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Advanced Biofuels USA: promoting the understanding, development and use of advanced biofuels around the world.

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California

Is Renewable Diesel the Real Deal?

by Sherry Listgarten (Palo Alto Online)  Have you noticed the flags advertising “Renewable Diesel” at local 76 stations? I did and wondered if it was the real deal or a form of “greenwashing,” where eco-claims are not backed up by actual emissions reductions. … If you are driving a diesel car

September 25, 2021 Read Full Article

Calif Expands Checks on Renewable Fuel Projects

by Dylan Chase (Argus Media)  Northern California refiners converting traditional fuel processing units to make renewables will still need to follow the same rules as with older processes, as regulators take a closer look at lower-carbon fuel production. The Bay Area Air Quality Management District (BAAQMD) plans to update its rules

September 24, 2021 Read Full Article

UGI Partners with California Bioenergy and Sevana Bioenergy to Develop RNG Dairy Digester Projects in South Dakota Through MBL Bioenergy

(Business Wire) MBL Bioenergy, LLC (“MBL Bioenergy”) announced today(September 16, 2021) that it has entered into definitive agreements to develop several clusters of dairy farm digester projects to produce renewable natural gas (“RNG”) from multiple farms in South Dakota. MBL Bioenergy is a joint venture funded by UGI Energy Services, LLC

September 22, 2021 Read Full Article

Toyota Boss Says Carbon Is the Enemy, Not the Internal Combustion Engine

by Ronan Glon (AutoBlog) He argues banning the engine is not the solution  — Toyota boss Akio Toyoda is one of the most vocal opponents of banning the internal combustion engine. He renewed his call to reconsider the measures announced by various governments around the world and warned that bans could indirectly

September 22, 2021 Read Full Article

Plug Power to Build Largest Green Hydrogen Production Facility on the West Coast

(Plug Power)  The Fresno County plant will produce 30 metric tons of liquid green hydrogen per day —  Plug Power Inc. (NASDAQ: PLUG), a leading provider of turnkey hydrogen solutions for the global green hydrogen economy, is expanding its green hydrogen ecosystem to the west coast with the construction of a new

September 22, 2021 Read Full Article

US Refiners Delve Deeper into SAF Production on Policy Support Hopes

(Hellenic Shipping News)  Some US refiners are considering adding sustainable aviation fuel to their renewable diesel production plans, spurred by higher demand from airlines seeking lower carbon footprints and the likelihood of increased policy support, some analysts said. “Jet and diesel are going to typically be priced very similarly, so to

September 21, 2021 Read Full Article

NGVAmerica: Passing the Infrastructure Bill Will Advance a Carbon-Negative Transport Future

by Daniel Gage (NGVAmerica/ACT News) The recently approved Senate Bipartisan Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act of 2021 includes multiple opportunities to improve not just the health of our planet, but of its people. The Senate bill rightfully recognizes that natural gas vehicles (NGVs) can and should play an important role in

September 20, 2021 Read Full Article
    CALL FOR SPEAKERS:  World Agri-Tech Innovation Summit — March 22-23, 2022 — San Francisco, CA    DEADLINE: unclear

CALL FOR SPEAKERS: World Agri-Tech Innovation Summit — March 22-23, 2022 — San Francisco, CA DEADLINE: unclear

Now in its 10th year, the World Agri-Tech Innovation Summit has become the annual meeting place for the global agtech ecosystem. Growers, agribusiness leaders, technology pioneers and investors come together to exchange insights, be inspired, and identify future partners. Whether in-person or online, all delegates will be able to meet

September 20, 2021 Read Full Article
    World Agri-Tech Innovation Summit   —   March 22-23, 2022  —   San Francisco, CA

World Agri-Tech Innovation Summit — March 22-23, 2022 — San Francisco, CA

Now in its 10th year, the World Agri-Tech Innovation Summit has become the annual meeting place for the global agtech ecosystem. Growers, agribusiness leaders, technology pioneers and investors come together to exchange insights, be inspired, and identify future partners. Whether in-person or online, all delegates will be able to meet

September 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Decarbonizing Medium & Heavy-Duty Fleets | Episode 32

by John Eichberger and Kimberly Okafor (Fuels Institute and Trillium/Love’s respectively)  As the world works to decarbonize the transportation energy sector, headlines tend to focus on the light-duty vehicle market. In reality, medium and heavy-duty trucks represent less than 10% of the global vehicle market, but contribute a significant share

September 17, 2021 Read Full Article

Salk Plant Researchers Launch Collaboration to Breed Carbon-Capturing Sorghum

(Salk Institute) Salk will team up with experts at the Donald Danforth Plant Science Center to study the genetics of sorghum — Researchers at the Salk Institute’s Harnessing Plants Initiative (HPI) have established a five-year, $6.2 million collaboration with Nadia Shakoor, principal investigator and senior research scientist and her team at the Donald Danforth

September 17, 2021 Read Full Article

Invention Seeks to Greatly Expand Use of Ethanol

by Tom J Bechman  (Farm Progress)  … The new E-Fuel concept is already powering irrigation pumps in California and elsewhere. … Thomas Quinn believes there is a much bigger future use for ethanol in the U.S. and around the world. He developed a startup company, E-Fuel, and has been working

September 16, 2021 Read Full Article

Fleet Spotlight: Gemini Motor Transport – Delivering and Using Diverse Fuel Solutions for Love’s

(ACT News/Trillium)  … The Love’s Family of Companies understands that fleets have a need for a varied portfolio of fuels and not only provides that flexibility and savings to trucks fueling at Love’s Travel Stops but also puts their money where their mouth is and fuels its own fleet with renewable, low-carbon, alternative fuels.  Gemini Motor Transport has been the primary

September 15, 2021 Read Full Article

ECB Group Renewable Diesel Project in Latin America Uses Unique Hydrogen Integration Design

by Dan Szeezil (Renewable Fuels, Honeywell/Biofuels Digest) The first renewable diesel project in South America will be built in Paraguay. The Omega Green renewable fuel complex developed by ECB Group has an investment cost of more than $800 million and is the largest private investment in the country’s history. The facility

September 15, 2021 Read Full Article

Biofuels Offer Benefits for California’s Carbon-Neutral Future

by Cindy Zimmerman (Energy.AgWired.com) In comments submitted last week to the California Air Resources Board (CARB), a group of ag and biofuel organizations and companies highlighted how renewable fuels like ethanol can help the state achieve its goal of reaching carbon neutrality by 2045 or sooner. CARB is seeking input as part of

September 14, 2021 Read Full Article

Kinder Morgan and Neste Partner on Major Renewable Fuels Logistics Project in the United States

(Neste/CISION) Kinder Morgan, Inc. (NYSE: KMI), one of North America’s largest energy infrastructure companies, is partnering with Neste, one of the leading providers of renewable and circular solutions, to create a premier domestic raw material storage and logistics hub in the United States, supporting increased production of renewable diesel, sustainable aviation fuel and renewable feedstock

September 14, 2021 Read Full Article

REDD+, CORSIA and California Carbon Offsets – Understanding the Differences

(Opis Carbon Team) The commitment to carbon neutrality continues to grow as corporations and jurisdictions chart a course for net-zero greenhouse gas emissions. Voluntary REDD+ Credits, CORSIA eligible offsets and California Carbon Offsets provide a variety of opportunities for emissions reductions, but a lack of transparent pricing makes it difficult for

September 13, 2021 Read Full Article

California Looks to Burn More Fossil Fuels to Avert Blackouts

by ZeroHedge (OilPrice.com) California’s power grid transition to renewable energy sources appears to be backfiring. The push into clean energy is not producing enough power to meet demand during hot summer days, and it’s becoming harder for the Golden State to avoid rolling blackouts. A stunning new revelation in the state’s top

September 10, 2021 Read Full Article

DOE Announces Nearly $65 Million for Biofuels Research to Reduce Airplane and Ship Emissions

(U.S. Department of Energy) Projects align with administration’s new goal of decarbonizing the aviation sector by 2050 – –  As part of a White House roundtable to launch the Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) Grand Challenge to decarbonize the aviation sector by 2050, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced $64.7 million in funding for projects focused on producing cost-effective, low-carbon biofuels. These investments will advance technologies to create replacements for petroleum fuels used in heavy-duty forms of transportation, like airplanes and

September 10, 2021 Read Full Article

Chevron, Gevo Announce Intent to Pursue Sustainable Aviation Fuel Investment

(Gevo)  Chevron U.S.A. Inc., a subsidiary of Chevron Corporation (NYSE: CVX), and Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ: GEVO) today announced a letter of intent to jointly invest in building and operating one or more new facilities that would process inedible corn to produce sustainable aviation fuel, which can lower the lifecycle carbon intensity

September 10, 2021 Read Full Article

Ethanol Coalition Thanks Corn Growers for Investment to Expand E85 Availability in California

(American Coalition for Ethanol (ACE)/GrainNet) The American Coalition for Ethanol (ACE) welcomes the recent announcement that several state corn grower associations are investing $1.25 million dollars to help San Diego-based fuel marketer Pearson Fuels expand availability of E85 in California. ACE will be sharing the news with prospective E85 retailers as it exhibits alongside Pearson Fuels at the Pacific

September 9, 2021 Read Full Article

QUOTE OF THE WEEK — A Group of Ag and Biofuel Organizations and Companies

The State should consider requiring that beginning as early as model year 2024, any internal combustion engine light-duty vehicle (i.e., all non-battery electric vehicles) sold in California be Flexible Fuel Vehicles (FFVs). … Plug-in Hybrids (PHEV), an important choice among lower income consumers, should also be FFVs as well to

September 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Group Spotlights Biofuel Benefits for California’s Carbon-Neutral Future

(Renewable Fuels Association) In joint comments submitted last week to the California Air Resources Board (CARB), a group of ag and biofuel organizations and companies highlighted the role  renewable fuels like ethanol can and should play in helping the state achieve its goal of reaching carbon neutrality by 2045 or sooner. CARB is

September 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Aemetis Awarded Building Permits to Begin Construction on Next Phase of Dairy Biogas Digesters

(Aemetis)  Fifteen dairy digesters planned for completion in 2022 — Aemetis, Inc.(NASDAQ: AMTX), a renewable natural gas (RNG) and renewable fuels company focused on negative carbon intensity products, announced today that it has been issued building permits by Stanislaus County in California to construct the next phase of dairy biogas digesters in

September 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Maersk Invests in WasteFuel to Develop Green Bio-Methanol Production in the Americas and Asia

(Maersk) Three weeks after the announcement of an e-methanol sourcing agreement in Europe, A.P. Moller – Maersk invests in California-based WasteFuel, a start-up focused on turning waste into sustainable aviation fuel, green bio-methanol, and renewable natural gas. This investment is made through Maersk Growth, the corporate venture arm of A.P.

September 9, 2021 Read Full Article

S&P Global Platts to Publish Prices Showing Cost to Reduce Carbon Emissions Using Biofuels

(S&P Global Platts/PR Newswire)  New prices offer granular look at actual costs of reducing greenhouse gas emissions with biofuels —  S&P Global Platts, the leading independent provider of information and benchmark prices for the commodities and energy markets, today announced it has launched a suite of 36 new daily prices to

September 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Blue Hydrogen for Transport in the US: The Transition to Green Hydrogen & the Conduit to Keeping Pace with the EU

by Salim Rahemtulla (PowerTap Hydrogen Fueling Corp./Biofuels Digest)  As the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) indicates in its Hydrogen Program Plan it published in 2020, “Hydrogen, as a versatile energy carrier and chemical feedstock, offers advantages that unite all of our nation’s energy resources—renewables, nuclear, and fossil fuels—and enables innovations

September 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Big Changes in Renewable Diesel & SAF Feedstock Partnerships

by Will Thurmond (Emerging Markets Online/Biofuels Digest) A new study titled Renewable Diesel and Sustainable Aviation 2030, Vol 2  (September, 2021) has discovered some surprising answers and useful insights to key questions regarding feedstock availability, scale up, partnerships and from 2020 to 2030 where many states and nations have targets. For example,

September 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Energy Traders See Big Money in Carbon-Emissions Markets

by Sarah McFarlane  (Wall Street Journal) Vitol, Glencore and other firms that dominate oil trading are beefing up their carbon-trading desks — Big energy trading houses, long focused on deep, volatile markets such as oil and natural gas, are now bulking up their carbon-trading operations as governments around the world push to

September 6, 2021 Read Full Article

Breakthrough Methods Help Integrate Renewable Hydrogen with Waste Carbon Dioxide to Produce Clean Fuels, Chemicals, and More

(National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  … NREL is validating utility-scale hydrogen-production processes that could provide tomorrow’s clean fuels and chemical feedstocks to produce low-carbon, high-value products. New IP To Simplify Renewable Hydrogen Reactions Renewable hydrogen could fit into future low-carbon energy systems like a missing puzzle piece: It can be produced

September 6, 2021 Read Full Article

Sustainable Jet Fuel Incentives Make Wish List for Spending Bill

by Lillianna Byington (Bloomberg Government) Lawmakers and industry are pushing for incentives to make flying greener as part of a $3.5 trillion tax and spending bill. Democrats, who are prioritizing environmental projects in budget negotiations, say they see support for provisions such as a sustainable aviation fuel tax credit among their caucus. American

September 6, 2021 Read Full Article

U.S. Trucking Operators Reinforce Commitment to Near-Zero NGV Fleets

(California Natural Gas Vehicle Partnership/NGV Journal) The California Natural Gas Vehicle Partnership (CNGVP) announced during an ACT Expo press conference that real-world fleets are increasingly turning to near-zero emissions (NZE) natural gas vehicles and carbon-negative renewable natural gas to make true sustainability progress. This NZE trucks are available now delivering critical

September 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Raven SR Partners with Republic Services to Produce Commercial Green Hydrogen in Northern California, Starting Summer 2022

(Republic Services) • Raven SR will process organic waste from Republic Services’ West Contra Costa Sanitary Landfill to produce up to 2,000 mt/year of renewable hydrogen, a zero-emission energy source; • The green hydrogen will be resold in commercial fueling stations in Northern California to power passenger and heavy-duty fuel cell vehicles

September 3, 2021 Read Full Article

NBB: Now Is the Time to Cut Carbon with Biodiesel, Renewable Diesel

by Floyd Vergara (National Biodiesel Board/Advanced Clean Tech News)  … However, while other viable solutions are still being developed, biomass-based diesel fuels such as biodiesel and renewable diesel are already delivering both emissions reductions and public health benefits today and will continue to do so well into the future. …

September 3, 2021 Read Full Article

FuelCell Energy Closes Tax Equity Sale-Leaseback Financing for the 1.4 MW San Bernardino Fuel Cell Project with Crestmark

(FuelCell Energy) FuelCell Energy, Inc. (Nasdaq: FCEL) — a global leader in fuel cell technology with a purpose of utilizing its proprietary, state-of-the-art fuel cell platforms to enable a world empowered by clean energy—today announced that the Company closed on a tax equity sale-leaseback financing transaction for the 1.4 megawatt SureSource 1500™

September 1, 2021 Read Full Article

Using CO2 from the Atmosphere to Make Biofuel Would Benefit Business and Environment

(Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute) … Traditional fermentation processes for producing such products rely on microorganisms that emit large quantities of CO2. If researchers could find a way to avoid such emissions and to actually incorporate CO2 into the product, important environmental and economic benefits would result. With the support of a

August 31, 2021 Read Full Article

Zenith Energy Announces Significant Increase in Supply of Renewable Fuel for the Pacific Northwest

(Zenith Energy/PR Newswire) Zenith Energy, a global operator of independent liquid storage terminals, announced today a nearly three-fold increase in the amount of low-carbon, renewable diesel to be handled and stored at the Portland facility. This increase is the result of a new, long-term commitment with an existing customer who is committed to

August 31, 2021 Read Full Article

One if by Sea, Two if by Sky: The Search for Affordable CO2 Capture Technology

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … So, a UCLA team has come up with an interesting angle. Why extract the CO2 from the sky if you can extract it from the sea?   Goes the theory, if you pull CO2 from the sea, the oceans will pull down the CO2 from the

August 31, 2021 Read Full Article

ACE Unveils Never before Demonstrated Hybrid Flex Fuel Vehicle Project at Conference

(American Coalition for Ethanol)  With the push to net-zero vehicles over the next 10 to 30 years, and with “net zero” being understood as electric vehicles (EVs), the American Coalition for Ethanol (ACE) unveiled a vehicle demonstration project at its conference last week to disrupt this narrative and timeline by

August 30, 2021 Read Full Article

Biofuels Offer Unique Opportunities

by Deborah Jeanne Sergeant (American Agriculturalist/Farm Progress) Corn ethanol is still the king of biofuels, but other crop-based fuels are growing. — … Ron Alverson, a crop producer representing the American Coalition for Ethanol’s board of directors and the Dakota Ethanol board of directors, says that the performance of the California

August 27, 2021 Read Full Article

ABPDU Celebrates a Decade of Bio-Innovation

(U.S. Department of Energy) Ten years ago, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory announced the opening of a brand new, 15,000-square-foot facility full of stainless steel state-of-the-art bioprocessing equipment – what we now know as the Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts Process Development Unit, or ABPDU, was officially open for business. Funded by the U.S.

August 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Renewable Diesel & Sustainable Aviation Fuels 2030, Vol 2

(Emerging Markets Online)  New study! Renewable Diesel & Sustainable Aviation Fuels 2030, Vol 2. (249 pages, August 2021) focuses on low-carbon feedstock availability, technology pathways for low carbon renewable diesel, and sustainable aviation production. Renewable Diesel & Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) 2030  covers four key areas: 1) renewable diesel producer case studies

August 26, 2021 Read Full Article

NASA Awards $750,000 in Competition to Convert Carbon Dioxide into Sugar

(National Aeronautics and Space Administration)  On Earth, plants and ocean microbes use sunlight to turn carbon dioxide, or CO2, into sugars for energy. Humans don’t have that ability, at least not yet. On Mars, there aren’t plants and oceans, but there is an abundance of CO2. NASA’s CO2 Conversion Challenge invited the public to

August 26, 2021 Read Full Article

ExxonMobil Affiliate to Produce Renewable Diesel to Help Reduce Transportation Emissions in Canada

(ExxonMobil/Business Wire)  Project will include carbon capture and storage, hydrogen to meet low-carbon fuel standards; Strathcona refinery could produce 20,000 barrels of renewable diesel per day in 2024; Renewable diesel has the potential to reduce annual CO2 emissions by about 3 million metric tons compared to conventional fuels ExxonMobil affiliate

August 26, 2021 Read Full Article

CleanBay Renewables to Sell bp RNG Derived from Poultry Litter

(bp/Biomass Magazine) bp and CleanBay Renewables announced a 15-year agreement where bp will purchase renewable natural gas (RNG) processed from poultry litter—a mixture of manure, feathers and bedding—and sell it as fuel for the U.S. transportation sector. CleanBay manages this process by mixing poultry litter with water in a closed system

August 25, 2021 Read Full Article

Pipelines Seek to Hit Net-Zero Ethanol– Carbon Pipelines Offer Ethanol Lower Carbon Footprints and Tax Credits

by Chris Clayton (DTN Progressive Farmer)   After years of battles over oil pipelines, two companies are pitching carbon dioxide pipelines that would crisscross six states and combine to sink as much as 24 million metric tons of carbon emissions into geologic formations — if they can convince landowners and others their

August 25, 2021 Read Full Article

Minnesota Lawmakers Look to Low-Carbon Fuel Standards as a Way to Address Transportation Emissions

by Walker Orenstein (MinnPost)  Unlike the Clean Cars regulations — a controversial mandate from Gov. Tim Walz’s administration — the low-carbon fuel standard is noteworthy for its broader political support. — Brian Jennings, CEO of the American Coalition for Ethanol: “Since California enacted the Low Carbon Fuel Standard in 2011,

August 25, 2021 Read Full Article

Pathways, Projects, Policy: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Hydrogen

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Hydrogen demand keeps going up. It is essential to many processes, like biofuels production, chemical processes and oil refining and is one of the most carbon-intensive molecules as it is produced today. But what about biomass green hydrogen or electrolysis green hydrogen? What are key

August 24, 2021 Read Full Article

California Law Requires Organic Waste Collection to Reduce Climate Change

by Marissa Sheldon (Hunter College New York City Food Policy Center)  … After all waste has been sorted, the organic waste is sent to a facility and processed into compost or biofuel. … Penalties for noncompliance will be determined and enforced by each jurisdiction.  Goals were set to reduce organic

August 23, 2021 Read Full Article

Natural Gas Vehicle Industry Moves Closer to Full Carbon Negative Future

by Erick Sanchez (NGV America)  Fleets Fueling on California Bio-CNG Achieving Below Zero Outcome Today; Industry Establishes Timeline for 100 Percent Renewable Fueling Nationwide NGVAmerica, the national organization representing the natural gas in transportation industry, has pledged that by 2030, 80 percent of natural gas vehicle (NGV) on-road motor fuel in the

August 23, 2021 Read Full Article

U.S. Department of Energy Announces $24 Million to Capture Carbon Emissions Directly From Air

(U.S. Department of Energy) Nine Research Projects Will Advance Cost-Effective Carbon Capture Technologies  — The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced $24 million in funding for nine research projects to explore and develop new methods of capturing and storing carbon from the air. Direct Air Capture (DAC) is an expanding field in decarbonization and a key facet of the plan to achieving net-zero emissions by 2050.  “Finding ways to remove and store carbon directly from

August 23, 2021 Read Full Article

Sorghum Industry Partners with University of California to Advance Sorghum

(United Sorghum Checkoff Program)  The United Sorghum Checkoff Program (USCP), the University of California, Merced, and the University of California Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources today announced a five year partnership to promote drought resilience in sorghum and increase demand for the cereal crop in biofuel and bioproduct markets. Efforts

August 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Clean Energy Signs RNG Agreements in Trucking, Transit and Refuse Fleets

by Ariana Fine (NGT News) Clean Energy Fuels Corp. has signed a slew of new deals in response to the demand for renewable natural gas (RNG) as more fleets adopt and expand their use of the low-carbon transportation fuel. RNG represents more than 74% of the 26 million gallons of fuel Clean

August 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Aemetis CCS Drilling Study by Baker Hughes Confirms Feasibility of Sequestering Two Million MT per Year of CO2 at California Ethanol Plant Sites

(Aemetis/Globe Newswire)  Engineering and Permitting in Process for Two CO2 Injection Characterization Wells related to Aemetis Keyes and Riverbank Biofuels Plant Sites —   A new study concluded that more than 2 million metric tonnes (MT) per year of CO2 can be removed from the atmosphere and injected safely into the earth

August 18, 2021 Read Full Article

On the Road Again (With Liquid Fuels)

by John Eichberger (Fuels Market News) If the global priority with regards to the transportation sector is to reduce carbon emissions, then putting all our eggs in one basket and waiting for electrification to transform the world is already a failed strategy. With nearly 1.5 billion vehicles in the world, and

August 18, 2021 Read Full Article

Air Board Should Expand Use of Biofuels

by Mike Gatto (CalMatters)  … If we know a solution exists to begin cleaning our air while we work toward a zero-tailpipe-emissions future, then there is no reason to wait. The California Air Resources Board should work quickly to expand the availability of alternative fuels that can improve air quality

August 18, 2021 Read Full Article

Monterey-Salinas Transit Gets $560K California Department of Transportation Grant

by James Herrera (Monterey News/MSN.com) …  Of the $594,919 grant, $319,919 will be received by Monterey-Salinas Transit for the purchase of an additional zero-emission bus and the purchase of renewable diesel for its existing diesel buses, and $275,000 for the establishment of the electric bus charging infrastructure at the Clarence J.

August 17, 2021 Read Full Article

Notice of Proposed Rulemaking: Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards for Model Years 2024-2026 Passenger Cars and Light Trucks Public Comment DEADLINE: September 27, 2021 Hearing: August 25, 2021

(National Highway Traffic Safety Administration)  NHTSA, on behalf of the Department of Transportation, is proposing revised fuel economy standards for passenger cars and light trucks for model years 2024-2026. On January 20, 2021, President Biden signed Executive Order (EO) 13990, “Protecting Public Health and the Environment and Restoring Science To

August 13, 2021 Read Full Article

Exclusive-Exxon, Chevron Look to Make Renewable Fuels without Costly Refinery Upgrades -sources

by Laura Sanicola  (Reuters) … The companies (Exxon and Chevron) are looking into how to process bio-based feedstocks like vegetable oils and partially-processed biofuels with petroleum distillates to make renewable diesel, sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) and renewable gasoline, without meaningfully increasing capital spending. Commercial production of renewable fuels is costlier than

August 12, 2021 Read Full Article

Exclusive: U.S. Weighs 2050 Target in Bid to Wean Airlines off Fossil Fuels

by Allison Lampert and Stephanie Kelly (Reuters/US News and World Report)  U.S. President Joe Biden’s administration is quietly discussing a target date of 2050 for weaning aircraft off fossil fuels as part of the White House’s broader push to fight climate change, sources familiar with the matter said. The Biden

August 11, 2021 Read Full Article

How to Build an Artificial Tree

(Financial Times)  Can you build the equivalent of 37,000 trees into a suitcase? Twelve, a tiny start-up founded by three Stanford graduates believes its lab holds the secret to reducing climate change. Their technology turns unwanted CO2 into useful products such as car parts, trainers, and alcohol.  READ MORE WATCH

August 10, 2021 Read Full Article

Cleaner Buses for Healthier Kids and Brighter Futures

(Neste/Journey to Zero) I stand behind Neste MY Renewable Diesel so much because it’s gonna benefit my kids and my future grandkids. It’s gonna give them an opportunity to live in a cleaner environment. —Tim Shannon, Director of Transportation, Twin Rivers Unified School District In northern Sacramento County, California, Twin Rivers

August 10, 2021 Read Full Article

4AIR, Del Monte Aviation, Monterey Fuel Co. Coordinate SAF Offering at Monterey Regional Airport

(4AIR/Biobased Diesel Daily)  4AIR, the first and only rating system focused on comprehensive sustainability in private aviation, announced Aug. 4 that it is facilitating a sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) offering at Monterey Regional Airport with fixed base operator (FBO) Del Monte Aviation and the Monterey Fuel Company LLC. Flexjet, a

August 10, 2021 Read Full Article

Phillips 66 Hits Full 120 mgy Rate of Renewable Diesel Production in Rodeo, California

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily) In its second-quarter financials, Phillips 66 said the hydrotreater conversion at its Rodeo Renewed refinery in California outside of San Francisco reached the full rate of renewable diesel production last month, which is 120 million gallons per year (mgy). The plant is using Haldor Topsoe’s

August 10, 2021 Read Full Article

Battle Of The Biofuels: Renewable Diesel vs. Biodiesel

by Patrick O’Brien (Opportune LLP/Biofuels Digest) Find out why knowing the difference between renewable diesel and biodiesel can go a long way in understanding the benefits of each. Fuel standards programs such as the federal Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS-2) and California’s Low-Carbon Fuels Standard (LCFS) have incentivized fuel producers to innovate

August 10, 2021 Read Full Article

Californian Concrete Supplier Grows Biomethane-Fueled Fleet to 117 Trucks

(California Natural Gas Vehicle Partnership/NGV Journal) National Ready Mixed Concrete Company (NRMCC), a member of the California Natural Gas Vehicle Partnership (CNGVP), has deployed another 24 near-zero emission CNG concrete mixers from Peterbilt, expanding its Southern California NGV fleet to 117 trucks. This fleet is fueled with 100% carbon-negative renewable

August 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Scientists Show a Single Catalyst Can Perform the First Step of Turning CO2 into Fuel in Two Very Different Ways

by Glennda Chui (SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory)  Their work aims to bridge two approaches to driving the reaction – one powered by heat, the other by electricity – with the goal of discovering more efficient and sustainable ways to convert carbon dioxide into useful products. Virtually all chemical and fuel

August 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Construction to Start in 2022 on New Ethanol Plant near Mason City

by Mike Bunge (KIMT) New Energy Blue says the biomass refinery would be on a 155-acre site and convert 275,000 tons of cornstalks and wheat straw into 20 million gallons of ethanol and 95 tons of lignin, a solid biofuel and natural binder. “Our Iowa project can keep one million tons of

August 6, 2021 Read Full Article

Lawmakers from Both Parties Call for Investment in Ag as a Climate Solution

(North America Climate Smart Agriculture Alliance) Thirty lawmakers from both houses of Congress have written a letter urging House and Senate leadership to support an historic, long-term investment in farmers, ranchers and rural communities as a part of upcoming infrastructure and climate change legislation. Reps. Chellie Pingree (D-ME) and Abigail Spanberger

August 6, 2021 Read Full Article

Fremont Switching Dozens of Vehicles to Renewable Diesel

by Joseph Geha (The Mercury News)  Switch will reduce fleet vehicle carbon emissions by 13%  — In an effort to reduce its own carbon footprint, Fremont soon will be switching dozens of its heavy duty vehicles and equipment to renewable diesel, following the lead of other public agencies that have made

August 5, 2021 Read Full Article

Raven SR Picks Designer and Builder for Renewable Fuels Facilities

by Michael Gates (NGT News) Raven SR Inc. has selected POWER Engineers Inc. and Stellar J Corp. to complete the final design, engineering and fabrication of the company’s first commercial renewable fuels production facilities, to be located in the San Francisco Bay area. The facilities will convert a blend of green waste and food waste into

August 5, 2021 Read Full Article

New Savage Railport in Stockton, CA to Provide Renewable Fuels Gateway for California

(Savage/Globe Newswire) Savage, a global industry infrastructure and supply chain services company, announced today a new multi-commodity transload terminal in San Joaquin County, near Stockton, CA, that will serve as a gateway for the distribution of renewable fuels into the state of California. Savage Railport – Stockton, CA is part of the company’s

August 4, 2021 Read Full Article

CE+P to Partner with the U.S. Joint BioEnergy Institute on Advanced Biofuels Research

(California Energy + Power/Business Wire) California Ethanol + Power (CE+P) announced today (August 3, 3021) that it is partnering with the Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI), a Bioenergy Research Center of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to develop scalable next-generation renewable energy products using biomass from CE+P’s planned sugarcane ethanol facility

August 4, 2021 Read Full Article

DOE Announces Nearly $34 Million to Advance Waste and Algae Bioenergy Technology

(U.S. Department of Energy)  11 University- and Industry-Led Projects will Develop Biomass Resources to Convert to Low-Carbon Fuel for Planes and Ships  —  The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced nearly $34 million in funding for 11 projects that will support high-impact research and development to improve and produce biofuels,

August 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Gulfstream Earns National Aeronautic Assn.’s 1st ‘Sustainable Wings’ Certification

(National Aeronautic Association/Biobase Diesel Daily) Gulfstream Aerospace Corp. became the first company to earn the National Aeronautic Association’s new Sustainable Wings certification on roundtrip, record-setting flights from Savannah, Georgia, to San Francisco, California, and back. NAA’s Sustainable Wings certification recognizes records that are set using sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). SAF is

August 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Biobased Diesel Made up 27% of All On-Road Diesel Fuel Sold in California in 2019

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily)  California Air Resources Board released 2019 greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory data July 28, indicating transportation emissions continue to decline in the Golden State thanks in large part to biobased diesel fuel. The state’s use of renewable diesel jumped 61 percent in 2019 under the

August 3, 2021 Read Full Article

California CEOs Urge Feinstein to Withdraw Anti-Ethanol/Anti-Biofuel Legislation

(Renewable Fuels Association) In a July 28 letter to Senator Dianne Feinstein (D-CA), Alto Ingredients CEO Mike Kandris, Calgren Renewable Fuels President Lyle Schlyer and Aemetis CEO Eric McAfee said ethanol “already reduces GHG emissions by 52%, on average, when compared directly to gasoline,” and has accounted for 35% of

August 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Latest State Greenhouse Gas Inventory Shows Emissions Continue to Drop below 2020 Target

(California Air Resources Board) Transportation emissions fall for second year in a row, electricity emissions down again — The California Air Resources Board today released greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory data for 2019, showing further reductions below the AB 32 emissions reduction target. That target, a return to 1990 GHG levels, was

August 2, 2021 Read Full Article

RNG as a Decarbonization Strategy: ‘The Energy Transition’ Has Begun

by Kathy MacBeth (EcoEngineers) The year 2020 saw a huge push to decarbonize the U.S. energy system — from the well field to the consumer. The movement has been dubbed “The Energy Transition,” and the darling of the decarbonization shift by far is renewable natural gas (RNG). However, biogas and renewable

August 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Harder Introduces Landmark Legislation to Help Farmers Lead on Climate Change

(Office of Representative Josh Harder (R-CA 10th) Bill will establish billions in new initiatives to support the efforts of the agriculture industry in leading the way on climate —  Representative Josh Harder (CA-10) reintroduced his Future of Agricultural Resiliency and Modernization (FARM) Act which would help farmers across the country more effectively

August 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Branching Out: Aemetis’ Refinery Will Produce Renewable Diesel and Renewable Jet Fuel from Almond Orchard and Forest Wood Waste

by Matt Thompson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Aemetis’ refinery will produce renewable diesel and renewable jet fuel from almond orchard and forest wood waste, which will also yield a negative carbon sugar source for ethanol. The Keyes, California, plant is also ditching fossil-based power. Eric McAfee, CEO of Aemetis, says the

July 27, 2021 Read Full Article

Boeing and JetBlue Invest to Grow Sustainable Aviation Fuel Production on US West Coast

by Mark Pilling (GreenAir Online) Sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) production on the US West Coast has been boosted with the announcement that Boeing will invest in SkyNRG Americas’ first dedicated SAF plant in the country, while JetBlue Airways said it will increase its usage of SAF by taking World Energy’s product

July 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Carbon-Capture Pipelines Offer Climate Aid; Activists Wary

by Stephen Groves (Associated Press)  Two companies seeking to build thousands of miles of pipeline across the Midwest are promising the effort will aid rather than hinder the fight against climate change, though some environmental groups remain skeptical. The pipelines would stretch from North Dakota to Illinois, potentially transforming the Corn

July 26, 2021 Read Full Article

To Undo the Damage of Trump Rollbacks, Biden Needs to Set Car Standards Stronger than Obama’s

(American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ACEEE)) The Biden administration can soon undo the damage of President Trump’s clean car rollback, but only by setting more stringent standards to make up for lost progress. In the face of recent climate change-related extreme heat and flooding events, the administration can’t afford to lose this

July 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Fenix Transitions Port of LA Equipment to Renewable Diesel, Biodiesel Blend

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily) Fenix Marine Services in the Port of Los Angeles has made what it says is one of the largest commitments to environmental sustainability in the maritime sector by fully transitioning its fleet of more than 300 pieces of container-handling equipment from petroleum diesel fuel to

July 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Department of Energy Awards $127 Million to Bring Innovative Clean Energy Technologies to Market

(U.S. Department of Energy) The U.S. Department of Energy continues to power the clean energy revolution among American small businesses and entrepreneurs with awards totaling $127 million to support 110 innovative projects – each focused on tackling the climate crisis by harnessing market-oriented solutions and emerging technologies.  DOE’s Office of Energy and Efficiency

July 23, 2021 Read Full Article
    Clean Air Opportunities for Educators   —   August 6, 2021   —   ONLINE

Clean Air Opportunities for Educators — August 6, 2021 — ONLINE

Are you looking to engage your students around the topic of air quality? Join the Coalition for Clean Air as we explore K-12 appropriate opportunities to get engaged. From the light touch single day events to in-depth curriculum based projects, we’ve got opportunities for you. Three topics to explore: 1.

July 23, 2021 Read Full Article

The Race for Limestone as Climate Change’s Big Solution: Sulzer, Blue Planet Sign Key Partnership

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …  Sulzer and Blue Planet have signed a significant partnership for converting CO2 into limestone. … Sulzer is enabling the further development and optimization of Blue Planet’s innovative carbon mineralization process for carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS) solutions. The process will leverage Sulzer’s carbon reduction technologies

July 23, 2021 Read Full Article

CIM Group Invests in Renewable Natural Gas

by Michael Bates (NGT News) Los Angeles-based CIM Group has announced a significant investment in an affiliate of MAS CanAm LLC, the holding company for all of the renewable natural gas (RNG) activities undertaken by MAS Energy LLC, a privately held, Atlanta-based owner, developer and operator of North American RNG production

July 22, 2021 Read Full Article

Avfuel Supplies Million FBO with SAF

(Biofuels International)  Avfuel Corporation has collaborated with Million Air Burbank to provide its customers with a consistent supply of Neste MY Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF). Avfuel’s first truckload of SAF arrived at the FBO on June 24, enabling Million’s customers to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and pollution. “I think most

July 22, 2021 Read Full Article

One-of-a-Kind Course Aims to Build the Bioeconomy Workforce

by Emily Scott (Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts Process Development Unit) … He (Jason Ryder, an adjunct professor in UC Berkeley’s College of Chemistry) knows we have the tools to solve these problems: biotechnology and bioprocessing — using the power of biology to generate sustainable, bio-based chemicals, fuels, materials, and food

July 21, 2021 Read Full Article

LLNL and Collaborators Improve Electrochemical Reactor Performance through 3D Printing

(Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory) Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists and their collaborators are leveraging the power of 3D printing to improve the performance of electrochemical reactors used to convert carbon dioxide (CO2) to useful energy sources, chemicals and material feedstocks. Working under a cooperative research and development agreement (CRADA) with Stanford University and oil and

July 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Feinstein, Toomey, Menendez, Collins Introduce Bipartisan Bill to Repeal Ethanol Mandate

(Office of Senator Dianne Feinstein (D-CA)) Senators Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.), Pat Toomey (R-Pa.), Bob Menendez (D-N.J.) and Susan Collins (R-Maine) today introduced the Corn Ethanol Mandate Elimination Act, a bill to end the corn ethanol mandate in the Renewable Fuel Standard. The mandate requires annual increases in the amount of renewable fuel

July 21, 2021 Read Full Article

New Energy Freedom Refinery to Produce Carbon-Negative Fuel from America’s Ag Wastes

(New Energy Blue/PR Newswire) New Energy Blue announced its planned construction in Iowa of a biomass refinery designed to produce renewable carbon-negative automotive fuel, which replaces gasoline. “Our Iowa project can keep one million tons of CO2 out of the atmosphere every year–like taking 200,000 cars off the road,” says Thomas Corle,

July 20, 2021 Read Full Article

ReCarbon Executes Multi-Site Landfill Gas to Hydrogen Agreement with H2Renewables

(ReCarbon)  ReCarbon, Inc., (https://recarboninc.com) the developer of the patented Plasma Carbon Conversion Unit (PCCU), a combustion-free, climate-positive greenhouse gas utilization technology, announced the execution of a supply agreement with Cleveland, Tennessee-based landfill gas to hydrogen project developer, H2Renewables, LLC. This follows the successful operation of a demonstration plant at McDonald, Tennessee.

July 19, 2021 Read Full Article

We Can Love Electric Cars, but Let’s Not Spurn Biofuels

by Dan Morgan (The Globalist)  Right now, electric cars have the momentum and the “inevitability” narrative on their side. Is the idea of pursuing two paths forward a waste of money?   … The Biden administration’s ambitious infrastructure proposal sets aside $174 billion to subsidize electric cars, but little for biofuels. As

July 16, 2021 Read Full Article

Springboard Biodiesel Enables US Military Base to Save Nearly $5 Million in Fuel Costs and Mitigate 4,875 Tons of CO2e

(Springboard Biodiesel/EIN Presswire)  Used cooking oil can be turned into low-carbon biodiesel anywhere people are fed for about $1 per gallon with a Springboard Biodiesel BioPro™ system. —   Springboard Biodiesel, the leading small-scale biodiesel processing company in the United States, shared a recent summary of biodiesel production from one of its

July 15, 2021 Read Full Article

Carnegie And Stanford Plant Scientists Awarded $900K For Biofuel Research

(Carnegie Science)  Carnegie’s Arthur Grossman and Stanford University’s Ellen Yeh were awarded a $900, 000 grant this spring from the university’s public-private partnership Strategic Energy Alliance to research the synthesis of biofuels from a species of green microalgae called Botryococcus braunii. Scientists from a diversity of research areas, including plant and algal

July 15, 2021 Read Full Article

JetBlue Starts Using Sustainable Aviation Fuels at Los Angeles International

by Linnea Ahlgren (Simple Flying) JetBlue announced Monday that it had entered into an agreement with World Fuel Services and World Energy for the supply of Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) at Los Angeles International Airport. The airline says SAF will now make up approximately 5% of its LAX fuel. …

July 14, 2021 Read Full Article

California’s LCFS Is Successfully Proliferating. Is It Also Successfully Decarbonizing Transport?

by Kendra Seymour (Stillwater Associates) As explained in our LCFS 101 Beginner’s Guide and LCFS 101 Update articles, California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) aims to reduce emissions of greenhouse gasses (GHGs) by reducing the average carbon intensity (CI) of transportation fuels that are used in California. Overall program compliance is generally achieved through the

July 14, 2021 Read Full Article

QUOTE OF THE WEEK — Nebraska Corn Board and KUVR

“California leads the nation in the number of flex fuel vehicles on the road with 1.1 million in 2020. By comparison, less than 370,000 vehicles in California were battery electric vehicles, which positions ethanol as a here-and-now carbon solution.” — Nebraska Corn Board and KUVR    READ MORE

July 13, 2021 Read Full Article

Nebraska Corn Board Targets Motorists in California through Ethanol Infrastructure Grant

(KUVR/Nebraska Corn Board)  The Nebraska Corn Board (NCB) has long provided infrastructure grants to fuel retailers and supported local ethanol expansion within the state. To complement this work, NCB is additionally boosting ethanol demand in population-dense areas, like California. NCB recently partnered with Pearson Fuels to help two fuel retailers in

July 13, 2021 Read Full Article

Playing the Long Game: ExxonMobil Gambles on Algae Biofuel

by Carly Nairn (Mongabay) – Algae biofuel initially looked promising, but a few key problems have thwarted major research efforts, including development of a strain of algae able to produce plentiful cheap fuel, and scaling up to meet global energy demand. – Other alternative energy solutions, including wind and solar

July 7, 2021 Read Full Article

DOE Announces $52.5 Million to Accelerate Progress in Clean Hydrogen

(U.S. Department of Energy) Projects Support DOE’s Recently Announced Hydrogen Energy Earthshot to Lower Cost, Advance Breakthroughs for Clean Hydrogen Technology — The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced $52.5 million to fund 31 projects to advance next-generation clean hydrogen technologies and support DOE’s recently announced Hydrogen Energy Earthshot initiative to reduce

July 7, 2021 Read Full Article

Fulcrum BioEnergy Completes Construction of the Sierra BioFuels Plant

(Fulcrum BioEnergy/PR Newswire) World’s First Garbage to Zero-Carbon Transportation Fuels Plant Has Begun Start-up and Commissioning  —  Fulcrum BioEnergy, Inc., a pioneer in the production of low-carbon fuels, announced today that it has completed construction on the world’s first commercial-scale plant converting household garbage into low-cost, zero-carbon transportation fuels. Through Fulcrum’s

July 7, 2021 Read Full Article
    Event microgrants are available to organizations to host California Clean Air Day events!

Event microgrants are available to organizations to host California Clean Air Day events!

(California Clean Air Day)  We need your help to make California Clean Air Day a success! Our purpose is to raise awareness of air quality issues in our region and to celebrate and implement California Clean Air Day in your region on October 6, 2021. Grant funding of up to $1,000

July 7, 2021 Read Full Article

Brightmark Unveils Three Renewable Natural Gas Projects in Michigan

(Brightmark/NGV Journal)  Brightmark broke ground on three new renewable natural gas projects in Michigan. The initiatives are owned by and will be operated through subsidiaries of Brightmark RNG Holdings LLC, a partnership with Chevron U.S.A. Inc. These life cycle carbon negative biomethane projects will collectively generate 89,000 metric tons of greenhouse

July 6, 2021 Read Full Article

LCA Model for Biofuels: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to GREET

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Technologies Model – aka GREET – can be used to address impacts and conduct life cycle analyses of biofuels and bioproducts. Check out Argonne National Laboratory’s BETO Peer Review presentation on how it works, why it’s

July 2, 2021 Read Full Article

DOE Helps Commercialize Promising Energy Technologies

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The U.S. Department of Energy on June 24 announced it will award $30 million to 68 projects that aim to accelerate the commercialization of promising energy technologies, including those related to biofuels, bioenergy and bioproducts. The awards, made under the DOE Office of Technology Transitions’

July 2, 2021 Read Full Article

RNG Projects in Arizona Pave Way for Sustainable Energy Future

(Southwest Gas/In Maricopa)  Southwest Gas is working to bring a clean, renewable source of energy to market from unconventional origins you might not think of when warming homes, washing or drying clothes or cooking a great meal. Meet renewable natural gas (RNG). RNG is a renewable source of energy like wind

July 1, 2021 Read Full Article

USD Partners Announces New Renewable Diesel Contract at West Colton Terminal and the Creation by US Development Group of USD Clean Fuels LLC to Provide Production and Logistics Solutions to Clean Energy Industry

(USD Partners/Business Wire)  USD Partners LP (NYSE:USDP) (“USDP” or the “Partnership”) announced today that the Partnership has entered into a Terminal Services Agreement with USD Clean Fuels LLC (“USDCF”), a newly-formed subsidiary of US Development Group, LLC (“USDG”). The Terminal Services Agreement provides for the inbound shipment of renewable diesel on

June 30, 2021 Read Full Article

New Data Indicates Biomass Diesel Reduces Carbon Intensity Better than Electric

by Taylor Hannon (School Transportation News) Despite the current craze for electric vehicles, research indicates biodiesel and renewable diesel fuel are the largest carbon-cutting technologies being used by the California transportation industry. However, the number of vehicles on the road could play a role, according to an electric bus manufacturer. Data

June 29, 2021 Read Full Article

US SAF Producers Target Net Zero in Drive to Reduce the Carbon Intensity of Their Fuels

by Susan van Dyk (GreenAir Online) The recent virtual symposium hosted in the US by CAAFI, the Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative, illustrated the increasing momentum in sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) commercial development, with companies at different stages of development outlining ambitious plans for multiple facilities over the coming years. Many facilities

June 28, 2021 Read Full Article

Department of Energy Invests $8 Million for Projects to Develop Algae-Based Technologies to Capture Carbon Dioxide for Use in Products

(U.S. Department of Energy) Today (June 23, 2021), the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Fossil Energy and Carbon Management (FECM) announced $8 million in federal funding for four projects to develop and test technologies that capture and utilize carbon dioxide (CO2) from power systems or other industrial sources to create

June 28, 2021 Read Full Article

California Heat Waves Prompt Alerts about EV Charging Habits, Energy Conservation

by Stephen Edelstein (Green Car Congress)   California has more electric cars than any other state, but now the high cooling demands due to a heat wave could impact drivers’ ability to charge their EVs. The state’s Independent System Operator (ISO), which oversees the electricity grid, twice asked Californians to conserve energy

June 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Oregon to Allow E15 Sales

by Cindy Zimmerman (Energy.AgWired.com) Oregon Gov. Kate Brown has signed into law legislation enabling the sales of 15 percent ethanol blended fuel (E15) in Oregon. Under current law, Oregon requires that gasoline sold for use in motor vehicles be blended with up to 10 percent ethanol (E10). The new legislation sets 10 percent

June 24, 2021 Read Full Article

NASA-DLR Study Finds Sustainable Aviation Fuel Can Reduce Contrails

(NASA/PR Newswire) Cleaner-burning jet fuels made from sustainable sources can produce 50%-70% fewer ice crystal contrails at cruising altitude, reducing aviation’s impact on the environment, according to research conducted by NASA and the German Aerospace Center (DLR). Ice crystal contrail formations can linger in the upper atmosphere for hours and affect the way

June 22, 2021 Read Full Article

Methane Menace: Aerial Survey Spots ‘Super-Emitter’ Landfills

by Nichola Groom (Reuters/Yahoo! Finance)  …   The survey found “super-emitter” landfills accounted for 43% the measured emissions of the potent greenhouse gas methane – outpacing the fossil-fuel and agricultural sectors. NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena and leak-detection firm Scientific Aviation have been conducting the flyovers since 2016. They found that

June 21, 2021 Read Full Article

All Nippon Airways’ First Flight in World Using Microalgae ASTM Certified Fuel

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) Another world first just happened! All Nippon Airways (ANA), Japan’s largest airline, took another step forward in advancing its leadership in sustainability, operating a regularly scheduled commercial domestic flight utilizing sustainable aviation fuel made from microalgae, blended with traditional jet fuel. Yes, SAF made from

June 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Eco-Energy Starts Work on Its New Ethanol Distribution Terminal

(Biofuels International)  Eco-Energy has announced that it has started construction on its ethanol distribution facility in Stockton, California. The facility is scheduled to commence operations in March next year and will be the 11th ethanol distribution terminal constructed by Eco-Energy over the past decade. The Stockton site will be equipped

June 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Sugar Valley Energy Project to Issue Green Bonds

(California Ethanol + Power/Ethanol Producer Magazine) California Ethanol + Power (CE+P) on June 7 announced that its Sugar Valley Energy advanced biofuel project has been verified for Green Bond Financing through the alignment of the project with the Green Bond Principles established by the International Capital Market Association.  Sugar Valley Energy

June 15, 2021 Read Full Article

Fenix Marine Services Goes “All-In” with Renewable Fuel

(Felix Marine Services/Yahoo! Finance) Fenix Marine Services (“FMS”) has made one of the largest commitments to environmental sustainability in the maritime sector by fully transitioning its fleet of over 300 pieces of container handling equipment from fossil-based diesel fuel to renewable diesel fuel, effective immediately. This transition also covers smaller, support

June 15, 2021 Read Full Article

Rise of Electric Vehicles Presents Questions about Transportation Funding

by Dania Maxwell (Bloomberg News/Transport Topics)  While electric vehicles and alternative fuels contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, their continued adoption forces states to rethink transportation funding sources that currently come from taxes on diesel and gasoline. States already charging fees on alternative fuels and vehicles are concerned the amounts do

June 14, 2021 Read Full Article
    Argus North American Biofuels & LCFS Markets Summit   —   October 18-20, 2021   —   Napa, CA

Argus North American Biofuels & LCFS Markets Summit — October 18-20, 2021 — Napa, CA

The Argus North American Biofuels & LCFS Markets Summit returns to Napa, California this October! The event will bring together over 300 regulators, key government, and industry participants across the entire biofuels supply chain for 3 days of networking and knowledge exchange. There will also be ample opportunities to meet

June 10, 2021 Read Full Article

Visit the Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts Process Development Unit (ABPDU) in 3D Tour

The Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts Process Development Unit (ABPDU) is a bioprocess scale-up facility at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory that enables early-stage advanced biofuels and bioproducts to successfully scale from the lab to commercial relevance. A new 3D virtual walkthrough of the ABPDU allows visitors from anywhere in the world to

June 9, 2021 Read Full Article

What Color Is Your Hydrogen?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) For an invisible gas, hydrogen seems to come in more colors than boy of crayons. And, you have to learn to weed out the greenwash and the cleanwash. And some of the hogwash.  —  Take for example the news from North Dakota, where Bakken Energy and

June 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Port of Los Angeles Rolls out Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Freight Demonstration

(North American Clean Energy)  The Port of Los Angeles and its partners are launching a new era of pollution-free goods movement with the debut of five new hydrogen-powered fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV) and the grand opening of two hydrogen fueling stations. Under the $82.5 million Shore-to-Store (S2S) project, more

June 9, 2021 Read Full Article

On-Site Hydrogen Production Technology Accelerates to Market

by Susan Bauer (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory)  California hydrogen fueling stations could soon benefit from lower cost approach —  A new technology that generates hydrogen from conventional natural gas, or renewable natural gas made from biomass, could be the next big thing to advance California’s Hydrogen Highway, fuel cell vehicles and

June 7, 2021 Read Full Article

Is a Feedstock Crackdown Coming to California’s LCFS?

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily)  … But in the last rulemaking in 2018, CARB made a number of amendments to focus and strengthen the regulation, implementation and certainty of the carbon credit market, said Floyd Vergara, director of state governmental affairs for the National Biodiesel Board. Vergara spent three

June 4, 2021 Read Full Article

Sustainable Trucking Expands with Circle K, Trillium, Musket Partnership

(Trillium)  Refined products agreement leads to creative, low-carbon renewable natural gas solution —Musket and Trillium, members of the Love’s Family of Companies, have entered into an agreement with Circle K to expand sustainable trucking in California. A 2020 supply partnership between Musket and Circle K created a joint purchasing agreement and allowed Circle K

June 4, 2021 Read Full Article

Experts Predict Problems Coming for Electric Cars

by Jeena Cadigan (WBOY) With more companies coming out with electric cars, experts are predicting costly upgrades to towns and cities in West Virginia.    With more electric cars on the road, more charging stations are needed. Along with those stations, companies will have to build more power sources and lines to get and disperse that energy. 

June 4, 2021 Read Full Article

California Urges EPA to Let State Set Car-Emissions Standard

by Matthew Daly (Associated Press) Officials from California, New York and other states urged the Environmental Protection Agency on Wednesday to allow California to set its own automobile tailpipe pollution standards, an action that would reverse a Trump administration policy and could help usher in stricter emissions standards for new passenger

June 3, 2021 Read Full Article

A First, California Fleets Fueled with Bio-CNG Achieve Carbon-Negativity

by Erick Sanchez (NGV America)  Bio-CNG Tallies Annual Average Carbon Intensity Score of -5.845 gCO2e/MJ for 2020 —  Natural Gas Vehicles for America (NGVAmerica) and Coalition for Renewable Natural Gas (RNG Coalition) today announced that California fleets fueled with bio-CNG achieved carbon-negativity for calendar year 2020. Ninety-two (92) percent of

June 3, 2021 Read Full Article

UrbanX Group Signs Engineering Design Contract for Its Renewable Diesel Facility in Bakersfield

(Urban X Group/Business Wire) UrbanX Renewables Group of Long Beach, CA, executed its front-end engineering design contract, an essential step for building the state’s first facility producing ultra-low carbon renewable diesel, a fuel essentially indistinguishable from the petroleum product it is replacing. The company will produce renewable diesel from vegetable oil,

June 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Executive Placement Shows Flyers Committed to Green Economy

(Flyers Energy) Flyers Energy, LLC announced today that Chief Operating Officer Ken Dwelle will assume the role of President of Flyers Sustainable Energy, signaling increasing emphasis on the renewable energy sector. Flyers Energy leadership sees the green revolution as one of their biggest opportunities. “Renewables made up about 25 percent

June 2, 2021 Read Full Article

California Math Shows Internal Combustion Beating Electric on Emissions

by Tom Quimby (CCJ)  … Data released recently by CARB indicate that low carbon fuels, like renewable diesel and biodiesel, are actually rendering the best reductions in transportation-related sources of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. While federal and state policies continue to lavish praise and plenty of funds on all-electric technologies, biodiesel

June 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Microalgal Biofuel Intermediates Production: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Algal Biomass

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  MicroBio Engineering, Heliae, Sandia National Labs and Cal Poly shared how they developed the capability for over 3,700 gal/ac-yrof biofuel intermediates through microalgal strain improvement, mixotrophic approaches and novel conversion technology, demonstrated annual productivity of improved strains, and more.  READ MORE

June 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Vertex Energy to Acquire Alabama Refinery and Related Logistics Assets

(Vertex Energy/IRDirect.net) Vertex to acquire 100% of Mobile Chemical LP Refinery; Transforms Vertex into a Leading Independent Refiner of Renewable and Conventional Products; Multi-phase Renewable Diesel Project to Drive Superior “Clean Refining” Economics; Anticipate $3 billion in Annual Revenue and more than $400 million in Gross Profit by Year-End 2023;

May 28, 2021 Read Full Article

Promises, Promises: Why Plans for an All-Electric Future Are Wildly Premature

by Lawrence Ulrich (AutoBlog) … Beyond the worst examples of greenwashing — including opportunistic start-ups like Nikola and Lordstown Motors that seem more like vaporware with each day — most major automakers seem sincere and serious about transitioning their businesses. Eventually. Tesla’s existential threat, China’s bid to dominate the EV and

May 28, 2021 Read Full Article

Jeanne McCaherty’s Testimony to MN House Conference Committee on the Future Fuels Act

(Minnesota Bio-Fuels Association) …  Jeanne McCaherty, CEO of Guardian Energy and board member of MN Bio-Fuels, testified in support of the Future Fuels Act to the Minnesota House Conference Committee.  Here’s her testimony in full: … Specifically, we have discussed strategies that can harness the power of our region’s rich agricultural,

May 27, 2021 Read Full Article

Equilibrium, GGP Select Amp Americas to Manage Arizona Dairy RNG Project

by Matthew Mercure (NGT News) Amp Americas has entered a deal with Equilibrium and Green Gas Partners (GGP) to operate and manage their dairy RNG project in Maricopa, Ariz. The project, in operation since 2018, was developed by Equilibrium and GGP. It is designed to capture dairy waste from approximately 30,000 milking cows across three dairy

May 25, 2021 Read Full Article

Meet the Startup Producing Oil to Fight Climate Change

by Emily Pontecorvo  (Grist)  How Charm Industrial became a go-to in Big Tech’s mission to offset its carbon footprint.  —  … The friends, all engineers by training, had designed a machine that could turn agricultural waste, like almond shells, into renewable hydrogen fuel. They’d even found a partner, the owner

May 25, 2021 Read Full Article

No, We Don’t Need ‘Miracle Technologies’ to Slash Emissions — We Already Have 95 Percent

by Mark Z. Jacobson (Stanford University/The Hill) … Let’s examine the claim that we “need” new technologies such as carbon capture, direct air capture, modern bioenergy and modern nuclear to reduce sufficiently energy and non-energy emissions. … Wind and solar are also so plentiful that they can each power the world’s

May 25, 2021 Read Full Article

Greasezilla Announces $8 Million Investment from Sheltowee CleanTech Fund for New Site Development

(Greasezilla) Greasezilla is actively seeking new FOG (fats, oils and grease) processing locations nationwide for joint ventures with government and private operators — Downey Ridge Environmental Company, developer of Greasezilla™ FOG separation and processing systems, announces that Sheltowee CleanTech Fund I, LLC, is investing over $8,000,000 to expand Greasezilla technology nationwide. Greasezilla will

May 25, 2021 Read Full Article

Phillips 66 Begins Renewable Diesel Production at San Francisco Refinery

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily) Phillips 66 has completed the hydrotreater conversion at its Rodeo, California, petroleum refinery near San Francisco and has begun to produce renewable diesel. “Earlier this month, we commenced renewable diesel production at the San Francisco Refinery with the completion of the diesel hydrotreater conversion,” said

May 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Scientists Uncover Surprising Behavior of a Fatty Acid Enzyme with Potential Biofuel Applications

by Jennifer Huber (Stanford University/SLAC)  Derived from microscopic algae, the rare, light-driven enzyme converts fatty acids into starting ingredients for solvents and fuels. — Although many organisms capture and respond to sunlight, it’s rare to find enzymes – proteins that promote chemical reactions in living things – that are driven by

May 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Aemetis Notified of US Forest Service Grant for Patented Process Enabling Use of Waste Wood for the ‘Carbon Zero’ Jet/Diesel Plant

(Aemetis/Globe Newswire)  Finalizing Grant for “Valorizing Forest Waste for Cellulosic Ethanol Production” to Extract Sugars from Waste Forest and Orchard Wood Using Ionic Liquids Technology Licensed Exclusively to Aemetis from DOE-Funded Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) — Aemetis, Inc. (NASDAQ: AMTX), a renewable natural gas and renewable fuels company focused on negative

May 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Fueling a Renewable Future

by Trevor Hoag (The Iola Register)  Kansas Gov. Laura Kelly toured the East Kansas Agri-Energy ethanol plant in Garnett on Wednesday, part of a series of stops at industries around Southeast Kansas. — Imagine the smell of baked bread, then beer. That’s the air at the East Kansas Agri-Energy ethanol plant, which

May 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Biofuel Project Proposed in McFarland Would Bury Carbon from Ag Waste, Produce Alternative to Diesel

by John Cox (Bakersfield.com) An Iowa technology company has proposed a first-of-its-kind bioenergy project in McFarland that’s expected to help cut a significant source of local air pollution while also reducing diesel emissions, burying carbon and employing about 50 local residents. The project spearheaded by Iowa-based technology company Frontline BioEnergy

May 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Renewable Diesel Revives Refinery on Rosedale

by John Cox (Bakersfield.com) A major industrial property that has sat idle for years in the heart of Bakersfield is coming back to life to refine used cooking oil, rendered animal fats and a canola-related grain called camelina. Torrance-based biofuels company Global Clean Energy Holdings Inc. is refurbishing equipment and

May 20, 2021 Read Full Article
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2nd generation biofuels 3-D 3D printing 3rd generation biofuels 4-H 4th generation fuels 7% solution 45Q 81 Octane 84 octane 85 octane 87 octane 88 octane 89 octane 90 octane 91 octane 92 octane 93 octane 94 octane 95 octane 96 octane 98 octane 100 octane 103 octane 105 octane 108 octane 109 octane 110 octane 113 octane 119 octane 2016 US House and Senate Campaigns 2016 US Presidential Campaign 2018 US Senate and House Campaigns Other Election Activities 2020 Election 2022 2022 US Senate and House Campaign 9003 Program a A20 (20% methanol/bioethanol) Abu Dhabi acacia acetate acetic acid acetone acid acid hydrolysis adaptive evolution additional carbon additionality adequate/inadequate domestic supply Administrative Procedure Act advanced advanced biofuel prices Advanced biofuels advanced biofuels production advanced ethanol advanced ethanol tax credit advertising campaign aerobic digestion aerosols Affordable Clean Energy Program (ACE) afforestation Afghanistan Africa AGARDA (Agriculture Advanced Research and Development Authority) agave aggregation agr Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP) agricultural economics Agricultural Policy Agricultural waste/residue Agriculture agroforestry agrofuels agronomy Aircraft engine emissions Air Force air pollution control Air Pollution Policy airports air quality Alabama Alaska Albania albedo Alberta albizia alcohol-to-jet (ATJ) alcohol fuel cells alcohol fuels alfalfa algae algae contamination algae cultivation algae extraction algae harvesting algae parity algae separation algal biofuels Algeria Algiers alkanes alkenes alkylate alligator fat almond almond hulls shells alternative energy vehicles alternative fuels Alternative Fuels Credit alternative fuels excise tax credit Alternative Fuels Tax Credit (AFTC) aluminum Amazon American Indian Tribes American Le Mans Series (ALMS) ammonia ammonia fiber explosion (AFEX) amylose anaerobic digestate anaerobic digester/digestion Angola anhydrous ethanol animal bedding animal fat animal feed animal waste Antactica Antarctica antibiotics antitrust Appropriations APR (Aqueous Phase Reforming) aquaculture aquatic organisms Arabidopsis arabinose ARCA Archaea Architecture Arctic Argentian Argentina Arizona Arkansas Armenia Army Corps of Engineers aromatics aromatics price ARPA-C ARPA-E ARPA-Terra artificial intelligence Aruba Asia asphalt/bitumen ASTM ASTM 6866 ASTM D396 ASTM D975 ASTM D1655 ASTM D2880 ASTM D4054 ASTM D4806 Denatured fuel ethanol ASTM D4814 ASTM D5798 ASTM D6751 ASTM D7467 (B6-B20) ASTM D7544 ASTM D7566 (Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons) ASTM D7862 ASTM D7875 ASTM D7901 (DME-Dimethyl Ether for Fuel Purposes) ASTM D8076 ASTM D8181 ASTM E3146 ASTM standards ASTM WK55232 (D02) ASTM WK63392 ATJ-SPK (Alcohol to Jet Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene) Atlantic Canada atmosphere Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) Australia Australian pine Austria Auto manufacturer automotive aviation aviation fuel (SAF) benefits aviation fuel (SAF) price aviation fuel (SAF) production aviation fuel (SAF) pumps/delivery aviation fuel (SAF) terminal Aviation Fuel/Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) Aviation Gasoline/AvGas avocado awards/recognition Azerbaijan. b B0 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 B8 B10 B11 B12 B12.5 B13 B14 B15 B20 B25 B30 B33 B35 B40 B50 B70 B75 B80 B98 B99 B100 Babados nut tree babassu bacteria bagasse Bahamas Bahrain bamboo banana banana stems Bangladesh bankruptcy Barbados barge barley barley fiber barley protein barley straw Basque batteries Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) bauxite beauty leaf tree beaver beer bees Belarus Belgium Belize Benin benzene Bermuda Bhutan big bluestem big data Big Food Big Oil/Oil Majors billion ton study bio bio-based diesel benefits bio-based economy bio-LNG (Liquified Natural Gas) Bio-LNG Pumps (Liquified Natural Gas) Bio-LNG terminal bio-natural gas bio-NGV (natural gas for vehicles) bio-oil/pyrolysis oil bio-SPK (bio derived synthetic paraffinic kerosene) biobased Biobased Markets Program biobased materials Biobased Product Manufacturing Assistance Program biochar biochemical conversion BioChemicals/Renewable Chemicals bioconversion Biocrude/Green Crude/SynCrude biodegradable biodiesel biodiesel blend wall biodiesel EN 14214 Biodiesel Fuel Education Program biodiesel prices biodiesel production biodiesel pumps biodiesel quality biodiesel standards biodiesel tax credit biodiesel technologies biodiesel terminal biodiversity bioeconomy bioelectricity bioenergy Bioenergy Program for Advanced Biofuels Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) biofoundry Biofuel biofuel consumption Biofuel Crops biofuel distribution Biofuel Infrastructure Partnership (BIP) biofuel producer tax credit biofuel production Biofuels Directive biofuels education biofuel tax credit Biogas Biogasoline/Renewable Gasoline Biogasoline/Renewable Gasoline pumps biogenic carbon biogenic emissions Bioheat biohydrocarbons biohydrogen BioIsoprene Bio LPG biomass Biomass Carbon Removal and Storage (BiCRS) Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP) biomass hydrolysis biomass recalcitrance Biomass Research and Development initiative (BRDI) biomass sorghum Biomass to Liquid (BTL) biomass transportation biomaterials bioplastics biopower Biopreferred bioproducts biopropene bioprospecting BioRefineries/Renewable Fuel Production Biorefinery Assistance Program (BAP) Biorefinery Renewable Chemical Biobased Product Mfgr Assistance 9003 BioRenewable-1 (BR-1) BioSNG Biotechnology birch bitter orange black carbon black grease black liquor black locust blender blender pumps Blenders Credit blending blendstock Blend wall blockchain blue carbon boat fuel Bolivia bolt-on Bonaire bonds book-and-claim border tax Borneo Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana BQ-9000 Brachiaria bracken brackish water Brassica Brazil breweries British Columbia broker brownfields brown grease Brunei Btu's BTX (Benzene Toluene Xylene) Bu12.5 Bu16 Budget building block chemicals Bulgaria bunker oil Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Burkina Faso Burma Burundi buses Business/General Aviation Business and Industry Program (B&I) business law business resources butadiene Butane butanediol butanol/biobutanol butanol emissions butyl acetate c C3 sugar C5 sugar C6 sugar Cabo Verde cactus cagaita calibration California California Air Resources Board (CARB) Cambodia Camelina camels Cameroon Canada canarygrass Canary Islands canary reed grass candle nut cannabis canola/rapeseed canola straw cap-and-invest cap-and-trade carbohydrates carbon carbon-14 testing carbon-efficient fuels carbon/CO2 sequestration carbon capture and storage (CCS) carbon capture and utilization (CCU) carbon cost carbon cred carbon credit carbon credit markets carbon cycle carbon debt Carbon Dioxide (CO2) carbon efficiency carbon emissions carbon fiber Carbon Intensity (CI) carbon life cycle carbon markets Carbon Monoxide (CO) carbon negative carbon neutrality carbon offsets carbon pipeline carbon price carbon recycling carbon removal carbon sink carbon tax carbon tax-and-dividend Carbon tax border adjustments carbon user fee Carbon Utilization and Biogas Education Program carcinogens cardoon Caribbean carinata/brassica carinata carob cashew cashew apple CASI CAS Registry Cassava cassava price cassava pulp cassava stalk castor bean castor stalk catalysis catalysts catalytic decarboxylation catalytic hydrothermal conversion catalytic hydrothermal conversion-to-jet (CHCJ) catalytic hydrothermal gasification catalytic hydrothermolysis jet CHJ pathway cattle cavitation CBD (cannabidiol) cell culturing cellulase enzymes cellulose Cellulosic/Biomass Hydrogen cellulosic biofuel Cellulosic biomass cellulosic diesel Cellulosic ethanol cellulosic ethanol price cellulosic feedstock cellulosic production tax credit cellulosic sugars Cellulosic Tax Credit cellulosic waiver credit cement Central African Republic Central America Certificate Program certification certification fuels cesium cetane Chad change in soil condition charging stations CHCJ-5 Chesapeake Bay chicken feathers chickens Chile Chili China chitin chufa/cyperus esculents/nutsedge CIA circular economy citrus citrus greening disease Citrus Peel clean air Clean Air Act (CAA) clean diesel Clean Fuel Standard/Policy (CFS) Clean Power Plan (CPP) Clean Trucks Plan Clean Water Act climate change Climate Change Adaptation climate change effects climate change mitigation climate legislation climate smart agriculture closed-loop system Clostridium thermocellum cloud point clover CNG Conversion kit co co-generation co-location co-operative Co-op Extension co-processing co-products coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) coastal habitat conservation coastal hay Coast Guard cobalt cock's foot coco cocoa Coconut coffee coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold-tolerance cold flow college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG/R-CNG/bioCNG) compression-ignition engine compression ratios computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology cooking fuel Cook Islands cook stoves cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 COP26 copper coppice cordgrass corn-based products corn/maize corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crimes criteria pollutants Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cuphea cup plant currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D5 (5%DME) D20 (20%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date palm date palm pits Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization Delaware DeltaWing demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices diesel with renewables diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct-to-fuel direct air capture directed evolution direct injection Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E2 E3 E4 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E40 E50 E55 E75 E78 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED95 educatio education educational business private educational tour Education Series 3030 EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electricity price electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) end user Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylene ethyl levulinate (EL) ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication externalities extremophiles f F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferr ferry fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax Fleets fleet turnover fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery GREET model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP h Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawai'i hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrids Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrocarbon fuels hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogenolysis hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indiana Indian beech tree Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial ethanol industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insects insurance integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land prices land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M3 M15 M50 M100 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Bio- Renewable Fuel marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts mass balance standard Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methan methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks methanization Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methanol price Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland Newfoundland and Labrador new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New York Michigan New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota Northeast northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Northwest Territories Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds nuclear Nunavut nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil/gas terminals oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay Paris Agreement parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peak oil demand peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin peela kaner pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photoelectrocatalysis photoelectrochemical photolysis photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Flex Fuel Hybrid Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass podcasts Poland poli Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyethylene polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter/waste power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests proton exchange membrane (PEM) public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest rain tree RAND rare earth metal RD10 RD20 RD30 RD80 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation Refined Bleached Deodorized Palm Oil (RBDPO) refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/HVO/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price Renewable Diesel Production renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED and RED II) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) RenovaBio replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion resurrection grass retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Rural Renewable Energy Pilot Program Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog smokestack soap Social social benefit investing social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soi soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solaris solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) Solomon Islands Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications Spent Bleaching Earth Oil (SBEO) sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam methane reformation steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve STrategiv Petroleum Reserve straw students su sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) subsid succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugarcane sugarcane prices sugarcane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower sunflower stalks supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland 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Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Fuels Policy; carbon removal Transportation Policy travel policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale truck trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey UCOME (Used Cooking Oil Methyl Ester) Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) Ultra Low Sulfur Fuel Oil (ULSFO) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural 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