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Commission Kick-Starts Work on a New Pilot Mechanism to Boost the Hydrogen Market

(European Commission) Today (June 3, 2024), the Commission is taking further steps to support the development of the European hydrogen market by launching work on a pilot mechanism. The new mechanism was created under the recently-adopted decarbonised gases and hydrogen package, and aims to accelerate investments by

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European Commission Begins Developing Hydrogen Market Pilot

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest) In Belgium, the European Commission is taking further steps to support the development of the European hydrogen market by launching work on a pilot mechanism. The new mechanism was created under the recently-adopted decarbonized gases and hydrogen

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The Brazilian Behemoth: The Biggest, Baddest Advanced Biorefinery of Them All, Open for Business

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  News arrives from Brazil that has been eagerly awaited by all. Raízen has inaugurated its new, $228 million, second-generation ethanol plant, at the Bonfim Bioenergy Complex, in Guariba, in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. The

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Aviation Decarbonization, Let’s Do This Together

by Adam Klauber (Forbes) ... However, another factor that adds to the difficulty is that the company responsible for direct emissions, otherwise known as the Scope 1 party in carbon accounting, often cannot cover the full cost of decarbonizing its operations.

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Yara Clean Ammonia and AM Green (earlier Greenko ZeroC) Sign Term Sheet for Sale of Renewable Ammonia from India to Yara Clean Ammonia’s Global Market

(Yara) Yara Clean Ammonia, the world’s largest trader and distributor of ammonia, and Greenko ZeroC, the green ammonia production arm of the India-based AM Green, signed a term sheet for supply of renewable ammonia from Phase 1 of AM Green’s ammonia

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Bia Energy Operating Company Announces Significant Developments for Low Carbon Methanol Project at the Port of Caddo-Bossier in Northwest Louisiana

(Bia Energy/CISION) - Planned $1.2 billion facility will produce approximately 550,000 metric tons of blue and bio-methanol per year.  - Bia Energy has secured an agreement with Macquarie Group to commercialize and market the methanol, and a partnership with CapturePoint to capture and

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Full Throttle: The Aviation Industry Has Been Working on Bio-Aviation Fuels Since the Late 2000s.

 by Dhanisha Juleemun, Lucky Nurafiatin, Daria Kochetkova, and Jorge Sierra (SGS INSPIRE/Biofuels International) The first flight using bio-aviation fuel took off in 2008 - it was flown by Virgin Atlantic from London to Amsterdam. Since then, many more airlines have carried out

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DG Fuels, Johnson Matthey & bp Partner for Largest Fischer-Tropsch SAF Plant

(DG Fuels)  DG Fuels, a sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) company proposing construction of a $4 billion clean energy complex in St. James Parish, is proud to announce its collaboration with Johnson Matthey (JM) and bp in deploying Fischer Tropsch (FT) CANS™

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Nuseed Targets Cotton Regions for Carinata Trials

by Emma Alsop (Grain Central)  Australia's cotton-growing regions are being targeted for trials to grow the non-edible renewable fuel feedstock crop, carinata. Nuseed, the seed division of Australian agricultural chemical company Nufarm, is eyeing trials of carinata this year, according to general

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Blue Biofuels Makes First Cellulosic Ethanol

(Blue Biofuels) Blue Biofuels Inc. (“BIOF”) continues to make substantial strides in advancing its Cellulose-to-Sugar (CTS) technology towards commercial scale. The company has achieved a significant milestone by successfully producing its first batch of cellulosic ethanol, utilizing the cellulosic sugars created

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Aemetis Approved by USCIS for $200 million of EB-5 Investment in Biogas, SAF and Carbon Sequestration Projects

(Aemetis)  Aemetis, Inc. (NASDAQ: AMTX), a renewable natural gas and renewable fuels company focused on low and negative carbon intensity products, today (March 21, 2024) announced approval by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) of $200 million of EB-5 program investment for

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Hydrogen: New Ambitions and Challenges

(S&P Global) In addition to its role in the oil refining and chemical industries, hydrogen is now emerging as a vector of clean energy delivery. There is genuine interest and investment worldwide as governments and businesses seek to develop this budding

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European Airlines Secure Supplies of Low-Carbon Jet Fuel

 by Anna Mackenzie, Stéphanie Hamel, Marta Frąckowiak, and Andrey Sychev (Reuters) European airlines are signing sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) deals needed to meet carbon-reduction targets set by the European Union. The adoption of alternative fuels made from bio-based materials could cut carbon emissions by up to 80%

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International Airlines Group Inks 14-year Twelve eSAF Deal, Jumpstarting Era of Fuels Made from CO2, Water

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) International Airlines Group announced a fourteen-year contract with Twelve to supply IAG with 785,000 tonnes* of e-SAF, made from made from CO2, water and renewable energy, to support five European airlines — British Airways, Iberia, Aer

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The Digest’s 2024 Multi-Slide Guide to Kore Infrastructure

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Kore’s carbon negative pyrolysis process represents a paradigm shift, offering businesses an environmentally and economically sustainable way to convert organic waste into renewable energy. This means more incentives to decarbonize, fewer landfills and incinerators, permanent carbon sequestration, and measurable

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Proposed Louisiana Green Fuels Project Pivots to SAF

(Sumitomo Corporation of Americas/SAF Magazine)  Strategic Biofuels, the leader in developing deeply negative carbon footprint renewable fuel plants, and Sumitomo Corporation of Americas (SCOA), a subsidiary of Sumitomo Corp., a leading Fortune 500 global trading and business investment company dedicated to

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How to Secure Offtake for Uour First-of-Its-Kind Project

by Steve Weiss (Grey Heron/Biofuels Digest)  At a recent bioeconomy-focused ABLC conference I counted over a dozen companies striving to ‘bring to life’ first-of-its-kind (FOIK) projects, in renewable chemicals, fuels or materials – typically requiring hundreds of millions each in financing.

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STX, BioValue Unveil New Financing Structure for Biomethane

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In the Netherlands, STX Group has unveiled a new structure financing partnership with BioValue for the construction and development of the Groengas Cothen biomethane plant in the Netherlands. The project The new plant adds at least 80GWh of

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OMCs to Procure over 300 Crore Litres Lines of Ethanol Annually from Upcoming Plants across 8 States

by Rish Ranjan Kala (The Hindu Business Line)  The OMCs will procure the highest 97 crore litres annually from Tamil Nadu followed by Kerala, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh -- State-run oil marketing companies (OMCs) will procure more than 300 crore litres

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The Digest’s 2024 Multi-Slide Guide to the State of Hydrogen

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In this presentation, we explored the challenges faced by global hydrogen producers in shifting towards low carbon hydrogen — new technologies for green hydrogen, new carbon capture opportunities to make blue hydrogen, and much more, including

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Study Identifies Plans for 45 e-Fuel Facilities in Europe, as Norway Leads the Way

by Tony Harrington (GreenAir Online) A new study by European lobby group Transport and Environment (T&E) has identified commitments to build 45 e-kerosene plants in 10 European nations, with combined potential to produce more synthetic aviation fuel by 2030 than required by the

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LanzaJet Celebrates Grand Opening of Freedom Pines Fuels Plant, the World's First Ethanol to Sustainable Aviation Fuel Production Facility Government, Corporate, and Community

(LanzaJet/PR Newswire) Leaders Mark Historic Milestone as LanzaJet Launches Ground-breaking Next-Gen SAF Technology -- LanzaJet, a leading sustainable fuels technology company and sustainable fuels producer, today joined government officials, industry leaders, partners, and supporters to open LanzaJet Freedom Pines Fuels, the world's

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The Digest’s 2024 Multi-Slide Guide to Achieving the SAF Grand Challenge

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digeist) The major U.S. airlines have committed to working across the aviation industry and with government leaders in a positive partnership to achieve net-zero carbon emissions by 2050. The U.S. aviation industry has taken a leadership role

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HIF Global and Enap Sign Agreement to Accelerate Use of eFuels in Chile

(HIF Global and Enap)  First collaboration for carbon-neutral eFuels in the Chilean market eFuels can be used in today’s cars without any changes to engines or infrastructure -- - HIF Global, the world’s leading eFuels company, and Chile’s state-owned petroleum company Enap signed

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OMV and Microsoft Accelerate Decarbonization of Corporate Air Travel and Its Supply Chain Logistics

(OMV Group)  OMV and Microsoft sign an agreement for the purchase of Sustainable Aviation Fuel certificates (SAFc); OMV SAF Business solutions is tailored to help organizations reach their climate targets (Scope 3); “Chain of custody” model enables Microsoft to accelerate the decarbonization of

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Gasum Signs e-Methane Offtake Agreement with Nordic Ren-Gas

(Bioenergy Insight)  Gasum and Nordic Ren-Gas have signed an e-methane offtake agreement, the companies announced today (9 January). Nordic Ren-Gas’s Power-to-Gas plant in Tampere, Finland will produce 160 GWh of renewable e-methane annually, which Gasum will procure and distribute it to its

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Whisky Me Away! Scientists Have Discovered a Way to Turn Wastewater from the Whisky Industry into Eco-friendly FUEL

by William Hunter (Daily Mail) Whisky distilleries produce a billion litres of wastewater every single year; Scientists hope to use this to replace the fresh water needed to create hydrogen -- ... Researchers from Heriot-Watt University have discovered a technique to convert

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Comstock Executes First Biorefinery Commercial Agreement

(Comstock) Preliminary Engineering Complete for 100,000 TPY Biointermediate Production at Pulp and Paper Facility  --   Comstock Inc. (NYSE: LODE) (“Comstock” and the “Company”) today announced execution of agreements with RenFuel K2B AB (“RenFuel”) to advance Comstock’s first commercial biorefinery, including an option

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LOT Polish Airlines and SkyNRG Partner for SAF Offtake

(SkyNRG) • LOT Polish Airlines (LOT), Polish national carrier, purchased Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) from SkyNRG, a global leader in SAF. The purchase underscores the airline’s commitment to reducing its carbon footprint and minimizing the environmental impact of aviation. The SAF was delivered

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KLM Defends Advertisements in Dutch court, Denies 'Greenwashing'

by by Toby Sterling and Joanna Plucinska (Reuters)  KLM denies "greenwashing", says it has right to advertise; Environmental group asks judges to find ads misled customers; Green claims more closely scrutinised around Europe; Verdict in KLM case expected on Feb. 21 KLM defended itself against

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Wizz Air Invests £5 Million in Firefly Green Fuels

by Beth Anton (Renewable Energy Magazine)  Wizz Air, has announced a £5 million investment in biofuel company, Firefly. This is Wizz Air’s first equity investment in sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) research and development. The partnership with Firefly will allow the airline to supply

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Dimensional Energy Secures $20 Million Series A Funding

(Dimensional Energy/Business Wire) Global leader in carbon utilization technology will use funds to accelerate sustainable aviation fuel production and the decarbonization of our economy. -- Dimensional Energy, Inc., a global leader in cutting-edge carbon utilization technology, Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) production and

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Agreement Reached on Aviation Clean Energy

(Air Transport Action Group)  The aviation sector has adopted a collective goal to start the shift away from fossil fuels at the third Conference on Aviation and Alternative Fuels (CAAF/3), convened by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a United Nations

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Maersk Signs Landmark Green Methanol Offtake Agreement, Significantly De-risking Its Low-Emission Operations in This Decade

(Maersk) Commercially viable long-term offtake agreement for annual volumes of 500KT to enable low carbon operations for the first 12 large methanol-enabled Maersk vessels on order.  First volumes expected in 2026. -- The offtake agreement between A.P. Moller - Maersk and Chinese

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to BDNE and the Circular Carbon Bioeconomy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) BDNE was formed In 2019 to commercialize proprietary Biofine technology and is the exclusive Licensee of the IP Portfolio for the Northeast Region. This is a patented continuous chemical conversion process, enabling the economic production of

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Macquarie Asset Management Invests in a Leading SAF Platform SkyNRG

(Macquarie Asset Management)  Macquarie Asset Management will support the growth of Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) with an initial investment of up to €175 million in SkyNRG via the Macquarie GIG Energy Transition Solutions (MGETS) Fund. This new investment led by Macquarie Asset

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Neste Could Have Excess Sustainable Jet Fuel by 2028 - Executive

by Padraic Halpin (Reuters) Neste (NESTE.HE) could have excess sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) production capacity by 2028 and requires more certainty about long-term demand to justify investment after that point, a senior executive at the refiner said on Monday. Neste aims to ramp up

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LanzaJet, British Airways, and Nova Pangaea Technologies' "Project Speedbird" Wins $11.2M Government Funding, Helping to Move Aviation Industry Closer to Global Decarbonization Goals

(LanzaJet)  Project Speedbird – a partnership between LanzaJet, British Airways, and Nova Pangaea Technologies – has secured a total of $11.2M (£9 million) from the Government's Advanced Fuels Fund (AFF) competition. Project Speedbird – a joint partnership between LanzaJet, British Airways (BA), and

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EverGen, Irving Oil Sign 10-year RNG Offtake Agreement

(EverGen Infrastructure Corp./Canadian Biomass Magazine) EverGen Infrastructure Corp. announced the signing of a 10-year offtake agreement with Irving Oil Limited for the supply of renewable natural gas (RNG) produced at the Grow the Energy Circle Ltd. facility (GrowTEC). The agreement provides

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CVR Ramps Up Production at Wynnewood, Considers Shift to SAF

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine) CVR Energy Inc. processed a record volume of renewable feedstock at its Wynnewood refinery in Oklahoma during the fourth quarter. The facility’s feedstock pretreatment unit is nearing mechanical completion and CVR is continuing to evaluate the

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to HTL Technology Scale-up

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  HTL represents a processing technology that precludes the need to evaporate or dry the waste feed prior to conversion to fuel. In fact HTL requires that the feed be aqueous. HTL enables the conversion of the

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Low Carbon Fuels 2040: The Emerging Markets

(Biofuels Digest/Nuu Media) Low Carbon Fuels 2040: The Emerging Markets provides detailed case studies, updates and analysis of the key producers and developers participating in Renewable Diesel projects and Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) projects in the USA, Canada, Europe, Asia, and in South

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Nick Andrews Takes His Hat Off: The Making of the Historic Southwest Airlines/USA BioEnergy SAF Pact

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ... Historic not just for the large volume, but for the 20-year length of the agreement, something called by the financial industry the “tenor of the loan”. As tenors go, this one is right up there with

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Interview: Brazil's Raízen Sees Ethanol Producers Unable to Meet Demand

by Thomas Washington and Harry Clyne (S&P Global)  New processing plants take 6-18 months to complete; Ethanol from sugarcane leaves is RED II-compliant  --  Cellulosic ethanol supply is hampered by a shortage of plants to process EU-compliant biofuel from sugarcane leaves but several

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DHL and Sasol Join Hydrogen Firm HH2E on Sustainable Jet Fuel Project

 by Christoph Steitz and Rachel More (Reuters) German logistics giant DHL (DHLn.DE) is teaming up with energy firm HH2E and South African petrochemicals firm Sasol (SOLJ.J) on the expansion of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) production in Germany, HH2E said on Monday. The companies have signed an

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New US Producers Plan 4.4 Million mt/year Green Methanol for Shipping

by Max Lin (S&P Global/Platts)  Emerging players eyes strong maritime demand growth; SunGas, Carbon Sink and WasteFuel to start production this decade; US IRA provides strong financial incentives -- Emerging fuel producers are looking to rapidly ramp up "green methanol" output from later this

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OMV to Supply Air France-KLM with 2,000t Sustainable Aviation Fuel This Year

(OMV AG)  OMV and Air France-KLM committed to playing active role in reducing the aviation industry's carbon footprint; Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) enables Air France-KLM to purchase more than 300,000 metric tons of SAF from OMV by 2030; OMV the integrated energy, fuels

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OCI Global to Double Its Green Methanol Capacity in the United States

(OCI Global) OCI will scale capacity by 200,000 tons at its facility in Beaumont, Texas; The green methanol will come from a mix of renewable feedstocks, including renewable natural gas (RNG), green hydrogen and other over the fence feedstock partnerships; OCI HyFuels

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Aemetis Receives Key Permit for 90 Million Gallon per Year Sustainable Aviation Fuel and Renewable Diesel Plant in California

(Aemetis) The City Council in Riverbank, California unanimously approved a Use Permit to implement the City’s long-term plan for “Green Businesses” to reuse the former Army plant; City action includes CEQA approval allowing other agencies to issue permits Aemetis, Inc. (NASDAQ: AMTX), a

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Air Europa to Fly to Havana with Cepsa's Second-Generation Biofuels

(Cepsa)  For one year, Air Europa’s first monthly Madrid-Havana flight will fly with sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) produced at Cepsa's energy park in Huelva from organic waste and used cooking oils; First time that two companies in Spain establish a regular supply

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Velocys and the Bayou Fuels Project

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The REenergize webcast series returned to the airwaves this past week and first guest was Velocys’ Jeff McDaniel, with this lucid, comprehensive  and concise update on one of the most exciting projects anywhere in the Gulf

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Navigating the Financial Skyways: Financing SAF Projects in the US

by Todd Taylor (SAF Magazine/Avisen Legal) The pivot to SAF is not just a matter of overcoming technical and logistical roadblocks—it requires navigating an intricate financial labyrinth. ... Notably, equity and debt financing play pivotal roles in shaping the financial landscape of SAF

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On Top of SAF: ... Topsoe Believes All Possible Pathways Are Needed—but for Most, Investment Costs Remain High.

by  Susanne Retka Schill (SAF Magazine) U.S. SAF goals are lofty. New tax credits provide real incentives. Multiple technologies are ready to roll. Opportunities lie ahead.  But the challenges are complex, Henrik Rasmussen, Topsoe’s managing director for the Americas, tells SAF Magazine.

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Infinium

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Infinium is a Commercial Scale decarbonization Platform for heavy transport, utilizing existing infrastructure for lower emissions today. Infinium’s production process uses renewable power, waste CO2 and water and, unlike most of today’s SAF and Renewable Diesel,

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Clariant's MegaMax® Catalyst Chosen by European Energy for World's Largest e-Methanol Plant

(Clariant) European Energy is building the world’s largest CO2-to-green methanol plant, with an annual capacity of 32,000 tons; End-customers include maritime giant Maersk, the Lego Group and Novo Nordisk; MegaMax catalyst optimally suited for green methanol production due to its high activity and

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SAF+ Consortium Signs a Memorandum of Understanding with Air France-KLM Group for e-SAF Supply - First Deliveries to Start by 2030

(SAF+ Consortium)  SAF+ Consortium, a world leader in the production and marketing of e-SAF (Electro Sustainable Aviation Fuel), signed a memorandum of understanding with the Air France-KLM Group for the supply of second-generation e-SAF during the Paris Air Show. The first

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Lufthansa Group and HCS Group Sign Letter of Intent on the Production and Supply of Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) ‘Made in Germany’

(Lufthansa) Lufthansa Group drives forward the market ramp-up and use of SAF as a core element of its sustainability strategy; Production at the Haltermann Carless site in Speyer to start in 2026 with a volume of 60,000 tons per year; SAF is a

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NORDEN Strengthens Its Future Supply of Renewable Fuels

(NORDEN) NORDEN has acquired a minority stake in MASH Makes, a Danish-Indian biofuel scale-up, which researches, develops and produces renewable fuels from biomass waste. The investment is a strategic partnership, where NORDEN secures access to renewable fuels, specifically biooil, at favourable pricing. The

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SunGas Renewables Announces Beaver Lake Renewable Energy, a Green Methanol Facility in Central Louisiana

(SunGas Renewables/PR Newswire) The nearly $2 billion facility to bring jobs and economic investment to Central Louisiana through energy innovation delivering lower-carbon marine fuels -- SunGas Renewables Inc. ("SunGas Renewables") today announced the formation of Beaver Lake Renewable Energy, LLC ("BLRE"), which

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Air Canada Explores Possible Use of Lower-Carbon Plane Fuel

by Stephanie Kelly (Reuters) Canada's largest airline has inked a deal seeking to bring in more lower-carbon aviation fuel from green hydrogen and carbon dioxide by 2025, Air Canada and its partner company told Reuters on Thursday as efforts to reduce

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bp Expands Investment in Bioenergy, Collaborating with US Biofuels Developer WasteFuel

(bp)  • bp invests $10 million in WasteFuel, which is planning to develop a global network of plants to convert municipal and agricultural waste into bio-methanol, a biofuel which could play a significant role in decarbonizing hard-to-abate sectors like shipping. The

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Nordic Electrofuel, P2X-Europe Sign Term Sheet for Production, Commercialization of eSAF

(P2X-Europe/Biobased Diesel Daily)  Following extensive negotiations and cooperation that started last year, Norwegian Nordic Electrofuel (NEF) and German P2X-Europe, a joint venture of Mabanaft GmbH & Co. KG (Mabanaft) and H&R Group, signed a term sheet June 23 that formally lays

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Vertex Energy Announces First Commercial Sales of Renewable Diesel

(Vertex Energy/Business Wire) Vertex Energy, Inc. (NASDAQ: VTNR) ("Vertex" or “the Company"), a leading specialty refiner and marketer of high-quality refined products, today announced that the Company has completed its first series of commercial sales transactions of renewable diesel ("RD") from

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Twelve Announces Plans to Scale Production of Sustainable Aviation Fuel Made from CO2 in Washington State

(Washington State Department of Commerce)  Commercial-scale E-Jet fuel production facility in Moses Lake, WA, to supply deals with Shopify, Alaska Airlines, and Microsoft. --  Carbon transformation company Twelve and Washington Governor Jay Inslee today announced plans to scale the production of E-Jet® fuel,

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to GreenStar BCS

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Green Star BCS provides clients with the technical, market, and economic expertise to thrive as they shift toward a more sustainable economy. We collaborate with clients across the energy and renewable power sectors, providing pragmatic,

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eJet Breakthroughs Can Double Sustainable Aviation Fuel Output to Support a 90% Green Aviation Fuel Future by 2050, says Cleantech Group

(Cleantech Group) Sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) are poised to claim 67- 88% of all jet fuel by 2050, on the strength of sustained innovation and investments and policy support, according to a report from Cleantech Group. One SAF type called eJet, with a neutral

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Gasum Will Supply LNG and Synthetic e-LNG to MSC Cruises’ Eco-Friendly Ships

(Gasum/AltFuels)  Gasum and MSC Cruises, the Cruise Division of MSC Group, have signed a long-term agreement for the supply of LNG to the new MSC Euribia, as well as a Letter of Intent (LOI) with the goal of cooperating on the

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EDF, Holcim, IFPEN and Axens Join Forces to Participate Together in the Creation of the French E-Fuels Air Transport Industry, with the "Take Kair" Project, Supported by Air France-KLM

(Axens) The objective of this cooperation is to take advantage of the complementary expertise of the signatories in order to contribute to the decarbonization of air transport and to support the emergence of the French e-SAF (Sustainable Aviation Fuel) industry,

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An Emerging Bonanza in Ethanol-Focused Carbon Capture?

by Jim Kendrick (Biofuels Digest) The US carbon capture market has grown, experts say, to $13 billion in 2023 and according to ExxonMobil is on the way to $4 trillion. That could mean that a bonanza for infrastructure in the form

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RYAM Announces the Official Groundbreaking at their 2G Bioethanol Plant in Tartas, France

(Rayonier Advanced Materials)  Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc. (NYSE: RYAM, the “Company”), a global leader in the production of high-purity cellulose specialty products, hosted a groundbreaking ceremony at its new second-generation Bioethanol plant located in Tartas, Les Landes France, on Thursday,

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Infinium

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Nearly 25% of global CO2 emissions are generated by planes, ships and trucking fleets. A new class of synthetic fuel, eFuels are ultra-low carbon fuels that can be dropped into existing engines that use jet

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Unlocking the Deployment of Advanced Bioethanol Refineries

by Melich Seefeldt (Praj Industries/Biofuels Digest)  Advanced bioethanol (also named 2G or cellulosic bioethanol from inedible biomass) and its co-products lignin, stillage, and biogenic CO2 are sustainable key tools to decarbonize the difficult-to-abate transport sector. In addition, they can be

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Oman’s Hydrom Inks Three Contracts for Green Hydrogen Production

by D Madhura (Zawya) The agreements are worth $20bln --  Hydrogen Oman SPC (Hydrom), an Energy Development Oman SAOC subsidiary, has signed three agreements to grant the first green hydrogen blocks with investments of over $20 billion, Oman News Agency reported. The agreements

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Southwest Airlines Wins Award for Innovation in Sustainability

by Daniela Castim (World Bio Market Insights) Southwest Airlines has been named a 2023 Sustainability, Environmental Achievement, and Leadership (SEAL) Business Awards winner in the Environmental Initiative category for its investment in SAFFiRE1, a pilot project supporting the development and production of SAF. The

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Boeing Bets on Startup Equatic with Massive CO2 Removal, Hydrogen Deal

by Alan Ohnsman  (Forbes)  Boeing is partnering with Equatic, a Los Angeles-based startup that removes carbon from the ocean, in a first-of-its-kind deal to buy a massive amount of carbon credits and green hydrogen that’s likely worth at least $50

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Blue Biofuels Signs MOU with World Energy Sustainable Products for Offtake of Ethanol and SAF

(Blue Biofuels) Blue Biofuels announces that it has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with World Energy Sustainable Products, LLC (World Energy) that World Energy will purchase the finished products produced by Blue Biofuels and all their applicable environmental and tax attributes,

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CleanJoule Announces US$50M Investment by International Consortium to Accelerate Sustainable Aviation Fuel Production

(CleanJoule/Business Wire) Funds raised will further develop CleanJoule’s technology to produce more cost-effective Sustainable Aviation Fuel; investors include Indigo Partners, GenZero, Cleanhill Partners, Frontier Airlines, Wizz Air and Volaris -- CleanJoule, a U.S.-based startup focused on the production of Sustainable Aviation

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NEOM Green-Hydrogen Company Completes Financial Close at a Total Investment Value of USD 8.4 Billion in the World's Largerst Carbon-Free Green Hydrogen Plant

(NEOM)  NEOM - Green Hydrogen Company is an equal joint venture by ACWA Power, Air Products and NEOM, building the world’s largest green hydrogen plant to produce green ammonia at scale in 2026. - The project at a total value of

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Delta Participates in SkyTeam’s Sustainable Flight Challenge, Showcases Sustainability Strategy in Action

(Delta Airlines) Delta displayed its sustainability strategy in action as part of the second annual SkyTeam Alliance Sustainable Flight Challenge. The challenge tests sustainable solutions as the company works toward net zero emissions by 2050 while delivering elevated, more sustainable

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Boom Supersonic Signs SAF Offtake Agreement With Dimensional Energy

by Justin Foster (Simple Flying) The aircraft manufacturer will partner with Dimensional Energy to purchase 5 million gallons of SAF per year. -- The Boulder, Colorado-based company that is in the process of building the world's fastest airliner, Boom Supersonic, has reached

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Frontier Buyers Sign First $53M in Offtake Agreements with Charm Industrial

(Frontier)  • Charm Industrial will remove 112,000 tons of CO₂ between 2024 and 2030 on behalf of Frontier buyers. Biomass Carbon Removal and Storage (BiCRS) could support gigatons of CO₂ removal per year, offering a promising path to permanent carbon

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Repsol and Ryanair Sign Agreement to Promote the Use of Renewable Fuels

(Repsol)  -  The alliance reinforces the role of both companies as relevant players in the decarbonization of the aviation sector and establishes a collaboration framework to move towards a sustainable air transport.   - Repsol will provide Ryanair with access to

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Biodiesel and Used Cooking Oil Set to Fuel Sustainable Aviation Industry

by Alex Morgan (Thaiger) ... For instance, Energy Absolute, a renewable energy and electric vehicle developer, has allocated 2 billion baht to increase SAF production from 65 tonnes to 130 tonnes daily. ... Many Asia-Pacific carriers, including Korean Air, ANA, Japan Airlines,

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Yield10 Bioscience and Marathon Petroleum Corporation Sign LOI for Potential Investment and Offtake Agreement for Camelina Feedstock Oil for Renewable Fuels

(Yield10 Bioscience/Globe Newswire)  Yield10 Bioscience, Inc. (Nasdaq:YTEN) (“Yield10” or the “Company”), an agricultural bioscience company, today announced that it has signed a non-binding Letter of Intent (“LOI”) with Marathon Petroleum Corp. (NYSE: MPC, “Marathon”) for a potential investment and offtake agreement

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to NEXT Renewables

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) NEXT Renewable Fuels turns recycled organic materials, such as used cooking oil, into an advanced biofuel that works just like petroleum-based diesel, but with as much as 85 percent less greenhouse gas emissions. With development

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Braya Lands $300 Million Investment for Refinery-Conversion Project in Atlantic Canada

(Braya Renewable Fuels) Braya Renewable Fuels announced April 20 a USD$300 million preferred-equity investment from Energy Capital Partners, a leading energy transition-focused investor in the electricity, clean-energy, renewable and sustainable-infrastructure sectors. The investment from ECP completes the financing for the conversion of

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The Unseen One of Green Ammonia

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) ... You can see from this investment deck slide the kind of numbers we’re looking at here, financially speaking. $5.75 billion in capital to get the projects build and more later in expansion, 4.6 million

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Wizz Air Invests £5m in Bristol-Based Biofuel Company Firefly Green Fuels

byAbigail Turner (Business Live) Firefly specialises in a process, which converts sewage sludge, a low-value waste product available in large quantities, into SAF --  A Bristol-headquartered biofuel company has secured a £5m investment from sustainable airline Wizz Air. Firefly Green Fuels, based

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to DG Fuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) It’s Friday and you’re ready for the weekend so here’s a short and sweet slide guide from DG Fuels on their second-generation cellulosic biofuel whose hydrogen content is derived from water electrolysis and uses a

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SAF in the Big Sky State

by Susanne Retka Schill (SAF Magazine)  Calumet’s Montana Renewables has set sights on optimizing renewable jet output to be North America’s largest producer. -- As of late February, Montana Renewables LLC claims the distinction of being the largest sustainable aviation

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Fusion Fuel Enters into Ten Year Hydrogen Purchase Agreement with Hydrogen Ventures

(Fusion Fuel)  Fusion Fuel (NASDAQ: HTOO) announced today that it has signed a ten year offtake contract with European developer Hydrogen Ventures Ltd for thirty tonnes of green hydrogen per annum. First orders are expected to be delivered in the fourth quarter of 2023.

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DCC Energy and Oberon Fuels to Boost Renewable Dimethyl Ether Production to Reduce Emissions of European LPG Market

(Oberon Fuels) Partners aim for multiple plants to produce renewable DME -- DCC plc, the leading international sales, marketing and support services group, has partnered with Oberon Fuels, the leading producer of renewable dimethyl ether (DME), to advance the design, construction and operations

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BioTown Biogas Activates Digester, Processing Facility in Indiana

(BioTown BioGas/Biomass Magazine)  BioTown Biogas (BTB), a leading renewable energy producer in the waste-to-value energy market, is today activating its new digester and processing facility, one of the largest on-farm biodigesters in the world. The activation is being marked by an

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Hawaiian Airlines and Gevo Enter into Sustainable Aviation Fuel Sales Agreement

(Hawaiian Airlines)  Hawaiian Airlines today announced that it has reached an agreement with biofuel company Gevo, Inc. to purchase 50 million gallons of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) over five years. Gevo expects to supply the SAF from a facility to be

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A ‘Business Imperative’: Delta Outlines Roadmap to More Sustainable Travel

(Delta Airlines) Delta’s Chief Sustainability Officer Pam Fletcher outlines the company’s bold strategy for achieving net zero-emissions and more sustainable travel by 2050, including scaling the sustainable fuel market, innovating for the fleet of the future, addressing single-use plastics and

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Enviva Announces Feedstock Agreement with SAF Producer

by Erin Voegele (SAF Magazine) U.S.-based wood pellet producer Enviva Inc. announced on March 1 it has signed a new take-or-pay off-take contract with an unnamed U.S.-based bioenergy facility to provide feedstock for the production of biofuels, including sustainable aviation fuel

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Off the Ground

by Katie Schroeder (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Several alcohol-to-jet projects, partnerships and technologies have been announced in the past 18 months. Ethanol Producer Magazine checks in on each, looking at where they stand and what they might ultimately achieve. ... Multiple airlines forged

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Icelandair Reaches Deal to Receive Local SAF Supply

by Rob Gill (BTN Europe) Icelandair has signs a memorandum of understanding with local manufacturer IdunnH2 to take delivery of enough sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) to reduce carbon emissions by up to 10 per cent. The agreement will see the airline

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Sustainability Takes Centre Stage in Aviation

(Biofuels International) ... The responsibility of industry leaders and stakeholders to deal with these challenges was a major theme at last year’s World Aviation Festival in Amsterdam, and three emerging realities were highlighted as we move forward. The message of urgency

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'Greener-than-Green' Hydrogen Project Nears Construction Phase in California

by Brandon Mulder (S&P Global)  A California project claiming to be capable of producing "greener-than-green" hydrogen cheaper than conventional gray hydrogen is nearing its construction phase after receiving permits from the city of Lancaster, developing company SGH2 Energy said Feb. 2. SGH2

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Darling Ingredients Inc. Announces Off-Take Agreement with Cattlemen's Heritage Beef Company, Planned Expansion of Bellevue, Nebraska, Plant

(Darling Ingredients/CISION)  Darling Ingredients Inc. (NYSE: DAR), the world's leading company turning food waste into sustainable products and producer of renewable energy, today announced that it has entered into an agreement with Cattlemen's Heritage Beef Company to purchase the off-take from its planned

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Air Transport World Names American Airlines 2023 Eco-Airline of the Year

(American Airlines) Recognizes American’s industry-leading commitment to reducing emissions operation-wide -- Air Transport World (ATW), the leading media brand serving the information needs of the global airline and commercial air transport communities, announced today American Airlines was named the 2023

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Exxon Retreats from Major Climate Effort to Make Biofuels from Algae

ByBen Elgin and Kevin Crowley (Bloomberg) Renewable fuels made from algae was the company’s most heavily publicized climate solution. -- After advertising its efforts to produce environmentally friendly fuels from algae for over a decade, Exxon Mobil Corp. is now quietly walking away

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Yield10 Bioscience and Mitsubishi Corporation Sign MOU to Evaluate the Establishment of a Partnership to Supply, Offtake and Market Camelina as a Feedstock Oil for Biofuel

(Yield10) Yield10 Bioscience, Inc. (Nasdaq:YTEN) (“Yield10” or the “Company”), an agricultural bioscience company, today announced that it has signed with Mitsubishi Corporation (“Mitsubishi”) a Memorandum of Understanding (“MOU”) to evaluate the establishment of a partnership to supply, offtake and market Camelina

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United, Tallgrass, and Green Plains Form Joint Venture to Develop New Sustainable Aviation Fuel Technology Using Ethanol

(United Airlines/PR Newswire) United, Tallgrass, and Green Plains will invest up to a combined $50 million in the joint venture – Blue Blade Energy – to develop the technology; United has entered into an offtake agreement with Blue Blade Energy

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Singapore to Launch SAF Offtake Study

by Curt Epstein (AIN Online) Following a pilot test last year on the use of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) at Changi Airport, the Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore (CAAS) has launched a tender for consultants to help develop an offtake mechanism

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Raven SR Agrees to Supply Sustainable Aviation Fuel to Japan Airlines

(Raven SR/PR Newswire) Announcement marks one of Raven SR's first agreements in aviation industry for SAF; Agreement to support 10-year supply deal; SAF to be produced from non-combustion conversion of waste to synthetic fuel -- Raven SR Inc. (Raven SR), a

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Air Products and AES Announce Plans to Invest Approximately $4 Billion to Build First Mega-scale Green Hydrogen Production Facility in Texas

(AES/PR Newswire)  Project Capable of Producing over 200 Metric Tons Per Day of Green Hydrogen, Powered by Approximately 1.4 Gigawatts of Renewable Electricity  --   Air Products (NYSE: APD) and The AES Corporation (NYSE: AES) today announced plans to invest approximately $4 billion to build, own

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AviLease and SIRC Sign MoU for Production and Distribution of SAF

(Times Aerospace) AviLease, an aircraft lessor, and the Saudi Investment Recycling Company (SIRC) have signed an MoU to launch the production and distribution of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) in Saudi Arabia. -- he partnership will allow both parties to advance the

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BR Aviation Starts Refueling Trucks with Green Diesel at Galeão Airport

(Vibra Energia/bnamericas) This is a machine translation of the press release originally published in Portuguese. Committed to leading the energy transition in Brazil, BR Aviation (a business unit for aircraft fueling services and activities in the airline segment of Vibra and

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Renewable Diesel & SAF: Project Roundup Report

by Anna Simet (Biodiesel Magazine) Biodiesel Magazine’s annual production map showed 34 renewable diesel/SAF plants under development, construction or operating in the U.S., as of September. The following includes updates regarding some of these projects. This fall, Biodiesel Magazine chatted with

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Fulcrum Saves Christmas: MSW-to-Fuels Production Begins at Sierra Biofuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) From Nevada comes the long-awaited news that Fulcrum BioEnergy has successfully produced a low-carbon synthetic crude oil using landfill waste as a feedstock at its commercial-scale Sierra BioFuels Plant. Sierra is the first and at present the largest landfill

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A.P. Moller - Maersk and SunGas Renewables Sign Strategic Green Methanol Partnership

(A.P. Moller-Maersk)  As part of its strategy to decarbonize customers’ supply chains, A.P. Moller - Maersk (Maersk) has entered a green* methanol Letter of Intent with U.S. based SunGas Renewables, Inc., a spin-out of GTI Energy, and a leader in

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Green Rock Energy Partners Acquires Pennsylvania Renewable Natural Gas Production Facility

(Green Rock Energy/Business Wire) Production at the facility is expected to exceed one million gallons of renewable fuel per year, as Green Rock's portfolio of waste-to-value assets grows. -- Green Rock Energy Partners LLC ("Green Rock" or "the Firm"), a sustainable infrastructure

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2022 SAF Production Increases 200% - More Incentives Needed to Reach Net Zero

(International Air Transport Association (IATA)) The International Air Transport Association (IATA) estimates that Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) production will reach at least 300 million liters in 2022—a 200% increase on 2021 production of 100 million liters. More optimistic calculations estimate total

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Virgin Atlantic to Purchase 70m US Gallons of Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(Virgin Atlantic) Virgin Atlantic has secured a significant volume of Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) as part of a new agreement with Delta Air Lines ; The agreement will see Virgin Atlantic purchase 10M US Gallons (USG) of SAF per year

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JetBlue and Fidelis New Energy Sign Agreement for 92 Million Gallons of Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(JetBlue/AccessWire) Grön Fuels GigaSystem™ to Produce Carbon Negative Sustainable Aviation Fuel Through Diverse Slate of Renewable Feedstocks and the Incorporation of Biomass Energy, Carbon Capture & Storage; JetBlue Continues to Build Promising SAF Partnerships as It Advances Its Goal to

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Ryanair & Shell Sign Sustainable Fuel Agreement

(Ryanair) Ryanair, Europe’s largest airline and global energy group, Shell, today (Thurs 1 Dec.) signed a Memo of Understanding (MOU) to advance the supply of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) at over 200 Ryanair airports across Europe, with particular focus on SAF

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The Digest's 2022 Multi-Slide ABLC Guide to CAAFI’s SAF Outlook

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Since 2006, the Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative (CAAFI) has sought to enhance energy security and environmental sustainability for aviation through the use of alternative jet fuels. CAAFI is a coalition of airlines, aircraft and

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The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Burnham Sterlings’ Investment Banking View of SAF Production

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Burnham Sterling is a Connecticut-based financial advisory firm that works with large corporate customers on structured transactions Burnham Sterling is leading a $400 million program to (i) invest equity in new projects to produce SAF

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Ethanol Is Ready to Truly Get Off the Ground

by Tom Bryan (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Ethanol Producer Magazine's editor previews the feature articles in the publication's December edition while reflecting on the rise of EVs, the promise of higher-level ethanol blends and the enormity of the industry's burgeoning SAF

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Virtual Decarbonization: Etihad, World Energy Establish Framework for Long-term Book & Claim SAF Deal

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) From COP27 comes news that Etihad Airway and World Energy signed a MoU for long-term strategic partnership to decarbonize flights through SAF delivered on a book and claim system.. Etihad is the first commercial airline to participate in

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WIZZ Air and OMV Sign an Agreement to Supply Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(WIZZ Air) Memorandum of Understanding to supply Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) between 2023-2030; Enables Wizz Air to purchase up to 185,000 metric tons of SAF from OMV; Co-operation reaffirms Wizz Air’s ambitious sustainability commitment Wizz Air, Europe’s fastest growing and most environmentally

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A.P. Moller - Maersk and Carbon Sink Sign Strategic Partnership to Accelerate Green Marine Fuels Production

(Maersk)  As part of the strategy to decarbonise its customers’ supply chains, A.P. Moller - Maersk (Maersk) has entered a green* methanol partnership with U.S. based project developer Carbon Sink LLC. This is Maersk’s 8th such agreement in the efforts

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United Becomes First U.S. Airline to Invest in Biofuel Refinery

(United Airlines/PR Newswire) NEXT's flagship facility will provide a unique strategic location and assets to distribute biofuel throughout the West Coast, could increase United's sustainable aviation fuel supply; United has invested in more sustainable aviation fuel production than any other airline in

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Welcome the Golden Age of Advanced Fuels?

by Alexander Koukoulas, Henna Poikolainen, and Esa Sipilä  (AFRY/Biofuels Digest) The second half of 2022 is shaping up to be a watershed year for the advanced fuels and bio-based chemicals industries. New regulatory frameworks to address climate change are providing a

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DG Fuels Signs Long-Term SAF and Carbon Credit Offtake Agreement

(DG Fuels) DG Fuels, LLC (“DGF”), an emerging leader in drop-in sustainable aviation fuel (“SAF”) production, announces the execution of a long-term agreement with an undisclosed investment grade industrial buyer to sell up to 46 million gallons of SAF per

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Adding Thrust to Ethanol-Based SAF

by Luke Geiver (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Policy makers are incentivizing sustainable aviation fuel across the globe. Airlines are eagerly signing offtakes and taking every drop they can get. With other feedstocks in tight supply, ethanol-based SAF production is ready to

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Attero, Nordsol and Titan Join Forces to Produce Bio-LNG for Sustainable Maritime Transport

(Nordsol) Commercialization of bio-LNG (liquified biomethane) as a clean marine fuel progresses as production project reaches build phase  -- Attero, Nordsol, and Titan, three companies from very different sectors, have joined forces to achieve a decentralized production of bio-LNG designated for

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COP27: Fertiglobe Commissions Phase One of Egypt Green 100-MW Hydrogen Plant for Ammonia Production

by James Burgess (S&P Global)  Electrolyzers powered by 260 MW of solar, wind; 15,000 mt/year hydrogen for 90,000 mt ammonia; FID expected 2023, electrolyzer testing underway  --  A consortium of fertilizer producer Fertiglobe, renewable power producer Scatec and Egypt's Sovereign Fund are to

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Maximum Thrust on Decarb Drive: Shell’s Blockbuster 3.25B Liter CellEth Deal with Raizen

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  News arrived from Brazil to begin the week that Shell has agreed to buy a total of 3.25 billion litres of sugar-cane cellulosic ethanol under a long-term agreement with Brazil’s Raízen. The low-carbon fuel is expected

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As SAF Rules, DG Fuels Rocks with Huge Air France/KLM Fuels Deal

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  News arrived on the ABLC floor that DG Fuels signed a multi-year SAF offtake agreement with Air France KLM for up to 60,408 metric tons (21 million gallons) per year from DGF’s initial plant to be

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Brazil's Raizen to Sell Second-Generation Ethanol to Shell

by Gabriel Araujo (Reuters/NASDAQ) Brazilian energy company Raizen SA RAIZ4.SA said on Monday it has agreed to sell second-generation ethanol (E2G) produced from sugarcane biomass to Shell SHEL.L until 2037, under a program that includes building five new E2G plants. Raizen, a

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British Airways, LanzaJet and Nova Pangaea Technologies Move One Step Closer to Large Scale Production of Sustainable Aviation Fuel in the UK

(British Airways) • British Airways, LanzaJet and Nova Pangaea Technologies have signed an agreement that will accelerate Project Speedbird, an initiative created by the companies in 2021 to develop cost-effective sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) for commercial use in the UK Project

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JetBlue Looks to Advance Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) with AIR COMPANY

(JetBlue) JetBlue signs intent to purchase 25 million gallons of AIR COMPANY’s innovative AIRMADE™ SAF over five years. AIR COMPANY’s groundbreaking AIRMADE SAF opens incredible potential to grow the emerging market with carbon-negative fuel made from captured CO2. -- JetBlue (Nasdaq:

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Qatar Airways Enters into New Fuel Sales Agreement with Gevo for 5 Million Gallons of Sustainable Aviation Fuel Per Year Over Five Years

(Gevo/Globe Newswire) Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ: GEVO) is pleased to announce a new fuel sales agreement with Qatar Airways (Qatar). The agreement sets forth the terms for the purchase of 5 million gallons per year of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) for five

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Tidewater Renewables Ltd. Enters into 20-Year Renewable Natural Gas Offtake Agreement with FortisBC

(Tidewater Renewables/CISION)  Tidewater Renewables Ltd. ("Tidewater Renewables" or the "Corporation") (TSX: LCFS) is pleased to announce that its majority owned subsidiary Rimrock Renewables Limited Partnership ("Rimrock") has entered into a 20-year offtake agreement (the "Offtake Agreement") with FortisBC Energy Inc. ("FortisBC"). Under

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SAF Demand Leads to Shortages, Prompting New Products, Partnerships

(Environment + Energy Leader) ... To meet demand in the face of limited supplies of these traditional SAF feedstocks, technology companies are competing to create new forms of SAF. Honeywell is the latest to announce a new technology for creation of

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Titan to Build the World’s Largest Biomethane Liquefaction Plant

(Titan) Titan will scale up Liquified Biomethane (LBM, also known as bio-LNG) production in the Port of Amsterdam together with BioValue as biogas supplier. Linde has been contracted to perform the basic engineering. --  Titan, the independent supplier of low

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Divert, Inc. Announces Renewable Natural Gas Offtake Agreement with bp

(Divert/Business Wire) 10-year deal worth approximately $175 million will support bp’s efforts to curb harmful greenhouse gas emissions and boost access to clean energy for its customers -- Divert, Inc., an impact technology company on a mission to Protect the Value

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Clariant on Track with Cellulosic Ethanol Transport

(Biofuels International) Clariant reached another milestone at its new sunliquid plant in Podari, Romania. This was achieved by sending the first train with cellulosic ethanol produced in the Romania town to its customer. Clariant, a focused, sustainable, and innovative specialty chemical

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Carbon-Free Air Travel Could Take Flight by 2050

by Soleil Foy (World War Zero) ... In an effort to decarbonize the aviation industry, countries like the US and Canada are investing in sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) that could potentially reduce the GHG emissions by a minimum of 50% compared to conventional fuel. Similarly, airline

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Rolls-Royce Boss Calls on Aviation to Ramp up Use of Biofuels

by Ilaria Grasso Macola (City A.M.) Rolls-Royce’s chief executive Warren East has called on aviation to ramp up the use of biofuels to deliver its 2050 net-zero pledges. East – who will step down from the engine manufacturer at the end of

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Korean Air to Use Shell’s Sustainable Aviation Fuel Starting in 2026

(Korean Air/Biobased Diesel Daily)  Korean Air has signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with global energy company Shell to purchase its sustainable aviation fuel (SAF).  The MOU explores the supply and purchase of SAF from Shell at major airports in Asia Pacific

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CEB, Shell Sign Fuel Contract

by Ed Paolo Salting (Manila Times) CEBU Pacific (CEB) and Shell signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) for the delivery of the sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) which will be used by the carrier. Shell Aviation President Jan Toschka said that through the MoU, they will be supplying

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Biodiesel Magazine Podcast: Strategic Biofuels: Louisiana’s Multifaceted Green Fuels Project

by Anna Simet (Biodiesel Magazine) This week's Biodiesel Magazine podcast features, Paul Schubert, CEO of Strategic Biofuels, Interview by Anna Simet, editor of Biodiesel Magazine. LISTEN Strategic Biofuels kicks off Louisiana Green Fuels project (Offshore Energy) Johnson Matthey and bp to support

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EasyJet to Scrap Carbon Offsetting to Focus on Cutting Emissions

by Paul Sandle (Reuters)  EasyJet (EZJ.L) said on Monday it would scrap its carbon offsetting scheme at the end of the year and instead target a 78% drop in emissions by 2050 via investments in efficient aircraft, sustainable aviation fuel and operating improvements. The

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Fulcrum’s Near, Ensyn’s Back: Hopeful Hours in the Big Heavy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) ... Fulcrum: Fuels before Christmas, maybe by Hallowe’en -- When we last touched on the Fulcrum story in depth, in May, the company had commenced syngas production, but we had not yet heard that the intrepid Fulcrumites

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Amazon to Bring Low Carbon Electrofuels to Its Trucking Fleet

(Amazon) Agreement with Infinium will help Amazon reduce carbon emissions for roughly 5 million miles of travel per year --  Amazon (NASDAQ: AMZN) has signed an agreement with renewable fuels technology company Infinium to begin powering Amazon’s transportation fleet with ultra-low

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Breitling and Swiss Join Forces to Promote Sustainable Flying

(Breitling)  In a landmark new partnership, Breitling will purchase sustainable aviation fuel for all its SWISS flights, with the goal of achieving CO2 neutrality on air travel. SWISS International Air Lines and watchmaker Breitling have entered into a first-of-its-kind partnership in Switzerland.

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soil condition charging stations CHCJ-5 chemical-looping hydrogen method Chesapeake Bay chicken feathers chickens Chile Chili China chitin chp chromium chufa/cyperus esculents/nutsedge CIA circular economy citrus citrus greening disease Citrus Peel clean air Clean Air Act (CAA) clean diesel Clean Fuel Production Tax Credit (45Z) Clean Fuel Standard/Policy (CFS) Clean Heat Standards Clean Power Plan (CPP) Clean Trucks Plan Clean Water Act climate change Climate Change Adaptation climate change effects climate change mitigation climate legislation climate smart/conservation agriculture closed-loop system Clostridium thermocellum cloud point clover cmelina CNG Conversion kit co co-generation co-location Co-op Extension co-operative co-processing co-products CO2 neutral fuels CO2Removal Certificates (CORCs) coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) Coast Guard coastal habitat conservation coastal hay cobalt cock's foot coco coco methyl ester (CME) cocoa Coconut coffee coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold flow cold-tolerance college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning commo Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement/engagement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG/R-CNG/bioCNG) compression ratios compression-ignition engine computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology Cook Islands cook stoves cooking fuel cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 COP26 COP27 COP28 COP30 copper coppice cordgrass corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup corn-based products corn/maize Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality county cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crassulacean acid metabolism plants (CAM) crimes criteria pollutants Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cup plant cuphea currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cusi cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs d-5 D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D20 (20%DME) D5 (5%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date kernel oil date palm date palm pits date palm waste Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization defossilize Dehydration Delaware DeltaWing demonstration demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose dfdsffsfdfsf diatoms diesel Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices Diesel R5 diesel with renewables diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct air capture direct injection direct ocean capture Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) direct-to-fuel directed evolution dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought tolerant drought-resistant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency egg shell Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect Global South global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrid ships hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass Indiana indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial burners industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated biorefineries integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit Invvesting ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jersey Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati knotweed Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose Lake County lamp oil land ownership land prices land rights land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy landfill methane Landfills landscape Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon lecithin legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena levulinic acid Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels liquidation Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps liquified biomethane (LBM) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louis Louisiana low c low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M100 M15 M3 M50 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning machinery macororo Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Fuel Oil Marine Gas Oil (MGO) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel Terminal Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering market forces market share marketing markets/sales Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute mass balance standard Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritania Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane leaks methane/biomethane methanization methanol benefits methanol fuel cells methanol price Methanol-to-Jet (MTJ-SPK) Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methylbutenol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels milk permeate millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minn Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molinia molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo monitoring/measuring reporting verifiction (MRV) Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed mvr Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nano particles nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha naphthene NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science 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weeds nuclear Nunavut nut shells nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition oak oat hulls oat straw oats Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Office of Science Technology and Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes oil/gas terminals Oils Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olive water olives Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm ammonia production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing on-site hydrogen production one p one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontaio Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course owa oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil Palm Oil Methyl Ester (PME) palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm trunk sap palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay Paris Agreement parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peach shell 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refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter/waste power power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propane/renewable propane pumps propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests proton exchange membrane (PEM) public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps/fueling station pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis pyrolytic liquefaction Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R Factor R100/RD100 R33 R5 R95B5/RD95B5 R99/RD99 rabbits race radiata pine radish leaves Rahal Letterman Lanigan 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