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Tag "Italy"

Air Liquide to Build Two Biomethane Production Units in Italy

(Bioenergy Insight)  Air Liquide will build its first two biomethane production units in collaboration with its local partner Dentro il Sole (DIS) in Italy.  The two units will be built

November 24, 2020 Read Full Article

Have You Ever Wondered How a Biogas to Biomethane Upgrading Plant Works?

(Bioenergy Insight/Biogas Channel)  There are several stages between the production of biogas in an anaerobic digester and the injection of biomethane into the national gas grid. Learn more about this

November 14, 2020 Read Full Article

VIDEO: Producing Biogas from Olive Pomace

(Bioenergy Insight/Biogas Channel) Pomace is a by-product that can be used for the production of biogas, particularly in countries like Italy.  WATCH VIDEO

November 14, 2020 Read Full Article

University of Eastern Finland Announces partnership with European Bioeconomy University’s Erasmus+ project to bring together bioeconomy studies

(Science Business/University of Eastern Finland) The School of Forest Sciences at the University of Eastern Finland is a partner in a new Erasmus+ project of the European Bioeconomy University, EBU, which

November 13, 2020 Read Full Article

NextChem Is Growing in Circular Economy and Launches MyRechemical, Its Subsidiary for Waste to Chemical Technologies

(NextChem)  Maire Tecnimont Group’s company for energy transition strengthens its corporate structure to meet the market with the most innovative technological solutions for circular economy: the new subsidiary MyRechemical is

November 12, 2020 Read Full Article

Maire Tecnimont Group’s NextChem and Indian Oil Corporation Sign India’s First Circular Economy MoU

(NextChem) Maire Tecnimont S.p.A. announces that NextChem, the Group’s subsidiary dedicated to green chemistry and technologies for the energy transition, and Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. (IndianOil), today have signed a Memorandum of Understanding for the development

November 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Facing Wave of Closures, Oil Refiners Turn to Biofuels

by Ron Bousso and Laura Sanicola (Reuters)  European and U.S. oil refineries face a wave of closures due to plateauing fuel demand, tightening environmental rules and overseas competition, prompting some owners

October 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Exclusive: Italian Refiner Saras Plans Cost Cuts, Biofuel Expansion

(Reuters/Today)  Italian oil refiner Saras <SRS.MI> is targeting cost savings of 120 million euro ($141 million) to weather a slow recovery in fuel demand due to coronavirus and plans to

October 13, 2020 Read Full Article

SOL Group Invests with CropEnergies €15 Million in the Recovery of Biogenic CO2 by Alcoholic Fermentation in Belgium.

(SOL Group)  From 2021 up to 65,000 tonnes of biogenic CO2 of the highest purity will be captured annually.  —  SOL Group SOL – one of the leading European players

October 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Exclusive: Shell Launches Major Cost-Cutting Drive to Prepare for Energy Transition

by Ron Bousso  (Reuters)  Royal Dutch Shell is looking to slash up to 40% off the cost of producing oil and gas in a major drive to save cash so it

September 22, 2020 Read Full Article

Greener Flights from Greener Fields – Using Aviation Biofuel

(European Commission)  Jet fuel from renewable sources holds the key to significantly reducing the environmental impact of aviation. EU-funded researchers have set out to boost Europe’s production capacity, and are

September 14, 2020 Read Full Article

From Americas to EU, Asia, Africa, Who’s Got What?: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Biofuel Mandates Around the World 2020

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Today, biobased mandates around the world. Where are the markets you can count on, how much can you count on? 65 countries in all, We’ll

September 7, 2020 Read Full Article

TerraX, SWEN Impact Fund in Biomethane Joint Venture

(Bioenergy Insight)  TerraX, an Italian developer of renewable gas projects, has entered into a joint venture with the SWEN Impact Fund for Transition (SWEN), managed by SWEN Capital Partners, to

August 5, 2020 Read Full Article

Inside GranBio, NextChem’s New Partnership to “Blow Out” Cellulosic Ethanol Global Roll-Out

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) News arrives from Sao Paulo and Rome that GranBio and NextChem have inked a strategic alliance and will co-license GranBio’s patented technology for the production of

August 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Italy’s Saras Eyes HVO, Ethanol Expansion at Sarroch

by Adam Porter (Argus Media) Italian refiner Saras is looking to boost production of biofuels, including hydro-treated vegetable oil (HVO), at its 300,000 b/d Sarroch unit on Sardinia. — Chief executive

August 3, 2020 Read Full Article

“B-Corp” Certification for Novamont, Making It Also a “Benefit Corporation”

(Novamont)  Novamont’s commitment to be a force for global regeneration with higher purposes than mere profit was strengthened today by being awarded the ‘B Corp’ Certification. The Italian bioplastic manufacturer

July 31, 2020 Read Full Article

NextChem and LanzaTech Sign an Agreement to Promote Circular Ethanol Production

(NextChem)  NextChem’s #CircularDistrict model is enhanced with a new dimension: in addition to hydrogen and methanol derived from the chemical conversion of plasmix and non-recyclable dry waste, it will now

July 28, 2020 Read Full Article

Top Renewable Diesel Projects and Pathways: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Renewable Diesel Now

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) If you missed last week’s DigestConnect webinar, have no fear, the full deck is here! From 11 pathways on who’s doing what, how and with

July 27, 2020 Read Full Article

EIB to Provide Advisory Support to Three ‘First-of-a-Kind’ Climate Action Projects

by Liz Gyekye (BioMarket Insights) The European Investment Bank (EIB) has signed three agreements with leading European innovators to collaborate on the development and potential financing of new projects that address

July 23, 2020 Read Full Article

Emerging Markets Publishes Renewable Diesel 2030 Report

by Will Thurmond (Emerging Markets)  Renewable Diesel 2030 is designed to help financiers, producers, developers, distributors, consultants and analysts with a fact-filled market guide detailing medium and long-term trends and

July 23, 2020 Read Full Article

World Biggest Oil Majors Set Collective Goal to Cut Carbon Emissions

by Charles Kennedy (OilPrice.com) Some of the biggest oil companies in the world set their first joint target to cut their collective carbon emissions from upstream operations in a move that

July 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Renewable Diesel Has a Bright Future: NextChem and Saola Energy Partnership Will Help Feedstock Suppliers of All Sizes Take Full Advantage of It

(NextChem/Biofuels Digest) … Innovation within the transportation industry is necessary to combat climate change and while electrification provides compelling opportunities for reducing carbon emissions in the light-duty vehicle fleet, in

July 15, 2020 Read Full Article

Feature Video of the Month: Have You Ever Wondered How a Biogas to Biomethane Upgrading Plant Works?

(Bioenergy Insight/Biogas Channel)  There are several stages between the production of biogas in an anaerobic digester and the injection of biomethane into the national gas grid. Learn more about this

July 14, 2020 Read Full Article

Energy Transition in Times of Coronavirus: A Challenge and an Opportunity

by Pierroberto Folgiero (NextChem/Biofuels Digest)  … The challenge today is to plan an industrial recovery which must be rapid but durable at the same time and prepare the industry to reduce risks and

June 24, 2020 Read Full Article

15 Hot Tech Case Studies: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to The Digest’s #BetterWithBiology Top 15

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Everything’s better with biology, so here’s The Digest’s newly released Top 15 case studies of today’s hottest technology and new markets for traditional oil and gas

June 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Implementation Agendas: 2018-2019 Update Compare and Contrast Transport Biofuels Policies

by Mahmood Ebadian, James D. McMillan, Jack (John) N. Saddler and Susan van Dyk (University of British Columbia, Canada/National Renewable Energy Laboratory, USA/IEA Bioenergy) Global production and use of transport biofuels

May 29, 2020 Read Full Article

Eni to Stop Using Palm Oil to Make Biodiesel by 2023

by Maitane Sardon  (Market Screener) Italian energy giant Eni SpA said Friday that it is reviewing its supply chain with the aim to eliminate the use of palm oil and its

May 20, 2020 Read Full Article

15 Newest Projects – Who’s Got What Underway?

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) While the world may be at a standstill,there are still many projects going on and moving forward. But where are these projects? Who’s involved? How

April 16, 2020 Read Full Article

New Study Evaluates Map and State of Biomethane Market in Europe

(European Biogas Association/NGV Journal) The European Biogas Association (EBA) has participated in a research on the state of play of the biomethane market in Europe. The report provides a general European

April 1, 2020 Read Full Article

PODCAST: Europe Industrial Ethanol Demand, Prices Spike as Coronavirus Disrupts Market

by Will Beacham (Independent Commodity Intelligence Services) Spot prices for Europe industrial ethanol are spiking and the market is facing disruption as demand soars for disinfectant and cleaning products linked to

March 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Versalis: Biomass Power Plant Restarted at Crescentino and Bioethanol Production Onstream within the First Half of the Year

(Eni) Versalis, Eni’s chemical company, has announced that all the plants at Crescentino (Vercelli, Piedmont) will be up and running by the first half of 2020. The plant, acquired in November

February 18, 2020 Read Full Article

The Competitive Edge: Sustainable Technologies srl

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … Sustainable Technologies is active in the niche of R&D on fermentative processes. The company has developed a rational method for the management of anaerobic

February 14, 2020 Read Full Article

Italian Coffee Producer Lavazza to Join KLM’s Corporate BioFuel Program

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)In Italy, Lavazza and KLM Royal Dutch Airlines signed an agreement which will make the coffee company the first Italian partner in KLM’s Corporate BioFuel Program.

February 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Lidl Rolls out Italian Retail Sector’s First Biomethane-Powered Vehicles

(Iveco/NGV Journal)  Five new biomethane-fueled trucks in the Lidl fleet were unveiled, a result of the company’s collaboration with IVECO, LC3 Trasporti and Edison. This is a first in the Italian

January 28, 2020 Read Full Article

Oil Giant Eni Fined €5m for Deceiving Consumers over Its ‘Green’ Diesel

(Government Europa) Italian regulators today (January 15, 2020) fined Italy’s oil giant Eni over advertisements on TV and in newspapers, digital media and petrol stations that falsely claimed Eni Diesel+ was

January 16, 2020 Read Full Article

Clariant, Anhui Guozhen Group, and Chemtex Chemical Engineering Ink Deal for 30 Million Gallon Cellulosic Ethanol Project in China

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) From Germany we have news that Clariant, Anhui Guozhen Group, and Chemtex Chemical Engineering signed a license agreement on sunliquid cellulosic ethanol technology. This is the third

January 7, 2020 Read Full Article

The Digest’s Biofuels Mandates Around the World 2020

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) 64 countries have targets or mandates – but how much where, and when, and what?  Besides the EU, the major blending mandates that will drive global

January 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Advanced Biofuels – Where Are the Gallons?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) From what is an advanced biofuel to why, we take a look at the gallons, the ethanol blend wall, the residue capacity, and over 30 advanced

December 27, 2019 Read Full Article

Biofuels Production and Consumption in Denmark: Status, Advances and Challenges

by Sune Tjalfe Thomsen and Henning Jørgensen (IEA Bioenergy Task 39 Newsletter)  1. Status of transportation biofuel industry in Denmark — In Denmark, a considerable part of the total energy

December 6, 2019 Read Full Article

Eni: Signs MoU with Tunisian SNDP to Assess and Extend Experimental Castor Cultivation to Be Used to Produce Sustainable Biofuels

(Eni)  This will be the world’s first example of semi-industrial non-food being cultivated in a pre-desert area to generate of sustainable Biofuels  — Eni and the SNDP (Societè National de Distribution

December 5, 2019 Read Full Article

Xebec and Asja Announce a Construction Milestone on Genoa Landfill Site

(Xebec)  Italy’s First Landfill Gas Upgrading to RNG Plant  —  Xebec Adsorption Inc. (TSXV: XBC) (“Xebec”), a global provider of clean energy solutions today announced that renewable energy project developer

November 11, 2019 Read Full Article

Paper Beer Bottles, 3D Printed Boats, Hydrogen-Powered Rescues; the New Mirai, Plastics from Potato, Hallowe’en Biobased Coffins, The Digest’s Top 10 Innovations for the Week of October 18th

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  This week there’s Hallowe’en around the corner and we’ll point to the very latest in biobased DIY coffins, but leading this week is the unexpected

October 18, 2019 Read Full Article

Chemical Catalysis Pioneer James Dumesic Wins International Energy Prize

(University of Wisconsin-Madison) Prolific biofuels researcher James Dumesic has been named the winner of the 2019 Eni Energy Transition Award. The internationally renowned Eni Awards were established in 2007 to recognize

October 11, 2019 Read Full Article

BIOPLAT-EU Project: The Second Project Meeting in Kyiv, Ukraine

(Bioenergy Association of Ukraine) SEC Biomass experts Tetiana Zheliezna, Oleksandra Tryboi and Olha Haidai took part in the second BIOPLAT-EU (Promoting Sustainable Use of Underutilized Lands for Bioenergy Production through a

October 9, 2019 Read Full Article

Eni Opens Its 2nd Large-Scale Renewable Diesel Facility in Italy

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine) Eni announced Sept. 25 it has opened its new, innovative renewable diesel production facility in Gela, Italy. The plant, a converted oil refinery, has a processing

October 2, 2019 Read Full Article

Complete Production Chain from Biomass Residues to Fischer-Tropsch Products Successfully Validated

(VTT) Production of biofuel by gasification of biomass residues was successfully validated in the EU’s COMSYN project in September. The process performance was verified with bark in an 80 hour-long test

September 30, 2019 Read Full Article

This H2’s for you: Anheuser-Busch Launches Zero-Emission Hydrogen Truck Fleet, and Eni, Toyota, Venice Partner to Do the Same

(Hydrogen Digest) In Missouri, cold beer is being transported in hydrogen-powered zero-emission semi-trucks as Anheuser-Busch moves to more sustainable shipping. The company plans to buy up to 800 of Nikola Motor’s semi-trucks to

September 18, 2019 Read Full Article

Venice, the Capital of Hydrogen: Agreement Signed between Municipality, Metropolitan City of Venice, Eni and Toyota

(Eni) Venice is experimenting with hydrogen-fuelled mobility, which only releases water vapour from exhausts. This afternoon in Mestre, as part of the events organised by Italy’s Japan Foundation for ‘Japan Week’,

September 10, 2019 Read Full Article

Biotech to Biochem: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Versalis’ Chemistry from Renewables

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Versalis, a wholly owned subsidiary of Eni, and while their history lies with traditional chemicals, they now have strategic guidelines for chemistry from renewables. Their biotech

September 6, 2019 Read Full Article

Petroleum Companies Ramp up HVO Production in Europe

(Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen (UFOP)/Biodiesel Magazine) Production of hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO) in the European Union has picked up pace since 2012. Petroleum companies, such as Neste, Eni

August 22, 2019 Read Full Article

Mineral Oil Groups Ramp up HVO Production in the EU

(Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen (UFOP)/Biodiesel Magazine) Production of hydrogenated vegetable oil (HVO) in the European Union has picked up pace since 2012. Mineral oil groups, such as

August 16, 2019 Read Full Article

Report: EU Ethanol Consumption to Increase in 2019

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) A recent report filed with the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service’s Global Agricultural Information Network discusses the current use of biofuels in the European Union and

August 6, 2019 Read Full Article

The Energy Transition and Oil Companies’ Hard Choices

by Rob West and Bassam Fattouh (The Oxford Institute for Energy Studies)  In this Energy Insight, we explore the challenges of the energy transition for international oil companies (IOCs). We argue

July 9, 2019 Read Full Article

RE-CORD Signature of a Memorandum of Understanding with the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)

(RE-CORD)  The Renewable Energy Consortium for Research and Demonstration (RE-CORD) signed today a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL, www.nrel.gov ) for coordination on

July 5, 2019 Read Full Article

Towards Sustainable Bioeconomy – Lessons Learned from Case Studies

by Marta Gomez San Juan, Anne Bogdanski and Olivier Dubois  (Food and Agricultural Organization) … )T)his report offers lessons from 26 case studies of sustainable bioeconomy interventions from around the world and from

June 11, 2019 Read Full Article

Canada and Italy Promote National Bioeconomy Strategies.

by Liz Gyekye (BioMarket Insights)  Canada and Italy have promoted their national bioeconomy strategies to help meet their climate change and circular economy goals. Both countries unveiled their bioeconomy plans last

May 21, 2019 Read Full Article

Biomethane Business Is Booming – From Waste to Watts and Wonder Chemicals

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … First, let’s make sure we aren’t confusing biogas with biomethane. Biogas is mostly methane and carbon dioxide but that doesn’t mean it’s biomethane. You see, biogas

May 14, 2019 Read Full Article

Feedstock Flexibility

by Matt Thompson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Beyond Enerkem, a few companies around the world are looking to feedstocks outside of corn to produce cellulosic ethanol.  —  A few well-known ethanol producers are

May 14, 2019 Read Full Article

BP, Nouryon, and Port of Rotterdam Explore Green Hydrogen via Water Electrolysis

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  From the Netherlands arrives the news that BP, Nouryon (formerly AkzoNobel Specialty Chemicals), and the Port of Rotterdam have joined forces to explore the opportunity of

May 10, 2019 Read Full Article

Solar Fuel Turns to Plants for Inspiration

(European Commission)  An ‘artificial leaf’ being developed by EU-funded researchers to produce fuel from sunlight, carbon dioxide and water, could tackle soaring global energy demands, the growing impact of climate change,

April 30, 2019 Read Full Article

Italian Major Partnership Promotes Biomethane-Fueled Mobility

(Snam/NGV Journal)  Italian Biogas Consortium (CIB), Confagricoltura, Eni, FPT Industrial, IVECO, New Holland Agriculture and Snam signed a cooperation agreement to

April 29, 2019 Read Full Article

From Cooking Oil to Biofuel: Eni’s Project in the Venice Biorefinery

by Annalisa Girardi  (Forbes)  The Italian oil and gas multinational Eni is the first company in the world that transformed a traditional refinery

April 17, 2019 Read Full Article

Eni and FCA Have Developed A20, a New Fuel that Pairs Emissions Reduction with Energy Efficiency

(Eni)  The result announced today is a further step forward by the two Companies, with an increasing focus on sustainable mobility.

April 17, 2019 Read Full Article

Study Shows Ethanol’s Impact

by John Huthmacher (Hastings Tribune)  Ethanol continues to be a driving force in Nebraska’s economy, affecting a sizable portion of the state’s

April 9, 2019 Read Full Article

Eni Encourages Italian Production of Advance Biomethane for Vehicle Use

(Eni/NGV Journal)  Eni and the Italian Biogas Consortium (CIB) signed an agreement to promote the production of advanced biomethane from animal

April 1, 2019 Read Full Article

The Digest’s Top 10 Celluosic Project Flashpoints, 10 Quick Takes

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) It’s all very rosy on the cellulosic potential frontier. As Gevo and Renmatix recently observed, “cellulosic

March 26, 2019 Read Full Article

Eni : Aims to Eliminate Palm Oil in Biofuels, in Line With New EU Rules

by Dieter Holger (Market Screener)  Eni Spa (ENI.MI) said Thursday that it is making progress in eliminating palm oil from the

March 20, 2019 Read Full Article

Slovenian BioApp Helps Reduce Pollution from Single-Use Plastics

by Lidija Petković (European Commission)  The ERDF-funded BioApp platform has become the focal point for research ideas on developing smart biomass materials

March 19, 2019 Read Full Article

Call for EU to Stop Subsidies for Fossil Fuels to Help Bio-Based Materials Sector and the Circular Economy

by Liz Gyekye (BioMarket Insight)  “Please stop all subsidies to fossil fuels. In 2016, €56 billion went from EU member states

March 15, 2019 Read Full Article

SEKAB’s Ylwa Alwarsdotter on International Bioeconomy List for the Third Time

(SEKAB) “I feel very privileged to be celebrated in this context. We need more strong women working to develop the bioeconomy

March 14, 2019 Read Full Article

Eni and COREPLA Agree to Produce Hydrogen from Plastic Packaging Waste

(Eni) Today, Eni signed an agreement with COREPLA to launch research projects to produce hydrogen from non-recyclable plastic packaging waste. 

March 12, 2019 Read Full Article

Snam Performs First Refueling of 100% Biomethane in Tuscany

(Snam/NGV Journal)  The first supply of cars and trucks in Italy with only biomethane took place in Rapolano, in the province

February 27, 2019 Read Full Article

Deal between Eni and RenOils to Boost Collection of Used Food Oil and Oil Used for Frying

(Eni)  The deal also includes information and environmental education campaigns to get across the benefits of reusing oil to produce fuel

February 18, 2019 Read Full Article

Indonesia’s Pertamina, Eni Sign Agreement for Green Fuel Refinery

by Wilda Asmarin (Reuters)  Indonesian state energy company PT Pertamina said on Thursday it has signed agreements with Italian oil company

February 7, 2019 Read Full Article

ENI Launches New Biofuel Production Project

(ANSA Med) From castor oil plants, experimentation in Gafsa, Tunisia  —  ENI has launched a biofuel pilot project in Gafsa, Tunisia, using

January 16, 2019 Read Full Article

Biofuels Mandates around the World 2019

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Florida, the Digest today (January 1, 2019) releases its annual review of biofuels mandates and

January 2, 2019 Read Full Article

Outlook 2019: European Fuel Ethanol Market to Focus on Supply Side

by  Sophie Byron and Chrysa Glystra (S&P Global Platts)   The dawn of 2019 will find European fuel ethanol trying to

December 26, 2018 Read Full Article

Eni: Agreement with the Governorate of the Vatican City State to Promote the Circular Economy

(Eni)  Vatican City State transport will use the Eni Diesel+ low environmental impact diesel fuel which reduces polluting emissions by up

December 26, 2018 Read Full Article

The FORBIO Project: A Sustainable Alternative for Contaminated and Underutilized Lands

(Global Bioenergy Partnership)  The FORBIO (Fostering Sustainable Feedstock Production for Advanced Biofuels on underutilized land in Europe) Project gave stakeholders in

December 15, 2018 Read Full Article

G20 Countries Must Act Quickly to Decarbonise The Transport Sector

(Agora Verkehrswende)  According to a new report, CO2 emissions from transport are still rising. If immediate action is not taken, more

December 11, 2018 Read Full Article

Snam Will Build Its First Biogas Plant in Sicily

(Snam/NGV Journal)  Snam, through its subsidiary Snam4Mobility, acquired, for a value of approximately 2 million euro, 100% of Enersi Sicilia Srl,

December 11, 2018 Read Full Article

Xebec Will Deliver Multiple Biogas Upgrading Units to France

(Xebec/NGV Journal)  Xebec Adsorption Inc. announced strong order activity for France with a C$5.9 million order for multiple biogas upgrading Pressure

December 7, 2018 Read Full Article

Italy Explores Natural Gas & Biogas Adoption for Armed Forces Vehicles

(Snam/NGV Journal)  The Italian Ministry of Defense seeks to promote clean energy and sustainable mobility and has signed a Memorandum of

December 5, 2018 Read Full Article

SEAT and Snam Join Forces to Boost Sustainable Mobility in Europe

(SEAT/NGV Journal)  SEAT President Luca de Meo and Snam CEO Marco Alverà signed a strategic agreement in Milan to promote the

December 3, 2018 Read Full Article

European Bioeconomy University: UEF and UNIBO Join Four Universities to Form International Alliance with Focus on Bioeconomy

(Science/Business)  Europe’s leading universities in the field of the bioeconomy are looking to further intensify their existing cooperation to develop common

November 27, 2018 Read Full Article

Eni and Hera Partner for the Circular Economy: Used Vegetable Oil Becomes Biofuel for Waste Collection Vehicles

(Eni) Eni and Hera are two companies that have long been committed to promoting a circular economy model by continuously developing

November 26, 2018 Read Full Article

Evofuel and Fantini s.r.l Announce Breakthrough in Mechanical Harvesting for Castor Bean

(Evogene Ltd./Globe Newswire)  Mechanical harvesting is a major bottleneck in conversion of castor bean to a fully modernized commercial crop; Combination

November 7, 2018 Read Full Article

Thermal Gasification of Biomass: The Digest’s Multi-Slide Guide to TGoB in Italy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  IEA Bioenergy Task 33 is a working group of international experts with the aim to promote

November 7, 2018 Read Full Article

Biofuel from a Container

(Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft/TechExplore)  … Even then, gasoline would still be required to power combustion engines, which will be operating for decades to come.

November 7, 2018 Read Full Article

The Complex Dynamics of Coprocessing

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  While oil refiners adding a small percentage of renewable feedstock to their operations sounds simple, the

November 6, 2018 Read Full Article

Climeworks Launches Latest DAC Plant in Italy

by Rob Cockerill (GasWorld) Switzerland-based Climeworks has just launched another of its second-generation Direct Air Capture plants (DAC-3) in Troia, Apulia

November 5, 2018 Read Full Article

For the Times They Are a Changin’ – Conversions Abound from Diesel to Renewable Diesel

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … Phillips 66 and REG’s announcement about a new renewable diesel plant on the U.S. West Coast

November 5, 2018 Read Full Article

Galicia Government Opens Renewable Gas Unit, Able to Supply 3,000 NGVs

(Xunta de Galicia/NGV Journal)  The Minister of Economy, Employment and Industry, Francisco Conde, said the new Mixed Research Unit (UMI) of

November 1, 2018 Read Full Article

Eni AMA Deal: Biofuel Collection from Used Cooking Oil Begins at the Eni Headquarters in Rome

(ENI/Webwire)  Eni and AMA signed an agreement today (October 2, 2018) to launch collection points for waste cooking oil produced in

October 10, 2018 Read Full Article

Indonesia to Convert Old Oil Refineries into Biofuel Plants

(PM News Nigeria)  Indonesia is looking into the possibility of converting two of the country’s older crude oil refineries into plants,

October 9, 2018 Read Full Article

Development, Deployment of Integrated Biorefineries: The Digest’s Multi-Slide Guide to Biorefining in Italy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  IEA Bioenergy Task 42’s goal is to contribute to the development and deployment of integrated biorefineries as

October 6, 2018 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2018 Guide to Italy in the Advanced Bioeconomy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Groups like Eni, Wilmar, Novamont, Reverdia, Blue Sphere, or the many consortia? The key takeaways; the

September 6, 2018 Read Full Article

Snam and Api Will Develop 200 CNG and Biomethane Stations in Italy

(Snam/NGV Journal)  Snam and api Group have signed a framework agreement for the development of approximately 200 new natural gas and

August 30, 2018 Read Full Article

Genomatica and the New Road to Bioeconomy Innovation

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … That’s real progress in sustainability, because carbon that is properly diverted to plastics (and away

August 30, 2018 Read Full Article

Andeavor to Convert Dickinson Refinery to Renewable Diesel

by Helena Taveres Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) In Texas, Andeavor announced a project to convert the Dickinson Refinery to process 12,000 barrels per day

August 13, 2018 Read Full Article

Top 10 Transformations – Pivotal Pivots for Survival in the Bioeconomy

Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … Some of these started with biofuels then went into chemicals, nutrition or protein and some

July 16, 2018 Read Full Article

Memorandum of Understanding Signed for the Realisation in California of a Plant for the Production of Energy from Renewable Sources

(Saipem)  Saipem has signed a Memorandum of Understanding as well as an exclusive agreement with California Ethanol & Power, LLC, for

July 9, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

Biofuel’s Role in the Circular Economy: Key Lessons and Actions for the Industry

By Michael Eggleston* (Advanced Biofuels USA) When it comes to reducing, reusing and recycling our goods most people associate consuming

June 22, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

US Still Subsidizing Fossil Fuels To Tune Of $27 Billion

by Joshua S Hill (Clean Technica)  New research has shown that the United States continues to subsidize the production and consumption

June 7, 2018 Read Full Article

Eni Employees in Porto Marghera Begin Collecting Used Cooking Oils for Conversion into Biofuels

(Eni)  Eni is the first company in the world to have taken a traditional refinery and transformed it into a Bio-Refinery

June 5, 2018 Read Full Article

The Carbon Rescuers: 20 Top Waste Projects and Breakthroughs that Capture Used Carbon from the Waste Pile for New Uses

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In these top 20 projects, we usually say that we are using waste, but really we

June 5, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

Italy Earmarks EUR 4.7bn for Biofuel Incentives in the Transport Sector

(JDSUPRA/McDermott Will & Emery)  Transport fuel retailers are obliged to sell a minimum amount of biofuel annually, calculated as a percentage

April 17, 2018 Read Full Article

Project to Produce Industrial Products from Olive Mill Wastewater Gets EU Support

by Sevil Erkuş (Hurryiet Daily News)  A project initiated by Turkish experts to turn olive mill wastewater from olive production into industrial

April 11, 2018 Read Full Article

Fiat Panda Natural Power Runs on Biomethane for a Whole Year

(Fiat/NGV Journal)  Today marks the first anniversary of the trial on the Panda powered only by biomethane produced at CAP Group’s

March 15, 2018 Read Full Article

Venice’s Water Buses to Run on Recycled Cooking Oil

by Catherine Edwards (The Local IT)  The water buses that transport locals and tourists through Venice’s canals will soon run on environmentally

March 14, 2018 Read Full Article

European Commission Grants Nearly €5 Billion to Develop Biofuels in Italy

(European Commission/NGV Journal)  The European Commission has approved under EU State aid rules an Italian support scheme for the production and

March 5, 2018 Read Full Article

The H2020-Funded Project greenGain Was Successfully Completed

(International Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe e. V)  The project greenGain was funded by the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme of the European

February 27, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

Biogas Waste-to-Energy Plant Proposed for Jessup

by  Lorraine Mirabella (Baltimore Sun)  An Italian company that operates waste-to-energy plants around the world plans to build its first

February 23, 2018 Read Full Article

Biomethane Market Development Gains Momentum in Italy

(Xebec/NGV Journal)  Canada-based Xebec has signed an exclusive three-year agreement with SAPIO Produzione Idrogeno Ossigeno Srl, distributor of technical gases, to

February 21, 2018 Read Full Article

Leaps and Bounds in Sustainable Plastics and Nylons: U Wisconsin, Genomatica, Aquafil, Anellotech, Suntory, ADM, DuPont in the Mix

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  It’s been a big week in plastics and nylons, all right — not only for those

January 24, 2018 Read Full Article

Top 20 Advanced Bioeconomy Projects underway in North America

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  To date, North America is the most active of all regions in terms of deploying advanced

January 19, 2018 Read Full Article

Biofuels Mandates Around the World 2018

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Florida, the Digest today releases its annual review of biofuels mandates and targets around the

January 2, 2018 Read Full Article

Eni to Collect Used Vegetable Oil from Employees for Biofuel

(Rigzone) Eni has signed an agreement with Utilitalia and CONOE to boost the collection of used vegetable oil produced in the

December 26, 2017 Read Full Article

Top 17 for 2017

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  2017 was a roller coaster year. There was a paradigm shift in biofuels, technology advancements,

December 26, 2017 Read Full Article

Timemedia, Goldwater Eye Construction of Cellulosic Ethanol Factory in Bosnia

(See News)  Bosnian company Timemedia and Italy’s Goldwater SRL have shown interest towards construction of a biorefinery for cellulosic ethanol in

December 11, 2017 Read Full Article

Fiat Chrysler and Eni Cooperating on Emissions Reductions

(Associated Press/Washington Post)  The CEOs of Italian-American carmaker Fiat Chrysler Automobiles SpA and Italian energy giant ENI have agreed to jointly

November 30, 2017 Read Full Article

Major Countries Agree To Develop Sustainable Biofuels Targets And Scale Up Low Carbon Bioeconomy

Countries representing half of the global population and 37% of the global economy today (November 16, 2017) agreed to scale

November 30, 2017 Read Full Article

TO-SYN-FUEL Project: First Consortium Meeting in Rotterdam, Netherlands

(TO-SYN-FUEL) Members of twelve SME, industrial, and scientific partners, co-ordinated by Fraunhofer UMSICHT, and representatives of the European Commission participated

November 28, 2017 0 comment Read Full Article

Lead, Squabble or Waffle Away: Shuffling the Deck on Global Bioenergy

by Gerard Ostheimer and Douglas L. Faulkner (Biofuels Digest)  … In the U.S., fighting between Big Ag and Big Oil over first-generation

November 28, 2017 Read Full Article

Rockin’ the Cassava: The Shareef Don’t Like It but Nigeria Does

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Nigeria, the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Kebbi State

November 27, 2017 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2017 Guide to the 20 Top European Biorefinery Projects

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  You won’t hear it from the NGOs orbiting Brussels who have long figured out that

November 23, 2017 0 comment Read Full Article

Italy’s New Biogas Plant Will Be Able to Supply over 500 CNG Vehicles

(Hitachi Zosen Inova/NGV Journal)  Hitachi Zosen Inova (HZI) will build a new Kompogas® plant in collaboration with its Italian partner Cesaro

November 15, 2017 Read Full Article

30 Hot Cellulosic Technologies, 30 Quick Takes

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Last week, DowDuPont said it was exiting the cellulosic biofuels business and you’d think that the

November 14, 2017 Read Full Article

Beta Renewables in Cellulosic Ethanol Crisis, as Grupo M&G Parent Files for Restructuring

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  “Italian newspapers reported over the weekend that cellulosic ethanol developer Mossi & Ghisolfi shuts down this

October 31, 2017 Read Full Article

Governments, International Agencies Affirm the Need to Massively Increase Bioenergy and Byproducts to Fight Climate Change

(BioFuture Platform)  According to projections of international energy agencies, the use of bioenergy as a share of the world’s energy usage

October 30, 2017 Read Full Article

Hilton Partners with Tagaddod to Generate Biodiesel in Support of Environmental Sustainability

(Albawaba Business/Hilton Worldwide)  Hilton, one of the largest hospitality companies in the world, is further demonstrating its commitment to environmental sustainability

October 26, 2017 Read Full Article

A Dozen Global Cities Commit to Fossil-Fuel-Free Streets

(Next-Gen Transportation News)  The mayors of London, Paris, Los Angeles, Copenhagen, Barcelona, Quito, Vancouver, Mexico City, Milan, Seattle, Auckland and Cape

October 24, 2017 Read Full Article

Italy’s Oil Giant Taps Mediterranean Diet to Turn Fats into Fuel

(The Edge Markets/Bloomberg)  … The government, driven by European Union renewable-fuel targets and a national diet rich in olive oil, is

October 11, 2017 Read Full Article

Mossi Ghisolfi Weighs Sale of Italian Biofuel Business – Source

by Stephen Jewkes  (Reuters) Italian bioplastics multinational Mossi Ghisolfi is considering selling its Italian business in the biofuels sector as part

October 10, 2017 Read Full Article

Italy’s ENI Offers Help for Nigeria’s Bio-Fuel Projects

(Naija247news)  The Italian government through one of its oil giants ENI has promised to support the Federal Government’s bio-fuel agenda. Senior

October 4, 2017 Read Full Article

Production of Bioethanol from Multiple Waste Streams of Rice Milling

LorenzoFavaro, et al. (Bioresource Technology)   Rice milling by-products are promising feedstocks for bioethanol. Starch-rich residues were efficiently fermented by two engineered

August 25, 2017 Read Full Article

Inside the Cellulosic Industry

by Susanne Retka Schill and Ann Bailey (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Ethanol Producer Magazine provides an update on 10 cellulosic ethanol projects

August 4, 2017 Read Full Article

First Biomethane Vehicle Refueling Station Opens in Italy

(NGV Journal/European Biogas Association)  The first biomethane filling station for vehicles came into operation in early July. The facility is

August 1, 2017 Read Full Article

Italy’s ‘First’ Municipal Waste to Methane Plant Inaugurated

(Bioenergy Insight)  A new plant for the production of biomethane and carbon dioxide has been inaugurated and started operation in

July 25, 2017 Read Full Article

A New Research and Innovation Project Will Foster Europe-Brazil Cooperation on Advanced Lignocellulosic Biofuels

(BECOOL/AltEnergyMag) A new Horizon 2020 project will foster cooperation between Europe and Brazil in the development of advanced biofuels from

June 5, 2017 Read Full Article

How Gold Can Recycle Biofuel Waste into Useful Additive

(Phys.Org/Tomsk Polytechnic University)  Gold nanoparticles serve as catalysts for obtaining valuable chemical products based on glycerol. Scientists from Tomsk Polytechnic

May 23, 2017 Read Full Article

Eni and CONOE Sign Agreement for the Transformation of Used Vegetable Oils into Biofuels

(Eni) The agreement will see Eni’s refineries in Italy capitalize on a national energy resource by creating high quality biofuels from

May 18, 2017 Read Full Article

Turning Sewage Sludge into Fuels and Hydrogen

(Recycling Magazine)  TO-SYN-FUEL is a project funded by Horizon 2020 EU’s new research and innovation programme, with the aim to

May 17, 2017 Read Full Article

Improving Policies in Support of Shared Pilot Facilities to Increase Their Impact on the Key Enabling Technology Industrial Biotech and the European Bio-Economy

(Smart Pilots/Interreg Europe)  SmartPilots’ objective is to improve regional policies in support of Shared Pilot Facilities (SPF) to increase their impact

May 3, 2017 Read Full Article

The 4C-able Future: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Butanol and Other 4C Molecules

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In our March Madness webinar series, a popular entry has been the session on “butanol

April 26, 2017 Read Full Article

Commercializing Biobased Chemicals: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Reverdia

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Reverdia is a joint venture between Royal DSM, the global Life Sciences and Materials Sciences

April 25, 2017 Read Full Article

The EU’s Sweet 16: 16 of the Most Fascinating Projects under Development and in Deployment in Europe

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Europe is often thought of as a dead-end for biofuels, owing to a thorny debate

April 11, 2017 Read Full Article

Italian Farmers Produce Low Cost Biomethane with Positive Environmental Impacts

(Ecofys)  Sequential cropping can be a promising model to produce additional biomass without negative impacts on land use change or

April 6, 2017 Read Full Article

Report: Global Biodiesel Market to Surpass $41 Billion by 2021

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  Dublin, Ireland-based Research and Markets is offering a new 168-page report, “Biodiesel Market—Global Forecast to 2021,”

February 8, 2017 Read Full Article

A 20-Year-Old Startup

by Gene Gebolys (World Energy/Biodiesel Magazine)  … Trying to make a living in biodiesel for two decades now, the hard way is

January 23, 2017 Read Full Article

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security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota Northeast northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Northwest Territories Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds NTSB nuclear Nunavut nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins olive cake olive oil olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peak oil demand peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin peela kaner pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Flex Fuel Hybrid Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poland poli Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter/waste power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest rain tree RAND rare earth metal RD20 RD30 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming regulation regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price Renewable Diesel Production renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED and RED II) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) RenovaBio replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog smokestack soap Social social benefit investing social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soi soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar-to-fuels solar biofuels solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solaris solid oxide fuel cell Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve STrategiv Petroleum Reserve straw students su sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugarcane sugarcane prices sugarcane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic liquified gas (SLG) synthetic methane Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course Technical Readiness Levels techno-economic analysis technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion thermochemical liquefaction Tibet Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey UCOME (Used Cooking Oil Methyl Ester) Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) Ultra Low Sulfur Fuel Oil (ULSFO) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils vehicles miles traveled (VMT) Velocys Venezuela Vermont Victoria video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volunteers w waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil wastewater water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass wheat prices wheat straw whey whisky white grease White House wildlife habitat willow wind energy wine wastage/grape marc winter crops Wisconsi Wisconsin Wood woody biomass World Bank World Trade Organization (WTO) Wyoming XTL xylan xylene xylose yard waste yeast yellow grease yellowhorn tree Yemen yields Yukon Zambia Zanzibar zein zeolites Zimbabwe zinc

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