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Articles tagged with: plant cell research

A New Chloroplast Role for Making Biofuels
August 11, 2017 – 12:30 pm | No Comment

(Michigan State University)  Michigan State University researchers are experimenting with harvesting seed oil to make biofuels that could someday power our jets and cars.
In a recent study published in the journal The Plant Cell, the …

Loosening of Lignocellulose: Switchgrass and Success in Sugar Release
July 24, 2017 – 2:12 pm | No Comment

(U.S. Department of Energy)  Introduced traits remain stable, improving biofuel production in a field setting.  —   …  Near-term fossil fuel alternatives could reduce carbon emissions and ensure U.S. energy security. One alternative uses switchgrass, …

New Approach to Unlock the Genetic Potential of Plant Cell Wall
June 23, 2017 – 12:20 pm | No Comment

(Phys.Org/University of York)  Researchers from the University of York and the Quadram Institute have unlocked the genetic secrets of plant cell walls, which could help improve the quality of plant-based foods.
Recent developments in genome sequencing …

Textbook: Biofuels and Bioenergy
April 3, 2017 – 1:24 pm | No Comment

edited by John Love and John A.  Bryant (Wiley-Blackwell)  With increased public and scientific attention driven by factors such as oil price spikes, the need for increased energy security, and concerns over greenhouse gas emissions …

Researchers Find New Way to Typify Cellulose, Advance Bioproducts
March 24, 2017 – 3:53 pm | No Comment

(Washington State University/Biomass Magazine) Researchers at Washington State University Tri-Cities and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have found a new way to define the molecular structure of cellulose, which could lead to cheaper and more efficient ways …

Proteins Interactions Hold Key for Maximizing Oil Production in Plants for Biofuels and Biomaterials
March 23, 2017 – 1:02 pm | No Comment

(Brookhaven National Laboratory/Lab Manager)  Findings point to new biochemical strategies for increasing oil yield from crops grown to produce biofuels and biomaterials  —  …  By exploring the details of this delicate energy balance, a group …

ORNL: Populus SNP Dataset Holds Promise for Biofuels
January 20, 2017 – 4:43 pm | No Comment

(Oak Ridge National Laboratory/Biomass Magazine)  Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory have released the largest-ever single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) dataset of genetic variations in poplar trees, information useful to plant scientists …

‘Glue’ That Makes Plant Cell Walls Strong Could Hold the Key to Wooden Skyscrapers
December 22, 2016 – 3:45 pm | No Comment

(University of Cambridge)  Molecules 10,000 times narrower than the width of a human hair could hold the key to making possible wooden skyscrapers and more energy-efficient paper production, according to research published today in the …

Ames Laboratory to Receive $3 Million to Develop Instrument to Study Plant Cell Walls
October 20, 2016 – 3:02 pm | No Comment

(Ames Laboratory)  A team of scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Ames Laboratory will be developing new instrumentation aimed at determining the chemical and structural makeup of plant cell walls to better understand how …

Stanford Faculty Share in $24 Million National Science Foundation Grant
October 12, 2016 – 12:23 pm | No Comment

by Taylor Kubota (Stanford News)  Two Stanford faculty are part of an interdisciplinary team of researchers who will share a $24 million Science and Technology Center grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF). The grant will …

UT-ORNL Team Hopes to Ease Path from Vegetation to Biofuel
September 29, 2016 – 1:44 pm | No Comment

(University of Tennessee)  A UT-ORNL team led by Governor’s Chair Jeremy Smith is using supercomputing to figure out ways to ease the path of turning vegetation into biofuel.
A huge barrier in converting plant polymers to biofuel lies in …

Greenwood Resources Licenses ORNL Invention to Boost Biofuel Yield
September 29, 2016 – 12:16 pm | No Comment

(Oak Ridge National Laboratory/NewsWise)  GreenWood Resources has licensed an Oak Ridge National Laboratory technology based on the discovery of a gene in poplar (Populus trichocarpa) that makes it easier to convert poplar trees into biofuels.
GreenWood, …

Sandia: Turning Ubiquitous Lignin into High-Value Chemicals
September 26, 2016 – 7:08 pm | No Comment

(Sandia National Laboratories/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Abundant, chock full of energy and bound so tightly that the only way to release its energy is through combustion—lignin has frustrated scientists for years. With the help of an …

Breakthrough in Salt-Tolerance in Plants Research
September 26, 2016 – 11:08 am | No Comment

(Univesity of Adelaide)  University of Adelaide researchers have made a breakthrough in investigating salt tolerance in plants which could lead to new salt tolerant varieties of crops, and also answer unresolved questions in plant biology.
The …

Researchers: Generically Improving Sorghum Could Benefit Biofuels
July 17, 2016 – 7:34 pm | No Comment

(Genetics Society of America/Biomass Magazine)  The bioenergy crop sorghum holds great promise as a raw material for making environmentally friendly fuels and chemicals that offer alternatives to petroleum-based products. Sorghum can potentially yield more energy …

Better Understanding Could Lead to More Cost-Effective Production of Cellulosic Biofuels
July 1, 2016 – 1:51 pm | No Comment

(Phys.Org)  Plant cell walls, which constitute the bulk of plant biomass, are diverse, complex, and dynamic in their structural composition and integrity. Cell walls are innately resistant to deconstruction by biological or chemical catalysts. This …

Study Shows Trees with Altered Lignin Are Better for Biofuels
June 29, 2016 – 12:48 pm | No Comment

(Brookhaven National Laboratory)  Fundamental enzyme study leads to increased access to bioenergy feedstocks and improves ethanol yield by modifying plant cell wall structures.
Lignin is a natural component of plant cell walls, the scaffolding that surrounds …

Cellulose: New Understanding Could Lead to Tailored Biofuels
June 9, 2016 – 5:29 pm | No Comment

(University of Cambridge/University of Melbourne)  In the search for low emission plant-based fuels, new research may help avoid having to choose between growing crops for food or fuel.
Scientists have identified new steps in the way …

The Future, Unzipped
January 28, 2016 – 4:03 pm | No Comment

by Erik Ness (Grow)  Lignin is a tough organic compound that gives plants like this poplar their structure—and it’s one of the biggest obstacles in breaking down plants to produce biofuel. John Ralph and his …

Seeking Better Biofuels
October 26, 2015 – 2:47 pm | No Comment

by Melody M. Bomgardner (Chemical & Engineering News)  Researchers at the Joint BioEnergy Institute transform biomass into energy-rich fuel molecules  —   ..  JBEI researchers are zeroing in on concepts that others have decided are too …

Unlocking Lignin for Sustainable Biofuel
July 8, 2015 – 2:05 pm | No Comment

(Oak Ridge National Laboratory/NewsWise)  Lignin–hemicellulose simulation demonstrates potential for predictive modeling using NAMD  —  Turning trees, grass, and other biomass into fuel for automobiles and airplanes is a costly and complex process. Biofuel researchers are …

Unlocking Fermentation Secrets Open the Door to New Biofuels
July 1, 2015 – 12:44 pm | No Comment

by Rick Kubetz (Phys.Org)  Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have, for the first time, uncovered the complex interdependence and orchestration of metabolic reactions, gene regulation, and environmental cues of clostridial metabolism, providing …

Unlocking the Biofuel Energy Stored in Plant Cell Walls
June 15, 2015 – 7:56 pm | No Comment

by Cherie Winner (Pennsylvania State University)  By virtue of their chloroplasts, plants are superb harvesters of solar energy. They use it to build leaves, flowers, fruits, stems, and roots. We harvest a small percentage of that …

Scientists Harness Enzymes to Break Down Tough Cell Walls
March 20, 2015 – 3:50 pm | No Comment

( Canadian Light Source/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Emma Master’s team spent the last two years studying plant cell walls, the part of the cell that gives trees and other flora their structural strength. The wall itself …

Purdue Study Uncovers Details on Plant Building Blocks
September 26, 2014 – 9:24 am | No Comment

by Christopher Doering (Des Moines Register)  Purdue University researchers said Wednesday they have discovered the structure of the enzyme that makes cellulose, a finding that could make it easier to break down plant materials used to …

JBEI GT Collection: A New Resource for Advanced Biofuels Research
August 28, 2014 – 2:12 pm | No Comment

(Joint BioEnergy Institute/Biomass Magazine) Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Joint BioEnergy Institute have unveiled the first glycosyltransferase clone collection specifically targeted for the study of the biosynthesis of plant cell walls. The idea behind …

Scientists Identify Key Genes to Increase Plant Leaf Oil Content
October 23, 2013 – 4:52 pm | No Comment

(Brookhaven National Laboratory/Biodiesel Magazine)  Scientists at the U.S. DOE’s Brookhaven National Laboratory have identified the key genes required for oil production and accumulation in plant leaves and other vegetative plant tissues. Enhancing expression of these …

New Plant Protein Discoveries Could Ease Global Food and Fuel Demands
May 6, 2013 – 2:03 pm | No Comment

by Kim McDonald   (University of California at San Diego)  New discoveries of the way plants transport important substances across their biological membranes to resist toxic metals and pests, increase salt and drought tolerance, control water loss …

Making Do with More: Joint BioEnergy Institute Researchers Engineer Plant Cell Walls to Boost Sugar Yields for Biofuels
April 2, 2013 – 10:19 am | No Comment

by Lynn Yarris (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)  When blessed with a resource in overwhelming abundance it’s generally a good idea to make valuable use of that resource. Lignocellulosic biomass is the most abundant organic material …

The Carbon Fix? Think Carbon Suit. ZeaKal Raises $3.8M in Series A Financing
April 2, 2013 – 9:45 am | No Comment

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Crop yield and oil content increases of up to 50% and 34% seen from ZeaKal’s HME technology.  Though in early days — what’s going on?
… A successful Series A is …

Newly Discovered Plant Structure May Lead to Improved Biofuel Processing
February 8, 2013 – 5:57 pm | No Comment

by James Hataway (University of Georgia)  When Li Tan approached his colleagues at the University of Georgia with some unusual data he had collected, they initially seemed convinced that his experiment had become contaminated; what …

Chlamydomonas Shown to Break Down Cellulose
January 3, 2013 – 5:44 pm | No Comment

(Algae Industry Magazine)  Douglas Main reports on OurAmazingPlanet that researchers at Germany’s University of Bielefeld have discovered that when the alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtiiis deprived of carbon dioxide, it can cannibalize other plants’ materials. According to the …

Research Targets Cells to Reduce Lignin, Boost Fermentable Sugar
December 31, 2012 – 5:11 pm | No Comment

by Susanne Retka Schill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)    Researchers at the Joint BioEnergy Institute are exploring new ways to meet the challenge of recalcitrant cellulosic feedstocks and lower the cost of biomass-based biofuels. The group recently published …

Boosting Galactan Sugars Could Boost Biofuel Production
December 26, 2012 – 5:01 pm | No Comment

(EScienceNews.com)  Galactan is a polymer of galactose, a six-carbon sugar that can be readily fermented by yeast into ethanol and is a target of interest for researchers in advanced biofuels produced from cellulosic biomass. Now …

Researchers Work to Unlock Secrets of Cellulose Production
December 26, 2012 – 2:30 pm | No Comment

by Holly Jessen (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  …University of Virginia researchers Jochen Zimmer, Jacob Morgan and Joanna Strumillo  wrote a paper entitled “Crystallographic snapshot of cellulose synthesis and membrane translocation.” It was published online in December …

Discovery May Pave Way to Genetically Enhanced Biofuel Crops
December 21, 2012 – 3:19 pm | No Comment

(ScienceCodex.com)  …Pectic compounds decorated with β-1,4-galactan (a chain of six-carbon sugars) are of considerable interest to the biofuels industry, because six-carbon sugars are readily converted into ethanol (biofuel) by fermenting microorganisms. A new study published …

NREL Researchers Use Imaging Technologies to Solve Puzzle of Plant Architecture
November 30, 2012 – 1:51 pm | No Comment

(US Department of Energy/National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  Breakthrough could help optimize capture of sugars for biofuels
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the BioEnergy Science Center (BESC) combined different …

How Does Plant Cell Wall Nanoscale Architecture Correlate with Enzymatic Digestibility?
November 27, 2012 – 10:54 am | No Comment

Shi-You Ding, Yu-San Liu, Yining Zeng, Michael E. Himmel, John O. Baker, Edward A. Bayer (Science Magazine)  Greater understanding of the mechanisms contributing to chemical and enzymatic solubilization of plant cell walls is critical for enabling …

A Better Route to Xylan
November 17, 2012 – 2:50 pm | No Comment

by Lynn Yarris (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)  Joint BioEnergy Institute Researchers Find New Access to Abundant Biomass for Advanced Biofuels
After cellulose, xylan is the most abundant biomass material on Earth, and therefore represents an enormous …

Functional Characterization of the Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) R2R3-MYB Transcription Factor PvMYB4 for Improvement of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks
August 30, 2012 – 7:36 pm | No Comment

Hui Shen, Xianzhi He, Charleson R. Poovaiah, Wegi A. Wuddineh, Junying Ma, David G. J. Mann, Huanzhong Wang,  Lisa Jackson, Yuhong Tang, C. Neal Stewart Jr, Fang Chen, Richard A. Dixon (New Phytologist)

The major obstacle for bioenergy production from switchgrass biomass is the low saccharification efficiency …

New Technique Yields Information Critical to Biofuels Research
August 13, 2012 – 1:58 pm | No Comment

(R&D Magazine)  Pioneering mass spectrometry methods developed at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Ames Laboratory are helping plant biologists get their first glimpses of never-before-seen plant tissue structures.
The new method opens up new realms …

Plant Research Funding Crucial for the Future
June 22, 2012 – 7:43 pm | No Comment

(Western Farm Press/Carnegie Institute)  The scientific community needs to make a 10-year, $100 billion investment in food and energy security, says Carnegie’s Wolf Frommer and Tom Brutnell of the Donald Danforth Plant Science Center.
The scientific …

Biofuels, Food Drive St. Louis Dreams of a Plant Revolution
June 8, 2012 – 12:37 pm | No Comment

by Marc Gunther (GreenBiz.com)  St. Louis doesn’t turn up on lists of America’s most innovative cities. But when it comes to plants, the city matters, thanks in part to the Donald Danforth Plant Science Center. And if …

Iowa State, Ames Lab Chemists Aid Study of Mutated Plants that May Be Better for Biofuels
February 29, 2012 – 11:05 am | No Comment

(EurekAlert/Iowa State University)   Genetic mutations to cellulose in plants could improve the conversion of cellulosic biomass into biofuels, according to a research team that included two Iowa State University chemists.
The team recently published its …

Plant toughness: Key to Cracking Biofuels?
February 23, 2012 – 6:07 pm | No Comment

(EurekAlert/Stanford University)  Along with photosynthesis, the plant cell wall is one of the features that most set plants apart from animals. A structural molecule called cellulose is necessary for the manufacture of these walls. Cellulose …

Extreme Biofuels and Those Heat-Seeking X Bugs
February 16, 2012 – 8:06 am | No Comment

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)   …Some of the first American visitors to Yellowstone, who began to record their journeys into the wilds of northwestern Wyoming during the early 1870s, noted the horrible taste of …

Major Step Forward Towards Drought Tolerance in Crops
December 30, 2011 – 10:31 am | No Comment

(Science Daily)  When a plant encounters drought, it does its best to cope with this stress by activating a set of protein molecules called receptors. These receptors, once activated, turn on processes that help the …

Discovery On How Sugars Are Moved Throughout a Plant
December 27, 2011 – 4:34 pm | No Comment

(Science Daily)  …But how the sucrose produced in the leaves via photosynthesis is delivered to the transporters that move it into the phloem has remained a mystery. Thus, a critical piece of the molecular pump …

Transcriptional Changes Related to Secondary Wall Formation in Xylem of Transgenic Lines of Tobacco Altered for Lignin or Xylan Content which Show Improved Saccharification
December 9, 2011 – 2:24 pm | No Comment

by Charis M. Cook, Arsalan Daudi, David J. Millar, Laurence V. Bindschedler, Safina Khan, G. Paul Bolwell, Alessandra Devoto (Science Direct)  In this study, an EST library (EH663598–EH666265) obtained from xylogenic tissue cultures of tobacco that had been previously generated was annotated. …

National Science Foundation, Japan Science and Technology Agency Issue New Joint Awards To Reduce Pesticide Pollution And Promote Biofuel
December 8, 2011 – 5:02 pm | No Comment

(Red Orbit)  The carbon footprint of humans will be reduced by four awards for plant and microbial research issued under a new joint U.S./Japanese program
Four joint United States and Japanese research teams have been awarded …

Iowa State University Scientists Part of US-Japan Team Set to Research Gene Chemistry to Enhance Biofuel, Biochemical Technology
December 8, 2011 – 10:08 am | No Comment

(PressZoom/Iowa State University)   An Iowa State University research team is collaborating with scientists at the Samuel Roberts Nobel Foundation and also with scientists in Japan to develop an international partnership to help make strides …

Biologists Discover an ‘Evening’ Protein Complex that Regulates Plant Growth
July 15, 2011 – 10:20 am | No Comment

(EurekAlert!/University of California San Diego)  Farmers and other astute observers of nature have long known that crops like corn and sorghum grow taller at night. But the biochemical mechanisms that control this nightly stem elongation, …

Danforth Center’s “Conversations” Series Continues with Let’s Talk About… Biotechnology in the United States: Balancing Regulation, Research and Scientific Discovery February 17, 2011 St. Louis, MO
January 25, 2011 – 2:05 pm | No Comment
Danforth Center’s “Conversations” Series Continues with Let’s Talk About… Biotechnology in the United States: Balancing Regulation, Research and Scientific Discovery    February 17, 2011   St. Louis, MO

(iNewswire)   The Donald Danforth Plant Science Center will host its quarterly “Conversations” Series, this time focusing on the Progression of Plant Science, on Thursday, February 17, 2010 from 5:15 – 7:00 p.m. at the …

Tailoring Biomass to Fit the Biofuels Pipeline
January 23, 2011 – 5:17 pm | No Comment

by Dr. Maureen McCann (Professor, Purdue University) Dr. McCann begins by describing the different plant cell wall architectures belonging to various types of feedstock.  She shows how different processing methods can be utilized to more …

Genetic Mutation Helps Plants Use Less Water without Biomass Loss
January 18, 2011 – 9:52 am | No Comment

(NewKerala.com)  Purdue University researchers have made a discovery that could reduce the amount of water required for growing plants and help plants survive and thrive in adverse conditions. They have found a genetic mutation that allows a …

Unraveling Plant Cell-Wall Construction for Biofuels Research
December 17, 2010 – 2:54 pm | No Comment

by Karen McNulty Walsh  (Brookhaven National Laboratory/RenewableEnergyWorld)   Understanding how lignin building blocks are transported could break down barriers to biofuel production.
One big challenge in converting plants to biofuels is that the very same molecules that …

Sweet Success for Sustainable Biofuel Research
January 29, 2010 – 3:45 pm | No Comment

Scientists have found a way to increase fermentable sugar stores in plants which could lead to plant biomass being easier to convert into eco-friendly sustainable biofuels. 
Their research is highlighted in the latest issue of Business, …

Biologist Finds Cell Wall Construction Pathway
October 30, 2006 – 3:00 pm | No Comment

Wood with altered properties and cheaper ethanol through more efficient production are two possibilities as a result of a find by a biologist at Washington University in St. Louis.   Erik Nielsen, Ph.D., Washington University adjunct …