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The Road to Feedstock Flexibility

by Chris Abrams (Biodiesel Magazine/Imerys Filtration)  Imerys personnel have spent much of 2018 talking about new and diverse feedstocks for biodiesel production, and how to help biodiesel manufacturers incorporate them into

October 31, 2018 Read Full Article

Farmers in Guatemala Are Destroying Dams to Fight ‘Dirty’ Renewable Energy

by Simon Granovsky-Larsen (The Conversation)  …  Ixpátz and four other rivers in the Champerico area had been re-routed from their natural courses and into large plantations. Joining forces with other small farmers,

September 10, 2018 Read Full Article

The Establishment of a Marine Focused Biorefinery for Bioethanol Production Using Seawater and a Novel Marine Yeast Strain

by Abdelrahman Saleh Zaky, Darren Greetham, Gregory A. Tucker & Chenyu Du (Scientific Reports)  Current technologies for bioethanol production rely on the use of freshwater for preparing the fermentation media and use

August 25, 2018 Read Full Article

New Membrane Technology May Aid Biofuel Production

(Argonne National Laboratory/Biomass Magazine) Named for the mythical god with two faces, Janus membranes –double-sided membranes that serve as gatekeepers between two substances—have emerged as a material with potential industrial uses.

August 6, 2018 Read Full Article

Deeper into the Biomass: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to the DOE’s Billion Ton Report, Vol. 2

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The US Department of Energy’s Billion-Ton Report: Advancing Domestic Resources for a Thriving Bioeconomy says that 1.2 billion tons of biomass would be available at $40 or less per

August 2, 2018 Read Full Article

Proposed Biofuel Plant Worrying Neighbors

by Morgan Downing (KAKE) … VNA Corporation wants to build a biofuel plant north of Wellington.  The company plans on harvesting natural gas from wheat stalk. It says it will be new source

August 1, 2018 Read Full Article

Inver Grove Heights Biofuel Plant Still on Track, but Hurdles Remain

by Erin Adler (Star Tribune)  Garbage-to-ethanol plant in Inver Grove Heights still needs approvals.   —  Plans to create the country’s first garbage-to-ethanol plant in Inver Grove Heights are progressing. Yet hurdles remain

July 23, 2018 Read Full Article

NACSAA Advances Recommendations to Shape UNFCCC Agricultural Work Program

(25 x ’25/North American Climate Smart Agriculture Alliance) Last November, we wrote here of a major breakthrough occurring at the global climate talks in Bonn, Germany, where, for the first

March 30, 2018 Read Full Article

Study Says CRP Mixes Don’t Live up to Biofuel Potential

by Julie Harker (Brownfield Ag News)  Mixed prairie grasses that are used in Conservation Reserve Program lands did not live up to their potential as biomass crops for cellulosic biofuel production,

February 21, 2018 Read Full Article

A Sit Down with Conrad Rautenbach from Green Fuel

(The Herald)  Fuel prices shot up recently before Government intervened by reducing import duty on fuel to stem the price madness that rose as a result. Questions have been raised as

February 19, 2018 Read Full Article

New Study Shows Producers Where and How to Grow Cellulosic Biofuel Crops

(University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences/Science Daily)  A new report provides practical agronomic data for five cellulosic feedstocks, which could improve adoption and increase production across the

January 17, 2018 Read Full Article

Shift to Sustainable Food System in Europe Is Possible, but Faces Challenges

(European Environment Agency)  Making Europe’s production, consumption and trade in food environmentally sustainable is possible, but it will require a major shift in public attitudes, policies and knowledge and seizing current

October 19, 2017 Read Full Article

Masdar Institute’s SEAS Harvest Marks Critical Milestone In Development Of Sustainable Aviation Biofuel

by Erica Solomon (Masdar Institute News)   Harvesting of the First Crop of Oil-Rich Plants Grown in the Desert Using Seawater Brings the UAE Closer to Fueling Aircraft with Locally-Produced Biofuel 

October 3, 2017 Read Full Article

Zimbabwe: Green Fuel’s $1bn Expansion Project On Hold

by Martin Kadzere (AllAfrica/The Herald)  Ethanol producer, Green Fuel has put on hold its $1 billion expansion programme as the current environment does not support the scale of investment, sources

September 22, 2017 Read Full Article

Water Management in Biomass Processing

by Lorenz Bauer (Lee Enterprises Consulting/Biofuels Digest) … Managing the water in biomass processes like food production, fermentations, pyrolysis, and biodiesel production is critical to success.   There is an increasing appreciation

September 21, 2017 Read Full Article

Indian Scientists Turn Sugar Industry Waste Into Next-Gen Battery Material

(Sugar News)   Indian scientists have demonstrated that waste water from some of the dirtiest industrial processes can be turned into a carbon source for preparation of energy storage materials.

August 10, 2017 Read Full Article

ALTERNATE ENERGY: Ethanol: It’s Just Plain Corny

by James Bobreski (Finger Lakes Times)  … Ethanol is the alcohol in our beer that we enjoy at a ball game, a party or after a long day at work. In this

June 26, 2017 Read Full Article

Eni and CONOE Sign Agreement for the Transformation of Used Vegetable Oils into Biofuels

(Eni) The agreement will see Eni’s refineries in Italy capitalize on a national energy resource by creating high quality biofuels from used vegetable oils, representing the final stage of the virtuous

May 18, 2017 Read Full Article

Letter: Diversify Michigan Energy

by Bruce Dale (Detroit News)  Regarding “Renewable Fuel Standard has failed, April 16,” Prof. Wolfram has failed to do his homework. The corn grown to make ethanol is not the

April 25, 2017 Read Full Article

A&B Map Shows Possible Uses for Fallow Sugar Fields

by Lee Imada (Maui News)  A general map showing possible uses of now fallow sugar fields — including areas for possible biodiesel-producing tree orchards, coffee and cacao crops and livestock-irrigated

April 4, 2017 Read Full Article

Water: Lifeblood of the Process

by Susanne Retka Schill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Successful water reduction and recycling require close attention to treatments and system impacts in ethanol production. —  …  As the industry has improved

January 27, 2017 Read Full Article

Growing Algae for Food and Biofuel Could Cut Greenhouse Emissions

(Environmental Research Web)  Cultivating algae for food and biofuel could make a serious dent in our greenhouse gas emissions, as well as helping to save freshwater resources and reduce deforestation.

January 9, 2017 Read Full Article

Life Cycle Assessment of Integrated Seawater Agriculture in the Arabian (Persian) Gulf as a Potential Food and Aviation Biofuel Resource

by Brian Warshay, J. Jed Brown, Sgouris Sgouridis (The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment)  Prospective evaluation of the lifecycle impacts of aviation biofuel production in Abu Dhabi, UAE based on a production system

December 27, 2016 Read Full Article

Forecasts of Algae Food Products Demonstrate Significant Reductions in Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Water Use

(Bentley University/PR Newswire)  Bentley University research fellow Michael J. Walsh leads study finding algae food to have potential to mitigate climate change —  Scientists affiliated with the Marine Algal Industrialization

December 5, 2016 0 comment Read Full Article

Ethanol from Conventional to Advanced: The Digest’s 2016 Multi Slide Guide to Praj

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Recently, we held a well-attended webinar on the markets and makers of ethanol from conventional to advanced. Here below is a slide deck presented on the

October 14, 2016 Read Full Article

Water-Energy Dependence around Pacific Rim Mapped in New Sandia Study

(Sandia National Laboratories)  A wide-ranging analysis of water vulnerability across the Pacific — including the U.S., China, Russia and Japan — has identified hundreds of locations where energy production depends

September 20, 2016 Read Full Article

Technology Quarterly: The Future of Agriculture

by Geoffrey Carr (The Economist)  If agriculture is to continue to feed the world, it needs to become more like manufacturing, says Geoffrey Carr. Fortunately, that is already beginning to

June 17, 2016 Read Full Article

How Big Data is Disrupting Agriculture from Biological Discovery to Farming Practices

by Vonnie Estes (AgFunderNews)  With the need to produce more food using fewer inputs, agriculture is seeking new products, practices and technologies. As a planet we must use fewer chemicals

June 10, 2016 Read Full Article

The Wonder from Down Under: The Digest’s Multi-Slide Guide to Licella

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Licella produces drop-in biofuels from a wide range of biomass and uses a supercritical water-based technology and catalysts to break up biomass and reform it

June 1, 2016 Read Full Article

Best for Biofuels

by Dave Evensen (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) Research finds where bioenergy crops would grow best while minimizing detrimental effects on aquatic ecosystems  —  … Researchers at the University of Illinois used

February 24, 2016 Read Full Article

IEA and GBEP Launch Bioenergy and Water Paper

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In Italy, IEA Bioenergy and the Global Bioenergy Partnership have published the “Examples of Positive Bioenergy and Water Relationships,” which includes examples that illustrate an

February 24, 2016 Read Full Article

BETO-Funded Study Offers Methods to Support a Water-Sustainable Bioenergy Industry

(US Department of Energy)  Argonne National Laboratory released a study funded by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) that examines the potential effects of future biofuel production

January 29, 2016 Read Full Article

Review of Water Consumption and Water Conservation Technologies in the Algal Biofuel Process.

by Tu Q, Lu M, Thiansathit W, Keener TC (PubMed)  Although water is one of the most critical factors affecting the sustainable development of algal biofuels, it is much less

January 28, 2016 Read Full Article

Global Cleantech Summit: Business and Strategies 2015, September 8-10, Helsinki, Finland

by Maija Sihvonen* (Advanced Biofuels USA) Global Cleantech Summit 2015 concentrated on cleantech strategies and business cooperation. Some venture capitalists have already declared cleantech dead as it has undergone the

January 17, 2016 Read Full Article

Ecological Farming: A Different Form of Agtech –Exclusive Report

by Louisa Burwood-Taylor (AgFunderNews)  … “Ecological farming is ‘AgTech’ but of a different kind. It is a return to the original definition of ‘technology’, which comes from two Greek words: technis, which means

January 15, 2016 Read Full Article

Biofuels as Seen by OPEC: The Digest’s 2016 8-Slide Guide to Biofuels in the World Oil Outlook

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In this year’s World Oil Outlook, OPEC writes:  The prospects for first generation biofuels are constrained by factors such as land use changes, excessive water

December 30, 2015 Read Full Article

Brazil Pioneers the Rise of ‘Second Generation’ Biofuel

(Petro-Online.com)  The roads of Brazil are flooded with over 36 million cars. With over 60% of vehicles running on ethanol based petrol, the environmental credentials of the country are impressive.

December 21, 2015 Read Full Article

University of Illinois Awarded Grant to Support Sorghum Research

(University of Illinois/Biomass Magazine)  The University of Illinois has been awarded a 3-year, $5 million grant from the DOE Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy as part of its OPEN 2015 funding

December 18, 2015 Read Full Article

Roadside Gumweed in Nevada Could Be Used as Jet Fuel for the Military

by Whip Villarreal (University of Nevada, Reno)  College of Ag, Biotech and Natural Resources leads research project at University of Nevada, Reno  —  Glenn Miller is leading the effort in a

November 18, 2015 Read Full Article

Biofuel Plan a Jobs Bonanza

by John Andersen (Townsville Bulletin)  Work on a $564 million biofuel project which is set to create about 650 jobs is expected to start at Pentland in June next year.

November 11, 2015 Read Full Article

Biofuel Companies among 81 Signing Climate Change Pledge

by Ann Bailey (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Companies across the United States, are signing on with their support for the American Business Act on Climate Pledge.  By late October, 81 companies

November 6, 2015 Read Full Article

Three Sustainability Tools Are Enhancing Environmental Benefits of Biofuels

by Kristen Johnson and Alicia Moulton  (U.S. Department of Energy)  At the Energy Department’s Bioenergy Technologies Office, we’re actively working to develop the advanced biofuels industry in a way that

October 28, 2015 Read Full Article

ICM Aims for Strong Legacy

by Holly Jessen (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  For two decades, ICM has adapted with the changing times, bringing technology solutions to the ethanol industry.  —  In 1995, ICM Inc. got its

October 27, 2015 Read Full Article

DOE Warns That Climate Change May Disrupt Growth of Biomass Feedstocks

(Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  On October 9, the U.S. Department of Energy released a report about the threats posed by climate change to the U.S. electricity and fuels sector,

October 17, 2015 Read Full Article

Do Biofuels Massively Worsen Water Stress?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Does bioenergy place such massive pressure on water resources that it zeroes out the climate change benefits? Tweets around a recent article from PNAS say “yes, that’s

August 6, 2015 Read Full Article

Perennial Biofuel Crops’ Water Consumption Similar to Corn

(Michigan State University)  Converting large tracts of the Midwest’s marginal farming land to perennial biofuel crops carries with it some key unknowns, including how it could affect the balance of

July 7, 2015 Read Full Article

Cactus as Biofuel Could Help with Food-Versus-Fuel Fight

by Jack Busby (ChemistryWorld/Scientific American)  Plants on arid land, rather than food crops like corn, could be turned into gasoline, new research shows New analysis from UK researchers suggests a

July 1, 2015 Read Full Article

Key Excerpts Related to Fossil Fuels from Pope Francis’ Encyclical on the Environment

by Joanne Ivancic (Advanced Biofuels USA)  The following are key excerpts from Pope Francis’ Encyclical, “Laudato Si,” or “Praised Be,” in which he calls for renewable fuel use, energy efficiency, transition

June 19, 2015 0 comment Read Full Article

COUNTERPOINT: Ethanol a Valuable Part of Energy Mix

by Barry Blitsteihn  (Chronicle Herald)  A corn field is harvested near Coy, Ark. in 2012. Three years later, “corn prices are in the basement, yet ethanol production is off the

June 8, 2015 Read Full Article

Researchers Study Benefits of Double-Cropping Camelina, Soybeans

(The American Society of Agronomy/Biodiesel Magazine)  In the U.S., federal mandates to produce more renewable fuels, especially biofuels, have led to a growing debate: Should fuel or food grow on

June 3, 2015 Read Full Article

State Releases Final Fracking Statement

by Scott Waldman (Capital New York) … The Department of Environmental Conservation released the 2,000-page final Supplemental Generic Environmental Impact Statement for fracking, which opponents and proponents around the country have been

May 14, 2015 Read Full Article

Whitefox Signs Agreement with Pacific Ethanol Inc.

(Whitefox)  Whitefox (www.whitefox.com), the clean fuel membrane specialist, announced today that it has signed an agreement with California based Pacific Ethanol, Inc. (Nasdaq: PEIX) for the delivery of an industrial

May 8, 2015 Read Full Article

Cool Planet Offers Help to California on Water Usage

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … Cool Planet, a California-based company that makes an organic, water-saving soil enhancer, was inspired by the order and is offering to help reach this goal by delivering a

April 3, 2015 Read Full Article

Industry, Water Advocates Come Together on Bioenergy Bills

by Frank Jossi  (Midwest Energy News)  Environmentalists and bioeconomy advocates reached an agreement last week to modify a bill moving through the Minnesota legislature that they hope will create a

March 31, 2015 Read Full Article

RIT Prof’s Reputation in Waste Reaches Trump Organization

by James Goodman (Democrat & Chronicle)  Jeffrey Lodge is finding a niche at Rochester Institute of Technology as a go-to guy for finding new uses for waste. An associate professor

February 27, 2015 Read Full Article

Byogy Renewables and GEN 2 Energy Advance Value Chain to Produce Biofuels Competitive With Today’s Oil Price

(Byogy/PR Newswire) Byogy Renewables, a biofuels producer based in San Jose, California, has executed a strategic partnership agreement with Gen 2 Energy, an alternative energy company from Ames, Iowa, to develop

February 26, 2015 Read Full Article

Tulare County Collaboration Changing Cow Waste Into Clean Energy For Calgren

(Regenis)  Sustainable energy production entered a new era in California today as a consortium of American companies joined together with state energy officials to launch the Calgren Ethanol Biodigester, which

February 10, 2015 Read Full Article

National Academies Press Publishes “The Nexus of Biofuels, Climate Change, and Human Health”

by Robert Pool, Rapporteur; Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine; Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice; Institute of Medicine (National Academies Press) Liquid fuels are a major part

February 9, 2015 Read Full Article

Argonne Model Analyzes Water Footprint of Biofuels

by Greg Cunningham (Argonne National Laboratory)  A new version of an online tool created by the US Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory will help biofuels developers gain a detailed

January 16, 2015 Read Full Article

The Evolution of Minnesota’s Ethanol Industry Parts 1 and 2

by Joanna Schroeder (DomesticFuel.com)  The Minnesota ethanol industry is evolving even in the face of growth challenges including continued uncertainty around the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS). Since 2007 the industry

December 16, 2014 Read Full Article

Milo Poised to Help Water Woes in Western Kansas

by Tim Unruh (Salina Journal)  Grain sorghum could be among the keys to reducing the massive mining of water in

December 8, 2014 Read Full Article

Answers for Your Questions about the Bioeconomy, Biofuels, Renewable Chemicals and Bioproducts

by Jim Lane  (Biofuels Digest)  … With great sessions at conferences, delegates are usually keen to get a hold of the

August 14, 2014 Read Full Article

AgriLife Research Study: Mesquite a Complementary Biofuel Feedstock

by Kay Ledbetter (AgriLife Today)  As requirements grow for use of cellulosic biofuels to meet the energy needs of the nation,

August 4, 2014 Read Full Article

McIntyre Announces Over $1.7 Million to Support New Biofuel Facility

(U.S. Representative Mike McIntyre)  Project will create 65 jobs and support clean energy production U.S. Representative Mike McIntyre announced today

June 10, 2014 Read Full Article

Fortunately, Unfortunately: Pathways and Barriers to Algae Biofuels at Scale

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Think algae biofuels are real and near? Or, think it’s a promotional scheme for attracting

May 27, 2014 Read Full Article

Addax Bioenergy Certified by Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials

(Sierra Express Media)  Addax Bioenergy (SL) Limited has been fully and formally certified under the Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials (RSB).

May 14, 2014 Read Full Article

Zimbabwe: Green Fuel, Zinwa Seal Deal

by Daniel Nemukuyu (AllAfrica.com)  Macdom Investments, a sister company to Green Fuel, has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Zimbabwe

May 7, 2014 Read Full Article

For the Greater Green: Algae-Based Advanced Biofuels Bring a Clean, Affordable Solution

by Paul Woods (Algenol/Renewable Energy World)  …  When it comes to fuel production, climate change is a crucial issue that

April 25, 2014 Read Full Article

The California Drought Equation Stresses Need For Biofuels

by Peter Brown( Biofuels Magazine) Except for volume, biofuels and petroleum-derived products have reached parity in production efficiency and availability.

April 15, 2014 Read Full Article

Gevolution 2014: Gevo’s Forward Progress, and Some Side-by-Side

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  As Gevo reports its 4Q results and adds back some ethanol production, we look at

March 28, 2014 Read Full Article

Research Cutting Biodiesel Water Usage

(Process Engineering)  Scientists at the University of Porto are currently developing water-free methods to produce biodiesel using waste vegetable oils,

March 25, 2014 Read Full Article

Algae Biomass Organization Hails New Publication that Identifies Most Promising Locations for Commercial Algae Production Projects

(Algae Biomass Organization)  Analysis can reduce time, cost associated with site development The Algae Biomass Organization (ABO), the trade association

March 11, 2014 Read Full Article

Zimbabwe: Another Ethanol Plant for Zimbabwe

by George Maponga (AllAfrica.com)  Zimbabwe Bio-Energy has announced plans to set up the country’s third ethanol plant at Nuanetsi Ranch

March 5, 2014 Read Full Article

Why We Are Producing Biofuels

by  Robert C. Brown and Tristan Brown (The Gazette)  In the face of criticism about ethanol, delays in the commercialization of

March 4, 2014 Read Full Article

Ethanol Is Asset to State, Nation

by Bill Jones (Fresno Bee/Pacific Ethanol)  The Bee published a commentary on Feb. 14 by Tom Tanton titled “Making Ethanol

February 20, 2014 Read Full Article

Oklahoma State University Receives Grant to Investigate Redcedar, Biofuels and Water

(Oklahoma State University) Oklahoma landowners have been hearing for years that removing the eastern redcedar trees from their property is essential

February 11, 2014 Read Full Article

Groundbreaking Algae Research Continues at Pecos: AgriLife Research Shares $8 Million Grant

by Steve Byrns (AgriLife Today)  Pecos is usually egg-frying hot, bone dry and much of the groundwater is brackish, but Texas

December 6, 2013 Read Full Article

Company Hopes to Tap into Sugar Cane, Sorghum for Fuel-Grade Ethanol

by James Palen (The Daily Transcript/San Diego Source)  … Brawley-based California Ethanol + Power is bringing the matter closer to home. The company

November 27, 2013 Read Full Article

An Ethanol-Fueled Comeback for Sugar Beets

by Alice Daniel  (California Report)  California once grew a lot of sugar beets to supply the state’s sugar mills. Most of

September 23, 2013 Read Full Article

‘Sorghum Ethanol’ Is a Topic in Nebraska

by Ken Anderson (Brownfield Ag News)  Sorghum Field Days are being held at six locations in Nebraska this week.  One

September 18, 2013 Read Full Article

Ethanol Improving While Oil Gets Worse

by Joanna Schroeder (DomesticFuel.com)  The House and Energy Commerce Committee has released its third white paper on the Renewable Fuel Standard, “Greenhouse

May 28, 2013 Read Full Article

Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office Comments on Air Force Strategic Studies Quarterly Article: Energy Insecurity, The False Promise of Liquid Biofuels

(US Department of Energy/Department of Defense)  General Comments Although the author has done an extensive literature reading in the biofuels

March 18, 2013 Read Full Article

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optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecuador ED95 education educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric grid electricity electricity price electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end user Energy Bill energy cane energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy enzymatic conversion enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea EROEI erosion control EROWI esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane ethanol ethanol/bioethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylene eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) Export externalities extremophiles F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertiliz fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs fuel food waste forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel additives fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungi fungus Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal Germany Gerogia Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green chemistry green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green Racing GREET model Grenada gribble ground nut groundnut growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guinea Gulf 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ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isooctane isooctene Israel Italy Ivory Coast JA1 JAA jackfruit Jamaica Japan Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Alternative Jetfuel (SAJF)/Renewable Jetfuel (RJF) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa Kuwait labels Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis lignin Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars Lipid liquefaction liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions low sulfur diesel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg Luxemburg lysis M15 M50 macadamia macauba Macedonia Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine maize Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta mamona management changes mandates manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Biofuel marine algae Marine Corps Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute 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mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol Namibia nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Lab National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Transportation Safety Board Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing 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