory Distribution is extending the use of bio-LNG into its milk transhipment operation, with the arrival of 12 new Volvo FM Globetrotter LNG 6×2 tractor units for its Cullompton base – each expected to clock-up 200,000 km per year for the next five years. These FM LNGs are

January 4, 2022 Read Full Article

Off-Season ‘Cover’ Crops Expand as U.S. Growers Eye Low-Carbon Future

by Karl Plume (Reuters) … The purpose of cover crops is to restore soil, reduce erosion and to pull climate-warming carbon from the atmosphere through photosynthesis. The carbon trapped in roots and other plant matter left in the soil is measured to create carbon credits that companies can use to offset

January 4, 2022 Read Full Article

Commercializing Lignin to Chemicals: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to MetGen

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The fractionation of lignin – How MetGen does it, their process compared to others, collaboration partners, their commercial demo, their commercialization pathway to biobased materials, and more.  READ MORE UD researchers report low-pressure method to convert industrially processed biomass into plastics, chemicals (University of Delaware)

January 4, 2022 Read Full Article

Brightmark Receives ISCC PLUS Certification

(Brightmark) Certification ensures compliance with high ecological and social sustainability requirements, greenhouse gas emissions savings, and traceability throughout the supply chain   — Brightmark, LLC the global waste solutions provider, today announced that its Ashley, Indiana Plastics Renewal Facility has been ISCC PLUS (International Sustainability and Carbon Certification) certified. The certification is

January 3, 2022 Read Full Article

JBEI’s Aviation Program: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Joint BioEnergy Institute

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  6 DOE National Labs and 6 Universities are partners with the Joint BioEnergy Institute to help transform the maximum amount of carbon available in bioenergy crops into biofuels and bioproducts. From the importance of jet fuels, the JBEI Aviation Program, the latest on SAF molecules,

January 3, 2022 Read Full Article

Towards Affordable Clean Energy: Exploring New Catalysts for Urea-based Fuel Cells

(KMOU Research News) Scientists achieve state-of-the-art performance in urea fuel cells using inexpensive electrodes without precious metals — Fuel cells that generate clean electricity by breaking down urea―a common organic molecule―could become a great resource to reduce dependence on fossil fuels. However, state-of-the-art catalysts for these cells require precious metals, making them

December 31, 2021 Read Full Article

300,000 Kenyan Household Subscribers on KOKO’s Clean Fuel Platform

(KOKO Networks) Team KOKO today celebrated the company’s latest sales milestone, with more than 300,000 household subscribers on our clean fuel and carbon platform in Kenya. KOKO Fuel was launched to the market in late 2019, and has battled major supply-side and market disruptions since the outbreak of COVID-19. Despite this,

December 31, 2021 Read Full Article

Top 10 Digest Stories of 2021

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … In fact, in terms of news stories, there was more good news than bad in 2021 and a look at what you, the Digest readers, found most interesting and intriguing in 2021 shows just how well the bioeconomy recovered from 2020 and took 2021

December 31, 2021 Read Full Article

New IEAGHG Report: 2021-02 CO2 as a Feedstock: Comparison of CCU Pathways

(IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Program) A range of carbon dioxide capture technologies have been developed, including amine-based routes and calcium looping methods, some of which are now considered to be at technology readiness level (TRL) 9. These technologies have been deployed across the world in large-scale carbon capture, utilisation and storage

December 31, 2021 Read Full Article

Progress in Commercialization of Biojet /Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF): Technologies, Potential and Challenges

by Susan van Dyk and Jack Saddler (IEA Bioenergy Task 39) Biojet/ Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) must play a major role if the aviation sector is to significantly reduce its carbon footprint. To meet its carbon reduction targets, large volumes of biojet fuel will be required (likely more than 100

December 31, 2021 Read Full Article

Progress towards Biofuels for Marine Shipping

by Tor I. Simonsen, Noah D. Weiss, Susan van Dyk, Elke van Thuijl, Sune Tjalfe Thomsen (IEA Bioenergy Task 39) Status and identification of barriers for utilization of advanced biofuels in the marine sector — Biomass has the potential to fully supply the marine sector with sustainable fuel and is a

December 30, 2021 Read Full Article

Challenges in Determining the Renewable Content of the Final Fuels after Co-processing Biogenic Feedstocks in the Fluid Catalytic Cracker (FCC) of a Commercial Oil Refinery

by Jianping Su, Liang Cao, Gary Lee, Jonathan Tyler, Anna Ringsred, Michael Rensing, Susan van Dyk,  Don O’Connor Robert Pinchu, Jack (John)Saddler (Fuel)  • FCC co-processing has been commercialised using oleochemical feedstocks. • A new method based on step change mass balance has been developed to quantify the impact of adding

December 30, 2021 Read Full Article

Petrobras and Vibra Test Diesel with Renewable Content on Bus Lines in Curitiba

(Petrobras) Petrobras and Vibra will begin, in January, tests with the new Diesel R5 (with 5% renewable content), produced at the Getúlio Vargas Refinery (Repar). Three bus lines operated by Auto Viação Redentor, in Curitiba, Paraná, will run on the new fuel for the next six months. During the period, around 120

December 30, 2021 Read Full Article

Hungry for Value: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to The Wolfpack on Green Hydrogen

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) If you missed the ABLC Wolfpack’s take on 5 key Green Hydrogen companies, then check out this slide guide that covers FuelCell Energy, Ballard Power Systems, Plug Power, Bloom Energy and Air Products & Chemicals – the good, the bad, the ugly.  READ MORE FuelCell

December 30, 2021 Read Full Article

Top 10 Slide Guides of 2021

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) As we wrap up 2021 this week, The Digest brings you the hottest Top 10 slide guides from this past year – with key themes like carbon upcycling, ethanol to hydrogen, renewable diesel and jet fuel, enzyme tech and microbes. So what did you click

December 30, 2021 Read Full Article

US Borax Trials Renewable Diesel in Mining Operations

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily) In mid-December, U.S. Borax became the first site across the global mining group Rio Tinto to trial renewable diesel in one of its haul trucks. “We are currently conducting a 5,000-hour trial to ensure the truck’s performance meets our standards and that the renewable diesel

December 29, 2021 Read Full Article

USDA Secretary Vilsack Meets with GE Aviation on Sustainable Aviation Fuel to Reduce CO2

by Jay Stowe (GE Aviation/Biobased Diesel Daily) After leading USDA Secretary Tom Vilsack on a tour of the engine development assembly facility at GE Aviation’s headquarters in Evendale, Ohio, in early December, chief engineer Chris Lorence posed a rhetorical question to the reporters assembled for a news conference: “What does the

December 29, 2021 Read Full Article

Sustainable Aviation Fuel: Decoupling Carbon from Commercial Flight Fact Sheet

(U.S. Department of Energy) The U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) empowers energy companies and aviation stakeholders by supporting advances in research, development, and demonstration to overcome barriers for widespread deployment of low-carbon sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). SAF made from renewable biomass and waste resources have the potential to deliver the performance of

December 29, 2021 Read Full Article

Cover Crop Series Articles

(Agri-Pulse)1. Saving the planet by saving the soil: Can cover crops fulfill their promise? 2. Making cover crops pay off: what it takes to cover the cost 3. Cover crops as cash crops: Farmers angle to profit off the practice 4. Direct checks could ignite cover crop surge; crop insurance may play role, too 

December 29, 2021 Read Full Article

Biofuel Producer Bets on Camelina as Low-Carbon Feedstock

by Amy Mayer (Agri-Pulse) A minor oilseed may be poised to take on a larger role as climate-smart policies emphasize low carbon fuels and the soil health benefits of cover crops. Camelina is seen by some as a cover crop that recoups a farmer’s investment because it can be harvested instead

December 29, 2021 Read Full Article

KU to Conduct Research to Make Paddy Waste Useful for Industries

by Neeraj Mohan (Hindustan Times)  The department of biotechnology of the Kurukshetra University is set to conduct research to make paddy straw useful for industries and generate additional income for farmers — The department has received a grant of ₹14 lakh from the Haryana State Council of Science and Technology for

December 29, 2021 Read Full Article

Bunker One Wants to Supply Marine Fuel with 7% Biodiesel

(EPBR) Initiative, unprecedented in Brazil, will feature laboratory and vessel tests —  A partnership between the Danish multinational Bunker One and the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN) will study the feasibility of adding 7% biodiesel to marine diesel oil.  The expectation is that the results are ready within

December 29, 2021 Read Full Article

Recycling CO2: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to LanzaTech

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Dr. Sean Simpson, CSO at LanzaTechshared this illuminating slide guide on CO2 pathways to products, how the LanzaJet platform works, how they integrate engineering with biology and AI, why we need to rethink carbon and convert it to valuable products, and more.  READ MORE  

December 29, 2021 Read Full Article

The Key to a Successful Cellulosic Ethanol Project

by Mallikarjun Navalgund (Praj Industries/Biofuels Digest)  … Ethanol is a currently available solution and is being deployed to mitigate emissions from the transportation sector via the legacy energy infrastructure that has existed for over a century. The first generation(1G)/conventional ethanol industry is well established all over the world and more than

December 29, 2021 Read Full Article

GE Aviation Looks to Test Catalyst Using 100% SAF

by Jerry Siebenmark (AIN Online) Through a partnership with the Czech Technical University in Prague (CVUT), GE Aviation Czech will begin testing in 2022 the use of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) in its new Catalyst turboprop engine. The goal of the research is to power the Catalyst with 100 percent SAF

December 29, 2021 Read Full Article

Green and Clean: New Eco-friendly and Sustainable Algae-Based Way to Fight Water Pollution

(Shoolini University)  To purify urban wastewater for reuse, researchers develop a new algae-based bioremediation method — … Recently, based on the fascinating potential of algae to remove a large number of chemical pollutants and various bacteria from water, scientists have developed a new eco-friendly, sustainable, and cost-effective solution for urban

December 29, 2021 Read Full Article

Revolutionary Renewables: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Avantium

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Did you know Avantium’s two lead products are FDCA, the chemical building block for PEF, a novel, plant-based polyester targeting $200+ billion markets and PlantMEG, a plant-based alternative for fossil-MEG, a key ingredient for PET and PEF? Get the latest on that and their pipeline

December 29, 2021 Read Full Article

DOE Risks Wasting ‘Significant Funds’ on CCS — Audit

by Carlos Anchondo and Jeremy Dillon (E&E News) The Department of Energy is at risk of wasting a significant amount of money on carbon capture and storage demonstration projects without greater oversight, according to a new Government Accountability Office report. The report, released yesterday (December 20, 2021) by the watchdog agency, said

December 28, 2021 Read Full Article

Waste Not, Want Not: New Process Turns Manure into Fatty Acids

by Mark E. Griffin (University of Wisconsin–Madison)  University of Wisconsin–Madison researchers have demonstrated a new process for transforming a plentiful Wisconsin waste into fatty acids, energy-rich molecules that can be used to make fuels and a wide range of important chemicals. … Researchers at UW–Madison’s Wisconsin Energy Institute have published

December 28, 2021 Read Full Article

1 Billion Gallons Per Year by 2030: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Gevo

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) Why they do what they do, what net-zero fuels really means, how agriculture and land management plays a role in carbon sequestration, how to track carbon across the business system, how they are working towards 1 billion gallons of low fossil carbon hydrocarbons or

December 27, 2021 Read Full Article

Higher Performance, Carbon Negative Plastics, Maybe for Less: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to ReSource Chemical

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) Emerging out of stealth and the hallways of Activate along Berkeley Lab’s Cyclotron Road is ReSource Chemical, seen recently on the ABLC stage. What makes this interesting are three factors: 1. Higher Performance, Carbon Negative Plastics. 2. Maybe For Less. 3. A new Company Punching Above

December 27, 2021 Read Full Article

Flex Fuel Vehicles Must Comply with BS-6 Norms, Govt Advisory to Car Automobile Manufacturers

by Dipak K Dash (Times of India/MSN) Union road transport minister Nitin Gadkari on Thursday said his ministry has issued an advisory to automobile manufacturers to start producing flex-fuel vehicles in the next six months. The transport ministry has also urged the manufacturers to produce the Flex Fuel Strong Hybrid

December 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Turning Water into Wine, Aquatech’s Water Treatment and Reuse Adds Value for Biofuels Industry

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … Whatever is the carbonaceous feedstock, carbon recycling projects play a paramount role in reducing GHGs and improve energy sustainability. However, their water footprint should be also considered as a critical part of the environmental impact which they aim to minimize. Depending on the chemical

December 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Honeywell Collaborates With The University of Texas at Austin for Innovative Carbon Capture and Storage Technology

(Honeywell)  Honeywell establishes licensing agreement with Texas Carbon Management Program Group at The University of Texas at Austin; New Advanced Solvent technology will capture carbon dioxide generated from combustion flue gases from power, steel, cement and other industrial plants — Honeywell (Nasdaq: HON) announced today (December 15, 2021) an agreement with The

December 23, 2021 Read Full Article

Aemetis Signs Agreement to Purchase 125-Acre Former U.S. Army Facility to Produce Sustainable Aviation Fuel and Renewable Diesel

(Aemetis) Aemetis contracts with the city of Riverbank, California for lease/purchase of an industrial site with 710,000 square feet of production buildings, four miles of railroad, and power substation  — Aemetis, Inc.(NASDAQ: AMTX), a leading producer of dairy Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) and developer of the “Carbon Zero” renewable jet/diesel biorefineries,

December 23, 2021 Read Full Article

Enabling Sustainable Transportation with Hydrogen: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Linde

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  What does the era of clean hydrogen look like? How can we decarbonize the world with hydrogen? What does hydrogen demand look like over the next 30 years? What are the hydrogen colors of gray, blue, and green? How to scale up green hydrogen?  READ

December 23, 2021 Read Full Article

Deere Pairs with Start-up to Swap Diesel for Ethanol in Its Engines

by Herb Trix (WVIK/Radio Iowa) Iowa’s largest manufacturing employer is partnering with a Chicago-area company to reduce harmful emissions from its equipment by replacing diesel fuel with ethanol. Quad Cities-based John Deere is working with ClearFlame Engine Technologies of Geneva, Illinois, where CEO B.J. Johnson says their initial work was on

December 23, 2021 Read Full Article

The Airline Industry Is Catching Hydrogen Fuel Cell Fever

by Tina Casey (CleanTechnica) United Airlines and ZeroAvia are teaming up to bring the dream of zero emission hydrogen fuel cell flight down to Earth.  —  The dream of all-electric flight just got bumped up in scale last week, when United Airlines announced that it has dibs on 100 electric

December 23, 2021 Read Full Article

Through the Eyes of a Pioneer: 3 Watershed Moments in the Story of Renewable Fuels

by Tero Ikäheimonen (Neste)  Pekka Tuovinen, retired Senior Advisor on Sustainability, saw firsthand Neste’s transformation from a regional oil refining company to a global leader in renewable fuels. Here Tuovinen lists three moments that he considers groundbreaking not only to his career but to Neste and the industry around it. 1)

December 23, 2021 Read Full Article

Brazil’s Petrobras to Start Testing Renewable Diesel with Customers in January

by Marta Nogueira (Reuters) Brazil’s state-run oil company Petrobras (PETR4.SA) will start testing new renewable diesel based on co-processed edible oils with customers in January, while awaiting regulatory approval to sell it commercially, the company’s refining director told Reuters. The tests are expected to take about six months and will be backed by

December 22, 2021 Read Full Article

Fulcrum BioEnergy Completes $375 Million Offering of Indiana Finance Authority Environmental Improvement Revenue Bonds

(Fulcrum Bioenergy)  Represents a significant milestone for Fulcrum’s second zero-carbon transportation fuels project —   Fulcrum BioEnergy, Inc., a pioneer in the production of low-carbon transportation fuels, announced today the completion of an interim financing to fund Fulcrum’s second waste-to-fuels project, culminating in the issuance by the Indiana Finance Authority of

December 22, 2021 Read Full Article

VW Officially Approves Using Paraffinic Fuels in Latest-Generation Diesel Engines

(Volkswagen/Biobased Diesel Daily)  Volkswagen plans to reduce the carbon footprint of its fleet in Europe by 40 percent by the year 2030. The company is therefore increasingly focusing on fully and partially electric vehicles. As a further alternative, Volkswagen is now officially approving models with the latest-generation 4-cylinder diesel engines

December 21, 2021 Read Full Article

H2FLY Joins aireg Initiative for the Production and Use of Renewable Aviation Fuel

(H2FLY and aireg) H2FLY, a German startup developing hydrogen fuel cell systems for aircraft, has joined aireg – the Aviation Initiative for Renewable Energy in Germany. H2FLY is enhancing aireg with its proven experience and expertise regarding the use of hydrogen fuel cells and hydrogen as fuel. In fact, H2FLY

December 21, 2021 Read Full Article

INL Researchers Investigate Loblolly Pine Flow Issues

by Lynn Wendt (Idaho National Laboratory) … Loblolly pine, or more specifically the pine residue from commercial tree harvesting in Southern U.S. forests, has the potential for a major impact on bioenergy infrastructure. Its low cost and widespread abundance have made it a promising domestic biomass resource for fuels, chemicals,

December 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Malaysia Airlines Flies the First Flight in Malaysia Using Sustainable Aviation Fuel – PETRONAS and Neste Collaborate with the Airline to Mark a Major Milestone in Malaysia’s Aviation Industry

(Neste) Malaysia Airlines, the national carrier of Malaysia, today operated its inaugural flight using sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) in partnership with PETRONAS Dagangan Berhad (PDB) and Neste. The flight marks Malaysia Airlines’ commitment to make SAF the cleaner and more viable energy option for regular flights by 2025. The historic flight

December 20, 2021 Read Full Article

All About CO2 in Energy Transition: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Carbon Capture and Sequestration

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  With Net Zero Pledges, there are projects, projects everywhere to ensure the world meets its carbon reduction goals through new fuels & energy, or carbon capture & sequestration. Check out this slide guide from DigestConnect with Dave Collings, Senior Technical Advisory Consultant at 1898 &

December 20, 2021 Read Full Article

UCF Researchers’ Ethanol Fuel Cells Offer New Alternative to Power Cars, Technology

by Robert Wells (University of Central Florida)  An ethanol fuel cell produces less emissions and uses less fuel than combustion engines, doesn’t require recharging like battery-powered technology, and may offer an alternative to hydrogen fuel cells. … This is because ethanol is used as a fuel to generate electricity rather

December 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Bioenergy: Friendly Fungi Boost Growth for Biofuel Source

(SciTechDaily/Oak Ridge National Laboratory) An Oak Ridge National Laboratory team has successfully introduced a poplar gene into switchgrass, an important biofuel source, that allows switchgrass to interact with a beneficial fungus, ultimately boosting the grass’ growth and viability in changing environments. Scientists observed the ectomycorrhizal fungus Laccaria bicolor as it enveloped the plant’s

December 18, 2021 Read Full Article

The USDA and Blue Biofuels Collaborate to Optimize Yields of King Grass for Cellulosic Ethanol Production

(Blue Biofuels/Globe Newswire) Blue Biofuels, Inc. (PINK: BIOF) Blue Biofuels, Inc. (the “Company” or “BIOF”) and the United States Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Research Service (“USDA ARS”) are collaborating on optimizing the yields of Pennisetum hybridum, commonly known as king grass, a perennial grass biomass crop, that the Company is using as feedstock

December 17, 2021 Read Full Article

BP, Maersk Tankers Successfully Trial Biofuel Blend on Ships

by Ron Bousso (Reuters)  BP (BP.L) and Maersk Tankers successfully completed trials using marine fuel blended with biofuel on tankers as efforts grow to tackle the shipping sector’s greenhouse gas emissions. … The trials were completed on two refined oil product carriers chartered to BP from Maersk Tankers – Maersk Cirrus and

December 17, 2021 Read Full Article

Bioheat Fuel: The Key to Gaining and Maintaining Market Share

by Charlie Uglietto (Cubby Oil & Energy/Mechanical Hub)  … There are better alternatives than electrification, and the best option we have available right now, at least for homes with an existing oil boiler, is Bioheat® fuel. Bioheat is a liquid fuel oil alternative that’s 100% renewable and available right now.

December 17, 2021 Read Full Article

Local Startup SIEV Technologies Earns $256,000 Small Business Award

(University of Arkansas) SIEV Technologies, a catalytic membrane reactor design company started by University of Arkansas researchers, has been awarded a $256,000 Small Business Innovation Research Grant from the National Science Foundation to develop technology that improves biofuel production. The grant will enable SIEV to continue developing its business model as

December 16, 2021 Read Full Article

Boskalis Takes Delivery of Largest Bio-Fuel Consignment to Date

(Boskalis)  Boskalis has taken delivery of its largest-ever consignment of drop-in biofuel which will be used to power two hopper dredgers on upcoming projects in northwestern Europe. The use of bio-fuel will result in a CO2 reduction of approximately 90% for the 12,000 m3 hopper dredger Willem van Oranje and approximately

December 16, 2021 Read Full Article

New HEI Report Examines Major Sources of PM and Impacts on Global Health

(Health Effects Institute) A new report published by HEI brings together for the first time comprehensive global estimates of the most common sources of fine particulate matter (PM) air pollution and its impacts on global health. Key findings in the report, Global Burden of Disease from Major Air Pollution Sources (GBD MAPS), show

December 16, 2021 Read Full Article

Ethanol Producers, Advocates Aim for Net-Zero Ethanol by 2050

by Susanne Retka Schill (Great Plains Institute) As US and world leaders engage on climate change and carbon reduction efforts, leaders in the American ethanol industry have announced pledges and efforts to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The country’s largest ethanol producer, POET LLC, and the Renewable Fuels Association (RFA),

December 16, 2021 Read Full Article

United Just Completed First Flight Fueled by SAF, Here’s Why Soybean Growers Should Take Note

by Tyne Morgan (AgWeb Farm Journal)  As airlines work to reduce their carbon footprint, renewable diesel and sustainable aviation fuel are taking flight. Earlier this month, United Airlines successfully completed the first flight running on sustainable aviation fuel (SAF), a 100% renewable fuel made from products such as cooking oil, vegetable

December 15, 2021 Read Full Article

The Value of Wastewater for Biofuels: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Aquatech

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Different feedstock and process generates different wastewater quality and volume, so how can wastewater still have value for the biofuels industry? If you missed this exclusive Digest Connect with Aquatech, check out their slides on transforming waste water in the biofuel industry.  READ MORE

December 15, 2021 Read Full Article

Wood Waste to Hydrogen: Mote’s H2 Gambit in California Announced

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  In California, Mote announced its first facility to convert wood waste into hydrogen fuel while capturing, utilizing, and sequestering CO2 emissions from the process. Mote expects to produce approximately seven million kilograms of carbon-negative hydrogen and remove 150,000 metric tons of CO2 from the air annually. Mote

December 15, 2021 Read Full Article

AirMiners Batch 3 Applications Open

(Air Miners)  These are exciting times for the carbon removal industry as AirMiners are starting our third AirMiners Launchpad batch to support early-stage carbon removal startups with partners XPRIZE and Creative Destruction Lab.  Previous batches of teams enjoyed the Launchpad guidance as they take flight, learning about (and from) each other in the process. Launchpad Goal:

December 14, 2021 Read Full Article

Verbio Commences Operations at Iowa Biorefinery

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Verbio announced on Dec. 8 it has commenced production of renewable natural gas (RNG) at its biorefinery in Nevada, Iowa. The company acquired the former cellulosic ethanol plant from DuPont in 2018. The facility is producing RNG from corn straw using Verbio technology. “Our biorefinery plant

December 14, 2021 Read Full Article

Bristow Completes Flight to Offshore Operations Using Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(Bristow/Biobased Diesel Daily) Bristow Group Inc. announced Dec. 10 it completed an offshore revenue flight using sustainable aviation fuel (SAF), marking one of the first SAF-powered flights to an offshore operation in the U.K. Continental Shelf. The aircraft flew from Aberdeen to installations operated by BP. As part of its strategic

December 14, 2021 Read Full Article

Più-Biogas App Project Could Help Increase Biogas Yields

(Bioenergy Insight)  BTS Biogas has partnered with the University of Padua in Italy to develop a research project which aims to increase biogas yield by at least 10%. … In the current production process, there are no efficient methods for the real-time monitoring of the microbial component, which is the

December 14, 2021 Read Full Article

Report: E15 Ready to Fuel 98 Percent of U.S. Miles Traveled

(Growth Energy) Growth Energy, the nation’s largest association of biofuel producers and supporters, released a new report showcasing nearly universal compatibility with fuel blended with 15 percent ethanol (E15) among vehicles on the road today. The report was prepared by Air Improvement Resource, Inc. (AIR), a leading engineering and consulting firm specializing in inventory modeling and analysis,

December 14, 2021 Read Full Article

Fossil Free Marine Has Filed for Patent and Design Protection for New Unmanned Marine Station for Renewable Fuels

(Fossil Free Marine/MyNewsDesk.com) Fossil Free Marine today announce it has applied for both patent and design protection for its newly developed unmanned floating marine fuel station. This comes after several years’ development work, based on proprietary environmental and risk analyses and certifications performed by a well renowned global certification body resulting in

December 14, 2021 Read Full Article

ESG Clean Energy Signs Letter of Intent with Ethatec GmbH to Use Carbon-Free Power Generation for Ethanol Production

(ESG Clean Energy) ESG Clean Energy, LLC, developers of net zero, distributed power generation and clean energy manufacturing solutions, announced today it has signed a letter of intent (LOI) with Ethatec GmbH for the use of ESG’s patented CO2-free power generation technology to power its production of ethanol. Under the LOI,

December 14, 2021 Read Full Article

Is There Enough Lipid Feedstock for Biofuel?: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to LMC Lipid Feedstocks Outlook

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The Advanced Biofuels Association commissioned LMC International to forecast the outlook for supply of lipid feedstocks to determine their ability to meet the ABFA’s goal of reaching 21 billion gallons of biomass-based diesel (BBD) by 2040 and 9 billion gallons of BBD by 2030. So

December 14, 2021 Read Full Article

Scale For ClimateTech Adds 17 Emerging Startups to Its Manufacturing Accelerator

(Scale for ClimateTech/Globe Newswire)  Unique company support fast tracks the commercialization of breakthrough technologies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and address climate change —  Scale For ClimateTech announced today that 18 emerging startup teams are joining the fourth cohort of its program that helps companies get new hardware innovations from the prototype

December 14, 2021 Read Full Article

Construction to Start in 2022 on New Ethanol Plant near Mason City

by Mike Bunge (KIMT3) A new ethanol plant is planned for construction near Mason City.  New Energy Blue says the biomass refinery would be on a 155-acre site and convert 275,000 tons of cornstalks and wheat straw into 20 million gallons of ethanol and 95 tons of lignin, a solid biofuel and natural

December 13, 2021 Read Full Article

Testing Continues to Show Environmental Benefits of Biofuels

(The Maritime Executive)  A growing number of shipping companies across different segments of the industry are continuing to test variations of biofuels as an alternative to improve operations. Among the recent projects was what is being called the world’s longest-running trial of biodiesel on marine engines. The goal was to complete

December 13, 2021 Read Full Article

Forget Sci-Fi—This NREL Biotechnology Could Actually Help Colonize Mars

(National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  In the Push To Settle the Red Planet, One Startup Company Thinks NREL’s Ethylene-Emitting Cyanobacteria Offer Otherworldly Potential  — Do not expect to breathe freely in the oxygen-lean Martian air. At about 95% carbon dioxide (CO2) by volume, Mars’ atmosphere would quickly lead to asphyxiation, at least

December 13, 2021 Read Full Article

LanzaTech and Zara Collaborate to Create a Capsule Collection Made from Recycled Carbon Emissions

(LanzaTech) Today, LanzaTech has announced a collaboration with Inditex that led to the design of a capsule collection for the retail group’s largest brand Zara that incorporates fabric made with carbon emissions, avoiding their emission into the atmosphere (CarbonSmart™). “We are hugely excited about this collaboration with Inditex and Zara which

December 13, 2021 Read Full Article

ExxonMobil, SGN, Green Investment Group Sign MoU to Explore Potential for Southampton Hydrogen Hub

(ExxonMobil)  SGN, Macquarie’s Green Investment Group (GIG) and Esso Petroleum Company, Limited (an ExxonMobil affiliate) announced today that they have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to explore the use of hydrogen and carbon capture to help reduce emissions in the Southampton industrial cluster. Southampton has one of the largest

December 13, 2021 Read Full Article

1 Billion Gallons Per Year by 2030: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Gevo

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Why they do what they do, what net-zero fuels really means, how agriculture and land management plays a role in carbon sequestration, how to track carbon across the business system, how they are working towards 1 billion gallons of low fossil carbon hydrocarbons or more

December 13, 2021 Read Full Article

Resource Chemical Emerges from Stealth with Big Answers to the What Do We Do about Plastic Bottles Question

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … changing the way we make plastics, instead of trying to live in a world without plastic’s wonderful barrier properties and in particular the clarity that see-through plastics give to consumers, able to see the product under the packaging. The solutions are coming — on

December 13, 2021 Read Full Article

FAA Research Grants Aim to Tackle Aviation’s Massive Deficit of Greener Fuel

by Leslie Josephs (CNBC)  -Sustainable aviation fuel accounts for much less than 1% of global aviation fuel.  -The FAA is giving research grants in effect to help drive down the high cost of greener sustainable fuel.  -Airlines, trade groups and governments are striving to meet ambitious targets to reduce aviation

December 11, 2021 Read Full Article

Mustard Plant Jet Fuel Could Reduce Emissions by 68 Percent

by Puneet Dwivedi (University of Georgia/U.S. Department of Agriculture)  … Carinata (Brassica Carinata), also known as Ethiopian mustard, is an oilseed crop that can be grown across the southern U.S. during winter months. The oil obtained from crushed carinata seeds can be refined to produce sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). This could

December 10, 2021 Read Full Article

Mazda Participates in Race with Car Powered by Next-generation Biodiesel

(Biofuels International)  Mazda has participated in the Super Taikyu Race in Okayama and ran a car powered by biofuels. The Japanese car manufacturer entered a car with a conventional diesel engine (Skyactiv-D 1.5) that ran on 100% bio-based fuel made from used cooking oil and microalgae fats. Mazda is a

December 10, 2021 Read Full Article

UK Heritage ‘Narrowboat’ Craft Powered by Renewable Diesel

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily)  U.K.-based hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO) provider Crown Oil recently announced it has joined forces with Jonathon Mosse, a member of the Inland Waterways Association’s Sustainable Boating Group, to trial HVO in an inland craft’s heritage and classic engine under full support of the National

December 9, 2021 Read Full Article

King County, Port of Seattle to Study Waste-to-Fuel Feasibility

(Port of Seattle/Biobased Diesel Daily) King County, Washington, and the Port of Seattle agreed mid-November to jointly study the potential for converting municipal solid waste into renewable fuels, including sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) for Seattle-Tacoma International Airport (SEA). Each government allocated up to $250,000 to pursue the technological and economic analysis

December 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Punjab’s First Stubble-Based Bio-CNG Plant on Track

(Bioenergy Insight)  Punjab’s first stubble-based bio-CNG plant is collecting paddy straw from agricultural sites in preparation for commissioning in January.  Officials at the plant in Sangrur have already collected around 10,000 tonnes of paddy straw for their operations, the Times of India reported. The plant will produce more than 33 tonnes of

December 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Pune-Based Praj’s BIOSYRUP to Enable Year-Round Production of Ethanol to Boost to the Sugar Sector

(Praj/Pune Kar News)   Praj Industries Limited (Praj) announced an innovative solution to process sugarcane juice into a new sustainable feedstock BIOSYRUP® for round the year ethanol production. Dr. Pramod Chaudhari – Executive Chairman Praj Industries, Shishir Joshipura, Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director, Atul Mulay, President Bio Energy and Dr Ravindra

December 9, 2021 Read Full Article
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2nd generation biofuels 3-D 3D printing 3rd generation biofuels 4-H 4th generation fuels 7% solution 45Q 81 Octane 84 octane 85 octane 87 octane 88 octane 89 octane 90 octane 91 octane 92 octane 93 octane 94 octane 95 octane 96 octane 98 octane 100 octane 100% SAF (Sustainable Aviation Fuel) 103 octane 105 octane 108 octane 109 octane 110 octane 113 octane 119 octane 2016 US House and Senate Campaigns 2016 US Presidential Campaign 2018 US Senate and House Campaigns Other Election Activities 2020 Election 2022 2022 US Senate and House Campaign 9003 Program a A20 (20% methanol/bioethanol) Abu Dhabi acacia acetate acetic acid acetone acid acid hydrolysis adaptive evolution additional carbon additionality adequate/inadequate domestic supply Administrative Procedure Act advanced advanced biofuel prices Advanced biofuels advanced biofuels production advanced ethanol advanced ethanol tax credit advertising campaign aerobic digestion aerosols Affordable Clean Energy Program (ACE) afforestation Afghanistan Africa AGARDA (Agriculture Advanced Research and Development Authority) agave aggregation agr Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP) agricultural economics Agricultural Policy Agricultural waste/residue Agriculture agroforestry agrofuels agronomy Aircraft engine emissions Air Force air pollution control Air Pollution Policy airports air quality Alabama Alaska Albania albedo Alberta albizia alcohol-to-diesel alcohol-to-jet (ATJ) alcohol fuel cells alcohol fuels alfalfa algae algae contamination algae cultivation algae extraction algae harvesting algae parity algae separation algal biofuels Algeria Algiers alkanes alkenes alkylate alligator fat almond almond hulls shells alternative energy vehicles alternative fuels Alternative Fuels Credit alternative fuels excise tax credit Alternative Fuels Tax Credit (AFTC) aluminum Amazon American Indian Tribes American Le Mans Series (ALMS) ammonia ammonia fiber explosion (AFEX) amylose anaerobic digestate anaerobic digester/digestion Angola anhydrous ethanol animal bedding animal fat animal feed animal waste Antactica Antarctica antibiotics antitrust Appropriations APR (Aqueous Phase Reforming) aquaculture aquatic organisms Arabidopsis arabinose ARCA Archaea Architecture Arctic Argentian Argentina Arizona Arkansas Armenia Army Corps of Engineers aromatics aromatics price ARPA-C ARPA-E ARPA-Terra artificial intelligence Aruba Asia asphalt/bitumen ASTM ASTM 6866 ASTM D396 ASTM D975 ASTM D1655 ASTM D2880 ASTM D4054 ASTM D4806 Denatured fuel ethanol ASTM D4814 ASTM D5798 ASTM D6751 ASTM D7467 (B6-B20) ASTM D7544 ASTM D7566 (Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons) ASTM D7862 ASTM D7875 ASTM D7901 (DME-Dimethyl Ether for Fuel Purposes) ASTM D8076 ASTM D8181 ASTM E3146 ASTM standards ASTM WK55232 (D02) ASTM WK63392 ATJ-SPK (Alcohol to Jet Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene) Atlantic Canada atmosphere Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) Australia Australian pine Austria Auto manufacturer automotive aviation aviation fuel (SAF) benefits aviation fuel (SAF) price aviation fuel (SAF) production aviation fuel (SAF) pumps/delivery aviation fuel (SAF) tax credit aviation fuel (SAF) terminal Aviation Fuel/Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) Aviation Gasoline/AvGas avocado awards/recognition Azerbaijan. b B0 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 B8 B10 B11 B12 B12.5 B13 B14 B15 B20 B25 B30 B33 B35 B40 B50 B70 B75 B80 B98 B99 B100 Babados nut tree babassu bacteria bagasse Bahamas Bahrain bamboo banana banana stems Bangladesh bankruptcy Barbados barge barley barley fiber barley protein barley straw Basque batteries Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) bauxite beauty leaf tree beaver beer bees Belarus Belgium Belize Benin benzene Bermuda Bhutan big bluestem big data Big Food Big Oil/Oil Majors billion ton study bio bio-based diesel benefits bio-based economy Bio-CNG/RNG terminal Bio-CNG pumps bio-LNG (Liquified Natural Gas) Bio-LNG Pumps (Liquified Natural Gas) Bio-LNG terminal bio-natural gas bio-NGV (natural gas for vehicles) bio-oil/pyrolysis oil bio-SPK (bio derived synthetic paraffinic kerosene) biobased Biobased Markets Program biobased materials Biobased Product Manufacturing Assistance Program biochar biochemical conversion BioChemicals/Renewable Chemicals bioconversion Biocrude/Green Crude/SynCrude biodegradable biodiesel biodiesel blend wall biodiesel EN 14214 Biodiesel Fuel Education Program biodiesel prices biodiesel production biodiesel pumps biodiesel quality biodiesel standards biodiesel tax credit biodiesel technologies biodiesel terminal biodiversity bioeconomy bioelectricity bioenergy Bioenergy Program for Advanced Biofuels Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) biofoundry Biofuel biofuel consumption Biofuel Crops biofuel distribution Biofuel Infrastructure Partnership (BIP) biofuel producer tax credit biofuel production Biofuels Directive biofuels education biofuel tax credit Biogas Biogasoline/Renewable Gasoline Biogasoline/Renewable Gasoline pumps biogenic carbon biogenic emissions Bioheat biohydrocarbons biohydrogen BioIsoprene Bio LPG biomass Biomass Carbon Removal and Storage (BiCRS) Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP) biomass hydrolysis biomass recalcitrance Biomass Research and Development initiative (BRDI) biomass sorghum Biomass to Liquid (BTL) biomass transportation biomaterials bioplastics biopower Biopreferred bioproducts biopropene bioprospecting BioRefineries/Renewable Fuel Production Biorefinery Assistance Program (BAP) old 9003 Biorefinery Renewable Chemical Biobased Product Mfgr Assistance 9003 BioRenewable-1 (BR-1) BioSNG Biotechnology birch bitter orange black carbon black grease black liquor black locust blender blender pumps Blenders Credit blending blendstock Blend wall blockchain blue carbon boat fuel Bolivia bolt-on Bonaire bonds book-and-claim border tax Borneo Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana BQ-9000 Brachiaria bracken brackish water Brassica Brazil breweries British Columbia broker brownfields brown grease Brunei Btu's BTX (Benzene Toluene Xylene) Bu12.5 Bu16 Budget building block chemicals Bulgaria bunker oil Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Burkina Faso Burma Burundi buses Business/General Aviation Business and Industry Program (B&I) business law business resources butadiene Butane butanediol butanol/biobutanol butanol emissions butyl acetate butyric acid c C3 sugar C5 sugar C6 sugar Cabo Verde cactus cagaita calibration California California Air Resources Board (CARB) Cambodia Camelina camels Cameroon Canada canarygrass Canary Islands canary reed grass candle nut cannabis canola/rapeseed canola straw cap-and-invest cap-and-trade carbohydrates carbon carbon-14 testing carbon-efficient fuels carbon/CO2 sequestration carbon capture and storage (CCS) carbon capture and utilization (CCU) carbon cost carbon credit carbon credit markets carbon cycle carbon debt Carbon Dioxide (CO2) carbon efficiency carbon emissions carbon fiber Carbon Intensity (CI) carbon life cycle carbon markets Carbon Monoxide (CO) carbon negative carbon neutrality carbon offsets carbon pipeline carbon price carbon recycling carbon removal carbon sink carbon tax carbon tax-and-dividend Carbon tax border adjustments carbon user fee Carbon Utilization and Biogas Education Program carcinogens cardoon Caribbean carinata/brassica carinata carob cashew cashew apple CASI CAS Registry Cassava cassava price cassava pulp cassava stalk castor bean castor stalk catalysis catalysts catalytic decarboxylation catalytic hydrothermal conversion catalytic hydrothermal conversion-to-jet (CHCJ) catalytic hydrothermal gasification catalytic hydrothermolysis jet CHJ pathway cattle cavitation CBD (cannabidiol) CBG (compressed biogas) cell culturing cellulase enzymes cellulose Cellulosic/Biomass Hydrogen cellulosic biofuel Cellulosic biomass cellulosic diesel Cellulosic ethanol cellulosic ethanol price cellulosic feedstock cellulosic production tax credit cellulosic sugars Cellulosic Tax Credit cellulosic waiver credit cement Central African Republic Central America Certificate Program Certificates of Origin (COs) certification certification fuels cesium cetane Chad change in soil condition charging stations CHCJ-5 chemical-looping hydrogen method Chesapeake Bay chicken feathers chickens Chile Chili China chitin chufa/cyperus esculents/nutsedge CIA circular economy citrus citrus greening disease Citrus Peel Clean clean air Clean Air Act (CAA) clean diesel Clean Fuel Standard/Policy (CFS) Clean Power Plan (CPP) Clean Trucks Plan Clean Water Act climate change Climate Change Adaptation climate change effects climate change mitigation climate legislation climate smart agriculture closed-loop system Clostridium thermocellum cloud point clover CNG Conversion kit co co-generation co-location co-operative Co-op Extension co-processing co-products coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) coastal habitat conservation coastal hay Coast Guard cobalt cock's foot coco cocoa Coconut coffee coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold-tolerance cold flow college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG/R-CNG/bioCNG) compression-ignition engine compression ratios computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology cooking fuel Cook Islands cook stoves cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 COP26 copper coppice cordgrass corn-based products corn/maize corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crimes criteria pollutants Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cuphea cup plant currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cusi cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D5 (5%DME) D20 (20%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date palm date palm pits Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization Delaware DeltaWing demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/HVO/Paraffinic Diesel diesel with renewables diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct-to-fuel direct air capture directed evolution direct injection Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E2 E3 E4 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E40 E50 E55 E75 E78 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED95 educatio education educational business private educational tour Education Series 3030 EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electricity price electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) end user Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylene ethyl levulinate (EL) ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication externalities extremophiles f F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax Fleets fleet turnover fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia games gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery GREET Greenhouse Gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP h Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawai'i hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrids Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrocarbon fuels hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen hydrogen aircraft hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogenolysis hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indiana Indian beech tree Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesi Indonesia industrial ethanol industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land prices land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M3 M15 M50 M100 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts mass balance standard Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methan methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks methanization methanol Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methanol fuel cells methanol price Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland Newfoundland and Labrador new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota Northeast northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Northwest Territories Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds nuclear Nunavut nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil/gas terminals oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontaio Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay Paris Agreement parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peak oil demand peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin peela kaner pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photoelectrocatalysis photoelectrochemical photolysis photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine needles pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Flex Fuel Hybrid Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass podcasts Poland poli Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyethylene polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter/waste power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests proton exchange membrane (PEM) public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps/fueling station pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R5 R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest rain tree RAND rare earth metal RD10 RD20 RD30 RD80 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation Refined Bleached Deodorized Palm Oil (RBDPO) refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/HVO/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price Renewable Diesel Production renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED/RED II/REDIII) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) RenovaBio replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion resurrection grass retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw/paddy straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Rural Renewable Energy Pilot Program Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy scooters Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog smokestack soap Social social benefit investing social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soi soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solaris solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) Solomon Islands Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications Spent Bleaching Earth Oil (SBEO) sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam methane reformation steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve STrategiv Petroleum Reserve straw students su sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) subsid succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugarcane sugarcane prices sugarcane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower sunflower stalks supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas/gas fermentation synthesised aromatic kerosene (SAK) synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic kerosene synthetic liquified gas (SLG) synthetic methane/e-methane synthetic natural gas Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree tamanu/nyamplung Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course Technical Readiness Levels techno-economic analysis technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics Thermal catalytic depolymerization (TCD) thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion thermochemical liquefaction Tibet Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction totai Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy travel policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale truck trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey UCOME (Used Cooking Oil Methyl Ester) Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) Ultra Low Sulfur Fuel Oil (ULSFO) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used motor oil used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils vehicles miles traveled (VMT) Velocys Venezuela Vermont Victoria video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volatile fatty acids (VFA) volunteers Vulcanol w waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil wastewater water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment wax weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass wheat prices wheat straw whey whisky white grease White House wildlife habitat willow wind energy wine wastage/grape marc winter crops Wisconsin Wood woody biomass World Bank World Trade Organization (WTO) Wyoming XTL xylan xylene xylose yard waste yeast yellow grease yellowhorn tree Yemen yields 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