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Collaboration between Port of Rotterdam Authority and Rotterdam The Hague Airport for More Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(Port of Rotterdam)  On the first day of the World Hydrogen Summit in Ahoy Rotterdam, Rotterdam The Hague Airport and the Port of Rotterdam Authority signed a letter of intent for the further development of supply chains for sustainable fuels, such

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Norsk e-Fuel and Carbon Centric Sign Supply and Distribution Agreement for Biogenic and Liquid CO2

(Norsk e-Fuel) Norsk e-Fuel and Carbon Centric have entered into a landmark agreement for CO2 Supply and Distribution, where Carbon Centric will be responsible for the production and delivery of CO2 to Norsk e-Fuel's Alpha plant in Mosjøen in Northern Norway.

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Bold Goals Action Group Releases 40 Bold Actions to Accelerate the Bioeconomy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Washington, the Bold Goals Action Group released the final text of the 40 Bold Actions to Accelerate at ABLC 2024. The release capped a year-long, multi-national effort by bioeconomy stakeholders to define specific actions that

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Syngenta to Reduce Carbon Impact of Ocean Shipping with Maersk’s ECO Delivery

(Syngenta/Business Wire)  Syngenta finalizes agreement with Maersk for ocean transport using biofuel for a Europe-US shipping route -- Syngenta Crop Protection, a leader in agricultural innovation, is to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from its logistics operations by using Maersk’s ECO

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DHL Renews Partnership with Formula 1® and Doubles Biofuel-Powered Truck Fleet

(DHL Group)  The partnership has seen the transition into a more sustainable era of transport and logistics as Formula 1 looks to reach its Net Zero goal by 2030.  -- DHL commemorates 20 years as the Official Logistics Partner of Formula

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Indian Biogas Association Pitches for Rs 30k cr Investment for Compressed Biogas Plants

(PTI/Financial Express) “Utilising agricultural residues like paddy straw for bioenergy production and soil enrichment instead of burning those offers a dual benefit as it provides renewable energy sources while enhancing soil health,” said Indian Biogas Association Chairman Gaurav Kedia. Indian Biogas Association

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DP World Announces Greenest-Ever Year at Southampton after Cutting Net Carbon Emissions by 55%

(DP World) Southampton became the first port in the UK to eliminate fossil diesel from its operations entirely and transition to Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil (HVO) -- DP World’s container terminal at Southampton enjoyed its greenest-ever year in 2022 after delivering a 55%

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Repsol Collects Used Cooking Oil at Its Service Stations in Galicia to Produce Renewable Fuel

(Repsol) • The company has set up collection points for used cooking oil at 176 service stations in the Autonomous Region of Galicia in northwestern Spain to make it easier for its customers to manage this domestic waste sustainably. Repsol collaborates with

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Stepping into a More Sustainable Future with MAN Energy Solutions

(Scan Global Logistics) Decarbonising the supply chain is a joint effort. As a result of our long-standing partnership with MAN Energy Solutions (MAN ES) in Denmark, we have initiated a project to test and develop sustainable logistics solutions. The full project

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COP28: Singapore's PIL and DP World to Decarbonize Shipping with Biofuel Shipments

by Samyak Pandey, Sampad Nandy and Aditya Kondalamahanty (S&P Global) Collaboration on trial between Jebel Ali Port and destinations within PIL's network; Future expansion into other ports within DP World's global network;  Includes other alternative fuels, such as e-LNG, green methanol, green

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Universal Hydrogen, Japan Airlines Co., Ltd., and JAL Engineering Co., Ltd. Sign Memorandum of Understanding to Bring Hydrogen-Powered Flight to Japan

(Universal Hydrogen/Business Wire)  Following the announcement in March 2023 of Universal Hydrogen’s collaboration in Japan to study green hydrogen supply and logistics solutions for Japanese airlines, the company today announced it has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Japan Airlines Co., Ltd. (JAL) and JAL Engineering Co.,

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25 Bold Actions to Accelerate Global Bioeconomy Deployment: Results from the 9/22/23 Meet-up of the Bold Goals Action Group in Sydney

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Australia, at the initial meet-up of the global Bold Goals Action Group, leaders of the global bioeconomy, a “coalition of the willing”, established a draft of 25 Bold Actions that, if achieved by the various stakeholders in

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DHL and Sasol Join Hydrogen Firm HH2E on Sustainable Jet Fuel Project

 by Christoph Steitz and Rachel More (Reuters) German logistics giant DHL (DHLn.DE) is teaming up with energy firm HH2E and South African petrochemicals firm Sasol (SOLJ.J) on the expansion of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) production in Germany, HH2E said on Monday. The companies have signed an

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Department of Energy Releases Request for Information on Building Supply Chains to Meet Sustainable Aviation Fuel Grand Challenge Goals DEADLINE extended to November 17, 2023

(U.S. Department of Energy) The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has released a Request for Information (RFI) to better understand the challenges facing critical elements within sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) supply chains. Specifically, this RFI (DE-FOA-0003157) seeks input from industry, academia, research laboratories, government agencies, and other

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CMA CGM and Maersk Join Forces to Accelerate the Decarbonization of the Shipping Industry

(Maersk)  Both CMA CGM and Maersk have set ambitious Net Zero target and invest extensively in the energy transition in shipping. The two leading shipping companies will work together to develop the use of alternative greener fuels for container vessel propulsion. Maersk and

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to the DOE Feedstock Technologies Program

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The DOE’s Feedstock Technologies program focuses on challenges and barriers crucial to reaching program goals, including: Feedstock Availability and Cost Production; Feedstock Genetics and Variety Improvement; Sustainable Harvesting; Feedstock Quality; Biomass Storage Systems; Biomass Physical State

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New Initiative to Scale Low-Carbon Fuel Production Adopted by Ministers at Global Energy Summit

(International Chamber of Shipping (ICS)/PR Newswire) The Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM) has today adopted the Clean Energy Marine Hubs Initiative (CEM-Hubs) at a summit in Goa, India. The first-of-its-kind platform brings together the private sector and governments across the energy-maritime value chain to transform maritime transportation

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EASA Launches SAF Research Project at Copenhagen Airport (CPH)

by Rytis Beresnevicius (Aerotime Hub) The European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) announced that it has launched a research project to improve Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) supply and infrastructure at Copenhagen Airport (CPH).  According to EASA, there are two key barriers to

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Global Clean Energy Holdings

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Global Clean Energy, a vertically integrated renewable fuels business that is focused on reducing transportation-related carbon emissions sustainably through its proprietary camelina varieties – the only varieties currently qualified for both federal and California standards

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Next Step towards Sustainable Air Freight: DHL Global Forwarding Partners with IAG Cargo to Enable Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(DHL)  • DHL Global Forwarding and IAG Cargo sign a contract for the purchase of 11.5 million liters of Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) emissions reductions. SAF are a crucial part of DHL’s GoGreen Plus service, allowing DHL and their customers

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Gasum Building Europe’s Northernmost BioCNG/LNG Filling Station in Lapland

(Biofuels International) Finland-headed gas and energy major Gasum Oy has announced that it has begun work on building a new gas filling station in the municipality of Keminmaa in northern Finland. Construction work will take around six months and the goal

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Neste Enters Long-Term Agreement with Advario for SAF Storage, Logistics Services in Singapore

(Biobased Diesel Daily/Advario)  Advario Singapore Ltd. announced May 22 that the company has entered a long-term partnership with Neste Corp. in which Advario is providing integrated storage and logistics services for Neste’s sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). The agreement between Advario and Neste

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Eni and RINA Sign Partnership to Accelerate the Energy Transition and Decarbonisation of Maritime Transport

(Eni)  RINA, an international company specialising in inspection, certification and engineering consultancy, and Eni have signed an agreement to jointly develop initiatives that can contribute to the energy transition and decarbonisation of their respective operations and particularly maritime transport, where

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Cost Cap Tweak Opens Door for Mercedes Biofuel Switch for F1 Trucks

by Jonathan Noble (motorsport.com) Tweaks to Formula 1's cost cap rules have opened the door for Mercedes to commit to running its race trucks on biofuel this year. -- The German manufacturer trialled using biofuel for its transporters at last year's Belgian,

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EMEC Win Funding to Drive Green Hydrogen Innovation

(European Marine Energy Center) EMEC awarded funding for four feasibility projects supporting green hydrogen innovation and development -- The award comes as part of the Scottish Government’s Hydrogen Innovation Scheme through which 32 projects across Scotland are set to receive funding

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Kenya Airways : KQ to Pilot Use of Sustainable Aviation Fuel During the Sustainable Flight Challenge

(Kenya Airways/Market Screener)  Kenya's national carrier, Kenya Airways (KQ), has announced participation in the second edition of the Sustainable Flight Challenge (TSFC), an initiative of SkyTeam. The initiative is a friendly competition between SkyTeam member airlines. This year, TSFC has

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How Hamburg Airport Is Putting Faith in Both SAF & Hydrogen for the Future of Travel

by Channing Reid (Simple Flying/MSN)  Germany's Hamburg Airport is continuing to invest in sustainable aviation with its support of projects involving aircraft flying with hydrogen fuel. The airport is partnering with Lufthansa Technik, an aircraft maintenance, repair, and overhaul service provider for commercial

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ITA Airways Launches Its Fly with SAF Program, Signing Its First Agreement with DB Schenker Italy

(ITA Airways/DB Schenker) • ITA Airways launches its Fly with SAF program, signing its first agreement with DB Schenker Italy. • ITA Airways and DB Schenker join their forces to develop the use of Sustainable Aviation Fuel. The program offers freight

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Air Products Announces Plan to Build the First Commercial-Scale Hydrogen Refueling Station in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

(Air Products/PR Newswire) The state-of-the-art, high-capacity station will be built near Air Products' New Net-Zero Hydrogen Energy Complex -- Air Products (NYSE: APD), the world's largest producer of hydrogen and a first-mover in energy transition projects, today announced plans to build a

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Study Sees Potential for Huge North Sea Hydrogen Pipelines

by Vera Eckert (Reuters) Costs for tapping offshore wind for hydrogen seen viable; North Sea-bordering countries would gain from joint plan; Local ventures would cut costs, avoid import dependency Investments of between 15 and 22 billion euros ($15.92-$23.36 billion) could buy

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Universal Hydrogen Announces Collaboration in Japan to Study Green Hydrogen Supply and Logistics Solutions for Japanese Airlines

(Universal Hydrogen/Business Wire) Universal Hydrogen Announces Collaboration in Japan to Study Green Hydrogen Supply and Logistics Solutions for Japanese Airlines; Collaboration between Universal Hydrogen, Sojitz Corporation, and Mitsubishi HC Capital Inc. to enable the use of hydrogen-powered aircraft by Japanese

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New ECTN Alliance Plans to Decarbonize European Long-Haul Trucking

(Engie/CEVA Logistics/Sanef/AltFuels) Three major groups are joining forces to fight climate change and launch the European Clean Transport Network Alliance (ECTN Alliance), a concrete solution to decarbonize road freight transport. Mobilizing the expertise of its founding members—CEVA Logistics (part of CMA

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Eni Sustainable Mobility's Diesel from 100% Renewable Raw Materials Powers Spinelli Group Trucks

(Eni) From today, HVOlution, the biofuel produced at Venice and Gela Eni’s bio-refineries, will be used by 150 vehicles from the Spinelli Group’s fleet --  Eni Sustainable Mobility and the Spinelli Group, a leader in the field of integrated logistics, have

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EU Funds New Project that Advances Environmental Benefits of LNG as Marine Fuel

(Wärtsilä/AltFuels)  Coordinated by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, the Green Ray project has secured European Union funding to develop solutions minimizing methane slip from marine engines, advancing the environmental and climate benefits of LNG as a ship fuel. The initiative

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ONE Biofuel Onboard MOL Endowment

(Maritime Executive) Ocean Network Express (ONE) is pleased to announce the successful completion of the biofuel trial onboard MOL ENDOWMENT. Drop-in biofuel pilot project Conducted as part of the Global Centre for Maritime Decarbonisation’s (GCMD) pilot project to establish a quality, quantity and

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to the State of Bioeconomy Feedstocks and Advanced Agriculture

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The DIgest completed the 7 week series of ABLC CONNECT events in which ABLC delegates join in a Zoom-based pre-networking session with this look at the world of Bioeconomy Feedstocks and Advanced Agriculture and —

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Will Ethanol Fuel a Low-Carbon Future?

by Craig Bettenhausen (Chemical & Engineering News) After decades of false starts, cellulosic ethanol may arrive just as the chemical and fuel industries clamor for a low-carbon feedstock  -- Cellulosic ethanol has been 5 years away for decades. It’s a trope,

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Lenovo Teams up with Kuehne+Nagel to Design a Sustainable Logistics Solution to Help Customers Reduce Their Carbon Footprint

(Lenovo) First-of-its-kind sustainable aviation fuel service offered to customers for a lower-carbon emissions option to transport IT equipment via air freight  --  To support enterprises in their commitment to minimize their environmental footprint and combat climate change, Lenovo is joining

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US Refiners Push One-Year Delay on E15 Petition

by Chris Knight (Argus Media) Shell, Phillips 66 and Chevron are among the oil companies seeking at least a one-year delay, until 1 May 2024, for a fuel specification change in eight states intended to support continued year-round sales of 15pc

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Rio Grande: Petrobras Tests Bunker with Renewable Content on Transpetro Vessel

(Petrobras/Portos & Mercados (Google Translation)) Petrobras carried out, on Saturday (12/31), the first bunker filling with renewable content in the country. At the Rio Grande Terminal (Terig), in Rio Grande do Sul, the Transpetro vessel “Darcy Ribeiro”, was fueled with the new

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Repsol Joins Forces with ASAJA to Transform Agricultural and Livestock Waste into Renewable Fuels

(Repsol) • Repsol and ASAJA, the largest professional agricultural organization in Spain, will cooperate to promote the circular economy and generate opportunities in the primary sector through the valorization of agricultural and livestock by-products in the energy industry. Repsol is

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Cargo-Partner Completes Ljubljana Expansion and SAF Flight

(AirCargo News) Logistics firm cargo-partner has officially opened its expanded logistics facility close to Slovenia’s Ljubljana Airport and announced a Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) project.  ... SAF investment Meanwhile, in early December, cargo-partner and Lufthansa handled their first SAF shipment directly from Vienna Airport. The

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DSV Becomes First Etihad Cargo Partner to Purchase SAF to Offset Carbon Emissions

(Zawya) Etihad's first NetZero transatlantic flight from Washington Dulles to Abu Dhabi utilised SAF combined with SAF Book & Claim, demonstrating the potential to utilise current technology to achieve net-zero aviation; The NetZero flight, operated with Etihad's Boeing 787 "Greenliner"

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Neste and CIM Enable the Supply of Sustainable Aviation Fuel to France to Support Meeting Local SAF Blending Obligations

(Neste) Neste and CIM, part of NOVEN Group in France, the leading independent French group of companies providing oil storage and supply services, are pleased to announce their collaboration to enable the supply of Neste MY Sustainable Aviation Fuel™ into France. The collaboration

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FS Invests in Rumo Wagons and Increases Its Volume Transported by Rail

by Andréia Vital (JournalCana) With the acquisition of 80 wagons, FS starts an unprecedented business model and should generate a reduction of approximately 50% in CO₂ emissions -- FS , with units in Lucas do Rio Verde and Sorriso, in Mato

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Neste Collaborates with ITOCHU and Fuji Oil Company on a Project to Demonstrate Local Blending of Sustainable Aviation Fuel in Japan

(Neste) ITOCHU Corporation has been selected for a sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) demonstration project by the Japanese Civil Aviation Bureau, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT). The aim of the project is to demonstrate the blending of imported neat

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Maersk’s Newly Ordered Boxships to Run on MAN ES Methanol Engines

by Ajsa Habibic (Offshore Energy) German engine manufacturer MAN Energy Solutions (MAN ES) has received a ‘major order’ to deliver dual-fuel methanol engines for six 17,000 TEU containerships being built for Danish integrated logistics company A.P. Moller – Maersk. According to MAN ES,

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GAUSSIN and Lhyfe Form a Strategic Partnership Aimed at Accelerating the Development of Hydrogen Mobility at Port, Airport and Logistics Sites

(Lhyfe) A strategic partnership for GAUSSIN and Lhyfe  --  According to the terms of the MoU signed by GAUSSIN and Lhyfe, the two operators will study the possibility of developing a comprehensive renewable mobility solution combining the hydrogen vehicles of GAUSSIN

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New Independent Study Confirms Bio-LNG's Role in Shipping's Decarbonisation

(SEA-LNG) Bio-LNG can meet a significant proportion of future shipping demand and will be among the cheapest sustainable alternative marine fuels -- A new study commissioned by SEA-LNG has found that liquified bio-methane (bio-LNG) can make a major contribution to

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Feedstock-Conversion Interface Consortium Annual Review of Research FY 2021

(U.S. Department of Energy) Led by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office, the Feedstock-Conversion Interface Consortium (FCIC) is a multi-lab collaboration that develops first-principles-based knowledge and tools to understand, quantify, and mitigate the effects of feedstock and process

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The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Improved Advanced Biomass Logistics Utilizing Woody Feedstocks

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Harvesting and transportation makes up 40 –60% of the delivered cost of SRWC and are an important source of GHG emissions. Harvesting systems are not well developed — throughput decreases up to 65% from harvester

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FlyORO Meets with Duncan Aviation to Explore Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) at Lincoln Airport

(FlyORO)  Duncan Aviation, the world’s largest privately owned business jet service provider, takes sustainability seriously. The company recently earned NATA’s sustainability standard for aviation businesses. Now, Duncan Aviation is exploring ways to efficiently bring SAF to their customers. The increasing trend towards

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The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Next Generation Logistics Systems for Delivering Optimal Biomass Feedstocks

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) This continuing Project with DOE BETO regarding improved logistics builds on advances in two previous High Tonnage projects (Pine at AU; Switchgrass at Genera). The project goal is to evaluate a state-of-the-art biomass merchandizing and

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Air New Zealand to Fly on Sustainable Aviation Fuel from Next Week

by Roeland van den Bergh (Stuff) Air New Zealand plans to start flying its aircraft partly on sustainable aviation fuel made from recycled cooking oil and animal waste from next week. Air New Zealand chief executive Greg Foran said the first 1.2

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Bolloré Logistics and Hapag-Lloyd Commit on Sustainable Maritime Transport

(Bolloré Logistics)  Bolloré Logistics has recently signed an agreement with strategic partner Hapag-Lloyd to promote the use of marine biofuel and contribute to the reduction of their greenhouse gas emissions related to maritime transport. --  This commitment, starting on 1 September,

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CMA CGM creates a USD 1.5 Billion Special Fund for Energies to Accelerate the Energy Transition in Shipping and Logistics

(CMA CGM) -A five-year investment and a dedicated team to drive the energy transition. -The objective is to accelerate decarbonization across shipping, inland, and logistics operations globally. -A major commitment to developing energy-saving and energy-efficient solutions. The CMA CGM Group announced

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Evonik and Shell Reduce Heavy Duty Transport CO2e Emissions with Bio-LNG

(Evonik) Evonik is committed to reduce its own emissions by shipping its products environmentally friendly with Bio-LNG-fueled trucks. Driving forward CO2 equivalent1 (CO2e) reduction in Germany with additional Bio-LNG for selected logistics partners  Shell’s Bio-LNG enables significant emission reduction of approximately 86

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European-Collected UCO as a Sustainable Feedstock

(Biofuels International)  The collection of used cooking oil is crucial to the supply of biodiesel feedstock. Biofuels International spoke to Pol Van Pollaert, Commercial Director of Quatra, a market leader in the collection and recycling of used cooking oil. ... Quatra is

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Shell, Accenture and Amex GBT Launch One of the World’s First Blockchain Powered Digital Book-and-Claim Solutions for Scaling Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)

(Shell) Shell, Accenture, and American Express Global Business Travel (Amex GBT) are jointly announcing the launch of Avelia, one of the world’s first blockchain-powered digital sustainable aviation fuel (SAF)* book-and-claim** solutions for business travel. It is the largest SAF book-and-claim

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Petrobras and Raízen Sign Agreement for Biomethane Production Feasibility

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  In Brazil, Petrobras and Raízen signed an agreement to jointly evaluate potential businesses involving the production, purchase and sale of biomethane, a 100% renewable fuel produced by Raízen from sugarcane waste (vinasse and filter cake), generated

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ACI World Launches Study on the Integration of SAF at Airports

 (Airport World) ACI World and the Aerospace Technology Institute (ATI) have launched a first-of-its-kind study on sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) to support the decarbonisation of the industry and contribute to building a viable future for aviation and communities worldwide. The Integration of Sustainable

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Volvo CE India Showcases Biodiesel Blends for Construction Equipment Range

(Express Mobility) Unblended biodiesel (B100) is 100 percent Biodiesel and is manufactured from various feed stocks including soyabean oil, used cooking oil, animal tallow and plant seeds in India. Volvo CE India has announced that its customers across the country will have

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Kuehne + Nagel Partners with IAG Cargo to Reduce Its Supply Chain Emissions through Use of 8 Million Litres of First UK Produced Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(IAG Cargo) • The sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) is scheduled to be delivered during 2022 and demonstrates IAG Cargo and Kuehne+Nagel’s commitment to decarbonising air cargo The sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) has been sourced by IAG from UK based Phillips

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SGP BioEnergy Announces World's Largest Advanced Biofuel Production Facility

(SGP BioEnergy/PR Newswire) Partnership with Government of Panama provides key global logistics hub serving over 1,000 ports; Sustainable Aviation Fuel and advanced biofuels key to decarbonization of transportation and industry  -- A team of foremost energy industry companies led by SGP

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NYK and Sanyo Kaiji Start Japan's First Ship-to-Ship Biofuel Supply Trial for Tugboats

(NYK Line) Nippon Yusen Kabushiki Kaisha (hereinafter, NYK) and its affiliate Sanyo Kaiji Kabushiki Kaisha (hereinafter, Sanyo Kaiji) have started a continuous three-month test navigation using biodiesel (hereinafter biofuel) supplied by Toyotsu Energy Corporation in tugboats operated by Sanyo Kaiji.

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Western Switzerland’s First H2 Plant Seeks to Decarbonize Freight Mobility

(H-TEC SYSTEMS/NGV Journal) H-TEC SYSTEMS and Groupe E will implement the first hydrogen project in Western Switzerland. For this project, two H-TEC SYSTEMS ME450/1400 PEM electrolyzers will produce green hydrogen from hydropower at the Schiffenen Dam. Starting in 2023, approximately 300

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Neste and DHL Express Announce One of the Largest Ever Sustainable Aviation Fuel Deals

(Neste)  DHL Express and Neste have announced a significant step towards decarbonizing aviation logistics by expanding their existing cooperation with a new strategic collaboration. In the next five years, Neste will supply DHL with approximately 320,000 tons (400 million liters) of Neste

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Estonian Energy Firm Starts Delivery of BioLNG, Also Uses It in Its Own Fleet

(Alexela/NGV Journal)  Alexela has become the first energy company in Estonia and in the Baltics to supply the domestic market with 100% carbon-neutral bio-LNG, the fuel that is the most sustainable in road transport today and that helps reduce greenhouse gases

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ERP Software a Necessity in the UCO Collection Business

by Kristof Reiter (Biobased  Diesel Daily)  ...  ERP software has transformed nearly every industry—it’s even the entire basis of some new industries like rideshare companies—but used cooking oil (UCO) collectors have long been left out of the revolution, forcing them

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VARO Energy and GPS Group Announce the Completion of an Integrated Biofuels Facility in the Port of Amsterdam

(VARO) VARO and GPS have developed a unique rail handling system as well as ethanol storage capacity, dedicated for VARO’s use in the Port of Amsterdam. The modernization of the infrastructure is an important step to respond to the increasing

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German Navigation Software Firm HERE Acquires Software Tool for Fleet Managers Developed by Migros and Empa

(EuropaWire)   Empa, the Swiss research institute for applied materials sciences and technology, has announced that a software tool aimed at supporting fleet managers in transforming truck fleet to low-CO2 powertrains jointly developed by the Switzerland’s largest retail company Migros and Empa

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WasteFuel Announces WasteFuel Marine, a Green Shipping Fuel Solution

(WasteFuel) WasteFuel, a developer of low-carbon biofuels, announced today the launch of WasteFuel Marine, a renewable fuel solution for the shipping sector. WasteFuel Marine’s initial product will be bio-methanol for container ships. WasteFuel aims for its marine fuels to reduce CO2 emissions

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Murex Adds Renewable Diesel Unit Train-Capable Transloading Service at Gulf Gateway Terminal in New Orleans

(Murex/PR Newswire)   Murex LLC, a low carbon fuels marketing and logistics company, announced that it has secured transloading contracts through its affiliate, Gulf Gateway Terminal LLC ("GGT"), with two separate fuel distributor customers that rail renewable product into the California market. North

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Trials Using Biofuels on Spliethoff Group Vessels

(Spliethoff) Spliethoff Group’s constant striving to reduce its CO2 emissions has led to two trials using biofuel on its vessels. The first trial took place between June and November last year on BigLift Shipping’s HTV BigLift Baffin. The vessel was supplied with

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Testing Continues to Show Environmental Benefits of Biofuels

(The Maritime Executive)  A growing number of shipping companies across different segments of the industry are continuing to test variations of biofuels as an alternative to improve operations. Among the recent projects was what is being called the world’s longest-running trial

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Pune-Based Praj’s BIOSYRUP to Enable Year-Round Production of Ethanol to Boost to the Sugar Sector

(Praj/Pune Kar News)   Praj Industries Limited (Praj) announced an innovative solution to process sugarcane juice into a new sustainable feedstock BIOSYRUP® for round the year ethanol production. Dr. Pramod Chaudhari – Executive Chairman Praj Industries, Shishir Joshipura, Chief Executive Officer and Managing

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CMA CGM, Shell Perform First Bio-LNG Bunkering in Rotterdam

by Surabhi Sahu, Piers De Wilde and Britt Russell-Webster (S&P Global) Containerships Aurora receives 44 cu m of Bio-LNG; Bio-LNG reduces GHG emissions by at least 67% on well-to-wake basis; LNG's share in global bunker fuel mix to rise to 16% in 2030:

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Advancing the Bioeconomy in TX, CA, and OH: Comprehensive Geospatial Biomass Feedstock Inventories for Potential Conversion to Biofuels, Biochar, Co-products

by : Richard J. Brenner, Wes Jurey and Todd Campbell (Agricultural Technology Innovation Partnership)  Introduction. The ATIP Foundation (Agricultural Technology Innovation Partnership) conducts projects in multi-county regions of 3 states to “advance the rural bioeconomy,” using a replicable model we developed

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How Close Are Hydrogen Planes, Really?

by Sabri Ben-Achour (MarketPlace.org) ... These days, there are two ways one can use hydrogen to fly planes. First, you can burn it (on purpose). “You can run hydrogen through an existing engine,” said Mike McCurdy, a managing director with aviation consulting firm

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SAF Delivered to Dallas Fort Worth International Airport

(Avfuel Corp./Biomass Magazine)  Upon receiving its first delivery of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF), Dallas Fort Worth International Airport (DFW), in collaboration with Avfuel Corp. and Neste, became the first airport in the United States to test a collaborative circular economy project

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NYK Conducts Successful Biofuel Trial on Vessel Transporting Tata Steel Cargo

(NYK) Third successful decarbonization trial for NYK Group Vessel -- The bulk carrier Frontier Sky, which is owned by NYK and operated by Tata NYK Shipping Pte. Ltd., has conducted a trial use of biofuel to transport cargo provided by Tata

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Sustainable Aviation Fuel Introduced for the First Time at Gatwick Airport through a Collaboration between Neste, Q8Aviation, easyJet and Gatwick Airport Ltd

(Neste) With the first one departing today, a total of 42 easyJet flights operating from Gatwick Airport are to be powered by a 30 percent Neste MY Sustainable Aviation Fuel™ blend. This important milestone marks the first time a departing flight at Gatwick

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How Feasible Are Biofuels in Marine Applications?: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Marine Biofuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Do biofuels have potential for the maritime sector? Should BETO implement a biofuels program for large ocean-going vessels to meet the International Maritime Organization’s carbon reduction goals (a 40% reduction relative to 2008 levels by

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Euronav Successfully Completes Biofuel Test on Suezmax

(Euronav) As one of the first in the oil tanker industry Euronav tested a B30 biofuel on a Suezmax, the Statia (2006- 150,205 dwt). The trial with the biofuel blend from energy supplier BP was successful. Lower carbon fuels will

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SAF – Kuehne+Nagel and Lufthansa Cargo Agree on Exclusive Partnership to Promote CO2-Neutral Power-to-liquid Fuel

(Kuehne+Nagel)  SAF – Kuehne+Nagel and Lufthansa Cargo agree on exclusive partnership to promote CO2-neutral power-to-liquid fuel. -- Kuehne+Nagel and Lufthansa Cargo have agreed on an exclusive partnership for the promotion and use of synthetic crude oil from NGO atmosfair based in Berlin.

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Skyservice™ Is First Full Service Business Aviation Provider in Canada to Offer Sustainable Aviation Fuel to Private Aircraft Clients

(Skyservice) AirSprint is the company’s first customer to operate with SAF fuel  --  As part of its commitment to environmentally responsible operations in the air and at its facilities, Skyservice Business Aviation (Skyservice™), Canada’s leader in business aviation, is pleased

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DOE Announces Nearly $8 Million for National Laboratory H2@Scale Projects to Help Reach Hydrogen Shot Goals

(U.S. Department of Energy)  Tthe U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced nearly $8 million for nine cooperative projects that will complement existing H2@Scale efforts and support DOE’s Hydrogen Shot goal to drive down the cost of clean hydrogen by 80% within the decade. The

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Government Funding for Zero Emission Aviation Projects Announced as UK Plans for COP26 SAF Flights

by Christopher Surgenor  (GreenAir Online) As the UK prepares to host COP26, the Department for Transport (DfT) has announced the winners of a £3 million ($4m) fund to support zero emission flight aviation. The research and technology projects will help

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Lufthansa Technik and Hamburg Airport Start Hydrogen-Powered Aircraft Research Project

by Christopher Surgenor (GreenAir Online)  MRO and technical aircraft services provider Lufthansa Technik has joined with Hamburg Airport in an initiative to design and test maintenance and ground processes for handling liquid hydrogen (LH2) that is expected to be used

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Tidewater Midstream Announces the Creation of Tidewater Renewables and Capitalization via Initial Public Offering

(Tidewater Midstream/CISION) Tidewater Midstream and Infrastructure Ltd. ("Tidewater Midstream") is pleased to announce the creation of Tidewater Renewables Ltd. ("Tidewater Renewables") as a wholly owned subsidiary. Tidewater Renewables has been formed to become a multi-faceted, energy transition company focusing on the

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SWISS Becomes First Commercial Airline to Fly from Switzerland with Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(SWISS) SWISS has established the first-ever end-to-end logistics chain for importing sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) to Switzerland in collaboration with various partners. This makes SWISS the first commercial airline to use SAF in its scheduled flight operations from Switzerland. Thanks to

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Berge Bulk and Marine Biofuel Pioneer GoodFuels Successfully Complete First Bio-Bunkering

(GoodFuels)  Trial further demonstrates the viability of GoodFuels’ sustainable marine biofuel in future fuel mix and takes Berge Bulk another step closer to shipping’s decarbonisation goals  -- GoodFuels, the leading marine biofuels supplier for the global shipping industry, and independent dry

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Modeling for Biorefineries: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Red Rock Biofuels De-Risking Feedstock

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)Optimizing and de-risking the deployment of biomass gasification processes by implementing physics-based simulations of feed handling and transportation unit operations was NREL’s goal as they did modeling and simulations to support Red Rock Biofuels during design

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Understanding Energy Density of Future Fuels Could Be Key to Clearer Decarbonization Decision-Making

(SEA-LNG) Just as like for like full lifecycle GHG comparisons of future fuels are essential, accurate comparisons of energy density are also vital --  Greater understanding around the comparative pricing, vessel performance and procurement of marine fuels is required to avoid

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Anglo American Completes First Maritime Biofuel Trial towards Decarbonizing Ocean Freight

(Anglo American)  Anglo American has successfully trialled the use of sustainable biofuel to power a chartered capesize ship during a voyage from Singapore to South Africa. The biodiesel blend, produced by converting waste cooking oil from Singapore’s food and beverage industry,

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Valio and St1 to Produce Biogas from Manure – A New Opening in Reducing Transport Emissions

(St1) Food company Valio and energy company St1 are establishing a joint venture to produce renewable biogas from dairy farm manure and other agricultural by-products mainly as fuel for heavy-duty transport. The company to be established is targeting up to 1,000

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In Response to NTSB Request, RFA Updates Manual of Best Practices for Ethanol Rail Transport

(Renewable Fuels Association) At the request of the National Transportation Safety Board, the Renewable Fuels Association today published an update to its Best Practices for Rail Transport of Ethanol manual. For years, the publication has served as an important and trusted educational tool promoting regulatory

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DHL Global Forwarding Implements SAF Book-and-Claim Mechanism, Joins United Program

(DHL Global Forwarding/Biobased Diesel Daily)  DHL Global Forwarding, the air and ocean freight specialist of Deutsche Post DHL Group, will fund the purchase of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) via United Airlines, recognizing the key role of SAF in decarbonizing the airfreight

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Sustainable Aviation Fuel Plant Set for Take off at Stanlow

(Essar)  Essar Oil (UK) Limited (Essar) is delighted to join forces with Fulcrum BioEnergy Limited (Fulcrum) and Essar’s subsidiary company Stanlow Terminals Limited to create a new facility which will convert non-recyclable household waste into sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) for use

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Germany Announces Three Green Hydrogen Projects

by Chloe Jardine (Argus Media) Germany's research ministry today presented three large-scale research projects on green hydrogen, with a focus on the production of large electrolysers, on combining offshore wind farms and hydrogen production, and on the transport of hydrogen. Federal research minister

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How the Pentagon Could Boost Biden's Climate Plan

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico's Morning Energy) ...The Pentagon helped jump start the U.S. solar industry back in 2007 when the Air Force contracted to build a 14-megawatt solar farm at Nellis Air Force Base in Nevada, and former President Barack Obama

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Biofuture Summit II: IEA Calls for Countries to Implement Biofuture Platform Post-COVID Principles

(Biofuture)  Bioenergy sector hailed as a ‘job creating machine’ at launch of BBEST 2020-21/BIOFUTURE SUMMIT II Virtual Conference; Unique conference brings together world-leading policies, innovation, science and market analysis across the bioeconomy  --  The Biofuture Platform, a multi-stakeholder initiative facilitated by the

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Titan LNG Receives EU Funding for Biogas Bunkering Project

(Bioenergy Insight) Dutch gas supplier Titan LNG has signed a deal to receive European Union funding for its Bio2Bunker biogas project.  Titan LNG, a major supplier of liquefied natural gas to the marine and industrial markets in Europe has been

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Lowering Tech Barriers to Grow Bioeconomy: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in Biofuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  There are major barriers in growing a bioeconomy, but Idaho National Laboratory is tackling some of those by applying artificial intelligence and machine learning to improve the supply of sustainable biomass feedstock for conversion to

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Neutral Fuels Launches Mobile App to Better Control UCO for McDonald’s

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest) In the UAE, Neutral Fuels has created a bespoke mobile app to enable tighter control of the collection and delivery of used cooking oil for its flagship UAE customer, McDonald’s. Thousands of liters of used oil are

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Feedstock-Conversion Interface Consortium Launches New Website

by Helena Taveras Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) In Washington, D.C., the Feedstock-Conversion Interface Consortium released their revamped website which features renovated content describing the FCIC’s eight main research areas. Each research area will enable the consortium to help biorefinery developers understand and mitigate

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5 Ways to Reduce Costs in Integrated Biorefineries: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Enabling Lower-Cost Biofuels

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) just released a new report that outlines five specific, yet broadly applicable, areas of focus to reduce costs in an integrated biorefinery. This analysis builds upon ongoing R&D strategies to lower

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Bioenergy Technologies Office 2019 R&D State of Technology

(U.S. Department of Energy)  The U.S. Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) funds research and development (R&D) on technologies necessary for the deployment and production of costcompetitive bioenergy, primarily biofuels. Results of experimental efforts are periodically compiled and compared

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Vale Male: Big Changes at the BioEnergy Technologies Office

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ... If you’ve noticed that DOE is taking on a much more fundamental bit of science than we’ve seen in the past decade — a move away from catalyzing demonstrations and scale-up and towards more fundamental

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Diamond Green Diesel to Enhance Distribution Logistics Per Agreement With St. Rose IMTT Terminal

(Darling Ingredients Inc./Market Watch) Darling Ingredients Inc. DAR, -5.44%  today announced that its joint venture with Valero Energy Corporation, Diamond Green Diesel ("DGD"), has entered into a long-term lease agreement with IMTT. The agreement will allow DGD access and use of the St. Rose IMTT

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Lessons Learning on the Road to Commercialization: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Ensyn’s Demo to Commercial Path

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) We all know going from demo to commercial isn’t easy. Ensyn, a company that produces biocrude from forest and agricultural residues using its proprietary thermal technology and focuses on low carbon fuels and chemicals, knows all

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ANA Receives Passenger Jet via Delivery Flight Powered by Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(Biofuels International)  Japanese airline All Nippon Airways (ANA) has received its latest passenger aircraft from the US via a delivery flight that was powered with a blend of jet fuel and sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). The brand new Boeing 777-300ER

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Indonesia to Run Comprehensive B30 Biodiesel Trial in Coming Weeks - Producer Group

by Bernadette Christina Munthe and Fransiska Nangoy (Reuters) Indonesia will run a comprehensive trial for its B30 biodiesel programme in mid-November or early December, Paulus Tjakrawan, vice chairman of Indonesian Biofuel Producers Association, said on Friday. The country aims to implement in

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Guidance Issued for Farmers Suffering Biodiesel Problems

(Farmer's Weekly) Fuel suppliers have issued guidance for farmers and contractors who say biodiesel is causing low fuel pressure and blocking filters in tractors. Some farmers have suggested the problems are related to an increase in the fatty acid methyl ester (Fame)

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Assessing the Stability and Techno-Economic Implications for Wet Storage of Harvested Microalgae to Manage Seasonal Variability

by Lynn M. Wendt, Christopher Kinchin, Bradley D. Wahlen, Ryan Davis, Thomas A. Dempster & Henri Gerken (Biotechnology for Biofuels) Seasonal variation in microalgae production is a significant challenge to developing cost-competitive algae biofuels. Summer production can be three to five

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DTE Opens RNG Processing and Interstate Injection Site in Wisconsin

by Betsy Lillian (NGT News) DTE Biomass Energy, a non-regulated subsidiary of DTE Energy, has opened a combined dairy renewable natural gas (RNG) processing and interstate injection facility in Wisconsin. The facility represents the first of its kind for not only DTE

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SoCalGas and Calgren Announce Completion of Dairy Renewable Natural Gas Facility, Expected to be Largest in U.S.

(Southern California Gas Company/CISION)  Calgren's dairy biogas operation--first of its kind in California-captures methane from animal waste to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and provide pipeline quality renewable natural gas  --  Southern California Gas Co. (SoCalGas) today joined Calgren Dairy Fuels, and state and local

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Partnership for Production of Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(NTBInfo/Avinor)  Avinor has entered into an agreement with Quantafuel to buy sustainable aviation fuel based on Norwegian biomass. The fuel will be produced in a pilot plant partly funded by ENOVA*.  “Sustainable aviation fuel is essential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from

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DE-FOA-0002029: FY19 Bioenergy Technologies Office Multi-Topic Funding Opportunity Announcement DEADLINE: June 3, 2019

(U.S. Department of Energy) This Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) will provide funding to address the highest priority R&D areas within biofuel technologies, bioproducts, and biopower. It includes Areas of Interest (AOIs) from all five BETO programs: Feedstock Supply and Logistics; Advanced

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Insight: US Ethanol Moving to China by Various Means, Including Ship-to-Ship Transfers

by Clare Pennington, Izham Ahmad, Steven McGinn (ICIS) Trans-shipments of ethanol from the US to China are taking place in renewed efforts to thwart US-China tariffs, including ship-to-ship transfers, several sources in Asia and Europe have confirmed. Importing US ethanol into China carries

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Disruptive Technologies: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Praj Industries

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Praj Industries is an end-to-end solutions provider in the ethanol arena from concept to commissioning and feedstock handling to effluent treatment. They have technology and engineering solutions for biofuels, biochemicals and water. Dr. Pramod Kumbhar, Chief Technology

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Farmers from Oltenia and Clariant to Partner for a Cleaner Environment

(Clariant)  Opportunity for significant extra revenues for farmers in Oltenia by selling straw residue to the cellulosic ethanol plant built by Clariant in Romania  --  Clariant, a focused and innovative specialty chemical company, provides farmers in Oltenia with the opportunity to transform

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Cellulosic Commercialization: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Cellulosic Ethanol

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Douglas B. Rivers, PhD,from Sunflwr Consulting and a member of Lee Enterprises Consulting offers this illuminating overview and more READ MORE    

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Royal Netherlands Air Force Operates Her F-16 Fighting Falcons per January on Sustainable Aviation Fuel, Supplied by SkyNRG, Shell Aviation and World Energy

(SkyNRG)  Starting per January 14th, the Royal Netherlands Air Force operates her flights from Leeuwarden Airbase on sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). The SAF is supplied by SkyNRG and Shell Aviation and produced in the US by World Energy, at this moment

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Don’t Mess with My Toot Toot: The Zydeco of Xyleco

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ... This week on 60 Minutes, another unlikely character burst onto the national scene, courtesy of one of the lightest technologies profiles ever investigated on 60 Minutes by the otherwise redoubtable Lesley Stahl, who offered up the story

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Biodiesel’s Cutting Edge

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  Biodiesel Magazine profiles nine companies whose process technologies, products and services are on the frontline of change in this industry. Third Coast Commodities Biodiesel feedstock trading is evolving, and Third Coast Commodities is one of the firms ushering

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Outlook 2019: European Fuel Ethanol Market to Focus on Supply Side

by  Sophie Byron and Chrysa Glystra (S&P Global Platts)   The dawn of 2019 will find European fuel ethanol trying to rebalance supply, while awaiting key developments with Brexit and US antidumping duties. ... Logistics have also been a headache not only for

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ACE Hopes to Help Grow Mexico’s Ethanol Market

by Matt Thompson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Fresh off a trip to Mexico to tout the benefits of ethanol to retailers, the American Coalition for Ethanol’s Senior Vice President Ron Lamberty said interest in ethanol among the country’s retailers is piqued. Lamberty

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Shell, World Energy, SkyNRG, KLM, SAS and Finnair Join Forces to Reduce Carbon Emissions at San Francisco Airport

(SkyNRG) Shell, World Energy and SkyNRG have initiated the supply of sustainable aviation fuel to three major airlines at San Francisco Airport following the strategic collaboration announced in May which involved fuel suppliers, airlines, and airport agencies. Shell Aviation and SkyNRG have

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Virgin Australia Targets More Airport Biofuel Trials

by Adrian Schofield (Aviation Daily/Aviation Week)  Virgin Australia has just completed a major biofuel trial at Australia’s Brisbane Airport, and the carrier is planning further tests in the near future. Along with its partner organizations, Virgin arranged to have a biofuel

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Analysis: Where Are We with E10 Gasoline in Europe?

by  Chrysa Glystra (S&P Global/Platts)   Increasing biofuel mandates across Europe for 2019, combined with navigating the complexities of the post-2020 renewable energy framework (RED II), have brought discussions over wider adoption of E10 back on the table for European producers and

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Skangas Fuels the Tanker Fure Vinga with Liquefied Biogas (LBG)

(SkanGas)  Skangas have supplied the leading Swedish shipping company and LNG pioneer Furetank with Liquefied Biogas (LBG) - a renewable and environmentally friendly fuel. The Swedish LBG was delivered to Furetank’s M/T FURE VINGA from Skangas’ parent company Gasum’s biogas facility

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Valmet and Turun Seudun Energiatuotanto: Joint Development of an Industrial Internet-Based Fuel Chain Management Solution for Biopower Plants

(Valmet)  Valmet, together with its customer Turun Seudun Energiatuotanto Oy (TSE), is developing a comprehensive Industrial Internet-based set of production information systems and district heating network optimization solutions. This is being implemented for the first time as an integral part of

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Port of Seattle Announces Partnership for Sustainable Aviation Fuels at Sea-Tac Airport

(Port of Seattle)  Innovative partnership with 13 airlines aims to replace 10 percent of traditional jet fuel with local, sustainable supply in 10 years  --  The Port of Seattle announced today that 13 airlines, including Alaska Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Horizon Airlines,

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Chempolis Seals Deal for Indian Biorefinery: A New Technology, Designed in Finland, Will Produce Bioethanol, Biochemicals, and Green Energy from Bamboo

(Chempolis) The biorefining technology company Chempolis, the Finnish energy company Fortum, and Numaligarh Refinery Limited (NRL), a state-owned Indian oil company, have formed a joint venture to construct a biorefinery in the state of Assam in Northeast India. The joint venture will

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Veolia Launch New Online Marketplace for Organic Resources in the UK

(Veolia)  As part of the drive to increase the circular economy global resource management company, Veolia, is launching an online trading platform that makes it easier to sell and buy organic resources. Designed to save users time and money, BioTrading will

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FCIC to Fund Projects to Improve Biomass Handing

(Feedstock-Conversion Interface Consortium/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  To accelerate innovation and adoption of new practices and technologies to determine the root cause of biomass handling failures and designing solutions, the Feedstock-Conversion Interface Consortium is overseeing a directed funding opportunity (DFO) call. Interested industrial

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Aviation Biofuel - An Engagement for Green Growth

(WebWire)  At the World Efficiency Fair, Air France today presented an Engagement for Green Growth (ECV) with the French Ministry for Ecological and Inclusive Transition, French Ministry of Transport and the French Ministry of Economy and Finance along with four other major French

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As Ships Risk “Unseaworthy” Rating, Warns IMO, Bioenergy Is a Key to Saving Them

by Ron Cascone (Nexant)  Reuters reported on November 16, 2017 an International Maritime Organization (IMO) declaration that ships not meeting stack sulfur emission limits through reductions in the sulfur content of their fuel or by installing scrubbers risk being declared “unseaworthy”. Ship

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No Crop Left Behind: Inside the USDA’s Bioeconomy Feedstock Strategy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) ... You’d be forgiven if you mistook Ahb Subi Banr-Sbar for a well-placed official in the Iranian government — but, in fact, it’s a 9-project network to facilitate the development of regionally-based industries producing advanced biofuels, industrial

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Secretary of Energy Rick Perry Announces Integrated Biorefinery Optimization Projects

(U.S. Department of Energy)  Today (September 20, 2017), U.S. Secretary of Energy Rick Perry announced that the Department of Energy (DOE) has selected eight projects to negotiate for up to $15 million in total DOE funding to optimize integrated biorefineries. These projects

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Research Progressing on How to Spur Wide Use of Aviation Biofuels

(Penn State News)  Slowed as much by extremely low oil prices as supply-chain and technological challenges, the effort to integrate biofuels into the nation's aviation fuel supply is nonetheless progressing, according to a researcher in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences. Sustainable

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A New Research and Innovation Project Will Foster Europe-Brazil Cooperation on Advanced Lignocellulosic Biofuels

(BECOOL/AltEnergyMag) A new Horizon 2020 project will foster cooperation between Europe and Brazil in the development of advanced biofuels from sustainable agricultural value chains, based on lignocellulosic biomass. Coordinated by the University of Bologna, Department of Agricultural Sciences, the four-year

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Airlines Say Biofuels Can Drive Business Results (and Airports Can Help)

by Jennifer Hermes (Environmental Leader)  ...   Other airlines have committed to advancing and commercializing sustainable aviation biofuels, as well – most airlines claim they are doing so in order to become more sustainable and lower carbon emissions – but it is

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SkyNRG, CAO and EPIC Fuels Supply Singapore Airlines to Operate Its First Sustainable Biofuel Flight

(SkyNRG)  On Singapore Airlines’ (SIA) 70th anniversary, the carrier operated its first flight on sustainable biofuel. The morning flight departed from San Francisco Airport on May 1st and arrived in Singapore the next day. SIA partnered with the Civil Aviation

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Energy Department Partners with Department of Agriculture for Integrated Biorefinery Optimization

(U.S. Department of Energy)  The Energy Department (DOE) and the Department of Agriculture's National Institute of Food and Agriculture (USDA-NIFA) jointly announced $22.7 million today to support the optimization of integrated biorefineries (IBR). DOE is providing majority funding with up

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DMR (Deacetylation and Mechanical Refining) Processing of Corn Stover Achieves High monomeric sugar concentrations (230 g L -1) during enzymatic hydrolysis and high ethanol concentrations (>10% v/v) during Fermentation without Hydrolysate Purification or Concentration

by Chen, Xiaowen; Kuhn, Erik; Jennings, Edward W.; Nelson, Robert; Tao, Ling; Zhang, Min; Tucker, Melvin P. (Energy & Environmental Science) Distilling and purifying ethanol and other products from second generation lignocellulosic biorefineries adds significant capital and operating costs to biofuel

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Derisking: A Strategy for Growing the Biobased Economy

by Neil A. Belson (LeafPro Bioproducts/Biofuels Digest)  ... Despite its potential benefits and some very real achievements, the biobased economy has overall progressed more slowly than many had hoped.  There are several reasons for this slow progress.   Technological challenges involved in

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Ethanol Faces a Terminal Challenge

by Ann Bailey (Ethanol Producer Magazine) NREL finds more infrastructure is needed for more ethanol and high-octane fuels.  -- Changes to existing terminals will need to be made if higher octane fuels are added to the U.S. fuel supply, says Kristi Moriarty,

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The Front End: The Digest’s 2016 Multi-Slide Guide to BETO’s Feedstock R&D Programs

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  What’s the Department of Energy working on with respect to feedstocks? The Bioenergy Technologies Office’s Alison Goss-Eng answered the question in this update, given at ABLC Feedstocks. In this deck, she looks at milestones ahead, programs, goals

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fee Carbon Utilization and Biogas Education Program carbon-14 testing carbon-efficient fuels carbon/CO2 sequestration carcinogens cardoon Caribbean carinata carinata/brassica carinata carob CAS Registry cashew cashew apple CASI Cassava cassava price cassava pulp cassava stalk castor bean castor stalk catalysis catalysts catalytic decarboxylation catalytic hydrothermal conversion catalytic hydrothermal conversion-to-jet (CHCJ) catalytic hydrothermal gasification catalytic hydrothermolysis jet CHJ pathway cattails cattle cavitation CBD (cannabidiol) CBG (compressed biogas) cell culturing cellulase enzymes cellulose cellulosic biofuel Cellulosic biomass cellulosic diesel Cellulosic ethanol cellulosic ethanol price cellulosic feedstock cellulosic production tax credit cellulosic sugars Cellulosic Tax Credit cellulosic waiver credit cement Central African Republic Central America Certificate Program Certificates of Origin (COs) certification certification fuels cesium cetane Chad change in soil condition charging stations CHCJ-5 chemical-looping hydrogen method Chesapeake Bay chicken feathers chickens Chile Chili China chitin chp chromium chufa/cyperus esculents/nutsedge CIA circular economy citrus citrus greening disease Citrus Peel clean air Clean Air Act (CAA) clean diesel Clean Fuel Production Tax Credit (45Z) Clean Fuel Standard/Policy (CFS) Clean Heat Standards Clean Power Plan (CPP) Clean Trucks Plan Clean Water Act climate change Climate Change Adaptation climate change effects climate change mitigation climate legislation climate smart/conservation agriculture closed-loop system Clostridium thermocellum cloud point clover cmelina CNG Conversion kit co co-generation co-location Co-op Extension co-operative co-processing co-products CO2 neutral fuels CO2Removal Certificates (CORCs) coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) Coast Guard coastal habitat conservation coastal hay cobalt cock's foot coco coco methyl ester (CME) cocoa Coconut coffee coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold flow cold-tolerance college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning commo Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement/engagement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG/R-CNG/bioCNG) compression ratios compression-ignition engine computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology Cook Islands cook stoves cooking fuel cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 COP26 COP27 COP28 COP30 copper coppice cordgrass corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup corn-based products corn/maize Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality county cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crassulacean acid metabolism plants (CAM) crimes criteria pollutants Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cup plant cuphea currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cusi cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs d-5 D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D20 (20%DME) D5 (5%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date kernel oil date palm date palm pits date palm waste Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization defossilize Dehydration Delaware DeltaWing demonstration demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose dfdsffsfdfsf diatoms diesel Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices Diesel R5 diesel with renewables diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct air capture direct injection direct ocean capture Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) direct-to-fuel directed evolution dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought tolerant drought-resistant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency egg shell Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect Global South global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrid ships hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass Indiana indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial burners industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated biorefineries integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit Invvesting ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jersey Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati knotweed Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose Lake County lamp oil land ownership land prices land rights land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy landfill methane Landfills landscape Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon lecithin legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena levulinic acid Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels liquidation Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps liquified biomethane (LBM) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louis Louisiana low c low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M100 M15 M3 M50 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning machinery macororo Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Fuel Oil Marine Gas Oil (MGO) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel Terminal Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering market forces market share marketing markets/sales Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute mass balance standard Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritania Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane leaks methane/biomethane methanization methanol benefits methanol fuel cells methanol price Methanol-to-Jet (MTJ-SPK) Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methylbutenol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels milk permeate millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minn Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molinia molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo 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weeds nuclear Nunavut nut shells nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition oak oat hulls oat straw oats Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Office of Science Technology and Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes oil/gas terminals Oils Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olive water olives Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm ammonia production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing on-site hydrogen production one p one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontaio Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course owa oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil Palm Oil Methyl Ester (PME) palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm trunk sap palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay Paris Agreement parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peach shell 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