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Environmental Protection Agency

Crop-Based Biofuels Still Play a Role in Clean and Affordable Energy

by Dawson Schmitt (The Heartland Report)  … Ukraine, a major producer of corn and wheat, could not ship grain from its ports in the Black Sea, a major transportation outlet for food exports. Since agriculture is global, U.S. prices reacted, increasing inflationary pressures on food prices. Historically high prices of grain

February 3, 2023 Read Full Article

Cardinal Ethanol and Vault 44.01 Form Joint Venture to Implement a Carbon Capture and Sequestration Project in Indiana

(Cardinal Ethanol/Business Wire) -Cardinal Ethanol, LLC (Cardinal) and Vault 44.01 Ltd. (Vault) announced today that, through their affiliate companies, they have formed a joint venture to design, implement, and operate a carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and sequestration (CCS) project at Cardinal’s ethanol production facility near Union City, Indiana. The joint venture

February 2, 2023 Read Full Article

Biogas Poised to Seize RFS Potential — While Environmentalists Push to Kill RFS e-RINS Proposal, Biogas Industry Ready to Grow

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer)  …  During a recent public hearing, environmentalists expressed concern the new program would lead to a proliferation of new confined animal feeding operations, or CAFOs, as more farmers try to capture the potential value of methane from increased manure production. Adrian Busby, senior food and

February 2, 2023 Read Full Article

Iowa Gov. Kim Reynolds to Receive RFA’s 2023 Industry Award

(Renewable Fuels Association) The Renewable Fuels Association is proud to announce that Iowa Gov. Kim Reynolds will visit the upcoming National Ethanol Conference to receive the RFA’s annual Industry Award, the ethanol industry’s highest honor. Each year, the award is presented to an individual or entity who has made a significant contribution to

February 1, 2023 Read Full Article

Bacon Demands Administration ‘Defend the Midwest’

by Lydia Johnson (Agri-Pulse)  Speaking on this week’s Agri-Pulse Newsmakers, Nebraska Republican Rep. Don Bacon said biofuels, trade, crop insurance and research are among his top issues for the farm bill and discussed his role in finding common ground in the House with a slim GOP majority.   “You have to find consensus areas

January 30, 2023 Read Full Article

Appeals Court Signals EPA Likely Violated Law in Biofuels Compliance Program

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico Pro)  A spokesperson for EPA said it will review the decision. —  A federal appeals court Friday granted a request by two small refiners to halt their compliance obligations under the Renewable Fuel Standard — signaling EPA’s decision to reject dozens of hardship exemption applications likely violated the

January 30, 2023 Read Full Article

Ethanol Blog: State AGs Give EPA until End of January to Respond to Year-Round E15 Petitions

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer)  With 270 days now passed since a group of Midwest governors asked EPA to take action to allow their states permanently sell E15 year-round, a group of attorneys general are pressing the agency to act. In a letter to EPA Administrator Michael Regan on Friday,

January 30, 2023 Read Full Article

Who Should Want More Ethanol in the Pool? Would You Believe Oil Refiners?

by David Hallberg, President (Dakota Ag Energy/Biofuels Digest)  … Which brings us back to my thesis—as the pendulum swings back to internal combustion engines the quest for low carbon isn’t going to disappear. … A nationwide E30 Clean Octane standard This  triggered a few thoughts about how our petroleum refinery

January 27, 2023 Read Full Article

White House Starts Review of EPA’s Passenger Vehicle Emissions Plan

(Inside EPA)  The White House has begun reviewing EPA’s draft proposed multi-pollutant emissions standards for passenger vehicles and some larger trucks, offering the latest indication that the agency is on track to release the plan by the end of March as outside groups sharpen their advocacy about the stringency of

January 25, 2023 Read Full Article

Aviation Stakeholder Groups Submit Comments to EPA’s Proposed Endangerment Finding

(National Business Aviation Association)  A coalition of seven aviation stakeholder organizations has formally submitted comments to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) proposed endangerment finding of lead in aviation gasoline (avgas). The coalition reaffirmed its support for removing lead from avgas through a safe and smart transition. In its comments, the

January 23, 2023 Read Full Article

A Foot in the Door:  After a Decade-Plus Pursuit, Some Biomass-Based Power Generators Will Have the Opportunity to Participate in the Federal Renewable Fuel Standard Program

by Anna Simet (Biomass Magazine)   The RFS Power Coalition has been pursuing inclusion of biomass-based power in the federal Renewable Fuel Standard for longer than a decade. …  Despite a provision in the 2007 statute that that nonliquid fuels—renewable electricity from biomass or renewable natural gas (RNG), for example—could be deemed

January 20, 2023 Read Full Article

The Future Is Now: Renewable Propane

by Steve Whaley (Propane Education and Research Council/ACT News) For decades, fleet owners have relied on propane autogas as a powerful, low-carbon energy source to fuel everything from school buses to delivery vehicles, taxis to paratransit fleets and all kinds of medium-duty vehicles in between. The clean energy source has reduced

January 20, 2023 Read Full Article

EPA Highlights Need for Tougher ICE Standards in Upcoming Auto Rule

(Inside EPA)  EPA officials are emphasizing that their upcoming multi-pollutant standards for light- and medium-duty vehicles starting in model year 2027 will continue to impose tougher greenhouse gas requirements on internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles even amid a potentially transformative push toward electric vehicles (EVs). The statements come as industry

January 20, 2023 Read Full Article

EPA: 10 New SRE Petitions Filed, 22 SRE Petitions Now Pending

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The U.S. EPA on Jan. 19 released data showing that 10 new small refinery exemption (SRE) petitions have been filed under the Renewable Fuel Standard over the past month. A total of 22 SRE petitions are now pending, including two that were previously declared a

January 20, 2023 Read Full Article

EPA Proposes to Add Environmental Justice, Climate Change, and PFAS to National Enforcement and Compliance Initiatives for FY 2024-2027 DEADLINE: March 13, 2023

(Environmental Protection Agency) Today, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced it is seeking public comment on its proposal to address environmental justice, climate change, and PFAS contamination in its National Enforcement and Compliance Initiatives (NECIs).  Every four years, EPA selects national initiatives to focus resources on serious and widespread environmental

January 19, 2023 Read Full Article

EPA Announces Availability of $50 Million to Support States and Tribes Developing Programs for Carbon Sequestration and Groundwater Protection

(Environmental Protection Agency) Grants funded by President Biden’s Bipartisan Infrastructure Law to support efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate climate change — Today, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced the availability of $50 million in grant funding from President Biden’s Bipartisan Infrastructure Law to help states, Tribes and

January 19, 2023 Read Full Article

Ready. Set. Go! The Ethanol Industry Is Poised for Continued Success in 2023

by Geoff Cooper (Renewable Fuels Association/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  … (T)he Renewable Fuels Association remains focused on solidifying year-round access to E15, building export markets and moving incrementally closer to net-zero carbon emissions by 2050. …  In December, the Environmental Protection Agency proposed RFS volumes through 2025 that provide certainty and

January 18, 2023 Read Full Article

D.C. Circuit Slated to Hear Case over Extended RFS Compliance Deadlines

(Inside EPA) A panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit is poised to hear oral argument in refiners’ lawsuit targeting EPA’s extended timetable for complying with renewable fuel standard (RFS) mandates, a measure ostensibly designed to help refiners that has nonetheless resulted in unachievable,

January 18, 2023 Read Full Article

US Refiners Push One-Year Delay on E15 Petition

by Chris Knight (Argus Media) Shell, Phillips 66 and Chevron are among the oil companies seeking at least a one-year delay, until 1 May 2024, for a fuel specification change in eight states intended to support continued year-round sales of 15pc ethanol gasoline (E15). The delay request came in an industry-organized

January 17, 2023 Read Full Article

Rio Tinto Trials Renewable Diesel at U.S. Operations

(Rio Tinto)  Rio Tinto is progressing plans to swap conventional diesel for renewable fuel in haul trucks at its U.S. operations to reduce the carbon footprint of its fleet. The company successfully completed a renewable diesel trial at its U.S. Borax mine in Boron, California, and is now conducting a second trial

January 17, 2023 Read Full Article

EPA Approves RFS Fuel Pathway for LanzaJet’s Georgia Facility

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The U.S. EPA on Jan. 12 approved a fuel pathway filed by LanzaJet Inc. under the Renewable Fuel Standard that will allow the company’s biorefinery near Soperton, Georgia, to generate D4 biomass-based diesel renewable identification numbers (RINs) for renewable jet fuel and renewable diesel produced

January 17, 2023 Read Full Article

Midwest AgEnergy Holds Open House for CCS Project

(EERC Solutions) Midwest AgEnergy Group (MAG) held an open house on November 3 near its Blue Flint location in Underwood, N.D. Approximately 40 community members attended the event to learn about a carbon capture and storage project that is underway at the ethanol facility. The Blue Flint CO2 storage project involves injecting

January 10, 2023 Read Full Article

Clean Fuels Expresses Frustration with EPA’s RFS Proposal for 2023 – 2025

(Clean Fuels Alliance America) Eighteen Clean Fuels speakers testify at public hearing on the proposed RFS volume  —  Today, Clean Fuels Alliance America and its members testified at the Environmental Protection Agency’s “Public Hearing for RFS Standards for 2023–2025 and Other Changes,” held via teleconference. Clean Fuels staff expressed frustration

January 10, 2023 Read Full Article

Biden-Harris Administration Announces Availability of $100 Million through Inflation Reduction Act for Environmental Justice Grants DEADLINE April 10, 2023

(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) Historic grant funding for environmental justice will support projects in communities overburdened by pollution and historic underinvestment  — Today, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced the availability of approximately $100 million for projects that advance environmental justice in underserved and overburdened communities across the country.

January 10, 2023 Read Full Article

Biden-Harris Administration Releases First-Ever Blueprint to Decarbonize America’s Transportation Sector

(U.S. Department of Transportation) Landmark Blueprint Will Advance the President’s Clean Transportation Agenda, Slashing Consumer Costs, Improving Public Health, and Increasing the Nation’s Energy Security — The Biden-Harris Administration today released the U.S. National Blueprint for Transportation Decarbonization. Developed by the Departments of Energy, Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and the Environmental

January 10, 2023 Read Full Article

Permanent E15 Solution Possible in 2023

by Mark Dorenkamp (Brownfield Ag News)  … Executive director Brian Werner says the Minnesota Biofuels Association was among several state renewable energy groups recently on a call with EPA to press for approval of a petition filed by eight Midwestern governors that would place E10 and E15 on equal regulatory footing

January 10, 2023 Read Full Article

RFA: EPA’s 2023-2025 RVO Proposal a ‘Firm Foundation’ for Future of RFS

 (Renewable Fuels Association)   Proposed volume obligations for 2023-2025 bolster the Renewable Fuel Standard and provide growth opportunities for the ethanol industry, the Renewable Fuels Association said this morning in verbal testimony provided at an Environmental Protection Agency hearing. “Overall, we believe the proposed ‘Set’ rule establishes a firm foundation for the future

January 10, 2023 Read Full Article
Listening Session: Request for Information; Identifying Ambiguities, Gaps, Inefficiencies, and Uncertainties in the Coordinated Framework for the Regulation of Biotechnology   —   January 12, 2023   —    ONLINE

Listening Session: Request for Information; Identifying Ambiguities, Gaps, Inefficiencies, and Uncertainties in the Coordinated Framework for the Regulation of Biotechnology — January 12, 2023 — ONLINE

The regulatory agencies and OSTP will host a virtual public listening session on January 12, 2023. If you are interested in registering for the virtual listening session, go to https://www.zoomgov.com/​webinar/​register/​WN_​IhbckX4VTiacK0AsyiikKQ. If you are interested in additional listening sessions, please contact Dominique Carter at biotech-regulation@ostp.eop.gov. Summaries of the comments offered during

January 9, 2023 Read Full Article

Energy Students Take on a New Challenge – Recycling

(Freeman Business) … Fluence Analytics is a Tulane University spin-out that specializes in continuous analytics and process control solutions for the polymer and biopharmaceutical industries. Ranked by CB Insights as one of the world’s most promising advanced manufacturing startups, the company recently began developing new ways to use its propriety technologies

January 9, 2023 Read Full Article

EPA Proposes to Strengthen Air Quality Standards to Protect the Public from Harmful Effects of Soot Public Comment DEADLINE TBD

(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)  New Standards Demonstrate President Biden’s Leadership to Reduce Air Pollution that Threatens Communities —  Today, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is announcing a proposal to strengthen a key national ambient air quality standard (NAAQS) for fine particle pollution, also known as PM2.5, to better protect communities,

January 6, 2023 Read Full Article

Forecast for U.S. Federal and International Chemical Regulatory Policy 2023

(Bergeson & Campbell) … At a political level, the Republicans’ narrow control of the U.S. House of Representatives will almost certainly invite a greater degree of oversight of U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) actions, particularly with respect to implementation of the 2016 amendments of the Toxic Substances Control Act. As discussed

January 6, 2023 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Forestry and the US Renewable Fuel Standard, the Key Issues.

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Where does forestry fit into the RFS and with the biofuels industry, asks Lee Enterprises Consulting’s Larry Sullivan in this enlightening tour of the past, present and future of forest-based feedstocks. Sullivan goes back to the Forest and Agricultural Sector Optimization Model or FASOM followed

January 6, 2023 Read Full Article

What Are Renewable Fuels Association’s Priorities for the New Congress?

by Currey McCullough (RFD TV) … President and CEO, Geoff Cooper says out the gate he is not expecting much activity on Capitol Hill when it comes to renewable fuels or energy, largely due to a split Congress. He says the group expects hearings and other activity surrounding the Renewable Fuel

January 6, 2023 Read Full Article

SPOTLIGHT Reiter Software; Used Cooking Oil: Staying in Compliance for Incentives

(Biodiesel Magazine) … Recordkeeping challenges in renewable diesel aren’t new, but the struggle to balance the desire to incentivize production of low-carbon-intensity (low CI) fuels without harming collectors or tolerating fraud has come to a head. The following is what stakeholders need to know about the regulations. The collection and

January 6, 2023 Read Full Article

OMB Agenda Confirms Timelines for RFS, E15, Biopreferred Rules

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The White House Office of Management and Budget on Jan. 4 published its 2022 Fall Unified Agenda and Regulatory Plan, confirming the expected timeline on federal rulemakings related to the Renewable Fuel Standard, E15 sales and the Biopreferred program. According to the agenda, the U.S. EPA

January 5, 2023 Read Full Article

A New EPA Proposal Is Reigniting a Debate about What Counts as ‘Renewable’

by John McCracken (Grist) The agency wants more ethanol, biogas, and wood pellet power in the nation’s fuel mix. But is that actually a good thing? The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has proposed new standards for how much of the nation’s fuel supply should come from renewable sources.  The proposal, released last month,

January 5, 2023 Read Full Article

2022 The Year that Was – Looking Back

by Allen Schaeffer (Diesel Technology Forum) … The year began with a virtual debate hosted by Mobility Impact Partners, where DTF represented the bold and bright future for internal combustion engines vs. electrification (UC Davis) vs hydrogen (Toyota) in trucking. Results of the online survey that followed the session showed that a majority

January 4, 2023 Read Full Article
Transportation Decarbonization: An Interagency Approach at the Federal Level   —   January 10, 2023   —   ONLINE

Transportation Decarbonization: An Interagency Approach at the Federal Level — January 10, 2023 — ONLINE

Join representatives from the departments of Energy, Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and the Environmental Protection Agency, as well as key transportation industry leaders, for a discussion on the U.S. National Blueprint for Transportation Decarbonization. Moderated by DOE Deputy Assistant Secretary Michael Berube, the panel will feature U.S. Deputy Energy

January 4, 2023 Read Full Article

Notice of Public Comment Period for the Biofuels and the Environment: Third Triennial Report to Congress External Review Draft Public Comments DEADLINE March 6, 2023

(Environmental Protection Agency/Federal Register)  The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is announcing the public comment period for the draft document titled, “Biofuels and the Environment: Third Triennial Report to Congress (External Review Draft).” The document was prepared by EPA’s Office of Research and Development (ORD) and Office of Air and Radiation

January 4, 2023 Read Full Article

Growth Energy to Fuel Beyond in 2023

by Emily Skor (Growth Energy) … By any measure, 2022 was a banner year for biofuel advocates in Washington, D.C. We secured new funding for blending infrastructure, critical tax incentives for clean energy, a summer waiver for E15 sales, and a stronger Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS). Our industry also delivered

January 3, 2023 Read Full Article

Lobbying Ramps up over State-Specific Waivers for Year-Round E15 Sales

(Inside EPA) Biofuels groups, refiners and others are ramping up their competing advocacy over EPA’s upcoming proposal that will likely authorize select Midwestern states to sell 15 percent ethanol (E15) fuel year-round, a move that biofuel producers have long sought, but which oil sector critics say would fragment the fuels

January 3, 2023 Read Full Article

Virginia Wastewater Project Would Be First to Serve Customers Local Biogas

by Elizabeth McGowan (Enegy News Network) Roanoke Gas Company is seeking to partner with a western Virginia wastewater plant to capture, treat, and deliver biogas to local customers. Environmental groups have objections to how the deal is structured, though. — It’s one piece of a comprehensive anaerobic digestion treatment process. In

December 29, 2022 Read Full Article

Annual RFA Survey: Virtually All Automakers Endorse E15

(Renewable Fuels Association)  The Renewable Fuels Association’s annual review of vehicle owner’s manuals and warranty statements indicates that E15 is explicitly approved by the manufacturer for use in the vast majority of model year 2023 cars and light trucks. Notably, for the first time, Mitsubishi lists E15 as an approved fuel

December 23, 2022 Read Full Article

Local View: Ethanol around the World

by Jan Tenbensel (Lincoln Journal Star)  Reduced air pollution and energy security are crucial issues in Japan, which  recently committed to achieving carbon neutrality, including through increased use of bioethanol. I was honored to represent the Nebraska Ethanol Board on a trade mission to Tokyo in late November, alongside Gov.

December 22, 2022 Read Full Article

Unpacking EPA’s e-RIN Proposal Public Comment DEADLINE February 10, 2023

(BioCycle Magazine) On December 1, the U.S. EPA released a proposed rulemaking under the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) program, which includes a long-awaited regulatory framework to generate credits (“eRINs”) from biogas projects, including anaerobic digestion (AD) facilities, that produce renewable electricity for electric vehicles. … EPA’s proposed eRINs rule expands

December 21, 2022 Read Full Article

Request for Information; Identifying Ambiguities, Gaps, Inefficiencies, and Uncertainties in the Coordinated Framework for the Regulation of Biotechnology DEADLINE February 3, 2023

(Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP)/Federal Register) The National Biotech and Biomanufacturing Initiative (NBBI) identified biotechnology regulation clarity and efficiency as a priority of the Administration. Thus, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP)—on behalf of the primary agencies that regulate the products of biotechnology, the U.S.

December 21, 2022 Read Full Article

EPA Responds to GAO Report on RIN Prices, Small Refineries

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The U.S. EPA on Dec. 20 released a final analysis on the price of renewable identification numbers (RINs) and small refineries in response to a recommendation included in a recent U.S. Government Accountability Office report. The final analysis confirms the EPA’s conclusion that small refineries

December 21, 2022 Read Full Article

Final EPA Standards for Heavy-Duty Vehicles to Slash Dangerous Pollution and Take Key Step Toward Accelerating Zero-Emissions Future

(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) Beginning in Model Year 2027, EPA’s Clean Trucks Plan will safeguard clean air for millions in communities overburdened by dangerous pollution  — Today, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) finalized the strongest-ever national clean air standards to cut smog- and soot-forming emissions from heavy-duty trucks beginning with

December 20, 2022 Read Full Article

Growth Energy Flags Twisted Facts from Reuters, Again

(Growth Energy)  Growth Energy CEO Emily Skor released the following statement in response to a highly misleading article from Reuters about ethanol’s climate benefits. The latest story recycles the same “flawed interpretation of data” the outlet admitted to publishing this September before withdrawing the report. “It’s astonishing that the editors at

December 20, 2022 Read Full Article

EPA: 1 New SRE Petition Filed, 10 SRE Petitions Now Pending

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The U.S. EPA released updated small refinery exemption (SRE) data on Dec. 15, reporting that one new SRE petition was filed under the Renewable Fuel Standard in the past month. A total of 10 SRE petitions are now pending. The newly filed petition seeks an

December 20, 2022 Read Full Article

Growth Energy Wants Midwest RFS Hearing

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer) Ethanol Group Asks EPA’s Regan to Hold Hearing on Multi-Year RFS in Midwest — With the EPA content to host one, maybe two, virtual public hearings on the agency’s latest multiyear Renewable Fuel Standard proposal, the head of an ethanol interest group on Monday asked

December 20, 2022 Read Full Article

EPA: 1 New SRE Petition Filed, 10 SRE Petitions Now Pending

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The U.S. EPA released updated small refinery exemption (SRE) data on Dec. 15, reporting that one new SRE petition was filed under the Renewable Fuel Standard in the past month. A total of 10 SRE petitions are now pending. The newly filed petition seeks an

December 17, 2022 Read Full Article

Industry’s Big Bet on Chemical Recycling Is Sparking Policy Fights across the Country

by Jordan Wolman (Politico) … At Alterra Energy, trucks drop off shredded plastic from recycling centers across the Midwest. That plastic is heated to temperatures between 800 and 1,100 degrees Fahrenheit to break it down. The end product, 200 to 300 barrels per day of synthetic crude oil, is transported

December 17, 2022 Read Full Article
Public Hearing for RFS Standards for 2023-2025 and Other Changes   —   January 10, 2023   —   ONLINE

Public Hearing for RFS Standards for 2023-2025 and Other Changes — January 10, 2023 — ONLINE

(Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)/Federal Register) The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is announcing a virtual public hearing to be held on January 10, 2023, on its proposal for the “Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) Program: Standards for 2023-2025 and Other Changes,” which was announced on November 30, 2022. An additional session will be

December 17, 2022 Read Full Article

Texas-Based RBF Supplies Biodiesel to Marine Vessel Pushing Feedstock Barges

(RBF Renewable Biofuels/EIN Newswires) Biodiesel producers depend on new markets and will push for more marine use. —  RBF Renewable Biofuels, owner of the largest biodiesel production facility in North America, is supplying diesel-powered push boats with biodiesel produced at its Port Neches, Texas, plant. The MV Captain Raphael, owned

December 14, 2022 Read Full Article

LanzaJet Marks Major Milestone on Its Freedom Pines Fuels Construction

(LanzaJet/PR Newswire)  Soperton, GA Facility will be First Ethanol Alcohol-to-Jet Sustainable Aviation Fuel Production Facility in the World —   LanzaJet, a leading sustainable fuels technology company and sustainable fuels producer, today joined government officials, industry leaders, and investors to celebrate a major constructiond milestone at the LanzaJet Freedom Pines Fuels facility

December 14, 2022 Read Full Article

All Hands on Deck Needed to Fulfill Biofuels Promise

by David R. Rubenstein (California Ethanol + Power/Biofuels Digest) … The proposed rule also includes a system allowing electric vehicle manufacturers to register with the EPA and generate credits based on electric Renewable Identification Numbers for power produced from qualifying renewable biomass, including biogas from methane digesters. This policy would align

December 13, 2022 Read Full Article

With Diesel Prices at Its Highest, Fleets Are Cutting TCO with CNG, RNG

(ACT News)  The unpredictable cost of diesel and the movement towards reducing emissions in the transportation sector has motivated fleets to search for dependable alternatives, with many looking to natural gas as a cost-effective, cleaner and stable option. There are several factors that go into calculating a fleet’s total cost of

December 11, 2022 Read Full Article

Dimon Highlights Need For More Oil And Gas Investment As Vanguard Bails On ESG Group

by David Blackmon (Forbes) J.P. Morgan CEO Jamie Dimon probably summed up this week’s energy-related events best when he noted that “we need cheap, reliable, safe, secure energy, of which 80% comes from oil and gas” during an interview on CNBC. It was a week in which other major players, notably

December 11, 2022 Read Full Article

White House Reviewing Governors E15 Volatility Petition

By Cindy Zimmerman (Energy.AgWired.com) The White House Office of Management and Budget is now officially reviewing the request from nine Midwest governors to eliminate the 1-psi RVP waiver for E10 in their states and allow year-round sales of E15, according to the RegInfo.gov dashboard. Renewable Fuels Association President and CEO Geoff Cooper said,

December 8, 2022 Read Full Article

ADM Sees Its Sustainable Aviation Fuel Coming Online by 2026

by P.J. Huffstutter (Reuters) Global grain merchant Archer Daniels Midland Co sees the commercialization of its sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) efforts coming online around 2026, Chief Financial Officer Vikram Luthar said on Monday. “SAF in terms of reality to come online, at least for us, is going to be in the

December 8, 2022 Read Full Article

EPA Proposed Rulemaking Opens Opportunities for eRINs and AD of Food Waste

(BioCycle Magazine) On December 1, the U.S. EPA released a proposed rulemaking under the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) program, which includes a long-awaited regulatory framework to generate credits (“eRINs”) from biogas projects, including anaerobic digestion (AD) facilities, that produce renewable electricity for electric vehicles. The proposed rulemaking also includes an alternate

December 7, 2022 Read Full Article

Fact Check: Fossil Fuels Are the Largest Contributor to Climate Change, Not Animal Agriculture

by Isabella Fertel (USA Today) … A Nov. 20 Instagram post (direct link, archive link) shows text alongside a picture of a bewildered-looking man. “When people talk about climate change but don’t mention how animal agriculture is the biggest contributor,” it says. The post garnered more than 500 likes in a week.  But the

December 6, 2022 Read Full Article

Renewable Fuel Standard Program: Canola Oil Pathways to Renewable Diesel, Jet Fuel, Naphtha, Liquefied Petroleum Gas, and Heating Oil

(Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)/Federal Register) In this action, EPA determines that renewable diesel, jet fuel, heating oil, naphtha, and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) produced from canola/rapeseed oil via a hydrotreating process all meet the lifecycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction threshold of 50 percent required for advanced biofuels and biomass-based diesel

December 6, 2022 Read Full Article

Why Did EPA Use Old Data on Renewable Diesel Ahead of RFS Announcement?

by Jim Wiesemeyer (AgWeb) Renewable diesel capacity topped 2 billion gallons per year as of August, according to the latest data released from the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA). But EPA used a lower figure, 1.5 billion gallons per year, based on the EIA info as of February. “Domestic renewable diesel

December 6, 2022 Read Full Article

EPA Approves Canola Oil as Feedstock for Several RFS Fuel Types

(Inside EPA) EPA is finalizing approval of canola oil for several additional types of fuel under the renewable fuel standard (RFS), expanding the options of biofuel producers seeking RFS credits and brushing off assertions from environmentalists that the move will expand canola production and potentially threaten protected species. In a

December 5, 2022 Read Full Article

Refinery-State Democrats Plan Bill to Rein in Biofuel Blending Compliance Costs

by Jeremy Beaman (Washington Examiner) Congressional lawmakers are drawing up legislation to cut down the near-record compliance costs associated with the Renewable Fuel Standard, which has pitted corn staters and some in the oil industry against each other for more than a decade. The bicameral effort would seek to control the volatile prices of

December 5, 2022 Read Full Article

EPA Requests Nominations for the Science Advisory Committee on Chemicals

(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) EPA is requesting nominations of prospective candidates for membership on the Science Advisory Committee on Chemicals (SACC) established under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). Nominations are due no later than December 12, 2022. Any interested person or organization may nominate qualified persons to be considered for

December 2, 2022 Read Full Article

EPA Takes Next Steps in Renewable Fuel Standard Program for 2023-25 — Proposal Seeks Public Input on Program’s Role in U.S. Energy Security, Economy and Environment DEADLINE February 10, 2023

(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) Today, EPA issued a multi-part proposal that will build on the strong foundation for the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) program started in the Biden-Harris Administration and seeks to advance the priorities of energy security, less pollution, and consumer protection. The RFS “Set” proposal requests public input on

December 1, 2022 Read Full Article

Proposed Renewable Fuel Standards for 2023, 2024, and 2025 Public Comments Due February 10, 2023

(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) On December 1, 2022, EPA announces a proposed rule to establish required Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) volumes and percentage standards for 2023, 2024, and 2025, as well as to propose a series of important modifications to strengthen and expand the RFS program. The proposed volume targets and

December 1, 2022 Read Full Article

EPA Expected to Increase Renewable Fuel Volumes in 3-Year Proposal, Sources Say

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico Pro) EPA is poised to propose increases in renewable fuel blending requirements under an upcoming proposal setting the future of the Renewable Fuel Standard, according to two people familiar with the proposal. The agency is expected to soon release its biofuel blending volumes under the RFS for

December 1, 2022 Read Full Article

EPA Calls for Applications for the 2023 President’s Environmental Student and Teacher Awards DEADLINE January 11, 2023

(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) Today, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator Michael S. Regan announced that EPA’s Office of Environmental Education is now accepting applications for the 2023 President’s Environmental Youth Awards (PEYA) and Presidential Innovation Awards for Environmental Educators (PIAEE). “Students, educators, and young people have contributed so much to

November 30, 2022 Read Full Article

U.S. Senators Introduce Bill to Expand E15 Gasoline Sales, with Support from Oil Group

by Stephanie Kelly (Reuters) U.S. senators from Nebraska and Minnesota introduced legislation on Tuesday that would expand nationwide sales of E15, a gasoline with a higher blend of ethanol, after gaining support for the bill from an oil industry trade group for the first time, Senator Deb Fischer from Nebraska told

November 30, 2022 Read Full Article

EPA Approves RFS Fuel Pathway for Chevron Refinery

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine) The U.S. EPA has approved a fuel pathway that allows Chevron U.S.A. Inc. to generate D6 renewable fuel renewable identification numbers (RINs) under the Renewable Fuel Standard for several biofuels produced from soybean oil via coprocessing with petroleum at its refinery in El Segundo, California (Chevron

November 30, 2022 Read Full Article

EPA Looks for Ways to Speed up CO2 Well Permits

by Carlos Anchondo (Politico Pro) The federal agency said the permitting process for carbon dioxide wells could be streamlined. — EPA told lawmakers it’s taking steps to improve the permitting process for wells used to inject carbon dioxide underground, following calls to shorten the current timeline. In a 41-page report, the

November 29, 2022 Read Full Article

Refiners Criticize ‘Dystopian’ EPA Plan For Extended RFS Compliance

(Inside EPA) EPA’s revised timeline for complying with renewable fuel standard (RFS) biofuel blending mandates is “dystopian,” according to refiners who are suing to scrap a compliance extension that they say led to an unmanageable pile-up of multiple deadlines as the agency seeks to compensate for its own implementation delays.

November 29, 2022 Read Full Article

EPA to Expand Environmental Performance Standard and Ecolabel Recommendations for Federal Purchasing, Including Those That Address PFAS, Embodied Carbon, and Other Administration Priorities

(Environmental Protection Agency) Today, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) launched a new process to expand the Environmentally Preferable Purchasing (EPP) program’s Recommendations of Specifications, Standards and Ecolabels for Federal Purchasing (Recommendations). The Agency is inviting managers of standards development organizations, ecolabel programs, and other similar organizations to apply for potential assessment and

November 28, 2022 Read Full Article

Columbia Economist Wrong on Ethanol’s Benefits

by Scott Richman (Renewable Fuels Association) As a proud graduate of Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA), I was disappointed to read a recent commentary about ethanol by a research scholar at my alma mater. “A Chance to Phase Out Support for Corn Ethanol in the Renewable Fuel Standard,” by

November 23, 2022 Read Full Article

EPA Announces Selection of Members to Farm, Ranch, and Rural Communities Federal Advisory Committee

(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)  Committee charged with evaluation of Agency policies and programs at the intersection of agriculture and climate change — Today (November 16, 2022), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator Michael S. Regan announced the appointment of 20 members, including the new Committee Chair and Committee Vice-Chair to the

November 22, 2022 Read Full Article

Refiners Detail Legal Arguments against EPA’s RFS Waiver Denial Policy

(Inside EPA) A coalition of small refiners is sketching out its legal arguments against EPA’s blanket policy of denying all petitions from smaller refineries for economic hardship waivers from the renewable fuel standard (RFS), as many refiners seek to overturn the agency’s mass denials of their waiver applications earlier this

November 22, 2022 Read Full Article

Ethanol, Petroleum and Ag Groups Express Support for Year-Round E15 Legislation

(Renewable Fuels Association) In a letter sent yesterday to U.S. Senate and House leadership, a broad coalition of energy and agriculture organizations called on Congress to quickly adopt legislation that would resolve inconsistent fuel volatility regulations. Specifically, the groups expressed support for legislation that would result in equal regulatory treatment for all gasoline

November 22, 2022 Read Full Article

Sheetz Selling Higher Octane Regular Gas for $1.99 during Thanksgiving Week

by Mike Gauntner (WFMJ)  Restaurant and convenience chain, Sheetz has announced it is reducing the price of one of its gasoline products to $1.99 a gallon during Thanksgiving week. — Restaurant and convenience chain, Sheetz has announced it is reducing the price of one of its gasoline products to $1.99

November 21, 2022 Read Full Article

Ethanol Is Ready to Truly Get Off the Ground

by Tom Bryan (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Ethanol Producer Magazine’s editor previews the feature articles in the publication’s December edition while reflecting on the rise of EVs, the promise of higher-level ethanol blends and the enormity of the industry’s burgeoning SAF opportunity. … Yes, it looks imminent that domestic gasoline use

November 21, 2022 Read Full Article

EPA Floats Sharp Increase to Social Cost of Carbon

by Niina H Farah and Lesley Clark (Politico) The agency quietly proposed a new price tag for the damages caused by greenhouse gas emissions, as the Biden administration faces ongoing Republican lawsuits over its use of the metric in crafting regulations. EPA has proposed a new estimate for the social

November 21, 2022 Read Full Article

EPA: 4 New SRE Petitions Filed, 9 SRE Petitions Currently Pending

by Erin Voegele (EthanolProducer Magazine) The U.S. EPA on Nov. 17 released updated small refinery exemption (SRE) data, reporting that four new SRE petitions were filed under the Renewable Fuel Standard during the past month. According to the agency, nine SRE petitions are now pending, up from five that were pending

November 18, 2022 Read Full Article

White House Completes Review of Canola Oil RFS Approval

(Inside EPA) EPA is poised to finalize its approval of canola oil as a feedstock for the manufacture of “advanced” low-carbon fuels qualified to earn credit under the renewable fuel standard (RFS), after the White House Office of Management and Budget (OMB) completed review of the measure. OMB completed review

November 18, 2022 Read Full Article

Shedding Light on Biointermediates

by Katie Schroeder (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Shoring up its provisions on biointermediates, the EPA is catching up with new and envisioned biofuel production goals. Following a workshop on the topic, Ethanol Producer Magazine spoke with a policy expert to learn more. Biointermediates have potential to give ethanol producers a chance

November 18, 2022 Read Full Article

Calumet Considers Pivot to SAF Production at Montana Facility

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine) Calumet Specialty Products Partners L.P. is considering plans to ramp up sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) production at its Montana Renewables biorefinery to as high as 230 MMgy. That facility, currently focused on renewable diesel production, began commissioning this fall. Calumet in February 2021 announced plans to produce renewable

November 16, 2022 Read Full Article

Ethanol vs. Electrons: The Future of Fuel

by Matt Roberts (Terrain) Many worry that electrified vehicles, fuel economy standards, and improving battery technology will make the internal combustion engine (ICE) obsolete, illegal, or both, with wildly varying estimates of the timeline. Many of these forecasts overlook the growing age of America’s light duty vehicle fleet and the

November 16, 2022 Read Full Article

EPA Announces Selection of Members to Farm, Ranch, and Rural Communities Federal Advisory Committee

(Environmental Protection Agency)  Committee charged with evaluation of Agency policies and programs at the intersection of agriculture and climate change  —   Today, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator Michael S. Regan announced the appointment of 20 members, including the new Committee Chair and Committee Vice-Chair to the Farm, Ranch, and Rural Communities Federal

November 16, 2022 Read Full Article

Trade Group Seeks 7-Billion Gallon Advanced Biofuel Mandate

(FERN’s Ag Insider/Successful Farming) The EPA should increase the advanced biofuels share of the fuel market by 1 billion gallons a year to reflect the land rush into renewable diesel production, said the trade group Clean Fuels America Alliance on Monday. The recommendation would raise the federal mandate for second-generation

November 16, 2022 Read Full Article

EPA Delivers Proposed Rule to Set 2023 RFS RVOs to the OMB

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The U.S. EPA on Nov. 9 delivered its proposed rule to set Renewable Fuel Standard blending obligations for 2023 and beyond to the White House Office of Management and Budget. OMB review marks a final stage before a proposed rule is released for public comment.

November 15, 2022 Read Full Article

What a Democratic Senate Means for Energy

by Arianna Skibell (Politico’s Power Switch) … A GOP-led House probably spells doom for any ambitious new climate bills, such as this year’s Inflation Reduction Act. But the Senate offers Democrats a guardrail against GOP attacks and could even yield some gains for President Joe Biden’s agenda. Here are three ways

November 14, 2022 Read Full Article

U.S. Year-Round Sales of an Ethanol-Gas Blend Wins Oil Group’s Support

by Stephanie Kelly and Jarrett Renshaw (Reuters) A Republican U.S. senator plans to submit federal legislation with the support of a major oil industry trade group that would expand national sales of E15, a higher ethanol-gasoline blend. Senator Deb Fischer, of Nebraska, the third-largest U.S. corn-producing state, told Reuters on Thursday she

November 11, 2022 Read Full Article

EPA Responds to Petitions to Address Harmful Emissions from Locomotives

(Environmental Protection Agency) Today (November 9, 2022), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced it is responding to petitions from the California Air Resources Board, the San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District, and the California Air Pollution Control Officers Association to address harmful nitrogen oxide (NOx) and particulate matter

November 10, 2022 Read Full Article

Deadline For EPA Biofuel Proposed Rule Extended by Two Weeks

(GrainNet) Today, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Growth Energy agreed under their consent decree to delay by two weeks the issuance of the proposed 2023 Renewable Volume Obligation (RVO) under the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS). EPA is now required to propose the biofuel requirements by no later than November

November 4, 2022 Read Full Article

EPA Seeks Public Input on Inflation Reduction Act Programs to Fight Climate Change, Protect Health, and Advance Environmental Justice

(Environmental Protection Agency)  Today, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced initial public engagement and input opportunities for a subset of new and existing programs funded by President Biden’s Inflation Reduction Act. These programs, which include funding for air quality projects and climate projects addressing clean energy, transportation, methane emissions, and

November 4, 2022 Read Full Article

Growth Energy Sends Letter to Treasury on Action to Slash Aviation Emissions

(Growth Energy) Today, Growth Energy sent a letter to the U.S. Department of the Treasury on implementation of Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 (IRA) tax credits for sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). In her letter, Growth Energy CEO Emily Skor calls on regulators to ensure that policies reflect the most updated and accurate science-based lifecycle carbon assessment

November 4, 2022 Read Full Article

GAO Hammers EPA on RFS Waiver Methods

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer) GAO Report: EPA Unable to Prove Small Refiners Pass RFS Costs to Consumers —  Not all small refineries are able to pass costs to comply with the Renewable Fuel Standard on to consumers at the pump, the Government Accountability Office said in a new report

November 4, 2022 Read Full Article

OPINION: E15 Retailer Reports Customer Interest, Satisfaction

by Cassie Mullen (Renewable Fuels Association/Ethanol Producer Magazine) Last month, we kicked off a conversation with  Joshua Jadlocki, senior petroleum scheduler at Sheetz, about what the retailer has experienced with its adoption of higher blends of ethanol, such as E15. Our discussion concludes today.   RFA: The whole country was talking about your

November 3, 2022 Read Full Article

Ethanol, Ag Intervene in RFS Lawsuit Ethanol, Ag Groups Rally behind EPA on Rejection of 69 Small-Refinery Exemptions

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer)  The major biofuels interest groups and National Farmers Union are trying to intervene in a lawsuit challenging EPA’s recent decision to reject 69 pending applications for small-refinery exemptions to the Renewable Fuel Standard, according to a motion filed with a federal appeals court on Tuesday.

November 3, 2022 Read Full Article

Leading the Way to Cleaner, More Affordable, American-Made Fuel

(Office of Nebraska Governor Pete Ricketts (R-NE)) There’s no reason why the U.S. should be reliant on authoritarian regimes like Iran, Russia, and Venezuela to supply the fuel we need.  We have more than enough resources to restore our energy independence and bring fuel prices down.  In Nebraska, we’re doing our

November 2, 2022 Read Full Article

Refiners Challenge RFS Small Refinery Alternative-Compliance Schedule

(Inside EPA) Refiners are filing suit against EPA’s “alternative” schedule for small refineries to turn in credits for renewable fuel standard (RFS) compliance, in litigation that will likely allege the extended schedule merely further complicates an already delayed and complex situation that occurred because of EPA’s failure to issue RFS

November 2, 2022 Read Full Article

Advancing Policy In Parallel

by Katie Schroeder (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The Drive Clean Initiative and Next Generation Fuels Act are simultaneously finding support in the ethanol industry. Both aim to usher in higher blends of ethanol, but via different mechanisms. One effort rides on low-carbon, the other high octane. … But as the RFS

November 2, 2022 Read Full Article

QUOTE OF THE WEEK — Derrick Morgan

“This (the Biden Administration’s EPA and DOT regulatory efforts to mandate transition to electric vehicles) completely inverts the statutory system, transforming it into a tool for forcing electrification rather than the technology-neutral, performance-based system Congress created.” — Heritage Foundation’s Derrick Morgan in The Washington Examiner.  READ MORE

November 1, 2022 Read Full Article

Biofuel Stakeholders Urge Walz to Continue Push for Year-Round E15 Fix

(Minnesota Bi0-Fuels Association) The Minnesota Bio-Fuels Association (MN Bio-Fuels), along with other biofuel and agriculture stakeholders in the state, sent a letter to Gov. Tim Walz on Oct 17 asking him to remain committed to a regulatory solution that will ensure the year-round availability of E15. In April this year, eight

October 31, 2022 Read Full Article

$2 Million FAA Grant Supports Study of Sustainable Aviation Fuels at Missouri S&T

by Andrew Careaga (Missouri University of Science and Technology) The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) recently awarded a $2.05 million grant to a Missouri S&T researcher to study how different types of sustainable aviation fuels could reduce greenhouse gas emissions from airplanes. Dr. Philip Whitefield, Curators’ Distinguished Professor emeritus of chemistry

October 31, 2022 Read Full Article

Ag, States Challenge EPA Action on EVs: Ag Groups, States Say EPA, California Used Back Door to Spread Electric Vehicle Use

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer)  Agriculture, fuel interests and several states see EPA’s March 2022 decision to reinstate California’s legal authority to implement a zero-emissions vehicle sales mandate and greenhouse gas emissions standards as a back-door way to move the entire country away from gasoline-powered vehicles. Several state-level agriculture interest

October 28, 2022 Read Full Article

Fuels Groups Flag ‘Major Questions’ In Suit on California Auto GHG Rules

(Inside EPA) Liquid fuels interests challenging EPA’s reinstated approval of California’s vehicle greenhouse gas rules are focusing their legal attacks on claims that the move improperly addresses issues of “vast significance” without clear Clean Air Act (CAA) authority, teeing up a “major questions” argument after the Supreme Court’s elevation of

October 26, 2022 Read Full Article

Capturing a Larger Share in a Shrinking Pool: The Ethanol Survival Guide

by Jim Seurer and Doug Sombke (Glacial Lakes Energy and South Dakota Farmers Union/Biofuels Digest) … For the first time since the enactment of the Renewable Fuel Standard, the statutory volumes established in the authorizing legislation now give way to EPA discretion. The 36 billion gallons we were supposed to reach—and

October 25, 2022 Read Full Article

Gov. Kelly Speaks about Ethanol, Employment and Agriculture in Hutchinson Friday

by John Green (The Hutchinson News)  Governor Laura Kelly joined a handful of local leaders in Hutchinson Friday for a roundtable discussion focused on economic and agricultural growth in central Kansas. … Kelly said water is an issue she has heard about at every roundtable she’s attended, but the issues

October 25, 2022 Read Full Article

Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund $27B — EPA Invites Input on Design (by 12/5), Hosts Listening Sessions (11/1,9) DEADLINE December 5, 2022

(American Economic Association/Environmental Protection Agency/White House) Biden-Harris Administration Seeks Public Input on Inflation Reduction Act’s Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund–Stakeholder Input Will Help Shape First-of-Its-Kind Federal Fund to Mobilize Clean Energy and Climate Projects and Reduce Pollution in Disadvantaged Communities Today, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced a coordinated stakeholder

October 24, 2022 Read Full Article

Unleaded 88 Fuel Is Spreading in Ohio, but Is It Good for Your Car and the Climate?

by Patrick Cooley (The Columbus Dispatch)  … Ohio has at least 88 gas stations that sell unleaded 88, up from 10 or 15 in 2016, according to the Renewable Fuels Association. (A spokesperson cautioned that the association’s list is not comprehensive.) Nationwide, around 2,400 stations sell E15, about 1.5% of the total.

October 24, 2022 Read Full Article

QUOTE OF THE WEEK — Pete Ricketts

“Nebraska has already demonstrated that E30 can be used in regular vehicles without reducing performance or requiring extra maintenance. …Promoting higher ethanol blends should be a centerpiece of our national strategy to lower gas prices.” — Office of Governor Pete Ricketts (R-NE) announcing results of U.S. Environmental Protection Agency-approved study. 

October 21, 2022 Read Full Article

Gov. Ricketts Announces EPA Approval of State’s Expanded E30 Demonstration Project

(Office of Governor Pete Ricketts)   Today, Governor Pete Ricketts announced that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has approved the continuation of groundbreaking research being done in Nebraska on E30 fuel.  Results of the State’s initial pilot program, launched in 2019, showed that E30 is safe and reliable fuel for use

October 21, 2022 Read Full Article

Ethanol Truck Effort by ClearFlame Progresses

by Willie Vogt (Farm Progress) Farmers have expressed a fair share of interest in work done by ClearFlame. The startup created by two Stanford University grads developed technology that will retrofit a diesel engine to run on pure ethanol. While the trip from new idea to marketable product can be a

October 20, 2022 Read Full Article

Senators Urge EPA to Expand RFS Blending Volumes

by Rachel Schutte (Farm Progress)  Bipartisan letter comes as the agency prepares to issue the ‘set’ rule in coming weeks. — As the Environmental Protection Agency prepares to issue its “set” rule under the Renewable Fuel Standard, a bipartisan group of thirteen senators sent a letter to EPA Administrator Michael Regan urging the

October 20, 2022 Read Full Article

Biofuel Stakeholders Urge Walz to Continue Push for Year-Round E15 Fix

(Minnesota Bio-Fuels Association) The Minnesota Bio-Fuels Association (MN Bio-Fuels), along with other biofuel and agriculture stakeholders in the state, sent a letter to Gov. Tim Walz on Oct 17 asking him to remain committed to a regulatory solution that will ensure the year-round availability of E15. In April this year, eight

October 19, 2022 Read Full Article

The Road Ahead for the RFS

by Luke Geiver (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Starting now, the U.S. EPA—with input from other agencies—will have new guideposts and increased interpretive authority for determining the annual renewable volume obligations of the RFS.  —  Starting in 2023, the Renewable Fuel Standard’s yearly required volumes will no longer be based on the

October 19, 2022 Read Full Article

The US’s $66B E15 Bonanza: New sStudy Finds Big Boost for US GDP with E15

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Growth Energy released a study conducted by ABF Economics that found that nationwide access to E15, a 15 percent ethanol blended fuel, could save drivers billions in annual fuel costs, create new jobs, and return billions to the U.S. economy. Specifically, the data show that a

October 19, 2022 Read Full Article

Where Should We Permanently Store Carbon Dioxide Removed from the Atmosphere?

(Heirloom Carbon) …  There is only one location big enough to permanently store the 6–10 billion tons of CO2 the world needs to be capturing from the atmosphere each year by 2050 to mitigate the worst impacts of climate change — and that’s deep underground in geological reservoirs. There’s 506 billion tons

October 18, 2022 Read Full Article

EPA Abused Discretion by Denying Suncor Colorado Refineries Exemption from Clean Air Law, Court Says

by Michael Karlik (The Gazette) The federal appeals court based in Denver has overturned a 2019 decision of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency that refused to grant Suncor Energy’s Commerce City Refinery an exemption to a key environmental law. Although the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 10th Circuit cautioned the

October 18, 2022 Read Full Article

E15 Extended Gasoline Supplies at a Critical Time This Summer and Saved Americans Millions at the Pump

by Scott Richman (Renewable Fuels Association) Following an April 12 announcement by President Biden, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency issued a series of emergency waivers allowing E15 (gasoline containing 15 percent ethanol) to be sold during the 2022 summer driving season. Without this action, E15 could not have been used in most

October 18, 2022 Read Full Article

Ethanol Plant CCS: Sequestration Sensors

by Katie Schroeder (Ethanol Producer Magazine) With CCS expanding rapidly, there is an accompanying need for technology to monitor the CO2 underground. A North Dakota ethanol producer, environmental researcher and a geophysicist explain how it’s done. As the number of new and proposed carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) projects in

October 17, 2022 Read Full Article

ABFA Supports Greater American Energy Independence

(Advanced Biofuels Association/Biodiesel Magazine) Michael McAdams, president of the Advanced Biofuels Association, on Oct. 5 issued the following statement in response to announced OPEC+ production cuts: “Today, the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and Russia announced its largest oil production cut since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. And

October 12, 2022 Read Full Article

Wastewater Facilities Turn to Greasezilla® for Upstream Fats, Oils & Grease Solution and Revenue Generation

(PRZen) Woodard & Curran is the latest company to incorporate Greasezilla’s ecological and highly automated fats, oils and grease (FOG) separation system into wastewater treatment projects —  Downey Ridge Environmental Company, developer of Greasezilla® FOG (fats, oils & grease) separation and processing system, announces a significant increase in the number

October 11, 2022 Read Full Article

EPA Approves Efficient Producer Pathway for Nebraska Plant

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The U.S. EPA in September approved an efficient producer pathway for Green Plains Inc.’s 116 MMgy ethanol plant located in Central City, Nebraska. The approval allows the facility to generate renewable identification numbers (RINs) for non-grandfathered volumes of ethanol. Ethanol plants that have approved efficient

October 11, 2022 Read Full Article

EPA Seeks Nominations for Local Government Advisory Committee DEADLINE October 31, 2022

(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)  Today, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is announcing a solicitation for nominations to serve on its Local Government Advisory Committee (LGAC), which advises EPA on critical environmental issues impacting local governments. The agency is also accepting nominations for LGAC’s Small Communities Advisory Subcommittee (SCAS). “EPA works

October 7, 2022 Read Full Article

EPA Proposes Endangerment Finding for Lead Emissions from Aircraft Engines that Operate on Leaded Fuel

(Environmental Protection Agency) Proposed Endangerment Finding, if finalized, is an important step forward to address the largest remaining source of lead pollution to air —  Today, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced a proposed determination that emissions of lead from aircraft that operate on leaded fuel cause or contribute to

October 7, 2022 Read Full Article

Electric-Vehicle Charging to Get Biofuel Credits under EPA Plan

by Jennifer A Dlouhy (Bloomberg) EV plan part of draft proposal to set biofuel-blending quotas; Change would mark major expansion of Renewable Fuel Standard — Charging electric vehicles using some forms of renewable power would qualify for credits under Environmental Protection Agency draft plans to expand a longstanding US biofuel support program.

October 6, 2022 Read Full Article
Informational Webinar: P3 20th Annual Solicitation   —   October 26, 2022   —   ONLINE

Informational Webinar: P3 20th Annual Solicitation — October 26, 2022 — ONLINE

After 20 years of issuing RFAs, P3 has implemented some significant changes! P3 has transitioned to a single phased program. Individual grant awards are now $75,000 for two years of research. Winning teams will now participate in the National Student Design Expo in year two of their projects and showcase

October 5, 2022 Read Full Article

20th Annual P3 Awards: A National Student Design Competition Focusing on People, Prosperity and the Planet Request for Applications (RFA) DEADLINE February 1, 2023

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) seeks applications proposing to take a holistic approach, grounded in research and innovation, to develop and demonstrate solutions to real world challenges. The People, Prosperity, and the Planet (P3) Program highlights the use of scientific principles in creating innovative technology-based projects that achieve the mutual

October 5, 2022 Read Full Article

Exclusive-U.S. EPA to Consider Tougher Emissions Rules for Heavy Trucks

by David Shepardson (Reuters/WTVB)  The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) will consider adopting more stringent greenhouse gas emissions rules for heavy trucks after Congress passed new incentives to speed the adoption of zero-emission vehicles, the agency told Reuters. In March, the EPA proposed new rules to cut smog-forming and greenhouse gas

October 4, 2022 Read Full Article

Carbon America to Launch Nebraska’s First Commercial Carbon Capture and Sequestration Project

(Carbon America) The carbon capture and sequestration facility will capture 95 percent of emissions from a Nebraska ethanol production facility and permanently store the CO₂ underground —  Carbon America, the first vertically integrated carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) super developer, announced today an agreement with Bridgeport Ethanol, LLC to develop a

October 4, 2022 Read Full Article

‘It Makes Climate Change Real’: How Carbon Emissions Got Rebranded as ‘Pollution’

by Kate Yoder (Grist)  California activists paved the way for defining climate change as an air pollution problem. Now it’s federal law. …  Connecting climate change with something visceral and dangerous brings more immediacy to a problem that’s often seen as unfolding far away or in the future, even though it’s

October 3, 2022 Read Full Article

Guidance on Qualifying an Analytical Method for Determining the Cellulosic Converted Fraction of Corn Kernel Fiber Co-Processed with Starch

(Environmental Protection Agency)  This document provides updated guidance on qualifying an analytical method for determining the cellulosic converted fraction of corn kernel fiber co-processed with starch in order to demonstrate compliance with the regulatory requirements in 40 CFR 80.1450(b)(1)(xiii)(B)(3). 1 Public confidence in the volumes of cellulosic ethanol produced under the Renewable

September 30, 2022 Read Full Article

EPA Delivers Final Rule on Canola Oil RFS Fuel Pathways to OMB

by Erin Voegele  (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The U.S. EPA on Sept. 19 delivered a final rule to create canola oil fuel pathways under the Renewable Fuel Standard for renewable diesel, jet fuel naphtha, liquified petroleum gas (LPG) and heating oil to the White House Office of Management and Budget. OMB review

September 29, 2022 Read Full Article

Environmental Group Asks Court to Vacate EPA Biofuels Rule

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico Pro) The Center for Biological Diversity called on a federal appeals court Tuesday to vacate EPA’s final rule setting renewable fuel volumes for 2020, 2021 and 2022, arguing the agency failed to comply with the Endangered Species Act. “The EPA is blatantly ignoring how the renewable fuel

September 28, 2022 Read Full Article

Ethanol Report 9-27-22 What the Set Means for Ethanol Producers and Farmers

(Renewable Fuels Association)  When Congress passed the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) that authorized the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS), annual volume requirements were specified through the year 2022 for renewable fuels. But that does not mean this year is the end of the RFS. After this year, the

September 27, 2022 Read Full Article

Special Report: Advisory – Story Has Been Withdrawn – How U.S. Ethanol Plants Are Allowed to Pollute More than Oil Refineries

Reuters is withdrawing a Sept. 8 article that compared carbon emissions from U.S. ethanol plants and oil refineries because of its flawed interpretation of data on ethanol-plant pollution and fuel-production capacity. That led to inaccurate estimates of carbon emissions for individual ethanol plants named in the story. STORY_NUMBER: L8N30E5AE STORY_DATE:

September 26, 2022 Read Full Article

Sustainable Aviation Fuel Grand Challenge Roadmap: Flight Plan for Sustainable Aviation Fuel Report

(U.S. Department of Energy) The Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) Grand Challenge is the result of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT), the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), and other federal government agencies working together to develop a comprehensive strategy for scaling up new technologies to produce SAF

September 23, 2022 Read Full Article

Biofuels Leaders Set Priorities for 2023 and Beyond: The Industry Is Calling for Strong RFS Volumes

by Cassidy Walter (Successful Farming) Today (September 22, 2022) a coalition of leaders from America’s biofuels industry sent a united call to EPA for a strong Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) in 2023 and beyond, to advance biofuels’ efforts toward net-zero emissions. “We think EPA has an enormous opportunity with this rulemaking

September 23, 2022 Read Full Article

2023 Green Chemistry Challenge Awards Will Celebrate Innovation and Sustainability DEADLINE December 9, 2022

by Jennie Romer (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency/American Chemical Society) As a sustainability expert, author, and the first-ever Deputy Assistant Administrator for Pollution Prevention at EPA, I’m thrilled to announce the opening of nominations for the 2023 Green Chemistry Challenge Awards. The Green Chemistry Challenge Awards are a way for EPA

September 22, 2022 Read Full Article

Encouraging Farmers to Fuel up with Their Crop at the Pump

by Amie Simpson (Brownfield Ag News) The Ohio Corn and Wheat Growers Association is encouraging farmers to fuel up with their crop at the pump. Speaking with Brownfield at Farm Science Review, OCWGA Executive Director Tadd Nicholson says the association is encouraging farmers to use Unleaded 88. “We’re doing a whole lot

September 22, 2022 Read Full Article

Journey to Net Zero Carbon Global Transport Requires Many Routes

(American Journal of Transportation) Advanced Diesel Technology and Renewable Biofuels Deliver Important Near-term Carbon Reductions Now   — As leaders come together in New York during Climate Week NYC all decarbonization options for transport must be considered, given the magnitude of the challenge and the great diversity of global economies, energy systems,

September 21, 2022 Read Full Article

UPDATE 2-GM Backs Setting Tough U.S. Emissions Targets for 2030

by David Shepardson (Reuters)  General Motors Co said on Tuesday it backed establishing tougher federal emissions standards to help ensure at least 50% of new vehicles sold by 2030 are zero-emission. The largest U.S. automaker and the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) released a series of joint recommendations to boost electric vehicles

September 21, 2022 Read Full Article

Biden-Harris Administration Announces Interagency Commitment to Lower Transportation Emissions and Consumer Costs, Bolster Domestic Energy Security

(U.S. Department of Energy) New Commitment Will Advance Clean Transportation Investments within the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law and the Inflation Reduction Act, Establish Blueprint for Decarbonizing Transportation in the U.S. —  The Biden Administration today announced a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) among four federal agencies to accelerate the nation’s affordable and equitable

September 19, 2022 Read Full Article

Exclusive: Delta Air Lines Readies Refinery to Process Biofuels

by Laura Sanicola and Laila Kearney (Reuters)  Delta Air Lines Inc (DAL.N) plans to start receiving shipments of renewable fuel feedstocks at its Trainer, Pennsylvania, refinery as part of a strategy that could reduce its environmental liabilities by hundreds of millions of dollars, according to three sources familiar with the matter. The move

September 19, 2022 Read Full Article

Measuring Up Corn Fiber Ethanol

by Katie Schroeder (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Ethanol made from corn fiber has a low carbon intensity and the potential to generate D3 RINs, but navigating the regulatory landscape to capture its fullest value can be complex.  —  Producing corn fiber ethanol alongside standard, D6 RIN-generating corn starch ethanol gives producers

September 19, 2022 Read Full Article
Fuels Biointermediate Compliance Workshop   —   September 29, 2022   —   ONLINE Presentations Available

Fuels Biointermediate Compliance Workshop — September 29, 2022 — ONLINE Presentations Available

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is announcing a virtual public workshop on the new biointermediates provisions of the Renewable Fuel Standard program. EPA is hosting a virtual public workshop to discuss the implementation of the new biointermediate provisions promulgated as a part of Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) final rule for

September 16, 2022 Read Full Article
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2nd generation biofuels 3-D 3D printing 3rd generation biofuels 4-H 4th generation fuels 7% solution 45Q 45V 45Z 81 Octane 84 octane 85 octane 87 octane 88 octane 89 octane 90 octane 91 octane 92 octane 93 octane 94 octane 95 octane 96 octane 98 octane 100 octane 100% SAF (Sustainable Aviation Fuel) 103 octane 105 octane 108 octane 109 octane 110 octane 113 octane 119 octane 2016 US House and Senate Campaigns 2016 US Presidential Campaign 2018 US Senate and House Campaigns Other Election Activities 2020 Election 2022 2022 Election 2022 US Senate and House Campaign 9003 Program a A20 (20% methanol/bioethanol) Abu Dhabi acacia acetate acetic acid acetone acid acid hydrolysis adaptive evolution additional carbon additionality adequate/inadequate domestic supply Administrative Procedure Act advanced biofuel prices Advanced biofuels advanced biofuels production Advanced Clean Car II Rule (ACCII) Advanced Clean Cars II advanced ethanol advanced ethanol tax credit advertising campaign aerosols Affordable Clean Energy Program (ACE) afforestation Afghanistan Africa AGARDA (Agriculture Advanced Research and Development Authority) agave aggregation Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP) agricultural economics Agricultural Policy Agricultural waste/residue Agriculture agrivoltaic/agrovoltaic agroforestry agrofuels agronomy Aircraft engine emissions Air Force air pollution control Air Pollution Policy airports air quality Alabama Alaska Albania albedo Alberta albizia alcohol-to-diesel alcohol-to-jet (ATJ) alcohol fuel cells alcohol fuels alfalfa algae algae contamination algae cultivation algae extraction algae harvesting algae parity algae separation algal biofuels Algeria Algiers alkanes alkenes alkylate alligator fat almond almond hulls shells alternative energy vehicles alternative fuels Alternative Fuels Credit alternative fuels excise tax credit Alternative Fuels Tax Credit (AFTC) aluminum Amazon American Indian Tribes American Le Mans Series (ALMS) ammonia ammonia fiber explosion (AFEX) amylose anaerobic digestate anaerobic digester/digestion and Energy Use in Transportation Model Angola anhydrous ethanol animal bedding animal fat animal feed animal waste Antactica Antarctica antibiotics antitrust Appropriations APR (Aqueous Phase Reforming) aquaculture aquatic organisms Arabidopsis arabinose ARCA Archaea Architecture Arctic Argentian Argentiina Argentina Arizona Arkansas Armenia Army Corps of Engineers aromatics aromatics price ARPA-E ARPA-Terra artificial intelligence Aruba Asia asphalt/bitumen ASTM ASTM 6866 ASTM D396 ASTM D975 ASTM D1655 ASTM D2880 ASTM D4054 ASTM D4806 Denatured fuel ethanol ASTM D4814 ASTM D5798 ASTM D6751 ASTM D7467 (B6-B20) ASTM D7544 ASTM D7566 (Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons) ASTM D7862 ASTM D7875 ASTM D7901 (DME-Dimethyl Ether for Fuel Purposes) ASTM D8076 ASTM D8181 ASTM E3146 ASTM standards ASTM WK55232 (D02) ASTM WK63392 ATJ-SPK (Alcohol to Jet Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene) Atlantic Canada atmosphere Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) Australia Australian pine Austria Auto manufacturer automotive aviation aviation fuel (SAF) benefits aviation fuel (SAF) price aviation fuel (SAF) production aviation fuel (SAF) pumps/delivery aviation fuel (SAF) tax credit aviation fuel (SAF) terminal Aviation Fuel/Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) Aviation Gasoline/AvGas avocado awards/recognition Azerbaijan. b B0 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 B8 B10 B11 B12 B12.5 B13 B14 B15 B20 B24 B25 B30 B30RD10 B33 B35 B40 B50 B75 B80 B98 B99 B100 Babados nut tree babassu bacteria bagasse Bahamas Bahrain bamboo banana banana stems Bangladesh bankruptcy Barbados barge barley barley fiber barley protein barley straw Basque batteries Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) bauxite beauty leaf tree beaver beer bees Belarus Belgium Belize Benin benzene Bermuda Bhutan big bluestem big data Big Food Big Oil/Oil Majors billion ton study bio bio-based diesel benefits bio-based economy Bio-CNG pumps bio-LNG (Liquified Natural Gas) Bio-LNG Pumps (Liquified Natural Gas) Bio-LNG terminal bio-natural gas bio-NGV (natural gas for vehicles) bio-oil/pyrolysis oil bio-SPK (bio derived synthetic paraffinic kerosene) biobased Biobased Markets Program biobased materials Biobased Product Manufacturing Assistance Program biochar biochemical conversion BioChemicals/Renewable Chemicals bioconversion Biocrude/Green Crude/SynCrude biodegradable biodiesel biodiesel blend wall biodiesel EN 14214 Biodiesel Fuel Education Program biodiesel prices biodiesel production biodiesel pumps biodiesel quality biodiesel standards biodiesel tax credit biodiesel technologies biodiesel terminal biodiversity bioeconomy bioelectricity bioelectrochemical conversion bioenergy Bioenergy Program for Advanced Biofuels Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) Biofuel biofuel consumption Biofuel Crops biofuel distribution Biofuel Infrastructure Partnership (BIP) biofuel producer tax credit biofuel production Biofuels Directive biofuels education biofuel tax credit Biogas Biogasoline/Renewable Gasoline Biogasoline/Renewable Gasoline pumps biogenic carbon biogenic emissions Bioheat biohydrocarbons biohydrogen BioIsoprene Bio LPG (Bio Liquid Petroleum Gas) biomass Biomass Carbon Removal and Storage (BiCRS) Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP) biomass hydrolysis biomass recalcitrance Biomass Research and Development initiative (BRDI) biomass sorghum Biomass to Liquid (BTL) biomass transportation biomaterials bioplastics biopower Biopreferred bioproducts biopropene bioprospecting BioRefineries/Renewable Fuel Production Biorefinery Assistance Program (BAP) old 9003 Biorefinery Renewable Chemical Biobased Product Mfgr Assistance 9003 BioSNG Biotechnology birch black carbon black grease black liquor black locust blender blender pumps Blenders Credit blending blendstock Blend wall blockchain blue carbon boat fuel boiler fuel Bolivia bolt-on Bonaire bonds book-and-claim border tax Borneo Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana BQ-9000 Brachiaria bracken brackish water Brassica Brazil breweries British Columbia broker brownfields brown grease Brunei Btu's BTX (Benzene Toluene Xylene) Bu12.5 Bu16 Budget building block chemicals Bulgaria bunker bunker oil Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Burkina Faso Burma Burundi buses Business/General Aviation business law business resources butadiene Butane butanediol butanol/biobutanol butanol emissions butyl acetate butyric acid c C1 C2 C3 sugar C5 sugar C6 sugar Cabo Verde cactus cagaita calibration Californa California California Air Resources Board (CARB) Cambodia Camelina camels Cameroon Canada canarygrass Canary Islands canary reed grass candle nut cannabis canola/rapeseed canola straw cap-and-invest cap-and-trade carbohydrates carbon carbon-14 testing carbon-efficient fuels carbon/CO2 sequestration carbon capture and storage (CCS) carbon capture and utilization (CCU) carbon cost carbon credit carbon credit markets carbon cycle carbon debt Carbon Dioxide (CO2) carbon efficiency carbon emissions carbon fiber Carbon Intensity (CI) carbon life cycle carbon markets Carbon Monoxide (CO) carbon negative carbon neutrality carbon offsets carbon pipeline carbon price carbon recycling carbon removal carbon sink carbon tax carbon tax-and-dividend Carbon tax border adjustments carbon user fee Carbon Utilization and Biogas Education Program carcinogens cardoon Caribbean carinata carinata/brassica carinata carob cashew cashew apple CASI CAS Registry Cassava cassava price cassava pulp cassava stalk castor bean castor stalk catalysis catalysts catalytic decarboxylation catalytic hydrothermal conversion catalytic hydrothermal conversion-to-jet (CHCJ) catalytic hydrothermal gasification catalytic hydrothermolysis jet CHJ pathway cattle cavitation CBD (cannabidiol) CBG (compressed biogas) cell culturing cellulase enzymes cellulose cellulosic biofuel Cellulosic biomass cellulosic diesel Cellulosic ethanol cellulosic ethanol price cellulosic feedstock cellulosic production tax credit cellulosic sugars Cellulosic Tax Credit cellulosic waiver credit cement Central African Republic Central America Certificate Program Certificates of Origin (COs) certification certification fuels cesium cetane Chad change in soil condition charging stations CHCJ-5 Chesapeake Bay chicken feathers chickens Chile China chitin chufa/cyperus esculents/nutsedge CIA circular economy citrus citrus greening disease Citrus Peel Clean clean air Clean Air Act (CAA) clean diesel clean fuel production tax credit Clean Fuel Standard/Policy (CFS) Clean Power Plan (CPP) Clean Trucks Plan Clean Water Act climate change Climate Change Adaptation climate change effects climate change mitigation climate legislation climate smart agriculture closed-loop system Clostridium thermocellum cloud point clover CNG Conversion kit co co-generation co-location co-operative Co-op Extension co-processing co-products coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) coastal habitat conservation coastal hay Coast Guard cobalt cock's foot cocoa Coconut coffee coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold-tolerance cold flow college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG/R-CNG/bioCNG) compression-ignition engine compression ratios computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology cooking fuel cook stoves cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 COP26 COP27 copper coppice cordgrass corn-based products corn/maize corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crimes criteria pollutants Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cuphea cup plant currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D5 (5%DME) D20 (20%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date palm date palm pits date palm waste Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization Delaware DeltaWing demonstration demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/HVO/Paraffinic Diesel diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct-to-fuel direct air capture directed evolution direct injection Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME Dominican Republic double cropping Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E2 E3 E4 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E40 E50 E55 E78 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED95 educatio education educational business private educational tour Education Series 3030 EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electricity price electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electroly electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) end user Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) Environmentalists environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane ethanol ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order externalities extremophiles f F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose flameleaf sumac flavors flax Fleets fleet turnover fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service forklifts fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) freight/cargo French fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP h Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawai'i hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrids Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrocarbon fuels hydrodeoxygenation hydrofaction Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen hydrogen aircraft hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen carrier hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogenolysis hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps hydrogen terminal hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indiana Indian beech tree Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesi Indonesia industrial burners industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated biorefineries integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land prices land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars Lipid liquefaction liquid liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps liquified biomethane (LBM) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M3 M15 M50 M100 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning macororo Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandate mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts mass balance standard Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methan methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks methanization methanol Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methanol fuel cells methanol price Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum Monaco Mongolia mongongo monitoring/measuring reporting verifiction (MRV) Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland Newfoundland and Labrador new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Northwest Territories Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds nuclear Nunavut nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) offtake agreements Ohio oil oil/gas terminals oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil price parity oil prices oil production oil ref oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay Paris Agreement parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peak oil demand peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin peela kaner pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photoelectrocatalysis photoelectrochemical photolysis photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine needles pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Flex Fuel Hybrid Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass podcasts Poland poli Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyethylene polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter/waste power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests proton exchange membrane (PEM) public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps/fueling station pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R33 R99/RD99 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest rain tree ranchers RAND rare earth metal/critical minerals RD10 RD20 RD30 RD55 RD80 RD80B20 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation Refined Bleached Deodorized Palm Oil (RBDPO) refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming Regulated Emissions regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/HVO/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price Renewable Diesel Production renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED/RED II/RED III) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) renewable fuels of non-biological origin (RFNBO) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) RenovaBio replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion resurrection grass retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw/paddy straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) RNG tax credit roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RP-1 RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification SAF30 SAF40 Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower SAF pipeline sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore Singpore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog smokestack soap Social social benefit investing social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soi soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solar fuel solaris solar thermochemical hydrogen (STCH) solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) Solomon Islands Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam methane reformation steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve STrategiv Petroleum Reserve straw students su sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugarcane sugarcane prices sugarcane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower sunflower stalks supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname sustain Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas/gas fermentation synthesised aromatic 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trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy travel policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale trucks tubers tugboats tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey UCOME (Used Cooking Oil Methyl Ester) Uganda UK (United Kingdom) UK Emission Trade Scheme (UK ETS) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) Ultra Low Sulfur Fuel Oil (ULSFO) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used motor oil used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils vehicles miles traveled (VMT) Velocys Venezuela Vermont Victoria video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volatile fatty acids (VFA) volunteers waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil wastewater water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment wax weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction what What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass wheat prices wheat straw whey whisky white grease White House wildlife habitat willow wind 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