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Urban Biorefineries in the EU: From Blueprint to Implementation

(World Bio Market Insights) Cities are overflowing with valuable biomass if you look in the right places: namely, in their sewage systems. The organic materials in urban wastewater can provide cheap, local, and abundant raw materials for biobased and circular fuels,

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FOG And Fatbergs: Food for a Growing Army of Green Monsters

(Greasezilla)  At last, a sustainable way to address the never-ending stream threatening the health of communities and the wastewater treatment plants that serve them. --  Back in 1972 at the movies, a never-ending supply of pollution fed a malevolent, fictional Smog Monster,

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The Digest’s 2024 Multi-Slide Guide to Advanced Pretreatment Anaerobic Digestion technology

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Energy production from sewage sludge especially at small-scale using Anaerobic Digestion typically does not produce significant value with the current available AD technology due to low Carbon Conversion Efficiency (generally less than 50%). Here a team

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The Digest’s 2024 Multi-Slide Guide to the State of Renewable Natural Gas and Biogas

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In this presentation, we explored the challenges faced by global RNG and biogas producers in shifting energy towards low carbon alternatives — new processes, advances in AD yields, new feedstocks, the role of low carbon standards,the

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WGS 2024: Dubai Inks MoU with Global Companies to Produce SAF

(Gulf Business)  Dubai Municipality, which leads the project, has partnered with ENOC, BESIX Middle East, and Marubeni Middle East and Africa Power -- In a landmark move, Dubai Municipality has partnered with leading global companies to create a project that transforms waste

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Gasum Starts an Expansion Project at Riihimäki Biogas Plant

(Gasum) To enhance production efficiency, Gasum’s Riihimäki biogas plant in Finland is undergoing a significant conversion focused on the treatment of the digestate. The project demonstrates Gasum’s commitment to increasing the production of biogas to bring more renewable energy to the

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Bioenergy Ibérica Develops a Biogas Plant from Cheese Production Waste

(Residuos Profesional (Google Translation)) The new facilities of the Galician Queizuar cheese factory will generate 3,000,000 kWh of clean energy per year from its own byproducts, such as lactose and sewage sludge. -- Bioenergy Ibérica, a company specialized in the construction of

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Wizz Air Invests £5 Million in Firefly Green Fuels

by Beth Anton (Renewable Energy Magazine)  Wizz Air, has announced a £5 million investment in biofuel company, Firefly. This is Wizz Air’s first equity investment in sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) research and development. The partnership with Firefly will allow the airline to supply

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SAF Industry Needs to Upscale 1,600 Times to Meet Net Zero Targets

by William Hallowell (Airline Routes and Ground Services)  The sustainable aviation fuel industry would have to increase by 1,600 times its current size to meet the aviation sector’s 2050 net zero carbon emissions target, according to one UK-based SAF producer. James Hygate,

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Removal of Fuel Subsidies in Nigeria Has Several Effects on Its Citizens: How Biofuels Can Help

by Onyinye Jane Achukwu (Advanced Biofuels USA) In a recent article, Henry Nnaemeka of the Daily Post noted, "The removal of fuel subsidy by the President Bola Ahmed Tinubu-led government has no doubt caused untold hardship for many Nigerians.  However, clean energy

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Methanol-to-Jet: Taking Off

by Anna Simet (SAF Magazine) Methanol as an alternative fuel continues to make headlines, and leading companies are evaluating the possibilities—not just in aviation, but marine and other sectors as well. A July 25 webinar hosted by the Commercial Aviation Alternative

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Launch of Demonstration Experiment for CO2 Capture from Waste-to-Energy Plant Flue Gas for Use in Methanation

(Mitsubishi Heavy Industries) Joint Project by the City of Yokohama, Tokyo Gas, and MHI Group to Establish a CCU Chain Based on Regional Cooperation -- The City of Yokohama and Tokyo Gas Co., Ltd. (Tokyo Gas), together with Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.

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Manchester’s Sewage Biogas to Be Used for Hydrogen Production

(Bioenergy Insight) Sewage biogas produced in Manchester is set to become a sustainable feed source for graphene and hydrogen production, due to a pioneering partnership between Levidian and United Utilities. The UK government-funded collaboration is a first for the UK's water industry

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ACT now: Aries Clean Technology on the Cusp of Its Destiny

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) ... For the love of sludge and the carbon possibilities, I have long kept an eye on Aries Clean Technology and it has not been an easy ride for this company in its journey to first

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Bio-LNG Bunkering Available Today in Almost 70 Locations in Europe, North American and Asia

(SEA-LNG) SEA-LNG has conducted new analysis of the green LNG bunkering market which shows that bio-LNG is available today in almost seventy ports worldwide, including in Singapore, Rotterdam and the US east-coast. The data on the expanded availability of bio-LNG as

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Hydrogen and Sustainable Aviation Fuel: Wizz Air’s Vision for the Future

by Miquel Ros (Aerotime Hub)  ... In June 2023, Wizz Air was awarded the title of ‘Most Sustainable Low-Cost Airline’ at the World Finance Sustainability Awards 2023 for the third year in a row.    The award follows other forms of recognition

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New Record for Biomethane Production in Europe, 30% More Plants

(European Biogas Association/AltFuels)  According to a new EBA/GIE Biomethane Map 2022-2023, there is nearly 30% more biomethane production plants compared to the 2021’s edition. The Biomethane Map is the result of an ongoing collaboration between the EBA (European Biogas Association)

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SPIE and C-Green Develop a Modular Plant for the Processing of Sewage Sludge into Biofuel

(Port of Rotterdam)  SPIE Netherlands and C-Green are collaborating on the first Dutch modular plant to convert sewage sludge into biofuel. The innovative system – developed by C-Green – converts wet biomass (sludge) into the dry product hydrochar in an energy-efficient

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Crud-to-Crude: The Global Potential of Biofuels Made from Human Waste

by Sean Mowbray (Mongabay) • Creating liquid biofuels from human waste shows promise as a way to meet one of alternative energy’s greatest challenges: reducing the transportation sector’s heavy carbon footprint. The good news is there is a steady supply

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Raven SR and Cap Clean Energy to Collaborate on Canadian SAF and Renewable Diesel projects

(Raven SR/PR Newswire) • Announcement marks Raven SR and Cap Clean's strategic commitment to sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) production to support aviation industry decarbonization MOU to co-develop a portfolio of bioenergy with carbon capture and sequestration (BECCS) opportunities across Canada SAF to be

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Wizz Air Invests £5m in Bristol-Based Biofuel Company Firefly Green Fuels

byAbigail Turner (Business Live) Firefly specialises in a process, which converts sewage sludge, a low-value waste product available in large quantities, into SAF --  A Bristol-headquartered biofuel company has secured a £5m investment from sustainable airline Wizz Air. Firefly Green Fuels, based

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Commonly Overlooked Reasons for Anaerobic Digester Failures

by David Ellis, James Arambarri and Michael Nelson (Azura Associates/Biomass Magazine) Digester operators can help safeguard plant performance by improving awareness of the most overlooked causes of failure.  --  Process upsets and failures of anaerobic digesters (AD) present significant headaches

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Slater Company Expanding as It Prepares to Make Sustainable Aviation Fuel from Algae

by Donnelle Eller (Des Moines Register) Gross-Wen Technologies, a rural Iowa company that uses algae to clean wastewater, is partnering with what one of the company's founders says is a "global energy company" to make sustainable aviation fuel from its nutrient-eating biomass. Headquartered in

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First Plant Producing Sewage Sludge-Based Biomethane for Vehicle Use Opens in Spain

(Cetaqua/AltFuels) The consortium of the European LIFE NIMBUS project put into operation a biomethane production plant from sewage sludge, which will supply a public bus in the Barcelona metropolitan area. This vehicle, part of the Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB) fleet,

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Aviation Biofuel Would Need Half of UK Agricultural Land, Report Says

by Danny Halpin (The Independent)  The Royal Society said a portfolio of alternative fuels will be required to meet current passenger demand and achieve net zero.  -- Replacing jet fuel with biomass would require the UK to give up 50% of

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My Hometown, Onitsha, “The Dirtiest Place in the World”

Achukwu Onyinye Jane of Anambra State, Nigeria writes about efforts to solve problems with disposal or management of human waste by collecting it to convert to renewable fuel via anaerobic digestion. The group seeks training and equipment required to achieve

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to the State of Biogas and RNG

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) RNG and it’s companion product biogas have taken the project and sustainable power sectors by storm — there’s project action, fast-developing technology, M&A activity, and policy advances of the first magnitude, in the United States

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Public Operator in Spain Runs Scania Buses on Public Waste

(Scania) Public bus operator, Moventis TCC Pamplona, Spain, has acquired thirteen brand new gas buses from Scania – to run on biomethane only. As part of the Moventia group, the company carries out urban transport in Pamplona and 17 municipal districts

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Novel Waste Treatment Efficiently Converts Sewage to Biogas

by Tina Hilding (Voiland College of Engineering and Architecture/WSU Insider) A new method to treat sewage can efficiently convert leftover sludge to biogas, an advance that could help communities lower their waste treatment costs while helping the environment.  Reporting in the journal, Waste

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Finland’s First Biogas Plant Producing Liquefied Biogas

(UABio/Gasum) Turku biogas plant is the first in Finland to produce liquefied biogas for transport, industrial and maritime needs. The plant in Turku is an excellent example of the implementation of the circular economy. The major expansion and modernization of Gasum’s biogas

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Wastewater Facilities Turn to Greasezilla® for Upstream Fats, Oils & Grease Solution and Revenue Generation

(PRZen) Woodard & Curran is the latest company to incorporate Greasezilla’s ecological and highly automated fats, oils and grease (FOG) separation system into wastewater treatment projects --  Downey Ridge Environmental Company, developer of Greasezilla® FOG (fats, oils & grease) separation

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Green Living: Award-Winning Hong Kong Scientist’s Innovation Turns Sewage Sludge into Energy, Slowing Down the Impact of Climate Change

by Eric Ng (South China Morning Post) Sewage sludge used as feedstock to make methanol cuts down carbon emissions by a quarter compared to coal as the raw material, Polytechnic University professor Ren Jingzheng says; If all 1,200 tonnes of

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City of Omaha in Nebraska, US Agrees $20m Contract for Biogas Project

(Bioenergy Insight) The City of Omaha in Nebraska, US is moving forward with a plan to turn human waste into green energy, and expects to make millions of dollars in the process, according to Omaha World Herald. With a $20 million investment

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New Fuels Required to Achieve Shipping’s Decarbonisation Goals

(Biofuels International/GoodFuels)  ... 2021 once again confirmed the maritime industry’s swelling appetite for biofuels, with another formidable growth in demand. Companies turning to biofuels to decarbonise their activities now span all shipping segments, including dry bulk, containerships, tankers, and ro-ro

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St1 to Construct a Biogas Upgrading and Liquefaction Refinery in Sweden

(St1)  Energy company St1 has made an investment decision to construct a biogas upgrading and liquefaction refinery in Sobacken, Borås. A prerequisite for the biorefinery investment decision is the long-term off-take contract to buy raw biogas, which St1 has signed with

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New Jersey and New York Communities to Benefit from EPA Grant to Support Anaerobic Digestion Technology

(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)  The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) today announced a $200,000 grant to the Northeast Waste Management Officials’ Association (NEWMOA) to support anaerobic digestion technology in 11 states in the Northeast, New England the Mid-Atlantic, including New Jersey

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Producing Biofuels from Waste Coffee and Alcohol Products

by Reginald Davey (AZO Materials) Research into utilizing waste products has benefited several industries in recent years, improving their sustainability. Writing in the journal Energies, a team of scientists from Armenia and Poland has investigated the use of waste coffee and

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The Feedstock Challenge

(Biofuels International) The processing of oils and fats into biofuels, regardless of whether they are waste oils or crude vegetable oils, requires pretreatment before the feedstock can be utilised in a biodiesel or hydrogenation process (HVO, HEFA, sustainable aviation fuel

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Plant Manufacturer WELTEC BIOPOWER Presents Its Biogas Technologies at INT‘L BIOMASS EXPO in Japan

(WELTEC BIOPOWER) Individual solutions for wastewater, waste and agriculture -- For the first time WELTEC BIOPOWER will exhibit at the INT‘L BIOMASS EXPO at the Makuhari Messe near Tokyo. From the 31st of August to the 2nd of September 2022, the

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En Route to Market: Alder Fuels and NREL Partner to Scale Sustainable Aviation Fuel Technology for Commercial Use

by Erik F. Ringle (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  A critical pathway for producing large quantities of low- to negative-carbon sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) is en route to market following a collaborative research and development agreement between the National Renewable Energy Laboratory

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IWK, EMB to Pioneer Production of Ethanol and Biogas from Wastewater

by Shafiqqul aliff (Malaysian Reserve)  Indah Water Konsortium Sdn Bhd (IWK) signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) and collaborated with EMB Business Sdn Bhd to pioneer the production of ethanol and biogas generated from wastewater processing for commercial purposes. Environment And

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Going Rogue

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily) ... Biodiesel producers, for instance, have lost market share and feedstock to renewable diesel, not necessarily because renewable diesel is a better fuel. Sometimes policy distortions are the reason the market plays out the way

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Gasum's Baltic Sea Commitment to the Ship Waste Action – Biogas from Cargo Ship Wastewater

(Gasum) There are around 2,000 cargo ships with an estimated 25,000 seafarers sailing on the Baltic Sea at any given time. The greywater and sewage generated on these vessels can be legally discharged into the Baltic Sea. How could this wastewater

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Fabricating a Future for Biodiesel

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily) With prices for cleaner feedstocks through the roof, Tactical Fabrication and Smisson-Mathis Energy have forged an all-inclusive, turnkey model for biodiesel production based on the least desirable and lowest-cost materials. After years of development, they

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Waste-to-Fuels Demo Plant, Research Facility Opens in Vienna

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily) A demonstration facility has opened in Vienna, Austria, at the site of a waste-incineration plant where syngas from wood waste, sewage sludge and paper-industry residues is cleaned and, using a gas-to-liquid process such as Fischer-Tropsch,

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Decarbonization Specialist Helps Spearhead Green Transition for Denmark-Based Shipping Firm

(Norden/Biobased Diesel Daily) “The exciting thing about advanced biofuel is that it’s turning waste product into energy,” said Federica Conti, a decarbonization specialist helping to spearhead a green transition for Denmark-based shipping company Norden through her research and development of advanced

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H2 Industries to Develop US $1.4 Billion Waste-to-Hydrogen Plant in Oman

(H2 Industries/BCM Public Relations/CISION) H2-Industries and Public Establishment For Industrial Estates – Madayan have signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to develop a waste-to-hydrogen plant in conjunction with PV solar power plants with base-load capacity in the Sultanate of Oman. The proposed US $1.4 billion facility will be

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Vow ASA: Builds Large Scale Pyrolysis Reactor to Meet Increased Demand for Advanced Carbon Products and CO2 Neutral Energy

(Vow ASA) Large and increasing demand from industry to decarbonise, recycle carbon, and to secure access to reliable and locally produced CO2 neutral energy, has motivated cleantech provider Vow ASA (“Vow” or the “Company”) to start building a large scale pyrolysis

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Spain Approves Biogas Roadmap, Focused on Mobility and Industry

(MITECO/NGV Journal) The Council of Ministers, at the proposal of the Ministry for the Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge (MITECO), has approved the Biogas Roadmap, which identifies the challenges and opportunities for the development of this renewable gas and proposes

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EPA Announces Selection of 11 Organizations to Receive $2 Million to Help Tackle the Climate Crisis Through Food Diversion

(Environmental Protection Agency) U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announces the selection of 11 organizations expected to receive a total of approximately $2 million in funding to divert food waste from landfills by expanding anaerobic digester capacity nationwide. Anaerobic digestion (AD) is a process

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Spanish Project Will Allow to Produce Biogas and Renewable H2 at Low Cost

(Aqualia/FCC Medioambiente/NGV Journal) The ECLOSION project will develop new materials, technologies and processes for the generation, storage, transport and use in different applications, including vehicle fuel, of renewable hydrogen and biomethane, obtained from bio-waste (urban, agri-food, wastewater and sewage sludge). The consortium,

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Climate Friendly Jet Fuel: 3 Strategies for Accelerating Its Production

(U.S. Department of Energy) Supported by the U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory is striving to bring more low- and zero-net-carbon sustainable aviation fuel to the market. The equivalent of 30,000 Olympic-sized swimming pools—that’s how

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Pablo de Olavide University Produces Fat for Biodiesel from Sewage Sludge

(EFE VERDE) Researchers at Pablo de Olavide University produce fatty matter for biodiesel that does not come from growing plants but from human-generated waste that circulates through urban wastewater treatment plants. Aware of the serious environmental and economic problem caused by the

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Argus Launches Biomethane Guarantee of Origin Price Assessments

(Bioenergy Insight) Global energy and commodity intelligence company Argus has launched biomethane guarantee of origin price assessments. Biomethane can be used as an alternative or as a supplement to natural gas in industry, transport and heating. The new Argus Renewable

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New Research Explores ‘Toilet-Linked’ AD Potential

(Bioenergy Insight) Research by the University of Stirling will help decision-makers understand and overcome the barriers preventing the uptake of 'toilet-linked' biogas technologies. One pioneering process enables home toilets to be connected to an anaerobic digester, which converts the waste

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Advanced Feedstocks Represent a Generational Opportunity – Here’s How to Take It

by Mikala Grubb  (Haldor Topsoe)  The global transition to sustainably produced fuels offers refiners, biorefiners, and investors a once-in-a-generation-sized opportunity. The key to taking it will be advanced feedstocks, as detailed in this column which uncovers how to make the

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Blending of Hydrothermal Liquefaction Biocrude with Residual Marine Fuel: An Experimental Assessment

by Andrea Maria Rizzo and David Chiaramonti (Energies Special Issue Hydrothermal Liquefaction for Aviation and Maritime Sustainable Fuels) ... As sustainable biofuels will be used as blend components in the case of large-scale deployment, it is necessary to investigate the

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Top 10 Predictions for the Advanced Bioeconomy in 2022

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) A mere “The Year in Rewind” as we sail into 2022? Not the good ship Digest! Instead, we dust off our crystal ball and offer our predictions for the year ahead. As the sunset of 2021 gives

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Finnish Port Turns Sewage from Cargo Ships into Biogas for Transport

(Gasum/NGV Journal)  The Baltic Sea Action Group (BSAG) is bringing together cooperation parties for the new Ship/t Waste Action project that produces biogas from sewage discharged by cargo ships at ports. The cooperation promotes the circular model of turning sewage

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Barcelona Buses to Go Green by Running on Sewage Sludge

(Bio Market Insights)  The city of Barcelona has plans to create biofuel for its large public transport system; meaning Barcelona buses could soon be running on sewage sludge.   ... The initiative pilot project is part of the Nimbus Project, which receives funding from

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Advancing the Bioeconomy in TX, CA, and OH: Comprehensive Geospatial Biomass Feedstock Inventories for Potential Conversion to Biofuels, Biochar, Co-products

by : Richard J. Brenner, Wes Jurey and Todd Campbell (Agricultural Technology Innovation Partnership)  Introduction. The ATIP Foundation (Agricultural Technology Innovation Partnership) conducts projects in multi-county regions of 3 states to “advance the rural bioeconomy,” using a replicable model we developed

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EU’s Strict Green Criteria for Biofuels Will Hinder Supply, MEPs Warn

by Sean Goulding Carroll (EURACTIV.com) The EU’s “restrictive” approach to biofuels sustainability criteria will harm producers’ ability to meet increased demand for green fuels coming from the transport sector, says Henna Virkkunen, a Finnish lawmaker in the European Parliament. Speaking at a

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Smell that Smell! Perfume Made from CO2 Derived Ethanol, Poop Pigments, Cell-Culture News and More: The Digest’s Top 8 Innovations for the Week of October 27th

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) Perfume made out of thin air, well, made from ethanol derived from carbon dioxide anyway, is being made by a startup in New York. Poop pigment – a new pigment produced from sewage sludge in

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This Sewage Car's Not to Be Sniffed at

by Toby Walne (Daily Mail) The 'bio-bug' Volkswagen Beetle developed by Wessex Water subsidiary Geneco, runs on human waste. The gases produced from sewage that has been flushed down the toilets of 70 homes offer enough power to keep this vehicle motoring

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Potential Future Regulation Addressing Pyrolysis and Gasification Units Public Comments DEADLINE: November 8, 2021

(Federal Register) A Proposed Rule by the Environmental Protection Agency -- The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is soliciting information and requesting comments to assist in the potential development of regulations for pyrolysis and gasification units that are used to convert solid

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Transforming Collected Organic Waste into Insect Feed and Organic Fertilizer in Kenya: Impact Investing in Sanergy (Private Sector Investment Finance)

(Japan International Cooperation Agency)  On Oct. 8, JICA made an investment of $2.5 million in Sanergy, Inc., a US company which promotes an innovative circular-economy approach in the developing world, including Nairobi, Kenya. Sanergy collects human waste from sanitary toilets

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Waste to Hydrogen: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Ways2H

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Ways2H has overcome issues associated with conventional gasification and are creating value out of waste with their waste-to-hydrogen tech. From the Japan Blue Energy project and input/output options to how the process of taking various

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Cities in Southern Finland Use Biogas Fueled Fleet to Transport Biowaste

(Gasum/NGV Journal) From the beginning of October 2021, six cities in the outer zone of Uusimaa – Hanko, Hyvinkää, Lohja, Loviisa, Porvoo and Raasepori – will use vehicles powered by low-emission biomethane to transport wastewater plant sewage sludge as well as

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The Guijuelo Biofactory Transforms Waste from the Agri-Food Industry into Biofuel to Travel to the Moon

(Aqualia (Google Translation)) • Aqualia has presented this morning (September 16, 20212) at the Guijuelo (Salamanca) treatment plant the biofactory project in which the waste generated by the agri-food industry, together with the sludge from the plant, is transformed into

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Advanced Biofuels, Solid to Liquid Tech, Biocrudes: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Haldor Topsoe

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  If you missed this slide guide from ABLC Digital on what it will take for advanced biofuels to take off further, here’s your chance! Haldor Topsoe leaders cover thoughts on legislation, feedstocks, biofuel production, solid

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EPA Opens Comment Period Related to Pyrolysis, Gasification Regs DEADLINE: November 8, 2021

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine) The U.S. EPA on Sept. 8 issued an advanced notice of proposed rulemaking (ANPRM) seeking public comments to assist in the potential development of regulations for pyrolysis and gasification units that are used to convert solid

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Offering Biofuel Vehicles Will Be Mandatory for Auto Makers within 6 Months: Nitin Gadkari

(The Print) Consumers will have a choice between petrol & bioethanol. The switch to alternative is due to the surplus production of crops in India, from which bioethanol is made, Gadkari said.  -- Union Minister Nitin Gadkari on Tuesday said India will

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Chinese Biodiesel Producers Chase High-Value Feedstocks

by Amandeep Parmar (Argus Media) Chinese biodiesel and feedstock suppliers are diversifying to get more value for their money with ever-evolving European legislation regarding waste feedstock incentives. Brown grease is becoming increasingly fashionable among suppliers, of which 18 in China are now

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Household Waste and Sewage to Be Used in Jet Fuel Production as Government Makes World-Leading Sustainable Aviation Fuel Commitments

(U.K. Department for Transport and The Rt Hon Grant Shapps MP)  Companies receive funding for sustainable fuel production while sustainable aviation fuel mandate consultation is launched. -- 8 companies have been shortlisted to share £15 million government funding to support

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Circla Nordic Debuts, Backed by ECCO Investment, Utilizing Bio2Oil Hydrothermal Liquefaction Technology for Biocrude

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Denmark, ECCO Investment has made a key investment in Bio2Oil technology and a new company has been formed, Circla Nordic, to stress the circular nature/sustainability of the technology. The company has also received notice of

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Will Biorefineries Meet Air Quality Regulations?: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Biofuels Air Emissions

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Can biofuels production meet federal air quality regulations? At what cost? What are the emissions across the biofuels supply chain? What are the economic and human health impacts? Are there mitigation opportunities and approaches that work? 

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DOE Announces Technical Assistance for Local Governments on Waste-to-Energy

(U.S. Department of Energy) The U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) and National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) are pleased to announce the Phase 1 selections for the Waste-to-Energy Technical Assistance for Local Governments Program.  This technical assistance program was created to mobilize national

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A 'Bio-refinery': Using the Chemistry of Willow Trees to Treat Municipal Wastewater

(Science Daily/University of Montreal)  Millions of liters of primary municipal wastewater can be treated sustainably using fast-growing willow trees while also producing renewable bioenergy and 'green' chemicals, researchers find.  -- Every year in Canada, six trillion litres of municipal wastewater are

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Potential Biofuel Production Pathways in Indonesia: Overview of Processes, Feedstocks, and Types of Fuel

by Tenny Kristiana and Chelsea Baldino  (International Council on Clean Transportation) Because of its abundant biofuel feedstocks, Indonesia has the potential to produce biofuels via a number of pathways, including using different technologies and feedstocks to create different fuels. There is strong

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New Report -- Biogas: Pathways to 2030

(World Biogas Association) Humans directly or indirectly generate over 105 billion tonnes of organic wastes globally each year, all of which release harmful methane and other greenhouse gas emissions directly into the atmosphere as they decompose. These organic wastes include food

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Waste-to-Hydrogen Tokyo Facility Ready to Rock – Is 2021 the Year of Hydrogen?

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) News comes from the Land of the Rising Sun that a first-of-its-kind Tokyo facility will convert sewage sludge into renewable hydrogen fuel is now complete. Ways2H Inc. and its shareholder and technical partner Japan Blue

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Biocrude Passes the 2,000-hour Catalyst Stability Test

by Karyn Hede (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory)  Sewage and food waste biocrude conversion process reaches major milestone -- A large-scale demonstration converting biocrude to renewable diesel fuel has passed a significant test, operating for more than 2,000 hours continuously without

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Researchers Are Turning Kitchen Waste into Biofuels

by Steven Ashby (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory/Phys.Org) When we eat, our bodies convert food into energy that fuels our lives. But what happens to the energy stored in the 80 billion pounds of food thrown away annually in America? As part

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Hydrogen Is Hot! 584 Hydrogen Fueling Stations in 33 Countries, Ways2H Expansion, Preem, Siemens and More

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  ... What is making hydrogen so hot right now is the news that hydrogen fueling stations are having a dramatic acceleration in growth with 584 hydrogen stations deployed in 33 countries by the end

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7 Things to Know about Renewable Natural Gas

by Tom Cyrs & John Feldmann (GreenBiz) ... A new research paper by WRI (World Research Institute) examines the potential of renewable natural gas as a climate strategy. The paper provides detailed guidance on assessing renewable natural gas potential and climate

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European Biogas Production Could Double by 2030

(EnergyMarketPrice) Biogas and biomethane production in Europe could double by 2030 and more than quadruple by 2050, according to the European Biogas Association (EBA). Around 19,000 biogas plants and 725 biomethane plants are already in use in Europe, producing around 167TWh of

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Battling America’s ‘Dirty Secret’: Climate Change Raises the Risk from Failing Sewage Systems.

by Sarah Kaplan (Washington Post) ... (Catherine Coleman) Flowers has a vision for a better septic system. It’s cheap to buy and easy to run. It’s equipped with sensors that can monitor for signs of pathogens, including the coronavirus. Instead of

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Biomethane-Powered Railcars Could Be Introduced in the UK

(Bioenergy Insight)  Lightweight railcars powered by biomethane derived from human, farm, and food waste could be introduced in the UK. Ultra Light Rail Partners has received a £60,000 (€66,700) Innovate UK grant to develop a feasibility study and design for

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These Metal-Based Catalysts Can Boost Biofuel Yields

by Mike Timko (Worcester Polytechnic Institute/Biofuels Digest)  A recent study led by a team from Worcester Polytechnic Institute shows that metal-oxide-based catalysts reduce char build up during biofuel conversion processes, increasing bio-crude oil yield and decreasing yields of low-value byproducts. ... Utilizing

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Mixed Renewable Gas Unit: Galician Project Will Now Investigate Creation of Green Hydrogen and Synthetic Gas

(Edar Bens / Naturgy / EnergyLab / NGV Journal) The research project Mixed Renewable Gas Unit, funded by the Galician Innovation Agency (GAIN) and developed by Naturgy, EnergyLab and Edar Bens, continues its R&D&I work after receiving additional funding for its

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Decarbonizing Shipping and Transportation: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to BioLNG

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  There are concrete benefits of using BioLNG to decarbonize hard to abate transport sectors like heavy-duty transport and shipping, according to the latest European Biogas Association, Gas Infrastructure Europe, the Natural & Bio Gas Vehicle

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They Invest US $ 5 Million to Transform Sewage Waste into Biodiesel

(La Nacion (Google Translation)) The company Explora, which has its plant in Puerto General San Martín, Santa Fe, invested more than US $ 5 million in a new technology to transform sewage waste into biodiesel. In this way, it has already produced

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RNG Revolution: The North American Renewable Natural Gas Industry Has Boomed over the Past Decade and Potential Remains Vast.

by Anna Simet (Biomass Magazine) ... Particularly for those feeling the heat when it comes reducing carbon footprints, interest in renewable natural gas (RNG) as an alternative vehicle fuel is an all-time high, and for good reason. Not only does

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Cargill Invests to Promote Circular Economy with Its First Multi Waste- and Residues-Based Biodiesel Plant

(Cargill/WEBWIRE) $150 million investment in Belgium helps customers remove carbon emissions from their supply chains using innovative technology that supports new regulations  -- In a move to further strengthen its commitment to fight climate change and deliver a more circular economy,

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California Bill Expands Definition of RNG

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine) California Gov. Gavin Newsom signed a bill on Sept. 30 that significantly expands the definition of renewable natural gas (RNG) to include energy that comes from additional forms of organic waste, including vegetation removed for wildfire

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Hydrothermal Liquefaction Waste to Fuel: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Bio2Oil

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Bio2Oil takes biomass to crude oil, like our planets process, just faster. Their technology can convert sewage sludge, municipal solid waste, industrial waste biomass, and other biomass streams into fuel. While they have a continuously operating pilot

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Not Your Average Refinery

(Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) Small stockpiles of biomass such as sewage, food waste, and wood chips are often overlooked in visions of future sustainable fuel and chemical production. The dismissal arises because transporting these materials to a large-scale, centralized bio-refinery would

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'Energy Coming out of Our Butts': Alberta Firms Convert Human Waste into biofuel

(Calgary CTV News) A new pilot program in a community east of Calgary aims to revolutionize the way humans treat raw sewage by transforming it into raw water, fertilizer and biofuel. Through a partnership with the City of Chestermere, MAGNA Engineering and

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Need For Modernising Public Transport, Increasing Use of Biofuels: Nitin Gadkari

(News18) Road Transport Minister Nitin Gadkari on Monday said there is a need to modernise the public transport fleet and promote use of green fuel like bio-CNG, ethanol, methanol as well as electricity. -- Road Transport Minister Nitin Gadkari on

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Competitive Edge: Ways2H, Inc.

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) We started Ways2H to improve the global environment by eliminating waste while producing carbon-negative renewable hydrogen. There’s an urgent need to scale up clean hydrogen production to replace fossil fuels used for mobility, power generation and

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Letter to the Advanced Bioeconomy: Advance off the Beach

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) There was always going to be a point when the advanced bioeconomy reached the end of the “R&D years” and transitioned into “the years of deployment”, and if you read the Biden plan here or the latest pushback from

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Renewable Energy Rundown: Biomass

by Caitlin Cosper (SaveOnEnergy)  ... So, what’s the deal with biomass? What is it made of and how does it work? Read on to learn the basics of this form of renewable energy. What is biomass? Biomass is organic material that comes

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Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed by the City of Calgary with Steeper Energy Canada Ltd.

(Steeper Energy Canada)  The City of Calgary “The City” and Steeper Energy Canada Ltd. (“Steeper Energy”) are pleased to announce a new cooperation agreement, by way of an MoU, regarding the future transformation of The City’s sewage sludge and other

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What is Carbon-Negative Fuel and How Can Fleets Procure It?

by Marc Rowe (ACT News/Trillium) One question we hear often from our customers is how can the use of renewable natural gas as a transportation fuel remove carbon from the atmosphere? This is a hard concept for many to wrap their

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Amsterdam Bets on Circular Economy, Will Use Biogas for Vehicles

(DMT/NGV Journal) In the metropolitan area of Amsterdam, vehicles are going to be supplied with green gas. Optimizing and transforming the current Sewage Water Treatment Plant of Amsterdam with the latest state of the art technology, delivered by DMT Environmental Technology,

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Longmont Waste Services Unveils RNG-Powered Fleet, New Facility

by Michael Bates (NGT News) As part of a project prioritized in Longmont’s 2018 greenhouse gas inventory, the Colorado city has become the first city along the Front Range to implement a renewable vehicle fuel project. Through the project, biogas produced at

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New Ecological Process for Producing Cheaper Biofuel

(Institut national de la recherche scientifique/Phys.Org)  Professors Rajeshwar Dayal Tyagi and Patrick Drogui, researchers at the Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique (INRS), have developed a new approach to biodiesel production that uses microbes, sewage sludge, and a biofuel byproduct. ... Plants

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Biodiesel from Food Waste and Used Cooking Oil

by Akhtar Ali (The Express Tribune)  ...  There are six possible raw material routes for making biodiesel. These are vegetable sources – palm oil, rapeseed, sunflower, cottonseed, canola, jojoba, jatropha and others; waste vegetable oil or used cooking oil as it

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Oil Majors Bet on Compact Bio-gas to Tackle Emission Woes in India

by Shahkar Abidi (Auto Car Pro) Over 500 letters of intent (LoIs) have been issued to entrepreneurs by three government-owned oil marketing companies (OMCs) for setting up of Compact Bio-Gas (CBG) plants, claims a top official from the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas.

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LIFE Methamorphosis Project Allows to Obtain Biofuel from Organic Waste

(LIFE Methamorphosis) LIFE Methamorphosis has launched two prototypes, UMBRELLA and METHAGRO, which operate under this principle. UMBRELLA is installed in the Ecoparc de Montcada i Reixac (Ecoparc 2), one of the waste treatment plants owned by the AMB, managed by FCC Medio

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Hampton Roads Sanitation District Selects Greasezilla as the FOG Separation Technology at its Nansemond Treatment Plant

(Greasezilla/Globe Newswire)  Greasezilla™ announces it has been selected by Hampton Roads Sanitation District (HRSD) to provide the most cost-effective and ecologically sound FOG (fats, oils and grease) Separation Technology for the Nansemond Treatment Plant in Suffolk, Virginia. HRSD did an industry-wide search for the

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How to Avoid a Thanksgiving Disaster This Year?

(Green Energy Biofuels) ... Recycling holiday oil and grease is a much cheaper alternative to the cost of repairs. Every drop poured down the drain increases the size of a growing clog in the sewage system, so do not let the

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Never Knowingly Undersoiled – John Lewis Trucks to Run on Cow Manure

by Jillian Ambrose (The Guardian)  Retailer’s fleets will use carbon neutral renewable biomethane  -- Hundreds of John Lewis delivery trucks will begin running on cow power from 2021 as the retailer weans its fleet off polluting diesel fuel and switches to

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National Policy on Biofuels 2018: Here Are Key Things You Should Know

(India Times/Economic Times) Adopting biofuels as an alternative source of energy can significantly improve farmers’ income, generate employment opportunities, reduce imports, augment waste to wealth creation, etc.  --  Introduced in the year 2009, the current edition of the National Policy on Biofuels

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The Race Is on to Repurpose Garbage

by Marc S. Reisch (Chemical & Engineering News)  Despite a spotty track record, companies keep trying to convert trash into energy, fuels, and chemicals  --  ... Local press reports noted weather-related construction delays, a challenge to the plant’s environmental permits,

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UK Gas Supplier FloGas Adds Liquid Biomethane to Its Range

(Bioenergy Insight)  FloGas, a supplier of liquid petroleum gas (LPG) and liquid natural gas (LNG) in the UK, has added liquid biomethane to its range, claiming to be the first to supply this type of fuel off-grid. The company provides

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$73 Million, 35 Projects, Who Won, for What and Why: The DOE Bioenergy Technologies Office 2019 Project Selections

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Washington, the U.S. Department of Energy has selected 35 projects totaling $73 million for bioenergy research and development support. Funded through the DOE’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, these projects will help reduce

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Australia Funds World-First Project to Turn Biogas from Sewage into Hydrogen

(ARENA/NGV Journal) On behalf of the Australian Government, the Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA) has approved up to $9.41 million in funding to Hazer Group Limited for the construction and operation of a groundbreaking hydrogen production facility in Munster, Western Australia.

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What Happened to Anaerobic Digestion in Rhode Island?

by Michael Eggleston* (Advanced Biofuels USA) Today it seems that the use of anaerobic digestion in the Ocean State is not as widespread as it once was. According to a recent survey conducted by the Narragansett Bay Commission (NBC), owner

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Indian Perspective on Bioenergy: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to IndianOil Corp.

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  IndianOil has a 33,000-plus work-force, extensive refining, distribution & marketing infrastructure and advanced R&D facilities. In the country’s pursuit of alternative sources of energy, IndianOil is focusing on CNG (compressed natural gas), Autogas (LPG), ethanol blended

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Biomethane Business Is Booming – From Waste to Watts and Wonder Chemicals

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  ... First, let’s make sure we aren’t confusing biogas with biomethane. Biogas is mostly methane and carbon dioxide but that doesn’t mean it’s biomethane. You see, biogas is produced from organic matter breaking down in the absence

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SoCalGas Wins $3 Million CEC Grant to Advance New RNG Technology

(Southern California Gas Co./Biomass Magazine)  Southern California Gas Co. (SoCalGas) today announced the California Energy Commission (CEC) has awarded the company a $3 million grant to fund the next phase of development of a new technology that doubles the amount of renewable energy created

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CENER is Developing Technology for Future Urban Biorefineries, to Move towards a Circular Bioeconomy

(Bio-based News)  CENER is involved in 4 specific initiatives, in order to develop the most adequate management and valorization routes of different urban biowastes  --   The Biomass Department of CENER (National Renewable Energy Centre of Spain) is convinced of the need to

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The BioCycle Aims to Turn Human Waste into Lubricants, Biodiesel

by Irma Venter (Creamer Media/Engineering News)  The BioCycle plans to have completed the design of its first South African commercial scale facility by the end of 2020, to be followed by a global rollout of the technology, says MultiCycle director

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LCFS in California Means Big Gains for RNG

by Todd Campbell (California Natural Gas Vehicle Partnership)  California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) began the new year with significant and positive changes, which are looking very beneficial for renewable natural gas (RNG). In ACT News last July, we defined what RNG

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Monster 80 Metre Fatberg Found in Liverpool Sewer

(United Utilities) A 90-tonne bung of congealed fat is set to be hacked out of a Liverpool sewer by hand. The 80 metre-long blockage of congealed fats, oils and other nasties under Birchall Street wouldn’t budge with traditional high powered water jets. So

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Biogas Business: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Biogas Conversion

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Terry Mazanec, a member of Lee Enterprises Consulting offers this illuminating overview of biogas, what it’s good for, scale, bio-methane, what to do with it, key players, and more. Lee Enterprises Consultingis the world’s largest bioeconomy consulting

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Finnish Foodservice Wholesaler Rolls out Iveco Truck Powered by Biogas

(Gasum/NGV Journal)  Foodservice wholesaler Heinon Tukku, a 120-year-old Finnish family firm operating nationwide, has added a biomethane truck to its delivery fleet. Heinon Tukku’s customers include many hotels, restaurants, cafés and professional kitchens across Finland. One Heino Tukku delivery vehicle clocks

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Deal between Eni and RenOils to Boost Collection of Used Food Oil and Oil Used for Frying

(Eni)  The deal also includes information and environmental education campaigns to get across the benefits of reusing oil to produce fuel as an alternative to fossil fuels.  --  Eni and RenOils, the Italian national vegetable and animal oils and fats Consortium established

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Energy Department Seeks Information on Algae, Biomass, and Waste Feedstock Research -- DE-FOA-00002020 FY 2019 Bioenergy Technologies Multi-Topic RFI DEADLINE: extended to January 18, 2019

(Department of Energy)  The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) is requesting information on research opportunities related to outdoor algae research, biomass characteristics and feedstock performance, and renewable energy

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Purple Bacteria Can Turn Human Waste into Clean Hydrogen Energy

(ResearchGate)  The new method reduces carbon emissions and turns wastewater treatment plants into green generators. A significant downside to wastewater treatment plants is their carbon footprint. Now, researchers have found a way to reduce carbon emissions from sewage and produce hydrogen energy at the

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West Coast Biodiesel Consolidation: Crimson Acquires SeQuential

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  California-based biodiesel producer Crimson Renewable Energy LP has acquired SeQuential, a vertically integrated biodiesel producer based in Oregon. With the acquisition, Crimson will gain increased feedstock supply options for its biodiesel production facility in Bakersfield, California,

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The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Optimizing Lignocellulosic Cropping Systems

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  How attractive are systems for Bioenergy Feedstock Production in Sustainably Managed Landscapes for Rural Development? Ioannis Dimitriou, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Dep. of Crop Production Ecology offered this illuminating overview at a recent IEA Bioenergy

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Rwanda Eyes Biogas to Help Curb Deforestation

by Amy Yee (WRAL/New York Times)  The kitchen of Ecole Secondaire Kanombe Efotec, a boarding school here, is busy from dawn to dusk while the staff cooks meals for more than 1,000 hungry teenagers.  At one time, the school went through about

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Harnessing Algae and Fungi to Create New Biofuel System

by Igor Houwat (Michigan State University) Michigan State University scientists have found a solution to enhance oil production and harvest using what many consider sea sludge. The new proof of concept, published in Biotechnology for Biofuels, is a biofuel production platform that uses

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Egyptian Firm to Turn Tonnes of Rubbish into Electricity, Bio-Diesel

by Jeffrey Gogo (The Herald)  Emerging energy firm Tawanda Energy Ltd has agreed a deal with Egyptian financier and project developer MAFGAIB for the construction of a $140 million plant that converts waste to energy. The deal is still at feasibility stage, but

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Scientists Figured Out How to Use London's Huge Fatbergs for Good

by Yasmin Tayag (Inverse)  Who says a rock-solid grease clot has to be a bad thing?  --  ... The new Water, Air, & Soil Pollution paper shows how future Fatty McFatbergs (that’s what Brits named the biggest one) can be used to churn out methane — a “clean” fuel that, when burned,

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Pilot Sewage to Crude Oil Plant Gets $4 Million Funding

(Biofuels International)  $4 million AUD (€2.5 million) in funding is set to be provided to Australia’s Southern Oil Refining for a pilot plant which will turn biosolids from sewage to crude oil. According to a statement, the demonstration plant will be

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Is Renewable Natural Gas a Fossil Fuel?

by Todd Campbell (ACT News/California Natural Gas Vehicle Partnership)  Is natural gas renewable? What is renewable natural gas? Is renewable natural gas a fossil fuel? To those of us in the industry, these questions may sound like no-brainers. However, I have found

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Veolia Launch New Online Marketplace for Organic Resources in the UK

(Veolia)  As part of the drive to increase the circular economy global resource management company, Veolia, is launching an online trading platform that makes it easier to sell and buy organic resources. Designed to save users time and money, BioTrading will

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Cloncurry Treated Sewage Water Trial

TREATED sewage water is being used to irrigate paddocks of crops that can be used for biofuels in a trial at Cloncurry. Sorghum, soy beans, sun hemp and leucaena are being irrigated with the treated sewage water at a trial site,

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Biogas Will Help Solve Urban Sewage Crisis

(Bioenergy Insight)  The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has awarded a $1.14 million grant to install an innovative new sewage treatment solution to Durban, South Africa. The innovative generator is able to process sewage into nutrients, biogas and clean water. University of

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Barriers to Biogas Dissemination in India: A Review

by ShivikaMittal, Erik O.Ahlgren and P.R.Shukla  (Energy Policy)  -Barriers hindering biogas dissemination in urban and rural biogas systems are identified. -Decomposition and logical problem analysis tools are used for assessment. -Key areas of improvements in existing policies are identified. Biogas has emerged

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Scientists Develop Process to Produce Higher Quality Fuel from Biowaste

(Phys.Org/University of Calgary)  Researchers have found a way to produce a higher quality, more stable fuel from biowaste, such as sewage, that is simpler and cleaner than existing methods. "This puts biofuel closer to being a good substitute for fossil fuels," said Hua

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Outback Cloncurry Uses Treated Sewage to Trial Biofuels, Boost Northern Development

by Eric Barker (ABC Rural)  With about a megalitre of sewage flowing from the toilets of Cloncurry every day, the local council has built a new trial site for biofuel plants. An assortment of crops, including sun hemp, soy beans, sorghum, and

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TO-SYN-FUEL Project: First Consortium Meeting in Rotterdam, Netherlands

(TO-SYN-FUEL) Members of twelve SME, industrial, and scientific partners, co-ordinated by Fraunhofer UMSICHT, and representatives of the European Commission participated in the first consortium meeting in Rotterdam, Netherlands, on the 26th of October 2017. Discussions took place regarding the progress

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Waste from Industry Could Drive Sustainable Investment in Scotland, New Report Finds

by Liz Gyekye (Bioenergy Insight)  ... The new report is entitled Biorefining Potential for Scotland and has been produced by Zero Waste Scotland. It aims to provide detailed insight into circular economy opportunities for waste and by-products generated in Scotland. ... Maximising value from ‘bio’

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City Buses to Soon Run on Methane

(The Hindu)  Mumbai: The State government will rely on Swedish biogas technology to make urban transport in Mumbai compliant with emission standards. Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis met officials in Sweden on Thursday and announced that sewage treatment plants (STP) in Mumbai

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First Car Powered by Energy from Sewage Was Unveiled in Australia

(NGV Journal)  Queensland Urban Utilities has unveiled the so-called “Poo-powered Car”, which runs on biogas generated from sewage at the Oxley Creek Sewage Treatment Plant in Brisbane’s west. “If you live in Brisbane’s south or west, every time you flush

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'First' Biomethane Plant Opened in Brazil

(Bioenergy Insight)  The ‘first’ plant in Brazil to make biomethane for fuelling vehicles has been opened in the city of Foz do Iguaçu, in the state of Paraná. Brazilian company Intaipu Binacional, the ‘world’s largest’ generator of renewable clean energy, opened

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harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup corn-based products corn/maize Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality county cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crassulacean acid metabolism plants (CAM) crimes criteria pollutants Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cup plant cuphea currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cusi cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs d-5 D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D20 (20%DME) D5 (5%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date kernel oil date palm date palm pits date palm waste Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization defossilize Dehydration Delaware DeltaWing demonstration demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose dfdsffsfdfsf diatoms diesel Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices Diesel R5 diesel with renewables diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct air capture direct injection direct ocean capture Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) direct-to-fuel directed evolution dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought tolerant drought-resistant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency egg shell Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect Global South global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrid ships hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass Indiana indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial burners industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated biorefineries integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit Invvesting ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jersey Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati knotweed Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose Lake County lamp oil land ownership land prices land rights land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy landfill methane Landfills landscape Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon lecithin legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena levulinic acid Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels liquidation Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps liquified biomethane (LBM) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louis Louisiana low c low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M100 M15 M3 M50 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning machinery macororo Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Fuel Oil Marine Gas Oil (MGO) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel Terminal Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering market forces market share marketing markets/sales Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute mass balance standard Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritania Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane leaks methane/biomethane methanization methanol fuel cells methanol price Methanol-to-Jet (MTJ-SPK) Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methylbutenol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels milk permeate millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minn Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molinia molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo monitoring/measuring reporting verifiction (MRV) Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed mvr Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nano particles nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha naphthene NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gas prices natural gas vehicles natural gasoline Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand Newfoundland Newfoundland and Labrador next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota North Korea Northeast northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory Northwest Territories Norwary Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds nuclear Nunavut nut shells nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition oak oat hulls oat straw oats Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Office of Science Technology and Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes oil/gas terminals Oils Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olive water olives Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm ammonia production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing on-site hydrogen production one p one pound waiver onion waste online courses 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