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Bill Gates-Led Fund Invests in Synthetic Palm Oil Startup

by Akshat Rathi (Bloomberg Green)  C16 Biosciences uses yeast to convert food waste and industrial byproducts into a sustainable alternative. Breakthrough Energy Ventures, helmed by Bill Gates, is leading an investment round

April 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Report: Boost in Consumption of US Biomass-Based Diesel Expected

(The Fuels Institute/Biodiesel Magazine) U.S. biomass-based diesel, comprised of both biodiesel and renewable diesel, has increased rapidly in a relatively short time span to become a leading source of alternative transportation

April 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Scaling Algae for Carbon Capture and Biofuels

(Boss Magazine)  … What else algae can suck up, though, is carbon dioxide. When harnessed for carbon capture, algae could become a force in combatting climate change. … Like other

April 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Trump Administration to Finalize Weaker Mileage Standards, Dealing a Blow to Obama-Era Climate Policy

by Juliet Eilperin and Brady Dennis (Washington Post)  The new rule will improve the U.S. car and light truck fleet’s efficiency by 1.5 percent a year, versus nearly 5 percent

March 31, 2020 Read Full Article

Generate Revenue with Clean Fuels

by Sean Turner (Fleet Owner Magazine/ACT News) Do you currently operate clean vehicles in California? Or, are you thinking of making a transition to lower emission technologies? If so, your fleet

March 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Now: Cost-Effective Solutions Include Diesel Engines and Advanced Biofuels

(Diesel Technology Forum) States that have enacted greenhouse gas emissions reduction programs for the transportation sector, including low-carbon fuel requirements, are realizing significant reductions in carbon dioxide emissions thanks to the

March 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Focus Forward from Challenge to Opportunity: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to RFA’s 2020 Ethanol Industry Outlook

y Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The Renewable Fuels Association released its 2020 Ethanol Industry Outlook, an annual publication that provides policymakers, regulators, consumers, the media, and renewable fuel advocates with

March 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Where’s Biodiesel At? Fuel Specs, Legislative Impacts, Fleet Support and more: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to the National Biodiesel Board’s Biodiesel Industry – Part 3

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Check out Part 3 of the National Biodiesel Board’s slide guide that delves into ASTM fuel specifications for biodiesel and fuel quality, biodiesel standards like

March 27, 2020 Read Full Article

Major Food Distributor Chooses Bio-CNG for Its California-Based Trucks

(Clean Energy Fuels/KeHE Distributors/NGV Journal) KeHE Distributors, a leading natural & organic, fresh and specialty distributor has partnered with Clean Energy Fuels Corp. to add low-carbon emission trucks fueled with renewable

March 26, 2020 Read Full Article

Biodiesel’s Green Footprint for Fleets: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to the National Biodiesel Board’s Biodiesel Industry – Part 2

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Check out Part 2 of the National Biodiesel Board’s slide guide that focuses on biodiesel’s on-road heavy-duty emission benefits, why they consider biodiesel as “liquid

March 26, 2020 Read Full Article

The Secret Sauce: Industry Partnerships Key to Advancing Bio-Based Chemicals and Fuels

by Asanga Padmaperuma (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) … Today, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Laboratories study the development of chemicals and fuels with the use of cost-effective, renewable carbon sources,

March 25, 2020 Read Full Article

The Hand Sanitizer Market: A Salvation for Beleaguered Ethanol Producers, or Not?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … In response to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) created exemptions allowing certain alcohol fuel

March 24, 2020 Read Full Article

Where Are We? March 2020 Digest Data Dashboard, The Bioeconomy, By the Numbers

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The past few weeks have been a roller coaster ride and here are the numbers to visualize what is going on.  In today’s Digest, a graphic look

March 19, 2020 Read Full Article

There’s More than One Way to Save the Planet! Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) Another New Market for Bioenergy

by Mike Newman (Parhelion Underwriting/Biofuels Digest)  Carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) is an important strategy to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and mitigate climate change.  CCS is a process by which large amounts

March 18, 2020 Read Full Article

L.A. Petroleum Magnate Convicted in Sprawling Biofuel Tax Scheme

by Matthew Ormseth (Los Angeles Times)  … The verdict — guilty on 10 felony counts — was not just a courtroom defeat for (Lev Aslan) Dermen, one that will likely

March 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Ethanol and Electric Vehicle Advocates Merging on Fuel Plan

(Energy News Network/Associated Press) After years of fighting their own policy battles, ethanol and electric vehicle advocates are tentatively banding together against a shared enemy: fossil fuels. More than two dozen organizations

March 16, 2020 Read Full Article

California Wins First Round of Cap-and-Trade Fight

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)  A federal judge ruled against the Justice Department on Thursday in the first round of a lawsuit between the Trump administration and California over

March 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Methanol as Fuel, Chemical Feedstock and Liquid Hydrogen Carrier: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Methanol as Fuel and Feedstock

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Methanol is versatile – it can be used as turbine fuel, cooking fuel, and as a fuel for solid oxide fuel cells. But G.K.Surya Prakash from

March 13, 2020 Read Full Article

The Global Annual Market Value of Biogas is Expected to Reach $20.9 Billion by 2028

(Navigant)  Biogas and renewable natural gas offer solutions vital to further sustainability and decarbonization  — A new report from Navigant Research projects global biogas production and revenue regionally and by feedstock, providing market forecasts

March 12, 2020 Read Full Article

University of Southern California Rolls out Waste Collection for Biofuels

(Biofuels International)  The University of Southern California (USC) in the US has introduced compost collection bins at university-owned student housing, with collected waste to be used in the production of

March 11, 2020 Read Full Article

Powertrain Choices for Future Work Trucks Include New Generation of Diesel to Meet Growing Service, Sustainability Needs

(Diesel Technology Forum)  Approximately six million diesel-powered work trucks today are on the job working for small businesses and governments alike. These trucks that deliver the everyday services Americans demand,

March 10, 2020 Read Full Article

How Can Renewable Natural Gas Provide a Negative Carbon Impact?

by Ashley Duplechien (ACT News/Trillium)  Renewable natural gas is growing rapidly in the transportation fuel industry and decades of research confirms that it is a price-stable, low-carbon—and even carbon-negative—fuel option

March 9, 2020 Read Full Article

Brightmark Partners with Michigan Dairy Farms to Produce RNG

(Brightmark Energy/Biomass Magazine) Brightmark, a San Francisco-based waste and energy development company, today (March 5, 2020) announced that it has partnered with three Western Michigan farms on the latest in a

March 9, 2020 Read Full Article

Driving Demand in 2020 and Beyond

by Emily Skor (Growth Energy/Ethanol Producer Magazine) … Driving new demand is at the heart of our work, and we envision a future where markets are open, E15 (not E10)

March 7, 2020 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Do We Really Need Hydrogen?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Jack Brouwer, Director of the National Fuel Cell Research Center at UC Irvine asks this very question. Take a look at his presentation from the

March 5, 2020 Read Full Article

New Diesel Engine Powered by Ethanol ClearFlame Engines Can Cut Diesel Emissions Burning Straight Ethanol

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer) When ClearFlame Engines CEO B.J. Johnson told ethanol industry representatives about the potential ethanol market for the company’s all-ethanol diesel engine, those at the recent

March 5, 2020 Read Full Article

Gov. Jay Inslee’s Low-Carbon Fuel Standard Faces Tough Road ahead in Washington State

by Hal Bernton (Seattle Times) Gov. Jay Inslee’s campaign to clamp down on greenhouse gas emissions from the state’s transportation fuels, a high-profile goal throughout his two terms in office, faces

March 4, 2020 Read Full Article

New Ultra-Low Emission Fleet Fueled by Biogas in Southern California

(Southern California Gas/NGV Journal) Southern California Gas Co. (SoCalGas), officials from the San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District and Western Milling, one of the largest and most diverse manufacturers and

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

EPA Board: Trump Replacement of Obama-Era Emissions Rule May Not Be as Good for Society

by Rebecca Beitsch (The Hill) The Trump administration’s plans for addressing vehicle emissions may not be as good for society as an Obama administration rule, according to a review released Monday

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Port of Seattle Supports State-Wide Low Carbon Fuel Standard in Washington, US

(Biofuels International)  The Port of Seattle in the US state of Washington has supported the state-wide implementation of a low carbon fuel standard. The Port of Seattle Commission and executive

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Finnair Stops Emissions Credit Scheme and Biofuel Flights after Police Complaint: The National Police Board Advised the Airline that Programmes to Offset Carbon Emissions or Buy Biofuel Are in Breach of the Law.

(News Now Finland) Finnair is stopping its ‘Push for Change’ emissions credit scheme and biofuel flights after a complaint by police. Authorities consider it an illegal fundraising activity because the scheme offers

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

A Decade of Progress in California? Not for Its Recycling Rate

by Jim Stewart (Bioenergy Producers Association/Renewable Energy Project Development and Finance/Biofuels Digest)  The volume of post-recycled municipal solid waste (MSW) being placed in California’s landfills has been steadily climbing for the

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Improving Algal Strains with Genomics: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Genetic and Synthetic Biology Tools for Algae Productivity

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Wild type algal strains don’t have the productivity and robust growth characteristics needed to push algae forward as a biofuel feedstock, but researchers are working

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

KIST Develops Biofuel Production Process in Cooperation with North American Researchers

(Korea Institute of Science and Technology/EurekAlert!)  Clean biofuel produced using genetic engineering and environmentally friendly solvents. International joint research by Korean, US, and Canadian research teams raises anticipation of the

March 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Would You Pay Higher Gas Prices to Slow the Climate Crisis? Governors in Northeast and Mid-Atlantic States Are Pondering that Question.

by Justin Gillis (New York Times)  A plan is under development in about a dozen Northeast and Mid-Atlantic States to tackle the country’s biggest source of greenhouse emissions, cut road

February 28, 2020 Read Full Article

Congresswoman Angie Craig Leads Letter Reiterating Support for Biofuels, Reducing Carbon Emissions

(Office of Congresswoman Angie Craig (D-MN2))  Today, U.S. Reps. Angie Craig (MN-02) and Dave Loebsack (IA-02) delivered a letter signed by 11 members on the bipartisan Congressional Biofuels Caucus urging the

February 27, 2020 Read Full Article

Beans Grown with Urine and Martian Soil, New Cosmetic Ingredient Produced by Fermentation, Plant-Based Superglue, and More: The Digest’s Top 10 Innovations for the Week of February 27th

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) What a weird week – yummy string beans fertilized with human urine in the form of struvite and cultivated using artificial Martian and lunar soil, making

February 27, 2020 Read Full Article

We Need Better Transportation Options, Not More Roads and More Lanes

by Parris N. Glendening (Washington Post/Smart Growth America’s Leadership Institute) When President Trump attempted to eliminate California’s more stringent fuel efficiency and greenhouse gas standards for cars and trucks, local

February 27, 2020 Read Full Article

Why the U.S. Faces a Steep Path to a CO2-Free Grid

by Peter Behr (E&E News) Nearly two dozen states and the District of Columbia have committed to slashing greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, with several planning at least an 80% cut.  Some

February 20, 2020 Read Full Article

U.S. Gain Opens RNG Fueling Station at the Moreno Valley USD

by Matthew Mercure  (NGT News) U.S. Gain, a company that specializes in the development, procurement and distribution of renewable natural gas (RNG), says it has completed a new onsite natural gas fueling

February 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Landi Renzo USA Awarded $600,000 From South Coast AQMD and SoCalGas to Introduce Near Zero Natural Gas Heavy Duty Engine

(APNews/BusinessWire/Landi Renzo) Landi Renzo USA, the American subsidiary of Landi Renzo Group, the global leader in eco-fuel systems for the automotive industry, announced an award of $600,000. This corresponds in funding

February 19, 2020 Read Full Article

PBF Energy Completes Acquisition of Martinez Refinery, Creates West Coast System

(PBF Energy/PR Newswire) – PBF’s total throughput capacity increases to over 1,000,000 barrels per day; – Establishes PBF as the most complex independent refiner; – Significantly accretive to earnings and cash flow  — PBF

February 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Renewable Gas Infrastructure Expands in San Joaquin Valley

(NGV Journal/Southern California Gas) Southern California Gas Co. (SoCalGas) Vice President Cedric Williams joined Bakersfield Mayor Karen Goh, and local air quality regulators to mark the grand opening of a CNG

February 19, 2020 Read Full Article

What Impact Do Low Carbon Fuel Standards Have on Fuel Prices?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) There are horse whisperers and there are fuel price whisperers. The latter, they beguile us with their charts and tables and reports and white papers and

February 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Carbon Capture Initiatives and 45Q

by Cácia Pimentel* (Advanced Biofuels USA) On February 15th the Center on Global Energy Policy (CGEP) Carbon Management Research Initiative and the Women in Energy program hosted a panel of experts to

February 18, 2020 Read Full Article

South Dakota’s First Dairy Renewable Natural Gas Project under Construction

(Brightmark/NGV Journal) Brightmark, a San Francisco-based waste and energy development company, has signed a manure supply agreement with two South Dakota dairy companies, Boadwine Farms, Inc. and Mooody County Dairy Limited

February 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Commentary: New York Must Adopt Technology-Neutral Fuel Standard

by Tristan R. Brown    (Times Union)  …The state’s transportation sector, which currently is responsible for 46 percent of its total energy-related greenhouse gas emissions, must undergo rapid and comprehensive

February 14, 2020 Read Full Article

Brightmark to Build Dairy RNG Project in South Dakota

(Brightmark Energy/Biomass Magazine) Brightmark, a San Francisco-based waste and energy development company, announced Feb. 5 that it has signed a manure supply agreement with two South Dakota dairy companies, Boadwine Farms

February 14, 2020 Read Full Article

El Dorado Man Pleads Guilty to Illegally Dumping Industrial Wastewater in Stockton Sewer System

(U.S. Department of Justice) Jeremiah Young, 38, of El Dorado, pleaded guilty today to unlawful discharge of industrial wastewater, U.S. Attorney McGregor W. Scott announced. Young was an assistant operator for Community

February 14, 2020 Read Full Article

New Study: Despite Policy Challenges, Ethanol Industry Significantly Benefited Economy in 2019

(Renewable Fuels Association) Policy obstacles—especially ongoing trade disputes and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s granting of RFS compliance waivers to dozens of small refineries —dampened the U.S. ethanol industry’s economic contributions

February 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Powering Farms of the Future: Efficient, Clean Diesel

(Diesel Technology Forum)  Diesel remains the technology of choice for tractors and agricultural machines — … Advancements in diesel powertrains enable farm equipment to be more productive and achieve greater yields,

February 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Oberon Fuels, SHV Energy Partner up to Accelerate Renewable DME: Is This Tech a Carbon Removal Machine of Great Importance?

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) In California, Oberon Fuels and SHV Energy are partnering to accelerate the use of renewable DME to reduce the carbon footprint of transportation fuel.  For

February 11, 2020 Read Full Article

DOJ Drops Probe of Carmakers that Aligned with California on Pollution

by Zack Coleman and Alex Guillén (Politico)  DOJ was investigating whether Ford, Volkswagen, Honda and BMW illegally coordinated last year. — The Justice Department has ended its antitrust investigation of

February 11, 2020 Read Full Article

Influx of California RNG Fuels Local Economy & Protects Climate

by Todd Campbell (ACT News/California Natural Gas Vehicle Partnership)  Natural gas is the leading alternative to diesel in medium- and heavy-duty vehicles in California.  Over 200 million gasoline equivalent gallons

February 7, 2020 Read Full Article

Posted for Comment: Red Trail Energy, LLC Richardton, North Dakota Starch Ethanol Pathways with Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS)

(California Air Resources Board)  Pathway Summary Red Trail Energy (RTE) operates an ethanol production facility located at Richardton, North Dakota with annual production of about 60 million gallons per year.

February 7, 2020 Read Full Article

Why Are Low Carbon Biofuels Needed to Decrease Greenhouse Gases?

(Agricultural & Applied Economics Association/Cision)  Four AAEA members publish research in AEPP  — Electric vehicles are being introduced gradually, and even with aggressive policy support they are expected to reach 50%

February 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Biomass Leaders Provide State of the Industry at Int’l Event

by Ron Kotrba (Biomass Magazine)  The 13th Annual International Biomass Conference & Expo drew nearly 900 industry stakeholders to Nashville, Tennessee, where, following an awards ceremony, a roundtable discussion with biomass association

February 6, 2020 Read Full Article

2020 Bioeconomy M&A Deal Review & Outlook

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The Digest published today a 2020 Deal Review and Outlook Bioeconomy M&A visual guide that looks at the slurry of recent mergers and acquisitions in the

February 5, 2020 Read Full Article

LADWP Helps Launch New Organization to Focus on Green Hydrogen

(Green Hydrogen Coalition) Today (January 21, 2020) marks the official launch of the Green Hydrogen Coalition (GHC), an educational non-profit dedicated to facilitating policies and practices to advance green hydrogen

February 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Rapunzel, Rapunzel: Getting the Hydrogen We Need from the Garbage We Don’t

by Jim Lane (Hydrogen Digest) … In the case of municipal solid waste, there are a couple of reasons why hydrogen might be a smart target, and why gasification is

February 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Clean Energy Delivered 30% More Renewable Natural Gas Last Year

(Clean Energy/NGV Journal) Clean Energy Fuels Corp. delivered 143 million gallons of Redeem™ renewable natural gas last year as robust sales

February 3, 2020 Read Full Article

OPINION: Don’t Count out Ethanol This Election Season

by Geoff Cooper (Renewable Fuels Association/Des Moines Register) When Ted Cruz, a strong opponent of the Renewable Fuel Standard, won the

February 3, 2020 Read Full Article

LLNL Report Lays out Technology Pathways for California to Become Carbon-Neutral and Then -Negative by 2045; 3 Pillars of Negative Emissions

(Green Car Congress) Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists have identified a suite of technologies to help California to become carbon-neutral—and ultimately carbon-negative

February 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Aemetis Awarded $4.1 million Grant for Biogas Upgrading Unit to Produce Pipeline-Quality Renewable Natural Gas

(Aemetis)  Upgrading Unit will Convert Dairy Methane Gas into Ultra-Low-Carbon Renewable Natural Gas for Injection into PG&E Pipeline; Company Awarded

February 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Farmers Are Poised to Tackle Climate Change With Technology and Innovation

by Jamey Mulligan and Moira McDonald (Morning Consult/World Resources Institute/Walton Family Foundation) American farmers know all too well the effects

February 1, 2020 Read Full Article

The Largest Sustainable Aviation Fuel Offtake Deal, Ever?: Delta Strikes Historic SAF Contract with Pacific Northwest Biofuels Venture

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) From Washington state and from Georgia news arrives that Delta and entered into one of the

January 31, 2020 Read Full Article

The Versatile Ethanol Molecule: Ethylene, with a Similar Molecular Structure to that of Ethanol, Has Enormous Market Opportunity around the World.

by Susanne Retka Schill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Knock a water molecule off ethanol and you’ll get ethylene, C2H4—the most widely

January 30, 2020 Read Full Article

CARB Moves forward with Third-Party Verification for Low Carbon Fuel Standard

(Green Car Congress) California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) has supported an innovative revolution in alternative fuels. Those fuels have replaced

January 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Two Airlines Working Towards Sustainable Aviation Fuel: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Alaska Airlines and United Airlines’s Aviation Biofuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Alaska Airlines and United Airlines are on board with sustainable aviation fuel, and both airlines

January 30, 2020 Read Full Article

2020 Diesel Outlook: Off and Running

(Diesel Technology Forum)   …- Before the end of the new decade, more efficient commercial vehicles will have eliminated 1.3 billion

January 28, 2020 Read Full Article

Bigger, Better Crops Combat Climate Change

by Michael Robin (Western Producer)  Carbon from bigger crops and more robust plants like this hybrid canola, and their larger

January 28, 2020 Read Full Article

Turning CO2 into Fuel

by Andrew Myers (American Energy Society)  … Recycling CO2 emissions themselves as researchers at Stanford University are doing has shown

January 27, 2020 Read Full Article

At the Table, or On the Menu?

by Geoff Cooper (Renewable Fuels Association) As discussions about climate change ramp up, ethanol and its impact on emissions and

January 23, 2020 Read Full Article

Brightmark Energy Partners with Larson Family Farms on Florida Biogas Project

(Brightmark Energy) Project will convert 230,000 tons of manure per year into renewable natural gas, reduce methane emissions from Central

January 23, 2020 Read Full Article

The Letters of (Low Carbon) Transit: Business Aviation and World Energy Pard’ner up, Via Book & Claim

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …  World Fuel Services and World Energy have a World Economic Forum Sustainable Aviation Fuel Program

January 21, 2020 Read Full Article

Cannabinoid, Meet Biochem – Lygos Acquires Librede to Scale up and Commercialize Cannabinoid Production

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … In California comes the hot news that Lygos, who you may know for their sugar

January 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Biomethane Use in Transportation Sector Grows by Almost 600% in U.S.

(Southern California Gas Co./NGV Journal)  Calgren Dairy Fuels and Southern California Gas Co. (SoCalGas) announced that four additional Central Valley

January 16, 2020 Read Full Article

LCFS Pathways for Biogas-Based Hydrogen Filed with CARB

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine) The California Air Resources Board has opened comment periods on several Low Carbon Fuel Standard Tier

January 16, 2020 Read Full Article

FastOx Commercialization: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Sierra Energy’s Gasification Tech

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The U.S. Army has a FHL installation and there is an FTL demo, but did

January 16, 2020 Read Full Article

Biodiesel Economics: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to REG’s Biodiesel

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  From GHG emissions and carbon savings to growing public policy support, REG is working hard

January 15, 2020 Read Full Article

Auto Rollback Goes to OMB Review

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)  EPA and NHTSA on Tuesday sent their new auto emissions and fuel efficiency rules

January 15, 2020 Read Full Article

Gold Rush: Daryl Maas Followed His Dreams to California

by Ron Kotrba (Biomass Magazine)  Daryl Maas followed his dreams to California, where he is filling an important niche helping

January 14, 2020 Read Full Article

Biodiesel for Buses Cuts Carbon Footprint

by Scott Hernandez-Jason (University of California Santa Cruz) By switching to renewable diesel fuel, UC Santa Cruz has significantly reduced the

January 14, 2020 Read Full Article

One Airport’s Path to Carbon Neutrality with SAF: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to San Francisco International Airport’s Sustainable Aviation Fuel

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  San Francisco International Airport has some lofty goals when it comes to zero net energy,

January 14, 2020 Read Full Article

At Sea-Tac Airport, Where Emissions Are Rising, Gov. Inslee Pitches Low-Carbon Fuel Standard

by Evan Bush (Seattle Times) Washington Gov. Jay Inslee on Friday promoted a statewide low-carbon fuel standard during a visit at

January 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Five Reasons Midwestern States Need a Clean Fuel Standard

by Jeremy Martin (Union of Concerned Scientists) … Here are five reasons now is the time for Midwestern States to

January 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Digest Data Dashboard: A 2020 Snapshot Guide to Bioeconomy Fuel, Carbon, Equity Prices, Demand, Margins

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Exclusively created for Digest Readers, here is a Digest 2020 Visual Guide to the Bioeconomy

January 10, 2020 Read Full Article

University Campus in California Switches to Renewable Diesel, Reducing Carbon Footprint

(Biofuels International)  By converting its fleet to renewable diesel fuel, the University of California, Santa Cruz (UC Santa Cruz) has

January 9, 2020 Read Full Article

Trillium Opens More CNG Stations in California, Will Offer Biomethane

(Trillium/NGV Journal)  Trillium announced that it is adding two new public CNG fueling stations to its network of California locations. The

January 9, 2020 Read Full Article

California Has Big Clean Energy Ambitions, and Is Looking for Better Energy Storage to Realize Them DEADLINE February 4, 2020

by Kavya Balaraman (Utility Dive) The California Energy Commission (CEC) is putting up to $11 million on the table for

January 9, 2020 Read Full Article

Advisory Panel Slams Trump’s Regulatory Rollbacks

by Sean Reilly, Kelsey Brugger, Maxine Joselow and Ariel Wittenberg (E&E News)  … The SAB (Science Advisory Board) also lobbed extensive

January 9, 2020 Read Full Article

Dems Tee up Climate Plans

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)  The legislative framework that senior Democrats on the House Energy and Commerce Committee want

January 9, 2020 Read Full Article

Dimethyl Ether – Zero Emissions, Carbon Neutrality?: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Oberon Fuels’ Renewable DME

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Dimethyl Ether – We know DME well, but do you know all of its advantages

January 9, 2020 Read Full Article

Packing Peanuts from Sunflower Stem Pith, Biobased Packaging Tape, Wheat-Based ‘Turtle Straws’, Bioluminescent Glow Sticks, and More: The Digest’s Top 10 Innovations for the Week of January 9th

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) As you clean up the post-holiday mess, you might find those annoying packaging peanuts all over

January 9, 2020 Read Full Article

2020 Biodiesel Plant Map Reflections

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  Biodiesel Magazine highlights industry changes as discovered during the 2020 U.S. & Canada Biodiesel Plant

January 9, 2020 Read Full Article

Innovations in Biodiesel Technology

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  New biodiesel process technologies continue to emerge, promising optimization of production through greater efficiencies and

January 8, 2020 Read Full Article

A Greener, Simpler Way to Create Syngas

by Matthew Chin  (University of California, Los Angeles)  UCLA, Rice and UC Santa Barbara researchers develop new method to produce

January 8, 2020 Read Full Article

Shell Aviation Inks Deal to Supply Sustainable Aviation Fuel to Lufthansa in US Airport

by Madeleine Cuff (Business Green) Firm promises to develop ‘scalable supply’ of sustainable aviation fuels under new multi-year partnership with

January 7, 2020 Read Full Article

JetBlue Prepares Its Business for a New Climate Reality

(JetBlue) JetBlue to Go Carbon Neutral on All Domestic Flights by Offsetting Emissions Starting in 2020, Ramping up to Offset more

January 7, 2020 Read Full Article

What’s Looming in 2020?

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)  …  Another looming fight: EPA’s proposals to weaken rules on greenhouse gas emissions from

January 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Canola Growers See Opportunity in Biofuel Option

by Sean Pratt (Western Producer)  Hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) is starting to make inroads in the fuel sector.  HDRD can

January 4, 2020 Read Full Article

FuelCell Energy Highlights Advances in Renewable Biogas Applications Using SureSource Fuel Cell and Proprietary Gas Treatment Systems

(Power Mag/FuelCell Energy) Improving reliability and efficiency of renewable biogas applications since first commercial shipment in 2003; Unique chemistry of

January 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Low-Carbon Fuel on Agenda for WA Lawmakers

By Mateusz Perkowski (Capital Press/Chinook Observer) Gov. Jay Inslee’s agenda for the 2020 legislative session includes a low-carbon fuel standard, which

January 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Small California Indian Tribe Goes Off-Grid with Mini-Grid Including UCO Biodiesel

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In California, the Washington Post newspaper reports that used cooking oil from the Blue Lake Rancheria

January 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Microbes to Materials: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Lygos’ Sugar Conversion

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  By taking a low pH yeast platform and adding in some BioFab and software, machine

January 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Cutting Edge Funding: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Debt and Equity Financing Mechanisms for Bioeconomy Projects

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Money, money, money – a growing bioeconomy needs lots of it. But with so many challenges

January 2, 2020 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 10 Top Advanced Bioeconomy Markets & Predictions for 2020

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) A mere “The Year in Rewind” as we sail into 2020? Not the good ship Digest!

January 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Greenlane Wins Biogas Upgrading Contract for California Project

(Greenlane Renewables/Biomass Magazine) Greenlane Renewables Inc. announced on Dec. 27 that its wholly owned subsidiary, Greenlane Biogas North America Ltd., has

January 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Converting Waste to Synthetic Crude Oil: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Licella’s Thermochemical Tech

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Licella is transforming plastic and biomass waste into high value sustainable resources. Their Cat-HTR platform

January 2, 2020 Read Full Article

The Digest’s Biofuels Mandates Around the World 2020

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) 64 countries have targets or mandates – but how much where, and when, and what?  Besides

January 2, 2020 Read Full Article

A Planet on Fire: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Red Rock Biofuels’ Call to Action for Aviation Industry

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) “Facing catastrophic problems with the immediacy of wildfire and the sinister creeping of climate change is

December 28, 2019 Read Full Article

Advanced Biofuels – Where Are the Gallons?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) From what is an advanced biofuel to why, we take a look at the gallons, the

December 27, 2019 Read Full Article

RNG Opportunities and Takeaways: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Renewable Natural Gas

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  What are the current opportunities in renewable natural gas? Mike McCurdy, Managing Director at ICF

December 26, 2019 Read Full Article

Marginal Improvement

by Matt Thompson (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Margins at some plants have begun to rise, but they’re still tight, and factors

December 24, 2019 Read Full Article

Pearson Fuels Partners with World Energy to Deliver an Advanced E85 Flex Fuel

(World Energy/PR Newswire)  Leading Low-Carbon Fuel Providers Offer the Market’s First and Only Ethanol and Renewable Naphtha Blend  —   Pearson

December 20, 2019 Read Full Article

Air France Agrees SAF Initiative on Flights from San Francisco while KLM Buys Renewable Fuel from Neste

(GreenAir Online)  Airline group partners Air France and KLM have each entered into new commitments to purchase sustainable aviation fuel

December 20, 2019 Read Full Article

EPA Chief Denies Coordinating with DOJ on Investigation of Automakers Siding with California

by Josh Siegel and  Abby Smith (Washington Examiner) Environmental Protection Agency head Andrew Wheeler said he was not involved with the

December 20, 2019 Read Full Article

Low-Carbon Fuel Standard, Requirements for Ride-Hailing Companies among Gov. Inslee’s Climate Proposals

by Evan Bush (Seattle Times) Washington Gov. Jay Inslee on Thursday laid out another set of ambitious policy priorities to reduce

December 20, 2019 Read Full Article

Heliogen Achieves Breakthrough Temperatures From Concentrated Sunlight for Industrial Processes, With Momentum Toward Commercial Hydrogen Fuel Creation

(Heliogen/Business Wire) Heliogen, the clean energy company that is transforming sunlight to create and replace fuels, today announced its launch and

December 19, 2019 Read Full Article

Is Big Oil Feeling the Heat?

by Matt Carr (New Energy American/The Hill) … In 2016 Big Oil received the gift of the century in a Donald

December 19, 2019 Read Full Article

Bombardier Delivers Aircraft Powered by Sustainable Aviation Fuel to Latitude 33 Aviation

(Biofuels International)  Airplane manufacturer Bombardier has announced that California, US-based private jet charterer Latitude 33 Aviation has taken delivery of

December 19, 2019 Read Full Article

Gulfstream’s Fleet Hits Sustainable Aviation Fuel Milestone

(Biofuels International)  Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation’s fleet has flown over one million nautical miles – or 1.85 million kilometres – on

December 19, 2019 Read Full Article

Red River Biorefinery Gearing up for Production

by Matt Thompson (Ethanol Producer Magazine) According to Keshav Rajpal, BioMass Solution principal, the industry’s newest ethanol plant – Red River

December 16, 2019 Read Full Article

The Kodak Moment: The World’s Airlines Consider Their Low-Carbon Options in an Era of Flight-Shaming

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … Now, the airlines were just about the first customers to clamor for advanced biofuels. In

December 14, 2019 Read Full Article

How Can Ethanol Stay Competitive in California?

by Natasha Beilstein and Dr. Lei Zhu (EcoEngineers/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Ethanol producers need to reduce their CI score — and

December 13, 2019 Read Full Article

Caribou Biofuels, Research Foundation for SUNY Sign Agreement

(Caribou Biofuels/Biomass Magazine) Caribou Biofuels Inc., a company that develops hardware and systems to cost-effectively process biomass, has entered into an

December 13, 2019 Read Full Article

Using CARB’s Framework: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to the Clean Fuels Standard in Washington State

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Diges)  The California Air Resources Board’s frameworkis proving to be an example to follow for states like

December 13, 2019 Read Full Article

Xebec Enters California Dairy RNG Market with Maas Energy Works

(Xebec Adsorbtion, Inc./Biomass Magazine) Xebec Adsorption Inc., a global provider of clean energy solutions, announced today that it signed a letter

December 11, 2019 Read Full Article

Linked Equipment and Capna Systems Announce a Joint Effort to Provide Fully Turnkey Ethanol Extraction Systems

(Linked Equipment/PR Newswire)  Linked Equipment and Capna – Scalability Through Modularity  —  Linked Equipment and Capna Systems announce a joint

December 11, 2019 Read Full Article

Trump Says U.S. Will Finalize New Fuel Efficiency Rules Next Year

by David Shepardson (Reuters)  U.S. President Donald Trump said on Friday that his administration will finalize its rollback of Obama-era

December 10, 2019 Read Full Article

On the Road to Success from Research to Product: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Cyclotron Road

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Cyclotron Road is a partnership between the non-profit Activate.org and Lawrence Berkeley National Lab to empower scientists

December 10, 2019 Read Full Article

9 Hot New CO2 Applications

by Sam A. Rushing (Advanced Cryogenics/Biofuels Digest)  … Food and beverage applications often account for 70% of all tonnage consumed in

December 10, 2019 Read Full Article

California’s Sustainable Aviation Effort: Biofuel

(CNN Business)  All United Airlines flights leaving Los Angeles International Airport benefit from a portion of renewable fuel, but for

December 10, 2019 Read Full Article

Australia, U.S., to Cooperate on Critical Minerals, Rare Earths

(U.S. News and World Report/Reuters) Australia and the United States will support projects to develop critical minerals and rare earths,

December 9, 2019 Read Full Article

Commercializing Conventional and Advanced Transport Biofuels from Biomass and Other Renewable Feedstocks; Focus on Sweden

by Mahmood Ebadian, Jim McMillan and Jack Saddler  (IEA Bioenergy Task 39 Newsletter)  …  Task 39’s main focus remains on

December 6, 2019 Read Full Article

RFA Stresses Ethanol Benefits at COP25

by Cindy Zimmerman (Energy.AgWired.com) The Renewable Fuels Association told world leaders meeting this week in Madrid that low-carbon ethanol is an economical and

December 6, 2019 Read Full Article

Air France Plans Flights to San Francisco Using SAF

(Biofuels International)  Air France is planning flights to San Francisco fuelled by sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). The airline signed a

December 5, 2019 Read Full Article

World-Scale Manure-to-Fuel Facility Has Successful Start-up

(Iogen)  Threemile Canyon Farms’ Oregon facility is steadily producing renewable natural gas  —  Iogen Corporation would like to congratulate Threemile

December 5, 2019 Read Full Article

QUOTE OF THE WEEK — Santa Barbara Metropolitan Transit District

“The carbon intensity of renewable diesel is about one-third of that of a battery-electric vehicle charging on the California grid,”

December 5, 2019 Read Full Article

Santa Barbara MTD Is Done with Everyday Diesel

by Michael Bates (NGT News) Santa Barbara MTD, the transit agency providing bus and shuttle service in greater Santa Barbara, Calif.,

December 5, 2019 Read Full Article

Maine Eyed for Project that Converts Electricity to Storable Gas

by Tux Turkel (Press Herald)  Wind and other renewables produce excess power that could be used in the state’s natural

December 4, 2019 Read Full Article

Dairy Farm, BMW Partner on Biogas Electricity to Power Cars

(Straus Family Creamery/Biomass Magazine) Straus Family Creamery, a leader in organic farming and sustainable dairy innovation, announces a collaboration between its

December 4, 2019 Read Full Article

North American RNG Industry Celebrates New Production Facilities

(Coalition for Renewable Natural Gas/Biomass Magazine) Today (December 3, 2019), the Coalition for Renewable Natural Gas (RNG Coalition) commenced the North

December 4, 2019 Read Full Article

True Zero Emission Tech: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Nel Hydrogen

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Nel ASA is a Norwegian company based in Oslo. Nel is a global company providing solutions

December 4, 2019 Read Full Article

California Bans Government Purchase of Gasoline Vehicles

(Trucking Info) … As part of Gov. Gavin Newsom’s administration’s attempt to combat climate change, California has banned the purchase

December 4, 2019 Read Full Article

Azelio, Biodico Partner for Solar, Wind Power at Biofuel Units

(Azelio/Biodiesel Magazine) Swedish public firm Azelio has signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with the U.S. firm Biodico Inc. for a

December 4, 2019 Read Full Article

Bombardier Reinforces Commitment to Environment and Receives First Shipment of Sustainable Aviation Fuel in Montreal

(Bombardier)  Aviation  — -Avfuel Corporation supplied inaugural shipment of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) to be deployed to Bombardier customers upon

December 3, 2019 Read Full Article

From Waste Woody Biomass to Carbon Negative Transportation Fuels via CCUS

by Philipp Stratmann (Velocys/Biofuels Digest) At this year’s ABLC Next Conference in San Francisco Velocys presented on the opportunity to produce

December 3, 2019 Read Full Article

CA Air Resources Board Public Workshop to Discuss Potential Amendments to the Regulation on the Commercialization of Alternative Diesel Fuels — December 13, 2019 — Sacramento, CA

    CA Air Resources Board Public Workshop to Discuss Potential Amendments to the Regulation on the Commercialization of Alternative Diesel Fuels   —   December 13, 2019   —   Sacramento, CA

(California Advanced Biofuels Alliance) The public workshop to discuss potential amendments to the Regulation on the Commercialization of Alternative Diesel Fuels

December 2, 2019 Read Full Article

New PHA Pathway, Stroodles Noodle Straws, Bamboo Poutine, Seaweed Bioplastic, Rice Husk Travel Mugs and More: The Digest’s Top 10 Innovations for the Week of November 28th

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … It’s Thanksgiving in the U.S. today and many are gathering around the table, chatting

November 29, 2019 Read Full Article
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fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poland Policy politics 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railroad rainforest RAND rare earth metal RD20 RD30 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED and RED II) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smokestack soap social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar-to-fuels solar biofuels solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solaris solid oxide fuel cell Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve straw students sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugar cane sugar cane prices sugar cane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic methane Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils Velocys Venezuela Vermont Victoria video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volunteers waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil waste water water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass 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