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Tag "optimized flex fuel vehicles"

MaREI Secure €4.4 Million to Support Ireland’s Indigenous Biomass and Bioenergy Industry

(Science Foundation Ireland)  … The Spoke research teams will collaborate in developing technologies capable of converting a wide variety of residues and by-products to homogenous energy carriers and optimising performance of

July 12, 2018 Read Full Article

EU Low Carbon Fuels Conference Week, Part 2: Driving Capability with Flexibility

By Steve Bi* (Advanced Biofuels USA) Part one of this article addressed the first two consensuses emerging from international biofuels research and business initiatives discussed in Brussels April 10-12, 2018:

May 11, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

Repeating History with Octane Biofuel Standards Is a Huge Mistake

by Mike Carr (New Energy America/The Hill)  Recently, Chet Thompson of American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM) testified before Congress and proposed a “fuel neutral” octane standard as a “potential replacement” for the

May 9, 2018 Read Full Article

Vehicle Transformation through New Fuels: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to the Clean Fuels Development Coalition

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  It may be renaissance times for the Clean Fuels Development Coalition. Their long quest to upend proposed Obama-era vehicle efficiency rules that ignored the potential to

April 6, 2018 Read Full Article

Co-Optimization of Engines & Fuels: Breakthrough Research in Engine and Fuel Co-Optimization

(U.S. Department of Energy)  The Energy Department today (February 15, 2018) released two studies from the Co-Optimization of Engines & Fuels initiative (Co-Optima). The study, Fuel Blendstocks with the Potential to Optimize

March 16, 2018 Read Full Article

High Performance Fuels: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to DOE’s Co-Optima Project and HP fuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The US Department of Energy has a key project called Co-Optima, which aims to determine key fuel properties that enable improved engine efficiency, provide key science

February 21, 2018 Read Full Article

100% Ethanol-Run Bikes to Be Launched this Month: Nitin Gadkari

by Swaraj Baggonkar (Money Control)  The ministry of road transport and highways is urging automotive companies to introduce flex engines that can run with ethanol content as high as 100 percent.

January 26, 2018 Read Full Article

RFA’s 2018 Biofuel Priorities to Help ‘Make America Great Again’

by Bob Dinneen (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  … This new era of getting our country back on track has and will continue to extend into the biofuels industry, making sure we are

January 23, 2018 Read Full Article

E20 for the EU?

(Minnesota Bio-Fuels Association)  A recent study by the European Commission Directorate-General for Climate Action identifies E20 as the optimal ethanol blend for the EU. The study, which outlines an extensive economic and

October 12, 2017 Read Full Article

Ethanol Groups Testify at EPA Hearing on CAFE-GHG Standards

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Growth Energy, the American Coalition for Ethanol and the Renewable Fuels Association are among the groups that testified at the U.S. EPA’s public hearing

September 12, 2017 Read Full Article

New Fuels, Vehicles, Both, Together: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to the Co-Optima Market Transformation Project

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The US Department of Energy initiated a project to identify and mitigate the challenges of moving new fuels and vehicles into markets. Specifically, engaging with

August 18, 2017 Read Full Article

UAI Coalition Challenges Clean Air Act Interpretation

by Dave VanderGriend (Urban Air Initiative/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  For decades, the U.S. EPA has insisted that it gets to decide how much ethanol can be used in gasoline. If ethanol

March 27, 2017 Read Full Article

Iowa Energy Plan Includes Role Ethanol Can Play in State’s Future

by Ann Bailey (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Iowa Lt. Gov. Kim Reynolds has released to the public the Iowa Renewable Energy Plan, which establishes priorities and provides strategic guidance for Iowa’s

January 3, 2017 Read Full Article

For Cars of the Future, the Fuels They Need, Today, from Algae

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Of all the many wonders at the Algae Biomass Summit this week, perhaps there was nothing more interesting in terms of the Department of Energy’s

October 28, 2016 Read Full Article

The Road to High Octane Fuels

by Jeremy Martin (Union of Concerned Scientists)  … 9 things you need to know about high octane fuel, and my perspective on a path forward. High octane fuel enables more powerful or

October 6, 2016 Read Full Article

Comments on the Draft Technical Assessment Report for Model Years 2022 – 2025 Greenhouse Gas Emission and Fuel Economy Standards Submitted by Minnesota and Illinois Growers

(Minnesota Corn Growers Association Minnesota Corn Research and Promotion Council and the Illinois Corn Growers Association)   Early this year, the Minnesota Corn Research and Promotion Council approved a research

September 29, 2016 Read Full Article

Mid-Level Ethanol Blends Offer Significant Benefits to the US

by Jodi Delapaz (Agri-Pulse)  High octane fuels (HOF), specifically mid-level ethanol blends (E25-E40), could offer significant benefits for the U.S., according to a new study by the Energy Department’s Oak

August 26, 2016 Read Full Article

Growth Energy Urges US Authorities to Support Mid-Level Ethanol Blends

by Ilari Kauppila (Biofuels International)  US lawmakers should recognise the potential of mid-level ethanol blends to contribute to the fight against greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from traffic, a US ethanol trade

August 11, 2016 Read Full Article

DOE Labs Report Shows Significant Benefits of Mid-Level Ethanol Blends

(Growth Energy)  Recently, the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge, Argonne, and National Renewable Energy Laboratories released their “Summary of High Octane, Mid-Level Ethanol Blends Study.” This scientific analysis showed the

August 4, 2016 Read Full Article

Summary of High-Octane Mid-Level Ethanol Blends Study

(U.S. Department of Energy)  Original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) of light-duty vehicles are pursuing a broad portfolio of technologies to reduce CO2 emissions and improve fuel economy. Central to this effort

August 4, 2016 Read Full Article

CoOptima: Redesigning Engines, Fuels, Marketplace Strategies All at Once

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … The initiative aims to accelerate the introduction of affordable, scalable, and sustainable biofuels and high-efficiency, low-emission vehicle engines. The simultaneous fuels and vehicles research and

July 25, 2016 Read Full Article

MGPUB Announces Flex Fuel Video Contest DEADLINE: July 25, 2016

by Joanna Schroeder (Energy.AgWired.com)  The Maryland Grain Producers Utilization Board (MGPUB) has launched its Drive Flex Fuel video contest to kick off its 2016 Maryland Drive Flex Fuels advertising campaign. Winning-worthy

June 3, 2016 Read Full Article

EPA Is Trying to Get Out of Its Own Way on the RFS

by Brent Erickson (Biotechnology Innovation Organization/Biofuels Digest)  …  The practical and legal constraints on the RFS are mostly of EPA’s own making. As EPA admitted in the final 2014-2016 rule,

May 23, 2016 Read Full Article

Meet The New ‘Tool’ In Big Oil’s Efforts To Scuttle Ethanol +VIDEO: An Open Letter to George “David” Banks

by Marc J. Rauch (The Auto Channel)  I just finished reading your article “Renewable Fuel Standard Continues To Devastate,” published in February on the High Plains Leader & Times website. … 

March 22, 2016 Read Full Article

Ethanol in Fuel: Is the Bad Rap Deserved?

by Ed Wodalski (Pumper Magazine)  Ethanol-blended fuels receive criticism for creating wear and tear on small engines  —  Should you use ethanol-blended, oxygenated fuel in your small engine? The short answer

February 27, 2016 Read Full Article

New Vehicle Initiative Aims to Make Fuel and Engines Work Together More Efficiently

by Reuben Sarkar (Department of Energy)  Recently I had the pleasure of briefing members of Congress on EERE’s groundbreaking fuel-engine co-optimization initiative. The new, multi-year project combines previously independent areas of

February 27, 2016 Read Full Article

Renewable Fuels Association Welcomes Auto Industry Vet Tracey King to Staff

(Renewable Fuels Association)  Auto industry veteran Tracey King has joined the Renewable Fuels Association (RFA) as the organization’s new Technical Director. King will serve as the RFA’s top liaison to

February 24, 2016 Read Full Article

Blog: More Details on the High Octane Story

by Holly Jessen (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  I really enjoyed learning about research into midlevel ethanol blends from Timothy Theiss and Brian West, researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. “E25, E40

February 9, 2016 0 comment Read Full Article

E25, E40 for the Masses

by Holly Jessen (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Widely introducing consumers to ‘super premium’ ethanol blends could offer substantial benefits, but the barriers to making it happen are significant as well.  —

February 8, 2016 Read Full Article

Next Step for Volt, Green Car of the Year, Should Be E85 Capability

by Landon Hall (Fuel Freedom Foundation)  Don’t let all the accolades go to your head, Chevy Volt. You’re still not a truly green car, despite what it says on your

January 25, 2016 Read Full Article

US Energy Secretary Expresses Support for Biofuels at DC Auto Show

by Robert E. Kozak and Joanne Ivancic (Advanced Biofuels USA)   This year, for a change, in the introduction to his remarks at the Washington, DC Auto Show, US Energy Secretary

January 21, 2016 Read Full Article

Flex Fuel Policy of Government to Curb Pollution Worry Automakers

by Sriram Lakshman (The Hindu Business Line)  The move will decrease pollution and encourage a diversion in the sugar industry’s output away from sugar and towards ethanol  —  India can soon

January 19, 2016 Read Full Article

RFA Comments on DOE’s Innovative “Optima” Program

by Joanna Schroeder (DomesticFuel.com) The Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) had a call for information on Co-Optimization of Fuels and Engines (Optima). The Renewable Fuels Association (RFA) submitted

January 14, 2016 Read Full Article

Defour Group and Transportation Fuel Consulting Post Responses to DOE Request Regarding Co-Optimization of Fuels and Engines

(Defour Group/Transportation Fuels Consulting)  Dean Drake of the Defour Group LLC (D4) and Gary Herwick of Transportation Fuels Consulting (TFC) have submitted comments to the U.S. Department of Energy’s Request for

January 12, 2016 Read Full Article

Protecting Public Health Through Cleaner Fuels and Lower Emissions

(Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  The Environmental and Energy Study Institute (EESI) held a briefing examining the health impacts of current octane sources and the need for cleaner, cost-effective octane

December 18, 2015 Read Full Article

BETO Seeks Stakeholder Input on the Co-Optimization of Fuels and Engines

(U.S. Department of Energy)  The U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy’s (EERE) Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) and Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO) have released a request

December 18, 2015 Read Full Article

Protecting Public Health Through Cleaner Fuels and Lower Emissions — December 14, 2015 — Washington, DC

  Protecting Public Health Through Cleaner Fuels and Lower Emissions   —   December 14, 2015  —  Washington, DC

The Environmental and Energy Study Institute (EESI) invites you to a briefing examining the health impacts of current octane sources and the need for cleaner, cost-effective octane providers. Octane is

December 7, 2015 Read Full Article

Energy Department Releases Second Quadrennial Technology Review

(US Department of Energy)  Research Opportunities Highlighted in Report Lay Out Options for America’s Clean Energy Future — Today (September 10, 2015), the Energy Department released its second Quadrennial Technology Review

September 11, 2015 Read Full Article

Bioenergy 2015 Posts Presentations

(Department of Energy)  … We know many of you are interested in some of the presentations from our great lineup of speakers. We have posted select presentations from the conference to

July 31, 2015 Read Full Article

The Future of Low-Carbon Road Transport: What Role for Second-Generation Biofuels?

by  Joern Huenteler and Henry Lee (Belfer Center Programs or Projects)  The promise, prospects, and public policy trade-offs related to second-generation biofuels in road transport were addressed in an executive

July 29, 2015 Read Full Article

Future Fuels: Can Biofuels Make Gasoline Cleaner, Cheaper? — June 12, 2015 — Washington, DC

  Future Fuels: Can Biofuels Make Gasoline Cleaner, Cheaper?    —   June 12, 2015 — Washington, DC

(Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  The Environmental and Energy Study Institute (EESI) and the Governors’ Biofuels Coalition invite you to a briefing examining the current state and potential future of

June 3, 2015 Read Full Article

Voices from Europe, on Europe and Renewable Fuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … How does the European renewable fuels industry look at itself? Too focused on survival instead of growth? Too focused on sector competition instead of the

May 26, 2015 1 comment Read Full Article

18 Pilot and Demonstration DOE Bioenergy Projects, Reviewed

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  What’s the latest with such projects such as Frontline BioEnergy, Myriant, POET-DSM, INEOS Bio, Sapphire Energy, Abengoa, Haldor Topsoe, UOP. ZeaChem, Mercurius, and American Process,

May 18, 2015 Read Full Article

Minnesota Corn Growers Publishes “The Economics of Eco-Performance Fuel” Study

by Dean Drake (Minnesota Corn Growers Association)  Inexpensive high‐octane gasoline disappeared when emission regulations forced leaded gasoline out of the market in the early 1970s. This in turn led to

February 7, 2015 Read Full Article

EIA Reports Ethanol Use Has Lowered Gasoline’s Energy Content – Only Half of the Story

(Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  On October 27, the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reported that the use of ten percent ethanol in the gasoline supply has lowered gasoline energy’s content

November 3, 2014 Read Full Article

Biodiesel 2014: Fame and Misfortune?

by William Woebkenberg (Mercedes-Benz Research & Development North America)  In these presentation slides from a July 2014 US Department of Energy EIA conference, Bill Woebkenberg explains Mercedes’ support for world-wide

July 30, 2014 Read Full Article

EPA Sets Cleaner Fuel and Car Standards, Slashing Air Pollution and Providing Health Benefits to Thousands

(US Environmental Protection Agency)  Based on extensive input from the public and a broad range of stakeholders, including public health groups, auto manufacturers, refiners, and states, the U.S. Environmental Protection

March 3, 2014 Read Full Article

Most Automakers on Board with E15

by Tom Bryan (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Overcoming the E10 blend wall is priority No. 1 for the ethanol industry, and progress is being made on two fronts. The number of

December 31, 2013 Read Full Article

Ethanol and Air Quality: Influence of Fuel Ethanol Content on Emissions and Fuel Economy of Flexible Fuel Vehicles

by Carolyn P. Hubbard , James E. Anderson , and Timothy J. Wallington  (Environmental Science and Technology)  Engine-out and tailpipe emissions of NOx, CO, nonmethane hydrocarbons (NMHC), nonmethane organic gases

December 26, 2013 Read Full Article

Record Season for Ethanol in Brazil Unlikely to Be Repeated

by Susanne Retka Schill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The Brazil ethanol industry saw record supplies for the 2013/2014 crush season just being wrapped up, and got a welcome boost from auto

December 23, 2013 Read Full Article

Engineering Research Center to Develop an Ethanol Engine with Better Performance

by Elton Alisson (Agencia)  FAPESP and Peugeot Citroën approved a proposal for the creation of a Research and Engineering Center focused on the development of biofuel-powered combustion engines. The center

December 18, 2013 Read Full Article

1998 Ethanol Vehicle Challenge: E85 Vehicles Surpass E0 on Dynamometer Tests for Mileage Efficiency

(Argonne National Laboratory) Sponsored by U.S. Department of Energy, General Motors Corporation, Natural Resources Canada In the Advanced Vehicle Technology Competitions sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, college engineering students work together to

September 26, 2013 Read Full Article

Mileage Gains Using Ethanol Seen 20% Higher Than EPA Estimates

by Mark Drajem (Bloomberg BusinessWeek)  A tweak to an automobile’s engine software can improve by as much as 20 percent the estimated fuel efficiency when using gasoline with ethanol or

September 9, 2013 Read Full Article

EPA Tier 3 Proposed Regulations A Common-Sense Change that Could Triple the Market Size for Biomass Ethanol and Other Advanced Biofuels

by Robert Kozak (Advanced Biofuels USA)  As part of the recently proposed Tier 3 motor vehicle fuel and emission regulations, www.epa.gov/otaq/tier3.htm, EPA included a very forward looking idea that could

July 26, 2013 Read Full Article

The Lock-In Duo and Advanced Biofuels

by Nelson Mojarro  (The Energy Collective)  … Together, the auto industry and the oil producers have combined to set and maintain for decades the direction and rate of improvements in the engine

July 26, 2013 Read Full Article

John Deere Introduces Mower that Runs Efficiently on E0 to E85

by Susanne Retka Schill  (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  John Deere has introduced a flex-fuel model to its ZTrak line of commercial lawn mowers.  The new, industry exclusive, Z925M Flex Fuel is

July 22, 2013 Read Full Article

In EPA Tier 3 Comments Advanced Biofuels USA Introduces "E30 Capable" Idea to Bring Higher Octane, Higher Ethanol Gasoline to the Marketplace

(Advanced Biofuels USA)  As part of the recently proposed Tier 3 motor vehicle fuel and emission regulations, EPA included a very forward looking idea that could bring higher octane, higher

July 1, 2013 Read Full Article

Squeezing More From Ethanol

by Matthew L. Wald (The New York Times)  Faced with a crop of lemons — too much ethanol, a population of cars not tuned to burn it effectively and a

May 6, 2013 Read Full Article

New EPA Fuel, Emission Standards A Benefit for Ethanol

(Farm Futures)  National Corn Growers Association says more stringent emissions standards create a place for ethanol’s higher octane levels to shine …The tier 3 standards increase the level of stringency

April 9, 2013 Read Full Article

Perspectives on 2013: Ethanol Industry Executives Approach 2013 with Optimism and Concern.

by Holly Jessen & Susanne Retka Schill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Looking into the future, Jeff Roskam, CEO of the Kansas Alliance for Biorefining and Bioenergy, fears any modification of the renewable

November 6, 2012 Read Full Article

Take It to the Limit: Algenol and Rising Yields in Advanced Biofuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Algenol hits 7000 gallon per acre mark in field operations. What’s the impact for Algenol,

September 25, 2012 Read Full Article

Proposed CAFE Standards Could Pose Deadly Threat to Biofuels

by Kris Bevill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  A coalition of agriculture and bioenergy groups, led by the 25x’25 organization, filed late comments with

July 4, 2012 Read Full Article

Can Ethanol-Optimized Engines Offer 25 Percent Relief in Fuel Costs?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …Now, in Brazil, the generally accepted threshold point for ethanol and gasoline is around 70

March 26, 2012 Read Full Article

An Opportunity to Show Ethanol’s Edge

by Brian Jennings (American Coalition for Ethanol/Ethanol Producer Magazine)   …First, with E15 market ready in many states, the U.S.

March 14, 2012 Read Full Article

Advocacy Group Pitches 100% Ethanol over Keystone XL Pipeline

by Danny King (AutoBlogGreen)  An ethanol advocacy group has got an unusual message: having 100 percent ethanol is a better

March 8, 2012 Read Full Article

E85 Switzer ‘Cornzilla’ GT-R Returns With 1,000 Horsepower

by Patrick Frawley  (Jalopnik)  It’s been almost two years since we featured an E85-fueled Nissan GT-R from Switzer. Since then, the Ohio-based tuner

March 2, 2012 Read Full Article

‘Generic Fuel’ Might Make Good Slogan

by Susanne Retka Schill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Ethanol – the generic fuel. Nice phrase that might have some merit as a

January 20, 2012 Read Full Article

Ethanol-Injection Systems Explained

by John Sherman  (Car and Driver Magazine)  Driving Under the Influence: Ethanol-injection systems aim to use alcohol responsibly. Thanks to

December 8, 2011 Read Full Article

Ricardo Engines

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Rod Beazley of Ricardo said that, based on tests conducted to date by the company, the

October 5, 2011 Read Full Article

Five Ethanol Myths, Busted

by Forrest Jehlik (Argonne National Laboratory/Autopia)  …We must develop a multitude of alternatives to address our future energy needs. One

June 24, 2011 Read Full Article

Imported Crude Oil Independence

by Don Siefkes (E100 Ethanol Group/Biofuels Digest)  …As article after article in Biofuels Digest has pointed out, the ethanol industry

May 16, 2011 Read Full Article

E85: Consumer Interest or Consumer Consistency?

by Stephanie Dreyer (Growth Energy/Renewable Energy World)  The Des Moines Register recently reported slow sales of E85 (a blend of 85

May 10, 2011 Read Full Article

Gas Prices and the Use of E85

by Max Resnik (Indiana’s News Center)  Could E-85, the 85% ethanol based gasoline, prove to be the cure to curb

March 9, 2011 Read Full Article

Advanced Biofuels USA Publishes Paper and Slide Presentation on Truly Optimized Flex Fuel Vehicles: Benefits and How to Achieve Them

Meeting two parts of its mission, to increase the 1) understanding and 2) use of advanced biofuels, Advanced Biofuels USA,

March 6, 2011 Read Full Article

Buick Regal Turbo Gets Industry-First Turbo Direct-Injected Engine with Flex-Fuel Capability

(General Motors)  The 2011 Buick Regal Turbo is the first direct-injected turbocharged production car capable of running on any blend

February 21, 2011 Read Full Article

20-30 Percent Ethanol Inproves Fuel Efficiency in Some Cars, MnCAR Discovers

by Tim Krohn (Free Press/Minnesota State University)  When Bruce Jones and his colleagues began a study on how higher blends

January 30, 2008 Read Full Article

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depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices diethyl ether digest Digital Biology dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct-to-fuel directed evolution direct injection Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) dispense distillation distilled biodiesel distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver divers divestment DME (dimethyl ether) Dominica Dominican Republic double cropping Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dual cropping Dubai duckweed e E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E2 E3 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 price E12 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E40 E50 E55 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecuador ED95 education educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric grid electricity electricity price electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end user Energy Bill energy cane energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy enzymatic conversion enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea EROEI erosion control EROWI esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane ethanol ethanol/bioethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylene eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) Export externalities extremophiles F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertiliz fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs fuel food waste forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel additives fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungi fungus Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal Germany Gerogia Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green chemistry green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green Racing GREET model Grenada gribble groundnut ground nut growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guinea Gulf states Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawaii hazardous waste HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb HFS-SIP hibiscus High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard high performance regular high school project highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horse bedding Horse manure horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HOV High Octane Vehicles HRJ human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrids hydrocarbon fuels hydrofaction hydrogen hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen pumps hydropower hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal liquefaction hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect Land Use Change) import/export inadequate domestic supply incinerator ash India Indiana Indian beech tree Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial ethanol industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map internal combustion engine International international balance of payments International Energy Agency (IEA) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species invest Investing investment tax credit ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isooctane isooctene Israel Italy Ivory Coast JA1 JAA jackfruit Jamaica Japan Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Alternative Jetfuel (SAJF)/Renewable Jetfuel (RJF) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa Kuwait labels Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis lignin Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars Lipid liquefaction liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions low sulfur diesel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg Luxemburg lysis M15 M50 macadamia macauba Macedonia Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine maize Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta mamona management changes mandates manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Biofuel marine algae Marine Corps Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks methanol/biomethanol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbe microbiology microorganizms microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum Monaco mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) muck multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol Namibia nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Lab National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Transportation Safety Board Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds NREL NTSB nucle nuclear nutraceuticals nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obama Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol off-take agreements Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olive cake olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone p Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama panda pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peanut peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin pellets Pennsylv Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose perennial grains perennial grasses performan Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poland Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter power-to-gas power/electricity generation prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island private educational business process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating propane propanol property insurance protectionism protein 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Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable hydrogen renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) renewable volume renewable volume obligation (RVO) replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion retail return on investment R Factor RFI RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RSF2 RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago sago pond weed SAIC SAK sales Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securiti Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale gas shale oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup 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Africa succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugar cane sugar cane prices sugar cane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname sustain Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic methane Syria Tailoring Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree Tamarix tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax cred tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennesee Tennessee termites terpenes 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US Army USD USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils Velocys Venezuela Vermont video Vietnam vinasse vinegar Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses volunteers w waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil waste water water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction what What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass wheat prices wheat straw whey whisky White House wildlife habitat willow wind energy wine wastage/grape marc winter crops 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