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Bears, Cars and Angry Farmers Fuel Green Backlash

by Karl Mathiesen, Nicolas Camut, Zia Weise, Charlie Cooper and Louise Guillot (Politico) A 28-country guide to how climate policies are splitting Europe. -- And Green parties are taking the hit — polling shows they will face deep electoral pain when EU citizens

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Grown-Up Talk about Blue Hydrogen

by Terry Mazanec (Lee Enterprises Consulting/Biofuels Digest) ... What constitutes the hydrogen economy? According to most analysts, the hydrogen economy is “an economy that relies on hydrogen as the commercial fuel that would deliver a substantial fraction of a nation’s energy and

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8 Rivers Announces Cormorant Clean Energy Project

(8 Rivers Capital/Carbon Capture Magazine) 8 Rivers Capital, LLC, a world-leading decarbonization technology developer, announced it is developing the Cormorant Clean Energy Project, an ultra-low-carbon ammonia production facility in Port Arthur, Texas. The Cormorant project will be powered by 8 Rivers’

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China Focus: World's Largest Ethanol Production Equipment Starts Trial in East China

(Xinhua) The world's largest ethanol production equipment, with an annual output of 600,000 tonnes, went into trial on Thursday in Huaibei City, east China's Anhui Province. The equipment can convert coke oven gas into ethanol, which will massively increase the added value

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Wolf Asks to Withdraw Illinois Pipeline Request and Refile

by Jared Strong (Iowa Capital Dispatch) Wolf Carbon Solutions moved to withdraw its carbon dioxide pipeline permit application in Illinois on Monday to address concerns identified by state regulators. “This voluntary action does not impact our commitment to the project and its

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CCS Brings Health Savings by Cutting Pollution — Report

by Carlos Anchondo (Politico Pro Energywire) A study analyzed the benefits of capturing pollutants from 54 facilities across seven industries. -- Carbon capture at industrial and power generation facilities across the United States could deliver billions of dollars in health savings by

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Japan Makes A$2.35bn Investment in Victorian Hydrogen

by Esmarie Iannucci (Mining Weekly) The Japanese government, through its Green Innovation Fund, has committed A$2.35-billion to establish the Hydrogen Energy Supply Chain (HESC) project, in Victoria. The HESC project was piloted in January of last year, and achieved a world first by demonstrating that clean liquid hydrogen can

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Carbon Intensities of Hydrogen

by Aaron Foyer (The Energy Minute) Hydrogen can be produced using many different methods with multiple feedstocks. The most common today include grey and brown hydrogen, which heat up both natural gas and coal to produce hydrogen with a high carbon

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The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Recent Point Source Capture Techno-economic Analysis

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) This Project aims to update a 2014 NETL study that quantifies the cost and performance associated with capturing point-source CO2 from industrial plants. It’s a part of the search for CO2 capture, and Sally Homsy

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Troubled Carbon Capture Projects Dog US DOE ahead of New Spending Spree

by Karin Rives (S&P Global) ... The San Juan plant is not the only carbon capture project receiving funds from the federal government that has struggled to become operational. With a lot more money coming, how the U.S. government allocates it

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How Biofuels to Help Meet Rising Electricity Demand Pushed by Large-Scale EV Adoption

by Kishan Karunakaran (Buyofuel/Financial Express)  The Indian government is supporting swift transformation of conventional, fossil fuel-based transportation to electric vehicles with policy support, schemes like FAME, financing options and subsidies. ... The Indian government is supporting swift transformation of conventional, fossil fuel-based

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CO2 Standards for Cars and Vans: Automakers, Auto Parts Industry and Fuel Manufacturers Call for Trilogue Negotiations to Fully Implement the Outcome of Council General Approach to Enable, after 2035, ICE Vehicles Registered to Run Exclusively on CO2-Neutral Fuels

(Fuels Europe) We, automotive companies, fuels manufacturing companies and industry associations are planning our industrial future to be fully consistent with the 2050 climate neutrality goal for Europe.  But our concerns are growing that the limited pathway provided by the Commission’s

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We Need More than Just Electric Vehicles: To Decarbonize Road Transport We Need to Complement EVs with Bikes, Rail, City Planning, and Alternative Energy

by Heather L. MacLean, Alexandre Milovanoffi, Daniel Posen (IEEE Spectrum) China has more EVs than any other country—but it also gets most of its electricity from coal. -- ... EVs come with important weaknesses, and so people shouldn’t count on

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India’s Top Carmaker Bets on Hybrids Over EVs in Clean Shift

by Ragini Saxena (Bloomberg/Yahoo!) Maruti Suzuki India Ltd., the automaker that sells every other car on the nation’s roads, believes electric vehicles aren’t the answer to reducing carbon emissions in the world’s third-biggest releaser of greenhouse gases -- at least

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India’s Top Carmaker Bets on Hybrids Over EVs in Clean Shift

by Ragini Saxena (Bloomberg) Natural gas, biofuels a better answer for India currently; Maruti to launch hybrid car under Toyota pact within 12 months -- Maruti Suzuki India Ltd., the automaker that sells every other car on the nation’s roads, believes

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DOE Risks Wasting ‘Significant Funds’ on CCS — Audit

by Carlos Anchondo and Jeremy Dillon (E&E News) The Department of Energy is at risk of wasting a significant amount of money on carbon capture and storage demonstration projects without greater oversight, according to a new Government Accountability Office report. The report, released

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The Airline Industry Is Catching Hydrogen Fuel Cell Fever

by Tina Casey (CleanTechnica) United Airlines and ZeroAvia are teaming up to bring the dream of zero emission hydrogen fuel cell flight down to Earth.  --  The dream of all-electric flight just got bumped up in scale last week, when

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New HEI Report Examines Major Sources of PM and Impacts on Global Health

(Health Effects Institute) A new report published by HEI brings together for the first time comprehensive global estimates of the most common sources of fine particulate matter (PM) air pollution and its impacts on global health. Key findings in the report, Global Burden

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QUOTE OF THE WEEK -- Neel Dhanesha

(U.S. President Joe) Biden’s plan could make buying and charging electric cars easier, but electric vehicles are only as clean as the grids that power them. Studies have shown that electric cars drawing power from coal-heavy grids can actually be worse

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Why Very Good Is Better than Perfect

(Diesel Technology Forum) Diesel is the primary power source for over 90 percent of the nation’s transit bus fleet because of its energy efficiency, reliability, durability and performance, as well as overall economical ownership and operation  --  ...  And in Missouri,

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U.S. Geological Survey and Department of Energy Partner to Explore Potential for Geologic Carbon Storage

(U.S. Department of Energy)  Today (December 2, 2021), the U.S. Department of the Interior’s U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy and Carbon Management (FECM) announced a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) establishing cooperation between

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U.S. Agrees to End Fossil Fuel Financing Abroad

by Sara Schonhardt (E&E News) The United States committed today with other countries to stop financing fossil fuel projects abroad by the end of next year, in a seismic shift that could stem the construction of natural gas and oil facilities

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Climate Pledges Don't Stop Countries from Exporting Huge Amounts of Fossil Fuels

by Jeff Brady (NPR) ... After the oil supply crisis in the 1970s, the U.S. banned crude oil exports for 40 years. A fracking-fueled boom ended production worries and the ban was lifted six years ago in a budget bill. The timing was ironic. "The

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North Dakota Regulators Approve First Carbon Storage Project in 'Landmark Day'

by Amy R. Sisk (Bismarck Tribune) North Dakota regulators granted several approvals Tuesday for what's expected to become the first carbon dioxide storage project in the state at an ethanol plant near Richardton. The project at Red Trail Energy aims to

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Washington's Attack on Oil And Gas May Backfire

by Irina Slav (OilPrice.com) ...  Last week, the House Oversight Committee wrote to the executives of the biggest oil companies operating in the United States along with the American Petroleum Institute and the U.S. Chamber of Commerce to inform them that it

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IRFA Issues Open Letters to Sanders, Cruz on RFS, Ethanol

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The Iowa Renewable Fuels Association on Aug. 27 issued open letters to Sens. Bernie Sanders, I-Vt., and Ted Cruz, R-Texas. The letter to Sanders urges him to rethink his support for the Zero-Emission Vehicles Act,

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To Limit Warming, Most Fossil Fuel Must Remain Untapped: Study

by Rachel Frazin (The Hill) The majority of the planet’s oil, gas and coal must remain in the ground to provide just a 50 percent chance of limiting the amount the Earth has warmed to 1.5 degrees Celsius, according to a

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Hydrogen Lobbyist Quits, Slams Oil Companies’ “False Claims” about Blue Hydrogen

by Tim De Chant (Ars Technica) Recent studies have questioned blue hydrogen’s low-carbon bona fides.  -- The head of a hydrogen lobbying group has stepped down amid concerns that blue hydrogen made from natural gas would serve as a “lock-in” for

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Pathways, Projects, Policy: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Hydrogen

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Hydrogen demand keeps going up. It is essential to many processes, like biofuels production, chemical processes and oil refining and is one of the most carbon-intensive molecules as it is produced today. But what about

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Faculty Team Aims to Reduce Greenhouse Gas with Hydrogen Energy Research

by Virginia Speirs (Auburn University College of Engineering)  ... Sushil Adhikari, professor and director of the Center for Bioenergy and Bioproducts, and his team were recently granted nearly $500,000 from the Department of Energy-Fossil Energy to produce hydrogen energy that will

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Burying CO2 Deep in ND’s Geology May Combat Climate Change. Is It Financially Feasible?

by Adam Willis (Forum News Service/Twin Cities Pioneer Press) For some of North Dakota’s legacy industries, like coal power, the future could depend on the capacity of companies to deliver on bold promises around carbon capture. The pricey and so far

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Experts Predict Problems Coming for Electric Cars

by Jeena Cadigan (WBOY) With more companies coming out with electric cars, experts are predicting costly upgrades to towns and cities in West Virginia.    With more electric cars on the road, more charging stations are needed. Along with those stations, companies will have to build

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10 Worlds That Shook This Day: 10 Different Worlds Shaken to Their Foundations by Events Taking Place around the World and within the Circular Economy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) ... Things move faster these days, and in the past 24 hours, we’ve had 10 different Worlds shaken to their foundations by events taking place around the world and within the Circular Economy. 1. United States announced

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Nations Must Drop Fossil Fuels, Fast, World Energy Body Warns

by Brad Plumer (New York Times) A landmark report from the International Energy Agency says countries need to move faster and more aggressively to cut planet-warming pollution.  -- Nations around the world would need to immediately stop approving new coal-fired power

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Gillette's Integrated Test Center Looks to Build on Its Momentum

by Nate Perez  (Caspar Star Tribune) The Integrated Test Center in Gillette hopes to attract more tenants to study carbon capture.  The ITC has hosted Carbon XPRIZE winner UCLA CarbonBuilt and and is now housing Membrane Technology and Research —

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Earth Day Series Day 20: Hydrogen. Beyond Tomorrow.

by Gaulthier Blangez* (Advanced Biofuels USA)   Let’s go back to the basics. The “Bio” term comes from ancient Greek and is translated as “Life.” Widely used in our day to day vocabulary, this term has found its place in our

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Bill Includes Clean Cities Funding to Support Alternative Fuels

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Legislation introduced by the 32 democratic members of the House Energy and Commerce Committee on March 11 could provide federal funding to support the development of alternative fuel infrastructure and expanded use of alternative fuel

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DOE Backs Projects to Produce Hydrogen from Coal, Biomass

by Darrell Proctor (PowerMag.com) The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced the agency has awarded $2 million to four research and development (R&D) projects aimed at advancing clean-hydrogen production technologies. The DOE’s awards on March 15 are part of a push by

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Auto Industry Peers into an Electric Future and Sees Bumps Ahead

by Steven Mufson (Washington Post)  ...  (T)he question is not, ‘Can we sell to the wealthy?’ It is, ‘Can we get the everyday household in mainstream America to buy an EV?’ and we’re still a long way away from that.” Meanwhile,

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UK Ban on ICE Vehicles Highlights How 'Policymakers Need to Pay Attention to What's Working Today'

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily)  ... U.K.'s government announced it is going one step further by banning the sale of new spark- and compression-ignition vehicles by 2030. A two-phased approach was announced Nov. 18. Phase 1 will see the phase-out date

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How to Build a Green Hydrogen Economy for the US West

by Jeff St. John (GreenTechMedia)  The Intermountain and ACES projects may be the start of a regionwide green hydrogen generation and transmission network.  -- Out in Utah, a coal-fired power plant supplying electricity to Los Angeles is being outfitted with natural-gas-fired

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NETL to Award $13M to GTI and Partners to Advance Carbon Capture Technology

(Green Car Congress/GTI) GTI and partners, The Ohio State University, Wyoming Integrated Test Center (ITC), and Trimeric Corporation (Trimeric), have been selected for award on a project to advance Ohio State’s transformational membrane technology to provide step-out reductions in CO2 capture cost

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True North Eyes Ethanol Investment, Acquires Synata Bio in India

by Shashwat Mohanty (Economic Times) This partnership claims to provide much cheaper ethanol production from coal, TNVP's founder Michael Ahearn told ET. Banking on the government's target for the government’s plan to increase ethanol blending with petrol to reduce carbon

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Australian JV Launched to Develop Novel Waste-to-Fuels Technology

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest) In Australia, Epichem has entered into a partnership agreement with Obsidian Minerals to establish Perren to develop a novel and disruptive waste to fuels technology using oxidative non catalytic dissolution. Perren will endeavor to develop and commercialize

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Wall Street Backs away from Arctic Drilling amid Alaska Political Heat

by Yereth Rosen (Reuters) Three big U.S. banks have publicly announced break-ups with Arctic drilling in recent months, reflecting Wall Street's increasing desire to cast itself as environmentally friendly amid a political firestorm in Alaska. ... Wells Fargo (NYSE:WFC) & Co said on Monday

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Methanol Blend on Cards, India May Trim Oil Import Bill by Rs 5k Crore

by Yogima Seth Sharma and Nishtha Saluja (Economic Times)  Gadkari writes to petroleum minister to ensure availability of methanol-blended fuel, which will help cut the consumer’s fuel expenses by 10%.  --  The government is looking at introducing methanol-blended fuel pan

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Fact Sheet: Fossil Fuel Subsidies: A Closer Look at Tax Breaks and Societal Costs

by Clayton Coleman and Emma Dietz (Environmental and Energy Study Institute) A recent analysis published in Nature Energy found that continuing current fossil fuel subsidies would make it profitable to extract half of all domestic oil reserves. This could increase U.S. oil production by

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Fossil Fuels Are Far Less Efficient Than Previously Thought

by Luke McGrath (Bloomberg)  Fossil fuels, long regarded for their high-energy return on investment, are not as efficient as once thought. In fact, their final yields are not much better than those of renewable options, according to a new study. Oil, coal

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Nitin Gadkari Unveils M15 Blending Program at SIAT 2019

by Amit Panday (AutoCar Professional)  Nitin Gadkari: “We are commissioning a Center of Excellence on methanol for ARAI. My ministry will give the required financial assistance to ARAI for this.” SIAT 2019 today saw the presence of Nitin Gadkari, Union Minister

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The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to the Energy Outlook through 2040

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The BP Energy Outlook explores the forces shaping the global energy transition out to 2040 and the key uncertainties surrounding that transition. It shows how rising prosperity drives an increase in global energy demand and how

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ABO Secures Unprecedented $136 Million For Algae and Related Projects — Deadlines Approaching

(Algae Biomass Organization)  ABO’s ongoing work in Washington, DC, to educate Congress and federal agencies on the importance of robust algae research, development and demonstration has resulted in the release of an unprecedented series of funding opportunities for algae. Deadlines for

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Sustainability Is All the Rage but Financing of Extreme Fossil Fuels Is on the Rise

by Eshe Nelson (Quartz Media)  ... Last year, when economic losses from natural and man-made disasters exceeded $300 billion, big banks across the globe increased their financing of “extreme” fossil-fuels activities by 11% to $115 billion, according to a new report by a

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DOE Official: Clean Energy Funding Should Be Cut for ‘Exceeding Goals’

by Lacey Johnson (Greentech Media)  The Under Secretary of Energy defends a Trump administration proposal to cut $1.3 billion in funding from the DOE’s renewable energy office.  --  The Energy Department’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) is so

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BETO Publishes Engineered Carbon Reduction Listening Day Summary Report, Announces Rewiring Initiative

(U.S. Department of Energy)  The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Bioenergy Technologies Office’s (BETO’s) Rewiring the Carbon Economy: Engineered Carbon Reduction Listening Day Summary Report is now online! Read this new workshop summary for an overview of advanced strategies to use carbon dioxide

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Nitin Gadkari Pushes for Large-Scale Introduction of Biofuel Vehicles

by Jyotika Sood (LiveMint)  Nitin Gadkari directs NITI Aayog to study automobile standards developed by China for various methanol-powered vessels like cars and ships, and prepare a report  --  Union minister for road transport and highways Nitin Gadkari is looking at

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ARC Awards $1.5 Million to Support Biorefinery Center at ASC

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The Appalachian Regional Commission recently awarded a $1.5 million grant to New York-based Alfred State College to support its Biorefinery Development and Commercialization Center project, which aims to help private and public partners leverage

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COSIA NRG Carbon XPRIZE: Tech Innovators Stalk a Stealthy WMD

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ... Among the climate warriors fighting CO2 build-up, perhaps the most ambitious are those who are seeking to use CO2 to make industrial materials, fuels or chemicals — displacing the need to use oil or gas

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Government to Formulate Policies on Ethanol, Methanol to Bring Down Crude Import Bill: Nitin Gadkari

(PTI/The Financial Express)  The Centre will soon come out with policies on the second-generation ethanol as well as methanol, non-conventional fuel resources, which will bring down the crude import bill by Rs 1 lakh crore, Union Minister Nitin Gadkari said

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The East Is [Infra]Red: Gasification, Energy and China

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  More prosperity, less pollution for China? In the East, the search is on for more sustainable, efficient energy, and flexible gasification answers the challenge. There, Synthesis Energy Systems is leading the way. ... Hydrogen, hydrogen. hydrogen. Nothing

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Report: Coal, Biomass Mix May Be in Military Jet Fuel Future

by Anna Simet (Biomass Magazine)  The U.S. Defense Logistics Agency and the Connecticut Center for Advanced Technology recently released results of a research project that investigated the technical feasibility, commercial viability and environmental compliance of the use of liquefied coal and

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Electric Cars and the Coal that Runs Them

by Michael Birnbaum (The Washington Post)  Cheap electricity, a changing climate This is part of a series exploring how the world’s hunger for cheap electricity is complicating efforts to combat climate change.  ---  ...  But behind the green growth is

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Bernie Sanders Calls For Federal Investigation Of Exxon

by Emily Atkin (Think Progress)  Democratic presidential candidate Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT) wants ExxonMobil investigated by the Department of Justice.  In a letter to Attorney General Loretta Lynch on Tuesday, Sanders charged the oil giant of engaging in a cover-up

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Statement from Advanced Biofuels USA in Response to International Climate Science Coalition Press Release

(Advanced Biofuels USA)  In the spirit of Pope Francis, and in response to press release from the International Climate Science Coalition's (ICSC) we invite the ICSC to join Advanced Biofuels USA and the biofuels community to find and institute ever

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Pope on Wrong Side of History on Climate Change - Global Warming Policies Are the Real Threat to the World's Most Vulnerable People

(International Climate Science Coalition/PR Newswire) "Rather than simply follow the United Nations on climate change, Pope Francis must consider whether U.N. climate policies are doing more harm than good," said Tom Harris, Executive Director of the Ottawa, Canada-based International Climate Science

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Exxon's Own Research Confirmed Fossil Fuels' Role in Global Warming Decades Ago (Parts 1 and 2)

by Neela Banerjee, Lisa Song and David Hasemyer (Inside Climate News)  Top executives were warned of possible catastrophe from greenhouse effect, then led efforts to block solutions. ... This untold chapter in Exxon's history, when one of the world's largest energy

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The Climate Change Parrot Sketch: Is Coal Dead, or Merely Resting? Can Carbon Capture Save the Day?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ... Generally, Digest readers around the world fall into a third category, because they are NEMBEEists. That is, Never Employ Materials Badly, Even Energy. Digesterati generally favor higher-use cases. The Unloved Coalition of Better Use Cases That’s why

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Under the Rug: How Governments and International Institutions are Hiding Billions in Support to the Coal Industry

(Shift the Subsidies, Natural Resources Defense Council, Oil Change International, and World Wide Fund for Nature)  Over the last eight years, as the scope of the climate crisis has deepened, nations of the world and particularly of the G20 and G7,

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8 Ways Obama Sucks on Climate

by Ben Adler (Grist) ... But many of the administration’s moves, including a string of recent actions by federal agencies under Obama’s control, show this conventional wisdom to be false. Here are the president’s top eight climate failings, many of them

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Manchin, Whitehouse Tour Algae Facility, Discuss Role of CO2 Utilization

(Algae Biomass Organization)  In a sign of growing awareness among policy makers of carbon utilization as a climate change mitigation platform, Senators Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI) and Joe Manchin (D-WV) today paid a joint visit to ABO platinum member BioProcess Algae

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Govt Urged to Promote Algae Bio-fuel Products

by Manish Raj (The Times Of India) Chemical Industries Association, an apex body representing a cross section of chemical industries based in Chennai, has urged Prime Minister Narendra Modi to consider promoting algae bio-fuel products. India imports around 180 million tonnes of

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Co-Location of Torrefaction, Power, Biofuel Plants Reduces Costs

by Chris Hanson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Douglas Tiffany, assistant extension professor at the University of Minnesota, discussed the economics of co-locating torrefaction, ethanol and coal power plants at the University of North Dakota on Nov. 6. “What we wanted to get

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Fueled vs Electric Cars: The Great Race Begins

Thomas Blakeslee  (Renewable Energy World)  ...Though solar electric is the clear winner based on land use, biofuels are still in the race (particularly if commercial scale) designer algae becomes a reality. Biofuels have a gigantic advantage in remote areas because

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New Innovative Technology for Low Cost Monatomic Hydrogen and Biofuels

(Advanced Plasma Industries Inc. /Phys.Org)  Hydrogen fuel cells are emerging as key players in the clean energy landscape of the future, except for one problem: it takes a lot of energy to make hydrogen (H2-molecular), and here in the US,

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Water Demand for Energy to Double by 2035

by Marianne Lavelle and Thomas K. Grose (National Geographic)  The amount of fresh water consumed for world energy production is on track to double within the next 25 years, the International Energy Agency (IEA) projects. And even though fracking—high-pressure hydraulic fracturing of

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US Warplanes Can Fly Faster, Carry Additional Weapons Load Using Advanced Fuels and Biofuels: New Data

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) New tests conducted at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base have revealed that US warplanes are capable of flying faster and carry more payload on missions, when flying with synthetic fuels, including biofuels, compared to conventional military

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XTL, the Path to Scale: Accelergy CTO Rocco Fiato

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  A major trend emerging from the conference was a broad agreement on the strong potential for XTL fuels – that is, fuels that combined both fossil and biomass inputs, to provide the opportunities for massive

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DOE Federal Lab Says Life Cycle Analysis Does Not Factor in Rare Earth Metals or Mountain Top Removal

[caption id="attachment_16291" align="alignleft" width="300" caption="From left, Warren Brown, automotive columnist for the Washington Post and Ron Cogan, publisher of Green Car Journal co-moderate Green Car Summit Panel: Tom Baloga, VP Engineering for BMW North America; Susan M. Cischke, Group VP,

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biopower Biopreferred bioproducts biopropene bioprospecting BioRefineries/Renewable Fuel Production Biorefinery Assistance Program (BAP) old 9003 Biorefinery Renewable Chemical Biobased Product Mfgr Assistance 9003 Program BioRenewable-1 (BR-1) BioSNG Biotechnology birch bitter orange black carbon black grease black liquor black locust black soldier fly Blend wall blender blender pumps Blenders Credit blending blendstock blockchain blue carbon boat fuel boiler/furnace fuel Bolivia bolt-on Bonaire bonds book-and-claim border tax Borneo Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana BQ-9000 Brachiaria bracken brackish water brash Brassica Brazil breweries brine British Columbia broker brown grease brownfields Brunei Btu's BTX (Benzene Toluene Xylene) Bu12.5 Bu16 Budget building block chemicals Bulgaria bunker bunker oil Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Burkina Faso Burma Burundi buses Business and Industry Program (B&I) business law business resources Business/General Aviation butadiene butandeiol (bio-BDO) Butane butanediol butanol emissions butanol/biobutanol butyl acetate butylene butyric acid by c C1 C2 C21 C3 sugar C5 sugar C6 sugar Cabo Verde cactus cactus pear cagaita calibration California California Air Resources Board (CARB) Cambodia Camelina camels Cameroon Canad Canada Canary Islands canary reed grass canarygrass candle nut cannabis canola straw Canola/Rapeseed cap-and-invest cap-and-trade capybara capybras carbohydrates carbon carbon capture and storage (CCS) carbon capture and utilization (CCU) carbon cost carbon credit carbon credit markets carbon cycle carbon debt Carbon Dioxide (CO2) carbon efficiency carbon emissions carbon fiber carbon insets Carbon Intensity (CI)/Carbon Footprint carbon life cycle carbon markets Carbon Monoxide (CO) carbon negative carbon neutrality carbon offsets carbon pipeline carbon price carbon recycling carbon removal carbon sink carbon standard carbon tax Carbon tax border adjustments carbon tax-and-dividend carbon terminal carbon user fee Carbon Utilization and Biogas Education Program carbon-14 testing carbon-efficient fuels carbon/CO2 sequestration carcinogens cardoon Caribbean carinata carinata/brassica carinata carob CAS Registry cashew cashew apple CASI Cassava cassava price cassava pulp cassava stalk castor bean castor stalk catalysis catalysts catalytic decarboxylation catalytic hydrothermal conversion catalytic hydrothermal conversion-to-jet (CHCJ) catalytic hydrothermal gasification catalytic hydrothermolysis jet CHJ pathway cattails cattle cavitation CBD (cannabidiol) CBG (compressed biogas) cell culturing cellulase enzymes cellulose cellulosic biofuel Cellulosic biomass cellulosic diesel Cellulosic ethanol cellulosic ethanol price cellulosic feedstock cellulosic production tax credit cellulosic sugars Cellulosic Tax Credit cellulosic waiver credit cement Central African Republic Central America Certificate Program Certificates of Origin (COs) certification certification fuels cesium cetane Chad change in soil condition charging stations CHCJ-5 chemical-looping hydrogen method Chesapeake Bay chicken feathers chickens Chile Chili China chitin chp chromium chufa/cyperus esculents/nutsedge CIA circular economy citrus citrus greening disease Citrus Peel clean air Clean Air Act (CAA) clean diesel Clean Fuel Production Tax Credit (45Z) Clean Fuel Standard/Policy (CFS) Clean Heat Standards Clean Power Plan (CPP) Clean Trucks Plan Clean Water Act climate change Climate Change Adaptation climate change effects climate change mitigation climate legislation climate smart/conservation agriculture closed-loop system Clostridium thermocellum cloud point clover cmelina CNG Conversion kit co co-generation co-location Co-op Extension co-operative co-processing co-products CO2 neutral fuels CO2Removal Certificates (CORCs) coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) Coast Guard coastal habitat conservation coastal hay cobalt cock's foot coco cocoa Coconut coffee coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold flow cold-tolerance college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning commo Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement/engagement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG/R-CNG/bioCNG) compression ratios compression-ignition engine computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology Cook Islands cook stoves cooking fuel cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 COP26 COP27 COP28 COP30 copper coppice cordgrass corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup corn-based products corn/maize Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality county cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crassulacean acid metabolism plants (CAM) crimes criteria pollutants Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cup plant cuphea currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cusi cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs d-5 D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D20 (20%DME) D5 (5%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date kernel oil date palm date palm pits date palm waste Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization defossilize Dehydration Delaware DeltaWing demonstration demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose dfdsffsfdfsf diatoms diesel Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices Diesel R5 diesel with renewables diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct air capture direct injection direct ocean capture Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) direct-to-fuel directed evolution dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought tolerant drought-resistant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency egg shell Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty 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fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures 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gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrid ships hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC 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long-term contracts Louis Louisiana low c low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M100 M15 M3 M50 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning machinery macororo Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Fuel Oil Marine Gas Oil (MGO) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel Terminal Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering market forces market share marketing markets/sales Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute mass balance standard Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership 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