Scientists Show Renewable Biocell Is Possible
(Bioenergy Insight) … Over recent years, growing knowledge of biocatalysts and enzymes has revitalised interest in fuel cells, with research showing their hydrogen and oxygen transformation potential could be comparable to that offered by platinum.
Researchers at the Laboratoire of Bioénergétique et Ingénierie des Protéines (CNRS/Aix-Marseille Université) have been developing a new generation of biocells. Their research has seen them replace the chemical catalyst (platinum) with bacterial enzymes: hydrogenase (key for converting hydrogen into many microorganisms), and bilirubin oxidase. Now, they have identified a hydrogenase that is active in the presence of oxygen and resistant to some platinum inhibitors like carbon monoxide.
In collaboration with the Centre de Recherche Paul Pascal (CNRS/Université de Bordeaux), they also explored biodiversity to identify heat-stable enzymes that can withstand temperatures between 25°C and 80°C.
It was discovered that by progressively incorporating the two heat-stable enzymes in a carbon-based architecture, removed many of the obstacles highlighted in the first prototype. A carbon felt with suitably adapted porosity is the host structure for the enzymes, and also serves as protection against chemical species generated when oxygen is reduced, which change enzyme activity. In these conditions, the biocell can function without loss of performance for several days.
Remarkably, the team have shown that by using this controlled architecture the currents delivered by the biocatalyst are similar to the target results for platinum. This proves that the biocells could be an alternative to classic fuel cells, with renewable biomass used to provide both the fuel (hydrogen) and the catalyst (enzymes). READ MORE