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To Fulfill Biofuels’ Promise, Scientists Boost Plant Oils with Gene Editing

by Cici Zhang (Chemical and Engineering News)  Increasing the fatty acids in crops’ seeds, leaves, and stems could make biofuels more economically viable  —  … Plant scientist Heike Sederoff of North

December 5, 2018 Read Full Article

Biomass, Biomass and More Biomass: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to the DOE’s Billion Ton Report, Vol. 1

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The US Department of Energy’s Billion-Ton Report: Advancing Domestic Resources for a Thriving Bioeconomy says that 1.2 billion tons of biomass would be available at $40 or less per

August 6, 2018 Read Full Article

Help Or Hinder? Federal Agencies At Odds Over Biofuels

by Madelyn Beck (Harvest Public Media/KUNC)  … That’s because for the last few years, the EPA and the Department of Energy have been at odds, with taxpayer money creating a new

July 22, 2018 Read Full Article

Equipment Needs to Study Mixing of Fibrous Materials

by Gregory T. Benz (Lee Enterprise Consulting/Biofuels Digest)  There are many sources of organic fibers that can be used as feedstock for biofuels and renewable chemicals. The author has tested many

April 17, 2018 Read Full Article

DOE Grants $10.6 Million to Produce More Biodiesel, Biojet Fuel

(University of Illinois, Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology/Biomass Magazine)  The U.S. Department of Energy awarded the University of Illinois a $10.6 million, five-year grant to transform two of the

February 27, 2018 Read Full Article

Study Says CRP Mixes Don’t Live up to Biofuel Potential

by Julie Harker (Brownfield Ag News)  Mixed prairie grasses that are used in Conservation Reserve Program lands did not live up to their potential as biomass crops for cellulosic biofuel production,

February 21, 2018 Read Full Article

Biofuels Feedstock Study Supports Billion-Ton Estimate

(South Dakota State University/Biomass Magazine)  Can farmers produce at least 1 billion tons of biomass per year that can be used as biofuels feedstock? That’s the question that researchers are trying to

February 11, 2018 Read Full Article

Search for Sustainable Fuels Drives Researchers at UI’s New Bioenergy Center

byJulie Wurth  (News Gazette)  A Midwest crop of the future: grasses and other plants that produce their own oils to be used as fuel or byproducts. That’s the vision behind a

February 1, 2018 Read Full Article

New Study Shows Producers Where and How to Grow Cellulosic Biofuel Crops

(University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences/Science Daily)  A new report provides practical agronomic data for five cellulosic feedstocks, which could improve adoption and increase production across the

January 17, 2018 Read Full Article

Alkol Biotech Agrees to Supply 500,000 Tonnes of Biomass to Europe’s ‘Largest’ Biorefinery

(Biofuel International)  Alkol Biotech and Bio Refinery Development have signed a letter of intent (LOI) for the sourcing of up to 500 thousand tonnes of non-woody lignocellulosic biomass for what would

January 12, 2018 Read Full Article

“Energycane” Jet Fuel Could Be the First Big Step Towards Cleaner Skies

by Deepak Kumar; Stephen P. Long; Vijay Singh (The Conversation/Inverse Innovation)  Airlines look to biomass-derived jet fuels to reduce their carbon footprint. … Bio-jet fuel can be produced from various plant

January 2, 2018 Read Full Article

No Crop Left Behind: Inside the USDA’s Bioeconomy Feedstock Strategy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … You’d be forgiven if you mistook Ahb Subi Banr-Sbar for a well-placed official in the Iranian government — but, in fact, it’s a 9-project network to

November 13, 2017 0 comment Read Full Article

A New Research and Innovation Project Will Foster Europe-Brazil Cooperation on Advanced Lignocellulosic Biofuels

(BECOOL/AltEnergyMag) A new Horizon 2020 project will foster cooperation between Europe and Brazil in the development of advanced biofuels from sustainable agricultural value chains, based on lignocellulosic biomass. Coordinated by

June 5, 2017 Read Full Article

Energy Cane in GAF Talks: “Agriculture of the Future: New Ways of Technology”

Laís F. Thomaz*  (Advanced Biofuels USA)  The GAF Talk was held last month, in Sao Paulo, to present some agriculture trends and to promote a debate on the new technologies

April 21, 2017 0 comment Read Full Article

Insights about Feedstock from the Advance Bioeconomy Leadership Conference

by Joanne Ivancic* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  Biofuels Digest’s Advanced Bioeconomy Leadership Conference started with an afternoon ABLC Feedstock Summit at the US Department of Agriculture.  Three points jumped out.  The

March 10, 2017 0 comment Read Full Article

Who’s Got Hot Lignin? The Digest’s 2016 Guide to Lignin Production and Prospects

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Lignocellulosic sugars and lignin have become necessary intermediates for advancing research towards economically producing biofuels and bioproducts. Recently, the US Department of Energy issued a

November 15, 2016 Read Full Article

Who’s Got the Hot Sugars? The Digest’s 2016 Guide to Lignocellulosic Sugars and Their Producers

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Lignocellulosic sugars and lignin have become necessary intermediates for advancing research towards economically producing biofuels and bioproducts. Recently, the US Department of Energy issued a

November 14, 2016 Read Full Article

Get the Results of the Cellulosic Sugar and Lignin Production Capabilities Request for Information!

(U.S. Department of Energy)  The results of the U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office’s (BETO’s) Cellulosic Sugar and Lignin Production Capabilities Request for Information (RFI) are now available on the

November 6, 2016 0 comment Read Full Article

Working the Calculator: The Digest’s 2016 Multi-Slide Guide to Choosing a Feedstock

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  “What color is your parachute?” went the title of a best-selling book from the 80s on job hunting. The concept applies equally to biomass feedstock

August 8, 2016 Read Full Article

Mitigating Risk in Cellulosic: The Digest’s Multi-Slide Guide to Genera Energy’s Portfolio Approach

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Genera Energy “leads the nation in the commercialization of integrated biomass supply chain solutions for the biofuels, biopower and biochemicals markets.” Initially formed in 2008,

July 22, 2016 Read Full Article

Energy Department Grants $2.5M for Biorefinery Waste Use, Renewable Bioproduct Study

by Kathleen Phillips (AgriLife Today) The U.S. Department of Energy has granted $2.5 million for a Texas A&M AgriLife Research study to find ways to use biorefinery waste to make new,

July 21, 2016 Read Full Article

2016 Billion-Ton Report Preview

(U.S. Department of Energy)  Alison Goss Eng, of the U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office, Tim Theiss, Laboratory Relationship Manager of the Bioenergy Technologies Program at Oak Ridge National

June 29, 2016 Read Full Article

The Library of Bioenergy Feedstocks: The Digest’s 2016 Multi-Slide Guide to Idaho National Lab’s Feedstock Repository and Tools

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The Bioenergy Feedstock Library is a physical sample repository and database for physical, chemical and conversion performance characteristics of biomass feedstock. The library provides tools to store, record,

June 20, 2016 Read Full Article

Building Sustainable Cellulosic Biofuel Portfolios

by Rajdeep Golecha (Biomass Magazine)  The amount of risk in supply variation a biorefinery is willing to accept will depend on its fundamental business strategy, and the amount of premium

October 26, 2015 Read Full Article

Cellulosic Feedstocks of the Future

by Holly Jessen (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Commercial-scale production and harvest of several annual and perennial biomass feedstocks is under way, paving the way for biofuels, biopower and biobased products. —

September 21, 2015 Read Full Article

From Blueprint to Baler

by Anna Simet (Biomass Magazine)  AGCO is well-equipped to aid the first U.S. cellulosic ethanol plants in devising efficient and effective feedstock supply chain models.  Name the crop, and AGCO

August 19, 2015 Read Full Article

Developed after Genetic Enhancing, “Super Sugarcane” Is Intended for Energy

by Marcelo Toledo (Riberao Preto/Folha de S.Paulo)   It is huge – it can grow up to six meters -, has the potential to produce 300 tons per hectare and represents

May 15, 2015 Read Full Article

The Commercialization of Renewable Fuels, Chemicals and Biobased Product: 4 New Views, in Depth

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  New targets, new markets, new tech, new methods, new outcomes.LanzaTech, Genomatica, Amyris and Brazil’s CTBE share in-depth presentations from the 37th Symposium on Biotechnology for

May 13, 2015 Read Full Article

2015 Sun Grant Conference: Academia Jumps One Step Forward and Shows What Will Be the Future of Lignocellulosic Biomass Production and Utilization in the Southeastern USA

Author, Dan Quadros, in Auburn, Alabama. by Danilo Gusmão de Quadros* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  After two days (February 2-3, 2015) in “Sweet Home Alabama” at Auburn University, we got overwhelmed

February 25, 2015 0 comment Read Full Article

Energycane Varieties Look Promising for North Louisiana

by Denise Attaway (Louisiana State University)  LSU AgCenter researchers continue to evaluate energycane varieties planted in north Louisiana as a possible new crop for producers to grow as a biofuel

February 6, 2015 Read Full Article

BP’s Exit from Cellulosic Ethanol: the Assets, the Auction, the Process, the Timing, the Skinny

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The complete details on BP’s exit and the considerable physical and intellectual assets available for acquisition, in part or in whole.  As BP continues to

January 19, 2015 Read Full Article

The 41 Weirdest Things Ever Used to Make Biofuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Bunnies, liposuction fat, Prince Charles’ leftover wine, day-old whale, the human poo bus, fire ants dipped in hexane, old beer, raging fireballs, vibrating blobs, dope,

December 31, 2014 Read Full Article

Consortium Creates Sugarcane Research Center in Spain

(Global BioBusiness)  The EunergyCane Consortium officially started operations with the signing of an agreement with the city of Motril in Spain which will create Europe’s first sugarcane research center. The

November 25, 2014 Read Full Article

Researchers Win Funding for Miscanthus, Sorghum Research

(University of Illinois/Biomass Magazine)  Two University of Illinois crop sciences researchers interested in improving plant feedstocks for bioenergy production were selected to receive funding by the USDA and the U.S.

October 31, 2014 Read Full Article

LSU AgCenter Releases Sweet Sorghum Production Guide

(Louisiana State University/Ethanol Producer Magazine) Sweet sorghum is not currently grown as a commercial crop in Louisiana, but in the future, producers may consider growing it for use as a

October 29, 2014 Read Full Article

4 Minutes With…Tim Brummels, CEO, Canergy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … The opportunity to change the political environment having politicians care more about the health of our nations future economic and environment needs for future generations

October 28, 2014 Read Full Article

Genera Energy Releases Biomass Infographic

(Genera Energy)  Infographic highlights a variety of biomass feedstocks, provides insight into choosing the right solution for any biomass project Genera Energy, a recognized innovator in sustainable biomass feedstock supply

August 25, 2014 Read Full Article

Alkol Biotech to Develop Sugarcane Research Lab in Europe

(Global BioBusiness)  … Alkol Biotech, signed an agreement with the council of the city of Motril in the Andalusia region of Spain to develop what could be Europe’s first sugarcane

August 22, 2014 Read Full Article

Obama’s Delay on Renewable Fuel Puts Producers in Bind

By Mark Drajem   (Bloomberg)  In the arid Imperial Valley of California, Tim Brummels is trying to turn an agricultural cousin of sugarcane into low-carbon ethanol. It’s the kind of

August 4, 2014 Read Full Article

Bioenergy Education Program Comes to SFSC This Fall

(South Florida State College)  Beginning this fall, South Florida State College (SFSC) will offer a Bioenergy Education Program to provide students with a foundation of environmental sciences and renewable energy.

July 18, 2014 Read Full Article

Developers of the First Cellulosic Plants Share Updates at FEW

by  Susanne Retka Schill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  … A week before the FEW, Enerkem Inc. celebrated the inauguration of its 10 MMgy facility in Edmonton, Alberta. Commissioning is nearly completed, reported Tim

June 12, 2014 Read Full Article

Canergy Taps Beta Renewables for 25M Gallon Advanced Biofuels Project in California

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Energy cane for California’s Imperial Valley?   Canergy lines up Beta, CHS, Certis as partners for greenfield low-carbon fuel project slated for 2016 opening. In California,

May 1, 2013 Read Full Article

Biofuels and the Problem of Tropical Islands, Part II of II

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) …It used to be that the outskirts of Honolulu had the dual scent of diesel and pineapple processing — but now, all you really smell

April 30, 2013 Read Full Article

The Bayou State Will Benefit from a Beefed-up Biofuels Sector

Dr. Mike Strain (Louisiana Department of Agriculture and Forestry/25 x ’25) … However, many do not realize that Louisiana’s strong agriculture and forestry industries have also primed us to be

March 25, 2013 Read Full Article

Hot Sauce! 5 Lessons Louisiana Can Teach Us about Advanced Bayoufuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Louisiana — hot as cayenne pepper in biofuels capacity development, but some cautionary tales there in the sauce. When it comes to the first generation

March 7, 2013 Read Full Article

EPA Issues Final Rule for Additional Qualifying Renewable Fuel Pathways under the RFS Program

(Environmental Protection Agency)   The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is taking final action to identify additional fuel pathways that the Agency has determined meet the lifecycle greenhouse gas (GHG)

February 25, 2013 Read Full Article

LSU AgCenter to Open Pilot Biofuels Plant Jan. 25

(The Town Talk)  The LSU AgCenter Audubon Sugar Institute plans a Jan. 25 opening for a pilot plant designed to produce biofuels and biochemicals from agricultural crops and byproducts. The

January 11, 2013 Read Full Article

Energy Cane for Biomass Promising in South Carolina Testing

by Roy Robertson (Southeast Farm Press)  • Steve Kresovich is part of a team of USC researchers looking for crops that can be adapted to less productive and often under-utilized

December 27, 2012 Read Full Article

The October Surprise: BP Cancels Plans for US Cellulosic Ethanol Plant

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Florida, BP announced it is canceling plans to build a 36 million gallon commercial-scale cellulosic ethanol plant in Highlands County. The company said that

October 26, 2012 Read Full Article

Expert: Southeast Has Potential to Become ‘Saudi Arabia’ for Biofuels Crop Production

by Blair Fannin (Texas A&M University)  Dr. Bill McCutchen sees the potential for the southeast to become the ‘Saudi Arabia’ for production of dedicated energy crops. “It’s the Bioenergy Belt,”

October 24, 2012 Read Full Article

Finding the Right Biofuels for the Southeast: A Range of Alternatives

(US Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service)  …Of the five regions, the Southeast has the greatest natural capacity in the continental United States, with sufficient sunshine, soils, water, and other

September 19, 2012 0 comment Read Full Article

BP Biofuels Targets Gulf Coast for Energy Crop Production

by Luke Geiver (Biomass Magazine)  A new research effort by BP Biofuels has reaffirmed the energy giant’s role in the Gulf Coast region’s economic health. Through a three-year project, BP

September 7, 2012 Read Full Article

Dating Your Feedstock and Never Marrying: The 6 Hottest Ways to Alleviate Food vs Fuel

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  With the US drought, food vs fuel has returned as an issue.  What alternatives are scientists, entrepreneurs developing to take us beyond the old debate?

August 21, 2012 Read Full Article

BP Biofuels, Texas AgriLife Research Sign Agreement to Advance Biofuel Feedstock Development

(Texas AgriLife)  BP Biofuels and Texas AgriLife Research, part of The Texas A&M University System, have signed a three-year agreement to develop and commercialize cellulosic feedstocks for the production of

August 15, 2012 Read Full Article

BP Eyes Wind, Biofuels in Alternative Energy

by Meghan Schiller (Medill News Service/Wall Street Journal)  The head of BP’s alternative-energy business on Tuesday said biofuel and wind are the stars of the field as the firm ramps

July 17, 2012 Read Full Article

The Digest’s Special Report on Drought

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Dire US media headlines abound: “Drought!”  What’s real, what’s hype, and what are the impacts?  More importantly, what alternatives does science give us now, and

July 6, 2012 0 comment Read Full Article

Clean Technology: US Policy Aids Second Generation Biofuel Push

by Guy Chazan (Financial Times)  In the world of biofuels, all eyes are on the tiny northern Italian town of Crescentino, site of the world’s first commercial-scale cellulosic ethanol plant,

June 5, 2012 Read Full Article

An All-of-the-Above Approach to Energy in America

by Sarah Bittleman (USDA/25 x ’25)  America needs and is developing a reliable, sustainable, fuel supply. If we are able to produce more of it here at home – rather than

March 20, 2012 0 comment Read Full Article

EPA Says Not Now, Maybe Later to Camelina, Energy Cane, Napiergrass, and Giant Reed as Biofuels Feedstocks

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Washington, the EPA withdrew the direct final rule to allow camelina, energy cane, napiergrass, and giant reed to meet the RFS2. EPA Administrator Lisa Jackson said:

March 6, 2012 Read Full Article

Regulation of Fuels and Fuel Additives: Identification of Additional Qualifying Renewable Fuel Pathways Under the Renewable Fuel Standard Program

(US Environmental Protection Agency)  EPA is issuing a direct final rule identifying additional fuel pathways that EPA has determined meet the biomass-based diesel, advanced biofuel or cellulosic biofuel lifecycle greenhouse

January 9, 2012 Read Full Article

US EPA Publishes Direct Final Rule for Camelina RFS2 Pathway

by Erin Voegele (Biodiesel Magazine)  On Jan. 5, the U.S. EPA issued a direct final rule regarding RFS2 pathways for

January 9, 2012 Read Full Article

Florida Agriculture Seeking to Enter Ethanol Business

by Aaron Deslatte (Orlando Sentinel)  …Since 2006, Republican lawmakers and governors have created and disbanded an energy commission; funded and

January 9, 2012 Read Full Article

The 7 Paths of the New Agriculture

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …But the New Agriculture has arisen in recent years, with new solutions to the old

January 6, 2012 Read Full Article

Advanced Biofuels Feedstocks – Who’s Got Game?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  As POET lands a record biomass harvest in prep for a 2013 cellulosic ethanol launch,

November 11, 2011 Read Full Article

BP Biofuels Goes for Full Vertical Integration, in US Cellulosic Ethanol Expansion

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …Susan Ellerbusch:  Now, at BP there are dozens of BP people who are experts in

October 10, 2011 Read Full Article

Agriculture Secretary Vilsack Announces Major Investments to Spur Innovation and Job Creation in Research, Development and Production of Next Generation Biofuels

(US Department of Agriculture)  Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack announced five major agricultural research projects today aimed at developing regional, renewable

September 28, 2011 Read Full Article

Texas Farm Starts Growing Energy Cane for BP Cellulosic Project

by Carol Skewes  (The Vindicator) A farm in Liberty County, Texas, has started growing energy grasses as part of a

September 26, 2011 Read Full Article

University of Illinois Students Receive BP Grant to Study Biomass Engineering Properties

(Biofuels Journal)  Five undergraduate students from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign received a $5,000 grant from British Petroleum to research the

August 22, 2011 Read Full Article

Missouri University Professor Helps to Plant Seeds for an Advanced Biofuel Economy

by Megan Cassidy  (Columbia Missourian)  Shibu Jose and his team believe that today’s soggy river bottoms could be untapped grounds

August 1, 2011 Read Full Article

Harvesting, Storage and Transfer Technology Update

by Maynard Herron and Bob Matousek   (Kansas Alliance for Biorefining and Bioenergy)     AGCO (Hesston, KS) received an

April 11, 2011 Read Full Article

USDA Expands Efforts to Develop Crop Insurance for Biofuels Producers

(US Department of Agriculture)  Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack announced February 25, 2011, that USDA will soon seek proposals to study

February 28, 2011 Read Full Article

Regents Give LSU AgCenter 5-year Extension on Biofuels Institute

(Louisiana State University)  The LSU AgCenter has received a five-year extension from the Louisiana Board of Regents to continue with

February 1, 2011 Read Full Article

Chromatin’s Yield Machine: Is Instant Gene-Stacking a Game-Changer for Energy Crops?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Illinois, Chromatin announced the successful first demonstration that genes can be assembled, stacked, and

January 19, 2011 Read Full Article

Biomass May Hold Partial Solution to Global Energy Needs

by Cary Blake (Western Farm Press)   A growing U.S. agricultural biomass industry can help meet the catapulting energy and fuel demands

December 23, 2010 Read Full Article

Biofuel Battles

by Michael Stein (Maui Magazine)  Advocates say biofuels could save big agriculture in the Islands, and reduce Hawaii’s unsustainable dependence

September 7, 2010 Read Full Article

Miscanthus, Sweet Sorghum, Energy Cane Advancing at SERC

Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Mississippi, MSU professor Brian Baldwin provided an update on feedstock research at the MSU’s Sustainable

February 18, 2010 Read Full Article

Cane Ethanol Helps Cut Greenhouse Emissions: Brazilian Study

by Inae Riveras (Reuters)  Use of sugar cane-based ethanol as a substitute for gasoline is among the cheapest and easiest

October 23, 2009 Read Full Article

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Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices diethyl ether digest Digital Biology dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct-to-fuel directed evolution direct injection Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) dispense distillation distilled biodiesel distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver divers divestment DME (dimethyl ether) Dominica Dominican Republic double cropping Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dual cropping Dubai duckweed e E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E2 E3 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 price E12 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price 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Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) enzymatic conversion enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea EROEI erosion control EROWI esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane ethanol ethanol/bioethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylene eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) Export externalities extremophiles F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertiliz fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel additives fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungi fungus Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal Germany Gerogia Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green chemistry green 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Hybrid aircraft hybrids hydrocarbon fuels hydrofaction hydrogen hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen pumps hydropower hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal liquefaction hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect Land Use Change) import/export inadequate domestic supply incinerator ash India Indiana Indian beech tree Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial ethanol industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map internal combustion engine International international balance of payments International Energy Agency (IEA) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Renewable Energy Agency 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Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Biofuel marine algae Marine Corps Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks methanol/biomethanol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbe microbiology microorganizms microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum Monaco mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) muck multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol Namibia nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Lab National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Transportation Safety Board Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland new fuel approval New Green Deal New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds NREL NTSB nucle nuclear nutraceuticals nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obama Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol off-take agreements Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olive cake olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone p Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama panda pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and 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rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED and RED II) Renewable Energy for America Program Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable hydrogen renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard renewable propane Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) renewable volume renewable volume obligation (RVO) replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion retail return on investment R Factor RFI RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RSF2 RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago sago pond weed SAIC SAK sales Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securiti Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale gas shale oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smokestack soap social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar-to-fuels solar biofuels solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solid oxide fuel cell Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific 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Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree Tamarix tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax cred tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennesee Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains trans transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago 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