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Kuwait Petroleum Completes SAF Blending at Biorefinery in France

by Fayaz Hussain (SAF Investor)  Kuwait Petroleum International (KPI) announced its marketing arm Q8Aviation has successfully completed first blending process of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) at a biorefinery in the northern city of Le Havre in France. The SAF will be delivered

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Not Just EVs, Min. Nitin Gadkari Plans to Fight Pollution with Biofuels, Alt Fuels; Unveils New Green Roadmap

(FirstPost) While speaking in today's Rajya Sabha session, Minister of Road Transport and Highways, Nitin Gadkari, revealed a new roadmap for India's green mobility revolution, which is based not just on EVs, but also biofuels, and alt fuels -- ... Nitin Gadkari

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Casey’s Receives Biodiesel Marketing Award from Iowa’s Agriculture Secretary

(Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship/Biobased Diesel Daily) Iowa Secretary of Agriculture Mike Naig announced Jan. 11 that the winners of the 2022 Renewable Fuels Marketing Awards are Danlee Corp. and Casey’s General Stores. The awards were created to

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EPA Releases Proposal to Streamline Existing Fuels Regulations

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The U.S. EPA released a proposed rule on April 13 that aims to streamline and modernize the agency’s existing fuels regulations. In the rulemaking, the EPA said it is proposing “some slight modifications to the

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Grassley Asks White House for Biofuel Support as SPR Fill Helps Oil Industry

by Meghan Gordon (S&P Global) US Senator Chuck Grassley, Republican-Iowa, urged the Trump administration Thursday to help the US biofuel industry weather plunging fuel prices and demand, just as the White House was seen as supporting domestic oil producers by

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Coop Sugar Mills Seek Restructure of Soft Loans to Factories in Maharashtra

(Financial Express)  Maharashtra has not be able to take advantage of the Rs 15,000-crore loan scheme of the government given for sugar mills since the balance sheets of mills are not healthy, Naiknavare said. The National Federation of Cooperative Sugar Factories

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Cooperative Relies on RFS Waivers: CountryMark Sits on Both Sides of Small-Refinery Waiver Controversy

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer) The farmer-owned CountryMark cooperative and fuel refinery is caught in the middle of the small-refinery exemption controversy. The company operates in Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Ohio and Kentucky -- most of its customers at more than 100

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Victory Renewables Opens Biodiesel Blending Facility in Kansas

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  An open house was held June 25 in Garden City, Kansas, to celebrate Victory Renewables’ new biodiesel blending facility. The site stores both diesel and biodiesel fuels, allowing suppliers to load biodiesel in concentrations of 5

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Nebraska Legislature Passes Cost Share Program for Ethanol Infrastructure

(WNAX)  Last week Nebraska State Senators voted unanimously to pass LB 585, a measure creating a cost share grant program for installing infrastructure used to store, blend or dispense gasoline ethanol blends. Nebraska Ethanol Board Administrator Sarah Caswell says the overwhelming

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Renewable Energy Group and Broco Oil Company Announce Partnership

(Acrofan/Renewable Energy Group)  Renewable Energy Group (REG) and Broco Oil Company announced today a partnership to provide cleaner fuel options to heating oil dealers in the Northeast. The companies are working together to provide a state-of-the-art blending facility in Haverhill, MA. ... The

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E20 by 2020: Hold Your Breath!

by Ramya Natarajan (Economic Times/Center for Study of Science, Technology & Policy)  The National Policy on Biofuels 2018 sets an ethanol-blending target of E20 by 2030. However, if the dispersion modelling results for India look promising for ethanol fuels, policymakers

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Ethanol Use Falls for First Time in 20 Years

by John Herath (Farm Journal Media)  RFA Blames Waivers for Refiners  --- Ethanol use in the United States last year fell for the first time since 1998, according to data from the Energy Information Administration. The Renewable Fuels Association (RFA) is blaming

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OPINION: Terminal Availability of E15 Grows as RVP Relief Nears

by Robert White (Renewable Fuels Association/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  When E15 (gasoline containing 15 percent ethanol) debuted in 2012, it was created at retail sites by using blender pumps to dilute E85 (fuel containing up to 85 percent denatured ethanol) with E10.

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Cabinet Okays Ethanol Projects' Funding

(Economic Times)  Under the scheme, called the Pradhan Mantri JI-VAN Yojana, Rs 1800 crore has been allocated for supporting 12 commercial projects.  -- The Cabinet has approved a scheme to provide Rs 1969 crore as viability gap funding to second generation (2G)

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Alternative Fuels Council Offers Biodiesel Strategy

by Jeff Hove (Biodiesel Magazine) Jeff Hove, vice president of NATSO's Alternative Fuels Council, provides perspective on current political, regulatory and market events relating to biodiesel blending, and how a myriad of potential changes will affect downstream operators. -- ... But renewable

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HERO BX – Even Kryptonite Can’t Stop the Largest Biodiesel Producer in the Eastern U.S. from Getting Stronger and Bigger

by Helena Taveres Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  The largest biodiesel producer in the Eastern United States is getting larger, and stronger. Lake Erie Biofuels dba HERO BX purchased the assets of a Clinton, Iowa biodiesel facility from Tenaska Commodities, LLC, an affiliate of Tenaska,

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Bolivian Oil Company to Invest 49 Million Dollars in Ethanol

(Prensa Latina)  State Yacimientos Petroliferos Fiscales Bolivianos (YPFB) will invest over the next five years, 49 million dollars to store alcohol anhydride, essential additive in production of ethanol. YPFB president, Oscar Barriga, informed the oil company sells at present five million liters

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Mexican Ethanol Optimism Returns after States Ask for Ban Repeal

(UkrAgroConsult)  The Mexican ethanol market could have more room to grow as the states of Nuevo Leon and Jalisco have asked for a repeal of a ban on ethanol blending in their principal cities of Monterrey and Guadalajara, respectively. "If our gasoline

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NATSO Launches Alternative Fuels Council

(NATSO)  NATSO Inc. on June 12 launched a new business venture known as the Alternative Fuels Council (NATSOAltFuels.com) to help fuel retailers leverage the resources necessary to learn about and incorporate alternative fuels into their supply offerings. The Alternative Fuels Council will

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Pioneering Achievements: Biodiesel Magazine Spotlights Eight Companies

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  Biodiesel Magazine spotlights eight companies—four process technology providers, two commodity firms, a blending equipment manufacturer and an adsorbent supplier—forging new paths in their respective fields. WWS Trading  For more than 25 years, WWS Trading has been a family-owned

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Sapp Bros. Opens Columbus Biodiesel Blending Facility

 by Aryel Smith  (KTIC Radio/ Nebraska Soybean Board)  The new Sapp Bros. biodiesel blending facility will hold its grand opening in Columbus on May 24.  The new blending facility is located five miles from the Columbus NuStar terminal. Fuel suppliers can load diesel

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EPA Data Shows Small Refiner Waivers Have Lowered 2016, 2017 RFS Blending Obligations by 1.6 Billion Gallons

by Emily Druckman (Renewable Fuels Association)   EPA’s recent actions in exempting small refineries from their Renewable Fuel Standard blending obligations for 2016 and 2017 have effectively lowered the volumetric obligations by at least 1.6 billion gallons, according to an analysis of

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Parliamentary Committee Raises Concern over Ethanol Blending Programme

(IANS /Moneylife)  Raising an alarm over slow ethanol procurement for blending with the petrol, a parliamentary committee has flagged loopholes in the government's Ethanol Blending Programme (EBP). The EBP, under Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, aims at blending ethanol with petrol,

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China's Independent Oil Refiners Gear up for Ethanol Push in Cars

by Meng Meng, Josephine Mason (Reuters) China’s top independent oil refiner is buying ethanol and two others are seeking government approval to blend the biofuel into their gasoline ahead of the country’s 2020 deadline to add it to the nation’s fuel supply,

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California Biofuel Event Showcases Dynamics of Evolving Industry

(The California Advanced Biofuels Alliance /Biodiesel Magazine)  At the California Advanced Biofuels Conference March 1 in Sacramento, Jennifer Case, chair of California Advanced Biofuels Alliance, gave her annual address to a packed house that has evolved to include major industry players, both

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Royal Vopak: Expansion of the Vopak Tank Terminal (JTT) in the Port of Jakarta - Indonesia

(Vopak)  Today  (February 16, 2018) Royal Vopak announces the expansion with 100.000 cbm for the storage of gasoline and biofuels of the PT Jakarta Tank Terminal (JTT), a joint venture company in Indonesia between Royal Vopak and PT AKR Corporindo Tbk

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Five Steps for Successful Sustainable Fuel Fleet Integration and Vehicle Use

by Michael Eggleston*  (Advanced Biofuels USA)  “Since switching to B20, we’ve had no engine issues. We haven’t had any issues with fuel filters. And the lubrication from biodiesel has been a good thing given the lack of lubricity in modern

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Letter: Fuel Choice: A Right of All Auto Owners

by Orrie Swazye (Argus Leader)  This is America: Contrary to EPA statements, all auto owners have the self-evident, unalienable constitutional right to save typically several dollars/tank by choosing splash blended 94 octane thus premium half E85/ E30’s more power, same mileage

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Biodiesel Now Included in Top Tier™ Diesel Fuel

(National Biodiesel Board)   Growmark, Inc., a regional agricultural cooperative from Illinois, is providing Top Tier Diesel Fuel blended with biodiesel. Top Tier performance standards are gaining popularity across the country, helping vehicle owners ensure they are purchasing a clean, high quality fuel. As

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Japan Will Allow Gas Blends Using U.S. Ethanol

by Ray Grabanski (Progressive Ag/Ag Week)  ... Japan announced that it will allow gasoline blenders to use ethanol sourced from the U.S. Japan currently allows blending with Brazilian sugar ethanol, but U.S. ethanol is currently 35 percent cheaper than Brazilian sugar

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New Facility Brings Biodiesel Blending to Western South Dakota

(NewsCenter1.tv)  ... The automated skid system receives biodiesel fuel from rail cars and stores it. Utilizing a code, contracted customers can pump the fuel into trucks that normally transport diesel to then take back and distribute elsewhere. ... Victory Renewables officials said the

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City Donates Land to Lure Kwik Star Project

by Tim Jamison (The Courier) The city is donating land and extending sewer in the Martin Road business park to lure a new biodiesel fuel blending facility. Waterloo City Council members voted unanimously Monday to approve a development agreement with Kwik

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Defense Production Act (DPA) Title III Advanced Drop-In Biofuels Production Project (ADBPP) Biofuels 2 Solicitation Number: FOA-RQKM-2017-0006

(U.S. Air Force)  This Title III project is to further increase domestic advanced biofuels production capacity by establishing additional Integrated Biofuel Production Enterprise (IBPE) capabilities that represent a complete value chain including Feedstock production, Chemical conversion and processing, and Fuels

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Port of Seattle, Boeing and Alaska Airlines Release Aviation Biofuel Infrastructure Findings

(Port of Seattle) Existing pipeline, transportation resources, zoning and land use laws could accommodate new aviation biofuel blending, storage and delivery infrastructure  --  ​The Port of Seattle, Boeing and Alaska Airlines today released a first-of-its-kind study that identifies the best infrastructure

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Hero BX Offers Branded Bioheat Distributor Program

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  Erie, Pennsylvania-based biodiesel producer Hero BX announced a new business enterprise Jan. 12, the Hero BX-branded Bioheat program. Bioheat is a blend of biodiesel and heating oil in varying concentrations. Hero BX’s new program offers

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Uganda: Kakira Sugar Opens Shs130 Billion Ethanol Plant

by Isaac Mufumba (All Africa/The Monitor)  Kakira Sugar Limited, a local sugar producer, has started commercial production of ethanol at a $36.6 million (Shs133b) distillery. The joint managing director, Mr Mayur Madhvani, told Daily Monitor in an interview last week that

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JP Energy Partners Announces Ethanol Unit Train Project and Pipeline System Interconnection Agreement for its North Little Rock Refined Products Terminal

(Digital Journal/ JP Energy Partners LP)  JP Energy Partners LP (“JP Energy”) (NYSE:JPEP) today (February 15, 2016) announced that it has initiated the expansion of its existing rail facilities at its North Little Rock refined products terminal to allow for unit

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Lincoln Terminal Co., a Southeast Oil Products and Biofuels Marketing and Logistics company, said on Monday that it has acquired the Eco terminal (former Crown) in Charlotte, N.C., Last Week, Expanding Its Terminal Network to Four

(TankTerminals.com)  ...The Charlotte terminal has a total capacity of 130,000 bbl, and serves gasoline, ULSD, ethanol and biodiesel. The terminal has good tankage flexibility for different products and automated biodiesel blending will be an added service. The terminal is complementary

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USDA Chief Economist Office Examines Ethanol’s Complex Impact

by Susanne Retka Schill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  USDA's Office of the Chief Economist just released a comprehensive report on ethanol. The 87-page report, “U.S. Ethanol: An Examination of Policy, Production, Use, Distribution, and Market Interactions,” examines the complex interaction of

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More Ethanol Producers Should Sell Directly to Gas Retailers

by Holly Jessen (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Ethanol producers that aren’t selling E85 direct to area gas retailers should seriously think about it, according to producers with direct-sales programs in place. .. Although there are other ethanol plants that have E85 direct sales programs,

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Yellow Hose Program Brings Price Stability to E85 in Michigan

by Holly Jessen (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  A Michigan ethanol plant has had success with its Yellow Hose program, blending E85 and supplying area retailers, as well as sales at an on-site fuel pump. Carbon Green Bioenergy LLC blends E85 at the

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California Lead Commissioner Workshop and Availability of the Draft 2014 Integrated Energy Policy Report Update

The California Energy Commission (CEC) held a workshop November 24, 2014, in Sacramento regarding its 2014 Draft Integrated Energy Report Update (2014 IEPR).  The CEC prepares this biennial report to assess major energy trends in California and make policy recommendations.  California

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PMO Discusses Clearing Hurdles in Ethanol Blending Programme

(The Economic Times)  Keen to ensure success of ethanol blending in petrol, the Prime Minister's Office held parleys with the ministries of food and petroleum to clear bottlenecks to ensure adequate supplies so that the programme can be extended across

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Ethanol Use to Hit Record as Corn Prices Slump, Feds Project

by Zain Shauk  (FuelFix)  Corn prices have fallen 40 percent in 2013, a drop that inspired refineries to blend a record amount of ethanol into gasoline in August. The price drop came as the government projected record corn production of 14

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Ethanol Blending Provides Another Proxy for Gasoline Demand

(U.S. Energy Information Administration/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Measuring current U.S. gasoline demand can be difficult, as there are 160,000 retail gasoline stations and more than 250 million vehicles in the country. ... Under present market conditions, where nearly all gasoline sold is

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Letter, 9/4: Ethanol the Choice for Many Reasons

by Todd Sneller (Lincoln Journal Star/Nebraska Ethanol Board)   The well-written article “Cost of gas could soar” (Aug. 25) explains that oil companies have made a business decision that will further increase their profits by reducing the octane rating of gasoline

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Rising RINs Price Is Driving Some Companies to Boost Their Ethanol Activities

by Janet McGurty (Platts)  ...This month PBF Energy and Alon USA both told analysts they had new plans to blend renewables like ethanol and biodiesel with gasoline and petroleum-based diesel as a way to fend off high prices for renewable credits, known as RINs. Refiners

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The Right to Blend

by Joanna Schroeder (DomesticFuel.com)  Iowa Governor Terry Branstad signed into law last week legislation that preserves an Iowa petroleum marketer’s right to blend with Iowa manufactured ethanol and biodiesel. This, according to Dawn Carlson, president of the Petroleum Marketers and Convenience

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I Have a Ream: Biofuels Digest’s 60-Second Guide to this Week’s DC Overload

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  This week in Washington, it has been one for the record books, emailwise and biofuelswise. Reams and reams of emails attest to the seriousness of the stakes — as NGOs, trade associations and Congress paper

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The Dew Drop Inn — Who’s Dropping in What in Biofuels?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  B20, B5, B100, E10, E22, E15, M50, E85, Bu12.5, HEFA 50.  Is your head swimming with acronyms and blend ratios?  Who exactly is making drop-in fuels, and what does that mean? In the world of alternative

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US Biodiesel Blends to Be Offered All Year Round

(Biofuels International)  ...The South Dakota Soybean Research and Promotion Council, Minnesota Soybean Research and Promotion Council, Harms Oil Company, National Biodiesel Foundation and Clean Cities have partnered to expand the availability of biodiesel in southwestern Minnesota, eastern South Dakota and

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Butamax Fuel Product Manager James Baustian Discussed Biobutanol at the Petroleum Equipment Institute Convention at the National Association of Convenience Stores Show

(Butamax/PR NewsWire)  Butamax™ Advanced Biofuels, the leading global biobutanol technology development company, announced that last week Fuel Product Manager James Baustian discussed the integration of biobutanol gasoline blends in retail fuel dispensing systems at the Petroleum Equipment Institute Convention. The convention took

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Environmental Regulations Kindle the Southeast Asian Automotive Biofuels Market, Finds Frost & Sullivan

(Frost & Sullivan/Sacramento Bee)  Removing subsidies for conventional fuels and providing incentives for biofuels will bolster market growth New analysis from Frost & Sullivan (http://www.chemicals.frost.com), Strategic Analysis of Southeast Asian Automotive Biofuels Market, finds that the market earned revenues of more than

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The Railway Association of Canada (RAC) Announced Central Manitoba Railway (CEMR) Winner of 2012 Marketing Award

(Railway Association of Canada)  The Railway Association of Canada (RAC) today announced that Central Manitoba Railway (CEMR) has been chosen as the winner of its 2012 Marketing Award. The RAC Marketing award was created to recognize shortlines for their role in accelerating

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The 2012 London Olympics, Biofuels-Style: BP to Showcase Its Three Most Advanced Biofuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  As the 2012 Summer Games approach, BP Biofuels launches its showcase for cellulosic ethanol, renewable diesel, and biobutanol.   Amidst the blizzard of demo drives and informational marketing, why are these molecules key to “fueling the

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EdeniQ, NREL, Aemetis, Kent Bioenergy among Winners of California Clean Energy Grants

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In California, the California Energy Commission approved funding of $23,110,015 for projects that will advance the development of green fuels, and the installation of fueling stations.  The awards are provided through the Energy Commission’s Alternative

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Ethanol Blends Overtaking Gasoline Supply Chain

(OPISNet.com)  It’s been a long time coming, but ethanol now dominates the U.S. gasoline blending landscape. The number of wholesale terminals supplying only conventional clear gasoline for truck loadings has trimmed down to just nine out of about 325 rack

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The Blunder Down Under

by Joelle Brink (Biofuels Digest Asia)  In Australia, it’s Back to Petroleum for the ethanol producers, blenders and users of New South Wales if BP gets its way. ...Rather than go back to selling the ethanol blends its customers want, BP

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Building Out for Bioheat

by Erin Voegele (Biodiesel Magazine)  The market for biodiesel-blended heating oil is growing swiftly as oilheat dealers look for ways to green their offerings and supply a product that offers comparable economic benefits to natural gas. The lack of proper

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Study: Regulatory Hurdles Hinder Biofuels Market

by Phil Ciciora (University of Illinois)  Regulatory hurdles abound for the successful commercialization of emerging liquid biofuels, which hold the promise of enhancing U.S. energy security, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and serving as a driver for rural economic development, according

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Biofuels Mandates Around the World

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ...The bulk of mandates comes from the EU-27, where the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) specifies a 10 percent renewables content by 2020 across the entire membership – though 7 percent of that will come from

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General Motors Wants More U.S. Ethanol Stations

(NASC Online)  General Motors Co. is asking for more U.S. ethanol stations to help fuel its growing fleet of hybrid vehicles, Reuters reports. The car maker is producing more vehicles able to run on ethanol-gasoline blends.  Tom Stevens, GM vice chairman

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Judge Rejects Challenge to N.C. "Ethanol Blending" Law -- Similar to Pending TN Lawsit

by Tom Humphrey (Knoxnews.com)   A federal judge has rejected a lawsuit by the American Petroleum Institute that sought to invalidate North Carolina's "ethanol blending" statute, which is similar to a 2009 law passed by the Tennessee legislature. API has also

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(DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup corn-based products corn/maize Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality county cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crassulacean acid metabolism plants (CAM) crimes criteria pollutants Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cup plant cuphea currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cusi cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs d-5 D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D20 (20%DME) D5 (5%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date kernel oil date palm date palm pits date palm waste Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization defossilize Dehydration Delaware DeltaWing demonstration demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose dfdsffsfdfsf diatoms diesel Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices Diesel R5 diesel with renewables diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct air capture direct injection direct ocean capture Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) direct-to-fuel directed evolution dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought tolerant drought-resistant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass 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inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit Invvesting ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jersey Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati knotweed Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose 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system MOVES2014 MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed mvr Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nano particles nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha naphthene NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) 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