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The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide ABLC Guide to Aemetis

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Aemetis owns and operates 110 million gallons per year of ethanol and biodiesel facilities in the US and India, and is upgrading the plants using patented

November 23, 2018 Read Full Article

Rallying for RNG

by Anna Simet (Biomass Magazine)  The Coalition for Renewable Natural Gas’s Marcus Gillette discusses the organization, its goals and progress in expanding the production and use of RNG in North America. 

May 9, 2018 Read Full Article

Sakol Energy Poised to Become a Fully Integrated Power Provider

(Sakol Energy) Sakol Energy PLC (SKE), a natural gas provider, has successfully acquired the last biomass licence with high FIT rate as the firm moves to become an integrated power producer

March 21, 2018 Read Full Article

Germany’s First Biogas-Fueled, CO2 Neutral Fleet Features the Stralis NP

(Iveco/NGV Journal)  IVECO supplied five Stralis NP trucks to VERBIO Logistik GmbH, which will run the new vehicles on biomethane generated from straw, taking a significant step towards CO2 neutral transport in

January 17, 2018 Read Full Article

A Single European Biomethane Market, a Step Closer to Reality

(NGV Journal)  The European Renewable Gas Registry (ERGaR) members announced that the application of the ERGaR RED scheme has been submitted to the European Commission to be recognized as a voluntary

January 5, 2018 Read Full Article

What is Renewable Methane?

by Cliff Gladstein (ACT News)  … Attitudes toward the utility of natural gas as the environmentally preferred fuel began to change when technologies to effectively extract natural gas from local shale formations—a

December 14, 2017 Read Full Article

What’s Next in Cellulosic Biofuels and Biogas?: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Iogen

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)   Iogen says it has has “one of the world’s largest and most experienced teams in developing, designing, de-bugging, scaling-up and deploying cellulosic biofuel technology. We’re

November 9, 2017 Read Full Article

Synthetic Petroleum: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Synpet Technologies

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Synpet Technologies is a Turkish-US company founded in 2014, which operates a 15 ton/day demonstration facility in Pasakoy, Turkey. The company developed its Thermal Conversion Process, which breaks down organic

October 25, 2017 Read Full Article

IKEA Signs Circular Economy Deal

(Innovators Magazine)   Finland is a global leader of the burgeoning circular economy.  …  Now IKEA Finland is getting in on the action. It has signed a deal with natural gas company,

October 18, 2017 Read Full Article

IKEA Supports Development of Biomethane Stations in Finland

(NGV Journal)  Gasum has signed a comprehensive circular economy cooperation agreement with IKEA Finland. The cooperation will involve using food waste from IKEA restaurants in Finland to produce biogas, with Gasum

October 10, 2017 Read Full Article

WSU, PNNL Convert Biofuel Waste into Commodity, Now Targeting Sewage Sludge

by Maegan Murray (WSU Tri-Cities/Washington State University)  A method of converting a biofuel waste product into a usable and valuable commodity has been discovered by researchers at Washington State University and Pacific

October 9, 2017 Read Full Article

Renewable Natural Gas Increasingly Used to Meet Part of EPA’s Renewable Fuel Requirements

(U.S. Energy Information Agency)  Renewable natural gas (RNG), which is derived from biogas collected at landfills and other facilities, is increasingly used to meet government targets for renewable fuel production. In

October 6, 2017 0 comment Read Full Article

DMT to Supply Desulfurization Process to California AD Facility

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  DMT Clear Gas Solutions recently announced that Calgren Dairy Fuels LLC is going to install DMT’s desulfurization technology, Sulfurex BR. The anaerobic digestion (AD)

September 12, 2017 Read Full Article

Svebio – Swedish Bioenergy Assocation : Sweden Surpasses 20 Percent Biofuels in Transportation First Half of 2017

(Svebio – Swedish Bioenergy Assocation/4-Traders)  The rapid growth of biofuels in Swedish transportation in recent years is mainly attributed to the increased use of hydrogenated vegetable oils (HVO) diesel, a

August 18, 2017 Read Full Article

British Operator Will Trial Biogas Trucks under Demanding-Duty Cycle

(NGV Journal)  Cenex (UK’s first Centre of Excellence for low carbon technologies) announced logistics provider Kuehne + Nagel Ltd will trial the effectiveness of low-emissions natural gas heavy-goods vehicles (HGVs)

July 25, 2017 Read Full Article

Biogas – What, Why, When and How? The Digest’s Multi-Slide Guide to RNG and Its Markets

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  As we wrote in our Digest Top 10 Predictions for 2017: Whether it is Intrexon, Calysta or potentially Synata Bio, companies have been switching to

June 6, 2017 Read Full Article

DTE Biomass Acquires RNG Facilities to Fuel Texas Transit Buses

by Lauren Tyler (NGT News)  DTE Biomass Energy, an Ann Arbor, Mich.-based subsidiary of DTE Energy, says it has acquired two landfill gas-to-energy projects in Texas, which will generate enough renewable natural

June 5, 2017 Read Full Article

Clean Energy RNG for Republic Services

by Rich Piellisch  (Fleets & Fuels)  Using Redeem Brand Renewable Natural Gas in 20 States; Waste Hauler Will Triple Its Use of the Biomethane Product  —  Republic Services is tripling its

May 31, 2017 Read Full Article

Clean Energy RNG for LA Metro Buses

(Fleets & Fuels)  Contract Kicks Off with a One-Year Pilot; Could Lead to RNG Supply for 2,200 Buses with Estimated Annual Use of 38 Million GGEs Clean Energy Fuels has an

May 31, 2017 Read Full Article

HPCL to Set up Rs 600-Crore Bio-Ethanol Unit in Bathinda

by Aruna Sharma (khabar India/Tribune)  Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd. (HPCL) has roped in Engineers India Ltd (EIL), Department of Biotechnology (DBT) and International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)

May 19, 2017 Read Full Article

New Study Shows Economic Value of RNG in California

by RNG Coalition (Biomass Magazine) A new jobs study reveals that deploying trucks fueled by renewable natural gas could create up to 130,000 new jobs and add $14 billion to California’s

May 4, 2017 Read Full Article

Surrey MSW-to-Biofuel Plant Seen Commissioning in June

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In Canada, the long-awaited MSW-to-biofuel plant in Surrey is preparing for commissioning in June, making it North America’s first plant of such kind. Waste collection

April 12, 2017 Read Full Article

RNG, Cellulosic Fuels and the Renewable Fuel Standard

by Susan Olson (BioCycle Magazine)  Because of an all-time high waiver credit value paired with strong advanced RIN prices, renewable natural gas could fetch $35/MMBtu in 2017. Since 2009, the U.S.

March 7, 2017 Read Full Article

Hydrothermal Processing Bench-Scale Technology Evaluation Project

(Netzwerk Biotreibstoffe/WERF (Water Environment and Reuse Foundation))  This project was conducted in order to determine if hydrothermal processing (HTP) technology has potential for treating wastewater solids. In particular, it looked

March 7, 2017 Read Full Article

Argonne National Laboratory Develops New System to Enhance AD Process

(Bioenergy Insight)  US-based science and engineering centre Argonne National Laboratory has developed technology that synergistically uses two waste biomass streams to generate two bioproducts and enhance the process of anaerobic

March 7, 2017 Read Full Article

BP Buys Clean Energy Fuels’ Biomethane Arm

by Liz Gyekye (Bioenergy Insight)  Oil giant BP has announced that it will buy Clean Energy Fuels Corp.’s biomethane business for $155 million (€147m).  Clean Energy Fuels is a US provider

March 7, 2017 Read Full Article

Waste to Fuels Viability: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Velocys Economics

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Velocys enables modular gas-to-liquids and biomass-to-liquids plants to convert unconventional, remote and problem gas and waste biomass into valuable, drop-in liquid fuels. After 15 years

February 8, 2017 Read Full Article

ENVIA Energy’s GTL Plant Is Underway, Produces First Biofuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Oklahoma, the team behind the ENVIA Energy gas-to-liquids plant confirmed that the first Fischer-Tropsch product has been successfully produced at the company’s first commercial-scale plant

February 8, 2017 Read Full Article

Piedmont Natural Gas Inks Agreement to Connect Duke to Swine-Gas Project

by John Downey (Charlotte Business Journal)  Piedmont Natural Gas has reached an interconnection agreement with Optima KV for construction of natural gas lines that would put swine-waste gas on Piedmont’s system

February 7, 2017 Read Full Article

Air Liquide to Design, Build Landfill Gas Purification Plant

(Air Liquide/Biomass Magazine)  Air Liquide will design, construct and operate its first landfill gas (LFG) to renewable natural gas (RNG) purification plant in the U.S. at the Northeast Mississippi Landfill

December 12, 2016 Read Full Article

ADM Announces Project to Provide Renewable Natural Gas

(Archer Daniels Midland/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Archer Daniels Midland Co. recently announced a project in which renewable natural gas, produced as a byproduct at ADM’s corn processing facility in Decatur, Illinois,

December 12, 2016 Read Full Article

What’s Next in Cellulosic Biofuels?: The Digest’s 2016 Multi-Slide Guide to Iogen and the Cellulosic Sector

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Iogen says it has has “one of the world’s largest and most experienced teams in developing, designing, de-bugging, scaling-up and deploying cellulosic biofuel technology. We’re

December 12, 2016 0 comment Read Full Article

CNG Fuels Adds 100% Renewable Biomethane to Fueling Stations

by Lauren Tyler (NGT News)  NG Fuels, which develops, owns and operates natural gas fueling infrastructure in the U.K., says that Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO)-approved renewable biomethane for transport is now

December 6, 2016 Read Full Article

28 Days Later: Waste to Fuel

by Ron Kotrba (Biomass Magazine)  The Canadian city of Surrey, British Columbia, prepares to open a new biogas plant fed by its residents’ kitchen scraps and yard waste, the fuel

December 5, 2016 Read Full Article

Colorado Engineering Council’s Top Awards

(The Villager)  The American Council of Engineering Companies (ACEC) of Colorado announced the winners of its 2017 Engineering Excellence Awards (EEA) on Nov. 7 at a celebration luncheon held at

December 5, 2016 Read Full Article

Tapping Landfills to Generate Power Seemed Smart. So Why Is the Industry Threatened?

by Ralph Vartabedian (Los Angeles Times)  … The problem began after the AQMD issued a complex 39-page rule requiring that by no later than Jan. 1, landfill methane power plant emissions meet the same

October 24, 2016 Read Full Article

FCC and Seat Partner in Project to Drive Biogas Production for Vehicular Use

(Bioenergy Insight)   …  The project seeks to develop an innovative process for enhancing bioenergy production from municipal, agricultural, and industrial waste, and a progress report was presented at Biometa

October 4, 2016 Read Full Article

Biogas Certificates Provide Customers with Flexible Access to the Benefits of Biogas

(Gasum) Gasum is the transmission network operator with system responsibility for the Finnish natural gas transmission system. As part of the development of the gas market, Gasum has created a Biogas

September 1, 2016 Read Full Article

Biogas To Fleet Fuel In South San Francisco

by Nora Goldstein  (BioCycle)  …  SSFSC (South San Francisco Scavenger Company) has converted 27 of the 40 trucks in its fleet to run on compressed natural gas (CNG). It uses

July 19, 2016 Read Full Article

Gaz Metro Converts Biomass into Renewable Natural Gas

(Gaz Metro/Biomass Magazine)  Gaz Métro is proud to announce that, over the past several months, it has been conducting a demonstration project aimed at converting forestry biomass into second-generation renewable

July 17, 2016 Read Full Article

Volkswagen Showcases Algae Biogas-Powered Vehicles at Green Project in Spain

(Bioenergy Insight)  German carmaker Volkswagen has showcased its algae biogas-powered vehicle at a biogas project based in El Torno Chiclana, a town in south-west Spain. The presentation of the test

June 29, 2016 Read Full Article

Proposed Bill Expands Tax Credit to Biogas-Based RNG

by Anna Simet (Biomass Magazine)  A bill (H.R. 5489) recently introduced to the House Ways and Means Committee on Space, Science and Technology would add more biogas applications to the list

June 27, 2016 Read Full Article

Impact Bioenergy’s Microdigester Testing Waste at Seattle Brewery

by  Katie Fletcher (Biomass Magazine)  Seattle-based Impact Bioenergy, a small startup focused on distributed energy with its portable, prefabricated anaerobic digestion (AD) technology, deployed its first microdigester at the Fremont

June 6, 2016 Read Full Article

Ontario Slates $100 Million toward Renewable Natural Gas

by Anna Simet (Biomass Magazine)  Ontario’s government plans to spend up to $100 million over the next four years to foster growth of renewable natural gas (RNG) in the province.

June 6, 2016 Read Full Article

Will Renewable Biofuel Help “Redeem” Clean Energy Fuels?

(The Motley Fuel)  … Can the company’s renewable natural gas, which it sells under the brand name Redeem, continue to drive growth even in the current environment? I think it can,

February 11, 2016 Read Full Article

Roeslein Halfway Done with First Phase of Massive AD Project

by Anna Simet (Biomass Magazine)  Construction of phase one of Roeslein Alternative Energy’s $80 million anaerobic digestion project is about halfway complete and on schedule to be operational by the

November 30, 2015 Read Full Article

LowCVP to Focus on Cutting Emissions from Trucks

(Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership)  To coincide with its participation in the new Freight in the City event (27 October, Alexandra Palace) the LowCVP is calling on fleet operators, local authorities and

October 27, 2015 Read Full Article

A Secret Password for Advanced Biofuels at Scale? Forget “Open Sesame”, Try “Velocys Inside”

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Four new technologies approach scaled operations, all with one element in common – Velocys technology on the back-end.  Why Velocys, why now? The Digest investigates.

October 5, 2015 Read Full Article

Forest Waste-to-RNG Technology to Be Demonstrated in California

(Placer County/Biomass Magazine) A new technology for converting forestry waste into renewable natural gas will be demonstrated for the first time ever Sept. 14 in Auburn, California. The process, developed by

September 11, 2015 Read Full Article

Turning Garbage Into Profit

by Olga Grigoryants (Pacific Standard)  Last year, Simi Valley Landfill entered what is becoming a fast­-growing business of transforming fetid odors from decaying trash into fuel, a feat made possible by

September 3, 2015 Read Full Article

The Gas Rush: The Digest’s 2015 8-Slide Guide to Farmatic and the Opportunity in Renewable Natural Gas

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In a remarkable presentation at the Infocast Methane Bioengineering Summit in San Diego this week (and earlier at the Advanced Bioeconomy Feedstocks Conference in New

September 3, 2015 Read Full Article

The Gas Rush: Could the US Switch Fuels over to 51% Renewable Natural Gas?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … In a remarkable presentation at the Infocast Methane Bioengineering Summit in San Diego this week (and earlier at the Advanced Bioeconomy Feedstocks Conference in New

September 3, 2015 Read Full Article

Swedish Biogas: 73% NGV Penetration

(Fleet and Fuels)  But Nation Could Do More for NGVs, Says Advocate —  Some 73% of the fuel for natural gas vehicles in Sweden came from biogas during the first

August 26, 2015 Read Full Article

That Blend Wall Buster, Renewable Natural Gas: The Digest’s 2015 8-Slide Guide

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  If the outlook on cellulosic biofuels is relatively bullish in 2015 compared to 2014 — Last year, there were 33.0 million RINs generated for cellulosic

August 19, 2015 Read Full Article

Bioenergy 2015 Posts Presentations

(Department of Energy)  … We know many of you are interested in some of the presentations from our great lineup of speakers. We have posted select presentations from the conference to

July 31, 2015 Read Full Article

Govt Notifies Rules for Use of Bio-CNG in Vehicles

(Press Trust of India)  The government has notified norms for use of bio-CNG for vehicles running on it, in a bid to promote green fuel. “The Road Transport and Highways

July 10, 2015 Read Full Article

INSIGHT-California’s Push for Cleaner Buses Could Edge out Natural Gas

by Nichola Groom (Reuters)  Fifteen years ago, California led the way to cleaner transit buses with strict tailpipe emissions standards that effectively ushered out diesel as the primary fuel for

July 2, 2015 Read Full Article

Big Ox Energy Breaks Ground in South Sioux City

by Bret Hayworth (Sioux City Journal) … Big Ox Energy, a Denmark, Wis.-based firm, has begun construction on a $30 million plant that will take organic waste from industrial plants and

April 29, 2015 Read Full Article

US Poised for Biobased Chemicals Breakout, Says National Research Council

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Though challenges remain, particularly in affordable feedstock, the US National Research Council says “Despite impressive recent and projected growth, the manufacturing of chemicals using biological

April 6, 2015 Read Full Article

Finding the Perfect Sustainable Fuel to Meet the Global Demand Is a Challenge: Experts at TERI Conference

(The Energy and Resources Institute/PR Newswire)  The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) and Tata Motors today organized the International Conference on ‘Sustainable Fuel for IC Engines in Emerging Nations’. The

February 6, 2015 Read Full Article

Waste to Biogas & Clean Fuels Finance & Investment Summit March 3-4, 2015 Santa Clara, CA

  Waste to Biogas & Clean Fuels Finance & Investment Summit   March 3-4, 2015   Santa Clara, CA

Infocast’s Waste to Biogas & Clean Fuels F&I Summit will bring together key government decision makers, municipalities, utilities, off-takers, commercial

January 17, 2015 Read Full Article

Shanks Awarded Preferred Proponent Status for Surrey Organics Biofuel Processing Facility Project in Canada

(Shanks)   International waste-to-product business, Shanks Group plc (LSE: SKS) announces that Iris Solutions, a consortium led by Orgaworld Canada,

December 19, 2014 Read Full Article

The 2014 RFS Rule Left Out in the Cold

by Brent Erickson (Biofuels Digest/Biotechnology Industry Organization)  …EPA should formally withdraw the proposed rule and issue a final rule as

November 24, 2014 Read Full Article

EU GHG Deal Calls for 27 Percent Renewables by 2030

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine)  On Oct. 24, the European Council issued a statement announcing it has agreed on the

October 31, 2014 Read Full Article

Fiberight Still Working toward MSW Plant in Iowa

by Holly Jessen (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Despite delays, Fiberight’s plans to produce cellulosic ethanol from municipal solid waste (MSW) in

October 29, 2014 Read Full Article

Gasification of Oil Palm Biomass to Produce Clean Producer Gas for Heat, Power Generation

(Phys.org)  … A research team led by Professor Mohamad Asadullah has embarked on a project related to gasification of biomass to

August 15, 2014 Read Full Article

Renewable Fuel Standard Rules Give Boost to Biogas

by Amanda Bilek (Biomass Magazine)   There is little doubt that allowing biogas-based transportation fuel projects to sell either advanced biofuel

August 11, 2014 Read Full Article

11,000 Biogas Project Opportunities in the US? USDA, DOE, EPA Publish Biogas Opportunities Roadmap

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Washington, USDA, EPA and the US DOE published the Biogas Opportunities Roadmap, and concluded that: ·

August 8, 2014 Read Full Article

GTL Joint Venture

(Velocys plc)  Velocys plc (VLS.L), the technology innovator for smaller scale gas-to-liquids (GTL), is pleased to announce that it has

August 4, 2014 Read Full Article

Jet Fuel or Liquid Natural Gas: Now Available from a Trash Bin near You, Parts I and II

by Tim Sklar (Biofuels Digest)  Anyone that has followed the evolution of processes that are used to make fuels out

July 22, 2014 Read Full Article

RNG: The Next Renewable Vehicle Fuel

By Stephanie Thorson  (Canadian Biogas Association /Biomass Magazine) Renewable natural gas (RNG) is a little-known fuel that has enormous potential to economically

June 18, 2014 Read Full Article

Defusing the Cellulosic Bomb inside the Renewable Fuel Standard

by Jim Lane (Biofuel Digest)  Thought the 2014 volume debate over the Renewable Fuel Standard was tough enough?What about the

May 27, 2014 Read Full Article

Global Warming Alert: Methane Levels Continue to Climb

by Bill Chameides (Duke University)  … Recently, NOAA’s Earth System Research Laboratory released its Annual Greenhouse Gas Index, “a measure of the warming influence

May 8, 2014 Read Full Article

Waste Management, Velocys, NRG, Ventech Form Renewables, Natgas-to-Fuels JV

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  First plant go/no-go expected in 2014; target: Oklahoma.  Future expansion in North America, UK, China.

March 25, 2014 Read Full Article

Clean Energy Becomes the First Ever Commercial Distributor of Transportational Fuel Made from Waste

(Clean Energy)  Clean Energy Fuels Corp. (Nasdaq: CLNE), North America’s largest provider of natural gas for transportation, announced today (October

October 4, 2013 Read Full Article

Anaergia Selected by County of Maui to Generate Renewable Fuel from Waste

(PR NewsWire/Anaergia)  Anaergia Inc. today announced that the County of Maui, Department of Finance and Mayor Alan Arakawa provided the intent to

May 6, 2013 Read Full Article

B&Q Introduces Bio-LNG Fleet

(EnergyGlobal.com)  Gasrec and B&Q are working together to create a greener fleet with 50 dual fuel lorries powered by Bio-LNG.

March 1, 2013 Read Full Article

Aboitiz to Invest $30m in Biomethane

by Alena Mae S. Flores (Manila Standard Today)   Aseagas Corp., a joint venture between Aboitiz Equity Ventures Inc. and Gazasia Ltd.

February 22, 2013 Read Full Article

BioMCN Signs Agreement for Biogas

(BioMCN) Suiker Unie, GasTerra and BioMCN sign agreement for production and delivery of biogas The companies Suiker Unie, GasTerra and BioMCN

November 28, 2012 Read Full Article

Renewable Biogas: Next RFS Darling or Marginal Fuel?

by Mackinnon Lawrence (Biofuels Digest/Pike Research)  …The Toilet Bike, though, brings to light questions around the broader potential for biogas as

September 12, 2012 0 comment Read Full Article

Good Digestion: It’s Been a Bumpy Road to Full-Scale Adoption of Anaerobic Digestion Technologies at Ethanol Plants

by Holly Jessen (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Despite the promise of methane from anaerobic digestion technology, low natural gas rates and

December 29, 2011 Read Full Article

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F-T FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertiliz fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel additives fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungi fungus Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal Germany Gerogia Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green chemistry green 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morula motorcycles MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) muck multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol Namibia nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Lab National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Transportation Safety Board Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland new fuel approval New Green Deal New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds NREL NTSB nucle nuclear nutraceuticals nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obama Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol off-take agreements Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olive cake olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone p Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama panda pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and 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rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED and RED II) Renewable Energy for America Program Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable hydrogen renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard renewable propane Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) renewable volume renewable volume obligation (RVO) replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion retail return on investment R Factor RFI RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RSF2 RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago sago pond weed SAIC SAK sales Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securiti Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale gas shale oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smokestack soap social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar-to-fuels solar biofuels solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solid oxide fuel cell Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific 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