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‘Lots of Money’ to Be Made in Shipping’s Future Fuels

(Bloomberg/Supply Chain Brain) The race to wean shipping off oil and switch to cleaner fuels should prove lucrative for investors and is drawing interest from fund managers, according to Boston Consulting

October 14, 2021 Read Full Article

The First Production of SAF Sustainable Aviation Fuel Developed in Canada

(SAF+ Consortium/CISION) The SAF+ Consortium (“SAF +”) is proud to announce one of the first productions of sustainable aviation fuel PtL (Power to Liquids) in North America. This production took place in its pilot factory, located at the ParaChem industrial site, east

October 13, 2021 Read Full Article

US Secretary of Energy Granholm and US Senator Ossoff Visit LanzaTech Innovation Hub in Georgia and Site of the World’s First LanzaJet Sustainable Fuels Plantl

(LanzaTech) Visit highlights the potential of rural America to create domestic supplies of sustainable fuels and chemicals. — LanzaTech and LanzaJet welcomed Secretary of Energy Jennifer M. Granholm and Senator

October 12, 2021 Read Full Article

SAF – Kuehne+Nagel and Lufthansa Cargo Agree on Exclusive Partnership to Promote CO2-Neutral Power-to-liquid Fuel

(Kuehne+Nagel)  SAF – Kuehne+Nagel and Lufthansa Cargo agree on exclusive partnership to promote CO2-neutral power-to-liquid fuel. — Kuehne+Nagel and Lufthansa Cargo have agreed on an exclusive partnership for the promotion and use

October 11, 2021 Read Full Article

Waste to Hydrogen: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Ways2H

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Ways2H has overcome issues associated with conventional gasification and are creating value out of waste with their waste-to-hydrogen tech. From the Japan Blue Energy project

October 11, 2021 Read Full Article

LanzaTech to Trial SAF Production from Waste Carbon Dioxide

(Biofuels International)  LanzaTech is partnering with the Energy Department’s Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) to build and operate a pre-pilot facility to produce sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). This will be made from biogenic waste

October 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Department of Energy Hydrogen Business Case Prize DEDLINE October 29, 2021

(American Made Challenges) The Hydrogen Business Case Prize engages students and professionals interested in hydrogen and fuel cells to develop a tool to characterize the regional value proposition for hydrogen

October 7, 2021 Read Full Article

DOE Announces Nearly $8 Million for National Laboratory H2@Scale Projects to Help Reach Hydrogen Shot Goals

(U.S. Department of Energy)  Tthe U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced nearly $8 million for nine cooperative projects that will complement existing H2@Scale efforts and support DOE’s Hydrogen Shot goal to drive down the

October 7, 2021 Read Full Article

Repsol Produces Renewable Hydrogen with Biomethane for the First Time

(Repsol) • Renewable hydrogen has been used to manufacture fuels with a low carbon footprint, such as gasoline, diesel, and kerosene for aviation, thus avoiding the emission of about 90

October 6, 2021 Read Full Article

Marquis Industrial Park to Be the World’s First Carbon-Neutral Industrial Park with On-Site Carbon Injection

(Marquis) Marquis Incorporated’s CEO, Mark Marquis, announced a plan for the Marquis Industrial Park to be the world’s first carbon-neutral industrial park with on-site carbon injection. Last week Marquis began

October 4, 2021 Read Full Article

Stena Bulk’s Zero-Emission Vessels on Water by 2035, GoodFuels, Tufton’s 100% Biofuel Voyage and More Maritime Magic

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) From Sweden comes news that one of the world’s leading tanker shipping companies, Stena Bulk, signed the Global Maritime Forum’s Call to Action for Shipping

September 27, 2021 Read Full Article

Honeywell and Wood Introduce Groundbreaking Technologies to Support Efforts toward Carbon-Neutral Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(Honeywell/PR Newswire) – Wood’s hydrogen plant technology coupled with Honeywell UOP EcofiningTM process technology and carbon capture and storage can reduce lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions 100% when compared to petroleum-based aviation

September 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Potential to Produce 5B Gallons of Sustainable Aviation Fuel from CO2

(LanzaTech)  LanzaTech and Argonne National Lab Awarded funding for Aviation Project in Georgia. — The White House set a goal of replacing all jet fuel with sustainable alternatives by 2050, saying

September 23, 2021 Read Full Article

India’s Fuel Ethanol Consumption to Rise to Meet E20 Target: Fitch

(ANI/Hindustan Times Auto) The government is targeting a motor fuel blending rate of E10 by 2022. It has also brought forward its ethanol E20 target to 2023 from earlier target

September 23, 2021 Read Full Article

Shell’s Biojet Bombshell: 600MGY by 2025, Much More by 2030, as SAFtember Keeps on Rollin’

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) In the Netherlands, Royal Dutch Shell said it will produce around 2 million tonnes of sustainable aviation fuel a year by 2025. That’s around 600

September 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Brazil: Adecoagro & Galileo Embark on Biomethane for Vehicles Project

(Galileo Technologies/NGV Journal) Starting this month, Adecoagro, one of the main food and renewable energy producers in South America, replaces fossil fuels with bio-CNG in 13 fleet vehicles in its sugar

September 17, 2021 Read Full Article

Cooperation Uniper and Port of Rotterdam Authority in Production Green Hydrogen

(Uniper) Energy company Uniper and the Port of Rotterdam Authority have entered into an agreement for developing the production of green hydrogen at the Uniper location on Maasvlakte. These plans build

September 16, 2021 Read Full Article

Turning Carbon into Solar Fuel – Closing the Loop on CO2 Emissions

by Scarlett Evans (Bio Market Insights)  …  Finding technologies to curb our carbon is essential, and attention is turning to projects that make carbon cutting a priority. One such project is

September 14, 2021 Read Full Article

e-Book: Methanol vs Green Ammonia – The Future of Marine Fuels

(Argus Media) Featuring expert insights from across the shipping industry, including a range of stakeholders from the methanol and green ammonia sectors, this series of interviews will bring clarity to

September 10, 2021 Read Full Article

Fact Sheet: Biden Administration Advances the Future of Sustainable Fuels in American Aviation

(White House) New Actions Aim to Produce Three Billion Gallons of Sustainable Fuel, Reduce Aviation Emissions by 20% by 2030, and Grow Good-Paying, Union Jobs  —  Today (September 9, 2021), President

September 10, 2021 Read Full Article

The World’s Biggest Plant to Capture CO2 from the Air Just Opened in Iceland

by Michael Birnbaum (Washington Post)  The Orca, an installation built by Climeworks, will capture 4,000 metric tons of carbon dioxide per year — and serve as a blueprint for similar

September 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Blue Hydrogen for Transport in the US: The Transition to Green Hydrogen & the Conduit to Keeping Pace with the EU

by Salim Rahemtulla (PowerTap Hydrogen Fueling Corp./Biofuels Digest)  As the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) indicates in its Hydrogen Program Plan it published in 2020, “Hydrogen, as a versatile energy

September 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Breakthrough Methods Help Integrate Renewable Hydrogen with Waste Carbon Dioxide to Produce Clean Fuels, Chemicals, and More

(National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  … NREL is validating utility-scale hydrogen-production processes that could provide tomorrow’s clean fuels and chemical feedstocks to produce low-carbon, high-value products. New IP To Simplify Renewable

September 6, 2021 Read Full Article

Jet Fuel from Smokestacks

by Keith Button (Aerospace America)  The air transport industry lacks enough suppliers of sustainable aviation fuel to meet the anticipated demand as airlines become more aggressive about reining in their carbon

September 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Offering Biofuel Vehicles Will Be Mandatory for Auto Makers within 6 Months: Nitin Gadkari

(The Print) Consumers will have a choice between petrol & bioethanol. The switch to alternative is due to the surplus production of crops in India, from which bioethanol is made, Gadkari

September 1, 2021 Read Full Article

Tenneco Explores Synthetic Fuels for Climate-Neutral Mobility

Tenneco is putting its 100-plus years of powertrain expertise in improving vehicle fuel efficiency and reducing emissions to work to explore synthetic fuels (e-fuels), a viable near-term solution to further

September 1, 2021 Read Full Article

Velocys Technology Selected for Japanese E-Fuels Project

(Velocys) Velocys plc (VLS.L), the sustainable fuels technology company, is pleased to announce its Fischer Tropsch (FT) technology has been selected for an e-fuels project by Toyo Engineering Corporation (TOYO) and

August 27, 2021 Read Full Article

NASA Awards $750,000 in Competition to Convert Carbon Dioxide into Sugar

(National Aeronautics and Space Administration)  On Earth, plants and ocean microbes use sunlight to turn carbon dioxide, or CO2, into sugars for energy. Humans don’t have that ability, at least not

August 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Blue Hydrogen for Transport in the US: The Transition to Green Hydrogen & the Conduit to Keeping Pace with the EU

by Salim Rahemtulla (PowerTap Hydrogen Fueling Corp./Biofuels Digest)  … In its Hydrogen Program Plan, the DOE demonstrates support for the International Energy Association’s Future of Hydrogen, released at the 2019 G20

August 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Maersk Secures Green E-Methanol for the World’s First Container Vessel Operating on Carbon Neutral Fuel

(Maersk)  European Energy will establish a new e-methanol facility in Denmark and provide renewable energy to fuel it. —  A.P. Moller – Maersk has identified its partners to produce green fuel

August 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Bioenergy’s Role in Decarbonizing Economy: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to BETO & Biomass

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Biomass is the world’s largest generator of renewable energy and this slide guide from BETO’s Acting Director, Valerie Reed, highlights the role that bioenergy and

August 12, 2021 Read Full Article

Fincantieri Eyes Biofuels to Power Future Warships

by Tom Kington  (Defense News) Of all the alternative fuels touted as future solutions for cleaner warships, one of Europe’s shipyards is betting on cow manure. “I see biofuels based

August 11, 2021 Read Full Article

Phillips 66 Hits Full 120 mgy Rate of Renewable Diesel Production in Rodeo, California

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily) In its second-quarter financials, Phillips 66 said the hydrotreater conversion at its Rodeo Renewed refinery in California outside of San Francisco reached the full rate

August 10, 2021 Read Full Article

Top 5: Hydrogen, Bioenergy & CCUS to “Crack the Nut” on Decarbonization

by Tammy Klein (Transportation Energy Strategies)  … • Hard-to-Abate Transport Sectors: A Citi report notes that hydrogen, bioenergy and CCUS are key to “cracking the nut” of hard-to-abate sectors like

August 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Giving up on Climate Change? EU Says No Way – Invests $140M in Decarbonizing Projects

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … The good news is for the first time since the creation of the Innovation Fund, the EU’s latest investment of €118 million (about $140 million)

August 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Your Top Questions Answered: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to DigestConnect’s Q&A

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Want your most perplexing questions of the year answered? If you missed the last DigestConnect of the season, then check out this Q&A slide guide

August 5, 2021 Read Full Article

Climate Explained: Could Biofuels Replace All Fossil Fuels in New Zealand?

by Troy Baisden (University of Waikato/The Conversation) A quick look at the numbers suggests New Zealand would have enough land to produce biomass energy to replace the nation’s current fossil

July 29, 2021 Read Full Article

Scientists to Develop CO₂-Free Fermentation Technology amid Surging Demand for Low-Carbon Biofuel

(National Renewable Energy Laboratory) By Combining Electrochemistry With Fermentation, NREL’s Biorefining Process Could Both Increase Fuel Yields and Recycle Carbon Dioxide —  As much as one-third of the carbon in sugar

July 29, 2021 Read Full Article

Converting Renewable Electricity into Stable Molecules Could Provide Long-Term Energy Storage

by Beth Mundy (Tech Xplore/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory)  For renewable energy and energy storage technologies, variation is the name of the game. The intensity of the natural resources that provide renewable energy

July 29, 2021 Read Full Article

BC to Launch Clean Energy Initiative Supporting SAF, RNG

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine) The British Columbia Ministry of Energy, Mines and Low Carbon on July 16 announced the launch of an initiative that will fund a variety of clean

July 28, 2021 Read Full Article

UPDATE 1-Private Equity Firm to Buy Canada’s Idled Come-by-Chance Oil Refinery

by Devika Krishna Kumar (Reuters) Private equity firm Cresta Fund Management has agreed to buy a controlling stake in idled Canadian 135,000-barrel-per-day (bpd) Come-by-Chance refinery, a fund representative said on Monday,

July 28, 2021 Read Full Article

Crapo, Whitehouse, Reed, Panetta Introduce Legislation to Encourage Innovation in the Clean Energy Sector

(Office of Senator Mike Crapo (R-Idaho)) According to a report by the International Energy Agency, approximately 40 percent of cumulative CO2 emissions reductions needed to meet sustainability targets rely on technologies not yet

July 27, 2021 Read Full Article

Household Waste and Sewage to Be Used in Jet Fuel Production as Government Makes World-Leading Sustainable Aviation Fuel Commitments

(U.K. Department for Transport and The Rt Hon Grant Shapps MP)  Companies receive funding for sustainable fuel production while sustainable aviation fuel mandate consultation is launched. — 8 companies have

July 27, 2021 Read Full Article

Hydrocarbon Fuels from Industrial Off Gas: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to LanzaTech

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  LanzaTech’s Dr. Laurel Harmon shared this illuminating slide guide at the BETO Peer Review on jet and diesel fuel production from industrial waste gases, commercialization

July 27, 2021 Read Full Article

Lufthansa Technik and Hamburg Airport Start Hydrogen-Powered Aircraft Research Project

by Christopher Surgenor (GreenAir Online)  MRO and technical aircraft services provider Lufthansa Technik has joined with Hamburg Airport in an initiative to design and test maintenance and ground processes for

July 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Direct Air Capture CO2 for Aviation E-fuels Production Faces Many Obstacles, Finds E4Tech Study

by Susan van Dyk (GreenAir Online)  Although using CO2 from direct air capture (DAC) is important for e-fuels production in a net zero energy system, it is currently too expensive

July 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Aerospace Players Enter Canadian Partnerships on Hybrid-Electric Aircraft and Sustainable Aviation Fuels

by Mark Pilling  (GreenAir Online)  … P&WC’s announcement is the second sustainability initiative launched in Quebec in the past week, with Airbus joining the SAF+ Consortium, a group of aerospace

July 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Fuels of the Future

(Wärtsilä/Hellenic Shipping News)  How do you create carbon neutral, synthetic fuels? Where can they be used? What can be done to accelerate decarbonisation – and, eventually, to replace the use

July 26, 2021 Read Full Article

This Vodka Helps Fight Climate Change

(CNN)  Vodka is usually made from fermented grains, like rye. But Air Company’s spirit is made out of captured carbon dioxide emissions.  READ MORE/WATCH VIDEO From CO2 To Vodka: Air

July 23, 2021 Read Full Article

Tidewater Midstream Announces the Creation of Tidewater Renewables and Capitalization via Initial Public Offering

(Tidewater Midstream/CISION) Tidewater Midstream and Infrastructure Ltd. (“Tidewater Midstream“) is pleased to announce the creation of Tidewater Renewables Ltd. (“Tidewater Renewables”) as a wholly owned subsidiary. Tidewater Renewables has been formed

July 23, 2021 Read Full Article

The Digest’s Multi-Guide Slide to National Hydrogen Strategies: Japan

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) As we continue with Gas Week, we’re providing you with 10 National Hydrogen Strategies between now and Friday. Today: (as we near the Summer Olympics)

July 22, 2021 Read Full Article

The Digest’s Multi-Guide Slide to National Hydrogen Strategies: Germany

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  As we continue with Gas Week, we’re providing you with 10 National Hydrogen Strategies between now and Friday. Today: Germany.  READ MORE

July 22, 2021 Read Full Article

The Digest’s Multi-Guide Slide to National Hydrogen Strategies: France

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  As we continue with Gas Week, we’re providing you with 10 National Hydrogen Strategies between now and Friday. Today: France. READ MORE  

July 22, 2021 Read Full Article

The Digest’s Multi-Guide Slide to National Hydrogen Strategies: The United States of America

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  As we continue with Gas Week, we’re providing you with 10 National Hydrogen Strategies between now and Friday. Today, the Big Kahuna (or Enchilada, if

July 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Airbus Joins Canada’s SAF+ Consortium to Accelerate Development of New Technology

(Airbus/Biobased Diesel Daily) Airbus and the Montreal, Canada-based SAF+ Consortium have signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to collaborate with major Canadian aviation industry players on sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) development

July 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Project to Run UK Locomotive on Biogas, Hydrogen Receives Gov’t Funding

(Bioenergy Insight)  UK rail freight provider Freightliner, working in partnership with a consortium of specialist suppliers, has secured government funding to develop a dual-fuel solution for the Class 66 locomotive.

July 20, 2021 Read Full Article

ReCarbon Executes Multi-Site Landfill Gas to Hydrogen Agreement with H2Renewables

(ReCarbon)  ReCarbon, Inc., (https://recarboninc.com) the developer of the patented Plasma Carbon Conversion Unit (PCCU), a combustion-free, climate-positive greenhouse gas utilization technology, announced the execution of a supply agreement with Cleveland, Tennessee-based

July 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Vattenfall and Preem Take Their Fossil-Free Hydrogen Biofuel Collaboration to the Next Level

(Preem) According to a study conducted in the spring, the Preem Lysekil plant is very well suited for an electrolysis plant for hydrogen biofuel production. Carbon dioxide emissions can be reduced

July 14, 2021 Read Full Article

British Columbia Hydrogen Strategy Provides Vision for Clean-Energy Future

(British Columbia Ministry of Energy, Mines and Low Carbon Innovation and Ministry of Environment and Climate Change Strategy)  The Government of British Columbia is releasing its hydrogen strategy – a blueprint for how

July 12, 2021 Read Full Article

Racing ahead with Biofuels – Bentley, BMW, Porsche, Others Embrace Biofuels

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  Bentley’s Continental GT3 Pikes Peak racecar proved to be fastest racecar running on renewable fuel at Pikes Peak International Hill Climb 2021, beating out all

July 12, 2021 Read Full Article

Creating Carbon-Negative ‘Green’ Hydrogen to Fuel Our World

(University of Canterbury)  University of Canterbury engineering researchers are developing a carbon-neutral – even carbon-negative – way to create clean

July 9, 2021 Read Full Article

LCA Model for Biofuels: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to GREET

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Technologies Model – aka GREET –

July 2, 2021 Read Full Article

E-Fuels Development for Aviation Gets a Boost with Germany’s New PtL Roadmap

by Susan van Dyk (GreenAir Online)  Germany’s federal and state governments, with backing from industry, have agreed a roadmap that commits

June 28, 2021 Read Full Article

Transforming CO2 and Sugars Into Biofuel With a $2.7 million grant, UD researchers using microbes to make valuable chemicals

(University of Delaware) In the quest to reduce carbon emissions into the atmosphere and curb climate change, University of Delaware researchers

June 23, 2021 Read Full Article

Minister O’Regan Launches Call for Proposals under $1.5-Billion Clean Fuels Fund to Grow Clean Fuels Market across Canada DEADLINE: September 29, 2021

(Natural Resources Canada) The Government of Canada is building a low-emissions energy future to strengthen the economy, create good, middle-class

June 23, 2021 Read Full Article

Finland’s Largest Power-to-Gas Plant – Wärtsilä and Vantaa Energy to Continue Planning towards an Investment Decision

(Electric Energy Online/Wärtsilä) The technology group Wärtsilä and Finnish utility, Vantaa Energy Ltd, have signed a co-operation agreement for pre-engineering and

June 18, 2021 Read Full Article

US Energy Secretary Launches Call to Slash Green Hydrogen Costs by 80% RFI DEADLINE: July 7, 2021

by Edith Hancock (PV Tech) The US Department of Energy (DOE) aims to bring the cost of making clean hydrogen down

June 8, 2021 Read Full Article

UK Hydrogen Project to Use Food Waste-Derived Biomethane

(Bioenergy Insight) BayoTech and IBMS Group will launch the UK’s first renewable hydrogen project using biomethane from food waste as a

June 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Flemish Expertise Centres Join Forces with Industry to Push Green Hydrogen Production forward

(Electric Energy Online/DEME) Flemish research centres imec and VITO (both partners in EnergyVille), together with industrial pioneers Bekaert, Colruyt Group,

June 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Ørsted and HOFOR Enters into Agreement on Green Power for Groundbreaking Hydrogen Project

(Electric Energy Online/Ørsted) Today (May 31), Ørsted and HOFOR (Greater Copenhagen Utility) entered into an agreement that will secure green power

June 2, 2021 Read Full Article

3rd Gear: Toyota’s Hydrogen Party Trick

by Erik Shilling(Jalopnik) Toyota has a hydrogen-combustion racecar that sounds pretty good, and which it put through its paces last month. Automotive

June 1, 2021 Read Full Article

Enzyme System for the Hydrogen Economy

(Ruhr University in Bochum)  An enzyme could make a dream of the energy industry come true: it can efficiently generate

May 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Bureau Veritas Publishes Rules and Guidelines on Ammonia as a Marine Fuel

(Helenic Shipping/Bureau Veritas)  Bureau Veritas (BV) has released an Ammonia-Prepared notation and has developed a Rule Note for ammonia as a

May 19, 2021 Read Full Article

2021 Project Peer Review—Presentation Database

(U.S. Department of Energy)  The Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) hosted its 2021 Project Peer Review virtually on March 8‒12, 2021; March 15‒16,

May 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Bosch Sees a Place for Renewable Fuels, Challenging Proposed European Union Engine Ban

by Aria Alamalhodaei (TechCrunch) Bosch executives on Thursday criticized proposed EU regulations that would ban the internal combustion engine by

May 18, 2021 Read Full Article

The Renewable & Low-Carbon Liquid Fuels Platform, toward Transport Fuels’ Transformation

(Fuels Europe) The major organisations[1] operating in the liquid fuels value chain have joined forces to form the Renewable & Low-Carbon Liquid Fuel Platform. These partners

May 18, 2021 Read Full Article

Former Kansas Abengoa Ethanol Plant to Produce Renewable Diesel, Seaboard Energy, Neste, Phillips 66, Alto Ingredients, Haldor Topsoe, Renewable Diesel News

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) … Seaboard Energy, formerly known as High Plains Bioenergy, is building a renewable diesel

May 17, 2021 Read Full Article

Carbon Clean, BayoTech to Develop Hydrogen, CO2 Capture Solutions

(Bioenergy Insight)  Carbon Clean has joined forces with BayoTech to develop on-site hydrogen with carbon capture solutions. Carbon Clean, a

May 14, 2021 Read Full Article

The 10 Biggest WOWs from Day 4 of ABLC

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Florida, day 4 of ABLC is now complete, with 26 more speakers completing their trips

May 7, 2021 Read Full Article

SoCalGas & California Energy Commission to Provide Funding to Test Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technology for Marine Vessels

(Southern California Gas/PR Newswire)  Led by Zero Emission Industries, the project will test hydrogen fuel cell marine vessel technology designed

May 3, 2021 Read Full Article

SAF, Please Prepare for Take-off…Even with Aviation Industry Turned Upside Down Due to Pandemic

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) There were 22 weekdays in April. There were 15 announcements about sustainable aviation fuel progress,

May 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Aemetis Selects Axens Vegan® Technology for Its Carbon Zero Project in Riverbank, California for the Production of Renewable Diesel and Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(Aemetis) Aemetis, Inc.(NASDAQ: AMTX), a leading producer of below zero carbon intensity dairy Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) and developer of the

April 28, 2021 Read Full Article

SEA-LNG Warns against Delay in Addressing Shipping Decarbonisation

(SEA-LNG) Industry coalition stresses that LNG fuels reduce up to 23% of GHG emissions, and that bio- and synthetic LNG offer

April 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Earth Day Series Day 20: Hydrogen. Beyond Tomorrow.

by Gaulthier Blangez* (Advanced Biofuels USA)   Let’s go back to the basics. The “Bio” term comes from ancient Greek and

April 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Renewable Diesel Kicks off 2021 with Conversions, Capacity Increases, New Feedstocks and More

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) … What is the overall demand and market like? What about feedstock innovations? Are

April 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Alfa Laval Becomes Partner in Unique Power-to-X Consortium to Produce Renewable Clean Fuels

(Alfa Laval/PR Newswire) Alfa Laval – a world leader in heat transfer, centrifugal separation and fluid handling – becomes a

April 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Biofuels Are a Controversial Climate Solution. Could They Still Help Save the Planet?

by Emily Pontecorvo (Grist) Two recent studies add fresh evidence to both sides of an age-old debate.  …  (Lee) Lynd’s study aimed

September 30, 2020 Read Full Article

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Bio LPG biomass Biomass Carbon Removal and Storage (BiCRS) Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP) biomass hydrolysis biomass recalcitrance Biomass Research and Development initiative (BRDI) biomass sorghum Biomass to Liquid (BTL) biomass transportation biomaterials bioplastics biopower Biopreferred bioproducts biopropene bioprospecting BioRefineries/Renewable Fuel Production Biorefinery Assistance Program (BAP) Biorefinery Renewable Chemical Biobased Product Mfgr Assistance 9003 BioRenewable-1 (BR-1) BioSNG Biotechnology birch bitter orange black carbon black grease black liquor black locust blender blender pumps Blenders Credit blending blendstock Blend wall blockchain blue carbon boat fuel Bolivia bolt-on Bonaire bonds book-and-claim border tax Borneo Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana BQ-9000 Brachiaria bracken brackish water Brassica Brazil breweries British Columbia broker brownfields brown grease Brunei Btu's BTX (Benzene Toluene Xylene) Bu12.5 Bu16 Budget building block chemicals Bulgaria bunker oil Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Burkina Faso Burma Burundi buses Business/General Aviation Business and Industry Program (B&I) business law business resources butadiene Butane butanediol butanol/biobutanol butanol emissions butyl acetate c C3 sugar C5 sugar C6 sugar Cabo Verde cactus cagaita calibration California California Air Resources Board (CARB) Cambodia Camelina camels Cameroon Canada canarygrass Canary Islands canary reed grass candle nut cannabis canola/rapeseed canola straw cap-and-invest cap-and-trade carbohydrates carbon carbon-14 testing carbon-efficient fuels carbon/CO2 sequestration carbon capture and storage (CCS) carbon capture and utilization (CCU) carbon cost carbon cred carbon credit carbon credit markets carbon cycle carbon debt Carbon Dioxide (CO2) carbon efficiency carbon emissions carbon fiber Carbon Intensity (CI) carbon life cycle carbon markets Carbon Monoxide (CO) carbon negative carbon neutrality carbon offsets carbon pipeline carbon price carbon recycling carbon removal carbon sink carbon tax carbon tax-and-dividend Carbon tax border adjustments carbon user fee Carbon Utilization and Biogas Education Program carcinogens cardoon Caribbean carinata/brassica carinata carob cashew cashew apple CASI CAS Registry Cassava cassava price cassava pulp cassava stalk castor bean castor stalk catalysis catalysts catalytic decarboxylation catalytic hydrothermal conversion catalytic hydrothermal conversion-to-jet (CHCJ) catalytic hydrothermal gasification catalytic hydrothermolysis jet CHJ pathway cattle cavitation CBD (cannabidiol) cell culturing cellulase enzymes cellulose Cellulosic/Biomass Hydrogen cellulosic biofuel Cellulosic biomass cellulosic diesel Cellulosic ethanol cellulosic ethanol price cellulosic feedstock cellulosic production tax credit cellulosic sugars Cellulosic Tax Credit cellulosic waiver credit cement Central African Republic Central America Certificate Program certification certification fuels cesium cetane Chad change in soil condition charging stations CHCJ-5 Chesapeake Bay chicken feathers chickens Chile Chili China chitin chufa/cyperus esculents/nutsedge CIA circular economy citrus citrus greening disease Citrus Peel clean air Clean Air Act (CAA) clean diesel Clean Fuel Standard/Policy (CFS) Clean Power Plan (CPP) Clean Trucks Plan Clean Water Act climate change Climate Change Adaptation climate change effects climate change mitigation climate legislation climate smart agriculture closed-loop system Clostridium thermocellum cloud point clover CNG Conversion kit co co-generation co-location co-operative Co-op Extension co-processing co-products coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) coastal habitat conservation coastal hay Coast Guard cobalt cock's foot coco cocoa Coconut coffee coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold-tolerance cold flow college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG/R-CNG/bioCNG) compression-ignition engine compression ratios computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology cooking fuel Cook Islands cook stoves cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 COP26 copper coppice cordgrass corn-based products corn/maize corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crimes criteria pollutants Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cuphea cup plant currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D5 (5%DME) D20 (20%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date palm date palm pits Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization Delaware DeltaWing demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices diesel with renewables diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct-to-fuel direct air capture directed evolution direct injection Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E2 E3 E4 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E40 E50 E55 E75 E78 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED95 educatio education educational business private educational tour Education Series 3030 EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electricity price electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) end user Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylene ethyl levulinate (EL) ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication externalities extremophiles f F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferr ferry fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax Fleets fleet turnover fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery GREET model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP h Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawai'i hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrids Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrocarbon fuels hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogenolysis hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indiana Indian beech tree Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial ethanol industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insects insurance integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land prices land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M3 M15 M50 M100 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts mass balance standard Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methan methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks methanization Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methanol price Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium 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Technology Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil/gas terminals oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm 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pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest rain tree RAND rare earth metal RD10 RD20 RD30 RD80 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation Refined Bleached Deodorized Palm Oil (RBDPO) refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/HVO/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price Renewable Diesel Production renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel 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Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Rural Renewable Energy Pilot Program Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog smokestack soap Social social benefit investing social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soi soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solaris solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) Solomon Islands Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications Spent Bleaching Earth Oil (SBEO) sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam methane reformation steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve STrategiv Petroleum Reserve straw students su sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) subsid succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugarcane sugarcane prices sugarcane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower sunflower stalks supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas/gas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic kerosene synthetic liquified gas (SLG) synthetic methane synthetic natural gas Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course Technical Readiness Levels techno-economic analysis technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics Thermal catalytic depolymerization (TCD) thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion thermochemical liquefaction Tibet Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Fuels Policy; carbon removal Transportation Policy travel policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale truck trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey UCOME (Used Cooking Oil Methyl Ester) Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) Ultra Low Sulfur Fuel Oil (ULSFO) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA 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