EU Must Increase Ethanol Use to Meet Targets
by Robert Wright (Ethanol Producer Magazine/ePURE) Renewable energy use in transport in all 28 EU members has been much less than projected in their National Renewable Energy Action Plans, with the gap widening. Actual ethanol consumption has remained relatively flat, in contrast to forecasts.
Last year, the RED and Fuel Quality Directive were amended to address emissions associated with indirect land use change (ILUC), limiting crop-based biofuels to 7 percent of the final transport energy in 2020. The remaining 3 percent are to come from alternatives: biofuels from used cooking oil and animal fats (double counted); renewable electricity in rail (counted 2.5 times); renewable electricity in electric vehicles (counted 5 times); and advanced biofuels (double counted and with an indicative half percent subtarget).
Most member states are assessing their individual options for meeting the RED target and ILUC directive, analyzing ways to easily and cost effectively reach the target, incorporating local fuel market conditions and biofuel production. Significant differences between member states are anticipated, which may further decrease the level of harmonization and negatively affect the internal market for biofuels in Europe.
Progress towards the RED’s 10 percent target for renewables in transport has been mixed.
There is an urgent need for full and quick implementation of the ILUC directive and the roll out of higher biofuels blends by member states. In 2014, the overall incorporation rate of ethanol in the EU petrol pool was only 3.3 percent. This level must be raised if the member states are to reach the 10 percent target.
Given the great disparity between what member states forecasted and their actual use of renewables in transport, the EC should take remedial action against those who have deviated significantly. READ MORE