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Tag "Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP)"

It’s Past Midnight: Do You Know Where Funds for Your Farm Bill Energy Title Programs Stand?

by Brent Erickson (Biotechnology Innovation Organization/Biofuels Digest) On September 30th, the 2018 Farm Bill officially expired. And while both chambers of Congress passed their respective bills, the final version of the

October 10, 2018 Read Full Article

Put Algae in the Farm Bill!

(Algae Biomass Organization)  …  Algae are fast becoming a significant component in food and health products, and it is time that this new crop was afforded the support by the U.S.

August 30, 2018 Read Full Article

Senate Ag Committee Restores 2018 Farm Bill Energy Title Funding

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine)  On June 13, the Senate ag committee approved the its version of the 2018 Farm Bill with bipartisan support. The legislation includes an amendment offered by

June 14, 2018 Read Full Article

Senate Farm Bill Expands Reach of Energy Title, But Provides Little Funding

by Jesse Stolark (Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  On Friday, June 8, the Senate Agriculture Committee released the Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018. In contrast to the GOP-only bill that has advanced in

June 8, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

Sen. Tina Smith Tells Senate Agriculture Committee Leaders that Farm Bill Energy Programs Are Key to Reviving Lagging Farm Economy

(Office of Senator Tina Smith (D-MN))  Senator Leads Bipartisan Push for Strong Funding and Focus on Energy As Senate Begins Work on Farm Bill in Coming Days  —  As the Senate prepares

June 7, 2018 Read Full Article

Farm Bill to Get Second Vote in US House in June: Roll Call

(CNBC/Reuters) The U.S. House of Representatives will vote for a second time on a massive farm bill after the measure was defeated last week, according to a report. The vote

May 23, 2018 Read Full Article

Breaking News: Attack on Farm Bill Clean Energy Programs

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Breaking news arrives from the Ag Energy Coalition regarding the 2018 Farm Bill. Green Capiltol’s Lloyd Ritter writes:  Rep. Biggs farm bill amendment was made

May 18, 2018 Read Full Article

House Committee Passes 2018 Farm Bill

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  …  In a statement, House Ranking Member Collin Peterson, D-Minn., criticized the legislation, calling it “a flawed bill that is the result of a

April 20, 2018 Read Full Article

Draft 2018 Farm Bill Reauthorizes Energy Title Programs

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  On April 12, House Agriculture Committee Chairman K. Michael Conaway, R-Texas, released a draft of the 2018 Farm Bill, officially titled the Agriculture and Nutrition

April 13, 2018 Read Full Article

Rural Issues Growing Jobs and Rural Economies: The Farm Bill’s Energy Title

by Jessie Stolark (Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  Since their inception in the 2002 Farm Bill, Energy Title (Title IX) programs have helped farmers, ranchers, small businesses, and rural communities generate thousands of

April 6, 2018 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to USDA and Its Programs

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) “The bioeconomy is a catalyst for economic development in rural America, creating new jobs and providing new markets for farmers and ranchers. Investing in the businesses

March 12, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

All Eyes on Energy

by Keith Loria  (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The 2014 Farm Bill—otherwise known as the Agricultural Act of 2014—places a larger emphasis on energy than past farm bills have. It includes the

August 28, 2017 Read Full Article

House Committee Debates Future Federal Support of Biofuels

by Sara Taginawa (Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  On Tuesday, July 25, the House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology held a hearing examining the future of biofuels and the Renewable

July 28, 2017 Read Full Article

House Appropriators Make Significant Cuts to Farm Energy Programs in FY18 Agriculture Spending Bill

by Jessie Stolark (Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  On June 29, the House Agriculture Appropriations Subcommittee approved a spending bill for FY2018 providing $144.0 billion to the U.S. Department of

June 30, 2017 Read Full Article

House Agriculture Appropriations Bill Axes BCAP, Slashes Loan Guarantees and REAP

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Washington, the draft House Appropriations Committee’s FY2018 Agriculture Appropriations bill was released, and cut the Rural Energy for America Program from $50 million to $9

June 29, 2017 Read Full Article

Rocky Road Ahead for Farm Bill’s Energy Title

by Jessie Stolark (Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  The Farm Bill’s Energy Title provides loans and grants to farmers, ranchers and small businesses to encourage investment in renewable energy, energy

February 20, 2017 Read Full Article

The Bioeconomy, #1 Catalyst for Rural Development: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to USDA and Rural Development

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Outgoing Agricultural Secretary Tom Vilsack put it best: “The bioeconomy is a catalyst for economic development in rural America, creating new jobs and providing new

January 13, 2017 Read Full Article

USDA Resumes Incentives to Grow the Bioeconomy and Improve Forest Health

(U.S. Department of Agriculture) U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Farm Service Agency (FSA) Administrator Val Dolcini today announced that $1.5 million will be available in fiscal year 2017 for farmers and

November 10, 2016 Read Full Article

USDA Results: Powering America with a More Sustainable Energy Future

(U.S. Department of Agriculture)  … The Obama Administration has pursued a carefully balanced approach, deploying technologies that improve the very best of our existing energy sources, while rigorously implementing policies that

October 3, 2016 Read Full Article

Working the Calculator: The Digest’s 2016 Multi-Slide Guide to Choosing a Feedstock

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  “What color is your parachute?” went the title of a best-selling book from the 80s on job hunting. The concept applies equally to biomass feedstock

August 8, 2016 Read Full Article

USDA Resumes Incentives to Grow and Harvest Biomass for Energy and Biobased Products

(U.S. Department of Agriculture)  U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Farm Service Agency (FSA) Administrator Val Dolcini today announced that incentives resume this month for farmers and foresters who grow and

May 28, 2016 0 comment Read Full Article

Farm Bill Energy Programs Enable New Feedstock Production To Help Fuel the Biobased Economy

by Brent Erickson (Biotechnology Innovation Organization/Biofuels Digest)  … Congress changed mandatory funding for two key bioenergy programs – despite their tangible successes – through its Fiscal Year 2016 (FY16) Omnibus spending

April 6, 2016 Read Full Article

USDA Highlights Benefits of Rural Development Grants with Eye on Bioenergy

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In Washington, the USDA has highlighted the economic impacts on rural communities bioenergy investments have made in a new report looking at the $1.1 billion

January 29, 2016 Read Full Article

Ensyn Nabs Chevron Exec as New CEO

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Jeffrey Jacobs, who served as Vice President of Chevron Technology Ventures until his recent retirement from Chevron, was appointed CEO of Ensyn Corporation and elected

January 29, 2016 Read Full Article

USDA Highlights 2015 Bioeconomy Achievements

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  … Several of the achievements listed by the USDA benefited the bioenergy and biofuels sectors. Under the category of climate change achievements, the department highlighted

January 4, 2016 Read Full Article

Lifting the U.S. Crude Export Ban: Impact on Oil, Biofuels, Wind & Solar & the Evolution of the U.S. Energy Landscape

(Genscape)  Now in the hands of president Obama for final sign off, the budget deal that could end the 1975 oil export ban, could also extend investment and Production Tax

December 18, 2015 Read Full Article

WEBINAR: Biomass Crop Assistance Program Information — September 9, 2015

  WEBINAR:  Biomass Crop Assistance Program Information  —  September 9, 2015

Two offerings: Noon to 1:00 pm Eastern AND  7:00 pm to 8:00 pm Eastern The USDA Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP) was reauthorized for new enrollment targets to establish shrub

September 4, 2015 Read Full Article

USDA Announces Incentives to Establish Biomass Crops

(US Department of Agriculture)  U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Farm Service Agency (FSA) Administrator Val Dolcini announced that enrollment begins today for farmers and forest landowners seeking financial assistance for

August 21, 2015 0 comment Read Full Article

House Appropriators Shortchange Rural America on Jobs and Economic Growth, AgEC Says

(Agriculture Energy Coalition/BusinessWire) The House Appropriations Committee’s Fiscal Year 2016 Agriculture Appropriations Bill would reduce mandatory spending levels for important Energy Title programs, including the Renewable Energy for America Program, Biomass

June 22, 2015 Read Full Article

Comment Period Open on Proposed Discretionary Changes to BCAP

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The USDA has announced its intent to prepare a programmatic environmental impact statement (PEIS) to assess the potential environmental consequences associated with proposed discretionary

June 17, 2015 Read Full Article

USDA Announces Restart of Biomass Crop Assistance Program for Renewable Energy

(US Department of Agriculture)  The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) today announced that incentives will resume this summer for farmers, ranchers and forest landowners interested in growing and harvesting biomass

June 2, 2015 Read Full Article

USDA Publishes Final BCAP Rule

by Anna Simet (Biomass Magazine)  The USDA has released the final rule for the Biomass Crop Assistance Program, and though the general scope of BCAP is not changing with the

March 3, 2015 Read Full Article

Farm Bill Clean Energy Programs Survive “Cromnibus”

(FarmEnergy.org)  The big news from our nation’s capital this past week has been the passage of the appropriations bill for fiscal year 2015, which began on October 1st. The federal

December 18, 2014 Read Full Article

What Progress is the USDA Making on Turning Farm Bill Funding into Program Action?

By Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Well, plenty. We reported on progress with Section 9003 loan guarantees earlier this week – today, we have a recap of the major other activities,

September 8, 2014 Read Full Article

USDA Announces Funding Availability for Turning Biomass Material into Energy

(US Department of Agriculture)  Now Apply for Renewed Biomass Crop Assistance Program.  Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack today (June 9, 2014) announced that the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) will begin

June 12, 2014 Read Full Article

Walking a Rough Road to a World Free of Non-Renewable Sources of Energy: Memories of 2014 International Biomass Conference and Expo

By Danilo Gusmão de Quadros* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  Imagine a world without non-renewable energy sources, where we just use sun, wind, and biomass to generate our electricity for industries and

May 27, 2014 0 comment Read Full Article

As Miscanthus Crop Matures, Producers Find More Uses

by Chris Kick (Farm and Dairy)  …At 10 feet tall and higher, (Jon) Griswold’s “giant miscanthus” surpasses even the tallest of corn hybrids and the tallest of farmers. And its dense,

September 18, 2013 Read Full Article

For Farm Bill Clean Energy Programs, Mandatory Funding Is Crucial

by Lloyd Ritter and Ryan Stroschein  (Agriculture Energy Coalition/Biofuels Digest)  Now that both the U.S. House and Senate are moving toward a conference on the Farm Bill, it’s time to emphasize

July 23, 2013 Read Full Article

Biofuels Short Takes: Farm Bill Update

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Washington, BIO begins the week with applause for Sens. Debbie Stabenow (D-Mich.) and Thad Cochran (R-Miss.) and other members of the Senate Agriculture Committee

May 13, 2013 Read Full Article

Farm Bill Energy Title Introduced in Senate

by Cindy Zimmerman (DomesticFuel.com)  Legislation to reauthorize the Farm Bill energy title was introduced in the Senate Monday. Senators Tom Harkin (D-IA) and Al Franken (D-MN) introduced the Rural Energy Investment Act

May 8, 2013 Read Full Article

Save $270M! (and Make Biofuels Feedstocks, er, Feasible, er, Now)

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Is there bio-based relief for the harried taxpayer in sight?   Could conservationists, growers and biofuels producers find common ground in adapting the Conservation Reserve Program

May 7, 2013 Read Full Article

Coalition Urges New Farm Bill for Energy

by Cindy Zimmerman (DomesticFuel.com)  The Agriculture Energy Coalition (AgEC) today urged Congress to begin work on a new five-year Farm Bill with strong mandatory funding for energy programs. The coalition

January 23, 2013 Read Full Article

USDA’s Senior Energy Advisor Explains BCAP after Cliff Deal

by Luke Geiver (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The Biomass Crop Assistance Program may have been extended through 2013 with the passing of the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012, but the

January 4, 2013 Read Full Article

Farm Bill Contains No Mandatory Funding for Energy Title Programs

by Holly Jessen (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  …The bad news is, all mandatory funding for energy title programs were stripped from the farm bill at the last moment. “The programs have

January 3, 2013 Read Full Article

The October Surprise: BP Cancels Plans for US Cellulosic Ethanol Plant

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Florida, BP announced it is canceling plans to build a 36 million gallon commercial-scale cellulosic ethanol plant in Highlands County. The company said that

October 26, 2012 Read Full Article

On Marginal Land, These Grasses May Be Greener

by  Kristofor Husted (KBIA)  In the parched, rolling hills of western Missouri, you might expect to see a desolate scene after this summer’s drought. But in this field, hip-high native grass

October 16, 2012 Read Full Article

North Dakota and Montana: Opportunity Knocks for the Bioeconomy, along the Northern Tier

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Despite low levels of publicity, North Dakota and Montana are making great strides in bioeconomy development – with a combination of strong R&D, feedstock abundance

September 4, 2012 Read Full Article

Chemtex Lands $99M USDA Loan Guarantee for North Carolina Cellulosic Biofuels Project

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In North Carolina, Chemtex announced that it has received a $99 million conditional loan guarantee from USDA, under the USDA’s 9003 Biorefinery Assistance Program for

August 23, 2012 Read Full Article

Missouri Organizes for Energy Independence

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …Like many states (or countries) that have limited oil reserves or reserves that are economically unfeasible to extract at this time – the path to

August 23, 2012 Read Full Article

Biomass Crop Assistance Program Expanded

Jannette Pippin (JDNews)  Eastern North Carolina farmers have an opportunity to get involved in growing renewable energy crops for fuel and power through a program that will help pay planting

July 30, 2012 Read Full Article

Death Valley Days: The Biofuels Financing Saga

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  As bio-based companies race across the Valley of Death, in the dash for scale, who’s getting financing now, and how? The path to financing success

July 20, 2012 Read Full Article

Official: Future of BCAP Could Impact Future of Energy Crops

by Kris Bevill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The nearly $10 million awarded by the USDA’s Farm Service Agency to three energy crop project areas on June 13 will be the only

June 25, 2012 Read Full Article

$4.3 Million to Be Invested in Shrub Willow Growth for Renewable Fuel

(Observer-Dispatch)  The U.S. Department of Agriculture will invest $4.3 million to ReEnergy and SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry to encourage growth of shrub willow as a renewable energy

June 15, 2012 Read Full Article

Dial 9011 for Crop Assistance

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Section 9011 of the Farm Bill – the Biomass Crop Assistance Program – USDA deploys $9.6M in new investments in bioenergy crops as questions revolve

June 14, 2012 Read Full Article

USDA Selects Chemtex for $3.9 million BCAP Project

(Chemtex International/Ethanol Producer Magazine) Chemtex International announced today (June 13, 2012) that it has been selected by the USDA to participate in the Biomass Crop Assistance Program. The $3,996,000 award will support establishing

June 13, 2012 Read Full Article

Energy Coalition Disappointed in Farm Bill Draft

by Cindy Zimmerman (DomesticFuel.com)  A coalition of trade groups and organizations representing renewable energy, energy efficiency, farm and environmental interests is disappointed in a 2012 Farm Bill draft out of

April 25, 2012 Read Full Article

NSAC Suggests REAP, BCAP Changes

by Anna Austin  (Biomass Power and Thermal Magazine)  The National Sustainable Agriculture Coalition has released its 2012 Farm Bill platform, which provides suggestions to improve some federal bioenergy programs. These

March 23, 2012 Read Full Article

Policies of Energy and Economic Growth for Rural America in a 2012 Farm Bill

by Josh Rathod (Advanced Biofuels USA) With a refreshing sense of focus, Senator Debbie Stabenow (D-MI), Chairwoman of the Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry Committee, opened the hearing on Energy and

February 21, 2012 0 comment Read Full Article

Agriculture Secretary Vilsack Announces Support for a New Advanced Biofuel Production Facility in Oregon: Project will Create Jobs, Expand Production of Biofuels

(US Department of Agriculture)  Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack today announced that USDA has approved a conditional commitment in the amount of $232.5 million to ZeaChem Boardman Biorefinery, LLC (ZBB) through

January 26, 2012 Read Full Article

Federal Cutbacks Not Stopping MFA Biofuels Plan

by Jacob Barker (Columbia Tribune)  Despite large cuts to the federal program supporting it and concerns from some groups about environmental impacts, a project to begin growing a giant perennial

January 16, 2012 Read Full Article

Next Up: Abengoa in Early Planning for Second Cellulosic Plant

by Kris Bevill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  It’s only been a few months since Abengoa Bioenergy broke ground on its 23

January 12, 2012 Read Full Article

Proposed Farm Bill Includes Advanced Biofuels

by Cindy Zimmerman (DomesticFuel.com)  Senator Dick Lugar (R-IN) and Rep. Marlin Stutzman (R, IN-3rd) have introduced a farm bill that they

October 11, 2011 Read Full Article

SarTec Corporation Awarded $500,000 Department of Energy Grant

(PR NewsWire/SarTec) SarTec Corporation announced today it has received a $500,000 Department of Energy grant (Award # DE-EE0003127) as part of a larger project

October 5, 2011 Read Full Article

SAFER Makes Information about Farm Bill Energy Program Proposed Cuts

(Southeast Agriculture and Forestry Energy Resources Alliance)  As you know, Congress is in the midst of negotiations regarding FY2012 appropriations

September 22, 2011 Read Full Article

Farmers Sought for Biofuel Project

(The Record)  Farm officials, hoping to get California farmers to plant as much as 25,000 acres of camelina, an oilseed,

August 23, 2011 Read Full Article

BCAP Helps Abengoa Solve Chicken-and-Egg Feedstock Issue

by Kris Bevill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  With help from the USDA Biomass Crop Assistance Program, Abengoa is on its way

August 15, 2011 Read Full Article

Cantwell Applauds Launch of Jet Biofuels Program that Will Support Green Jobs Statewide

(AirportBusiness.com) Today (August 9, 2011)  U.S. Senator Maria Cantwell (D-WA) toured the cutting-edge laboratories at Targeted Growth in Seattle and

August 10, 2011 Read Full Article

USDA Awards $45 Million to Four New BCAP Projects

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack announced today the creation of four additional Biomass Crop Assistance Program

July 29, 2011 Read Full Article

USDA Announces Projects to Provide Increased Renewable Energy Production, Reduce Reliance on Foreign Oil

(US Department of Agriculture)  Projects Further Obama Administration’s Effort to Produce Clean Home-Grown Energy, Create Sustainable Rural Jobs Agriculture Secretary

June 17, 2011 Read Full Article

US Senate Defeats Coburn Amendment: Industry Reaction

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Washington, on a cloture vote in the Senate to proceed to an amendment that

June 15, 2011 Read Full Article

Next-Gen Biofuel Depends on Subsidies, Senate Told

by Philip Brasher (Des Moines Register)  Even as President Barack Obama renewed his push for next-generation biofuels, an industry official

April 4, 2011 Read Full Article

Farmers Now Delivering Biomass to POET's Project LIBERTY Storage Site

(POET)  First farmers completed BCAP applications Monday Farmers are now delivering biomass bales to POET’s 22-acre storage site in Emmetsburg, Iowa,

February 1, 2011 Read Full Article

House Votes to Extend Ethanol, Biodiesel, Renewable Diesel Tax Credits; Senate Drops Biofuels-Slashing Omnibus Bill

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Washington, the US House of Representatives voted by a 277 to 148 margin to approve the Obama

December 17, 2010 Read Full Article

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Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy enzymatic conversion enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea EROEI erosion control EROWI esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane ethanol ethanol/bioethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylene eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) Export externalities extremophiles F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers 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Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs fuel food waste forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel additives fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungi fungus Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal Germany Gerogia Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green chemistry green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green Racing GREET model Grenada gribble ground nut groundnut growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guinea Gulf 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RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RSF2 RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago sago pond weed SAIC SAK sales Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securiti Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale gas shale oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra 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