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Tag "cap-and-trade"

Bernie Sanders Rallies the Climate Faithful

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)  ‘THE TIME IS LATE’: Sen. Bernie Sanders, a likely 2020 presidential candidate, and a group of climate activists held a town hall Monday evening with a simple

December 4, 2018 Read Full Article

Innovative Conversion Technologies: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide ABLC Guide to Using Canadian Biomass

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Bioindustrial Innovation Canada (BIC) is a nationally focused not-for-profit organization based in Sarnia, Ontario, in the county of Lambton. BIC’s mission is to provide critical strategic investment, advice

November 30, 2018 Read Full Article

Bipartisan Climate Fee Backers to Plant Flag During Lame Duck

by Dean Scott (Bloomberg Environment)  Rep. Ted Deutch (D-Fla.), two Republicans to introduce carbon fee bill that would return money to consumers; With virtually no chance of passage, measure seen as effort to

November 27, 2018 Read Full Article

Dems to Hold Two Days of Hearings on Climate

by Timothy Cama (The Hill)  House Democrats are planning to hold two days’ worth of hearings on the impacts of climate change and potential solutions to it when they take the House majority

November 15, 2018 Read Full Article

Global Carbon Prices Too Low to Combat Climate Change – OECD

by Susanna Twidale (Reuters)  Carbon prices in major advanced economies are too low to cut greenhouse gas emissions and stave off the worst effects of climate change, the Organization for Economic

September 18, 2018 Read Full Article

California Drivers Pay Growing Cost for Climate Program

by David R. Baker (San Francisco Chronicle)  A California program to fight climate change may now add more to the cost of gasoline than the state gas-tax increase that many voters want

August 10, 2018 Read Full Article

Climate Taxes on Agriculture Could Lead to More Food Insecurity than Climate Change Itself

(International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis/Phys.Org)  New IIASA-led research has found that a single climate mitigation scheme applied to all sectors, such as a global carbon tax, could have a serious

August 1, 2018 Read Full Article

UPDATE 2-Canada’s Ontario Government Scraps Cap-and-Trade Program

by Danya Hajjaji (Reuters)  The newly elected Ontario government announced on Tuesday (July 3, 2018) it would end the province’s cap-and-trade program, a policy designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, fulfilling

July 10, 2018 Read Full Article

How Induced Innovation Lowers the Cost of a Carbon Tax

by Joe Kennedy (Information Technology and Innovation Foundation)  Evidence shows a carbon tax will induce innovation that will lower the cost of reducing CO2 emissions. If the revenues are recycled to

June 25, 2018 Read Full Article

Cars Threaten Climate Goals in Blue States

by Benjamin Storrow (E&E News) … Transportation emissions threaten to undercut blue states’ climate goals, raising questions about their ability to lead U.S. climate efforts at a time when the

April 18, 2018 Read Full Article

Quantifying Carbon: Understand Cap-and-Trade Implications as U.S. West Coast & Canadian Provinces Combine Emissions Reduction Initiatives

(OPIS)  On January 1, Ontario became linked with California and Quebec’s carbon allowance program, prompting uncertainty about carbon reduction programs and pricing structures in this expanded market. Download this free white

April 10, 2018 Read Full Article

Opinions: Why Fossil Fuels Survive

by Robert J. Samuelson (The Washington Post)  … It’s true that the Trump administration has withdrawn from the Paris climate agreement, making any transition harder. But the problems transcend President Trump’s disengagement,

March 1, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

Northeast States Tap the Gas Pump for Carbon Emissions Cuts

by Gerald B. Silverman (Bloomberg)  Motor fuel could be the next target for controlling greenhouse gas emissions in the Northeast, as seven states that have already clamped down on power plants

January 2, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

Put Price on Carbon, Stop Bad Bets on Fossil Fuels – UN’s Guterres

by Alister Doyle (Reuters)  Nearly 200 nations attending climate talks in Germany;  Guterres calls for more carbon pricing, markets;  Says climate action will help, not hinder, economic growth  —  Governments should put a price

December 12, 2017 0 comment Read Full Article

Put Price on Carbon, Stop Bad Bets on Fossil Fuels – UN’s Guterres

by Alister Doyle (Reuters)  Nearly 200 nations attending climate talks in Germany;  Guterres calls for more carbon pricing, markets;  Says climate action will help, not hinder, economic growth  —  Governments should put a price

November 15, 2017 Read Full Article

Northeast and Mid-Atlantic Governors Announce New Collaboration to Reduce Transportation Emissions

(Union of Concerned Scientistst)  Statement by Ken Kimmell, Union of Concerned Scientists  —  Leading environmental, health, scientific and business organizations today applauded the announcement by seven states and Washington, D.C. of plans

November 14, 2017 0 comment Read Full Article

New Report Details Racial, Economic Injustice of Pollution Trading Programs

(Food & Water Watch)  Under plans like California’s “cap-and-trade” program, pollution and public health impacts actually increase in lower-income communities of color.  —  New analysis published today details the disproportionate burdens of

November 13, 2017 Read Full Article

A Carbon Tax by Any Other Name Would Smell “Tax”

by Richard Gilmore (Biofuels Digest/GIC Group)  … The carbon tax alliance is led by prominent Republicans along with some fence sitting Dems and their respective linesmen from public policy think tanks. While

November 13, 2017 Read Full Article

Any Renewable Energy Solution Requires Extracting the Full Value of Biomass

by A.J. (Sandy) Marshall (Bioindustrial Innovation Canada/Canada Biomass)  … Today, climate change concerns are demanding an ever-increasing management of greenhouse gases. As a result, society is establishing a pricing on carbon

September 25, 2017 Read Full Article

Mexico Looks to Curb Carbon with a New Cap-and-Trade System

by Lucas Laursen (Scientific American) … Mexico kicked off 2017 with a 20 percent spike in gasoline prices, driven in part by the phasing out of subsidies. Some consumers set fires

August 17, 2017 Read Full Article

California Legislature Extends Cap-and-Trade, Codifies Low Carbon Fuel Standard

by Lauren Tyler (NGT News)  The California legislature has voted to extend the state’s cap-and-trade program by 10 years to 2030 while also codifying the Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS)

July 20, 2017 Read Full Article

Subsidizing Electric Vehicles Inefficient Way to Reduce CO2 Emissions: Study

(Phys.Org)  Subsidizing the purchase of electric cars in Canada is an inefficient way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions that is not cost effective, according to a Montreal Economic Institute study

June 27, 2017 Read Full Article

Leading Economists Conclude A Strong Carbon Price Is Vital To Meeting Global Climate Goals

by Joshua S Hill (Clean Technica)   Leading economists have concluded that in an effort to meet the world’s agreed-upon climate goals in the most cost-effective way possible while still fostering

May 30, 2017 Read Full Article

Canada Ready to Impose Pollution Caps, Fuel Tax on Provinces

By David Ljunggren (Reuters)   Canada said on Thursday it planned to impose a cap on pollution in provinces that refuse to adopt a national price on carbon, setting up a

May 19, 2017 Read Full Article

As Trump Reverses Climate Actions, California Considers a Bold New Step

by Chelsea Harvey (The Washington Post) … Now, a new proposal, announced Monday, would replace California’s current cap and trade carbon pricing program, its flagship effort to reduce the state’s

May 4, 2017 0 comment Read Full Article

CORSIA Aviation Carbon Emissions Scheme Must Learn Lessons from UN’s Flawed Offset Mechanism, Says Study

(GreenAir Online)  While ICAO deliberates over rules concerning what offsets should be eligible under its carbon scheme for international aviation, a study prepared for the European Commission concludes the UN’s

April 28, 2017 0 comment Read Full Article

Europe Needs a Higher Price on Carbon

(Bloomberg)  Europe’s promise to lower greenhouse-gas emissions looked bright a dozen years ago, when its leaders created the first big market for trading carbon permits. Sadly, though, its system has

February 21, 2017 Read Full Article

Canadian Producers Poised for Carbon Reduction Era

by Susanne Retka Schill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The state of the Canadian ethanol industry at year end.  —  Optimism is growing among Canadian biofuel producers as the federal government is

November 15, 2016 Read Full Article

With Canada and Mexico on Board, Carbon Pricing Could Become a Reality Across North America with Expanded U.S. Action

(Center for American Progress)  Carbon taxes and emissions trading systems, once considered political moonshots in the battle to combat carbon emissions, have found purchase in Canada, Mexico, and parts of

November 4, 2016 Read Full Article

Carbon Pricing in North America – Leading a New Era of Climate Policy

by Tamaki Stiles * (Advanced Biofuels USA)  Reducing greenhouse emissions is a shared goal in North America.  In fact, presidents of the United States and Mexico and the Prime Minister

October 19, 2016 0 comment Read Full Article

Advanced Biofuels Canada Supports Federal Carbon Pricing

(Advanced Biofuels Canada/Yahoo! Finance)  The federal government announced today its intention to place a national price on carbon emissions of $10 per tonne in 2018, rising by $10 per tonne

October 3, 2016 Read Full Article

Can the Aviation Industry Finally Clean up Its Emissions?

by John Vidal (The Guardian)  With biofuel potential limited and emissions rising, the need for industry to act is urgent. Hopes rest on a global UN carbon offset scheme to

September 30, 2016 Read Full Article

Ottawa to Impose a National Carbon Price on the Provinces

by Shawn McCarthy (Globe and Mail)  The Liberal government will move this fall to impose a minimum, national carbon price on provinces that fail to adopt their own pricing system for

September 19, 2016 Read Full Article

ICAO Carbon Offsetting Scheme Moves a Step Closer to Agreement as Council Releases Final Draft Resolution Text

(GreenAir Online)  ICAO’s 36-State governing Council has released final draft text of a Resolution to be put before the UN agency’s triennial Assembly later this month on a global market-based

September 5, 2016 0 comment Read Full Article

U.N. Aviation Emissions Pact to Let States Opt out in First Phase: Sources

by  Allison Lampert and Julia Fioretti (Reuters)  A new global deal on curbing aviation emissions will likely give states the right to opt out of its initial voluntary phases, according

August 26, 2016 Read Full Article

California Assembly Approves Climate Change Law

by Anshu Siripurapu (Sacramento Bee)  After an intense floor debate, a bill extending California’s greenhouse gas emission targets squeaked by in the Assembly on Tuesday. Senate Bill 32 was seen as

August 25, 2016 Read Full Article

Ag Carbon Credits Go to Market, Just as Cap and Trade Is Questioned

by Barbara Grady (Green Biz)  … Letting the fields temporarily dry has reduced the methane released from that rice field by 50 percent, compared to an adjacent field that was flooded all

August 23, 2016 Read Full Article

A4E Calls on Governments to Support the UN’s Global Scheme to Reduce Airline Carbon Emissions

(AviationBenefits.org)  Coinciding with the presentation of the European Commission’s “European Strategy for Low-Emission Mobility”, A4E sets out its priorities on environmental policy. A4E calls on all governments to support the

July 25, 2016 0 comment Read Full Article

A Grand Bargain? Gov. Jerry Brown in Talks with Oil Companies about Climate Change Programs

by Chris Megerian and Melanie Mason (Los Angeles Times)  Gov. Jerry Brown’s administration has been talking directly with oil companies in hopes of reaching a consensus on extending California’s landmark climate

July 8, 2016 Read Full Article

California Ponders Changes to Fuel Rules as Tesla Cries Foul

by John Lippert (Bloomberg) … The rapid growth of Tesla Motors Inc. and the increasing range of other electric vehicles have the state contemplating new requirements that anger both Tesla and

July 8, 2016 Read Full Article

California’s Landmark Cap and Trade Program Faces Uncertain Future

by Rory Carroll (Reuters)  California’s greenhouse gas reduction program is in a battle for its life, and uncertainty about its future has spooked buyers of its carbon permits  —  California

June 16, 2016 Read Full Article

Putting a Price on Carbon: Ensuring Equity

by Noah Kaufman, Michael Obeiter and Eleanor Krause (World Resources Institute)  Putting a Price on Carbon: Ensuring Equity finds that the revenues form a carbon price can be used to address

April 8, 2016 Read Full Article

Washington Lawmakers Consider Putting A Price On Carbon

by Ken Christensen (KCTS9/EarthFix)  State lawmakers this week began discussing a measure that could make Washington the first state to tax residents and businesses on their carbon emissions. … More

February 15, 2016 Read Full Article

Governments to Raise $22 Billion from Carbon Pricing in 2015: Report

by Susanna Twidale (Reuters) Governments around the world will this year raise around $22 billion from schemes putting a price on carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions such as taxes or emissions trading

November 2, 2015 Read Full Article

Everyone’s Favorite Climate Change Fix

by Cristina Maza (The Christian Science Monitor)   Economists, officials, and executives across the globe increasingly support carbon pricing to stem the rise of greenhouse-gas emissions. Can it work?  —  … “Pricing carbon

October 29, 2015 Read Full Article

Carbon Offset Trading – Managing Risk in a Time of Regulatory Uncertainty

by Joshua Belcher and David McCullough (Sutherland Asbill & Brennan/Biofuels Digest)  Over the past decade, the market for carbon offsets has waxed and waned with the likelihood of a mandatory

October 26, 2015 Read Full Article

Views from Napa Valley: A Peak at California’s Low Carbon Fuels Program

by Michele Rubino (Biofuels Digest)  … AB 32 is now implemented covering the entire economy in California. Markets for carbon allowances and offsets are established and in full swing. The law

October 26, 2015 Read Full Article

Seeking Take-Off and Off-Take: Why Do Some Renewable Technologies Soar and Others Stall?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The high-octane idea that inexplicably struggles, the mid-grade idea that rocks.  Here, we look at the critical success factors that provide tail-winds for some technologies

October 16, 2015 Read Full Article

Carbon Pricing Beats Vehicle Fuel Economy Standards

(Environmental Leader)  Currently planned fuel economy standards (extended to the year 2050) would cost 10 percent of the economy’s global gross domestic product (GDP) in 2050, compared with only 6

October 16, 2015 Read Full Article

Zero Emission Vehicles: Not Really

by Don Siefkes, Debbie Baron and Eileen Broderick (E100 Ethanol Group, Mendo Alcohol Fuel Group) … California Governor Jerry Brown and other Governors, the California Air Resources Board (CARB), and

September 21, 2015 Read Full Article

Scorching Summer Drives California Innovation and Biofuels

by Graham Noyes (Low Carbon Fuels Coalition/Biofuels Digest)  California’s politicians and people are responding to the state’s increasingly dire symptoms of climate change with innovation, resolve, and biofuel policies. California’s

September 1, 2015 Read Full Article

Lindsey Graham: I Wouldn’t Disagree With Hillary Clinton on Science of Climate Change

by  Rebecca Leber (New Republic) Only two candidates, Senator Lindsey Graham and George Pataki, in the second-tier Republican presidential debate on Thursday have accepted that climate change is real and

August 7, 2015 Read Full Article

Obama Climate Plan Revives Talk of a Carbon Tax

by Ben Geman (National Journal)  Sweeping power-plant regulations would enable states to use pollution trading, fees to cut heat-trapping emissions. … In a change from the draft plan, the final EPA

August 4, 2015 Read Full Article

Big Oil Companies Want a Price on Carbon. Here’s Why.

by Ben Geman (National Journal)  Natural-gas profits have Shell and BP, among others, calling for increased use of carbon-emissions fees ahead of a make-or-break climate summit in Paris. Six oil

June 2, 2015 Read Full Article

California GHG Reporting Obligations Extend to Ethanol

by Graham Noyes.(Ethanol Producer Magazine/Keyes, Fox & Wiedman LLP)  California has embarked upon the most aggressive greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction program in the world.  As a result of California’s Mandatory

March 2, 2015 Read Full Article

Carbon Pricing Coming to Ontario, Strategy to Be Unveiled this Year

by Adrian Morrow (Globe and Mail)    The Ontario government is closing in on a plan to put a price on carbon emissions after nearly seven years of delays.   The

January 14, 2015 Read Full Article

Gov. Inslee Wants To Cap And Tax Emissions From Washington State’s Major Polluters

by Katie Valentine (ThinkProgress)   Washington Gov. Jay Inslee has big plans for carbon reductions in his state, as outlined in climate change and transportation proposals announced by the governor’s

December 18, 2014 Read Full Article

4 Minutes with…Graham Noyes, Attorney, Keyes, Fox & Wiedman; Acting Executive Director, Low Carbon Fuels Coalition

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … My regulatory work focuses on the RFS, LCFS, and Cap & Trade. My transactional work involves maximizing the value of environmental attributes, and developing and

November 25, 2014 Read Full Article

Shell: Expects to Be Producing Advanced Biofuels at Scale, in US, by End of Decade

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Shell VP Matthew Tipper, at ABLCNext:  “We will likely begin manufacture in the southeast United States. We plan to be operational by late this decade.

November 21, 2014 Read Full Article

Countries, Companies Mobilize around Carbon Pricing ahead of UN Summit

by Valerie Volcovici  (Reuters)  The World Bank said Monday that 73 national and 11 regional governments and some 1,000 companies will join forces to push for policies setting a price

September 29, 2014 Read Full Article

Perea Bill Would Delay California Cap-and-Trade for Gas

by Jeremy B. White  (Sacramento Bee) Democratic fissures over California’s cap-and-trade mandates deepened on Thursday, with a key moderate Democrat introducing

July 21, 2014 Read Full Article

Carbon Market Lessons and Global Policy Outlook

by Richard G. Newell, William A. Pizer, Daniel Raimi (Science Magazine)  Prices in the European Union’s (EU) Emissions Trading System (EU-ETS)

March 21, 2014 Read Full Article

Encouraging Advanced Biofuels Development in a Low Carbon Economy

by Jeff Kessler (The Energy Collective)  …Unlike the current consumer technology industry, where new products can offer novel or superior

March 1, 2013 Read Full Article

Group to Sue EPA to Force U.S. Carbon Rules for Transport

by Valerie Volcovici  (Chicago Tribune/Reuters)  A policy reform group plans to issue a notice on Wednesday informing the U.S. Environmental

December 3, 2012 Read Full Article

Carbon Credits Gone Awry: Coolant Companies Raise Output of Harmful Gas

By Elisabeth Rosenthal and Andrew W. Lehren (The New York Times)  …But where the United Nations envisioned environmental reform, some manufacturers

August 9, 2012 Read Full Article

HDS International Provides Information on Project Scope for Back Bay Location

(HDS International/PR NewsWire)  HDS International Corp., a provider of industrial ocean-based biomass production and other high-value eco-sustainability solutions, today provided

August 27, 2011 Read Full Article

Australia’s Carbon Tax Debuts: Carbon Sunday, or Black Sunday?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Aussie government debuts carbon tax scheme and $10Bn cleantech fund; who’s happy, who’s howling? In

July 12, 2011 Read Full Article

The Economics of Power Plant CO2 Capture

by Riggs Eckelberry (OriginOil/Algae Industry Magazine)  …Today’s carbon capture process requires separating and condensing CO2, then transporting it in dedicated

July 5, 2011 Read Full Article

MIT Adds to the Cap-and-Trade Debate

by James Ott (Aviation Week)  A report from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) should be required reading for environmental

May 20, 2011 Read Full Article

CARBON CORNER: New Carbon Opportunities Coming to Market for Agriculture

by Dawson Williams and Rick Gilmore (GIC Group/Biofuels Digest)  …The Climate Action Reserve (CAR), which was chartered by state legislation in

November 3, 2010 Read Full Article

California Unveils Greenhouse Gas Trading Plan

by Peter Henderson  (Reuters)  California unveiled on Friday its final blueprint of a market system to curb greenhouse gases, relaxing expected

November 3, 2010 Read Full Article

A Simpler Path to Cutting Carbon Emissions

by Vinod Khosla (Washington Post)  If our goal is carbon reduction, a cap-and-trade or carbon-pricing bill, with its likely compromises,

July 2, 2010 Read Full Article

Senators to Propose Abandoning Cap-and-Trade

by Juliet Eilperin and Steven Mufson (Washington Post)  Three key senators are engaged in a radical behind-the-scenes overhaul of climate

March 2, 2010 Read Full Article

BIO Comments on Preliminary Draft Regulation for the California Cap-and-Trade Program

Comments by Brent Erickson, Executive Vice President, Industrial and Environmental Section of the Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO) to the California

January 18, 2010 Read Full Article

Greater Distinction Needed for Biofuels as Fuel Component under Cap and Trade

(25 x ’25)  As Congress continues its debate on comprehensive climate legislation, any measure adopted must adequately recognize and incentivize

September 18, 2009 Read Full Article

25 x ’25 Offers Recommendations to Make Cap & Trade Work with BioSequestration

 The 25x’25 Carbon Work Group (CWG) has been engaged for more than a year in a process of identifying key

September 9, 2009 Read Full Article

25 x 25 Publishes Assessement of Ag/Forestry Costs Due to Proposed Climate Change Legislation

From the report: … Objective independent studies now emerging on the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 suggest

August 24, 2009 Read Full Article

U.S. Biofuel Makers Want CO2 Credits in Climate Bill

(Reuters)    Makers of biofuels and plastics and chemicals made from crops want U.S. senators to change the climate bill to

August 19, 2009 Read Full Article

Ample U.S. Forestlands Can Provide Resources Needed to Meet New Energy Goals

(25 x 25 REsource)  Some stakeholders engaged in the climate change policy debate are expressing concern that carbon cap-and-trade legislation

July 31, 2009 Read Full Article

R&D Futures Contracts Proposed to Address Climate Change Bill Weakness

“For Cap-and-Trade to truly reduce CO2 emissions, many promising lab-scale technologies will have to be prototyped, tested, and commercialized quickly,”

July 23, 2009 0 comment Read Full Article

Biofuels and Biobased Chemicals Race to the Starting Line

by Paul Winters  (Biotech Industry Organization, Renewable Energy World)    Both the United States and Canada have made considerable investments in founding

July 22, 2009 Read Full Article

G-8 Failure Reflects U.S. Failure on Climate Change

by Dr. James Hansen (HuffingtonPost)   … For all its “green” aura, Waxman-Markey locks in fossil fuel business-as-usual and garlands it

July 10, 2009 Read Full Article

Senate Ag Panel’s Members Look to Stake Major Claim in Climate Bill

by Allison Winter  (New York Times, ClimateWire)   … Chairman Tom Harkin (D-Iowa) and other members of his panel say they want

July 10, 2009 Read Full Article

Big Four Will Be Among the Big Winners if U.S. Adopts Climate Law

by  Nathanial Gronewold (Climatewire)       Having helped companies explore the labyrinth of greenhouse gas regulation in Europe, the Big Four auditing and accounting

July 10, 2009 Read Full Article

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Environmental Quality cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crimes Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cup plant currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs D-8 (proposed) RINs dairy waste dandelion DARPA date palm date palm pits Dates DC DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) de-fossilization dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization Delaware DeltaWing demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices diethyl ether digest Digital Biology dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct-to-fuel directed evolution direct injection Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) dispense distillation distilled biodiesel distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver divers divestment DME (dimethyl ether) Dominica Dominican Republic double cropping Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dual cropping Dubai duckweed e E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E2 E3 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 price E12 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E40 E50 E55 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecuador ED95 education educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric grid electricity electricity price electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end user Energy Bill energy cane energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy enzymatic conversion enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea EROEI erosion control EROWI esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane ethanol ethanol/bioethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylene eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) Export externalities extremophiles F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertiliz fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel additives fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungi fungus Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal Germany Gerogia Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green chemistry green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing GREET model Grenada gribble ground nut groundnut growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guinea Gulf states Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawaii hazardous waste HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb HFS-SIP hibiscus High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard high performance regular high school project highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horse bedding Horse manure horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HOV High Octane Vehicles HRJ human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrids hydrocarbon fuels hydrofaction hydrogen hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen pumps hydropower hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal liquefaction hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect Land Use Change) import/export inadequate domestic supply incinerator ash India Indiana Indian beech tree Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial ethanol industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map internal combustion engine International international balance of payments International Energy Agency (IEA) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species invest Investing investment tax credit ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isooctane isooctene Israel Italy Ivory Coast JA1 JAA jackfruit Jamaica Japan Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Alternative Jetfuel (SAJF)/Renewable Jetfuel (RJF) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa Kuwait Kygryzstan labels Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis lignin Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars Lipid liquefaction liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg Luxemburg lysis M15 M50 macadamia macauba Macedonia Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine maize Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta mamona management changes mandates manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Biofuel marine algae Marine Corps Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks methanol/biomethanol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbe microbiology microorganizms microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum Monaco mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) muck multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol Namibia nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Lab National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Transportation Safety Board Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland new fuel approval New Green Deal New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds NREL NTSB nucle nuclear nutraceuticals nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obama Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol off-take agreements Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olive cake olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone p Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama panda pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peanut peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin pellets Pennsylv Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose perennial grains perennial grasses performan Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poland Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter power-to-gas power/electricity generation prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island 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Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RSF2 RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago sago pond weed SAIC SAK sales Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securiti Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale gas shale oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smokestack soap social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar-to-fuels solar biofuels solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solid oxide fuel cell Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soy soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications sprawl 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Tasmania tax benefit tax cred tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennesee Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains trans transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale trucks tubers tunicate Tunisia Tunsia Turkey Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL ultra low sulfur diesel UN 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