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Tag "Zimbabwe"

Zimbabwe: $150m Investment for Bulawayo

(Bulawayo/AllAfrica/The Herald)  Bulawayo’s first ever solid waste-to-energy project is back on the rails with the investor, Pragma Leaf Consulting Zimbabwe (Pvt) Ltd, pledging to inject up to US$150 million to set

May 24, 2019 Read Full Article

Government Reduces the Price of Petrol after Increasing Amount of Ethanol in Fuel

(ZimEye.net)  The pump price of petrol has come down by 9 cents after government revised its duties and increased the amount of ethanol in petrol from 5% to 10%. The changes follow

April 30, 2019 Read Full Article

Zimbabwe Bio Energy Sets the Record Straight Regarding Nuanetsi Ranch

by Chantal Riley (My Press Portal/PR Worx)  Following recent inaccurate media reporting, Zimbabwe Bio Energy (ZBE) wishes to set the record straight with regards to Nuanetsi Ranch. The Development Trust of Zimbabwe

March 21, 2019 Read Full Article

Ethanol Blending Saves Zim Millions: Mangudya

by Veneranda Langa (The Zimbabwe Daily)  Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe governor John Mangudya on Thursday told Parliament that blending of ethanol with fuel has been saving the country millions of dollars.

March 11, 2019 Read Full Article

NOIC Seeks US$1,5m for Ethanol Project

by Almot Maqolo (MSN News)  National Oil Infrastructure Company of Zimbabwe (Noic) says it requires about US$1,5 million to complete the construction of its two ethanol storage tanks at its Mabvuku

February 27, 2019 Read Full Article

Biofuels Mandates around the World 2019

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Florida, the Digest today (January 1, 2019) releases its annual review of biofuels mandates and targets around the world, looking at the state of biofuels

January 2, 2019 Read Full Article

Govt Issues Another Ethanol Licence

by Ishemunyoro Chingwere (The Herald) Government has issued another ethanol licence in an effort to curb shortages. Green Fuel on the other hand is in the process of planting an additional

December 28, 2018 Read Full Article

Chipinge Villagers Sue Greenfuel to Stop Seizure of Communal Land

(Radio VOP)  VILLAGERS in Chipinge, Manicaland province have dragged ethanol producer, GreenFuel to court to stop it from occupying their communal land and interfering with their farming activities. Represented by Passmore Nyakureba and

December 14, 2018 Read Full Article

‘Breakthrough’ Harvesting Solution, Growing Market, Potential beyond Biodiesel – All Good Signs for Castor Oil’s Future

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  A ‘breakthrough’ mechanical harvesting solution for castor bean plants was developed by Evogene and agricultural equipment manufacturer, Fantini s.r.l., resulting in the removal of a major

November 19, 2018 Read Full Article

Jatropha Biodiesel Project Back on Track

by Debra Matabvu (Sunday Mail)  Conceived 12 years ago when the country was in the throes of biting fuel shortages, the jatropha biodiesel project – which was premised on cutting the country’s

August 27, 2018 Read Full Article

Egyptian Firm to Turn Tonnes of Rubbish into Electricity, Bio-Diesel

by Jeffrey Gogo (The Herald)  Emerging energy firm Tawanda Energy Ltd has agreed a deal with Egyptian financier and project developer MAFGAIB for the construction of a $140 million plant that converts

August 22, 2018 Read Full Article

Mandatory Fuel Blending Ratio up

(The Herald)  Government has increased the mandatory blending ratio of unleaded petrol from 15 percent ethanol to 20 percent with immediate effect following a significant improvement in the supply of ethanol

June 21, 2018 Read Full Article

A Sit Down with Conrad Rautenbach from Green Fuel

(The Herald)  Fuel prices shot up recently before Government intervened by reducing import duty on fuel to stem the price madness that rose as a result. Questions have been raised as

February 19, 2018 Read Full Article

Zera Boss Grilled over ‘Favourable’ Rautenbach’s Green Fuel Ethanol Price

by Veneranda Langa (News Day)  Legislators yesterday grilled Zimbabwe Energy Regulatory Authority (Zera) chief executive officer Gloria Magombo over the price of Billy Rautenberg’s Green Fuel ethanol, which is 11 cents

January 24, 2018 Read Full Article

Ethanol Saves Zimbabwe $26,5 Million

by Kenneth Matimaire (The Financial Gazette)  Ethanol fuel blending saved the country an estimated $26,5 million in 2017, representing 2,65 percent of the import bill, the Zimbabwe Energy Regulatory Authority (ZERA) has

January 23, 2018 Read Full Article

Biofuels Mandates Around the World 2018

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Florida, the Digest today releases its annual review of biofuels mandates and targets around the world, looking at the state of biofuels mandates in 65

January 2, 2018 Read Full Article

Perspectives on Biofuels in Sub-Saharan Africa

by Susan van Dyk, Emile van Zyl, Brett Pletschke (International Energy Agency Bioenergy Task 39)  This short contribution provides some perspectives on opportunities for biofuel production on the African continent. Africa has

December 22, 2017 Read Full Article

Zimbabwe: Green Fuel’s $1bn Expansion Project On Hold

by Martin Kadzere (AllAfrica/The Herald)  Ethanol producer, Green Fuel has put on hold its $1 billion expansion programme as the current environment does not support the scale of investment, sources

September 22, 2017 Read Full Article

‘We Want Sweeter Ethanol Law’

by Tinashe Makichi (The Sunday Mail)  The Zimbabwe Energy Council will engage the Energy and Power Development Ministry over relaxation of legislation compelling investors to enter joint ventures with Government

September 12, 2017 Read Full Article

Zera Says Door Open for Ethanol Licences

by Tatira Zwinoira (News Day)  Zimbabwe Energy Regulatory Authority (Zera) has said players who have the capacity to do mandatory blending should apply for licences, as the regulations were open for

August 30, 2017 0 comment Read Full Article

Is It the End or Just the Beginning for Jatropha?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … In Botswana, jatropha’s adventures are just beginning according to the Ministry of Minerals Resources, Green Technology and Energy Security’s advisor, Freddie Motlhatlhedi. He was referring to a

July 25, 2017 Read Full Article

Zimbabwe: Noic, Triangle in Ethanol Talks

(AllAfrica/The Herald)  The National Oil Infrastructure Company of Zimbabwe (NOIC) is in discussions with Triangle Limited to form a joint venture company for the production of ethanol. This comes as

April 12, 2017 Read Full Article

Two Percent Bio-Diesel Blending before Year-End

(The ManicaPost)  Government is targeting two percent blending of bio-diesel extracted from the jatropha plant with imported diesel by year end through its parastatal, the National Oil Infrastructure Company (NOIC)

March 28, 2017 Read Full Article

Zimbabwe: Govt Liberalises Ethanol Production

by Tinashe Makichi (The Herald/AllAfrica)  Government has liberalised local ethanol production as the country’s sole producer, Green Fuel has constantly failed to provide adequate supplies especially during the rainy season

March 13, 2017 Read Full Article

Zimbabwe: Zim Fuel Prices Up

by Phillimon Mhlanga (All Africa)  Zimbabwe’s major fuel retailers have raised fuel prices by at least US$0,04 a litre due to a serious shortage of anhydrous ethanol in the country and

January 19, 2017 Read Full Article

Zimbabwe: Noic to Float $6m Ethanol Storage Tender

(All Africa)  The National Oil and Infrastructure Company of Zimbabwe says it will soon float the tender for the construction of its 3 million litre-ethanol storage and handling facility in

November 9, 2016 Read Full Article

Green Fuel Sued for $1 million

by Charles Laiton (NewsDay)  The National Oil Infrastructure Company of Zimbabwe (Pvt) Ltd (NOIC) has approached the High Court seeking to compel Billy Rautenbach’s Green Fuel ethanol plant to pay

October 14, 2016 Read Full Article

CAPRi Blog: Impact of Biofuel Induced Land Corruption on Women; The Case of Chisumbanje Ethanol Project

(Collective Action and Property Rights)  In this blog, Farai Mutondoro, Mary Jane Ncube, Manase Chiweshe and Derick Hamunakwadi discuss the impact of land corruption, particularly on women. The blog is

August 17, 2016 Read Full Article

Algae Biofuel Technology Transferred to Zimbabwe

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In Zimbabwe, technical capacity for biodiesel production from algae has been successfully transferred to Harare Polytecnic and the fuel has passed B100 quality standards. The

July 1, 2016 Read Full Article

‘Zim Sitting on 130 Tonnes of Jatropha Seed‘

by Xolisani Ncube (NewsDay)  Zimbabwe has stockpiled over 130 tonnes of jatropha seeds for biodiesel production, but cannot commercialise the product due to lack of funding to blend the fuel

June 22, 2016 Read Full Article

Moment of Truth for Pioneering Biofuel Project

by Mbongeni Mguni  (Mmegi Online)  A one-hectare plot containing 1,526 Jatropha trees bears the country’s hopes for greater energy diversity and the promise of an alternative revenue source for farmers. This

February 9, 2016 Read Full Article

Biofuels Mandates Around the World: 2016

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Who mandates what in biofuels? 64 countries have targets or mandates — but how much where, and when, and what? In Florida, the Digest today releases

January 4, 2016 Read Full Article

Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform: From Rhetoric to Reality

by Shelagh Whitley and Laurie van der Burg (New Climate Economy)  The research underpinning this New Climate Economy Working Paper was a major input into the 2015 New Climate Economy report

December 22, 2015 Read Full Article

CNE and Sunbird to Develop Bioethanol Facilities in Zimbabwe and Zambia

(Biofuels International)  China New Energy has entered into a Memorandum of Understanding with Sunbird Bioenergy Africa for the development of two biorefineries, one each in Zimbabwe and Zambia. The Memorandum

December 10, 2015 Read Full Article

Hippo Valley Gets Ethanol Producer Licence

by Bernard Mpofu (Zimbabwe Independent)  Government has extended Hippo Valley Estates’ ethanol production licence as the company targets an annual output of 41 million litres, sources close to the developments have

December 8, 2015 Read Full Article

New Biobased Projects Around the World

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Who’s building what, where, now. 29 projects in construction or in commissioning in Africa, Europe, Asia, the Middle East, Australia, and the Americas Despite low

November 18, 2015 Read Full Article

Green Fuel Says It Lost $10 Million Worth of Ethanol after Zinwa Cut Water Supplies over $7.3 Million Debt

(The Insider/The Source)  Green Fuel says it has lost $10 million worth of ethanol and power after the Zimbabwe National Water Authority (ZINWA) cut water supplies to its Chisumbanje ethanol

October 27, 2015 Read Full Article

British Firm Partners Government to Set up $150mln Ethanol Plant

(The Source/New Zimbabwe)  … Sunbird Bioenergy has partnered government to set up a $150 million ethanol operation in Zimbabwe next year, an official has said.  The deal will see the establishment

October 20, 2015 Read Full Article

Hippo Valley Eyes Ethanol Fuel Market, Says in Talks with Regulator to Get Producers Licence

(New Zimbabwe)  Hippo Valley Estates, a unit of South Africa’s Tongaat Hulett, says it intends to break into the local ethanol fuel market and is engaged with the energy regulator

September 23, 2015 Read Full Article

Zimbabwe: ‘Ethanol Monopoly Unhealthy for Industry’

(New Ziana/All Africa)  The absence of competition in the production of ethanol has created an unhealthy monopoly that has prevented costs of fuel from dropping after blending, a senior Government

September 11, 2015 Read Full Article

Cassava Ethanol Plant on Cards

by Victoria Mtomba  (News Day)  Zimbabwe is set to have a cassava ethanol producing plant to boost ethanol output as the country moves to accelerate mandatory fuel blending. In an interview

July 31, 2015 0 comment Read Full Article

Zimbabwe: Biofuels – Zim Losing Billions

by Stephen Tsoroti (Financial Gazette/All Africa)  Hamstrung by debilitating liquidity challenges, Zimbabwe is missing the chance to improve its revenue position by neglecting the development of biofuels, a renewable energy expert

June 30, 2015 Read Full Article

Workers and Cane Growers Strike in Zimbabwe as Green Fuel Fails to Pay

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In Zimbabwe, more than 500 workers have gone on strike after going unpaid by Green Fuel for six months. Last week more than 100 cane

May 13, 2015 0 comment Read Full Article

Zimbabwe: Govt Okays Ethanol Project

(AllAfrica)  The Zanu-PF leadership here has given the Zimbabwe Bio-Energy the green light to set up a US$500 million ethanol plant at Nuanetsi Ranch in Mwenezi in a development expected

January 15, 2015 Read Full Article

Biofuels Mandates Around the World: 2015

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Who mandates what in biofuels? 64 countries have targets or mandates — but how much where, and when, and what?  In Florida, the Digest today

January 5, 2015 Read Full Article

Government Relaxes Fuel Blending Rules

(New Zimbabwe)  Government has further reduced the mandatory fuel blending with ethanol to 5% from 15% owing to low sugar cane supply. Mid this year government increased the mandatory blending

December 31, 2014 Read Full Article

Rautenbach's Mwenezi Ethanol Project Gets Nod

by Godfrey Mtimba (Daily News)  The new Zanu PF provincial executive here has promised to give businessman Billy Rautenbach the green light to continue his multi-million ethanol project in the

December 17, 2014 Read Full Article

Zimbabwean Investor Keen to Launch $500 Million Ethanol Plant

(Biofuels International)  A Zimbabwean investor is looking to plough $500 million (€360 million) into an ethanol production plant in Kawambwa, Luapula Province, in Zambia. … (Luapula Province’s permanent secretary Chanda)

May 13, 2014 Read Full Article

Zimbabwe: Green Fuel, Zinwa Seal Deal

by Daniel Nemukuyu (AllAfrica.com)  Macdom Investments, a sister company to Green Fuel, has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Zimbabwe National Water Authority to ensure consistent raw water supply for

May 7, 2014 Read Full Article

Ethanol Plant Closed over $7m Debt

by Ray Bande (Manica Post)  Production of ethanol at the embattled Greenfuel Chisumbanje plant stopped after Zinwa disconnected water supplies owing to a $7,3 million debt. In a statement on

March 25, 2014 Read Full Article

Zimbabwe: Another Ethanol Plant for Zimbabwe

by George Maponga (AllAfrica.com)  Zimbabwe Bio-Energy has announced plans to set up the country’s third ethanol plant at Nuanetsi Ranch in Mwenezi, where the firm wants thousands of locals to

March 5, 2014 Read Full Article

Biofuels Mandates Around the World: 2014

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Florida, the Digest today releases its annual review of biofuels mandates and targets around the world, looking at the state of biofuels mandates in

January 2, 2014 Read Full Article

Zimbabwe: Green Fuel to Build Four New Ethanol Plants

(AllAfrica.com)  Green Fuel plans to set up four new ethanol plants and boost output to 1.5 billion litres annually by 2018, according to a company investment blueprint. Zimbabwe last week

December 10, 2013 Read Full Article

Government Imposes 15% (E15) Petrol Blending Despite Cabinet Resistance

(ZimEye.org)  The Zimbabwean government has increased the mandatory blending level of the controversial anhydrous ethanol with unleaded petrol from 10 percent (E10) to 15 percent (E15) with effect from the

December 4, 2013 Read Full Article

Ethanol Firm to Build $500 Million Dam

(New Zimbabwe/The Source)  THE country’s sole ethanol producer Green Fuel on Wednesday said it plans to start construction of the $300 million Kondo Dam in 2015 after completing financial due

December 4, 2013 Read Full Article

Re-Opening of Ethanol Plant Boon for Business

(ZimbabweDemocracy.com) Following the re-opening of the Chisumbanje Ethanol Plant run by Green Fuel in the poverty-stricken Lowveld, major investments are taking place at Checheche Growth Point with several top banks, retail

October 28, 2013 Read Full Article

Government Raises Fuel Blending Ratio

by Kudakwashe Pembere  (The Herald)  Government has with immediate effect introduced E10 mandatory blending of anhydrous ethanol and unleaded petrol at levels of 10 percent ethanol and 90 percent unleaded

October 25, 2013 Read Full Article

Zimbabwe: Clashes At Chisumbanje Ethanol Plant 'Politically Motivated'

by Tererai Karimakwenda (AllAfrica.com/SW Radio Africa (London))    New clashes between local villagers and the police in the Nyamukwakwa area of Manicaland have been attributed to activists within ZANU PF,

September 9, 2013 Read Full Article

Greengold Ray Energies Responds To Increased World Jatropha Oil Demands: To Become One Of The Global Jatropha Feedstock Growers And Producers

(Virtual Strategy Magazine)  GreenGold Ray Energies, Inc. {GREENGOLD} is “Fueling the Future” on the brighter side of GREENGOLD the Company is looking forward to a solid and increased profitability by

August 7, 2013 Read Full Article

Zambia: Govt Resorts to Ethanol Fuel

by  Judith Namutowe (AllAfrica.com)   Government has said it will start importing ethanol from Zimbabwe with a view to lowering the high fuel prices in Zambia.   And Government will soon sign a

May 28, 2013 Read Full Article

Community Level Production and Utilization of Jatropha Feedstock in Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe

by Enos Shumba, et al (World Wildlife Fund for Nature)  The bio-fuel debate has largely focused on large feedstock plantations

May 14, 2013 Read Full Article

Zimbabwe: Chisumbanje Ethanol Plant Reopens

by Tendai Mugabe (AllAfrica.com)  Green Fuel resumed operations at its ethanol plant here yesterday, raising prospects that the country could

March 28, 2013 Read Full Article

Ethanol Plant to Reopen — Mujuru

(News Day)  Acting President Joice Mujuru has assured villagers and other stakeholders that the closed Chisumbanje ethanol plant will be

March 21, 2013 Read Full Article

Zimbabwe: Chisumbanje Workers Appeal to President

(AllAfrica.com)  Villagers and workers in Chisumbanje and surrounding areas want President Mugabe to intervene and save the US$600 million Chisumbanje

March 13, 2013 Read Full Article

Chisumbanje Ethanol Project Set to Restart

(News Day)  The multimillion dollar ethanol project in Chisumbanje is set to re-open after villagers and the company agreed on

January 23, 2013 Read Full Article

Chisumbanje Ethanol Set for Mandatory Blending

by Brian Chitemba  (The Independent)   The Chisumbanje Ethanol Project is set to resume production on Monday after the adoption of

January 11, 2013 Read Full Article

Villagers, Police Clash over Disputed Land

by Obey Manayiti (News Day)   Dozens of angry villagers last week fought running battles with Zimbabwe Republic Police officers over

January 1, 2013 Read Full Article

Govt Urged to Empower Small Farmers in Biofuel Production

by Gerald Kitabu  (IPP Media)  The government of Tanzania has been urged to localise biofuel commercial production by empowering small

December 27, 2012 Read Full Article

Biofuels Mandates Around the World – Who Is Moving the Targets?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … United States   Concerns over the price impacts of a devastating US drought have led to

October 25, 2012 Read Full Article

Zimbabwe: Chisumbanje's Ethanol Can Transform People's Lives – Mangoma

(All Africa)  The Chisumbanje Ethanol Project, if properly managed has the potential of bringing about meaningful development that can change

October 15, 2012 Read Full Article

Ethanol Fuel Prices Explained

(Zimbabwe Independent) Green Fuel has dismissed claims by government that it has not furnished it with the cost structure into

May 24, 2012 Read Full Article

Zimbabwe: Zanu-PF Chiefs Plan to Grab Ethanol Project

by Patrice Makova  (AllAfrica.com)   THE US$600 million Chisumbanje ethanol project is threatened with collapse as Zanu PF chiefs, including

March 13, 2012 0 comment Read Full Article

Zimbabwe: Get Country to Switch to Ethanol-Petrol Blend Fuel

(AllAfrica.com)  Most of the larger fuel companies have started selling the petrol-ethanol blend known as E10, a reference to the

February 20, 2012 Read Full Article

Zimbabwe: Zesa Dithers Over Ethanol Plant

(AllAfrica.com)  …GreenFuel partnered Government in a US$600 million ethanol production project in Chisumbanje, currently with the capacity to produce 18MW,

November 29, 2011 Read Full Article

Zimbabwe Embarks on Eco Friendly Fuel Project

by Paul Nyakazeya  (The Independent)  Zimbabwe through Green Fuel has joined a growing list of world economies taking up the

November 18, 2011 Read Full Article

Zimbabwe: Politicking Stalling Ethanol Project – Villagers

(AllAfrica.com/The Herald)  Traditional leaders have identified unnecessary politicking as a challenge to the successful completion of the Chisumbanje Ethanol Plant.

August 23, 2011 Read Full Article

Zimbabwe: Biofuels – a ‘Happy Accident’

(AllAfrica.com/The Herald)  Zimbabwe is trying to resurrect its biofuels energy sector after needlessly crucifying the ethanol project in the Lowveld

July 19, 2011 Read Full Article

Biodiesel Project Faces Collapse as RBZ Pulls Out

by Caiphas Chimhete   (The Standard)  After almost five years of on-and-off operations, Zimbabwe’s giant biodiesel plant faces prolonged closure after

June 20, 2011 Read Full Article

Zimbabwe: Chiefs Embrace Ethanol Project

by Lorraine Mandebvu  (All Africa)  Traditional leaders have embraced the US$600 million Chisumbanje ethanol project which they believe will bring much-needed development

June 29, 2010 Read Full Article

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E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 price E12 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E40 E50 E55 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecuador ED95 education educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric grid electricity electricity/power generation electricity price electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end-of-life end user Energy Bill energy cane energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) enzymatic conversion enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane ethanol ethanol/bioethano ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) Export externalities extremophiles F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose flameleaf sumac flavors flax Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel additives fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal Germany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green chemistry green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing GREET model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guinea Gulf states Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawaii hazardous waste HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb HFS-SIP hibiscus High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horse bedding Horse manure horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrids hydrocarbon fuels hydrofaction hydrogen hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogenolysis hydrogen pumps hydropower hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal liquefaction hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indiana Indian beech tree Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial ethanol industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste 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Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa Kuwait Kygryzstan labels Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land prices land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) lignin Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars Lipid liquefaction liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M3 M15 M50 M100 macadamia macauba Macedonia Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta mamona management changes mandates manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Biofuel marine algae Marine Corps Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbe microbiology microorganizms microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum Monaco mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol nahar Namibia nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Lab National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Transportation Safety Board Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Northwest Territories Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds NTSB nuclear Nunavut nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol off-take agreements Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins olive cake olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poland Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter power-to-gas prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance protectionism protein protests public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest RAND rare earth metal RD20 RD30 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation refineries reforestation regenerative braking regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED and RED II) Renewable Energy for America Program (REAP) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable hydrogen renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) renewable volume obligation (RVO) replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion retail return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda rye Rye grass saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK sales Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale gas shale oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smokestack soap social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar-to-fuels solar biofuels solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solid oxide fuel cell Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve straw students sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugar cane sugar cane prices sugar cane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic methane Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree Tamarix tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ultra low sulfur diesel underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils Velocys Venezuela Vermont video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volunteers waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil waste water water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass wheat prices wheat straw whey 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