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Call to Action for a Truly Sustainable Renewable Future
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-Include high octane/high ethanol Regular Grade fuel in EPA Tier 3 regulations.
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-Start an Apollo-type program to bring New Ideas to sustainable biofuel and …

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Home » Biomass2010, Energy, Federal Agency, Presentations, Pretreatment, Process, R & D Focus

Advancing Next-Generation Biofuels

Submitted by on January 23, 2011 – 4:53 pmNo Comment

by Blake Simmons (Vice-President, Deconstruction Division, Joint BioEnergy Institute)  Simmons provides an overview of Joint Bioenergy Institute (JBI) and their research associated with converting cellulosic biomass to biofuel.  He describes the challenges of the various steps involved in current technologies for breaking down biomass so that the cellulose is accessible to enzymes that can convert it into sugars, the building blocks of advanced biofuels.  He introduces the role of genomics in addressing these challenges.

Keywords: Joint Bioenergy Institute, JBI, cellulose and hemicellulose, xylose, arabinose, arabinoxylan, xylan, acetyl, feruloyl, transferases, glycosyltransferases

Graphs/Figures:

–          Flow chart depicting conversion of feedstocks to biofuel (ethanol)

–         Flow chart depicting how pretreatment of cellulosic biomass breaks down lignin

–         “Visualization of biomass solubilization and cellulose regeneration during ionic liquid pretreatment of switchgrass,” Biotechnology and Bioengineering (2009) 104(1), 68-75- Featured Cover Article

–         Flow chart of Ionic Liquid Pretreatment Process

–         Flow chart of Xylan Digestion and Utilization

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