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Advanced BioFuels USA


The Role of Demand for Biofuel in the Agricultural Commodity Price Spikes of 2007/08

by Simone Pfuderer, Grant Davies, Ian Mitchell  (Food and Farming Analysis, Defra)   This paper is part of a larger body of work that aims to shed more light on what led to the high agricultural commodity prices in 2008. The paper first looks at of some of the specifics of

April 6, 2010 Read Full Article

Biofuels and Global Trade Study Goes Online

“Global trade and environmental impact of the EU biofuels mandate” is the title of a study finalised by the International Food Policy Research Institute this 25 March 2010. The report is one of four studies commissioned by the European Commission in response to the Council and Parliament’s request to examine

April 6, 2010 Read Full Article

Biofuels Digest Special Report on Biofuels, Genomics, and Feedstock Development

by Mackinnon Lawrence (Biofuels Digest)  …Genomics research can be applied to energy crops to select for sequencing based on relevance to the DOE missions.  Projects focus on one of three key aspects: the development of biofuel feedstocks; the identification of enzymes that can effectively break down plant fibers into sugar;

April 2, 2010 Read Full Article

Botswana Plans a 50m-Litre Per Year Biodiesel Plant

by Mokagedi Gaotlhobogwe (MmegiOnline) Coal-rich Botswana has announced its ambitious plans to reduce carbon emissions by setting up a 50 million-litre per year bio-diesel processing plant to be fed from jatropha (oil seed) plantations by 2012. The project will be funded from the National Petroleum Fund… Already efforts to acquire at

March 29, 2010 Read Full Article

Furst-McNess Expands: Company Markets a By-Product of Ethanol Production to China

by Eric Petermann (The Journal-Standard)  Furst-McNess has started a new business that markets a by-product of ethanol production, dry distillers’ grain, for use as a feed supplement for livestock, and has already established a relationship that exports that product to Asia. The company is leasing the former CSI building in

March 29, 2010 Read Full Article

Deforestation Continues, but More Slowly, Report Says

 World deforestation, mainly the conversion of tropical forests to agricultural land, has decreased over the past ten years but continues at an alarmingly high rate in many countries, FAO announced today. Globally, around 13 million hectares of forests were converted to other uses or lost through natural causes each year

March 26, 2010 Read Full Article

Regulation of Fuels and Fuel Additives: Changes to Renewable Fuel Standard Program; Final Rule

Under the Clean Air Act Section 211(o), as amended by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA), the Environmental Protection Agency is required to promulgate regulations implementing changes to the Renewable Fuel Standard program.   The revised statutory requirements specify the volumes of cellulosic biofuel, biomass-based diesel, advanced

March 26, 2010 Read Full Article

EU Report Signals U-Turn on Biofuels Target

(Reuters) …The European Union appears to be backtracking on its biofuels policy with a new study showing that more than 5.6 percent of biofuel in road fuels can damage the environment. EU leaders agreed in 2008 that 10 percent of transport fuels should come from renewable sources by 2020. …Experts

March 26, 2010 Read Full Article

Oil Reserves ‘Exaggerated by One Third’

by Rowena Mason (Telegraph) The world’s oil reserves have been exaggerated by up to a third, according to Sir David King, the Government’s former chief scientist, who has warned of shortages and price spikes within years. The scientist and researchers from Oxford University argue that official figures are inflated because

March 25, 2010 Read Full Article

Experts Probing Biofuel Impacts

by Philip Brasher (DesMoinesRegister.com)  The National Research Council is digging into the economic and environmental impact of biofuels, but the results of the congressionally mandated study won’t be known until next year. That means the results won’t be known until long after the EPA says it’s going to decide whether

March 23, 2010 Read Full Article

Farm Economy Follows Lead of U.S. Recovery, Says Annual FAPRI Baseline Report to Congress

The livestock sector can lead the agricultural economy to higher net farm income, assuming the farm economy benefits from a recovering general U.S. economy.   That analysis tops a 2010 baseline report prepared by the University of Missouri Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI). The 66-page report was delivered to the

March 23, 2010 Read Full Article

Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels Partnership Focuses on Sustainability

SG Biofuels, a sustainable plant oil company specializing in the development of Jatropha as a low-cost, sustainable source of oil, today announced it has developed the first large-scale Jatropha community-farming initiative in Central America and entered into the first project with the Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels (RSB) to test and

March 23, 2010 Read Full Article

Todd Bodine and Frank Cicci Take Green Racing Commitment to NASCAR

“At almost 80 million strong, the NASCAR fan base can be an incredible force on a real threat that is upon all of us and impacts our future.” — Frank Cicci, Get Green Racing Owner Meet Todd Bodine – Get Green Racing Driver Look for Todd, the 2006 Camping World

March 22, 2010 Read Full Article

Global Renewable Fuels Alliance Calls OPEC Report Self-Serving: Report Confirms Energy Security Risks

The Global Renewable Fuels Alliance responded today to a report produced for the International Energy Forum to be discussed this month at their meeting in Cancun, Mexico. The report, co-written by the former Secretary General of the OPEC oil cartel, criticized biofuels while ignoring the overwhelming evidence on the devastating

March 22, 2010 Read Full Article

International Energy Forum’s Assessment of Biofuels Potential and Limitiations

by Claude Mandil and Adnan Shihab-Eldin  (International Energy Forum) Biofuels production, driven by the potential to contribute to energy security, climate change mitigation and rural development, has experienced rapid growth in recent years. Several countries have initiated policies to support biofuel development, production and use in the transportation sector. However,

March 22, 2010 Read Full Article

Navy’s Energy Reform Initiatives Raise Concerns Among Shipbuilders

by  (National Defense Magazine)  The secretary of the Navy’s announcement last fall of several initiatives to wean the sea service off fossil fuels has generated excitement but also some trepidation among energy researchers and defense contractors. Much of the hope for reducing the Navy’s oil dependency rests on the shoulders

March 18, 2010 Read Full Article

Today in Biofuels Opinion: “If Policymakers Thought This Is a CO2 Sequestration Approach…We Would Be Entirely Screwed.”

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Jack Oswald, CEO, SynGest: “One of the things worth pointing out about most algae approaches, is that they rely on large sources of CO2.  These will come from our existing fossil fuel sources such as coal-fired power plants.  It is critical to remind ourselves that

March 18, 2010 Read Full Article

“Fuel Is Strategic” says Aviation Expert at ITB; Biofuels Are Key to “Thinking out of the Box”

Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Germany, Dr. Jurgen Ringbeck, Senior Partner of Booz & Co said “Fuel is strategic, and there is an argument that can be made that an energy monopoly will be dominating the aviation industry.” Dr. Ringbeck was speaking at ITB, the leading travel trade conference, which

March 18, 2010 Read Full Article

World Wildlife Fund, Novozymes: Industrial Biotechnology on the Way to a Green Economy

…Industrial biotechnology is one such sector. Even though the sector is still in it’s infancy, it globally avoids the creation of 33 million tonnes of CO2 each year through various applications, without taking ethanol use into consideration, whilst globally emitting 2 million tonnes of CO2.   With this report, WWF

March 17, 2010 Read Full Article

Southeast Asia – the Bio-Based Arabia?

by Per Dahlen (Portelet Asia and Biofuels Digest)  “Saudi Arabia is the largest crude oil producer in the world and produces some 11 million barrels per day. Southeast Asia has the potential of producing 14 million barrels per day of renewable biofuels in an environmentally and socially responsible manner,” reports Singapore-based

March 17, 2010 Read Full Article

Florida Woody Biomass Economic Study

In 2008, the Florida Legislature passed legislation requiring the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, in conjunction with the Department of Environmental Protection to conduct an economic impact analysis on the effects of granting financial incentives to energy producers who use woody biomass as fuel, including an analysis of the

March 16, 2010 Read Full Article

Europe Kicks Off the Global Bioenergy Project

At least 20% of the energy needs in Europe can be met by bioenergy from sustainable agriculture without compromising food safety and security. Key sustainability issues such as the use of water and maintenance of biodiversity can be respected. In fact, bioenergy could even bolster food security. These are the

March 16, 2010 Read Full Article

How Food And Water Are Driving a 21st-Century African Land Grab

by John Vidal (The Guardian; The Observer) …The farm manager shows us millions of tomatoes, peppers and other vegetables being grown in 500m rows in computer controlled conditions. Spanish engineers are building the steel structure, Dutch technology minimises water use from two bore-holes and 1,000 women pick and pack 50 tonnes of

March 16, 2010 Read Full Article

University of Minnesota Speaker Says Global Land Use Must Be Considered in Biofuel Debate

by Heather Thorstensen (AgriNews.com)  John Sheehan of the University of Minnesota says the debate on biofuels should shift from food versus fuel to how land is used globally for biofuel production and other purposes. “We need to not look at land use as a biofuels problem, we need to look

March 16, 2010 Read Full Article

Biofuel ‘Worse than Regular Petrol or Diesel’

(ETA) The environmental impact of clearing forests to make way for biofuel crops is such that using fossil fuel in cars is better for the environment than biofuels made from crops such as palm oil. Under the minimum sustainability standard set by the European Commission, biofuel should reduce emissions by

March 2, 2010 Read Full Article

Claims in ActionAid Publication against Biofuels Largely Questionable

(European Bioethanol Fuel Association)  “Meals per Gallons”, a publication against biofuels recently produced by ActionAid, is based largely on unfounded claims, disputed data and one-sided arguments says eBio, the European Bioehtanol Industry Association.  “In particular, the report paints biofuels as the villain responsible for world hunger, in total ignorance of undisputed

March 1, 2010 Read Full Article

Would Things Be Different without RFS1or2? Not Really.

by Robert E. Kozak (Advanced Biofuels USA)  Since the provisions of the RFS were written into the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 without a realistic funding provision, RFS and RFS2 are, as a practical matter, “Sense of the Congress” provisions stating accepted aspirations.   In reality: 1) market

February 25, 2010 Read Full Article

Vilsack: Administration Wants to Expand Biofuels

(DTN Ethanol Center)  President Barack Obama will continue championing biofuels as a job creator, said Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack when he spoke to members of the Governors’ Biofuels Coalition on Monday. Vilsack is hopeful for a positive decision on higher ethanol blends soon. …USDA continues advocating for EPA to

February 24, 2010 Read Full Article

Aviation Biofuels: The Bumpy Road to Scale Production

by Niall O’Keeffe  (FlightGlobal)  Both of the major commercial airframers have joined forces with industry peers to pursue new biofuel research initiatives, reflecting an intensification of concern about future availability of alternative fuels in the quantities required by aviation. In January, Qatar Airways revealed plans to work with Airbus and

February 23, 2010 Read Full Article

Ethanol Industry Rep Appointed to California Panel

by Cindy Zimmerman  (DomesticFuel.com)  At least one ethanol industry representative has been appointed to an expert work group attempting to assess the true carbon footprint of all fuel sources under the California’s proposed Low Carbon Fuel Standard. POET Senior Vice President of Science and Technology Mark Stowers has been appointed

February 23, 2010 Read Full Article

Invasive Biofuel Crops an Overlooked Danger

(Environment News Service)  The risk that biofuel crops will become invasive and outcompete native species is increasing as more advanced biofuel crops are planted, according to new research into this previously neglected but potentially costly problem.  A new report by the nonprofit International Union for the Conservation of Nature, IUCN,

February 22, 2010 Read Full Article

Oil Reserve Uncertainty Creates Biofuel Opportunities In Central Asia

by Oil Price (iStockAnalyst)  …additives and substitutes such as biofuels will play an ever-increasing role by stretching beleaguered production quotas. As market forces and rising prices drive this technology to the forefront, one of the richest potential production areas has been totally overlooked by investors up to now – Central

February 22, 2010 Read Full Article

Eco-Biofuels from the Tropics

Palm oil from South-East Asia, sugarcane from Brazil and sweet sorghum in China are the most sustainable energy crops at present. Maize from the US and wheat in Europe have a much more negative environmental impact. This conclusion was drawn by the Plant Production Systems chair group, after testing nine

February 22, 2010 Read Full Article

Renewable Fuels Association Publishes 2010 Ethanol Industry Outlook

Our industry produced a record 10.6 billion gallons of ethanol in 2009. Efficiency enhancements and innovations in production combined with improved farming techniques allowed us to achieve this record with existing corn acreage and reduced process water.   As we look to the future, the industry faces challenges that can

February 19, 2010 Read Full Article

Aerospace Chief: Industry on Track to Deliver ‘Greener’ Aircraft

(EurActiv.com)  Industry is on track to ensure “carbon-neutral growth” in the aviation sector from 2020, but strengthened European Union support for research and development (R&D) is vital to help manufacturers deliver the green technologies required, François Gayet, secretary-general of the AeroSpace and Defence Industries Association of Europe (ASD), told EurActiv

February 19, 2010 Read Full Article

Biofuels Are Essential to Reducing EU ETS Carbon Costs and Meeting Carbon-Neutral Growth Goals, Says Report

(GreenAirOnline.com)  Although not commercially viable yet, the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) offers a strong financial, as well as environmental, incentive for the adoption of jet biofuels, says a new report by EQ2. Based on industry assumptions of 15% and 30% consumption of biofuels in 2020 and 2030 respectively,

February 18, 2010 Read Full Article

RFS2 a Hot Topic at Conference in Orlando

by Holly Jessen (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  …(S)aid Sarah Dunham of the EPA, the EPA received real data during the comment period that helped shape the rule, including indirect land use change (ILUC). “I can safely say that this is the area where we got more comment than any other.” …The

February 18, 2010 Read Full Article

New Renewable Fuel Standard A Mixed Blessing For Agriculture

by Lisa Hare (Yankton Press & Dakotan)  The Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) recent final ruling on the national Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) was met with mixed responses by farm state politicians and organizational leaders. “This is a good news/bad news announcement for American agriculture producers,” Rep. Adrian Smith (R-Neb.) stated

February 18, 2010 Read Full Article

Daimler Committed to Jatropha Biodiesel

(TheBioenergySite)   Daimler AG has started a new project for the cultivation of the biodiesel raw material jatropha in the south of India and the seedlings for the first 100 hectares have been planted.   The company is supporting several village communities in the state of Tamil Nadu with funds and

February 17, 2010 Read Full Article

EU Biofuels 10% Targets Cause Millions of People to Go Hungry and Increase Food Prices and Landlessness, Says Report

by John Vidal (The Guardian)  EU companies have taken millions of acres of land out of foodproduction in Africa, central America and Asia to grow biofuels for transport, according to development campaigners. The consequences of European biofuel targets, said the report by ActionAid, could be up to 100 million more

February 17, 2010 Read Full Article

Biofuels Back in Vogue

by Gregor Heard (FarmOnline)  THEY’RE back – after being flavour of the month in the middle years of the decade, renewable fuels were knocked out of the water over the past three years, and consigned to the scrap-heap by many.  A combination of rising grain prices, falling oil prices and

February 17, 2010 Read Full Article

Corn and Fuel Groups Weigh In on Ethanol

(New York Times) letters to editor Re “Sensible Rules for Ethanol” (editorial, Feb. 11):     While American corn farmers are pleased the Environmental Protection Agency recognizes that corn ethanol offers significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions compared with gasoline, we disagree strongly with its dependence on — and your support for —

February 17, 2010 Read Full Article

U.S., Europe Going Opposite Way On Biofuels

Jonathan Fahey (Forbes.com)  It is becoming ever more apparent that there is one big squishy variable in the calculations that determine whether biofuels help the planet or help destroy it. That variable is called the indirect land use charge (sic), and the U.S. and Europe are coming up with very

February 17, 2010 Read Full Article

Is Ethanol from Corn Bad for the Climate? The Obama Administration Says No, California Says Yes. Who Is Right?

by Douglas Fischer (Scientific American)  The Obama administration last week gave the green light to corn ethanol as a low-carbon renewable fuel – in apparent contradiction to California’s declaration last summer that the biofuel’s carbon footprint was too big to help the state mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. Regulators and policy

February 17, 2010 Read Full Article

NY Times Applauds EPA Inclusion of ILUC in RFS2

(OPIS)  The New York Times is praising U.S. EPA for including the international indirect land use change (ILUC) calculation in its lifecycle greenhouse gas reduction threshold as part of the finalized expanded renewable fuels standard (RFS2), issued last week. …In response, several ethanol groups vehemently and swiftly defended their industry,

February 16, 2010 Read Full Article

Questions About Biofuels’ Environmental Costs Could Alter Europe’s Policies

by James Kanter(New York Times)…In a memorandum, Jean-Luc Demarty, the top civil servant in the agriculture department at the European Commission, wrote to a colleague in December that “an unguided use of I.L.U.C. would kill biofuels in the E.U.” His words suggest that most of the models in the studies

February 16, 2010 Read Full Article

Indirect Land-Use Changes Can Overcome Carbon Savings from Biofuels in Brazil

David M. Lapola, Ruediger Schaldach, Joseph Alcamo, Alberte Bondeau, Jennifer Koch, Christina Koelking, and Joerg A. Priess (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences)  Abstract:  The planned expansion of biofuel plantations in Brazil could potentially cause both direct and indirect land-use changes (e.g., biofuel plantations replace rangelands, which replace forests).

February 15, 2010 Read Full Article

UC Merced Scientist Honored for Biofuels Research

(Central Valley Business Times)  The mass production of biofuels could be a major step toward eliminating dependence on fossil fuels, but a number of factors have stood in the way, including the argument against using productive agricultural land for fuel instead of food and the cutting of natural forests for

February 15, 2010 Read Full Article

Getting a True Measure on Biofuels: Effects of ‘Indirect’ Land Use Figure in Energy Future

by C. Boyden Gray (Washington Times)  Little noticed outside a small policy community, an issue has quietly arisen in recent years that, while seemingly technical, has the potential to derail the nation’s attempts to address the issues of energy security and the environment. The issue is how or whether to

February 15, 2010 Read Full Article

IEA Bioenergy Task 40 Publishes “2nd Generation Biofuels and Trade”

The study “2nd Generation Biofuels and Trade“ explores the potential supply and demand of 2nd generation biofuels up until 2030, and discusses various impacts on biofuel trade, ranging from cost advantages over shipping capacities and routes to policy impacts. It is an explorative study, highlighting the possible effects of large

February 11, 2010 Read Full Article

Southland Panel Rejects Funds for Ethanol Fueling Stations

by Catherine Saillant (Los Angeles Times)   Members of the Southern California Assn. of Governments reject $11 million in federal stimulus money to set up 55 stations throughout the Southland. They say ethanol causes environmental problems.  A regional panel Thursday turned down nearly $11 million in federal stimulus dollars targeted to

February 11, 2010 Read Full Article

Keeneland Races Ahead on the Green

by Campbell Wood (Business Lexington)   Horse farm managers across the Bluegrass have their eyes on Keeneland’s proposed bio-fuel project. … The problem being what to do daily with tons upon tons of muck, a mixture of about 97 percent straw and three percent horse manure from over 40 Keeneland barns

February 10, 2010 Read Full Article

Battery-Only Cars Make No Sense, But Still Find Investors

by Neil Winton (Detroit News)   It’s a bit like those old Looney Tunes cartoons, when the Road Runner races off a cliff and it takes a little while for gravity to establish its case for the inevitable swift vertical descent. How else can you explain the fact that investors still

February 10, 2010 Read Full Article

Food, Feed, Fiber, Fuel and Fun

by Joanne Ivancic (Advanced Biofuels USA)  I’ve taken to adding “fun” to the quartet sung by many when speaking of the uses served by our crop land and forests:  food, feed, fiber and fuel.  The song began as a duet (food vs. fuel) and moved to a trio when people

February 9, 2010 0 comment Read Full Article

Peterson Comments on Obama Administration Biofuels Announcement

Agriculture Committee Chairman Collin C. Peterson (MN) issued the following statement on Renewable Fuel Standard regulations announced by the Obama Administration today. “Typical of most decisions made in Washington, there is some good and some bad in the Renewable Fuel Standard final rule announced today. I am pleased that ethanol

February 3, 2010 Read Full Article

Obama Announces Steps to Boost Biofuels, Clean Coal, Releases RFS2

President Barack Obama announced a series of steps his Administration is taking as part of its comprehensive strategy to enhance American energy independence while building a foundation for a new clean energy economy, and its promise of new industries and millions of jobs. At a meeting with a bipartisan group

February 3, 2010 Read Full Article

Guild Releases Forest Biomass Policy Statement

Following on the heels of the Forest Guild Membership and Policy Committee’s unanimous approval on November 10, 2009, the professional membership has voted overwhelmingly to approve the Forest Guild Biomass Policy Statement. This statement will represent the Forest Guild policy on a variety of key issues including the promise and

February 2, 2010 Read Full Article

How Many Corn Acres Are Needed In 2010?

by Darrel Good  (University of Illinois and Cattle Network)  …Planting decisions for individual crops in the spring of 2010 will be influenced by a number of factors. These include relative crop prices, prospects for net returns for completing crops, and spring weather conditions. There is some concern that the late

February 2, 2010 Read Full Article

East or West, Home is the Best

by Nidhi Nath Srinivas (The Economic Times)   Indian biodiesel companies always wanted to be players in the global green fuel market. Most are 100% export units. But a near-death experience over the last one year has now made the sector start singing a different tune. The new theme song is

February 1, 2010 Read Full Article

Weizmann Institute scientists show that in one kind of forest, its ‘energy budget’ includes significant reserves of heat

The simple formula we’ve learned in recent years – forests remove the greenhouse gas CO2 from the atmosphere; therefore forests prevent global warming – may not be quite as simple as we thought. Forests can directly absorb and retain heat, and, in at least one type of forest, these effects

January 29, 2010 Read Full Article

Sweet Success for Sustainable Biofuel Research

Scientists have found a way to increase fermentable sugar stores in plants which could lead to plant biomass being easier to convert into eco-friendly sustainable biofuels.  Their research is highlighted in the latest issue of Business, the quarterly highlights magazine of the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC). …To

January 29, 2010 Read Full Article

Algal Biomass Organization Questions Accuracy of University of Virginia Algae Life Cycle Study

The Algal Biomass Organization, challenged the conclusions of a published report in Environmental Science and Technology claiming that “conventional crops have lower environmental impacts than algae in energy use, greenhouse gas emissions and water.”  The report was based upon obsolete data and grossly outdated business models, and overlooked tremendous improvements

January 29, 2010 Read Full Article

How to Create Effective Biofuels Public Policy

by Joanna Schroeder (domesticfuels.com)  One of the biggest challenges for our country lies in the issue of how to create effective public policies that will grow the biofuels industry and reduce our dependence on foreign oil. Dr. Antonio Bento, associate professor in the Applied Economics and Management Program at Cornell

January 25, 2010 Read Full Article

Why Does the Electrification Coalition Want $124 Billion of Your Tax Dollars to Charge Electric Cars?

Robert E. Kozak (Advanced Biofuels USA)  The Electrification Coalition, an industry group composed of Cisco, Pacific Gas and Electric, NRG Energy, Nissan, and various investment bankers among others, wants to spend $124 billion dollars of US taxpayer money to put 1,000,000 electric cars on the road by 2018. That’s $124,000

January 24, 2010 Read Full Article

Wildlife Report Picks and Chooses Data

by Cindy Zimmerman (DomesticFuel.com)   The Renewable Fuels Association (RFA) has analyzed a new report out from the National Wildlife Federation on “Corn Ethanol and Wildlife” and found it lacking in accuracy. … The RFA analysis concludes that “selective and questionable use of data, unclear research methods, and emotional arguments cast

January 22, 2010 Read Full Article

Corn Crowds Out Wildlife in Prairie Pothole Region

(National Wildlife Federation)  A new report shows how government incentives for corn ethanol are driving farmers to shift land into corn production, resulting in significant decreases in grassland bird populations throughout the fragile Prairie Pothole Region. The study analyzes the current and potential impacts of increased corn ethanol production on

January 22, 2010 Read Full Article

Crop Residue – A Valuable Resource

by Don Hofstrand (Agricultural Marketing Resource Center)  Crop residue, traditionally considered as “trash” or agricultural waste, is increasingly being viewed as a valuable resource.  Corn stalks, corn cobs, wheat straw and other leftovers from grain production are now being viewed as a resource with economic value.  If the current trend

January 22, 2010 Read Full Article

Food, Fertilizer and Biofuel All in One Place

by Michael Kannellos (GreenTechMedia)  Take marginal land, fish waste and a plant that’s not currently cultivated for human purposes and what do you get? Hopefully jet fuel. The Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, Honeywell UOP, Boeing and Ethiad Airways announced a project on the eve of the World Future

January 22, 2010 Read Full Article

Biofuels Could Create Jobs, Reduce Pollution in Chesapeake Bay Region, Report Finds

Homegrown energy could reduce millions of pounds of nutrients from entering the Chesapeake Bay’s streams, creeks and rivers and create more than 18,000 jobs in the region, according to a new report released by the Chesapeake Bay Commission and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Chesapeake Biofuel Policies: Balancing Energy, Economy and

January 22, 2010 Read Full Article

Washington College Maryland Tests Biofuel Heating Oil

Washington College teamed up with Tri Gas & Oil Company out of Federalsburg, MD, and New Generation Biofuels from Columbia, MD, to test NGB’s biofuel in one of the College’s boilers. The College uses approximately 100,000 gallons of #2 heating oil (diesel fuel) in one of its boilers per year,

January 22, 2010 Read Full Article

Engineers Find Significant Environmental Impacts with Algae-Based Biofuel, Offer Alternative to Production

(Newswise)  With many companies investing heavily in algae-based biofuels, researchers from the University of Virginia’s Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering have found there are significant environmental hurdles to overcome before fuel production ramps up. They propose using wastewater as a solution to some of these challenges. …The U.Va. research,

January 22, 2010 Read Full Article

“Bioenergy for Sustainable Development in Africa” Lessons Learned from COMPETE, Brussels, 24-25 November 2009

(Pangea Quarterly Newsletter)  … In 2009, PANGEA staff spent a great deal of time looking at the food vs. fuel controversy and working to find ways to re-frame the discussion into one of food and fuel co-production. The year ahead will see us continuing to focus on the food and

January 21, 2010 Read Full Article

Great Plains Doubling Camelina Acreage in 2010 as Aviation Biofuels Darling Gains Traction

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Camelina has been much in the news of late, as a biofuels feedstock of strong promise, because of its position as one of the few “sustainable, affordable, reliable, available” feedstocks suitable for aviation biofuels. Two major camelina developers – Great Plains and Sustainable Oils – have

January 21, 2010 Read Full Article

Major Study into the Feasibility of a Jet Biofuel Refinery at Stockholm-Arlanda Provides Encouragement

(GreenAirOnline.com) A major study to investigate the technical and financial feasibility of a biorefinery plant to supply Stockholm’s Arlanda Airport with 50,000 tonnes of jet biofuel per year has been completed. The project was initiated and part-financed by LFV, which operates Sweden’s airports and air navigation service, and has substantial

January 20, 2010 Read Full Article

Next Generation Biofuels: The Big Picture

by Will Thurmond (Biofuels Digest)  As industry and governments enter a new decade and contemplate the outcome of the December, 2009 Copenhagen treaty, the ‘big picture’ on biofuels continues to get lost in the rhetoric of sustainability in Brussels and Washington.  The European Union and the United States are the

January 20, 2010 Read Full Article

Navy Pact to Aid in Development of Biofuels

by Phillip Ewing (Navy Times)  … Navy scientists will be able to use the Department of Agriculture’s knowledge of corn, algae and other biofuels to help develop the alternatives the fleet needs if it is to meet (Navy Secretary Ray) Mabus’ goals. Although chemists already are producing synthetic fuels that

January 18, 2010 Read Full Article

Is the Airborne Fraction of Anthropogenic CO2 Emissions Increasing?

by Wolfgang Knorr, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK  (Geophysical Research Letters)    Several recent studies have highlighted the possibility that the oceans and terrestrial ecosystems have started loosing part of their ability to sequester a large proportion of the anthropogenic CO2 emissions. This is an important claim,

January 18, 2010 Read Full Article

Algae Emerges as DOE Feedstock of Choice for Biofuel 2.0

by Amy Westervelt (Solve Climate)  There was a sense of deja vu in the biofuels sector this week when U.S. Energy Secretary Chu announced nearly $80 million in funding for research and development of algae-based fuels. The dream of turning pond scum into diesel began with a similar flood of

January 18, 2010 Read Full Article

BIO Comments on Preliminary Draft Regulation for the California Cap-and-Trade Program

Comments by Brent Erickson, Executive Vice President, Industrial and Environmental Section of the Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO) to the California Environmental Protection Agency and Air Resources Board (January 11, 2010):  … The essence of the cap-and-trade program is the establishment of an aggregate cap on GHG emissions from all covered

January 18, 2010 Read Full Article

FPInnovations and CRIBE Create a Cooperative Partnership to Develop the Forest Bio‐Economy in Ontario

… “The Government of Ontario has recognized the need to move the Province to the forefront of the commercialization of chemicals, fuels, fibres and energy that can be produced from forests,” added Lorne Morrow, Chief Executive Officer for CRIBE. “There is a significant opportunity to move products derived from the

January 11, 2010 Read Full Article

Penn State Researcher Studying Ways to Handle Huge Quantities of Biomass

As scientists scramble to develop ways to generate enormous amounts of energy from cleaner-burning, renewable fuels to replace coal and oil, promising agricultural crops such as switchgrass have made headlines. But selecting the plants from which to make energy is just part of the challenge. Systems to handle huge volumes

January 11, 2010 Read Full Article

Qatar National Entities And Airbus Announce Major Environmental Initiative

Qatar Airways, Qatar Science & Technology Park (QSTP) and Qatar Petroleum (QP) announced today that they will jointly carry out engineering, economic analysis and move into the development of sustainable bio jet fuel that will also look into ways for production and supply, with the support of Airbus. The ground-breaking

January 11, 2010 Read Full Article

Developing the Feedstock for Biofuels Supply

by Bill Belden (Prairie Lands Bio-Products, Inc.) This presentation at the 4th Cellulosic Ethanol Summit describes developing a sustainable “fuel,” i.e., “feedstock” supply for biofuels and biomass-to-energy projects.   Prairie Lands Bio-Products, Inc. is a not-for-profit organization with a current membership of close to 60 switchgrass growers.  The presentation focuses on knowledge

January 9, 2010 Read Full Article

International Organization for Standardization to Develop Bioenegy Sustainability Standards

ISO will develop an International Standard to address sustainability issues linked to bioenergy. The standard will be produced by a new ISO project committee, ISO/PC 248, Sustainability criteria for bioenergy. ISO/PC 248 will bring together international expertise and state-of-the-art best practice to discuss the social, economic and environmental aspects of

January 8, 2010 Read Full Article

The Brazilian Connection: As Renewable Jet Fuel Gains Traction, Brazil’s Sugarcane Is More Popular Than Ever

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … The search for cheap sugars … affects almost every company working on the ethanol platform (really, everyone there except the gasification technologies such as Coskata). It also impacts those like LS9, Amyris and Virent that use “magic bugs” or catalytic reforming to transform sugars into renewable

January 8, 2010 Read Full Article

Firm Plans N300bn Investment in Bio-Kerosene Production

by Emeka Ezekiel (The Punch)  Cassava Agro Industries Services Limited has concluded plans to invest N300bn in the development of a new technology that will produce kerosene for domestic use from local cassava.  Chairman of Pan African Cassava Initiative and Managing Director of the company, Mr. Boma Anga, …said that

January 8, 2010 Read Full Article

China’s 1st Non-Grain Ethanol Project Goes into Operation

(China Knowledge)  China National Cereals, Oils and Foodstuffs Corp or COFCO Group, China’s largest food processing, manufacturer and trader, put China’s first non-grain ethanol project into operation in Beihai, Guangxi Province at the end of last year, sources reported. Ethanol will be produced from a plant called cassava. Beihai has

January 8, 2010 Read Full Article

The Energetics of Ethanol: An Introduction and Link to Studies

(New Rules Project)  Does it take more energy to make ethanol than is contained in ethanol?  That question continues to haunt the ethanol industry even after nearly 30 years of expanding production.  Over the years more than 20 scientific studies have examined the question.  This document contains links to the

January 6, 2010 Read Full Article

Paying More for Flights Eases Guilt, Not Emissions

by Elizabeth Rosenthal (New York Times)  In 2002 Responsible Travel became one of the first travel companies to offer customers the option of buying so-called carbon offsets to counter the planet-warming emissions generated by their airline flights.  But last month Responsible Travel canceled the program, saying that while it might

January 4, 2010 Read Full Article

Governors of 11 Northeast and Mid-Atlantic States Agree to Work Together Toward Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Fuels

Governors of 11 Northeast and Mid-Atlantic states today took the next step toward developing a regional Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) by signing a Memorandum of Understanding that commits their states to continued participation in a regional effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from fuels for vehicles and other uses. A LCFS

January 3, 2010 Read Full Article

China’s Low Tariff Opens Door for Ethanol Imports

(Reuters) China has agreed to lower the tariff on imports of ethanol to 5 percent from the previous 30 percent, which traders said could open the door for imports of fuel ethanol from countries like Brazil. …Brazil, the world’s largest ethanol exporter, has been pushing China to import Brazilian-made fuel ethanol

January 2, 2010 Read Full Article

Scum of Earth Will save Us before ETS Does

by Mark Coulton (The Australian)  … Carbon neutrality may be achievable without resorting to a hefty new tax if the government employed a skerrick of the initiative and ingenuity shown by the team at Townsville’s James Cook University.  … This year I visited the university’s 5000sq m algae farm and

January 2, 2010 Read Full Article

The Hidden Cost of Electric Vehicles

(Environmental Leader)  Although electric vehicles show higher non-climate damages than many other technologies, they will not be significantly cleaner than cars powered by fossil fuels until they rely less on electricity produced from coal-fired power plants, according to new research from the National Research Council, reports Reuters. Despite the finding,

December 29, 2009 Read Full Article

Ethanol Groups Sue California Over Low-Carbon Rule

by Stephen Power  (Wall Street Journal)  Two groups representing ethanol producers asked a federal court on Thursday to strike down a California rule that calls for a reduction in the carbon content of fuels sold in that state, saying the measure violates the Constitution and jeopardizes the nationwide market for

December 29, 2009 Read Full Article

Major Report Released at “Bioenergy Australia 2009”

(EnvironmentalExpert.com)  Australia’s bioenergy industry – which uses biomass for heat, power (bioelectricity) and liquid fuels (biofuels) – is relatively small. However, in the future it has very significant growth potential, driven by the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to secure future fuel supply. During the conference, the Rural

December 29, 2009 Read Full Article

Environmental and Regulatory Sustainability of Genetically Engineered Bioenergy Feedstocks: Switchgrass

by C. Neal Stewart, Jr. (Sun Grant Initiative)  This presentation reviews the benefits and challenges of using switchgrass as a biofuels feedstock.  It includes good graphs of cell wall structures, maps of biomass crop potential in the US and discussions of technical as well as social/political issues.  READ MORE  

December 29, 2009 Read Full Article

Biofuels and Indirect Land Use Change Effects: the Debate Continues

by John A. Mathews and Hao Tan, (Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia) While debate on biofuels and bioenergy generally has sparked controversy over claimed greenhouse gas emissions benefits available with a switch to biomass, these claims have generally not taken into account indirect land use changes. Carbon emissions from land that is

December 28, 2009 Read Full Article

UK’s Renewable Fuels Agency Report on Biofuels Use 2008-9

To encourage suppliers to source sustainable biofuels, the RFA requires fuel suppliers claiming Renewable Transport Fuel Certificates to submit monthly reports on the lifecycle greenhouse gas (GHG) saving and the sustainability of the biofuels they supply. Reporting is also seen by the Government as an essential ‘stepping stone’ towards a

December 28, 2009 Read Full Article

The Ethics of Biofuels

by Joseph Milton  (Financial Times)  … The prospect of a second generation of biofuels, derived from waste materials rather than food crops or palm oil, has recently been raised. It is this new generation which the consultation by the Nuffield Council on Bioethics aims to explore. Second generation biofuel production

December 28, 2009 Read Full Article

Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods in Tanzania

by Emmanuel Sulle and Fred Nelson  (Tanzania Natural Resource Forum’s Forestry Working Group and the International Institute for Environment and Development)  In recent years, biofuels have rapidly emerged as a major issue for agricultural development, energy policy, and natural resource management. Growing demand for biofuels is being driven by recent

December 28, 2009 Read Full Article

Brazil Warns EU on Biofuel Sustainability

(EurActiv)  EU rules for calculating indirect land-use changes caused by biofuel production would not be legitimate without an internationally-accepted methodology, a group of developing countries has told the European Commission.  The warning was sent to Energy Commissioner Andris Piebalgs on 15 December, questioning the EU executive’s quest for a methodology

December 28, 2009 Read Full Article

Audi Exec: Obama’s Love for Electric Vehicles Premature

by David Shepardson (Detroit News)  Audi’s top U.S. executive said here Monday that political leaders have “fallen in love” with electric vehicles even though widespread use may be two decades away.   At a speech at the National Press Club, Audi of America President Johan de Nysschen reiterated his belief that

December 15, 2009 Read Full Article

International Technology Action Plan on Bioenergy Released

Bioenergy includes any kind of chemical energy accumulated through photosynthetic processes in organic plant matter (i.e., biomass). Example sources of bioenergy include dedicated energy crops (short rotation wood, perennial grasses), agricultural and forestry products and wastes, biogas resulting from the anaerobic decomposition of organic waste and other farming waste, charcoal,

December 15, 2009 Read Full Article

US Dept. of Energy Secretary Chu Announces Climate REDI

Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced the launch of a new initiative to promote clean energy technologies in developing countries.  Secretary Chu also welcomed progress under the Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate (MEF) and invited his counterparts in MEF and other countries to a first-ever Clean Energy Ministerial next

December 15, 2009 Read Full Article

Market Interactions, Farmers’ Choices, and the Sustainability of Growing Advanced Biofuels: a Missing Perspective?

by Yong Jiang  and Scott M. Swinton  (International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology)  Advanced biofuels such as cellulosic ethanol are of great interest in the USA. With agriculture being the major source of feedstock for advanced biofuels, how farmers would respond to markets and policy incentives in providing such

December 11, 2009 Read Full Article

What Motivates Farmers to Participate in Sustainable Agriculture? Evidence and Policy Implications

by Yan Ma, et al.  (International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology)  Sustained growth in agricultural productivity has become an ideal model and a political goal of agricultural development in China. Local participation is essential for the implementation of sustainable agriculture strategy. We conducted a case study in Hailun

December 11, 2009 Read Full Article

Study: Global Biofuels Reduce GHGs by 123.5 Million Tonnes

Just in time for the critical climate talks now underway in Copenhagen, new data once again confirms the significant greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions from global biofuels production. Prepared by (S&T)2 Consultants Inc., an internationally recognized energy and environmental consulting firm, the report demonstrates that world biofuels production in 2009 has

December 11, 2009 Read Full Article

Valero & Mission NewEnergy Execute US$3.5 billion Biofuels Offtake Agreement

Mission NewEnergy Limited (“Mission”) a biodiesel refiner and one of the world’s largest Jatropha plantation companies by acreage announced that it has entered into a binding five-year biodiesel Supply Agreement with Valero Marketing and Supply Company, a subsidiary of Valero Energy Corporation (“Valero”), a fortune 500 hundred company and the

December 11, 2009 Read Full Article

Pawlenty Touts Ethanol on Trade Mission to South America

by Jon Vomhof (Minneapolis/St. Paul Business Journal)  … “Ethanol, I think, is going to be a global commodity in the not too distant future, and as that future unfolds, it’s in everyone’s best interest to have some common standards around what is the common definition of ethanol like we have

December 11, 2009 Read Full Article

FINLAND: Biodiesel Breakthrough or Environmental Nightmare?

by Linus Atarah (IPS)  As Finnish energy major Neste Oil scales up production of its ‘green’ diesel NExBTL, environmental activists fear that more land will go under palm oil plantations at the expense of Southeast Asia’s threatened rainforests. Palm oil is the main feedstock that goes into the production of

December 10, 2009 Read Full Article

VIDEO: Brazilian Government Tackling Climate Change in Brazil

The Brazilian National Plan on Climate Change, launched in December 2008, comprises a set of over one hundred actions and programs to reduce carbon emissions across different sectors of the Brazilian economy.  The two main tactics emphasized in the plan — measures to tackle deforestation and promote the use of

December 9, 2009 Read Full Article

UN Seen Backing Biofuels in Carbon Mechanism

(Economic Times, Reuters)  A United Nations panel has approved the inclusion of biofuels in a global scheme to reduce cargon emissions, a move that should boost investments in such projects, a Brazilian government official said on Friday. “The United Nations has just approved liquid biofuels methodology as a basis for

December 9, 2009 Read Full Article

World’s Largest Wheat-Based Biofuel Refinery Opens on Teeside

by Tom Young (Business Green)  The world’s biggest refinery for making biofuels from wheat was unveiled at Wilton on Teeside yesterday, as the company behind the giant facility confirmed production will begin before Christmas.  The £250m Ensus plant will turn wheat into transport fuel, animal feed and usable carbon dioxide

December 9, 2009 Read Full Article

Uganda to Extract Biodiesel from ‘Wonder Plant’ Jatropha

by Halima Abdallah  (East African)   The National Forestry Research Institute has embarked on a project to test the viability of biodiesel from jatropha, a drought resistant crop. According to a senior researcher at the institute, Dr Peter Kiwuso, they planted jatropha three months ago, and from it they will find

December 7, 2009 Read Full Article

Global Biodiesel Demand to Double in 5 Years

by Susanne Retka Schill (Biodiesel Magazine)   The driver for biofuels usage is not limited to the United States and Europe, but is also growing in the Asia-Pacific and Latin American regions, according to Tammy Klein, executive director of global biofuels services for Hart Energy Consulting. She spoke about the global

December 4, 2009 Read Full Article

We Are Green: “Always Clean 110″ Project Is an Example of a Growing Trend in Biofuels: “Symbiosis” Project Produce Biodiesel, Using Recovered Methanol, Cooking Oil

by  (Biofuels Digest)  …Here is an under funded grad student (with a mechanical engineering degree from Northern Illinois University) who, while working part time, put together a system that will produce bio-diesel fuel from basic waste by-products found on campus, waste that would normally have to be disposed of at

December 4, 2009 Read Full Article

Inter-American Development Bank Publishes Biofuels Sustainability Scorecard

The Sustainable Energy and Climate Change Initiative (SECCI) and the Structured and Corporate Finance Department (SCF) of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) have created the IDB Biofuels Sustainability Scorecard based on the sustainability criteria of the Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels (RSB). The primary objective of the Scorecard is to encourage

December 4, 2009 Read Full Article

Jatropha Takes Root in Brazil

by Robert P. Walzer (New York Times)  A Brazilian start-up is testing the possibility of implementing a large-scale biofuels project using jatropha, a family of hardy, succulent plants. The company, BioVentures Brasil, is getting $1 million from the InterAmerican Development Bank for a pilot project on about seven hectares (17

December 4, 2009 Read Full Article

GAO: Energy-Water Nexus: Many Uncertainties Remain about National and Regional Effects of Increased Biofuel Production on Water Resources

The extent to which increased biofuels production will affect the nation’s water resources depends on the type of feedstock selected and how and where it is grown.  … (N)ext generation feedstocks have not yet been grown on a commercial scale and therefore their actual effects on water resources are not

December 4, 2009 Read Full Article

School Club’s Biodiesel Project Going Global

by Joel Hood (Chicago Tribune)  Some time ago, Brian Sievers picked up a crazy notion that one simple idea might just change the world. So for the last two school years, the popular science teacher at Thornridge High School in Dolton has been putting that theory to the test. First

December 3, 2009 Read Full Article

Purdue to Lead Second-Generation Biofuels Impact Analysis

by Kris Bevill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Purdue University has been awarded a $933,000 USDA grant to conduct analysis of the global impacts of second-generation biofuels. According to Tom Hertel, ag economics professor at Purdue University and project co-investigator, the team’s research will be a continuation of previous work conducted policy

December 3, 2009 Read Full Article

Canadian Biofuel Cuts Emissions Sharply: Report

by Rod Nickel  (Reuters)  Canadian ethanol emits 62 percent less greenhouse gas than conventional fuel, taking into consideration all stages of the fuel’s production from planting a crop to burning the fuel, a new report prepared for Canada’s biofuel industry said.  The results rebut a key argument against producing biofuels,

December 3, 2009 Read Full Article

Biofuels: Growing toward Sustainability

by Bryan M. Jenkins, Chris Somerville, James J. Stapleton  (California Agriculture)  Biofuels — fuels derived from plant materials and other kinds of biomass — have ridden a rollercoaster of public debate. When Hurricane Katrina wreaked havoc on U.S. energy supplies in 2005, biofuels came into prominence as a homegrown alternative

December 3, 2009 Read Full Article

Can Feedstock Production for Biofuels Be Sustainable in California?

by Stephen R. Kaffka (California Agriculture)   The use of crops and crop residues as feedstocks for biofuels increases domestic and global supplies, creates new industries, and may result in reduced greenhouse-gas emissions. Uncertainty about the best crop and residue sources, technologies for manufacture, future public policy, and the global supply

December 3, 2009 Read Full Article

Model Estimates Food-Versus-Biofuel Trade-Off

by Deepak Rajagopal, Steven Sexton, Gal Hochman, David Roland-Holst, David Zilberman (California Agriculture)  Biofuels have been criticized for raising food prices and reducing food production. While biofuels have rightly been blamed for contributing to reduced food security at a time of record-high food prices in 2008, they have not been

December 3, 2009 Read Full Article

Biofuel Policy Must Evaluate Environmental, Food Security and Energy Goals to Maximize Net Benefits

by Steven Sexton, Deepak Rajagopal, Gal Hochman, David Zilberman, David Roland-Holst (California Agriculture) The biofuel industry has received billions of dollars in support from governments around the world, as political leaders respond to new environmental and energy-security imperatives. However, a growing body of research highlights nontrivial costs associated with biofuel

December 3, 2009 0 comment Read Full Article

Cellulosic Biomass Could Help Meet California’s Transportation Fuel Needs

by Charles E. Wyman, Bin Yang   (California Agriculture)  Cellulosic biomass, which includes agricultural and forestry residues and woody and herbaceous plants, is the only low-cost resource that can support the sustainable production of liquid fuels on a large enough scale to significantly address our transportation energy needs. The biological conversion

December 3, 2009 Read Full Article

Sustainable Use of California Biomass Resources Can Help Meet State and National Bioenergy Targets

by Bryan M. Jenkins, Robert B. Williams, Nathan Parker, Peter Tittmann, Quinn Hart, Martha C. Gildart, Steve Kaffka, Bruce R. Hartsough, Peter Dempster (California Agrigulture)  Biomass constitutes a major renewable energy resource for California, with more than 30 million tons per year of in-state production estimated to be available on

December 2, 2009 Read Full Article

Speech by Philip New, CEO, BP Biofuels at F.O. Lichts World Ethanol 2009 Conference, Paris, 3 November 2009

…I’m here to talk about the role of advanced biofuels and why at BP we believe we need to get them into the market sooner.  We believe this is necessary if biofuels are to fulfil their potential. Biofuels have a great future in the long term – but only if

November 30, 2009 Read Full Article

ICAO Conference on Alternative Fuels Endorses Global Framework on Development and Implementation

(GreenAirOnline)  A conference held by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) concluded last week in Rio de Janeiro with the formation of the Global Framework on Aviation and Alternative Fuels (GFAAF). It will take the form of a continually updated document on the ICAO website that will share information, best

November 30, 2009 0 comment Read Full Article

Post Carbon Institute Publishes Report on Need to Decrease Energy Use, Population

… The scale of denial is breathtaking. For as Heinberg’s analysis makes depressingly clear, there will be NO combination of alternative energy solutions that might enable the long term continuation of economic growth, or of industrial societies in their present form and scale. Ultimately the solutions we desperately seek will

November 22, 2009 Read Full Article

Environmental Warning over Electric Cars

by Kevin Clark  (Sunderland Echo)  The move to electric vehicles being spearheaded on Wearside could lead to a rise in greenhouses gases, claims a new report.   The Environmental Transport Association (ETA), which campaigns for sustainable transport, says a move to zero-emission vehicles has to be matched with changes to the

November 22, 2009 Read Full Article

Higher US Farm Productivity Will Meet Rising Ethanol Demand

(FarmOnline, Australia)  Higher productivity per acre among those US farmers providing feedstock for ethanol will meet the increased demand for petrol-ethanol blends this year.   Those familiar with the US agriculture sector’s long history of productivity and efficiency have maintained that increased demand for grain can be readily met through increases

November 22, 2009 Read Full Article

IEA World Energy Report Calls for Switch to Low Carbon Energy: Growing Biofuels Production Will Play a Role in Reducing GHG Emissions

(Marketwire) The International Energy Agency (IEA) released its 2009 World Energy Outlook, which confirms the growing need for low carbon biofuels to increase global energy security and reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) relative to petroleum. The extensive annual report was unequivocal with respect to the need for a rapid transition

November 13, 2009 Read Full Article

Deforestation and Exploitation in Papua’s Plantations Boom

(Environmental Investigation Agency)  Field investigations by the Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) and Telapak reveal that ill-prepared indigenous Papuan communities are being enticed, tricked and sometimes coerced into releasing large swathes of forested land to powerful conglomerates, backed by overseas investors and facilitated by the central and provincial governments. Management of

November 11, 2009 Read Full Article

United Nations Environment Programme Bioenergy Issue Paper Series

As bioenergy policies are increasingly being adopted by governments, it is important for decision makers to have the most up to date information on the science and debate surrounding modern bioenergy. UNEP is responding to this need by hosting a series of issue papers designed to provide an overview of

November 11, 2009 Read Full Article

Natural Resources Defense Council Publishes “The Promise of Algal Biofuels”

The algae biofuels industry is comprised of many pathways to produce fuels from algae and is developing rapidly, with most companies operating in “stealth” mode. This makes measuring progress toward the promise of algae extremely difficult. Given the thousands of different algal strains, multitude of cultivation and harvest methods, wide

November 11, 2009 Read Full Article

Minister Ryan Announces New Biofuels Obligation for Irish Fuel Industry

From July of next year, fuel suppliers in Ireland will have to include an average of 4% biofuels (fuels derived from sustainable sources) in their annual fuel sales. The Obligation will be on the companies in question and at no cost to the taxpayer.  The biofuels used must produce 35% less

November 10, 2009 Read Full Article

CO2 from Forest Destruction Overestimated – Study

by David Adam  (Guardian)  The carbon dioxide emissions caused by the destruction of tropical forests have been significantly overestimated, according to a new study. The work could undermine attempts to pay poor countries to protect forests as a cost-effective way to tackle global warming. The loss of forests in countries

November 10, 2009 Read Full Article

Green Is Cool, But U.S. Land Changes Generally Are Not

Most land-use changes occurring in the continental United States reduce vegetative cover and raise regional surface temperatures, says a new study by scientists at the University of Maryland, Purdue University, and the University of Colorado in Boulder. The study, which will appear in the Royal Meteorological Society’s International Journal of

November 6, 2009 Read Full Article

Brazil Raises Cane over U.S. Ethanol Tariff

by Chris Kraul (LA Times)  Who could resent the attention being showered on electric cars? Stylish and clean, they’re the darling of the renewable-energy crowd, which is hailing the scheduled rollout of several e-powered models next year as a major blow against global warming. Well, Eduardo Leao, for one. He’s executive

November 6, 2009 Read Full Article

Impact of Biofuel Crop Production on the Formation of Hypoxia in the Gulf of Mexico

by Christine Costello, et al.  (Environmental Science and Technology)   Many studies have compared corn-based ethanol to cellulosic ethanol on a per unit basis and have generally concluded that cellulosic ethanol will result in fewer environmental consequences, including nitrate (NO3−) output. This study takes a system-wide approach in considering the NO3− output

November 5, 2009 Read Full Article

U.N. Panel Report Confirms Potential for Significant GHG Reductions from Biofuels

The Global Renewable Fuels Alliance (GRFA) today responded to a report on biofuels produced by the United Nation’s International Panel for Sustainable Resource Management.  The report, “Towards Sustainable Production and Use of Resources: Assessing Biofuels”, asserts that more research and development is needed to assess the life-cycle impacts and benefits

November 4, 2009 Read Full Article

Senator Charles Grassley Speaks Out Against Inappropriate Use of International Indirect Land Use Change Analysis

Prepared Floor Statement of Senator Chuck Grassley:    Biofuels and the Environmental Protection Agency     Thursday, October 29, 2009 …  The first issue I’m speaking about relates to the EPA’s proposal to penalize biofuels for greenhouse gas emissions from supposed changes in international land use. I know President Obama is aware of

October 30, 2009 Read Full Article

Low Carbon Future Needs Low Carbon Fuel

(Novozymes)  … “The article in Science overlooks one important fact: Biofuels recycle atmospheric carbon while fossil fuels release carbon that has been stored underground for millions of years. In the transport sector, biofuels are the only viable alternative to fossil fuels on the short and medium term. Advanced biofuels made

October 28, 2009 Read Full Article

Use of Forests as Carbon Offsets Fails to Impress In First Big Trial

by Juliet Eliperin (Washington Post)  More than a decade ago in the northeast corner of Bolivia, a group of polluters and environmentalists joined forces in the first large-scale experiment to curb climate change with a strategy that promised to suit their competing interests: compensating for greenhouse gas emissions by preserving

October 28, 2009 Read Full Article

Indirect Emissions from Biofuels: How Important?

by Jerry M. Melillo, et al. (Science Express)  A global biofuels program will lead to intense pressures on land supply and can increase greenhouse gas emissions from land-use changes. Using linked economic and terrestrial biogeochemistry models, we examine direct and indirect effects of possible land-use changes from an expanded global

October 27, 2009 Read Full Article

Why Sustainability Standards for Biofuel Production Make Little Economic Sense

by Harry deGorter and David R. Just (Policy Analysis, Cato Institute) The federal “sustainability standard” requires ethanol to emit at least 20 percent less carbon dioxide (CO2) than gasoline. Recent rulings by California and the Environmental Protection Agency, however, have cast doubt on the methodology of the sustainability calculus and whether

October 25, 2009 Read Full Article

Is Garbage The Solution To Tackling Climate Change?

(Science Daily)  Converting the rubbish that fills the world’s landfills into biofuel may be the answer to both the growing energy crisis and to tackling carbon emissions, claim scientists in Singapore and Switzerland. New research published in Global Change Biology: Bioenergy, reveals how replacing gasoline with biofuel from processed waste

October 24, 2009 Read Full Article

Biodiesel Returns More Energy To The Earth Than Ever, Study Finds

(Reuters)  Biodiesel is better than ever at harnessing the power of the sun and turning it into fuel.  In fact, a study shows the fuel is returning more than four times the energy that it takes to make biodiesel.  Newly published research from the University of Idaho and U.S. Department

October 24, 2009 Read Full Article

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Cellulosic Tax Credit cellulosic waiver credit cement Central African Republic Central America Certificate Program certification certification fuels cesium cetane Chad change in soil condition charging stations Chesapeake Bay chicken feathers chickens Chile China chitin CIA circular economy citrus citrus greening disease Citrus Peel Clean Air Act (CAA) clean diesel Clean Power Plan (CPP) Clean Water Act climate change Climate Change Adaptation climate change effects climate change mitigation climate legislation climate smart agriculture closed-loop system Clostridium thermocellum cloud point clover CNG Conversion kit co co-generation co-location co-operative Co-op Extension co-processing co-products CO2 Sequestration coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) coastal habitat conservation coastal hay Coast Guard cobalt cock's foot cocoa Coconut coffee coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold-tolerance cold flow college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG / R-CNG) compression-ignition engine compression ratios computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology cooking fuel cook stoves cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 copper coppice cordgrass corn-based products corn/maize corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmet cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crimes Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cup plant currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs dairy waste dandelion DARPA date palm date palm pits Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization Delaware DeltaWing demonstration 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drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dual cropping Dubai duckweed E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E2 E3 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 price E12 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E40 E50 E55 E78 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecuador ED95 education educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric grid electricity electricity/power generation electricity price electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) end user Energy Bill energy cane energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) enzymatic conversion enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) externalities extremophiles f F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose flameleaf sumac flavors flax Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) French fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel additives fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal Germany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green chemistry green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing GREET model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guinea Gulf states Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawaii hazardous waste HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) HFS-SIP hibiscus High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project Highway Bill highway funds highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horse bedding horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrids hydrocarbon fuels hydrofaction Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogenolysis hydrogen pumps hydropower hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal liquefaction hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indiana Indian beech tree Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indone Indonesia industrial ethanol industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insurance integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map internal combustion engine International international balance of payments International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) 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(LCA) lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars Lipid liquefaction liquid liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M3 M15 M50 M100 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Biofuel marine algae Marine Corps Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methanol price Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbe microbes microbiology microorganizms microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum Monaco mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol nahar Namibia nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Lab National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Transportation Safety Board Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Northwest Territories Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds NTSB nuclear Nunavut nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol off-take agreements Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins olive cake olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin pellets 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flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance protectionism protein protests public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest RAND rare earth metal RD20 RD30 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED and RED II) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK sales Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale gas shale oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smokestack soap social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar-to-fuels solar biofuels solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solid oxide fuel cell Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South 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Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils Velocys Venezuela Vermont video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volunteers waiver Wales warranty 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