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Tag "grains"

Insight – How Biofuels and Rising Incomes Impact Grain and Oilseed Demand

(Austrade/Mirage) Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and poor seasonal conditions in North America in 2022 have created spikes in world prices for grain and oilseed (See Figure 1). However, 2 long-term factors

September 30, 2022 Read Full Article

One for the Road: Turning Whiskey Waste into Renewable Biofuel

by Rasaq Abolore (TU Dublin/RTE)  Analysis: leftover grain accounts for 85% of total waste generated by distilleries. What if it could be used to fuel cars and planes? — …

September 14, 2022 Read Full Article

Kribhco to Set up Three Ethanol Plants

(Projects Today) Krishak Bharati Cooperative (Kribhco) is in the process of setting up three greenfield grain-based ethanol manufacturing plants in the states of Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. The plants will be

September 7, 2022 Read Full Article

State Signs Protocol of Intent with CB Bioenergia for the Installation of an Ethanol Plant in Santiago

(Government of Rio Grande do Sul (Google Translation)) The State government signed, this Tuesday (23/8), a protocol of intentions with CB Bioenergia for the installation of an ethanol industry in the

August 26, 2022 Read Full Article

Nexgen Energia Plans to Foray into Ethanol Segment, to Invest Rs 300 Crore

(Reuters/Financial Express) On the occasion of World Biofuel day, Nexgen Energia, India’s fastest-growing clean fuel energy company announces its expansion plan to enter the Ethanol segment and set up plants across

August 18, 2022 Read Full Article

India’s Sugar Industry Set for Windfall Amid Ethanol Push

by Ravi Gupta (Times of India)  India’s determination to increase use of biofuels drove a massive increase in ethanol production in the last 5 years and continuing. The demand for ethanol

August 17, 2022 Read Full Article

Biofuels to Power the Aviation Sector towards Cleaner Skies!

by Shishir Joshipura (Times of India) … Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) derived from bio-based resources is a low carbon aviation fuel that has been successfully tested on the pilot scale. Bio-based

August 17, 2022 Read Full Article

POET Acquires Savannah Transload Facility, Expands Global Network

(POET) POET, the world’s largest producer of biofuels and a leading producer of bioproducts, announced that it has signed a purchase agreement with Savannah Marine Terminal (SMT) to acquire its

August 5, 2022 Read Full Article

Two Cheers for the EU’s New Fit for 55 Transport Fuels Policy — Um, Why Not 3 Cheers?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) …  The EU policy includes a blending obligation for fuel suppliers. Starting in 2025, the aviation fuel made available to EU airports should contain 2% SAF,

July 19, 2022 Read Full Article

Biosolutions for the Bioeconomy: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Novozymes

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Things are looking good for Novozymes this year with 10% organic sales growth, two new product launches in the first quarter including HiPhorious – a

May 10, 2022 Read Full Article

German Government Mulls Limiting Biofuel Production

by Julia Dahm (EURACTIV.de translated by Daniel Eck) Germany’s environment and agriculture ministries are reportedly working on restrictions for biofuel production so more grain can be used as human food as

May 2, 2022 Read Full Article

Gamechanger: India’s First Greenfield Grain-Based Ethanol Plant Launched in Bihar

(India.com)  India’s First Greenfield Grain-Based Ethanol plant has been built by Eastern India Biofuels Private Limited on around 15 acres of land at a cost of Rs 105 crore. — The nation

May 2, 2022 Read Full Article

Letter: Ethanol May Not Adversely Harm World’s Grain Supply

by Goeff Cooper (Renewable Fuels Association/St. Louis Post-Dispatch) Irepresent the Renewable Fuels Association. Regarding “Is expansion of ethanol in fuel wise or even ethical?” (April 20): Expanding the use of

May 2, 2022 Read Full Article

6 Key Takeaways from CII Webinar on ‘Ethanol Roadmap for 2025’

by Shivam Dwivedi (Krishi Jagran)  CII (Confederation of Indian Industry) held a webinar titled “Ethanol Roadmap for 2025” on April 22, 2022, and GPS Renewables sponsored the webinar. The ‘Ethanol Roadmap

April 26, 2022 Read Full Article

Govt Opens 6-Month Window for Sugar Mills to Submit Ethanol Proposals

(PTI/The Economic Times) The government is implementing a scheme since 2018 to offer soft loans to sugar mills and distilleries with an aim to increase ethanol output and its supply under

April 26, 2022 Read Full Article

SCB Group Voted Best Commodity, Energy Broker for 3rd Consecutive Year

(SCB Group/Biobased Diesel Daily)SCB Group, a world-leading, low carbon commodity company, announced April 19 that for the third consecutive year it was voted the Best Overall Commodity Broker and Best

April 26, 2022 Read Full Article

Triveni Engineering and Industries Ltd. Announced the Commencement of a New 160 KPLD Multi-Feed Distillery in Uttar Pradesh

(Triveni Engineering) The new distillery will increase TEIL’s production capacity from the current 320 KLPD to 480 KLPD;  The expansion plan is in line with the Government’s vision of achieving

April 7, 2022 Read Full Article

Biofuels as an Indispensable Component of Security of Supply

by Dieter Bockey (UFOP/Biofuels Digest) … The production of sustainable biofuels from oilseeds and cereals, with their production of essential co-products for food and animal feed, is an integral element

April 6, 2022 Read Full Article

Centre Promoting Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP) Programme With Focus On Domestic Agriculture Sector, Environment Benefits, Reducing Import Dependency And Savings In Foreign Exchange

(India Education Diary) The Minister of State for Petroleum and Natural Gas Shri Rameswar Teli in a written reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha today informed that the

April 5, 2022 Read Full Article

Cheap Ethanol Drives French Demand for Gasoline Engine Conversion Kits

(Reuters) Sales of kits that let gasoline engines run on ethanol are surging in France, as drivers switch to using the sharply cheaper crop-based fuel at a time of soaring oil

March 31, 2022 Read Full Article

IEEFA: Solar Recharging of Electric Vehicles Is a Far More Efficient Use of Land than Ethanol Crops for Blended Fuel in India

(Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis) War in Ukraine threatens global grain supply as well as oil, making India’s wise use of arable land an imperative  — India’s 2025 target for

March 24, 2022 Read Full Article

The Implications of India’s Revised Roadmap for Biofuels: A Lifecycle Perspective

by Promit Mookherjee (Observer Research Foundation)  Transport activity in India has increased more than sevenfold over the last two decades, its gasoline-fuelled pathway leading to a rapid rise in negative

March 8, 2022 Read Full Article

Report Shows Impact of COVID-19 on Canadian Ethanol Industry

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) A report recently filed with the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service’s Global Agricultural Information Network illustrates the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Canada’s ethanol industry

January 19, 2022 Read Full Article

UFOP Misses Recognition of Bioenergy as an Essential Contribution to Climate Protection

(Union for the Promotion of Oil and Protein Plants (UFOP)) … The UFOP therefore appeals to Federal Minister Habeck – also because of his government experience as the former Minister

January 17, 2022 Read Full Article

Airlines Have a Recipe to Reach Zero Emissions by 2050. The Key Ingredient: Cooking Oil

by Hugo Martin (Los Angeles Times/Aviation Pros) … In a first, one of the two engines on the 737 Max 8 was powered exclusively by fuel made from used cooking oil

January 5, 2022 Read Full Article

Top 10 Predictions for the Advanced Bioeconomy in 2022

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) A mere “The Year in Rewind” as we sail into 2022? Not the good ship Digest! Instead, we dust off our crystal ball and offer our

January 3, 2022 Read Full Article

India Cuts GST on Ethanol to 5% to Promote Fuel Blending

by Janani Janarthanan (Bloomberg Quint)  India has lowered the goods and service tax on ethanol meant for blending with gasoline as it looks to curb dependence on imported fuels. The GST

December 16, 2021 Read Full Article

State of Advanced Biofuels & Biorefining

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  Check out remarks from Jim Lane, Editor & Publisher of The Digest on rationale, forecast, the top news and storylines, feedstocks, genetics, crops, supply

November 30, 2021 Read Full Article

Soaring Petrol Prices Make French Drivers Rush to Ethanol

by Sybille de La Hamaide (Reuters) Ethanol sales will hit record highs in France this year and next, supported by strong demand for high-ethanol fuel E85 as car owners seek cheaper

October 22, 2021 Read Full Article

India’s Fuel Ethanol Consumption to Rise to Meet E20 Target: Fitch

(ANI/Hindustan Times Auto) The government is targeting a motor fuel blending rate of E10 by 2022. It has also brought forward its ethanol E20 target to 2023 from earlier target

September 23, 2021 Read Full Article

With the Climate Crisis On, E10 Might Be India’s Ethanol-Blending Sweet Spot

by Ramya Natarajan  ( Science The Wire)  •India has to reduce fossil-fuel use and use carbon mitigation strategies asap, as the first part of the IPCC Sixth Assessment Report recommends. 

August 17, 2021 Read Full Article

Biofuels, RNG, SAF, Renewable Chem: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Praj

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  You may know Praj as a biofuels company but this slide guide from ABLC Digital highlights their growth and expansion into more. Check out Praj’s

August 16, 2021 Read Full Article

Increase in Demand from the Biofuel Sector Expected to Drive Global Seed Market: Ken Research

(Express Wire/Futures Trading Charts/Seed Market Research Reports) Seed is characterized as a small embryonic plant that plays an essential role in the reproductive process of plants. It performs many functions for

August 13, 2021 Read Full Article

India’s Odisha State Approves Three Ethanol Projects

by Priya Jestin (Independent Commodity Intelligence Services) India’s eastern state of Odisha has approved three ethanol projects which are expected to augment the availability of ethanol for blending with auto fuel,

August 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Central Tuber Crop Research Institute Bets on Cassava as Feedstock for Bioethanol Production

by V Sajeev Kumar (The Hindu Business Line) As a biofuel crop, cassava has comparative advantages vis-a-vis sugarcane  —  As the search for alternate feedstock sources for ethanol production gathers

July 16, 2021 Read Full Article

India Ethanol Push Cheers Brazilian Sugar Producers

(Argus Media) Brazil’s sugar industry stands to benefit from India’s decision to expand its ethanol market, converting more of the subcontinent’s otherwise exportable sugar into biofuel and shifting more global demand

June 28, 2021 Read Full Article

HPCL to Set up Ethanol Plant in Himachal’s Una

(ANI/Yahoo!)   The Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL) has decided to set up a grain based ethanol plant here in the Una district with a capacity of 125 KL per day, informed

June 22, 2021 Read Full Article

India Set to Make Flex-Fuel Engines Mandatory, Decision to Be Taken in 8-10 Days’ Time

(Press Trust of India/First Post)  The government will take a decision over flex-fuel engines in the next 8-10 days as it is considering making these engines mandatory for the automobile industry,

June 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Editorial: Tread Cautiously on Ethanol Drive: Focus Should Be on Raising Non-Cane Contribution to Ethanol Blended Petrol Programme to Protect Crop Diversity

(Telengana Today)  In the midst of soaring fuel prices and growing concerns over the environment, India has given a big push for the ethanol blended petrol programme (EBP), designed to reduce

June 10, 2021 Read Full Article

Red Tractor Paperwork Crucial to Access Biofuels Market

(Farmers Weekly) Arable farmers will have to produce new “mass balance” figures – essentially stock and movement records – from 1 July, in order to achieve Red Tractor status to supply

May 27, 2021 Read Full Article

Data Collection Project to Help Farmers Address Greenhouse Gas Emissions

by Leslie Reed (University of Nebraska–Lincoln/Daugherty Water for Food Global Institute/Nebraska Today) University of Nebraska–Lincoln researchers affiliated with the Daugherty Water for Food Global Institute have received a $3 million

April 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Separating Beer Waste into Proteins for Foods, and Fiber for Biofuels

(American Chemical Society/Phys.Org) … Once all the flavor has been extracted from barley and other grains, what’s left is a protein- and fiber-rich powder that is typically used in cattle

April 7, 2021 Read Full Article

Byogy Commissions Sustainable Low Carbon Jet Fuel Plant in Japan Advancing ‘Alcohol to Jet’ to Zero Carbon

(Biogy/PR Newswire) Byogy Renewables Inc., the original architect of the “Alcohol to Jet” (ATJ) process for the production of Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF), has built, and is now commissioning, one of

March 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Britain to Introduce Greener Gasoline at Petrol Stations by September

by Ahmad Ghaddar and Nigel Hun (Reuters) Britain is set to introduce E10 gasoline, a motor fuel blended with 10% renewable fuels, by September this year, a move that could cut

February 25, 2021 Read Full Article

Chhattisgarh Seeks Centre’s Nod to Make Bio-Ethanol from Surplus Paddy

by Ritesh Mishra (Hindustan Times) Bhupesh Baghel informed Pradhan that an estimated 6 lakh tonnes of surplus paddy will be made available by the state government to ethanol plants for

November 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Listen: COVID-19: Fueling the Grains Market

by Robert Beaman, Alexandre Bobylov and Karim Elafany (S&P Global Platts) The coronavirus pandemic has had opposing effects on the grains and ethanol markets, despite the strong interlinkages between them. While

November 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Germans Want to Fill up with More Biofuels

(UFOP (Google translation)) According to a current representative survey, two thirds of all Germans have a positive view of biofuels. Almost half consider biofuels to be of growing importance for climate

November 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Council Outlines Trade Barriers In Comments Submitted To USTR

(U.S. Grains Council)  The U.S. Grains Council (USGC) recently submitted comments to the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) highlighting significant trade barriers facing exports of U.S. coarse grains, ethanol

November 16, 2020 Read Full Article

Ethanol Is Key

by K. Johnson (Storm Lake Times) …  I hear a lot of political lip service these days about reducing our dependence on ­fossil fuels and cleaning up the air. Alcohol from

October 26, 2020 Read Full Article

Gradable™ to Present Grain Carbon Scoring Program to California Air Resources Board

(Yahoo! News/Business Wire) First-of-its-kind model provides unique win-win for farmers, grain buyers, consumers, and environment  —  Gradable™, the leading technology and services provider for scoring, sourcing, and pricing Low-Carbon Grain from

October 15, 2020 Read Full Article

New Northumberland Plant Turning Farming Waste into Energy Approved

by Ben O’Connell (Northumberland Gazette)  The proposal for the energy-producing anaerobic digester at North East Grains, to the south-east of Longhirst and north-east of Pegswood, had been recommended for approval

August 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Farmers, Researchers Agree: COVID-19, Climate Change Revealed Holes in Agriculture System

by Sarah Spicer (Wichita Eagle) To preserve the environment, mitigate climate change and stabilize the U.S. food system, Midwest farmers should diversify their crops and move away from raising corn and

July 29, 2020 Read Full Article

UFOP Questions Straw’s Feedstock Potential for “Advanced” Biofuels

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)   In Germany, UFOP reports that straw is a scarce commodity and not waste, making it a sought-after resource, but that the use of grain straw

March 9, 2020 Read Full Article

Sustainable Biofuels from Cultivated Biomass Need to Be a Part of the European “Green Deal”

Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen (UFOP))  European agriculture urgently needs reliable sales alternatives to stabilise its agricultural revenue. This is one of the central concerns of farmers in the

February 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Report: India to Use, Produce a Record Volume of Ethanol in 2019

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) A report recently filed with the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service’s Global Agricultural Information Network shows the average ethanol blend rate in India is expected to

August 15, 2019 Read Full Article

Praj Joins Hands with Brazil-Based Dedini lndustrias for Ethanol Production Technologies

(WebIndia123)  Bio-based technologies and engineering firm Praj Industries said on Monday it has entered into a cooperation agreement with Dedini lndustrias de Base to provide ethanol production technologies in the Brazilian

August 13, 2019 Read Full Article

New Energy Blue Buys Inbicon’s Low-Carbon Fuel Technology

(Oil and Gas 360/New Energy Blue)  NewEnergyBlue acquired exclusive rights to Inbicon bio-conversion technology throughout the Americas and will first employ it to turn North Dakota wheat straw into a high-value, carbon-neutral automotive

August 13, 2019 Read Full Article

RFA Releases Three Videos Aimed at Educating Consumers

(Renewable Fuels Association)  The Renewable Fuels Association is pleased to announce the release of three new educational videos that will help the public learn more about the advantages of using more

February 26, 2019 Read Full Article

UFOP Report on Global Market Supply 2018/2019: Combining Economically Viable Agriculture with Appropriate Agricultural Market and Climate Protection Policies

(Union for the Promotion of Oil and Protein Crops (UFOP))  The Union for the Promotion of Oil and Protein Crops (UFOP) has formulated its policy expectations on the occasion of the

February 5, 2019 Read Full Article

Bioethanol: Use of Cereal Raw Materials Has Shifted

(Deutsches Maiskomitee eV (Google translation))  The proportionate use of cereal raw materials in the production of bioethanol has clearly shifted in Germany in recent years. As reported by the Deutsches Maiskomitee eV

September 28, 2018 Read Full Article

Govt Taking Steps to Ease Crude Import Cost, Focusing on Biofuels: Pradhan

(Press Trust of India/Business Standard)  The government is taking various measures, including focusing on biofuels, to ease the cost of crude oil import,

July 30, 2018 Read Full Article

Katter, “Ethanol Is Answer to National Security”

(Bob Katter)  KAP Federal Member for Kennedy, Hon Bob Katter MP says that when it comes to national security there is

March 20, 2018 Read Full Article

Global Ethanol Market: Advancement in Production Technologies and Demand for Cleaner and Cost-Effective Fuel in Automobile Sector to Bolster Uptake, notes TMR

(Transparency Market Research/Globe Newswire)  Global Ethanol Market could rise at a CAGR of 7.9% during the forecast timeframe 2017–2022 to touch

February 11, 2018 Read Full Article

Make Ethanol from Surplus Food Grains: Draft Policy

(The Economic Times)  The government plans to allow foodgrains during surplus production years to be used for production of ethanol that

November 27, 2017 Read Full Article

Grains Piled on Runways, Parking Lots, Fields Amid Global Glut

by P.J. Huffstutter and Karl Plume (Reuters)  … World stockpiles of corn and wheat are at record highs. From Iowa to

April 11, 2017 Read Full Article

Heard on the Floor: Disruptive Technology, Feedstocks under the Microscope at ABLC 2017’s Opening Day

by Helena Tavares Kennedy  (Biofuels Digest)  … While there were big questions, there were big answers, beginning with a panel on

March 2, 2017 Read Full Article

Global Bioenergies Completes Construction of German Demo-Scale Plant

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Germany, Global Bioenergies has completed construction of its 100 tons/year demonstration-scale plant, a project which

November 17, 2016 Read Full Article

Sweden Takes the Lead in Biofuel-Use in Europe

by Tomas Ekbom (Task 39 May 2016 Newsletter)  The production and use of biofuels in Sweden have increased substantially since the

May 20, 2016 Read Full Article

Analysis: ‘TTIP Would Benefit US Biofuels’

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer) If the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership, or TTIP, currently being negotiated by the United

February 23, 2016 Read Full Article

Global Bioenergies: First Production of Liquid Hydrocarbons from Biological Feedstock Using the Isobutene Process

(Global Newswire/Global Bioenergies)  First batch of  “renewable oil”; Ground and air transportation fuels; Perspective of new industrial sectors; Prevention of climate change Global

May 13, 2015 0 comment Read Full Article

China Said to Suspend Import Permits for Corn Product

(Bloomberg News) China’s quarantine agency suspended issuing permits to import a U.S.-produced animal-feed ingredient made from corn, said three trading executives

June 17, 2014 Read Full Article

All Distillers Grains, All The Time

by Holly Jessen (Ethanol Producer Magazine) When I was a newbie reporter, I had no idea how many of my sources

May 8, 2014 Read Full Article

One Report Says Global Grain at Record High

by Rich Keller (Ag Professional)  As most of the reports circulating in the United States are about anticipated grain shortages

September 27, 2012 Read Full Article

Centre May Permit Ethanol Production

by Faizan Ahmad (Times of India)  The Centre is contemplating giving permission to Bihar to for production of ethanol in

August 10, 2010 Read Full Article

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products corn/maize corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crimes Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cuphea cup plant currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D5 (5%DME) D20 (20%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date palm date palm pits date palm waste Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization Delaware DeltaWing demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/HVO/Paraffinic Diesel diesel with renewables diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct-to-fuel direct air capture directed evolution direct injection Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E2 E3 E4 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E40 E50 E55 E75 E78 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED95 educatio education educational business private educational tour Education Series 3030 EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electricity price electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) end user Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylbenzene ethylene ethyl levulinate (EL) ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order externalities extremophiles f F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose flameleaf sumac flavors flax Fleets fleet turnover fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP h Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawai'i hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrids Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrocarbon fuels hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen hydrogen aircraft hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogenolysis hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps hydrogen terminal hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indiana Indian beech tree Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land prices land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M3 M15 M50 M100 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandate mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts mass balance standard Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methan methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks methanization methanol Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methanol fuel cells methanol price Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo monitoring reporting verifiction (MRV) Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland Newfoundland and Labrador new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota Northeast northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Northwest Territories Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds nuclear Nunavut nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) offtake agreements Ohio oil oil/gas terminals oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay Paris Agreement parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peak oil demand peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin peela kaner pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photoelectrocatalysis photoelectrochemical photolysis photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Flex Fuel Hybrid Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass podcasts Poland poli Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyethylene polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter/waste power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests proton exchange membrane (PEM) public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps/fueling station pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest rain tree RAND rare earth metal RD10 RD20 RD30 RD55 RD80 RD80B20 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming Regulated Emissions regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/HVO/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price Renewable Diesel Production renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED/RED II/RED III) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) RenovaBio replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion resurrection grass retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw/paddy straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Rural Renewable Energy Pilot Program Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification SAF30 SAF40 Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower SAF pipeline sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog smokestack soap Social social benefit investing social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soi soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solaris solar thermochemical hydrogen (STCH) solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) Solomon Islands Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam methane reformation steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve STrategiv Petroleum Reserve straw students su sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugarcane sugarcane prices sugarcane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower sunflower stalks supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas/gas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic kerosene synthetic liquified gas (SLG) synthetic methane/e-methane synthetic natural gas Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree tamanu/nyamplung Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course Technical Readiness Levels techno-economic analysis technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion thermochemical liquefaction Tibet Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy travel policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale truck trucks tubers tugboats tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey UCOME (Used Cooking Oil Methyl Ester) Uganda UK (United Kingdom) UK Emission Trade Scheme (UK ETS) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) Ultra Low Sulfur Fuel Oil (ULSFO) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used motor oil used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils vehicles miles traveled (VMT) Velocys Venezuela Vermont Victoria video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volatile fatty acids (VFA) volunteers w waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil wastewater water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment wax weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass wheat prices wheat straw whey whisky white grease White House wildlife habitat willow wind energy wine wastage/grape marc winter crops Wisconsin women Wood woody biomass World Bank World Trade Organization (WTO) Wyoming XTL xylan xylene xylose yard waste yeast yellow grease yellowhorn tree Yemen yields Yukon Zambia Zanzibar zein zeolites Zimbabwe zinc zoning

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