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Who’s Running Things? With Democrats Preparing to Run the House

2018 Election, Arizona, California, Colorado, Federal Legislation, Florida, Nevada, Opinions, Policy, Washington
November 7, 2018

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)  With Democrats preparing to run the House, here’s how the committee leadership shuffle is expected to work out.

Energy and Commerce Committee: New Jersey Democrat Frank Pallone will grab the gavel of this panel with broad EPA, DOE, FERC and other energy-related jurisdiction. Current Chairman Greg Walden is expected to slot into ranking member.

Natural Resources Committee: Arizona Democrat Raúl Grijalva will run this panel with oversight of Interior (where Secretary Ryan Zinke’s scandals will immediately go under the microscope), while Utah Republican Rob Bishop becomes ranking member in what’s expected to be his final term in Congress.

Oversight Committee: Maryland Democrat Elijah Cummings will lead the powerful panel tasked with oversight of vast swaths of the Trump administration. It’s not yet clear who his Republican counterpart will be with current Chairman Trey Gowdy retiring from Congress.

Science Committee: It’ll be Texas Democrat Eddie Bernice Johnson with the gavel, though her Republican counterpart isn’t yet set. Oklahoma Rep. Frank Lucas appears to have the inside track for the spot if he wants it, though he’s also interested in becoming the top Republican on the Financial Services Committee. Johnson promised she would “address the challenge of climate change, starting with acknowledging it is real, seeking to understand what climate science is telling us, and working to understand the ways we can mitigate it.”

ROLODEX CHEAT SHEET: The lawmakers have the gavels, but here are top staffers they’ll be leaning on:

E&C Committee: Jeff Carroll, staff director. Democratic leadership on the committee promises to press the Trump administration on issues like climate change. Republicans and Democrats alike also speak highly of Rick Kessler , now a senior adviser on the committee and a one-time chief of staff for former E&C impresario Rep. John Dingell.

Oversight Committee: Dave Rapallo, staff director. Armed with subpoena power, the committee will be leading the biggest investigations into the Trump administration, and Rapallo is a veteran of the Henry Waxman-led Oversight Committee.

Natural Resources Committee: With more than two decades of experience on the House Natural Resources Committee, David Watkins will bring a wealth of policy and institutional knowledge as the panel conducts oversight of Zinke’s controversies and potential conflicts of interest between the Trump administration and its “energy dominance” agenda.

Science Committee: Dick Obermann , the new chief of staff for the committee, is a literal rocket scientist, holding a doctorate in aerospace and mechanical science from Princeton. Obermann has been with the committee since 1990, starting as a science adviser to the subcommittee on space. 

2020 vision: Democrats are also already looking toward the 2020 election, and Nancy Pelosi , who’s likely to be speaker of the House, wants to avoid boxing candidates and the party into politically perilous positions, a House Democratic aide told Anthony and Zack. “There isn’t right now any sort of Democratic climate bill. Leadership is going to have to work this out,” the aide said, requesting anonymity to discuss internal party deliberations freely. “She thinks about herself in terms of, ‘I have to look out for the potential nominee,’ so there is going to be some tension there,” the aide said.

Scott poised to take Senate seat: Florida Gov. Rick Scott appears on course to knock out incumbent Democratic Sen. Bill Nelson, POLITICO’s Marc Caputo reports. A win for Scott would mean prevailing in a state where climate change is central, and where a red tide and blue-green algae haunted voters throughout the campaign.

Florida Rep. Carlos Curbelo, who has tried to steer his party toward action on climate change, lost his reelection bid to Debbie Mucarsel-Powell. Curbelo is co-chair of the House Climate Solutions Caucus, which saw its Republican ranks thin considerably in the election. He also sponsored a carbon fee bill that would have increased highway funding. Curbelo pressed his climate credentials during the campaign in hopes of setting himself apart from other Republicans who environmentalists and liberal critics accused of using the caucus to greenwash their poor records records fighting climate change. Mucarsel-Powell, a former associate dean at Florida International University, earned the endorsement of the Climate Hawks Vote super PAC.

Paul Blair of Americans for Tax Reform, on Twitter , singled out Curbelo’s carbon tax as the reason for his loss. But teasing out how the climate change issue affected those races is difficult. Many of those Republicans were in moderate districts that succumbed to a motivated Democratic base, Jerry Taylor, president of the libertarian Niskanen Center, which backed Curbelo’s carbon tax bill, tweeted in response to Blair.

Washington voters rejected Initiative 1631, knocking down what would have been the nation’s first fee on carbon emissions, Anthony reports. The oil and gas industry spent heavily to convince voters to reject the measure, and its loss is a significant blow to environmentalists who had hoped to score state-level wins to fight climate change.

Nevada voters rejected a ballot initiative to break up the state’s power monopoly, after its largest utility flooded $60 million into the campaign, Pro’s Darius Dixon reports.

Voters kept California’s gas tax alive by rejecting a ballot measure that would have repealed the 12-cent state tax increase, Zack reports. The tax increase was a key part of the funding bill Gov. Jerry Brown signed last year, but became a rallying cry for conservatives who said the ballot measure’s passage would send a signal that similar policies are politically unpopular 

Florida voters approved a ballot measure Tuesday to permanently ban offshore drilling for oil and natural gas on all state-owned waters, which extend three nautical miles into the Atlantic Ocean and nine nautical miles into the Gulf of Mexico.

QUOTABLE: “What we learned from this election, in states like Colorado, Arizona, and Washington, is that voters reject policies that would make energy more expensive and less reliable to them, their families, and the larger economy,” American Energy Alliance President Tom Pyle said in a statement.

GOVERNORS FOR CLEAN ENERGY: Democrats with strong clean-energy platforms took multiple governorships last night.   READ MORE

Midterms 2018: Mixed Results for the Renewable Energy Agenda (Green Tech Media)

Voters rejected most ballot measures aimed at curbing climate change (Washington Post)

The Energy 202: The nation just elected a bunch of governors who campaigned on clean energy (Washington Post)

GAVEL GAZING: (Politico’s Morning Energy)

Clean energy ballot initiatives fare better at local than state level (Utility Dive) 

Nearly a third of Democrats who flipped U.S. House seats refuse Fossil Fuel industry money (Oil Change United States)

House Dems plan to bring back committee on climate change (The Hill)

Working With a New Congress: Farm Groups Can Work With House Democrats on Some Issues, NCGA CEO Says (DTN The Progressive Farmer)

Midterms shift balance in Washington for oil sector (Houston Chronicle)

American Voters Just Sent a Surprising Message About the Trade War (Bloomberg)

Democrats plan to use House majority to prep for major climate change legislation in 2020 (Washington Examiner)

2018 Midterm Elections—Implications for the Bioeconomy  (Environmental and Energy Study Institute)

5 Election Winners to Watch on Climate as Environment Crusaders Head to Congress (Inside Climate News)

The Energy 202: Green protests at Pelosi’s office signal rift over Democratic climate strategy (Washington Post)

CLIMATE CONTRETEMPS:  and HEIR APPARENT? (Politico’s Morning Energy)

Defiant in defeat, Carlos Curbelo says climate change activism will help GOP (Washington Examiner)

LET’S MAKE A (GREEN NEW) DEAL: (Politico’s Morning Energy)

Romney signals anti-warming push (E&E News)


Excerpt from Politico’s Morning Energy: Another Democratic congressman is pointing to climate change as the top item on his agenda when the House changes hands next year. New York Rep. Paul Tonko, who’s expected to wield the gavel at the Energy and Commerce Committee’s environment panel, tells Pro’s Eric Wolff that he’s looking to turn up the oversight of the Trump administration, and that his goal would be to ensure “the top priority will be a bold response to climate change,” he said.

But Tonko also echoes what POLITICO has previously reported : The prospects of the party moving any climate change legislation under the Trump administration are slim. “Being realistic, it may be tough for legislation to be approved by this administration, but there are many acts to building a legislative agenda. We’ll be looking into an agenda that would advance efficiency, grid modernization, and maybe rolling it into a larger infrastructure bill that addresses both improving resilience for adaptation and investing in our infrastructure with issues like [electric vehicle] charging deployment,” he tells Eric. Read the full interview. READ MORE


Excerpt from Utility Dive:  An increasing number of Congressional representatives have pledged to refuse campaign donations from the fossil fuel industry as well. More than 30 members of Congress have pledged to not take donations from the fossil fuels industry, including about a third of the Democrats who flipped House seats this week, according to climate advocacy group Oil Change USA.


Excerpt from Houston Chronicle:  After almost a decade of oil-friendly Republicans controlling Congress, the energy sector faced a dramatically different landscape Wednesday on Capitol Hill.

Where Republicans pushed an end to the oil export ban and looser environmental regulations around drilling, the new Democratic-led House is expected to be more interested in combating climate change than boosting oil and gas production.

“It’ll be noisier. There will be hearings o-rama. But in terms of action not so much,” said Robert McNally, president of the Rapidan Energy Group, a consulting firm outside Washington. “We don’t see them rolling President Trump, but the pace of deregulation at EPA will probably slow down because officials will be much busier dealing with subpoenas.”

Without key allies like Rep. John Culberson, R-Houston, who lost to political newcomer Lizzie Fletcher, and Rep. Pete Sessions, R-Dallas, who lost to former NFL player Colin Allred, energy executives are expected to be called to Washington to explain their role in the Trump administration’s regulatory rollbacks.

But looking across the nation, Tuesday’s election did not come without some good news for Texas’ oil business.

A proposed carbon fee in Washington state was defeated in a referendum, as was a Colorado proposal to ban oil and gas drilling within roughly half a mile of buildings. Rep. Carlos Curbelo, R-Fla., who has been campaigning for a carbon tax, narrowly lost his re-election bid.  READ MORE


Excerpt from Oil Change United States: Oil Change United States-endorsed climate leaders who won their elections include:

Ilhan Omar, U.S. House, MN-05

Deb Haaland, U.S. House, NM-01

Nika Elugardo, Massachusetts State House, 15th Suffolk District

Danielle Friel Otten, Pennsylvania State House, 155th District

Stephanie Garcia Richard, Public Lands Commissioner of New Mexico

Full list of No Fossil Fuel Money Pledge signers: http://nofossilfuelmoney.org/pledge-signers/

No Fossil Fuel Money Pledge signers who won their elections include:

Dianne Feinstein, U.S. Senate, CA

Bernie Sanders, U.S. Senate, VT

Ruben Gallego, U.S. House, AZ-07

Barbara Lee, U.S. House, CA-13

Ro Khanna, U.S. House, CA-17

Zoe Lofgren, U.S. House, CA-19

Katie Hill, U.S. House, CA-25 (likely winner)

Nanette Barragán, U.S. House, CA-44

Harley Rouda, U.S. House, CA-48 (likely winner)

Mike Levin, U.S. House, CA-49 (likely winner)

Darren Soto, U.S. House, FL-09

Debbie Mucarsel-Powell, U.S. House, FL-26

Tulsi Gabbard, U.S. House, HI-02

Jesús “Chuy” García, U.S. House, IL-04

Jan Schakowsky, U.S. House, IL-09

Ayanna Pressley, U.S. House, MA-07

Jamie Raskin, U.S. House, MD-08

Chellie Pingree, U.S. House, ME-01

Andy Levin, U.S. House, MI-08

Rashida Tlaib, U.S. House, MI-13

Dean Phillips, U.S. House, MN-03

Ilhan Omar, U.S. House, MN-05

Chris Pappas, U.S. House, NH-01

Deb Haaland, U.S. House, NM-01

Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, U.S. House, NY-14

Madeleine Dean, U.S. House, PA-04

Mary Gay Scanlon, U.S. House, PA-05

Mary Gay Scanlon, U.S. House, PA-07 (special election)

Susan Ellis Wild, U.S. House, PA-07

Susan Ellis Wild, U.S. House, PA-15 (special election; likely winner)

Elaine Luria U.S. House, VA-02

Jennifer Wexton, U.S. House, VA-10

Pramila Jayapal, U.S. House, WA-07

Kim Schrier, U.S. House, WA-08 (likely winner)

Adam Smith, U.S. House, WA-09

Gavin Newsom, Governor of California

Eleni Kounalakis, Lieutenant Governor of California

John Fetterman, Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania

David Zuckerman, Lieutenant Governor of Vermont

Mandela Barnes, Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin

Dana Nessel, Attorney General of Michigan

Keith Ellison, Attorney General of Minnesota

Jim Condos, Secretary of State of Vermont

Fiona Ma, State Treasurer of California

Beth Pearce, State Treasurer of Vermont

Doug Hoffer, State Auditor of Vermont  READ MORE


Excerpt from SunDay Campaign:  The freshman class of the 116th Congress will have a striking number of members who have been environmental crusaders. With track records of taking on powerful fossil fuel interests or building clean energy businesses, many of them are talking about a “Green New Deal” – a massive federal government effort for clean energy and jobs. They include:
**Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, the Bronx and Queens, New York
**Sean Casten, suburbs of Chicago, Illinois
**Rashida Tlaib, Detroit, Michigan
**Mike Levin, suburbs of San Diego, California
**Veronica Escobar, El Paso, Texas
Another new House Member to watch is:
**Antonio Delgado, New York’s 19th Congressional District

Governors-elect in Colorado and Connecticut want a 100% renewables mandate. Approaching 100% is the goal for governors-elect in Illinois, Nevada and Maine. Campaign statements made by governors-elect include:
**Colorado Governor-elect Jared Polis said on his campaign website “I’m running on a plan to bring Colorado to 100% renewable energy by 2040; we can’t afford to wait.”
**Connecticut Governor-elect Ned Lamont said on his campaign website “I support strengthening the state’s RPS to at least 35 percent Class I renewable energy sources by 2025; at least 50 percent by 2030; at least 80 percent by 2040; and 100 percent by 2050.”
**Illinois Governor-elect J.B. Pritzker said on his campaign website “As governor, I will bring all stakeholders to the table to put Illinois on a path toward 100% clean, renewable energy and make sure that every community justly benefits during this transition.”
**Nevada Governor-elect Steve Sisolak said in a campaign video “I am fully supportive of the ballot proposal to increase our renewable energy to 50% by 2030.  In fact, as governor, I’d like to get us on the road to 100%.”
**Maine Governor-elect Janet Mills said “I believe that by 2050 we can transition to a healthy and prosperous economy relying virtually entirely on renewable energy. That’s my goal.”


Excerpt from Politico’s Morning Energy: CLIMATE CONTRETEMPS: Nancy Pelosi’s plan to revive a select committee on climate change is generating pushback on day one from both liberal activists who say Democrats need to do more and from at least one member of the old establishment. Rep. Frank Pallone , who is in line to lead the powerful Energy and Commerce Committee, dismissed a new panel as a waste of time because it would duplicate the oversight responsibilities of existing committees without being able to produce new legislation, Pro’s Anthony Adragna reports. “I don’t think it’s necessary,” the New Jersey Democrat said. Pallone’s comments came the same day climate activists protested outside Pelosi’s office demanding more aggressive action to fight climate change.

Rep.-elect Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, the liberal rising star who joined the protests at Pelosi’s office, pushed in the opposite direction. She is calling for a “Select Committee For A Green New Deal” that would be empowered to write legislation aimed at achieving 100 percent renewable energy in 10 years, among other lofty goals, and she said members who accepted contributions from the fossil fuel industry should not serve on the panel. It’s unclear if those ideas will catch on with most Democrats, but Rep. Ro Khanna, a member of the Progressive caucus, endorsed the proposal in a tweet Tuesday. “This is an existential challenge of our time,” he wrote. Rep.-elects Rashida Tlaib and Deb Haaland also endorsed the plan.

HEIR APPARENT?On the GOP side of the aisle, Rep. Brian Fitzpatrick told ME he intends to keep up the push from Republicans for action on climate change in the aftermath of the loss of Rep. Carlos Curbelo, co-founder of the Climate Solutions Caucus. “I’m going to do whatever needs to be done,” the Pennsylvania Republican said. “I’m going to stay with the fight. Somebody’s got to do it.” He called Curbelo, a friend, “irreplaceable.”   READ MORE


Excerpt from Washington Examiner:  Rep. Carlos Curbelo, R-Fla., defiant after losing his seat in Congress, is taking aim at a segment of the Republican Party that argues his defeat proves that GOP lawmakers cannot win by running on a platform to combat climate change.

Curbelo in an interview Friday in his Washington, D.C. office, expressed anger at conservative groups, such as Grover Norquist’s Americans for Tax Reform and the Heartland Institute, that have cited his loss as proof of the political unpopularity of a carbon tax.

“Those are fraudulent claims,” Curbelo said. “Those groups are as disingenuous and dishonest and corrosive to our politics as groups on the Left.” 

Curbelo warned liberals, and some environmentalists, to not dismiss Republicans like him and the 20 or so surviving members of the climate caucus, because he contends any future major policy to mitigate global warming must be bipartisan to pass.

“These disingenuous environmental groups need to decide if they want a climate solution or if they want a political solution,” Curbelo said.

Curbelo, a centrist 38-year-old Cuban-American first elected in 2014, used his position as the representative of a low-lying South Florida district that is vulnerable to worsening floods and sea level rise to make the case for legislation to address climate change.

In the interview, he vowed to devote a substantial portion of his life as a private citizen to promoting a carbon tax, which he sees as the “only real solution” to climate change, although he would not detail his specific plans, wanting to wait until after he leaves Congress.

“One of the big criticisms of Republicans today is it isn’t the party of solutions anymore,” Curbelo said. “Do you want to try to solve big problems and save the planet and a lot of coastal communities, or do you want to exploit this for political gain?”    READ MORE

Excerpt from Morning Energy by Politico: Energized by protests at the offices of Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi and Rep. Frank Pallone last week , youth climate advocates will gather today at congressional district offices across the country to urge lawmakers to back Rep.-elect Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez’s call for a special select committee empowered to craft legislation implementing a “Green New Deal.” The Sunrise Movement, which organized the protests, says it already has 10 lawmakers backing a special panel.

Ones to watch: Jesse Meisenhelter, an organizer with Sunrise, said the group expects strong turnout at events in the district offices of Democratic Reps. Barbara Lee (Calif.), David Cicilline (R.I.), Dwight Evans (Pa.), Ted Deutch (Fla.), Diana DeGette (Colo.), Jerry Nadler (N.Y.), Peter DeFazio (Ore.), Jamie Raskin (Md.), Mary Gay Scanlon (Pa.), Ted Lieu (Calif.) and Katherine Clark (Mass.). Sunrise also said it has sent nearly 200 letters to the editor calling for a Green New Deal to news outlets in 21 states.

GREENS JUDGE FUDGE: Ohio Rep. Marcia Fudge has not made a final decision on whether to seek the speakership, but some environmental advocates are decidedly cool to her potential bid.  READ MORE

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E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED95 educatio education educational business private educational tour Education Series 3030 EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electricity price electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) end user Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylbenzene ethylene ethyl levulinate (EL) ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication externalities extremophiles f F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax Fleets fleet turnover fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP h Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawai'i hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrids Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrocarbon fuels hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen hydrogen aircraft hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogenolysis hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indiana Indian beech tree Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land prices land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M3 M15 M50 M100 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts mass balance standard Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methan methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks methanization Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methanol fuel cells methanol price Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland Newfoundland and Labrador new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation 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sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper 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renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) RenovaBio replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion resurrection grass retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw/paddy straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Rural Renewable Energy Pilot Program Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog smokestack soap Social social benefit investing social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soi soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solaris solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) Solomon Islands Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications Spent Bleaching Earth Oil (SBEO) sprawl spruce Sri Lanka 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synthetic methane/e-methane synthetic natural gas Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree tamanu/nyamplung Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course Technical Readiness Levels techno-economic analysis technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics Thermal catalytic depolymerization (TCD) thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion thermochemical liquefaction Tibet Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction totai Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy travel travel policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale truck trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey UCOME (Used Cooking Oil Methyl Ester) Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) Ultra Low Sulfur Fuel Oil (ULSFO) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used motor oil used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils vehicles miles traveled (VMT) Velocys Venezuela Vermont Victoria video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volatile fatty acids (VFA) volunteers Vulcanol w waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil wastewater water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment wax weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass wheat prices wheat straw whey whisky white grease White House wildlife habitat willow wind energy wine wastage/grape marc winter crops Wisconsin women 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