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Tag "pollution control"

San Joaquin County Biodiesel Firm Sentenced To Probation, Fines For Clean Water Act Violations

(U.S. Department of Justice)  On July 8, 2019, United States District Judge Kimberly J. Mueller sentenced the corporation known as American Biodiesel, Inc. for violations of the Clean Water Act,

July 16, 2019 Read Full Article

Houston We Have a Problem…

by Doug Durante (Biofuels Digest/Clean Fuels Development Coalition) and Dave VanderGriend (Urban Air Initiative)  Floods, horrible chemical fires, and now a barge accident in the port resulting in a chemical spill that

May 27, 2019 Read Full Article

Signing Ceremony of MoU between UNCTAD and Stockholm Environment Institute: SEI and UNCTAD to Cooperate on Trade and Environment

(UNCTAD)  Stockholm Environment Institute and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU). The agreement is an overarching mechanism to foster cooperation on

May 17, 2019 Read Full Article

Petrochemical Fire in Houston Reveals Much Larger Issue.

(Urban Air Initiative)  On Sunday, March 17, tanks of toluene and xylene caught fire at Intercontinental Terminal in the Houston, TX area, releasing plumes of black smoke into the air. As a

March 26, 2019 Read Full Article

Taxes versus Emissions Trading System: Evaluating Environmental Policies that Affect Multiple Types of Pollution

by Boon-Ling Yeo and Andrew Coleman (Environmental Economics and Policy Studies)  This paper examines the interaction of different policies used to control two types of agricultural pollution. Pollution control policy is efficient

February 3, 2019 Read Full Article

The Oil Industry’s Covert Campaign to Rewrite American Car Emissions Rules

by Hiroko Tabuchi (New York Times)  When the Trump administration laid out a plan this year that would eventually allow cars to emit more pollution, automakers, the obvious winners from the proposal,

December 14, 2018 Read Full Article

Why North Carolina’s Poultry Industry Isn’t Creating Biogas Like Hog Farms Are

by Elizabeth Ouzts (Energy News)  Poultry growers are under less pressure and have fewer incentives than hog farms to convert animal waste to energy. As pork producer Smithfield Foods commits to major investments in

December 8, 2018 Read Full Article

Biodiesel By-Product Helps Fuel Come Clean

(King Abdullah University of Science and Technology/Phys.org)  … This work on glycerol carbonate also supports Saudi Arabia’s Vision 2030 initiative, which aims to diversify the Kingdom’s economy from its current

December 5, 2018 Read Full Article

ACE’s Lamberty Discusses the Benefits of E15 for Retailers

by Matt Thompson (Ethanol Producer Magazine) … American Coalition for Ethanol’s Senior Vice President Ron Lamberty, discusses some of the myths surrounding E15, as well as its benefits for retailers, consumers

December 4, 2018 Read Full Article

Op-Ed: Ethanol Needs to Win the Octane Race- Our Health Depends on It

(Urban Air Initiative/Governors’ Biofuels Coalition)  … Octane is a necessary component of our fuel, and more of it is needed as car engines become more advanced and efficient. So competition is on

October 29, 2018 Read Full Article

Major Progress: Cutting Black Carbon and Lowering CO2 Emissions in Transport, Other Sectors

(Diesel Technology Forum) … Use of renewable diesel fuel – not electrification or natural gas – in California is the primary means by which the state is achieving its low

October 3, 2018 Read Full Article

These Researchers Want to Use Pollution to Make Fuel

by Bruce Lieberman (Yale Climate Connections)  They think nutrients in farm runoff could feed algae for biofuel. —  When fertilizer and pesticides run off farmland, they can contaminate waterways with nutrient pollution.

August 30, 2018 Read Full Article

New Study Finds U.S. Oil and Gas Methane Emissions Are 60 Percent Higher Than EPA Reports

(Environmental Defense Fund)  A study available today in the journal Science finds that the U.S. oil and gas industry emits 13 million metric tons of methane from its operations each year—nearly 60 percent

June 22, 2018 Read Full Article

The Interaction of the Clean Air Act, California’s CAA Waiver, Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards, Renewable Fuel Standards and California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard

by Joanne Ivancic* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  The Trump Administration is taking a new look at Obama Administration era Co2 regulations.  On the transportation side, these include reviewing Corporate Average Fuel Economy

May 21, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

‘India Should Promote Biofuel, Public Transport’

( Express News Service/Indian Express)  Rashmi Urdhwareshe, director of Automotive Research Association of India, spoke about different vehicle technologies that improve fuel efficiency through power train engineering. She spoke about possible

May 18, 2018 Read Full Article

Debate over the RFS Is Playing out on the Political Stage: The Public Discussion Rarely Considers American Consumers.

by Donnell Rehagen (National Biodiesel Board/Biofuels Digest)  The biofuels industry found itself in an unusual position for much of the past 12 months. Typically confined to debates in the trade press, biofuels-related

May 7, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

New Research Shows the Health Benefits of Ethanol-Fueled Cookstoves

by Jieyi Lu (Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  Today, about three billion people still cook and heat their homes with traditional stoves and solid fuels worldwide. These fuels and stoves are

May 7, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

How Trump Might Make SUVs Pricier in Seattle than Omaha

by Camille von Kaenel (E&E News)  … The Trump administration’s efforts to weaken vehicle pollution requirements could set up a split U.S. market, concentrating fuel-efficient cars in mostly Democratic states and

May 4, 2018 Read Full Article

Why We Need Ecological Biofuels

by Paloma López Bermejo (The Parliament Magazine)  We must establish concrete criteria for determining how sustainable growing, manufacturing, transporting and marketing biofuels is, says Paloma López Bermejo.  —  …  Simply distinguishing

April 17, 2018 Read Full Article

New Report Details Racial, Economic Injustice of Pollution Trading Programs

(Food & Water Watch)  Under plans like California’s “cap-and-trade” program, pollution and public health impacts actually increase in lower-income communities of color.  —  New analysis published today details the disproportionate burdens of

November 13, 2017 Read Full Article

Lake Erie’s Toxic Algae: Does Ethanol Mandate Make it Worse?

by Mary Kuhlman (Public News Service)  The huge algal bloom in Lake Erie is receding, but clean water advocates say the annual problem won’t go away without changes in federal policies. 

October 26, 2017 0 comment Read Full Article

Environmental and Economic Goals Not in Conflict, New Study Claims

(Bioenergy Insight) New research claims that air pollution policy reduces the extent to which population growth in urban areas results in increased pollution emissions, without disrupting the economic growth resulting from

August 15, 2017 0 comment Read Full Article

Top 10 Storylines: Heard on the Floor at the 2017 BIO World Congress

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Industrial biotech’s biggest and grandest show, the World Congress on Industrial Biotechnology, opened today in Montreal and BIO itself was in the newsframe with a

July 25, 2017 Read Full Article

10 Industrial Biotechnology Wave Trends to Watch

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  There are news items, then there are trends, and finally there are wave trends — trends of critical importance and that carry the likelihood of having long-lasting

May 26, 2017 Read Full Article

Growth Energy Files Comments on Ontario’s Development of Renewable Fuel Standard

(Growth Energy)  Growth Energy recently filed comments and exhibits to Canada’s Ministry of the Environment and Climate Change on the Canadian province of Ontario’s discussion paper, “Developing a Modern Renewable

March 20, 2017 Read Full Article

The Role of Biodiesel in Curbing Pollution

by Sandeep Chaturvedi (Biodiesel Association of India/Financial Express)  Rapidly increasing vehicular pollution and complete neglect by the authorities to take pollution-reduction measures over the past few decades have resulted in

March 14, 2017 Read Full Article

MIT Study Estimates That VW’s Dieselgate Scandal Will Send 1,200 Europeans To An Early Grave

by David Tracy (Jalopnik)  In 2015, Researchers from MIT, Harvard and Hasselt University (in Belgium) estimated that VW’s 482,000 cheating diesels would lead to an estimated 59 premature deaths in the

March 8, 2017 Read Full Article

It’s Time for an Octane Boost

by Tracey King (Detroit News)  While our automobiles have experienced remarkable changes over the past several decades, the fuels we put in them have not. Specifically, the octane rating of

May 18, 2016 Read Full Article

Global Cleantech Summit: Business and Strategies 2015, September 8-10, Helsinki, Finland

by Maija Sihvonen* (Advanced Biofuels USA) Global Cleantech Summit 2015 concentrated on cleantech strategies and business cooperation. Some venture capitalists have already declared cleantech dead as it has undergone the

January 17, 2016 Read Full Article

Restaurant Group Advocates the Use of Biodiesel

(Notimex/La Journada (Google translation))  Mexico City Mexican Restaurant Corporation (CMR) bet on the care of the environment by launching a project to reduce pollution of its truck fleet, which consists

December 30, 2015 Read Full Article

Biofuel Offers Solution to Reduce Carbon Dioxide, Sulphur Dioxide Emissions

(Borneo Post/Bernama)  In the light of the current haze Malaysians are facing, a local company, Biofuel Sdn Bhd, has come out with a solution to reduce carbon dioxide and sulphur

October 21, 2015 Read Full Article

China to Revive Corn-Based Ethanol Amid Record High Stocks

by Niu Shuping and Chen Aizhu (Reuters)  China, the world’s second-largest corn consumer, is set to resume building new corn-based ethanol plants after a nearly decade-long ban, in a move

October 19, 2015 Read Full Article

Dozens of Deaths Likely from VW Pollution Dodge

by Seth Borenstein (Associated Press/Detroit News)  Volkswagen’s pollution-control chicanery has not just been victimless tinkering, killing between five and 20 people in the United States annually in recent years, according to

October 5, 2015 Read Full Article

Emissions Testing Is Broken, and Other Lessons from the VW Scandal

(Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  …  How do you create clean vehicles that consumers want to buy? All of the automakers are currently focused on this question. The Department of

October 3, 2015 Read Full Article

New Ozone Regulations Ignore Tailpipe Exhaust

(Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  The Environmental and Energy Study Institute (EESI) welcomes new ozone standards that will further protect public health from the negative respiratory, developmental, and other health

October 2, 2015 Read Full Article

UPM BioVerno Diesel Found to Reduce Tailpipe Emissions

(Biofuels International)  Wood-based BioVerno diesel by Finland’s UPM has been found to significantly reduce harmful tailpipe emissions, the company reports. A number of engine and vehicle tests have been carried

October 1, 2015 Read Full Article

New Flex-Fuel Pumps Allow Minnesotans to Breathe Easier, Save Money

by Bruce Peterson and Jeffrey Jackson (Owatonna People’s Press)  … We all want to breathe cleaner air and save a few bucks when we put fuel in our vehicles. I am

September 30, 2015 Read Full Article

How Many Deaths Did Volkswagen’s Deception Cause in the U.S.?

by Margo Sanger-Katz and John Schwartz (New York Times)  Volkswagen’s diesel deception unleashed tons of extra pollutants in the United States, pollutants that can harm human health. So while many commentators have

September 29, 2015 Read Full Article

We Should Not Be Surprised about Volkswagen’s “Diesel-Gate”

by Bill Brandon (Biofuels Digest) Fooling with computers to give false readings has happened before. It is important to recognize similarities to earlier cases and EPA’s role in them. The 1998

September 29, 2015 Read Full Article

NOxgate Expands: 93% of Diesel Vehicles Tested Fail to Meet Euro 6 NOx Emission Standards; Average Is 7 Times over the Limit

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … The VW crisis just keeps getting worse, with Volkswagen suspending its VW, Audi, and Porsche R&D chiefs, as Audi confirmed that 2.1 million of its vehicles

September 29, 2015 Read Full Article

VW Scandal Raises Doubts over Clean Diesel and Lab-Based Emissions Testing

(Environmental and Energy Study Institute) On September 22, Volkswagen Motors (VW) admitted that it had cheated on emissions testing in Europe and the United States, by installing a piece of software

September 28, 2015 Read Full Article

R Stands for Renewables, even Biofuels

by Timothy J. Rudnicki, Esq (Minnesota Bio-Fuels Association)  The recent release of the Clean Power Plan has started to spawn community gatherings and agency presentations. Stakeholders are being called upon to

September 28, 2015 Read Full Article

Sustainable Marine Fuel Initiative Consortium to Launch 2-Year Testing, Certification, Scaling Effort for Drop-In Marine Biofuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In the Netherlands, the Sustainable Marine Fuel initiative will be launched on October 7th by Boskalis, Wärtsilä, and GoodFuels Marine and supported by Carbon War

September 28, 2015 Read Full Article

West Virginia Engineer Presented VW Emissions Findings a Year Ago

by David Morgan (Automotive News/Reuters)  Daniel Carder, an unassuming 45-year-old engineer with gray hair and blue jeans, appears an unlikely type to take down one of the world’s most powerful

September 23, 2015 Read Full Article

Volkswagen NOxGate Probe Widens

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  A 6-year Volkswagen scheme to defraud emissions regulators, uncovered by the US Environmental Protection Agency and disclosed publicly in recent days, has caught the eye

September 22, 2015 Read Full Article

Time to Cap Fossil Fuel Pollution

by Mike Bryan (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Instead of setting a blend wall for ethanol, why not set a fossil fuel pollution cap, writes Mike Bryan of BBI International. — … I

September 21, 2015 Read Full Article

New ORNL Catalyst Addresses Engine Efficiency, Emissions Quandary

(Oak Ridge National Laboratory)  A catalyst being developed by researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory could overcome one of the key obstacles still preventing automobile engines

September 21, 2015 Read Full Article

Your Guide To Dieselgate: Volkswagen’s Diesel Cheating Catastrophe

by Patrick George (Jalopnik)  Yes, it’s a catastrophe. There’s no other way to describe the allegations from the Environmental Protection Agency that Volkswagen cheated on their emissions tests with nearly

September 21, 2015 Read Full Article

EPA Says VW Running Massive Clean Air Scam via Jettas, Audis, Passats

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Washington, EPA issued a notice of violation of the Clean Air Act to Volkswagen AG, Audi AG, and Volkswagen Group of America, Inc. alleging that

September 21, 2015 Read Full Article

EPA More Enemy than Ally to Ethanol

by Mike Bryan (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  There is a long history of antagonism and sometimes outward hostility by the EPA toward ethanol, writes Mike Bryan. — Most of us find it

August 20, 2015 Read Full Article

The Limits of Obama’s New Rules on Pollution

(The Washington Post)  Editorial: THE OBAMA administration released new pollution rules on oil and natural gas production Tuesday to predictable howls from industry. The danger, though, is that the rules won’t

August 19, 2015 Read Full Article

Inslee: I’ll Use My Authority to Impose Cap on Emissions

by Jim Brunner and Hal Bernton (Seattle Times)  After being stymied on climate policy in the Legislature, Gov. Jay Inslee announced he’s pressing ahead with executive action to impose a cap

August 3, 2015 Read Full Article

NE Ethanol Board Working to Make Ozone Rules Workable

(WNAX)  Nebraska Ethanol Board leaders are working with various city officials in the region to find ways to make EPA’s proposed Ozone regulations more workable. Nebraska Ethanol Board Administrator Todd

July 10, 2015 Read Full Article

Republican Voters Split on Climate Change Opinions

by Timothy Cama (The Hill)  Republican voters are split on many issues surrounding climate change, and more than half want carbon dioxide regulated as a pollutant. The finding came from an

January 13, 2015 Read Full Article

Pressure Builds on EPA to Back down on Ethanol Emissions, as Society of Automotive Engineers Issues Stunning Rebuke

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Washington, what has been described within the industry as “The growing movement to call out the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for its ethanol emissions

November 6, 2014 Read Full Article

Using Biodiesel in Urban Transit Buses Could Reduce Harmful Emissions

(Yahoo! News/PR Newswire)   Do transit buses operating on biodiesel emit more or less particulate matter and gases than those using conventional diesel? TheMineta National Transit Research Consortium (MNTRC) has released

October 29, 2014 Read Full Article

Lakeview Biofuel Plant Proposal Raises Air Quality Concerns

by Cassandra Profita (KUOW.org)  A project proposed in Lakeview, Oregon, would turn woody biomass from logging into biofuels for Southwest Airlines, the U.S. Navy and Marines. The biofuel would have

October 1, 2014 Read Full Article

New Study: E15 Would Reduce Smog & Cancer Risk

(ClearTheAirChicago.com)  Using E15 gas rather than regular gas will reduce cancer-causing pollutants and smog in Chicago’s air, says a new report that reviews and aggregates the results of independent research

September 8, 2014 Read Full Article

Clean Diesel and Diesel Electric Hybrids Add Green Cred and Street Cred to the Daily Commute

(Diesel Technology Forum)  … Today 21 percent of all diesel buses in operation are diesel electric hybrids. These buses improve fuel economy and reduce emissions. By allowing for a smaller diesel

August 22, 2014 Read Full Article

EPA Report Shows Progress in Reducing Urban Air Toxics Across the United States

(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)  … The 2007 Mobile Source Air Toxics rule is projected to reduce toxics emitted from highway vehicles and nonroad equipment, which are known or suspected to cause cancer or

August 22, 2014 Read Full Article

EPA Funds Cook Stoves Research to Ameliorate Air Quality and Mitigate Climate Change

By Olatomiwa Bifarin* (Advanced Biofuel USA) If the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) systematic analysis study of 2010 is anything

May 30, 2014 0 comment Read Full Article

Big Oil, Bad Air: Fracking the Eagle Ford Shale of South Texas

(The Center for Public Integrity, InsideClimate News and The Weather Channel)  …With more than 50 wells drilled within 2½ miles

February 18, 2014 Read Full Article

Levels of Global-Warming Gas Methane Exceed Government Estimates, New Study Contends

by Lenny Bernstein (The Washington Post)  The amount of the heat-trapping gas methane in the atmosphere is considerably great­er than government estimates, a

February 14, 2014 Read Full Article

Ethanol and Air Quality: Influence of Fuel Ethanol Content on Emissions and Fuel Economy of Flexible Fuel Vehicles

by Carolyn P. Hubbard , James E. Anderson , and Timothy J. Wallington  (Environmental Science and Technology)  Engine-out and tailpipe

December 26, 2013 Read Full Article

“Fueling Our Future” Funds Available to Increase Use of Higher Blends of Ethanol and Biodiesel

(Iowa Department of Agriculture)  Applications due Feb. 7, 2014 for retailers interested in participating Iowa Governor Terry Branstad and Secretary

December 10, 2013 Read Full Article

Colorado Governor Proposes Strict Limits on Greenhouse Gas Leaks From Drilling

by Michael Wines (The New York Times)  Gov. John W. Hickenlooper of Colorado proposed on Monday tough new limits on

November 25, 2013 Read Full Article

Douglas Durante: Florida’s Ethanol Program Needs to Stay the Course

(Tallahassee.com)  Having spent some time on the ground in Tallahassee and talking with several legislators over the past few years,

May 8, 2013 Read Full Article

New EPA Fuel, Emission Standards A Benefit for Ethanol

(Farm Futures)  National Corn Growers Association says more stringent emissions standards create a place for ethanol’s higher octane levels to

April 9, 2013 Read Full Article

EPA Proposes Achievable Cleaner Fuels and Cars Standard, Slashing Air Pollution and Providing Extensive Health Benefits

(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)  Based on extensive input from auto manufacturers, refiners, and states, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

March 29, 2013 Read Full Article

California, No Longer the State Where the Future Happens First

by James L. Stewart (Biofuels Digest/BioEnergy Producers Association)  For the past decade, repressive provisions in statute have discouraged developers of

October 31, 2012 Read Full Article

EPA Proposed Rule “National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Particulate Matter”: Urban Air Initiative Comments

(Urban Air Initiative) From a letter to the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, August 30, 2012:  Urban Air Initiative

August 30, 2012 0 comment Read Full Article

Biofuels and City Air: A Marginal Effect

by Robert F. Service  (Science)  If drivers switch from gasoline to biofuels, will it lessen the air pollution that shrouds cities

April 25, 2012 Read Full Article

Palm Oil Mills Target Zero Emission

By Meng Yew Choong  (The Star)  Palm oil milling is far from benign, but the industry is frantically conducting research

March 22, 2012 Read Full Article

The Bio-Based Economy: A Renewed and Renewable Vision for 2012

by Brent Erickson (Biofuels Digest/BIO)  …To be clear, the bioeconomy is the total economic activity from all sectors of the

January 6, 2012 Read Full Article

Ethanol Plants Add to Pollution

by Cody Winchester and Megan Luther  (Argus Leader)  Industry tops in state for toxic emissions …For the past five years in

December 27, 2011 Read Full Article

Amtrak: Biodiesel Trial Results Encouraging

(Railway Age)  Amtrak says that it found the use of a renewable biodiesel fuel blend to power its daily Heartland

November 2, 2011 Read Full Article

LETTER TO THE EDITOR: Ethanol Cuts Dependence, Pollution

by John R. Block  (The Washington Times)  As Secretary of Agriculture during the Reagan administration, I helped the American ethanol industry

October 28, 2011 Read Full Article

Technique Measures Ethanol Isotopes from Vehicle, Plant Emissions

by Kris Bevill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Researchers at the University of Miami Rosentiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science recently

August 9, 2011 Read Full Article

Holden Seeks US Rules for Flex-Fuel Test

by Ron Hammerton (GoAuto)  Canberra to talk on emissions test rules that threaten to leave E85 out in the cold

June 14, 2011 Read Full Article

Biodiesel Leading the Way on Cleaning Up Diesel Exhaust

(National Biodiesel Board)  Renewable, Advanced Biofuel significantly reduces harmful emissions In advance of a congressional hearing on diesel emissions Thursday

May 16, 2011 Read Full Article

Lawsuit Opposes Permit for Michigan Ethanol Plant

(Bloomberg/AP)  Environmentalists sued Michigan regulators Tuesday over an air quality permit issued for a planned refinery in the Upper Peninsula that

December 15, 2010 Read Full Article

Advanced Engine-Control System Reduces Biodiesel Fuel Consumption and Emissions

Researchers from Purdue University and Cummins Inc. have developed an advanced “closed-loop control” approach for preventing diesel engines from emitting

February 9, 2010 Read Full Article

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corn supply corn surplus corn syrup Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmet cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crimes Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cup plant currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs dairy waste dandelion DARPA date palm date palm pits Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization Delaware DeltaWing demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices diethyl ether Digital Biology dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct-to-fuel directed evolution direct injection Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) dispense distillation distilled biodiesel distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME (dimethyl ether) Dominican Republic double cropping Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dual cropping Dubai duckweed E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E2 E3 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 price E12 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E40 E50 E55 E78 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecuador ED95 education educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric grid electricity electricity/power generation electricity price electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) end user Energy Bill energy cane energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) enzymatic conversion enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) externalities extremophiles f F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose flameleaf sumac flavors flax Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) French fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel additives fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal Germany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green chemistry green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing GREET model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guinea Gulf states Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawaii hazardous waste HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) HFS-SIP hibiscus High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project Highway Bill highway funds highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horse bedding horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrids hydrocarbon fuels hydrofaction Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogenolysis hydrogen pumps hydropower hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal liquefaction hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indiana Indian beech tree Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indone Indonesia industrial ethanol industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insurance integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map internal combustion engine International international balance of payments International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isooctane isooctene Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Alternative Jetfuel (SAJF)/Renewable Jetfuel (RJF) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa Kuwait Kygryzstan labels Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land prices land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars Lipid liquefaction liquid liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M3 M15 M50 M100 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Biofuel marine algae Marine Corps Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methanol price Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum Monaco mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol nahar Namibia nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Lab National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Transportation Safety Board Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Northwest Territories Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds NTSB nuclear Nunavut nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol off-take agreements Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins olive cake olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poland Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter power-to-gas prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance protectionism protein protests public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest RAND rare earth metal RD20 RD30 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED and RED II) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK sales Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale gas shale oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smokestack soap social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar-to-fuels solar biofuels solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solid oxide fuel cell Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve straw students sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugar cane sugar cane prices sugar cane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic methane Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils Velocys Venezuela Vermont video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volunteers waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil waste water water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass wheat prices wheat straw whey whisky White House wildlife habitat willow wind energy wine wastage/grape marc winter crops Wisconsin Wood woody biomass World Bank World Trade Organization (WTO) Wyoming XTL xylan xylene xylose yard waste yeast yellow grease yellowhorn tree Yemen yields Yukon Zambia Zanzibar zein zeolites Zimbabwe zinc

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