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Topsoe Ammonia Technology to Boost Approtium's Hydrogen Production in South Korea

(Topsoe) -Topsoe has signed an engineering agreement with Approtium to convert low-carbon ammonia into hydrogen using its H2RETAKE™ technology.  - Approtium plans to build an ammonia cracking plant to produce 75,000 metric tons of low-carbon hydrogen annually.  - The plant

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RFA Reports Record Ethanol Industry Export Value

by Cindy Zimmerman (Energy.AgWired.com)  According to new reports from the Renewable Fuels Association, the value of the U.S. ethanol industry’s exports hit a record level of just over $7.1 billion in 2023. The volume of ethanol exports was the third-highest level

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Exclusive: Industry Opposition Halts S. Korea’s Bioethanol Plans

by  Park So-jeong,  Park Su-hyeon (The Chosun Daily) South Korean government’s plan to introduce bioethanol at gas stations as part of efforts to reduce oil dependency and combat climate change has been scrapped after about a year. The Ministry of Trade,

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Australian Tallow Exports Exceed $1bn for First Time, Driven by Biofuels Industry

by Megan Hughes and Jennifer Nichols (ABC Rural)  In short: Tallow exports from Australia have reached $1 billion for the first time, also making Australia the world's largest exporter. Once used as cooking oil, now the livestock by-product is used in various industries for

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Nordic Aviation Stakeholders to Push Hydrogen Power

(Bioenergy International)  A consortium of Nordic aviation stakeholders including Airbus, Avinor, SAS, Swedavia, and energy utility major Vattenfall AB, have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to investigate the feasibility of a hydrogen infrastructure at airports in Sweden and Norway. According to

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S-OIL to Produce Bio-Based, Low-Carbon, Eco-friendly Products

(S-Oil) ● S-OIL has begun to introduce bio-based feedstocks, including used cooking oil and the byproducts of the palm oil, to produce low-carbon fuels such as sustainable aviation fuel (SAF), a first for a refiner in Korea. ● It will produce eco-friendly

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CEM14/MI-8 Minister – CEO Biofuels Roundtable

(Biofuture Platform) The CEM14/MI-8 closed door Minister – The CEM14/MI-8 closed door Minister – CEO Roundtable on Biofuels was held on 21st July. The Roundtable was organized by the CEM Biofuture Platform Initiative and the Co-leads of the MI Integrated Biorefineries (India

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LG Chem and Enilive: A Joint Venture Agreement for the Biorefinery in South Korea

(Eni)   LG Chem and Enilive move a further step forward to the final investment decision on the project of a new biorefinery in South Korea by signing the joint venture agreement. The agreement has been signed in Rome by Eni CEO,

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Law Library of Congress Publishes Report on Selected Issues in Biotechnology Regulation

by Lynn L. Bergeson and Carla N. Hutton (Bergeson & Campbell) The Law Library of Congress published a November 2023 report entitled Selected Issues in Biotechnology Regulation: Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, England, European Union, Germany, India, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore,

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Yusen Logistics Partners with Cathay on SAF

(Yusen Logistics)  Yusen Logistics Co., Ltd. (President: Hiroyuki Okamoto) partners with Cathay (CEO: Ronald Lam) on their Corporate SAF⁽*⁾ Programme effective from January 2024. Cathay's Corporate SAF Programme, launched in 2022, is one of the first initiatives in Asia towards achieving sustainable

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8 Rivers Announces Cormorant Clean Energy Project

(8 Rivers Capital/Carbon Capture Magazine) 8 Rivers Capital, LLC, a world-leading decarbonization technology developer, announced it is developing the Cormorant Clean Energy Project, an ultra-low-carbon ammonia production facility in Port Arthur, Texas. The Cormorant project will be powered by 8 Rivers’

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Korean Air Collaborates with Yusen on Sustainable Jet Fuel

(Pulse News) Korean Air Lines Co. announced on Wednesday that it inked a partnership agreement with Japanese global logistics company Yusen Logistics for a sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) cooperation program. Both companies have committed to promoting the use of SAF within the

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Korea Updates Laws to Promote Biofuels, Energy Security

by Sarah Giam and Yong Li Tng  (Argus Media) South Korea passed amendments to its laws on 9 January which will make it easier to produce biofuels via co-processing, refiners said. Refiners will no longer need to get government approval for co-processing,

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US Imports Record Volume of Biodiesel from Spain in October

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily)  The U.S. imported more biodiesel from Spain in October 2023 than ever before, according to new data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration. In October, the U.S. received more than 13.3 million gallons from Spain. This marks

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South Korea to Set SAF, Bio-Bunker Standards from 2024 Based on Biofuel Trials

by Samyak Pandey (S&P Global) Country commits to adopt marine biofuel by 2025, SAF by 2026; Six SAF demonstrations completed between Seoul, Los Angeles; GS Caltex agrees in June to supply Korean Air with SAF South Korea will set quality standards for sustainable aviation

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2025 Chevy Trax to Gain E85-Compatible Engine

by Jonathan Lopez (GM Authority) The all-new, second-generation Chevy Trax made its formal introduction for the 2024 model year, with the latest 2025 Chevy Trax introducing a few important changes over the initial 2024 Chevy Trax. Now, GM Authority has learned that one of those changes is the adoption of

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Danish Shipping: Over 80% of New Ship Tonnage to Sail on Green Fuels

by Naida Hakirevic Prevljak (Offshore Energy) More than half of new vessels currently being built for Danish shipping companies will be able to sail on green fuels, trade and employer association Danish Shipping said. -- Danish shipping companies currently have 67 new

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Bioenergy Ibérica Develops a Biogas Plant from Cheese Production Waste

(Residuos Profesional (Google Translation)) The new facilities of the Galician Queizuar cheese factory will generate 3,000,000 kWh of clean energy per year from its own byproducts, such as lactose and sewage sludge. -- Bioenergy Ibérica, a company specialized in the construction of

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New Tax Credits for Sustainable Aviation Fuel in U.S. Raise Concerns in Korea

by Choi Hyun-jae and Choi Jieun (Pulse)  ... These rules are likely to have a ripple effect on the Korean refining sector as the U.S. currently relies on Korea for more than half of its jet fuel imports. According to the U.S.

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Mitsubishi Corporation and Amogy with SK Innovation Join Forces to Unlock the Potential of Amogy's Ammonia Cracking Technology in Japan and South Korea

(Amogy) Mitsubishi Corporation and Amogy are excited to announce a strategic partnership that will focus on accelerating the adoption of Amogy's ammonia-to-power and ammonia cracking technology in large-scale hydrogen carrier applications in East Asia, particularly Japan and South Korea.  The joint study set to commence in December

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Boundless: Exporting to More Places

by Katie Schroeder (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  ... Ed Hubbard, general counsel and vice president of government affairs at the Renewable Fuels Association, says a growing number of countries around the world are not only committed to using more ethanol but

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DL E&C Signs a Technical Cooperation Agreement for Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) with KBR

(DL E&C/Business Wire) -Engaged KBR to conduct a feasibility study for the sustainable aviation fuel business; -Aims to become the undisputed leader in the sustainable aviation fuel market -- --DL E&C Co., Ltd (KRX: 375500) announced on December 13, that it had signed a

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SK E&S and Partners Aim to Build Korea’s Largest Low-Carbon Hydrogen Plant

by Ajsa Habibic (Offshore Energy) SK E&S, a part of South Korean conglomerate SK Group, has partnered with GE Vernova, Air Liquide Engineering & Construction, Chungcheongnam-do Government, and Korea Midland Power (KOMIPO) for the construction of the largest low-carbon hydrogen plant

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Measuring, Monitoring, Reporting and Verifying Greenhouse Gas Emissions across the International Supply Chain for Natural Gas: International Working Group Joint Statement

(U.S. Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)  Public announcement of International Working Group to establish a greenhouse gas supply chain emissions measurement, monitoring, reporting, and verification (MMRV) framework for providing comparable and reliable information to natural gas market participants The UK

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Algae Photovoltaics for Hydrogen Production

by Lior Kahana (PV Magazine) South Korea researchers have developed a cell by merging green algae with carbon nanofibers, in order to generate 9.5 W per cell and achieve a peak efficiency of 0.9%. They claim this is enough to power

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Researchers Improve Water Splitting Reaction for Green Hydrogen Gas Production

(Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology/Phys.Org)  ... Despite its advantages, however, electrochemical water splitting has yet to gain prominence on a commercial scale. This is because of the low electrical conductivity of active (oxy)hydroxide catalysts generated in situ during the electrochemical

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Korean Air, LX Pantos Sign SAF Business Agreement

by Mi-Sun Kang (Korea Economic Daily)  Sustainable aviation fuel can reduce carbon emissions by over 80% compared to fossil fuel-based aviation fuel  --  Korean Air Lines Co. signed on Monday a memorandum of understanding (MOU) for sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) business with LX

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GS Caltex Sells Its First Bio-Marine Gasoil Bunker in Singapore

by Jeslyn Lerh and Florence Tan (Reuters) GS Caltex Singapore Pte Ltd said on Monday it has sold its first cargo of biofuel-blended marine gasoil to Maersk Oil Trading (MOT) at the world's largest bunker hub Singapore as it seeks to

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South Korea to Launch Clean Hydrogen Certification System

by Aida Čučuk (Offshore Energy) South Korean Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy (MOTIE) has announced that the proposal for an amendment to the ‘Hydrogen Economy Promotion and Hydrogen Safety Management Act’ has passed the 47th Cabinet meeting’s deliberation and resolution

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The Hydrogen Economy: Making Green Steel Achievable

by Daren E. Daugaard (Lee Enterprise Consulting/Biofuels Digest)  ...  Steel and iron production ranks first in total global CO2 emissions at 8% and second in overall energy consumption.  The industry must pivot aggressively and innovatively to meet modern challenges regarding emission prescribed

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Hyundai and RWE Sign Memorandum of Understanding to Jointly Develop Offshore Wind and Green Hydrogen in Korea

(RWE)  RWE, one of the world’s leading companies in offshore wind, and Hyundai Engineering & Construction, a subsidiary of Korea's prestigious Hyundai Motor Group, have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to cooperate in the field of offshore wind and green

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Tokyo and Seoul to Set up Hydrogen and Ammonia Supply Chain: Report

(Reuters/Japan Times)  Japan and South Korea will establish a joint supply network for fuels such as hydrogen and ammonia, the Nikkei business daily reported on Friday. Prime Minister Fumio Kishida and South Korean President Yoon Suk-yeol will announce the framework on Nov.

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Low Carbon Fuels 2040: The Emerging Markets

(Biofuels Digest/Nuu Media) Low Carbon Fuels 2040: The Emerging Markets provides detailed case studies, updates and analysis of the key producers and developers participating in Renewable Diesel projects and Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) projects in the USA, Canada, Europe, Asia, and in South

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Wallenius Wilhelmsen Bunkers Its First B30 HSFO-Biofuel Stem in South Korea

by Rhys Berry (Bunkerspot)  The M/V Torrens has become the first Wallenius Wilhelmsen vessel to bunker B30 high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO)-biofuel in South Korea. The pure car and truck carrier (PCTC) was fuelled during a scheduled call at the Port of Masan as

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Hyundai Oilbank Renews Push for Biofuel Business

by Song Jung-hyun (Korea Herald)  HD Hyundai Oilbank announced Tuesday (October 31, 2023) that it has signed two new agreements to secure some 80,000 tons annually of palm fatty acid distillates, a key renewable raw material for biodiesel production, as part

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Gentari Partners AM Green to Drive Large-Scale Green Hydrogen Production with Global Reach

(Gentari)  Gentari Sdn Bhd (Gentari), via its wholly-owned subsidiary Gentari International Renewables Pte Ltd, has entered into an agreement with AM Green BV (AM Green) to jointly invest, in phases, into a green ammonia platform, AM Green Ammonia Holdings BV (AMG

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Doosan Enerbility Uses Jeju Wind Energy to Produce Green Hydrogen

by Jessica Casey (Energy Global)  Doosan Enerbility has commenced commercial operation of the Jeju green hydrogen production plant, which is powered using wind energy. The “Hydrogen Bus Official Launching Ceremony” was held on 23 October 2023 at the Jeju green hydrogen production

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Workshops Held to Boost Ethanol Consumption in Asia

by Mackenzie Boubin (U.S. Grains Council/Ethanol Producer Magazine) Potential policy changes in Asia could create massive demand for imported ethanol that U.S. producers are ready to meet. The U.S. Grains Council conducted several events across the continent this summer to support that

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SK Trading International Invests in Daekyung O&T to Secure Bio-aviation Fuel Raw Materials

(SK Innovation)   SK Trading International makes an equity investment in Daekyung O&T as a consortium with domestic investors;  Daekyung O&T, a company specializing in producing key base materials for “bio-aviation fuel”;  After the investment in a Chinese Used Cooking Oil (UCO) company in

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Engie, POSCO to Study Hydrogen for Green Iron Production in Pilbara

(Renewables Now)  Korean steelmaker POSCO (KRX:005490) have agreed to carry out a pre-feasibility study for a green hydrogen project in the Pilbara region of the Australian state of Western Australia. The project aims to supply green hydrogen to POSCO’s proposed Hot Briquetted

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to the Eco-Farewell to Bioplastics

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  This week on the Digest webinar stage, we looked at The Next Chapter for Bioplastics, our title was the Eco-Friendly Farewell and my guest was Ashvini Shete, Technology Lead – Renewable Chemicals & Materials at Praj

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GS Caltex, POSCO, H-Line Shipping Team up to Introduce Ships Powered by Biofuel

by Ko Dong-hwan (Korea Times) Three companies involved in oil refining, steelmaking and shipbuilding have joined hands to introduce a fleet of ships running on marine biofuel to reduce carbon emissions. A senior official from the Supply and Trading Department at GS

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Memorandum of Understanding Concluded with Korea Alcohol Group to Step up Bioethanol Imports to Japan

(Sumitomo Corporation)  Collaboration aimed at establishing circular economies in the green chemical and green fuel sectors -- Sumitomo Corporation has signed a memorandum of understanding with KC&A, a Korean chemical/alcohol manufacturing and trading company affiliated with the Korea Alcohol Group, on developing

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KRISO Achieved ABS’ Approval for It’s Offshore Ammonia Production Platform

(KRISO) The Korea Research Institute of Ships & Ocean Engineering (President Key Yong Hong, KRISO) developed Korea’s first offshore platform for ammonia production and has achieved the Approval in Principle (AIP) from the American Bureau of Shipping (ABS).   □ The offshore platform for ammonia

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Eni, LG Chem Explore Renewable Diesel, SAF Project Development in South Korea

(Eni/Biobased Diesel Daily)  South Korea’s leading chemicals producer LG Chem and Italian energy group Eni Sustainable Mobility jointly announced Sept. 14 that they are exploring the possibility to develop and operate a new biorefinery at LG Chem’s Daesan chemical complex, 80

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HMM Aims to Have up to 10% of Its Fuel Mix Coming from Biofuels by 2026

by Sam Chambers (Splash247.com) HMM, South Korea’s flagship line, intends to have as much as 10% of its fuel mix coming from biofuels by 2026.  HMM announced today (September 25, 2023) that it conducted another trial use of a sustainable marine biofuel

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DS Dansuk to Finish New Biodiesel Refinery Next Year

by Mun So-jeong (The Korea Herald) Resource recycling company DS Dansuk held the groundbreaking ceremony of its new Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil refinery in Pyeongtaek, Gyeonggi Province, Wednesday, the firm said Thursday. Aiming to finish the construction by next July, the second-generation biodiesel refinery

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CARBONCO to Join Jeju Island Green Methanol Production Project

(CARBONCO/Business Wire)  Signs an agreement with Jeju Energy Corporation, Gaoncell, and ThyssenKrupp; Leverages P2X technology which stores and utilizes renewable energy in the form of methanol CARBONCO, a company specializing in decarbonization solutions established by DL E&C Co., Ltd (DL ENGINEERING & CONSTRUCTION) (KRX: 375500),

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Hyundai Motor Group Innovates Green Hydrogen Production with Sudokwon Landfill Site Management Corporation

(Hyundai) · Hyundai Motor Group signed an MOU to demonstrate new technologies for large-scale hydrogen production using biogas over the next two years; · The Group to develop an integrated system for the production of green hydrogen with a ‘waste-to-energy’ concept;  With the

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Korean Air introduces Cargo SAF Program

(Korean Air) Korean Air will launch a program to use sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) for air cargo operations in cooperation with air cargo customers and forwarders. Customers can make customized contributions through the Korean Air Cargo SAF program and reduce their carbon

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Hyundai Seeks Tech to Produce Clean Hydrogen from Food Waste

by Sungsu Bae (The Korea Economic Daily)  Hyundai plans to work on system that produces 216 kg of clean hydrogen a day, enough to charge over 34 NEXO FCEVs  --  Hyundai Motor Group is set to develop technology to produce clean hydrogen

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DOE Awards $34 Million to Advance Clean Hydrogen

(U.S. Department of Energy) Industry and University-Led Projects Across the Country Will Develop Technologies and Infrastructure for Efficient Hydrogen Production, Transport, and Storage -- The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today (August 17, 2023) announced the award of nearly $34 million to

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Many Roads to the Big H: The Digest’s Guide to Hydrogen Roadmaps 2023

Later this week, the United States is conducting a webinar to describe in detail the  U.S. National Clean Hydrogen Strategy and Roadmap, including an explanation of the benefits of clean hydrogen and its role in the clean energy transition. Leaders from

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LG Chem Secures Waste Cooking Oil Supply for Biodiesel Production

by Seo Jin-woo and Han Yubin (Pulse)  LG Chem Ltd. is poised to kick off a project that produces biodiesel using waste cooking oil as part of its drive for renewable materials. According to industry sources on Tuesday (August 1, 2023), the South

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Carbon Reduction Front And Center At Biofuels Summit In Korea

(U.S. Grains Council) U.S. Grains Council (USGC) leaders, Chairman Josh Miller and President and CEO Ryan LeGrand, traveled to Seoul, South Korea, last week for the 2023 Role of EcoFriendly Fuels in Realizing 2050 Carbon Neutrality symposium. The event was a collaboration between

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Council Partners with Vietnamese Government, Fuel Industry to Discuss Ethanol Expansion at Biofuels Forum

(U.S. Grains Council) The Vietnam Ministry of Industry and Trade, Vietnam Petroleum Association and the U.S. Grains Council (USGC) jointly organized the first iteration of Decarbonize Asia: Vietnam Biofuels Forum to discuss technical, commercial and environmental considerations for the expansion of fuel ethanol

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Ethanol Industry on the Rebound

(Biofuels International) The North American ethanol industry is nothing if not persistent and innovative, qualities which have served the sector well in the past and are set to play a central role in helping to secure a sustainable place within

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Scandinavian Biogas Becomes Biokraft

(Market Screener/Biokraft) Scandinavian Biogas is a leading biogas producer with facilities in Sweden, Norway and Korea. Ahead of upcoming northern European expansion with a focus on liquefied biogas, the group has decided to change its brand and logo to Biokraft - I

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Korean Air Partners with GS Caltex to Test Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(Korean Air) Korean Air has partnered with GS Caltex, a globally-recognized Korean energy and chemical company, to conduct test flights using sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). The test flights using SAF will be analyzed and the results will be used by

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OCI Global Fuels First Ever Green Methanol Powered Container Vessel

(OCI Global)  OCI Global is fueling the first ever green methanol powered container vessel in a pioneering partnership with A.P. Moller – Maersk; OCI is the world leader in green methanol through its OCI HyFuels brand, pioneering its use as

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China, Australia in Partnership to Explore Green Hydrogen after Resumption of High-Level Economic Dialogue

(Global Times) Mutual efforts to bring long-term boon: expert -- Businesses from China and Australia are stepping up exchanges in green hydrogen, a promising emerging energy source, after the two countries resumed high-level economic dialogue in May as bilateral ties

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North Dakota Legislator Calling for Investigation into Summit Carbon Solutions Investors

by Jeff Beach (AgWeek)  A group of North Dakota legislators wants to press the state attorney general’s office to investigate the ownership of pipeline company Summit Carbon Solutions. State Sen. Jeff Magrum announced that there will be a press conference Tuesday, May

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Korean Researchers Convert Agricultural Waste into Aviation Biofuel

by M.H. Lee (The Korea Bizwire)  A research team from the Korea Institute of Energy Research (KIER) said Thursday they have developed technology capable of converting agricultural waste, such as corn cobs, into levulinic acid. This acid serves as an intermediate material

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ABS Explores Near-Shore Green Hydrogen Production in Korea

(ABS) MOU Signed by ABS and Leading Industry Players -- ABS joined Korean industry leaders in the signing of a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to produce a feasibility study for a near-shore floating platform of green hydrogen production and liquefaction. ABS joins

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NEXT Renewable Fuels, Inc. and Dansuk Sign Memorandum of Understanding on Low-Carbon Feedstock Partnership

(NEXT Renewable Fuels/AccessWire) MOU Underpins Feedstock Confidence for NEXT; Expands Global Trading for Dansuk  --  NEXT Renewable Fuels, Inc. ("NEXT") and Dansuk Industrial Corporation ("Dansuk") have signed a non-binding Memorandum of Understanding ("MOU") to jointly develop strategic and commercial partnerships

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Hyundai Motor Premieres Commercialized Model of Its XCIENT Fuel Cell Tractor and Vision for Hydrogen Mobility in US

(Hyundai) -Hyundai Motor debuts the commercialized model of its class 8 fuel cell electric tractor and shares its vision for a hydrogen mobility value chain in the U.S. - At its press conference, Hyundai Motor introduces its advanced fuel cell technologies

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HMM Works with SHI and PANASIA to Conduct Field Tests of Onboard Carbon Capture System

(Container News)  HMM plans to conduct field tests of an onboard carbon capture system (OCCS) for container ships along with SHI (Samsung Heavy Industries) and PANASIA in the second half of 2023. In particular, OCCS is an advanced technology to capture CO2

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HMM to Trial Marine Biofuels on Its Mega Containerships as It Partners with GS Caltex

by Jasmina Ovcina Mandra (Offshore Energy) South Korea’s flagship carrier HMM has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with GS Caltex to secure marine biofuels. HMM said that it also plans to conduct the trial use of the fuels on its

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Korean Government Delivers First Hydrogen Bus in Support of Clean Energy Initiative

by M. H. Lee (Korea Bizwire)  ... With the Korean government’s hydrogen bus supply support project on track, more citizens will soon have the opportunity to ride buses fueled by clean hydrogen energy on a regular basis. On Tuesday, the Ministry

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Transition, Not Revolution

by Philippe Marchand (Transport Energy Strategies) ... Let us consider this most mundane behavior, the selection of the next car, a very individual, individualistic, decision, made 79 million times in 2022, one third of those in “autocratic” China, one third in

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Hyundai GLOVIS Partners with GoodFuels on First Biofuel Bunkering for a Korean Flagged PCTC Vessel

(American Journal of Transportation) GoodFuels, the leading biofuels provider for the global transport industry, has announced the successful completion of a first biofuel bunkering in collaboration with Hyundai GLOVIS, a global total logistics and distribution company. The bio-bunkering is the first

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First Orders for MAN G80 Dual-Fuel Methanol Engines

(Bioenergy International)  Germany-headed technology major MAN Energy Solutions SE has announced that South Korean companies Hyundai Samho Heavy Industries Co. (HSHI) and HJ Shipbuilding & Construction Co. (HJSC) have ordered seven and two MAN B&W G80ME-LGIM dual-fuel engines respectively in connection

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RFA CEO Optimistic about Ethanol Exports Despite Slow Start

by Mark Dorenkamp (Brownfield Ag News) The head of the Renewable Fuels Association expects another strong year for ethanol exports despite a sluggish beginning to 2023. Geoff Cooper tells Brownfield he’s optimistic the pace will pick up. “We’re certainly hopeful that it’s going

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Asiana to Introduce Sustainable Aviation Fuel in Partnership with Shell

by Seo-Woo Jang  (The Korea Economic Daily) SAF will be supplied through Shell network for 5 years from 2026 -- Asiana Airlines Inc. has joined hands with multinational energy company Shell plc to introduce sustainable aviation fuel (SAF), an eco-friendly fuel, to

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Top Ethanol Markets Remain Dependable

by Mackenzie Boubin (U.S. Grains Council/Ethanol Producer Magazine) Working continuously to expand global markets for ethanol, the U.S. Grains Council has identified key priority and second tier markets to grow demand and, ultimately, help U.S. producers export four billion gallons

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Who Is Financing Green Shipping?

by Isabelle Gerretsen (China Dialogue Ocean) The international shipping industry is under pressure to decarbonise rapidly, requiring a huge investment drive and policy push from governments -- The shipping industry must invest in new vessels, fuels and infrastructure to achieve its

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South Korean Shipbuilders Bet Big on Green Fuels

by Seo Jin-woo and Han Yubin (Pulse) South Korea’s big three shipyards are accelerating their efforts to build green ships using eco-friendly fuels amid the migration to carbon neutrality worldwide. According to the shipbuilding industry on Tuesday, the profitability of eco-friendly

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The Daily Digest’s Biofuels Mandates around the World 2023

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Florida, the Daily Digest today released its annual review of biofuels mandates and targets around the world, looking at the state of biofuels mandates in 65 countries. Get the latest up to the minute

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Hyundai Completes Verification for LNG/Hydrogen Hybrid Engine

(Maritime Executive) Hyundai Heavy Industries Group has developed and successfully tested Korea's first LNG/hydrogen mixed-firing engine. The development of the hybrid engine is part of the South Korean shipbuilding industry’s focus on next generation ships and high-value applications which it is

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Exclusive: India Plans $2 Billion Incentive for Green Hydrogen Industry

by Sarita Chaganti Singh (Reuters) India is planning a $2 billion incentive programme for the green hydrogen industry, three sources told Reuters, in a bid to cut emissions and become a major export player in the field. The 180-billion-rupee ($2.2 billion) incentive

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Korean Register to Support Development of Methanol Bunkering in Ulsan

(Korean Register) International classification society Korean Register (KR) and Ulsan Port Authority (UPA) have signed an MOU to support methanol-fueled ships and establish the South Korean port as a low-carbon, eco-friendly energy hub. Methanol is a clean burning marine fuel which produces

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B&W to Agrees to Study Development of Biomass-to-Hydrogen Project

(Babcock & Wilcox/Biomass Magazine) Babcock & Wilcox announced on Nov. 21 that it has signed an agreement with NRG Korea to study the applicability of B&W’s BrightLoop technology for a hydrogen generation facility using biomass fuel in South Korea. B&W’s BrightLoop chemical

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Launch of the Green Shipping Challenge at COP27

(U.S. Department of State)  Greenhouse gas emissions from the shipping sector are significant, increasing, and on a trajectory that is incompatible with the goals of the Paris Agreement.  Compared with country emissions, the sector would rank among the top 10 largest

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Laos Collaborates with South Korea to Produce Biofuel

by Amrita Paul (Laotian Times) The Lao government is keen on starting such a venture to reduce its dependency on imported fuels. -- Laos has embarked on a 12-year biofuel production project costing USD 20 million, which will enable the country to produce

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Researchers Discover Method to Quickly Cultivate Microalgal Strain for Biofuel Production

by Lim Chang-won (Aju Business Daily) A state-run research body in South Korea has discovered a method to quickly cultivate a microalgal strain from cyanobacteria, known as blue-green algae, that can produce twice as much biofuel as other microorganisms due

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Hot Spots: The 50 Hottest Project Development & Deployment Spots in the Advanced Bioeconomy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Here are the 50 Hottest Project Development & Deployment Spots in the Advanced Bioeconomy for 2022, as selected by the Digest’s editors. READ MORE

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Maersk’s Newly Ordered Boxships to Run on MAN ES Methanol Engines

by Ajsa Habibic (Offshore Energy) German engine manufacturer MAN Energy Solutions (MAN ES) has received a ‘major order’ to deliver dual-fuel methanol engines for six 17,000 TEU containerships being built for Danish integrated logistics company A.P. Moller – Maersk. According to MAN ES,

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South Korea to Boost Domestic Biofuels Use

by Lauren Moffitt (Argus Media) South Korea plans to expand domestic biofuels use through adopting marine biofuel by 2025, sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) by 2026 and raising its 2030 biofuels blending mandate in the diesel pool. The country's trade, industry and energy

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SK Innovations Backs Infinium, the Pace Amps up in the Race for Electrofuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Now, investment isn’t scale, finance isn’t offtake, but Infinium’s stepped it up a notch, no doubt about it. Let’s look at the details. ... SK Innovation has closed a round of institutional funding into Infinium, a

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Korean Air to Use Shell’s Sustainable Aviation Fuel Starting in 2026

(Korean Air/Biobased Diesel Daily)  Korean Air has signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with global energy company Shell to purchase its sustainable aviation fuel (SAF).  The MOU explores the supply and purchase of SAF from Shell at major airports in Asia Pacific

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WinGD and HSD Engine Collaborate to Deliver Methanol-Fueled Two-Stroke Engines

(WinGD) fuelSwiss marine power company WinGD and Korean engine builder HSD Engine have initiated a Joint Development Project (JDP) to advance the development of WinGD’s methanol-fueled big-bore engines. The aim is to deliver an engine capable of running on carbon-neutral

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Proman Stena Bulk's Methanol Fuelled Tankers Conduct South Koriea's First Methanol Bunkering

(Stena Bulk) Stena Pro Patria and Stena Pro Marine became the first vessels to bunker methanol in South Korea in significant milestone for joint venture and for methanol uptake in maritime --  Proman Stena Bulk, the joint venture (JV) between major

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Dehydration of Bioethanol Produced from Argane Pulp Using Pervaporation Membrane Process: Experimental, Molecular Dynamics and GCMC Simulation Studies

Fatima Zahrae Zouhair, Mohammed Rachid Kabbour, Fatima Ebich, Aouatif Benali, El hajel Maadoudi, Awad A. Alrashdi, Mohammed Bouksaim, Hassane Lgaz, Azzouz Essamri (Journal of Molecular Liquids) PVA membranes were used for argane pulp bioethanol dehydration by PV. • MD and GCMC simulations

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Hyundai Oilbank and Lotte Confectionery Sign Biodiesel Deal

by Shin Ha-Nee (Reuters) Hyundai Oilbank and Lotte Confectionery signed a deal to produce biodiesel using disposed oil, the oil refiner said Monday. Through the deal, Lotte Confectionery will supply by-products made during the food manufacturing process, which are mostly used

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Chung-Ang University Researchers Develop Novel Heterostructure Catalyst for Effective Hydrogen Generation from Water Splitting

(Chung-Ang University) The new catalyst improves the efficiency of hydrogen production from water splitting without incurring high costs -- Hydrogen, a clean fuel, can be produced sustainably by electrocatalytic water splitting, a process where the water molecule is split into oxygen and

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USGC Promotes Ethanol Policy during Motor Show in South Korea

(GrainNet)  Spreading good news about U.S. ethanol through hands-on learning is a priority for the U.S. Grains Council’s (USGC’s) South Korea office. Most recently, the Council attended the Busan International Motor Show, where Haksoo Kim, USGC director in South Korea, and

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South Korea's Dansuk Exports SMF to Europe

by Ryan Ang (Argus Media)  South Korean biodiesel producer Dansuk Industrial exported this month 3,000t of sustainable marine fuel (SMF) to the Netherlands, marking the company's first export to Europe. Dansuk produces 50,000 t/yr of SMF at its Pyeongtaek and Siheung factories

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Imee: Higher Biofuel Content Can Reduce Pump Prices

(Biofuel Industry Today) ... The Biofuels Act of 2006 requires oil companies to produce a gasoline blend with at least 10% bioethanol, but Marcos (Senator Imee Marcos) said the National Biofuels Board can recommend an increase in the minimum requirement, subject

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Airbus Establishes UK Hydrogen Technology Centre to Support ZEROe Aircraft Plan

by Tony Harrington (GreenAir Online) Airbus has taken another significant step towards the introduction of its proposed ZEROe passenger aircraft by 2035 by establishing a Zero Emission Development Centre (ZEDC) for hydrogen technologies at its Filton, UK, facility. A priority

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Council’s Five-Year Ethanol Promotion Efforts Triple Exports to South Korea

(U.S. Grains Council) The U.S. Grains Council has promoted U.S. ethanol exports in South Korea since 2016, focusing primarily on educating Korean buyers about the availability and pricing of U.S. ethanol, in addition to introducing buyers to U.S. suppliers and visiting

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Indy 500 Highlights Ethanol’s Role In Racing, Global Market

(U.S. Grains Council) Delegations from Japan, South Korea, India and Indonesia traveled to the United States last week to take part in the Indianapolis 500. Hosted by the U.S. Grains Council (USGC) in collaboration with the Indiana Corn Marketing Council, the

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Electrode Design Paves Way for Better Biofuel Cells, Electrochemical Devices

(American Institute of Physics (AIP)/NewsWise)  Amphiphilic assembly generates hybrid biofuel cells with improved power output, operational stability --  Enzyme electrodes are useful in a range of applications, including biosensing systems and electrochemical devices. Biofuel cells (BFCs) are specially promising candidates for

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Hyundai Oilbank to Build Biodiesel Plant in S. Korea in 2023

(The Korea Bizwire) South Korean refiner Hyundai Oilbank Co. said Wednesday it will build a 130,000-ton biodiesel plant in the country’s southwest next year as it pushes for white biotechnology business. White biotechnology refers to using non-polluting renewable resources, like plants, molds

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Woodside Collaborates with KOGAS to Study Green Hydrogen Pilot Project

by Nedim Husomanovic (H2 Energy News) Woodside LNG, a producer of liquefied natural gas in Australia, and Korea Gas Corporation have signed a non-binding agreement to jointly investigate the technical and commercial viability of a green hydrogen pilot project. The latest deal

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GS Caltex, Posco International Team up for Biofuel Push

by Lee Ji-yoon (Korea Herald)  South Korean refiner GS Caltex said Sunday it has teamed up with Posco International, the trading unit of steel giant Posco, to make a big push into the burgeoning biofuel market amid growing calls for emissions

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New Study Shows Summit Carbon Solutions Will Drive Economic Growth Across the Midwest

(Summit Carbon Solutions/PR Newswire)  A new study shows that Summit Carbon Solutions' proposed carbon capture, transportation, and storage project will create jobs, generate new tax revenue for local communities, support local suppliers, and strengthen the Midwest regional economy. Ernst & Young,

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Hydrogen Heats up with Green Hydrogen Ships, Grocery Stores, Power Plants and More

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) Hot hydrogen news hit the past few days with grocery store chain Lidl opening the first logistics platform in Europe to use renewable green hydrogen, thanks to its partners Lhyfe and Plug Power. Plus news

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GS E&C to Modularize World’s Leading Biodiesel Production Technology

(GS E&C)  GS E&C will join hands with Denmark's Haldor Topsoe, the world's leading biodiesel production technology company, to modularize Haldor Topsoe’s biodiesel production technology. Following green hydrogen, it plans to expand its modularization business to the biodiesel field, further

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Significant Number of New Sustainability Initiatives Unveiled at a Subdued Singapore Airshow

by Tony Harrington (GreenAir Online) Singapore Airshow reflected a growing focus of the air transport sector on decarbonisation across the Asia-Pacific (APAC) region. Impacted by the recent eruption of Covid’s Omicron variant and onerously imposed government restrictions, the show attracted just

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Korean Air Takes off with SAF from Paris to Seoul

(Biofuels International) Korean Air will use sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) on its route between Paris and Seoul Incheon.The airline said this would reduce greenhouse gas emissions by up to 80%. This is a first step towards “greener” aviation for Korean

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Sustainability in Times of COVID-19: Converting Face Masks into Valuable Fuel

(Korea University)  Researchers propose a new and environmentally beneficial way of upcycling discarded masks into burnable fuel to produce energy -- Thanks to the COVID-19 pandemic, millions of single-use face masks are discarded every day, creating a huge surge in

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Decarbonizing Power & Producing Hydrogen: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to FuelCell Energy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Capturing carbon while simultaneously generating power – sounds like a win-win and FuelCell Energy is working on exactly that with their fuel cell tech. From product portfolio to their next phase of growth, this is

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EU Biofuel Plan Increases Risk of Fraudulent Imports from Asia: Study

by Sean Goulding Carroll (EURACTIV) EU proposals aimed at cutting transport emissions risk boosting the amount of fraudulent used cooking oil (UCO) imported into the EU, according to a new study by the International Council for Clean Transportation (ICCT), a US-based non-profit organisation. The

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Impact of Ethanol-Blended Fuel in Vehicles: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to NREL’s Ethanol Study

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) National Renewable Energy Laboratory’sstudy looks at the impact of ethanol-blended fuel at various blending levels (10%, 15%, and 20% vol.) on “in-operation” vehicles built to differing emissions and manufacturing standards around the world – focusing

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New RFA Reports Summarize 2021 Ethanol, Distillers Grains Trade

(Renewable Fuels Association) According to a pair of new statistical reports released today by the Renewable Fuels Association, U.S. exports of ethanol and distillers grains showed resilience in 2021 as the global economy continued to confront the COVID pandemic and supply chain challenges. The annual reports—now

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MPC Capital Secures Attractive New Building Slots for 5,500 TEU Container Ships

(MPC Capital) Confirms order with attractive new building slots at Korean shipyard Hanjin for four 5,500 TEU eco-designs; First delivery already scheduled for Q2 2023; High-efficiency design ready to be converted for a carbon neutral operation based on green methanol 

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Global Update: Increased Mobility Improves Ethanol Trade as Policies Drive Long-Term Demand

(GrainNet) ... U.S. ethanol exports for the first quarter of the 2021/2022 marketing year (MY) were 5% higher than the previous year, totaling 330 million gallons. Increased mobility and reduced COVID-19 restrictions have spurred a near global recovery in ethanol trade. Gains were

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Complete Global Guide: The Digest’s Biofuels Mandates Around the World 2022

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  65 countries have targets or mandates--how much, where, when and what?  READ MORE Commodities 2022: European biofuel mandates to structurally shift ethanol demand higher in the year (S&P Global Platts) European Biofuel Mandates to Structurally Shift Ethanol

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Towards Affordable Clean Energy: Exploring New Catalysts for Urea-based Fuel Cells

(KMOU Research News) Scientists achieve state-of-the-art performance in urea fuel cells using inexpensive electrodes without precious metals -- Fuel cells that generate clean electricity by breaking down urea―a common organic molecule―could become a great resource to reduce dependence on fossil fuels. However,

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Green and Clean: New Eco-friendly and Sustainable Algae-Based Way to Fight Water Pollution

(Shoolini University)  To purify urban wastewater for reuse, researchers develop a new algae-based bioremediation method -- ... Recently, based on the fascinating potential of algae to remove a large number of chemical pollutants and various bacteria from water, scientists have

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USGC Promotes US Ethanol at Seoul Mobility Show

(U.S. Grains Council) To convey the benefits of ethanol to government and industry stakeholders, the media and consumers, the U.S. Grains Council’s  South Korea office participated in the Seoul Mobility Show from Nov. 25 – Dec. 5. “The Seoul Mobility Show was

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SK Inc. Invests in Fulcrum BioEnergy to Accelerate Production of Low-Carbon Fuel from Waste

(SK/PR Newswire/Yahoo!) - SK Inc. and private equity partner invest $50 million in Fulcrum to enhance global ESG portfolio; - Fulcrum contributes to reducing GHG emissions by converting household waste into low-carbon transportation fuels, including sustainable aviation fuel; - Fulcrum's first plant

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Feeding Sugar to Bacteria May Lead to Less Harmful Fuel for Cars, Trucks

by Sommer Brokaw (UPI)  Sugar can be transformed into hydrocarbons found in gasoline by feeding glucose to strains of E. coli that don't harm human health, according to a study published Monday in the journal Nature Chemistry. "Making biofuels from renewable resources like glucose

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U.S. again Presses OPEC+ as It Weighs Reserve Release

by Timothy Gardner and Alexandra Alper (Reuters) ... The White House on Friday pressed the OPEC producer group again to maintain adequate global supply, days after U.S. discussions with some of the world's biggest economies over potentially releasing oil from strategic

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New Study Demonstrates Ethanol Blend Compatibility of Vehicles Around the World

(U.S. Grains Council/GrainNet)  A new study conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is out now that shows all vehicles in the study countries are highly likely to be compatible with E10. Motorcycles and scooters similarly analyzed in India and Indonesia have full compatibility with

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International Aviation Climate Ambition Coalition COP26 Declaration

(UN Climate Change Conference 2021 UK) We, the ministers and representatives of states, participating in the inaugural meeting of the International Aviation Climate Ambition Coalition at the 26th Conference of the Parties (COP26) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate

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EVARM Launches Its Second 100% Green Hydrogen Prototype

by Sonia Algaba Benito (ellobregat (Google Translation)) The second 100% green hydrogen prototype of the EVARM company of Sant Boi has been developed with the cooperation of the Korean Institute of Science and Technology The EVARM company, located in Sant Boi

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G-20 Fossil-Fuel Support Hits Nearly $600 Billion in 2020

by Victoria Cuming and Maia Godemer (BloombergNEF) The Group-of-20 countries have made headlines in recent months with some new pledges to achieve “net-zero” CO2 emissions by 2050 or, in China’s case, by 2060. But back in the here-and-now many of these

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U.S. Agrees to End Fossil Fuel Financing Abroad

by Sara Schonhardt (E&E News) The United States committed today with other countries to stop financing fossil fuel projects abroad by the end of next year, in a seismic shift that could stem the construction of natural gas and oil facilities

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Yosemite Clean Energy Has Secured Their First Plant Site Commercial Scale Carbon-Negative Biofuels from Waste Wood, Stewarding California Forests and Farmland

(Yosemite Clean Energy/PR Newswire)  Yosemite Clean Energy (Yosemite), announced today (October 28, 2021) they have secured the site for developing their first carbon-negative green hydrogen and renewable natural gas (RNG) production plant in Oroville, California, with groundbreaking scheduled for Q2 of

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Researchers Develop Chemoenzymatic Technique to Extract Precursor for Biofuel from Agricultural Waste

by Park Sae-jin (Aju Business Daily)  For the first time in the world, researchers from a state-run institute have found a chemoenzymatic technique to convert a material extracted from biomasses into an important eco-friendly precursor for biofuel and bioplastic. The

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USGC Showcases Ethanol’s Role in Fuel Decarbonization Policies

(U.S. Grains Council/Ethanol Producer Magazine) A shifting fuel standard in Australia could allow a larger role for ethanol in that market. To better understand the changes, the U.S. Grains Council’s Southeast Asia office presented “Ethanol: Decarbonization of Transport Fuel in the

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Biofuel Symposium Addresses Korea’s Carbon-Neutrality Policy

(U.S. Grains Council) To create opportunities for an ethanol renewable fuel standard (RFS) in Korea’s carbon-neutrality scenario, the U.S. Grains Council, USDA’s Foreign Agricultural Service in Seoul and The Environment Daily News co-hosted the “Climate Crisis and Biofuel Symposium” on Sept.

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Dansuk Industrial, LG Chem Plan JV to Build South Korea’s 1st HVO plant

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily)  South Korean biodiesel producer and exporter Dansuk Industrial is partnering with LG Chem to establish the peninsula’s first hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO), or renewable diesel, manufacturing facility. ... The proposed facility, to be located at LG

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Korean Air Partners with SK Energy to Adopt Carbon-Neutral Jet Fuel

(Korean Air)  Korean Air has partnered with SK Energy, a major petroleum and refinery company in Korea, to introduce carbon-neutral jet fuel to actively counter climate change. Through the partnership, the airline will purchase a month’s worth of carbon-neutral jet fuel

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LG Chem to Build Korea's First Next-Generation Hydro-Treated Vegetable Oil Plant with Dansuk Industrial

(LG Chem) LG Chem to build Korea's first next-generation Hydro-Treated Vegetable Oil plant with Dansuk Industrial; ■ Heads of Agreement for establishment of a joint venture signed with Dansuk Industrial on the 2nd.     - Plans to establish HVO plant by

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Artificial Photosynthesis Technology Emerging

(National Research Council of Science & Technology/Phys.Org) Korean researchers are striving to turn artificial photosynthesis technology into reality to achieve carbon neutrality or accomplish a net carbon emission value of zero. Artificial photosynthesis is a technology that mimics natural photosynthesis by

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Council Shows Ethanol Benefits as South Korea and Japan Set Carbon Neutral Policies

(Biofuels International)  The US Grains Council (USGC) is working to demonstrate the carbon-reduction benefits of blending ethanol into local fuel supplies as policymakers in South Korea and Japan consider new emission reduction initiatives. South Korea announced a goal last fall of

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Korea National Oil Management Institute Secures Insect Biodiesel Manufacturing Technology

(K-Petro (Google translation)) Initiated the second phase of development of biodiesel production technology using insect lipids; Contribute to the expansion of biodiesel supply for the realization of 2050 carbon neutrality  -- Korea Petroleum Management Service (Chairman Joo-Seok Son) has secured biodiesel production technology

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Converting CO2 into Butanol Using Phosphorous-rich Copper Cathodes

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  In South Korea, scientists from the Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology proposed a reaction for the highly selective production of 1-butanol, a valuable alternative fuel, by electrochemical reduction using copper phosphide electrodes. Their findings offer

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S. Korean Defense Agency Develops Palm Oil-based Bio Jet Fuel Production Technique

by Park Sae-jin (AJU Business Daily)  South Korea's state defense research agency has acquired core technologies for the production of palm oil-based bio jet fuel. Through a series of tests, the agency found that the low-carbon renewable fuel could be

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Korean Air Partners with Hyundai Oilbank to Adopt Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(Korean Air) Korean Air signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with Hyundai Oilbank, a leading petroleum and refinery company in Korea, regarding the manufacturing and usage of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). Through the partnership, Korean Air hopes to not only counter climate

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USGC Suggests Ethanol Use as Carbon-Neutral Solution in South Korea

(U.S. Grains Council) The U.S. Grains Council (USGC) emphasized ethanol as one of the most effective transportation fuels for achieving South Korea’s carbon neutrality goals by 2050 during the Carbon Neutral Symposium held there on May 27. “Bioethanol can smoothly bridge the

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Monolith Materials Receives Investments from SK Inc. and NextEra Energy Resources

(Monolith) Support for the clean hydrogen manufacturer continues to grow as its technology accelerates progress toward a decarbonized global energy system Monolith Materials, Inc., a leader in green hydrogen production, today announced it has received new investments from a consortium of investors

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Denmark, Norway, and the United States to Lead Zero-Emission Shipping Mission

(U.S. Department of Energy) The governments of Denmark, Norway, and the United States, along with the Global Maritime Forum and the Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller Center for Zero Carbon Shipping, today announced that they will lead a new Zero-Emission Shipping Mission as

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Progress at the Pump

(North Carolina State University Campaign News) Professor Sunkyu Park, who has deep NC State roots, is working to turn waste from the pulp and paper industry into the biofuel of the future. Boosted by private support, his research could revolutionize

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What Were 2020 U.S. Ethanol Export & Imports Like?: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to RFA’s Summary

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  More than 1.334 billion gallons—10 percent of the ethanol produced in the United States—were exported in 2020, according to the Renewable Fuels Association just released report summing up last year’s U.S. ethanol imports and exports.

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Ethanol as Essential Energy: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to RFA’s 2021 Ethanol Outlook

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The hot-off-the-press Renewable Fuels Association’s 2021 Ethanol Industry Outlook focuses on ethanol as an ‘essential energy’ to address the challenges of climate change, food and energy security, and rural prosperity. Now in its 22nd year,

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Auto Industry Peers into an Electric Future and Sees Bumps Ahead

by Steven Mufson (Washington Post)  ...  (T)he question is not, ‘Can we sell to the wealthy?’ It is, ‘Can we get the everyday household in mainstream America to buy an EV?’ and we’re still a long way away from that.” Meanwhile,

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Where’s Your Lithium from? EU’s New Green Deal to Track Critical Materials

by Tammy Klein (Transport Energy Strategies) Renewable electricity generation and storage requires huge quantities of mined raw materials. In Europe, most of these elements are currently imported and unsustainably produced. So the European Commission has hatched a new plan for obtaining them

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palm waste Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization defossilize Dehydration Delaware DeltaWing demonstration demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose dfdsffsfdfsf diatoms diesel Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices Diesel R5 diesel with renewables diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct air capture direct injection direct ocean capture Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) direct-to-fuel directed evolution dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought tolerant drought-resistant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass 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inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit Invvesting ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jersey Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati knotweed Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose 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system MOVES2014 MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed mvr Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nano particles nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha naphthene NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) 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