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Advanced Biofuels USA: promoting the understanding, development and use of advanced biofuels around the world.

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Scania Presents Two New Biomethane Engines for Heavy Trucks at the IAA

(Alt Fuels/Scania) During the IAA show, Scania announced the expansion of its biomethane offer for heavy trucks with two new engines. The 13-liter engines offer 420 and 460 hp and between them they cover most of the high-power demand of the European truck market, including long-haul trucks. This launch goes hand

September 27, 2022 Read Full Article

Global Aviation’s Best Shot at Going Green Relies on Scarce Fuel

by Elizabeth Low (Bloomberg News/Governors’ Biofuels Coalition) High costs and limited production are dulling sustainable aviation fuel’s prospects — In Tuas, Singapore’s industrial-heavy district, Finnish company Neste Oyj is building what will one day be the world’s largest facility for sustainable aviation fuel. Once up and running in 2023, the plant should produce

September 22, 2022 Read Full Article

Alfa Laval Test & Training Centre Receives Approval for Testing with Ammonia

(Alfa Laval) Authorities have granted approval for testing with ammonia at the Alfa Laval Test & Training Centre. When installation of the testing setup is completed by the end of 2022, the centre will be able to work with all fuels in consideration as the marine industry decarbonizes. Supporting the entire

September 8, 2022 Read Full Article

Proman Stena Bulk’s Methanol Fuelled Tankers Conduct South Koriea’s First Methanol Bunkering

(Stena Bulk) Stena Pro Patria and Stena Pro Marine became the first vessels to bunker methanol in South Korea in significant milestone for joint venture and for methanol uptake in maritime —  Proman Stena Bulk, the joint venture (JV) between major global methanol producer Proman and one of the world’s largest

September 5, 2022 Read Full Article

St1 to Construct a Biogas Upgrading and Liquefaction Refinery in Sweden

(St1)  Energy company St1 has made an investment decision to construct a biogas upgrading and liquefaction refinery in Sobacken, Borås. A prerequisite for the biorefinery investment decision is the long-term off-take contract to buy raw biogas, which St1 has signed with Borås Energi och Miljö. With the agreement, also the two

September 2, 2022 Read Full Article

New Algorithm Uncovers Secrets of Cell Factories

by Karin Wik and Susanne Nilsson Lindh (Chalmers University of Technology/Phys.Org) Drug molecules and biofuels can be made to order by living cell factories, where biological enzymes do the job. Now, researchers at Chalmers University of Technology have developed a computer model that can predict how fast enzymes work, making

September 1, 2022 Read Full Article

European-Collected UCO as a Sustainable Feedstock

(Biofuels International)  The collection of used cooking oil is crucial to the supply of biodiesel feedstock. Biofuels International spoke to Pol Van Pollaert, Commercial Director of Quatra, a market leader in the collection and recycling of used cooking oil. … Quatra is a Belgian company founded by the Van Pollaert

August 25, 2022 Read Full Article

The Bio-CNG European Tour Arrives in the North Cape

(Alt Fuels/Associazione Torino-Pechino)  Is it therefore possible to reach the North Cape using only biomethane? In the summer of 2022, the answer is almost yes, given that the car driven by Guido Guerrini and Fabio Cofferati for the Bio-CNG European Tour, which has the support of Piccini Paolo Spa, Snam4Mobility, WGMC and

August 19, 2022 Read Full Article

Quest for Feedstock: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to the State of SAF

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) This week on ABLC CONNECT, we networked and exchanged information about the world of Sustainable Aviation Fuel, and as part of the proceedings, we had the State of Sustainable Aviation Fuel presentation. The slides are here. READ MORE Recording:  THE STATE OF SAF – Markets,

August 15, 2022 Read Full Article

UECC Signs up for Svitzer’s EcoTow Solution in Scandinavia

(Svitzer)  Svitzer today announced that UECC, a leading provider of short sea transportation services for cars and other rolling cargo on the European continent, has signed a three-year contract for Svitzer’s EcoTow product, through which fossil fuels are replaced with biofuels on Svitzer’s tugs. Biofuels are among the most effective fuels

August 11, 2022 Read Full Article

#Welcome To EartH2, with NextChem: The Digest’s Multi Slide Guide to Green and Low Carbon Hydrogen

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The world is short on hydrogen for all its ambitions in renewable energy and transformative chemicals and materials — and especially in green and low carbon hydrogen. Fortunately, new technology and carbon strategies have emerged to meet the market opportunity, and we looked into the

August 1, 2022 Read Full Article

Significant Next Step in Developing Sustainable Methanol for Chemical Industry

(Fortum) Project Air, a cooperation project with Perstorp, Fortum and Uniper in Sweden, is taking significant next steps in developing sustainable methanol for the chemical industry. The project has been selected for funding by the EU innovation fund.   Project Air aims to move the chemical industry from using fossil raw materials

July 27, 2022 Read Full Article

Bio-CNG and Bio-LNG on Transport in EU

(UABIO) Biogas technologies introduced in transport sector: Bio-CNG і Bio-LNG. FlixMobility is introducing biogas-powered buses on two long-distance routes in a move to significantly reduce its CO2 emissions. The Biogas buses start operating from July 1, 2021. … Biogas is a good solution for effectively reducing CO2 emissions, especially for FlixMobility’s long-distance routes such as those between Amsterdam and Brussels or Oslo and Stockholm. This is

July 15, 2022 Read Full Article
8th International Advanced Biofuels Conference   —   September 13-15, 2022   —   Stockholm, Sweden

8th International Advanced Biofuels Conference — September 13-15, 2022 — Stockholm, Sweden

As global economies began to come back to business, energy security and security of supply have come high on the international agenda. Climate reduction is a challenge but for the transportation sector, biofuels have remerged as one of the available now alternatives to address both short-term fuel shortages, and medium-term

July 13, 2022 Read Full Article

Powering Progress Towards Net-Zero Emissions: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Shell Aviation

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Shell’s focus on low carbon fuels for aviation is apparent and progress is being made towards more sustainable skies as Shell reaches key milestones and has plans for even bigger ones by 2030. Find out how Shell is investing in technology and innovation to produce

July 11, 2022 Read Full Article

Pioneering Recycling Turns Mixed Waste into Premium Plastics with No Climate Impact

(Chalmers University of Technology/EurekAlert!) Only a fraction of the material that could be turned into new plastic is currently recycled. Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden have now demonstrated how the carbon atoms in mixed waste can replace all fossil raw materials in the production of new plastic. The recycling

July 7, 2022 Read Full Article
New Bio-CNG Europen Tour Will Reach the Arctic Circle  —   July 20 – August 5, 2022   —   Italy, Switzerland, Austria, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Norway

New Bio-CNG Europen Tour Will Reach the Arctic Circle — July 20 – August 5, 2022 — Italy, Switzerland, Austria, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Norway

(Associazione Culturale Torino-Pechino/NGV Journal)  The Associazione Culturale Torino-Pechino (Torpec 2008), whose main area of ​​activity is the organization of trips outside the central tourist routes, with particular interest in the social, historical and geopolitical dimension of the regions crossed, has presented the Bio-CNG European Tour 2022. The initiative has support of

July 7, 2022 Read Full Article

Alcogroup, Agroetanol Charged by EU over Ethanol Benchmarks Cartel

by Foo Yun Chee (Reuters)  Belgium’s Alcogroup and Sweden’s Agroetanol were charged by EU antitrust regulators on Thursday with taking part in a bioethanol benchmarks cartel in previous years which could lead to fines. The EU competition enforcer fined Spain’s Abengoa 20 million euros last year for rigging ethanol benchmarks as

July 7, 2022 Read Full Article

Hot Hydrofaction: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Steeper Energy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Steeper Energy’s President, Perry Toms, shared this illuminating slide guide at ABLC on how hydrofaction – a proven thermochemical is advancing biofuels commercial acceptance. From milestones to commercialization partners, get all the details on how Steeper Energy is building an advanced biofuels future through hydrofaction,

July 6, 2022 Read Full Article

Jumpin’ Jetfuel June – Finnair, Gevo, Qantas, Airbus, Delta, Neste, Southwest, SAFFiRE and More SAF Just This Month!

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) Jump for joy and jetfuel! June was jaw-dropping for SAF and the aviation industry and it’s not just because of Finnair and Gevo’s new 7 million gallons per year of sustainable aviation fuel sales agreement. It’s Qantas and Airbus. It’s ATR and Braathens. It’s Shell,

June 27, 2022 Read Full Article

Large-Scale Cultivation of Microalgae Can Clean Emissions from Industry, Can Also Be Used in Nordic Climate

by Ulrika Bergström (Swedish Research Council/Phys.Org) Microalgae can recover greenhouse gases and nutrients from industrial waste. This technology can be used to reduce climate footprint and eutrophication. Lina Mattsson’s dissertation in ecology shows that microalgae can also be used in the Nordic climate, which has previously been considered a challenge as

June 23, 2022 Read Full Article

ATR, Braathens Conduct 100%-Powered SAF Test Flight

(Runway Girl Network/Braathens Regional Airlines) Today (June 21, 2022), regional aircraft manufacturer ATR, Swedish airline Braathens Regional Airlines and sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) supplier Neste collaborated to enable the first ever 100% SAF-powered test flight on a commercial regional aircraft. When used in neat form Neste MY Sustainable Aviation Fuel™

June 23, 2022 Read Full Article

ESL Shipping Becomes the First Shipping Company in the World to Utilize Neste’s Co-processed Marine Fuel for GHG Emissions Reduction

(Neste) Finnish shipping company ESL Shipping will become the world’s first shipping company to start utilizing new low-emission Neste Marine™ 0.1 Co-processed marine fuel in its vessels in Finland and Sweden. The ISCC PLUS certified* marine fuel enables up to 80%** reduced greenhouse gas emissions over the life cycle compared to fossil fuels

June 21, 2022 Read Full Article

Sales of High-Blend Ethanol Surge in France Amid Rising Fuel Prices

by Sean Goulding Carroll (EURACTIV.com) Record fuel prices seen since Russia’s invasion of Ukraine have led cost-conscious motorists to pivot towards alternative fuel sources, with sales of E85 – a mixture of petrol and up to 85% bioethanol – rising significantly in France. French consumption of ethanol, a fuel source made

June 20, 2022 Read Full Article

Germany: Scandinavian Biogas Will Supply Biofuel to Alternoil’s Stations

(Scandinavian Biogas/NGV Journal)  Scandinavian Biogas has entered a long-term agreement with Alternoil for the delivery of bio-LNG to be included in the climate-neutral fuel REEFUEL distributed on the German transportation market. The agreed volumes are 8,000 tons during ramp up in 2024 to be 11,500 tons (160 GWh) per year from

June 15, 2022 Read Full Article

Data Centers Embrace Vegetable Oil as Cleaner Fuel for Generators

by Rich Miller (Data Center Frontier) A growing number of data centers are turning to vegetable oil to reduce their impact on the environment. This week Compass Datacenters became the latest company to adopt fuels based on hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO) to fuel the generators that provide backup power for their

June 14, 2022 Read Full Article

Aviation Climate Action Championed at Stockholm+50

(Air Transport Action Group)  Speaking to delegates meeting at the Stockholm+50 Leadership Dialogue today, Executive Director of the cross-industry Air Transport Action Group, Haldane Dodd urged governments to work together to adopt a long-term climate goal at the upcoming International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Assembly. “As we gather here in Stockholm

June 2, 2022 Read Full Article

EU Biofuels Feedstock Supply Uncertain as Reliance on Rapeseed Oil Imports Rises

by Samyak Pandey (S&P Global) Rapeseed oil imports soar in 2021-22 marketing year; Food inflation hits many EU countries plans for crop-based biofuels usage — The EU’s purchases of rapeseed oil have risen sharply in the 2021-22 marketing year (July-June) from the previous season, a trend which is set to intensify in

June 1, 2022 Read Full Article

Vantaa Energy and St1 to Cooperate in the Distribution of Electric Fuel

(St1) The Power-to-Gas plant (P2G), planned for completion by Vantaa Energy in 2025 in Finland, produces carbon-neutral synthetic gas, the production process of which utilises water and carbon dioxide recovered from the waste treatment process in a new and innovative way. Synthetic gas can be used as transport fuel instead of

June 1, 2022 Read Full Article

Lhyfe and Trelleborgs Energi Join Forces for Renewable Green Hydrogen Production in Sweden

(Lhyfe) Lhyfe, a world pioneer and pure player in renewable green hydrogen Lhyfe (Euronext: LHYFE) and the Swedish local energy company Trelleborgs Energi have joined forces in a pre-study that aims to build a local renewable hydrogen production system in southernmost Sweden. As committed change makers, both companies are set to

May 30, 2022 Read Full Article

Scientists Solve the Mystery about the Active Phase in Catalytic Carbon Dioxide Reduction

(Stockholm University Department of Physics) An international research team led by researchers of Stockholm University has for the first time been able to study the surface of a copper-zinc catalyst when carbon dioxide is reduced to methanol. The results – obtained at DESY´s brilliant light source PETRA III – are published

May 20, 2022 Read Full Article

‘This Really Is the Future’: HGV Manufacturers Race to Decarbonise Trucks

(The Guardian)  …  A cleaner alternative is methane produced by anaerobic digestion of food waste, known as biogas or bio-LNG (liquefied natural gas). Gasrec, a company working on gas refuelling stations for the likes of Tesco, Sainsbury’s and Asda, estimates that a truck running on bio-LNG reduces carbon dioxide emissions by

May 13, 2022 Read Full Article

Scania Meets Growing Biomethane Truck Interest with Expanded Offer

(Scania/NGV Journal) Scania is a major player in heavy trucks with natural gas engines. The current backdrop of expanding infrastructure and growing supplies of biomethane has generated higher demand, especially for long-haul tractors with the kind of range figures you normally only expect from diesel trucks. Scania is now adding several

May 13, 2022 Read Full Article

Focus on Sustainability

(Biofuels International)  Daiva Angeldorff, CEO of Nordic  Storage, outlines in a question and answer session with Biofuels International how it is aiming to become a more sustainable business with a growing focus on biofuels. Can you introduce yourself to our readers and tell us a little bit more about Nordic

May 12, 2022 Read Full Article

COWI and Swedish Biofuels to Build Factories for SAF Production

(Biofuels International) Swedish Biofuels and COWI have partnered up to supply the Swedish market with 400,000 tonnes of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). Swedish Biofuels bases its technology on the ‘alcohol-to-jet’ (ATJ) method, which paves the way for complete elimination of fossil aviation fuel. The first production facility will be built

May 5, 2022 Read Full Article

Sasol ecoFT, Uniper Partner to Produce SAF through SkyFuelH2 Joint Venture

(Sasol ecoFT/Biobased Diesel Daily) Sasol ecoFT has signed a letter of intent with Sollefteå municipality in collaboration with Sweden’s energy company Uniper to investigate the possibility of establishing an industry-scale production facility for sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). Taking place under the joint venture SkyFuelH2, the ambition is to produce SAF based

May 3, 2022 Read Full Article

easyJet Partners with GKN Aerospace to Accelerate Adoption of Hydrogen in Aviation

(easyJet)  easyJet, Europe’s leading airline, has announced it is working with GKN Aerospace, the world’s leading multi-technology tier 1 aerospace supplier, to work toward reducing carbon emissions in aviation through the adoption of zero carbon emission technologies. easyJet will support the development of GKN Aerospace’s Hydrogen Combustion (H2JET) and Hydrogen Fuel

April 29, 2022 Read Full Article

Germany Plans to ‘Further Reduce’ Use of Crop-Biofuels

by Sophie Barthel (Argus Media) Germany plans to further reduce the use of biofuels produced from food and feed crops because of rising food costs and waning supply of agricultural products caused by disruption of exports from main suppliers Ukraine and Russia. Details of a reduction to Germany’s cap on crop-based

April 29, 2022 Read Full Article

Preem Signs SEK 3 Billion Loan Agreement with Swedish Export Credit Corporation

(Preem)  As part of the strategy to switch to large-scale renewable fuel production, Preem will sign a SEK 3 billion loan agreement with Swedish Export Credit Corporation (SEK). The loan is covered by the Swedish National Debt Office’s program for green credit guarantees. This is the first guarantee the Swedish National

April 26, 2022 Read Full Article

Airlines Seek Clearance for Liftoff on Sustainable Aviation Fuels

by Terry Slavin (Reuters) EU and Britain to force airlines to replace part of kerosene use with non-fossil fuels; Measures in the Biden Administration’s Infrastructure bill to help bridge high cost of SAF; Companies with net-zero commitments sign up to buy SAF, push for high environmental standards —  In the run-up

April 19, 2022 Read Full Article

Advanced Biofuels from Pyrolysis: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to BTG Bioliquids

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  BTG Bioliquids develops fast pyrolysis technology and FPBO applications as well as the commercialization of such technology and production of fast pyrolysis bio-oil. The BTG team gave this illuminating overview of their fast pyrolysis technology and commercial scale demo plant in the Netherlands at ABLC 2022

April 18, 2022 Read Full Article

Bio-mandates Cuts to Worsen Oil Supply Security: IEA

by Giulia Squadrin  (Argus Media)   Oil demand and security of supply issues could be exacerbated by any reduction in biofuels mandates, according to the IEA, with biofuels making up around 2pc by volume of world oil demand. Several countries have reconsidered or adjusted biofuel-blending mandates to reduce end-user energy price tensions

April 14, 2022 Read Full Article

The Race to Upcycle CO2 into Fuels, Concrete and More

by Mark Peplow (Nature) Companies are scrambling to turn the greenhouse gas into useful products — but will that slow climate change? — Tongyezhen is a town with coal in its bones. … But later this year, a chemical plant here is set to become the world’s largest facility for

April 6, 2022 Read Full Article

Alfa Laval to Acquire Desmet, a World Leader in Edible Oil and Biofuel Processing

(Alfa Laval) Alfa Laval has signed an agreement to acquire Desmet, part of the Desmet Ballestra Group, a world leader in engineering and supplying processing plants and technologies for edible oils and biofuel sectors. The acquisition will strengthen Alfa Laval’s position in the renewable energy arena and complement its offering within

March 31, 2022 Read Full Article

Shell Readies 10-Year Airline Offtake Deals as It Scales up SAF Production

by Mark Pilling (FlightGlobal)  Shell is on the brink of signing its first letters of intent (LOI) with leading network carriers paving the way for 10-year sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) supply deals, according to Jan Toschka, president of Shell Aviation, speaking exclusively to FlightGlobal. Such long-term commitments are important to the

March 30, 2022 Read Full Article

Electrolux Reduces Sea Transport Emissions by 15% in 2022

(Electrolux/PR Newswire)   Electrolux will now use more sustainable fuels for 25% of its total sea freight. By partnering with shipping companies Maersk and CMA CGM Group to use biofuel based on waste oils and LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas), Electrolux will reduce its sea transport greenhouse gas emissions by 15 percent already

March 24, 2022 Read Full Article

Sustainability, Safety and Driver Focus Lead XPO Logistics and British Gypsum to Opt for Volvo

by Martin Tomlinson (Volvo Trucks) XPO Logistics, a leading provider of freight transportation services, has started to take delivery of 76 Volvo FM trucks that will be used exclusively on the company’s contract with building materials supplier British Gypsum. — The new 6×2 tractor units will play a crucial part in

March 22, 2022 Read Full Article

Travel Pass Biofuel: Inside SAS’s New Corporate Offsetting Scheme

by Charlotte Seet (Simple Flying) SAS now offers Travel Pass Biofuel, for corporate customers who regularly travel and want their flights to be fossil fuel free.  — As a big believer in achieving positive change through sustainability, SAS has set a variety of ambitious short-term and long-term targets – one of

March 21, 2022 Read Full Article

Argonne Pioneers New Processes to Create Materials for Batteries, Biofuels

(Newswise/Argonne National Laboratory) New chemical separations enable battery recycling, biodiesel  —  When recycling cans and bottles, at some point it becomes necessary to separate out plastic from metal. When recycling car batteries, getting out the most valuable metals also requires a separation, but this time it entails a specific kind of chemical

March 19, 2022 Read Full Article

50 Hottest Projects in the Advanced Bioeconomy 2022

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) On Day 2 of ABLC in Washington, DC, The Digest announced the 50 Hottest Projects in the Advanced Bioeconomy 2022. This year, the focus was on advanced bioeconomy manufacturing sites, completed or in development, at pilot, demonstration or commercial scale for intermediates or finished products, rather

March 18, 2022 Read Full Article

From Seed to Skin: How Biodiesel Makes the EU Go Round — and Go Green

(European Biodiesel Board/Politico)  Europe will need much more of this renewable fuel to decarbonize the transport system. The advantages stretch way beyond the obvious.– … EU countries have a huge challenge ahead of them: phase out fossil fuels in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from transport by 90 percent

March 14, 2022 Read Full Article

Göteborg Energi and Siemens Energy Run Gas Turbines on Liquid Biofuel

(Biofuels International) Göteborg Energi and Siemens Energy have successfully run a gas turbine in the Rya CHP plant with liquid biofuel instead of natural gas using new technology. This opens up new opportunities for the conversion of Rya KVV, but also for sustainable power production nationally and globally. The project

February 24, 2022 Read Full Article

Rapid Growth for Biomethane in Transport

by Daniela Castim (Bio Market Insights) A significant and quick growth was seen in the use of biomethane as a transport fuel in Europe in 2020, according to a recent data report from NVGA (The Natural & Bio Gas Vehicle Association). As stated in the report, an “overwhelming amount” of Europe’s 3,810 CNG stations

February 24, 2022 Read Full Article

Breakthrough in Converting CO2 into Fuel Using Solar Energy

(Lund University/Carbon Capture Magazine) A research team led by Lund University in Sweden has shown how solar power can convert carbon dioxide into fuel, by using advanced materials and ultra-fast laser spectroscopy. The breakthrough could be an important piece of the puzzle in reducing the levels of greenhouse gases in the

February 23, 2022 Read Full Article

Norwegian Enables Corporate Customers to Reduce Emissions from Business Travel

(Norwegian) Norwegian has entered into a collaboration agreement with Neste, the world’s leading producer of sustainable aviation fuels (SAF). Norwegian’s corporate customers can now reduce their CO2 emissions from business travel by up to 80 per cent through sustainable aviation fuel. The agreement is an important step in accelerating a

February 17, 2022 Read Full Article

Furetank Secures Biogas Supply as Step towards Fossil-Free Shipping

(Furetank) Liquefied biogas is one of the keys to fossil-free shipping – but lack of supply is a major issue. The Swedish shipping company Furetank has signed a letter of intent with Eskilstuna Biogas, enabling the development of a new biogas plant producing around 5,000 tonnes of LBG annually. Furetank commits

February 11, 2022 Read Full Article

Renewable Diesel & Sustainable Aviation Fuels 2030, Vol 2

by Will Thurmond (Emerging Markets) Renewable Diesel & Sustainable Aviation Fuels 2030, Vol 2. (249 pages, September 2021) provides a detailed analysis and outlook for low-carbon feedstock availability, and a feasibility assessment for technology commercialization pathways in sustainable aviation fuels and low-carbon renewable diesel production. INTRODUCTION AND TABLE OF CONTENTS

February 10, 2022 Read Full Article

EU Meets 2020 Target for Renewable Energy in Transport

(Bioenergy Insight)  The EU has met the 10% target level for 2020 for the share of renewable energy in transport, according to Eurostat. The target includes liquid biofuels, biomethane and green electricity used in transport, and was included in Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from

February 8, 2022 Read Full Article

NGVAEurope: +25% of Gas Used in Road Transport Was Renewable in 2020

(NGVAEurope/NGV Journal) The Natural & bio Gas Vehicle Association (NGVA Europe) has released new data, proving rapid growth of biomethane as transport fuel in Europe. With more than a quarter of the gas used in road transport being renewable, an overwhelming amount of Europe’s 3,810 CNG stations already successfully delivered biomethane

February 7, 2022 Read Full Article

Carbon Neutral by 2035: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Neste

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  1.5 Mton/a sustainable aviation fuels production capacity by the end of 2023 with plans to grow capacity, helping customers reduce their GHG emissions by at least 20 million tons annually by 2030, reaching carbon neutral production by 2035 – these are some of Neste’s goals.

February 3, 2022 Read Full Article

Germany, Denmark Seek More Ambition from EU on Green Aviation Fuel

by Kate Abnett (Reuters) European Union plans to require the aviation sector to use more sustainable fuels are not ambitious enough and the EU should let member states set their own tougher requirements, seven countries have said. The European Commission last summer proposed measures to tackle greenhouse gas emissions from aviation,

February 3, 2022 Read Full Article

Scandinavian Biogas Invests in Major Bio-LNG Plant Expansion

(Bioenergy Insight) Scandinavian Biogas will invest SEK 300 million (€28.6 million) in expanding its bio-LNG plant in Gladö Kvarn on Södertörn, south of Stockholm. The expanded plant, expected to be complete in the second half of 2023, will become the largest of its kind in northern Europe, producing 220 GWh

February 1, 2022 Read Full Article

Top EU Regulator Urges ‘Ban’ on Crypto Mining that He Claims Is Sucking up Renewable Energy

by Barbara Kollmeyer (Market Watch) The European Union urgently needs to ban a form of cryptocurrency mining that is relying heavily on renewable energy, and poses a threat to climate-change goals, a top regional regulator said Wednesday. “The solution is to ban ‘proof of work’,” Erik Thedéen, vice-chair of the European Securities

January 20, 2022 Read Full Article

Swedavia Continues Work to Phase out Fossil Fuels through new HVO 100 incentive for companies operating at its airports

(Swedavia) To encourage companies and other organisations operating at Swedavia’s airports to become fossil-free and start refuelling with HVO, fossil-free diesel, on January 1 Swedavia introduced a special HVO 100 incentive at Stockholm Arlanda Airport and Göteborg Landvetter Airport. The goal is now for all ground operations at every Swedavia airport to

January 20, 2022 Read Full Article

Liquid Wind Partners with Ørsted to Produce Green Electro-Fuel in Large-Scale eMethanol Project in Sweden

(Liquid Wind) Ørsted and Liquid Wind AB have reached an agreement, under which Ørsted will acquire a 45 % ownership share of Liquid Wind AB’s FlagshipONE eMethanol project. FlagshipONE is a late-stage development project and could become the world’s first large-scale sustainable eMethanol project. Liquid Wind AB plans to establish

January 13, 2022 Read Full Article

Comment: Net-Zero Aviation Is More than a Flight of Fantasy

by Tim Ryley and Emma Rachel Whittlesea (Australian Aviation) In this cross-posting with The Conversation, Griffith University aviation professor Tim Ryley and research fellow Emma Rachel Whittlesea discuss the steps still required to achieve net-zero emissions in aviation. … Most recently, at the COP26 summit in Glasgow, the industry merely reasserted

January 10, 2022 Read Full Article

Turkish Airlines to Debut Flights Using Sustainable Aviation Fuel

by Tuba Sahin (Anadolu Agency)  National flag carrier to form new structure for AnadoluJet’s low-cost business model, says company CEO — With the motto “Our route is the future,” national flag carrier Turkish Airlines is set to begin flights using a special fuel which reduces emissions by 87%, the air carrier’s

January 6, 2022 Read Full Article

New PhD Course on the Politics of ‘Net Zero’ and Carbon Removal — June 13-17, 2022 — Copenhagen, Denmark DEADLINE: January 15, 2022

by Cecilia von Arnold  (Lund University Center for Sustainability Studies)  In June 2022, LUCSUS will co-organise a 5-day intensive PhD course focusing on climate change mitigation and the politics of ‘Net Zero’ and carbon removal. As the climate crisis intensifies, the scientific and political conversation on climate change mitigation is taking

January 5, 2022 Read Full Article

Complete Global Guide: The Digest’s Biofuels Mandates Around the World 2022

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  65 countries have targets or mandates–how much, where, when and what?  READ MORE Commodities 2022: European biofuel mandates to structurally shift ethanol demand higher in the year (S&P Global Platts) European Biofuel Mandates to Structurally Shift Ethanol Demand Higher in The Year (Biofuels Central) Malaysia

January 4, 2022 Read Full Article

Denmark Targets 2030 for Fossil Fuel-Free Domestic Flights

by Sumit Singh (Simple Flying) The Danish government yesterday announced that it has a mission to have all of its country’s domestic flights free from fossil fuels by the end of the decade. Denmark’s prime minister, Mette Frederiksen, shared that she wants to “make flying green.” … Airbus shared last

January 3, 2022 Read Full Article

Preem Accelerates Climate Neutrality Target

(Biofuels International) Preem has shared plans to become climate neutral by 2035 – 10 years earlier than its previous target. The Swedish fuel company announced that by 2035, it will have a climate-neutral business with net-zero emissions throughout its value chain. … Since 2020, Preem has implemented several priorities linked

December 31, 2021 Read Full Article

Neste’s Aim of 100% Renewable Electricity Use to Be Achieved ahead of Schedule in Finland ⎯ New Hydropower Agreement with Vattenfall

(Neste) Neste has signed its first renewable hydropower purchase agreement with Vattenfall, one of Europe’s largest producers and retailers of electricity and heat. Vattenfall will deliver the hydropower from its Nordic hydropower plants and the deliveries will start at the beginning of January 2022. Neste is committed to combating climate change

December 23, 2021 Read Full Article

Finnish Carrier Chooses Renewable Gas Trucks for Deliveries in Helsinki

(Gasum/NGV Journal) Logistics company DACHSER Finland has acquired 10 biomethane trucks for its short-distance deliveries in the Helsinki Region. Choosing a fleet powered by environmentally-friendly and fully renewable biogas is part of the company’s climate protection strategy to reduce carbon footprint from transportation in the short term, while simultaneously supporting businesses

December 22, 2021 Read Full Article

Meeting SAF Demand with Commercial Tech: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Honeywell UOP

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) How can we meet sustainable aviation fuel demand? Check out this ABLC 2021 slide guide from Syed Ali from UOP Renewable Fuels on all their available drop-in renewable fuels, current plants operating using their tech for renewable diesel and jet fuel, their first commercial SAF

December 22, 2021 Read Full Article

Swedish Environmental Agency Funds Production of Biogas for Transport

(Scandinavian Biogas/NGV Journal) Scandinavian Biogas plans to build a plant for the production of bio-LNG together with local farmers in Grimhult outside Mönsterås about 370 kilometers south of Stockholm. According to the plan, the construction will commence during the first half of 2022 and production is planned to begin in 2024.

December 15, 2021 Read Full Article

Fossil Free Marine Has Filed for Patent and Design Protection for New Unmanned Marine Station for Renewable Fuels

(Fossil Free Marine/MyNewsDesk.com) Fossil Free Marine today announce it has applied for both patent and design protection for its newly developed unmanned floating marine fuel station. This comes after several years’ development work, based on proprietary environmental and risk analyses and certifications performed by a well renowned global certification body resulting in

December 14, 2021 Read Full Article

Finnish Port Turns Sewage from Cargo Ships into Biogas for Transport

(Gasum/NGV Journal)  The Baltic Sea Action Group (BSAG) is bringing together cooperation parties for the new Ship/t Waste Action project that produces biogas from sewage discharged by cargo ships at ports. The cooperation promotes the circular model of turning sewage into biomethane that will be used as fuel by heavy

December 14, 2021 Read Full Article

New International Collaboration Aims to Start Large-Scale Production of E-fuels in Sweden

by Tony Harrington (GreenAir Online) A major partnership has been formed by SAS Scandinavian Airlines, Swedish energy company Vattenfall, Shell Aviation and LanzaTech to explore the large-scale production in Sweden of synthetic sustainable aviation fuel, using carbon dioxide recycled from district heating, reports Tony Harrington. By 2026-27, the consortium plans

November 30, 2021 Read Full Article

Biofuel-Powered Buses on Gold Coast

(Biofuels International)  Two new buses running on sugarcane fuel will soon hit the road as part of a 12-month trial to be rolled out across the Mackay bus network in Australia. The buses will be built by Gold Coast manufacturer BusTech and will run on bioethanol fuel produced from locally-grown

November 18, 2021 Read Full Article

Nordic Transports Switch to HVO Fuel – Estimating an 88 Per Cent Reduction of CO2 Emissions Annually

(Mondelēz International)  As part of Mondelēz Internationals commitment to a 2050 net zero emissions target, the company is replacing regular diesel with HVO biodiesel on all transports in Sweden, Finland and Denmark. The use of HVO fuel, which is a renewable diesel alternative completely based on food waste, is estimated

November 12, 2021 Read Full Article

International Aviation Climate Ambition Coalition COP26 Declaration

(UN Climate Change Conference 2021 UK) We, the ministers and representatives of states, participating in the inaugural meeting of the International Aviation Climate Ambition Coalition at the 26th Conference of the Parties (COP26) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, in Glasgow this 10 November 2021. Being both parties

November 11, 2021 Read Full Article

Electrofuels Advance: Vattenfall, SAS, Shell, LanzaTech, US Air Force, Emerging Fuels Technology and Twelve Advance on Power-to-Liquids via Waste CO2

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) It’s a simple idea, using renewable electricity to induce carbon dioxide and hydrogen to form a hydrocarbon. Hydrocarbons, you know, the stuff we burn as liquid fuel and from which we make plastics, fabrics, flavors, fragrances, resins, coatings, etcetera. If you are what you wear, as the

November 9, 2021 Read Full Article

SAS, Vattenfall, Shell and LanzaTech to Explore Synthetic Sustainable Aviation Fuel Production

(Vattenfall/CISION)  Vattenfall, SAS, Shell and LanzaTech will together investigate the production of the world’s first synthetic sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) using the LanzaJetTM “Alcohol to Jet” technology on a large scale in Sweden. Instead of using virgin fossil material in the production process, the synthetic SAF will be produced from fossil free electricity and recycled carbon dioxide from

November 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Scandinavian Biogas Extends Deal to Deliver Bio-LNG to Rolande’s Stations in Netherlands and Germany

(Rolande/Scandinavian Biogas/NGT News) Scandinavian Biogas has extended the agreement with the Dutch company Rolande for deliveries of bio-LNG. Rolande supplies LNG and bio-LNG to its clients via a network that consists of 20 owned stations in the Netherlands, Belgium and Germany, and that will be expanded the coming years. There is

November 2, 2021 Read Full Article

One Hundred Percent Renewable Gasoline – It Is Actually Quite Possible!

(SEKAB) A hundred percent renewable gasoline has been developed by the Product Design Team at Repsol Technology Lab. The study has been focused on the formulation of such gasoline, aiming to fulfill European Normative EN 228. The formulation is based on renewable hydrocarbons produced by means of ETG (Ethanol-To-Gasoline) process

October 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Industry Insight: Biomass Trading

(Bioenergy Insight) Andrius Smaliukas, CEO of Baltpool, talks to Bioenergy Insight about biomass trading, SBP certification, and sustainability. —  Baltpool International Biomass Exchange (Baltpool) is an online trading platform, where buyers and sellers meet to trade in biomass and timber products. Currently operating in Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Poland, Denmark, Sweden,

October 13, 2021 Read Full Article

Gasum, Arla to Expand Partnership Amid Increased Gov’t Support

(Bioenergy Insight)  Arla Sweden and Gasum have decided to expand their current biogas partnership, following increased support for the industry from the Swedish Government  —  On 17 September, the government announced biogas production investment support of kr500 million (€49 million) by 2022, followed by kr700 million (€68 million) by 2023-2024,

September 28, 2021 Read Full Article

Pyrocell Has Started Production

(Cision/Setra) Production is now underway at Pyrocell’s plant in Gävle. The new and groundbreaking factory is turning sawdust into bio-oil.  —  Jointly owned by Setra and Preem, Pyrocell was formed in 2018 based on the business concept of producing bio-oil from sawdust. Production at the groundbreaking plant – Sweden’s first pyrolysis

September 28, 2021 Read Full Article

Stena Bulk’s Zero-Emission Vessels on Water by 2035, GoodFuels, Tufton’s 100% Biofuel Voyage and More Maritime Magic

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) From Sweden comes news that one of the world’s leading tanker shipping companies, Stena Bulk, signed the Global Maritime Forum’s Call to Action for Shipping Decarbonization with milestones that include three carbon neutral-ready methanol powered MR tankers into Stena Bulk’s fleet, exploring low carbon fuels

September 27, 2021 Read Full Article

The Climate Can’t Wait for Electric Planes. Sustainable Fuel May Be the Answer

by Hanna Ziady (CNN Business) More than 50 airlines, oil companies and other companies, including Delta (DAL), BP (BP) and Boeing (BA), pledged on Wednesday to replace 10% of global jet fuel supply with sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) by 2030. It is one of the boldest commitments yet to tackle the environmental impact of air travel and will require

September 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Stena Bulk Signs the Global Maritime Forum’s Call to Action for Shipping Decarbonization ahead of COP26

(Stena Bulk) Erik Hånell, President and CEO, Stena Bulk, comments on Stena Bulk becoming a signatory of the Global Maritime Forum’s Call to Action for Shipping Decarbonization ahead of COP26:  “Today, Stena Bulk has joined other industry leaders in a worldwide call to action for shipping decarbonisation ahead of COP26. During

September 22, 2021 Read Full Article

Sweden’s BRA to Test ATR with 100% Blend of Sustainable Fuel

by David Kaminski-Morrow  (Flight Global) Braathens Regional Airlines is to conduct a pioneering flight test at the beginning of next year, aiming to fly an ATR turboprop with a 100% blend of sustainable aviation fuel.  READ MORE Swedish BRA Testing ATR with 100% Blend of Sustainable Fuels | News (WorldAkkam)

September 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Honeywell and Preem Conduct Commercial Co-Processing Trial to Produce Renewable Fuel

(Honeywell UOP)  Honeywell UOP’s Optimix GF feed distributor successfully enabled co-processing trial with biomass-based pyrolysis oil; Trial at Preem’s Lysekil refinery marks UOP’s 6th commercial co-processing trial in an FCC and the first trial in Scandinavia  —  Honeywell announced today the completion of a commercial refinery trial with Preem AB

September 16, 2021 Read Full Article

State Aid: Commission Approves One-Year Prolongation of Tax Exemption for Giofuels in Sweden

(European Commission)  The European Commission has approved, under EU State aid rules, the prolongation of the tax exemption measure for biofuels in Sweden. Sweden has exempted liquid biofuels from energy and CO₂ taxation since 2002. The measure has already been prolonged several times, the last time in October 2020 (SA.55695). By today’s decision,

September 14, 2021 Read Full Article

Big Changes in Renewable Diesel & SAF Feedstock Partnerships

by Will Thurmond (Emerging Markets Online/Biofuels Digest) A new study titled Renewable Diesel and Sustainable Aviation 2030, Vol 2  (September, 2021) has discovered some surprising answers and useful insights to key questions regarding feedstock availability, scale up, partnerships and from 2020 to 2030 where many states and nations have targets. For example,

September 8, 2021 Read Full Article

The Ship Götheborg Uses Biofuels to Reduce Environmental and Climate Impact

(Götheborg of Sweden)  When sailing to Stockholm, and back to Gothenburg, the ship Götheborg uses RME biodiesel instead of marine diesel in two of its four fuel tanks. The initiative is part of a bigger sustainability commitment to minimise the ship’s environmental impact and promote solutions for a more sustainable

September 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Decarbonisation of New Zealand’s Aviation Sector to Focus on Use of Electric Aircraft and Sustainable Fuels

by Tony Harrington (GreenAir Online)  New Zealand’s aviation sector has consistently shown a pioneering commitment to sustainability, and is now embracing a move towards electric propulsion, reports Tony Harrington. Regional airline Sounds Air has just announced it will acquire three Heart Aerospace ES-19 electric airliners, emerging as the first Asia-Pacific

August 31, 2021 Read Full Article

Giving up on Climate Change? EU Says No Way – Invests $140M in Decarbonizing Projects

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … The good news is for the first time since the creation of the Innovation Fund, the EU’s latest investment of €118 million (about $140 million) into 32 small innovative projects located in 14 EU Member States, Iceland and Norway that can make a difference, bringing

August 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Destination Gotland to Increase Biogas Fuel Blend

(Bioenergy Insight) Passenger shipping company Destination Gotland will increase its biogas fuel blend from 1% to 10% in its gas-powered ships. Destination Gotland operates one of the most popular holiday routes in Sweden, with over 1.8 million passengers annually from mainland Sweden, in the ports of Nynäshamn and Oskarshamn, to

August 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Carbon Batteries, TetraPak, EU’s Green Deal: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Stora Enso

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) What’s happening with Stora Enso’s biomaterials segment? Are prices and volumes going up? What about lignode, wood-based carbon for batteries? What do they think about the EU’s Green Deal and new climate targets? Find out this and more in this illuminating slide guide.   READ MORE

August 6, 2021 Read Full Article

Crown Oil Runs Entire Fleet on HVO, Highlights UK Govt.’s Lack of Biofuel Support

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily)  …  “HVO … is an advanced renewable diesel fuel that provides a fast and simple step towards net zero rather than the leap needed for electrification,” the company stated. “The paraffinic diesel fuel delivers up to a 90 percent reduction in net CO2 emissions ‘from

August 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Crown Oil Receives UK and Ireland Fuel Distributors Association’s 2021 Green Award

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily)  Crown Oil Ltd., a fuel and renewable diesel distributor based in Bury, England, in the Greater Manchester area, has won the U.K. and Ireland Fuel Distributors Association Green Award for 2021 sponsored by Oilshield, a collaboration between European Insurance Services, Compass Environmental Consultancy and

August 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Meeting Paris Goals Will Create Green Jobs

(Our Daily Planet) Researchers recently conducted an analysis of how trying to meet the Paris Agreement targets would affect energy jobs in 50 countries. They found that action to reach the targets would increase net jobs by about 8 million by 2050, primarily due to gains in the solar and

July 27, 2021 Read Full Article

Gas Pump ‘Warming Labels’ Could Galvanize Support for Decarbonization Policies

by Eduardo Garcia (Treehugger) Cambridge, Massachusetts became the first U.S. jurisdiction to introduce “gas is bad” labels warning drivers of how fuel contributes to climate change. — A new study argues that adding labels to gas pumps warning about the links between driving conventional cars and carbon emissions will help people

July 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Bio-Batteries

(Advanced Biofuels USA)  We are seeing a number of articles about bio-based batteries and biodegradable batteries.  Wondering if we should be covering this bio-based mobility development.  Here are some examples: The biodegradable battery (Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA)/Science Daily) High-capacity, Soft Batteries From Trees (Sustainable Skies)

July 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Deciphering Biofuels Policies across Europe

(Biofuels International)  Even as Europe considers a major revamp of the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) governing EU biofuels policy until 2030, member states have been working to meet a fast approaching deadline to implement the legislation in its current form, known as RED II. The existing legislation gives EU Member

July 22, 2021 Read Full Article

Vattenfall and Preem Take Their Fossil-Free Hydrogen Biofuel Collaboration to the Next Level

(Preem) According to a study conducted in the spring, the Preem Lysekil plant is very well suited for an electrolysis plant for hydrogen biofuel production. Carbon dioxide emissions can be reduced by at least 80 percent for hydrogen that is produced fossil-free instead of with fossil-based raw materials. An initial 50

July 14, 2021 Read Full Article

Neste MY Renewable Diesel Attains TOP TIER Certification

by Michael Bates (NGT News) Neste Corp. says its Neste MY Renewable Diesel has become the first renewable diesel brand to receive TOP TIER Diesel Fuel certification for its high quality and performance. The standard was introduced in 2017 and has been endorsed by the likes of General Motors, Volkswagen, Detroit

July 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Scania and FlixBus Unveil First Long-Distance Coach Powered by Biogas

(Scania and Gasum/NGV Journal) Scania, mobility provider FlixBus and Gasum have partnered to launch the first international coach running on biomethane, which will operate the Stockholm-Oslo route. Powered by bio-LNG, the vehicle will reduce climate impact and contribute to a fossil-free transport between the two Nordic capitals. Availability of biogas is

July 1, 2021 Read Full Article

New World First for Port of Antwerp: Methanol-Powered Tugboat — European Commission Gives Green Light to Methatug

(Port of Antwerp (Google Translation)) Port of Antwerp will convert a tugboat to a methanol propulsion, a world first. This methatug is part of the European Fastwater project, which aims to demonstrate the feasibility of methanol as a sustainable fuel for shipping. The European Commission has given its approval this week.

June 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Preem’s Refinery in Lysekil Begins Producing Renewable Petrol

(Preem)  The first tests to produce renewable petrol from sawdust have just been carried out at Preem’s refinery in Lysekil. Work has now started to process 50,000 tons of pyrolysis oil at the plant. The renewable raw material will be delivered from the Swedish company Pyrocell. Extensive tests have now begun

June 22, 2021 Read Full Article

Going Biofuel Will Help Fight Climate Change, Secure Energy Supply-Swestep Boss

by Hassan Muaz (The Eagle Online) …   Well, some years ago in Rivers State, the National Association of Anatomy Students organised a conference, and we later went on a field trip to Songhai Farm. There I saw how agricultural waste was converted to biogas used in cooking for the staff that

June 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Dutch/Swedish Consortium Gets Go ahead to Continue Study on Production of Sustainable Aviation Fuel from Forestry Residues in Sweden

(SkyNRG) Today the Swedish Energy Agency announced it will grant funds to KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, Södra, Växjö Energi, SkyNRG, RISE Research Institutes of Sweden and 2030-sekretariatet to continue their research on the development of production of Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) in the Växjö region in Småland, Sweden. The funding will

June 18, 2021 Read Full Article

Koenigsegg Is Experimenting with Volcano-Based Biofuel to Create Carbon-Neutral Hypercars

by Rachel Cormack (Robb Report)   … In an effort to create carbon-neutral cars, the mad scientists at the boutique Swedish marque have just started experimenting with a new type of biofuel that comes from semi-active volcanoes. … The marque is also looking at new renewable fuels to power its extreme combustion

June 16, 2021 Read Full Article

Preem Will Supply Microsoft with Low-Carbon Fuel for Its Sweden Datacenters

(Preem/CISION)  Microsoft is establishing a new cloud region in Sweden that will be powered by 100 percent renewable energy and be among the most sustainably designed and operated in the world. Microsoft’s datacenters include generators to provide essential backup power to support business continuity in case of service interruptions or

June 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Finnish Government Supports Growth of Biomethane as Vehicle Fuel

(Gasum/NGV Journal)  Finland’s Minister of Agriculture and Forestry Jari Leppä has opened Gasum’s new biogas plant, located in Munkkaa, Lohja. The new facility will process around 60,000 tons of biodegradable waste from the Helsinki region each year to produce 40 GWh of biomethane to be used as transport fuel. The amount

June 7, 2021 Read Full Article

Haldor Topsoe and Preem Achieve 85% Co-processing of Renewable Feedstock

by Ulrik Frøhlke (Haldor Topsoe) -Haldor Topsoe has revamped Preem’s renewable hydrotreater unit at their refinery in Gothenburg, Sweden. -The hydrotreater is now able to co-process 85% renewable feedstock utilizing Topsoe’s HydroFlex™ technology. -The unit has a capacity of 6,600 barrels per day.  — Together, Topsoe and Preem have concluded the

May 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Neste Is Testing Renewable Gasoline in Sweden for Possible Commercialization Internationally

(Neste) Until now, there have been no commercial drop-in solutions for replacing fossil gasoline to reduce high amounts of greenhouse gas emissions from conventional petrol cars, without investing into new vehicles or modifying the old ones. Neste, the world’s leading producer of renewable diesel and sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) may be the first to have

May 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Biogas, RNG from Waste Is a Hit: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Greenlane Renewables

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Greenlane Renewables made headlines this week when it reported record revenue growth of over 300% in Q1 2021 over Q1 2020. Ok, 317% to be exact. If that’s not impressive enough, check out this slide guide to get the latest info on this biogas company

May 18, 2021 Read Full Article

MEPs Ask EC to Review Approach that Limits Biomethane-Fueled Mobility

(NGV Journal/European Biogas Association) Members of European Parliament (MEPs) from different political groups have signed a petition asking the European Commission to remove barriers to the deployment of sustainable fuels and technologies in transport by reviewing the current tailpipe approach to measure CO2 emissions. This will ensure the swift decarbonisation of the transport

May 6, 2021 Read Full Article

CCUS Projects in Europe

(International Association of Oil and Gas Producers)  Map and overview of existing and planned CCUS facilities in the European Union and UK.  READ MORE

May 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Gasum Will Open Its Northernmost Natural Gas Filling Station in Norway

(Gasum/NGV Journal) As of early August, Gasum’s northernmost natural gas filling station in Norway will be ready to open in Heggstadmoen. The new facility, also the first of its kind in the Norwegian city of Trondheim, will supply LNG, CNG and biomethane, and is a cooperation between Gasum and the cooperative

April 30, 2021 Read Full Article

Renewable Diesel Kicks off 2021 with Conversions, Capacity Increases, New Feedstocks and More

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) … What is the overall demand and market like? What about feedstock innovations? Are there clear technology winners? In today’s Digest, some new facilities, some conversions, some increased capacity, what are the key trends we are seeing in renewable diesel, what might the future

April 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Exxon Mulls Closure of Norway’s Slagen Refinery as Region’s Clean Fuel Shift Continues

by Robert Perkins and Elsa Turner (S&P Global)  Cites refining overcapacity, falling demand for fuels; Slagen processes North Sea crude, major fuel exporter; European refiners looking to biofuels, hydrogen projects ExxonMobil is considering closing its 116,000 b/d Slagen refinery in Norway to convert the site into a fuel import terminal,

April 12, 2021 Read Full Article

RallyX Nordic Introduces New BIO RACING 100% Fuel in First Step towards Fossil-Free Future

(RallyX Nordic) Supercar, Supercar Lites, RallyX Nordic, Supportklasser — Much of the RallyX Nordic grid to be powered by cutting-edge new fuel in 2021; Renewable P1 Racing biofuel outperforms fossil-fuel alternatives at no extra cost; Series working to reduce carbon footprint as it targets fully fossil-free paddock RallyX Nordic presented

April 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Alfa Laval Becomes Partner in Unique Power-to-X Consortium to Produce Renewable Clean Fuels

(Alfa Laval/PR Newswire) Alfa Laval – a world leader in heat transfer, centrifugal separation and fluid handling – becomes a partner in the Swedish company Liquid Wind, which develops electro-fuel facilities to produce renewable clean fuels. Alfa Laval will be part of the Liquid Wind board and contribute with its

April 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Transport Energy & Renewables in the EU – What the Latest Commission Data Tells Us

by James Cogan (Ethanol Europe/Biofuels Digest) … Oil maintains an overwhelming grip on the sector with a steady 94% share. The rest is biofuels with 5.6% and renewable electricity with 0.6%. Three quarters of the extra energy demand over the period was met by oil. 98% of renewables growth was

April 7, 2021 Read Full Article

Waste-to-Hydrogen Tokyo Facility Ready to Rock – Is 2021 the Year of Hydrogen?

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) News comes from the Land of the Rising Sun that a first-of-its-kind Tokyo facility will convert sewage sludge into renewable hydrogen fuel is now complete. Ways2H Inc. and its shareholder and technical partner Japan Blue Energy Co. say the waste-to-hydrogen facility will process 1 ton

April 5, 2021 Read Full Article

Will Green Hydrogen Fulfill High Hopes for Trucking and Shipping Emissions?

by Angeli Mehta (Reuters Events) While there’s debate over whether the technology stacks up against batteries for long-distance trucking, the case in maritime usage seems more clear-cut. Angeli Mehta reports “Everyone loves hydrogen,” observed Fatih Birol, executive director of the International Energy Agency (IAE), recently during a recent conference called to discuss an

March 19, 2021 Read Full Article

From Sawdust to Ethanol and Green Chemicals

by Eva-Marie Byberg and Ylva Strömstedt (Sekab BioFuels & Chemicals/EurActiv) In the High Coast area of Sweden lies a company committed to tackling climate change by making use of the residues from the forestry industry. With a unique technology ready for scaling up, Sekab will revolutionize the way we look

March 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Low-Carbon Renewable Natural Gas from Waste: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Greenlane Renewables

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Decarbonizing natural gas for transportation and utility/pipelines by taking organic waste from landfills, dairy and hog farms, food waste and wastewater treatment plants and converting it to biogas and low-carbon RNG is what Greenlane Renewables is all about. From the renewable natural gas ecosystem, market

March 16, 2021 Read Full Article
CALL FOR ABSTRACTS and INNOVATIONS: TechConnect Europe Innovation Conference & Expo — November, 15-17 2021 — Malmö, Sweden    DEADLINE: July 16, 2021 and September 10, 2021

CALL FOR ABSTRACTS and INNOVATIONS: TechConnect Europe Innovation Conference & Expo — November, 15-17 2021 — Malmö, Sweden DEADLINE: July 16, 2021 and September 10, 2021

We are proud to launch the TechConnect Europe Innovation Conference & Expo, designed to connect top applied research and early-stage technologies from universities, labs and startup with industry and investment end-users and prospectors. In light of the continued COVID-19 pandemic, the TechConnect Europe Steering Committee has made the decision to

March 16, 2021 Read Full Article

Stena Bulk Unveils InfinityMAX Concept Vessel Design, Challenging Conventional Thinking

(Stena Bulk)  Electric, modular hybrid bulk carrier designed to meet the world’s need for sustainable, zero carbon, efficient, and flexible seaborne transportation. —  Leading tanker shipping company Stena Bulk has today unveiled its concept InfinityMAX hybrid bulk carrier design, pushing the boundaries for zero carbon, multi-modal vessel design in shipping.  

March 15, 2021 Read Full Article

Push for Progress: Liquefied Biogas Has Enormous Potential in Decarbonising the Transport Sector

(Bioenergy Insight) Both on land and at sea,  Gasum is determined to deliver for the Nordics. In the Nordics, Gasum has been working hard to deliver an extensive network of liquefied biogas (LBG) filling stations and decarbonise transport in the region. In the maritime sector, the company supported ESL Shipping

March 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Nordic Food Company HKScan Uses Biogas to Reach Fossil-Free Transport

(Gasum/NGV Journal) Ambitious climate goals are nothing new to HKScan, which aims to have 100% fossil-free transport in Sweden by 2025 and to have a carbon-neutral food chain by the end of 2040. Founded in 1913, this company is committed to sustainable ways of working across their whole value chain. In

March 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Sustainable Fuel’s Role in Reducing Emissions Adds to Production Need

by Graham Warwick (Aviation Week)  … The scale-up challenge is enormous. Barely 0.01% of the 96 billion gal. (364 billion liters) of jet fuel consumed by the world’s airlines in 2019 was sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). But announced projects should boost production from just 60 million gal. in 2020 to

March 8, 2021 Read Full Article

How Sustainability Will Change the Future of Aviation

by Alastair Blanshard and Kata Cserep (ICF)  Trend 2: Sustainable fuels have significant potential but require investment  — The foundations for sustainable aviation fuels (SAFs) are relatively mature. Seven different pathways to produce SAFs are certified through ASTM International, and over 250,000 commercial flights have used a fuel blend including SAFs,

March 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Gevo and Scandinavian Airlines System Amend Agreement to Increase Off-Take of Sustainable Aviation Fuel, Valued at over $100 Million

(Gevo/Globe Newswire) Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ: GEVO), announced today (February 22, 2021) that it and Scandinavian Airlines System (“SAS”) have signed an amendment to increase SAS’s minimum purchase obligation to purchase sustainable aviation fuel (“SAF”) to 5,000,000 gallons per year. Gevo and SAS signed the original fuel sales agreement in October

March 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Transport Ministers Call for Accelerated EU-Wide Deployment and Mandates for Sustainable Aviation Fuels

(GreenAir Online) Eight European transport ministers have called for a harmonised, long-term strategy to decarbonising the air transport sector to include ramping up the production and supply of sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) through an EU-wide blending mandate. Hosting a high-level virtual conference, the Dutch Minister of Infrastructure and Water Management, Cora

February 26, 2021 Read Full Article

World First in the Netherlands by KLM, Shell and Dutch Ministry for Infrastructure and Water Management: First Passenger Flight Performed with Sustainable Synthetic Kerosene

(KLM) For the first time worldwide, a passenger flight partly flown on sustainably produced synthetic kerosene, was carried out in The Netherlands. This was announced today during the international conference on Synthetic Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) in The Hague. Shell, producer of the sustainable kerosene and KLM, operating the flight,

February 9, 2021 Read Full Article

50 Renewable Diesel Projects and the Technologies Behind Them

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Renewable diesel, all 9 billion gallons built, under construction, in planning – Take a deep dive into the latest hot renewable diesel news and a special Digest presentation that asks will all of these billions of gallons fleet get built? If not, who are the potential

February 9, 2021 Read Full Article

UGI International Forms Exclusive, Strategic Partnership with bioLPG Producer Ekobenz to Drive bioLPG Availability in Europe

(UGI Corporation/BusinessWire)  UGI International to hold exclusive rights to Ekobenz’ bioLPG supply, providing strong platform for growth across the European region; Partnership boosts UGI International’s sustainable fuels portfolio in Europe and supports customer´s need to reduce carbon footprint and achieve decarbonisation targets; A significant milestone in UGI International’s decarbonisation strategy

February 4, 2021 Read Full Article

Branches and Treetops Can Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emission from Heavy Transport by 90%

(University of Gävle/Phys.Org) New research from University of Gävle shows that forest residues can generate large amounts of biofuel, and, in the long run, reduce greenhouse gas emission by 88-94% from heavy transport on Swedish roads. “Here is a large and untapped potential,” says Shveta Soam, researcher in environmental engineering at

February 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Swedish Hauler Delivers Components for Toyota Material Handling with Bio-LNG Truck

(Scania/NGV Journal) The choice of fuel is often determined by the customer’s environmental engagement. For Swedish hauler Skänninge Godstransporter the choice was simple since its primary customer, Toyota Material Handling Manufacturing Sweden, has switched to biogas in its production. So it currently operates a Scania R 410 on bio-LNG when delivering

February 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Hydrogen Is Hot! 584 Hydrogen Fueling Stations in 33 Countries, Ways2H Expansion, Preem, Siemens and More

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … What is making hydrogen so hot right now is the news that hydrogen fueling stations are having a dramatic acceleration in growth with 584 hydrogen stations deployed in 33 countries by the end of this year, Ways2H’s fundraising and expansion on new orders

February 1, 2021 Read Full Article

Preem Plant Increases Production of Renewable Diesel by 40 Percent

(Preem/PR Newswire) Following a redevelopment of Preem’s Green Hydro Treater (GHT) plant in Gothenburg, the plant’s production capacity of renewable diesel is increased by 40 percent. And for the first time, the GHT plant is able to produce 100 percent renewable products. “The redevelopment means that Preem has increased its domestic production

January 22, 2021 Read Full Article

Vattenfall and Preem Look into Large-Scale Production of Fossil-Free Hydrogen

(Vattenfall) The collaboration between Vattenfall and Swedish fuel company Preem, aimed at producing fossil-free hydrogen for biofuel production, is entering the next phase. A study is now being conducted to examine opportunities for building a large-scale production facility at the refinery in Lysekil in Sweden. Preem’s target of producing 5

January 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Stora Enso’s Biogas Partnership with Gasum Turns Waste into Green Energy

(Stora Enso) The production of Multicopy paper is about to contribute to the biofuel production in Sweden. The energy company Gasum and Stora Enso will together turn waste into renewable green energy. Wastewater can be a challenge for mills. Vast volumes of process water containing organic residues need to be treated.

January 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Six Logistics Companies Tested LBG-Fueled Trucks in Sweden with Great Results

(Gasum)  Low-emission fuels are becoming increasingly popular in the Nordic transport sector. Six Swedish logistic companies that are part of MaserFrakt recently tested trucks that used liquefied biogas (LBG) as fuel. The companies’ expectations of significantly lower emissions and a better operating environment were exceeded. The transition to cleaner energy

January 13, 2021 Read Full Article

Sweden: MUFG and Societe Generale Support Clean Urban Transport in Gothenburg with EIB Credit Line

(European Investment Bank) … The SEK 1.2bn financing operation facilitates the acquisition of 297 electric and biofuel buses being leased to Transdev for its use on five concessions in Gothenburg, starting from December 2020. In March 2019, Transdev won five 10-year contracts to operate bus services as from December 2020 in Gothenburg, Sweden’s second-largest

December 29, 2020 Read Full Article
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2nd generation biofuels 3-D 3D printing 3rd generation biofuels 4-H 4th generation fuels 7% solution 45Q 81 Octane 84 octane 85 octane 87 octane 88 octane 89 octane 90 octane 91 octane 92 octane 93 octane 94 octane 95 octane 96 octane 98 octane 100 octane 100% SAF (Sustainable Aviation Fuel) 103 octane 105 octane 108 octane 109 octane 110 octane 113 octane 119 octane 2016 US House and Senate Campaigns 2016 US Presidential Campaign 2018 US Senate and House Campaigns Other Election Activities 2020 Election 2022 2022 Election 2022 US Senate and House Campaign 9003 Program a A20 (20% methanol/bioethanol) Abu Dhabi acacia acetate acetic acid acetone acid acid hydrolysis adaptive evolution additional carbon additionality adequate/inadequate domestic supply Administrative Procedure Act advanced advanced biofuel prices Advanced biofuels advanced biofuels production advanced ethanol advanced ethanol tax credit advertising campaign aerosols Affordable Clean Energy Program (ACE) afforestation 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digester/digestion and Energy Use in Transportation Model Angola anhydrous ethanol animal bedding animal fat animal feed animal waste Antactica Antarctica antibiotics antitrust Appropriations APR (Aqueous Phase Reforming) aquaculture aquatic organisms Arabidopsis arabinose ARCA Archaea Architecture Arctic Argentian Argentina Arizona Arkansas Armenia Army Corps of Engineers aromatics aromatics price ARPA-C ARPA-E ARPA-Terra artificial intelligence Aruba Asia asphalt/bitumen ASTM ASTM 6866 ASTM D396 ASTM D975 ASTM D1655 ASTM D2880 ASTM D4054 ASTM D4806 Denatured fuel ethanol ASTM D4814 ASTM D5798 ASTM D6751 ASTM D7467 (B6-B20) ASTM D7544 ASTM D7566 (Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons) ASTM D7862 ASTM D7875 ASTM D7901 (DME-Dimethyl Ether for Fuel Purposes) ASTM D8076 ASTM D8181 ASTM E3146 ASTM standards ASTM WK55232 (D02) ASTM WK63392 ATJ-SPK (Alcohol to Jet Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene) Atlantic Canada atmosphere Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) Australia Australian pine Austria Auto manufacturer automotive aviation aviation fuel (SAF) benefits aviation fuel (SAF) price aviation fuel (SAF) production aviation fuel (SAF) pumps/delivery aviation fuel (SAF) tax credit aviation fuel (SAF) terminal Aviation Fuel/Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) Aviation Gasoline/AvGas avocado awards/recognition Azerbaijan. b B0 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 B8 B10 B11 B12 B12.5 B13 B14 B15 B20 B24 B25 B30 B33 B35 B40 B50 B70 B75 B80 B98 B99 B100 Babados nut tree babassu bacteria bagasse Bahamas Bahrain bamboo banana banana stems Bangladesh bankruptcy Barbados barge barley barley fiber barley protein barley straw Basque batteries Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) bauxite beauty leaf tree beaver beer bees Belarus Belgium Belize Benin benzene Bermuda Bhutan big bluestem big data Big Food Big Oil/Oil Majors billion ton study bio bio-based diesel benefits bio-based economy Bio-CNG pumps bio-LNG (Liquified Natural Gas) Bio-LNG Pumps (Liquified Natural Gas) Bio-LNG terminal bio-natural gas bio-NGV (natural gas for vehicles) bio-oil/pyrolysis oil bio-SPK (bio derived synthetic paraffinic kerosene) biobased Biobased Markets Program biobased materials Biobased Product Manufacturing Assistance Program biochar biochemical conversion BioChemicals/Renewable Chemicals bioconversion Biocrude/Green Crude/SynCrude biodegradable biodiesel biodiesel blend wall biodiesel EN 14214 Biodiesel Fuel Education Program biodiesel prices biodiesel production biodiesel pumps biodiesel quality biodiesel standards biodiesel tax credit biodiesel technologies biodiesel terminal biodiversity bioeconomy bioelectricity bioelectrochemical conversion bioenergy Bioenergy Program for Advanced Biofuels Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) biofoundry Biofuel biofuel consumption Biofuel Crops biofuel distribution Biofuel Infrastructure Partnership (BIP) biofuel producer tax credit biofuel production Biofuels Directive biofuels education biofuel tax credit Biogas Biogasoline/Renewable Gasoline Biogasoline/Renewable Gasoline pumps biogenic carbon biogenic emissions Bioheat biohydrocarbons biohydrogen BioIsoprene Bio LPG biomass Biomass Carbon Removal and Storage (BiCRS) Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP) biomass hydrolysis biomass recalcitrance Biomass Research and Development initiative (BRDI) biomass sorghum Biomass to Liquid (BTL) biomass transportation biomaterials bioplastics biopower Biopreferred bioproducts biopropene bioprospecting BioRefineries/Renewable Fuel Production Biorefinery Assistance Program (BAP) old 9003 Biorefinery Renewable Chemical Biobased Product Mfgr Assistance 9003 BioRenewable-1 (BR-1) BioSNG Biotechnology birch bitter orange black carbon black grease black liquor black locust blender blender pumps Blenders Credit blending blendstock Blend wall blockchain blue carbon boat fuel Bolivia bolt-on Bonaire bonds book-and-claim border tax Borneo Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana BQ-9000 Brachiaria bracken brackish water Brassica Brazil breweries British Columbia broker brownfields brown grease Brunei Btu's BTX (Benzene Toluene Xylene) Bu12.5 Bu16 Budget building block chemicals Bulgaria bunker oil Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Burkina Faso Burma Burundi buses Business/General Aviation Business and Industry Program (B&I) business law business resources butadiene Butane butanediol butanol/biobutanol butanol emissions butyl acetate butyric acid c C1 C3 sugar C5 sugar C6 sugar Cabo Verde cactus cagaita calibration California California Air Resources Board (CARB) Cambodia Camelina camels Cameroon Canada canarygrass Canary Islands canary reed grass candle nut cannabis canola/rapeseed canola straw cap-and-invest cap-and-trade carbohydrates carbon carbon-14 testing carbon-efficient fuels carbon/CO2 sequestration carbon capture and storage (CCS) carbon capture and utilization (CCU) carbon cost carbon credit carbon credit markets carbon cycle carbon debt Carbon Dioxide (CO2) carbon efficiency carbon emissions carbon fiber Carbon Intensity (CI) carbon life cycle carbon markets Carbon Monoxide (CO) carbon negative carbon neutrality carbon offsets carbon pipeline carbon price carbon recycling carbon removal carbon sink carbon tax carbon tax-and-dividend Carbon tax border adjustments carbon user fee Carbon Utilization and Biogas Education Program carcinogens cardoon Caribbean carinata/brassica carinata carob cashew cashew apple CASI CAS Registry Cassava cassava price cassava pulp cassava stalk castor bean castor stalk catalysis catalysts catalytic decarboxylation catalytic hydrothermal conversion catalytic hydrothermal conversion-to-jet (CHCJ) catalytic hydrothermal gasification catalytic hydrothermolysis jet CHJ pathway cattle cavitation CBD (cannabidiol) CBG (compressed biogas) cell culturing cellulase enzymes cellulose Cellulosic/Biomass Hydrogen cellulosic biofuel Cellulosic biomass cellulosic diesel Cellulosic ethanol cellulosic ethanol price cellulosic feedstock cellulosic production tax credit cellulosic sugars Cellulosic Tax Credit cellulosic waiver credit cement Central African Republic Central America Certificate Program Certificates of Origin (COs) certification certification fuels cesium cetane Chad change in soil condition charging stations CHCJ-5 Chesapeake Bay chicken feathers chickens Chile Chili China chitin chufa/cyperus esculents/nutsedge CIA circular economy citrus citrus greening disease Citrus Peel Clean clean air Clean Air Act (CAA) clean diesel clean fuel production tax credit Clean Fuel Standard/Policy (CFS) Clean Power Plan (CPP) Clean Trucks Plan Clean Water Act climate change Climate Change Adaptation climate change effects climate change mitigation climate legislation climate smart agriculture closed-loop system Clostridium thermocellum cloud point clover CNG Conversion kit co co-generation co-location co-operative Co-op Extension co-processing co-products coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) coastal habitat conservation coastal hay Coast Guard cobalt cock's foot cocoa Coconut coffee coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold-tolerance cold flow college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG/R-CNG/bioCNG) compression-ignition engine compression ratios computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology cooking fuel Cook Islands cook stoves cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 COP26 copper coppice cordgrass corn-based products corn/maize corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crimes Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cuphea cup plant currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D5 (5%DME) D20 (20%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date palm date palm pits date palm waste Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization Delaware DeltaWing demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/HVO/Paraffinic Diesel diesel with renewables diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct-to-fuel direct air capture directed evolution direct injection Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E2 E3 E4 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E40 E50 E55 E75 E78 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED95 educatio education educational business private educational tour Education Series 3030 EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electricity price electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) end user Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylbenzene ethylene ethyl levulinate (EL) ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order externalities extremophiles f F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose flameleaf sumac flavors flax Fleets fleet turnover fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP h Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawai'i hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrids Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrocarbon fuels hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen hydrogen aircraft hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogenolysis hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps hydrogen terminal hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indiana Indian beech tree Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land prices land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M3 M15 M50 M100 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandate mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts mass balance standard Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methan methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks methanization methanol Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methanol fuel cells methanol price Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo monitoring reporting verifiction (MRV) Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland Newfoundland and Labrador new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota Northeast northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Northwest Territories Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds nuclear Nunavut nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) offtake agreements Ohio oil oil/gas terminals oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay Paris Agreement parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peak oil demand peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin peela kaner pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photoelectrocatalysis photoelectrochemical photolysis photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Flex Fuel Hybrid Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass podcasts Poland poli Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyethylene polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter/waste power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests proton exchange membrane (PEM) public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps/fueling station pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest rain tree RAND rare earth metal RD10 RD20 RD30 RD55 RD80 RD80B20 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming Regulated Emissions regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/HVO/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price Renewable Diesel Production renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED/RED II/RED III) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) RenovaBio replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion resurrection grass retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw/paddy straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Rural Renewable Energy Pilot Program Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification SAF30 SAF40 Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower SAF pipeline sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog smokestack soap Social social benefit investing social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soi soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solaris solar thermochemical hydrogen (STCH) solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) Solomon Islands Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam methane reformation steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve STrategiv Petroleum Reserve straw students su sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugarcane sugarcane prices sugarcane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower sunflower stalks supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas/gas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic kerosene synthetic liquified gas (SLG) synthetic methane/e-methane synthetic natural gas Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree tamanu/nyamplung Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course Technical Readiness Levels techno-economic analysis technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion thermochemical liquefaction Tibet Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy travel policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale truck trucks tubers tugboats tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey UCOME (Used Cooking Oil Methyl Ester) Uganda UK (United Kingdom) UK Emission Trade Scheme (UK ETS) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) Ultra Low Sulfur Fuel Oil (ULSFO) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used motor oil used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils vehicles miles traveled (VMT) Velocys Venezuela Vermont Victoria video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volatile fatty acids (VFA) volunteers w waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil wastewater water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment wax weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass wheat prices wheat straw whey whisky white grease White House wildlife habitat willow wind energy wine wastage/grape marc winter crops Wisconsin women Wood woody biomass World Bank World Trade Organization (WTO) Wyoming XTL xylan xylene xylose yard waste yeast yellow grease yellowhorn tree Yemen yields Yukon Zambia Zanzibar zein zeolites Zimbabwe zinc zoning

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