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Carbon Capture

OMEGA System Tests for Marine Animal Durability

(Algae Industry Magazine) Much has been written about the innovative Offshore Membrane Enclosures for Growing Algae (OMEGA) developed by NASA scientists for deployment on water. OMEGA, an integrated aquatic system to produce biofuels, treat and recycle wastewater, capture CO2, and expand aquaculture production, includes floating photobioreactors (PBRs) that are intended to

July 1, 2014 Read Full Article

Anticipation Bubbles Up for ADM Carbon Capture Project

by Chris Luvardi (herald-review.com) Archer Daniels Midland Co. passed through a public hearing process Wednesday with limited concern voiced about its proposal to drill a second injection well in Decatur to store carbon dioxide deep underground. The hearing at the Decatur Public Library was part of a public comment period taking

June 27, 2014 Read Full Article

Bioenergy Sorghum May Be a “Sink” For Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Texas A&M Study Finds

by Rafaela Relvas  (BioNews Texas) Researchers at Texas A&M University conducted a study that brought new insights regarding bioenergy sorghum, finding that, more than an energy supply, it may offer a “sink” for greenhouse gases. … The team worked in a field near College Station, used since 2008 for bioenergy sorghum

June 9, 2014 Read Full Article

ACORE Announces Submission of Comments on DOE's Biofuel Research and Development Pathways

(American Council On Renewable Energy)  Today (June 2, 2014), the American Council On Renewable Energy (ACORE) announced that it has submitted comments to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) which sought stakeholder input regarding the biofuel pathways that the DOE’s Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) has selected to guide its research and development

June 3, 2014 Read Full Article

Fuel from the Sea: Scale Model WWII Craft Takes Flight with Seawater

by Daniel Parry  (U.S. Naval Research Laboratory/Renewable Energy World)   Navy researchers at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), Materials Science and Technology Division, demonstrate proof-of-concept of novel NRL technologies developed for the recovery of carbon dioxide (CO2) and hydrogen (H2) from seawater and conversion to a liquid hydrocarbon fuel. Fueled

May 14, 2014 Read Full Article

CEC Issues Final Report on OMEGA System

(Algae Industry Magazine)   The California Energy Commission (CEC) has just issued their “final” report on the Offshore Membrane Enclosures for Growing Algae (OMEGA) approach to algae cultivation and wastewater remediation. Outlining the research findings for the multiyear OMEGA project, the report is available for download on the CEC’s website.

April 25, 2014 Read Full Article

The Science of Clean Energy

By Nahla Nainer (The Hindu) On International Women’s Day, Dr. M. Premalatha, associate professor at the Centre for Energy and Environmental Science and Technology (CEESAT), NIT-T in Tiruchi India explains why more female science students should opt for research in this field. … Concepts such as growing micro-algae through carbon dioxide

April 15, 2014 Read Full Article

Ethanol Plant CO2 Sequestration Project Reaches New Milestone

by Chris Hanson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The $163.9 million Illinois Basin-Decatur Project celebrated as new milestone as its carbon sequestration project stored 750,000 metric tons carbon dioxide from Archer Daniels Midland Co.’s ethanol plant in Decatur, Ill. “We are here today to celebrate a groundbreaking project that is paying important

April 1, 2014 Read Full Article

Research Summary: Sequestration of Carbon by Shrub Willow Offsets Greenhouse Gas Emissions

(Extension.org)  Grown for biofuel, energy-efficient shrub willow sequesters carbon below-ground, life-cycle assessment shows.  Shrub willow is a short-rotation woody biomass crop that could be an important part of our renewable energy future. By sequestering carbon in below-ground biomass, it can offset any greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions created during its production and

April 1, 2014 Read Full Article

Algae in Iowa

(Algae Industry Magazine)  This American Land travels to Shenandoah, Iowa, to take a look at BioProcess Algae’s novel technology for recycling CO2 from corn ethanol production into algae production.  WATCH VIDEO  and Duke Power VIDEO

March 17, 2014 Read Full Article

New Catalyst Could Lead to Cleaner Energy

by Anne Trafton (MIT News)  MIT chemists have devised a way to trap carbon dioxide and transform it into useful organic compounds, using a simple metal complex. More work is needed to understand and optimize the reaction, but one day this approach could offer an easy and inexpensive way to

March 6, 2014 Read Full Article

The Race to Capture, Use and Monetize Waste CO2

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Reduce carbon? Rid the world of excess CO2? Not so fast, buster. A new generation of technologies has come along that capture, re-purpose and monetize CO2 emissions. Will they realize their promise? As Liquid Light steps out of stealth and into the light, the state of the art

March 5, 2014 Read Full Article

New Policy Paper Discusses Future of the Biochar Industry

(University of Northern British Columbia)  Biochar, a renewable charcoal-like product derived from burning organic matter in a high-temperature oxygen-limited kiln, could be a substitute for the coal and some of the natural gas burned in British Columbia, according to a new policy paper written by UNBC researchers. The paper –

February 24, 2014 Read Full Article

2013 North American Biochar Symposium: Science, Passion and Practice

by Danilo Gusmao de Quadros (Advanced Biofuels USA)*  Biochar is a black matter produced by pyrolysis of biomass (burned without or with a little amount of oxygen), which can be used as a soil amendment. Pyrolysis is a thermochemical process that has been used to produce biofuels from feedstock through

November 25, 2013 1 comment Read Full Article

How to Apply: Biological Greenhouse Gas Management Call For Expressions Of Interest EOI

(Climate Change and Emissions Management Corporation )  Submission due: February 21, 2014 The CCEMC is now inviting Expressions of Interest (EOI) for innovative projects that will reduce or avoid greenhouse gas emissions, or enhance carbon sequestration, through the use of biological organisms such as plants, animals or microbes. The scope

November 1, 2013 Read Full Article

A Systematic Review of Biochar Research, with a Focus on Its Stability in situ and Its Promise as a Climate Mitigation Strategy

by Noel P. Gurwick, Lisa A. Moore, Charlene Kelly, Patricia Elias (PLOSone)   Claims about the environmental benefits of charring biomass and applying the resulting “biochar” to soil are impressive. If true, they could influence land management worldwide. Alleged benefits include increased crop yields, soil fertility, and water-holding capacity; the most widely discussed idea is

October 30, 2013 Read Full Article

Carbon Sequestration in Agricultural Soils (English)

(World Bank)  The purpose of this report is to improve the knowledge base for facilitating investments in land management technologies that sequester soil organic carbon. While there are many studies on soil carbon sequestration, there is no single unifying volume that synthesizes knowledge on the impact of different land management

October 17, 2013 Read Full Article

Sweetwater Energy to Convert CO2 to Sugars in JV with Naturally Scientific

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In New York, Sweetwater Energy announced a 50/50 joint venture with Naturally Scientific, Inc. to produce sugar from waste carbon dioxide. The new technology converts carbon dioxide taken directly from the emissions of industries such as ethanol refineries, natural gas power plants and many others,

October 11, 2013 Read Full Article

Time to Rethink Misguided Policies that Promote Biofuels to Protect Climate

(Nanowerk News)  …His paper concludes that for now, it makes more sense to enable plants to soak up carbon dioxide through reforestation and to redouble efforts to protect forests, rather than producing and promoting biofuels. Corn ethanol production of 14 billion gallons supplied 4.4 percent of total U.S. transportation liquid

September 25, 2013 Read Full Article

ABO Encourages CCR and CCS

(Algae Industry Magazine)  The Algae Biomass Organization (ABO) has just encouraged the EPA to include the carbon capture and reuse (CCR) as an approved strategy for compliance under its New Source Performance Standard, a draft version of which was released Friday, September 20, 2013. The EPA’s draft, which places a

September 23, 2013 Read Full Article

First Carbon, Second Harvest

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … When you first harvest a forest or other biomass, you take all that carbon that’s been sequestered — if you use the “first cut” for energy or fuels, that carbon is released. Now, in the world of renewables, that’s not a terrible thing. Because that

August 30, 2013 0 comment Read Full Article

Biofuels’ 10 Scariest Challenges: Part 1 of 2

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Upstream, downstream, processing, policy, finance – opportunities and challenges abound in the bioeconomy – but which challenges are the most intractable and daunting of them all? In today’s part 1, #10 through #6. They use various aliases — naysayers, pessimists, The Party of No, doom-and-gloom’ers,

August 20, 2013 Read Full Article

Biofuels on the Verge

by Herman K. Trabish (GreenTechMedia) A photo tour of the biofuels industry The Environmental Protection Agency just announced it expects only 6 million gallons of cellulosic biofuels to contribute to the 16.55 billion gallons of renewable fuels mandated by the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) in 2014. But a tour of emerging sites in Iowa,

August 15, 2013 Read Full Article

Whoops: Soils Can’t Lock Away Black Carbon or Biochar, Study Says.

by Tim Radford  (The Daily Climate)  Charcoal and other forms of black carbon do not, as previously thought, stay where they are buried. They migrate to the oceans and recirculate the carbon they contain. Climate scientists may have to rethink some of their old assumptions about carbon. US and European

May 6, 2013 Read Full Article

Carbon Accounting of Forest Bioenergy: Conclusions and Recommendations from a Critical Literature Review

(European Commission Joint Research Centre Institute for Energy and Transport)  In the current European energy policy framework, biogenic CO2 emissions from combustion of forest biomass used for energy and transport purposes are set to zero. Biomass is thus considered as a “carbon neutral” source (see definitions, pg 7). For this

March 28, 2013 Read Full Article

Biorefinery 2015 – The Shape of Advanced Biofuels to Come – Part II

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Today in part II, we look at a new set of technologies coming along that are redefining our ideas about scale and cost. … A barrier to long term deployment? The $11 per gallon average capital expenditure, or capex — and the average price tag

March 26, 2013 Read Full Article

Study Shows Carbon Sequestration from Corn Production Runs Deep

(25 x ’25)  The ethanol industry has some good news to share. And it comes in an arena where the domestically produced biofuel has often been challenged – carbon sequestration and the life-cycle assessment of ethanol made from corn. A study published by researchers associated with USDA’s Agricultural Research Service

March 25, 2013 Read Full Article

Phycal Captures CO2 Funding for Biofuel

by Debra Fiakas (Alt Energy Stocks)  As part of its program to promote beneficial reuse of carbon dioxide, the Department of Energy awarded a total of $27.2 million ($3.0 million in the first phase and $24.2 million in a second phase) to a consortium led by alternative energy developer Phycal, Inc.

March 12, 2013 Read Full Article

Scientists Trick Iron-Eating Bacteria into “Breathing” Electrons in Effort to Create Biofuels

by Lidija Grozdanic   (Inhabitat.com) …Scientists Daniel Bond, Zarath Summers and Jeffrey Gralnick of the University of Minnesota’s BioTechnology Institute used the co-called electrochemical cultivation to grow iron-oxidizing bacteria without any presence of iron. By adding marine oxidizer Mariprofundus ferrooxydans PV-1, along with some nutrient medium to an electrode, the bacteria

February 25, 2013 Read Full Article

Bioenergy Combined with CCS Could Enable Carbon-Negative Energy

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)   Stanford University’s Global Climate and Energy Project has released a report highlighting the potential to combine bioenergy production with carbon capture and storage techniques to enable carbon-negative energy production. “Net negative emissions can be achieved when more greenhouse gases are sequestered than are

February 21, 2013 Read Full Article

Sustainable Bioenergy and Grasslands on the Edge

(Bioenergy Crops)  There is an increasing interest worldwide on developing sustainable bioenergy alternatives for low competitive lands where food production profitability is scarce or where soils and climates  are not suited for traditional activities or have no market access and low competitiveness. Some examples of this are present in several regions

February 15, 2013 Read Full Article

Global Greenhouse Gas Implications of Land Conversion to Biofuel Crop Cultivation in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands – Lessons Learned from Jatropha

by W.M.J. Achten, A. Trabucco, W.H. Maes, L.V. Verchot, R. Aerts, E. Mathijs, P. Vantomme, V.P. Singh, B. Muys  (ScienceDirect.com/Journal of Arid Environments)  Biofuels are considered as a climate-friendly energy alternative. However, their environmental sustainability is increasingly debated because of land competition with food production, negative carbon balances and impacts on

January 29, 2013 Read Full Article

Study Looks at Environmental Benefits of Ethanol

by Joanna Schroeder (DomesticFuel.com)  According to a new study performed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, corn grown using no-till methods may sequester larger amounts of carbon than previously believed. The study was published in BioEnergy Research and showed that corn grown over a 10-year period using no-till practices sequesters

January 25, 2013 Read Full Article

High Crop Prices Are Driving Land Use Change in the U.S. at an Increasing Environmental Cost

by Ned Stowe (Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  The USDA estimates that farmers in the U.S. will plant nine million more acres in corn in 2013 than they did in 2011, an increase of almost 10 percent. Over the same period, the USDA reports that four million acres have been taken

January 25, 2013 Read Full Article

Life Cycle Assessment of Transportation Fuels from Biomass Pyrolysis

by Diego Iribarren, Jens F. Peters, Javier Dufour  (Fuel/Science Direct)  This article evaluates the environmental performance of a biofuel production system based on the fast pyrolysis of short-rotation poplar biomass using a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) approach. The system includes a circulating fluidized bed reactor followed by bio-oil upgrading through

January 17, 2013 Read Full Article

Forest Products Society Journal Publishes Special Biofuels Issue

(Forest Products Society)  Biofuels made from high-yield, short rotation woody crops or from forest residuals and thinnings that are currently left unused have substantial potential to reduce CO2 emissions as well as to contribute to energy independence. A series of articles published as a special issue on biofuels by the Forest

December 31, 2012 Read Full Article

Special Forest Products Journal Biofuels Issue

(WebWire)  Biofuels made from high yield, short rotation woody crops or from forest residuals and thinnings that are currently left unused have substantial potential to reduce CO2 emissions as well as to contribute to energy independence. A series of articles published as a special issue on biofuels by the Forest Products

December 18, 2012 Read Full Article

Carbon Dioxide: Key to Boosting Revenues and Limiting Emissions from Biofuels and Allied Ventures

by Sam A. Rushing (Advanced Cryogenics, Ltd. )   …Pure carbon dioxide sequestration projects have been evaluated by my office for large US and Brazilian ventures, primarily fed by CO2 from ethanol projects. In the future, it is entirely likely that more CO2 will actually be dedicated to subterranean oil

November 29, 2012 Read Full Article

Home News Energy First Large-Scale US CCS Plant Reaches Capture Milestone

(Business Green)  Illinois Basin-Decatur Project has stored 317,000 metric tons of CO2 from an adjacent ethanol plant in an underground reservoir The first demonstration-scale carbon capture and storage (CS) plant in the US has successfully injected 317,000 metric tons of CO2 into a subterranean reservoir during its first year of

November 27, 2012 Read Full Article

British Engineers Produce Amazing 'Petrol from Air' Technology

by Andrew Hough  (The Telegraph)  A small company in the north of England has developed the “air capture” technology to create synthetic petrol using only air and electricity. …The “petrol from air” technology involves taking sodium hydroxide and mixing it with carbon dioxide before “electrolysing” the sodium carbonate that it

October 24, 2012 Read Full Article

Kiverdi Receives Energy Commission Funding for Its Pioneering Carbon Conversion Platform

(Kiverdi)  Kiverdi, Inc., a privately held, advanced sustainable oil and chemicals company, was awarded a $747,126 grant from the California Energy Commission’s Research, Demonstration, and Development program for its efforts to develop beneficial uses of carbon dioxide (CO2). Kiverdi also announces that it was selected by a competitive peer-review process

September 7, 2012 Read Full Article

Teaching a Microbe to Make Fuel

by David L. Chandler (MIT News)   Genetically modified organism could turn carbon dioxide or waste products into a gasoline-compatible transportation fuel. A humble soil bacterium called Ralstonia eutrophahas a natural tendency, whenever it is stressed, to stop growing and put all its energy into making complex carbon compounds. Now scientists at

August 30, 2012 Read Full Article

SoCalGas, Scripps to Develop Algae Carbon Capture

(Algae Industry Magazine)  Southern California Gas Co. (SoCalGas) and Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego (Scripps) have entered into an agreement focusing on the design of an innovative system in which algae consume carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from natural gas combustion and cost-effectively convert it into valuable byproducts

August 26, 2012 Read Full Article

Reducing CO2: Research Shows Chemical and Economic Feasibility for Capturing Carbon Dioxide Directly from Air

(Georgia Tech University)   With a series of papers published in chemistry and chemical engineering journals, researchers from the Georgia Institute of Technology have advanced the case for extracting carbon dioxide directly from the air using newly-developed adsorbent materials. The technique might initially be used to supply carbon dioxide for such

July 30, 2012 Read Full Article

European Biofuels Technology Platform Says Certain Biofuels Paths Offer “Low-Hanging Fruit”

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In Belgium, the European Biofuels Technology Platform has released a new report that says certain biofuels production routes could provide “low-hanging fruits” for early, low-cost CCS deployment. A recent study indicated that, globally, Bio-CCS could remove 10 billion tonnes of CO2 from the atmosphere every

July 18, 2012 Read Full Article

European Biofuels Technology Platform Stresses Benefits of Bio-Carbon Capture

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Power and Thermal Magazine)  The European Biofuels Technology Platform published a report in June that addresses the potential to couple carbon capture and storage (CCS) with biofuel and biomass heat and power technologies. The report, titled “Biomass with CO2 Capture and Storage (Bio-CCS),” asserts that Bio-CCS

June 25, 2012 Read Full Article

Environmental Benefit of Biofuels Is Overestimated, New Study Reveals

(EurekAlert)  Two scientists are challenging the currently accepted norms of biofuel production. A commentary published today in GCB Bioenergy reveals that calculations of greenhouse gas (GHGs) emissions from bioenergy production are neglecting crucial information that has led to the overestimation of the benefits of biofuels compared to fossil fuels. The critique extends

June 11, 2012 Read Full Article

When, Where and How Wood Is Used Impact Carbon Emissions from Deforestation

(Environmental Research Web)  A new study from the University of California, Davis, provides a deeper understanding of the complex global impacts of deforestation on greenhouse gas emissions. The study, published May 13 in the advance online edition of the journal Nature Climate Change, reports that the volume of greenhouse gas

May 29, 2012 Read Full Article

Air Fuel Synthesis Takes Next Step in Creating Fuel from Air

(Air Fuel Synthesis)   … The company’s demonstration unit fuel reactor has produced methanol fuels from carbon monoxide and hydrogen, and also from carbon dioxide and hydrogen. The production of these first liquid hydrocarbon fuels – a real alternative to fossil fuels – completes a critical stage in the development

April 18, 2012 Read Full Article

Solutions4CO2 Inc. Announces Joint Venture with BARD Holding, Inc.

(Solutions4CO2)  Solutions4CO2 Inc. (“S4CO2”), is pleased to announce a joint venture with BARD Holding, Inc. (www.bardholding.com ) (the “S4CO2 – BARD Joint Venture”) to co-develop waste gas/water to co-products facilities in Canada. The initial phase of the joint venture will establish a 50,000 sq. ft. research and development facility (the

April 13, 2012 Read Full Article

Net Benefits: The Idea of Pulling Carbon Dioxide out of the Atmosphere Is a Beguiling One. Could It Ever Become Real?

(The Economist) …A report published last year by the American Physical Society (APS) put the cost of extracting and storing carbon dioxide using an air-capture system based on known technology at between $600 and $800 a tonne. That is about 80 times the current price of European carbon credits. At

March 27, 2012 Read Full Article

Request for Information (RFI) on Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) DE-FOA-0000671 for Chemo/electro-autotrophic Synthesis of Liquid Fuels at Scale

(US Department of Energy)  The purpose of this Request for Information (RFI) is solely to solicit input for ARPA-E consideration to inform the possible development of future chemo/electro-autotrophic fuel production programs.  Information obtained may be used by ARPA-E on a non-attribution basis.  This RFI provides biofuel and bioproducts stakeholders with an opportunity

February 13, 2012 Read Full Article

Pond Biofuels to Pilot Cement Absorption System

(Daily Commercial News)  Pond Biofuels is piloting a new carbon dioxide (CO2) absorption system at St. Marys Cement. The new system will reduce greenhouse gases by absorbing dirty smokestack emissions to grow algae which can be used in oil production, converted into biodiesel and bioplastics or act as a renewable

January 25, 2012 Read Full Article

Endesa to Perform Industrial Test of CO2 Capture Using Microalgae

(Endesa)  Madrid • Expansion of the Almería plant to demonstrate the technical and economic viability of the technology. • The success of the first stage of the project has led Endesa to carry out trials with two new types of photo-bioreactors and develop and test new genetically-modified algae to increase the

December 23, 2011 Read Full Article

Holcim Lanka and Algae.Tec Launch First Biofuels Production Facility in Asia

(Algae.Tec)  Algae.Tec Limited an advanced algae to biofuels company with a high-yield enclosed algae growth and harvesting system announced today it had signed a collaboration contract to build its first algae biofuels production facility in Asia. The facility will be built in Sri Lanka in conjunction with Holcim Lanka Ltd,

December 5, 2011 Read Full Article

Green Super Slime a Potential Solution to Greenhouse Gases

by Margaret Munro (PostMedia News/Canada.com)  …The faster the organisms suck up carbon dioxide, the better, as John McDougall, president of the National Research Council, envisions big things for the lowly microbes.McDougall is a long-time and unabashed promoter of using algae to reduce Canada’s greenhouse gas emissions and has lobbied for

November 29, 2011 Read Full Article

US Carbon Storage System Breaks New Ground

by Tim Wall  (Discovery.com)  The Midwest now boasts the United States’ first large scale carbon sequestration project working in conjunction with a biofuel plant. Carbon dioxide emissions from an Archer Daniels Midland Company corn ethanol plant are being pressurized and stored beneath the Mount Simon sandstone formation near Decatur, Illinois

November 29, 2011 Read Full Article

Society of Biological Engineering’s Conference on ElectroFuels Research

by Vidya Ramanathan (Advanced Biofuels USA)  A clear view of coppery miniature treetops, brilliant skies and shimmering coastline.  This is the sight that welcomed the attendees of the first ever conference on ElectroFuels, conducted by the Society of Biologigal Engineering, under the auspices of the two-year-old agency ARPA-E, held in the

November 15, 2011 Read Full Article

Algae Trek: The Next Generation

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …Overall, there remain more than 100 companies chasing the prize of developing an algae biomaterials project, profitable and at commercial scale. Yesterday (October 24, 2011), on the eve of the annual Algal Biomass Summit, two of the long-time leaders in the commercialization of advanced algal

October 26, 2011 Read Full Article

Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC) Risks Can Be Mitigated, Says E&Y Report

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …ILUC mitigation practices identified by Ernst & Young include the development of advanced generation biofuels, improvements to crop yields on existing agricultural land, the use of co-products for animal feed purposes, and crop production on abandoned lands. The report recommends that incentivizing these additional sustainability

October 11, 2011 Read Full Article

Global Photosynthesis: New Insight Will Help Predict Future Climate Change

(Science Daily)  A new insight into global photosynthesis, the chemical process governing how ocean and land plants absorb and release carbon dioxide, has been revealed in research that will assist scientists to more accurately assess future climate change. In a paper published September 28 inNature, a team of US, Dutch and

October 10, 2011 Read Full Article

XTL, the Path to Scale: Accelergy CTO Rocco Fiato

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  A major trend emerging from the conference was a broad agreement on the strong potential for XTL fuels – that is, fuels that combined both fossil and biomass inputs, to provide the opportunities for massive scale in the near-term. Accelergy CTO Rocco Fiato outlined his

October 4, 2011 Read Full Article

Heavy Breathing by Plants Could Alter Climate Models, 30-Year Study Finds

by Ben Cubby (Sydney Morning Herald)  Plants have been breathing a lot more quickly than we thought, according to a study that suggests some climate change models may have to be modified to account for faster rates of photosynthesis. An analysis of 30years of atmospheric records has shown that the

October 3, 2011 Read Full Article

Newcastle University Outlines Plans for North East Carbon Capture Hub

by James Murray  (Business Green)  Could gasification hold the key to the decarbonisation of the North East’s heavy industries? Researchers at the Newcastle Institute for Research on Sustainability(NIReS) are working on ambitious plans that could establish the North East as a global hub for the development of gasification and carbon capture

September 8, 2011 Read Full Article

Work Begins on Carbon-Capture at ADM Decatur Site

(St. Louis Today/AP)  The U.S. Department of Energy says construction has started on a $207.5 million project to capture carbon dioxide produced by an ethanol plant in Illinois and store it underground. The Energy Department said construction started Tuesday on the project at Archer Daniels Midland’s headquarters in Decatur and

August 26, 2011 Read Full Article

Switch from Corn to Grass Would Raise Ethanol Output, Cut Emissions

(EurekAlert!/University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)  Growing perennial grasses on the least productive farmland now used for corn ethanol production in the U.S. would result in higher overall corn yields, more ethanol output per acre and better groundwater quality, researchers report in a new study. The switch would also slash emissions of

July 13, 2011 Read Full Article

Earthworm Avoidance of Biochar Can Be Mitigated by Wetting

by Dong Li, William C. Hockaday, Caroline A. Masiello and Pedro J.J. Alvarez (Science Direct)  Biochar has a great potential for enhancing soil fertility and carbon sequestration while enabling beneficial waste disposition. Because of the potential for widespread application, it is essential to proactively assess and mitigate any unintended consequences associated with soil biochar amendment.

June 6, 2011 Read Full Article

Stevens Students Develop Cheaper, Greener, Alternative Energy Storage

(Stevens Institute of Technology)  Every year, the world consumes 15 Terrawatts of power. Since the amount of annual harvestable solar energy has been estimated at 50 Terrawatts, students at Stevens Institute of Technology are working on a supercapacitor that will allow us to harness more of this renewable energy through

June 2, 2011 Read Full Article

How Manomet Got It Backwards: Challenging the "Debt-then-dividend" Axiom

by Dr. William Strauss (Renewable Energy World/FutureMetrics) This short article challenges the assumption that there is always a carbon debt incurred first and then a carbon dividend realized later (debt-then-dividend) when using woody biomass for energy.   The Manomet Study has generated a great deal of interest and controversy about the greenhouse

May 31, 2011 Read Full Article

OriginOil Lands First Order for Industrial Scale Algae Oil Extraction System

(OriginOil)  Owner of three ‘CO2 to energy’ projects will pilot extraction unit at large coal-fired power plant OriginOil, Inc., the developer of breakthrough technology to transform algae, the most promising source of renewable oil, into a true competitor to petroleum, today announced it has received the first commercial order to deploy

January 28, 2011 Read Full Article

The Impact Of A Renewable Electricity Standard & A Carbon Payment Program

By Don Hofstrand (Iowa State University Extension/JoplinStockyards.com)   U.S. energy policy has recently moved into the background due to concerns about the current economic downturn. However, the importance of the two major drivers of energy policy – the need to wean the U.S. from foreign energy and the need to limit

December 30, 2010 Read Full Article

Deforestation ‘Not So Important for Climate Change’

by Fred Pearce   (New Scientist)  Climate negotiations were dealt a bombshell at the weekend when ecologists reported that carbon emissions from the destruction of tropical forests are probably only half previous estimates. If we are emitting less carbon dioxide from deforestation that’s got to be good news, surely. The trouble is

December 13, 2010 0 comment Read Full Article

CARBON CORNER: New Carbon Opportunities Coming to Market for Agriculture

by Dawson Williams and Rick Gilmore (GIC Group/Biofuels Digest)  …The Climate Action Reserve (CAR), which was chartered by state legislation in California in 2001, has just proposed three new agriculture related offset categories, including:  cropland management, nutrient (fertilizer) management, and rice cultivation. These categories would be in addition to the already

November 3, 2010 Read Full Article

Biofuels: a New Methodology to Estimate GHG Emissions Due to Global Land Use Change

by Roland Hiederer, Fabien Ramos, et al. (European Commission Joint Research Centre)  This study implements a new methodology developed by the JRC IES and IE for estimating changes in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from soil and above- and below-ground biomass resulting from global land use changes caused by the production of

September 28, 2010 Read Full Article

Carbon Dioxide Recycling in the Biofuels Industry,” a Special Digest report

by Sam A. Rushing (Biofuels Digest)  …Since CO2 has been shown to be the globe’s worst offender as a greenhouse gas, the very use of this gas in a technology which would foster the production of viable basic chemicals, plastics, and biofuels is probably some of the best news around.

September 14, 2010 Read Full Article

The Culturing Revolution: LanzaTech Extends to Chemicals as Year of SynthBio Gains Pace

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  LanzaTech announced that it has produced 2,3-Butanediol (2,3-BD), a key building block used to make polymers, plastics and hydrocarbon fuels, using the company’s waste steel gas fermentation technology. LanzaTech is a story about a company transforming biofuels with “non-biomass” technology and an integrated strategy. As

August 24, 2010 Read Full Article

A European Perspective on Algal Biofuel Scaleup

(Algae Industry Magazine)  An article by Rene H. Wijffels and Maria J. Barbosa, of Wageningen University in the Netherlands, published in the current edition of Science Journal, details the challenges and opportunities of algal biofuel development from a European perspective. Among the main points of the article, titled “An Outlook

August 24, 2010 Read Full Article

Joule Unlimited: ‘Fuel from Thin Air’ Comes Closer, Clearer

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Massachusetts, the secretive Joule Unlimited (then known as Joule Biotechnologies) emerged late last year from “stealth mode” with the startling announcement that their technology could produce up to 15,000 gallons per acre of drop-in hydrocarbon fuels, using only sunlight, CO2 and (fresh, brackish or saline)

August 23, 2010 Read Full Article

10 Top Solar Biofuels Projects

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …Aside from the general observation that nearly all energy systems ultimately are based on today’s or yesterday’s solar energy (only geothermal and nuclear power are distinct exceptions), a new generation of technologies is bringing solar and biofuel technologies closer together. Symbiosis or Convergence?  There are

August 20, 2010 Read Full Article

Sustainable Biochar to Mitigate Global Climate Change

by Dominic Woolf, James E. Amonette, F. Alayne Street-Perrott, Johannes Lehmann & Stephen Joseph    (Nature Communications)  Production of biochar (the carbon (C)-rich solid formed by pyrolysis of biomass) and its storage in soils have been suggested as a means of abating climate change by sequestering carbon, while simultaneously providing energy and

August 20, 2010 Read Full Article

POET, Farmers Kick Off Commercial Biomass Harvest for Project LIBERTY Cellulosic Ethanol

(POET) Construction underway on storage area for biomass bales in Emmetsburg, Iowa  Farmers and POET today celebrated the upcoming collection and delivery of 56,000 tons of baled corn cobs and light stover in the first commercial harvest for Project LIBERTY. POET CEO Jeff Broin spoke to farmers about the important jobs

August 20, 2010 Read Full Article

Journal of Industrial Ecology Gathers Corn Ethanol Debate Articles

edited by Reid Lifset (Journal of Industrial Ecology)   Includes Corn Ethanol Articles Related to Debate over Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Corn-Ethanol The Journal of Industrial Ecology is pleased to make the following articles on the greenhouse gas emissions from corn-ethanol freely available for download. The Journal of Industrial Ecology is an

August 20, 2010 Read Full Article

Air Resources Board Is Clinging to Old Science

by Joe Irvin (Capitol Weekly)  This week, the California Air Resources Board (CARB) convened a group of experts to discuss issues related to the Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) that was approved last year. The Expert Working Group has been working to examine the gaps in the original research produced

August 19, 2010 Read Full Article

LakeMaster Building Algae-to-Biofuel System

by Joseph Holroyd  (Algae Industry Magazine)  LakeMaster Corporation, a clean energy technology company headquartered in Rochester, New York, is engaged in the development and commercialization of a proprietary algal to biofuel system that captures carbon dioxide. The company recently filed for a patent on their photo-bioreactor (patent pending) to grow algae

August 13, 2010 Read Full Article

Specific Climate Impact of Passenger and Freight Transport (Cars Warm Climate More than Planes)

by Jens Borken-Kleefeld, Terje Berntsen and Jan Fuglestvedt  (Environmental Science and Technology)  …An unambiguous ranking of the specific climate impact can be established for freight transportation, with shipping and rail having lowest and light trucks and air transport having highest specific impact for all cases calculated. Passenger travel with rail,

August 9, 2010 Read Full Article

New Carbon Dioxide Emissions Model

(Max Planck Society)  …”What’s new about this research is that we have integrated the carbon cycle into our model to obtain the emissions data,” says Erich Roeckner. According to the model, admissible carbon dioxide emissions will increase from approximately seven billion tonnes of carbon in the year 2000 to a

August 9, 2010 Read Full Article

Green Plains Renewable Energy Moves on Algae, Corn Oil Extraction

by Holly Jessen (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Green Plains Renewable Energy Inc. is moving to Phase II with its algae project at one plant and planning to install corn oil extraction technology at all six of its ethanol plants. On July 20, GPRE announced plans for a $4.5 million expansion to

July 27, 2010 Read Full Article

California Team to Receive up to $122 Million for Energy Innovation Hub to Develop Method to Produce Fuels from Sunlight

(US Department of Energy)  California Institute of Technology to lead team in partnership with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and other California institutions As part of a broad effort to achieve breakthrough innovations in energy production, U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman today announced an award of up to $122

July 23, 2010 Read Full Article

Secretary Chu Announces Six Projects to Convert Captured CO2 Emissions from Industrial Sources into Useful Products

(US Department of Energy)  $106 Million Recovery Act Investment will Reduce CO2 Emissions and Mitigate Climate Change U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced today the selections of six projects that aim to find ways of converting captured carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from industrial sources into useful products such as fuel,

July 23, 2010 0 comment Read Full Article

Codexis and CO2 Solution Unveil Carbon Capture Program

(CO2 Solution)  Codexis, Inc., and CO2 Solution Inc., on July 13, 2010, will make the first joint public presentation on their program to develop carbon capture technology to reduce pollution from coal-fired power plants.  The presentation is being made at the 4th Annual Carbon Capture and Sequestration Business Summit in Washington, DC 

July 13, 2010 Read Full Article

Greenhouse Gas Mitigation by Agricultural Intensification

by  Jennifer A. Burney, Steven J. Davis, and David B. Lobell  (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences)  As efforts to mitigate climate change increase, there is a need to identify cost-effective ways to avoid emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs). Agriculture is rightly recognized as a source of considerable emissions, with concomitant

June 26, 2010 Read Full Article

Arizona Makes Tax Credits Available for Solar-to-Biofuel Projects

(BrighterEnergy.com)  Arizona Governor Jan Brewer has signed new legislation that makes tax credits available for projects that use algae to turn sunlight and carbon dioxide into biofuels. …The new legislation specifies that qualified research includes only research conducted in Arizona, including research conducted at a university and paid for by

June 26, 2010 Read Full Article

High-Yield Agriculture Slows Pace of Global Warming, Say Stanford Researchers

by Louis Bergeron  (Stanford University)  Advances in high-yield agriculture over the latter part of the 20th century have prevented massive amounts of greenhouse gases from entering the atmosphere – the equivalent of 590 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide – according to a new study led by two Stanford Earth scientists.

June 21, 2010 Read Full Article

POET Cellulosic Ethanol Cuts Greenhouse Gas Emissions by 111 Percent over Gasoline

by POET (RenewableEnergyWorld.com)  Biogas production highlighted in lifecycle analysis for Project LIBERTY. Ethanol produced by Project LIBERTY, POET’s first planned commercial cellulosic ethanol plant, will reduce carbon emissions by 111 percent over gasoline, an independent lifecycle analysis shows.  This means POET’s cellulosic ethanol actually has negative emissions; it will offset

June 17, 2010 Read Full Article

ADM Receives $99 Million in Federal Aid for Second Carbon Capture Project

(Herald-Review.com) Archer Daniels Midland Co. has been selected to receive funding for a second carbon sequestration project that is in addition to one that could begin injecting carbon dioxide deep below ground next year. The U.S. Department of Energy announced Thursday that ADM is slated to receive up to $99 million

June 14, 2010 Read Full Article

Cropland Carbon Fluxes in the United States: Increasing Geospatial Resolution of Inventory-Based Carbon Accounting

by Tristram O. West, Craig C. Brandt, Latha M. Baskaran, Chad M. Hellwinckel, Richard Mueller, Carl J. Bernacchi, Varaprasad Bandaru, Bai Yang, Bradly S. Wilson, Gregg Marland, Richard G. Nelson, Daniel G. De La Torre Ugarte, and Wilfred M. Post (Ecological Society of America)   Net annual soil carbon change, fossil

June 4, 2010 Read Full Article

Carbon Capture on the Cheap?

by Michael Kanellos  (GreenTech)   It’s a sulfur scrubber, mineral maker and carbon capture machine all in one. Skyonic, which has developed a system for converting smokestack fumes into sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) and other minerals, is moving toward commercialization and says that early data from its pilot plant indicate that it

June 4, 2010 Read Full Article

RFA: Carbon Accounting Should Be Equitable, Based on Science

(Renewable Fuels Association)  The Renewable Fuels Association (RFA) today continued to call into question accounting gimmicks and unproven theories used by environmental activists seeking to undermine the growth of biofuels as a way to displace fossil fuels. The latest iteration is a rehash of arguments made by environmental attorney Tim Searchinger.

June 4, 2010 Read Full Article

Biofuels and the Need for Additional Carbon

by Timothy D Searchinger (Environmental Research Letters)  Use of biofuels does not reduce emissions from energy combustion but may offset emissions by increasing plant growth or by reducing plant residue or other non-energy emissions. To do so, biofuel production must generate and use `additional carbon’, which means carbon that plants would not

June 3, 2010 Read Full Article

Ethanol Production Methods More Efficient Now: Study

(University of Illinois, Chicago)  A new University of Illinois at Chicago study of facilities that produce most of the nation’s ethanol found that the energy needed to make a gallon of the corn-based fuel decreased on average by about 30 percent within the past decade. Steffen Mueller, principal research economist

June 2, 2010 Read Full Article

Algae: A Mean, Green Cleaning Machine

by Ann Perry  (USDA ARS)  …Agricultural Research Service microbiologist Walter Mulbry has been finding out there’s more to algae than just stringy masses that muck up streams and ponds. Though some scientists believe algae might be the next best thing in biofuel production, Mulbry thinks it can be used right

May 12, 2010 Read Full Article

To Fix Carbon, Food, Energy: Fix RuBisCO (The Mother of All Biofuels Challenges)

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …It was the biochemist Dr. Ganesh Kishore, now the CEO of the Malaysian Life Sciences Capital Fund and formerly Chief Biotechnology Officer of Dupont, who raised the issue at a recent Burrill & Company Limited Partners meeting, when he said that biofuels research, while impressive

May 12, 2010 Read Full Article

CO2-Eating Algae Turns Cement Maker Green

by Tyler Hamilton (TheStar.com)  A mixture of hot gas rises out of a flue stack at the St. Marys Cement plant about 50 kilometres west of Waterloo. But not all the CO2-rich exhaust is vented to the open air. Some is redirected through a 15-centimetre thick pipe connected to the

March 23, 2010 Read Full Article

How ‘Green’ Are Industrial Carbon Emissions?

(Alpha Galileo)  There are various kinds of CO2. Emissions of fossil CO2 that result from the burning of fossil fuel affect the environment. Biogenic CO2 resulting from the burning of wood or biofuels, however, is ‘climate neutral’. Scientists at the University of Groningen have developed a method of accurately determining

March 19, 2010 Read Full Article

Ensus Signs with Shell, Sends First Tanker

by Luke Geiver (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The first tanker of ethanol has left Ensus, Europe’s largest wheat-based ethanol facility. Headed for the Netherlands, the cargo, which has been purchased by Shell as part of a long term deal, is a “win, win, win for the environment, U.K. jobs and the

March 2, 2010 Read Full Article

Honeywell’s UOP Awarded Funding for Carbon Dioxide Capture and Reuse Through Algae Growth and Biofuel Production

UOP, a Honeywell (NYSE:HON) company, announced today that it has been awarded a $1.5 million cooperative agreement from the U.S. Department of Energy for a project to demonstrate technology to capture carbon dioxide and produce algae for use in biofuel and energy production.   The funding will be used for

March 2, 2010 Read Full Article

Sustainable Foresting: Easier Said than Done

E. Detlef Schulze and Inge Schulze(Science) letter to editor   It is commonly held that planting forests helps to mitigate climate change, because forests sequester carbon dioxide into long-lived biomass and soils.  However, our personal experience shows that managed forests are unlikely to increase the land carbon sink unless foresters are paid

March 1, 2010 Read Full Article

Indirect Land-Use Changes Can Overcome Carbon Savings from Biofuels in Brazil

David M. Lapola, Ruediger Schaldach, Joseph Alcamo, Alberte Bondeau, Jennifer Koch, Christina Koelking, and Joerg A. Priess (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences)  Abstract:  The planned expansion of biofuel plantations in Brazil could potentially cause both direct and indirect land-use changes (e.g., biofuel plantations replace rangelands, which replace forests).

February 15, 2010 Read Full Article

UC Merced Scientist Honored for Biofuels Research

(Central Valley Business Times)  The mass production of biofuels could be a major step toward eliminating dependence on fossil fuels, but a number of factors have stood in the way, including the argument against using productive agricultural land for fuel instead of food and the cutting of natural forests for

February 15, 2010 Read Full Article

Weizmann Institute scientists show that in one kind of forest, its ‘energy budget’ includes significant reserves of heat

The simple formula we’ve learned in recent years – forests remove the greenhouse gas CO2 from the atmosphere; therefore forests prevent global warming – may not be quite as simple as we thought. Forests can directly absorb and retain heat, and, in at least one type of forest, these effects

January 29, 2010 Read Full Article

Pond Biofuels Inc., CO2 Remediation and Renewable Fuel Production Demonstration Plant for GHG Emitting Industries Receives Support From the Asia Pacific Partnership

On December 3rd 2009, Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper announced approval of the project proposal submitted by Pond Biofuels Inc. under the Asia-Pacific Partnership (APP) on Clean Development and Climate program.  The approved project includes funding in support of its biomass from microalgae demonstration plant at St. Marys, Ontario as

December 28, 2009 Read Full Article

Myriant Technologies LLC Selected for $50 Million Award for Succinic Acid Biorefinery Project

Myriant Technologies LLC (as successor to BioEnergy International), a leading biotech developer and manufacturer of renewable biochemicals, has been selected by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to receive up to $50 million for its planned biobased Succinic Acid facility in Louisiana. Notably, among the 19 integrated biorefinery projects that

December 7, 2009 Read Full Article

Biofuel Bugs

(Living on Earth)  University of Minnesota biochemistry professor Larry Wackett’s team won support from the US Dept. of Energy for their approach to direct solar fuel. Wackett’s wants to mimic symbiosis in nature by teaming up microbes. …  YOUNG: One engineered organism can make ethanol. Another makes diesel fuel. Sims

December 2, 2009 Read Full Article

Australian Firm to Launch “World’s Largest” Green Slime Facility

by Yvonne Chan  (BusinessGreen.com)  Australian biofuel specialist MBD Energy is poised to unveil a new facility that it claims will be the world’s largest refinery for producing algae-based biofuels and high-protein livestock feed.  The Melbourne-based company plans to showcase its 5,000 square metre micro algae research and development facility in

November 22, 2009 Read Full Article

CO2 from Forest Destruction Overestimated – Study

by David Adam  (Guardian)  The carbon dioxide emissions caused by the destruction of tropical forests have been significantly overestimated, according to a new study. The work could undermine attempts to pay poor countries to protect forests as a cost-effective way to tackle global warming. The loss of forests in countries

November 10, 2009 Read Full Article

Industry Leaders Announce Alliance to Commercialize Integrated-Carbon-to-Liquids™ (ICTL) Fuel Technologies

(BusinessWire)  Accelergy Corporation and A2BE Carbon Capture LLC today announced the formation of the Carbon Cycle Technology Alliance at the 2009 Algae Biomass Summit. The Alliance will commercialize a platform for Integrated Carbon to Liquids™ (ICTL) fuel production technologies that incorporates recycling of process CO2 using algal biomass to produce

October 13, 2009 Read Full Article

Distillery Using Algae to Cut CO2

(BBC)  One of Scotland’s best known whisky distilleries is taking part in a scheme to cut carbon dioxide emissions using oil-producing algae.  The Glenturret Distillery in Perthshire will use the ground-breaking system to turn fumes generated by whisky production into biodiesel. The algae strips CO2 from the emissions and converts

October 7, 2009 Read Full Article

China Recruits Algae to Combat Climate Change

by Jonathan Watts (The Guardian)  Chinese firm behind ambitious plan to breed microalgae in greenhouse with the potential to absorb carbon emissions …Developed by a groundbreaking Chinese firm, ENN, the greenhouse is a bioreactor that breeds microalgae, one of the fastest growing organisms on the planet, with carbon captured from

June 30, 2009 Read Full Article

Changes in Soil Organic Carbon under Biofuel Crops

by Kristina J. Anderson-Teixeira, Sarah C. Davis, Michael D. Masters and Evan H. Delucia  (Global Change Biology Bioenergy)   One potentially significant impact of growing biofuel crops will be the sequestration or release of carbon (C) in soil. Soil organic carbon (SOC) represents an important C sink in the lifecycle C balances

February 27, 2009 Read Full Article

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M50 M100 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Biofuel marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methan methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methanol price Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum Monaco mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol nahar Namibia nano nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National 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Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak 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succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugar cane sugar cane prices sugar cane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic methane Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban 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