Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal

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Biofuels Groups, Refiners Spar Over Legality Of 2020-2022 RFS Volumes

(Inside EPA)  Biofuels groups and refiners are sparring over the legality of EPA’s biofuel blending volumes for 2020 through 2022 under the renewable fuel standard (RFS), after criticizing other aspects of EPA’s volumes rule, as biofuels groups seek to maximize volumes

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Rep. Welch, Sen. Udall Introduce Legislation to Reform the Renewable Fuel Standard to Benefit the Environment

(Office of Representative Peter Welch (D-VT))  Bill would phase out corn ethanol mandate, reverse tide of habitat destruction, and boost the mandate for advanced biofuels that reduce greenhouse gases  -- Today (November 14, 2019), Rep. Peter Welch (D-Vt.) and Senator Tom Udall (D-N.M.) introduced

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Corn and Soybean Leaders Compel Lawmakers to Stop EPA’s Anti-Biofuels Actions

by Dave Blower Jr. (The News Gazette) The Indiana Soybean Alliance (ISA) and the Indiana Corn Growers Association (ICGA) along with 12 other Indiana farm, ethanol and biodiesel plants and allied industries wrote to Indiana’s congressional delegation expressing frustration with

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RFA Extends Ethanol Invite as EPA Head Visits Oil Refinery

(Renewable Fuels Association)  The Renewable Fuels Association has invited U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Andrew Wheeler to visit an ethanol plant as a follow-up to his tour of a Pennsylvania oil refinery. Wheeler was scheduled to visit Monroe Energy’s plant in Trainer,

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Bill from U.S. Sens. Toomey, Feinstein Would Abolish Ethanol Mandate

by J.D. Prose (The Times)  U.S. Sen. Pat Toomey is working to repeal the ethanol mandate with California Democratic U.S. Sen. Dianne Feinstein. The Restore Environmental Sustainability to Our Renewable Energy (RESTORE) Act would abolish the corn ethanol mandate in the Renewable

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AFPM Launches Ad Campaign Urging the President to Protect Refinery Jobs

(American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers)  Today (July 8, 2019), AFPM launched an advertising campaign asking President Trump to keep his promise to protect U.S. refiners from unchecked ethanol mandates that threaten to kill our jobs. This campaign comes on the heels

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Grassley Statement on New Threats to RFS

(Office of U.S. Senator Chuck Grassley (R-IA))  Sen. Chuck Grassley (R-Iowa) today released the following statement in response to recent media reports on new threats to the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS).  “For years, Big Oil and its advocates on and off Capitol

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Ethanol Report on 2019 Crappie Masters

by Cindy Zimmerman (Energy.AgWired.com)  With retail sales of E15, or 15% ethanol, now approved in the summer months, some oil industry-backed organizations are issuing dire warnings about damage to boat engines – but E15 is clearly labeled as NOT approved for

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Donald J. Trump, Our Blue-Collar President

by Curtis Ellis (WND)  ... Last week, members of the International Union of Operating Engineers stood alongside President Trump at a union job-training center as he signed executive orders to expedite the construction of oil and gas pipelines and energy infrastructure projects,

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U.S. Renewable Fuel Standard Is Not Working: Marathon CEO

by David Gaffen and Erwin Seba (Reuters)  The U.S. Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) laws are not working and there is an “opportunity for a reset” of the standard in Washington, Marathon Petroleum Corp Chief Executive Gary Heminger said on Tuesday. ... Heminger said

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Report: Feds' Biofuel Policy Produced Unintended Environmental Consequences

(Public News Service)  A new report says the federal Renewable Fuel Standard, created to spur ethanol production and cut air pollution, is responsible for a number of negative environmental impacts, including reduced water supplies in Texas and other drought-prone areas.  Producing a single

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Icahn-Backed Refiner Saves $189 Million on EPA's Biofuel Tweaks

by Mario Parker and Jennifer A. Dlouhy  (Bloomberg)  CVR Energy Inc., backed by billionaire investor Carl Icahn, saved $189 million under the U.S. biofuels mandate last year. That’s largely thanks to a campaign he helped ignite to lower costs for compliance. CVR Energy,

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Open the Door to Higher Blends

by Doug Sombke (South Dakota Farmers Union and Farmers Union Enterprise/Biofuels Digest)  ... The reality is that the RFS is going backwards, we have effectively capped the use of corn ethanol in the United States, and the EPA continues to play lip

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Octane on ‘Sesame Street’

by Doug Durante (Ethanol Producer Magazine/Clean Fuels Development Coalition)  Striving for higher-octane fuels shouldn't mean saying goodbye to the RFS. --... Why is the quest for high-octane fuels to reduce petroleum consumption and increase efficiency in vehicles paired with getting rid of

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RFA Asks EPA to Separate Year-Round E15 Provisions from RIN Reform Measures in Upcoming Proposal

(Renewable Fuels Association)  With the government shutdown threatening to further delay approval of year-round sales of E15 (gasoline containing 15% ethanol), the Renewable Fuels Association (RFA) is urging the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to focus strictly on year-round E15 provisions in its forthcoming

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A Fox Guarding the RFS Henhouse

by David Kruse (The CommStock Report/Spencer Daily Reporter)  From a subscriber: "I asked my local Cenex manager why the price of E85 was still high. E10 has dropped 43 cents in the last couple of months and E85 hasn't changed from $1.94. He

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Outlook 2019: RINs Market Looks toward Washington in 2019

by Wesley Swift (S&P Global Platts)   The market for Renewable Identification Numbers looked for relief in 2019 after a tumultuous 2018.  Uncertainty over the nation's renewable fuel policy created a volatile market for RINs, the credits used by refiners and fossil

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House GOP Pushes Elimination of Ethanol Mandate

by James Osborne (Houston Chronicle)  House Republicans are pushing to eliminate the federal mandate that ethanol be blended into the nation's fuel supply, to be replaced by a requirement cars built from 2023 on run only on gasoline with a minimum

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NFU Urges House Subcommittee to Expand Use of High-Octane, American Grown Biofuels

(The Fence Post/National Farmers Union)  As Congress looks to revamp and coordinate federal-level policies that govern the transportation fuels and vehicles sectors, National Farmers Union is urging legislators to expand use of high-octane, mid-level blends of ethanol in the transportation fuel

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RFA CEO Cooper Testifies on the Future Role of High Octane Fuels

(Renewable Fuels Association)  While draft legislation recently released by Reps. John Shimkus (R-Ill.) and Bill Flores (R-Texas) represents “an important first step in the debate about future fuels policy and the role of high octane fuels,” the Renewable Fuels Association (RFA)

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Increasing the Role of Advanced Biofuels in the US

by Leticia Phillips (UNICA/Ethanol Producer Magazine) ...But EPA could still strengthen the RFS in ways that would encourage advanced biofuels to play a greater role greening the U.S. transportation sector. Here are our top two suggestions. • Expect more from advanced biofuels We

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Hearing Scheduled on Bill to Sunset RFS, Enact Octane Standard

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  A house subcommittee is scheduled to hold a hearing Dec. 11 on the recently released discussion draft of the 21st Century Transportation Fuels Act. The bill aims to sunset the Renewable Fuels Standard and enact a

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RFS Expiration a Common Misnomer

by Mark Dorenkamp (Brownfield Ag News)  The CEO of the Renewable Fuels Association says it’s a common misnomer that the Renewable Fuel Standard ends in four years. Geoff Cooper tells Brownfield the RFS doesn’t stop in 2022. “What stops in 2022 is the

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Shimkus, Flores Release Draft 21st Century Transportation Fuels Act

(Office of Congressman John Shimkus (R-IL 15)  Congressman John Shimkus (Illinois-15) and Congressman Bill Flores (Texas-17) today released a discussion draft of the 21st Century Transportation Fuels Act.  “I’ve been engaged in the biofuel debate my entire career in Congress,” said

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EPA Plans Biofuel 'Reset' as Program Misses Congress' Targets

by Jarrett Renshaw (Reuters)  The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency will propose new targets for the final three years of the nation’s renewable fuel program in January, replacing ambitious decade-old goals set by Congress with volumes closer to the industry’s current output,

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Trump's Plan to Boost Ethanol Could Quickly Get Sidelined

by John Siciliano (Washington Examiner)  ...  On top of that, a senior Senate aide close to the pro-ethanol camp led by Sen. Chuck Grassley, R-Iowa, said “there is debate" over whether it will take legislation to enact the changes Trump

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Mr. President, Don't Support Any 'Deal' That Undermines the RFS

by Donnell Rehagen (National Biodiesel Board/Real Clear Energy)  ... The ethanol industry wants EPA to remove a regulatory barrier to higher ethanol blends. In exchange, the refining industry wants to sunset the Renewable Fuel Standard. Late in July, President Trump announced in

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House Moves forward on Ethanol Reform, but No Bill Yet

by John Siciliano (Washington Examiner)  The House Energy and Commerce Committee is on course to create legislation to develop a national biofuel program that places consumers first, said Rep. Greg Walden of Oregon, the Republican chairman of the committee, on Wednesday. The

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Bioenergy (Biofuels/Biomass) RFS Roundup: To Grow Cellulosic Fuel Volumes, Address Low Hanging Fruit in RFS Changes

by Jessie Stolark (Energy and Environmental Study Institute)  On Wednesday July 25, the House Energy & Commerce Committee held a hearing to educate members on the complexities of the compliance markets for biofuels, as Environment and Economy Subcommittee Rep. Shimkus (R-IL),

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Help Or Hinder? Federal Agencies At Odds Over Biofuels

by Madelyn Beck (Harvest Public Media/KUNC)  ... That’s because for the last few years, the EPA and the Department of Energy have been at odds, with taxpayer money creating a new biofuel industry that may not have the room to grow

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Biofuels and the Environment: Second Triennial Report to Congress

(Environmental Protection Agency)  This report is the second of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA’s) triennial reports to Congress required under the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA). EISA Section 204 calls for EPA to report to Congress on the environmental

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Advanced Biofuels under the Renewable Fuel Standard: Current Status and Future Prospects

(U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Environment)  ... A number of exogenous policies have greatly impacted advanced biofuels markets and RFS (Renewable Fuel Standards) compliance. These include trade restrictions and duties now imposed on certain imported

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Everyone's Favorite Acronym: The Renewable Fuel Standard

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico's Morning Energy) The Renewable Fuel Standard will be the subject of a subcommittee hearing this week in the House Energy and Commerce Committee. On Friday the Environment subcommittee will have a hearing focused on advanced biofuels under

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RFS Changes on Hold

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico's Morning Energy)  ASSUME DEAL DEAD: Sen. Joni Ernst's decision to lay into embattled EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt over his alleged about-face on ethanol appears to have paid off. Ernst spoke to President Donald Trump Tuesday night, she wrote on Twitter,

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Biofuel Policy Adds to Agricultural Market Uncertainty

by Pat Westhoff (Columbia Tribune)  ... Biofuel policy decisions also have the potential to have large impacts on commodity markets and farm income. Most cars in this country run on a blend of 90 percent gasoline and 10 percent ethanol. At current gasoline

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Will Battle Between 'Big Corn' And 'Big Oil' Stall Next Generation Biofuels?

by Aaron Smith and Vincent Smith (Investor's Business Daily)  ... The most immediate impact of the RFS wars is to focus attention on corn ethanol and petroleum gasoline at the detriment of second-generation biofuels. These fuels — produced from the inedible parts

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RNG Stakeholders Talk Renewable Fuels With Lawmakers

by Betsy Lillian (NGT News)  Stakeholders from across the North American renewable natural gas (RNG) industry descended on Capitol Hill today (May 15, 2018) for more than 65 meetings with federal lawmakers to communicate the importance of continuing to develop and

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API: Administrative Changes to RFS Probably Illegal, Definitely a Bad Idea

by Kelsey Tamborrino  (Politico's Morning Energy)  The American Petroleum Institute is no fan of Trump's effort to make administrative changes to the Renewable Fuel Standard. The Trump administration is working on a memo laying out a series of administrative changes, including

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Demand Destruction Part 2? Allowing Exports to Count Toward RFS Compliance

by Geoff Cooper (Renewable Fuels Association) ... Simply put, allowing exported ethanol to count toward compliance with an oil company’s RFS obligation would lead to further demand destruction for U.S. ethanol producers and corn growers who are already suffering the consequences

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Deal or No Deal– Either Way We Need to Keep Moving

by Doug Durante (Clean Fuels Development Coalition/Biofuels Digest)  ... First of all the export RIN issue does raise trade questions but if RINS go back to pennies then it would be hard for anyone to consider it a subsidy.  And how

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US EPA Climate Changing on RFS?

by Michael McAdams (Advanced Biofuels Association/Biomass Magazine)  At ABFA, we’ve been keeping our eyes on the U.S. EPA during the first quarter of 2018. The EPA’s actions over the next several months will have ripple effects through the industry, in the

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Update 2-White House Sets Meeting with Senators on Biofuels Next Week -Sources

by Jarrett Renshaw (Reuters/Successful Farming)  The Trump administration has invited a group of U.S. senators to the White House early next week to discuss biofuels policy, the latest in a series of such meetings aimed at helping refiners cope with the Renewable Fuel Standard, according

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Utilities, Oil Interests Clash over EV Policy at Conservative Policy Summit

by Gavin Bade (Utility Dive)  Utility companies clashed with oil industry interests over electric vehicle and fuel subsidies at a meeting of the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC), a conservative political group, last Friday. Oil-backed groups led by the Institute for Energy

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Marathon Petroleum to Acquire Andeavor for $23B

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ... The deal creates the largest US oil refiner (and a top-five refiner globally) at 3.1 million barrels per day of capacity — Valero is around the same size, but that includes overseas operations. ... The (Marathon Petroleum)

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Refinery Workers Return to Capitol Hill to Rally for Renewable Fuel Standard Reform

(United Steelworkers/PR Newswire)  The United Steelworkers (USW) today said that on Thursday, April 26, about 100 workers from independent merchant oil refineries owned by Monroe Energy, Philadelphia Energy Solutions (PES) and PBF Energy will rally for their jobs in Washington, D.C., bringing

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Exclusive Report: The Federal Biofuel Mandate ‘Has Failed To Achieve Its Policy Goals’

by Michael Bastasch (The Daily Caller)  The federal biofuel mandate “has failed to achieve its policy goals while imposing significant other costs on consumers,” according to a new report. Americans paid out nearly $77 billion in additional fuel costs over the last 10

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Trump to Put Biofuel Reform Push on Ice, for Now: Sources

by Jarrett Renshaw (Reuters)  The Trump administration will delay any moves to reform the nation’s biofuel policy for about three months, according to three sources briefed on the matter - a decision one of the sources said was meant to shield

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Trump Ethanol Moves May Be Worse for Farmers Than Soy Tariff

by Mario Parker (Bloomberg)  Change to biofuel mandate may mean destruction of corn demand; Growers already dealing with trade concerns, crop gluts  --  Based on his own back-of-the-envelope calculations, Minnesota farmer Kirby Hettver could lose tens of thousands of dollars of earnings because

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RFS Wrangling Continues: GOP Senators Ask for Small-Refiner Waiver Suspension

by Todd Neeley (DTN The Progressive Farmer)  Details have yet to emerge from a planned meeting at the White House on Monday between President Donald Trump and members of his cabinet regarding possible changes to the Renewable Fuel Standard. The meeting reportedly

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U.S. Ethanol Policy Under Siege

by Robert Rapier (Forbes)  ... Mr. Constantine (Tim Constantine, a spokesperson for Rethink Ethanol) believes that we will soon see an announcement from the White House on the nation's ethanol program, and it's probably not going to be one the ethanol industry

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White House Plans to Hold RFS Meeting Monday

by Mark Dorenkamp (Brownfield Ag News)  The White House plans to hold a Monday meeting to discuss possible changes to the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS). Minnesota Corn Growers president Kirby Hettver says it appears EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt will present President Trump with

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Exclusive: Biofuels Battle - Senator Moves to Expand Small Refiner Exemption

by Jarrett Renshaw, Chris Prentice  (Reuters)  Lawmakers spearheading efforts to reform U.S. biofuels regulations are considering a blanket waiver for all small refineries, according to four sources familiar with their draft legislation. The move would save some refiners a fortune but would

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Commentary: Biofuels Are Driving US Growth

by Jim Talent (Tribune News Service/Madison.com/Americans for Energy Security and Innovation)  ... Biofuels are a target because they supply a full 10 percent of America’s motor fuel, and every extra gallon increases competition at the fuel pump, holding down prices

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Exclusive: Trump Weighs Dropping Personal Efforts on Biofuel Reform - Sources

by Jarrett Renshaw (Reuters)   President Donald Trump is seriously considering abandoning efforts to remake the nation’s biofuel laws after wading deep into an issue that divides some of his core constituencies, according to three sources familiar with the administration’s thinking. Advisers

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RFA Leader: EPA Eroding RFS -- Assistant to President Says Search Continues for a Win-Win Proposal

by Chris Clayton (DTN The Progressive Farmer)   A special assistant to President Donald Trump on agriculture said Wednesday, "the search for a win-win continues" in the debate over how to relieve oil refiners of their obligations under the Renewable Fuels Standard. Ray

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What Would a Bill Look Like?

by Kelsey Tamborrino  (Politico's Morning Energy)  Sen. John Cornyn and Rep. John Shimkus have some ideas. The two have been working on a bill for well over a year to overhaul the Renewable Fuel Standard, a likely vehicle for the fixes Perdue

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Trump Administration Preparing List of Possible Biofuels Tweaks - Sources

by Jarrett Renshaw (Reuters)  The heads of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and Agriculture Department are scheduled to meet on Tuesday to winnow down proposals to lower the cost of the nation’s biofuels policy to oil refiners, according to two sources

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RFS Roundup: Potential Impacts of the GREENER Fuels Act on Cellulosic Fuels Development

by Jessie Stolark (Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  Riding the recent wave of Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) reform talks, Representative Welch (D-VT) and Senator Udall (D-NM) introduced the Growing Renewable Energy through Existing and New Environmentally Responsible Fuels Act (GREENER Fuels Act)

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Corn-State Senators Seek Trump Meeting as U.S. Biofuel Changes Loom

by Jarrett Renshaw (Reuters)  A group of senators from U.S. corn states have asked President Donald Trump for a meeting about the nation’s biofuels law, amid expectations the administration will soon act to lower the regulation’s costs to the oil refining

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Environmental Groups Back Ted Cruz, Republicans on Overhaul of Renewable Fuel Standard

by Ben Wolfgang (Washington Times)  Green organizations back ending corn ethanol mandate  --  ... The intense opposition to the RFS from environmental and conservation groups comes as the White House and congressional leaders work to craft the most serious reforms the program

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The Digest’s 2018 Visual Guide to the Economics, Politics of Renewable Fuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Have you ever wondered why corn farmers march for the RFS, but Wall Streeters don't? Or why merchent oil refiners want the US Renewable Fuel Standard repealed but major oilcos generally support RFS reform? Why are biodiesel

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So-Called ‘Dem’ Ethanol Bill Has It All Wrong

by Doug Sombke (The Hill/South Dakota Farmers Union)  As a card carrying Democrat, I resent the broad brush generalization of the Hill’s March 8 headline, "Dem Bill Would Overhaul Ethanol Mandate.” To imply to readers that the measure by Sen. Tom Udall (D-N.M.) and

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CON: Keep the Renewable Fuel Standard but Reboot It by Using Bio-Masses instead of Corn

by Michael E. Kraft  (Tribune News Service/Bradenton Herald)  ... Ideally, Congress would reboot the renewable fuel mandate in a new way for today's economy, and design it as one component of a comprehensive response to climate change. For starters, Congress could slowly transition

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Refiners Try to Hold Trump's Attention

 (Politico's Morning Energy)  With a settlement between refiner Philadelphia Energy Solutions and EPA in hand and voting in the Pennsylvania special election over, some biofuels observers think the issue may fall off Trump's radar. A biofuels source told ME Tuesday they

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EPA Spares Philly Refiner in Bankruptcy Settlement

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico's Morning Energy) EPA will allow bankrupt refinery Philadelphia Energy Solutions to meet only a portion of its outstanding obligation under the Renewable Fuel Standard as part of a settlement filed with the Bankruptcy Court in Delaware

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White House Postpones Talks on US Biofuel Mandate: Refinery Source

by Meghan Gordon bankr(Platts)  The White House has postponed a fourth round of talks between refinery and biofuel interests about reforming the US biofuel mandate, according to a refinery source close to the negotiations. The meeting set for Thursday may have been

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Update: White House Calls off Biofuels Meeting

(Agri-Pulse) Oil, biofuels interests were originally set to meet Monday morning. READ MORE BIOFUELS WHITE HOUSE MEETING SCRAPPED: (Politico's Morning Energy) MONDAY WHITE HOUSE MEETING ON RFS CALLED OFF (Brownfield Ag News; includes AUDIO) Ethanol Interests Shout Opposition to RIN Price Cap (Energy.AgWired.com;

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Long Road for Biofuels Industry

by Michael McAdams (Biomass Magazine)  This year is setting up to be a long year for the biofuels industry. First on the agenda is the fate of the biofuels tax extenders, including the biodiesel blenders, renewable diesel credit, second-generation and alternative fuels

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UPDATE 1-White House Sets Biofuel Meeting; Trump Will Not Attend -Sources

by Jarrett Renshaw (Reuters)  The White House has made preliminary plans for a meeting on Monday between rivals in the corn and oil industries to discuss potential changes to the nation’s biofuels policy, two sources familiar with the planning told Reuters. Unlike

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Bill Aims to Dismantle RFS, Limit Biofuel Blending

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  On March 8, Rep. Peter Welch, D-Vt., and Sen. Tom Udall, D-N.M., introduced companion bills that aim to dismantle the Renewable Fuel Standard and sunset blending obligations for conventional, advanced, cellulosic, and biomass-based diesel fuels. The

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Analysis: Cap on Conventional Ethanol RINs Will Reduce Biodiesel Market By 100-300 Million Gallons Per Year

(National Biodiesel Board)  A new analysis by the National Biodiesel Board (NBB) and the World Agricultural Economic and Environmental Services (WAEES) found that capping the price of conventional biofuels’ Renewable Identification Numbers (RINs) will significantly harm the production of biodiesel and

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New Study: RIN Price Cap for E15 RVP Waiver “Deal” Would Cut Ethanol Consumption and Trounce Corn Prices

by Emily Druckman (Renewable Fuels Association)  Any action to artificially cap Renewable Identification Number (RIN) prices in exchange for an RVP waiver allowing year-round sale of E15 would be a bad deal for rural America and the nation’s consumers, according to

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Letter: Don’t Be Misinformed about Renewable Fuel Standard by ‘Big Oil’

by Anngie Steinbarger (The Republic)  I was dismayed to read the Feb. 16 letter from Mark Brown and Travis DeFries, managers at Valero, who want U.S. Sen. Todd Young, R-Ind., to help oil companies gut the market for Indiana farmers by dismantling

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UPDATE 1-U.S. Refinery Workers Head to Washington to Urge Biofuels Reform

by Jarrett Renshaw (Reuters)  A delegation of workers from U.S. oil refining companies that oppose the nation’s biofuels policy will converge on Washington on Wednesday to lobby lawmakers to find a way to lessen the regulation’s costs without hurting corn farmers

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New Study: Nearly 50,000 Iowa Jobs Tied to Biofuels

by Rod Swoboda (Wallaces Farmer)  With a White House meeting being held last week to discuss the fate of the Renewable Fuel Standard, a new study finds nearly 50,000 Iowa jobs are tied to biofuels production. Efforts by Sen. Ted Cruz of

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Heard On The Floor at ABLC Day 2 – Listen to the Wind of Change

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  ... Starting with the Federal Perspective and Programs Forum first thing in the morning, we heard from Harry Baumes from USDA who announced 5 more projects projecting to achieve financial closing in 2018 and an application cycle

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Hearing Watch

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)  Rep. John Shimkus' E&C energy subcommittee will hold a "future of transportation fuels" hearing next week. "Because of the evolving nature of the Renewable Fuel Standard, the Corporate Average Fuel Economy program, the growth of electric

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Heard on the Floor at ABLC 2018

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  There was high drama in Washington, DC as the Advanced Bioeconomy Leadership Conference got underway and President Trump readies to meet at the White House with a number of biofuels leaders about the RFS and bioeconomy policy

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ABLC 2018 Preview: Deployment Dawns, Products Proliferate, and Techs Land Major Venture Deals as the Bioeconomy Advances into a Big 2018

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Washington, ABLC 2018 opens amidst a flutter of government rollbacks of deployment support but the hope of regulatory relief, breakthroughs in financial structuring, a decisive shift in early-stage projects to nutrition & health, and an

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White House Pushes for More Talks after 'No Deal' on Biofuels

by Jarrett Renshaw (Reuters)   U.S. President Donald Trump has asked for more talks between representatives of the oil and corn industries after a meeting on Tuesday failed to yield an agreement on how to help refiners cope with the country’s

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Farm Groups Urge Trump to Maintain the Integrity of the RFS

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Representatives of the U.S. farming community are speaking out ahead of a Feb. 27 White House meeting on the Renewable Fuel Standard, urging President Donald Trump to avoid seeking change that would weaken the nation’s

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Exclusive: Trump Calls Meeting on Biofuels Policy after Refiner Bankruptcy

by Jarrett Renshaw (Reuters)  U.S. President Donald Trump has called a meeting early next week with key senators and Cabinet officials to discuss potential changes to biofuels policy, which is coming under increasing pressure after a Pennsylvania refiner blamed the regulation

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Icahn’s Biofuel Fight Lives On

by Jennifer A. Dlouhy (Bloomberg)  Ethanol industry and oil refiners both feel threatened; Biofuel mandate divides two states that voted for Trump  --  Top Trump administration officials are planning two summits to discuss possible changes to the U.S. biofuel mandate, according to

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Former Trump Energy Adviser Sees No Easy Fix on Renewable Fuel Standard Reform

by Meghan Gordon and Brian Scheid (Platts)  Reforming the US biofuel mandate will be tricky and will likely have to be done by Congress, not by the Trump administration, according to a recent top energy adviser to the White House. "I don't

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Ethanol Industry Speaks out against PES Anti-RFS Rally

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  On Feb. 21, Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, spoke at a rally against the Renewable Fuel Standard hosted by Philadelphia Energy Solutions Inc., a refiner that recently blamed the RFS and renewable identification number (RIN) prices

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Refiner Goes Belly-up after Big Payouts to Carlyle Group

by Jarrett Renshaw  (Reuters)  Throughout 2016 and 2017, a rail terminal built to accept crude oil for the largest East Coast refinery often sat idle, with few trains showing up to unload. Although little oil flowed, plenty of money did. Under a deal Philadelphia

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U.S. Senator's Biofuel Overhaul Faces Resistance

by Jarrett Renshaw (Reuters)  Texas Senator John Cornyn’s plan to overhaul U.S. biofuels policy faces resistance from the oil and ethanol sectors, reducing chances of a reboot to the controversial regulations, sources familiar with the matter said. The plan, which the sources said

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Analysis: RIN Prices of ‘Just a Few Cents’ are Coming—Without Changes to RFS

by Emily Druckman (Renewable Fuels Association)  A new analysis from the University of Illinois shows that the conditions that caused high conventional biofuel (D6) RIN prices are changing rapidly and that “…it is not out of the realm of possibility for D6 RINs

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API Urges EPA Not to Exempt Small Refiners from US Biofuel Mandate

by Meghan Gordon (Platts) The American Petroleum Institute has come out against a campaign by small refineries to avoid their obligations under the US biofuel mandate, according to a letter released Tuesday.  More than two dozen refineries with throughput of less than

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American Energy Dominance Won’t Come from Turning Back the Clock

by Mike Carr (The Hill/New Energy America)  President Trump has pledged a theme of “energy dominance.” It’s not the first time Washington has had this thought. During the years I worked at the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee we grappled with

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Grassley: RFS Has Minimal Impact on Success of Refineries

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Sen. Chuck Grassley, R-Iowa, has released a memo produced by his energy policy staff that finds that Renewable Fuel Standard blending requirements and the cost of renewable identification numbers (RINs) have little to do with

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Bankrupt Refiner Made Missteps

by Bob Dinneen (Renewable Fuels Association/Washington Times)  The oil industry’s campaign to undermine the growth of domestically produced renewable fuels such as ethanol has certainly been ramped up lately. Today they’re callously capitalizing on the financial woes of one of the

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Marathon Looks for Spring Fuel Mandate Change

(Argus Media)  Marathon Petroleum said it expects US legislators to propose changes to federal fuel mandates this spring. Senators and US Representatives would soon propose changes to the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS), chief executive Gary Heminger said during a quarterly earnings call

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What’s the Real Story behind Philadelphia Energy Solutions’ Bankruptcy, Crude Oil, and the Renewable Fuel Standard?

by Joelle Simonpietri (Biofuels Digest)  On Jan 21st 2018, Carlyle-backed Philadelphia Energy Solutions(PES), the largest refinery complex on the U.S. east coast at 335,000 barrels per day, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy, blaming Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) compliance costs. In the week since the filing, the Washington Examiner reports

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Refiner Bankruptcy Adds to Pressure to Overhaul Biofuel Program

by Jennifer A Dlouhy and Mario Parker (Bloomberg)  Biofuel mandate overhaul mulled by Congress after bankruptcy; Unions and Pennsylvania politicians seek immediate action  --  The bankruptcy of Philadelphia Energy Solutions LLC, the biggest refiner on the U.S. East Coast, has invigorated efforts to overhaul a 13-year-old federal

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Letter to the Editor: Renewable Fuel Standard Threatens New Jersey Wildlife & Worsens Climate Change

by Kelly M0oij (Audubon Society/Tap Into New Brunswick)  ... A decade removed from RFS beginnings has given ample time for evaluation and it’s time to reform the program. As a start, Congress must work to promote biofuels made from sources other

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RFS Lawsuit Advances -- Refiners: EPA Required to Review Point of Obligation Annually

by Todd Neeley (DTN The Progressive Farmer)  The biofuel and petroleum industries are back in court as both sides argue the Environmental Protection Agency should have implemented the Renewable Fuel Standard differently in 2017. Attorneys for biofuels and petroleum interests filed court

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Exclusive: U.S. Small Refiners Make Surge of Biofuel Waiver Requests - Sources

by Jarrett Renshaw (Reuters)  More than two dozen small U.S. refineries are seeking waivers from the nation’s biofuels law, an unusually high number that reflects growing oil industry resistance to the program, according to sources familiar with the matter. Prices of the

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Pressure Builds for Trump to Change Federal Ethanol Mandate

by Debra J. Saunders (Tampa Bay Newspapers)  ... But now free-market conservative groups and oil-state Republicans are pushing the administration to cut the corn cord. For Ken Cuccinelli of the conservative group FreedomWorks, it’s a moral issue. As the former GOP Virginia

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Cornyn's Biofuels Bid

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico's Morning Energy)  Texas Republican John Cornyn is drawing up ideas for new legislation to overhaul the Renewable Fuel Standard, in a bid to end the stalemate between corn-state lawmakers and oily ones. "Cornyn's office has been hosting talks for

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RFS Standstill -- Dinneen: Oil, Ethanol Meetings Not Scheduled Yet, Likely Not Constructive

by Todd Neeley (DTN The Progressive Farmer)  President Donald Trump's administration and some members of Congress want oil and ethanol interests to just get along and work out their differences on the Renewable Fuel Standard. But the leader of the nation's

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RFS Roundup: Economists Largely Agree RINs Not Wreaking Havoc on Refining Industry

by Jessie Stolark (Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  ... The argument is roughly – increased biofuels mandates lead RINs to spike in cost, translating to billions in compliance costs, particularly for small refiners. While somewhat logical, as higher RINs costs have

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Play it Conservative

by Art Cullen (The Storm Lake Times)  ... Markets and Nature are so large, and the Iowa budget is so small. We would be better off to leave water quality funding — that is, writing a big fat check to farm

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2017 Wrap-Up: Maintaining the Status Quo

by Michael McAdams (Advanced Biofuels Association/Biomass Magazine)  Last year was among the most active and interesting years we’ve seen in the biofuels space. The industry has confronted multiple challenges over the past 12 months, culminating in meetings between senators supportive of

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ANALYSIS-Can't Please Everyone: Trump Energy Policy Riles Competing Sectors

by Timothy Gardner  (Reuters)  ... Another political flashpoint has been the administration’s waffling over proposed changes to biofuels policy. Trump’s Environmental Protection Agency initially entertained a plan from oil refiners to upend regulations requiring them to blend ethanol into their gasoline -

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Rick Santorum: Refiners Attack President Trump at Their Peril

by Rick Santorum (Washington Examiner/Americans for Energy Security and Innovation)  ... But some petroleum companies seem to be taking their influence for granted, and that could prove their undoing with a White House that is known for drawing a clear line

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Big Oil Misleading Iowans Again

by Monty Shaw (Iowa Renewable Fuels Association/Des Moines Register)  About a year ago, an Iowa front group for Big Oil tried to trick former state legislators into signing letters to the editor that sounded “pro-ethanol” but actually advocated for a policy

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Cruz Taps Texas Mistrust of Ethanol

by James Osborne (Houston Chronicle)  Attack on federal biofuels mandate provides chance to appeal to base  --  ... But for the junior senator, facing re-election this year as Democrats show new swagger in the age of Trump, ethanol provides the chance to appeal

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How Refiners Can Lower the High Price of Renewable Fuel Credits: Invest

by James C. Greenwood (Biotechnology Innovation Organization/The Hill)  ... The refiners want to lower the price of renewable identification numbers, or RINs, which are the credits they must accumulate to prove compliance with the program — every gallon of biofuel that

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Cruz Proposal Could Harm Corn Ethanol, Analysis Finds

by Todd Neeley (DTN/KTIC)  Capping the price of biofuel credits at 10 cents would essentially eliminate the Renewable Fuel Standard mandate for biodiesel and possibly hurt corn-based ethanol, according to an analysis by farmdoc at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. In meetings

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U.S. Midwest Lawmakers Will Consider Biofuel Changes to Help Refiners

by Jarrett Renshaw  (Reuters) U.S. lawmakers from states that produce corn for ethanol plants said on Wednesday they would consider proposals from Senator Ted Cruz of Texas to help the oil refining industry cope with the nation’s biofuels regulation, but would never

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Attacks on RFS Intensify

by Mark Dorenkamp (Brownfield Ag News) Oil interests are intensifying efforts to force changes to the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS).  ...  “Texas is already blending more than 9.7 percent!  Nationally, we’re blending more than 10 percent.  There’s no reason to go backwards

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White House Pressures Big Corn to Meet on U.S. Biofuels Policy

by Richard Valdmanis and Jarrett Renshaw  (Reuters)  President Donald Trump’s administration called two lawmakers from the U.S. corn belt to convince them to join talks about potential changes to biofuels policy to ease the burden on oil refineries, according to a spokesman for

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Trump Open to Biofuel Policy Reform, Senators Say after Meeting

by Susan Cornwell (Reuters)  U.S. President Donald Trump is open to reforming the country’s biofuels policy if it can be done in a way that protects jobs in both the refining and agriculture industries, senators said on Thursday after a meeting with

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Take a Glance! Lessons from the RFS

by Anthony Adragna (Politico's Morning Energy) The American Enterprise Institute is out with a report looking at policymaking lessons from the RFS. It argues the biofuels mandate would be better as a rate standard than a volume standard, EPA should issue

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Renewable Fuel Standards Have Some 'Leaks' We Need to Fill

by Andrew F. Quinlan ( Center for Freedom and Prosperity/The Hill)  ... A refiner must earn RIN credits to meet its annual obligation by selling enough gallons of biofuel or by purchasing them — the credits, not the actual product — from others with

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Ron Paul: Why Trump Must Tackle the Renewable Fuel Standard

by Ron Paul (Campaign for Liberty/Fox News)  ... While I am sure many Republicans would love to see the RFS repealed entirely – myself included – some have proposed a simple compromise that would seemingly benefit even the ethanol lobby: allow

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Delaware, Regional Leaders Take on Trump's EPA

by Scott Goss (The News Journal/DelawareOnline)  Delaware City Refinery rally to call on President Trump to fix the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) and protect well-paying jobs for East Coast refiners and manufacturing workers.  Area oil refineries, union leaders, a Republican lobbying firm

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Stop Me if You've Heard This Before -- Kathleen Hartnett White's Nomination

by Anthony Adragna (Politico's Morning Energy) Two corn-state Republican EPW senators - Deb Fischer and Joni Ernst - are publicly undecided about Kathleen Hartnett White's nomination to run the White House Council on Environmental Quality after meeting with her over past

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Our Editorial: End the Ethanol Mandate

(Detroit News)  ...  His (Senator Chuck Grassley (R-IA)) defense of the mandates was as a jobs program. That’s a poor basis for energy policy, and the president was wrong to cave.. EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt had proposed only a modest reduction in the

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Trump Is Fulfilling His Promises on Ethanol

by Bob Dinneen (Renewable Fuels Association/Wall Street Journal)  President Trump is faithfully sticking to his campaign promise to “do all that is in my power as president” to achieve the goals of the Renewable Fuel Standard. --  Regarding your editorial “Trump Caves

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The Energy 202: Trump Administration Stuck between Two GOP Sides on Ethanol

by Dino Grandoni (Washington Post)  The Environmental Protection Agency, in its ambitious effort to roll back the previous administration's energy and environmental policies, has had a significant stumble with Republicans lawmakers. On both sides of the ethanol debate. ... On Thursday, nine Republican senators

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Heitkamp Leads Bipartisan Effort to Protect Biofuel Production & Support Rural Jobs

(Office of Senator Heidi Heitkamp)  Senators: EPA Proposal to Cut Renewable Fuel Standard Would Cost Jobs in Rural America  --  U.S. Senator Heidi Heitkamp today led a bipartisan letter with U.S. Senators Roy Blunt (R-MO), Patty Murray (D-WA), Chuck Grassley (R-IA), and

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Oil and Ethanol Groups Debate Future of Fuel

by Ben Nuelle (Iowa Agribusiness Radio Network)  ... Members of the Renewable Fuels Association and the American Petroleum Institute discussed the Renewable Fuels Standard on a four-member panel Tuesday. “We would like to see the RFS significantly reformed. It does not reflect

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Donald Trump Ignores Biodiesel and the Loyal Voters behind It

by Lindsey Rae Gjording (DW) The Midwest vote helped elect Trump, but his campaign promises to defend ethanol have fallen short. Farmers struggle to get by with declining crop sales and outpricing from larger oil firms and German biodiesel imports. ... Directly supporting 86,000

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Reform the Ethanol Mandate

by Wayne Allard (American Motorcyclist Association/Washington Examiner) For more than 10 years, the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) has been gradually changing the U.S. fuel supply, injecting more biofuels and corn ethanol into our gasoline every year. Under the policy, America's corn

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Letter: The Economic Consequences of a Post-2022 RFS

by Lon Carrier (Argus Leader)  ...  The ethanol volume requirements will likely remain at this level until the EPA takes over the program entirely in 2023. At that point, the agency could cut corn ethanol out of the mandate altogether, which

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Congressional Research Service Publishes The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS): An Overview

by Kelsi Bracmort (Congressional Research Service; posted by OurEnergyPolicy.org)  Congress has expressed ongoing interest in the RFS, particularly the challenges associated with implementing the RFS and with compliance for entities required to use renewable fuels. Some question whether it is time

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Don’t Change Horses in the Middle of the River

by Brent Erickson (Biotechnology Innovation Organization/Biofuels Digest)  We were disappointed, but not surprised, to see Mike McAdams and his members come out in support of changes to the Renewable Fuel Standard in Biofuels Digest (July 26 – The Time Has Come for RFS

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Ethanol Fueling Rural Revival

by Erica Quinlan (AgriNews) ... Kip Tom, a corn and soybean farmer in Kosciusko County, thinks the benefits of ethanol need to be talked about more. ...  “The consumer is saving money in their transportation fuel because of ethanol. “It’s a cleaner-burning

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Democrats Look to Fit Electric Car Credits into EPA's Ethanol Mandate

by John Siciliano (Washington Examiner)  The Environmental Protection Agency's renewable fuel mandate could get a whole lot more complicated if Democrats are able to add electric cars to a credit program designed to boost corn ethanol and other liquid biofuels

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House Committee Debates Future Federal Support of Biofuels

by Sara Taginawa (Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  On Tuesday, July 25, the House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology held a hearing examining the future of biofuels and the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS). According to Emily Skor, chief executive officer

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The Time Has Come for RFS Reform

by Mike McAdams (Advanced Biofuels Association/Biofuels Digest) In December of 2007, President Bush—with overwhelming bipartisan support—signed the RFS2 into law. Since that time, it has become clear the law has worked for first-generation corn ethanol and biodiesel. While the first generation

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Biofuel Revamp Debate Powers Up, Includes Higher Ethanol Blends

by Brian Dabbs (Bloomberg BNA)  Long-awaited efforts to modify biofuel policy are entering the limelight across Capitol Hill. A Senate panel will host a hearing next week on a bill to allow summer sales of vehicle fuel with high concentrations of

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Trump and the EPA Should Stay Out of Point of Obligation Fight

by Gary Baise  (OFW Law/Morning Consult)  ... Like the EPA, the vast majority of the liquid fuel industry is also strongly opposed to shifting the RFS point of obligation for a variety of regulatory and economic reasons. Over the past 12 years,

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CFTC Says It Is Not Probing Icahn's Activity in Biofuels Credits

by Timothy Gardner (Reuters)  The U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission informed eight Democratic U.S. senators last month that it is not investigating biofuels credits after the lawmakers had urged it to probe billionaire Carl Icahn's activity in that market, according

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Corn Ethanol Faces Its Limits under EPA Fuel Mandate

by John Siciliano (Washington Examiner)  Corn ethanol has reached its official limit under the Environmental Protection Agency's renewable fuel program, which means other less-developed, low-carbon fuels will have to step up to fill a 21 billion-gallon gap by 2022. ... Under the

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Congress: E15 Waiver Hearing Still Coming and First Step on RFS Reform

by Anthony Adragna (Politico's Morning Energy)  It's not scheduled yet, but Senate EPW Chairman John Barrasso told reporters Wednesday that legislation allow year-round sale of gasoline blends with 15 percent ethanol would still get an EPW markup. "We haven't sent a

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Talking RFS Revamp

By Anthony Adragna (Politico's Morning Energy)  Rep. John Shimkus, chairman of the Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on the Environment, said he expected to begin a series of meetings on how to potentially revamp the Renewable Fuel Standard in the coming

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Boating Leaders Ask Trump to Change Ethanol Policy

by Todd Masson (NOLA.com | The Times-Picayune)  Boating and fishing industry leaders sent a letter to President Donald Trump Wednesday asking the administration to reexamine the Renewable Fuel Standard that dictates how much of the nation's fuel supply must be

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Is Ethanol Worth the Fight?

by Tim Snyder (Equities.com/Crudefunders)  ... With that in mind, we decided to break down the question of, “Is it worth it?” into four parts: price benefits, reduction of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), oxygenate replacement and green fuel alternatives. ... Ethanol was introduced in 2006, into

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Remove the Ethanol Albatross from around the Necks of U.S. Consumers: Robert W. Chase (Opinion)

by Rob W. Chase (Cleveland.com)  ... Less than 5 percent of all service stations in the United States offer ethanol-free gasoline. Almost all the gasoline sold nationally is E10 (10 percent ethanol, 90 percent gasoline). And some of the biofuel being sold is 15

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One Step Forward

by Michael McAdams (Advanced Biofuels Association/Biomass Magazine)  ... I can tell you firsthand that for the first time in four years, both House and Senate staff are pushing all stakeholders to come to the table to discuss RFS reform. In a

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Letter: Renewable Fuel Standard Vital to Indiana

by Ralph Kauffmann (Kokomo Tribune)  ... So many of these factors can take a big chunk out of my bottom line, and at the same time, so many of these factors are completely out of my control. But the Renewable Fuel

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Biofuels Supporters, Opponents Spar During EPA Teleconference

by Michael Schneider (Oil Price Information Service)  Supporters and opponents of biofuels expressed predictably contrasting viewpoints during a teleconference held today by EPA's Office of Air and Radiation (OAR). The call was held to solicit input on regulations OAR oversees that could

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Feature: Ethanol RINs Rebound as Prospects Fade of Quick RFS Reform

by Meghan Gordon and Wes Swift (Platts)  RINs bottom out March 2 after four-month slide; EPA may hold 2018 mandate steady, start easing in 2019; Point of obligation debate fades into background  -- Refiners' and petroleum marketers' hopes for a quick rollback of

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Letter: The Truth about Ethanol

by Neil Kohler (MagicValley.com/Pacific Ethanol) In his March 26 letter, Mr. Chamberlain went from 100 percent right to 100 percent wrong in just a few short words. As he correctly noted, refiners should not be permitted to rewrite the Renewable

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Moving the Point of Obligation Is the Latest Misguided Ploy to Undermine the RFS

by Senators Joni Ernst (R-IA) and Tammy Duckworth (D-IL) (The Hill)  Six billion gallons. That is the approximate amount of ethanol produced in Iowa and Illinois each and every year. It is more than the annual gasoline equivalent production of

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Senators Press Icahn on White House Influence, Business Conflicts

by Valerie Volcovici  (Reuters)  Several Democratic senators pressed billionaire investor Carl Icahn on Monday to clarify his role as an adviser to President Donald Trump, saying his position in the administration raised "alarming" questions about potential conflicts of interest with his

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U.S. Oil Refiners Push for Biofuels Overhaul at White House

by Chris Prentice (Reuters)  U.S. oil refining executives met with a senior official in President Donald Trump's administration at the White House last week to argue their position for an overhaul of the nation's biofuels program, two people in the

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pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass 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inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit Invvesting ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jersey Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati knotweed Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose 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system MOVES2014 MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed mvr Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nano particles nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha naphthene NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) 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