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Peru

Argentina Takes Peru to WTO in Biodiesel Row

by Tom Miles (Reuters)  Argentina has launched a dispute at the World Trade Organization to contest Peru’s anti-dumping and anti-subsidy duties on Argentina’s exports of biodiesel, a WTO filing published on Wednesday showed. Argentina’s complaint suggests the two countries have failed to settle a row that blew up in October 2016

December 6, 2018 Read Full Article

USGC: Ethanol Summit Sparks Engagement on Ethanol Policy

(U.S. Grains Council/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  ..Countries shared their experiences with implementing biofuels policy and discussed how best to support the development and implementation of ethanol policies with a role for trade. Recognized scientists and ethanol experts demonstrated how ethanol use in transportation fuels improves air quality, extends the current fuel

October 15, 2018 Read Full Article

Valero Expands into South America with Peru Biofuels Deal

by David French (Reuters)  Valero Energy Corp has agreed to purchase Pure Biofuels Del Peru from private equity firm Pegasus Capital Advisors, the companies said on Monday, marking the U.S. refiner’s first infrastructure investment in South America. Pure Biofuels Del Peru owns an approximately 1-million- barrel liquid storage terminal, a biodiesel

May 15, 2018 Read Full Article

Peru Biofuel Market Analysis & Forecast Up To 2025 – ResearchAndMarkets.com

(Research and Markets)  The “The Future of Peru Biofuel (Ethanol) Markets to 2025” report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com’s offering. Peru Biofuel (Ethanol) market is expected to witness a strong growth rate in the medium to long term future. Driven by surge in market conditions and technological advancements, the Biofuel (Ethanol) has witnessed

April 11, 2018 Read Full Article

EU Commission Reopens US Ethanol Antidumping Case; Extends Duty for 15 Months

by Chrysa Glystra (Platts)  The European Commission announced Tuesday it will initiate an expiry review of the antidumping duty against US fuel ethanol imports, with the duty staying in the place for another 15 months while the investigation takes place. The duty of 9.5% has been in place since February 23,

February 20, 2018 Read Full Article

Biofuels Mandates Around the World 2018

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Florida, the Digest today releases its annual review of biofuels mandates and targets around the world, looking at the state of biofuels mandates in 65 countries. The bulk of mandates continue to come from the EU-27, where the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) once specified a

January 2, 2018 Read Full Article

European Industry Counterattacks against Argentine Biodiesel

by Aline Robert (EurActiv)  A group representing European biodiesel producers filed a complaint about illegal state aid with the European Commission on 3 November.   It’s the latest episode in a commercial war between European biodiesel and its South American competitor. In September, the EU removed tariff barriers on biofuel from Argentina,

November 10, 2017 Read Full Article

Industry Teams Learn About U.S. Ethanol Value Chain Firsthand

(U.S. Grains Council)  Three ethanol trade teams consisting of ministry and industry delegates traversed the U.S. ethanol value chain from the field to the pump ahead of the Ethanol Summit of the Americas. The three teams included representatives from 12 countries that explored the U.S. ethanol industry in Missouri, South Dakota

October 29, 2017 Read Full Article

Could Clean Energy Spark A Mineral Boom?

(Energy Today/Oilprice.com) A new World Bank report released today (July 18, 2017) highlights the potential impacts that the expected continuing boom in low-carbon energy technologies will have on demand for many minerals and metals. Using wind, solar, and energy storage batteries as key examples of low-carbon or “green” energy technologies, the

July 31, 2017 Read Full Article

Ethanol Exports Dip in April, as India and Philippines Disappear from Market

(Renewable Fuels Association)  … Noticeably absent from the April roster were India and the Philippines. Together, the two counties imported more than 50 mg of U.S. ethanol in March, and India had been the third-leading market for U.S. export in the first quarter. … Not a drop of fuel ethanol imports

June 5, 2017 0 comment Read Full Article

Dumping Complaint Could Kill Argentine Biodiesel Exports, Groups Says

by Maximiliano Rizzi (Reuters)  Argentina’s biodiesel exports could be devastated if the U.S. government imposed anti-dumping duties on the coutrtry based on a complaint by the U.S. National Biodiesel Board, the heads of two local industry chambers said. The board last week asked the U.S. government to impose anti-dumping duties on

April 4, 2017 Read Full Article

Cattle Pastures and Other Degraded Lands Become New Oil Palm Plantations

(Phys.Org)  A new study published last week in the journal Environmental Research Letters by researchers at the University of Puerto Rico offers the first regional look at lands being converted to palm oil plantations in Latin America. Palm oil is a primary ingredient in processed foods, soaps, cosmetics, and biofuel.

February 17, 2017 Read Full Article

Biofuels Mandates Around the World 2017

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Florida, the Digest today releases its annual review of biofuels mandates and targets around the world, looking at the state of biofuels mandates in 64 countries. The bulk of mandates continue to come from the EU-27, where the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) specified a 10

December 29, 2016 Read Full Article

Oxfam Report Exposes EU Lobby Firepower of Biofuel Industry behind Destructive Bioenergy Policy

(Oxfam)  The European Union must overhaul its current bioenergy policy, which is based on getting fuel from plants, because the industry is linked to the eviction of thousands of people from their lands, out-competing food crops, and creating more not less pollution, says Oxfam. A new Oxfam report today (October 26,

November 7, 2016 Read Full Article

Accepting Applications for 2017 Borlaug Global Research Alliance Fellowships

(US Department of Agriculture)  The U.S. Department of Agriculture is now accepting applications for the 2017 Borlaug Global Research Alliance Fellowships. Fellows will work with a mentor at USDA’s Agricultural Research Service or a U.S. university for up to 12 weeks on climate change mitigation research. The U.S. mentor will

October 21, 2016 Read Full Article

Biomass-Based Diesel Mandates and Trade Trends around the World

by Susan Olson (Genscape/Biofuels Digest)  Biomass-based diesel mandates for blending in transportation fuel have increased in many nations worldwide over the last year. In several of these countries, domestic biodiesel production is underutilized and many of these same countries are net exporters. These increases don’t necessarily create the opportunity for

September 1, 2016 Read Full Article

Earth Gen-BioFuel Inc. to Sponsor International Industry Symposium for Using Castor Bean Oil as a Biofuel Feed Stock

(Earth Gen-BioFuel)  Earth Gen-BioFuel (OTC PINK: EGBB), “EarthGen” or “the Company,” today announced that EarthGen is taking a leadership role to support the company’s expansion plans and to promote the use of castor bean oil in the manufacture of biodiesel. EarthGen is planning to sponsor two international castor bean industry symposiums. The

August 8, 2016 Read Full Article

American Nations to Start Carbon-Price Talks, World Bank Says

by Mathew Carr (Bloomberg)  Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru plan July meeting in Santiago; Nations studying taxes, trading systems after Paris deal  —  Four American nations are set to start talks on ways to co-operate on carbon pricing, according to the World Bank. Government officials from Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru will

June 2, 2016 Read Full Article

Hope Springs Eternal for Ethanol in the Far East

By Ed Hubbard (Renewable Fuels Association)  …  At APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum), I found a delegation of countries that weren’t just committed to biofuels, but eager about the future and promise they held for those countries’ domestic economies, energy security, environment and air quality.  I found an audience not

May 18, 2016 Read Full Article

Latest Diesel Quality Trends Revealed in Biennial Survey

(Infineum International Ltd./Biodiesel Magazine)  Infineum has revealed the initial results from its latest biennial global Winter Diesel Fuel Quality Survey, offering a unique update on the current trends in the industry across the global marketplace. The Infineum survey collected samples from service stations from across eight countries in order to

April 28, 2016 Read Full Article

APEC Ethanol Forum Highlights Asia as Next Frontier For Exports

(U.S. Grains Council)  The growing interest for ethanol in the Asia-Pacific region is driven in part by ever-growing environmental concerns, especially those related to rising greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and deteriorating air quality, the direct results of rapidly-rising fossil fuel consumption across the region. Responding to these issues, a team of

April 15, 2016 Read Full Article

Iowa Corn Feeds Brazil’s Fuel Tanks as Demand Spurs Import Surge

by Mario Parker (Bloomberg)  Sao Paolo ethanol now 39% more expensive than fuel from Iowa; American glut also spurs exports to China, Philippines, India  — At the Plymouth Energy LLC plant in the heart of the U.S. corn belt — where home-grown fuel from grain was supposed to ease American

April 5, 2016 Read Full Article

Ethanol Industry Takes Part in USDA Trade Mission to Peru, Chile

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Several representatives of the biofuel industry are participating in a USDA trade mission to Peru and Chile March 14-18. The mission, led by Agricultural Secretary Tom Vilsack, aims to expand export opportunities for U.S. food and agricultural products. “South America has been one of

March 16, 2016 Read Full Article

R20 and WRI, a Roadmap to Zero Waste and Sustainable Investing

by James L. Stewart (California’s BioEnergy Producers Association/Technikon/Biofuels Digest) A major worldwide effort is underway through the non-profit organization R20 Regions of Climate Action to assist sub-national states and jurisdictions in developing projects that promote clean energy and combat climate change. Currently, R20 has more than $1 billion of low-carbon, economic development projects

March 15, 2016 0 comment Read Full Article

Dinneen: State of the Ethanol Industry Remains Strong

(Renewable Fuels Association/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  … “I am very pleased to have representatives from China, India, Brazil, Mexico, and Peru here today to learn the advantages of increased ethanol use and make important and lasting commercial relationships,” Dinneen said. “With our collective efforts to enhance export opportunities, we will grow demand

February 22, 2016 Read Full Article

Export Markets for ‘Liquid Corn’

by Holly Jessen (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Global trade for U.S. ethanol has been trending up in the past decade, becoming an important part of the industry’s growth strategy.  —   Looking at the numbers, it doesn’t take long to conclude that the U.S. is developing into an ethanol export powerhouse. “As

January 22, 2016 Read Full Article

Biodiesel Opportunities Abroad

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  Several U.S. producers, including Genuine Bio-Fuel, Hero BX and the now-defunct Promethean Biofuels, in addition to Miami-based biodiesel exporter and hopeful technology provider Lagosur, sketch out overviews of international developments. … “Taxation, regulation, cost of production, market access, distribution, and feedstock procurement are all more

January 13, 2016 Read Full Article

Biofuels Mandates Around the World: 2016

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Who mandates what in biofuels? 64 countries have targets or mandates — but how much where, and when, and what? In Florida, the Digest today releases its annual review of biofuels mandates and targets around the world, looking at the state of biofuels mandates in 64

January 4, 2016 Read Full Article

USGC Ethanol Export Program Yields Results in Peru

(U.S. Grains Council/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The U.S. Grains Council’s ethanol export promotion program has seen an early success with a U.S. exporter confirming sales of 10 million gallons of U.S. ethanol to Peru—valued at more than $15 million—following a trade team’s visit. Earlier this year, the council led a team

December 21, 2015 Read Full Article

Lagosur Confirms Commitments of Biofuel Sales via Alianza Pacifco

(PR Newswire/Sys-con/Lagosur)  Lagosur is pleased to announce the business arrangements and initial sales in collaboration with Alianza Pacifco representing continued momentum to bring clean green fuels to Latin America. Lagosur has concluded business preparations to deliver renewable biofuel to the mining and transportation industries in Chile, Peru and Mexico. The mining

December 3, 2015 Read Full Article

Biofuel Use in International Markets: The Importance of Trade

by Jayson Beckman (US Department of Agriculture)  Global biofuel production rose tremendously over 2001-13, led largely by rapid growth in the United States and the European Union (EU). Brazil, the second largest biofuel producer, doubled its production in that span. A favorable business and policy climate from 2001 to 2010 helped

September 3, 2015 Read Full Article

US Biofuels Part of Food, Feed Global Solution

by Tom Buis (Growth Energy/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Cleaner burning, higher performing fuels and their nutritious coproducts are valuable at home and abroad, and have the potential to resolve many issues around the globe, writes Tom Buis.  —  … Growth Energy has partnered with the U.S. Grains Council and the Renewable Fuels

August 25, 2015 Read Full Article

Lagosur Breaks New Ground – Exporting Biofuel to Latin America

(Lagosur) Lagosur is proud to announce the first business focused on the exportation of biodiesel to Latin America. As part of a two-part strategy and innovative business model, Lagosur has launched part one of the business delivering biodiesel to Latin America. Lagosur has aligned with customers in Peru, Bolivia and Chile

July 21, 2015 Read Full Article

Pew Report Tracks Bioenergy Investments in Emerging Markets

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine)  The Pew Charitable Trusts has released a report, titled “Power Shifts: Emerging Clean Energy Markets,” that shows clean energy investment in developing countries has grown in real and relative terms. The report addresses a wide variety of technology types including solar, wind, geothermal, small hydro,

June 3, 2015 Read Full Article

Biodiesel Industry Seeks to Reverse Argentina Import Decision

(National Biodiesel Board)  The National Biodiesel Board (NBB) is calling for the EPA to stay its recent decision to streamline Argentinian biodiesel imports to the U.S. under the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) pending public review and comment. In a petition filed Monday with EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy, NBB cited the

April 7, 2015 Read Full Article

Uncertainty in RFS Sends the US Ethanol Industry to Overseas Markets: A Report from the National Ethanol Conference, “Going Global”

by Lais F. Thomaz* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  Last week, from February 17 to 21, the 20th National Ethanol Conference “Going Global” was held in Grapevine, Texas, with the participation of several representatives of the ethanol production chain in the States and other countries such as Brazil, Germany, Canada, Italy, Peru,

February 26, 2015 0 comment Read Full Article

Positive Review of “Sustainable Development of Biofuels in Latin America and the Caribbean”

by Thomas N. Thompson  (Biofuels Digest/U.S. Maritime Administration (MARAD), Washington)  … This superb collection of essays shows that Latin America is emerging as a major global producer of biofuels as countries across the region seek to leverage competitive advantages like vast stretches of fertile land and tropical weather. According to the

February 16, 2015 Read Full Article

Ethanol Expands Global Reach, RFA Releases New 2014 Export/Import Publication

(Renewable Fuels Association)  U.S. ethanol exports reached near-record levels in 2014, sending 836 million gallons of ethanol worth $2.1 billion to international markets, the Renewable Fuels Association (RFA) explained today in its new publication “2014 U.S. Ethanol Exports and Imports: Statistical Summary.” The publication offers a succinct overview of the

February 8, 2015 Read Full Article

Opening Channels For Export

by  Susanne Retka Schill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The U.S. Grains Council is teaming up with Growth Energy, the Renewable Fuels Association and the USDA Foreign Agriculture Service on a new four-way partnership in ethanol export market development. There’s a big difference between trade and market development, says Tom Sleight, CEO

January 19, 2015 Read Full Article

Biofuels Are the Answer to Reducing Global Transport GHG Emissions: GRFA

(Global Renewable Fuels Alliance) Today, as COP 2014 is fully underway in Lima, Peru, the Global Renewable Fuels Alliance (GRFA) reiterated that biofuels, like ethanol, are presently one of the most commercially viable, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reducing transport fuel alternatives to crude oil in the medium term. According to

December 10, 2014 Read Full Article

‘Stranded Assets’: Will Efforts to Counter Warming Render Energy Reserves Worthless?

by Alex Morales (The Washington Post/Bloomberg)  A major threat to fossil fuel companies has suddenly moved from the fringe to center stage with a dramatic announcement by Germany’s biggest power company and an intriguing letter from the Bank of England. A growing minority of investors and regulators are probing the

December 7, 2014 Read Full Article

Ethanol Joins U.S. Fuels Dominating Global Export Market: Energy

by Mario Parker (The Washington Post/Bloomberg)  The U.S. is adding ethanol to the list of fuels it dominates in world markets. Exports of the additive derived from corn rose 31 percent this year to the highest level since 2011, meeting demand from South Korea to Persian Gulf oil producers. The

December 5, 2014 Read Full Article

Growth Energy Explores Export Opportunities in Panama and Peru

(Growth Energy)  Growth Energy participated in a market development mission with the U.S. Grains Council and the Renewable Fuels Association to explore export opportunities for U.S. ethanol in Panama and Peru. Alex Marquis, Logistics Manager of Marquis Energy, represented Growth Energy. The team joined a Department of Commerce Renewable Energy

November 10, 2014 Read Full Article

New Council of International Biotech Associations Formed

(Biotechnology Industry Organization)  An international confederation of biotechnology trade associations announced today the ratification of bylaws creating the International Council of Biotechnology Associations (ICBA), with the expressed purpose of advocating for public policies that support the growth of the innovative biotechnology industry worldwide. Jim Greenwood, BIO’s President and Chief Executive

July 22, 2014 Read Full Article

Trade Mission to Peru to Address Biomass, Biofuel Opportunities

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine)  The U.S. Department of Commerce’s International Trade Administration is organizing a renewable energy and energy efficiency trade mission to Peru. Scheduled for November, the policy mission will promote the export competitiveness of U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies, including biomass, waste-to-energy, wind, solar, geothermal,

June 6, 2014 Read Full Article

Record Ethanol Cargo Loaded at Peruvian Port

(Tank Storage Magazine)  Peruvian terminal operator Penta Tanks Terminals reportedly loaded the largest ethanol cargo ever in Peru at the end of 2013.  Around 15,200m3 of ethanol, owned by Maple Energy, were loaded into a cargo ship via an underwater pipeline and the Penta Tanks’ multi-buoy system, located 3km away

February 6, 2014 Read Full Article

Biofuels Mandates Around the World: 2014

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Florida, the Digest today releases its annual review of biofuels mandates and targets around the world, looking at the state of biofuels mandates in 62 countries. The bulk of mandates continue to come from the EU-27, where the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) specified a

January 2, 2014 Read Full Article

Annual EU Report Projects Increased Ethanol Production

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The European Union recently published its annual biofuels report for 2013 with the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service’s Global Agriculture Information Network, reporting that approximately 20 percent of transportation biofuel used within the 27 EU member states was imported during the 2007-2012 timeframe. However, trade actions

August 26, 2013 Read Full Article

Peru’s Maple Shifting to Cane Ethanol in ‘Transformational Year’

by Stephan Nielsen (Bloomberg BusinessWeek)  Maple Energy Plc, the Peruvian company that made more than 99 percent of its revenue from selling petroleum products in 2011, expects to get more than half its business from ethanol sales this year as its $254 million sugar-cane mill expands production. The company will

February 19, 2013 Read Full Article

Peruvian Sugar Giant Gears up for Ethanol Production

(Argus Media)  Peru’s Coazucar is set to become that country’s third producer of fuel-grade ethanol. Coazucar, a subsidiary of Peru’s multinational Grupo Gloria and the country’s largest sugar producer, has secured the required permits to begin ethanol production using sugarcane feedstock from the three plantations it operates along the country’s

December 6, 2012 Read Full Article

Biofuels Mandates Around the World: 2012

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Brazil, India, the US, China and the EU point the way towards a 60 billion gallon biofuels market by 2022 – but can the capacity be built, and can the mandates survive pressure from opponents? In Florida, the Digest today releases its annual review of

November 28, 2012 Read Full Article
  Ethanol Latin America   December 3-5, 2012   Piura, Peru

Ethanol Latin America December 3-5, 2012 Piura, Peru

F.O. Licht’s Ethanol Latin America 2012 provides a unique opportunity to meet, network and do business with decision-makers from the Latin American region and beyond. At this event you will be able to: Identify production growth opportunities within the Latin American and Caribbean region Look at intra-region and international trade dynamics

September 13, 2012 Read Full Article

China Completes First Biofuel Jet Test Flight

by John C.K. Daly (http://oilprice.com)   On 28 October Air China conducted its first trial flight of a passenger jet powered by a mix of biofuel and traditional aviation fuel. The Jet A-1 biofuel kerosene used in the flight was derived from the seeds of tung trees, more commonly known as

November 2, 2011 Read Full Article

Spanish NGO Recycles Used Oil Into Solidarity With Peru

by Tierramerica  (EurAsia Review)    Tons of artisanal soaps made from recycled olive oil are regularly shipped from Spain to Peru, where their sale and use helps finance local development and education for children in poor communities. When poured down the drain, a liter of used cooking oil pollutes 1,000 liters

July 14, 2011 Read Full Article

Maple Plant to Produce Ethanol in Fourth Quarter in Peru as Costs Rise

(Bloomberg)  Maple Energy Plc, a Lima-based oil and natural-gas producer, expects costs at an ethanol project under construction in northwest Peru to be higher than an earlier forecast. …Most of the initial shipments will be to the Netherlands, Maple said today. Peru has trade agreements with the U.S. and the

May 5, 2011 Read Full Article

Biofuels Push Becomes Weapon in Colombia's War on Narco-Traffickers

by Nathanial Gronewold (New York Times/Greenwire)  …Government support for biodiesel has spurred a robust demand for palm oil that has put 50 percent more income into the pocket of farmer Misael Monsalve Moreno. He is almost finished replacing his family’s cramped wooden shack with a new brick house. It is

May 3, 2011 Read Full Article

Impact Assessments to Orient Sustainable and Inclusive Biofuels Production in the Amazon

(SNV)  …SNV together with the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) implemented a project to analyse the socioeconomic and environmental risks and benefits caused by the production of biofuels and energy crops in (agricultural areas within) the Peruvian Amazon. In the socioeconomic study, cultivating Oil palm turned out to be the most profitable

May 14, 2010 Read Full Article

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Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices diethyl ether digest Digital Biology dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct-to-fuel directed evolution direct injection Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) dispense distillation distilled biodiesel distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver divers divestment DME (dimethyl ether) Dominica Dominican Republic double cropping Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dual cropping Dubai duckweed e E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E2 E3 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 price E12 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E40 E50 E55 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecuador ED95 education educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric grid electricity electricity price electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end user Energy Bill energy cane energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy enzymatic conversion enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea EROEI erosion control EROWI esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane ethanol ethanol/bioethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylene eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) Export externalities extremophiles F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertiliz fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel additives fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungi fungus Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal Germany Gerogia Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green chemistry green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing GREET model Grenada gribble ground nut groundnut growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guinea Gulf states Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawaii hazardous waste HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb HFS-SIP hibiscus High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard high performance regular high school project highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horse bedding Horse manure horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HOV High Octane Vehicles HRJ human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrids hydrocarbon fuels hydrofaction hydrogen hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen pumps hydropower hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal liquefaction hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect Land Use Change) import/export inadequate domestic supply incinerator ash India Indiana Indian beech tree Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial ethanol industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map internal combustion engine International international balance of payments International Energy Agency (IEA) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species invest Investing investment tax credit ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isooctane isooctene Israel Italy Ivory Coast JA1 JAA jackfruit Jamaica Japan Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Alternative Jetfuel (SAJF)/Renewable Jetfuel (RJF) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa Kuwait Kygryzstan labels Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis lignin Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars Lipid liquefaction liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg Luxemburg lysis M15 M50 macadamia macauba Macedonia Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine maize Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta mamona management changes mandates manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Biofuel marine algae Marine Corps Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks methanol/biomethanol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbe microbiology microorganizms microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum Monaco mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) muck multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol Namibia nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Lab National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Transportation Safety Board Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland new fuel approval New Green Deal New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds NREL NTSB nucle nuclear nutraceuticals nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obama Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol off-take agreements Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olive cake olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone p Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama panda pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peanut peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin pellets Pennsylv Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose perennial grains perennial grasses performan Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poland Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter power-to-gas power/electricity generation prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island private educational business process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating propane propanol property insurance protectionism protein protests public comments Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps pungam Punnai tree PVO pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week R rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest RAND rare earth metal RD20 RD30 RD99 RD100 rea reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation refineries reforestation regenerative braking regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable 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Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RSF2 RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago sago pond weed SAIC SAK sales Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securiti Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale gas shale oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smokestack soap social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar-to-fuels solar biofuels solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solid oxide fuel cell Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soy soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State State Department Statistics steam explosion steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve straw students sub-Saharan Africa succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugar cane sugar cane prices sugar cane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname sustain Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic methane Syria Tailoring Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree Tamarix tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax cred tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennesee Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains trans transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale trucks tubers tunicate Tunisia Tunsia Turkey Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL ultra low sulfur diesel UN 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well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction what What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass wheat prices wheat straw whey whisky White House wildlife habitat willow wind energy wine wastage/grape marc winter crops Wisconsin Wood woody biomass World Bank World Trade Organization (WTO) Wyoming XTL xylan xylene xylose yard waste yeast yellow grease yellowhorn tree Yemen yields Zambia Zanzibar zein zeolites Zimbabwe zinc

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