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Tag "gasification"

Better Biofuels with Biomass: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Axens and the BioTfueL Project

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  BioTfueL, originally launched by Total, is a project to produce biofuels via thermochemical conversion and includes several partners that work together on this. Axens Solutions

November 19, 2019 Read Full Article

The Role of Chemical Recycling in a Circular Economy and Effective Waste Management

by Zoltan Kish (Lee Enterprises Consulting, Inc./Biofuels Digest)   … At the same time, we have a tremendous business opportunity to convert waste into usable sustainable products. According to a market study report prepared by Market

November 19, 2019 Read Full Article

The Race Is on to Repurpose Garbage

by Marc S. Reisch (Chemical & Engineering News)  Despite a spotty track record, companies keep trying to convert trash into energy, fuels, and chemicals  —  … Local press reports noted

October 31, 2019 Read Full Article

New Study Compares Potential of Different Decarbonisation Options in Road Transport

(VTT) Sustainable fuels could play an important role in reducing transport emissions even as electric vehicles become cheaper says a new study from VTT and the University of Cambridge Judge

October 11, 2019 Read Full Article

Top European Specialists on Renewable Gases Join Forces in R2Gas

(Netzwerk Betriebstoffe) In July 2019 the CEOs of some of the top specialized SMEs on renewable gases in Europe decided to join forces in a new association called R2Gas (Research Centre

October 11, 2019 Read Full Article

Catch & Kill: The Velocys, Oxy, Cemvita, Carbon Engineering, BHP, Ginkgo Chase to Catch Waste, Kill Emissions, Armed with New Organisms to Liberate Value

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Mississippi, Velocys’ Bayou Fuels project has signed with Oxy Low Carbon Ventures to capture carbon dioxide from Velocys’ planned Bayou Fuels biomass-to-fuels project in

October 11, 2019 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Fuel Pretreatment of Biomass Residues for Thermal Conversion

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)   For some time it’s been widely thought amongst the Digestsceni that there’s a need to ‘demonstrate to market actors and policy makers how existing bioenergy

October 10, 2019 Read Full Article

The Truth About Hydrogen

by Patrick Molloy and LeeAnn Baronett (Rocky Mountain Institute)  … There are four major sources for commercial production of hydrogen, three of which require fossil fuels: steam methane reformation (SMR), oxidation,

October 8, 2019 Read Full Article

Complete Production Chain from Biomass Residues to Fischer-Tropsch Products Successfully Validated

(VTT) Production of biofuel by gasification of biomass residues was successfully validated in the EU’s COMSYN project in September. The process performance was verified with bark in an 80 hour-long test

September 30, 2019 Read Full Article

The NEXT 50 Companies to Disrupt the World

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Florida, The Digest recognized the NEXT 50, “the 50 Next Companies to Disrupt the World”, bioeconomy companies that are just now reaching commercial scale with

September 24, 2019 Read Full Article

Future Markets for Renewable Gases & Hydrogen: What Would Be the Optimal Regulatory Provisions?

by Jose Luis Moraga, Machiel Mulder and Peter Perey  (Centre on Regulation in Europe)  This report explores the economic outlook for renewable gases and hydrogen and proposes a regulatory framework

September 18, 2019 Read Full Article

Delta Invests $2 Million for Study of Potential Facility to Produce Biofuel from Forest Floor Debris

(Delta News Hub)  Commitment will fund exploration for the establishment of a sustainable biofuel refinery in Washington State. —  As part of its ongoing commitment to sustainability, Delta Air Lines is investing

September 18, 2019 Read Full Article

Forest Products Industry Barriers to Producing Biofuels

(Biorenewable Deployment Consortium) BDC is a 501c3 organization focused on education and brokering partnerships in order to accelerate the deployment of economic bioprocesses and assist the forest products industry to

September 16, 2019 Read Full Article

9 Constellations to Watch: A Look at the Rising Stars in the Race to SAF

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … (T)oday we explore 9 of those constellations building around Sustainable Aviation Fuels. Some of them are young protostars in the earliest stage of

August 26, 2019 Read Full Article

33 Million Reasons Why Your Garbage Is Worth More than You Think: Breakthrough, Cox et al Investing, Accelerating Sierra Energy in Waste-to-X Race

(Hydrogen Digest)  … In 2015, we reported that the Defense Logistics Agency awarded Sierra Energy a $100,000 Small Business Innovation Research grant $100,000 grant to further explore the production of hydrogen

August 14, 2019 Read Full Article

Innovate AND Implement: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to ICM’s Ethanol and Biorefining

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Innovation is great but without implementation, the story ends there. Not so for ICM, a Kanasas-based company that took its small business roots in a farming

August 14, 2019 Read Full Article

FAME Is Fleeting: FAEE as a More Sustainable Option for Biodiesel in the US: Filling the Tank on the Road to the Future

by Ron Cascone and Steven Slome (Nexant/Biofuels Digest) The term “fatty acid methyl ester” or FAME has been synonymous with biodiesel for the better part of the last two decades that

August 14, 2019 Read Full Article

Ready to Meet Market Growth?: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Biomass Gasification

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Missed The Digest’s webinar on Biomass Gasification? Wondering what it is or where it’s at? Biomass Gasification is a thermochemical process in which a renewable solid

August 7, 2019 Read Full Article

Presentations Available from Altfuels Iberia 2019: Sustainable Energies for the Land and Sea Transport — June 11-14, 2019 — Madrid, Spain

Efforts to reduce the harmful effects on air quality produced by petroleum-based fuelscontinue throughout Europe . To this vital need is added the strategic objective of reducing dependence on oil in all

July 16, 2019 Read Full Article

How Low Can You Go with Carbon?: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Aemetis

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Aemetis is an international renewable fuels and biochemicals company using patented industrial biotechnology for the construction and operation of advanced biorefineries. They own and operate a 60+

July 1, 2019 Read Full Article

Fighting Forest Fires with Biofuels: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Red Rock Biofuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Red Rock Biofuels produces drop-in, renewable, low-carbon jet and diesel fuels. RRB makes the long-commercialized Fischer-Tropsch process economic at the biomass scale. By using forest and

June 26, 2019 Read Full Article

Potential to Decarbonize Long Distance Transport: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Drop-in Biofuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) IEA Bioenergy Task 39, with the help of the National Renewable Energy Lab and University of British Columbia, has been working facilitating the commercialization of conventional

June 14, 2019 Read Full Article

Running on Refuse

by Matt Thompson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Enerkem is producing methanol and ethanol at its Edmonton, Alberta, plant, diverting up to 24 percent of the city’s landfill waste. The company has partners

May 15, 2019 Read Full Article

Energy Sprawl – Friend or Foe?

(Aries Clean Energy)  A healthy Energy Sprawl like a gasification plant can reduce carbon footprints, lower emissions signatures, and divert unwanted waste streams (such as wood and biosolids) from local landfills.

May 14, 2019 Read Full Article

Feedstock Flexibility

by Matt Thompson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Beyond Enerkem, a few companies around the world are looking to feedstocks outside of corn to produce cellulosic ethanol.  —  A few well-known ethanol producers are

May 14, 2019 Read Full Article

Thermochemical Processes for Waste Recycling: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to KIT

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Karlsruhe Institute of Technology – The Research University in the Helmholtz Association has more than 9,000 employees and an annual budget of about EUR 785 million,

April 12, 2019 Read Full Article

FastOx Gasification: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Sierra Energy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Sierra Energyhas a proprietary process of engineering organisms (yeast) using renewably-sourced carbon from plants (sugarcane) to make sustainable, custom molecules. They use their technology to create

April 5, 2019 Read Full Article

Algae-Derived Solar Fuel

(Algae Industry Magazine)  Susan Kraemer writes in solarpaces.org that to use solar thermal energy to convert farmed algae to fuel, the solar fuels research team at Australian National University (ANU), led by

April 3, 2019 Read Full Article

Shell Joins Air Liquide, Nouryon in Enerkem Waste-to-Chemicals Project in Rotterdam: The Complete Story

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … Shell will become an equal equity partner in the proposed commercial-scale waste-to-chemicals project, which will be the first of its kind in Europe to make

March 4, 2019 Read Full Article

BioSNG Bulletin: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Biomass to Synthetic Natural Gas (BioSNG)

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Mark Robertson, from Small Planet Engineering and a member of Lee Enterprises Consulting offers this illuminating overview of renewable natural gas via biomass gasification and methanation,

March 1, 2019 Read Full Article

Cellulosic Commercialization: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Cellulosic Ethanol

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Douglas B. Rivers, PhD,from Sunflwr Consulting and a member of Lee Enterprises Consulting offers this illuminating overview and more READ MORE    

February 28, 2019 Read Full Article

Challenges and Opportunities: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Biomass Gasification

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Mark Robertson, from Small Planet Engineering and a member of Lee Enterprises Consulting offers this illuminating overview of the global potential for biomass gasification, current status and

February 27, 2019 Read Full Article

GTI Quantifies Opportunity to Produce Low-Carbon Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) from Wood Wastes

(GTI/Green Car Congress)  GTI has released a site-specific engineering design titled “Low-Carbon Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) from Wood Wastes”. GTI led a team of engineers and scientists to produce a blueprint

February 26, 2019 Read Full Article

Renewable Jet Fuel from Woody Biomass

by Marina Bowie (Biobased Maine) According to the Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks (1990-2016), the transportation sector is one of the largest contributors to U.S anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions,

February 26, 2019 Read Full Article

The Competitive Edge: Highbury Energy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … Highbury was founded in 2009 on the premise that the thermochemical conversion of biomass to syngas is an ideal step toward the production of renewable

February 22, 2019 Read Full Article

So Happy Together: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Biomass and Plastic Wastes Co-Processing

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Lorenz Bauer, from LJBILL Chemical Consulting and a member of Lee Enterprises Consulting offers this illuminating overview of biomass and non-recyclable plastic to liquid fuel, landfill

February 22, 2019 Read Full Article

Cortus Energy and Swedish Biofuels Cooperate for the World’s First Bio-Jet Fuel Plant Based on Forest Resources

(Cortus Energy)  Cortus Energy AB (Publ) and Swedish Biofuels AB (SB) have agreed in a preliminary agreement about cooperating with the goal of during 2019, jointly projecting a first commercial plant

February 20, 2019 Read Full Article

Biochar Science and Market: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Biochar

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Hugh McLaughlin, PhD, PE, a technical expert in pyrolysis, biochar and activated carbon, and Gerald Kutney, PhD, a business expert in pyrolysis and biochar, and both

February 18, 2019 Read Full Article

Almond Joy: CEC Poised to Award $10 Million to Advance Aemetis, West Coast Nut Waste-to-Fuels Commercial Projects

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In California, the California Energy Commission has issued a Notice of Proposed Award (NOPA) for a $5 million grant to the Aemetis Riverbank cellulosic ethanol biorefinery,

February 5, 2019 Read Full Article

No Carbon Left Behind: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to LanzaTech

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) LanzaTechhas over 20 years experience sourcing and supplying over 5 million tons of wood fiber and organic feedstock in markets across North America. They offer biomass

February 5, 2019 Read Full Article

VTT Develops New Wood Gasification Method to Produce Biofuel, Chemicals

( VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland/Canadian Biomass)  VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd has developed a new technique based on gasification, which offers a sustainable way to turn forest

January 16, 2019 Read Full Article

The Wonders Down Under: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Australia and the Bioeconomy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  IEA Bioenergy Task 42’s goal is to contribute to the development and deployment of integrated biorefineries as part of highly efficient sustainable value chains (co-)producing food/feed ingredients,

December 26, 2018 Read Full Article

Waste Accumulation Problems and Opportunities

by Zoltan Kish (Lee Enterprises Consulting, Inc./Biofuels Digest)  … In 2016, the Ontario government released its Strategy for a Waste-Free Ontario [2], diverting our wasteful ways towards an entirely circular economy, but it doesn’t

December 26, 2018 Read Full Article

Year of the Tree, CORSIA Fuels, Mabus’ Remarks, a Breakthrough on Woody Biomass?: Heard on the Floor at the CAAFI General Meeting

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  When the world’s leaders for sustainable aviation fuels have a general meeting the week before the COP24 global climate sessions (this year in Poland), you can

December 13, 2018 Read Full Article

Residual Biomass to Gasoline: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide ABLC Guide to Bioliq Pilot Plant

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Karlsruher Institut für Technologie’s Bioliq pilot plant is producing synthetic fuels and chemicals from lignocellulosic, ash rich biomass. Bernd Zimmerlin from Karlsruher Institut für Technologie gave

December 11, 2018 Read Full Article

COP24 Brings New Bioeconomy Strategy from UK, $200B from World Bank and More

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  Amid rumors of President Trump’s coal and fossil-fuel side event at COP24 (the 24th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change)

December 10, 2018 Read Full Article

Comment: Why BECCS Will Be Critical to Deliver an Affordable Energy System Transition in the UK

by Geraint Evans (Energy Technologies Institute (ETI)/Bioenergy Insight) … ‘Focus on locking away CO2’ says the CCC about the future of biomass in its report published earlier this month. Bioenergy’s value is

December 5, 2018 Read Full Article

Fueling the Future: Developing a More Efficient Process for Producing Biobased High-Octane Gasoline

by Zia Abdullah (U.S. Department of Energy)  Over the past five years, the market share for premium gasoline in the United States has increased from 9% to 12%.1 To help meet the

November 28, 2018 Read Full Article

European Bioeconomy University: UEF and UNIBO Join Four Universities to Form International Alliance with Focus on Bioeconomy

(Science/Business)  Europe’s leading universities in the field of the bioeconomy are looking to further intensify their existing cooperation to develop common problem-solving approaches for society’s most urgent challenges. JOINT PRESS RELEASE

November 27, 2018 Read Full Article

A Fuel Value over $7.00 per Gallon, and Everyone’s Chasing It: The Birth of USA Bioenergy and the Surge in Renewable Diesel

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In California, we are now seeing project flow projecting a sustainable $7.63 price for renewable diesel in the California market, where the Low Carbon Fuel Standard

November 21, 2018 Read Full Article

Report on the Thermochemical Sciences Symposium at Auburn University

by Leyla Battista-Channell*  (Advanced Biofuels USA) Auburn, Alabama: Home to the Auburn tigers, the “loveliest village on the plains,” and this year’s host to the Thermochemical Sciences Symposium. Previously held

November 12, 2018 Read Full Article

BioFuture: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to BioFuture Platform and the Advanced Biofuels Outlook

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The Biofuture Platform aims to be an action-oriented, country-led, multi-stakeholder mechanism for policy dialogue and collaboration among leading countries, organizations, academia and the private sector conscious

November 7, 2018 Read Full Article

Thermal Gasification of Biomass: The Digest’s Multi-Slide Guide to TGoB in Italy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  IEA Bioenergy Task 33 is a working group of international experts with the aim to promote the commercialization of efficient, economical and environmentally preferable thermal biomass

November 7, 2018 Read Full Article

10,000 Hours: 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to GoBiGas Gasification Technology

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  IEA Bioenergy Task 33 is a working group of international experts with the aim to promote the commercialization of efficient, economical and environmentally preferable thermal biomass gasification

October 26, 2018 Read Full Article

Greetings from Finland: 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Thermal Biomass Gasification Technologies in Finland

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Task 33 is a working group of international experts with the aim to promote the commercialization of efficient, economical and environmentally preferable thermal biomass gasification processes.

October 26, 2018 Read Full Article

Sweden: Plant Produces Synthetic Natural Gas from Waste Wood

(Karlsruhe Institute of Technology/NGV Journal)  Researchers of the German Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) succeeded in producing renewable methane from a biomass-based synthesis gas mixture in their pilot plant for honeycomb

October 25, 2018 Read Full Article

Waste Gasification: 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to 2-Stage Incineration and “True” Gasification

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) IEA Bioenergy Task 33 is a working group of international experts with the aim to promote the commercialization of efficient, economical and environmentally preferable thermal biomass

October 25, 2018 Read Full Article

Waste Makes Haste: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Fulcrum BioEnergy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Fulcrum BioEnergy has developed a “game-changing process for converting municipal solid waste that would otherwise be landfilled, into renewable transportation fuels including syncrude, jet fuel and

October 15, 2018 Read Full Article

Production of Renewable Gas from Waste Wood

(Karlsruhe Institute of Technology) KIT’s researchers succeeded in producing renewable methane from a biomass-based synthesis gas mixture in their pilot plant for honeycomb methanation. The quality of this synthetic natural gas

October 11, 2018 Read Full Article

Development, Deployment of Integrated Biorefineries: The Digest’s Multi-Slide Guide to Biorefining in Italy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  IEA Bioenergy Task 42’s goal is to contribute to the development and deployment of integrated biorefineries as part of highly efficient sustainable value chains (co-)producing food/feed ingredients,

October 6, 2018 Read Full Article

Thermal Gasification of Biomass: The Digest’s Multi-Slide Guide to TGoB in Switzerland

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  IEA Bioenergy Task 33 is a working group of international experts with the aim to promote

September 28, 2018 Read Full Article

Thermal Gasification of Biomass: The Digest’s Multi-Slide Guide to TGoB in Norway

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  IEA Bioenergy Task 33 is a working group of international experts with the aim to

September 27, 2018 Read Full Article

Thermal Gasification of Biomass: The Digest’s Multi-Slide Guide to TGoB in the United States

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  IEA Bioenergy Task 33 is a working group of international experts with the aim to promote

September 26, 2018 Read Full Article

Recycling Plastics & Circular Economy

by  Kapil Shyam Lokare (Biofuels Digest/E2IG Solutions) … The constantly increasing demand for plastics have caused substantial plastic wastes accumulation in landfills,

August 28, 2018 Read Full Article

Egyptian Firm to Turn Tonnes of Rubbish into Electricity, Bio-Diesel

by Jeffrey Gogo (The Herald)  Emerging energy firm Tawanda Energy Ltd has agreed a deal with Egyptian financier and project developer MAFGAIB

August 22, 2018 Read Full Article

27 Technologies to Produce Lower Carbon Fuels from “Second Chance Carbon” — and Its Practicioners. Who’s Doing What, Where, When, Why and How?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In the EU, perhaps the most comprehensive and useful guide to fuels and chemicals produced from

August 22, 2018 Read Full Article

Catalysts for Better Biofuel Production

(CORDIS/Phys.Org)  … The EU-funded FASTCARD project used two different routes to meet European commitments to the production of advanced biofuels. The first involved

August 8, 2018 Read Full Article

How Is CAAFI Engaging with Emerging Companies, and What Early-Stage Pathways Should SAJF Stakeholders Be Aware of?

(Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuel Initiative) … Feedstocks: The companies are pursuing various feedstock categories, including algae, cellulosics, lipids, sugars, oilseeds, tall

August 6, 2018 Read Full Article

High Performance Fuels & Vehicles, Both: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to DOE’s Co-Optima Project and HP Fuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The US Department of Energy has a key project called Co-Optima, which aims to determine key

July 31, 2018 Read Full Article

Fueled for the Future Red Rock Biofuels Facility Breaks Ground in Lakeview

by Kurt Liedtke (Herald and News)  On Wednesday, members of Red Rock Biofuels, political dignitaries, corporate representatives and a large

July 30, 2018 Read Full Article

SET-Plan Steering Group Approved Implementation Plan of SET-Plan Action 8: Bioenergy and Renewable Fuels for Sustainable Transport

(European Technology and Innovation Platform-Bioenergy)  On 13 June 2018 the SET-Plan Steering Group approved the Implementation Plan of SET-Plan Action 8:

July 18, 2018 Read Full Article

Latest Research Says Biofuel Production Won’t Seriously Affect Forestry Industry

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  In Sweden, researchers from Luleå University of Technology (LTU), IIASA, and RISE Research Institutes of Sweden

July 16, 2018 Read Full Article

From LanzaTech to Sierra Energy and the Latest Research, Syngas Is on Fire

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  Syngas, or synthesis gas, is on fire lately, with new technologies making the most of

July 9, 2018 Read Full Article

GoBiGas: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Advanced Biofuel Production via Gasification

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  High quality biomethane from biomass through gasification? A Swedish plant is now a first for injecting biomethane

June 28, 2018 Read Full Article

Zero to 10 Million in 5 years

by Susanne Retka Schill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Slow to start and with fewer gallons than targeted through the Renewable Fuel Standard,

June 27, 2018 Read Full Article

Taking off: Velocys, Shell, British Airways, UK Government, New Energy Risk, Red Rock Biofuels, TCG Global, PQ, and Advanced Plasma Power Figure in Key Renewable Jet Fuel Project Advances

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  New Energy Risk’s new performance insurance for TCG Global’s gasifiers and a significant project advance from

June 21, 2018 Read Full Article

The Carbon Rescuers: 20 Top Waste Projects and Breakthroughs that Capture Used Carbon from the Waste Pile for New Uses

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In these top 20 projects, we usually say that we are using waste, but really we

June 5, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Fulcrum BioEnergy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Fulcrum BioEnergy has developed a “game-changing process for converting municipal solid waste that would otherwise

May 23, 2018 Read Full Article

Advanced Biofuels Can Be Produced Extremely Efficiently

(Chalmers University of Technology/Phys.Org)  A chance to switch to renewable sources for heating, electricity and fuel, while also providing new opportunities

May 21, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Prairie Catalytic, LanzaTech, Synvina, Fulcrum BioEnergy, POET-DSM, Cargilla/Calysta, Enerkem, and REG Geismar

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ABLC 2018 wrapped up with the ABLC Wolfpack including James Iademarco from Strategic Avalanche, David Dodds with Dodds &

April 24, 2018 Read Full Article

A Bioethanol-Fuelled Bioeconomy

by Mario Bonaccorso  (Renewable Matter) … 700 million tonnes of sugarcane treated in one year; 30.23 billion litres of bioethanol

April 23, 2018 Read Full Article

Driving Profit in Biofuels Production through Innovation: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to ICM

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ICM’s equipment and processes are already used in the majority of U.S. ethanol plants, and continues

April 23, 2018 Read Full Article

Complex Feedstocks, Clean Synthesis Gas: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Sierra Energy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Sierra Energy has created what is billed as “the world’s most efficient gasifier,” FastOx, developed in

April 18, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Sustainable Bioeconomy for Arid Regions (SBAR)

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Sustainable Bioeconomy for Arid Regions (SBAR) is a multi-level research project that will cultivate two desert-dwelling

March 15, 2018 Read Full Article

Commercial Time: Aemetis Embarks on $158 Million Cellulosic Ethanol Project in California

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)   … I’d start with the news from Aemetis that they are embarking now on a $158

March 8, 2018 Read Full Article

Dry Idea: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to the Bioeconomy in Arid Regions

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The Sustainable Bioeconomy for Arid Regions (SBAR) is a multi-level research project that will cultivate two

January 22, 2018 Read Full Article

Insights from IEA Task 36

By Michael Eggleston* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  On December 5th, 2017 the Institute of Technical Chemistry (ITC) at Karlsruhe Institute of

January 12, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

Affordable, Low-Capex GTL Is Here: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Velocys

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Velocys enables modular gas-to-liquids and biomass-to-liquids plants to convert unconventional, remote and problem gas and waste

January 4, 2018 Read Full Article

Perspectives on Biofuels in Sub-Saharan Africa

by Susan van Dyk, Emile van Zyl, Brett Pletschke (International Energy Agency Bioenergy Task 39)  This short contribution provides some perspectives on

December 22, 2017 Read Full Article

Aemetis Provides Update of Cellulosic Ethanol Initiatives

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) … During an earnings call, McAfee provided an overview of advanced biofuel projects under development

November 14, 2017 Read Full Article

Abengoa to Build MSW-to-Biofuels Plant for Fulcrum BioEnergy

(Abengoa/Biomass Magazine)  Abengoa, the international company that applies innovative technology solutions for sustainability in infrastructures, energy and water sectors, has received

November 9, 2017 Read Full Article

E4Tech Report Shows Opportunity for Advanced Biofuels in UK but Policy Framework Needed

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In the UK, the Department for Transport published a new report commissioned from E4Tech showing that advanced biofuels

October 25, 2017 Read Full Article

Synova and the Pursuit of Clean, Green and Lean

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  A newer technology Synova Power has arrived with the promise of clean, green, lean stream of

October 11, 2017 Read Full Article

Modular Fuel Technology to Boost Bio-Share of Oil Refineries

(VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland/Biomass Magazine)  EU-funded project COMSYN aims to develop a production concept for competitive biobased fuels

September 21, 2017 Read Full Article

Secretary of Energy Rick Perry Announces Integrated Biorefinery Optimization Projects

(U.S. Department of Energy)  Today (September 20, 2017), U.S. Secretary of Energy Rick Perry announced that the Department of Energy (DOE) has

September 21, 2017 Read Full Article

Modular Drop-In Fuel Technology to Boost Bio-Share of Oil Refineries

(Phys.Org/ VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland)  EU project COMSYN aims to develop a production concept for competitive bio-based fuels

September 15, 2017 Read Full Article

Waste to Diesel Market Worth $942.78 Million By 2025 | CAGR: 10.4%: Grand View Research, Inc.

(PRNewswire/Grand View Research, Inc.) The global waste to diesel market is expected to reach USD 942.78million by 2025, according to a new report by Grand View

September 11, 2017 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to LanzaTech/PNNL Syngas-to-ATJ Fuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The US Department of Energy initiated a project to advance a hybrid conversion technology for catalytic

August 29, 2017 Read Full Article

Acton Couple Arrested for Defrauding the Treasury Department of Over $50 Million in Tax Free Energy Grants

(U.S. Department of Justice)  An Acton couple was arrested today and charged with defrauding the U.S. Treasury Department of more

August 15, 2017 Read Full Article

Project Aims to Turn Roads into Energy Source

(Advantage News)  The Illinois Department of Transportation has approved implementation of a renewable energy demonstration project using grasses collected from

August 14, 2017 Read Full Article

Aemetis Signs Agreement for Advanced Gasification Technology to Produce Cellulosic Ethanol

(Stockhouse/Accesswire)  Aemetis, Inc. (NASDAQ: AMTX) announced today (August 4, 2017) that it has signed a Master Agreement with key exclusive

August 8, 2017 Read Full Article

Advances in Biofeedstocks and Biofuels: Production Technologies for Biofuels, Volume 2

by Lalit Kumar Singh (Editor), Gaurav Chaudhary (Editor) (Wiley)  Biofuels production is one of the most extensively studied fields in the

July 7, 2017 Read Full Article

Celebrating Canada’s 150th: A Short History of the Biofuel Industry in Canada

By Gerald Kutney (Sixth Element Sustainable Management/Lee Enterprises Consulting/Biofuels Digest)  The 150th anniversary of Canadian Confederation arrived on July 1st of this

July 5, 2017 Read Full Article

Jet and Diesel from the Sticks: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Red Rock Biofuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In late 2015, we reported Red Rock Biofuels will produce approximately three million gallons of low-carbon, renewable

June 15, 2017 Read Full Article

Roll-Out of Smaller-Scale GTL: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Velocys

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Velocys enables modular gas-to-liquids and biomass-to-liquids plants to convert unconventional, remote and problem gas and

May 30, 2017 Read Full Article

Rapid Advancement: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to the Nation’s 10th Manufacturing USA Institute – RAPID

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Last December , the U.S. Department of Energy announced it would support the country’s 10th Manufacturing

May 17, 2017 Read Full Article

Energy Department Announces New National Laboratory Collaborations with 38 Small Businesses

(U.S. Department of Energy)  At Earth Day Texas 2017, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced the 38 small businesses

April 28, 2017 Read Full Article

U.S. Army Is Teaming up with a Davis Startup to Turn Trash into Energy

by Cathie Anderson (Sacramento Bee)  … Essentially, the company uses a blast furnace to heat metals, glass, ash and organic solids

March 28, 2017 Read Full Article

ICM to Build Showcase Biorefinery Next to Its Kansas Headquarters

(Ethanol Producer Magazine)  ICM Inc. will build a new state-of-the-art biorefinery—dubbed ICM Element—next to its headquarters in Colwich, Kansas. The

March 6, 2017 Read Full Article

DOE’s Bioenergy Technologies Office Sees Greater Collaboration with DOE Office of Fossil Energy in Its Future

by Joanne Ivancic* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  This morning at the “Defense Production Act (DPA) Advanced Drop-in Biofuels Production Project Round

March 1, 2017 Read Full Article

Technology Converts Wastewater Sludge to Renewable Natural Gas

(U.S. Department of Energy)  Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) has developed technology that synergistically uses two waste biomass streams to generate

February 28, 2017 Read Full Article

From Off-Take to Take-Off: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to the US Renewable Jet Fuels Program

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In June 2011, the Secretaries of Agriculture, Energy, and Navy signed MOU to commit $510M

February 21, 2017 Read Full Article

Waste to Fuels Viability: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Velocys Economics

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Velocys enables modular gas-to-liquids and biomass-to-liquids plants to convert unconventional, remote and problem gas and

February 8, 2017 Read Full Article

The Industrial Status of Biofuel Technologies

by Gerald Kutney (Lee Enterprises Consulting/Biofuels Digest)  A myriad of biofuel technologies exist, but which ones are truly industrial processes? The

January 13, 2017 Read Full Article

Austria – Biofuels Technology, Research and Development

by Dina Bacovsky, Andrea Sonnleitner (Task39 Newsletter)  …  Domestic FAME (fatty acid methyl ester) production in 2014 was 292,009 tonnes based

January 2, 2017 Read Full Article

The Carbon Negative Power Machine. Get One While Supplies Last.

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) News has arrived from Denver (the company) and the UK (the project and partners) that

December 30, 2016 Read Full Article

Life Cycle Assessment of Integrated Seawater Agriculture in the Arabian (Persian) Gulf as a Potential Food and Aviation Biofuel Resource

by Brian Warshay, J. Jed Brown, Sgouris Sgouridis (The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment)  Prospective evaluation of the lifecycle impacts of aviation biofuel

December 27, 2016 Read Full Article

Global Bioenergies to Acquire Gas Fermentation Start-Up Syngip

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … Syngip talked here about the possibility of producing liquid hydrocarbons from waste feedstocks at costs

December 23, 2016 Read Full Article

Second Chance Carbon: The Digest’s 2016 Multi-Slide Guide to LanzaTech

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  LanzaTech has developed a fully sustainable integrative gas to fuels and chemicals platform that has

December 13, 2016 Read Full Article

Davis, Mercurius Advance on Ultra Low-Cost Renewable Chemicals

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In California, Mercurius Biorefining has furthered its partnership with UC Davis to develop first-of-its-kind technology

October 3, 2016 Read Full Article

Gasification: The Flexible Answer to Biomass Conversion

by Terry Mazanec (Lee Enterprises Consulting)  Biomass is a rich salad of chemicals that contains many highly valuable materials that are

September 30, 2016 Read Full Article

Turning CO2 Emissions into Fuel

by  Gary C. Young (Ethanol Producer Magazine/Bio-Thermal Energy Inc.)  A new process for the economical conversion of carbon dioxide into

September 23, 2016 Read Full Article

The High-Flown Fantasy of Aviation Biofuels

by Almuth Ernsting (Biofuelwatch/The Biomass Monitor)  …  As far as Branson and his airline, Virgin Atlantic, were concerned, the flight was

September 12, 2016 Read Full Article

Take Off For Aviation Biofuels: Why, How, and Why?

by Jim Lane (The Biomass Monitor/Biofuels Digest)  … By the 21st Century, we’ll have many more technological options for limiting and

September 12, 2016 Read Full Article

RTI International Awarded Project to Support Development of Advanced Biofuels

(RTI International)  The U.S. Department of Energy awarded RTI International a project to support the development of biomass-to-hydrocarbon biofuels conversion

August 30, 2016 0 comment Read Full Article

Early-Stage, Breakthrough Technologies: Biofuels, 10 of the Best

by Lorenz Bauer and Gerald Kutney (Lee Enterprises Consulting/Biofuels Digest)  …  In this report, we are focused on bioenergy and

August 26, 2016 Read Full Article

Using Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) as a Biofuel Feedstock

(Environmental Research and Education Foundation) Using a first-of-its-kind Life-Cycle Assessment model of biofuel production using MSW, this report includes an assessment

August 22, 2016 Read Full Article

Engineered High Energy Fuel from Waste: The Digest’s 2016 Multi-Slide Guide to Cornerstone Resources

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Cornerstone Resources develops and deploys waste management processing technologies that re-purpose a broad spectrum of

August 5, 2016 Read Full Article

USDA Advances On-Farm Biofuel Production

by Philip Gruber (Lancaster Farming)  USDA researchers demonstrated a mobile biofuel processing unit on a Montgomery County farm last week,

August 4, 2016 0 comment Read Full Article

Cellulosic Ethanol, What Happened, What’s Happening?

by Irshad Ahmed (Lee Enterprises)  … I believe cellulosic ethanol is here to stay for the long haul and it is finally

August 2, 2016 Read Full Article

Sustainable and Low-Cost: The Digest’s 2016 Multi-Slide Guide to Competing with Sub-$50 oil

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  As Irshad Ahmed observed recently in The Digest, “until such time that we internalize the true

August 2, 2016 Read Full Article

The East Is [Infra]Red: Gasification, Energy and China

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  More prosperity, less pollution for China? In the East, the search is on for more

July 5, 2016 0 comment Read Full Article

Where Did Biofuels Technologies Come from?

by Gerald Kutney  (Lee Consulting/Biofuels Digest)  … From the time of the caveman until the early Industrial Revolution, biofuels – namely wood

June 2, 2016 0 comment Read Full Article

Commercial Aircraft Propulsion and Energy Systems Research: Reducing Global Carbon Emissions (2016)

by Committee on Propulsion and Energy Systems to Reduce Commercial Aviation Carbon Emissions; Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board; Division on

June 1, 2016 Read Full Article

Biofuel or Biofraud? The Vast Taxpayer Cost of Failed Cellulosic and Algal Biofuels

by Almuth Ernsting (Independent Science News) … The disastrous experience with Fischer-Tropsch biofuels is just one part of a much larger failure

March 14, 2016 Read Full Article

Biodico Trains Future Bioenergy Leaders To Excel in Green Economy, Drive Local Job Growth

(Biodico/BusinessWire)  Program Part of Commitment to Spur Job Growth in San Joaquin Valley; Train Engineers in Next-Generation Bioenergy Technologies — Internship

March 9, 2016 Read Full Article

Leaf Resources Expands Equity Stake in ZeaChem, Signs JV to Develop Celluosic Sugars Project in US

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Australia, Leaf Resources and ZeaChem signed a joint venture agreement to establish a Glycell

March 1, 2016 Read Full Article

BioFuelNet Canada Brings Biofuels Education to Canadian High Schools

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Quebec, BioFuelNet Canada has partnered with Talk Energy Week to participate as panelists at

February 22, 2016 Read Full Article

BETO Director Shares Highlights from tcbiomass2015

(US Department of Energy)  Learn about recent updates in thermochemical biomass conversion science from BETO Director Dr. Jonathan Male, who

January 29, 2016 Read Full Article

Behind the Renewable Energy Curtain in California

by James L. Stewart (Biofuels Digest/California’s BioEnergy Producers Association/Technikon Renewable Energy Solutions)  … With the most aggressive series of carbon emissions reduction benchmarks

December 28, 2015 Read Full Article

Report: Coal, Biomass Mix May Be in Military Jet Fuel Future

by Anna Simet (Biomass Magazine)  The U.S. Defense Logistics Agency and the Connecticut Center for Advanced Technology recently released results

December 23, 2015 Read Full Article

Biodico’s Innovative 20 MMgy Biodiesel Plant Opens in California

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  Biodiesel producer and technology developer Biodico has scheduled a ribbon-cutting ceremony Dec. 4 for its 20

December 4, 2015 Read Full Article

11 Top Low-Carbon Fuel Players, WCSBD Publish COP 21 Guide to Slashing Transport-Based Greenhouse Gas Emissions

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Switzerland, 11 leading low carbon fuel companies present a comprehensive guide that identifies a variety

November 24, 2015 Read Full Article

ICM Aims for Strong Legacy

by Holly Jessen (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  For two decades, ICM has adapted with the changing times, bringing technology solutions to

October 27, 2015 Read Full Article

17 Pyromaniax Changing the Energy Landscape

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … 17 — count them, 17 — different pyrolytic technology centers in the UK  … Tyre

October 26, 2015 Read Full Article

8 Ways around the Big, Bad Oxygen Problem in the Advanced Bioeconomy Parts 1 and 2

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In the terrestrial world, oxygen is colorless, odorless, and try to get through an hour

October 14, 2015 Read Full Article

A Secret Password for Advanced Biofuels at Scale? Forget “Open Sesame”, Try “Velocys Inside”

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Four new technologies approach scaled operations, all with one element in common – Velocys technology

October 5, 2015 Read Full Article

Southeast Partnership for Integrated Biomass Supply Systems Posts Annual Meeting Presentations and Posters

(Southeast Partnership for Integrated Biomass Supply Systems)  The meeting presentations are now available for download on the IBSS website: IBSS

August 31, 2015 Read Full Article

MSW and the Promise of Biotechnology

by James L. Stewart (MSW Management/Biofuels Digest)  When it comes to its progress in achieving zero waste to landfills, the United

August 25, 2015 Read Full Article

Clean & Green: A Comprehensive Review of “Syngas” Cleanup for Biomass Gasification

(Southeastern Partnership for Integrated Biomass Supply Systems)  Contrasting with ethanol production with microorganisms to ferment raw material into liquid fuel, biomass

August 4, 2015 Read Full Article

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flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance protectionism protein protests public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest RAND rare earth metal RD20 RD30 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED and RED II) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK sales Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale gas shale oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smokestack soap social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar-to-fuels solar biofuels solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solid oxide fuel cell Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve straw students sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugar cane sugar cane prices sugar cane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic methane Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariff tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils Velocys Venezuela Vermont video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volunteers waiver Wales warranty 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