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Anatomy of a Community Benefits Plan: Using DOE’s Framework to Construct an Impactful CBP

by Alayna Chuney and Vanessa Suarez (Carbon 180) Community benefit plans (CBPs) are required for all Bipartisan Infrastructure Law and Inflation Reduction Act funding opportunity announcements and loan applications, a move towards codifying community engagement alongside historic clean energy investments.  DOE characterizes

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Pipeline Company, Environmental Group Strike Unique ‘Community Benefits’ Agreement

by Paul Hammel (Nebraska Examiner) Under deal with Bold Alliance, first responders will get training, landowners could choose annual royalties payments and local foundations will get donations -- The developer of a carbon-dioxide pipeline and an environmental group have struck a “one-of-a-kind”

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Avoiding SAF Flight Cancellation: Airline Industry, Others Stress Need for Sustainable Aviation Fuels to Take Off

by Chris Clayton (DTN Progressive Farmer) Airlines and businesses tied to the bioeconomy are stressing how critical the right policies will be to help fully develop a market for sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) that can help create a new market for

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US Carbon Pipeline Company Pledges No Oil Recovery, but Bakken Drillers Want It

by Leah Douglas (Reuters) Summit Carbon Solutions, which is trying to build the biggest carbon dioxide capture pipeline in the United States to transport and bury greenhouse gases, has repeatedly pledged its project will not be used by drillers to boost

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Just How Much Money Do CO2 Pipeline Companies Stand to Make From the Inflation Reduction Act?

by Nicholas Kusnetz and Kristoffer Tigue (Inside Climate News)  ... By getting more carbon dioxide under contract, the expansion would help Summit’s financial case and, critically, would open up billions of dollars in additional tax credits, without which the project would

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Legislature Passes Attempted Balance between Landowners and Carbon Pipeline Project

by Joshua Haiar (South Dakota Searchlight) Supporters say bills protect farmers; opponents say they protect company -- Years of debate about a proposed carbon dioxide pipeline came to a head Wednesday at the state Capitol as lawmakers passed three bills intended to

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The Digest’s 2024 Multi-Slide Guide to the State of Advanced Biorefineries

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In this presentation, we explored the challenges faced by advanced biorefinery developers in shifting energy towards low carbon alternatives — new processes, structuring multiple feedstocks and products within one vision, new feedstocks, the role of low

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QUOTE OF THE WEEK -- James A. Merchant

(B)iofuel facilities could capture CO2 in pressure tanks and more safely, inexpensively and quickly transport liquefied CO2, by biodiesel or EV tanker truck or biodiesel rail, to North Dakota to sequester deep below ground. A second option, coming soon, is

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Iowa Can Choose a Sustainable Agricultural Model, or It Can Choose CO2 Pipelines

by James A. Merchant (Des Moines Register) ... The vast majority of the once-independent poultry and livestock farmers are now contractors with large national and multinational meat corporations, two of which are owned by foreign entities — Smithfield Foods, Inc. wholly owned

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Petrobras and ArcelorMittal Sign Agreement for Low Carbon Business Studies and Assessments

(ArcelorMittal) The partnership involves assessing potential business models for low-carbon fuels, hydrogen and its products, renewable energy production and CCS (carbon capture and storage) Petrobras and ArcelorMittal Brasil signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the purpose of studying potential mutually beneficial

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Northeast Nebraska County Delivers Blow to Plans for Carbon Pipeline

by Paul Hammel (Nebraska Examiner)  Stanton County denial would require Summit Carbon Solutions to reapply for conditional use permit -- A rural Nebraska county delivered a blow Tuesday to plans by an Iowa corporation to build a pipeline carrying carbon dioxide across

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CO2 Production by the U.S. Ethanol Industry and the Potential Value of Sequestration

by Scott Irwin (farmdoc daily) There has long been an interest in the role of biofuels in “decarbonizing” the transportation sector in the U.S.  An issue that has been receiving a great deal of attention lately is the potential for ethanol

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These Ethanol Plants Want to Bury CO2 in Kansas to Cut Their Carbon Footprints

by Calen Moore and Celia Llopis-Jepsen (KMUW/NPR)  Kansas has three carbon dioxide pipelines. Next, it could get two carbon sequestration wells, linked to ethanol plants. Here’s what we know. Two companies seek to build the first sites in Kansas where carbon dioxide emissions

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Green Methanol: A Carbon Dioxide Pipeline Alternative?

by Jared Strong (Iowa Capital Dispatch) ... CapCO2 Solutions is nearing completion of its first “green methanol” project at an ethanol plant in Illinois. The company hopes that a successful launch there this summer will lead ethanol producers in Iowa to

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Senate Panel Backs Bill to Aid GEVO Biofuels Project

by Bob Mercer (KELOLand)  Legislation to help clear the way for a renewable-fuels company to build a plant at Lake Preston is moving ahead at the South Dakota Capitol. The Senate Commerce and Energy Committee on Thursday voted 7-2 in favor of

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Biofuels M&A: 2023 Review & Outlook: A Thriving Industry, but Few M&A Deals

by Bruce Comer, Frank Kim, Zak Putlak, and John Panvica (Ocean Park/Biofuels Digest) The US biofuels sector in 2023 registered the flourishing of new technologies and billions in new investments – and an unprecedented low level of M&A activity: only two

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Another Attempt to Block Carbon Pipelines from Using Eminent Domain Fails

by Joshua Haiar (South Dakota Searchlight)   Another legislative attempt to stop a proposed carbon sequestration pipeline from using eminent domain failed Monday.  “It is up to us to defend South Dakotans’ property rights,” said Rep. Jon Hansen, R-Dell Rapids, the prime sponsor of

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South Dakota Could Soon Regulate Hydrogen Pipelines, Same as Carbon

by Dominik Dausch  (Sioux Falls Argus Leader)  Just as the South Dakota's Governor's Office of 2009 foresaw the need for carbon dioxide pipelines to come under the purview of state regulators, so too did this year's legislative body decide the same for

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Minnesota Agency Releases Draft EIS for 28-Mile Section of Summit’s CO2 Pipeline Project Public Comment DEADLINE February 23, 2024 Hearings: February 6, 7 (in-person) and 8 (virtual)

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The Minnesota Department of Commerce on Jan. 26 released the draft environmental impact statement (EIS) for a 28.1-mile section of Summit Carbon Solution’s proposed carbon dioxide pipeline. A public comment period on the EIS is

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PHMSA Delivers Proposed Rule on Carbon Pipeline Safety to White House OMB

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The U.S. Department of Transportation’s Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration on Feb. 2 delivered a proposed rule to the White House Office of Management and Budget focused on improving the safety of carbon dioxide

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Summit Adds 12 Ethanol Plants to Pipeline Proposal in Iowa

by Jared Strong (Iowa Capital Dispatch) Summit Carbon Solutions has reached an agreement to nearly double the number of ethanol facilities that will connect to its proposed carbon dioxide pipeline system in Iowa, the company announced Monday. The agreement with POET —

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North Dakota Commissioners Say Counties Won't Be Able to Restrict Summit Carbon Pipeline

by Donnelle Eller (Des Moines Register) The Ames-based company that wants to build a $5.5 billion carbon capture pipeline across Iowa and neighboring states got a boost as North Dakota regulators signaled cities and counties there will be unable to impose

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EC Targets EUR 480m of EU Funds for CO2 Transport, Storage

by Siobhan Hall (Montel News)   The European Commission has allocated nearly EUR 480m in EU funding to CO2 transport and storage projects as it seeks to create a “European carbon value chain”, it said on Thursday. This includes EUR 131m for Norway’s cross-border Northern

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Carbon America Submits First Class VI CO2 Injection Well Permit to EPA Region 8

(Carbon America/Business Wire)  Proposed Geologic CO2 Storage Site for Ethanol CCS Project Located on State Lands in northeast Colorado -- Carbon America has submitted a Class VI CO2 Injection Well permit application to the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Region 8 office to permanently

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Agri-Pulse Open Mic Interview: Geoff Cooper, Renewable Fuels Association

(Agri-Pulse) In depth interviews with leaders in ag policy -- This week’s Open Mic guest is Geoff Cooper, president and CEO of the Renewable Fuels Association. The Iowa caucuses once again provide the opportunity to press the merits of the renewable

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House Panel to Debate Partisan Pipeline Safety Bill

by Andres Picon (E&E Daily)  The Republican-drafted measure includes permitting provisions and language around carbon sequestration. -- A House Energy and Commerce subcommittee will hold a hearing Thursday on a Republican-drafted reauthorization for the federal government’s pipeline regulator. The discussion draft, titled the

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Republicans Dodge Iowa’s Hot-Button Energy Issue: CO2 Pipelines

Jeffrey Tomich (Politico Pro Climatewire)The GOP nominating process is moving on from the Hawkeye State. Voters still aren’t sure where candidates stand on carbon pipelines. -- Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis and former U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. Nikki Haley brought their

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Carbon Conference --- February 7-9, 2024 --- Las Vegas, NV

Carbon Conference 2024 will bring stakeholders together that wish to capture corn biomass CO2 emissions from refineries in the Midwest and transport the CO2 via pipelines to permanently store the captured CO2 in deep underground formations. Carbon Conference 2024 is

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Summit Carbon Solutions Signs 80 Percent of North Dakota Landowners

(Summit Carbon Solutions) Since implementing reroutes, the company surpasses previous ROW achievements -- Summit Carbon Solutions announces today (December 19, 2023) it has acquired 80% of the Right-of-Way (ROW) needed for its proposed carbon capture, transport, and storage project across North Dakota.

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GOP Sprint to the Iowa Caucuses: An Ag Primer to the 2024 GOP Presidential Primary Season

by Chris Clayton (DTN Progressive Farmer) Iowa farmers again have won over most of the leading Republican candidates for president when it comes to biofuels, but farmers also likely will again be caught in the crossfire between saber-rattling with China while

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CO2 Pipeline Projects Struggle to Gain Traction

by Christopher E. Smith (Oil & Gas Journal)  A much larger pipeline network than that already used for enhanced oil recovery would be needed for carbon capture, storage, and sequestration (CCS) to meet national greenhouse gas reduction goals. Estimates published

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With Pipeline Growth Booming, the US Agency in Charge of Safety Struggles to Keep up

by Jacob Fischler (Wisconsin Examiner) The pipeline industry added thousands of miles of natural gas, crude oil and carbon dioxide pipelines to the national network in recent years. But the federal regulatory agency responsible for ensuring that vast system’s safety failed

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COP28: US Faces 'Huge' CCS Skills Challenge, Energy Department Official Says

by Anthony Lane (OPIS) The U.S. faces a "huge challenge" in increasing the number of skilled workers who can undertake a fast-growing list of planned carbon capture storage projects, James Crabtree, the U.S. assistant secretary of energy for fossil energy and carbon

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Pipeline Company Prevails over Two County Ordinances

by Jared Strong (Iowa Capital Dispatch) A federal judge on Monday permanently barred two Iowa counties from enforcing their ordinances that restrict the placement of carbon dioxide pipelines. Shelby and Story counties adopted restrictions after two companies proposed to build pipeline systems

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Duvall Calls Property Rights “Recurring Concern” for Farm Bureau

(Brownfield Ag News) Zippy Duvall (president of the American Farm Bureau Federation) tells Brownfield eminent domain concerns have been driven by the green energy movement. For a state like Missouri, that means energy transmission lines and for other states, its carbon pipelines,

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Q&A: Carbon Pipeline Execs Say Ethanol’s Future Hangs in the Balance

(South Dakota Searchlight)  ...  If South Dakota’s ethanol industry does not reduce the amount of heat-trapping carbon dioxide it emits into the atmosphere, the industry’s future is grim. That’s according to two top executives of the remaining carbon-capture pipeline company hoping to

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SD Farm Bureau Takes Stance on Carbon Pipelines

by Carah Hart (Brownfield Ag News)  “(I)f a pipeline or proposed pipeline has two-thirds of landowners along the line who have voluntarily signed easements, the company should be able to use eminent domain on the rest.” South Dakota Farm Bureau has new

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Biden-Harris Administration Invests $444 Million to Strengthen America’s Infrastructure for Permanent Safe Storage of Carbon Dioxide Pollution

(U.S. Department of Energy)  Funding from President Biden’s Investing in America Agenda Supports Projects Across Twelve States to Slash Harmful CO2 Emissions and Deliver High-Quality Local Jobs -- As part of President Biden’s Investing in America agenda, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)

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Wolf Asks to Withdraw Illinois Pipeline Request and Refile

by Jared Strong (Iowa Capital Dispatch) Wolf Carbon Solutions moved to withdraw its carbon dioxide pipeline permit application in Illinois on Monday to address concerns identified by state regulators. “This voluntary action does not impact our commitment to the project and its

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One Earth Energy Proposes CO2 Pipeline Project

by Timothy Eggert (Farm Week Now)  A central Illinois company is the latest to formally ask state regulators for permission to build a pipeline capable of transporting for permanent storage the carbon dioxide captured from ethanol production. ... One Earth Sequestration, a Ford

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Why Better Community Engagement Is Key to the Future of Clean Tech

by Justin Worland (Time Magazine) ... Across the country, as money begins to flow from the Inflation Reduction Act, many project developers are now urgently facing this hurdle: to build they’ll need to win over local communities. In the public dialogue, many

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Scuttled CO2 Pipeline Renews Debate about State Hurdles

by Jeffrey Tomich, Jason Plautz, Niina H. Farah (E&E News Energywire) The cancellation of a major carbon dioxide pipeline Friday rippled far beyond the Corn Belt, raising questions about the fate of similar projects and the viability of carbon capture technology

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Heartland Greenway Project Update: Carbon Pipeline Project Canceled

(Navigator CO2) The development of Navigator CO2’s pipeline project has been challenging. Given the unpredictable nature of the regulatory and government processes involved, particularly in South Dakota and Iowa, the Company has decided to cancel its pipeline project. Matt Vining, CEO of

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Summit Carbon Pipeline Gets Delayed until Early 2026, CEO Says

by Kim Chipman (Bloomberg Law) Project was initially expected to be up and running in 2024; Plan to trap ethanol emissions is backed by big investors  -- Summit Carbon Solutions’ massive carbon-capture and storage pipeline across the US Corn Belt is now expected

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Sustainable Aviation Fuel Needs Sustainable Agriculture, and SusAg Is Accelerating

by y Mike Sticklen (Lee Enterprise Consulting/Biofuels Digest)  ... Corn-ethanol’s current average carbon intensity is 50 gCO2e/MJ ethanol which is one-half of gasoline carbon intensity of  100 gCO2e/MJ gasoline.  The ethanol industry has committed to net-zero carbon intensity by 2040 and a

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Top Ethanol Maker Says States Should Embrace Carbon Pipelines

by Kim Chipman (Bloomberg/Yahoo! Finance)  The world’s biggest maker of corn ethanol says US states that don’t embrace efforts to capture and store greenhouse gases risk being “left behind.” Poet LLC said in a statement Thursday it remains committed to the technology

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to CO2 Utilization Markets, Resources, and Environmental and Energy Justice

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) A recent DOE project aims to quantify resource availability and costs for CO2 utilization (CO2U) in sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) production to inform industry, technology communities, and policymakers on location-specific economic and societal impacts. It will provide

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Major Navigator CO2 Pipeline Project Is on Hold while the Company Reevaluates the Route in 5 States

by Josh Funk (Associated Press)  Navigator CO2 Ventures announced Tuesday that it is putting on hold one of the two biggest proposed carbon dioxide pipeline projects in the Midwest so it can reassess the project. The company withdrew its application for a

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Democrats in Congress Ask Biden for Moratorium on Carbon Pipeline Permits

by Leah Douglas (Reuters)  The United States should not permit any new carbon dioxide pipelines until updated federal safety regulations are finished, a dozen Democratic members of Congress said in a letter sent to President Joe Biden on Tuesday. Carbon capture and

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A New Nimbyism Blocks Carbon Pipelines

By Benoît Morenne and Joe Barrett (Wall Street Journal)  Projects for burying carbon emissions are under pressure in the Midwest, spelling challenges ahead for massive infrastructure buildup -- Oil and gas pipelines have been stymied for years by environmentalists and landowners. Now those

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Navigator Carbon Capture Pipeline Company Moves to Pause Bid for Iowa Permit

by Jared Strong (Iowa Capital Dispatch/Des Moines Register)  Navigator CO2 Ventures wants to suspend the permit process for its planned carbon capture pipeline in Iowa until it wins approval for the project from utility regulators in Illinois. The pipeline would carry emissions

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Digging Deeper: Ethanol’s Role In the Carbon Age

by Luke Geiver (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Ethanol production is currently at the epicenter of the carbon capture and sequestration movement. Just ask two of the world’s most well-versed carbon experts. Sarah Forbes, deputy director for Carbon Management Technologies at the Office

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Analysis: US Carbon Capture Pipeline Setbacks Reflect Challenges in Climate Fight

by Leah Douglas (Reuters)   A series of permit rejections for two high-profile carbon pipeline projects in the U.S. Midwest could bode poorly for carbon capture and storage (CCS) as a widespread solution to climate change, reflecting deep-seated public concern about its

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CO2 Pipelines: The New Populist Republican Target

by Mike Soraghan (E&E News Energywire)  Far-right leaders are often fans of pipelines crossing the country, but when it comes to ones carrying carbon dioxide — forget it. Big pipeline and carbon sequestration projects in the Midwest, which would involve thousands of

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Can Push for Carbon Capture Pipelines Also Mean Billions for Conservation-Minded Farming?

by Donnelle Eller (Des Moines Register) Builders of carbon capture pipelines stand to reap billions in tax credits. Will farmers also get a share?; Advocates say incentives to adopt less carbon-intensive farming practices also could be part of the equation; Whether

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GOP Lawmakers Testify against Eminent Domain Use for Carbon Pipeline

by O. Kay Henderson (Radio Iowa)  An Iowa lawmaker is suggesting the Iowa Utilities Board lacks the authority to grant Summit Carbon Solutions permission to seize property along its proposed pipeline route from unwilling landowners. Republican Representative Steven Holt of Denison says

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A Local Struggle over Carbon Pipelines in Iowa Is Becoming a 2024 Presidential Flashpoint

by Jillian Frankel and Alex Tabet (NBC News)  GOP presidential candidates are trying to strike a balance between supporting Iowa’s ethanol industry and maintaining landowners’ rights. -- ... The questions stem from efforts by three companies — Summit Carbon Solutions, Navigator CO₂

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Opinion: Illinois Economy, Safety Reach New Heights with Carbon Capture

by Joe Heinrich and Rick Terven Jr. (Agri-Pulse/Smart Carbon Network/Illinois Pipe Trades Association) ... Thanks to carbon capture technology, we can increase demand for Illinois corn and ethanol while spurring job creation, investment, and value-added agriculture. Carbon capture is a method of

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Carbon Pipeline Company Has Not ‘Taken Any State off the Map’ after SD Permit Rejection

by Joshua Haiar and Jared Strong (South Dakota Searchlight) But Navigator CO2 pulls back on some operations while awaiting written decision -- A recently failed permit application is not necessarily the end of a carbon capture pipeline company’s goal of building in

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Rastetter Testimony Sought for Evidence of Summit’s ‘Anticompetitive’ Agreements

by Jared Strong (Iowa Capital Dispatch)  Bruce Rastetter, the influential co-founder of Summit Carbon Solutions, should be subpoenaed to testify to state regulators in support of his company’s carbon dioxide pipeline proposal, according to the daughter of a landowner who is

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As EPA Drowns in CCS Applications, Oil States Want to Take Control

by Jean Chemnick (Politico Pro Climatewire) The agency has seen a large increase in the number of companies that want to bury carbon dioxide. But it has only approved two permits.  --  EPA is buried under a mountain of permit applications from

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Minnesota Regulators Vote to Proceed with Environmental Review of Disputed Carbon Capture Pipeline

 by Steve Karnowski (Associated Press)  Minnesota regulators voted Thursday to proceed with an environmental review for part of a proposed but disputed pipeline network that would carry planet-warming carbon dioxide from Midwest ethanol plants to a permanent underground storage site. Iowa-based Summit Carbon

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Decision Looms by Sept. 6 on Navigator Pipeline Permit, Overruling South Dakota Counties

by John Hult (South Dakota Searchlight/Argus Leader) The Public Utilities Commission will decide at a later date whether it will overrule county zoning officials on behalf of a carbon pipeline company. Friday marked the second day of a two-day hearing in

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The Digest's 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to the State of Carbon Capture and eFuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Here’s the State of Carbon Capture and eFuels presentation from the ABLC CONNECT series episode. Current and expected demand, technologies, supply chain, projects of note, current news, key players — a comprehensive but compact look at

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Gas Promotion Highlights Ethanol, Biodiesel as Profitable Option for Farmers

by Daniel Bethers (Herald-Whig)  Discounted fuel to promote biofuel helped kick off the harvest in Hancock County. West Central FS and the the Hancock County Farm Bureau held the 20th annual Biodiesel/Ethanol Promotion at the Carthage station. Officials hosted state Senator Neil

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Tim Scott Hits Chinese Communist Party, Touts Ethanol in Iowa Ad

by Caroline Vakil (The Hill)Republican presidential candidate Sen. Tim Scott (S.C.) is targeting the Chinese Communist Party over purchasing farmland in Iowa and touts his support of ethanol production in a new radio ad in the early voting state. “Sen. Tim Scott is

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North Dakota Regulators Deny Siting Permit for Summit Carbon Dioxide Pipeline; Company Will Reapply

by Jack Dura (Associated Press) North Dakota regulators denied a siting permit Friday for a proposed carbon dioxide pipeline that would cross five states. The decision complicates an already complex process for Summit Carbon Solutions, which is seeking similar authorization in the

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Iowa Ag Entrepreneur, Carbon Capture Pipeline Advocate Hosts Presidential Candidates

by Brianne Pfannenstiel and Donnelle Eller (Des Moines Register) A handful of Republican presidential candidates attended a private event this week hosted by Iowa agriculture entrepreneur and GOP donor Bruce Rastetter, who's behind Summit Carbon Solution's plan to build a controversial carbon capture

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A Left-Right Alliance Puts Iowa’s CO2 Pipelines on the Presidential Agenda

by Jonathan Weisman (New York Times) Liberal environmentalists and conservative landowners, led by the former congressman Steve King, are pressuring Republican candidates to oppose three Midwestern pipelines. --  Emma Schmidt, a lifelong environmental activist in Rockwell City, Iowa, had long searched for potent

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Presidential Candidate Doug Burgum Defends Eminent Domain to Build Carbon Capture Pipelines

by Donnelle Eller (Des Moines Register)  North Dakota Gov. Doug Burgum said Sunday he wants to see carbon capture pipeline projects succeed to boost the value of Midwest corn and soybeans — and help revitalize struggling rural towns. “The whole point of

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2023 National Carbon Capture Conference & Expo --- November 7-8, 2023 --- Des Moines, IA

Produced by Carbon Capture Magazine and BBI International, the National Carbon Capture Conference & Expo is a two-day event designed specifically for companies and organizations advancing technologies and policy that support the removal of carbon dioxide (CO2) from all sources, including fossil fuel-based

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to GreenStar BCS

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Green Star BCS provides clients with the technical, market, and economic expertise to thrive as they shift toward a more sustainable economy. We collaborate with clients across the energy and renewable power sectors, providing pragmatic,

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EPM's Podcast Series: Optimizing Carbon Management Opportunities: A Conversation with Navigator CO2

(Ethanol Producer Magazine) This week's Ethanol Producer Magazine podcast features, Elizabeth Burns-Thompson, Vice President, Government and Public Affairs of Navigator CO2. Interviewed by Katie Schroeder of Ethanol Producer Magazine. (12.36 min) LISTEN South Dakota Ethanol Industry Considers Ramifications of Carbon Dioxide

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Comparative Economics of Carbon Sequestration for Iowa Ethanol Plants

(Iowa Renewable Fuels Association/Decision Innovation Solutions) Iowa currently has 42 ethanol plants with listed annual capacity of 4.669 billion gallons per year. Iowa’s ethanol plants produced an estimated 4.5 billion gallons of ethanol in 2022. There are several wet mill

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An Emerging Bonanza in Ethanol-Focused Carbon Capture?

by Jim Kendrick (Biofuels Digest) The US carbon capture market has grown, experts say, to $13 billion in 2023 and according to ExxonMobil is on the way to $4 trillion. That could mean that a bonanza for infrastructure in the form

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Iowa Regulators to Begin Summit Carbon Capture Pipeline Hearing Aug. 22 in Fort Dodge

by Donnelle Eller  (Des Moines Register) State regulators plan to hold a hearing beginning Aug. 22 in Fort Dodge on Summit Carbon Solutions' $4.5 billion proposal to build a roughly 680-mile carbon capture pipeline across Iowa, according to an order released

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OMB Regulatory Agenda Outlines Upcoming CCS-Related Rulemakings

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The White House Office of Management and Budget on June 13 published its Spring 2023 Unified Agenda and Regulatory Plan, which shows several rulemakings related to carbon capture and storage (CCS) are underway by federal

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Doug Sombke: Carbon Sequestration Remains a Pipe Dream. Ethanol Fuel Already Has Value

by Doug Sombke (South Dakota Farmers Union/Farm Forum) ... The recent study by South Dakota ethanol producers estimating a value to the state of nearly $6 billion needs to be carefully examined. Argus Leader’s recent article delving into the study does a

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New Alliance Aims to Build Support for Carbon Capture, Rural Economic Opportunities

by Sara Wyant (Agri-Pulse)  Three longtime ethanol industry champions are joining forces to roll out the new American Carbon Alliance and educate others about the positive aspects of carbon capture technology.  The group will be led by Tom Buis, the former CEO of Growth

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Feds: Carbon Dioxide Pipelines Are Necessary to Reduce Emissions

by Jared Strong (Iowa Capital Dispatch) Up to 60,000 miles of carbon dioxide pipeline must be installed in the United States to help eliminate the greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, according to a federal engineer. ... “Right now we’re kind of in

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Guest Column: Carbon Capture Pipelines Crucial to Ag Economy

by Waylon Brown (Iowa State Senator/The Courier)  ... While I recognize that Iowans have differing opinions on policies aimed at improving environmental outcomes, the economic opportunity associated with carbon capture projects is undeniable. These investments will capture carbon dioxide from

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Climate Change Denial among Hurdles for Carbon Capture Pipeline Project in Southwestern Minnesota

by Tom Cherveny (West Central Tribune)  Summit Carbon Solutions hosted 15 meetings for landowners last year at locations across the 10 counties in Minnesota in which it intends to build a pipeline to transport carbon dioxide from ethanol plants. Three issues were recurring

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Biden-Harris Administration Invests $251 Million to Expand Infrastructure to Support CO2 Transport and Storage DEADLINE July 6, 2023

(U.S. Department of Energy)  President Biden’s Investing in America Agenda Supports Projects Across Seven States That Will Slash CO2 Emissions, Build High-Quality Jobs, and Deliver Cleaner Air -- As part of President Biden’s Investing in America agenda, the U.S. Department of Energy

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North Dakota Legislator Calling for Investigation into Summit Carbon Solutions Investors

by Jeff Beach (AgWeek)  A group of North Dakota legislators wants to press the state attorney general’s office to investigate the ownership of pipeline company Summit Carbon Solutions. State Sen. Jeff Magrum announced that there will be a press conference Tuesday, May

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Iowa Regulators Propose Using Mediators to Settle Summit Carbon Capture Pipeline Disputes

by Donnelle Eller (Des Moines Register)  Iowa regulators propose hiring mediators to settle easement disputes between an Ames company and landowners in the path of its nearly 800-mile carbon-capture pipeline who could be targeted for eminent domain. The Iowa Utilities Board floated

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DOE Awards $251 Million to 12 CO2 Infrastructure Projects

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The U.S. Department of Energy on May 17 awarded $251 million to 12 projects that will support infrastructure development for carbon dioxide (CO2) transport and storage. One of those projects specifically targets CO2 sourced from

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Summit Carbon Solutions Announces Stakeholder Consultation for Gold Standard Methodology Public Comment DEADLINE June 9, 2023

(Summit Carbon Solutions) This public comment period is to ensure the development process is transparent, informed, and conservative. --   Summit Carbon Solutions, developer of the world’s largest carbon removal project, is pleased to announce the release of its Gold Standard methodology

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Port: Don't Be Fooled by Anti-Carbon Pipeline Hype

by Rob Port (InFORum) A professional political campaign, paid for by unknown interests, has hyped consternation about the Midwest Carbon Express pipeline, giving a false impression of public sentiment.  -- The Midwest Express carbon pipeline has made a lot of headlines recently

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The Future of Ethanol

(S&P Global)  Ethanol demand in North America is expected to peak in the next decade, supported by higher gasoline and blend rates. However, long-term gasoline transportation demand for the US and Canada is downward. Therefore, the biofuel industry is looking at what's

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Iowa Court: Pipeline Survey Law Unlawful

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer) Court Rules Iowa Law Governing Pipeline Surveys on Private Land Unconstitutional --   It is unconstitutional for pipeline companies to enter private land to survey without compensating landowners in Iowa, a district judge in the state

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Valero Reports Strong Q1 for Biofuel Segments

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Valero Energy Corp.’s renewable diesel segment set a new sales volume record during the first quarter while its ethanol segment reported a profitable three-month period with higher production volumes. The company is also progressing with

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CO2 Safety Public Meeting 2023 --- May 31-June 1, 2023 ---Des Moines, IA and ONLINE Public Comments Open

(Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration) The purpose of the two-day CO2 Public Meeting is to inform rulemaking decisions, by discussing key topics such as public awareness, emergency response and effective communication with emergency responders and the public, dispersion modeling,

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Carbon Deal Targets US Pipeline Seeking to Tackle Corn-Based Ethanol Emissions The Transactions Will Equal a Quarter of All Certified Carbon Removals to Date

by Kim Chipman and Tarso Veloso Ribeiro (Bloomberg/Financial Post)  A project to build a giant pipeline to remove carbon produced by the corn-based ethanol industry struck its first agreement to sell carbon-removal credits, part of a broader push to improve the green

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Why Injecting CO2 Underground Is a Legal Morass

by Shelby Webb (E&E News Energywire) ... As oil and gas companies rush to build carbon sequestration projects — in hopes of taking advantage of increased tax credits in the Inflation Reduction Act — states are scrambling to answer questions about

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Midwest CO2 Pipelines Push ahead as Bills Fizzle

by Jeffrey Tomich, Carlos Anchondo, Mike Soraghan (E&E News Energywire)  Companies planning carbon capture projects in the Midwest are defeating legislative proposals to add regulations or block them, increasing the likelihood that a sprawling network of planned pipelines to transport the

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How New Business Models Are Boosting Momentum on CCUS

by Mathilde Fajardy, Carl Greenfield, Rachael Moore (IEA)  2022 was a strong year for carbon capture, utilisation, and storage (CCUS). More than 140 new projects were announced, increasing planned storage capacity by 80%, and capture capacity by 30%. CCUS projects

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Carbon America Introduces Project to Community

by Alicia Barry (Akron News-Reporter) Washington and Yuma Counties became a little more acquainted with Carbon America last week. The company held a community open house last Wednesday, March 22 at Quintech in Yuma, highlighting their Carbon Capture and Storage project at

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to the ABLC Due Diligence Wolfpack

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The famed Wolfpack tore into carbon capture and sequestration technology at ABLC 2023 and here are the public overview slides for the lambs and lions that strode into the Octagon to be examined for value

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Is Green Methanol an Alternative to CO2 Pipelines?

by Erin Jordan (The Gazette) Several Iowa farmers are optimistic CapCO2 could ‘solve the pipeline issue’ -- Some renewable fuels advocates say carbon dioxide pipelines are the only way to save Iowa’s ethanol industry, but Jeff Reints doesn’t buy it. Especially not

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Ag Policy Blog: Despite Ethanol Industry Concerns, Iowa House Votes to Restrict Carbon Pipelines

by Chris Clayton (DTN Progressive Farmer) In one of the most heated political battles in the state, the Iowa House of Representatives on March 22 voted against the interests of the state's biofuels industry in a 71-20 vote to tighten rules

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Ethanol Industry Says It Will Die if It Cannot Take Farmers’ Lands for a CO2 Pipeline. Will Trump Support Them?

by Timothy P. Carney (Washington Examiner) Iowa’s ethanol industry, which exists only because of federal and state subsidies and mandates, reportedly may collapse if it cannot build massive statewide networks of pipelines for distributing and burying the carbon dioxide emitted by its ethanol

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Bill Would End Eminent Domain for Carbon Capture Pipelines

by Terry L. Jones (Louisiana Illuminator/Floodlight)  A Louisiana legislator wants to help keep landowners from losing their property to pipelines needed for the dozens of carbon capture projects proposed around the state. Rep. Robby Carter, D-Amite, has prefiled a bill for

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US Carbon Pipeline Faces Setback as Residents Refuse to Cede Land Rights

by Leah Douglas (Reuters)  Navigator CO2 Ventures’ proposed carbon pipeline project in the U.S. Midwest is struggling to secure a site to store millions of tons of greenhouse gas it hopes to collect from the region’s ethanol plants, as residents refuse

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CO2 Pipeline Build-out Generates Bipartisan House Interest

by Jeremy Dillon (E&E News/Politico Pro)  Lawmakers on a House panel found some consensus Wednesday on the operation and safety of carbon dioxide pipelines, as Congress seeks to reauthorize the agency responsible for the nation's pipeline network. The bipartisan interest at a

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to the Nexus of Hydrogen, Wind and Fuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Wind, Hydrogen and Fuels — they have a lot of cross impact, not just in the area of eFuels. Projects like Grön Fuels in Louisiana, and Gevo’s Net Zero One in South Dakota are showing

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Midwest CO2 Pipeline Rush Creates Regulatory Chaos

by Mike Soraghan  (E&E News Energywire)  A complicated question is looming in the Midwest over plans to build thousands of miles of carbon dioxide pipelines: Who would regulate them? The answer could affect the Biden administration’s hopes for a massive buildup of

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Ethanol, Oil Groups Find Common Ground: High-Octane Fuels Legislation Still Alive in 118th Congress; Passage Still in Question

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer) If there's a piece of legislation oil, automakers and renewable fuels companies can get behind as the wave of the future for fuels, it may have been the Next Generation Fuels Act pushed to the

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Energy Department Opens up $2.5B for Carbon Capture Demonstration Projects DEADLINES March 28, 2023 and April 5, 2023

by Ben Lefebvre (Politico Pro)  The Energy Department said Thursday it is offering up to $2.5 billion to fund carbon capture and storage technology development projects. Details: The DOE, using funds made available in the bipartisan infrastructure law, will offer up to $1.7

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House Bill Would Establish New Rules for Carbon Pipelines, Landowners Rally

by O. Kay Henderson (Radio Iowa) It’s a farmer versus farmer debate over proposed rules for developers planning to build three carbon pipelines through Iowa. Under a bill that’s cleared a House subcommittee, landowners along 90% of a pipeline’s route would have

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Navigator’s Proposed Carbon Pipeline Struggles to Gain Support in Illinois

by Aydali Campa (Inside Climate News) McDonough County residents are asking officials to stand their ground as Navigator offers payments totaling up to $18.9 million to the county in exchange for its support. -- A farming county in Western Illinois doesn’t

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Capturing Close to Home

by Katie Schroeder (Ethanol Producer Magazinie) Carbon America is implementing carbon capture and sequestration at three commonly owned ethanol plants in Colorado and Nebraska. With enhanced incentives to sequester and decarbonize—and the nearby geology to do it—the plan has momentum. ... (A)

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A Blue State Asks: Is Carbon Capture Part of Climate Agenda?

by Jeffrey Tomich (E&E News/EnergyWire) ...  Less clear, however, is whether (Gov. J.B) Pritzker and Illinois’ Democratic-led General Assembly are willing to embrace carbon capture — a third rail of climate politics — as a complementary solution. While carbon capture technology and its

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Biofuels M&A: 2022 Review & Outlook 2023

by Bruce Comer, Frank Kim, and Zak Putlak (Ocean Park/Biofuels Digest)  The market for buying and selling biofuels plants followed a historic 2021 with a transformational year in 2022, driven by one pivotal biomass-based diesel (BBD) transaction. Overall, seven mergers and

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North Dakota Sets 4 Hearings on Summit Carbon Pipeline

by Jeff Beach (AgWeek) Iowa-based Summit Carbon Solutions says its pipeline project will help ethanol plants. The project aims to capture greenhouse gas emissions and pipe the CO2 to western North Dakota for underground storage. -- The North Dakota Public Service

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Ethanol Industry Details Policy Needs Biofuels Industry Champions Carbon Pipelines under State Legislative Challenges

by Chris Clayton (DTN Progressive Farmer)   Geoff Cooper, president and CEO of the Renewable Fuels Association, isn't holding out much hope for new legislation for biofuels in the new Congress. "If the last few weeks are any indication, we're in

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Ethanol Executive: Carbon Capture Might Be ‘Life or Death’ for Producers

by Jared Strong (Iowa Capital Dispatch) An increasing demand for low-carbon fuels will imperil ethanol producers unless there is widespread adoption of equipment to capture emissions from ethanol plants, the executive director of the Iowa Renewable Fuels Association said Tuesday. “I honestly

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Gevo, Maker of Biofuel for Jets, Adding South Dakota Plant to Summit Carbon Pipeline

by Jeff Beach (The Globe) Gevo will be making sustainable aviation fuel in Lake Preston, South Dakota. Summit Carbon Solutions plans to capture carbon emissions from the facility. -- A renewable jet fuel plant under construction in South Dakota has signed

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Summit Carbon Solutions and Iowa Landowners Partner to Sign Easement Agreements for Two Thirds of Project Route

(Summit Carbon Solutions)  The momentum behind Summit Carbon Solutions’ carbon capture, transportation, and storage project continues to grow as Iowa landowners have voluntarily signed easement agreements accounting for two-thirds of the company’s proposed project route in the state. In total, 1,050

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Opinion: CO2 Pipelines Provide Safe Transportation, Must Be Approved

by Andrew Black (Liquid Energy Pipeline Association/Agri-Pulse) Based on the current comprehensive regulatory framework in place and proven track record of safe CO2 pipeline operations across the nation, it is clear that pipelines, such as the Heartland Greenway, provide a safe means

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Sen. Jeff Magrum Files 8 Bills Related to Summit Carbon Solutions Pipeline

by Jeff Beach (InForUm) Summit Carbon Solutions says its $4.5 billion pipeline project will help ethanol plants and corn growers but has been met with resistance from landowners. -- The controversial Summit Carbon Solutions carbon capture pipeline has spawned at least

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Minnesota Public Utilities Commission to Require Environmental Impact Statement on Summit Carbon Pipeline

by Jeff Beach (AgWeek)  In a compromise, the Minnesota Public Utilities Commission will require Summit Carbon Solutions to prepare a full environmental impact statement as part of the first ever carbon capture pipeline project in the state. But the environmental impact statement

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New Poll: Voters Support Ethanol and RFS, Oppose EV Mandates

(Renewable Fuels Association) A new survey of registered voters shows robust support for ethanol and the Renewable Fuel Standard, while also revealing significant opposition to policies that ban liquid fuels or mandate electric vehicles. The poll was conducted for the Renewable

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Ag Policy Blog: Carbon Pipelines Projects Face Permit Hearings, Litigation and Legislation

by Chris Clayton (DTN Progressive Farmer) 2023 will shape up as a major year in the permitting and development of carbon pipelines across the Midwest and Plains states. The Minnesota and South Dakota Public Utilities Commissions each this week will examine the

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South Dakota Suggests Delaying Summit Carbon Pipeline Hearings to September or Later

by Jeff Beach (AgWeek)  Iowa-based Summit Carbon Solutions wants to start construction in 2023 to benefit the ethanol industry, but some farmers have concerns about damage to farmland and property values. --  South Dakota regulators say they may need to push

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What Can Ethanol Plant Owners Do to Thrive in the Ethanol Business Today?

by Mike Sticklen and Doug Rivers (Lee Enterprises Consulting/Biofuels Digest) The US ethanol industry is faced with flat volume (Fig. 1) and mediocre returns on capital (Fig. 2).  There are several strategic opportunities available to return to revenue growth and improve

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Ethanol Report on Carbon Pipeline Projects

(AgNewsWire) New pipeline projects in the Midwest utilizing Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Sequestration (CCUS), also called Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS), technology offer the opportunity for the ethanol industry to lead the way to a net zero energy future and the Renewable

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Carbon Capture Pipeline Opponents Want Permits Paused until New Safety Regulations Are Done

by Donnelle Eller (Des Moines Register)  Opponents of three carbon capture pipelines proposed in Iowa and surrounding states want federal regulators to call for a moratorium on construction, saying current safeguards are inadequate to protect people who live near the projects. About

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Viking CCS Pipeline Progresses towards DCO

(Harbour Energy) Harbour Energy is pleased to announce that Viking CCS (formerly V Net Zero), the CO2 transport and storage network, has recently opened the statutory consultation process for a Development Consent Order (DCO) for its onshore pipeline. This is the next

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Ethanol Report: Ethanol, Farmers, Carbon Pipelines and a Net-Zero Energy Future

(AgNewsWire) New pipeline projects in the Midwest utilizing Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Sequestration (CCUS), also called Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS), technology offer the opportunity for the ethanol industry to lead the way to a net zero energy future and the

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How to Rescue Biofuels from a Sustainable Dead End

by Peter Fairley (Nature) An environmentally friendly path forwards for liquid fuel derived from plants will depend on smarter agriculture and smarter regulation. -- ... If filling fuel tanks with these plant-derived liquids reduces carbon emissions by decreasing the demand

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La. Legal Showdown May Preview National Battle over Hydrogen

by David Iaconangelo (E&E News) The developer of a $4.5 billion hydrogen project in Louisiana is in a legal battle with local lawmakers in a case that analysts say could preview conflicts around the country. Air Products and Chemicals Inc., the developer,

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More Stringent Rules for Carbon Capture Pipelines Draw Lawsuit from Ames Company

by Donnelle Eller (Des Moines Register) An Ames company that wants to build a $4.5 billion carbon capture pipeline across Iowa has filed lawsuits against Story and Shelby counties over new ordinances that would require increased distances between the project and homes, churches

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Biofuels, Carbon Capture and Storage Carbon Pipelines Seek Iowa Permits as Protestors Disrupt Industry Conference

by Chris Clayton (DTN Progressive Farmer) Protestors opposed to carbon pipeline projects in Iowa disrupted the opening of a two-day Carbon Capture Conference and Expo. At least seven people stood up at separate times during an early panel discussion Tuesday, blowing

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Would CO2 Pipelines Be ‘Life or Death’ for Iowa’s Ethanol Industry?

by Erin Jordan (The Gazette)  University of Iowa panel hits on safety, siting and impact of proposed pipeline projects  -- The leader of Iowa Renewable Fuels Association says whether carbon dioxide pipelines are approved in the state will be the difference

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Pipelines Are Fundamental for Reaching Climate Goals.

(ClearPath) If the U.S. wants to reach its emissions reduction goals, a diverse mix of energy solutions is needed – including hydrogen and carbon capture. However, we’ll need a huge buildout of pipeline infrastructure to get that hydrogen and captured

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Biden-Harris Administration Announces $2 Billion from Bipartisan Infrastructure Law to Finance Carbon Dioxide Transportation Infrastructure

(U.S. Department of Energy) Potential Applicants Invited to Submit Letters of Interest for Projects to Deploy Carbon Management Technologies, Fight Climate Change and Create Good-Paying Jobs --  The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today (October 6, 2022) began accepting letters of

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Pipeline Company, Ethanol Plant Plan Carbon Capture Pipeline in Nebraska Panhandle

by Dan Crisler (Omaha World Herald) Carbon America and Bridgeport Ethanol in the Nebraska Panhandle have announced plans to develop a carbon capture pipeline that would see the first carbon dioxide sequestered within the state. Carbon America’s pipeline project joins other

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Help Wanted: Carbon Dioxide Pipeline Companies Mark Legislative Wins by Staffing up with Lobbyists

by Ben Lefebvre (Politico Pro)  An industry that barely existed several years ago is pouring hundreds of thousands of dollars into their lobbyist budgets. -- Democrats' blockbuster clean energy and infrastructure laws are proving a gold mine for at least one

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Carbon America to Launch Nebraska’s First Commercial Carbon Capture and Sequestration Project

(Carbon America) The carbon capture and sequestration facility will capture 95 percent of emissions from a Nebraska ethanol production facility and permanently store the CO₂ underground --  Carbon America, the first vertically integrated carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) super developer, announced

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Ag Secretary Candidates Split on Carbon Pipelines, Future of Ethanol

by Jared Strong (Iowa Capital Dispatch)  The two candidates for Iowa secretary of agriculture split Friday on whether government should require unwilling landowners to allow carbon pipelines to cross their land. Democrat John Norwood said eminent domain should not be used to

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Carbon Pipeline Company Takes Unwilling Iowa Landowners to Court

by Jared Strong (Successful Farming/Iowa Capital Dispatch)  Navigator CO2 Ventures, one of three companies that have proposed liquid carbon pipelines in Iowa, recently sued four sets of landowners to gain access to their properties to survey the land, according to court

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Glacial Lakes Energy Voices Support for Carbon Pipeline

by Sarah Parkin  (Dakota News Now) The Glacial Lakes Energy Plant in Mina held a media day Wednesday to provide information as to why they’re joining Summit Carbon Solutions’ carbon dioxide pipeline project. State representatives, emergency managers and press gathered at the Mina

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ACE Explores Ethanol’s Expanding Role in Carbon Market

by Cindy Zimmerman (Energy.AgWired.com) As Congress was passing sweeping legislation last week with provisions targeted on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, the American Coalition for Ethanol was holding its annual conference focused on ethanol’s role in turning down carbon intensity. ACE CEO Brian Jennings says the

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Sequestering In Place

by Luke Geiver (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Pipeline aggregation of ethanol plant CO2 has captured industry attention, but stand-alone CCS projects might be uniquely positioned for early success.  --  Carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) projects are integrating into existing ethanol plants like

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Biden-Harris Administration Launches $2.6 Billion Funding Programs to Slash Carbon Emissions

(U.S. Department of Energy)  Two Bipartisan Infrastructure Law Programs Will Decarbonize Power Generation and Heavy Industries, Create Regional Transport Networks for Captured CO2 Emissions   -- The Biden-Harris Administration, through the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), today issued Notices of Intent to

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Understanding Why the Carbon Intensity Score Is Important for Ethanol

by Kellan Heavican (Brownfield Ag News) The head of the world’s largest biofuel producers says carbon intensity scoring is critical to expanding ethanol production. POET President Jeff Lautt tells Brownfield it’s used as a benchmark to determine greenhouse gas emissions. “All of

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POET Hopes Pipeline Partnership Will Speed Ethanol Climate Goals

by Leah Douglas (Saltwire/Reuters) POET LLC, the world's largest ethanol producer, said it hopes to meet some of its climate goals early as a result of a new partnership it announced this week with a Midwest carbon capture and storage (CCS)

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Carbon Pipelines Needed to Help Keep Ethanol Viable, Supporters Say

by Jerry Guenther (Norfolk Daily News)   Carbon capture can help Nebraska — one of the nation’s top producers of ethanol— ensure its viability in the industry in the future, according to supporters. A representative of the ethanol industry and a representative

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Minnesota PUC Confirms Authority to Regulate CO2 Pipelines

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The Minnesota Public Utilities Commission on May 19 unanimously voted that the organization has existing authority to permit the siting of carbon dioxide pipelines, including the two multi-state pipelines currently under development that will sequester

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Bracewell Launches Pro-CCS Group ahead of Funding Explosion

by Carlos Anchondo and Corbin Hiar (E&E News/Politico Pro) The high-profile lobbying firm opened a provocative website that downplays the risks of CO2 pipelines as the federal government prepares to spend $8 billion on carbon capture and storage. A public policy

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590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect Global South global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrid ships hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass Indiana indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial burners industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated biorefineries integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade 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kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose Lake County lamp oil land ownership land prices land rights land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy landfill methane Landfills landscape Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon lecithin legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena levulinic acid Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels liquidation Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps liquified biomethane (LBM) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louis Louisiana low c low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M100 M15 M3 M50 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning machinery macororo Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Fuel Oil Marine Gas Oil (MGO) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel Terminal Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering market forces market share marketing markets/sales Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute mass balance standard Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritania 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morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed mvr Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nano particles nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha naphthene NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National 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nutrition oak oat hulls oat straw oats Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Office of Science Technology and Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes oil/gas terminals Oils Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olive water olives Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm ammonia production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing on-site hydrogen production one p one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontaio Ontario OPEC 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power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propane/renewable propane pumps propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests proton exchange membrane (PEM) public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps/fueling station pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis pyrolytic liquefaction Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R Factor R100/RD100 R33 R5 R95B5/RD95B5 R99/RD99 rabbits race radiata pine radish leaves Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rain tree rainforest ranchers RAND rare earth metal/critical minerals RD10 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