If you find this site useful, please

Advanced Biofuels USA: promoting the understanding, development and use of advanced biofuels around the world.

Advanced BioFuels USA

Tag "ethanol/bioethanol"

Vietnam Ethanol Producer Purchases Equipment, U.S. Corn During Trade Team Mission

(U.S. Grains Council)  The sole ethanol producer in Vietnam is preparing to test U.S. corn as a feedstock with a hammer mill purchased during a mission to the United States in

June 25, 2019 Read Full Article

Making It More Viable to Turn Agricultural Waste into Renewable Fuel

by Alayna DeMartini (Ohio State University College of Engineering)  Although the stalks and leaves of a corn plant can be turned into ethanol, the high cost of collecting, storing, and transporting

June 24, 2019 Read Full Article

Co-Optima Identifies Innovation Needed to Continue Momentum in Fuel Economy Gains

(U.S. Department of Energy)  Today’s cars are advancing at lightning speed: from electric vehicles to efficient internal combustion engines to automated vehicles. Transportation is changing. Although the fuel-economy ratings of

June 24, 2019 Read Full Article

National Gasoline Public Education and Consumer Awareness Campaign Launched: It’s Time—EPA: Make Gasoline SAFE!

(Safe Gasoline Campaign)  Gasoline and its emissions are one of the greatest threats to public health Americans face today. Transportation related pollution accounts for an estimated 50,000 premature deaths annually. When

June 22, 2019 Read Full Article

NCGA Ups Pressure on EPA to Follow President’s Lead on Ethanol

(National Corn Growers Association)  The National Corn Growers Association today will begin airing an advertisement calling on the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to follow President Trump’s commitment to farmers and

June 21, 2019 Read Full Article

Brazil’s Sao Martinho to Launch Corn-Based Ethanol Production

by Marcelo Teixeir (Reuters)  Brazil’s Sao Martinho SA , one of the country’s largest sugar and ethanol producers, plans to build a facility to produce ethanol from corn in the state

June 21, 2019 Read Full Article

Indian Oil to Invest Rs 700 Crore in Setting up 2G Ethanol Plant at Panipat Refinery

by Bilal Abdi (Economic Times Energy World)  Indian Oil Corporation (IOC), the country’s largest fuel retailer, is planning to set up a biomass-based second generation ethanol production facility at its flagship Panipat

June 21, 2019 Read Full Article

Scania Buses Fuelled by Ethanol from Wine Residue

(Scania/WebWire)  Scania Interlink buses, powered by locally produced ethanol, connect the island of Ile de Ré with the nearby port city of La Rochelle.  —  In looking for alternatives apart from electric

June 21, 2019 Read Full Article

Uttar Pradesh to Partner Centre for Ethanol Blending in Fuel to Cut Oil Import Bill

by Virendra Singh Rawat (Business Standard)  The state, along with Maharashtra, clocks 9-10% of blending due to higher cane availability  —  Uttar Pradesh, the country’s top sugarcane producer, has offered to partner the

June 20, 2019 Read Full Article

Co-Optimization of Fuels & Engines: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Top 10 Bioblendstocks

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The U.S. Department of Energy and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have created a tiered screening process that efficiently evaluates blendstocks and includes a comprehensive blendstock evaluation

June 20, 2019 Read Full Article

Modified Enzyme Can Increase Second-Generation Ethanol Production

by Elton Alisson (FAPESP/Phys.Org)  A group of researchers at the University of Campinas (UNICAMP), working in partnership with colleagues at the Brazilian Biorenewables National Laboratory (LNBR) in Campinas, São Paulo State,

June 19, 2019 Read Full Article

Some U.S. Ethanol Makers Looking to Buy Brazilian Corn: RFA

by Marcelo Teixeira and Roberto Samora (Reuters)  Some U.S. ethanol makers are considering buying corn from Brazil to guarantee supply as domestic crop prices are rising, the chief of the Renewable Fuels

June 19, 2019 Read Full Article

If Rice Is Nice, Rice Trash Is Cash: Gevo, Praj Working to Convert Rice Straw to Products

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … Specifically, in the past month, Gevo also executed an agreement with Praj to develop jet fuel and isooctane from rice straw and other feedstocks. Gruber

June 19, 2019 Read Full Article

Brazil to Let Ethanol Sector Raise Capital Using Tax Free Notes

(Reuters)  The Brazilian government will allow companies in the sugar and ethanol sector to raise capital for investments through the issuance of notes that are exempt from income tax, Energy Minister

June 18, 2019 Read Full Article

Glut in Sugar Industry: State Proposes to Use 25% Sugarcane

by Makarand Gadgil (Mumbai Mirror)  The state sugar commissioner has proposed that one-fourth of the state’s sugarcane be used to produce ethanol in a bid to reduce the glut in the sugar industry

June 13, 2019 Read Full Article

The Oil Industry and Environmentalists form an Odd Alliance against Trump on Ethanol

by Emily Moon (Pacific Standard)  It could be years before farmers see any gains from the rollback of E15 restrictions—or before oil interests and environmental groups see any losses.  —  … For

June 13, 2019 Read Full Article

European Ethanol Scores Higher Greenhouse Gas Savings – Again

(ePURE)  EU ethanol production and use resulted in more than 71% average savings over fossil fuels in 2018, according to the latest certified producer data; it’s the seventh straight year ethanol’s

June 13, 2019 Read Full Article

How Trump (and Iowa) Changed How You Fuel Your Car

by Mario Parker and Jennifer A Dlouhy (Bloomberg)  Ethanol, the intoxicating alcohol found in beer, wine and liquor, has been powering automobiles in the U.S. since the era of the Model T

June 12, 2019 Read Full Article

Finnish Researcher Looks to Blue-Green Algae for Biodiesel Production

(Yle Uutiset News)  Someday, the process could help reduce or eliminate the reliance on fossil fuels, according to the researcher.  —  One day, it may be possible to fuel vehicles with biodiesel

June 12, 2019 Read Full Article

₹500-cr Fund Mooted for Ethanol Production in Maharashtra

by Rahul Wadke (The Hindu Business Line)  The Sugar Commissioner of Maharashtra has recommended to the State government that ₹500 crore be made available to cooperative sugar mills in the State for developing

June 12, 2019 Read Full Article

As Biden Tours Iowa, Farmers Want to Know Where He Stands on Ethanol

by Jarrett Renshaw (Reuters)  Joe Biden may have an ethanol problem.  The former U.S. vice president has pledged support for advanced biofuels as part of his bid for the 2020 Democratic presidential

June 11, 2019 Read Full Article

New Core-Shell Catalyst for Ethanol Fuel Cells

(Brookhaven National Laboratory)  Greatly boosts efficiency of ethanol electro-oxidation, offering promise for liquid-fuel-cell-powered drones  —  Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory and the University of Arkansas have

June 11, 2019 Read Full Article

Tax Dept, OMCs Locked in Dispute over Excise Duty, Oil Firms Served Notice

by Shine Jacob and Dilasha Seth (Business Standard)  The indirect tax department and oil marketing companies are locked in a battle over levy of excise duty on ethanol-blended motor spirit (EBMS),

June 11, 2019 Read Full Article

$1.2 Million Ethanol Plant Set for September

(Zambia Daily Mail Limited)  The operation of the US$1.2 million ethanol plant is expected to start in September after the Energy Regulation Board (ERB) undertakes the final inspection this month. The company

June 11, 2019 Read Full Article

It’s a Yeast Feast, Enzyme Showtime: The Majors Break through with New Cost-Busting Solutions for Ethanol Production

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Three big product announcements just in…   DSM (e) breaks through on yield, efficiency with new yeast, enzyme offerings for corn fiber conversion.  Novozymes launches breakthrough techs “Fortiva”

June 11, 2019 Read Full Article

Government’s Contradictory Policies Killing Agro-Industrial Sectors in Nigeria

by Femi Ibirogba (The Guardian)  … Mr Rajavelu Rajasekar is a Director (Agro), Allied-Atlantic Distilleries, Agbara, Ogun State, where 250 metric tonnes of raw cassava roots are processed into ethanol. He

June 10, 2019 Read Full Article

Opinion: Presidential Candidates Need a Vision for Biofuels

by Rob Hogg, Amanda Ragan and Bill Couser (Des Moines Register/Biofuels Vision 2020) As presidential candidates visit Iowa ahead of the caucuses, Biofuels Vision 2020 – a coalition of biofuels supporters –

June 10, 2019 Read Full Article

Diesel Engines CAN Be Friends with Ethanol!: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to ClearFlame Engines

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ClearFlame Engines spoke at a recent Biofuels Digest webinar about diesel fueled engines and how they can be running on ethanol via ClearFlame engines that can be

June 10, 2019 Read Full Article

QUOTE OF THE WEEK — Dave VanderGriend

“The true hypocrisy is that some environmental groups, and to some extent the U.S. EPA, refuse to recognize emerging science and data that clearly show the growth of the ethanol

June 7, 2019 Read Full Article

Study Finds Ethanol Blends Reduce GDI Tailpipe PM

(Green Car Congress)  A new study finds that ethanol blends reduce particulate matter (PM) coming out of the tailpipe, which in turn reduces overall toxic emissions. The study was conducted by the University

June 7, 2019 Read Full Article

2020 Democratic Front-Runner Joe Biden and President Trump Plan Dueling Campaign Stops in Iowa on Tuesday

by Jeff Daniels (CNBC)  -Former Vice President Joe Biden plans to return to Iowa next Tuesday, marking only his second trip to the key caucus state since formally declaring a

June 7, 2019 Read Full Article

Brazil to Let Mills Sell Ethanol Directly to Gas Stations

Marcela Ayres and Marcelo Teixeira  (Reuters)  The Brazilian government on Tuesday paved the way for ethanol makers to sell the fuel directly to gas stations, by passing a resolution to boost

June 6, 2019 Read Full Article

Renewable Fuel Standard: Information on Likely Program Effects on Gasoline Prices and Greenhouse Gas Emission

(U.S. Government Accountability Office)  We reviewed the effects of the Renewable Fuel Standard, which requires biofuels to be blended into U.S. transportation fuels in increasing volumes. The standard was associated with modest

June 6, 2019 Read Full Article

A Staple of FEW, Industry Awards Celebrate 19-Year History

by Matt Thompson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  This year marks the 19th year the Award of Excellence and the High Octane Award, formerly known as the Distinguished Service Award, will be presented at

June 4, 2019 Read Full Article

Farming Seaweed to Make Biofuel

(AZO Cleantech)  Seaweed can be broadly termed as marine macroalgae, and belongs to one of the many groups of multicellular red, green and brown algae. Seaweed is widely used to produce

June 4, 2019 Read Full Article

Biofuels Production and Consumption in Brazil: Status, Advances and Challenges

Glaucia Mendes Souza, Rubens Maciel Filho, Luís Cassinelli, Carlos Henrique de Brito Cruz and Renato D. Godinho  (IEA Bioenergy Task 39)  … Brazil has an energy matrix with substantial renewable content, with renewables

June 3, 2019 Read Full Article

From Ethanol Plants to Protein Factories: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Green Plains

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The Digest’s new “Stocks Worth Tracking” Multi-Slide Guide Series highlights hot companies that are making strides in the bioeconomy. Today’s “Stock Worth Tracking” is Green Plains.

June 3, 2019 Read Full Article

KOKO Sets up 700 Smart Fuel ATMs across Nairobi

(Business Today)  KOKO Networks has announced the installation of 700 ethanol fuel ATMs across the Nairobi. The company also unveiled its new 2-burner cooker at an event attended by Dr Joseph

May 31, 2019 Read Full Article

Ethanol Saves Sugar Makers Amid Supply Glut

by Yash Upadhyaya   (Bloomberg Quint) High-margin ethanol business aided India’s sugar makers’ earnings even as a record output in the domestic market pushed prices lower in the first half of the year.

May 31, 2019 Read Full Article

Rising Corn Prices Hurt Ethanol Margins: Heavy Midwest Rains Drive Up Corn Prices, Hit Ethanol Producers Hard

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer)  … The latest planting progress report tells the story for worsening ethanol margins. An estimated 58% of U.S. corn was planted as of last Sunday, the

May 31, 2019 Read Full Article

European Ethanol Scores Higher Greenhouse Gas Savings – Again

(ePURE) EU ethanol production and use resulted in more than 71% average savings over fossil fuels in 2018, according to the latest certified producer data; it’s the seventh straight year ethanol’s

May 31, 2019 Read Full Article

Strategy for Growth: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Pacific Ethanol

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The Digest’s new “Stocks Worth Tracking” Multi-Slide Guide Series highlights hot companies that are making strides in the bioeconomy. Today’s “Stock Worth Tracking” is Pacific Ethanol.

May 31, 2019 Read Full Article

Ethanol Represents Fastest Growing U.S. Ag Export

(Feed & Grain/U.S. Grains Council)  In 2018, U.S. ethanol exports totaled more than 6.5 billion liters — A recent analysis by the U.S. Grains Council (USGC) shows non-beverage ethanol has been the

May 29, 2019 Read Full Article

Rethinking Tomorrow and New Product Launches: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Novozymes

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The Digest’s new “Stocks Worth Tracking” Multi-Slide Guide Series highlights hot companies that are making strides in the bioeconomy. Today’s “Stock Worth Tracking” is Novozymes. Novozymes

May 29, 2019 Read Full Article

USGC Demonstrates Ethanol’s Cost Savings in Indonesia

(U.S. Grains Council/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Ethanol could generate significant cost savings while boosting octane in fuel supplies in Indonesia. That’s the message the U.S. Grains Council and its partners are conveying

May 28, 2019 Read Full Article

What If Scientists, Not Politicians, Called the Shots on Climate Policy

by Michael Langford (The Hill/Utility Workers Union of America)  … For example, carbon capture technology could broadly decarbonize power generation including both natural gas and coal-fired plants as well as heavy

May 28, 2019 Read Full Article

MicroNiche Engineering: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Microvi

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Microvi has a vision of safe water, sustainable chemicals and a clean environment for all. How they do this is through their exclusive MicroNiche Engineering platform which

May 28, 2019 Read Full Article

Government Restricts Bio-Fuel Imports

by Kirtika Suneja (Economic Times)  Till now, bio-fuel import was allowed only for non-fuel purposes subject to actual user condition. –The government has restricted the import of bio-fuels including ethyl alcohol, bio-diesel

May 28, 2019 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Gevo

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The Digest’s new “Stocks Worth Tracking” Multi-Slide Guide Series highlights hot companies that are making strides in the bioeconomy. Today’s “Stock Worth Tracking” is Gevo. Gevo

May 28, 2019 Read Full Article

Houston We Have a Problem…

by Doug Durante (Biofuels Digest/Clean Fuels Development Coalition) and Dave VanderGriend (Urban Air Initiative)  Floods, horrible chemical fires, and now a barge accident in the port resulting in a chemical spill that

May 27, 2019 Read Full Article

‘A Personal Business’: Two Ethanol Company Executives Discuss Their Career Changes, Lessons They’ve Learned and Their Impressions of Our Industry.

by Matt Thompson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Greg Thompson started his career at BASF and is now president and CEO of White Energy. Jeanne McCaherty, CEO of Guardian Energy Management, came to

May 24, 2019 Read Full Article

All For One: The American Coalition for Ethanol’s Annual Washington, D.C., Fly-In

by Lisa Gibson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  During a meeting with three attendees of the American Coalition for Ethanol’s 2019 Washington, D.C., fly-in, Jaqueline Schmitz, senior policy advisor for Sen. Robert Menendez,

May 24, 2019 Read Full Article

Husker Ag to Produce 1 Billionth Gallon of Ethanol in May

(Husker Ag/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Husker Ag started production in 2003 as a Fagen ICM 20-million-gallon plant located in Plainview, Nebraska. In 2007 the company expanded by adding an ICM 40-million-gallon plant. Today

May 24, 2019 Read Full Article

Innovative Foundation in Iowa

by Debi Durham (Iowa Economic Development Authority) … Iowa is home to three public universities – the University of Iowa, Iowa State University (ISU) and the University of Northern Iowa –

May 21, 2019 Read Full Article

Brazil Corn Ethanol Industry Booms as Cereal’s Output Nears 100 mln T

Marcelo Teixeira (Reuters) …(T)there was a general assumption that it was more expensive to produce ethanol from corn than from sugarcane.  Five years on, the group has doubled capacity in the

May 21, 2019 Read Full Article

CARB Touts Success of California’s Clean Fuels Rule

by Betsy Lillian (NGT News)  According to 2018 data from the California Air Resources Board (CARB), nearly 3.3 billion gallons of petroleum diesel have been displaced by clean, low-carbon alternatives in the state.

May 21, 2019 Read Full Article

In Oil-Rich North Dakota, Alternative Energy Advocates Tout Job Growth

by Dan Niepow  (Grand Forks Herald)    …  To be sure, there have been some efforts among North Dakota leaders to bolster clean energy, at least on the ethanol front. Under

May 17, 2019 Read Full Article

LanzaTech Aims to Fuel Jets and Make Consumer Goods from Recycled Carbon Pollution

by Tom DiChristopher (CNBC) -LanzaTech sells technology that transforms carbon pollution into ethanol, a renewable fuel and feedstock for chemicals. -Founded in 2005, the start-up is now aiming to produce sustainable

May 17, 2019 Read Full Article

Ethanol: Let’s Ride the Wave–Making Ethanol Part of the “Green Wave” by Debunking Environmental Misinformation.

by Dave VanderGriend (Urban Air Initiative)  Now that we are well into the current Congress, it is clear that many new members are riding in on a green wave with a

May 17, 2019 Read Full Article

Trade War Hurting the U.S. Ethanol Industry ‘Badly’ -U.S. Grains Council

by Ayenat Mersie (Reuters)  The U.S.-China trade war is hurting the U.S. ethanol industry “badly,” Mike Dwyer, chief economist of the U.S. Grains Council, said on Wednesday at an event at

May 17, 2019 Read Full Article

Trade Decision Is Bad for EU’s Ethanol Industry, Farmers – and Climate Ambitions

(ePURE)  Europe’s renewable ethanol producers are already under pressure from misguided biofuel and agricultural policy decisions; now is not the time

May 16, 2019 Read Full Article

Running on Refuse

by Matt Thompson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Enerkem is producing methanol and ethanol at its Edmonton, Alberta, plant, diverting up to 24

May 15, 2019 Read Full Article

Nebraska Corn Farmers Position Their Operations for the Next Generation

(Omaha World-Herald)  When Taylor Nelson of Jackson, Nebraska, graduated from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln in 2012, the farm economy was on

May 15, 2019 Read Full Article

New Study: Renewable Fuel Standard Saves Consumers 22 Cents on Every Gallon of Gas

by Kelsey Quargnenti (Renewable Fuels Association)  The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) has lowered gas prices by an average of 22 cents

May 15, 2019 Read Full Article

Maharashtra Sugar Millers Seek Long-Term Pacts with OMCs for Ethanol

by Nanda Kasabe (Financial Express)  Sugar millers in Maharashtra have sought the intervention of the Niti Aayog to ensure long term purchase

May 15, 2019 Read Full Article

Nigeria Imports 350m Litres of Ethanol Yearly as Experts Suggest Solutions

(The Guardian)  Produces about six per cent of national need;  Cassava can fill the gap with good policies  Despite the abundance

May 15, 2019 Read Full Article

Storage for a Growing Product Market

(Tank Storage Magazine)  With plans to invest further in used cooking oils capacity as well as improve infrastructure for bioethanol storage,

May 15, 2019 Read Full Article

Indian Perspective on Bioenergy: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to IndianOil Corp.

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  IndianOil has a 33,000-plus work-force, extensive refining, distribution & marketing infrastructure and advanced R&D facilities. In

May 15, 2019 Read Full Article

Tired of Hearing About the GND and NOPEC? Here Are Energy Policy Moves That Have a Real Chance in Next 12-18 Months

(Raymond James & Associates) … The EPA is moving forward on year-round E15, while concurrently reforming RINs. As a long-standing political

May 14, 2019 Read Full Article

Biomass to Hydrocarbon Fuels and Chemicals: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Vertimass

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Vertimass technology converts renewable ethanol into gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel blend stocks and high value chemicals.

May 14, 2019 Read Full Article

Feedstock Flexibility

by Matt Thompson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Beyond Enerkem, a few companies around the world are looking to feedstocks outside of corn

May 14, 2019 Read Full Article

Letter to Editor: Using E30 Necessary to Support Ag Economy

by Dale Christensen (Farm Forum)  … Unless we all use the products that come from our fields, such as higher ethanol

May 10, 2019 Read Full Article

QUOTE OF THE WEEK — Steffen Mueller and Sam Rushing

“(E)thanol facilities capturing carbon deserve credit for the difference in emissions between gas cleanup and compression of fermentation CO2 versus

May 10, 2019 Read Full Article

The Case for a Credit

by  Steffen Mueller and Sam Rushing (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The role of ethanol-based carbon dioxide is often underappreciated, both as an

May 10, 2019 Read Full Article

POET Ads Spotlight Farm Crisis

by Cindy Zimmerman (Energy.AgWired.com)  South Dakota-based ethanol producer POET, LLC, is launching a major advertising campaign directed at “leaders in the nation’s capital

May 10, 2019 Read Full Article

Review of Policies for Biofuel E5 RON 92 Proposed over Disappointing Sales

(Viet Nam News)  Saigon Petro Company Limited recently proposed policies for the development of E5 RON 92 to be reviewed over

May 9, 2019 Read Full Article

Going Green on a Budget: Lessons Taught and Learned at the Green Neighbor Festival

by Joanne Ivancic* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  Coal powers the GM Bolt with West Virginia license plates parked in the EV

May 8, 2019 Read Full Article

Iowa Caucus: Marianne Williamson Stops at Golden Grain Energy for Ethanol Crash Course

by Lisa Grouette (The Globe Gazette/KPVI)  Marianne Williamson, a proclaimed spiritual leader and activist, sat in on a PowerPoint-style presentation

May 8, 2019 Read Full Article

Nebraska Legislature Passes Cost Share Program for Ethanol Infrastructure

(WNAX)  Last week Nebraska State Senators voted unanimously to pass LB 585, a measure creating a cost share grant program for

May 8, 2019 Read Full Article

Thomas Midgley, Jr. May Have Been the Most Environmentally Disastrous Person of All Time

by Tom Phillips (Popular Science)  … In the 1910s and 1920s, he was working on the problem of car engines “knocking”—a

May 6, 2019 Read Full Article

Biofuels Production and Consumption in Brazil: Status, Advances and Challenges

by Glaucia Mendes Souza, Rubens Maciel Filho, Luís Cassinelli, Carlos Henrique de Brito Cruz,  and Renato D. Godinho (IEA Bioenergy Task 39 Newsletter)  1. Status

May 3, 2019 Read Full Article

Janet Mills’ First Veto Aims to Stop a Republican’s Effort to Limit Ethanol in Gasoline

by Michael Shepherd (Bangor Daily News)  Gov. Janet Mills issued her first veto on Thursday, rejecting a bill that passed the

May 3, 2019 Read Full Article

Comparison of Biofuel Life-Cycle GHG Emissions Assessment Tools: The Case Studies of Ethanol Produced from Sugarcane, Corn, and Wheat

by L.G.Pereira, O.Cavalett, A.Bonomi, Y.Zhang, E.Warner, H.L.Chum (Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews)  Highlights:  Emissions ranged from 16 to 45 for sugarcane and 43–62 g

May 3, 2019 Read Full Article

Why a Drop of Oil Bounces in a Water/Ethanol Gradient and Eventually Falls to the Bottom of a Jar

by Bob Yirka  (Phys.org)  A team of researchers working at the University of Twente has solved the mystery of why a

May 2, 2019 Read Full Article

Congress Proposes to Import Molasses to Strengthen Bioethanol Industry

by Cherryl Anne Cruz (Carmudi Philippines/Yahoo!) The House of Representatives, led by former President and House Speaker Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, met up

May 2, 2019 Read Full Article

Biofuels in Canada 2019: Tracking Biofuel Consumption, Feedstocks and Avoided Greenhouse Gas Emissions

(Navius Research) Navius Research has released the 2019 edition of the “Biofuels in Canada” report. This report uses public data

May 2, 2019 Read Full Article

Why Democrats Should Visit Farm Communities

by Jennifer Rubin (Washington Post)  A new report confirms that President Trump is causing the most pain in areas of the country

May 1, 2019 Read Full Article

WEBINAR: What If Everything with a Diesel Engine Could Run on 100% Ethanol? — May 15, 2019

    WEBINAR:  What If Everything with a Diesel Engine Could Run on 100% Ethanol?   —   May 15, 2019

What if everything with a diesel engine could run on 100% ethanol?    Ethanol’s search for new markets  As electrification and hybridization

May 1, 2019 Read Full Article

Flex Fuels and Hybrid Electrification Will Change Heavy Trucks

by Kevin Clemens (Design News)  …  “We’ve been working for a number of years on ways to make engines for cars and

May 1, 2019 Read Full Article

Yes, Tin Lizzie Was an Alcoholic

by Marc J. Rauch  (The Auto Channel)  Correcting Bad Revisionist History About Ford’s Model T Automobile  —  The most venerated automobile of all

May 1, 2019 Read Full Article

Government Reduces the Price of Petrol after Increasing Amount of Ethanol in Fuel

(ZimEye.net)  The pump price of petrol has come down by 9 cents after government revised its duties and increased the amount

April 30, 2019 Read Full Article

China’s Huge Grain Stockpiles Set to Linger through Next Year

by Karen Braun (Rueters/NASDAQ)  … In 2017, China announced it would require gasoline supplies nationwide to be blended with ethanol by

April 30, 2019 Read Full Article

Promote Use of Biofuel to Save Money on Import of Crude Oil

by Abhiti Agarawal  (Times of India)  It is high time that India should go in for production of biofuel on a massive

April 29, 2019 Read Full Article

Farmers, the Unsung Heroes of Earth Day

by Vincent “Zippy” Duvall (American Farm Bureau Federation)  … But consumers need to know how much the folks who grow and raise

April 29, 2019 Read Full Article

Splitting Ethanol Market Helps Make Brazil a Big Winner as US Struggles

(MENAFN)  The ethanol market is splitting in two, which is having a big impact on the crops used to make the

April 29, 2019 Read Full Article

Modifying the Message: With a Democratic-Majority House of Representatives, the Ethanol Lobby Emphasizes Carbon Reduction.

by Lisa Gibson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The ethanol industry has done a great job making friends throughout the political spectrum, says

April 26, 2019 Read Full Article

Ethanol’s Tightening Tough Spot

by Alan Guebert (Beatrice Daily Sun)  … “U.S. farmers, particularly cornbelt farmers, have gotten a really bad deal from the

April 26, 2019 Read Full Article

ADM Considers Ethanol Spinoff as First-Quarter Profit Falls on Severe Weather

by P.J. Huffstutter, Shradha Singh (Reuters)  Archer Daniels Midland Co said on Friday it was considering spinning off its ethanol business after

April 26, 2019 Read Full Article

Reducing Energy Required to Convert CO2 Waste into Valuable Resources

(University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign/Phys.Org) Surplus industrial carbon dioxide creates an opportunity to convert waste into a valuable commodity. Excess CO2

April 26, 2019 Read Full Article

Duke University Researchers Develop Robotic System that Sniffs Ethanol Leaks

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest) In North Carolina, engineers at Duke University are developing a smart robotic system for sniffing out pollution

April 24, 2019 Read Full Article

10M Tax Credit Awarded to US Sugarcane Energy Company

(California Ethanol & Power) Today, California Ethanol & Power, LLC (CE&P) announced that it was awarded a $10 million income tax

April 24, 2019 Read Full Article

2019 Ethanol Producer Award Winners Announced

by Lisa Gibson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The 2019 Ethanol Producer Award winners have been selected. Following a nomination period and voting

April 24, 2019 Read Full Article

Finnish Bioethanol Project Worth Millions – Swedish SEKAB Provides Technology

(SEKAB) In 2021, the biorefinery Nordfuel is planned to open in Northern Finland. The facility will produce bioethanol and biofuel

April 24, 2019 Read Full Article

Energy/Ethanol Outlook: Is There Hope for an Ethanol Boom?

by Bryce Knorr (Farm Progress)  Biofuel bust could get a little relief soon.   —  Pain at the pump could mean at

April 19, 2019 Read Full Article

NFU Urges Implementatin of E15 Waiver, Common-Sense Provisions for Higher Level Blends

(National Farmers Union/KTIC Radio) As the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) works towards allowing year-round use of E15 gasoline, National Farmers

April 19, 2019 Read Full Article

Former DuPont Employee Gets 42 Months in Prison for Stealing Trade Secrets

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  … As part of his guilty plea, Isler (Josh Harry Isler) admitted that, during August 2013,

April 19, 2019 Read Full Article

Putting CO₂ Emissions to Work: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Opus 12

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Opus 12 has developed a device that recycles CO₂ into cost-competitive chemicals and fuels. Their technology

April 19, 2019 Read Full Article

St Peter High School Tours Guardian Energy

(Minnesota Bio-Fuels Association)  Fourteen students from St Peter High School toured Guardian Energy in Janesville this morning to learn about homegrown

April 18, 2019 Read Full Article

The Daily Grind: Low Margins Prompt Plants to Diversify Coproduct Streams, Capturing Value in Efficiency.

by Matt Thompson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  As the ethanol industry struggles with low margins, uncertainty around U.S. EPA rules, and an

April 18, 2019 Read Full Article

Spotlight: Adding Value Across the Board

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  Spotlighting the Minnesota Soybean Growers Association, which championed the nation’s first biodiesel mandate as a way

April 17, 2019 Read Full Article

Richardton Ethanol Plant Moves Forward with Carbon Capture Project

by Amy Dalrymple (Bismarck Tribune/Grand Forks Herald)  A project to capture carbon dioxide from a western North Dakota ethanol plant

April 17, 2019 Read Full Article

ICGEB’s Novel Yeast Strain Increases Ethanol Production

by R. Prasad (The Hindu)  The strain produces ethanol by fermenting rice and wheat straw — Compared with currently available strains, a

April 17, 2019 Read Full Article

Couple Takes Personal Ethanol Story to DC

by Cindy Zimmerman (Energy.AgWired.com)  Phil Near and his wife Cheryl Werth Near were part of the American Coalition for Ethanol (ACE)

April 12, 2019 Read Full Article

MIT Says We’re Overlooking a Near-Term Solution to Diesel Trucking Emissions

by Megan Guess (ARS Technica)  … Daniel Cohn and Leslie Bromberg, a pair of researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

April 12, 2019 Read Full Article

System Is Abetting Ethanol Smuggling in Kenya

by Moses Michira (Standard Digital)  Kenya’s illegal ethanol importation scam is turning to be a deadly business that enjoys protection from

April 12, 2019 Read Full Article

Gevo to Work With Praj Industries to Commercialize Renewable Isobutanol, Jet Fuel and Isooctane in India

(Gevo/Globe Newswire)  Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ: GEVO) announced today that it has signed a binding, definitive Construction License Agreement with Praj Industries

April 10, 2019 Read Full Article

Ethanol Industry Gets Welcome News: USDA Study Shows It’s More Environmentally Friendly than Gasoline

(The Messenger)  … The United States Department of Agriculture has just released the findings of a USDA study about the environmental

April 9, 2019 Read Full Article

Recope’s Plan For Ethanol Faces Appeals And Objection From Politicians

by Rico (Q Costa Rica)  Five appeals have been filed with the Constitutional Court, while opposition party calls for accounts  —  The

April 9, 2019 Read Full Article

Study Shows Ethanol’s Impact

by John Huthmacher (Hastings Tribune)  Ethanol continues to be a driving force in Nebraska’s economy, affecting a sizable portion of the state’s

April 9, 2019 Read Full Article

Ethanol Imports from U.S. Reach Record Levels

by Sean Pratt (Western Producer) The ethanol industry says most of the U.S. imports occur in Atlantic Canada, Quebec and British

April 9, 2019 Read Full Article

Ethanol Industry Roiled by Flooding, Lifting SoCal Gasoline Prices Near $4/gal

(Seeking Alpha)  The floods that inundated the Midwest also have slammed a U.S. ethanol industry that already was struggling with high inventories and

April 9, 2019 Read Full Article

QUOTE OF THE WEEK — Chris Frey

Researchers tested regular E10 with 10% ethanol to a mid-level blend with 27% ethanol or E27. They found that when

April 8, 2019 Read Full Article

New Study: Non Flex Fuel Vehicles Benefit From Ethanol Blends

(Urban Air Initiative)  A newly published study finds that most vehicles on the road today can adapt to mid-level ethanol blends, helping cars

April 8, 2019 Read Full Article

Fuels Institute Study Explores National High-Octane Standard

by Matt Thompson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  A report released by the Fuels Institute, a research group that studies issues effecting vehicle

April 8, 2019 Read Full Article

ERA Funds Wheat-Ethanol Plant, Woody Biomass Project

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine)  Emissions Reduction Alberta recently announced funding to support several projects through its Partnership Intake Program, including

April 2, 2019 Read Full Article

Sustainable Chemicals Produced by Vertimass Now Eligible for Iowa Renewable Chemical Production Tax Credit

(Vertimass/Cision/PR Newswire) Vertimass’ ethanol to renewable chemicals offers ethanol producers alternative product capability  —  The Iowa Economic Development Authority (IEDA) has approved

April 2, 2019 Read Full Article

Nebraska Corn Board Recognized Five Ag Leaders at Annual Awards Dinner

by Teia Goodwin (KTPM) The Nebraska Corn Board says that five recognition awards were presented to individual, educational and industry leaders

April 1, 2019 Read Full Article

Minneota High School visits Carbohydrate Solutions

(Minnesota Bio-Fuels Association)  Twelve students from Minneota High School visited the Archer Daniels Midland Company’s Carbohydrate Solutions plant in Marshall on

March 29, 2019 Read Full Article

Insight: US Ethanol Moving to China by Various Means, Including Ship-to-Ship Transfers

by Clare Pennington, Izham Ahmad, Steven McGinn (ICIS) Trans-shipments of ethanol from the US to China are taking place in renewed efforts

March 28, 2019 Read Full Article

Oregon Rack Gasoline Jumps Nearly 34 Cents in Two Weeks on Ethanol Troubles

by Kenneth Raphael, Jeffrey Bair and Wes Swift (S&P Global Platts)  Portland, Oregon, rack gasoline has jumped more than 33 cents

March 28, 2019 Read Full Article

High-Protein Feed Ingredients & Ethanol: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Green Plains

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Green Plains Inc. is North America’s third largest producer of ethanol and recently announced its portfolio

March 28, 2019 Read Full Article

Teachers of the Trade

by Lisa Gibson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  An American Ethanol partnership facilitated an ethanol-focused presentation to future and current mechanics at one

March 27, 2019 Read Full Article

South America Resists Electric Vehicles as Local Fuels Remain in Favor

by Marcelo Rochabrun  (Reuters) Meeting in Brazil this week, auto executives from Toyota to GM talked up traditional fuel sources like ethanol,

March 27, 2019 Read Full Article

Ridgewater College Toured Chippewa Valley Ethanol Company (CVEC)

(Minnesota Bio-Fuels Association) Forty-one students from Ridgewater College toured Chippewa Valley Ethanol Company (CVEC) in Benson yesterday to learn about an

March 27, 2019 Read Full Article

Food, Feed, and Beyond: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to ADM

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) ADM is one of the world’s largest agricultural processors and food ingredient providers, with approximately 31,000

March 27, 2019 Read Full Article

Surrey Catalyst IP Set to Ignite Innovation in Modern Bio-Refineries

(University of Surrey)  The University of Surrey has developed a new, cost-effective type of catalyst that it hopes will ignite innovation

March 26, 2019 Read Full Article

Petrochemical Fire in Houston Reveals Much Larger Issue.

(Urban Air Initiative)  On Sunday, March 17, tanks of toluene and xylene caught fire at Intercontinental Terminal in the Houston, TX

March 26, 2019 Read Full Article

E20 by 2020: Hold Your Breath!

by Ramya Natarajan (Economic Times/Center for Study of Science, Technology & Policy)  The National Policy on Biofuels 2018 sets an

March 26, 2019 Read Full Article

Front Group Taking Aim at Biofuels

by Kevin Kinney (The Gazette)  … I’m concerned that Mighty Earth — a group based in Washington, D.C. — is starting to

March 26, 2019 Read Full Article

Learnings from the Earnings – Who’s Up? Who’s Down?

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  The lucky 13 – with spring comes a sense of renewal and this season these

March 25, 2019 Read Full Article

Daily on Energy: Trump Quietly Makes New Energy Inroads in Brazil

by John Siciliano and Josh Siegel (Washington Examiner)  The Trump administration is quietly negotiating an energy partnership with Brazil, the largest economy

March 22, 2019 Read Full Article

RPT-Floods Shut Nearly a Sixth of U.S. Ethanol Production

by Humeyra Pamuk, Jarrett Renshaw (Reuters)  Massive flooding in the U.S. Midwest has knocked out roughly 13 percent of the nation’s ethanol

March 22, 2019 Read Full Article

Disruptive Technologies: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Praj Industries

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Praj Industries is an end-to-end solutions provider in the ethanol arena from concept to commissioning and

March 22, 2019 Read Full Article

Zimbabwe Bio Energy Sets the Record Straight Regarding Nuanetsi Ranch

by Chantal Riley (My Press Portal/PR Worx)  Following recent inaccurate media reporting, Zimbabwe Bio Energy (ZBE) wishes to set the record straight

March 21, 2019 Read Full Article

Midwest Storms Wreak Havoc on Ethanol Trade and Potentially Production

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In Nebraska, Platts reports that last week’s major storm that saw flooding and blizzards across the Midwest

March 21, 2019 Read Full Article

Amy Klobuchar Knocks EPA’s Secret Waivers that Boost Big Oil

by Pat Rynard (Iowa Starting Line)  Senator Amy Klobuchar blasted the Trump Administration’s continued use of blending waivers for renewable fuels

March 20, 2019 Read Full Article

Farmers from Oltenia and Clariant to Partner for a Cleaner Environment

(Clariant)  Opportunity for significant extra revenues for farmers in Oltenia by selling straw residue to the cellulosic ethanol plant built by

March 20, 2019 Read Full Article

Kebbi to Actualise Biofuel Production from Cassava, Sugarcane

(PM News Nigeria)  Gov. Atiku Bagudu of Kebbi says his administration will expedite action on the actualisation of the production of

March 19, 2019 Read Full Article

US-Brazil Trade Tensions Could Rise over Ethanol TRQ Issue

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In Washington, MercoPress reports that the US won’t budge on allowing Brazil to export more limes that

March 19, 2019 Read Full Article

Brazil Millers’ Output Mix of Sugar and Ethanol a Hot Market Topic

(Business Times/Bloomberg)  Brazil’s sugar mills can make the switch to ethanol easier than ever before, making it harder to predict how

March 18, 2019 Read Full Article
1 2 3 20

Nearly 30,000 articles in our online library!

Use the categories and tags listed below to access the nearly 30,000 articles indexed on this website.

Our Sponsors

FREE Subscription! Advanced Biofuels USA events calendar; policy and actions; education newsletters

Donate



Archives

Categories

Tags

2nd generation biofuels 3-D 3D printing 3rd generation biofuels 4-H 4H 4th generation biofuels 7% solution 45Q 81 Octane 84 octane 85 octane 87 octane 88 octane 89 octane 90 octane 91 octane 92 octane 93 octane 94 octane 95 octane 98 octane 100 octane 103 octane 105 octane 108 octane 109 octane 110 octane 113 octane 119 octane 2016 US House and Senate Campaigns 2016 US Presidential Campaign 2018 US Senate and House Campaigns Other Election Activities 2020 Election Activities 2022 A20 (20% methanol/bioethanol) Abu Dhabi acacia acetone acid acid hydrolysis adaptive evolution additional carbon additionality adequate/inadequate domestic supply Administrative Procedure Act advanced biofuel prices Advanced biofuels advanced biofuels production advanced ethanol advanced ethanol tax credit advertising campaign aerosols afforestation Afghanistan Africa AGARDA (Agriculture Advanced Research and Development Authority) agave aggregation agricultura Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP) agricultural economics Agricultural Policy Agricultural waste/residue Agriculture agroforestry agrofuels agronomy Aircraft engine emissions Air Force air pollution control Air Pollution Policy airports air quality Alabama Alaska Albania albedo Alberta albizia alcohol-to-jet (ATJ) alcohol fuel cells alcohol fuels alfalfa algae algae contamination algae cultivation algae extraction algae harvesting algae parity algae separation algal biofuels Algeria Algiers alkanes alkenes alkylate alligator fat almond almond hulls shells alternative energy vehicles alternative fuels Alternative Fuels Credit alternative fuels excise tax credit aluminum Amazon American Indian Tribes American Le Mans Series (ALMS) ammonia ammonia fiber explosion (AFEX) amylose anaerobi anaerobic digestate anaerobic digester/digestion Angola anhydrous ethanol animal fat animal feed Antactica Antarctica antibiotics antitrust APR (Aqueous Phase Reforming) aquaculture aquatic organisms Arabidopsis arabinose ARCA Archaea Architecture Arctic Argentina Arizona Arkansas Armenia Army Corps of Engineers aromatics aromatics price ARPA-E Aruba Asia ASTM ASTM 6866 ASTM D396 ASTM D975 ASTM D1655 ASTM D2880 ASTM D4054 ASTM D4806 Denatured fuel ethanol ASTM D4814 ASTM D5798 ASTM D6751 ASTM D7467 (B6-B20) ASTM D7544 ASTM D7566 (Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons) ASTM D7862 ASTM D7875 ASTM D7901 (DME-Dimethyl Ether for Fuel Purposes) ASTM D8076 ASTM D8181 ASTM E3146 ASTM standards ASTM WK55232 (D02) ASTM WK63392 ATJ-SPK (Alcohol to Jet Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene) Atlantic Canada Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) Australia Australian pine Austria Auto manufacturer automotive Aviation biofuel aviation biofuel price aviation biofuel pumps/delivery Aviation Fuel awards/recognition Azerbaijan. B B0 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 B8 B10 B11 B12.5 B15 B20 B25 B30 B33 B35 B40 B50 B75 B80 B99 B100 Babados nut tree babassu bacteria bagasse Bahamas Bahrain bamboo banana banana stems Bangladesh bankruptcy Barbados barge barley barley fiber barley protein barley straw Basque batteries Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) bauxite beauty leaf tree beaver beer bees Belarus Belgium Belize Benin benzene Bermuda Bhutan big bluestem big data Big Food Big Oil/Oil Majors billion ton study bio-based diesel benefits bio-based economy bio-natural gas bio-NGV (natural gas for vehicles) bio-oil bio-SPK (bio derived synthetic paraffinic kerosene) biobased Biobased Markets Program biobased materials Biobased Product Manufacturing Assistance Program biochar biochemical conversion BioChemicals/Renewable Chemicals bioconversion Biocrude/Green Crude/SynCrude biodegradable biodiesel biodiesel blend wall Biodiesel co-product biodiesel EN 14214 Biodiesel Fuel Education Program biodiesel prices biodiesel production biodiesel pumps biodiesel quality biodiesel standards biodiesel tax credit biodiesel technologies biodiesel terminal biodiversity bioeconomy bioelectricity bioenergy Bioenergy Program for Advanced Biofuels Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) Biofuel biofuel consumption Biofuel Crops biofuel distribution Biofuel Infrastructure Partnership (BIP) biofuel producer tax credit biofuels Biofuels Directive biofuels education biofuel tax credit Biogas Biogasoline/Renewable Gasoline biogenic emissions Bioheat biohydrocarbons BioIsoprene Bio LPG biomass Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP) biomass hydrolysis biomass recalcitrance Biomass Research and Development initiative (BRDI) biomass sorghum Biomass to Liquid (BTL) biomass transportation biomaterials bioplastics biopower Biopreferred bioproducts biopropane bioprospecting BioRefineries Biorefinery Assistance Program (BAP) Biorefinery Renewable Chemical Biobased Product Mfgr Assistance Biotechnology birch black carbon black grease black liquor black locust blender blender pumps Blenders Credit blending blendstock Blend wall blockchain/blockcoin blue carbon boat fuel Bolivia bolt-on Bonaire bonds border tax Borneo Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brachiaria bracken brackish water Brassica Brazil breweries British Columbia brownfields brown grease Brunei Btu's BTX (Benzene Toluene Xylene) Bu12.5 Bu16 Budget building block chemicals Bulgaria bunker oil buo Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Burkina Faso Burma Burundi buses business law business resources butadiene Butane butanediol butanol/biobutanol butanol emissions butyl acetate C3 sugar C5 sugar C6 sugar Cabo Verde cactus calibration California California Air Resources Board (CARB) Cambodia Camelina camels Cameroon Canada canarygrass Canary Islands canary reed grass candle nut cannabis canola/rapeseed canola straw cap cap-and-trade carbohydrates carbon carbon-efficient fuels carbon-neutral carbon capture and storage (CCS) carbon capture and utilization (CCU) carbon cost carbon credit carbon credit markets carbon cycle carbon debt Carbon Dioxide (CO2) carbon efficiency carbon emissions carbon f carbon fiber Carbon Intensity (CI) carbon life cycle carbon markets Carbon Monoxide (CO) carbon neutrality carbon offsets carbon price carbon recycling carbon sequestration carbon sink carbon tax carbon tax-and-dividend carbon user fee Carbon Utilization and Biogas Education Program carcinogens cardoon Caribbean carinata/brassica carinata carob cashew cashew apple CASI CAS Registry Cassava cassava price cassava pulp cassava stalk castor bean castor stalk catalysis catalysts catalytic decarboxylation catalytic hydrothermal conversion-to-jet (CHCJ) catalytic hydrothermal gasification catalytic hydrothermolysis CH pathway cattle cavitation cell culturing cellulase enzymes cellulose cellulosic biofuel Cellulosic biomass cellulosic diesel Cellulosic ethanol cellulosic ethanol price cellulosic feedstock cellulosic production tax credit cellulosic sugars Cellulosic Tax Credit cellulosic waiver credit cement Central African Republic Central America Certificate Program certification certification fuels cetane Chad change in soil condition charging stations Chesapeake Bay chicken feathers chickens Chile China chitin CIA circular economy citrus citrus greening disease Citrus Peel Clean Air Act (CAA) clean diesel Clean Power Plan (CPP) climate change Climate Change Adaptation climate change effects climate change mitigation climate legislation climate smart agriculture closed-loop system Clostridium thermocellum cloud point clover CNG Conversion kit co co-generation co-location co-operative Co-op Extension co-processing co-products CO2 Sequestration coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) coastal habitat conservation coastal hay Coast Guard cobalt cock's foot cocoa Coconut coffee coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold-tolerance cold flow college/university Colombia Colorado Columbia combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG / R-CNG) compression-ignition engine compression ratios computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology cooking fuel cook stoves cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 copper coppice cordgrass corn-based products corn/maize corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cottonseed oil cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crimes Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cup plant currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d d-3 D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs dairy waste dandelion DARPA date palm date palm pits Dates DC DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization Delaware DeltaWing demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices diethyl ether digest Digital Biology dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct-to-fuel directed evolution direct injection Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) dispense distillation distilled biodiesel distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver divers diversification divestment DME (dimethyl ether) Dominica Dominican Republic double cropping Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dual cropping Dubai duckweed e E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E2 E3 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 price E12 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E40 E50 E55 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecuador ED95 education educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric grid electricity electricity/power generation electricity price electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end-of-life end user Energy Bill energy cane energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) enzymatic conversion enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea EROEI erosion control EROWI esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane ethanol ethanol/bioethano ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) Export externalities extremophiles F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food food and Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel additives fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal Germany Gerogia Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green chemistry green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing GREET model Grenada gribble groundnut ground nut growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guinea Gulf states Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP h Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawaii hazardous waste HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb HFS-SIP hibiscus High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history ho hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horse bedding Horse manure horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrids hydrocarbon fuels hydrofaction hydrogen hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogenolysis hydrogen pumps hydropower hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal liquefaction hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indiana Indian beech tree Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial ethanol industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insurance integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map internal combustion engine International international balance of payments International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isooctane isooctene Israel Italy Ivory Coast JA1 JAA jackfruit Jamaica Japan Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Alternative Jetfuel (SAJF)/Renewable Jetfuel (RJF) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa Kuwait Kygryzstan labels Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land prices land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) lignin Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars Lipid liquefaction liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg Luxemburg lysis M15 M50 M100 macadamia macauba Macedonia Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine maize Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta mamona management changes mandates manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Biofuel marine algae Marine Corps Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbe microbiology microorganizms microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum Monaco mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) muck multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol nahar Namibia nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Lab National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Transportation Safety Board Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Northwest Territories Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds NREL NTSB nucle nuclear Nunavut nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obama Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol off-take agreements Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins olive cake olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone p Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama panda pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peanut peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose perennial grains perennial grasses performan Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poland Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter power-to-gas prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island private educational business process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating propane propanol property insurance protectionism protein protests public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps pungam Punnai tree PVO pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest RAND rare earth metal RD20 RD30 RD99 RD100 rea reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation refineries reforestation regenerative braking regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED and RED II) Renewable Energy for America Program Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable hydrogen renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard renewable propane Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) renewable volume renewable volume obligation (RVO) replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion retail return on investment R Factor RFI RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RSF2 RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago sago pond weed SAIC SAK sales Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securiti Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale gas shale oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smokestack soap social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar-to-fuels solar biofuels solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solid oxide fuel cell Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soy soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State State Department Statistics steam explosion steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve straw students sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugar cane sugar cane prices sugar cane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname sustain Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic methane Syria Tailoring Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree Tamarix tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennesee Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains trans transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale trucks tubers tunicate Tunisia Tunsia Turkey Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL ultra low sulfur diesel UN underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USD USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils Velocys Venezuela Vermont video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volunteers w waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil waste water water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass wheat prices wheat straw whey whisky white White House wildlife habitat willow wind energy wine wastage/grape marc winter crops Wisconsin Wood woody biomass World Bank World Trade Organization (WTO) Wyoming XTL xylan xylene xylose yard waste yeast yellow grease yellowhorn tree Yemen yields Yukon Zambia Zanzibar zein zeolites Zimbabwe zinc

Notice

donate nowWe are not accepting donations from people or companies in Florida due to unfair reporting requirements and fees not imposed by any other state.