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Carbon Capture

Scientists Find Way to Turn Waste Gas into Biofuel

by  Brooks Hays (UPI)  Chemical engineer Jae Sung Lee said the research will offer a “new opportunity for recycling CO2 into valuable fuels and chemicals.”  —  Researchers have developed a new way to turn captured CO2 into liquid biofuel capable of powering vehicles. Scientists have previously converted H2 and CO2

November 21, 2016 Read Full Article

Canada Showcases New Algae Biorefinery to Reduce CO2 Emissions

(The National Research Council of Canada/Biodiesel Magazine)… Canada’s first algal biorefinery demonstration project, a collaborative research effort between the National Research Council of Canada’s Algal Carbon Conversion program, Pond Technologies and Votorantim Cimentos’ St Marys Cement, is revolutionizing how industrial carbon emissions are managed. “With the assistance of NRC’s Algal Carbon Conversion

November 17, 2016 Read Full Article

CO2 Capture for Use: The Digest’s 2016 Multi-Slide Guide to Antecy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Capturing and concentrate (ambient) CO2 at low prices for direct use and production of fuels and chemicals, using solar or wind energy. That’s Antecy. With the help of an organic, non-amine sorbent, ANTECY turns the negative of CO2 (greenhouse effects, environmental costs) into a positive, whereby

November 10, 2016 Read Full Article

Use of Bacteria to Produce Valuable Substances from Carbon Dioxide

(Goethe University Frankfurt/EurekAlert!)  Goethe University Frankfurt coordinates European two million Euro project  —   Microbes are already used on a wide scale for the production of fuels and base chemicals, but for this most of them have to be “fed” with sugar. However, since sugar-based biotechnology finds itself in competition

November 9, 2016 Read Full Article

National Research Council Showcasing New Algal Biorefinery Project to Reduce CO2 Emissions

(CNW/Newswire)  The Government of Canada is supporting clean energy research, development and technology demonstration at all stages of the innovation spectrum, from high-risk, early stage research that can deliver transformative energy solutions, to later stage technology demonstrations to help speed the commercialization and adoption of cleaner energy technologies. Canada’s first

November 5, 2016 Read Full Article

MSU Awarded Grant to Research Biofuel, Carbon Capture Technologies for Upper Missouri River Basin

by Evelyn Boswell  (Montana State University)  A regional interdisciplinary team led by Montana State University has received $6 million to develop new innovations at the intersection of food, energy and water systems while training the next generation of scientists. The four-year grant from the National Science Foundation will allow MSU,

November 4, 2016 Read Full Article

Can Carbon Capture and Storage Be Integrated at an Ethanol Facility?

(Energy and Environment Research Center)  Red Trail Energy, LLC, and the EERC take a closer look at the expansion of ethanol production through carbon capture and storage. READ MORE

October 19, 2016 Read Full Article

Review of John DeCicco et al. Article Titled “Carbon Balance Effects of U.S. Biofuel Production and Use”

by Steffen Mueller (University of Illinois at Chicago Energy Resources Center)  … The authors essentially challenge the accuracy of traditional life cycle analysis with their new model. … The authors argue that “for a biofuel to provide a net reduction in CO2 emissions, the production of its feedstock must effect a gain in

September 9, 2016 Read Full Article

BioFuelNet Responds To Study Claiming “ Biofuels Are Worse Than Gasoline”

by Marie-Joe Costantine (BioFuelNet)  Study stating “ biofuels are worse than gasoline” is fundamentally flawed  —  … In the study, when (John) DeCicco and colleagues calculate the CO2 emissions going into the atmosphere, they consider all parts of the plant: leaves, stalks, roots, grain etc. However, when they calculate the uptake or

September 8, 2016 Read Full Article

Switching to Switchgrass? Study Models Soil Impact of Biofuel Crops

by Kari Lydersen (Midwest Energy News)  …  The Argonne modeling shows that when grassland, cropland and pasture in the Midwest are converted to corn for biofuels, the level of carbon sequestration in the soil stays roughly the same, with variation by individual counties. Conversion of forest to biofuel crops usually has

August 30, 2016 Read Full Article

The Case Against Ethanol Opponents: They Are Simply Incorrect +VIDEO

by  Marc J. Rauch (The Auto Channel) … I can’t say for sure, since I haven’t done a count and compared it to a calendar, but it seems to me that the American oil industry has been ramping up its attacks on ethanol and trying to gain ground by adding in

August 30, 2016 Read Full Article

Do Biofuels Harm the Planet More than Gasoline?

Rowena Lindsay (Christian Science Monitor)  A new study suggests that biofuels can mitigate only 37 percent of the CO2 released by burning the biofuel. —  That’s a flawed premise, argues Daniel Schrag, a geology professor at Harvard who advises the EPA on bioenergy climate impacts. He says that biofuels don’t have

August 30, 2016 Read Full Article

MichBio Responds to Flawed University of Michigan Research Study on Biofuels and Greenhouse Gas Emissions

(MichBio/BusinessWire)  MichBio, the biosciences industry association in Michigan, issued the following statement today regarding the release of a University of Michigan research study that claims the rising use of biofuels in the U.S. has led to a net increase in carbon dioxide emissions associated with global warming. Professor DeCicco’s most

August 26, 2016 Read Full Article

Early-Stage, Breakthrough Technologies: Biofuels, 10 of the Best

by Lorenz Bauer and Gerald Kutney (Lee Enterprises Consulting/Biofuels Digest)  …  In this report, we are focused on bioenergy and biofuels (and not bioproducts) that are moving from the lab to initial commercial demonstrations and that potentially solve significant barriers to commercialization. … If these incremental improvements in efficiency eventually

August 26, 2016 Read Full Article

This Startup Turns CO2 into a Sustainable Replacement for Palm Oil

by Adele Peters (FastCoExist.com)  … A new Bay Area-based biotech startup called Kiverdi has a different solution: a synthetic palm oil, made from carbon dioxide. The company uses microbes to transform waste carbon from industry into the new oil inside bioreactors. “You can think about the process as being similar to

August 22, 2016 Read Full Article

The Top 25 Advanced Bioeconomy Stories of the Year

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … We looked at the past year, and these are the 25 Top Stories of the Year, as measured by the number of readers. 25 The Pyromaniax, Class of 2015: The Top 10 Pyrolysis projects in renewable fuels … 23 What’s Changing in Biofuels? The Top

August 17, 2016 Read Full Article

Red Trail Energy, EERC Win Funding to Support CCS Study

(Energy & Environmental Research Center/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  North Dakota ethanol producer Red Trail Energy LLC and the Energy & Environmental Research Center, a worldwide leader in the development of solutions to energy and environmental challenges, have been awarded $490,000 by the North Dakota Industrial Commission’s Renewable Energy Program in support

August 11, 2016 Read Full Article

[Exclusive] Bioenergy Industry Consultant Critiques Scientists’ Letter to Congress

by Josh Schlossberg (The Biomass Monitor)  A white paper by a bioenergy industry consulting firm critiques a recent letter sent to Congress by 65 U.S. scientists opposing a carbon neutral “biomass” amendment to an energy policy bill, saying the letter includes “flawed logic,” “factual errors,” and “hyperbolic language.” Carbon Neutrality William

August 1, 2016 Read Full Article

Bioenergy Crop Modeling Predicts Soil Carbon Increases

by Joanna Schroeder (Energy.AgWired.com) Researchers with the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Argonne National Laboratory are using computational modeling to predict which counties in Illinois could see increases in soil organic carbon from crops such as switchgrass for biofuels. Increasing carbon stored in soil is one way to help mediate the

July 22, 2016 Read Full Article

Modeling Predicts which Counties Could Store More Carbon in Soil by Growing Bioenergy Crops

by Katie Elyce Jones (Phys.Org)  To help stakeholders in government and business make smart decisions about the best types of land and local climates for planting bioenergy crops, researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Argonne National Laboratory are using computational modeling to predict which counties could see increases

July 19, 2016 Read Full Article

The East Is [Infra]Red: Gasification, Energy and China

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  More prosperity, less pollution for China? In the East, the search is on for more sustainable, efficient energy, and flexible gasification answers the challenge. There, Synthesis Energy Systems is leading the way. … Hydrogen, hydrogen. hydrogen. Nothing that China aspires to be can exist without

July 5, 2016 0 comment Read Full Article

The Top 20 Ways to Capture and Make Use of Carbon

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  It was back in 2010 that the first large-scale set of projects were funded to to test innovative concepts for the beneficial use of carbon dioxide, part of a Recovery Act investment into carbon capture technology. The DOE pumped$106 million into the effort. 12 projects

June 28, 2016 Read Full Article

CO2 Injected Deep Underground Turns to Rock – and Stays There

by Michael Le Page (New Scientist)  A small pilot project in Iceland has shown that carbon dioxide can be safely stored in basalt rocks. The finding could help tackle climate change, especially in countries such as India that have lots of basalt rock and little sedimentary rock suitable for CO2 storage.

June 10, 2016 Read Full Article

Evidence of Benefits of Biofuels in Combating Climate Change is More than Ample

(25 x ’25)  … While recognition of the role of agriculture in meeting climate change challenges is growing among world leaders, it is of concern that biofuels and the low-carbon benefits they provide, especially when compared to fossil-based fuels like gasoline and diesel, continue to fall short of the acknowledgment they

May 12, 2016 Read Full Article

Is It the perfect Energy Solution? Where Solar, Carbon Capture and Bio Collide

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  One of these days your personal transportation system might look like this. A solar or wind energy facility generates renewable electricity, which is converted into a solar fuel using electrofuel technology that converts CO2 and water to a fuel using electricity (rather than photosynthesis) to

March 23, 2016 Read Full Article

17 Answers for Your Burning Questions about Biofuels, Renewable Chemicals, Biomass and More.

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Q. We’ve heard a lot about carbon capture, but what about carbon capture and conversion (to a more soluble, transportable and storable form), for example conversion to bicarbonate? A. To date, all ventures in the carbon capture and use field have contemplated co-location with a

December 28, 2015 Read Full Article

Recycling All that Waste Carbon: The Digest’s 2015 8-Slide Guide to LanzaTech

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  LanzaTech has developed a fully sustainable integrative gas to fuels and chemicals platform that has no impact on food, water security or high biodiversity land use. LanzaTech’s gas fermentation platform disrupts the current highly centralized global energy system by enabling the regional production of low-cost

December 2, 2015 Read Full Article

Bolt On, Tune Up, Drop In: The Sweet 16 Bolt-on Bioeconomy Technologies

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Benefuel, Liquid Light, xF Technologies, Enogen, POET-DSM, Kiverdi, GeoSynFuels, Iogen, Edeniq, NexSteppe, BioProcess Algae, Syngenta/QCCP, Vertimass, Byogy, GranBio, Renewable Energy Group   READ MORE

November 10, 2015 Read Full Article

Algenol CEO Exits; Staff Cut by 25%, Investors Re-Up for Two Years, New Direction Tipped

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Sudden re-focusing and trimming of Algenol by its lead investors leads CEO Paul Woods to resign; new direction focused on carbon capture, fresh water production until oil prices recover. In Florida, the hammer dropped swiftly and without warning in Ft. Myers as Algenol lost its CEO, changed

October 26, 2015 Read Full Article

Exxon’s Business Ambition Collided with Climate Change Under a Distant Sea (Part 4)

by Neela Banerjee & Lisa Song (Inside Climate News) Throughout the 1980s, the company struggled to solve the carbon problem of one of the biggest gas fields in the world out of concern for climate impacts. In 1980, as Exxon Corp. set out to develop one of the world’s largest

October 23, 2015 Read Full Article

8 Ways around the Big, Bad Oxygen Problem in the Advanced Bioeconomy Parts 1 and 2

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In the terrestrial world, oxygen is colorless, odorless, and try to get through an hour without some.  In the Bioeconomy Cinematic Universe, oxygen is harder than steel, heavier than a black hole, and higher than the Himalayas. Here’s the why and what’s being done about

October 14, 2015 Read Full Article

Making Money from CO2

by Jeremy Plester (The Guardian)  Imagine if waste carbon dioxide in the air could be turned into useful products such as fuels, building materials or even baking powder. At a stroke it would help get rid of a greenhouse gas, slow down climate change and make money from a major pollutant.

September 28, 2015 Read Full Article

Tailpipe to Tank

by Robert F. Service (Science Magazine)  Stuart Licht has designed the ultimate recycling machine. The solar reactor that he and colleagues built in his lab at George Washington University in Washington, D.C., takes carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere—a byproduct of fossil fuel combustion—and uses the energy in sunlight to turn

September 14, 2015 Read Full Article

Conjuring Chemical Cornucopias out of Thin Air

by Robert F. Service (Science Magazine)  Liquid fuels aren’t the only things made from oil. Chemical companies start with oil to make thousands of different products, including plastics and pharmaceuticals. Most of these other commodities are worth more than fuels. So researchers and companies are also working to use renewable energy

September 14, 2015 Read Full Article

A Hoover for Atmospheric CO2

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Why not reduce atmospheric CO2 by capturing it? Why pay $500-$1000 per ton to reduce CO2 via electric cars, if you could pay 80% less via a direct capture of greenhouse gases. Can it succeed? How, when, and how much? The Digest investigates. In western

September 9, 2015 Read Full Article

Top 10 Low Carbon Fuels Made from Greenhouse Gases All Around You

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  No fossil fuel, no biomass, low carbon, no kidding. —  …  The top 10 new technologies. Note: Some amazing technologies such as Industrial Microbes, Trelys, Kiverdi and Mango Materials fell outside the concept for this rankings — generally because of a focus on chemicals, nutraceuticals, proteins

September 2, 2015 Read Full Article

Meet the Companies Trying to Break our Plastic Addiction

by Phil McKenna (Green Biz)  The fate of the world’s oceans may rest inside a stainless steel tank not quite the size of a small beer keg. Inside, genetically modified bacteria turn corn syrup into a churning mass of polymers that can be used to produce a wide variety of common

August 17, 2015 Read Full Article

EPA Honors Winners of the 20th Annual Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Awards/Innovative Technologies Tackle Climate Change, Water, and Chemical Issues

(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)  The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is recognizing landmark green chemistry technologies developed by industrial pioneers and leading scientists that turn climate risk and other environmental problems into business opportunities, spurring innovation and economic development. “From academia to business, we congratulate those who bring innovative solutions

July 13, 2015 Read Full Article

What’s up with Algae Now?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … 31 Algae players, what do they make now, and how are they making out? … Here’s our company by company guide to 31 of the players on the scene — project developers and technology suppliers. … AlgaEnergy AlgaEnergy is a technology-based company specialized in the field

July 10, 2015 Read Full Article

Energy Department Awards $18 Million to Develop Valuable Bioproducts and Biofuels from Algae

(US Department of Energy)  The Energy Department today announced six projects that will receive up to $18 million in funding to reduce the modeled price of algae-based biofuels to less than $5 per gasoline gallon equivalent (gge) by 2019. This funding supports the development of a bioeconomy that can help

July 10, 2015 Read Full Article

Air Liquide Commissions New Carbon Dioxide Plant in California

(Air Liquide)  Air Liquide Industrial U.S. LP (“Air Liquide”) has commissioned a new state-of-the-art carbon dioxide liquefaction plant in Tulare County, California. The new 450 ton-per-day facility is one of three carbon dioxide liquefaction facilities owned and operated by Air Liquide in the state. The facility captures carbon dioxide emissions

May 29, 2015 Read Full Article

Bioenergy Innovations Presented at Department of Energy BETO Project Peer Review

by Osaretin Omorodion* (Advanced Biofuels USA) During late March 2015, the US Department of Energy (DOE) Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) offered what amounted to a seminar for the public consisting of a series of presentations from industry professionals and researchers from various bioenergy projects. The presenters came to the Washington,

May 19, 2015 0 comment Read Full Article

Oakbio Announces New Green Biofuel Production Platform

(Oakbio/Digital Journal)  his ecoli based microbe platform expands the sources of waste materials Oakbio can convert to green, renewable fuels and other chemicals to include agricultural and municipal waste products. Oakbio announced today (May 14, 2015) the development of a novel Escherichia coli (ecoli) based microbe model for the production

May 15, 2015 Read Full Article

ABO Applauds Senators Manchin and Heitkamp on Introduction of Carbon Utilization Legislation

(Algae Biomass Organization)  Addition of just 12 words could accelerate pace of large scale, emissions reducing algae projects at fossil fired power plants — The Algae Biomass Organization (ABO), the trade association for the US algae industry, today applauded new legislation offered by U.S. Senators Joe Manchin (D-WV) and Heidi Heitkamp

May 14, 2015 Read Full Article

Major Advance in Artificial Photosynthesis Poses Win/Win for the Environment

by Lynn Yarris (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)  Berkeley Lab Researchers Perform Solar-powered Green Chemistry with Captured CO2 — A potentially game-changing breakthrough in artificial photosynthesis has been achieved with the development of a system that can capture carbon dioxide emissions before they are vented into the atmosphere and then, powered by

April 28, 2015 Read Full Article

15 Hot and Novel Low Carbon Fuel Technologies to Watch

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  An effort is underway in the UK to classify, within the Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation, “novel low carbon fuels” made by companies such as LanzaTech, Joule, Solar Jet, Velocys, Sunfire, Pyreco and others. — In the UK, a report prepared by Ecofys and E4Tech has been released and

April 28, 2015 Read Full Article

Audi Produces Its First Batch Of E-Diesel

(TopSpeed.com)  According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association, carbon dioxide levels are at an 800,000-year high, but what if we could pluck CO2 particles out of thin air to use as a raw material for a carbon-neutral fuel? It’s not a pipe dream, because it’s exactly what Audi is

April 24, 2015 Read Full Article

Green Expectations

by Holly Jessen (Ethanol Producer Magazine) A Florida algae-to-ethanol operation is poised to go commercial scale with a project colocated with a natural-gas-fired power plant. By harnessing CO2, sunlight, saltwater and algae, Algenol’s technology takes only 25 days to produce maximum concentrations of ethanol. Imagine trying to replicate that timeline in

March 10, 2015 Read Full Article

Miscanthus Tops Stover, Switchgrass as Ideal Ethanol Source

(Farm Futures)  Models predict that miscanthus will have higher fuel yield and profit when compared to corn stover and switchgrass A recent study simulated a side-by-side comparison of the yields and costs of producing ethanol using miscanthus, switchgrass, and corn stover, finding miscanthus a clear winner. Models predict that miscanthus

March 5, 2015 Read Full Article

Middle East OPEC Countries See a Future in Algae

by Imran Khan (Algae Industry Magazine)  The global demand for fossil fuels is swelling against a tight economic environment and the Middle East is no exception. The domestic consumption of energy in the region is increasing at an astonishing rate. Saudi Arabia’s consumption of oil and gas has risen by

February 25, 2015 Read Full Article

Biomass Power Generation the Key to Carbon-Negative Energy, Study Concludes

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In California, a new UC Berkeley study shows that if biomass electricity production is combined with carbon capture and sequestration in the western United States, by 2050 power generators could reduce emissions up to 145 percent from 1990 levels, even while retaining gas- or coal-burning

February 11, 2015 Read Full Article

Closer Look at Flawed Studies behind Policies Used to Promote ‘Low-Carbon’ Biofuels

(Science Daily)  Nearly all of the studies used to promote biofuels as climate-friendly alternatives to petroleum fuels are flawed and need to be redone, according to a researcher who reviewed more than 100 papers published over more than two decades. Once the erroneous methodology is corrected, the results will likely

February 8, 2015 Read Full Article

Brown Panel: To Cut CO2 Emissions, Make It Profitable

by Alex Kuffner (Providence Journal) To get power plants and other large polluters to reduce emissions of the greenhouse gases that are driving climate change, make it financially attractive to them.  That was the key takeaway from a conference held last week at Brown University that brought entrepreneurs, scientists and engineers

January 19, 2015 Read Full Article

Energy Department Project Captures and Stores One Million Metric Tons of Carbon

(U.S. Department of Energy)  Project achieves major milestone by successfully injecting carbon into saline formation As part of President Obama’s all-of-the-above energy strategy, the Department of Energy announced today that its Illinois Basin-Decatur Project successfully captured and stored one million metric tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) and injected it into

January 12, 2015 Read Full Article

Vega Biofuels Named Key Player in Global Biochar Market Industry Analysis

(Vega Biofuels/Stock News Now/MarketWired)  Biochar Market to Be Valued at $572 Million by 2020.  VEGA BIOFUELS, INC. (OTC PINK: VGPR) announced today that a recent market research analysis named Vega as a “key player” in the fast growing Biochar market. Transparency Market Research recently published an in-depth report titled “Global

December 15, 2014 Read Full Article

Bioenergy Solutions Deserve a Major Role in U.S. Emission-Reduction Strategy

(25 x ’25)  A broad survey of farmers has documented a yield boost from the use of cover crops in corn and soybeans. The increased yields reflect an upward trend in all of the benefits that come from planting cover crops, including reduced soil erosion and compaction, improved weed control

December 12, 2014 Read Full Article

Biomass Producers Today, Carbon Kings Tomorrow

by Matt Carr (Biomass Magazine/Algae Biomass Organization)  … To control carbon dioxide (CO2), the agency (Environmental Protection Agency) places a significant emphasis on burying emissions underground (carbon capture and sequestration or CCS), but I believe it should equally encourage the beneficial reuse of carbon dioxide emissions (carbon capture and utilization,

December 11, 2014 Read Full Article

All I Need is the Air That I Breathed: Microbial Dairies Using CO2, Sunlight and Water

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Take CO2, add water and an energy source: voila, Fuels & Chemicals from Microbial Dairies.  We revisit 3 top practitioners of the art and one outlier, and their progress. … There are a number of technologies based on the dairy model, or “milking mode”, where the

December 5, 2014 Read Full Article

Shell: Expects to Be Producing Advanced Biofuels at Scale, in US, by End of Decade

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Shell VP Matthew Tipper, at ABLCNext:  “We will likely begin manufacture in the southeast United States. We plan to be operational by late this decade.  “We believe our best bet is woody biomass and energy crops as feedstocks. We plan to do this with a

November 21, 2014 Read Full Article

Energy Department Announces New Investments in Gasification Research

(U.S. Department of Energy)  Today, as part of the Administration’s all-of-the-above energy approach, the Department of Energy has selected four projects to receive funding for next-generation gasification systems that also reduce harmful greenhouse gas emissions. Awardees will receive approximately $16 million to advance the gasification process, which converts carbon-based materials

November 13, 2014 Read Full Article

Can Biofuels Make A Comeback?

by Michael Kanellos (Forbes)  … But give biofuel execs credit: they learn from the past. Much of the activity centers around developing fuels and chemicals out of waste products and virtually everyone is adopting strategies to minimize the capital requirements to get their technology to market. Many say they will

November 12, 2014 Read Full Article

Hottest Slides from ABLCNext 2014 – the Advanced Bioeconomy Leadership Conference

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Sapphire Energy’s new multi-market product approach     Joule’s breakthrough photosynthetic efficiency     Cellana – multi-products for algae, just like petroleum READ MORE

November 12, 2014 Read Full Article

ABO Expands Carbon Utilization Campaign

(Algae Industry Magazine)  he Algae Biomass Organization (ABO), has unveiled a new website —recyclecarbon.org — as part of its ongoing campaign to persuade the EPA to explicitly recognize Carbon Capture and Utilization (CCU) technologies as approved emissions reduction strategies under its new power plant regulations. ABO believes such recognition would

November 11, 2014 Read Full Article

Building Blocks: LanzaTech, IOC, NatureWorks, Calysta make strides on Omega-3s, lactic acid

by Jim Lane  (Biofuels Digest)  In Illinois, LanzaTech and a research team from the IOC-DBT Center for Advanced Bio-Energy Research (an entity co-funded by India’s Department of Biotechnology and Indian Oil Corporation Limited) announced the development of a new process to recycle CO2 emissions into omega-3 rich fatty acids. Recycling

November 3, 2014 Read Full Article

Study Casting Doubt on GHG Benefits of Corn Stover Ethanol Draws Sharp Criticism by Other Researchers; Liska Responds

(Green Car Congress)  A study published earlier this year in the journal Nature Climate Change that cast doubt on whether biofuels produced from corn residue could meet federal mandates for cellulosic biofuels to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 60% compared to gasoline (earlier post) has drawn critical response published as

October 31, 2014 Read Full Article

Liquid CO2, or Liquid Gold? Maybe Both, as Aemetis Adds CO2 Liquefaction at Its Keyes, CA Plant

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … To Aemetis, a route to improved margins that will also help the environment. Here’s how. News arrives from Aemetis, via its latest SEC filings, that the company has “entered into an agreement with Denmark-based Union Engineering to design and construct a 300 ton per

October 28, 2014 Read Full Article

New NASA Probe Will Study Earth’s Forests in 3-D

by Elizabeth Zubritsky (NASA)  A laser-based instrument being developed for the International Space Station will provide a unique 3-D view of Earth’s forests, helping to fill in missing information about their role in the carbon cycle. Called the Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation (GEDI) lidar, the instrument will be the first to systematically probe the

September 16, 2014 Read Full Article

A Carbon Accounting System for the Future

(25 x ’25)  Making sure the federal accounting system for biogenic carbon emissions—ensuring that it is an accurate system, and taking into scientific account the unique features of biomass in the carbon cycle is front and center for over 100 agriculture, forestry and energy organizations. Led by a core group

August 15, 2014 Read Full Article

Can CO2 Be a Green Chemical? Yes, When Derived from Biofuels and Other Sources

by Sam A. Rushing (Advanced Cryogenics, Ltd./Biofuels Digest)  … The problem with CO2 sequestration and carbon reduction schemes is the lack of economic return for many purely sequestration projects, unless government funding or subsidies are guaranteed. Then, the challenge is to find projects which are truly green from a sequestration perspective,

July 21, 2014 Read Full Article

OMEGA System Tests for Marine Animal Durability

(Algae Industry Magazine) Much has been written about the innovative Offshore Membrane Enclosures for Growing Algae (OMEGA) developed by NASA scientists for deployment on water. OMEGA, an integrated aquatic system to produce biofuels, treat and recycle wastewater, capture CO2, and expand aquaculture production, includes floating photobioreactors (PBRs) that are intended to

July 1, 2014 Read Full Article

Anticipation Bubbles Up for ADM Carbon Capture Project

by Chris Luvardi (herald-review.com) Archer Daniels Midland Co. passed through a public hearing process Wednesday with limited concern voiced about its proposal to drill a second injection well in Decatur to store carbon dioxide deep underground. The hearing at the Decatur Public Library was part of a public comment period taking

June 27, 2014 Read Full Article

Bioenergy Sorghum May Be a “Sink” For Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Texas A&M Study Finds

by Rafaela Relvas  (BioNews Texas) Researchers at Texas A&M University conducted a study that brought new insights regarding bioenergy sorghum, finding that, more than an energy supply, it may offer a “sink” for greenhouse gases. … The team worked in a field near College Station, used since 2008 for bioenergy sorghum

June 9, 2014 Read Full Article

ACORE Announces Submission of Comments on DOE's Biofuel Research and Development Pathways

(American Council On Renewable Energy)  Today (June 2, 2014), the American Council On Renewable Energy (ACORE) announced that it has submitted comments to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) which sought stakeholder input regarding the biofuel pathways that the DOE’s Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) has selected to guide its research and development

June 3, 2014 Read Full Article

Fuel from the Sea: Scale Model WWII Craft Takes Flight with Seawater

by Daniel Parry  (U.S. Naval Research Laboratory/Renewable Energy World)   Navy researchers at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), Materials Science and Technology Division, demonstrate proof-of-concept of novel NRL technologies developed for the recovery of carbon dioxide (CO2) and hydrogen (H2) from seawater and conversion to a liquid hydrocarbon fuel. Fueled

May 14, 2014 Read Full Article

CEC Issues Final Report on OMEGA System

(Algae Industry Magazine)   The California Energy Commission (CEC) has just issued their “final” report on the Offshore Membrane Enclosures for Growing Algae (OMEGA) approach to algae cultivation and wastewater remediation. Outlining the research findings for the multiyear OMEGA project, the report is available for download on the CEC’s website.

April 25, 2014 Read Full Article

The Science of Clean Energy

By Nahla Nainer (The Hindu) On International Women’s Day, Dr. M. Premalatha, associate professor at the Centre for Energy and Environmental Science and Technology (CEESAT), NIT-T in Tiruchi India explains why more female science students should opt for research in this field. … Concepts such as growing micro-algae through carbon dioxide

April 15, 2014 Read Full Article

Ethanol Plant CO2 Sequestration Project Reaches New Milestone

by Chris Hanson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The $163.9 million Illinois Basin-Decatur Project celebrated as new milestone as its carbon sequestration project stored 750,000 metric tons carbon dioxide from Archer Daniels Midland Co.’s ethanol plant in Decatur, Ill. “We are here today to celebrate a groundbreaking project that is paying important

April 1, 2014 Read Full Article

Research Summary: Sequestration of Carbon by Shrub Willow Offsets Greenhouse Gas Emissions

(Extension.org)  Grown for biofuel, energy-efficient shrub willow sequesters carbon below-ground, life-cycle assessment shows.  Shrub willow is a short-rotation woody biomass crop that could be an important part of our renewable energy future. By sequestering carbon in below-ground biomass, it can offset any greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions created during its production and

April 1, 2014 Read Full Article

Algae in Iowa

(Algae Industry Magazine)  This American Land travels to Shenandoah, Iowa, to take a look at BioProcess Algae’s novel technology for recycling CO2 from corn ethanol production into algae production.  WATCH VIDEO  and Duke Power VIDEO

March 17, 2014 Read Full Article

New Catalyst Could Lead to Cleaner Energy

by Anne Trafton (MIT News)  MIT chemists have devised a way to trap carbon dioxide and transform it into useful organic compounds, using a simple metal complex. More work is needed to understand and optimize the reaction, but one day this approach could offer an easy and inexpensive way to

March 6, 2014 Read Full Article

The Race to Capture, Use and Monetize Waste CO2

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Reduce carbon? Rid the world of excess CO2? Not so fast, buster. A new generation of technologies has come along that capture, re-purpose and monetize CO2 emissions. Will they realize their promise? As Liquid Light steps out of stealth and into the light, the state of the art

March 5, 2014 Read Full Article

New Policy Paper Discusses Future of the Biochar Industry

(University of Northern British Columbia)  Biochar, a renewable charcoal-like product derived from burning organic matter in a high-temperature oxygen-limited kiln, could be a substitute for the coal and some of the natural gas burned in British Columbia, according to a new policy paper written by UNBC researchers. The paper –

February 24, 2014 Read Full Article

2013 North American Biochar Symposium: Science, Passion and Practice

by Danilo Gusmao de Quadros (Advanced Biofuels USA)*  Biochar is a black matter produced by pyrolysis of biomass (burned without or with a little amount of oxygen), which can be used as a soil amendment. Pyrolysis is a thermochemical process that has been used to produce biofuels from feedstock through

November 25, 2013 1 comment Read Full Article

How to Apply: Biological Greenhouse Gas Management Call For Expressions Of Interest EOI

(Climate Change and Emissions Management Corporation )  Submission due: February 21, 2014 The CCEMC is now inviting Expressions of Interest (EOI) for innovative projects that will reduce or avoid greenhouse gas emissions, or enhance carbon sequestration, through the use of biological organisms such as plants, animals or microbes. The scope

November 1, 2013 Read Full Article

A Systematic Review of Biochar Research, with a Focus on Its Stability in situ and Its Promise as a Climate Mitigation Strategy

by Noel P. Gurwick, Lisa A. Moore, Charlene Kelly, Patricia Elias (PLOSone)   Claims about the environmental benefits of charring biomass and applying the resulting “biochar” to soil are impressive. If true, they could influence land management worldwide. Alleged benefits include increased crop yields, soil fertility, and water-holding capacity; the most widely discussed idea is

October 30, 2013 Read Full Article

Carbon Sequestration in Agricultural Soils (English)

(World Bank)  The purpose of this report is to improve the knowledge base for facilitating investments in land management technologies that sequester soil organic carbon. While there are many studies on soil carbon sequestration, there is no single unifying volume that synthesizes knowledge on the impact of different land management

October 17, 2013 Read Full Article

Sweetwater Energy to Convert CO2 to Sugars in JV with Naturally Scientific

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In New York, Sweetwater Energy announced a 50/50 joint venture with Naturally Scientific, Inc. to produce sugar from waste carbon dioxide. The new technology converts carbon dioxide taken directly from the emissions of industries such as ethanol refineries, natural gas power plants and many others,

October 11, 2013 Read Full Article

Time to Rethink Misguided Policies that Promote Biofuels to Protect Climate

(Nanowerk News)  …His paper concludes that for now, it makes more sense to enable plants to soak up carbon dioxide through reforestation and to redouble efforts to protect forests, rather than producing and promoting biofuels. Corn ethanol production of 14 billion gallons supplied 4.4 percent of total U.S. transportation liquid

September 25, 2013 Read Full Article

ABO Encourages CCR and CCS

(Algae Industry Magazine)  The Algae Biomass Organization (ABO) has just encouraged the EPA to include the carbon capture and reuse (CCR) as an approved strategy for compliance under its New Source Performance Standard, a draft version of which was released Friday, September 20, 2013. The EPA’s draft, which places a

September 23, 2013 Read Full Article

First Carbon, Second Harvest

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … When you first harvest a forest or other biomass, you take all that carbon that’s been sequestered — if you use the “first cut” for energy or fuels, that carbon is released. Now, in the world of renewables, that’s not a terrible thing. Because that

August 30, 2013 0 comment Read Full Article

Biofuels’ 10 Scariest Challenges: Part 1 of 2

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Upstream, downstream, processing, policy, finance – opportunities and challenges abound in the bioeconomy – but which challenges are the most intractable and daunting of them all? In today’s part 1, #10 through #6. They use various aliases — naysayers, pessimists, The Party of No, doom-and-gloom’ers,

August 20, 2013 Read Full Article

Biofuels on the Verge

by Herman K. Trabish (GreenTechMedia) A photo tour of the biofuels industry The Environmental Protection Agency just announced it expects only 6 million gallons of cellulosic biofuels to contribute to the 16.55 billion gallons of renewable fuels mandated by the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) in 2014. But a tour of emerging sites in Iowa,

August 15, 2013 Read Full Article

Whoops: Soils Can’t Lock Away Black Carbon or Biochar, Study Says.

by Tim Radford  (The Daily Climate)  Charcoal and other forms of black carbon do not, as previously thought, stay where they are buried. They migrate to the oceans and recirculate the carbon they contain. Climate scientists may have to rethink some of their old assumptions about carbon. US and European

May 6, 2013 Read Full Article

Carbon Accounting of Forest Bioenergy: Conclusions and Recommendations from a Critical Literature Review

(European Commission Joint Research Centre Institute for Energy and Transport)  In the current European energy policy framework, biogenic CO2 emissions from combustion of forest biomass used for energy and transport purposes are set to zero. Biomass is thus considered as a “carbon neutral” source (see definitions, pg 7). For this

March 28, 2013 Read Full Article

Biorefinery 2015 – The Shape of Advanced Biofuels to Come – Part II

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Today in part II, we look at a new set of technologies coming along that are redefining our ideas about scale and cost. … A barrier to long term deployment? The $11 per gallon average capital expenditure, or capex — and the average price tag

March 26, 2013 Read Full Article

Study Shows Carbon Sequestration from Corn Production Runs Deep

(25 x ’25)  The ethanol industry has some good news to share. And it comes in an arena where the domestically produced biofuel has often been challenged – carbon sequestration and the life-cycle assessment of ethanol made from corn. A study published by researchers associated with USDA’s Agricultural Research Service

March 25, 2013 Read Full Article

Phycal Captures CO2 Funding for Biofuel

by Debra Fiakas (Alt Energy Stocks)  As part of its program to promote beneficial reuse of carbon dioxide, the Department of Energy awarded a total of $27.2 million ($3.0 million in the first phase and $24.2 million in a second phase) to a consortium led by alternative energy developer Phycal, Inc.

March 12, 2013 Read Full Article

Scientists Trick Iron-Eating Bacteria into “Breathing” Electrons in Effort to Create Biofuels

by Lidija Grozdanic   (Inhabitat.com) …Scientists Daniel Bond, Zarath Summers and Jeffrey Gralnick of the University of Minnesota’s BioTechnology Institute used the co-called electrochemical cultivation to grow iron-oxidizing bacteria without any presence of iron. By adding marine oxidizer Mariprofundus ferrooxydans PV-1, along with some nutrient medium to an electrode, the bacteria

February 25, 2013 Read Full Article

Bioenergy Combined with CCS Could Enable Carbon-Negative Energy

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)   Stanford University’s Global Climate and Energy Project has released a report highlighting the potential to combine bioenergy production with carbon capture and storage techniques to enable carbon-negative energy production. “Net negative emissions can be achieved when more greenhouse gases are sequestered than are

February 21, 2013 Read Full Article

Sustainable Bioenergy and Grasslands on the Edge

(Bioenergy Crops)  There is an increasing interest worldwide on developing sustainable bioenergy alternatives for low competitive lands where food production profitability is scarce or where soils and climates  are not suited for traditional activities or have no market access and low competitiveness. Some examples of this are present in several regions

February 15, 2013 Read Full Article

Global Greenhouse Gas Implications of Land Conversion to Biofuel Crop Cultivation in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands – Lessons Learned from Jatropha

by W.M.J. Achten, A. Trabucco, W.H. Maes, L.V. Verchot, R. Aerts, E. Mathijs, P. Vantomme, V.P. Singh, B. Muys  (ScienceDirect.com/Journal of Arid Environments)  Biofuels are considered as a climate-friendly energy alternative. However, their environmental sustainability is increasingly debated because of land competition with food production, negative carbon balances and impacts on

January 29, 2013 Read Full Article

Study Looks at Environmental Benefits of Ethanol

by Joanna Schroeder (DomesticFuel.com)  According to a new study performed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, corn grown using no-till methods may sequester larger amounts of carbon than previously believed. The study was published in BioEnergy Research and showed that corn grown over a 10-year period using no-till practices sequesters

January 25, 2013 Read Full Article

High Crop Prices Are Driving Land Use Change in the U.S. at an Increasing Environmental Cost

by Ned Stowe (Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  The USDA estimates that farmers in the U.S. will plant nine million more acres in corn in 2013 than they did in 2011, an increase of almost 10 percent. Over the same period, the USDA reports that four million acres have been taken

January 25, 2013 Read Full Article

Life Cycle Assessment of Transportation Fuels from Biomass Pyrolysis

by Diego Iribarren, Jens F. Peters, Javier Dufour  (Fuel/Science Direct)  This article evaluates the environmental performance of a biofuel production system based on the fast pyrolysis of short-rotation poplar biomass using a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) approach. The system includes a circulating fluidized bed reactor followed by bio-oil upgrading through

January 17, 2013 Read Full Article

Forest Products Society Journal Publishes Special Biofuels Issue

(Forest Products Society)  Biofuels made from high-yield, short rotation woody crops or from forest residuals and thinnings that are currently left unused have substantial potential to reduce CO2 emissions as well as to contribute to energy independence. A series of articles published as a special issue on biofuels by the Forest

December 31, 2012 Read Full Article

Special Forest Products Journal Biofuels Issue

(WebWire)  Biofuels made from high yield, short rotation woody crops or from forest residuals and thinnings that are currently left unused have substantial potential to reduce CO2 emissions as well as to contribute to energy independence. A series of articles published as a special issue on biofuels by the Forest Products

December 18, 2012 Read Full Article

Carbon Dioxide: Key to Boosting Revenues and Limiting Emissions from Biofuels and Allied Ventures

by Sam A. Rushing (Advanced Cryogenics, Ltd. )   …Pure carbon dioxide sequestration projects have been evaluated by my office for large US and Brazilian ventures, primarily fed by CO2 from ethanol projects. In the future, it is entirely likely that more CO2 will actually be dedicated to subterranean oil

November 29, 2012 Read Full Article

Home News Energy First Large-Scale US CCS Plant Reaches Capture Milestone

(Business Green)  Illinois Basin-Decatur Project has stored 317,000 metric tons of CO2 from an adjacent ethanol plant in an underground reservoir The first demonstration-scale carbon capture and storage (CS) plant in the US has successfully injected 317,000 metric tons of CO2 into a subterranean reservoir during its first year of

November 27, 2012 Read Full Article

British Engineers Produce Amazing 'Petrol from Air' Technology

by Andrew Hough  (The Telegraph)  A small company in the north of England has developed the “air capture” technology to create synthetic petrol using only air and electricity. …The “petrol from air” technology involves taking sodium hydroxide and mixing it with carbon dioxide before “electrolysing” the sodium carbonate that it

October 24, 2012 Read Full Article

Kiverdi Receives Energy Commission Funding for Its Pioneering Carbon Conversion Platform

(Kiverdi)  Kiverdi, Inc., a privately held, advanced sustainable oil and chemicals company, was awarded a $747,126 grant from the California Energy Commission’s Research, Demonstration, and Development program for its efforts to develop beneficial uses of carbon dioxide (CO2). Kiverdi also announces that it was selected by a competitive peer-review process

September 7, 2012 Read Full Article

Teaching a Microbe to Make Fuel

by David L. Chandler (MIT News)   Genetically modified organism could turn carbon dioxide or waste products into a gasoline-compatible transportation fuel. A humble soil bacterium called Ralstonia eutrophahas a natural tendency, whenever it is stressed, to stop growing and put all its energy into making complex carbon compounds. Now scientists at

August 30, 2012 Read Full Article

SoCalGas, Scripps to Develop Algae Carbon Capture

(Algae Industry Magazine)  Southern California Gas Co. (SoCalGas) and Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego (Scripps) have entered into an agreement focusing on the design of an innovative system in which algae consume carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from natural gas combustion and cost-effectively convert it into valuable byproducts

August 26, 2012 Read Full Article

Reducing CO2: Research Shows Chemical and Economic Feasibility for Capturing Carbon Dioxide Directly from Air

(Georgia Tech University)   With a series of papers published in chemistry and chemical engineering journals, researchers from the Georgia Institute of Technology have advanced the case for extracting carbon dioxide directly from the air using newly-developed adsorbent materials. The technique might initially be used to supply carbon dioxide for such

July 30, 2012 Read Full Article

European Biofuels Technology Platform Says Certain Biofuels Paths Offer “Low-Hanging Fruit”

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In Belgium, the European Biofuels Technology Platform has released a new report that says certain biofuels production routes could provide “low-hanging fruits” for early, low-cost CCS deployment. A recent study indicated that, globally, Bio-CCS could remove 10 billion tonnes of CO2 from the atmosphere every

July 18, 2012 Read Full Article

European Biofuels Technology Platform Stresses Benefits of Bio-Carbon Capture

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Power and Thermal Magazine)  The European Biofuels Technology Platform published a report in June that addresses the potential to couple carbon capture and storage (CCS) with biofuel and biomass heat and power technologies. The report, titled “Biomass with CO2 Capture and Storage (Bio-CCS),” asserts that Bio-CCS

June 25, 2012 Read Full Article

Environmental Benefit of Biofuels Is Overestimated, New Study Reveals

(EurekAlert)  Two scientists are challenging the currently accepted norms of biofuel production. A commentary published today in GCB Bioenergy reveals that calculations of greenhouse gas (GHGs) emissions from bioenergy production are neglecting crucial information that has led to the overestimation of the benefits of biofuels compared to fossil fuels. The critique extends

June 11, 2012 Read Full Article

When, Where and How Wood Is Used Impact Carbon Emissions from Deforestation

(Environmental Research Web)  A new study from the University of California, Davis, provides a deeper understanding of the complex global impacts of deforestation on greenhouse gas emissions. The study, published May 13 in the advance online edition of the journal Nature Climate Change, reports that the volume of greenhouse gas

May 29, 2012 Read Full Article

Air Fuel Synthesis Takes Next Step in Creating Fuel from Air

(Air Fuel Synthesis)   … The company’s demonstration unit fuel reactor has produced methanol fuels from carbon monoxide and hydrogen, and also from carbon dioxide and hydrogen. The production of these first liquid hydrocarbon fuels – a real alternative to fossil fuels – completes a critical stage in the development

April 18, 2012 Read Full Article

Solutions4CO2 Inc. Announces Joint Venture with BARD Holding, Inc.

(Solutions4CO2)  Solutions4CO2 Inc. (“S4CO2”), is pleased to announce a joint venture with BARD Holding, Inc. (www.bardholding.com ) (the “S4CO2 – BARD Joint Venture”) to co-develop waste gas/water to co-products facilities in Canada. The initial phase of the joint venture will establish a 50,000 sq. ft. research and development facility (the

April 13, 2012 Read Full Article

Net Benefits: The Idea of Pulling Carbon Dioxide out of the Atmosphere Is a Beguiling One. Could It Ever Become Real?

(The Economist) …A report published last year by the American Physical Society (APS) put the cost of extracting and storing carbon dioxide using an air-capture system based on known technology at between $600 and $800 a tonne. That is about 80 times the current price of European carbon credits. At

March 27, 2012 Read Full Article

Request for Information (RFI) on Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) DE-FOA-0000671 for Chemo/electro-autotrophic Synthesis of Liquid Fuels at Scale

(US Department of Energy)  The purpose of this Request for Information (RFI) is solely to solicit input for ARPA-E consideration to inform the possible development of future chemo/electro-autotrophic fuel production programs.  Information obtained may be used by ARPA-E on a non-attribution basis.  This RFI provides biofuel and bioproducts stakeholders with an opportunity

February 13, 2012 Read Full Article

Pond Biofuels to Pilot Cement Absorption System

(Daily Commercial News)  Pond Biofuels is piloting a new carbon dioxide (CO2) absorption system at St. Marys Cement. The new system will reduce greenhouse gases by absorbing dirty smokestack emissions to grow algae which can be used in oil production, converted into biodiesel and bioplastics or act as a renewable

January 25, 2012 Read Full Article

Endesa to Perform Industrial Test of CO2 Capture Using Microalgae

(Endesa)  Madrid • Expansion of the Almería plant to demonstrate the technical and economic viability of the technology. • The success of the first stage of the project has led Endesa to carry out trials with two new types of photo-bioreactors and develop and test new genetically-modified algae to increase the

December 23, 2011 Read Full Article

Holcim Lanka and Algae.Tec Launch First Biofuels Production Facility in Asia

(Algae.Tec)  Algae.Tec Limited an advanced algae to biofuels company with a high-yield enclosed algae growth and harvesting system announced today it had signed a collaboration contract to build its first algae biofuels production facility in Asia. The facility will be built in Sri Lanka in conjunction with Holcim Lanka Ltd,

December 5, 2011 Read Full Article

Green Super Slime a Potential Solution to Greenhouse Gases

by Margaret Munro (PostMedia News/Canada.com)  …The faster the organisms suck up carbon dioxide, the better, as John McDougall, president of the National Research Council, envisions big things for the lowly microbes.McDougall is a long-time and unabashed promoter of using algae to reduce Canada’s greenhouse gas emissions and has lobbied for

November 29, 2011 Read Full Article

US Carbon Storage System Breaks New Ground

by Tim Wall  (Discovery.com)  The Midwest now boasts the United States’ first large scale carbon sequestration project working in conjunction with a biofuel plant. Carbon dioxide emissions from an Archer Daniels Midland Company corn ethanol plant are being pressurized and stored beneath the Mount Simon sandstone formation near Decatur, Illinois

November 29, 2011 Read Full Article

Society of Biological Engineering’s Conference on ElectroFuels Research

by Vidya Ramanathan (Advanced Biofuels USA)  A clear view of coppery miniature treetops, brilliant skies and shimmering coastline.  This is the sight that welcomed the attendees of the first ever conference on ElectroFuels, conducted by the Society of Biologigal Engineering, under the auspices of the two-year-old agency ARPA-E, held in the

November 15, 2011 Read Full Article

Algae Trek: The Next Generation

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …Overall, there remain more than 100 companies chasing the prize of developing an algae biomaterials project, profitable and at commercial scale. Yesterday (October 24, 2011), on the eve of the annual Algal Biomass Summit, two of the long-time leaders in the commercialization of advanced algal

October 26, 2011 Read Full Article

Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC) Risks Can Be Mitigated, Says E&Y Report

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …ILUC mitigation practices identified by Ernst & Young include the development of advanced generation biofuels, improvements to crop yields on existing agricultural land, the use of co-products for animal feed purposes, and crop production on abandoned lands. The report recommends that incentivizing these additional sustainability

October 11, 2011 Read Full Article

Global Photosynthesis: New Insight Will Help Predict Future Climate Change

(Science Daily)  A new insight into global photosynthesis, the chemical process governing how ocean and land plants absorb and release carbon dioxide, has been revealed in research that will assist scientists to more accurately assess future climate change. In a paper published September 28 inNature, a team of US, Dutch and

October 10, 2011 Read Full Article

XTL, the Path to Scale: Accelergy CTO Rocco Fiato

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  A major trend emerging from the conference was a broad agreement on the strong potential for XTL fuels – that is, fuels that combined both fossil and biomass inputs, to provide the opportunities for massive scale in the near-term. Accelergy CTO Rocco Fiato outlined his

October 4, 2011 Read Full Article

Heavy Breathing by Plants Could Alter Climate Models, 30-Year Study Finds

by Ben Cubby (Sydney Morning Herald)  Plants have been breathing a lot more quickly than we thought, according to a study that suggests some climate change models may have to be modified to account for faster rates of photosynthesis. An analysis of 30years of atmospheric records has shown that the

October 3, 2011 Read Full Article

Newcastle University Outlines Plans for North East Carbon Capture Hub

by James Murray  (Business Green)  Could gasification hold the key to the decarbonisation of the North East’s heavy industries? Researchers at the Newcastle Institute for Research on Sustainability(NIReS) are working on ambitious plans that could establish the North East as a global hub for the development of gasification and carbon capture

September 8, 2011 Read Full Article

Work Begins on Carbon-Capture at ADM Decatur Site

(St. Louis Today/AP)  The U.S. Department of Energy says construction has started on a $207.5 million project to capture carbon dioxide produced by an ethanol plant in Illinois and store it underground. The Energy Department said construction started Tuesday on the project at Archer Daniels Midland’s headquarters in Decatur and

August 26, 2011 Read Full Article

Switch from Corn to Grass Would Raise Ethanol Output, Cut Emissions

(EurekAlert!/University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)  Growing perennial grasses on the least productive farmland now used for corn ethanol production in the U.S. would result in higher overall corn yields, more ethanol output per acre and better groundwater quality, researchers report in a new study. The switch would also slash emissions of

July 13, 2011 Read Full Article

Earthworm Avoidance of Biochar Can Be Mitigated by Wetting

by Dong Li, William C. Hockaday, Caroline A. Masiello and Pedro J.J. Alvarez (Science Direct)  Biochar has a great potential for enhancing soil fertility and carbon sequestration while enabling beneficial waste disposition. Because of the potential for widespread application, it is essential to proactively assess and mitigate any unintended consequences associated with soil biochar amendment.

June 6, 2011 Read Full Article

Stevens Students Develop Cheaper, Greener, Alternative Energy Storage

(Stevens Institute of Technology)  Every year, the world consumes 15 Terrawatts of power. Since the amount of annual harvestable solar energy has been estimated at 50 Terrawatts, students at Stevens Institute of Technology are working on a supercapacitor that will allow us to harness more of this renewable energy through

June 2, 2011 Read Full Article

How Manomet Got It Backwards: Challenging the "Debt-then-dividend" Axiom

by Dr. William Strauss (Renewable Energy World/FutureMetrics) This short article challenges the assumption that there is always a carbon debt incurred first and then a carbon dividend realized later (debt-then-dividend) when using woody biomass for energy.   The Manomet Study has generated a great deal of interest and controversy about the greenhouse

May 31, 2011 Read Full Article

OriginOil Lands First Order for Industrial Scale Algae Oil Extraction System

(OriginOil)  Owner of three ‘CO2 to energy’ projects will pilot extraction unit at large coal-fired power plant OriginOil, Inc., the developer of breakthrough technology to transform algae, the most promising source of renewable oil, into a true competitor to petroleum, today announced it has received the first commercial order to deploy

January 28, 2011 Read Full Article

The Impact Of A Renewable Electricity Standard & A Carbon Payment Program

By Don Hofstrand (Iowa State University Extension/JoplinStockyards.com)   U.S. energy policy has recently moved into the background due to concerns about the current economic downturn. However, the importance of the two major drivers of energy policy – the need to wean the U.S. from foreign energy and the need to limit

December 30, 2010 Read Full Article

Deforestation ‘Not So Important for Climate Change’

by Fred Pearce   (New Scientist)  Climate negotiations were dealt a bombshell at the weekend when ecologists reported that carbon emissions from the destruction of tropical forests are probably only half previous estimates. If we are emitting less carbon dioxide from deforestation that’s got to be good news, surely. The trouble is

December 13, 2010 0 comment Read Full Article

CARBON CORNER: New Carbon Opportunities Coming to Market for Agriculture

by Dawson Williams and Rick Gilmore (GIC Group/Biofuels Digest)  …The Climate Action Reserve (CAR), which was chartered by state legislation in California in 2001, has just proposed three new agriculture related offset categories, including:  cropland management, nutrient (fertilizer) management, and rice cultivation. These categories would be in addition to the already

November 3, 2010 Read Full Article

Biofuels: a New Methodology to Estimate GHG Emissions Due to Global Land Use Change

by Roland Hiederer, Fabien Ramos, et al. (European Commission Joint Research Centre)  This study implements a new methodology developed by the JRC IES and IE for estimating changes in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from soil and above- and below-ground biomass resulting from global land use changes caused by the production of

September 28, 2010 Read Full Article

Carbon Dioxide Recycling in the Biofuels Industry,” a Special Digest report

by Sam A. Rushing (Biofuels Digest)  …Since CO2 has been shown to be the globe’s worst offender as a greenhouse gas, the very use of this gas in a technology which would foster the production of viable basic chemicals, plastics, and biofuels is probably some of the best news around.

September 14, 2010 Read Full Article

The Culturing Revolution: LanzaTech Extends to Chemicals as Year of SynthBio Gains Pace

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  LanzaTech announced that it has produced 2,3-Butanediol (2,3-BD), a key building block used to make polymers, plastics and hydrocarbon fuels, using the company’s waste steel gas fermentation technology. LanzaTech is a story about a company transforming biofuels with “non-biomass” technology and an integrated strategy. As

August 24, 2010 Read Full Article

A European Perspective on Algal Biofuel Scaleup

(Algae Industry Magazine)  An article by Rene H. Wijffels and Maria J. Barbosa, of Wageningen University in the Netherlands, published in the current edition of Science Journal, details the challenges and opportunities of algal biofuel development from a European perspective. Among the main points of the article, titled “An Outlook

August 24, 2010 Read Full Article

Joule Unlimited: ‘Fuel from Thin Air’ Comes Closer, Clearer

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Massachusetts, the secretive Joule Unlimited (then known as Joule Biotechnologies) emerged late last year from “stealth mode” with the startling announcement that their technology could produce up to 15,000 gallons per acre of drop-in hydrocarbon fuels, using only sunlight, CO2 and (fresh, brackish or saline)

August 23, 2010 Read Full Article

10 Top Solar Biofuels Projects

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …Aside from the general observation that nearly all energy systems ultimately are based on today’s or yesterday’s solar energy (only geothermal and nuclear power are distinct exceptions), a new generation of technologies is bringing solar and biofuel technologies closer together. Symbiosis or Convergence?  There are

August 20, 2010 Read Full Article

Sustainable Biochar to Mitigate Global Climate Change

by Dominic Woolf, James E. Amonette, F. Alayne Street-Perrott, Johannes Lehmann & Stephen Joseph    (Nature Communications)  Production of biochar (the carbon (C)-rich solid formed by pyrolysis of biomass) and its storage in soils have been suggested as a means of abating climate change by sequestering carbon, while simultaneously providing energy and

August 20, 2010 Read Full Article

POET, Farmers Kick Off Commercial Biomass Harvest for Project LIBERTY Cellulosic Ethanol

(POET) Construction underway on storage area for biomass bales in Emmetsburg, Iowa  Farmers and POET today celebrated the upcoming collection and delivery of 56,000 tons of baled corn cobs and light stover in the first commercial harvest for Project LIBERTY. POET CEO Jeff Broin spoke to farmers about the important jobs

August 20, 2010 Read Full Article

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fuel production awards/recognition Azerbaijan. b B0 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 B8 B10 B11 B12 B12.5 B13 B14 B15 B20 B25 B30 B33 B35 B40 B50 B75 B80 B98 B99 B100 Babados nut tree babassu bacteria bagasse Bahamas Bahrain bamboo banana banana stems Bangladesh bankruptcy Barbados barge barley barley fiber barley protein barley straw Basque batteries Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) bauxite beauty leaf tree beaver beer bees Belarus Belgium Belize Benin benzene Bermuda Bhutan big bluestem big data Big Food Big Oil/Oil Majors billion ton study bio bio-based diesel benefits bio-based economy bio-LNG (Liquified Natural Gas Bio-LNG Pumps (Liquified Natural Gas bio-natural gas bio-NGV (natural gas for vehicles) bio-oil/pyrolysis oil bio-SPK (bio derived synthetic paraffinic kerosene) biobased Biobased Markets Program biobased materials Biobased Product Manufacturing Assistance Program biochar biochemical conversion BioChemicals/Renewable Chemicals bioconversion Biocrude/Green Crude/SynCrude biodegradable biodiesel biodiesel blend wall biodiesel EN 14214 Biodiesel Fuel Education Program biodiesel prices biodiesel production biodiesel pumps biodiesel quality biodiesel standards biodiesel tax credit biodiesel technologies biodiesel terminal biodiversity bioeconomy bioelectricity bioenergy Bioenergy Program for Advanced Biofuels Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) biofoundry Biofuel biofuel consumption Biofuel Crops biofuel distribution Biofuel Infrastructure Partnership (BIP) biofuel producer tax credit biofuels Biofuels Directive biofuels education biofuel tax credit Biogas Biogasoline/Renewable Gasoline biogenic carbon biogenic emissions Bioheat biohydrocarbons BioIsoprene Bio LPG biomass Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP) biomass hydrolysis biomass recalcitrance Biomass Research and Development initiative (BRDI) biomass sorghum Biomass to Liquid (BTL) biomass transportation biomaterials bioplastics biopower Biopreferred bioproducts biopropene bioprospecting BioRefineries/Renewable Fuel Production Biorefinery Assistance Program (BAP) Biorefinery Renewable Chemical Biobased Product Mfgr Assistance BioRenewable-1 (BR-1) BioSNG Biotechnology birch black carbon black grease black liquor black locust blender blender pumps Blenders Credit blending blendstock Blend wall blockchain blue carbon boat fuel Bolivia bolt-on Bonaire bonds book-and-claim border tax Borneo Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana BQ-9000 Brachiaria bracken brackish water Brassica Brazil breweries British Columbia broker brownfields brown grease Brunei Btu's BTX (Benzene Toluene Xylene) Bu12.5 Bu16 Budget building block chemicals Bulgaria bunker oil Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Burkina Faso Burma Burundi buses business law business resources butadiene Butane butanediol butanol/biobutanol butanol emissions butyl acetate c C3 sugar C5 sugar C6 sugar Cabo Verde cactus cagaita calibration California California Air Resources Board (CARB) Cambodia Camelina camels Cameroon Canada canarygrass Canary Islands canary reed grass candle nut cannabis canola/rapeseed canola straw cap-and-invest cap-and-trade carbohydrates carbon carbon-efficient fuels carbon capture and storage (CCS) carbon capture and utilization (CCU) carbon cost carbon credit carbon credit markets carbon cycle carbon debt Carbon Dioxide (CO2) carbon efficiency carbon emissions carbon fiber Carbon Intensity (CI) carbon life cycle carbon markets Carbon Monoxide (CO) carbon negative carbon neutrality carbon offsets carbon price carbon recycling carbon sequestration carbon sink carbon tax carbon tax-and-dividend Carbon tax border adjustments carbon user fee Carbon Utilization and Biogas Education Program carcinogens cardoon Caribbean carinata/brassica carinata carob cashew cashew apple CASI CAS Registry Cassava cassava price cassava pulp cassava stalk castor bean castor stalk catalysis catalysts catalytic decarboxylation catalytic hydrothermal conversion-to-jet (CHCJ) catalytic hydrothermal gasification catalytic hydrothermolysis jet CHJ pathway cattle cavitation CBD (cannabidiol) cell culturing cellulase enzymes cellulose cellulosic biofuel Cellulosic biomass cellulosic diesel Cellulosic ethanol cellulosic ethanol price cellulosic feedstock cellulosic production tax credit cellulosic sugars Cellulosic Tax Credit cellulosic waiver credit cement Central African Republic Central America Certificate Program certification certification fuels cesium cetane Chad change in soil condition charging stations CHCJ-5 Chesapeake Bay chicken feathers chickens Chile China chitin chufa/cyperus esculents/nutsedge CIA circular economy citrus citrus greening disease Citrus Peel clean air Clean Air Act (CAA) clean diesel Clean Fuel Standard/Policy Clean Power Plan (CPP) Clean Water Act climate change Climate Change Adaptation climate change effects climate change mitigation climate legislation climate smart agriculture closed-loop system Clostridium thermocellum cloud point clover CNG Conversion kit co co-generation co-location co-operative Co-op Extension co-processing co-products CO2 Sequestration coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) coastal habitat conservation coastal hay Coast Guard cobalt cock's foot cocoa Coconut coffee coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold-tolerance cold flow college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG / R-CNG) compression-ignition engine compression ratios computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology cooking fuel cook stoves cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 copper coppice cordgrass corn-based products corn/maize corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crimes Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cuphea cup plant currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D5 (5%DME) D20 (20%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date palm date palm pits Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization Delaware DeltaWing demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices diethyl ether digital Digital Biology dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct-to-fuel direct air capture directed evolution direct injection Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME Dominican Republic double cropping Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop- drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e-diesel e-LNG e-methanol E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E2 E3 E4 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E40 E50 E55 E75 E78 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED95 educatio education educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric grid electricity electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electricity price electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) end user Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylene ethyl levulinate (EL) ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication externalities extremophiles f F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose flameleaf sumac flavors flax Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) French fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery GREET model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP h Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawaii hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) HFS-SIP hibiscus High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrids hydrocarbon fuels hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogenolysis hydrogen price hydrogen pumps hydropower hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indiana Indian beech tree Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial ethanol industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insects insurance integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine International international balance of payments International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Alternative Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kero kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land prices land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer 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miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum Monaco Mongolia mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol nahar Namibia nano nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national 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(REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) RenovaBio replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog smokestack soap Social social benefit investing social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soi soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar-to-fuels solar biofuels solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solaris solid oxide fuel cell Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve STrategiv Petroleum Reserve straw students su sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugarcane sugarcane prices sugarcane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic liquified gas (SLG) synthetic methane Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course Technical Readiness Levels techno-economic analysis technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion thermochemical liquefaction Tibet Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey UCOME (Used Cooking Oil Methyl Ester) Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) Ultra Low Sulfur Fuel Oil (ULSFO) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils vehicles miles traveled (VMT) Velocys Venezuela Vermont Victoria video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volunteers w waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil wastewater water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass wheat prices wheat straw whey whisky white grease White House wildlife habitat willow wind energy wine wastage/grape marc winter crops Wisconsi Wisconsin Wood woody biomass World Bank World Trade Organization (WTO) Wyoming XTL xylan xylene xylose yard waste yeast yellow grease yellowhorn tree Yemen yields Yukon Zambia Zanzibar zein zeolites Zimbabwe zinc

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