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Colonial Oil Industries to Purchase and Retire 9 Million RINs Due to RFS Violations

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Colonial Oil Industries Inc. must pay a $2.8 million civil penalty and purchase and retire more than 9 million renewable identification numbers (RINs) at an estimated price of $12.2 million under a settlement agreement reached

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A New Era for Biofuels Traceability in Europe

(Energy Institute) What will the European Union’s (EU) new bioenergy database mean for bioenergy sustainability and traceability both across and beyond Europe, and what are the challenges that still lie ahead? Gemma Toop and Sacha Alberici, Associate Directors at Guidehouse, take

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EU Database for Biofuels Becomes Operational

(European Commission) As of today (15 January 2024), the Union Database for Biofuels (UDB) established by the European Commission is open for online registration by the relevant economic operators of transactions of liquid renewable and recycled carbon fuels. The database was foreseen

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Global Certifier: ‘Decimal Point Errors’ Behind Biofuel Discrepancies in Italy, Malta

by Sean Goulding Carroll (EURACTIV)  Global certification body the ISCC has revised down the extremely high quantities of used cooking oil reportedly collected in Italy and Malta for biofuels production in 2022, saying that the original figures were the result of

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Oil Rush: How Criminal Gangs and Thugs Are Targeting Pubs and Supermarkets for 'Liquid Gold' Cooking Oil Which Can Be Converted to Biofuel and Sold on Black Market

by James Reynolds (Daily Mail) ... Criminal gangs look to exploit price hike by stealing large quantities of waste oil  -- Criminal gangs across the UK have been targeting pubs and supermarkets to steal cooking oil as prices soar in light of

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EU Confirms Probe into Cheap Chinese Biodiesel Decimating EU Industry

 by Sean Goulding Carroll (EURACTIV)  European biofuel producers have praised the European Commission’s decision to launch an anti-dumping investigation into Chinese biodiesel imports, calling it a positive step to stop the economic devastation of the domestic EU biofuel sector. Last month, the

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European Commission to Examine Allegations of Unfairly Traded Biodiesel from China

(European Commission) The European Commission has today launched an investigation into allegations of dumping of biodiesel from China onto the EU market. -- If dumping is confirmed and is found to be harming EU producers, the Commission may impose measures (typically duties

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EU Is ‘Driving without a Map’ on Biofuels Policy, Auditors Find

by Sean Goulding Carroll (Euractiv.com)  The EU’s complex policy approach to biofuels lacks a long-term outlook and risks undermining the bloc’s transport decarbonisation targets, an analysis by the European Court of Auditors (ECA) has found. The ECA, an independent watchdog, examined the EU’s support

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Commission Fines Ethanol Producer Lantmännen €47.7 Million over Ethanol Benchmarks Cartel

(European Commission) The Commission has fined Lantmännen ek för and its subsidiary Lantmännen Biorefineries AB (formerly named Lantmännen Agroetanol AB) (together ‘Lantmännen') around €47.7 million for participating in a cartel concerning the wholesale price formation mechanism for ethanol in Europe.  This decision follows

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To Tackle Biofuel Fraud, Ireland Takes Matters into Its Own Hands

by Sean Goulding Carroll (EURACTIV) The Irish government has confirmed it will set up a working group to ensure the sustainability of biofuels used in the country, as concerns grow that tainted fuels are entering the EU market. The decision by

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Austrian Airlines Forced to Admit 100% SAF Flights Were False Advertisement

by Rytis Beresnevicius (Aerotime Hub) Austrian Airlines was found guilty of misleading travelers in an advertising campaign that suggested its flights used 100% Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF). A court ruled that the carrier post a corrective statement on its website and social

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Indonesia Attorney General launches Graft Probe into Palm Oil Fund Agency

by Fransiska Nangoy, Bernadette Christina and Stefanno Sulaiman (Reuters) The Indonesian Attorney General's Office has launched a corruption investigation into the country's palm oil fund agency, which oversees the collection and distribution of export levies on the commodity. The probe will cover

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EPA Agrees to RFS Enforcement Improvements in Response to OIG

(Inside EPA) EPA has agreed to a series of steps to improve its internal safeguards against fraud in the renewable fuel standard (RFS) compliance credit program, following a report from its Office of Inspector General (OIG) that found several deficiencies that

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EU Under Pressure to Tackle Fraudulent Biofuels Imports

by Sean Goulding Carroll (EURACTIV.com) The delay in implementing a tool to protect the EU market against fraudulent biofuel imports has been heavily criticised by European biofuel producers, who point the finger at the European Commission. The criticism comes as the EU

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Neste Challenges Unsubstantiated USDA Biofuels Annual Report Assertions, Which It Believes to Be Erroneous or Based on Misunderstanding

(Neste) The recently published USDA Biofuels Annual Report (1 September, 2023) suggests that Neste may have received fraudulent used cooking oil (UCO) volumes at its renewable products refinery in Singapore, specifically virgin palm oil from Indonesia exported fraudulently as UCO via

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Letter from Europe: Amazing Opp to Get UCO Right

by James Cogan (ClonBio/Biofuels Digest) In an amazing turn of events, on August 16 the European Commission launched an investigation[1] into possible large scale violations in the used cooking oil, palm oil and biodiesel supply chains from South East Asia to

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Govt Eyes Ethanol to Meet Its 5% Biodiesel Blending Target by 2030

by Subhayan Chakraborty (Business Standard)  ... As a result, Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs) were asked to prioritise research on how to commercially blend ethanol in diesel. The Centre's ethanol blending programme has been a major success for petrol, with E20 petrol (petrol

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Oregon Fines BP $205,800 for Double-Counting Renewable Fuel Volumes

by Tracy Loew (Salem Statesman Journal/Yahoo!)  Oregon environmental regulators said BP Products North America has paid a $205,800 fine for inaccurately reporting renewable fuel volumes to the Oregon Clean Fuels Program, generating 11,821 illegitimate credits. BP impermissibly double-counted the same volumes of imported renewable fuel

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Central Valley Man Sentenced to over 6 Years in Prison for $9 Million Cow Manure Ponzi Scheme

(U.S. Attorney's Office Eastern District of California)  Ray Brewer, 66, of Porterville, and Sheridan, Montana, was sentenced today to six years and nine months in prison for running a multimillion-dollar fraud scheme where he purported to turn cow manure into green

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Feedstock Theft & Fraud

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily) Stolen used cooking oil and palm oil fraudulently disguised as waste feedstock are making headlines, but traceability platforms can help curtail illegal activity. Used cooking oil (UCO) theft is nothing new. Ever since the material, which

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China Biodiesel Exporters Pledge Fraud Crackdown after Criticism

by Alfred Cang and Agnieszka de Sousa (Bloomberg/Yahoo! Finance) Chinese biodiesel producers pledged to improve compliance and export standards, days after European rivals called for action to stem “potentially fraudulent” shipments. A group representing the country’s biggest producers and affiliated with the

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Toyota, Daimler Truck, Hino, Mitsubishi Fuso Joining Forces in Ecological Technology

by Yuri Kageyama (Associated Press) German truck maker Daimler, Japan’s top automaker Toyota and two other automakers said Tuesday they will work together on new technologies, including using hydrogen fuel, to help fight climate change. The companies said Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and

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California Man Admits to Fraud Scheme Involving Renewable Fuel Credits

(U.S. Department of Justice)  Ijomah Oputa, 54, of Los Angeles, California, pleaded guilty and was sentenced today by U.S. District Judge Trevor N. McFadden to 40 months’ imprisonment for wire fraud in connection with the generation and sale of fraudulent renewable

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Founder and Former CEO of Sustainable Fuel Company Charged in Multimillion-Dollar Embezzlement Scheme

(U.S. Department of Justice) A federal grand jury in Washington, D.C., returned an indictment yesterday charging the founder and former CEO of a sustainable fuel company with embezzling at least $5.9 million from the company. According to court documents, Bryan Sherbacow, 54,

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ISCC Response to Recent Suspected Cases of Mislabelling of Advanced Biodiesel

(International Sustainability and Carbon Certification)  In recent weeks, ISCC has received communications from stakeholders expressing concerns about a surge of advanced biodiesel1 imported from China and produced from waste and residue materials that are at least partly supplied from Indonesia and Malaysia.

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L.A. Gas Tycoon, Mormon Polygamists Face Sentencing for $1 Billion Biofuel Scam

by Michele McPhee (Los Angeles Times) The main bad actors in a sprawling scam who formed a very unlikely alliance to defraud the government face a judge, five years after their dramatic arrests -- ... This week, the reckonings in

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Bernstein Liebhard LLP Announces that a Securities Class Action Lawsuit Has Been Filed against Vertex Energy, Inc. (NASDAQ: VTNR)

(Bernstein Liebhard/PR Newswire) Bernstein Liebhard LLP announces that a securities class action lawsuit has been filed on behalf of investors who purchased or acquired the securities of Vertex Energy, Inc. ("Vertex" or the "Company") (NASDAQ: VTNR) between April 1, 2022 and August 8, 2022, inclusive

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SPOTLIGHT Reiter Software; Used Cooking Oil: Staying in Compliance for Incentives

(Biodiesel Magazine) ... Recordkeeping challenges in renewable diesel aren’t new, but the struggle to balance the desire to incentivize production of low-carbon-intensity (low CI) fuels without harming collectors or tolerating fraud has come to a head. The following is what

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Acton Man Sentenced to Seven Years in Prison for Scheme to Defraud the Treasury Department of Over $50 Million in Tax-Free Energy Grants

(United States Attorney's Office District of Massachusetts) Defendant obtained more than $8.7 million in undue federal grant funding -- An Acton man was sentenced yesterday in federal court in Boston in connection with his role in a scheme to defraud the

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EU Biofuel Import Controls Need Tightening: APPB

by Jonathan Gleave (Argus Media) A better traceability of imported feedstocks used to produced advanced biofuels, particularly those derived from the palm oil sector, is essential for both the reputation of the market and the EU but the block's recent drive

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Decision on the European Commission’s Refusal to Grant Public Access to Documents Concerning Compliance with Biofuels Sustainability Criteria under the Renewable Energy Directive (Case 1527/2020/DL)

(European Ombudsman) The complainant wished to obtain access to a list of all countries of origin of used cooking oil (UCO) for the years 2016 to 2019, together with the volumes of UCO feedstock collected for each country for each

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Palm Oil for Biodiesel in the Amazon: Sustainable Fuel or Deforestation Risk?

Monica Prestes (Dialogo Chino)  A planned biorefinery will require the cultivation of 120,000 hectares of oil palm, increasing the area planted in Brazil by 60%. An all too familiar debate is underway  -- Oil palm, known as dendezeiro in Brazil, can produce up

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Discrepancy in British and Irish Used Cooking Oil Imports Raises Biofuel Fraud Concerns

by Sean Goulding Carroll (EURACTIV.com)  A new analysis suggests more Malaysian used cooking oil (UCO) was exported to Britain and Ireland than was collected in the country, raising fears that banned substances are being fraudulently passed off as the valuable biofuel

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EU Biofuel Plan Increases Risk of Fraudulent Imports from Asia: Study

by Sean Goulding Carroll (EURACTIV) EU proposals aimed at cutting transport emissions risk boosting the amount of fraudulent used cooking oil (UCO) imported into the EU, according to a new study by the International Council for Clean Transportation (ICCT), a US-based non-profit organisation. The

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EU Incapable of Detecting Fraud in Biofuel Imports, Complainant Says

by Sean Goulding Carroll (EURACTIV.com) The EU’s approach to monitoring fraud in the importation of used cooking oil (UCO) – a feedstock used to produce green biodiesel – is unfit for purpose, the complainant behind the EU ombudsman’s recent maladministration ruling

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Carbon Market Negotiations Continue at COP

by Ashira Morris (World War Zero)  ... or years, global climate negotiators have been trying to craft a carbon market that encourages a green transition. Europe has relied on carbon markets -- through cap and trade systems -- to navigate their decarbonization and cushion

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Namakkal Lorry Owners Association to Seek Permission to Open ‘Biodiesel’ Outlet

(The Hindu) The move comes following the mushrooming of outlets selling spurious fuel in the name of biodiesel; truckers say regular diesel prices are unaffordable -- The Namakkal Lorry Owners Association (NLOA) has said that it will do all it can

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Mass. AG Announced Resolution of Diesel Price Gouging Pretending to Be Biodiesel

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest) In Massachusetts, a Stoughton fuel delivery company, Diesel Direct, LLC, and its chief executive officer and senior vice president will pay $850,000 to resolve allegations that the company knowingly delivered nonconforming petroleum diesel fuel to state

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Renewable Diesel Backs into UCO

by Tom Bryan (Biodiesel Magazine) The low-quality, low-carbon byproduct of restaurant fryer grease, once largely reserved for modestly-sized biodiesel production, is now a darling input of the industry's new mega plants. Used cooking oil is in high demand as renewable

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Is a Feedstock Crackdown Coming to California’s LCFS?

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily)  ... But in the last rulemaking in 2018, CARB made a number of amendments to focus and strengthen the regulation, implementation and certainty of the carbon credit market, said Floyd Vergara, director of state

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Belgium, Germany, France, Luxembourg and the Netherlands Want EU to Get Serious on Biofuel Sustainability

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In Belgium, Belgium, Germany, France, Luxembourg and the Netherlands issued a statement saying it is crucial to ensure that the renewable energy, such as biofuels and renewable fuels of non-biological origin, that is used in transport is

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UK Seeks Comments on Role of Biomass in Achieving Net-Zero Goal

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine) The U.K. Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy on April 20 opened a public consultation seeking evidence on how sustainable biomass should be sourced and used to support the country’s net-zero target. Comments filed during

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Transport Energy & Renewables in the EU – What the Latest Commission Data Tells Us

by James Cogan (Ethanol Europe/Biofuels Digest) ... Oil maintains an overwhelming grip on the sector with a steady 94% share. The rest is biofuels with 5.6% and renewable electricity with 0.6%. Three quarters of the extra energy demand over the

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Ethanol Phu Tho Case: Former PetroVietnam Executive Sentenced to 11 Years in Prison

(Vietnam +) Former Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Vietnam National Oil and Gas Group (PetroVietnam) Dinh La Thang was sentenced to 11 years in prison, during a trial on the case of violating regulations on investment in

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Two Biodiesel Sellers Raided near Rajkot

(Times of India) Acting on a tip-off, teams of CID crime, Gandhinagar, carried out raids on two biodiesel sellers on the outskirts of Rajkot city on Wednesday night and seized Rs 24 lakh worth material including the fuel. Both the biodiesel

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Fighting Fraud with Tech – RSB, Bioledger Build up Blockchain for Biofuels Traceability

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) The Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials and Bioledger are using blockchain technology to fight fraud and see how it can support traceability of biofuel and its feedstocks and overcome the vulnerabilities identified in securing the supply

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REGI INVESTOR ALERT: Bernstein Liebhard LLP Announces that a Securities Class Action Lawsuit Has Been Filed Against Renewable Energy Group, Inc.

(Bernstein Liebhard/Globe Newswire) Bernstein Liebhard, a nationally acclaimed investor rights law firm, announces that a securities class action lawsuit has been filed on behalf of investors who purchased or acquired the securities of Renewable Energy Group, Inc. (“Renewable Energy ”

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SFO Charges Former Biodiesel Trader with Fraud and Money Laundering

(UK Serious Fraud Office) The SFO has charged biodiesel trader Gianni Rivera with fraud and money laundering in connection with its investigation concerning the sustainable fuel sector.  Rivera, a former employee of Greenergy, is charged by the SFO with two counts of

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Owner of Allentown Biofuel Company Sentenced to Prison in Green Energy Scheme

by Peter Hall (Morning Call)  The owner of an Allentown biofuel company who pleaded guilty to a conspiracy to fraudulently claim green energy subsidies was sentenced to prison and ordered to repay the government more than $10 million. Ralph Tommaso,

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Large-Scale Biodiesel Fraud again in the Picture at ILT

(Netherlands' Human Environment and Transport Inspectorate (ILT)) Once again, a company suspected of marketing biodiesel with forged certificates is in the picture at the Human Environment and Transport Inspectorate (ILT). Due to large-scale fraud, diesel that is not produced sustainably at

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Colorado Man Sentenced to Prison for Biodiesel Tax Credit Fraud -- Scheme Defrauded the IRS of $7.2 Million

(U.S. Department of Justice) A Colorado resident was sentenced to 15 months in prison yesterday for his role in a biodiesel tax credit fraud scheme, announced Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General Richard E. Zuckerman of the Justice Department’s Tax Division. According to

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Spurious Biodiesel Racket across Gujarat Unearthed

(Times of India)  Gujarat Pollution Control Board (GPCB) and state goods and state goods and services tax (SGST) department, on Wednesday conducted joint raids at manufacturing units that make duplicate biodiesel. ... 60 units were raided. READ MORE Illegal biodiesel sale spurs GST

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Law Firm Investigating Possible Securities Violations by REG

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine) The law firm Lowey Dannenberg P.C. is investigating possible violations of federal securities laws on behalf of investors of Renewable Energy Group Inc. after stock prices fell approximately 20 percent immediately following the company’s June 23 announcement that

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AG Ellison Sues ExxonMobil, Koch Industries & American Petroleum Institute for Deceiving, Defrauding Minnesotans about Climate Change

(Office of Minnesota Attorney General Keith Ellison) Claims violations of state and common law regarding consumer fraud, deceptive trade practices, misrepresentation, failure to warn; seeks injunctive relief, restitution, and corrective public education campaign; Minnesota joins growing list of states and local

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Bogus Sustainable Energy Companies Wound-up in Court

(U.K. Government Insolvency Service)  Three companies connected to bogus sustainable energy processing schemes have been wound-up in court after eliciting at least £525,000 from investors.  -- Elcourt Ltd, WSR Hawker Ltd and Devo Group Ltd were wound up in the public

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Post-Coronavirus: What’s Next in the Environmental Commodity Markets – 23 Key Takeaways

by Mike Newman (Parhelion Underwriting Inc./Biofuels Digest) ... The focus was on renewable fuels in the Renewable Fuel Standard (RINs) and California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS credits). Stakeholders came from all corners of the market, from the refining industry,

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Biodiesel Fraud Suit Nets $70 Million for Whistleblower, Feds

(Bloomberg Law)  Scheme to defraud EPA renewable fuel program; Criminal cases made damages easy to calculate e-Biofuels LLC and other defendants face a $70 million liability for violating the False Claims Act by engaging in a scheme to defraud the EPA’s renewable

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Federal Appeals Court Upholds Conviction in Energy Grant Scheme

by Jim Saunders (Daily Business Review)  U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit Judge William Pryor rejected arguments by Orlando businessman Lee John Maher, accused of receiving more than $2 million in federal grant money for a biodiesel facility

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L.A. Petroleum Magnate Convicted in Sprawling Biofuel Tax Scheme

by Matthew Ormseth (Los Angeles Times)  ... The verdict — guilty on 10 felony counts — was not just a courtroom defeat for (Lev Aslan) Dermen, one that will likely result in a significant prison sentence. It brought to an

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Colorado Man Sentenced to 83 Months in Prison for Role in $7.2 Million Biodiesel Tax Credit Scheme

(U.S. Department of Justice) A Colorado resident was sentenced to 83 months in prison on Friday for his role in a biodiesel tax credit fraud scheme, announced Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General Richard E. Zuckerman of the Justice Department’s Tax Division. According

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E&C Leaders Release Draft Clean Future Act Legislative Text to Achieve a 100 Percent Clean Economy

(U.S. House Committee on Energy and Commerce) Energy and Commerce Committee Chairman Frank Pallone, Jr. (D-NJ), Environment and Climate Change Subcommittee Chairman Paul Tonko (D-NY) and Energy Subcommittee Chairman Bobby L. Rush (D-IL) today released legislative text of the draft Climate Leadership and

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Oil Giant Eni Fined €5m for Deceiving Consumers over Its ‘Green’ Diesel

(Government Europa) Italian regulators today (January 15, 2020) fined Italy’s oil giant Eni over advertisements on TV and in newspapers, digital media and petrol stations that falsely claimed Eni Diesel+ was ‘green’.  The watchdog states that the marketing campaign deceives consumers

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Used Cooking Oil Biodiesel: Best in Class to Decarbonise Road Transport

(EWABA/EurActiv)  According to EWABA, Farm Europe’s op-ed “Fraudulent Used Cooking Oil biodiesel – bad for the climate and a blow to EU farm, oilseed and plant protein sectors” was “slanderous and irresponsibly tendentious”. --  The Used Cooking Oil biodiesel (UCO)

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Colorado Business Owner Convicted in $7 Million Biodiesel Tax Credit Fraud Scheme

(U.S. Department of Justice) A federal jury in Denver, Colorado, found Martin Fields guilty yesterday of conspiracy to defraud the United States, conspiracy to commit money laundering, making false claims against the United States, and money laundering, announced Principal Deputy Assistant

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Turkey Records Biggest Illegal Fuel Bust in Country's History

(Daily Sabah)  Authorities have seized 1.5 million liters of illegal biodiesel worth $11 million, considered the biggest bust of its kind in Turkey's history. Officials announced Thursday that an unlicensed company was collecting vegetable waste oil off-record in several districts of

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Michigan Biodiesel Dealer Pleads Guilty to Tax Fraud

(Wisconsin Ag Connection/USAgNet)  A Bloomfield, Mich., biodiesel fuel dealer pleaded guilty today to filing a false income tax return, announced Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General Richard E. Zuckerman of the Justice Department's Tax Division and U.S. Attorney Matthew Schneider of

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Trial Aims to Explain How a Utah Polygamist Used an Alleged Armenian Gangster to Launder Biofuel Money to Turkey

by Nate Carlisle (Salt Lake Tribune) The possible witness list for the trial of Lev Aslan Dermen includes the Utah polygamist prosecutors say the defendant both conspired with and extorted, the businessman who laundered money to a Turkish airline and

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Netherlands Mulls End to Used Cooking Oil Double-Counting

by Sarantis Michalopoulos (EURACTIV.com) An analysis of the “weak” points of the revised Renewable Energy Directive (RED II), combined with the results of an ongoing criminal investigation, will determine whether it is possible to end double-counting of used cooking oil (UCO)

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MOU between EPA, IRS Aims to Improve Biofuel Tax Fraud Analysis

by Erin Voegele (Etanol Producer Magazine) The U.S. EPA posted a notice to its websites Sept. 4 announcing a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with the Internal Revenue Service under which the agencies have agreed to share information in an effort to

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EU Curbs Used Cooking Oil in Biodiesel Due to Fears of Fraud

by Valerie Flynn (The Sunday Times) The Department of the Environment has said it may have to alter the statutory instrument promoting biofuels in Ireland after the EU placed a cap on biodiesel made from used cooking oil (UCO) in

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Kamper Biodiesel Boss Cees B. Has to Be in Jail for 20 Months

by  Caspar van Oirschot  (DE Stentor (Google Translation))  Owner Cees B. (51) of Biodiesel Kampen has been sentenced to 30 months imprisonment, 10 of which are suspended, for falsification of documents and money laundering. His wife Janine B. (47) received

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Used Frying Fat Causes a Significant CO2 Reduction in the Transport Sector

(Dutch Emissions Authority (Google Translation)) The Netherlands is on track to reach the European target for renewable energy for transport of 10% in 2020. This means that in 2018, the Netherlands will be well above the European average at 8.9%. This is evident

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Twenty-One Individuals Indicted on Charges of Conspiracy to Commit Interstate Transportation of Stolen Used Cooking Oil, Money Laundering, Harboring Aliens, and Immigration-Related Entrepreneurship Fraud

(U.S. Department of Justice)  Robert J. Higdon Jr., United States Attorney for the Eastern District of North Carolina, announces that a federal grand jury in Raleigh has returned a Superseding Indictment charging the following individuals with conspiracy to commit interstate transportation

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Gujarat High Court Notice to Biofuel Company for Alleged Fraud

(DNA India) ... The Gujarat High Court has restrained renewable fuel company My Eco Energy Private Limited from encashing a bank guarantee furnished by a fuel station owner after the latter moved court alleging that the company is committing fraud

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Dutch Company Embroiled in Biodiesel Scandal, Earning Millions: VK

(Dutch News)  Officials are investigating the role of a Dutch biodiesel company in a major fraud involving the alternative energy source, the Volkskrant said on Thursday. According to the Volkskrant, the Dutch arm of the investigation focuses on one company –

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Four Arrested as UK, Dutch Authorities Launch Joint Biodiesel Investigation

(Reuters)  Four people were arrested and addresses raided in Britain, the Netherlands and Belgium in a joint Anglo-Dutch investigation into biodiesel trading at British road fuel supplier Greenergy, the UK’s Serious Fraud Office (SFO) said on Thursday. The SFO said the individuals

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Green Energy Fraudster Convicted at Trial for Scamming Multiple Federal Agencies and His Customers

(U.S. Department of Justice)  Assistant Attorney General Jeffrey Bossert Clark of the Department of Justice’s Environment and Natural Resources Division (ENRD) and United States Attorney William M. McSwain for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania announced today that a federal jury in

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Jury Finds Pennsylvania Biofuel Company Owners Guilty of Tax and False Statements Conspiracy

(U.S. Department of Justice)  Following a 14-day jury trial in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, Ben T. Wootton, of Enola, Pennsylvania, and Race A. Miner, of Buena Vista, Colorado, were found guilty of one count of conspiracy to make false statements to the Environmental

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Former DuPont Employee Gets 42 Months in Prison for Stealing Trade Secrets

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  ... As part of his guilty plea, Isler (Josh Harry Isler) admitted that, during August 2013, while employed with DuPont, and after having accepted an offer of employment with a smaller competitor, he stole and misappropriated,

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Colorado Man Pleads Guilty to $7.2 Million Biodiesel Tax Credit Fraud Scheme

(U.S. Department of Justice)  A Colorado resident pleaded guilty today in the U.S. District Court for the District of Colorado to conspiracy to defraud the United States, conspiracy to commit money laundering, and  money laundering, announced Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General

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Eugene Man Resentenced in Biodiesel Fraud Case

by Maxine Bernstein (The Oregonian/OregonLive)  Jack Holden and co-defendant Lloyd Benton Sharp together defrauded 12 people who invested in a project to produce biodiesel fuel in the West African nation of Ghana. When the project failed, the two men duped the investors

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Risks in the Climate Finance Markets

by Michael Newman (Parhelion Underwriting Inc./Biofuels Digest)  Risks often act as barriers to investment and trading in the climate finance market – the systems designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions such as the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS), California’s Cap & Trade and

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Metro East Fuel Plant Owner Admits Doctoring Tests to Get $500,000 in Biodiesel Tax Credits

by Robert Patrick (St. Louis Post-Dispatch)  The former operator of a South Roxana biodiesel plant pleaded guilty in federal court here Thursday and admitted doctoring test results to fraudulently receive $531,000 in tax credits. Terry L. Zintel pleaded guilty to three

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The Problem of Invalidated RINs in the Renewable Fuel Standard

by Mike Newman (Parhelion Underwriting/Stillwater Associates)  Under the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) imposed a “buyer beware” approach to the purchase and sale of Renewable Identification Numbers (RINs). This creates a liability for any buyer of RINs, making

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California Fueling Files Suit over Biodiesel NOx Additive

(California Fueling/Biodiesel Magazine)  California Fueling LLC filed suit Dec. 10 in the Los Angeles Superior Court against Best Energy Solutions and Technology Corp., doing business as “Best Corp.,” asserting claims for, among other things, unfair business practices under California’s Business &

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Pennsylvania Man Pleads Guilty to Biodiesel Tax Conspiracy

(U.S. Department of Justice)  A Harrisburg, Pennsylvania man pleaded guilty yesterday in federal court to one count of conspiring to defraud the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), announced Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General Richard E. Zuckerman of the Justice Department’s Tax Division,

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NGL Crude Logistics LLC Agrees to Pay $25 Million Civil Penalty and to Retire $10 Million in Renewable Fuel Production Credits Under Settlement With United States

(U.S. Department of Justice) The Department of Justice and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) today announced a settlement with NGL Crude Logistics, LLC that requires the company to retire 36 million renewable fuel credits and pay a $25 million civil penalty

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Company Ordered to Pay $31.9M to SEC for Biofuel Fraud

by Dave Stafford (The Indiana Lawyer)  Evansville-based Imperial Petroleum Inc. has been ordered to pay nearly $32 million to the Securities and Exchange Commission after it failed to reply to the SEC’s court filings seeking damages in a biofuels fraud case that

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Abengoa, Alcogroup Face Charges of Ethanol Benchmark Rigging: Sources

by Foo Yun Chee (Reuters)  Spanish ethanol producer Abengoa and Belgium peer Alcogroup have been charged by European Union antitrust regulators with rigging ethanol benchmarks and are likely to face fines next year, two people familiar with the matter said on Wednesday. The

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Ohio Man Gets Five Years for His Role in $47 Million Biofuel Fraud Scheme

by Tim Pearce (Daily Caller)  The owner of a New York-based renewable fuels trading company was sentenced to over five years in prison and fined roughly $26 million Monday for his role in a massive biofuel fraud scheme, according to the

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CEO and CFO of Utah Biodiesel Company and California Businessman Charged in $500 Million Fuel Tax Credit Scheme

(U.S. Department of Justice)  A federal grand jury sitting in the District of Utah has returned an indictment, which was unsealed today, charging the CEO and CFO of Washakie Renewable Energy (WRE), a Utah-based biodiesel company, and a California businessman with

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Colorado Business Owner Pleads Guilty to $7 Million Biodiesel Tax Credit Fraud Scheme

(U.S. Department of Justice) A Colorado business owner pleaded guilty today to conspiracy to impair and impede the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) for his role in a $7.2 million renewable fuel tax credit scheme, announced Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General Richard

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Colorado Business Owners Indicted For $7 Million Biodiesel Tax Credit Fraud Scheme

(U.S. Department of Justice)  A federal grand jury for the District of Colorado has returned an indictment, which was unsealed today, charging two Colorado business owners with conspiring to defraud the United States and to commit money laundering, money laundering and

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Box Elder Tax Increment Program for Biofuels Company Is on Hold

by Mark Shenefelt (Standard-Examiner)  In 2014, the Box Elder County Redevelopment Agency created a $2.5 million, seven-year tax increment program to support expansions planned at the Washakie Renewable Energy plant in Plymouth. But the county economic development director said Wednesday, June

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Top 10 Biodiesel Trends 2018: What’s up with the World’s Favorite Advanced Biofuel?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ... We’ve organized the state of biodiesel into 10 areas of vital interest ranging from the development of markets to the entry of ancillary products and new feedstocks. #1 Tax & Trade Free trade vs fair trade: Dumping

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Trump Said to Mull Ways to Boost Biofuel Market Transparency

Mario Parker and Jennifer A. Dlouhy (Bloomberg)  The Environmental Protection Agency plans to ask for advice on whether -- and how -- to boost the transparency of an opaque $9 billion market in biofuel compliance credits amid allegations of manipulation, said

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California Man Sentenced to 51 Months in Prison for Renewable Fuel Fraud

(U.S. Department of Justice)  Acting Assistant Attorney General Jeffrey H. Wood of the Justice Department’s Environment and Natural Resources Division and United States Attorney Joseph H. Harrington for the Eastern District of Washington, announced that Jin Chul “Jacob” Cha, 41, of

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Former Volkswagen CEO Indicted Over Emission Testing Scandal

by Sonari Glinton (National Public Radio)  Martin Winterkorn, the former head of Volkswagen, was indicted on Thursday along with five other former VW executives on charges of conspiracy and fraud in connection with a years-long scheme by the automaker to cheat

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Five Petrol Station Operators Sell Illegal Diesel

(The Portugal News Online)  Five petrol station operators in Portugal that import diesel from Spain are not adding the correct amount of biofuel required by law, leading to a loss to the state of €48 million.   --  ...  The Portuguese Association of

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VW Bosses Coached Me to Lie, Jailed Manager Tells U.S. Judge

by Christie Smythe (Bloomberg Technology)  (Oliver) Schmidt to be sentenced on Dec. 6 over emissions scandal; ‘Regrettably, I agreed to follow it’; faces 7 years in prison  --  ...  In a letter to the judge last week, Schmidt, former general manager of Volkswagen’s

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Embattled Utah Biofuel Company with Polygamous Ties Should Pay Millions for Breach of Contract, Jury Says

by Paighten Harkins (Salt Lake Tribune)  A Box Elder County biofuel company fined for exploiting federal tax credits by importing fuels they claimed they produced may pay millions to one such importer after the company abandoned a $90 million deal

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Pruitt Wants RIN Fraud Crackdown

by Anthony Adragna (Politico's Morning Energy)  EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt called for "some reforms" to the program under the Renewable Fuel Standard through which companies buy credits to comply with biofuels mandates during a Sunday radio interview . "There's lots of

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Stanfield Biodiesel Plant Was a Scam

(My Columbia Basin)  The Oregon Department of Consumer and Business Services is fining Robert D. “Bob” Doughty and his companies for bilking investors of $250,000. Officials say the Ontario man with a Stanfield connection is fined $35,000 for selling fraudulent securities

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Edmonton Biofuel Businessman Fined for Breaching Securities Laws

by Jonny Wakefield (Edmonton Journal)  An Edmonton businessman has settled with the province’s securities regulator after admitting to misleading investors.  On Thursday, the Alberta Securities Commission announced it concluded a settlement agreement with David Gregor McClure after he admitted to

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Acton Couple Arrested for Defrauding the Treasury Department of Over $50 Million in Tax Free Energy Grants

(U.S. Department of Justice)  An Acton couple was arrested today and charged with defrauding the U.S. Treasury Department of more than $50 million in tax free energy grants as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. Christopher N.

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Biofuel Fraudster Faces 2 to 22 Years

by Mikkel Pates (West Central Tribune)   It will likely be November before an Iowa biofuels promoter is sentenced after ultimately pleading guilty to federal fraud charges of wire fraud and aggravated identity theft. Darrell Duane Smith, 61, of Forest City,

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New York Man Pleads Guilty to Multi-State Biodiesel Fraud Scheme

(Department of Justice)  Andre Bernard, of Mount Kisco, New York, pleaded guilty today for his participation in a multi-state scheme to defraud biodiesel buyers and U.S. taxpayers by fraudulently selling biodiesel credits and fraudulently claiming tax credits, announced Acting Assistant

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Senior Politicians under Probe for Illegal Ethanol Imports - Nkaissery

by Kurgat Marindany (The Star, Kenya)  Several senior politicians are being investigated for the illegal importation of ethanol, Interior CS Joseph Nkaissery has said. Nkaissery said on Saturday that security agencies have profiled several senior politicians alleged to be key players in

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EPA Warned Fiat Chrysler about Diesel Defeat Devices in 2015

by Richard Read (WSET/The Car Connection)  In February, Fiat Chrysler Automobiles' CEO, Sergio Marchionne, warned investors that his company could soon face a Dieselgate crisis of its own. As it turns out, Marchionne had plenty of time to reach that conclusion.

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Biofuel Case: $4.5M for Investors under Federal Settlement

by Jeff Amy (Fox Business/Associated Press)   A federal judge has approved a $4.5 million settlement for private shareholders of failed biofuel maker KiOR, and a lawsuit by the state of Mississippi seeking to recover a much larger amount continues. U.S. District

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NYC Investigators Raid Brooklyn Offices of Heating Oil Giant in Fraud Probe

by Greg B. Smith (New York Daily News)  City investigators looking into fraud in the heating oil industry raided one of the biggest players in town Thursday, seizing computers and boxes of documents. The city Business Integrity Commission, which has targeted

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UK Pension Scheme in Hot Water over Investments in Failed Jersey Biofuel Company

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In the UK, pension scheme provider James Hay is in hot water over a Jersey-based biofuels company known as Elysian Fuels after clients invested $70 million in retirement savings between 2011 and 2015, even though

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Business and Consumers Will Both Lose if Renewable Fuel Standard Is Changed

by Max McBrayer (The Hill/RaceTrac Petroleum)  ...   My perspective comes from over 30 years in the fuels business. Currently, I am chief supply officer of RaceTrac Petroleum, a fuel retailer and operator of more than 700 convenience stores from Texas

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Owners of Biofuel Company Indicted on Conspiracy and False Statement Charges

(U.S. Department of Justice)  A Pennsylvania biofuel producer and two of its officers have been indicted on conspiracy and false statements charges for participating in a scheme that generated over $10 million in U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) renewable fuels

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Biofuels Promoter Faces Federal Fraud Charges

by Mikkel Pates (Agweek)  An Iowa biofuels promoter who came to North Dakota in 2012 and sought investments in factories, including a proposed beets-to-ethanol plant Grafton, N.D., has been accused of violating federal wire fraud, mail fraud, identity theft, racketeering

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N.J. Man Sentenced to 5 Years Prison for Biodiesel Fraud

(Reuters)  The owner of a New Jersey feedstock processor was sentenced to five years in prison for his role in a scheme that generated fraudulent tax and renewable fuel credits, the U.S. Department of Justice said on Friday. In addition to

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MIT Study Estimates That VW's Dieselgate Scandal Will Send 1,200 Europeans To An Early Grave

by David Tracy (Jalopnik)  In 2015, Researchers from MIT, Harvard and Hasselt University (in Belgium) estimated that VW’s 482,000 cheating diesels would lead to an estimated 59 premature deaths in the U.S. Now some of those same researchers have taken a

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Attorney: $50M Biofuel Tax Scam Charges Should Be Dismissed

by Rudy Miller (Lehigh Valley Live)  The attorney for a man charged with participating in a $50 million biofuel scam says the charges should be dismissed because his client got bad legal advice. David Dunham, of Bethlehem, allegedly claimed $50 million in tax credits

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New Investigative Report Launched on Nidera’s Biofuels Trading Loss

(Biofuels International)  A new investigative report has been unveiled revealing more information about Nideria’s biofuels trading loss, often dubbed as one of the biggest scandals in the history of the Dutch market. Last year, the Dutch grain-trading firm reported that it

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US Man Goes to Prison for Biodiesel Tax Fraud Scheme

(Biofuels International)  A Washington man was sentenced this week for laundering more than $39 million for a company that bilked federal programs supporting renewable energy, according to Tri-City Herald. Richard Estes, 77, was part of a conspiracy involving Pasco-based Gen-X Energy

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How Fiat Chrysler's Diesel Woes Differ from Massive VW Scandal

by Brent Snavely and Nathan Bomey (Detroit Free Press)  The U.S. EPA said Thursday it notified Fiat Chrysler Automobiles of Clean Air Act violations for the diesel emissions of 104,000 Jeep Grand Cherokee SUVs and Ram 1500 EcoDiesel pickups, a move that immediately

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EPA Seeks to Ban Genscape from Verifying Renewable Fuel Credits

by Jarrett Renshaw and Chris Prentice (Reuters)  The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency wants to revoke Genscape's ability to verify biofuels compliance credits after regulators say it failed to detect a massive fraud perpetrated by companies it was monitoring. The announcement, made

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Volkswagen to Recall 83,000 3.0 Liter Diesel Vehicles and Fund Mitigation Projects to Settle Allegations of Cheating Emissions Tests on Volkswagen, Audi and Porsche Vehicles

(Environmental Protection Agency)  Settlement requires Volkswagen to offer to buy back older vehicles, and spend $225 million to mitigate NOx pollution. Volkswagen will also repair newer vehicles to comply with the standards to which they were certified In a second partial

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Closing Arguments Begin in Yearslong Biofuel Fraud Case

by Ouch Sony (Cambodian Daily)  Prosecutor asks for conviction for military general alongside U.K. businessman  --  ... Mr. (Gregg) Fryett and his Cambodian-American associates Um Sam Ang and Soeun Denny, and Cambodian Ouk Keo Ratanak, were jailed in 2013 over a

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CEO of Publicly Traded Company along with Two Others Sent to Federal Prison

(Department of Justice)  Defrauded biodiesel purchasers and shareholders   --  United States Attorney Josh Minkler and Assistant Attorney General John C. Cruden for the Department of Justice’s Environment and Natural Resources Division announced today the sentencing of two individuals who

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Employee of Biofuel Feedstock Company Pleads Guilty to Conspiracy

(U.S. Department of Justice)  An employee of a New Jersey feedstock collector and processor pleaded guilty to conspiracy for his role in a scheme to alter and destroy documents following the company’s receipt of a subpoena issued by a federal

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KiOR: The Inside True Story of a Company Gone Wrong. Part 5, The Collapse

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In 2011, KiOR raised $150 million in its June IPO, claiming that it was generating yields of 67 gallons per ton in its Demo unit operations. But it was miles short of that. In our previous

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Wealthy Florida Businessmen Sentenced to 10-Plus Years in Prison for Biofuel Scam

by Brett Murphy ( Naples Daily News)  A federal judge sentenced two Florida men to 10-plus years in prison for their part in a $46 million scheme that defrauded government agencies and the renewable energy industry in 2013 and 2014. Federal Court

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Mwatate Police Impound 180 Drums of Illegal Ethanol

by Renson Mnyamwezi  (Standard Digital)  Police in Mwatate have seized 45,000 litres of ethanol alleged to be imported from Tanzania. Acting on a tip, police at Mwatate Divisional Police Headquarters along the Taveta-Mwatate road flagged down two trucks and found 180

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EACC Detectives Unearth Fraud at Raila's Company

by Samuel Messo (Tuko)  Detectives have exposed details of an undercover operation that discovered fishy ethanol dealings associated with a company owned by Raila Odinga's company;  The EACC detectives followed vehicles that had left the company in Kisumu to a warehouse in

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Owners of Biofuel Company Plead Guilty to Conspiracy and Fraud Charges

(U.S. Department of Justice)  The owners of an Indiana biofuel producer pleaded guilty to conspiracy, fraud and false statements for participating in a scheme that generated over $60 million in fraudulent tax credits and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) renewable

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U.S. Files Complaint, Announces Settlement to Address Alleged Renewable Fuel Standard Violations by NGL Crude Logistics and Western Dubuque Biodiesel

(Environmental Protection Agency)  The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Department of Justice today announced the filing of a complaint against NGL Crude Logistics, LLC and Western Dubuque Biodiesel, LLC and a settlement with Western Dubuque to address

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Chemoil Must Pay Largest Settlement in History of EPA's Fuel Programs

(Farm Futures)  EPA and DOJ allege Chemoil exported biodiesel, but failed to retire RINs.  --  Chemoil Corporation is required to retire 65 million renewable fuel credits to resolve alleged violations of the Renewable Fuel Standard program, according to the terms

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SEC Charges Alternative Fuels Company and Former Executive for Key Omissions Regarding Technology

(U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission)  On September 26, 2016, the Securities and Exchange Commission charged Texas-based Mard, Inc., formerly known as KiOR, Inc., ("KiOR"), and its former CEO and President Fred Cannon for failing to disclose important assumptions about the

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USDOJ: Owner of Biofuel Company Pleads Guilty to Conspiracy and Obstruction

(MediaAlerts)  The owner and manager of a New Jersey feedstock collector and processor pleaded guilty to conspiracy and obstruction for his role in a scheme that generated over $6 million in fraudulent tax credits and the United States Environmental Protection

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RFA President Says There’s No Ethanol Fraud In RINS Program

(WNAX)  A report out by a former EPA official says that the RINS market or renewable identification numbers may be ripe for fraud or abuse. In order to comply with the RFS, refiners are required to blend a percentage of

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Murky Biofuel Market Vulnerable to Fraud, Former EPA Cop Warns

by Jennifer A. Dlouhy (Earth & Water Group/Bloomberg) — A program to boost the use of biofuels in the U.S. has become vulnerable to scams that have bilked victims out of nearly $1 billion so far, warns a former Environmental

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Feature: Could a RINs Market Probe Fuel RFS Reforms?

by Brian Scheid and Herman Wang (Platts)  Growing pressure for a federal probe of the opaque market underpinning the Renewable Fuel Standard could bolster efforts to dramatically reform the landmark biofuels policy. Earlier this month, billionaire investor Carl Icahn sent a heated,

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Renewable Fuels Deserve a Place at the Pump

by Jim Talent (The American Spectator)  The case for alternative energy done right.  --  ... No other policy has so effectively undermined the international oil cartel that seeks to profit from our dependence on oil. Today, ethanol and other biofuels meet about

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Securities Fraud Related to Biodiesel Fraud Scheme Convicted in Jury Trial

(U.S. Department of Justice)  U.S. Attorney Josh J. Minkler for the Southern District of Indiana announced today the guilty verdict after an eight-day jury trial of Jeffrey Wilson of Evansville, Indiana, who was charged with securities fraud related to a

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Misguided Energy Mandates Fueling Higher Prices

by Nicolas Loris (The Heritage Foundation/The Intelligencer) ... President George W. Bush signed the Energy Policy Act of 2005 into law and expanded it in 2007. The RFS, which originated with that act, mandates that refiners mix biofuels into America's gasoline supply,

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A $2.7 Billion Missed Opportunity

(Diesel Technology Forum)  For any level of funding, more near-zero NOx technologies may find their way on the road and at work with clean diesel than other technologies.  --  The Volkswagen settlement may be the second biggest environmental settlement in

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Three U.S. States Plan Lawsuits over Volkswagen Diesel Pollution

by David Shepardson (Reuters)  Three U.S. states plan to unveil new lawsuits against Volkswagen AG (VOWG_p.DE) on Tuesday tied to the automaker's sale of diesel vehicles with emissions-cheating software, even after they announced settlements with the German automaker in June. Maryland

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Three Years in Prison for Former Director of FF Skagen

by Egon Kjøller (NORDJYSKE.dk)  Fraud fish oil. There was added biodiesel designated as unsuitable as feed and food. The judgment appealed the acquittal  --  Morten Broberg was accused of having produced and sold 172,500 tonnes of fish oil with the

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Cheating Fuel Retailers Come under Scrutiny

by Yuthana Priawan  (Bangkok Post)  More adulterated fuel sold as oil gets cheaper.  --  A substantial rise in fuel consumption as the oil price collapsed has coincided with a rise in the sale of adulterated fuel, says the Department of

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CEO of Former Michigan Biofuels Company Charged with $2 Million Tax Scheme

by Emily Monacelli (Michigan Live)  The chief executive of a former Southwest Michigan biofuels company has been indicted in what federal prosecutors allege was a scheme to defraud the government out of $2 million in tax credits. An 14-count indictment was

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Volkswagen's Diesel Settlement Will Fund Range of Clean Air Efforts

by David Shepardson and Joel Schectman (Reuters)  German automaker Volkswagen AG (VOWG_p.DE) will pay more than $15.3 billion to settle charges that it cheated on U.S. diesel emissions tests, an agreement that will fund buybacks for consumers and provide up to

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Two Florida Men Plead Guilty to Multi-State Biodiesel Fraud Scheme

(U.S. Department of Justice)  Thomas Davanzo, of Estero, Florida, and Robert Fedyna, of Naples, Florida, pleaded guilty today for their participation in a multi-state scheme to defraud biodiesel buyers and U.S. taxpayers by fraudulently selling biodiesel credits and fraudulently claiming

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Audi Volkswagen Taiwan Fined for False Advertising

(Taipai Times/CNA)  Audi Volkswagen Taiwan Co (奧迪福斯汽車) has been fined NT$5 million (US$153,130) over false advertising in relation to the emissions levels of two of its models, the Fair Trade Commission said yesterday. Advertisements in an Audi Volkswagen Taiwan catalogue claimed

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Suzuki Says Discrepancies Mar Japanese Emissions Testing

(Law 360)   Suzuki Motor Corp. on Wednesday said an internal investigation prompted by regulatory scrutiny over emissions and fuel efficiency standards has shown “discrepancies” in the testing methods used for 16 car models sold in Japan. Although the automaker said

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pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct air capture direct injection direct ocean capture Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) direct-to-fuel directed evolution dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought tolerant drought-resistant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect Global South global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrid ships hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass Indiana indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial burners industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated biorefineries integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit Invvesting ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jersey Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati knotweed Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose Lake County lamp oil land ownership land prices land rights land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy landfill methane Landfills landscape Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon lecithin legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena levulinic acid Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels liquidation Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps liquified biomethane (LBM) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louis Louisiana low c low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M100 M15 M3 M50 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning machinery macororo Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Fuel Oil Marine Gas Oil (MGO) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel Terminal Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering market forces market share marketing markets/sales Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute mass balance standard Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritania 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morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed mvr Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nano particles nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha naphthene NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National 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nutrition oak oat hulls oat straw oats Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Office of Science Technology and Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes oil/gas terminals Oils Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olive water olives Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm ammonia production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing on-site hydrogen production one p one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontaio Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course owa oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil Palm Oil Methyl Ester (PME) palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm trunk sap palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay Paris Agreement parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peach shell peaches peak oil peak oil demand peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin peela kaner pellet pellets 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power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propane/renewable propane pumps propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests proton exchange membrane (PEM) public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps/fueling station pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis pyrolytic liquefaction Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R Factor R100/RD100 R33 R5 R95B5/RD95B5 R99/RD99 rabbits race radiata pine radish leaves Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rain tree rainforest ranchers RAND rare earth metal/critical minerals RD10 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