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Carbon Capture/Storage

Corn Ethanol Boom in Brazil

by Katie Schroeder (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The world’s second-largest corn producer, Brazil is continuing to see a rise in grain ethanol production and new plant construction. U.S. ethanol producers may gain some insight about how biomass power can be used to bring down carbon intensity. … The Brazilian ethanol industry

May 23, 2022 Read Full Article

1 Billion Gallons Per Year by 2030: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Gevo Carbohydrates to SAF

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) In addition to new hot technologies, Gevo has a goal of 1 billion gallons per year of capacity or more by 2030. How can they achieve this? What is the status with Net-Zero 1 and its expected operation in 2025? What are the feedstocks?

May 23, 2022 Read Full Article

USDA Reports Strong Interest for Climate-Smart Commodities Funds DEADLINE Extended: June 10, 2022

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The USDA on May 10 announced it received more than 450 proposals for large-scale projects under its new Partnerships for Climate-Smart Commodities program. The agency is accepting proposals for smaller-scale projects through June 10. The USDA first announced plans for the initiative in September 2021. The newly

May 19, 2022 Read Full Article

Biden Administration Launches $3.5 Billion Program to Capture Carbon Pollution from the Air

(U.S. Department of Energy)  DOE Announces Bipartisan Infrastructure Law Effort to Establish Regional Direct Air Capture Hubs for Large-Scale CO2 Removal  — The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today released a Notice of Intent (NOI) to fund the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law’s $3.5 billion program to capture and store carbon dioxide (CO2)

May 19, 2022 Read Full Article

Tallgrass to Capture and Sequester CO2 Emissions from ADM Complex

(Tallgrass/Carbon Capture Magazine) Tallgrass announced it has entered into an agreement with ADM that would pave the way for Tallgrass to capture carbon dioxide (CO2) from ADM’s corn-processing complex in Columbus, Neb., and transport it to Tallgrass’ Eastern Wyoming Sequestration Hub for permanent underground storage. By utilizing a converted natural gas

May 18, 2022 Read Full Article

bp and Linde Plan Major CCS Project to Advance Decarbonization Efforts across Texas Gulf Coast

(bp) Project to include carbon capture and storage (CCS) and low carbon hydrogen production; With potential start-up by 2026, project aims to store up to 15 million metric tons of CO2 per year in multiple sites – the equivalent of removing approximately 3 million cars from the road; Engaging with

May 18, 2022 Read Full Article

Startups Ask Congress to Fund (more) Carbon Removal R&D

(Carbon 180) Carbon removal startups working across tech and agriculture have penned two letters calling for the Senate and House Appropriations Committees to increase support for both geologic storage (the final resting place for carbon collected via direct air capture and BECCS) and agricultural soil carbon. The variety of signatories paints a picture

May 17, 2022 Read Full Article

Embracing the Potential of Carbon Capture and Utilization as an Essential Strategy for Decarbonizing the Power Sector

by Anna Douglas (SkyNano Technologies/Biofuels Digest) … Transforming CO2 from a Climate Liability into a Useful Commodity There are a variety of technologies being developed today to capture CO2 out of point source emissions. Some of these technologies convert that CO2 into something useful while others capture it for the purposes of storing it

May 17, 2022 Read Full Article

Summit Carbon Solutions Launches Radio Ad

(Summit Carbon Solutions/Ethanol Producer Magazine) Summit Carbon Solutions announced May 12 the start of a new five-state radio ad campaign highlighting how the company’s proposed carbon capture and storage project will open new economic opportunities for ethanol producers and strengthen the marketplace for farmers across the Midwest. “Summit Carbon Solutions launched

May 17, 2022 Read Full Article

Aemetis Reports Progress with Biogas, SAF Projects

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Aemetis Inc. released first quarter 2022 financial results on May 12, confirming that the company’s corn ethanol plant in Keyes, California, is operating at near capacity and discussing progress with the company’s biogas, renewable diesel, sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) and carbon capture projects. Andy Foster,

May 17, 2022 Read Full Article

The Limits of Forest Carbon Sequestration

by Julia K. Green and Trevor F. Keenan (Science Magazine) Although nations are grappling with reducing carbon emissions to minimize climate change risks, they actually need to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere if the goal is to keep warming to less than 1.5°C (1). Although there has been substantial

May 13, 2022 Read Full Article

Summit Carbon Solutions Equity Campaign for 5-state Carbon Capture Project Reaches $1 Billion in Commitments

(Forum News Service/Dickinson Press)  Summit Carbon Solutions is proposing to build the world’s largest carbon capture and sequestration project. Ethanol plants in Atwater and Granite Falls, Minnesota, are part of the project. — Summit Carbon Solutions announced Wednesday that it has completed an equity fundraising campaign for its carbon capture and

May 13, 2022 Read Full Article

Here’s Where Colorado Wants to Capture and Bury 350,000 Tons of Carbon Dioxide Each Year

by Michael Booth (Colorado Sun)  Carbon America will gather 350,000 tons of carbon a year from Yuma and Sterling ethanol makers and store it deep underground in climate change fight. A pioneering carbon capture company wants to take the climate change fight to northeastern Colorado by gathering 350,000 tons of

May 12, 2022 Read Full Article

Iowa Carbon Pipeline Opponents See Lessons in Dakota Access Fight

by Dan Haugen (Energy News Network/The Gazette)  Coalition organizing earlier than those opposing oil pipeline six years ago — In Iowa, though, a coalition similar to the one that took a stand against the Dakota Access Pipeline in 2016 is emerging to fight a proposed interstate carbon dioxide pipeline network,

May 11, 2022 Read Full Article

Navigator CO2, Big River Resources, and Big River United Energy Execute Letter of Intent for the Capture, Transportation, Storage, and Value Optimization of up to 1,000,000 Metric Tons of CO2 per Year, for Twenty (20) Years

(Navigator CO2 Ventures/PR Newswire) Navigator CO2 Ventures LLC (“Navigator”) announced today a long-term agreement with Big River Resources, LLC and Big River United Energy, LLC (“Big River”) to provide turnkey carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) services on Navigator’s Heartland Greenway system, to capture, transport and utilize or permanently store CO2 from

May 10, 2022 Read Full Article

Give Communities Control of Carbon Removal — To Keep Polluters from Profiting from the Technology, We Need Public Ownership.

by Andrew Bergman, Holly Buck, Olúfẹ́mi O. Táíwò, Toly Rinberg (The New Republic) … So the question should be: How do we go about removing carbon from our atmosphere in the most equitable, sustainable way possible? A public model would address many of the well-founded concerns about carbon removal deployment

May 9, 2022 Read Full Article

EMRC and Woodside Collaborate on Innovative Carbon Re-use Pilot Project

(Eastern Metropolitan Regional Council (EMRC) and Woodside)  The Eastern Metropolitan Regional Council (EMRC) and Woodside are collaborating on a carbon-to-products pilot project that proposes to recycle greenhouse gases into useful products. The two parties have agreed a term sheet setting out the terms of a proposed option to lease land. The

May 9, 2022 Read Full Article

CO2 Pipelines Are Coming. A Pipeline Safety Expert Says We’re Not Ready.

by Emily Pontecorvo (Grist) Companies want to build pipelines to capture and store carbon, but a new report warns that regulators aren’t prepared. — … But as the number of pipeline proposals multiplies, a new report commissioned by the Pipeline Safety Trust, a nonprofit advocacy group, warns that CO2 pipeline regulations aren’t

May 6, 2022 Read Full Article

Biden-Harris Administration Announces Over $2.3 Billion Investment to Cut U.S. Carbon Pollution

(U.S. Department of Energy) DOE Launches $2.25B Bipartisan Infrastructure Law Effort to Increase CO2 Storage Sites, Provides Additional $91M to Advance Carbon Management Approaches, Building Next Generation Industries — The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today (May 5, 2022) announced more than $2.3 billion for three efforts to advance diverse

May 6, 2022 Read Full Article

Monetizing Net-Zero and Net-Negative GHG Ethanol

by Brian Jennings (American Coalition for Ethanol)  Climate-smart farming practices, efficiencies at ethanol plants, and the capture and sequestration of biogenic CO2 from facilities puts ethanol on a trajectory to reach both net-zero and net-negative emissions, a trajectory that is unique to ethanol. … (D)uring its final meeting of 2021,

May 5, 2022 Read Full Article

A Focus on Pyrolysis Coproducts

by Sue Retka Schill (Biomass Magazine)  CHAR Technologies builds its business case around flexibility in feedstock and outputs. — With three projects in development, Toronto-headquartered CHAR Technologies is poised for commercialization of its high-temperature pyrolysis (HTP) process, producing biocarbon and renewable gases. “We’re in the right time with the right

May 5, 2022 Read Full Article

How Much Carbon Do Soils Hold?

by Asmeret Asefaw Berhe (Climate Now) Soil holds 2x more carbon than vegetation and the atmosphere combined, according to Dr. Asmeret Asefaw Berhe, Professor of Soil Biogeochemistry and Falasco Chair in Earth Sciences at the Department of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of California, Merced. She is digging beneath the

May 4, 2022 Read Full Article

Valero Reports Profitable Q1 for Ethanol, Renewable Diesel

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Valero Energy Corp. released first quarter 2022 financial results on April 26, reporting both its ethanol and renewable diesel segments were profitable during the three-month period. Production of both fuels was up. Valero’s renewable diesel segment, which consists of the Diamond Green Diesel joint venture,

May 4, 2022 Read Full Article

Top 5: Transport Energy & the GHG Marginal Cost Abatement Curve

by Tammy Klein (Transport Energy Strategies) • Marginal Cost Abatement: EVs and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) are no surprise, but how about pyrolysis with carbon capture? Biogas Moves Up the Priority List in the EU: The war in Ukraine has caused the EU Commission to level up biogas as

May 2, 2022 Read Full Article

Proponents Say Storing Captured Carbon Underground Is Safe, But States Are Transferring Long-Term Liability for Such Projects to the Public

by Nicholas Kusnetz (Inside Climate News)  As companies propose storing carbon dioxide in depleted oil fields or saline aquifers, some states are putting themselves on the hook for future problems with the projects. —  As states rush to enact rules and regulations for the underground storage of carbon dioxide, a key

May 2, 2022 Read Full Article

Boeing Announces Multi-Year Commitment to Yale Center for Natural Carbon Capture

(Boeing) – Company to support the Center’s work to conduct groundbreaking research with a five-year, $10 million contribution; – Boeing joins inaugural Center supporter FedEx as well as Southwest Airlines in supporting the study of natural carbon capture  — Boeing [NYSE: B.A.] today announced its support of an ambitious initiative at

April 29, 2022 Read Full Article

£5m Fund Launched to Develop Carbon Dioxide Utilisation Technology

(Scottish Enterprise) A new fund to help develop the emerging CO2 utilisation technology has been launched.  The CO2 Utilisation Challenge Fund will help businesses and organisations develop and commercialise the technology, which involves harnessing and converting CO2 – the biggest contributor to climate change emissions – and using it to

April 27, 2022 Read Full Article

Go SAF, Young Man: Go SAF, Young One, and Grow up with the Country

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … California is not a waste land, it remains a horn of plenty, but with plenty of production comes plenty of waste, it is the way of sophisticated Western economies. Now that sustainability is becoming part of the pricing equation, it is getting expensive not

April 27, 2022 Read Full Article

ISU Team Receives XPRIZE Carbon Removal Milestone Award for Innovative Vision to Remove Carbon from the Atmosphere

(Iowa State University)  An Iowa State University research team that helped develop a demonstration-scale pyrolyzer capable of sequestering thousands of tons of carbon dioxide a year has received a prestigious milestone award from XPRIZE Carbon Removal, it was announced on Friday.  The milestone prize provides $1 million to the carbon

April 26, 2022 Read Full Article

Scoring Returns with Renewables

by Luke Geiver (Ethanol Producer Magazine) … More broadly, plants working to lower their respective carbon scores are helping the biofuel sector graft onto the leading edge of climate change mitigation and the quest for net-zero emissions. The challenge for producers directing both mind- and monetary-capital to their carbon scorecards

April 22, 2022 Read Full Article

Giant Grass Miscanthus: Bioethanol Source with Negative CO2 Balance

(University of Hohenheim)  European collaborative project led by the University of Hohenheim shows: Combining bioethanol production with carbon storage can effectively reduce CO2.  A significant reduction in greenhouse gas is feasible. This is the conclusion reached by researchers at the University of Hohenheim in Stuttgart. The trick: A combination of bioethanol

April 22, 2022 Read Full Article

Competitive Edge: Algae for Future

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) On this Earth Day, we highlight a very green organization – literally green – Algae for Future. This Portugal-based biotech company has the world’s largest algae cascade raceway and is designing, building, and operating commercial-scale microalgae production facilities.  In today’s Digest, an exclusive Digest Q&A with

April 22, 2022 Read Full Article

GIDARA Energy’s Advanced Methanol Rotterdam Will Convert Non-Recyclable Waste into Advanced Biofuels

(GIDARA Energy/Business Insider/PR Newswire) GIDARA Energy and the Port of Rotterdam are pleased to announce GIDARA’s next advanced biofuels facility in The Netherlands: Advanced Methanol Rotterdam (“AMR”). Located in the Port of Rotterdam, the plant will convert non-recyclable waste into advanced methanol. The advanced methanol achieves CO2 emission reductions outlined in the Renewable Energy Directive II

April 21, 2022 Read Full Article

New Study Shows Summit Carbon Solutions Will Drive Economic Growth Across the Midwest

(Summit Carbon Solutions/PR Newswire)  A new study shows that Summit Carbon Solutions’ proposed carbon capture, transportation, and storage project will create jobs, generate new tax revenue for local communities, support local suppliers, and strengthen the Midwest regional economy. Ernst & Young, a global leader in accounting and professional services, conducted the

April 21, 2022 Read Full Article

“Super Developing” Carbon Capture: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Carbon America

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Carbon Americashared this illuminating slide guide at ABLC Connect highlighting how they are a “super developer” with developing, building, financing, owning and operating carbon capture and sequestration projects. They also have their own cryogenic flue gas CO2 technology for power plants and industrial facilities. In

April 19, 2022 Read Full Article

Gen-1 Ethanol Opportunities: Improving Life Cycle GHG Benefits of Existing Biofuel Production Workshop

(U.S. Department of Energy) On February 1, 2022, the U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) hosted the Gen-1 Ethanol Opportunities: Improving Life Cycle GHG Benefits of Existing Biofuel Production Virtual Workshop. The workshop was designed to gather stakeholder input to assess the potential of current and developing technologies to meet BETO

April 15, 2022 Read Full Article

Velocys Provides Update of US, UK SAF Projects

(Velocys/Biomass Magazine) … During 2021 we saw the achievement of a number of important objectives in our growth strategy culminating in two multi-year sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) offtake agreements; the selection of our technology for an e-fuels project commissioned by the Government of Japan; and a significant capital raise to be

April 15, 2022 Read Full Article

The Case for Federal Procurement of Carbon Removal

by Erin Burns (Carbon 180)  Our vision for legacy emissions involves the world’s largest customer  –There is unprecedented action on carbon removal in the US today. The bipartisan infrastructure deal of 2021 included billions of dollars for direct air capture (DAC) and forestry. The Biden Administration has reoriented existing agency efforts around

April 12, 2022 Read Full Article

Occidental Is Eyeing California’s Clean Fuels Market to Fund Texas Carbon Removal Plant

by Nicholas Kusnetz (Inside Climate News) The oil company plans to remove carbon from the atmosphere and pump it into the ground to extract oil in the Permian Basin. Some climate activists fear the new technology is a cover for continuing to sell oil. — Occidental Petroleum is seeking to sell

April 11, 2022 Read Full Article

Making Moves on CDR

by Matthew Choi (Politico’s Morning Energy)  Last week’s IPCC report called for a buildout of the world’s carbon dioxide removal capacity to mitigate both legacy carbon emissions and to neutralize difficult-to-decarbonize sectors like heavy industry. Reps. Paul Tonko (D-N.Y.) and Scott Peters (D-Calif.) hope to boost U.S. direct air capture technology by creating demand

April 11, 2022 Read Full Article

Gevo Testifies at House Ag Committee Hearing

by Cindy Zimmerman (Energy.AgWired.com)  Gevo CEO Patrick Gruber presented testimony before the House Agriculture Committee this week on the future of climate smart crops and sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) with updated carbon accounting and a system that rewards farmers for sustainable practices. “Net zero hydrocarbon drop in fuels are what the marketplace

April 7, 2022 Read Full Article

The Race to Upcycle CO2 into Fuels, Concrete and More

by Mark Peplow (Nature) Companies are scrambling to turn the greenhouse gas into useful products — but will that slow climate change? — Tongyezhen is a town with coal in its bones. … But later this year, a chemical plant here is set to become the world’s largest facility for

April 6, 2022 Read Full Article

Luxembourg Airport Invests in SAF Production in Norway

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily) Luxembourg airport has invested in and become a shareholder of Norsk e-Fuel AS, an industry consortium located in northern Norway planning to commercialize sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) made from CO2 and water using 100 percent Norwegian renewable electricity. The company was founded in 2019 as

April 5, 2022 Read Full Article

Soap, Proteins and Highly Complex Molecules from CO2 – These Are the Winners of the “Best CO2 Utilisation 2022” Innovation Award

(nova Institute) Large scale investments in CO2-based ethanol, methanol and aviation fuel are just around the corner – supporting climate protection and independence from fossil fuels. Participants of the “Conference on CO2-based Fuels & Chemicals 2022” elected the three innovation award winners. The award was organised by nova-Institute and CO2 Value Europe,

March 31, 2022 Read Full Article

How Biomass Can Enable a Hydrogen Economy

(Drax)  Building a collaborative net zero future through negative emissions and zero-carbon fuel  —  -Hydrogen as a fuel offers a carbon-free alternative for hard-to-abate sectors such as heavy road transport, domestic heating, and industries like steel and cement. -There are several methods of producing hydrogen, the most common being steam

March 30, 2022 Read Full Article

Turning Carbon Dioxide into Sustainable Fuel: United and Oxy Low Carbon Ventures Announce Collaboration with Biotech Firm to Create New Fuel Sources

(United Airlines/PR Newswire) Houston-based Cemvita Factory’s synthetic biology process has the potential to create a new way to produce sustainable fuel for aviation; United has invested in more SAF production than any other airline —  United Airlines Ventures (UAV) and Oxy Low Carbon Ventures (OLCV) today announced a collaboration with Houston-based biotech

March 29, 2022 Read Full Article

RNG, Renewable Fuels from Solar, Waste Wood & Carbon: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Aemetis

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Third generation tech is what Aemetis calls it – using renewable fuels for carbon capture & sequestration siphons carbon from the atmosphere into crops which are converted into renewable fuels, then the solar energy is released as transportation energy while the CO2 from biofuels production

March 28, 2022 Read Full Article

Six Carbon Capture and Utilisation Technologies for a Sustainable Chemical and Fuel Production Nominated for the Innovation Award “Best CO2 Utilisation 2022”

(nova-Institute)  Carbon Capture and Utilisation (CCU) Innovations of the Year 2022: A lot of technologies are in place and in development to face the challenges of a sustainable chemicals and fuels production based on the utilisation of captured CO2 from industrial off-gases or directly from the atmosphere. To honor these, nova-Institute grants

March 25, 2022 Read Full Article

MHIENG and MHIEC to Commence Demonstration Testing of Separation, Capture and Effective Use of CO2 from Waste-to-Energy Plant — Collaboration with City of Yokohama and Tokyo Gas —

(Mitsubishi Heavy Industries)  Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Engineering, Ltd. (MHIENG) and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Environmental & Chemical Engineering Co., Ltd. (MHIEC) – two group companies of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. (MHI), both based in Yokohama – are poised to commence demonstration testing of equipment for separation, capture and effective utilization of CO2 emissions

March 25, 2022 Read Full Article

Three Partners, Two Problems, One Bioenergy Research Article Published

by Valerie Sarisky-Reed (U.S. Department of Energy)  … The journal Nature Biotechnology recently published a paper featuring cutting-edge work funded by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO). The article details a carbon-negative platform that uses microorganisms to convert carbon captured from agricultural, industrial, and societal waste streams into useful chemicals.

March 24, 2022 Read Full Article

Ethanol’s New Ground Game

by Katie Schroeder (Ethanol Producer Magazine) With three CO2 pipelines in development, carbon capture and sequestration is poised to become a transformative force in ethanol production. The industry’s quest for net-zero emissions, in part, depends on it. — Carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) is arguably the hottest subject in ethanol

March 24, 2022 Read Full Article

Greener Biofuel Production Beckons

(Chemical Processing) Novel electrocatalyst-based system operates at mild conditions and produces hydrogen — A research team at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, Wash., has developed a patent-pending system that uses a flow cell bioreactor to turn carbon previously considered unrecoverable from so-called biocrude (aqueous waste streams) into valuable

March 24, 2022 Read Full Article

New Method Could Lead to Cheaper, More Efficient Ways to Capture Carbon

by Kelsey Simpkins (CU Boulder Today) University of Colorado Boulder researchers have developed a new tool that could lead to more efficient and cheaper technologies for capturing heat-trapping gases from the atmosphere and converting them into beneficial substances, like fuel or building materials. Such carbon capture technology may be needed at scale

March 24, 2022 Read Full Article

Navigator CO2 and Siouxland Ethanol Execute Long-Term Agreement for the Capture, Transportation, and Storage of Siouxland Ethanol’s CO2

(Navigator CO2 Ventures/PR Newswire)  Navigator CO2 Ventures LLC (“Navigator”) announced today that it has entered into a long-term agreement with Siouxland Ethanol LLC (“Siouxland”) to provide CO2 capture, transportation and storage services on its carbon capture and storage (CCS) system, the Heartland Greenway. The agreement between companies outlines the key terms for

March 24, 2022 Read Full Article

Costs, Challenges, Current Projects: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Carbon Capture

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  There are synergies with carbon capture and biofuel processes. This ABLC slide guide from Dave Collings at 1898 & Co. looks at the challenges of biofuels, where and how much CO2 is being produced and sequestered, current carbon capturing methods and costs, where projects are

March 23, 2022 Read Full Article

Talos Energy Announces Formal Execution of Texas GLO Carbon Capture Site Lease and Establishes Strategic Alliance with Core Lab

(Talos Energy)  Talos Energy Inc. (“Talos” or the “Company”) (NYSE: TALO) today announced that Bayou Bend CCS LLC, Talos’s venture with Carbonvert, Inc. (the “Venture”), executed definitive lease documentation with the Texas General Land Office (“GLO”), formalizing the previously announced carbon capture and sequestration (“CCS”) site located offshore Jefferson County, Texas, near the Beaumont and Port

March 22, 2022 Read Full Article

CO2 Utilization for Cement: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Fortera

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Today we take a look at CO2 Utilization with Ryan Gilliam, CEO of Fortera. Fortera created a process that economically converts CO2 into a cement ready for use anywhere Ordinary Portland Cement is used. Concrete ranks as the most used human-made material on the planet

March 21, 2022 Read Full Article

LanzaTech, ReCarbon, Woodside Team up on Carbon Capture and Utilization Project in Australia

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … (J)ust in is breaking news that they are collaborating in a new carbon capture and utilization project in Western Australia with ReCarbon and Woodside Energy. In today’s Digest, the project details, while you may know LanzaTech, exactly who are ReCarbon and Woodside Energy, what

March 21, 2022 Read Full Article

Clean Energy Superstar or Smokescreen for Fossil Fuel Use? Here’s What You Need to Know about Hydrogen.

by Tik Root (Washington Post)  … But some urge caution, noting that almost all the hydrogen currently produced is derived from fossil fuels, especially natural gas. And a study published last year found that, if those embodied emissions are considered, purportedly “clean,” hydrogen can have a greater climate impact than natural

March 17, 2022 Read Full Article

Aemetis Signs Agreement with Qantas to Supply 35 Million Gallons of Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(Aemetis) Aemetis, Inc. (NASDAQ: AMTX), a renewable fuels company focused on negative carbon intensity products, announced today that an offtake agreement has been signed with Qantas Group and Qantas Airlines (“Qantas”) for 35 million gallons of blended sustainable aviation fuel (“SAF”) to be delivered over the 7 year term of the agreement. 

March 15, 2022 Read Full Article

What Is eSAF, Why the Buzz and What’s Stopping It from Being Produced at Scale Today?

by Andreea Moyes and Peter Nowobilski (AIR bp and bp/Biofuels Digest)  With the aviation industry committed to curtailing lifecycle carbon emissions, sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) has an important role to play. Air bp is already working alongside airlines and airports around the world to deliver increasing volumes of SAF. However, while

March 15, 2022 Read Full Article

U.S. Ethanol Industry Banks on Carbon Capture to Solve Emissions Problem

by Leah Douglas (Reuters/Investing.com)  U.S. ethanol producers are betting heavily on carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology to lower their greenhouse gas emissions and secure a place for the corn-based fuel in a climate-friendly future, according to industry groups and executives. But the plan is risky: The nascent CCS industry has been

March 13, 2022 Read Full Article

DOE Publishes Report on CCS Supply Chain Risk

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) A report released by the U.S. Department of Energy in February found that the development of carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology poses no significant supply chain risk and will support the U.S. government in achieving its net-zero goals. In addition, the long-term application of

March 8, 2022 Read Full Article

Now on Broadway: LanzaTech’s $2.2B SPAC Merger Takes the Advanced Bioeconomy’s Biggest Hit to an Even Bigger Stage

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Illinois, news arrived that LanzaTech will go public in a merger with the NASDAQ-traded blank check firm AMCI Acquisition Corp II. The deal is reported to value the company at $2.2 billion. The transaction is expected to raise gross proceeds of approximately $275 million, comprised

March 8, 2022 Read Full Article

Some Siouxland Ethanol Farmers in Favor of Carbon Capture Pipeline

by Dillon Adams (Siouxland Proud) One of Siouxland’s largest ethanol producers spoke on how much they would benefit from a carbon capture pipeline Friday. Siouxland Energy Cooperative set out on a mission to create high-quality biofuel more than two decades ago and now are looking to continue their success with help from

March 7, 2022 Read Full Article

Nova Pangaea, Aemetis, World Energy, Gevo, USA BioEnergy, Sherdar Australia Bio Refinery, DG Fuels, and Sweetwater Commercialization

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) Nova Pangaea Technologies, the UK cleantech company at the heart of the drive to Net Zero, started the Front-End Engineering Design (FEED) study for its first commercial plant in the UK. Aemetis, Gevo, USA BioEnergy, DG Fuels and others have also announced feedstock deals, loans,

March 7, 2022 Read Full Article

Soil Carbon Moonshot: Grounding Carbon Storage in Science

by Cristel Zoebisch (Carbon 180) One giant leap for soil carbon  –  Farmers and ranchers play a central role in the health of our climate and planet. Today, they face more and more pressure from climate change, and one solution — soil carbon sequestration — has the potential to radically transform their

March 4, 2022 Read Full Article

John Phipps: CO2 Is a By-Product of Ethanol Production, a Good Thing for the Beverage Business

by John Phipps (AgWeb/U.S. Farm Report) Grayling Willer from Akron, Iowa has questions about proposed CO2 pipelines from ethanol plants: “There have been CO2 pipeline projects proposed to go through our area, carrying CO2 from ethanol plants to underground storage- somewhere. I thought the by-products of ethanol production were DDG, MWDG,

March 4, 2022 Read Full Article

Gevo Discusses Plans for Ethanol-to-SAF Production

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine) Patrick Gruber, CEO of Gevo Inc., provided an update of the company’s plans to produce sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) and other renewable hydrocarbons from ethanol during a fourth quarter earnings call held Feb. 24. Gruber referenced the October 2021 agreement Gevo announced with Axens North America

March 2, 2022 Read Full Article

Decarbonizing Power & Producing Hydrogen: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to FuelCell Energy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Capturing carbon while simultaneously generating power – sounds like a win-win and FuelCell Energy is working on exactly that with their fuel cell tech. From product portfolio to their next phase of growth, this is one slide guide you won’t want to miss.  READ MORE

March 2, 2022 Read Full Article

Leveraging Infrastructure Cash For Carbon Transport Projects

by Ellen Friedman and Ben Reiter (Law360) The Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, signed into law by President Joe Biden on Nov. 15, 2021, includes over $12 billion in funding for carbon capture and sequestration, or CCS, programs.[1] At the heart of this massive investment in CCS is the new Carbon

March 2, 2022 Read Full Article

OSU Receives Patent for New Fermentation Process

(Oklahoma State University/Biomass Magazine)  Oklahoma State University was recently issued a patent that could significantly increase biofuel and chemical yields while reducing carbon dioxide emissions. — Hasan Atiyeh, professor of biosystems and agricultural engineering, created a new co-fermentation method that turns sugars into alcohols, organic acids and ketones without the environmental impact.

March 2, 2022 Read Full Article

Pipeline Builder Says Data Gaps Make It Hard to Capitalize on Carbon Credits

by Larry Lee (Brownfield Ag News) A pipeline infrastructure company says when it comes to carbon credits, there’s a gap in data collection between the farm and the end-user, making it hard for the entire value chain to benefit. CEO Matt Vining with Navigator CO2 Ventures tells Brownfield it will take

March 2, 2022 Read Full Article

Beyond Fossil Carbon? Green Electricity Is Opening Doors to Low-Emission Alternatives for Making Fuels and Chemicals

by Erik F. Ringle (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  With Extensive Data, Broad Analyses, and Detailed Models, NREL Scientists and Collaborators Stake the Boundaries of Producing Chemicals and Fuels From Carbon Dioxide, Biomass, and Renewable Electricity — … In fact, growing supplies of renewable electricity open exciting new doors for making identical products

February 28, 2022 Read Full Article

Infinium™ Enters into Strategic Alliance with Denbury for Ultra-Low Carbon Fuels Projects in Texas, Continuing Development Momentum

(Infinium)  Innovative electrofuels technology is aimed at decarbonizing the transportation sector — Infinium, a clean fuels innovator, announced today that the company has entered into a strategic alliance with US energy leader Denbury (NYSE: DEN) to collaborate on developing ultra-low carbon fuels projects in the state of Texas. Infinium electrofuels facilities

February 28, 2022 Read Full Article

N. America’s Old Pipelines Seek New Life Moving Carbon in Climate Push

by Rod Nickel, Liz Hampton and Nia Williams (Reuters)  North American oil and gas pipeline companies are gearing up to compete for a budding market moving greenhouse gases to carbon capture and storage (CCS) projects – by building new pipelines to transport carbon dioxide or giving new life to old, under-used

February 24, 2022 Read Full Article

New Federal Guidelines Could Boost Carbon Capture in the US Public Comment DEADLINE: March 18, 2022

by Justine Calma (The Verge)  The Biden administration says the US will ‘likely’ need controversial carbon capture tech to meet climate goals —  On Tuesday(February 15, 2022), the Biden administration issued new guidelines for federal agencies on how to assess proposals to capture and sequester carbon dioxide pollution. The new guidance

February 24, 2022 Read Full Article

Bioenergy Sorghum’s Roots Can Replenish Carbon in Soil

by  Olga Kuchment (Agri-Life Today) Texas A&M AgriLife study shows the annual crop can sequester atmospheric carbon dioxide  — The study, “Bioenergy sorghum’s deep roots: A key to sustainable biomass production on annual cropland,” was recently published in GCB Bioenergy. According to the research, bioenergy sorghum hybrids capture and sequester significant amounts of atmospheric

February 24, 2022 Read Full Article

Optimizing for Carbon Storage: A New Model for Biorefineries

(Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center) Biorefinery profitability scale with a carbon credit in cases of (A) no capture, (B) capture from fermentation, (C) capture from fermentation and biogas, and (E) full capture from fermentation and biogas, with exactly enough capture from flue gas to neither purchase nor sell electricity. Bioenergy carbon

February 23, 2022 Read Full Article

Velocys Joins UK CCUS Partnership

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine)  Velocys on Feb. 3 announced it has joined Zero Carbon Humber, a carbon capture, utilization and sequestration (CCUS) hub under development in northern England. Participation in ZCH will enable the production of carbon-negative sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) at Velocys’ proposed Altalto biorefinery. … The U.K.

February 23, 2022 Read Full Article

Midlands Voices: Carbon Capture Storage Will Provide Economic Boost to Rural America

by (Julius Schaaf) Omaha World-Herald) … Almost every business sector has green initiatives being put forward by industry leaders to tackle the changing environment. Lowering carbon emissions is a noble cause and one that would have a tremendous impact on leaving a better Earth to live for the next generation.

February 22, 2022 Read Full Article

Fuelcell Energy Project Identified for Funding From Canada’s Clean Resource Innovation Network to Design Pilot for Clean Carbon Capture

(FuelCell Energy) Project awarded $6.8M to join forces with network to deliver the only technology available to decarbonize oil and gas industry operations while producing power —  FuelCell Energy, Inc. (Nasdaq: FCEL) — a global leader in decarbonizing power and producing hydrogen with a purpose of utilizing its proprietary, state-of-the-art fuel

February 21, 2022 Read Full Article

Vopak Building Storage for Shell Biorefinery

(Tank Storage) Vopak and Shell have begun a long-term co-operation deal under which Vopak will store and supply feedstocks for Shell’s biorefinery in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, from its Vlaardingen terminal. Shell’s 820,000 tpa biorefinery at the Shell Energy and Chemicals Park Rotterdam will produce fuels such as sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) and renewable

February 18, 2022 Read Full Article

Louisiana Green Fuels Allocated $250 Million of Private Activity Bonds by Louisiana Governor John Bel Edwards

(Acrofan/Business Wire/Green Fuels) The State of Louisiana continues its commitment to the world’s most deeply carbon-negative renewable diesel fuel project —  Strategic Biofuels, the leader in developing negative carbon footprint renewable fuels plants, announced today that Louisiana Governor John Bel Edwards awarded the company’s Louisiana Green Fuels project (LGF) a $250 million

February 18, 2022 Read Full Article

Underground Carbon-Dioxide Storage Idea Is Cracked. And That’s Actually Good. In New Experiments, Researchers at Columbia University Are Learning More about the Technique’s Viability

by Erin Blakemore (Washington Post)  … In new experiments with carbon mineralization — the process of removing carbon dioxide from the air and storing it in rocks — researchers at Columbia University are learning more about the technique’s viability. And fissures are part of that process. The technique holds promise

February 17, 2022 Read Full Article

Carbon Pipeline Plans See Pushback: Eminent Domain Debate Heats Up in Iowa as Carbon Pipeline Projects Stack Up

by Chris Clayton (DTN Progressive Farmer) … An Iowa state senator’s bill would take away the companies’ ability to use eminent domain. The bill introduced by state Sen. Jeff Taylor, a Republican from northwest Iowa, would limit the use of eminent domain to public utilities and double the annual fee paid

February 16, 2022 Read Full Article

Carbon and Hydrogen Hubs Part 2: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to GPI’s Atlas

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In part 2 of the Great Plains Institute’s just published Atlas of Carbon and Hydrogen Hubs, we look at where these 14 key carbon and hydrogen hubs are in the U.S., how can they offer the capacity to help the country expand and accelerate emissions

February 15, 2022 Read Full Article

Other Voices: Remember Facts with Carbon Capture Projects

by Jeff Altena (Sioux City Journal)  … At Siouxland Energy, we chose to partner with Summit Carbon Solutions to decrease our carbon emissions and increase our member returns. Once our process is retrofitted with the needed infrastructure for carbon capture, our ultra-low carbon footprint allows us to compete in the

February 14, 2022 Read Full Article

Carbon and Hydrogen Hubs Part 1: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to GPI’s Atlas

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  What are the major components of a carbon and hydrogen hub? What’s the latest on carbon management and removal in the U.S.? How can hydrogen work as a decarbonization solution for the U.S.? What is the transport infrastructure in place now? Find out now in

February 14, 2022 Read Full Article

Honeywell Introduces New Technology to Produce Key Feedstock for Plastics

(Honeywell UOP) Honeywell UOP Ecofining™ process produces bio-naphtha with reduced CO2 footprint compared to products using petroleum-based feedstocks for use as petrochemical feedstock — … Prior to the introduction of renewable naphtha solution, the UOP Ecofining technology has been used to produce predominantly Honeywell Green Diesel and Honeywell Green Jet fuel,

February 12, 2022 Read Full Article

Aemetis Signs Agreement with Japan Airlines to Supply 90 Million Gallons of Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(Aemetis)  Fuel to be delivered to San Francisco International Airport  — Aemetis, Inc. (NASDAQ: AMTX), a renewable fuels company focused on negative carbon intensity products, announced today that an offtake agreement has been signed with Japan Airlines (“JAL”) for 90 million gallons of blended sustainable aviation fuel (“SAF”) to be delivered over

February 10, 2022 Read Full Article

Bill to Give Tax Breaks to Carbon Capture Facilities Runs into Opposition

by Paul Hammel (Nebraska Examiner)   … A bill to ensure that Nebraska ethanol plants can qualify for state tax incentives for building carbon-capture facilities is running into opposition from a leading environmental group. The Bold Alliance, which includes Bold Nebraska, the group that led the fight against the Keystone XL crude

February 10, 2022 Read Full Article

Carbon Dioxide Pipelines Planned for Minnesota Fall into Regulatory Black Hole

by Mike Hughlett (Star Tribune)  … Right now, the CO2 pipelines don’t require approval from the Minnesota Public Utilities Commission (PUC). But the PUC in December opened a proceeding on whether it should change state regulations to deem CO2 pipelines as hazardous. The Minnesota Departments of Transportation, Agriculture, Commerce and

February 7, 2022 Read Full Article

POET – Portland Completes Construction On Renewable CO2 Addition

by Jody Heemstra  (DRG News)  POET completed construction on an addition to its POET Bioprocessing facility in Portland, Indiana, facility. This addition allows the facility to capture renewable CO2, a co-product of POET’s bioethanol production process, to be sold for commercial use. POET’s renewable CO2 is a part of the

January 31, 2022 Read Full Article

Top U.S. Oil States Vie for Carbon Capture Oversight to Speed up Permits

by Liz Hampton (Reuters)  …The rules governing the carbon-injection wells for most states require federal approval with the first permits taking around six years to win a green light. Oil states, including Texas and Louisiana, want to take over permit reviews and enforcement authority, also known as primacy, from the

January 27, 2022 Read Full Article

United Arab Emirates: TotalEnergies Joins Masdar and Siemens Energy in Initiative to Drive Green Hydrogen Development and Produce Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(TotalEnergies)  TotalEnergies, Masdar and Siemens Energy sign collaboration agreement at Abu Dhabi Sustainability Week 2022 to act as co-developers on green hydrogen project; Project aims to establish demonstrator plant at Masdar City for green hydrogen production to convert carbon dioxide into Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF). —  Masdar, one of the world’s

January 24, 2022 Read Full Article

Growth Energy Announces 2022 Policy Priorities

(Growth Energy) Today, Growth Energy CEO Emily Skor outlined the top federal priorities of the U.S. biofuel industry, highlighting critical steps policymakers must take to achieve the nation’s energy and climate goals. “If we want to decarbonize the transportation sector, we must use all the tools in the toolbox –

January 21, 2022 Read Full Article

Six Key Considerations for CNG and RNG Compressors

by David Waters (NGT News) Whether you are capturing biogas, moving compressed natural gas through a grid, or equipping a fuel station for natural gas vehicles, these six considerations will point you to the system, controls and service that are right for you. Efficiency No leaks. … Variable-speed drive. … Reuse heat. 

January 20, 2022 Read Full Article

RFA Says Carbon-Nevative Ethanol Achievable within Decades

by Kellan Heavican (Brownfield Ag News) The head of the Renewable Fuels Association says they’re continuing to work towards carbon neutrality by 2050.   Geoff Cooper says one plan to help create zero-carbon ethanol would be to “connect ethanol facilities together via pipeline – to take that CO2 from fermentation and sequester

January 20, 2022 Read Full Article

UD and LSU Collaborate to Advance Manufacturing Technologies that Employ Carbon Dioxide and Renewable Energy

by Karen B. Roberts (University of Delaware)  … One hurdle that keeps promising CO2 electrolyzer technologies in academic laboratories rather than being scaled for industrial use — where they could make a dent in our carbon dioxide emission problem — is that the critical materials needed for the job, including membranes

January 20, 2022 Read Full Article

Charlie Hoffman: The Key to Ethanol’s Success in South Dakota Is Carbon Capture

by Charlie Hoffman (Aberdeen News) As a state representative in District 23, it is my mission to ensure our farmers have the support they need to continue feeding and fueling the world. I pay close attention to the trends affecting the industry and listen intently to the concerns of corn

January 18, 2022 Read Full Article

Microalgal Crops: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to MicroBio

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) From algal-based wastewater treatment plants and purification ponds with biofuels/co-products in California to aviation fuels and algae strain improvements, MicroBio is leading R&D and innovation of microalgae cultivation for bio products. Get all the details from MicroBio’s CEO John Benemann in this illuminating slide

January 17, 2022 Read Full Article

CropEnergies AG Unveils Plans to Produce Renewable Ethyl Acetate Using Johnson Matthey Technology

(Crop Energy AG) CropEnergies AG, Mannheim, and Johnson Matthey, London, a leader in sustainable technologies, have entered into an engineering, license and technical services agreement for a plant to allow CropEnergies AG to produce renewable ethyl acetate from sustainable ethanol near its production site in Zeitz, Germany. Using Johnson Matthey

January 14, 2022 Read Full Article

Wolf Carbon Solutions, ADM Announce Partnership to Advance Decarbonization of Ethanol Production

(ADM) Wolf Carbon Solutions US LLC (Wolf Carbon Solutions) and ADM (NYSE: ADM), a global leader in nutrition and agricultural origination and processing, today announced that they have signed a Letter of Intent paving the pathway toward further decarbonization of ADM’s footprint via construction of a pipeline – developed, owned and

January 12, 2022 Read Full Article

The Gulf CCUS Hub

by Matthew Choi (Politico’s Morning Energy)  The National Ocean Industries Association, a trade group representing the offshore energy industry, is calling on policymakers to lay the groundwork for Exxon Mobil and other companies to make the Gulf of Mexico a hub for carbon capture and storage projects. NOIA is releasing

January 12, 2022 Read Full Article

The Bioeconomy Jump to Light Speed: 10 Storylines Shaking the World: Exxon, J-M, KLM, UGI, Amyris, Tesla, Origin, More

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In recent days, we’ve had 10 stories that shook the world. The players are so big, the technologies so ambitious, the scale so huge and the risks in some cases so high — we’ve grouped them together into one Big Story. These are ‘Quakers, as in

January 12, 2022 Read Full Article

Novozymes to Deliver on Strategy with Carbon Capture Collaboration Agreement

(Novozymes)  Novozymes launched its 2025 strategy with a clear objective to explore new growth opportunities. The company is now delivering on its strategy by entering a collaboration agreement with Saipem, a leading engineering company, to deliver new biotech solutions for enzymatic carbon capture. In September, Novozymes launched its new 2025

January 6, 2022 Read Full Article

Johnson Matthey Launches HyCOgen, an Enabling Technology to Efficiently Convert CO2 and Green Hydrogen into Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(Johnson Matthey/PR Newswire) – Launch of HyCOgen will play a key role in enabling captured CO2 and green hydrogen to be converted into sustainable aviation fuel; – In combination with FT CANSTM technology, Johnson Matthey delivers an integrated, scalable solution Johnson Matthey, a global leader in sustainable technologies, has launched an innovative technology – HyCOgenTM – designed to play a pivotal

January 6, 2022 Read Full Article

A Rebuttal to DeCicco: Use Locally Produced Renewable Energy

(Owatonna People’s Press/Renewable Fuels Association)  The author claims that the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) was enacted in the wake of 9/11. That is not true. The RFS was enacted after the petroleum industry was unsuccessful in getting Congress to protect the use of a petroleum product called MTBE as an oxygenate

January 5, 2022 Read Full Article

Top 10 Digest Stories of 2021

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … In fact, in terms of news stories, there was more good news than bad in 2021 and a look at what you, the Digest readers, found most interesting and intriguing in 2021 shows just how well the bioeconomy recovered from 2020 and took 2021

December 31, 2021 Read Full Article

New IEAGHG Report: 2021-02 CO2 as a Feedstock: Comparison of CCU Pathways

(IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Program) A range of carbon dioxide capture technologies have been developed, including amine-based routes and calcium looping methods, some of which are now considered to be at technology readiness level (TRL) 9. These technologies have been deployed across the world in large-scale carbon capture, utilisation and storage

December 31, 2021 Read Full Article

Largest Biofuels Producer Focuses on Sustainability

(POET/Farm Progress) A 40% increase in biofuel production capacity, an on-site solar farm, and a company roadmap to net carbon neutrality highlighted a year focused on sustainability for POET. Headquartered in Sioux Falls, POET is the largest biofuels producer in the world.  “Every person, every business has a responsibility to keep

December 30, 2021 Read Full Article

DOE Risks Wasting ‘Significant Funds’ on CCS — Audit

by Carlos Anchondo and Jeremy Dillon (E&E News) The Department of Energy is at risk of wasting a significant amount of money on carbon capture and storage demonstration projects without greater oversight, according to a new Government Accountability Office report. The report, released yesterday (December 20, 2021) by the watchdog agency, said

December 28, 2021 Read Full Article

1 Billion Gallons Per Year by 2030: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Gevo

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) Why they do what they do, what net-zero fuels really means, how agriculture and land management plays a role in carbon sequestration, how to track carbon across the business system, how they are working towards 1 billion gallons of low fossil carbon hydrocarbons or

December 27, 2021 Read Full Article

Honeywell Collaborates With The University of Texas at Austin for Innovative Carbon Capture and Storage Technology

(Honeywell)  Honeywell establishes licensing agreement with Texas Carbon Management Program Group at The University of Texas at Austin; New Advanced Solvent technology will capture carbon dioxide generated from combustion flue gases from power, steel, cement and other industrial plants — Honeywell (Nasdaq: HON) announced today (December 15, 2021) an agreement with The

December 23, 2021 Read Full Article

All About CO2 in Energy Transition: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Carbon Capture and Sequestration

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  With Net Zero Pledges, there are projects, projects everywhere to ensure the world meets its carbon reduction goals through new fuels & energy, or carbon capture & sequestration. Check out this slide guide from DigestConnect with Dave Collings, Senior Technical Advisory Consultant at 1898 &

December 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Aemetis Signs 10-Year Supply Agreement for 450 Million Gallons of Renewable Diesel with Industry-Leading Travel Stop Company

(Aemetis)  Aemetis will supply 450 million gallons of renewable diesel from the Riverbank Carbon Zero Sustainable Aviation Fuel and Diesel facility — Aemetis, Inc.(NASDAQ: AMTX), a renewable fuels company focused on negative carbon intensity products, has signed a 10-year, 450-million-gallon renewable diesel supply agreement with an industry-leading travel stop company, which

December 17, 2021 Read Full Article

Ethanol Producers, Advocates Aim for Net-Zero Ethanol by 2050

by Susanne Retka Schill (Great Plains Institute) As US and world leaders engage on climate change and carbon reduction efforts, leaders in the American ethanol industry have announced pledges and efforts to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The country’s largest ethanol producer, POET LLC, and the Renewable Fuels Association (RFA),

December 16, 2021 Read Full Article

Selby College to Develop BECCS Education Programme

(Bioenergy Insight)  Selby College in North Yorkshire, UK has secured funding to develop an education programme that will enable Drax employees to develop the skills needed to operate climate-saving technologies. The £272,000 (€320,000) grant from the Department for Education’s Strategic Development Fund, will allow the college to develop a new

December 14, 2021 Read Full Article

ESG Clean Energy Signs Letter of Intent with Ethatec GmbH to Use Carbon-Free Power Generation for Ethanol Production

(ESG Clean Energy) ESG Clean Energy, LLC, developers of net zero, distributed power generation and clean energy manufacturing solutions, announced today it has signed a letter of intent (LOI) with Ethatec GmbH for the use of ESG’s patented CO2-free power generation technology to power its production of ethanol. Under the LOI,

December 14, 2021 Read Full Article

Khanna Targets Enhanced Oil Recovery

by Matthew Choi (Politico’s Morning Energy)  Rep. Ro Khanna, who led the House Oversight Environment Subcommittee’s probe into the oil and gas industry earlier this year, wants to end tax credits for carbon capture that is used to pump more oil out of the ground. Khanna introduced the End Polluter

December 14, 2021 Read Full Article

Titan, Attero, and Nordsol Awarded €4.3M in Funding for a Bio-LNG Production Plant

(Titan LNG)  The FirstBio2Shipping project will help decarbonize maritime transport through scalable and decentralized production of bio-LNG  —  The FirstBio2Shipping project, set to be completed in 2023, will achieve a decentralized production of bio-LNG designated for use in the maritime industry. The plant, located at the Attero facility in Wilp,

December 13, 2021 Read Full Article

Forget Sci-Fi—This NREL Biotechnology Could Actually Help Colonize Mars

(National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  In the Push To Settle the Red Planet, One Startup Company Thinks NREL’s Ethylene-Emitting Cyanobacteria Offer Otherworldly Potential  — Do not expect to breathe freely in the oxygen-lean Martian air. At about 95% carbon dioxide (CO2) by volume, Mars’ atmosphere would quickly lead to asphyxiation, at least

December 13, 2021 Read Full Article

LanzaTech and Zara Collaborate to Create a Capsule Collection Made from Recycled Carbon Emissions

(LanzaTech) Today, LanzaTech has announced a collaboration with Inditex that led to the design of a capsule collection for the retail group’s largest brand Zara that incorporates fabric made with carbon emissions, avoiding their emission into the atmosphere (CarbonSmart™). “We are hugely excited about this collaboration with Inditex and Zara which

December 13, 2021 Read Full Article

1 Billion Gallons Per Year by 2030: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Gevo

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Why they do what they do, what net-zero fuels really means, how agriculture and land management plays a role in carbon sequestration, how to track carbon across the business system, how they are working towards 1 billion gallons of low fossil carbon hydrocarbons or more

December 13, 2021 Read Full Article

CDR: Carbon Capture and Storage, Part I and Part II

(Carbon Now)  What if we could remove the carbon we have emitted into the atmosphere? Can we capture our CO2 emissions before they are even released? In Part I of our two-part Carbon Capture and Storage series, our host Dr. Ozak Esu and two internationally-recognized CCS experts, Dr. Julio Friedmann and Dr.

December 7, 2021 Read Full Article

DOE Seeks Information on Deployment-Ready Carbon Reduction and Removal Technologies DEADLINE: January 24, 2021

(U.S. Department of Energy)  Request for Information Will Guide the Selection and Management of Critical Climate Investments of the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law   — The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today released a Request for Information (RFI) on technologies ready to be demonstrated that reduce carbon emissions and remove carbon dioxide

December 6, 2021 Read Full Article

Farmers Have Been Burned by Agtech Too Often. Here’s How to Win Back Their Trust

by Michael Gilbert (Semios/Ag Funder News)  … There are a number of reasons why farmers have been leery when it comes to tech companies with big promises. But the biggest one is the most obvious: they’ve been burned before. Some of this stems from a failure of agtech companies to understand

December 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Summit Carbon Solutions Announces Significant Carbon Storage Project Milestones

(Summit Carbon Solutions/PR Newswire)  Summit Carbon Solutions is pleased to announce it has commenced drilling multiple stratigraphic test wells, a key milestone in its development of the world’s largest carbon capture and storage project. The test wells and Summit’s permanent geologic storage sites are in North Dakota, where Summit has formed relationships

December 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Viking Energy Signs Agreement to Acquire Renewable Diesel Facility

(Viking Energy Group, Inc./Globe Newswire)  Facility Designed to Produce ~ 43,000,000 Gallons/yr. of Renewable Diesel — Viking Energy Group, Inc. (OTCQB: VKING) (“Viking” or the “Company”) is pleased to announce that on Nov. 18, 2021 it entered into a Membership Interest Purchase Agreement to acquire a 100% interest in a group of

December 2, 2021 Read Full Article

New IEAGHG Report: 2021-02 CO2 as a Feedstock: Comparison of CCU Pathways

(IEAGHG) A range of carbon dioxide capture technologies have been developed, including amine-based routes and calcium looping methods, some of which are now considered to be at technology readiness level (TRL) 9. These technologies have been deployed across the world in large-scale carbon capture, utilisation and storage (CCUS) projects, permanently storing

December 1, 2021 Read Full Article

Aemetis Signs MOU’s with Eight Airline Members of the oneworld Alliance for 350 Million Gallons of Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(Aemetis) Aemetis, Inc.(NASDAQ: AMTX), a renewable fuels company focused on negative carbon intensity products, announced today that memorandum of understanding’s have been signed with 8 airline members of the oneworld Alliance for 350 million gallons of blended fuel containing sustainable aviation fuel (“SAF”) to be delivered to San Francisco International Airport. Once

December 1, 2021 Read Full Article

Aemetis Signs Agreement with American Airlines to Supply Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(Aemetis)  Aemetis, Inc.(NASDAQ: AMTX), a renewable fuels company focused on negative carbon intensity products, announced today that an offtake agreement has been signed with American Airlines for 280 million gallons of blended fuel containing sustainable aviation fuel (“SAF”) to be delivered over the 7 year term of the agreement. The aggregate

December 1, 2021 Read Full Article

New International Collaboration Aims to Start Large-Scale Production of E-fuels in Sweden

by Tony Harrington (GreenAir Online) A major partnership has been formed by SAS Scandinavian Airlines, Swedish energy company Vattenfall, Shell Aviation and LanzaTech to explore the large-scale production in Sweden of synthetic sustainable aviation fuel, using carbon dioxide recycled from district heating, reports Tony Harrington. By 2026-27, the consortium plans

November 30, 2021 Read Full Article

Portman, Bennet Carbon Capture Improvement Act Signed into Law as Part of Bipartisan Infrastructure Legislation

(Office of Senator Rob Portman (R-OH))  U.S. Senators Rob Portman (R-OH) and Michael Bennet (D-CO) announced that their bipartisan Carbon Capture Improvement Act has been signed into law as part of the bipartisan Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA). The IIJA recently passed the House in a vote of 228-206, having previously passed the Senate in

November 30, 2021 Read Full Article

What We Know about Two Carbon Capture Pipelines Proposed in Iowa

by Donnelle Eller (Des Moines Register)  … Two companies — Summit Carbon Solutions and Navigator CO2 Ventures — want to build pipelines that will be used to move carbon dioxide captured from ethanol, fertilizer and other agricultural industrial plants. The companies plan to use pressure to liquify the carbon dioxide, transport it and then

November 29, 2021 Read Full Article

How to Replace 90% of U.S. Gas Consumption: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Ways2H

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  It’s the day after Thanksgiving and your trash pile of turkey bones and leftovers are nightmarish, but Ways2H has a solution by converting organic wastes, including plastics, into hydrogen. Check out this new ABLC slide guide from CEO Jean-Louis Kindler on the latest on scaling

November 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Giving Thanks for Bayou Fuels: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Velocys

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) We know you might be busy eating turkey and giving thanks today, but here’s a short and sweet slide guide from Jeff McDaniel, VP of New Projects at Velocys, as your appetizer. A bit about their latest Bayou Fuels project and how they are helping

November 26, 2021 Read Full Article

The Future of DAC Is Knocking: How We Innovate toward Gigaton-Scale Carbon Removal

by Peter Minor (Carbon 180)  In discussions of promising carbon removal technologies, direct air capture (DAC) can often steal the limelight. That tracks with the industry narrative: a futuristic technology that will cheaply “solve” climate change by literally sucking CO₂ out of the air, without the verification and land use

November 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Giant Pipeline in U.S. Midwest Tests Future of Carbon Capture

by Leah Douglas (Reuters) … The project, dubbed the Midwest Carbon Express, had ambitions to become the world’s largest carbon dioxide pipeline, moving climate-warming greenhouse gases from Midwest biofuels plants to North Dakota for permanent storage underground. … The 65-year-old is among dozens of landowners along the route who are

November 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Investment in Shell Energy and Chemicals Park Singapore to Bring Circular Chemicals to Asia Pacific Customers

(Shell)  Shell Eastern Petroleum (Pte) Ltd (Shell) today announced a new investment that supports the growth of the plastic waste to chemicals industry in the region. —  Shell will build a new pyrolysis oil upgrader unit that improves the quality of pyrolysis oil, a liquid made from hard-to-recycle plastic waste that

November 24, 2021 Read Full Article

1st of Kind Project Near Tri-Cities May Pave Way for Global Greenhouse Solutions

by Steven Ashby (Tri-City Herald) …  Scientists at DOE’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory are among those conducting research related to carbon capture and storage. Building on their first-of-its-kind demonstration project to inject CO2 into the basalt in nearby Wallula, Wash., they are advancing solutions that could be replicated around the world. More

November 22, 2021 Read Full Article

DiviGas, Neste, Toyota, Ballard, COP26 Pledges, PNNL, NREL, Others Are Hot on Hydrogen

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) It’s been a hot week for hydrogen with DiviGas securing $3.6 million in seed funding for the commercialization of a new next-generation polymeric hydrogen separation membrane that is a filter at a molecular level that purifies hydrogen and helps capture the associated CO2. The disruptive

November 22, 2021 Read Full Article

Secretary Granholm Launches Carbon Negative Earthshots to Remove Gigatons of Carbon Pollution from the Air by 2050

(U.S. Department of Energy) New Target Aims to Dramatically Scale Up Responsible Carbon Dioxide Removal, Slash Costs of Critical Clean Energy Technology — U.S. Secretary of Energy Jennifer M. Granholm announced today the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) new goal to remove gigatons of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere

November 19, 2021 Read Full Article

FS Announces Construction of Third Plant in Primavera do Leste (MT) and Substantial Progress towards Producing a Negative Carbon Biofuel

(FS/PR Newswire)  The Primavera do Leste project will receive an investment of R$ 2.3 billion (US$ 420 million) and the plant, when completed, will produce over 150 million gallons of ethanol per year — FS, a market leader in low carbon biofuel and animal nutrition production announces its expansion in Mato Grosso and

November 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Airlines Want to Make Flight More Sustainable. How Will They Do It?

by Leigh Krietsch Boerner (Chemical & Engineering News)  Air travel produces millions of metric tons of carbon dioxide each year. New technologies could help airlines reduce their emissions and meet their sustainability goals — …  Airlines are trying to reduce their emissions in several ways. Probably the most common is

November 18, 2021 Read Full Article

Gevo to Convert Fuel Ethanol from ADM to Jet Fuel

by Craig Bettenhausen (Chemical & Engineering News) The deal would be an expansion for Gevo and a move away from ethanol for ADM  —  …  ADM and the biobased chemical maker Gevo have signed a letter of intent that calls for Gevo to take 3.4 billion L per year of

November 18, 2021 Read Full Article

Bioeconomy Was Like an Old Truck Stuck in the Mud. The Tow Truck Has Arrived

by Joanne Ivancic* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  One of the speakers on the second day of the Alternative Fuels & Chemicals Coalition’s Global Biobased Economy Conference & Exhibit, noted that 5 years ago the bioeconomy was like an old truck stuck in the mud.  The driver could get out and try

November 16, 2021 Read Full Article

Ethanol Producers Are Leading the Way in Capturing Carbon | Commentary

by Dave Vander Griend (ICM/Wichita Eagle) … Well, in the biofuels industry we have made great strides to not only reduce the carbon intensity of the products we grow and produce, but also to capture and repurpose any carbon we emit. In fact, we have been at the forefront of

November 12, 2021 Read Full Article

LanzaTech: Radically Rethinking Industrial Business Models

by Erik Kobayashi-Solomon (Forbes) A visit this summer to New Zealand-American synthetic biology company, LanzaTech, opened my eyes to what the term “paradigm shift” means. LanzaTech is an industrial chemicals company that leverages innovations in biology, artificial intelligence, and precision engineering to create the molecules that make everything from yoga

November 12, 2021 Read Full Article

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2nd generation biofuels 3-D 3D printing 3rd generation biofuels 4-H 4th generation fuels 7% solution 45Q 81 Octane 84 octane 85 octane 87 octane 88 octane 89 octane 90 octane 91 octane 92 octane 93 octane 94 octane 95 octane 96 octane 98 octane 100 octane 100% SAF (Sustainable Aviation Fuel) 103 octane 105 octane 108 octane 109 octane 110 octane 113 octane 119 octane 2016 US House and Senate Campaigns 2016 US Presidential Campaign 2018 US Senate and House Campaigns Other Election Activities 2020 Election 2022 2022 US Senate and House Campaign 9003 Program a A20 (20% methanol/bioethanol) Abu Dhabi acacia acetate acetic acid acetone acid acid hydrolysis adaptive evolution additional carbon additionality adequate/inadequate domestic supply Administrative Procedure Act advanced advanced biofuel prices Advanced biofuels advanced biofuels production advanced ethanol advanced ethanol tax credit advertising campaign aerobic digestion aerosols Affordable Clean Energy Program (ACE) afforestation Afghanistan Africa AGARDA (Agriculture Advanced Research and Development Authority) agave aggregation agr Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP) agricultural economics Agricultural Policy Agricultural waste/residue Agriculture agroforestry agrofuels agronomy Aircraft engine emissions Air Force air pollution control Air Pollution Policy airport airports air quality Alabama Alaska Albania albedo Alberta albizia alcohol-to-diesel alcohol-to-jet (ATJ) alcohol fuel cells alcohol fuels alfalfa algae algae contamination algae cultivation algae extraction algae harvesting algae parity algae separation algal biofuels Algeria Algiers alkanes alkenes alkylate alligator fat almond almond hulls shells alternative energy vehicles alternative fuels Alternative Fuels Credit alternative fuels excise tax credit Alternative Fuels Tax Credit (AFTC) aluminum Amazon American Indian Tribes American Le Mans Series (ALMS) ammonia ammonia fiber explosion (AFEX) amylose anaerobic digestate anaerobic digester/digestion and Energy Use in Transportation Model Angola anhydrous ethanol animal bedding animal fat animal feed animal waste Antactica Antarctica antibiotics antitrust Appropriations APR (Aqueous Phase Reforming) aquaculture aquatic organisms Arabidopsis arabinose ARCA Archaea Architecture Arctic Argentian Argentina Arizona Arkansas Armenia Army Corps of Engineers aromatics aromatics price ARPA-C ARPA-E ARPA-Terra artificial intelligence Aruba Asia asphalt/bitumen ASTM ASTM 6866 ASTM D396 ASTM D975 ASTM D1655 ASTM D2880 ASTM D4054 ASTM D4806 Denatured fuel ethanol ASTM D4814 ASTM D5798 ASTM D6751 ASTM D7467 (B6-B20) ASTM D7544 ASTM D7566 (Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons) ASTM D7862 ASTM D7875 ASTM D7901 (DME-Dimethyl Ether for Fuel Purposes) ASTM D8076 ASTM D8181 ASTM E3146 ASTM standards ASTM WK55232 (D02) ASTM WK63392 ATJ-SPK (Alcohol to Jet Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene) Atlantic Canada atmosphere Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) Australia Australian pine Austria Auto manufacturer automotive aviation aviation fuel (SAF) benefits aviation fuel (SAF) price aviation fuel (SAF) production aviation fuel (SAF) pumps/delivery aviation fuel (SAF) tax credit aviation fuel (SAF) terminal Aviation Fuel/Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) Aviation Gasoline/AvGas avocado awards/recognition Azerbaijan. b B0 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 B8 B10 B11 B12 B12.5 B13 B14 B15 B20 B25 B30 B33 B35 B40 B50 B70 B75 B80 B98 B99 B100 Babados nut tree babassu bacteria bagasse Bahamas Bahrain bamboo banana banana stems Bangladesh bankruptcy Barbados barge barley barley fiber barley protein barley straw Basque batteries Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) bauxite beauty leaf tree beaver beer bees Belarus Belgium Belize Benin benzene Bermuda Bhutan big bluestem big data Big Food Big Oil/Oil Majors billion ton study bio bio-based diesel benefits bio-based economy Bio-CNG/RNG terminal Bio-CNG pumps bio-LNG (Liquified Natural Gas) Bio-LNG Pumps (Liquified Natural Gas) Bio-LNG terminal bio-natural gas bio-NGV (natural gas for vehicles) bio-oil/pyrolysis oil bio-SPK (bio derived synthetic paraffinic kerosene) biobased Biobased Markets Program biobased materials Biobased Product Manufacturing Assistance Program biochar biochemical conversion BioChemicals/Renewable Chemicals bioconversion Biocrude/Green Crude/SynCrude biodegradable biodiesel biodiesel blend wall biodiesel EN 14214 Biodiesel Fuel Education Program biodiesel prices biodiesel production biodiesel pumps biodiesel quality biodiesel standards biodiesel tax credit biodiesel technologies biodiesel terminal biodiversity bioeconomy bioelectricity bioelectrochemical conversion bioenergy Bioenergy Program for Advanced Biofuels Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) biofoundry Biofuel biofuel consumption Biofuel Crops biofuel distribution Biofuel Infrastructure Partnership (BIP) biofuel producer tax credit biofuel production Biofuels Directive biofuels education biofuel tax credit Biogas Biogasoline/Renewable Gasoline Biogasoline/Renewable Gasoline pumps biogenic carbon biogenic emissions Bioheat biohydrocarbons biohydrogen BioIsoprene Bio LPG biomass Biomass Carbon Removal and Storage (BiCRS) Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP) biomass hydrolysis biomass recalcitrance Biomass Research and Development initiative (BRDI) biomass sorghum Biomass to Liquid (BTL) biomass transportation biomaterials bioplastics biopower Biopreferred bioproducts biopropene bioprospecting BioRefineries/Renewable Fuel Production Biorefinery Assistance Program (BAP) old 9003 Biorefinery Renewable Chemical Biobased Product Mfgr Assistance 9003 BioRenewable-1 (BR-1) BioSNG Biotechnology birch bitter orange black carbon black grease black liquor black locust blender blender pumps Blenders Credit blending blendstock Blend wall blockchain blue carbon boat fuel Bolivia bolt-on Bonaire bonds book-and-claim border tax Borneo Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana BQ-9000 Brachiaria bracken brackish water Brassica Brazil breweries British Columbia broker brownfields brown grease Brunei Btu's BTX (Benzene Toluene Xylene) Bu12.5 Bu16 Budget building block chemicals Bulgaria bunker oil Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Burkina Faso Burma Burundi buses Business/General Aviation Business and Industry Program (B&I) business law business resources butadiene Butane butanediol butanol/biobutanol butanol emissions butyl acetate butyric acid c C3 sugar C5 sugar C6 sugar Cabo Verde cactus cagaita calibration California California Air Resources Board (CARB) Cambodia Camelina camels Cameroon Canada canarygrass Canary Islands canary reed grass candle nut cannabis canola/rapeseed canola straw cap-and-invest cap-and-trade carbohydrates carbon carbon-14 testing carbon-efficient fuels carbon/CO2 sequestration carbon capture and storage (CCS) carbon capture and utilization (CCU) carbon cost carbon credit carbon credit markets carbon cycle carbon debt Carbon Dioxide (CO2) carbon efficiency carbon emissions carbon fiber Carbon Intensity (CI) carbon life cycle carbon markets Carbon Monoxide (CO) carbon negative carbon neutrality carbon offsets carbon pipeline carbon price carbon recycling carbon removal carbon sink carbon tax carbon tax-and-dividend Carbon tax border adjustments carbon user fee Carbon Utilization and Biogas Education Program carcinogens cardoon Caribbean carinata/brassica carinata carob cashew cashew apple CASI CAS Registry Cassava cassava price cassava pulp cassava stalk castor bean castor stalk catalysis catalysts catalytic decarboxylation catalytic hydrothermal conversion catalytic hydrothermal conversion-to-jet (CHCJ) catalytic hydrothermal gasification catalytic hydrothermolysis jet CHJ pathway cattle cavitation CBD (cannabidiol) cell culturing cellulase enzymes cellulose Cellulosic/Biomass Hydrogen cellulosic biofuel Cellulosic biomass cellulosic diesel Cellulosic ethanol cellulosic ethanol price cellulosic feedstock cellulosic production tax credit cellulosic sugars Cellulosic Tax Credit cellulosic waiver credit cement Central African Republic Central America Certificate Program Certificates of Origin (COs) certification certification fuels cesium cetane Chad change in soil condition charging stations CHCJ-5 chemical-looping hydrogen method Chesapeake Bay chicken feathers chickens Chile Chili China chitin chufa/cyperus esculents/nutsedge CIA circular economy citrus citrus greening disease Citrus Peel Clean clean air Clean Air Act (CAA) clean diesel Clean Fuel Standard/Policy (CFS) Clean Power Plan (CPP) Clean Trucks Plan Clean Water Act climate change Climate Change Adaptation climate change effects climate change mitigation climate legislation climate smart agriculture closed-loop system Clostridium thermocellum cloud point clover CNG Conversion kit co co-generation co-location co-operative Co-op Extension co-processing co-products coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) coastal habitat conservation coastal hay Coast Guard cobalt cock's foot coco cocoa Coconut coffee coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold-tolerance cold flow college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG/R-CNG/bioCNG) compression-ignition engine compression ratios computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology cooking fuel Cook Islands cook stoves cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 COP26 copper coppice cordgrass corn-based products corn/maize corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crimes criteria pollutants Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cuphea cup plant currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cusi cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D5 (5%DME) D20 (20%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date palm date palm pits Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization Delaware DeltaWing demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/HVO/Paraffinic Diesel diesel with renewables diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct-to-fuel direct air capture directed evolution direct injection Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E2 E3 E4 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E40 E50 E55 E75 E78 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED95 educatio education educational business private educational tour Education Series 3030 EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electricity price electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) end user Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylbenzene ethylene ethyl levulinate (EL) ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication externalities extremophiles f F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax Fleets fleet turnover fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia games gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP h Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawai'i hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrids Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrocarbon fuels hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen hydrogen aircraft hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogenolysis hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indiana Indian beech tree Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land prices land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M3 M15 M50 M100 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts mass balance standard Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methan methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks methanization Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methanol fuel cells methanol price Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland Newfoundland and Labrador new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota Northeast northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Northwest Territories Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds nuclear Nunavut nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil/gas terminals oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay Paris Agreement parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peak oil demand peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin peela kaner pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photoelectrocatalysis photoelectrochemical photolysis photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine needles pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Flex Fuel Hybrid Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass podcasts Poland poli Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyethylene polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter/waste power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests proton exchange membrane (PEM) public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps/fueling station pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R5 R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest rain tree RAND rare earth metal RD10 RD20 RD30 RD80 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation Refined Bleached Deodorized Palm Oil (RBDPO) refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming Regulated Emissions regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/HVO/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price Renewable Diesel Production renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED/RED II/REDIII) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) RenovaBio replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion resurrection grass retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw/paddy straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Rural Renewable Energy Pilot Program Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy scooters Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog smokestack soap Social social benefit investing social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soi soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solaris solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) Solomon Islands Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications Spent Bleaching Earth Oil (SBEO) sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam methane reformation steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve STrategiv Petroleum Reserve straw students su sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) subsid succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugarcane sugarcane prices sugarcane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower sunflower stalks supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas/gas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic kerosene synthetic liquified gas (SLG) synthetic methane/e-methane synthetic natural gas Syria Tailoring Rule 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VEETC vegetable oils vehicles miles traveled (VMT) Velocys Venezuela Vermont Victoria video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volatile fatty acids (VFA) volunteers Vulcanol w waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil wastewater water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment wax weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass wheat prices wheat straw whey whisky white grease White House wildlife habitat willow wind energy wine wastage/grape marc winter crops Wisconsin women Wood woody biomass World Bank World Trade Organization (WTO) Wyoming XTL xylan xylene 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