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Researchers to Produce Aviation Fuel from CO2, Waste Biomass

(Heriot-Watt University/Biomass Magazine)  Heriot-Watt University is to lead a £2 million ($2.98 million) project to develop low carbon aviation fuels from captured CO2 and waste biomass. The multi-disciplinary project, funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council will be led by Heriot-Watt

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Bernie Sanders Unveils Forceful Climate Change Plan, And He’s Going After Big Oil

by Laura Barron-Lopez (The Huffington Post)  He even wants to bar fossil fuel lobbyists from working in the White House.  --  Democratic presidential candidate Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) unveiled a forceful climate change plan Monday that sets its sights on

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Willow Harvesting Updates

by Justin Heavey and Armen R. Kemanian (Northeast Bioenergy Extension Blog)  The harvest season for willow biomass crops in the northeast is progressing across multiple sites, utilizng new harvesting technology developed by NEWBio researchers at SUNY-ESF in cooperation with industrial partner New Holland

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Restaurant Group Advocates the Use of Biodiesel

(Notimex/La Journada (Google translation))  Mexico City Mexican Restaurant Corporation (CMR) bet on the care of the environment by launching a project to reduce pollution of its truck fleet, which consists of converting used oil and its restaurants into biodiesel for

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Biofuels as Seen by OPEC: The Digest’s 2016 8-Slide Guide to Biofuels in the World Oil Outlook

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In this year’s World Oil Outlook, OPEC writes:  The prospects for first generation biofuels are constrained by factors such as land use changes, excessive water usage, and the impact on food production and prices from

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Obama Signs Spending Bill, Tax Extenders Legislation

by Erin Voegele (Biodiesel Magazine)  On Dec. 18, President Obama signed a $1.1 trillion spending bill and accompanying legislative package of tax extenders into law. The legislation includes two-year extensions of several tax credits that benefit the bioenergy sector. On the

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Brazil's Copel Plans 480-kW Biogas Plant in Parana State - Report

by Lucas Morais  (See News)  Brazilian power utility Copel (BVMF:CPLE6) is partnering Brazil's International Centre for Renewable Energy (CIBiogas) to develop a 480-kW biogas plant in Parana state. The project, which will use waste from pig and poultry farming, will require

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ABUTEC Aids In Transformation of Manure into Renewable Energy

(Penn Energy/Renewable Energy World)  ABUTEC’s combustion technology is once again paving the way for waste-to-energy projects through its partnership with Roeslein Alternative Energy. With almost two million pigs housed throughout nine facilities, Smithfield Foods Missouri produces an exorbitant amount of manure,

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Global Biorefinery Market is Expected to Grow With 14% CAGR During 2015 - 2020: P&S Market Research

(P&S Market Research/PRNewswire)   The global biorefinery market was valued at $432.4 billion in 2014, and it is expected to grow with a CAGR of 14.0% during 2015 - 2020. The factors driving the growth of the global market include government

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Paper, Wood Products Manufacturers File Biomass Litigation on CPP

(American Forest & Paper Association, American Wood Council/Biomass Magazine)  American Forest & Paper Association President and CEO Donna Harman and American Wood Council President and CEO Robert Glowinski have issued the following statements after filing a joint petition for review in the

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How Royal Dutch Shell and Other Companies Are Trying to Make Petroleum Products from Municipal Waste

by Hari Pulakkat (Times of India/The Economic Times)  ...  Among the most advanced of the lot is Royal Dutch Shell, whose R&D centre in Bengaluru is now trying to scale up a process - called IH - to make petroleum

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FTC Finalizes Proposed Labeling Requirements for Ethanol Blends

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The Federal Trade Commission has announced final amendments regarding ethanol blends above E10 to its fuel rating rule, which determines the fuel rating that appears on pump labels and how octane levels are calculated.

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What $6 Trillion Could Do for Renewable Energy or "The Cost of War"

by Mike Bryan (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  What if the nearly $6 trillion spent on wars in Afghanistan and Iraq had been spent to generate economic activity for the ethanol industry, asks Mike Bryan. --   ... Estimates are that by the

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Six-Year Study Suggests Perennial Crop Yields Can Compete with Corn Stover

by Mark E. Griffin (Wisconsin Energy Institute/University of Wisconsin)  A six-year Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center (GLBRC) study on the viability of different bioenergy feedstocks recently demonstrated that perennial cropping systems such as switchgrass, giant miscanthus, poplar, native grasses, and

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More Bioethanol Plants to Rise in 2016 - Martin

(The Visayan Daily Star)  More molasses and cane-based bioethanol plants are expected to rise in the country in 2016, Sugar Regulatory Administrator Ma. Regina Martin said yesterday. In the first quarter of 2016, two more molasses-based bioethanol plants are forecast to

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Iowa Ethanol Plants Produce Record 4 billion Gallons in 2015

(Associated Press/SF Gate)  An Iowa ethanol industry trade group says the state's refineries produced more than 4 billion gallons of the corn-based fuel additive this year, a new record. The Iowa Renewable Fuels Association says Iowa provided about 27 percent of

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ANCAP Effect: ALUR Start Selling Biodiesel Abroad

by Andrew Oyhenard  (El Observador (Google Translation))  Just a week after the executive define a brake on the mixture of bioethanol with gasoline and biodiesel with diesel, under the process of reorganization and adjustment costs ANCAP , the oil subsidiary entity

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REACHing towards Cellulosic Fuels: The Digest’s 2016 8-Slide Guide to Mercurius

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Mercurius says it “has the technology and processes that will, for the first time, make the production of cellulosic biofuels profitable while meeting the needs of the diesel and jet fuel markets and satisfying government

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The Looming Octane Shortage?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In a time of rising gasoline demand and targets for higher engine efficiencies, the world could use more octane.  What about ethanol, and what about iso-octane itself? The Digest looks at the economics and the supplies. Over

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University of Delaware Researchers Develop Algae Biofuels

by Karen B. Roberts (University of Delaware/Biomass Magazine)   ... At the University of Delaware, associate scientist Jennifer Stewart is working to create sustainable algae-based biofuels that could reduce carbon dioxide and other harmful emissions in the atmosphere. ... Many scientists have proposed growing algae

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Renewable Accounts: Big News for Biodiesel

by David Ripplinger (North Dakota State University)  The domestic level of biodiesel use is mandated to increase to 2 billion gallons a year by 2017, double the minimum amount required by the original law. How much biodiesel is that? Domestic biodiesel

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Branched Ketone Biofuels as Blending Agents for Jet-A1 Aviation Kerosene

by Joseph Donnelly, Richard Horton, Kesavan Gopalan, Chris D. Bannister, and Christopher J. Chuck (Energy & Fuels) In this investigation a range of ketone biofuels produced from the alkylation of isoamyl alcohol and isobutanol were examined as potential blending agents with Jet

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Centre Offers Biofuel to Delhi to Check Pollution

(Business Standard)  The Centre is willing to offer one million litres of bio-diesel a day to the Delhi government to combat the rising menace of pollution, Union road transport and highways minister Nitin Gadkari said on Thursday. Besides, the Centre will

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Students Experiment with Biofuels

by Sarah Wright (The Herald Independent) What are biofuels? How can they help us meet our future energy needs while minimizing negative environmental impacts? With support from the Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center (GLBRC) at UW-Madison, students in freshman biology classes at

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TAE Seeks Ethanol Factory

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In Thailand, Thai Agro Energy has teamed with Kamphaengphet Bio Power—a major producer and exporter of cassava—to develop a new 200,000 liter per day ethanol plant with an estimated total investment of $41.6 million following

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Former Hopewell Ethanol Plant Operator Moves into Chapter 11 Bankruptcy

by John Reid Blackwell (Richmond Times-Dispatch)  The former operator of an ethanol plant in Hopewell is now planning to pay its debts under Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection after several of its creditors tried to force the company to liquidate. Vireol Bio

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Record Production Propels Industry in Face of EPA Rule

by Bob Dinneen (Renewable Fuels Association/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  EPA needs to stop micromanaging the RFS—allow the program to work as intended—and the record-setting ethanol industry will continue to perform for American consumers, writes Bob Dinneeen. --  ...  The high came

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Striving for Clean, Infection-Free Ethanol Production

by Susanne Retka Schill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Two producers share stories of how they keep bacteria in check.  --  In the ethanol industry, having a reputation as a clean plant goes far beyond clean floors and all-around tidiness. Clean means

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ACE: Restored Tax Credit to Increase Availability of E85

(American Coalition for Ethanol/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Bipartisan congressional approval of recent legislation restoring tax credits for retail fuel station owners who buy equipment to offer alternative fuels could further increase availability of E85 and profitability for retailers, says American Coalition

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USDA to Request Extension of Residue, Biomass Field Study

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service has published a notice announcing its intention to request a revision and extension of a currently approved information collection for a residue and biomass field survey. According to a

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RISC Notice Includes Projected 2017 RFS Rulemaking Timeline

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  A notice published in the Federal Register by the Regulatory Information Service Center includes a projected timeline for the U.S. EPA’s rulemaking for the 2017 renewable fuel standard (RFS) volume obligations. In mid-December, the RISC

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DuPont Closing Vonore Biorefinery

by Melissa Erickson (The Daily Times)  By the end of the year, DuPont will close its biorefinery in Vonore, a facility that was built as a partnership with the state of Tennessee as part of a $70 million initiative to

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The Bioeconomy’s River Pilot: The Digest’s 2016 8-Slide Guide to the USDA

by Valerie Reed (US Department of Agriculture/Biofuels Digest)   A great government agency is a little like a river pilot — doesn’t run the ship, but steps in as a vital partner  for complex, critical tasks where specialized know-how and resources

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14 More Answers for your Burning Questions about Biofuels, Renewable Chemicals, the New Agriculture, and Biobased Products

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ... Q. How have the US elections and the regulatory situation in the US impacted development of biofuels for other countries, particularly Latin America? ...  Not much impact from the 2014 US elections, so far —

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NCCETC Receives $4.5 Million Grant to Continue Air Quality Improvement Efforts

(North Carolina Clean Energy Technology Center)  Funding now available for transportation-related emission reduction projects --  The North Carolina Department of Transportation (N.C. DOT) is continuing to support efforts led by the N.C. Clean Energy Technology Center (NCCETC) at North Carolina

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Spanish Company Receives Patents for 2G Biodiesel from Glycerin

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In Spain, the European patents office has approved a Europe-wide patent forInKemia IUCT Group’s production process that creates second-generation biodiesel from glycerin through 2033. The patent was developed as part of the European-funded 2G Biofuel

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A Familiar Friend in Unfamiliar Times: The Digest’s 2016 8-Slide Guide to Sorghum

by Bill Rooney (Biofuels Digest/Texas A&M)  Sorghum has been identified by the US Department of Energy as an energy crop of interest. Owing to its high biomass yield, drought tolerance, established production systems, carbon life cycle, genetic resources and potential for further improvement and available hybrids. Texas A&M”s

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Behind the Renewable Energy Curtain in California

by James L. Stewart (Biofuels Digest/California’s BioEnergy Producers Association/Technikon Renewable Energy Solutions)  ... With the most aggressive series of carbon emissions reduction benchmarks ever enacted by any government in North America, one would expect a concerted, cooperative effort by state government to meet

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17 Answers for Your Burning Questions about Biofuels, Renewable Chemicals, Biomass and More.

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Q. We’ve heard a lot about carbon capture, but what about carbon capture and conversion (to a more soluble, transportable and storable form), for example conversion to bicarbonate? A. To date, all ventures in the carbon

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Electrofuels Update: Patent Granted for CO2-to-Gasoline Process

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Maryland, the US Patent and Trademark Office issued patent number 9,217,161for a process to ferment biomass or gases directly to hydrocarbons like hexane and octane.  The process belongs to the electrofuels family — technologies

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Lux Research Highlights Top 10 Innovative Companies From 2015

by Michael Holman (Lux Research)  In 2015, Lux Research analysts profiled 1,189 companies across 20 different emerging technologies. As the year end approaches, we polled the analyst team to select the top 10 companies we covered in 2015 that are

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Viewpoint: US Biodiesel Imports to Grow in 2016

(Argus)  Imported biodiesel's share of the US on-road diesel pool is set to double in 2016 as suppliers in Argentina and elsewhere boost volumes after the US government issued clearer rules for blending tax credits and volumes. The recent devaluation of

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Successfully Financing Advanced Biobased Projects: The Digest’s 2016 8-Slide Guide to the USDA Loan Guarantee Program

by John Kirkwood (Biofuels Digest/Faegre Baker Daniels)  Project financing is the financing of infrastructure and industrial projects and relies primarily on the development of a project and its cash flow for repayment — but for a first commercial plant for a given technology,

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Solazyme Chops Roquette (again) in the Great Algae Flour Fight

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ...  a judgment for Solazyme and against Roquette, confirming an earlier arbitration award we covered last February in The Great Algae Robbery, here. ... Just before Christmas, Robinson (Judge Sue Robinson, Federal District Judge for the District

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Biofuels Move From Lab to Frying Pan

by Amy Harder (Wall Street Journal/Governors' Biofuels Coalition)  Solazyme Inc., a company founded 12 years ago to make car and truck fuel from algae, is vigorously pushing a new product. But this time, it is fuel for the body: cooking oil, based

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Omnibus Funding and Tax Extenders Legislation Includes Important Extensions for Renewable Energy Projects

by Mark J. Riedy and Heather L. Preston (Kilpatrick Townsend)  On December 18, Congress passed and the President signed into law the “Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2016” and the “Protecting Americans from Tax Hikes (PATH) Act of 2015,” funding the government

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These Customers Love E85, for Very Different Reasons

by Landon Hall (Fuel Freedom Foundation)  Becka Burke was in no hurry. Even though two of her carrot-topped children, ages 2 and 4, scrambled about inside her giant GMC Yukon XL, Burke not only filled up her tank, she stepped

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Bio-on: World First Facility for Producing Bioplastic from Biodiesel Co-Product Glycerol

(Globe Newswire/NASDAQ) An agreement signed today by Bio-on and S.E.C.I. S.p.A. part of Gruppo Industriale Maccaferri holding, will see Italy's and world's first facility for the production of PHAs bioplastic from biodiesel production co-products, namely glycerol. The two companies, operating in

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Algae: The Future of Biofuel?

by Anmar Frangoul  (CNBC.com)  Recent advances in technology mean the idea of creating fuel from sources as diverse as coffee and whisky is no longer science fiction. Another potential source gaining traction is algae. According to the U.S. Department of Energy

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Report: Coal, Biomass Mix May Be in Military Jet Fuel Future

by Anna Simet (Biomass Magazine)  The U.S. Defense Logistics Agency and the Connecticut Center for Advanced Technology recently released results of a research project that investigated the technical feasibility, commercial viability and environmental compliance of the use of liquefied coal and

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Ha Noi Promotes Use of Biofuel

(Viet Nam News)  The Ha Noi People's Committee has said local committees and other city agencies should use only the E5 biofuel, which contains five per cent ethanol, in their official cars. The committee will stop reimbursing the bills for regular

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After Paris Accord, Most U.S. Republicans Back Action on Climate

by Megan Cassella (Reuters)  A majority of U.S. Republicans who had heard of the international climate deal in Paris said they support working with other countries to curb global warming and were willing to take steps to do so, according

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USDA Trade Mission Spurs Record Ethanol Exports to China

(U.S. Department of Agriculture)  The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) today announced a significant jump in ethanol exports to China this year, following a USDA-led trade mission to the country last year. Representatives from nine state departments of agriculture and

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Capitalizing on Ethanol’s Strengths

by Brian Jenning (Ethanol Producer Magazine/American Coalition for Ethanol)  Each fall the American Coalition for Ethanol brings members together to identify the goals we’ll pursue for the coming year. We did a series of listening sessions between harvest and football

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One Third of London's Buses to Run on Waste Fats and Oils

(Transit for London)  Almost a third of London's bus fleet will soon be running on a greener blend of diesel, resulting in a huge reduction in CO2 emissions of 21,000 tonnes each year which comes on top of the 48,000

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ADM Announces Agreement to Develop New Ethanol Hub in Selma, North Carolina

(Archer Daniels Midland Company) Archer Daniels Midland Company (NYSE: ADM) today announced an agreement with Kinder Morgan, Inc. (NYSE:KMI) and Bailey Feed Mill to construct a new unit train rail facility and ethanol offloading system in Selma, North Carolina. KMI will invest

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E15 Acceptance Hits 70% Mark for 2016 Model Year Vehicles in US: Report

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Washington, an analysis of 2016 model year  warranty statements and owner’s manuals conducted by the Renewable Fuels Association shows that auto manufacturers explicitly approve E15 (15 percent ethanol 85 percent gasoline) use in more than 70

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Renewable Light Hydrocarbons: The Digest’s 2016 8-Slide Guide to Global Bioenergies

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Global Bioenergies is a pioneer in the development of one-step fermentation processes for the direct and cost-efficient transformation of renewable resources into light olefin hydrocarbons, the key building blocks of the petrochemical industry. Since inception,

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The Next Wave of Industrial Biotechnology (with Bicycles, Unicorns & Rainbows)

by Sam Nejame (Promotum/Biofuels Digest)  ... At the same time investors saw the rapid expansion in infrastructure that was the ethanol biofuels rollout. At the pump consumers faced $100+ per barrel oil and nearly $4 gasoline. The DOE was dealing with national

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Re-Thinking the Carbon Reduction Value of Corn Ethanol Fuel

by Ron Alverson (Ethanol Across America)  It has been seven years since Argonne National Labs (ANL), as part of the Energy Security and Independence Act requirements, first determined the Life Cycle Carbon Intensity of mid-west corn ethanol fuel. ANL, using

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The 7 Flying Reindeer: Renewable Fuel Myths that Continue to Defy Gravity

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Food vs Fuel, biofuels causing corn planting to skyrocket, low oil prices killing off renewable fuels, the subsidy myth, the emissions myth, the “people won’t buy the fuels” myth, and the Insanity myth. ... In the world

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We've Got a Methane Problem

by Fred Krupp (GreenBiz/Environmental Defense Fund)  As I write this, a massive methane leak from a ruptured natural gas storage facility in California is causing, every day, as much climate damage over the next 20 years as 7 million cars on the

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UPS to Power Fleet with Gas from Landfills

by Carla Caldwell (Atlanta Business Chronicle)  Atlanta-based United Parcel Service Inc. (NYSE: UPS) will supply its fleet in two states with renewable natural gas produced by landfills. UPS says its fleet in Jackson, Miss., and Memphis, will use an estimated 15

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BETO Announces Notice of Intent (NOI) to Develop Pathways to Biofuels and Bioproducts

(U.S. Department of Energy)  The Energy Department announces its intent to issue, on behalf of the Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO), a funding opportunity announcement (FOA) entitled “MEGA-BIO: Bioproducts to Enable Biofuels.” This FOA supports BETO’s goal of meeting its 2022

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What About Willow? Willows Could Be Next Big Thing for Conservation, Biofuel Feedstock

by Claire Vath (DTN/The Progressive Farmer)  ... "We had something like 200 trespass cows from a nearby land lease," Willow says. So, they constructed a fence. And while it kept animals out, the damage had already been wrought. "Those cows destroyed

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Biodiesel Business Academy® Biodiesel Essay Scholarship 2016

(AltEnergyMag.com/Biodiesel Business Academy)  The program is open to any youth who may be studying in schools, college or university or in profession. The program is not limited to only those who are related to different supply chain of biofuel.  --

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Lehigh Valley Biofuel Entrepreneurs Charged in $50M Federal Scam

by Kurt Bresswein (Lehigh Valley Live)  The owners of a Lehigh Valley company are accused of scamming taxpayers out of about $50 million in payments, subsidies and other benefits paid out for purportedly turning cooking oil into biofuel. David Dunham, 35,

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Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform: From Rhetoric to Reality

by Shelagh Whitley and Laurie van der Burg (New Climate Economy)  The research underpinning this New Climate Economy Working Paper was a major input into the 2015 New Climate Economy report and articulates the practical steps that policymakers can take to

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Can PACE Project Drive Algal Biofuels to Marketability?

(Algae Industry Magazine)  Dr. Richard Sayre, a scientist in the Bioenergy and Biome Sciences group at Los Alamos National Laboratory and the New Mexico Consortium, writes in the Santa Fe New Mexican about a new research project led by Los

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TSCA Reform: Detailed Summary of Key Changes in Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act (S. 697) as Compared with S. 697 Passed by Senate EPW in June

(Bergeson & Campbell)  This analysis reviews the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act (S. 697) as passed by the Senate on December 17, 2015, and compares it to the previous version of S. 697 (identified as

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US Department of Energy Awards $13.5 Million to Enhance Sorghum for Biofuel

(Donald Danforth Plant Science Center/EurekAlert!)  The Donald Danforth Plant Science Center announced that it will be part of a major collaborative research project to improve sorghum's productivity under resource-limited conditions. The research should lead to strategies to increase plant biomass

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Fiberight Announces Major Investor during Trash Group’s Meeting

by Dawn Gagnon (Bangor Daily News)  Members of the group representing the trash-disposal interests of nearly 200 Maine towns were briefed Wednesday on progress made toward operating their own recycling and processing facility. Perhaps the biggest news for Municipal Review Committee

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Sunoco Ethanol Plant in Volney Receives NYS REDC Grant to Support Construction of Barley Malting Facility

(SatPRNews.com/Marketwired)  $9.1 Million Project to Be Supported by $700,000 Regional Economic Development Council Grant --  The Sunoco Fulton Ethanol manufacturing facility in Volney, N.Y. has received a Central New York Regional Economic Development Grant in the amount of $700,000 as

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Experimental Algae to Grow at the Refinery

(PKN ORLEN) PKN ORLEN is starting another R&D project to explore alternative sources of next-generation biocomponents. The Company plans to open a research station at its Production Plant in Płock, where carbon dioxide and process wastewater will be used to grow

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Rapid Development of Cost Superior Bio-Based Processes: The Digest’s 2015 8-Slide Guide to DMC

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  DMC’s technology enables reproducibility and robustness to scale; Production of a diversity of targets using a single bioprocess; HTS approaches that translate to full scale performance — and the company says, “50X improvement in speed and cost of

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Cellulosic Biofuels: Where are the Gallons? A Digest Special report

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest and Iogen)  ... The Bottom Line:  Acquire better, cheaper biomass; Release matured market-ready technologies; Find markets where carbon premiums are available to products, not for a free benefit for society as a whole; Don't underpromise

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Are We There Yet? A Biofuel Refinery Update

by Tom Ewing (Renewable Energy World)   As oil prices plummet, are drop-in aviation biofuel refineries ever going to be built?  ---  In September 2014, the Department of Energy (DOE), along with the Departments of the Navy and Agriculture, announced a

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US Wild Bee Numbers Decline as Land Is Converted for Biofuel

by Matt McGrath (BBC News)  Wild bees in the US have declined in many farming areas according to the first national effort to map their numbers.  --  The study suggests that between 2008 and 2013, the numbers of wild bees

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Weighing Panama’s Biofuels Policy & Market

(Stratas Advisors) This segment is from the report, “Panama: Biofuels Policy & Market.” The full report is part of Stratas Advisors’ Global Biofuels Assessment service. Rising oil prices and dependence on imported petroleum products led Panama’s government to consider implementing a domestic

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More Biofuel Pumps at Missouri Gas Stations

by Mindy Ward (Farm Progress)  Consumers will have more biofuel,ethanol choices at the gas pump. -- Mark Cadle sees the investment in biofuel infrastructure in Missouri as a win-win-win. "The goal is to expand markets for farmers, support rural economic growth,

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California LCFS Presents Opportunities for Ethanol Producers

By John Sens (EcoEngineers/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  CARB readopts standards, and sets time lines and treatment for legacy pathways.  --  In the first three quarters of 2015, California Low Carbon Fuel Standard credits increased in price by 212 percent. October saw

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USGC Ethanol Export Program Yields Results in Peru

(U.S. Grains Council/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The U.S. Grains Council’s ethanol export promotion program has seen an early success with a U.S. exporter confirming sales of 10 million gallons of U.S. ethanol to Peru—valued at more than $15 million—following a trade

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Cyanobacteria Efficient at “Harvesting” Light

(Algae Industry Magazine)  Cyanobacteria, also known as blue-green algae, have an ingenious system to prepare themselves for the coming daylight when it is dark by setting up a large “antenna.” This antenna helps them capture light energy in an efficient

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FTC Report: US Ethanol Market Remains Unconcentrated

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The Federal Trade Commission has issued its 2015 Report on Ethanol Market Concentration. As in prior years, the report concludes that it is “extremely unlikely that a single ethanol producer or marketer or group

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Linde Hydrogen Fueling System Surpasses One Million Fills at BMW South Carolina Plant

(Fuel Cells Works)  ... "Because of the way it is produced, the hydrogen supplied to BMW is sustainable with only a small carbon footprint incurred during shipping," said Dave Read (Business Development Manager – Hydrogen Fuel Markets). "The hydrogen is a by-product of

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St. Landry Parish Opens Expanded BioCNG Fuel F(acility

(St. Landry Parish/Biomass Magazine) St. Landry Parish has officially opened its expanded BioCNG Vehicle Fuel Facility at its sanitary landfill, which is now fueling Progressive Waste Solutions Ltd. refuse vehicles collecting residential trash in St. Landry Parish. It is the only

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Brazil Pioneers the Rise of ‘Second Generation’ Biofuel

(Petro-Online.com)  The roads of Brazil are flooded with over 36 million cars. With over 60% of vehicles running on ethanol based petrol, the environmental credentials of the country are impressive. Over the past few years, a number of innovative ‘second

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Got the Need for Speed? E85 Is the High-Octane Fuel for You

by Landon Hall (Fuel Freedom Foundation)  E85 ethanol has a benefit for just about everybody: Some people like the fact that the fuel often is much cheaper than regular gasoline, even with gas  prices at their cheapest in years. Others

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Decarbonising Transport Must Take Centre Stage in Europe’s Efforts to Meet Historic COP21 Ambitions

(ePURE)  On 12 December, 195 Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change agreed to curb greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and strengthen global action to fight climate change. The Paris Agreement includes an objective to limit global warming to

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Biodegradable Chemicals, Renewable, Abundant, Low Cost: The Digest’s 2015 8-Slide Guide to Rivertop Renewables

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Rivertop has developed a way to make glucaric acid, glucarates and other biodegradable chemicals from renewable resources in abundant quantity and at a low cost. These and other renewable chemicals can reduce society’s dependence on

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In Santa’s Stocking: 3 Big Wins for Renewable Fuels, Feedstocks

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  $1 biodiesel tax credit extended through 2016, and much more. In Washington, lawmakers in the U.S. House and Senate passed legislation for retroactive reinstatement of the $1 per gallon biodiesel mixture excise tax credit from January

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Immersive Algae Education Programs Growing in Popularity

(Algae Industry Magazine)  Students of algal research, including it’s various applications and business models, have increasing opportunities to get quickly up to speed in many aspects of the rapidly developing, somewhat confounding, algae industry. New educational opportunities are more and

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Budget Deal Oil-for-Renewables Trade Would Substantially Reduce Carbon Emissions

by Varun Sivaram and Michael Levi (Council on Foreign Relations)  ...  In this post we’re going to estimate the climate impact of the renewables tax credit extensions. We focus on 2016-2020 for three reasons: (a) it’s the period for which

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Climate Benefits of One of the Oldest Technologies Still in Use

(Diesel Technology Forum)  Thanks to decades of innovation, clean diesel technology is helping to deliver significant reductions in GHG emissions and is a major feature of the U.S. climate commitment outlined in the INDC that explains how the U.S. will

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Hydrogen from Biomethane; Gasoline & Diesel from Tree Residue; Cellulosic Ethanol among New Proposed California LCFS Fuel Pathways

(Green Car Congress)  California Air Resources Board (ARB) staff posted 32 new Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) fuel pathway applications for comments at the LCFS website. Among the multiple applications for different processing pathways of corn or sorghum ethanol are

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The Countries That Produce The Most Biofuels [Infographic]

by Niall McCarthy (Forbes) In 2010, global biofuel production reached approximately 28 billion gallons. Produced when biomass is converted directly into liquid fuel, ethanol and biodiesel are the two most common forms of biofuel in use today. Who are the main

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Carson Decries Ethanol Subsidies, Rubio Focuses on Manufacturing

(RadioIowa)  Republican candidate Ben Carson says he’d like to see all subsidies for the biofuels industry done away with if he wins the White House. Support for ethanol has become a flash point in the race. On Monday Governor Terry Branstad saying he

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Iowa Voters Have Given up on Ethanol; Presidential Candidates Are Following Suit

by Evan Halper (Los Angeles Times)  ... Now that fuel, corn-based ethanol, finds itself threatened with a defection that was once unthinkable: Iowa voters. The electorate here in the early voting state often defined by its vast expanses of corn has

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Protecting Public Health Through Cleaner Fuels and Lower Emissions

(Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  The Environmental and Energy Study Institute (EESI) held a briefing examining the health impacts of current octane sources and the need for cleaner, cost-effective octane providers. Octane is necessary for vehicle performance and increasing octane

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University of Illinois Awarded Grant to Support Sorghum Research

(University of Illinois/Biomass Magazine)  The University of Illinois has been awarded a 3-year, $5 million grant from the DOE Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy as part of its OPEN 2015 funding initiative (ARPA-E OPEN). Under Principal Investigator Andrew Leakey, Associate Professor of

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Chempolis, Avantha Partner to Offer Cellulosic Technology

(Chempolis, Ltd.)  Chempolis Ltd., a Finland-based biorefining technology corporation, has entered into partnership with Avantha Group’s research wing Avantha Centre for Industrial Research & Development to offer technology to India to extract ethanol from various agricultural residues for blending with petrol. India is

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Lifting the U.S. Crude Export Ban: Impact on Oil, Biofuels, Wind & Solar & the Evolution of the U.S. Energy Landscape

(Genscape)  Now in the hands of president Obama for final sign off, the budget deal that could end the 1975 oil export ban, could also extend investment and Production Tax Credits (ITC and PTC) that support wind and solar energy. The

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EPA Stands by Biofuels’ Greenhouse Gas Benefits

(OntarioFarmer.com)  The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's final rules on the volume of biofuels that must be produced from 2014 to 2016 shows the agency is convinced that biofuels reduce greenhouse gas emissions compared with fossil fuels, says Purdue University energy

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Obama Administration Announces Competition to Designate the Third and Final Round of Promise Zones

(U.S. Department of Agriculture)  Today, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Secretary Julián Castro and U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Secretary Tom Vilsack announced that communities may now apply to be designated a Promise Zone under the third

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44 Saltend Workers Face Redundancy as BP Mothball Research Plant

(Hull Daily Mail) More than 40 staff at a research facility at Saltend have been told they are facing redundancy.  Kingston Research Ltd (KRL) is a joint venture between BP and Du Pont. The plant pilots the production of biobutanol – a

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Findin’ the Benjamins: Stern Brothers’ 2015 8-Slide Guide to Renewable Fuels Project Finance

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Bottom line, if you’re in the business of financing a renewable fuels project with a loan guarantee in the mix, you’re probably talking with Stern Brothers and managing director John May. They’ve been part of

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Aromatics Ascending: IFP Energies Nouvelles, Axens to Accelerate Bio-BTX via Anellotech Partnership

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In New York, Anellotech, IFPEN and Axens said they have completed construction on a fully-integrated development and testing plant, “TCat-8”, for the production of bio-based paraxylene, benzene, toluene, ortho-xylene and meta-xylene (BTX), from non-food sources.

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The Crushing Burden of Hidden Taxes on E85 Renewable Fuel

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  There’s historic news out now — that E85 fuel is available on a wholesale basis for less than 85 cents per gallon. The Anderson’s in Denison, Iowa are wholesaling E85 for $0.84, and Little Sioux

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US Senate Passes TSCA Reform

by  Gayle S. Putrich (Plastics News) The U.S. Senate on Thursday passed a bill that would update a decades-old law regulating chemical manufacture, transportation and use, after weeks of waiting under a hold focused on unrelated legislation. Though the bill (S 697)

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Study: Bioethanol Lowers CO2 Emissions From German Traffic, Creates Added Value

(Biofuels International)  Bioethanol and petrol blends lowered CO2 emissions from road traffic in Germany by around 1.2 million tonnes in the first three quarters of 2015, a new study says. According to the findings of a study in German on the

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BETO Seeks Stakeholder Input on the Co-Optimization of Fuels and Engines

(U.S. Department of Energy)  The U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy’s (EERE) Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) and Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO) have released a request for information (RFI) titled “Co-Optimization of Fuels and Engines” (Optima).

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Petrol Station Owners Face $1 Million Fines for Mis-stating Ethanol Octane rating

by Anne Davies  (Sydney Morning Herald)  Service station owners are facing a double whammy over E10 ethanol petrol after the Department of Fair Trading issued warnings they faced fines up to $1 million if they did not start advertising its

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How Renewable Ethanol Can Be Produced Sustainably

(ePURE) ... At ePURE, the association representing European ethanol producers, we believe that renewable ethanol can play an important role in decarbonising transport. Because ethanol can be blended with petrol to run in existing engines, it is one of the ways we

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West Coast Mayors Form EV Consortium, Pledge Carbon Reductions

by  Bengt Halvorson (Clean Car Reports)  ... (M)ayors of four large West Coast cities—Los Angeles, San Francisco, Seattle, and Portland—met in Portland for a two-day summit and united to reduce carbon emissions on a regional level. The signed declaration, by the

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Australian Biofuel Use to Plummet Despite Queensland Ethanol Mandate

by  Christine Forster (Platts)  A decision by the Queensland government to mandate the use of ethanol in regular unleaded gasoline sold in the state may provide a small uptick in demand for the blendstock. But it will not put a

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Alcohol to Renewable Jet Fuel: The Digest’s 2015 8-Slide Guide to Gevo’s ATJ

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Alcohol-to-jet. Several are working on it – Byogy, for example, and Vertimass, Virent and LanzaTech. But Gevo has been working through the rigorous ASTM process for six years, which includes extensive engine testing and data

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Consumers Go ‘Green.’ Are We Leveraging This Trend Enough?

by Sebastian Søderberg (Novozymes/Biofuels Digest)  ... I believe consumers are becoming increasingly aware and concerned about the damage their consumption can cause to the planet. With this awareness, comes a growing focus on products that reduce GHG emissions and maximize resource efficiency.

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“High Confidence Level” as Alcohol-to-Jet Fuel Closes in on Historic ASTM Approval

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  As ASTM technical balloting is underway and as experts sift through and request revised submissions of technical data, insiders are pointing to an early 2016 approval for Gevo’s renewable alcohol-to-jet fuel. In Washington, CAAFI Executive Director

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Cruz Out of Sync on Ethanol with Likely Republican Caucus-Goers in Iowa Poll

by John McCormick (Bloomberg Politics)  The poll also shows the parochial nature—and potential for hypocrisy—surrounding federal assistance programs  --  Ted Cruz's position on a requirement that's key to corn-based ethanol runs counter to the views of a solid majority of

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Modeling Climate Change and its Social Costs

by Osaretin Oghomwen Omorodion* (Advanced Biofuels USA) On November 13th, the National Academies of Science's Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education convened with its board of Environmental Change and Society to assess current trends in monitoring climate change

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Cheap Gas Spurs SUV Sales and Puts U.S. Climate Goals at Risk

by David Shepardson and Paul Lienert (Reuters)  Surging demand for trucks and SUVs fueled by cheap gasoline is holding back improvements in U.S. fuel economy and greenhouse gas emissions, a government report due out on Wednesday is expected to show. The

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Federal Agencies Release Update on National Biogas Activities

(U.S. Department of Agriculture)  In support of the Obama Administration's Climate Action Plan, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) jointly released the Biogas Opportunities Roadmap Progress Report today

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Clean Energy RNG Fuel for Ryder Trucks

(Fleets & Fuels)  Ryder Trucks in California to Use ‘Redeem’ Brand Biomethane, Clean Energy to Provide Fuel Station Maintenance Services Too  --  Ryder System natural gas vehicles fueling in Orange and Fontana, Calif. will use “Redeem” brand renewable natural gas from

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Oregon Joins Calif., BC in Climate Fight with Clean Fuels Program

(National Biodiesel Board/Biodiesel Magazine)  On Dec. 9 the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality Commission voted unanimously to finalize the state’s clean fuels program (CFP). Oregon becomes the third jurisdiction on the West Coast—following California and British Columbia—to implement a comprehensive

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Cal DGS Requires Renewable

(Fleets & Fuels)  Directive Covering Bulk Diesel Buys Issued Wednesday  ---  California’s Department of General Services advised state fuel buyers this week that henceforth they are to purchase renewable diesel fuel, “defined as a diesel fuel that is produced from

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MBA & KS95 Reward Drivers to Switch to E15

(Minnesota Bio-Fuels Association)  Twin Cities radio station, KS95 FM, and the Minnesota Bio-Fuels Association (MBA), today rewarded customers who fueled up with E15 at Highland Service Minnoco. From 11 am to 12 pm, customers who fueled up with E15 at Highland

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Pacific Ethanol (PEIX) Begins Production of Cellulosic Ethanol at Stockton Facility

(Street Insider)  Pacific Ethanol, Inc. (NASDAQ: PEIX) announced it is now producing cellulosic ethanol at its Stockton, CA facility using Edeniq, Inc.’s Pathway Technology. Neil Koehler, the company’s president and CEO, stated, “We are now commercially producing cellulosic ethanol using Edeniq’s

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Thoughtful Planning Is Essential To Meet The Renewable Fuel Standard

by Ghasideh Pourhashem (Forbes)  ...  Originally, along with energy security targets and diversifying U.S. fuel mix, the RFS was designed to lower the lifecycle GHG emissions and combustion-related smog from fossil fuel use. In recent years, as domestic energy production

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Tyner: Decision on RFS Is Statement on Greenhouse Gas Emissions

(Farmers' Advance)  The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's final rules on the volume of biofuels that must be produced from 2014 to 2016 continues the current policy thrust that biofuels reduce greenhouse gas emissions compared with fossil fuels, Purdue University energy

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Port of Seattle Partners with Alaska Airlines and Boeing on Plan to Supply Sustainable Aviation Biofuel at Sea-Tac Airport

(PR NewsWire)  The Port of Seattle, Alaska Airlines [NYSE: ALK] and Boeing [NYSE: BA] are partnering to move toward a significant environmental goal: powering all flights by all airlines at Seattle-Tacoma International Airport with sustainable aviation biofuel. Sea-Tac is the

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Ethanol Production from Paddy Plants Soon

by Dilip Kumar Jha (Business Standard)  Avantha Group inks pact with Finland based Chempolis to bring technology to India --  Avantha Group, promoted by $4-billion Gautam Thapar group, has entered into a partnership with Finland-based Chempolis Ltd to produce ethanol

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India to Allow Ethanol-Only Vehicles; Response to Be Muted

by Mayank Bhardwaj (Reuters)  India will soon allow automakers to manufacture vehicles that can run entirely on ethanol, but adoption is likely to be slow as the country has not been able to source the sugarcane by-product even for its

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School Teaches Farmers to Brew Own Biodiesel

(Tennessee State University Newsroom)  Farmers are known to be a pretty independent breed, and a school is teaching them to be energy independent by brewing their own biodiesel. This story from RFD-TV says Tennessee State University’s Agricultural Research and Education

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Researchers Turn Fish Waste Into A Coffee-Scented Biofuel

by Deirdre Lockwood (Chemical & Engineering News)  Environment: Hydrothermal carbonization transforms seafood discards into hydrochar, a carbon-rich solid ---  Before that beautiful salmon filet lands on your plate, a lot of less appetizing stuff gets stripped away: By one estimate,

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SASB Issues Provisional Sustainability Accounting Standards for Renewable Resources & Alternative Energy Sector

(Sustainability Accounting Standards Board/PR Newswire) The Sustainability Accounting Standards Board™ (SASB)™, a 501c3 non-profit organization that provides sustainability accounting standards for publicly listed companies in the U.S., today issued provisional standards for six industries in the Renewable Resources & Alternative Energy sector,

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Coal Dust and Algae Can Help Meet Future Energy Needs

by Heather Dugmore (Business Day Live)  A new fuel, Coalgae, produced from a combination of waste coal dust and algae, could save SA up to 40% of its crude oil imports. Ben Zeelie and his team at Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University

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Great Green Fleet Readies to Sail in January

by Meghann Myers (Navy Times)  More than six years after it was first announced, the Great Green Fleet will makes its maiden voyage in late January. The carrier strike group will deploy, fueled with a mix of biofuel and fossil fuel

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Soon, a Fuel Based on Coconut Oil for Your Car

(Times of India)  As the world continues to debate climate change and curb on emissions, this engineering college has developed a coconut oil-based biofuel that that promises to be more eco-friendly by reducing emmision of carbon and sulphur. SCMS College

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Ramp up Them thar Bioeconomy: The Digest’s 2015 8-Slide Guide to Berkeley Lab and ABPDU

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Part of the Lawrence Berkeley National Labs, established by the United States Department of Energy, is the Advanced Biofuels Process Demonstration Unit, designed to help ramp up the bioeconomy. ABPDU enables early stage advanced biofuels, biomaterials, and

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C5 Is the New C6

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Goodbye glucose, hello xylose. The X-Factor in the advanced bioeconomy might just be a sugar that starts with an X.  ...  When we think about C5s — that are liberated by new technologies from the cellulosic

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Meet the New Climate Villain: Cheap Oil

by Charles Komanoff (Carbon Tax Center)  ... The average price of gas sold in the U.S. over the past ten months is 25 percent below last year’s price — the steepest drop in at least 70 years. Americans are responding by

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Electric Planes Aim to Soar High for Cleaner Aviation

by Djallal Malti and Bojan Kavcic (Agence France-Presse/Industry Week)  Ultra light, fast and cheap: more than a century after the Wright brothers flew the world’s first powered aircraft, a small Slovenian company now hopes to revolutionize the aviation industry with its

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Consumers Are A-OK With E15 Fuel

by Brian Berk (Convenience Store News)  Study: The alternative fuel is becoming much more “appealing.”  ---  Just a few years ago, some convenience store retailers and consumers alike were hesitant to sell and purchase E15 fuel, respectively, due to misfueling

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NREL's Min Zhang Keeps Her "Bugs" Happy, Leading to Biofuel Breakthroughs

(National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Senior Scientist Min Zhang has a special relationship with Zymomonas mobilis, a rod-shaped bacterium that has bioethanol-producing capabilities. Of her 80 peer-reviewed papers and 21 U.S. patents in the field of biochemistry

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10 More Rail Stations to Get Biofuel Facility

(The Hindu)  In line with the Central policy of adopting biofuel-blended diesel, the South Western Railway (SWR) is planning to extend the blending and storage facilities to 10 more stations in its jurisdiction in the next three to four months. With

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New Heaven’s Chemical Plant in Manly, US to Start Production in January

(Chemcicals-Technology.com)  India-based TSS Group's subsidiary New Heaven Chemicals is set to start production at its chemical plant at the Manly Terminal in Manly, Iowa, US, in January next year. The construction of the plant started 17 months ago and around 40

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Notice of Intent (NOI) to Issue Funding Opportunity for Advancements in Algal Biomass Yield, Phase 2

(U.S. Department of Energy) The U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) announces its intent to issue, on behalf of the Bioenergy Technologies Office, a funding opportunity announcement (FOA) entitled “Advancements in Algal Biomass Yield,

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Presidential Hopeful Would Eliminate Ethanol Subsidies

by James Q. Lynch (The Gazette/AgriView)  Texas Sen. Ted Cruz is defending his energy plan that would terminate federal support for ethanol production, claiming that ending subsidies for all forms of energy would expand the market — and demand —

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New Catalyst Paves Way for Bio-Based Plastics, Chemicals

by Tina Hilding (Washington State University News)  Washington State University researchers have developed a catalyst that easily converts bio-based ethanol to a widely used industrial chemical, paving the way for more environmentally friendly, bio-based plastics and products. The researchers have published

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Solvents, Plasticizers, Coalescers, Emollients: The Digest’s 2015 8-Slide Guide to xF Technologies

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  xF Technologies Inc. is an Albuquerque, NM based company that has developed a thermochemical process to convert biomass into an advanced oxygenate that is compatible with gasoline, diesel and heating oil. xF Technologies plans to

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dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct air capture direct injection direct ocean capture Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) direct-to-fuel directed evolution dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought tolerant drought-resistant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency egg shell Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect Global South global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrid ships hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass Indiana indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial burners industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated biorefineries integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit Invvesting ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jersey Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati knotweed Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose Lake County lamp oil land ownership land prices land rights land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy landfill methane Landfills landscape Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon lecithin legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena levulinic acid Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels liquidation Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps liquified biomethane (LBM) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louis Louisiana low c low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M100 M15 M3 M50 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning machinery macororo Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Fuel Oil Marine Gas Oil (MGO) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel Terminal Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering market forces market share marketing markets/sales Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute mass balance standard Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritania Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane leaks methane/biomethane methanization methanol fuel cells methanol price Methanol-to-Jet (MTJ-SPK) Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methylbutenol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels milk permeate millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minn Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molinia molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo monitoring/measuring reporting verifiction (MRV) Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed mvr Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nano particles nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha naphthene NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gas prices natural gas vehicles natural gasoline Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand Newfoundland Newfoundland and Labrador next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota North Korea Northeast northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory Northwest Territories Norwary Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds nuclear Nunavut nut shells nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition oak oat hulls oat straw oats Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Office of Science Technology and Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes oil/gas terminals Oils Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olive water olives Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm ammonia production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing on-site hydrogen production one p one pound waiver onion waste online courses 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