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Advanced Biofuels USA: promoting the understanding, development and use of advanced biofuels around the world.

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West Virginia

Complex Networks Identify Genes for Biofuel Crops

(U.S. Department of Energy/Phys.Org)  To improve biofuel production, scientists must understand the fundamental interactions that lead to the expression of key traits in plants and microbes. To understand these interactions, scientists are using different layers of information (about the relationships between genes, and between genes and phenotypes) combined with new

August 15, 2018 Read Full Article

U.S. Court of Appeals Rules in Ergon – West Virginia’s Favor in RFS Claim Against EPA

(Ergon – West Virginia, Inc./Business Wire)  Ergon – West Virginia, Inc., Wrongfully Denied Small Refinery Hardship Relief  —  The United States Court of Appeals for the 4th Circuit has vacated and remanded the United States Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) denial of a 2016 petition for small refinery hardship filed by

July 20, 2018 Read Full Article

Growth Energy Announces Rutter’s as Newest E15 Retailer

(Growth Energy)  Today, Growth Energy and Pennsylvania-based Rutter’s announced that the convenience store chain will begin selling E15 – a fuel with 15 percent biofuel – at seven of its locations in Maryland, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. “The success of Prime the Pump in opening the marketplace for E15 has opened

June 4, 2018 Read Full Article

Congressman Veasey Introduces Bipartisan Energy Research Legislation

(Office of Congressman Marc Veasey)  The Fossil Energy Research and Development Act would set the course for the next generation of climate change mitigation  —  Today, Congressman Marc Veasey (D-TX), Ranking Member of the Science Committee’s Energy Subcommittee, along with Congressman David B. McKinley, P.E. (R-WV) and Science Committee Ranking Member Eddie

May 15, 2018 Read Full Article
  Opportunities for Underutilized Wood: Energy and Wood Products Two Day Symposium   —   April 30-May 1, 2018   —   Morgantown, WV

Opportunities for Underutilized Wood: Energy and Wood Products Two Day Symposium — April 30-May 1, 2018 — Morgantown, WV

Underutilized wood (sometimes called “low use wood” is an opportunity for business opportunities and improved forest management for the eastern United States.  Plan to join us for this two day event, which  includes site tours, networking, presentations, panels and discussion sessions.  More information to follow, including registration information.   This event

March 9, 2018 Read Full Article

10 Years After: Advanced Biofuels’ Status, Opportunities and Challenges

by Lorenz Bauer (Lee Enterprises Consulting/Biofuels Digest)   In 2007 the US government established a national strategy for the development of advanced biofuels made using non-edible biomass. After 10 years we are still short of achieving the targets of this plan but there has been considerable progress.   Worldwide there is continued

February 6, 2018 Read Full Article
  Opportunities for Underutilized Wood: Energy and Wood Products   —   April 30-May 1, 2018   —   Morgantown, WV

Opportunities for Underutilized Wood: Energy and Wood Products — April 30-May 1, 2018 — Morgantown, WV

Learn how underutilized wood (low use wood) can be used for improving forest management and an opportunity for businesses,  Underutilized wood, sometimes called “low use wood,” can be used for improving forest management in the eastern United States and an opportunity for businesses. Plan to join us for Opportunities for Underutilized

February 1, 2018 Read Full Article

Company Official Shares Biofuel Plant Details

by Tina Alvey (The Register-Herald)  PPD of WV is putting together the final financial pieces of the puzzle, in hopes of breaking ground on its new biofuel plant near Sam Black Church this spring, according to company official Jason Perry. Perry spoke about the $73 million project for more than 40

January 25, 2018 Read Full Article

Biodiesel Plant Developer to Address Commission

by Tina Alvey (Register-Herald)  Acknowledging that some questions about the project remain unanswered, Greenbrier County Commission President Woody Hanna said he has requested that Jason Perry, one of the developers of a proposed synthetic fuel plant, attend an upcoming commission session. A couple of people have already aired concerns at commission

January 4, 2018 Read Full Article

Top 10 Wood Waste Projects – Not Letting Waste Go to Waste

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … Regardless of which side of the fence you are on, the chopping continues and there are literally tons of wood waste left behind that doesn’t get used up, but we can all agree we should do something with that waste. Today, we look at

October 2, 2017 Read Full Article

Growing the Future: WVU Biologists Team up to Research New Bioproducts

by Kathy Swisher (West Virginia University)  West Virginia University biologists are part of a $40 million Department of Energy effort to create sustainable, cost-effective bioproducts through four new bioenergy research centers. As part of the Center for Bioenergy Innovation led by the DOE’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Steve DiFazio and

September 7, 2017 Read Full Article

In Search of Next-Gen Bioproducts and Fuels, DOE Invests $40M in 4 Bioenergy Research Centers

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Washington, U.S. Secretary of Energy Rick Perry today (July 17, 2017) announced $40 million in Department of Energy awards for the establishment of four DOE Bioenergy Research Centers (BRCs), which will provide the scientific breakthroughs for a new generation of sustainable, cost-effective bioproducts and bioenergy.

July 19, 2017 Read Full Article

Trump’s Pitch for U.S. ‘Energy Dominance’ Is Dominated by Misleading Claims

by  Steven Mufson and Chris Mooney (The Washington Post)  The White House has branded this week “energy week,” rolling out a buzzword, “dominance,” and replaying lines from last year’s Trump campaign in an effort to portray the United States as a global energy superpower — and to label previous administrations as obstacles

June 29, 2017 Read Full Article

Two PA Companies Partner to Fuel Economy

(Gant News)  Pennsylvania Grain Processing Corn Merchandiser, Brian Kelly, was a little doubtful four years ago when he first approached Sheetz Inc. about selling new blends of ethanol at its fuel station near Interstate 80 in Clearfield. “Truthfully, I didn’t think we would get too much of a response. I

April 7, 2017 Read Full Article

America’s Most Prolific Gas Play Needs 50 Rigs to Keep Booming

by Ari Natter and James Rowley  (Bloomberg)   …  Fifty rigs need to be drilling for natural gas in America’s most prolific shale region to keep production of the fuel from falling — and by one explorer’s count, they’re already below that level. The Appalachian Basin, home to both the Marcellus

November 7, 2016 Read Full Article

Greenwood Resources Licenses ORNL Invention to Boost Biofuel Yield

(Oak Ridge National Laboratory/NewsWise)  GreenWood Resources has licensed an Oak Ridge National Laboratory technology based on the discovery of a gene in poplar (Populus trichocarpa) that makes it easier to convert poplar trees into biofuels. GreenWood, a global timberland investment and asset management company based in Oregon, plans to commercialize

September 29, 2016 Read Full Article

CEO of Former Michigan Biofuels Company Charged with $2 Million Tax Scheme

by Emily Monacelli (Michigan Live)  The chief executive of a former Southwest Michigan biofuels company has been indicted in what federal prosecutors allege was a scheme to defraud the government out of $2 million in tax credits. An 14-count indictment was filed June 8 in U.S. District Court in Kalamazoo

June 30, 2016 Read Full Article
  Bioenergy and Bioproducts Education Programs  —  August 15-17 at Wings of Eagles Discovery Center, New York

Bioenergy and Bioproducts Education Programs — August 15-17 at Wings of Eagles Discovery Center, New York

Bioenergy and Bioproducts Education Programs provide professional development and hands-on teaching tools for educators (grades 6 – 16, in-service and pre-service teachers and extension educators) who want to learn and teach about the Bioenergy systems currently in use and under development in the United States. Three will be offered in

March 1, 2016 Read Full Article

Entsorga West Virginia Announces U.S.’s First Resource Recovery Facility to Utilize Mechanical Biological Treatment

(Entsorga West Virginia)  Groundbreaking Held on January 6, 2016 in Martinsburg, West Virginia — Entsorga West Virginia today announced the groundbreaking of the U.S.’s first resource recovery facility utilizing Mechanical Biological Treatment (MBT). The state-of-the-art waste-to-solid fuel plant will be located at 870 Grapevine Road, Martinsburg, WV and is expected to

January 11, 2016 Read Full Article

USDA Provides Funding for More Than 1,100 Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Projects Nationwide

(US Department of Agriculture)  Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack today (October 26, 2015) announced that USDA is awarding loans and grants that will help more than 1,100 rural small businesses and agricultural producers reduce energy usage and costs in their operations. The funding is for energy efficiency improvements and/or renewable energy

October 28, 2015 Read Full Article

How Could Volkswagen’s Top Engineers Not Have Known?

by DuneLawrence, Benjamin Elgin, Vernon Silver (Bloomberg Business)  … From February through April 2013, they (researchers from West Virginia University’s Center for Alternative Fuels, Engines and Emissions) tested three diesel cars: a Volkswagen Jetta, a Volkswagen Passat, and a BMW SUV. Besch took charge of the initial assessment, using the dynos, and he

October 23, 2015 Read Full Article

VW Scandal Raises Doubts over Clean Diesel and Lab-Based Emissions Testing

(Environmental and Energy Study Institute) On September 22, Volkswagen Motors (VW) admitted that it had cheated on emissions testing in Europe and the United States, by installing a piece of software known as a ‘defeat device’ in diesel cars.  The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) levelled accusations against the car maker last

September 28, 2015 Read Full Article

West Virginia Engineer Presented VW Emissions Findings a Year Ago

by David Morgan (Automotive News/Reuters)  Daniel Carder, an unassuming 45-year-old engineer with gray hair and blue jeans, appears an unlikely type to take down one of the world’s most powerful companies. But he and his small research team at West Virginia University may have done exactly that, with a $50,000

September 23, 2015 Read Full Article

USDA Invests $100M in Renewable Fuel Pumps: The Deep Dive into Who Got What, and How the Landscape Shifts

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  USDA announces state finalists for the Biofuel Infrastructure Partnership. Will it move the needle? The Digest investigates.  In Washington, US Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack announced that 21 states will receive grants through the Biofuel Infrastructure Partnership (BIP) to add infrastructure needed to supply more renewable

September 14, 2015 1 comment Read Full Article

USDA Announces State Finalists for the Biofuel Infrastructure Partnership

(US Department of Agriculture)  Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack today announced that 21 states will receive grants through the Biofuel Infrastructure Partnership (BIP) to add infrastructure needed to supply more renewable fuel to America’s drivers. Since announcing the program in May 2015, the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Farm Service Agency

September 10, 2015 0 comment Read Full Article

ABO Applauds Senators Manchin and Heitkamp on Introduction of Carbon Utilization Legislation

(Algae Biomass Organization)  Addition of just 12 words could accelerate pace of large scale, emissions reducing algae projects at fossil fired power plants — The Algae Biomass Organization (ABO), the trade association for the US algae industry, today applauded new legislation offered by U.S. Senators Joe Manchin (D-WV) and Heidi Heitkamp

May 14, 2015 Read Full Article

Education: Educator Training Program

How can you grow your own knowledge and skills to inspire your students? What new opportunities are developing for science-based careers in the region? Learn about this and more at the USDA-sponsored Bioenergy and Bioproducts teacher training workshops, organized by Cornell University, West Virginia University, and Penn State. Summer workshops

March 2, 2015 Read Full Article

Algae Biomass Organization Applauds Senators Joe Manchin (D-WV) and Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI) for Supporting Carbon Utilization Technology

(Algae Biomass Organization)  Senators urge Department of Energy and the Environmental Protection Agency to support carbon utilization throughout their programs. The Algae Biomass Organization, the trade association for the algae industry, applauded U.S. Senators Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI) and Joe Manchin (D-WV) for their letter today to Ernest Moniz, Secretary of

January 15, 2015 Read Full Article

$3M Grant Supports Bioenergy Development

(State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry)   Work focuses on making renewable feedstocks more affordable The U.S. Department of Energy has awarded up to $3 million to the SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry (ESF) to develop and demonstrate ways to reduce the cost of

December 22, 2014 Read Full Article

Northeast Bioenergy Scholars Program DEADLINE: February 1, 2015

(NewBIO)  The Northeast Bioenergy Scholars Program is an exciting summer research experience program for enthusiastic undergraduates who are interested in exploring bioenergy utilizing cutting-edge techniques. Check out the list of current topics and locations for summer research opportunities. An accepted scholar receives a stipend to help cover living costs during

December 12, 2014 Read Full Article

Biomass Producers Today, Carbon Kings Tomorrow

by Matt Carr (Biomass Magazine/Algae Biomass Organization)  … To control carbon dioxide (CO2), the agency (Environmental Protection Agency) places a significant emphasis on burying emissions underground (carbon capture and sequestration or CCS), but I believe it should equally encourage the beneficial reuse of carbon dioxide emissions (carbon capture and utilization,

December 11, 2014 Read Full Article

Manchin, Whitehouse Tour Algae Facility, Discuss Role of CO2 Utilization

(Algae Biomass Organization)  In a sign of growing awareness among policy makers of carbon utilization as a climate change mitigation platform, Senators Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI) and Joe Manchin (D-WV) today paid a joint visit to ABO platinum member BioProcess Algae in Portsmouth, RI, to see first-hand how algae can be

October 16, 2014 Read Full Article

Optimus Technologies First to Receive EPA Approval on Advanced Biofuel Conversion Solution for Commercial Trucks

(Optimus Technologies/MarketWatch)  As an alternative to CNG, creates new opportunities for advanced biofuel providers. Optimus Technologies today (July 8, 2014) announced two significant milestones that are changing the U.S. commercial truck industry. First, it is the first to receive U.S. EPA Approval for an advanced biofuel conversion solution for existing

July 10, 2014 Read Full Article

Biomass Resources, Uses, and Opportunities in West Virginia 2013 A Report by West Virginia University's Appalachian Hardwood Center and Biomaterials and Wood Utilization Research Center

by Shawn Grushecky, Jingxin Wang, Sarah Cross Owen, and Lawrence E. Osborn  (Appalachian Hardwood Center)  West Virginia is the third most heavily forested state in the U.S., with a total biomass production potential of 4.67 million dry tons which could produce 63.57 trillion BTUs. This data-intensive report inventories West Virginia’s wood

June 14, 2014 Read Full Article

The Contradiction of Obama’s Climate Policy

by Dana Milbank (The Washington Post: Opinion)  On the eve of the Obama administration’s release Tuesday of a report warning about grave consequences of climate change, presidential counselor John Podesta went into the White House briefing room and crowed about fossil-fuel production in words that could have been penned by Dick Cheney. “The

May 7, 2014 Read Full Article
  Bioenergy and Bioproducts Education Programs:  West Virginia University     July 21-25, 2014      Morgantown, WV

Bioenergy and Bioproducts Education Programs: West Virginia University July 21-25, 2014 Morgantown, WV

One-week workshops are held at several sites from New York, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Ohio, Maryland and West Virginia. These workshops bring teachers together during the summer to learn about topics related to Bioenergy and Bioproducts and to learn about hands-on laboratory experiments for use in the classroom. Both pre-service and in-service

February 15, 2014 Read Full Article

NEWBio Bioenergy Scholar Program Application Deadline February 15, 2014

The Bioenergy Scholars Program offers summer research work to undergraduates, who can apply to work at one of several universities in the Northeast US (including Penn State, Cornell, Rutgers, West Virginia University, SUNY ESF, and Delaware State University and others). After a one-week orientation program at Delaware State, students will

January 6, 2014 Read Full Article

Grants Available for Biomass Energy on W.V. Surfaced-Mined Land

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine)  The West Virginia Brownfields Assistance Center at Marshall University has expanded its partnership with the West Virginia Division of Energy’s Office of Coalfield Community Development to explore the reuse and redevelopment potential of land that has been surface-mined. Biomass production is a possible application for

December 6, 2013 Read Full Article

Perennial Feedstock Focus: Shrub Willow

by Rachel Passmore (NewBIO)  … The shrub willow lifecycle begins with a place to plant the seeds. Part of NEWBio’s research focuses on the use of land that is undesirable for food production, land that contains “marginal soils”. According to Dr. Larry Smart of Cornell and Dr. Michael Jacobson of Penn

December 2, 2013 Read Full Article

Research: Fracking Uses and Loses More Water than Previously Believed

by Matthew McFeeley (The Energy Collective)  Fracking’s water footprint is higher than previously thought, according to a new report that combined data from many sources to provide one of the most comprehensive looks at how water is used by the oil and gas industry.  The researchers from Downstream Strategies and San Jose State Universitytracked water

November 8, 2013 Read Full Article

Undergraduate Bioenergy Scholars Summer Research Program in Northeast US

The Northeast Bioenergy Scholars Program is an exciting summer research experience program for enthusiastic undergraduates who are interested in exploring bioenergy utilizing cutting-edge techniques. Check out the list of current topics and locations for summer research opportunities. An accepted scholar receives a stipend to help cover living costs during the program.

September 24, 2013 Read Full Article

American Petroleum Institute Launches New Campaign

by Joanna Schroeder (DomesticFuel.com)  American Petroleum Institute (API) has launched a new campaign featuring print and TV ads taking aim at E15 and the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS). The ethanol industry responded and Bob Dinneen, President and CEO of the Renewable Fuels Association said that Big Oil’s latest campaign is

July 16, 2013 Read Full Article

G-OIL Helps Lindsey Wilson College To Pioneer “Truly Green Campuses”

(G-Oil Green Earth Technologies/PR NewsWire)  Every day is Earth Day at Lindsey Wilson College, a 2,700 student collection of campuses in Kentucky, Ohio, Tennessee, Virginia and West Virginia. Looking to become a pioneer in developing truly green campuses, the school’s leadership and Operations Manager have found the school’s green initiatives

April 10, 2013 Read Full Article

Touchstone Testing New Algae Technologies in Ohio

(Algae Industry Magazine)  West Virginia-based Touchstone Research Laboratory, is experimenting with three new technologies at their raceway farm testing center built around four 30-by-200-foot ponds in Wooster, Ohio. Funded by close to $7 million in grants from the U.S. Department of Energy and the Ohio Coal Development Office, this research

January 27, 2013 Read Full Article

West Virginia University Researchers Explore Use of Wood Biomass

(The State Journal)  Researchers from West Virginia University are exploring the economic and environmental impacts of wood biomass utilization in rural central Appalachia. The Morgantown school says the team was recently awarded a nearly $350,000 grant from the U.S. Department of Agriculture as part of a larger effort to spur

December 26, 2012 Read Full Article

USDA Grants Support Sustainable Bioenergy Production

(US Department of Agriculture)    Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack announced $10 million in research grants to spur production of bioenergy and biobased products that will lead to the development of sustainable regional systems and help create jobs. Vilsack highlighted the announcement with a visit to Michigan State University, a grant

December 17, 2012 Read Full Article

ACORE Releases 2012 State-by-State Resource for Renewable Energy

(ACORE)  The American Council On Renewable Energy (ACORE) released the 2012 edition of its report, Renewable Energy in the 50 States, as an interactive, online resource. Compiling updated financial data, resource potentials, market and policy information in one easily-accessed, online format, the report is intended to be an executive summary

November 12, 2012 Read Full Article

$10M Grant Will Fund Research into Biofuel-Based Economic Development

(Pennsylvania State University)  The Northeast could help lead the way to a renewable-energy-based economy by utilizing marginal and abandoned land to grow energy crops such as perennial grasses and fast-growing woody plants. That’s the goal of a new research and education project led by Penn State’s College of Agricultural Sciences and supported

October 16, 2012 Read Full Article

Agriculture Secretary Vilsack Announces Support for Producers to Grow Renewable Feedstocks for Advanced Biofuels

(US Department of Agriculture)  Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack today announced payments for 125 advanced Biofuel producers across the country to support the production and expansion of advanced biofuels from a wide variety of non-food sources, including waste products. “Advanced biofuels are a key component of President Obama’s ‘all-of-the-above’ energy strategy

July 31, 2012 Read Full Article

Natural Gas Threatens Biofuels?

by Carrin Hall (Energy Digital)  As the natural gas industry targets vehicles, what will happen to biofuels development? Clean Energy Fuels, a leading natural gas provider in Seal Beach, has teamed up with Quarles Petroleum Inc. to bring customers alternative fuel, priced at $1.50 per gallon less than diesel or

November 17, 2011 Read Full Article

New Biofuels Plant Eyes Northern Panhandle

by Linda Harris   (The State Journal)  Officials with a proposed $400 million plant are looking at sites in Brooke, Hancock counties. While a deal is far from final, Northern Panhandle economic development leaders are exploring the feasibility of bringing a biofuels plant to Brooke or Hancock counties. Business Development

September 6, 2011 Read Full Article

New USGS Marcellus Shale Anaylsis Drastically Cuts DOE Estimates

by David Hughes (Post Carbon Institute)  This week the USGS released anew assessment of gas resources in the Marcellus Shale, Appalachian Basin. The report is a reasonable effort by the USGS to sort out some of the wheat from the chaff. The 84 Tcf technically recoverable undiscovered resource for the

August 29, 2011 Read Full Article

SRSenergy and Partners Secure $6.2 Million DOE Contract

(Algae Industry Magazine)  Solution Recovery Services, of Dexter Michigan, an employee owned industry leader in oil separation and purification systems has partnered with Touchstone Research Laboratory, a privately owned U.S. company with principal operations in Triadelphia, W.V. The project team together has successfully secured $6.2 million in funding from the Department

September 14, 2010 Read Full Article

Secretary Chu Announces Six Projects to Convert Captured CO2 Emissions from Industrial Sources into Useful Products

(US Department of Energy)  $106 Million Recovery Act Investment will Reduce CO2 Emissions and Mitigate Climate Change U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced today the selections of six projects that aim to find ways of converting captured carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from industrial sources into useful products such as fuel,

July 23, 2010 0 comment Read Full Article

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development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecuador ED95 education educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric grid electricity electricity price electric pathway/eRINs electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end user Energy Bill energy cane energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England entrepreneur environment 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price isobutanol pump price isobutene isooctane isooctene Israel Italy Ivory Coast JA1 JAA jackfruit Jamaica Japan Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Alternative Jetfuel (SAJF)/Renewable Jetfuel (RJF) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa Kuwait labels Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis lignin Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars Lipid liquefaction liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions low sulfur diesel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg Luxemburg lysis M15 M50 macadamia macauba Macedonia Madagascar mahua Maine maize Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta mamona management changes mandates manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Biofuel marine algae Marine Corps Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methane/biomethane methane leaks methanol/biomethanol Mexico Michelin 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fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RSF2 RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago sago pond weed SAIC SAK sales Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securiti Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale gas shale oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia 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