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Production of Hydrogen at Industrial Scale – State of the Art and Future Prospects

by Qi Chen (Lee Enterprises Consulting/Biofuels Digest)  ... Hydrogen has been produced at the industrial scale for many decades in diverse applications, see Figure 1. Traditional applications are mainly in chemical manufacturing and oil refining, with some lower volumes in

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EE North America and Montauk Renewables Forge Groundbreaking Agreement for Biogenic Carbon Dioxide Delivery

(Montauk Renewables) Montauk and EE North America Forge Path to a Greener Future through CO2 Solutions, Aiming to Transform Environmental Pledges into Tangible Clean Energy Realities.  – In a pivotal move towards sustainable energy solutions, EE North America (“EENA”) and Montauk Renewables,

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Carbon Dioxide and the Green Gases Agenda

by Sam Rushing z9Advanced Cryogenics/Biofuels Digest) ... What has become particularly interesting today, and the focus of this article, are ‘green’ applications for the product (CO2). This can include uses from agricultural in nature, such as commercial closed greenhouse CO2 enrichment

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Aether Fuels and GTI Energy Announce Partnership and Exclusive Licensing Deal to Accelerate Commercialization of Sustainable Fuels for Aviation and Ocean Shipping

(Aether Fuels/GTI Energy/Globe Newswire) Aether Fuels (Aether) and GTI Energy today announced a partnership and global exclusive licensing agreement to commercialize a scalable and economical solution to produce sustainable fuels from low-value and abundant waste streams. The fuels will help aviation and ocean shipping

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Synthetic Aviation Fuel Has Yet to Take Off in Europe: Study

( Agence France Presse/Barron's) The EU has set targets for using synthetic sustainable aviation fuels in European flights but no projects to produce the fuel have yet received a final investment decision, a study published Wednesday said. Transport and Environment, a non-governmental organisation

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Auto Dealers Up Campaign Urging Biden Administration to Halt EPA Tailpipe Emission Limits Regulation

by Alexa St. John (Associated Press)  More than 4,700 auto dealerships across the United States urged President Joe Biden in a letter Thursday to halt the Environmental Protection Agency’s efforts to enforce stricter vehicle-pollution standards. The missive comes just weeks before the

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36 Characters in Search of an Author: The Quest for a National Energy Solution, Part 1

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The problem of renewable molecules is not hard to understand. Molecules that are sustainable and affordable are not available.  Those that are sustainable and available are not affordable. If they are available and affordable, they are not

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Technology Fuels a New Future for Internal Combustion Engine

(Transport Topics)  The Secret Lies in the Use of Greener Fuels -- According to fleet executives as well as fleet maintenance managers, the death of the internal combustion engine may prove to be greatly exaggerated in spite of the excitement about electric

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Nordic Electrofuel, P2X-Europe Sign Term Sheet for Production, Commercialization of eSAF

(P2X-Europe/Biobased Diesel Daily)  Following extensive negotiations and cooperation that started last year, Norwegian Nordic Electrofuel (NEF) and German P2X-Europe, a joint venture of Mabanaft GmbH & Co. KG (Mabanaft) and H&R Group, signed a term sheet June 23 that formally lays

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Nuclear Diesel: A Game Changer -- Synfuels, Energized by Fission, Can Transform US Competition with China.

by Robert Hargraves  (Real Clean Energy) ... We can change the competition from vehicle electrification to producing zero-emission diesel fuel made from CO2, water, and nuclear energy. The US can leverage its expertise in petroleum refining and chemical engineering. For example,

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University of California Research Shows Emissions-Reducing Benefits of E15 Blend

(Renewable Fuels Association) A newly released, peer-reviewed study from the University of California, Riverside, shows that the E15 ethanol blend provides notable emissions reductions compared to California’s regular reformulated gasoline. The Renewable Fuels Association hailed the report as proof of the value of

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RFA Thanks Sen. Ricketts, Colleagues for Renewable Fuels Month Recognition

(Renewable Fuels Association) The Renewable Fuels Association today thanked Sen. Pete Ricketts (R-NE) and eight additional Senate colleagues for a resolution naming May as national Renewable Fuels Month, “to recognize the important role that renewable fuels play in reducing carbon impacts, lowering fuel

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Expander Energy to Construct Its 1st Bio-SynDiesel® Project

(Expander Energy/Biobased Diesel Daily)  Calgary, Alberta-based Expander Energy Inc. announced May 4 that it has signed an agreement with Rocky Mountain Clean Fuels Inc. to build its first biomass-to-liquids project and produce low-carbon, renewable biobased synthetic diesel by 2025. Expander said its

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Can Large Integrated Refineries Replace All Crude Oil with Cellulosic Feedstocks for Drop-in Hydrocarbon Biofuels?

by Charles Forsberg and Bruce E. Dale (Hydrocarbon Processing)  Hydrocarbon liquid fuels are central to the U.S. economy, delivering almost half the country’s energy to the residential, commercial, industrial and transportation sectors. ... The U.S. Energy Information Agency’s (EIA’s) long-term projections show

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What Is the Long-Term Demand for Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuels and Feedstocks?

by Charles Forsberg (Applied Energy) Liquid hydrocarbons made from crude oil serve many functions: (1) a dense, easy-to-store, easy-to-transport energy source, (2) a method for daily-to-seasonal energy storage, (3) a chemical feedstock, (4) a chemical reducing agent and (5) a

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Groundbreaking for e-Fuel Production Plant in Frankfurt

(INERATEC) INERATEC sets standards for global deployment of power-to-liquid technology with pioneering plant -- INERATEC held the groundbreaking ceremony for its pioneering power-to-liquid (PtL) plant in the industrial park Frankfurt Höchst together with Hesse's Economics Minister Tarek Al-Wazir. Starting in

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Norwegian Partners with Norsk e-Fuel to Build New e-Fuel Plant in Norway

(Norsk e-Fuel) Norwegian has announced a landmark partnership with Norsk e-Fuel to build the world’s first full scale e-fuel plant in Mosjøen, Norway. The plant will produce sustainable aviation fuels (SAF), marking an important milestone towards Norwegian's target of 45

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Researchers Find New Blends for Greener Gas in DOE Co-Optima Research

by Lynn Wendt (U.S. Department of Energy) In 2019, after three years of fuel and engine research, the Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Co-Optimization of Fuels & Engines (Co-Optima) initiative selected and recommended 10 different bio-blendstocks that could be used to make

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Sixteen Going on Seventeen: It’s Springtime in the Bioeconomy, Where’s Summer?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) ...  We are trying so hard to do so much so fast, the tuneful “better beware, be canny and careful” is good advice for an industry where many feel that too little is happening, too slow. It’s not

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Alder SAF100 – Accelerating Development for Next Generation Sustainable Fuels

by Derek Vardon & Bruno Miller  (Alder Fuels/Biofuels Digest)  Today, we are providing a high-level technical analysis of what we are calling Alder SAF100, a new and 100% sustainable replacement for petroleum-based jet fuel. To demonstrate the viability of reaching that crucial

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Designer Biosynthetic Jet Fuels Appear in New China Lake Research

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In California, members of the Ben Harvey High-Performance Fuels fan club will applaud the appearance of a most interesting paper on designer jet fuels, these are derived from Isoprene and α-Olefins — what’s most interesting

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Vertimass

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Proprietary Vertimass Technology can lower costs of sustainable fuels for aircraft and light and heavy duty vehicles while providing a new route to renewable chemicals. Rapid development and deployment of novel Vertimass technology for conversion

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Strategic Biofuels Licenses FT CANS™ Technology for Louisiana Green Fuels Project

(Johnson Matthey) Johnson Matthey and BP announced Feb. 20 that their codeveloped, award-winning Fischer Tropsch (FT) CANS™ technology has been selected by Strategic Biofuels for its Louisiana Green Fuels project. The technology has been licensed to Strategic Biofuels for its renewable diesel

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Technip Energies Selected by Arcadia eFuels for the World’s First Commercial Facility to Produce eFuels from Renewable Electricity and Captured CO2

(Technip Energies) Technip Energies (PARIS: TE) has been awarded a Front-End Engineering and Design (FEED) contract by Arcadia eFuels for the world’s first commercial eFuels facility for sustainable aviation fuels production in Vordingborg, Denmark. Pre-FEED and early works recently concluded, and

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#86. Creating Sustainable Transport Energy Options for Everyone

by Tammy Klein (Transportation Energy Strategies)  Dr. Amer Amer, Chief Technologist at Aramco, is leading the charge on R&D to improve the sustainability of transport fuels. Hear more about Aramco’s work in this area, what he thinks is the most

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The Digest’s Sustainable Aviation Fuel around the World 2022

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Many countries are now active with Sustainable Aviation Fuel — but how much where, and when, and what? The bulk of activity continues to come from the US — however, the EU has been gaining momentum, and

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Waste-Based Biofuels Could Be the Key to Unlocking the Energy Transition

(Wood Mackenzie) New Biofuel Source Could Provide Up to 20% of Liquid Fuel Needs by 2050 --  Waste-based biofuels could be a key driver of the energy transition transforming today’s limited supply of low carbon transportation fuels and creating a

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VTT and Neste Agreed on Building an Integrated Power-to-Liquids Demonstration for CO2 Capture, Green Hydrogen and E-Fuels Production

(VTT) Power-to-liquids technologies are on their way to commercialisation in scale and production of synthetic e-fuels is no longer science fiction. E-fuels offer a way to expand the carbon-neutral transport fuel pool beyond biomass-based renewable fuels to replace fossil fuels

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Titan LNG Rebrands to Reflect Company's Commitment to Range of Fuels

by Rhys Berry (Bunkerspot) In a move that is said to better reflect the company’s commitment to delivering a range of fuels, ‘such as liquefied biomethane (LBM), and any hydrogen-derived green fuel in the future’, Titan LNG has rebranded to Titan. Commenting

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Repsol, Aramco License Johnson Matthey, BP Technologies for eFuels Plant in Spain

(Johnson Matthey/Biobased Diesel Daily)  Johnson Matthey and BP announced May 25 that their codeveloped, groundbreaking Fischer Tropsch CANS™ technology and Johnson Matthey’s innovative reverse water gas shift technology, HyCOgen™, have been selected for use by Aramco and Repsol at a new

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EPA Seeks Input from Small Businesses on Potential Multi-Pollutant Emissions Standards for Light-Duty and Medium-Duty Vehicles for Model Years 2027 and Later DEADLINE: May 31, 2022

(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is inviting small businesses to participate as Small Entity Representatives (SERs) for a Small Business Advocacy Review (SBAR) Panel. This Panel will focus on the agency’s development of a rule that

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Gevo and Sweetwater Energy Sign MoU to Supply Lignocellulosic Feedstocks to Produce Cellulosic Alcohols and Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(Gevo)   Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ: GEVO) is pleased to announce it has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Sweetwater Energy, Inc., regarding the use of sustainably sourced agricultural residues and woody biomass as a feedstock for producing cellulosic alcohols and

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Electrofuels Advance: Vattenfall, SAS, Shell, LanzaTech, US Air Force, Emerging Fuels Technology and Twelve Advance on Power-to-Liquids via Waste CO2

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) It’s a simple idea, using renewable electricity to induce carbon dioxide and hydrogen to form a hydrocarbon. Hydrocarbons, you know, the stuff we burn as liquid fuel and from which we make plastics, fabrics, flavors, fragrances,

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Gevo and Axens Ink Alliance for Ethanol-to-Jet Technology and Sustainable Aviation Fuel Commercial Project Development

(Gevo) Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ: GEVO) and Axens North America, Inc. (Axens) have entered into an agreement that establishes a strategic alliance aimed at accelerating the commercialization of sustainable ethanol-to-jet (ETJ) projects in the United States. As part of the alliance, Axens

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Invention Seeks to Greatly Expand Use of Ethanol

by Tom J Bechman  (Farm Progress)  ... The new E-Fuel concept is already powering irrigation pumps in California and elsewhere. ... Thomas Quinn believes there is a much bigger future use for ethanol in the U.S. and around the world.

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Turning Carbon into Solar Fuel – Closing the Loop on CO2 Emissions

by Scarlett Evans (Bio Market Insights)  ...  Finding technologies to curb our carbon is essential, and attention is turning to projects that make carbon cutting a priority. One such project is that of Swinburne University of Technology’s Associate professor Tianyi Ma, who

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Gevo Announces Plans for Hydrocarbon-Process Pilot Unit at Luverne Facility

(Gevo) Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ: GEVO), announced that it plans to install an alcohol-to-hydrocarbon process pilot unit at its facility located in Luverne, Minnesota (the “Luverne Facility”). The pilot unit is being designed to produce market development quantities of sustainable aviation fuel

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The University Team Making Ships Carbon Neutral

(Bio Market Insights)  A team of researchers from Northwestern University, Illinois have developed a novel means of decarbonising the shipping industry, using CO2-capturing solid oxide fuel cells to make vessels carbon neutral – or even carbon negative. These fuel cells

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Net-Zero Renewables: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Gevo

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Can you imagine 100% reduction in GHG emissions? Where 100% of agricultural feedstock nutritional value is returned to the food chain? Check out this illuminating slide guide highlighting Gevo’s Cradle to Cradle Lifecycle actions and

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5 Key Tech Takeaways: Highlights from Tech Presented at ABLC 2020

by Iacovos Vasalos (Center for Research and Technology-Hellas/Biofuels Digest) This report summarizes highlights from the ABLC 2020 Biofuels Digest Virtual Conference, which took place in July 7-10, 2020. (And if you haven’t already registered for this year’s ABLC Digital on May 3-7,

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Air Quality Impacts of Palm Biodiesel in Indonesia

by Jane O’Malley, Stephanie Searle, and Tenny Kristiana (International Council on Clean Transportation) As Indonesia moves toward more advanced vehicle emission standards, lower sulfur limits in fuel, and palm biodiesel expansion, it is important to understand the impact that increasing palm biodiesel

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Name of the Game: The Petroleum Marketers Association of America, ... Changed Its Name to the Energy Marketers of America

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico's Morning Energy)  The Petroleum Marketers Association of America, a trade association known for representing petroleum marketers, recently voted to change its name to the Energy Marketers of America. The name change, which was announced this morning, is

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Algae for Fuel Production on Mars

by Brian Wang (Next Big Future) Algae could be used for fuel production on Mars and it would also produce oxygen on Mars. It would also produce fertilizer for growing crops on Mars. Georgia Tech aims to reduce the Entry Descent Landing

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Better Catalysts for a Sustainable Bioeconomy

by Brigitte Osterath (The Federal Council Swiss Government/Paul Scherrer Institute)  Researchers at the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI and from ETH Zurich want to make so-called zeolites more efficient. Today, these compounds are already indispensable additives in the chemical industry and have been

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Global Renewable Hydrocarbon Biofuel Market 2020 by Future Developments, Upcoming Trends, Growth Drivers and Challenges 2020 to 2025

(Futures TradingCharts.com) Prepared in collaboration with the leading industry experts, the report titled Global Renewable Hydrocarbon Biofuel Market 2020 by Manufacturers, Regions, Type and Application, Forecast to 2025 delivers analytical analysis on industry size, regional growth, and revenue forecasts for the anticipated years.

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Competitive Edge: Scipio Biofuels

(Biofuels Digest) Scipio Biofuels was founded to use the company’s innovative algaculture technology to do its part to alleviate the effects of Carbon Dioxide emissions upon the environment by consuming and converting those emissions in large quantities into biofuels, bulk algae,

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Gevo’s Historic $900 Million Offtake Deal with Trafigura Group

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Colorado, Gevo entered into a long term, take or pay Renewable Hydrocarbons Purchase and Sale Agreement with Trafigura Group, the largest contract in Gevo’s history. Trafigura is one of the world’s leading independent commodity trading

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Gene Edited Algae and Microbes to Make Fuel on Mars

by Brian Wang (Next BIG Future) NASA NIAC fund work to use bioorganisms to perform atmospheric in-situ resource utilization (ISRU). Utilizing 100% ISRU for propellant production, they aim to reduce the Entry Descent Landing (EDL) mass of a crewed mission to Mars

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Biomass Sugars to Hydrocarbon Biofuels: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Enzymatic Hydrolysis Development Efforts

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Reducing cost and improving manufacturability of the biomass sugar platform through Continuous Enzymatic Hydrolysis (CEH) technology is one of the goals for NREL. James D. McMillan from NREL shared the latest research developments at the

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Simplify Your Fuel Decision with Biodiesel

by Steve Klein (ACT News/Renewable Energy Group) With so many fuel options available these days, it can be hard to know which is right for your fleet. As a fleet owner or manager, you’re undoubtedly keeping emissions, performance, and ease of

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Magnificent Microbes: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Targeted Microbial Development

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The industry is always on the look for microbial pathways that are capable of producing high carbon efficiency intermediates that are amenable to economic bioconversion, separation, and catalytic upgrading to hydrocarbon fuels and chemicals. At

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Increase Value, Reduce Costs: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Advanced Algal Systems

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)Advanced Algal Systems. Maybe you’ve heard of it but did you know that technologies are being developed as part of a DOE program to enable production of sustainable algal feedstocks that perform reliably in conversion processes

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Cape Cod Biofuels Founder Receives Environmental Merit Award

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine) Andrew Davison, founder and owner of Cape Cod Biofuels, was presented an environmental merit award by the U.S. EPA Sept. 10 for his unique biodiesel business model that, as described by the agency, improves the air

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Gevo Reaches Joint Development Agreement to Explore Converting Plant Sugars into Fuel

by Andrew Kessel (Proactive Investors)  The plan is to investigate the potential of sugars and glycerol derived from cellulose to be converted into hydrocarbon molecules for use in fuels or chemicals --Gevo Inc (NASDAQ:GEVO), a renewable fuels company, announced Tuesday

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DE-FOA-0002029: FY19 Bioenergy Technologies Office Multi-Topic Funding Opportunity Announcement DEADLINE: June 3, 2019

(U.S. Department of Energy) This Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) will provide funding to address the highest priority R&D areas within biofuel technologies, bioproducts, and biopower. It includes Areas of Interest (AOIs) from all five BETO programs: Feedstock Supply and Logistics; Advanced

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Of Flying Peaches and Barrels of Monkeys: The Quest for Sustainable Flight by World-Scaling a Neurotransmitter

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ...  And that’s the story of the bioeconomy in some ways  — the search for ways to use the things we have too much of, so that we can stop using the things that lead to imbalances

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Compatibility of Mid-Level Biodiesel Blends in Vehicles in Indonesia

by Stephanie Searle and Kristine Bitnere (International Council on Clean Transportation)  Indonesia promotes biodiesel consumption through a blending mandate and a subsidy program. The current required biodiesel blend level in transport fuels is 20%, set to increase to 30% in 2020.

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Alchemy for Modern Times: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to CRI/GTI’s IH2 Process

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The IH2 process was developed by Gas Technology Institute (GTI) of Des Plaines, Illinois—a research, development, and training organization serving energy markets.  GTI experts invented, tested, and patented IH2 technology and are providing ongoing commercialization support. Twelve US

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Shell — Yes, That Shell — Just Outlined a Radical Scenario for What It Would Take to Halt Climate Change

by Chris Mooney and Steven Mufson (The Washington Post)  Royal Dutch Shell on Monday outlined a scenario in which, by 2070, we would be using far less of the company’s own product — oil — as cars become electric, a massive carbon

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Industrially-Relevant Strains: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Biological Upgrading of Sugars

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The US Department of Energy has a goal of developing industrially-relevant strains to meet titer, rate, and yield targets for fuel precursors for the 2022 BC Platform cost target goals of $3/GGE. A project led by

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Ethanol to Drop-In Fuels: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Oak Ridge’s Catalytic Ethanol Upgrade Technology

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The program objective seen in these slides is to take a technology from Technical Readiness Level 2 to TRL 3/4 — a technology that directly upgrades ethanol to a drop-in hydrocarbon fuel at a high

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Researchers Learn How a Bacterium Reduces CO2 in Biofuel Production

by Kathleen Tuck (Boise State University)  A paper co-authored by Lisa Warner, an assistant research professor in the Biomolecular Research Center, looks at how Clostridium thermocellum breaks down and converts cellulosic biomass to produce biofuels, including hydrogen and hydrocarbons, while

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CABC Sees Future in Marine Microalgae

(Algae Industry Magazine)  A group of educators and researchers from Cornell University, the Cornell Algal Biofuel Consortium (CABC), has published a comparative commentary in the December, 2016 issue of Oceanography, the quarterly journal of The Oceanography Society. The commentary sums up a

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U.S. Commerce Department Invests More Than $4 Million In Maine, Deploys Interagency Team To Help Strengthen State's Forest Economy

(U.S. Economic Development Administration)  U.S. Deputy Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Economic Development Matt Erskine today announced the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Economic Development Administration (EDA) will invest more than $4 million to help diversify and grow the Maine economy, which includes

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Burning “Liquid Sunlight” Instead of Fossil Fuels Is Getting Closer to Reality

by David Roberts (Vox)  ... However, some uses of energy are not easy to electrify in the short term, maybe even in the long term. They rely on energy-dense liquid fuels. So if we're ever going to get to net zero emissions,

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BETO Announces Notice of Intent (NOI) to Develop Pathways to Biofuels and Bioproducts

(U.S. Department of Energy)  The Energy Department announces its intent to issue, on behalf of the Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO), a funding opportunity announcement (FOA) entitled “MEGA-BIO: Bioproducts to Enable Biofuels.” This FOA supports BETO’s goal of meeting its 2022

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Discovery Advances Biowaste-to-Jet Fuel Research

by Maegan Murray (WSU Tri-Cities/Washington State University)  Researchers at Washington State University Tri-Cities have figured out a way to successfully convert a common wood byproduct into hydrocarbon molecules that could be used as jet fuel. Bin Yang, an associate professor of

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The Pyromaniax, Class of 2015: The Top 10 Pyrolysis Projects in Renewable Fuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  It’s been around for a generation or so — fast pyrolysis, that is. Though in the original low-tech incarnation — known as “cooking fire” — pyrolysis has been around since the dawn of man.  But

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Earth Day: 3 Big Reads for a Sustainable BioFuture

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ... Three reports have arrived this week that help – especially in the corner of sustainability relating to biobased energy, fuels and products. One led out of Brazil, tapping the efforts of 137 researchers at 82

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Large Scale Microbial Production of Advanced Biofuels: How Big Can We Go?

by Gregory T. Benz (Benz Technology International, Inc./Biofuels Digest)  Conventional biofuels, whether from starch, sugar or lignocellulosic materials, tend to be low energy density products such as ethanol or butanol. These are made using catabolic (anaerobic), thermodynamically “downhill” processes. Such

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Energy Department Announces Investment to Accelerate Next Generation Biofuels

(US Department of Energy)  Following last week's rollout of President Obama's plan to cut carbon pollution, the Energy Department today announced four research and development projects to bring next generation biofuels on line faster and drive down the cost of

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Renewable Fuels: Where We Should Be

by Fred Cannon (The Hill's Congress Blog/KiOR)  More than one-third of the world’s total energy usage relies on liquid fuels – primarily from fossil fuels. In the first quarter of 2013 consumption outpaced production, and the consumption trajectory is only

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Los Alamos National Lab Improves Biomass-to-Fuel Process

(Los Alamos National Laboratory/Biodiesel Magazine)  ...Los Alamos scientists and collaborators from The University of Guelph in Canada published an article in the scientific journal Nature Chemistry this week that could offer a big step on the path to renewable energy. The April journal

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Biowaste: Driving Fuels

by Mona-Maria Brinker & Roger Coombs (Waste Management World)  Rising prices, continued conflict in producing regions and the spectre of peak oil have highlighted uncertainties about the future of fossil transport fuels in Europe. Mona-Maria Brinker and Roger Coombs examine how

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Primus Green Energy Expands Drop-In Fuel Development Plant in N.J., Increases Total Production Capacity

(BusinessWire/Primus Green Energy)  Primus Green Energy (“Primus”), the leader in renewable, drop-in fuel, has expanded its U.S.-based development facility in New Jersey, enabling the company to build its complete, integrated thermal-chemical process. Primus’ game-changing process for converting biomass into gasoline

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Building on the Success of Corn Ethanol to Corn Hydrocarbons

by Holly Jessen (DomesticFuel.com)  Although the U.S. corn ethanol industry is frequently misunderstood and misrepresented, it’s the only domestic renewable fuel industry to reach significant scale and make a measurable impact on the U.S. fuel supply, said Luca Zullo, principal

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A Research Roadmap for Making Lignocellulosic Biofuels A Practical Reality: Breaking the Chemical and Engineering Barriers to Lignocellulosic Biofuels: Next Generation Hydrocarbon Biorefineries

Based on the June 25-26, 2007 Workshop in Washington, DC, with Dr. George Hubner, University of Massachusetts--Amherst, Workshop Chair View the PDF

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Butane butanediol butanol emissions butanol/biobutanol butyl acetate butylene butyric acid by c C1 C2 C21 C3 sugar C5 sugar C6 sugar Cabo Verde cactus cactus pear cagaita calibration California California Air Resources Board (CARB) Cambodia Camelina camels Cameroon Canad Canada Canary Islands canary reed grass canarygrass candle nut cannabis canola straw Canola/Rapeseed cap-and-invest cap-and-trade capybara capybras carbohydrates carbon carbon capture and storage (CCS) carbon capture and utilization (CCU) carbon cost carbon credit carbon credit markets carbon cycle carbon debt Carbon Dioxide (CO2) carbon efficiency carbon emissions carbon fiber carbon insets Carbon Intensity (CI)/Carbon Footprint carbon life cycle carbon markets Carbon Monoxide (CO) carbon negative carbon neutrality carbon offsets carbon pipeline carbon price carbon recycling carbon removal carbon sink carbon standard carbon tax Carbon tax border adjustments carbon tax-and-dividend carbon terminal carbon user fee 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college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning commo Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement/engagement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG/R-CNG/bioCNG) compression ratios compression-ignition engine computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology Cook Islands cook stoves cooking fuel cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 COP26 COP27 COP28 COP30 copper coppice cordgrass corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup corn-based products corn/maize Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality county cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crassulacean acid metabolism plants (CAM) crimes criteria pollutants Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cup plant cuphea currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cusi cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs d-5 D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D20 (20%DME) D5 (5%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date 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pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct air capture direct injection direct ocean capture Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) direct-to-fuel directed evolution dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought tolerant drought-resistant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 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equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm 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combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane 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