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Tag "Sustainability"

Bill Gates-Led Fund Invests in Synthetic Palm Oil Startup

by Akshat Rathi (Bloomberg Green)  C16 Biosciences uses yeast to convert food waste and industrial byproducts into a sustainable alternative. Breakthrough Energy Ventures, helmed by Bill Gates, is leading an investment round

April 1, 2020 Read Full Article

New Capital Investment in Clean Fuels Will Help Drive Canada’s Economic Recovery and Growth

(Advanced Biofuels Canada) Clean Fuel Standard is key to attracting over $12 billion in advanced biofuels projects — … To inform clean fuel sector development, Advanced Biofuels Canada (ABFC) conducts

April 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Report: Boost in Consumption of US Biomass-Based Diesel Expected

(The Fuels Institute/Biodiesel Magazine) U.S. biomass-based diesel, comprised of both biodiesel and renewable diesel, has increased rapidly in a relatively short time span to become a leading source of alternative transportation

April 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Bio-Based Chemicals: A 2020 Update

Ed de Jong, Heinz Stichnothe, Geoff Bell and Henning Jørgensen (EIA Bioenergy) Since the first issue of the IEA Bioenergy Task 42 report on bio-based chemicals in 2011, the importance of

April 1, 2020 Read Full Article

17th International Conference on Renewable Mobility in Berlin on 20/21 January 2020

(FNR/AdvanceFuel) More than 600 participants from 25 countries attended the conference and took part in the presentations and discussions regarding possible options for a more sustainable future mobility serving under the

April 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Bioenergy Retrofits for Europe’s Industry – Handbook Published

(Netzwerk Biotreibstoffe) The BIOFIT consortium has now published a handbook on “Technical options for retrofitting industries with bioenergy”. The handbook includes arguments for retrofitting, describes the retrofitting process and its impact

April 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Scaling Algae for Carbon Capture and Biofuels

(Boss Magazine)  … What else algae can suck up, though, is carbon dioxide. When harnessed for carbon capture, algae could become a force in combatting climate change. … Like other

April 1, 2020 Read Full Article

New Study Evaluates Map and State of Biomethane Market in Europe

(European Biogas Association/NGV Journal) The European Biogas Association (EBA) has participated in a research on the state of play of the biomethane market in Europe. The report provides a general European

April 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Archer Daniels Midland to Reduce GHG Emissions 25% by 2035

by Emily Holbrook (Environment & Energy Leader) Archer Daniels Midland (ADM) today announced a new plan to reduce its absolute greenhouse gas emissions by 25% and its energy intensity by 15% by 2035. The new goals follow on ADM’s original “15×20” plan,

March 31, 2020 Read Full Article

Plastic-Eating Bacteria Could Be Small Step toward Tackling World’s Pollution Crisis

by Scottie Andrew (CNN) … Now scientists discovered a strain of bacteria, the first of its kind, that can degrade the harmful compounds in polyurethane products — a positive step toward reducing

March 31, 2020 Read Full Article

Mazda Backs Carbon-Neutral Biofuel Research

(Mazda) Mazda is currently involved in joint research projects and studies as part of an ongoing industry-academia-government collaboration to promote the wide-spread adoption of biofuels from microalgae growth. As part of

March 31, 2020 Read Full Article

Neste Perceived as the Most Sustainable Brand in the Industry by Finnish Consumers

(Neste/WebWire) Neste has been ranked as the most sustainable brand within the fuel industry according to Finnish consumers. The Sustainable Brand Index™ study interviewed a total of 9,480 Finnish consumers, aged 16

March 31, 2020 Read Full Article

Airline Chiefs Slam European Countries over Green Taxes and Overdue Reform of Inefficient Airspace

(GreenAir Online) Chief executives from Europe’s biggest airlines called for urgent reform and modernisation of European airspace that they said could eliminate around 25 million tonnes of CO2 a year and

March 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Norwegian Ambitions for Establishing the Electrification of Short-Haul Passenger Aircraft Laid out in New Report

(GreenAir Online)  The first use of electric aircraft for domestic scheduled air travel in Norway is feasible by the end of the decade, finds a report by airport operator Avinor

March 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Now: Cost-Effective Solutions Include Diesel Engines and Advanced Biofuels

(Diesel Technology Forum) States that have enacted greenhouse gas emissions reduction programs for the transportation sector, including low-carbon fuel requirements, are realizing significant reductions in carbon dioxide emissions thanks to the

March 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Stena Bulk Performs a Test Running an MR Tanker on 100% Biofuel

(Stena Bulk) During the coming weeks Stena Bulk will perform a test running an MR tanker on 100% biofuel. The fuel is the MR1-100 bio-fuel oil, produced from used cooking oil

March 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Focus Forward from Challenge to Opportunity: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to RFA’s 2020 Ethanol Industry Outlook

y Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The Renewable Fuels Association released its 2020 Ethanol Industry Outlook, an annual publication that provides policymakers, regulators, consumers, the media, and renewable fuel advocates with

March 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Power-to-Fuel Project Plans 6 Commercial-Scale Carbon Neutral Fuel Facilities by 2030

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … The Power-to-Fuel project, led by Liquid Wind, will establish commercial-scale renewable fuel facilities. The Consortium (consisting of Axpo, COWI, Carbon Clean Solutions, Haldor

March 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Rex Idles NuGen Plant, Explores Carbon Sequestration Project

Rex American Resources Corp. released fiscal fourth quarter financial results on March 26. The company discussed a potential carbon capture and sequestration project under development at its One Earth Energy

March 27, 2020 Read Full Article

From the 3 E’s to the 3 C’s

by Geoff Cooper (Renewable Fuels Association/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Touting ethanol as a source of clean octane, it’s ability to reduce carbon, and allowing consumer choice in the marketplace. — For

March 27, 2020 Read Full Article

LowCVP News: New Guide Highlights Low Carbon and Sustainable Fuel Opportunities for Decarbonisation of Commercial Fleets

(Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership) A new guide from the Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership (LowCVP) for fleet operators shows how renewable fuels can immediately cut greenhouse gas emissions in road transport, particularly

March 27, 2020 Read Full Article

Wärtsilä Advances Future Fuel Capabilities with First Ammonia Tests

(Wärtsilä) The technology group Wärtsilä has initiated combustion trials using ammonia. The research will help the company to prepare for the use of ammonia as a fuel that can contribute

March 27, 2020 Read Full Article

Where’s Biodiesel At? Fuel Specs, Legislative Impacts, Fleet Support and more: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to the National Biodiesel Board’s Biodiesel Industry – Part 3

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Check out Part 3 of the National Biodiesel Board’s slide guide that delves into ASTM fuel specifications for biodiesel and fuel quality, biodiesel standards like

March 27, 2020 Read Full Article

Biodiesel’s Green Footprint for Fleets: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to the National Biodiesel Board’s Biodiesel Industry – Part 2

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Check out Part 2 of the National Biodiesel Board’s slide guide that focuses on biodiesel’s on-road heavy-duty emission benefits, why they consider biodiesel as “liquid

March 26, 2020 Read Full Article

Looking beyond the Headlines during COVID-19 Pandemic

by Gerard J. Ostheimer and Douglas L. Faulkner (below50/Leatherstocking LLC/Biofuels Digest)  … The 1 – 2 punch of the COVID-19 economic hit and the Saudi – Russian fight over oil

March 26, 2020 Read Full Article

Clean Energy & Sustainability Extravaganza

by Pedro Malpartida* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  Leaders in Energy hosted their sixth annual Clean Energy and Sustainability Extravaganza in the A. James Clarke Hall at the University of Maryland (UMD)

March 26, 2020 Read Full Article

Biodiesel Production: What Next for Zim?

by Nyasha Kavhiza (The Herald) A technical analysis of the current situation will point to the lack of feedstock as the main problem stalling biodiesel production in Zimbabwe. … Instead of discarding

March 25, 2020 Read Full Article

The Secret Sauce: Industry Partnerships Key to Advancing Bio-Based Chemicals and Fuels

by Asanga Padmaperuma (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) … Today, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Laboratories study the development of chemicals and fuels with the use of cost-effective, renewable carbon sources,

March 25, 2020 Read Full Article

Path Finder: Pfleger Lab Uses Bacteria to Convert Biomass into Sustainable Chemicals

by Jason Daley (University of Wisconsin – Madison)  … In addition to transportation fuels, petroleum is refined into hundreds of petrochemicals used in everything from plastics and pharmaceuticals to carpets and

March 25, 2020 Read Full Article

ANDRITZ Successfully Starts up the World’s First Fossil-Free Biomethanol Plant at Södra, Sweden

(ANDRITZ) International technology group ANDRITZ has recently started up the world’s first biomethanol plant using ANDRITZ’s self-developed A-Recovery+ concept at the Södra Cell Mönsterås pulp mill in southeastern Sweden. The plant

March 25, 2020 Read Full Article

Cielo’s JV Partner Secures 80 Acre Site for Renewable Fuel Facility Near Medicine Hat, Ab

(Cielo) Cielo Waste Solutions Corp. (CMC.CN)(CWSFF) (“CIELO”/”Company”) announces that Renewable U Medicine Hat Inc. (“Renewable U Medicine Hat”) has informed CIELO that it has secured an agreement in principle to purchase

March 25, 2020 Read Full Article

Cielo Solicits Waste Feedstock for Nova Scotia Renewable Fuel Facility and Provides Operations Update

(Cielo) Cielo Waste Solutions Corp. (CSE:CMC)(OTCQB:CWSFF) (“Cielo” or the “Company”) announces that Renewable U Halifax Inc. and the Company are actively seeking sources of waste feedstock for the planned Joint Venture

March 23, 2020 Read Full Article

Enagás Announces Energy Transition Fund, Will Help Sustainable Mobility

(Enagás) Alantra and Enagás have partnered to launch a €150 million fund targeting innovative, fast-growing energy transition companies in Europe. The Fund, named Clima Energy Transition Fund, will take minority stakes

March 22, 2020 Read Full Article

The Competitive Edge: Vertimass LLC

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Vertimass seeks to commercialize novel catalytic technology for low cost conversion of ethanol into hydrocarbon fuels to overcome obstacles that limit ethanol use in gasoline for

March 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Taking on All of the Biomass for Conversion

by Tao Zhang (Science Magazine) The old saying that “you can make everything from biomass except money” sums up the huge challenges of converting lignocellulose into fuels and chemicals in

March 19, 2020 Read Full Article

U.S. Company Will Produce Enough Biogas to Drive 5,100 Heavy Trucks from San Francisco to NYC Annually

(Brightmark/NGV Journal) Brightmark has partnered with three Western Michigan farms on the latest in a series of biogas projects the company launched over the past two years. The Michigan farmers have

March 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Are Biofuels Part of the Carbon Emissions Solution?

by Neil Briscoe (Irish Times)  … “Ireland has one million petrol vehicles,” James Cogan, Ethanol Europe’s industry and policy adviser told The Irish Times. “E10 allows that fleet to cut emissions by an

March 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Vegetable Oil Fuel a ‘Faultless Solution’ to Construction’s Woeful Emissions

by Joshua Stein (New Civil Engineer) Construction’s carbon footprint could be significantly reduced by use of hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO) as fuel, according to civil engineering and environmental firm Land

March 18, 2020 Read Full Article

PNNL Brews Up Batch of Biocrude Oil

by Asanga Padmaperuma (U.S. Department of Energy/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory)  … Spent grain is also an attractive feedstock for producing high quality biocrude oil that can be refined into transportation

March 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Newly Branded Vehicles Highlight of Biodiesel Day

(National Biodiesel Board)  2020 marketing program kicks off “Biodiesel: Better. Cleaner. Now!” — The National Biodiesel Board (NBB) today launched its 2020 vehicle branding program designed to showcase biodiesel’s sustainability

March 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Reality EV: Let’s Not Overlook Biofuels

(Clean Fuels Development Coalition) The widespread introduction of electric vehicles (EVs) as a means of reducing carbon emissions presents a far greater challenge than the public is being led to believe,

March 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Why Raising the Alcohol Content of Europe’s Fuels Could Reduce Carbon Emissions

(Horizon Magazine) By 2030, a fifth of the fuel that motorists put into the petrol tanks of their cars could be alcohol, according to research concluding that new petrol and

March 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Researchers Building Stronger, Greener Concrete with Biofuel Byproducts

(Kansas State University) Kansas State University civil engineers are developing the right mix to reduce concrete’s carbon footprint and make it stronger. Their innovative ingredient: biofuel byproducts.  —  “The idea is to

March 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Blockchain, Ag Futures, CPC Potential for Ethanol Industry: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Ethanol Commodity Plus Carbon

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Commodity Plus Carbon, or CPC can maximize monetization opportunities from the sequestration potential in the agricultural sector. CPC offers synergies between regulated ETS traded carbon

March 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Ethanol and Electric Vehicle Advocates Merging on Fuel Plan

(Energy News Network/Associated Press) After years of fighting their own policy battles, ethanol and electric vehicle advocates are tentatively banding together against a shared enemy: fossil fuels. More than two dozen organizations

March 16, 2020 Read Full Article

ICAO Council Adopts CORSIA Emissions Units

(ICAO) The ICAO Council approved the eligible emissions units for the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) today, reaching another important milestone toward CORSIA global implementation supporting

March 16, 2020 Read Full Article

DSM Announces Partnership With SABIC And UPM Biofuels To Create Bio-Based Dyneema®

(Textile World) … UPM Biofuels produces bio-based feedstock UPM BioVerno from the residue of the pulping process. This is then processed by SABIC to make renewable ethylene under their TRUCIRCLE™

March 13, 2020 Read Full Article

In Kenya, Herders Turn an Invasive Cactus into Biofuel

by Robert Kibet (Deutsch Welle) The prickly pear cactus has taken over thousands of hectares of grazing land in arid parts of Kenya. Now herders, NGOs and scientists are teaming

March 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Preem Selects HydroFlex™ for Renewable Fuels Plant with Potential to Save 2.5 Million Tons CO2

(Haldor-Topsoe) o Preem has chosen Haldor Topsoe’s HydroFlex™ renewable fuel technology to produce clean renewable diesel and jet fuel at their Gothenburg refinery in Sweden. —  o The 16,000 barrels-per-day

March 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Methanol as Fuel, Chemical Feedstock and Liquid Hydrogen Carrier: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Methanol as Fuel and Feedstock

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Methanol is versatile – it can be used as turbine fuel, cooking fuel, and as a fuel for solid oxide fuel cells. But G.K.Surya Prakash from

March 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Middle East’s 1st Plant-Based Water Bottle, Biofoams Made from Seafood Waste, Mushrooms, Bamboo Diapers, Biobowls, and More: The Digest’s Top 10 Innovations for the Week of March 12th

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Abu Dhabi, food and beverage company Agthia Group PJSC is set to launch the Middle East’s first plant-based water bottle made from corn sugar with

March 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Can the European Union’s Kerosene Demand Be Met by the Amount of Biomass Produced in the EU?

(nova-Institute) Regarding climate change and tackling its mitigation there is no question that the aviation industry has to reduce its greenhouse gas impact and has to shift to alternative fuels.

March 12, 2020 Read Full Article

Nova Pangaea Partners with Pakistan’s JS Group to Licence Biofuel Technology

(Biofuels International)  Teeside, UK-based Nova Pangaea Technologies (NPT) has signed a partnership contract with Pakistan’s JS Group to licence NPT’s technology, which converts waste plant biomass into natural platform chemicals

March 12, 2020 Read Full Article

Neste to Acquire Mahoney Environmental to Strengthen Its Growth Strategy and Position in Renewable Raw Material Sourcing

(Neste) Neste, the world’s leading producer of renewable diesel and sustainable aviation fuel produced from waste and residue raw materials, has agreed to acquire 100% of Mahoney Environmental (Mahoney), a collector

March 12, 2020 Read Full Article

Why Airlines Should Sell Sustainable Jet Fuels: An Open Letter to the Airline Industry

by Merlin Woodman (Biofuels Digest) Dear airlines, please sell us sustainable aviation fuels (SAF). It’s the only feasible way to green up aviation at the moment.* I’ve cleaned up most of

March 12, 2020 Read Full Article

University of Southern California Rolls out Waste Collection for Biofuels

(Biofuels International)  The University of Southern California (USC) in the US has introduced compost collection bins at university-owned student housing, with collected waste to be used in the production of

March 11, 2020 Read Full Article

Oregon Climate Change: Governor Signs Executive Order to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions

by Ted Sickinger (The Oregonian/Oregon Live/Herald and News) With Republicans determined to block any movement on climate change in the Legislature, Gov. Kate Brown, as promised, has decided to end

March 11, 2020 Read Full Article

Promotion of Ethanol to Have Positive Impacts on Energy Security

(The International News) The Embassy of Brazil in Islamabad organised a seminar ‘Sustainable Mobility: Ethanol Talks – Pakistan’, to promote ethanol as a modern and sustainable option for mobility, capable of

March 11, 2020 Read Full Article

‘Green Hydrogen’ Project Planned in Oman

(Trade Arabia) Plans to set up a large-scale ‘green hydrogen’ project in the Duqm Special Economic Zone (SEZ) has been unveiled, according to a report. The main promoter of the project is

March 11, 2020 Read Full Article

CEA-Led Consortium Launches 2.6 MW Rotterdam Green Hydrogen Project

by Henry Edwardes-Evans (S&P Global Platts) 2.6 MW high temp electrolyser from Sunfire; H2 to be used in biofuel production; Supported by EU Horizon funds  —  CEA, Neste, Paul Wurth, Engie and Sunfire

March 11, 2020 Read Full Article

ENGIE Invests in Hydrogen Technology Platform H2SITE

(ENGIE) ENGIE, through its corporate venture capital arm ENGIE New Ventures, announces its strategic investment in H2SITE. Headquartered in Bilbao, Spain,

March 11, 2020 Read Full Article

Safran to Study Biofuels Production in Southwest France

(Safran) Safran Helicopter Engines is joining Euralis, Teréga, ACD (Aquitaine Chimie Durable), Chemparc, Agri Sud Ouest Innovation, Xylofutur, CCI Pau Béarn,

March 11, 2020 Read Full Article

From Tree to Money Faster and More Efficiently than Ever: Futurity to License MetGen’s Award-Winning METNIN™ Technology for Lignin Valorization

(MetGen) Futurity, whose mission is to outperform oil with trees through the production of advanced chemicals and materials from plantation forestry

March 11, 2020 Read Full Article

E10 ‘Cleaner Petrol’ Could Cut Transport CO2 by 750,000 Tonnes per Year

(Transport Xtra) Drivers across the UK could soon be filling up their cars with a greener, lower emission fuel, Transport Secretary

March 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Powertrain Choices for Future Work Trucks Include New Generation of Diesel to Meet Growing Service, Sustainability Needs

(Diesel Technology Forum)  Approximately six million diesel-powered work trucks today are on the job working for small businesses and governments

March 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Biomass Fuels Can Significantly Mitigate Global Warming

(American Associates/Ben-Gurion University of the Negev/EurekAlert!) Biomass fuels derived from various grasses could significantly mitigate global warming by reducing carbon, according

March 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Recovering Phosphorus from Corn Ethanol Production Can Help Reduce Groundwater Pollution

by Marianne Stein (Illinois Aces) Dried distiller’s grains with solubles (DDGS), a co-product from corn ethanol processing, is commonly used as

March 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Neste and Mirova Back Recycling Technologies to Accelerate Transition to Circular Economy for Plastic

(Recycling Technologies) Neste, the world’s leading provider of renewable diesel, renewable jet fuel, and an expert in delivering drop-in renewable chemical

March 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Biomethane Could Deliver 30% of the UK’s Carbon Budget, Says ADBA

(Bioenergy Insight)  Biomethane could deliver 30% of the UK’s carbon budget in the hardest-to-decarbonise sectors, according to the Anaerobic Digestion

March 10, 2020 Read Full Article

INA Selects FUTUROL™ Licensed by Axens for Its Project of Advanced Bioethanol Production in Croatia

(Axens)  The Croatian oil and gas company INA has awarded Axens a license agreement to supply Futurol™ cellulosic ethanol technology and

March 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Project Gaia, Inc. Announces a Donation of 23,000 Liters of Ethanol from ADM for Commercial Scale-Up of Ethanol Stoves in Lagos, Nigeria

(Project Gaia) Project Gaia, Inc. announces a donation of 23,000 liters of ethanol from ADM (NYSE: ADM) to assist with

March 10, 2020 Read Full Article

EU Climate Law Falls Short of Expectations — UFOP: Climate Protection by Consensus and Motivating instead of Using the “Crowbar”

(Union for the Promotion of Oil and Protein Plants (UFOP)) The climate law presented today by the EU Commission does not

March 9, 2020 Read Full Article

UFOP Questions Straw’s Feedstock Potential for “Advanced” Biofuels

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)   In Germany, UFOP reports that straw is a scarce commodity and not waste, making it

March 9, 2020 Read Full Article

How Will Oil Be Affected by the Energy Transition?

by Meghan Gordon (S&P Global Platts) While a future beyond oil remains hard to picture, investors and consumers around the world

March 9, 2020 Read Full Article

Sustainability in Focus When Shifting to HVO Fuel at Volvo CE Customer Center

(Volvo)  The Volvo CE Customer Center in Eskilstuna, Sweden, is paving the way for a sustainable future by running its

March 9, 2020 Read Full Article

How Can Renewable Natural Gas Provide a Negative Carbon Impact?

by Ashley Duplechien (ACT News/Trillium)  Renewable natural gas is growing rapidly in the transportation fuel industry and decades of research

March 9, 2020 Read Full Article

Sekab and Vertoro to Build Large-Scale Demonstration Plant to Produce a New Platform for Sustainable Fuels, Chemicals, and Materials

(Sekab) A new demo plant in Örnsköldsvik will be the first in the world to produce a 2G platform for sustainable

March 9, 2020 Read Full Article

Driving Demand in 2020 and Beyond

by Emily Skor (Growth Energy/Ethanol Producer Magazine) … Driving new demand is at the heart of our work, and we

March 7, 2020 Read Full Article

UECC to Trial Marine Biofuels

(Marine Link) Short sea ro-ro operator UECC and marine biofuel company GoodFuels have launched a joint trial of GoodFuels Bio-Fuel Oil

March 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Social, Environmental and Economic Responsibility: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Stora Enso’s Sustainability Actions and Goals

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Stora Enso cares for people and planet, from forests to innovation, manufacturing, product use, and

March 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Seaweed-Lined To-Go Containers, Pepsi’s Molded Pulp 6-Pack Rings, Hydrogen-Powered Arctic Station, “Infinite” Toothbrush, and More: The Digest’s Top 10 Innovations for the Week of March 5th

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Sit back and just imagine, hanging out at the new International Arctic Station that runs on

March 6, 2020 Read Full Article

New Catalyst Recycles Greenhouse Gases into Fuel and Hydrogen Gas

(Science Daily/The Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST))  Scientists have taken a major step toward a circular carbon

March 5, 2020 Read Full Article

ERM Gets Go ahead to Develop Green Hydrogen at Scale from Offshore Wind

(ERM)  ERM has been awarded £3.12m from the UK Government to further develop its ERM-Dolphyn project, concerning the production of

March 5, 2020 Read Full Article

ARENA announces funding for Yara Pilbara and ENGIE’s feasibility study on a renewable hydrogen to ammonia solution in fertiliser production

(Yara) Collaboration partners Yara International ASA and ENGIE have welcomed the announcement of $995,000 in funding from the Australian Renewable Energy Agency

March 5, 2020 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Do We Really Need Hydrogen?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Jack Brouwer, Director of the National Fuel Cell Research Center at UC Irvine asks this

March 5, 2020 Read Full Article

Indiana Plant to Convert Methane into 8 Million Gallons of Renewable Natural Gas Each Year

by Emily Holbrook (Environment and Energy Leader) This week marks the completion of the Indy High BTU plant at the Indianapolis South Side

March 5, 2020 Read Full Article

New Diesel Engine Powered by Ethanol ClearFlame Engines Can Cut Diesel Emissions Burning Straight Ethanol

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer) When ClearFlame Engines CEO B.J. Johnson told ethanol industry representatives about the potential ethanol market

March 5, 2020 Read Full Article

Research Team Maps out Transition from Petroleum to Wood in Chemical Production

(Biofuels International)  A team of bioengineers and economics from KU Leuven in Belgium has mapped out how wood could replace

March 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Bangchak Now Selling B10 at More than 400 Stations in Thailand

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine) Thai petroleum refining company and fuel retailer Bangchak has started selling B10 at its more than

March 4, 2020 Read Full Article

German Biodiesel Exports of 2.3 Million Tons in 2019 Break Record

(Union for the Promotion of Oil and Protein Plants (UFOP))   German foreign trade in biodiesel was very brisk last year. The

March 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Hydrogen and a Story of a Simple Fuel, and SimpleFuel

by Jim Lane (Hydrogen Digest) There are two places in the world we thought there would long have been a hydrogen

March 4, 2020 Read Full Article

QUOTE OF THE WEEK — Grant Shapps

“Before electric cars become the norm, we want to take advantage of reduced CO2 emissions today. This small switch to

March 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Economics Of Advanced Biofuels

(BioCycle Magazine)  IEA Bioenergy’s new report, “Advanced Biofuels – Potential for Cost Reduction,”  acknowledges the gap between the cost of

March 4, 2020 Read Full Article

New Ultra-Low Emission Fleet Fueled by Biogas in Southern California

(Southern California Gas/NGV Journal) Southern California Gas Co. (SoCalGas), officials from the San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District and Western

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Spanish City Will Speed up Transition to Biogas in Municipal Fleet

(Chiclana City Council/NGV Journal)  The mayor of Chiclana José María Román, the president of Ferrosite (company specialized in the conversion of

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

How Asia’s Smartest Businessman Plans To Power A Clean Planet With Synthetic Biology

by John Cumbers (Forbes)  … At the head of Reliance is Mukesh Ambani. As chairman, managing director, and largest shareholder

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

New Book: Sustainable Aviation – Greening the Flight Path

(GreenAir Online) This book highlights the latest research in the field of sustainable aviation, covering future developments in carbon emissions reduction,

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

ICAO Council Gathers to Consider Important Decisions on Carbon Offset Eligibility under CORSIA

(GreenAir Online) During its 219th Session starting next week (March 2), ICAO’s governing Council is expected to make important decisions on

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

CORSIA Sustainability Certification Schemes (SCS) Evaluation Application Open

(International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO))  In the context of the ICAO Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA), an

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Waste Not: The Circular Economy

(Energy Today/The American Energy Society) For most of human history, the circular economy—the continual use of resources and elimination of

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Europe’s Largest Green Hydrogen Project Starts in Groningen

(Gasunie) A consortium of Gasunie, Groningen Seaports and Shell Nederland has launched ambitious NortH2 green hydrogen project  —  NortH2 vision: Energy

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Ethanol Industry Added $2.3 Billion to Minnesota’s Economy in 2019

(Minnesota Bio-Fuels Association) Despite challenging conditions in 2019, Minnesota’s ethanol industry contributed $2.31 billion to the state’s gross domestic product (GDP)

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Gevo Secures Funding from Queensland Waste to Biofutures (W2B) Fund

(Gevo) Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ: GEVO) has been awarded part of The Queensland Waste to Biofutures (W2B) Fund to support the development

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Ethanol Needs to Win the Octane Race- Our Health Depends on It

(Urban Air Initiative) Octane is a necessary component of our fuel, and more of it is needed as car engines become

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Port of Seattle Supports State-Wide Low Carbon Fuel Standard in Washington, US

(Biofuels International)  The Port of Seattle in the US state of Washington has supported the state-wide implementation of a low

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

A Decade of Progress in California? Not for Its Recycling Rate

by Jim Stewart (Bioenergy Producers Association/Renewable Energy Project Development and Finance/Biofuels Digest)  The volume of post-recycled municipal solid waste (MSW) being

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Dr. Jennifer Holmgren, CEO of LanzaTech, Honored with the William C. Holmberg Award for Lifetime Achievement in the Bioeconomy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) We are very honored at The Digest each year to select the William C. Holmberg Award

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Japanese Consortium to Study SAF Production Using Fulcrum Bioenergy’s Technology

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In Japan, Japan Airlines, Marubeni, JXTG Nippon Oil and Energy and JGC Japan have agreed to

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Improving Algal Strains with Genomics: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Genetic and Synthetic Biology Tools for Algae Productivity

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Wild type algal strains don’t have the productivity and robust growth characteristics needed to push

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

The Competitive Edge: AmericaBio

(AmericaBio/Biofuels Digest)  … Our company develops technologies for the deconstruction of forest and also agricultural biomass for sugars that are

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

New Ecological Process for Producing Cheaper Biofuel

(Institut national de la recherche scientifique/Phys.Org)  Professors Rajeshwar Dayal Tyagi and Patrick Drogui, researchers at the Institut National de la

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Scientists Examine the Effect of Palm-Oil Biodiesel on Greenhouse Gas Emissions

(AZO Cleantech)  Despite the rising controversy over the sustainability of vegetable oil biofuels, these products are increasingly being utilized as

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

GC&E Student Workshop — June 15, 2020 — Seattle, WA

    GC&E Student Workshop   —   June 15, 2020   —   Seattle, WA

Students and post-doctoral scholars are encouraged to attend the free annual GC&E Student Workshop taking place on the day before

March 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Shunned Tree that Has Huge Biofuel Potential

by Tim Wanyonyi (Daily Nation) Croton megalocarpus grows naturally in various ecological zones — from the Coast to the highlands of

March 2, 2020 Read Full Article

A Novel Biofuel System for Hydrogen Production from Biomass

(Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology/Phys.Org) A novel technology has been developed for hydrogen production from the process, which involves

March 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Liverpool Launches UK’s Biggest Biogas-Powered Refuse Vehicle Fleet

(Bioenergy Insight) Liverpool has launched the UK’s biggest eco-friendly fleet of refuse vehicles powered by biomethane a compressed natural gas

March 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Lidl Denmark Adds Two Biogas-Powered Trucks to Its Fleet

(Bioenergy Insight)  Lidl Denmark has added two biogas-powered trucks to its fleet of Lidl’s distribution trucks. The new trucks, built

March 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Decarbonizing Your Ride for a More Stable Climate: Scientists Measure the Climate Benefits of Alternatives to Petroleum Fuels

(National Science Foundation) Transportation produces a sizable amount of greenhouse gas emissions, largely by using petroleum to power internal combustion engines.

February 28, 2020 Read Full Article

Congresswoman Angie Craig Leads Letter Reiterating Support for Biofuels, Reducing Carbon Emissions

(Office of Congresswoman Angie Craig (D-MN2))  Today, U.S. Reps. Angie Craig (MN-02) and Dave Loebsack (IA-02) delivered a letter signed by

February 27, 2020 Read Full Article

Neste and IKEA Finland to Reduce the Carbon Footprint of Home Deliveries ‒ IKEA Is Aiming towards Emission-Free Deliveries by 2025

(Neste/Cision) Neste and IKEA Finland are offering lower emission home deliveries for Finnish consumers. Since the fall of 2019, IKEA has

February 27, 2020 Read Full Article

The Jenny Craig Problem and the Theory of Carbon Offsets

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …  Even though solar and wind to use an example, have smaller carbon footprints than,

February 27, 2020 Read Full Article

Aerospace Company Boom Supersonic to Use Sustainable Aviation Fuels in Test Programme

(Biofuels International)  The company building the world’s fastest supersonic airliner, Boom Supersonic, has announced that is XB-1 test programme will

February 27, 2020 Read Full Article

EQTEC to Upgrade Spanish Waste to Energy Facility for Biofuel Production

(Biofuels International)  Waste gasification to energy company EQTEC has been awarded a contract for the upgrade of the existing syngas

February 27, 2020 Read Full Article

First Dredger with Ultra-Low Emissions Has Arrived in Belgium

(Jan De Nul Group)  … For its maritime fleet, Jan De Nul Group goes for 100% renewable fuel, a certified sustainable

February 27, 2020 Read Full Article

Vow ASA Enters Plastic to Fuel Deal with Test Plant in the Oil Refining and Petrochemical Industry

(Vow ASA/Globe Newswire)  Vow ASA, through its subsidiary ETIA, has been awarded a contract to provide a pyrolysis testing unit

February 27, 2020 Read Full Article

Fuel Retailers Meet, Say Ethanol Gas Saves Money and Betters the Environment

(KLKN TV) Fuel retailers met … to discuss ethanol and how using it helps save the planet and some change

February 23, 2020 Read Full Article

USDA: Ag Innovation Agenda Will Benefit Biofuels, Bioenergy

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The USDA  unveiled its Agriculture Innovation Agenda on Feb. 20. The initiative, in part, aims

February 23, 2020 Read Full Article

Carolina Opportunity Funds Chooses BioEconomy Solutions

(Carolina Opportunity Funds/PR Newswire)  Inaugural Investment for IMPACT Carolina QOZ Fund  — Carolina Opportunity Funds is pleased to announce that BioEconomy

February 21, 2020 Read Full Article

Optimizing Co-Product Production: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Alkaline-Oxidative Pretreatment of Woody Biomass

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Two birds with one stone – if you can get BOTH a clean sugar stream for

February 21, 2020 Read Full Article

From Middle School to College, Educators Explore Teaching Sustainability; Advanced Biofuels USA Consults on Power of Renewable Transportation Fuel Options — Your Contributions Are Welcome

by Joanne Ivancic* (Advanced Biofuels USA) At Hood College just blocks from Advanced Biofuels USA’s headquarters, the Biology Department’ Sustainability

February 20, 2020 Read Full Article

New Framework for Biofuels Leaves Many Questions Unanswered

by  (Business Maverick)  The recently published Biofuels Regulatory Framework is an important step in the attempt to develop a national

February 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Scientists Develop Open-Source Software to Analyze Economics of Biofuels, Bioproducts

by Julie Wurth (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) Perennial grasses can be converted into everything from ethanol to bioplastics, but it’s

February 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Oil and Gas Firms ‘Have Had Far Worse Climate Impact than Thought’

by Jonathan Watts (The Guardian)  Study indicates human fossil methane emissions have been underestimated by up to 40% — … Although

February 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Wide-Ranging Partnership to Deploy B100 Biodiesel Technology in Daily, High-Mileage Class 8 Trucks

(National Biodiesel Board)  Wide range of organizations announce a partnership for validation project of biodiesel technology to demonstrate viability in

February 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Farmers Join Forces for Sustainability and Responsible Climate Policy

(American Farm Bureau Federation) Twenty-one farm and ranch groups representing millions of U.S. farmers and ranchers are launching Farmers for

February 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Ukraine May Lose the Rapeseed and Corn Markets of the EU — UGA

(APK-INFORM) Ukraine may be banned to supply corn and rapeseed to European Union countries, due to exceeding of the permissible emissions

February 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Drive on Bioethanol from Rotterdam

(Port of Rotterdam)  Europe’s largest biorefinery is located in the heart of the Port of Rotterdam. Alco Energy Rotterdam converts

February 20, 2020 Read Full Article

1st Commercial-Scale Production of 5-HMF, 1st Hydrogen-Based Residential Area, Largest Fuel Cell System Ever on Major Ship, and More: The Digest’s Top 10 Innovations for the Week of February 20th

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) It’s fun to be 1st and this week is full of them…from the first hydrogen-based residential

February 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Sustainable Aviation Fuel Production Pathway Approved by ASTM

(Biofuels International)  ASTM International has approved a new production pathway for sustainable aviation fuel (SAF), created by Applied Research Associates

February 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Germany Eyes New Offshore Wind Farms Dedicated to Green Hydrogen Production

by Bernd Radowitz (ReCharge) Move would be a world first in fast-moving sector — part of government plans to spend

February 19, 2020 Read Full Article

UPS Continues to Build on Renewable Natural Gas Momentum

(UPS)  More Agreements Highlight UPS’s Leadership in Alternative Fuels; RNG is Key As a Bridging Fuel to Help Reach Sustainability

February 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Renewable Fuels Are Crucial: International Conference on Renewable Mobility Discusses the “Green Deal” and Defossilisation of the Transport Sector

(Fuels of the Future) Discussions and presentations at the 17th International Conference on Renewable Mobility focus on the impact of the

February 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Bristol Transit Operator Launches 77-Biogas-Bus Scheme and CNG Station

(NGV Journal/First Group) As part of its ongoing commitment to improving air quality and tackling the Climate Emergency, First West of

February 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Chemistry Finding Could Make Solar Energy More Efficient

by Laura Arenschield (Ohio State News)  Researchers have found a way to harness the entire spectrum of sunlight  —  Scientists for

February 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Colorado Legislators Take up Proposal for Renewable Natural Gas Standard

by Allen Best (Energy News) The bill would require large natural gas utilities to source some of their supply from

February 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Climate Change and Ethanol: Get the Facts Right

by Andrea Kent (Ethanol Producer Magazine/Greenfield Global/Renewable Industries Canada)  Myths and misinformation about ethanol and its effect on health and

February 19, 2020 Read Full Article

OSU Receives $3.1 Million Research Grant to Improve Sorghum Data and Savings

(Oklahoma State University)  Forage sorghum is being grown in Chickasha as part of the bio-energy research center work on using

February 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Fortum India to Make Valuable Products from Agro-Waste, Delhi to Get Clean Air: Faizur Rehman

(DevDiscourse) Paddy residue burning has been a major cause of air pollution in Delhi but now some companies are coming

February 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Renewable Gas Infrastructure Expands in San Joaquin Valley

(NGV Journal/Southern California Gas) Southern California Gas Co. (SoCalGas) Vice President Cedric Williams joined Bakersfield Mayor Karen Goh, and local air

February 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Presentations Available Online for Conference on The Contribution of Advanced Renewable Transport Fuels to the Decarbonisation of Transport in 2030 an beyond

(Advanced Motor Fuels Technology Collaboration Programme)  In the light of climate change, there is an urgent need to decarbonize our

February 18, 2020 Read Full Article
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fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poland Policy politics 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railroad rainforest RAND rare earth metal RD20 RD30 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED and RED II) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smokestack soap social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar-to-fuels solar biofuels solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solaris solid oxide fuel cell Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve straw students sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugar cane sugar cane prices sugar cane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic methane Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils Velocys Venezuela Vermont Victoria video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volunteers waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil waste water water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass 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