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Tag "bio-based diesel benefits"

New Net-Zero Hero™ Marketing Campaign Promotes Bioheat® Fuel for New York State Energy Coalition

(PriMedia/Biobased Diesel Daily) Consumers and community leaders will be urged to “Be a Net-Zero Hero™” in the New York State Energy Coalition’s new marketing campaign beginning Sept. 5 and running through

October 13, 2021 Read Full Article

Carnarvon Petroleum Updates Investors on Wood-to-Diesel Project in Western Australia

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily)  Australia-based Carnarvon Petroleum Ltd. updated investors Sept. 30 on progress made on its wood-to-diesel joint venture with Frontier Impact Group. The biorefinery, still in

October 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Up and Towing with Biodiesel

by Steve Klein (Fuels Market News)  … While the job can be tough and challenging, Dustin Tapp, owner of the Ames-based company, wants to keep his fuel simple. He wants fuel

August 25, 2021 Read Full Article

De-carbon-ization: Part 1 – Things with Wheels that Move on Roads

(Diesel Technology Forum) …  Another way to get carbon reductions is to use lower carbon fuels. This is perhaps the fastest way to reduce carbon emissions across a broad sector since it

August 25, 2021 Read Full Article

Stepping into the Biofuel Market

(Biofuels International)  Businesses interested in producing biodiesel need advanced processing solutions that can achieve high purity levels while maximising the recovery of this fuel. When Bremfield, a leading Malaysian vegetable

August 19, 2021 Read Full Article

UK Green Materials Producer SandandStone Signs Biofuels Agreement

(Bio Market Insights) Earlier this week, green aggregate materials supplier SandandStone signed an agreement with Green Biofuels – committing to integrating sustainable biofuel alternatives into its mix. Under the new deal,

August 13, 2021 Read Full Article

Strategic Biofuels Achieves Major Project Milestone Towards World’s First Carbon Negative Renewable Diesel Plant

(Strategic Biofuels/Business Wire) Successful sequestration test well significantly de-risks the project while demonstrating carbon dioxide can be safely stored underground–Strategic Biofuels LLC, the leader in developing negative carbon footprint renewable

August 12, 2021 Read Full Article

Battle Of The Biofuels: Renewable Diesel vs. Biodiesel

by Patrick O’Brien (Opportune LLP/Biofuels Digest) Find out why knowing the difference between renewable diesel and biodiesel can go a long way in understanding the benefits of each. Fuel standards programs

August 10, 2021 Read Full Article

Crown Oil Runs Entire Fleet on HVO, Highlights UK Govt.’s Lack of Biofuel Support

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily)  …  “HVO … is an advanced renewable diesel fuel that provides a fast and simple step towards net zero rather than the leap needed for

August 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Latest State Greenhouse Gas Inventory Shows Emissions Continue to Drop below 2020 Target

(California Air Resources Board) Transportation emissions fall for second year in a row, electricity emissions down again — The California Air Resources Board today released greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory data for

August 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Biodiesel Offers Sustainable Fuel Alternative for Construction Equipment

by Colin Huwyler (Construction Executive/Optimus Technologies)  … While the idea of electrification has been emerging around the world, oftentimes it’s neither a cost-effective or technically feasible solution for heavy duty

July 27, 2021 Read Full Article

Fenix Transitions Port of LA Equipment to Renewable Diesel, Biodiesel Blend

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily) Fenix Marine Services in the Port of Los Angeles has made what it says is one of the largest commitments to environmental sustainability in the

July 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Cory Switches Iconic Thames Tugs to Biofuels as Part of Net-Zero Drive

(Biofuels International)  Cory has announced that its fleet of tugs will run on biofuel. The move follows successful trials that have resulted in a reduction of net carbon dioxide emissions

July 15, 2021 Read Full Article

How Viable Is Bio-Oil for Marine Transport?: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Biofuels for Marine Engines

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Determining the technical feasibility of using biofuels, especially bio-oils, for marine engine use, understanding the efficacy of biofuels in marine transport, looking at the impact

July 6, 2021 Read Full Article

Market Experts Testify before the House of Commons Parliamentary Committee on Canada’s Low-Carbon and Renewable Fuels Industry

(Renewable Industries Canada/JWN Energy) Renewable Industries Canada Board members highlight the essential role domestic biofuel producers play in providing Canadians with renewable fuel, growing low-carbon fuel markets, and leading net-zero

June 25, 2021 Read Full Article

NBB Members Highlight Policy Priorities in Letter to Congressional Leaders

(National Biodiesel Board) Industry members deliver letter ahead of annual advocacy day fly-in  — Today, the National Biodiesel Board delivered to Congressional leaders a letter signed by more than 50 companies outlining the

June 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Waiting for the Signal to Change

(National Biodiesel Board/Biodiesel Magazine)  While welcoming federal support for domestic SAF on par with support for biodiesel and renewable diesel, the NBB wants Congress and the Biden Administration to understand

June 17, 2021 Read Full Article

Biodiesel Not Blending in, but Standing out with Health Benefits

by Donnell Rehagen (National Biodiesel Board/Biodiesel Magazine)  While waiting on electric vehicles, the biodiesel industry has the ability to make an immediate and swift impact with B100 on public health.

June 17, 2021 Read Full Article

Star Oilco Delivers Sustainable Fuels to Oregon, in Near-Zero Carbon Trucks Using Optimus Technologies’ Vector System

(Morning Ag Clips/Optimus Technologies) Star Oilco demonstrates Oregon’s 2050 80% GHG emission reduction target is achievable today by implementing 100% biodiesel advanced fuel system  —  Optimus Technologies announced today that Star Oilco,

June 9, 2021 Read Full Article

UrbanX Group Signs Engineering Design Contract for Its Renewable Diesel Facility in Bakersfield

(Urban X Group/Business Wire) UrbanX Renewables Group of Long Beach, CA, executed its front-end engineering design contract, an essential step for building the state’s first facility producing ultra-low carbon renewable diesel,

June 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Samskip’s New Partnership with Unilever and TMA Logistics Demonstrates the Viability of 100% Biofuel for Haulage Services

(Port News)  Global shipping company Samskip has strengthened its commitment to sustainability in the supply chain with a series of customer projects to advance the use of carbon-neutral biofuel as part

May 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Valadao Helps Introduce Bill to Extend Federal Tax Credits on Biodiesel, Renewable Fuels

by John Cox (Bakersfield.com) Legislation introduced Tuesday by congressmen including Rep. David Valadao, R-Hanford, would extend federal tax credits supporting the production of biodiesel and other renewable fuels seen as

May 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Achieving Cost-Effective Fleet Sustainability

(Fleet Owner)  Steve Klein from Renewable Energy Group shares insight into how fleets can meet sustainability goals and regulations related to alternative fuels in a financially responsible manner. — …

May 18, 2021 Read Full Article

Oakland’s Used Cooking Oil Is Being Turned into Renewable Fuel for Buses and Trucks

by Talib Visram (Fast Company)  …  In Oakland, California, the circularity of the model is most clear. Since 2019, it’s been in a partnership with the city, where it’s helping Oakland’s plans

May 18, 2021 Read Full Article

Neste Opens New Renewable Diesel Fueling Stations in Southern California

(Neste) Growing fueling network makes it easier for fleet operators to fill up their existing diesel powered vehicles with net-zero renewable fuel  —  Neste, the world’s leading producer of renewable diesel

May 10, 2021 Read Full Article

Researchers Find Increased Use of Biodiesel Saves Lives, Results in Cost Savings

(National Biodiesel Board)  New study shows the low-carbon fuel would decrease premature deaths, reduce cancer risk and alleviate asthma complications for thousands of Americans —   A new study from Trinity Consultants demonstrates

April 30, 2021 Read Full Article

Biobased Diesel Fuel Highlighted as a Low-Carbon, Proven and Available Climate Change Solution

(Diesel Technology Forum)  Industry leaders Neste, Renewable Energy Group and the National Biodiesel Board affirmed the significant opportunity for biofuels in a carbon constrained future compared to electrification and other

April 27, 2021 Read Full Article

Accelerating Turnover to New Technology Diesel Engines, Increased use of Biobased Diesel Fuels Ensures Steady Progress on Carbon Reduction, Clean Air Gains

(Diesel Technology Forum) On eve of the 51st anniversary of Earth Day the Diesel Technology Forum issued the following statement:  “President Biden has brought a new emphasis on reducing greenhouse gas emissions

April 27, 2021 Read Full Article

City of Madison to Run More Vehicles on Biodiesel Fuel

by Abriela Thiel (The Badger Herald) ‘This has the short and long-term advantage of making Wisconsin a producer of materials it would otherwise import,’ UW expert says.  — The Wisconsin Soybean Marketing

April 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Deere Bullish on Biodiesel, Renewable Diesel

by Ryan Ghem (SAE International)  … Biodiesel and renewable diesel will lead the way for alternative-fuel integration into the heavy equipment industry, according to Nick Block, director of worldwide marketing,

March 31, 2021 Read Full Article

Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Industry on the “RISE” in 2021

(National Biodiesel Board)  NBB experts share how industry continues to “Rise” to any challenge — The biodiesel and renewable diesel industry is on the “RISE”. This week the National Biodiesel Board

January 22, 2021 Read Full Article

Now Is the Time to Cut Carbon with Biodiesel, Renewable Diesel

(National Biodiesel Board/Biodiesel Magazine) … Time is of the essence as OEMs and fleets across the country take a fresh look at the use of low-carbon biodiesel and renewable diesel to

January 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Carson Inks Extended Renewable Fuel Agreement with Neste

by Matthew Mercure (NGT News) Carson, a company that specializes in the fuel, lubricant, trucking and vehicle industries, has extended its renewable diesel agreement with Neste, a producer of renewable fuels, into

December 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Biodiesel: A Message of Unity and Well-Being

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily)  Biodiesel has a great story to tell―a unifying, healing message. It is one that must be told to policymakers, regulators, and consumers lest the

November 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Reducing Emissions Today

by Matt Herman (Biodiesel Sustainability Now/National Biodiesel Board)  … Today, biomass-based diesel is the primary solution for those who want to displace diesel fuel, reduce emissions, and contribute to cleaner

November 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Biobased Diesel Daily Editor Ron Kotrba Featured on National Biodiesel Board’s New Sustainability Website

(Biodiesel Sustainability Now/EIN Biofuel Industry Today) The National Biodiesel Board recently unveiled its new “Biodiesel Sustainability Now” website, which features sections such as “Sustainability Stories,” where readers can get inspired

November 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Hutchinson Salt Company: Miners Breathe Better Below Ground with B100

(Biodiesel Sustainability Now)  Kansas Salt Mine Marks Long-Time Success with High Blend of Biodiesel — The Hutchinson Salt Company recognized the indoor air quality benefits of 100% biodiesel (B100) back in

November 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Clean Engines Due to the Use of FAME

(LifePR)   The project “Formation of deposits and prevention of deposits of biodiesel” carried out at the University of Rostock shows that the use of biodiesel in modern engine systems leads

October 14, 2020 Read Full Article

New California Port Emissions Data Shows Advanced Diesel Technology Boosts Clean Air for Frontline Communities

(Diesel Technology Forum)  …  “The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) estimate that the Commercial Vehicle Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Reduction Standards Phase 1 rules saved

October 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Emirates Starts on Greener Road Journeys for Crew in Dubai

(Emirates Airline)  Emirates has revealed that nearly a third of its dedicated fleet of transport buses for cabin crew in Dubai will now operate on biofuel, taking another step forward

October 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Cities Area Transit Goes Green with Biodiesel

(News Dakota/North Dakota Soybean Council)  This summer Cities Area Transit (CAT) buses are running on a different fuel than normal. CAT recently switched to fueling their fleet with B20, a

July 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Growth Energy Identifies Omissions in EPA Report

(Growth Energy)  Growth Energy today said the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) new “anti-backsliding” report on the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) side-steps the wide body of evidence supporting a clear scientific consensus

June 9, 2020 Read Full Article

Renewable Fuels Month Spotlights Benefits of Homegrown Fuel Options

(KRVN/Nebraska Rural Radio Association) May is typically the kick-off to the summer driving season and has historically been a time Nebraska’s renewable fuels industries have come together to highlight the importance

June 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Z Energy Puts Biofuel Plant to Sleep, Asks for Govt Money

by Eloise Gibson (Stuff)  Z Energy is “hibernating” its biodiesel plant but may re-open in a year. –Z Energy  has put its Auckland biofuel plant to sleep after a bidding

May 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Biodiesel’s Green Footprint for Fleets: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to the National Biodiesel Board’s Biodiesel Industry – Part 2

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Check out Part 2 of the National Biodiesel Board’s slide guide that focuses on biodiesel’s on-road heavy-duty emission benefits, why they consider biodiesel as “liquid

March 26, 2020 Read Full Article

Reforming Renewable Fuel Standard Major Task for NATSO

by Alan Adler (Freight Waves)  Waivers of blending rules for small refineries drive up pump price of renewable fuels. — NATSO, the trade group for highway travel center operators, is

February 11, 2020 Read Full Article

Simplify Your Fuel Decision with Biodiesel

by Steve Klein (ACT News/Renewable Energy Group) With so many fuel options available these days, it can be hard to know which is right for your fleet. As a fleet owner

November 8, 2019 Read Full Article

Every Bit Counts in the Battle against Climate Change

(Diesel Technology Forum)  … Among Secretary-General Guterres’ policy proposals is the idea that only “radical changes” – such as a “full shift towards electric vehicles” – are acceptable “climate-smart practices”

September 24, 2019 Read Full Article

Corn, Soybean Farmers Celebrate Ethanol, Biodiesel Choices at New Brownstown Fueling Station

( Indiana Corn and Soybean Checkoffs/WOWO)  Without access to consumers, biofuels cannot grow. The Indiana Soybean Alliance (ISA) and the Indiana Corn Marketing Council (ICMC) joined Premier Energy and CountryMark to

September 23, 2019 Read Full Article

Oh My Neste MY: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Neste’s Renewable Diesel

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Neste’s MY renewable diesel is the best part of ‘diesel molecules’ and diesel specs, according to Neste. Check out this presentation by Dirk Vaughn, Head

August 21, 2019 Read Full Article

B-100 Program Can Save IDR100 Trillion in Foreign Exchange: Minister

by M. Fikri/Eliswan Azly (AntaraNews.com)  Agriculture Minister Andi Amran Sulaiman said the 100 percent biodiesel program (B-100), now being developed by the Ministry of Agriculture, will save up to Rp100 trillion

June 19, 2019 Read Full Article

Candidates Should Recognize Biofuel Benefits

by Mike Naig and Dave Loebsack (Quad City Times)  We may come from different political parties, but we share at least one common vision. Both of us strongly support renewable fuel,

March 21, 2019 Read Full Article

4 Myths About Renewable Diesel

by Lauren Fletcher (WorkTruck) Renewable diesel is gaining popularity, mostly with west coast fleets, as a cleaner-burning alternative to diesel and biodiesel fuels. At its most basic definition, renewable diesel fuel

January 28, 2019 Read Full Article

18 Trucking Touts Mechanical, Environmental Pluses of Renewable Diesel

by Betsy Lillian (NGT News)  18 Trucking, a construction trucking services company based in Hayward, Calif., is reporting reductions in maintenance costs and less downtime for its fleet after switching to

December 5, 2018 Read Full Article

The Complex Dynamics of Coprocessing

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  While oil refiners adding a small percentage of renewable feedstock to their operations sounds simple, the political, economic, technical, societal and market consequences are anything but. 

November 6, 2018 Read Full Article

California Trucking Company Cherokee Freight Lines Makes the Switch to Neste MY Renewable Diesel

(Neste/PR Newswire)  Cherokee Freight Lines, a Northern California trucking company, has switched its entire fleet of more than 200 trucks to run on Neste MY Renewable Diesel™. Cherokee Freight Lines is a diversified

July 11, 2018 Read Full Article

Fuel Delivery Services, a Specialty Carrier of Refined Petroleum Products in California, Switches to Neste MY Renewable Diesel

(Neste) Fuel Delivery Services, Inc. (FDS), a bulk transporter of refined petroleum products based in Stockton, CA, recently switched their Stockton based fleet of trucks to Neste MY Renewable Diesel™.

June 18, 2018 Read Full Article

Pasadena Fire Department Adopts Renewable Diesel

by Betsy Lillian (NGT News)  The Pasadena Fire Department in California has switched most of its fleet from petroleum diesel to Neste MY Renewable Diesel. The department currently operates one truck,

May 10, 2018 Read Full Article

New Edition of “Good Reasons for Biofuels” Brochure Published

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  In Germany, the Union for the Promotion of Oil and Protein Plants (UFOP) updated and reissued its consumer information “Good Reasons for Biofuels”. The brochure

March 19, 2018 Read Full Article

US Government Report Strengthens Consensus on Biodiesel Benefits

(National Biodiesel Board)  Argonne National Laboratory, US Dept. of Agriculture, and Purdue University affirm impressive emissions reductions  —  A new study on biodiesel’s lifecycle energy and greenhouse gas (GHG) emission effects updates

January 22, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

New Traffic Pollution Charge Hits London

(Biofuels International) … Pre-Euro 4 vehicles are generally those registered before 2006, although Transport for London recommends owners of any vehicle

October 26, 2017 Read Full Article

Parliament Debate Debunks Misconceptions on #Biodiesel Carbon Savings and Benefits

(EU Reporter)  Ahead of key votes on the post-2020 EU Renewable Energy Directive (RED II) in the ITRE, ENVI and TRAN

October 6, 2017 Read Full Article

Biodiesel Helps Clear the Air in Most Visited National Park

(National Biodiesel Board)   The last thing a hiker wants to encounter is a haze of smog that diminishes the view

September 11, 2017 Read Full Article

The People’s Fuel

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Biodiesel is the people’s advanced biofuel, but it is not always the Establishment’s darling.  Whether

September 1, 2017 Read Full Article

Academic Study: Biodiesel Benefits Under-Valued for Years

(National Biodiesel Board)  A new academic paper published in Biotechnology for Biofuels shows biodiesel’s benefits are even better than previous models suggest.

August 30, 2017 Read Full Article

Pruitt, EPA Should Heed Court Ruling, Boost RFS Biofuel Blending Levels

(25 x ’25 REsource) In a radio interview in Iowa late last week, EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt made pretty clear the rational that

August 18, 2017 Read Full Article

Trans Borneo Expedition All Geared up for 860km Road Trip to Promote Biodiesel

by Daryll Law (Borneo Post)  The Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB) and Ministry of Plantation Industries and Commodities (MPIC) will hold

March 7, 2017 Read Full Article

Greener Diesel Regulation

(Ontario, Canada government)  Learn about environmentally friendly diesel fuels and the new laws that apply to diesel supply companies in

January 6, 2017 Read Full Article

Great Results from Testing UPM’s Wood-Based Diesel in Buses

(UPM)  UPM has successfully tested Finnish wood-based diesel fuel both in laboratory conditions as well as in traffic. The tests

December 1, 2016 Read Full Article

EPA Commits to Meet Statutory RFS Reporting Requirements

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  On Aug. 18, the U.S. EPA Office of Inspector General published a report finding

August 22, 2016 Read Full Article

Why Is the BBD RVO So Low and What Can NBB Do about It?

by Don Scott (National Biodiesel Board/Biofuels Digest)  EPA proposes to continue growing the Required Volume Obligations (RVO) for Biomass Based Diesel

May 26, 2016 Read Full Article

Renewable Diesel Poses Viable Option

by Curt Bennink (ForConstructionPros.com)  By now, most are familiar with biodiesel. It is a cost-effective and more environmentally friendly alternative

April 15, 2016 Read Full Article

Biomass-Based Diesel Poised for Growth

by Dave Elsenbast (Renewable Energy Group/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Biodiesel proves to be a major, and growing, market for distillers corn oil.

April 15, 2016 Read Full Article

Mack Trucks Green-Lights Renewable Diesel Fuel for Use in Mack Engines

(Volvo) Following extensive truck and engine testing, Mack Trucks today (January 7, 2016) signed off on the use of renewable diesel

January 8, 2016 Read Full Article

Climate Benefits of One of the Oldest Technologies Still in Use

(Diesel Technology Forum)  Thanks to decades of innovation, clean diesel technology is helping to deliver significant reductions in GHG emissions

December 18, 2015 Read Full Article

Clean Diesel Feeding the World

(Diesel Technology Forum)  Clean diesel engines and fuel will be a necessary technology to feed an additional 1 billion people

December 3, 2015 Read Full Article

High Flying

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Can you make ultra-performing diesel and jet fuels from essential oils found in hemp, a/k/a

March 27, 2015 Read Full Article

Technology From Honeywell's UOP To Be Used To Produce Renewable Diesel For U.S. Military

(Honeywell)  Emerald Biofuels LLC to produce renewable diesel under U.S. Department of Defense program UOP LLC, a Honeywell (NYSE: HON) company,

October 1, 2014 Read Full Article

Nightmare Scenario: Renewable Fuels’ Defenders Pull out the Stops to Persuade EPA to Continue the War on Imported Oil

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Today, the EPA has scheduled a day of testimony on its proposed 2014 Renewable Fuel

December 5, 2013 Read Full Article

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Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG/R-CNG/bioCNG) compression-ignition engine compression ratios computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology cooking fuel Cook Islands cook stoves cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 COP26 copper coppice cordgrass corn-based products corn/maize corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crimes criteria pollutants Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cuphea cup plant currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D5 (5%DME) D20 (20%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date palm date palm pits Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization Delaware DeltaWing demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices diesel with renewables diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct-to-fuel direct air capture directed evolution direct injection Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E2 E3 E4 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E40 E50 E55 E75 E78 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED95 educatio education educational business private educational tour Education Series 3030 EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electricity price electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) end user Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylene ethyl levulinate (EL) ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication externalities extremophiles f F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferr ferry fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax Fleets fleet turnover fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery GREET model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP h Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawai'i hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrids Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrocarbon fuels hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogenolysis hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indiana Indian beech tree Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial ethanol industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land prices land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M3 M15 M50 M100 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts mass balance standard Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methan methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks methanization Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methanol price Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland Newfoundland and Labrador new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New York Michigan New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota Northeast northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Northwest Territories Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds nuclear Nunavut nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil/gas terminals oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay Paris Agreement parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peak oil demand peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin peela kaner pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photoelectrocatalysis photoelectrochemical photolysis photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine needles pine nut 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Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest rain tree RAND rare earth metal RD10 RD20 RD30 RD80 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation Refined Bleached Deodorized Palm Oil (RBDPO) refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/HVO/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price Renewable Diesel Production renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED and RED II) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) RenovaBio replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion resurrection grass retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Rural Renewable Energy Pilot Program Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog smokestack soap Social social benefit investing social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soi soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solaris solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) Solomon Islands Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications Spent Bleaching Earth Oil (SBEO) sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam methane reformation steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve STrategiv Petroleum Reserve straw students su sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) subsid succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugarcane sugarcane prices sugarcane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower sunflower stalks supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas/gas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic kerosene synthetic liquified gas (SLG) synthetic methane synthetic natural gas Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course Technical Readiness Levels techno-economic analysis technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics Thermal catalytic depolymerization (TCD) thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion thermochemical liquefaction Tibet Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Fuels Policy; carbon removal Transportation Policy travel policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale truck trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey UCOME (Used Cooking Oil Methyl Ester) Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) Ultra Low Sulfur Fuel Oil (ULSFO) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils vehicles miles traveled (VMT) Velocys Venezuela Vermont Victoria video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volunteers Vulcanol w waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil wastewater water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment wax weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction What You Can Do 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