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RFA Reports Record Ethanol Industry Export Value

by Cindy Zimmerman (Energy.AgWired.com)  According to new reports from the Renewable Fuels Association, the value of the U.S. ethanol industry’s exports hit a record level of just over $7.1 billion in 2023. The volume of ethanol exports was the third-highest level

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Europe Launches New e-Fuels Project to Decarbonize Shipping

(Safety4Sea)  The new €17 million European GAMMA project aims to make ocean transport and trade more environmentally friendly. Companies and researchers from Europe will collaborate to develop and convert a bulk carrier to operate on climate-neutral fuels and green power, reducing

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New EU-funded FUELGAE Project Aims to Resurrect Algae as a Promising Source for Aviation Biofuels

by Christopher Surgenor (GreenAir Online) Over a decade ago, algae was seen as a very promising biomass for producing jet biofuel and a number of high-profile startups attracted big-name investors. In 2009, Continental Airlines flew the United States’ first-ever commercial jet

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Qantas Calls on Canberra to Back Sustainable Aviation Fuel Industry

by Gus McCubbing (Financial Review)  Qantas has called on the federal government to consider mandates and subsidies for producers of sustainable aviation fuel to get a domestic industry off the ground, saying it could generate $13 billion a year by 2040 and provide

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Low Carbon Fuels 2040: The Emerging Markets

(Biofuels Digest/Nuu Media) Low Carbon Fuels 2040: The Emerging Markets provides detailed case studies, updates and analysis of the key producers and developers participating in Renewable Diesel projects and Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) projects in the USA, Canada, Europe, Asia, and in South

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Turkey’s Pegasus Airlines Offers New Climate Program in Partnership with Norway-based CHOOOSE

(Pegasus Airlines/Biobased Diesel Daily)  Turkish carrier Pegasus Airlines recently announced a partnership with Norway-based climate-tech company CHOOOSE. ... The new platform allows travelers to estimate their greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions and gives passengers and corporate travel managers the option to voluntarily address the carbon

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New EU Carbon Tariff: German Industry Slams Bureaucratic Burden

by Nikolaus J. Kurmayer (EURACTIV.com)   Germany’s chemical and car industries are protesting the anticipated bureaucratic strain expected from the phase-in of the EU’s novel carbon border tariff (CBAM), while consultancy Deloitte finds that companies have failed to sufficiently prepare. European manufacturers

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LATAM Cargo, Kuehne+Nagel and Elite Flower Invest in Sustainable Fuel (SAF)

(LATAM) As part of the Mother's Day celebrations, LATAM Cargo, Kuehne+Nagel and Elite Flower purchased more than 25,000 liters of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). The amount purchased would reduce the equivalent of the total emissions generated by a cargo flight on the

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Turkey Plans to Bolster Biogas Production

(Bioenergy Insight) Turkey's Agriculture and Forestry Ministry is working on projects aimed at utilising geothermal energy resources, particularly in urban agriculture, while officials are looking into ways to boost biomass production in rural areas, according to Daily News. ... Meanwhile, Turkey's Agriculture Ministry

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L.A. Gas Tycoon, Mormon Polygamists Face Sentencing for $1 Billion Biofuel Scam

by Michele McPhee (Los Angeles Times) The main bad actors in a sprawling scam who formed a very unlikely alliance to defraud the government face a judge, five years after their dramatic arrests -- ... This week, the reckonings in

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The Daily Digest’s Biofuels Mandates around the World 2023

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Florida, the Daily Digest today released its annual review of biofuels mandates and targets around the world, looking at the state of biofuels mandates in 65 countries. Get the latest up to the minute

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Producing Fertilizer without Carbon Emissions

by Fabio Bergamin (ETH Zurich/Science Daily) Researchers have shown how nitrogen fertilizer could be produced more sustainably. This is necessary not only to protect the climate, but also to reduce dependence on imported natural gas and to increase food security. --  Intensive

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Turkish Airlines Receives ‘Airline Sustainability Innovation of the Year’ Award from CAPA

(Turkish Airlines/Biobased Diesel Daily) Turkish Airlines announced this month that it received the “Airline Sustainability Innovation of the Year” award by CAPA-Centre for Aviation for its innovative sustainability efforts. The global carrier, which puts sustainability at the center of its business model,

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Turkish Airlines Signed Global SAF Declaration

(Turkish Airlines)  Turkish Airlines continues its support for the development of Sustainable Aviation Fuels which play a key role in reducing carbon emissions. Starting to actively use Sustainable Aviation Fuel during its operations as of 2022, Turkish Airlines emphasized the

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SAF Heads into the Big East: India and Turkey to Scale up Domestic SAF Production Amid Proliferating Deployment of Bio-Based Fuels Worldwide

by Vinayak Shinde (Global Market Insights/Biofuels Digest) ... According to a study by Transport and Environment, a European network of NGOs, about 193 out of 230 of some largest global businesses failed to act on corporate travel emission reduction with

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Brazil Ships DDGS to Vietnam, Exports Rise as Corn Ethanol Production Booms

by Ana Mano (Reuters/NASDAQ) A cargo of distiller's dried grains with solubles (DDGS) left Brazil's port of Paranagua on Monday, as shipping of the livestock feed ingredient becomes more frequent after Brazilian companies started producing ethanol from corn. A vessel carrying about

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GoodFuels Helps to Successfully Complete Biofuel-Powered Trial Voyage

(Biofuels International)  Bulk tonnage provider Spar Shipping, ship management leader Fleet Management and GoodFuels have successfully completed a 10-day trial of 100% sustainable marine biofuel on board the bulk carrier Spar Lynx. Spar Lynx was refuelled with GoodFuels’ biofuel during its

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Tüpraş Selects Honeywell Ecofining™ Technology For Biofuel Production In Türki̇ye

(Honeywell)  Tüpraş and Honeywell sign licensing agreement for the use of Honeywell UOP Ecofining™ technology; The Honeywell UOP Ecofining™ process has been used commercially to produce renewable diesel since 2013 and sustainable aviation fuel (“SAF”) since 2016 --  Honeywell announced today

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Turkish Airlines Highlights Sustainability as Biofuel Aircraft Enters Service

(Breaking Travel News) Turkish Airlines has adorned sustainability-themed livery of its Airbus 321 to highlight its first flight using environmentally-friendly biofuel with zero waste principle. Apart from providing information on the sustainability actions with the Green Class concept of this first flight,

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Netherlands: Shell Becomes the First to Offer Bio-LNG to Trucking Clients

(Shell Netherlands/NGV Journal) Shell bio-LNG is available as a road transport fuel in the Netherlands from February 15, as a blend with regular LNG. Hereby Shell becomes the first in the country to offer bio-LNG to all of its customers. After

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WPI Researchers Show Bamboo Can Be Converted Into Fuel

by Jack Levy (Worcester Polytechnic Institute)  Turning Bamboo Into Ethanol Could Make Developing Nations Less Reliant on Gasoline and Help Mitigate Climate Change -- ... A team of researchers at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) and around the globe has co-developed

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Algal Jet Fuel from Istanbul’s New Carbon-Negative Biorefinery

(Bio Market Insights) Europe’s first and only carbon-negative biorefinery has opened in Istanbul. The 2,500 square metre facility will create jet fuel from algae whilst capturing 1,200 tons of carbon dioxide per year. Mustafa Varank, the Turkish Minister of Industry and

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Turkish Airlines to Debut Flights Using Sustainable Aviation Fuel

by Tuba Sahin (Anadolu Agency)  National flag carrier to form new structure for AnadoluJet's low-cost business model, says company CEO -- With the motto "Our route is the future," national flag carrier Turkish Airlines is set to begin flights using a

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Complete Global Guide: The Digest’s Biofuels Mandates Around the World 2022

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  65 countries have targets or mandates--how much, where, when and what?  READ MORE Commodities 2022: European biofuel mandates to structurally shift ethanol demand higher in the year (S&P Global Platts) European Biofuel Mandates to Structurally Shift Ethanol

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Federal Watchdog: Trump’s USDA Overpaid Corn Farmers by $3B

by David Pitt (Associated Press)  The Trump administration overpaid corn farmers by about $3 billion in federal aid in 2019 and farmers in the South were paid more for the same crops than those elsewhere in the country, a federal

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International Aviation Climate Ambition Coalition COP26 Declaration

(UN Climate Change Conference 2021 UK) We, the ministers and representatives of states, participating in the inaugural meeting of the International Aviation Climate Ambition Coalition at the 26th Conference of the Parties (COP26) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate

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6 Automakers and 30 Countries Say They’ll Phase Out Gasoline Car Sales

by Brad Plumer and Hiroko Tabuchi (Wall Street Journal) Ford, G.M. and Mercedes agreed to work toward selling only zero-emissions vehicles by 2040. But Toyota, Volkswagen and Nissan-Renault did not join the pledge. At least six major automakers — including Ford, Mercedes-Benz,

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G-20 Fossil-Fuel Support Hits Nearly $600 Billion in 2020

by Victoria Cuming and Maia Godemer (BloombergNEF) The Group-of-20 countries have made headlines in recent months with some new pledges to achieve “net-zero” CO2 emissions by 2050 or, in China’s case, by 2060. But back in the here-and-now many of these

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The Digest’s Biofuels Mandates Around the World 2021

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Florida, the Digest today releases its annual review of biofuels mandates and targets around the world, looking at the state of biofuels mandates in 65 countries. Get the latest up to the minute new information

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Where’s Your Lithium from? EU’s New Green Deal to Track Critical Materials

by David Thorpe (Future Fuel Stratgies/The Fifth Estate)  Renewable electricity generation and storage requires huge quantities of mined raw materials. In Europe, most of these elements are currently imported and unsustainably produced. So the European Commission has hatched a new plan for

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From Americas to EU, Asia, Africa, Who’s Got What?: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Biofuel Mandates Around the World 2020

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Today, biobased mandates around the world. Where are the markets you can count on, how much can you count on? 65 countries in all, We’ll be focusing especially on new information out of Argentina, Brazil,

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L.A. Petroleum Magnate Convicted in Sprawling Biofuel Tax Scheme

by Matthew Ormseth (Los Angeles Times)  ... The verdict — guilty on 10 felony counts — was not just a courtroom defeat for (Lev Aslan) Dermen, one that will likely result in a significant prison sentence. It brought to an

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Turkey Halts Ethanol-Mixed Fuel for More Disinfectants

(Middle East Monitor) Turkey’s temporary suspension of the requirement to include ethanol in gasoline will provide an additional 20,000 cubic meter ethanol capacity for the production of disinfectants and colognes in the country, Anadolu reports. Cologne is a traditional ethanol-based scented disinfectant in Turkey. The

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New Catalyst Recycles Greenhouse Gases into Fuel and Hydrogen Gas

(Science Daily/The Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST))  Scientists have taken a major step toward a circular carbon economy by developing a long-lasting, economical catalyst that recycles greenhouse gases into ingredients that can be used in fuel, hydrogen

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Oberon Fuels, SHV Energy Partner up to Accelerate Renewable DME: Is This Tech a Carbon Removal Machine of Great Importance?

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) In California, Oberon Fuels and SHV Energy are partnering to accelerate the use of renewable DME to reduce the carbon footprint of transportation fuel.  For Oberon’s path to scale, the partnership will include funding to

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Clariant Expands Production Capability & Launches New Products for EMEA Edible Oils & Biofuels Market

(Clariant) Investment in additional production capacity at Yuncos, Spain plant; New product line extends portfolio of highly activated bleaching earths; Production & service closer to customers in Spain of products for 3-MCPD reduction in edible oils Clariant continues to boost the supply

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Turkey Records Biggest Illegal Fuel Bust in Country's History

(Daily Sabah)  Authorities have seized 1.5 million liters of illegal biodiesel worth $11 million, considered the biggest bust of its kind in Turkey's history. Officials announced Thursday that an unlicensed company was collecting vegetable waste oil off-record in several districts of

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Who’s Down with TCP: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Synpet Technologies

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Synpet Technologiesuses Thermal Conversion Process (TCP), a patented non-combustion technology which breaks down all organic materials by using heat, pressure and water to produce renewable diesel oil and other valuable co-products from waste. So let’s get

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Twenty-One Individuals Indicted on Charges of Conspiracy to Commit Interstate Transportation of Stolen Used Cooking Oil, Money Laundering, Harboring Aliens, and Immigration-Related Entrepreneurship Fraud

(U.S. Department of Justice)  Robert J. Higdon Jr., United States Attorney for the Eastern District of North Carolina, announces that a federal grand jury in Raleigh has returned a Superseding Indictment charging the following individuals with conspiracy to commit interstate transportation

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Recycled Oil As Biodiesel Produces Income in Turkey

(Prensa Latina)  Turkey reused some 35,000 tons of recycled oils in 2018, which were used as biofuels, Selcuk Borovali, president of the Association of the Biodiesel Industry, explained to Anadolu agency the eve. This transformation added over 200 million Turkish Liras (about

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Biomethane Business Is Booming – From Waste to Watts and Wonder Chemicals

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  ... First, let’s make sure we aren’t confusing biogas with biomethane. Biogas is mostly methane and carbon dioxide but that doesn’t mean it’s biomethane. You see, biogas is produced from organic matter breaking down in the absence

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This Biotech Turns Paper Waste into Biogas Using Enzymes

(LABIOTECH)  In sunny Turkey, the company Episome Biotech is developing a fermentation technique that digests paper waste and turns it into useful products such as biogas, biofuel, and fertilizer.  --  Mission: To transform paper waste from garbage into a metaphorical gold mine.

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G20 Countries Must Act Quickly to Decarbonise The Transport Sector

(Agora Verkehrswende)  According to a new report, CO2 emissions from transport are still rising. If immediate action is not taken, more radical measures will be unavoidable in the future.  --   To keep global temperature rise well below 2 degrees Celsius, the world’s

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Why North Carolina’s Poultry Industry Isn’t Creating Biogas Like Hog Farms Are

by Elizabeth Ouzts (Energy News)  Poultry growers are under less pressure and have fewer incentives than hog farms to convert animal waste to energy. As pork producer Smithfield Foods commits to major investments in waste-to-energy projects in North Carolina, don’t expect a similar pledge from

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Pakistan and Turkey Collaborate on Bioethanol Research

(Biofuels International) Reported by Pakistani news outlet Daily Times, the Government College University (GCU) in Lahore has signed a joint research project with the Bartin University in Turkey, researching a cost-effective production of bioethanol. According to the report, Bartin University’s Dr. Ahmet Karada

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Emerging Markets for Ethanol Discussed at USGC Meeting in Denver

(U.S. Grains Council/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  In a global trade environment challenged by tariffs and tensions, emerging markets for grains and ethanol provided a bright spot for U.S. farmers, agribusinesses and industry officials at the U.S. Grains Council’s 58th Annual Board of

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The Carbon Rescuers: 20 Top Waste Projects and Breakthroughs that Capture Used Carbon from the Waste Pile for New Uses

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In these top 20 projects, we usually say that we are using waste, but really we are converting something from a state of waste to a state of value — and that’s not just good for

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Project to Produce Industrial Products from Olive Mill Wastewater Gets EU Support

by Sevil Erkuş (Hurryiet Daily News)  A project initiated by Turkish experts to turn olive mill wastewater from olive production into industrial raw materials and products such as biodiesel and animal feed has received the support of a European Union program. In the

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Diesel with 89% Lower GHGs: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Synpet Technologies

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Synpet was founded in 2014 as a developer of a synthetic petroleum (SYNPET) business using its Thermal Conversion Process. TCP breaks down organic waste materials by using heat, pressure and water to produce oil and other co-products. SYNPET uses

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Synthetic Petroleum: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Synpet Technologies

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Synpet Technologies is a Turkish-US company founded in 2014, which operates a 15 ton/day demonstration facility in Pasakoy, Turkey. The company developed its Thermal Conversion Process, which breaks down organic waste materials by using heat, pressure and water to produce

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Chemical Engineering Student Recognized by American Association of University Women

(University of Arkansas)  Humeyra Ulusoy-Erol, a doctoral student in chemical engineering, has been selected to receive an AAUW International Doctoral Fellowship from the American Association of University Women. Founded in 1881, AAUW is one of the world's largest sources of

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Biodiesel Blend with Diesel Oil Obligatory by 2018

(Daily Sabah)  Energy Market Regulatory Authority (EMRA) will make it obligatory to blend diesel oil - a kind of fuel like gas produced from oil - with at least five per thousand biodiesel by the beginning of 2018. According to the

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2016 DDGS Exports Reached Second Highest Level on Record

(Renewable Fuels Association/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  U.S. exports of distillers grains totaled 11.48 million metric tons (mmt) in 2016, down 10 percent from 2015’s record-high but still the second-highest on record, according to a 10-page summary of 2016 ethanol co-product trade

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Cambridge Firm Turns Food Waste into Biofuel, with a Little Help from Some Flies

(Cambridge News)  Entomics is turning food waste into biofuel and animal feed. -- ... Known as Entomos before a recent rebrand, Entomics has been co-founded by four Cambridge University graduates who met on the sustainability challenge organised by CUTEC, the university's

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Modular Biodiesel Processing Plants for Emerging Markets

(70CentsAGallon.com)  Biodiesel production is growing around the world and emerging markets have the most to gain from this industry. Norway, Turkey, South Africa and Greece are a few areas of the world that have begun supplementing their petroleum based diesel

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4 Minutes with… Taner Onoglu, Vice President, Altaca Energy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ... “ALTACA Enerji” is the leading technology company of Turkey focused on energy from waste. We currently own and operate the largest integrated biogas and bio-fertilizer plant in the region. We design, build and operate biogas

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Beyond Boats To China

by Tom Bryan (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  After halting distillers grains imports late last year, the world's top DDGS buyer is poised to resume business, but on what terms? The prospect of China reissuing distillers grains import permits bodes well for the

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The Top 10 Jet Biofuels Advances of the Year

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ...Here are the biggest pacts and advances, tests, investments and grants with the likes of Amyris, Total, Airbus, Solena Fuels, Turkish Airlines, United Airlines, AltAir Fuels, the US Navy, Emerald Biofuels, Natures BioReserve and Fulcrum Biofuels, Virent, the US Air Force, Chinese Eastern

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Turkish Airlines to Study Biodiesel Options with Solena Fuels

(Business Times/Reuters) Turkish Airlines has signed a letter of intent with US company Solena Fuels Corporation to evaluate alternatives on production of biodiesel in Turkey. READ MORE

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Ireland Says Competitive Algal Biofuels within 15 Years

(Algae Industry Magazine)  Mark Keenan writes in The Independent that within 15 years, Irish drivers will be filling up their vehicles with biofuel made from Irish grown algae. The projection comes from Julie Maguire, of Daithi O’Mhurchu Marine Research Station

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Mario Garnero Addresses Council on Foreign Relations and Columbia on 'Powerhouse Nations'

(MarketWatch)  Mario Garnero, Chairman of Brasilinvest, Brazil's pioneer merchant bank, stated that BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India and China) can no longer be simply described as 'Emerging Markets'. Their economic, political and energy status make them 'Powerhouse Nations'. The Chairman of

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Turkey Demands Domestic Additives for Biofuels From 2013

by Ercan Ersoy  (Bloomberg)  Turkey’s energy regulator will require domestically-produced additives for biofuels from 2013, in a decision aimed at lowering the country’s current account deficit and encouraging production of biofuels. At least 2 percent ethanol must be added to all gasoline

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(DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup corn-based products corn/maize Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality county cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crassulacean acid metabolism plants (CAM) crimes criteria pollutants Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cup plant cuphea currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cusi cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs d-5 D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D20 (20%DME) D5 (5%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date kernel oil date palm date palm pits date 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blending component) direct air capture direct injection direct ocean capture Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) direct-to-fuel directed evolution dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought tolerant drought-resistant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass 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inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit Invvesting ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jersey Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati knotweed Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose 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system MOVES2014 MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed mvr Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nano particles nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha naphthene NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) 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