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Tag "fungus/fungi"

Undergraduates Participate in Bioenergy Research at GLBRC

(Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center)  Each year, the Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center (GLBRC) hosts a group of undergraduate students to participate in the Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) program,

October 11, 2019 Read Full Article

US Patent Granted for Enzymes Developed by ICGEB-DBT Bioenergy Group

(International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology) A new cellulase preparation discovered by scientists at ICGEB, New Delhi has received a US patent award. This discovery is likely to provide a

October 4, 2019 Read Full Article

New Insights into the Genetics of Mushrooms

(Ruhr-Universität Bochum (Google Translation)) Mushrooms of the order Trichosporonales have unusual genetic characteristics, as an international research team now found out. Some Trichosporonales fungal species are of interest to the

September 16, 2019 Read Full Article

Friday Fun with Fungus: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Fungal Biotech for Biofuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Noone knows fungus like these guys. A PNNL team has been developing fungal genetic engineering tools for industrially relevant fungi (filamentous and yeasts) and applying them

September 13, 2019 Read Full Article

Betting on Waste

(EurekAlert!/University of California – Santa Barbara) Most of the materials that maintain our modern lives — fuels, pharmaceuticals and other commodity chemicals — come from non-renewable sources. Over time the acquisition

September 12, 2019 Read Full Article

Fungi Convert Waste Material into Food, Fuel and Feed

(University of Borås/Alpha Galileo)  Wastes become resources in the project Ways2Taste, where researchers at the University of Borås are developing methods for growing fungi on material that would otherwise have become

November 30, 2018 Read Full Article

New Algae/Fungi Biofuels System, Breakthru on Sugar Yields, Biodegradable Clothes, Beyond Burger’s monster GHG Benefit, Indigo Ag’s $250M, Robotic Precision Harvest: The Digest’s Top 10 Innovations for the Week of October 3rd

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The pace of bioeconomy invention and change continues at a frenetic pace. In today’s Digest, a new algae/fungi biofuels system, breakthru on sugar yields, biodegradable clothes,

October 2, 2018 Read Full Article

Mushrooms Could Solve the War on Plastic, Says Kew Gardens

by  Jamie Johnson (Telegraph)  Fungi could be the key to winning the war on plastic, leading scientists at Kew Gardens has said. The first ever report on the state of the world’s fungi has

September 21, 2018 Read Full Article

Eliminating Biofilms in Biofuels: A Bacterial Approach

by Anna Bete, Yazmin Camacho, Jonah Carter, Jason Dong, Christopher Guptil, Max  Herrmann, Hayley Jesse, Peter Menart, Travis O’Leary, and Laura Polanka* (Carroll High School and the Wright-Patterson Air Force Base

September 18, 2018 Read Full Article

Harnessing Algae and Fungi to Create New Biofuel System

by Igor Houwat (Michigan State University) Michigan State University scientists have found a solution to enhance oil production and harvest using what many consider sea sludge. The new proof of concept,

September 14, 2018 Read Full Article

Enzyme Discovery Could Boost Biofuel Production

(European Commission) EU-funded researchers have discovered a new family of enzymes able to break down wood into its chemical components. The findings may lead to more efficient production of biofuels and

August 28, 2018 Read Full Article

Department of Energy Announces $40 Million for Bio-Based Research

(U.S. Department of Energy)  31 Projects Will Help Advance Fundamental Science for Bioenergy  —  Today, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced $40 million in funding for 31 projects to advance research

June 20, 2018 Read Full Article

Research Shows How Genetics Can Contribute for Advances in 2G Ethanol Production

(FUNDAÇÃO DE AMPARO À PESQUISA DO ESTADO DE SÃO PAULO/EurekAlert!)  The study focused three fungi species which produce enzymes with application in biomass degradation; scientists in Brazil reveal how these substances

April 17, 2018 Read Full Article

NUS Team Discovers Bacterium that Produces Only Biobutanol Directly from Cellulose

(Green Car Congress)  A team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) recently discovered that a naturally occurring bacterium, Thermoanaerobacterium thermosaccharolyticum TG57, isolated from waste generated after harvesting mushrooms, is capable of directly

April 6, 2018 Read Full Article

Team Discovers Enzyme Domains that Dramatically Improve Performance

(Phys.Org/ National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  It was more than 10 years in the making, but when it came to uncovering the secrets of the molecular structure of enzymes, perseverance paid off.

March 30, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

Fungal Enzymes Could Hold Secret to Making Renewable Energy from Wood

(Phys.Org/University of York)  An international team of researchers, including scientists from the University of York, has discovered a set of enzymes found in fungi that are capable of breaking down one

February 20, 2018 Read Full Article

Genetically Engineered Fungus Now Squeezes out More Biofuel from Farm Waste

T V Jayannew (The Hindu Business Line)  India’s efforts to enhance biofuel production may get a boost from a work being done at a research laboratory in New Delhi. Researchers at

February 5, 2018 Read Full Article

Rot Is Hot to Trot: Brown Rot Fungi Cries “Tora! Tora! Tora!” to Biomass

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … When it comes to fungi, their ability to break even the most recalcitrant of hardwoods down is well-documented and anyone who has spent a day

December 5, 2017 Read Full Article

New Method Makes Bioethanol from Waste — in Existing Plants

(Science Daily/University of Borås)  … Ramkumar Nair tells us that these research and pilots project where waste is used are called the second generation ethanol processes, whereas the current industrial production

October 31, 2017 Read Full Article

Iconic Species May Hold Clues on Low Quality Forage Digestion

by Robert Arnason (Western Producer)  … But the beaver also has a lesser known skill: it can survive on a diet of branches and twigs. Scientists with Agriculture Canada want to

October 25, 2017 Read Full Article

Top 10 Wood Waste Projects – Not Letting Waste Go to Waste

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … Regardless of which side of the fence you are on, the chopping continues and there are literally tons of wood waste left behind that

October 2, 2017 Read Full Article

Depolymerizing That Dang Lignin: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Biochemical Lignin Deconstruction

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The US Department of Energy is supporting a project to develop a biological approach to depolymerize lignin for upgrading of aromatic compounds to co-products. Lignin

September 15, 2017 Read Full Article

Unlocking the Secrets of Fungi: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Fungal Genomics and Biocatalyst Development

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The US Department of Energy is supporting a project to develop efficient and robust fungal biocatalysts and bioprocesses that utilize lignocellulose feedstocks to produce advanced

September 12, 2017 Read Full Article

‘On Your Mark, Get Set’ Neutrons Run Enzyme’s Reactivity for Better Biofuel Production

by Jeremy Rumsey and Heidi Hill  (Newswise/Department of Energy)  Producing biofuels like ethanol from plant materials requires various enzymes to break down the cellulosic fibers. Scientists using neutron scattering have identified

June 29, 2017 Read Full Article

Fungi the Key to Efficient Biomass Breakdown and Cheap Biofuels?

(Biofuels International)   …   A team from the University of California, Santa Barbara are focusing their research on the estimated 1.5 million species of fungi on earth which can collectively

May 30, 2017 Read Full Article

Trash into Treasure: Sandia Could Help Biofuel Pay for Itself with Goods Made from Waste

(U.S. Department of Energy/Sandia National Laboratories/EurekAlert!)  A recent discovery by Sandia National Laboratories researchers may unlock the potential of biofuel waste — and ultimately make biofuels competitive with petroleum. Fuel

May 9, 2017 Read Full Article

ICGEB Scientists Identify Key Enzyme for Biofuel Production in Fungal Gene

(Biospectrum)  The new fungal source Penicillium funiculosum could be a strong alternative in the industrial enzyme repertoire for biofuel production  —  Scientists at New Delhi-based International Centre for Genetic Engineering

April 13, 2017 Read Full Article

New Study Sets the Stage for Engineering Fungi to Make Fuels instead of Toxins

(Phys.Org)  Molds produce a wide range of both valuable and toxic molecules, which have important implications for energy production, agriculture and human health. A recent study revealed that an organelle

March 22, 2017 Read Full Article

How Brown Rot Fungi Could Lead to More Efficient Biofuels Production

(Lab Manager/U.S. Department of Energy)  Wood’s complex structure makes it highly resistant to biological or chemical decomposition. The structure includes cellulose, long chains of linked sugar molecules, embedded in a

February 28, 2017 Read Full Article

Advances in Biofeedstocks and Biofuels, Volume One: Biofeedstocks and Their Processing

(Scrivener Publishing)  The most comprehensive and up-to-date treatment of all the possible aspects for biofeedstock processing and the production of energy from biofeedstocks. Audience Chemical engineers, petroleum engineers, process engineers,

February 18, 2017 Read Full Article

Environmental Friendly Methodology for Production of Ethanol from Bagasse by Sequential Bio-Processing

by Prabhuraj Balakrishnan (University of Manchester/Nanowerk News)  … In a research work by The University of Manchester academics (Prof. Colin Webb’s research group at the School of Chemical Engineering), a new

January 24, 2017 Read Full Article

Novel Mechanism in Bacterial-Fungal Symbiosis Could Have Biodiesel Production Applications

(Phys.Org/ DOE/Joint Genome Institute)  … To learn more about how bacteria interact with fungi in a symbiotic relationship to support the biochemistries that could contribute to the development of alternate fuel

December 20, 2016 Read Full Article

Turning Brewery Wastewater into Battery Power

(University of Colorado Boulder)  CU Boulder engineers have developed an innovative bio-manufacturing process that uses a biological organism cultivated in brewery wastewater to create the carbon-based materials needed to make

October 12, 2016 Read Full Article

Diverse Fungi Secrete Similar Suite of Decomposition Enzymes

(Phys.Org/Department of Energy)  Soil fungi secrete a wide range of enzymes that play an important role in biofuel production and bioremediation of metal-contaminated soils and water. A recent study reveals

August 31, 2016 Read Full Article

OSU Researching Bacteria to Begin Biofuel Production Process

(Oklahoma State University/Biomass Magazine)  The popular method of breaking down lignin to convert biomass into valuable biofuels and chemicals is done by using fungi. However, researchers at Oklahoma State University

June 6, 2016 Read Full Article

Biotech Breakthrough: Reverse Photosynthesis Could Be the Energy Source of Future

(I4U News)  Danish researchers discover a process called reverse photosynthesis that can make chemicals and biofuels. The discovery has a potential to revolutionize industrial production  —  Photosynthesis, as most of

April 5, 2016 Read Full Article

EPA Funds Small Businesses to Develop Environmental Technologies

(Environmental Protection Agency) Today the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced eight contracts to small businesses to develop innovative technologies to protect the environment, funded through EPA’s Small Business Innovation Research

February 29, 2016 Read Full Article

L’Oreal’s “For Women in Science” Fellowships Recognise Advances that Could Soon Be Saving Lives

(NationMultiMedia.com)  L’OREAL (THAILAND), backed by the Thai National Commission for Unesco, has granted fellowships to six women researchers to foster sustainable development in fields ranging from agriculture to curing cancer.

November 20, 2015 Read Full Article

Mutant Fungus Doubles Biofuel Enzyme Production

(Biofuels International)  Scientists have mutated variants of a certain fungus to double the production of endoxylanase enzymes, which are used in bioethanol production.  …  To address this problem, researchers have

September 3, 2015 Read Full Article

Using Fungi to Harvest Microalgae for Biofuels

by Jan Overney (Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne)  Microalgae are a promising feedstock for biofuels, but current methods of harvesting and dewatering them are unsustainable. Now researchers have shown that growing

August 21, 2015 Read Full Article

International Research Team Seeks More Efficient Biomass Refinement Processes

(Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University)  Researchers from across the world, including from Virginia Tech, plan to mimic the chemistry of the brown rot fungus to improve biorefining processes. BioMim,

July 20, 2015 Read Full Article

Why Fungi-Based Biofuels Could Eventually Replace Conventional Jet Fuel

by Roy Hales (Renewable Energy World) The University of Washington is developing a fungi based aviation biofuel that might be competitive on the open market. Fungi naturally do many of the

May 11, 2015 Read Full Article

Biofuels Research Uncovers Natural Fungicide

by Krista Eastman (Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center)  Scientists at the Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center (GLBRC) reported today (March 9, 2015) the discovery of a chemical compound called poacic

April 9, 2015 Read Full Article

Metabolic Path to Improved Biofuel Production

(EurekAlert!/US Department of Energy Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)  Researchers with the Energy Biosciences Institute (EBI), a partnership that includes the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and the University of

March 5, 2015 Read Full Article

The 41 Weirdest Things Ever Used to Make Biofuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Bunnies, liposuction fat, Prince Charles’ leftover wine, day-old whale, the human poo bus, fire ants dipped in hexane, old beer, raging fireballs, vibrating blobs, dope,

December 31, 2014 Read Full Article

The Clean Plate Club: The Search for Value from Food Waste Finds a Center of Gravity in Hawaii

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  All that food waste, all that potential value. What’s being done about all that material heading from the garbage pail to the landfill?   Turns out,

August 8, 2014 Read Full Article

Fermentable Cellulosic Sugars for Capex of 6.5 Cents per Gallon? Freakishly Low-Cost Venture Still at Early-Stage.

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  It’s a capex figure so low that it sounds like a decimal point is missing.   Though early-stage and just developing data out of its pilot

May 19, 2014 Read Full Article

Endophytics, LLC Announces an Advanced Biofuel and Green Chemicals Technology Platform Utilizing Fungi

(Virtual-Strategy.com)   Changing the way the world looks at the source of hydrocarbons for biofuels and sustainable green chemicals, Endophytics LLC announces a new technology platform in Bozeman, Montana that is

March 4, 2014 Read Full Article

Supercomputer Exposes Biofuel Enzyme's Secrets

by Heather Lammers (National Renewable Energy Laboratory/Renewable Energy World Magazine) Thanks to newer and faster supercomputers, today’s computer simulations are opening hidden vistas to researchers in all areas of science. These powerful

February 27, 2014 Read Full Article

Monsanto and Novozymes Team Up to Provide Sustainable Bioagricultural Solutions

(Monsanto)  The companies establish The BioAg Alliance to discover, develop and sell microbial solutions that enable farmers worldwide to increase crop yields with less input Monsanto Company (NYSE: MON) and Novozymes (NASDAQ

December 11, 2013 Read Full Article

“Flipping the Switch” Reveals New Compounds with Antibiotic Potential

(Oregon State University)  Researchers at Oregon State University have discovered that one gene in a common fungus acts as a master regulator, and deleting it has opened access to a

December 9, 2013 Read Full Article

Crafting a Better Enzyme Cocktail to Turn Plants into Fuel Faster

by Tom Rickey (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory)  Scientists looking to create a potent blend of enzymes to transform materials like corn stalks and wood chips into fuels have developed a

November 6, 2013 Read Full Article

Researchers Look to Grass to Make Gas

(Clemson University)  Clemson University researchers focusing on switchgrass as a renewable fuel source are looking to fungi and bacteria — nature’s specialists in decomposing plants and animals into elements that

September 4, 2013 Read Full Article

36th Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals April 28-May 1, 2014 Clearwater Beach, FL

  36th Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals      April 28-May 1, 2014    Clearwater Beach, FL

The Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemical covers topics such as: Enzyme Science & Technology Biomass Supply & Sustainability Plant Science & Technology Algae Science & Technology Biomass Recalcitrance Pretreatment &

August 23, 2013 Read Full Article

CALL FOR PAPERS: 36th Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals April 28-May 1, 2014 DEADLINE: November 17, 2013

  CALL FOR PAPERS:  36th Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals  April 28-May 1, 2014  DEADLINE:   November 17, 2013

Abstract submission is now open for the 36th Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals (SBFC). The 36th SBFC will be held April 28-May 1, 2014 at the Hilton Clearwater

August 23, 2013 Read Full Article

Bacteria and Fungi Together: A Biofuel Dream Team?

by Erin Brodwin (Scientific American)  A group of researchers enlist fungi and E. coli to make the first biofuel of its kind … The team took Trichoderma reesei, a fungi widely known for its

August 20, 2013 Read Full Article

Enzymes from Horse Feces Could Hold Secrets to Streamlining Biofuel Production

(Science Daily)  Stepping into unexplored territory in efforts to use corn stalks, grass and other non-food plants to make biofuels, scientists have described the discovery of a potential treasure-trove of

April 19, 2013 Read Full Article

Governor Awards $200K to Hawaii Isle Biofuels Initiative

(Star-Advertiser)  The state has invested $200,000 toward a initiative that seeks to develop an economically sustainable zero-waste conversion project in Hilo that will turn unmarketable papaya into biofuel and high-protein

April 8, 2013 Read Full Article

Montana State University Graduate Launches Biofuels Startup, Partners with University

by Sepp Jannotta (Bozeman Daily Chronicle)  A Bozeman biofuels startup is partnering with Montana State University to turn a fungus discovered in the highly acidic hot springs of Yellowstone National

February 22, 2013 Read Full Article

Fungi, the Rodney Dangerfield of Biofuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …Now, yeast is a fungi, but fungi as a Kingdom is a lot broader than our friend yeast and, like Rodney Dangerfield, it been getting,

January 7, 2013 Read Full Article

Energy Department Awards $10 Million to Develop Advanced Biofuels and Bio-based Products

(Department of Energy)  As part of the Obama Administration’s all-of-the-above strategy to develop every available source of American energy, the

January 4, 2013 Read Full Article

Enzymatic Digestibility of Corn Stover Fractions in Response to Fungal Pretreatment

by Zhifang Cui, Caixia Wan, Jian Shi, Robert W. Sykes, and Yebo Li (Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research)  Corn stover fractions (leaves, cobs, and stalks) were

September 14, 2012 Read Full Article

Austrian Centre of Industrial Biotechnology (ACIB) Develops Advanced Biofuels without Food Use

(Melodika.net)  …Biofuels of the 2nd generation are made of agricultural waste – from wood chips, straw or specially cultivated “energy

September 13, 2012 Read Full Article

Researchers Feed Pigs, Chickens High-Protein Fungus Grown on Ethanol Leftovers

(PhysOrg)  In separate feeding trials, nursery pigs and chickens have eaten high-protein fungi that Hans van Leeuwen and other Iowa

August 15, 2012 Read Full Article

White Rot Fungus Boosts Ethanol Production from Corn Stalks, Cobs and Leaves

(Science Daily)  Scientists are reporting new evidence that a white rot fungus shows promise in the search for a way

July 17, 2012 Read Full Article

Study on Fungi Evolution Answers Questions About Ancient Coal Formation and May Help Advance Future Biofuels Production

(National Science Foundation)  Study reveals the potentially large influences of fungi, one of the most biologically diverse classes of organisms,

July 3, 2012 Read Full Article

Indian Researchers Study Lipid Production Potential of Fungi

by Erin Voegele (Biodiesel Magazine)  A research paper published in the peer reviewed journal Microbial Cell Factoriesshows that single-cell oils accumulated

June 11, 2012 Read Full Article

Fungus Research at Montana State University Could Help Biofuels Production

by Jason Bacaj  (Bozeman Daily Chronicle)  …(Mark) Kozubal found the fungus could survive in an acidic habitat with a pH

January 23, 2012 Read Full Article

Turn Up the Heat: Researchers Explore Heat-Resistant Enzymes

by Kris Bevill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  …“Thermophilic fungi can be found worldwide, most commonly in habitats where self-heating of plant

December 8, 2011 Read Full Article

The SuperFriends and Their Planet-Saving Microbial Biofuel Powers

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In the world at large, they are generally called pests. We call them ‘magic bugs’.

November 4, 2011 Read Full Article

Advancing Next-gen Biofuels by Turning Up the Heat on Biomass Pretreatment Processes

by Marie Louise Ballon (U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute/Renewable Energy World)   …Published online October 2 in Nature Biotechnology,

October 4, 2011 Read Full Article

Cracking Cellulose: A Step into the Biofuels Future

(University of York/EurekAlert!)    Scientists from the University of York have played a pivotal role in a discovery which could

September 1, 2011 Read Full Article

Novel Gene Increases Yeast’s Appetite for Plant Sugars

(Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center)  For thousands of years, bakers and brewers have relied on yeast to convert sugar into

August 1, 2011 Read Full Article

Drop-In Biofuel Developer Dorsan Joins ATI-Clean Energy Incubator

(University of Texas at Austin)  The Austin Technology Incubator (ATI), a not-for-profit unit of The University of Texas at Austin, announced

December 17, 2010 Read Full Article

Direct Production of Biodiesel from the Fungus M. circinelloides; Opportunity to Enhance Yield with Genetic Engineering

(Green Car Congress)  Researchers in Spain have demonstrated the direct transformation of biomass consisting of the fungus M. circinelloides into

April 12, 2010 Read Full Article

Fungal Diesel Could Be New Fuel Source

by Sam Bond (edie.net)  A fungus that makes biodiesel as part of its natural lifecycle has attracted the attention of

November 29, 2008 Read Full Article

Novel Fungus Helps Beetles to Digest Hard Wood

by  Amit Avasthi and Vicki Fong (Penn State University, gantdaily.com)  A little known fungus tucked away in the gut of Asian

September 29, 2008 Read Full Article

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densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices diethyl ether Digital Biology dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct-to-fuel directed evolution direct injection Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) dispense distillation distilled biodiesel distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME (dimethyl ether) Dominican Republic double cropping Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dual cropping Dubai duckweed E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E2 E3 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 price E12 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E40 E50 E55 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecuador ED95 education educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric grid electricity electricity/power generation electricity price electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) end user Energy Bill energy cane energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) enzymatic conversion enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane ethanol ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) externalities extremophiles f F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose flameleaf sumac flavors flax Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) French fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel additives fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal Germany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green chemistry green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing GREET model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guinea Gulf states Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawaii hazardous waste HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) HFS-SIP hibiscus High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project Highway Bill highway funds highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horse bedding Horse manure horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrids hydrocarbon fuels hydrofaction hydrogen hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogenolysis hydrogen pumps hydropower hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal liquefaction hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indiana Indian 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liquefaction liquid liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M3 M15 M50 M100 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Biofuel marine algae Marine Corps Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methanol price Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbe microbes microbiology microorganizms microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum Monaco mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol nahar Namibia nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Lab National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Transportation Safety Board Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Northwest Territories Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds NTSB nuclear Nunavut nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol off-take agreements Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins olive cake olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains 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insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance protectionism protein protests public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest RAND rare earth metal RD20 RD30 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit Renewable Diesel/Green 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RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK sales Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale gas shale oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smokestack soap social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar-to-fuels solar biofuels solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solid oxide fuel cell Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx 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