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Feedstock

Sugar Cane and Cassavas Feedstock for Vietnam Bioethanol Plant

An engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contract worth around US$ 60 million for building a bio-ethanol plant was signed between the Petrolchemical and Bio Fuel Joint Stock Company (PVB) under the National Oil and Gas Group (Petrovietnam) and a joint venture of contractors including the Petrovietnam Construction Joint Stock Company

June 18, 2009 Read Full Article

Agragen to Increase Oil Content in Camelina

Agragen, a leader in using biotechnology to modify Camelina sativa to increase agronomically desirable traits, announces the acquisition of intellectual property rights that will increase oil content in the second generation oilseed crop.  Through an agreement with the University of Alberta and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC), signed May, 2,

June 17, 2009 Read Full Article

Finland Tests Biomass Derived Bio-Oil for Heat, Power, Biodiesel

Metso and UPM have developed a new concept for the production of biomass-based bio-oil to replace fossil fuels in heating and power generation. Test production will begin at Metso’s test plant in Tampere, Finland, in June 2009. Bio-oil can be manufactured by UPM’s renewable energy power plants which are equipped

June 17, 2009 Read Full Article

Study Planned of Brazilian Sugarcane Bagasse as Cellulosic Ethanol Feedstock

by Lisa Gibson, Biomass Magazine.   Brazil could produce 4.6 billion to 8.2 billion liters (1.2 billion to 2.2 billion gallons) of biofuel from sugarcane residue by 2020, in addition to that made from sugar itself, according to a recently released Novozymes report. Development, however, will depend on the industry’s ability

June 17, 2009 Read Full Article

US Department of Commerce Awards First Exclusive Bioreactor Patent to ATI Petroleum

ATI Petroleum, a petroleum exploration management and operations company, announced that the US Department of Commerce awarded the first patent on bioreactor technology to ATI Petroleum.  The bioreactor technology was created through a collaborative effort with the US Department of Energy, the EPA, and ATI Petroleum’s renewable energy division. ATI Petroleum

June 17, 2009 Read Full Article

Lignol Awarded $3.4 Million in Funding from British Columbia’s Liquid Fuels from Biomass Program

Lignol Energy Corporation a cellulosic ethanol and biorefining company, announced that its wholly owned subsidiary, Lignol Innovations Ltd., has been awarded $3.4 million in funding to produce cellulosic ethanol and other biochemical products from under-utilized forest resources, including lodgepole pine killed by mountain pine beetle. Premier Gordon Campbell announced the award

June 17, 2009 Read Full Article

SG Biofuels Discovers Cold-Tolerant Jatropha; May Open US for More Cultivation

In California, SG Biofuels announced that it has identified multiple strains of cold tolerant Jatropha capable of thriving in climates outside the crop’s traditional subtropical habitat.  The strains are included among thousands of variations of Jatropha curcas the firm has collected from a range of climates and geographies around the

June 16, 2009 Read Full Article

Spanish Company Touts Process to Turn Urban Waste into Biodiesel

 by Ron Kotrba.   A group of Spanish developers working under the company name Ecofasa, headed by chief executive officer and inventor Francisco Angulo, has developed a biochemical process to turn urban solid waste into a fatty acid biodiesel feedstock. “It took more than 10 years working on the idea of

June 16, 2009 Read Full Article

Renewed World Energies Takes Algae to Another Level of Green

by Susan Wilson.  Algae has been cultivated primarily as a source of biofuel, but Renewed World Energies (RWE) is taking it one step further.  The company wants to clean up power plant and industrial plant emissions using algae and then have the algae turn the CO2 captured to generate both

June 16, 2009 Read Full Article

European Body Sees Algae Fuel Industry in 10-15 Years

Industrial-scale production of bioenergy from algae, or seaweeds, can be expected in 10 to 15 years, helping Europe to reach its green energy targets, the top official at a newly created bioenergy body said on Wednesday. …  Research into algae-made biofuels has been active in the last 3 to 5

June 16, 2009 Read Full Article

Gold Star to Cultivate Five Million Acres of Land for Biofuels in Ghana

Gold Star Biofuels a subsidiary of Gold Star Farms Ltd., is cultivating five million acres of land in Ghana to plant jatropha for the production of biofuels for export.  According to the firm it has secured commitment from farmers to grow the plant in the country.  The company began cultivating

June 16, 2009 Read Full Article

Ghana’s Jatropha Conundrum – More Questions than Answers

Ghana is becoming the Jatropha centre in Africa south of the Sahara. The attraction which the country has as a welcoming place for investors interested in the wonder plant, Jatropha which hopefully, would be the world’s answer to alternative energy sources is resonating across the globe even in such difficult

June 16, 2009 Read Full Article

Prairie Grass Experiment at Fermilab’s Campus

As part of an effort to develop a new collection of alternative fuels, ecologist Julie Jastrow and her colleagues from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Chicago planted seven different combinations of native Midwestern prairie grasses on the 13-acre site at Fermilab’s campus.

June 3, 2009 Read Full Article

Biomass 2009 Conference Presentations Available Online

Every spring, the US Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy’s Biomass Program hosts a FREE 2-day conference and expo exploring biomass as an energy source.   The Biomass Program works with industry, academia and national laboratory partners on a balanced portfolion of research in biomass feedstocks and

June 3, 2009 0 comment Read Full Article

Rye “Grassohol” Project Funded in Wales

SCIENTISTS in Wales are working on a ground-breaking £1m scheme to turn grass into fuel.  The Assembly Government- backed “grassohol” project aims to develop a commercially viable way to make ethanol which is used as an alternative to petrol.  The project, which has been funded by the UK government, the

June 1, 2009 Read Full Article

Ardent Energy to Acquire 15,000 Hectares in Ethiopia for Jatropha Biodiesel

Biofuels Digest reports that in Ethiopia, Ardent Energy Group announced an agreement with the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MOARD) of Ethiopia to transfer 15,000 hectares, approximately 37,000 acres, to AEG for the purpose of cultivating jatropha and castor.  The resultant crop will be refined into usable biodiesel fuel.

June 1, 2009 Read Full Article

Research Reinforces Economic, Environmental Benefits of Corn Cobs as Source for Cellulosic Ethanol

Corn cobs are both economical and environmentally friendly as a feedstock for cellulosic ethanol, university and government reports indicate, reaffirming POET’s strategy for commercializing its new technology.  Removing corn cobs from fields for use in cellulosic ethanol production appears to have no substantial impact on soil nutrient content, based on

May 29, 2009 Read Full Article

S4 Energy Solutions to Use Medical and Industrial Waste for Biofuels, Electricity, Industrial Products

Waste Management, Inc. and InEnTec LLC announced the formation of S4 Energy Solutions LLC, a joint venture to develop, operate and market plasma gasification facilities using InEnTec’s Plasma Enhanced Melter (PEM™) technology.   The joint venture is expected to process waste from the country’s increasingly segmented commercial and industrial waste streams

May 29, 2009 Read Full Article

Watermelons Tapped for Ethanol

With their sweet, refreshing juices and succulent interior, watermelons are a favorite summertime treat, especially around July 4th. But now this Independence Day favorite could become even more of a patriotic commodity.  Agricultural Research Service (ARS) studies in Lane, Okla., have shown that simple sugars in watermelon juice can be

May 28, 2009 Read Full Article

U.S. Freedom Bio Fuels Latest Technology Converts Animal Fat to Fuel

U.S. Freedom Bio Fuels, LLC, manufacturer of Biodiesel production equipment for the commercial end user, has developed a processor for converting animal fat to fuel. There BD65AF processor will produce 200 gallons of fuel per day without acid pre-treat.  READ MORE

May 26, 2009 Read Full Article

Colorado County Awards $9 Million to Waste-to-Energy Project Making Renewable Diesel, Jet Fuel

The Crowley County Commissioners announced the award of a $9,000,000 Private Activity Bond Allocation through the Colorado Department of Local Affairs. This allocation authorizes the issuance of $9 million in tax free bonds to support the development of an animal waste-to-energy production facility at Ordway Feedyard, Ordway, Colorado. This innovative

May 25, 2009 Read Full Article

Biofuels Digest Publishes Special Online Report on Aviation Biofuels

Biofuels Digest presents a special report on biofuels aviation, including coverage of feedstocks, airlines, aircraft manufacturers, engine makers and policy.  READ MORE

May 25, 2009 Read Full Article

PetroAlgae Debuts New Drop-In Fuel Process for Green Diesel from Algae

According to Biofuels Digest, in Florida, PetroAlgae said that it believes it is now the closest company to commercialization of micro crops as a biofuel will complete its microcrop demonstration farm in Florida this year and will commence booking revenues from technology licenses this year.   The company revealed that it

May 22, 2009 Read Full Article

American Chemical Society Announces New Bioprocess for Producing Biofuels from Agricultural Waste

Scientists in California are reporting use of a first-of-its-kind approach to craft genetically engineered microbes with the much-sought ability to transform switchgrass, corn cobs, and other organic materials into methyl halides — the raw material for making gasoline and a host of other commercially important products.   The new bioprocess could

May 22, 2009 Read Full Article

Honeywell To Test Biofuel in APUs, Engines this Summer

Honeywell Aerospace is gearing up for biofuel tests on its APUs and engines this summer in a bid to stay ahead of the alternative fuel push.   … That project is now entering a second phase with biofuel tests, and Honeywell will piggyback testing of civilian engines with a mix of

May 22, 2009 Read Full Article

Oregon’s Diesel Brewing to Make Butanol from Dairy Farm Manure

Diesel Brewing announced the company has launched its initiative to manufacture cellulosic bio-butanol from Oregon’s ample supplies of biomass and dairy farm manure. Bio-butanol is a 100% “green” liquid fuel that can be blended into conventional gasoline or diesel stocks without engine modifications. Compared to corn-based fuel additives, bio-butanol has

May 22, 2009 Read Full Article

Algae Front-runner GreenFuel Shuts Down

GreenFuel Technologies, one of the first companies to enter the algae biofuels business, is shutting down after running out of money.   Investor Duncan McIntyre of Polaris Venture Partners on Wednesday confirmed GreenFuel Technologies’ demise, saying that the company is a “victim of the economy.” The closing was initially reported by

May 22, 2009 Read Full Article

Biochar Improves Crop Yields by 6-17 Percent

Dynamotive Energy Systems Corporation, a leader in second generation biomass-to-biofuel technology, and BlueLeaf Inc., a Canadian private social purpose enterprise active in applied research concerning the environment, announced results of a year long test in application of Dynamotive’s CQuest™ Biochar into commercial farming test plots.  Biochar is a byproduct of

May 22, 2009 Read Full Article

Süd-Chemie, Linde to Start Biofuel Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass

Süd-Chemie AG (Germany), a leading manufacturer of catalysts and adsorbents, and The Linde Group (Germany), a leading global company in the sector of gases and engineering, have launched the production of climate-friendly biofuels based on lignocellulosic biomass in Munich. The two companies recently started a pilot plant at Süd-Chemie’s research

May 22, 2009 Read Full Article
  Public Hearings: Environmental Impact Statements for Biomass Crop Assistance Program May-June Various US Locations

Public Hearings: Environmental Impact Statements for Biomass Crop Assistance Program May-June Various US Locations

(US Department o fAgriculture) The Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) intends to prepare an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for the Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP). BCAP is a new program authorized by the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (the 2008 Farm Bill). The EIS will assess the potential environmental

May 15, 2009 Read Full Article

Indian Jatropha Yield without Fertilizer Less than Expected

At the time, jatropha’s promise seemed boundless. APJ Abdul Kalam, the president, even used his presidential address that year to extol its virtues. Jatropha can survive in the most arid wastelands, the story went, so vast barren swathes of India could be put to productive use. It is inedible so

May 13, 2009 Read Full Article

Secretary Chu Announces Recovery Act Funds to Accelerate Biofuels Research and Commercialization

… “Developing the next generation of biofuels is key to our effort to end our dependence on foreign oil and address the climate crisis — while creating millions of new jobs that can’t be outsourced,” Secretary Chu said. “With American investment and ingenuity — and resources grown right here at

May 13, 2009 Read Full Article

Rentech Announces Plant to Produce Renewable Synthetic Diesel and Green Electric Power from Urban Waste

Rentech, Inc., announced a plan to build a plant in Rialto, California for the production of ultra-clean synthetic fuels and electric power from renewable waste biomass feedstocks.   The Rialto Renewable Energy Center (Rialto Project) is designed to produce approximately 600 barrels per day of pure renewable synthetic fuels and export

May 13, 2009 Read Full Article

Biofuel for Jets Could Cut Carbon Emissions Over 80 Percent Using Camelina

The seeds of a lowly weed could cut jet fuel’s cradle-to-grave carbon emissions by 84 percent.  David Shonnard, Robbins Chair Professor of Chemical Engineering, conducted an analysis of jet fuel made from camelina oil to measure its carbon dioxide emissions over the course of its life cycle, from planting to

May 13, 2009 Read Full Article

Jatropha Farm Featured on PBS Worldview Program Series

Farming Biodiesel, Inc., a sustainable, social Jatropha farming organization, in association with New Eye Productions and Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), announces they will be featured in the upcoming television series titled Worldview Program.   Breaking ground since 2007, Desert Center, California based Farming Biodiesel, Inc. is the only USDA registered Jatropha

May 12, 2009 Read Full Article

Ethanol Crops? Lab Finds New Method To Turn Biomass Into Gasoline

Scientists have combined a discovery from a French garbage dump with breakthroughs in synthetic biology to come up with a novel method for turning plant waste into gasoline, without the need of any food sources.  A synthetic biology lab at the University of California San Francisco identified a compound able

May 8, 2009 Read Full Article

Florida’s New Generation Biofuels Selling Product in Maryland

Originally formed in March 2006 as H2Diesel, Inc., New Generation Biofuels is commercializing a second generation biofuel using a proprietary process. NGB Biofuel is a precision blended product made from any number of new or recycled vegetable oil or animal fat feedstock’s without using a complicated chemical reaction and without

May 8, 2009 Read Full Article

A New Use for Algae: Natural Gas

Genifuel has teamed up with Pacific Northwest National Labs to make natural gas out of algae. Why? It’s cheaper and easier than producing liquid fuel.  Why crush algae when you can incinerate it?  That’s one way to describe a shift in strategy at Genifuel. The company, which started out as

May 8, 2009 Read Full Article

Stone Soap Company Unveils Promising Hybrid Natural Gas-Biofuel

A 76-year-old manufacturer of car wash soaps says it’s developed a new line of clean biofuel products that could revolutionize alternative fuels.   Stone Soap Co. Inc. has applied for a patent for the chemistry behind three related products: a so-called hybrid biodiesel, a biofuel for blending with gasoline and a

May 8, 2009 Read Full Article

University of Texas at Austin Biologists and Engineers In DARPA Project to Develop Jet Fuel from Algal Oil

…At The University of Texas at Austin, the scope of the project includes identifying the best strains of algae for producing oil from sites in Texas and from the university’s algal culture collection, harvesting the algal strains, breaking the algal cells to extract oil, purifying the algal oil for jet

May 8, 2009 Read Full Article

Energy Crop Company on the Cutting Edge of Biomass Production–Switchgrass

The greatest irony of America’s 21st Century quest for energy independence is that it – whatever “it” turns out to be – most assuredly has been here all along! And none of the emerging cellulosic bioenergy feedstocks fits that description better than switchgrass, which once covered the continent from sea

May 7, 2009 Read Full Article

Great Plains Renewable Energy and Bioprocessalgae LLC Complete $2.1 Million Grant Funding for Algae Pilot Project in Iowa

Green Plains Renewable Energy, Inc., and BioProcessAlgae LLC have executed a grant award agreement with the Iowa Office of Energy Independence for a $2.1 million research and development grant from the Iowa Power Fund to build an algae pilot project at Green Plains’ ethanol plant in Shenandoah, Iowa.   “Algae has

May 6, 2009 Read Full Article

Jerusalem Artichoke for Armenia Ethanol Production

Armenia’s climatic conditions are not suitable for sugarcane production; however, there are several alternative crops suitable to Armenia’s climate for cultivation on available agricultural land that is not intended for the production of food crops. In particular, Jerusalem artichoke has been identified as a crop with great potential as a

May 5, 2009 Read Full Article

Researchers Study Jerusalem Artichoke for Ethanol

The Institute for Sustainable and Renewable Resources, in Danville, Va., is studying the potential to use the Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosis), a perennial native sunflower species, as a feedstock for producing ethanol.  The institute is a research center jointly affiliated with the departments of horticulture and forestry at Virginia Polytechnic

May 5, 2009 Read Full Article

Dewatering Process Announced by Algae Venture Systems

A technological breakthrough that dramatically reduces the cost of removing water from algae – making algae an economically feasible source of fuel was announced by Algae Venture Systems, an Ohio company.  Algae VS process slashes the cost of harvesting, dewatering and drying, reducing processing costs by more than 99 percent.  READ

May 5, 2009 Read Full Article

Worldwatch Institute Features 3-Part Series on Palm Oil in Indonesia

Part 1:  Global Palm Oil Demand Fueling Deforestation The benefits of the oil palm are difficult for Indonesia to ignore.   Once planted, the tropical tree can produce fruit for more than 30 years, providing much-needed employment for poor rural communities. And its oil is highly lucrative, due largely to the

May 4, 2009 Read Full Article

Chocolate-Powered Racecar Presented as Cost-Cutting Car of the Future

The  World First Racing team at the Warwick Innovative Manufacturing Research Center in Britain announced late last month that it has built an environmentally friendly Formula Three car powered by vegetable oil and waste chocolate. The car also includes a steering wheel derived from carrots and other root vegetables, a

May 1, 2009 Read Full Article

Sirona Fuels Launches Jatropha Community Farming in Haiti

Sirona Fuels, an emerging leader in alternative fuels, announced  that it has begun Jatropha planting operations in Haiti over the past month in a joint venture with 3C Missions, an organization that has established a relief fund for over 1,100 orphaned children in Haiti. Sirona intends to harvest and crush

May 1, 2009 Read Full Article

Food and Crop Waste: A Valuable Biomass Feedstock

With virtually all of the biofuels currently produced in the United States sourced from either soybeans or corn, there is significant interest in developing a diverse array of biomass feedstocks that will not compete for food resources. Dedicated energy crops such as switchgrass and hybrid poplar have caught the public’s

May 1, 2009 Read Full Article

Dynamotive to Supply Sawdust for Arkansas BioOil Plant

Dynamotive USA, Inc. executed a long-term contract for the supply of feedstock for a planned 200 TPD BioOil® plant to be developed in southern Arkansas. Contract envisages the supply of 220,000 green tons per year of green residues (sawdust) for an initial term of 10 years with pricing linked to

May 1, 2009 Read Full Article

Regional Partnership to Develop Algal Biofuels Gets Backing of San Diego Leaders

San Diego Mayor Jerry Sanders and others said the San Diego region, now home to more than 500 biotechnology companies, could become a major center for renewable energy development, as scientists from UC San Diego, The Scripps Research Institute and other local research institutions join with their industry counterparts in

May 1, 2009 Read Full Article

U.K. Algae Biofuel Co. BioMara Launches

Researchers funded by a consortium of European governments and institutions to investigate algae strains most optimal for remote rural biofuel production.   BioMara, a Scottish-Irish research project, has secured €6 million ($8.1m) to produce biofuel from algae. Research is to be led by Michele Stanley of the Scottish Association of Marine

April 30, 2009 Read Full Article

Camelina Information from Sustainable Oils

Camelina sativa is a member of the mustard family, a distant relative to canola, and the new darling of biodiesel production. Camelina plants are heavily branched, growing from one to three feet tall producing seed pods containing many small, oily seeds.  READ MORE

April 28, 2009 Read Full Article

Life Cycle Analysis of Camelina-based Renewable Jet and Diesel Fuels Shows 84-89% GHG Savings Compared to Petroleum Fuels

A life cycle analysis (LCA) comparing camelina-derived renewable jet and diesel fuels to petroleum fuels and biodiesel found that the green jet and green diesel fuels are lower in fossil energy demand and also lower in GHG emissions compared to biodiesel, and that all the biofuels are lower in these

April 28, 2009 Read Full Article

Can 100% of Jatropha Plant be Commercially Viable?

Most Jatropha growers currently plant and harvest Jatropha curcas primarily for its pure plant oil (PPO) for use as biofuel and biodiesel. However, it is shown that PPO only accounts for a mere 14% of the usable resources in every fruit.  … During “Utilization Technology of Jatropha Seedcake and Residues,”

April 28, 2009 Read Full Article

CHEMREC gasification technology – turns pulp and paper mills into biorefineries

CHEMREC is helping pulp and paper mills transform into Biorefineries with a unique, proprietary black liquor gasification technology. Opening up new markets in sustainable, low-carbon chemicals and fuels will be a step-change in the industry. Full implementation of the Chemrec technology in all Swedish pulp mills would yield about 6 000

April 24, 2009 Read Full Article

UOP Renewable Energy & Chemicals BioChemicals Technology Info

UOP is focused on developing profitable and efficient ways to convert biofeedstocks, such as oils from plants and algae, greases and certain waste products into valuable fuel and chemicals.  UOP focuses on technologies that maximize the use of existing infrastructure and whose production does not compete with valuable land and

April 6, 2009 Read Full Article

Jatropha curcas as Fuel Source for Multi-Function Power Unit

Providing a local source of fuel is a critical element of energy independence and the jatropha plant has several qualities that make it an ideal choice as a fuel provider for a multi-function power unit (MPU) that can be used in extremely impoverished rural communities in many parts of the

April 6, 2009 Read Full Article

Solazyme’s Microbial Conversion Technology Applied to Algae

Solazyme’s unique microbial conversion technology process allows algae to produce oil in standard industrial facilities quickly, efficiently and at large scale. These oils are tailored not only for advanced biofuel production, but also as replacements for fossil petroleum and plant oils in a diverse range of products running from green

April 6, 2009 Read Full Article

Chicken Manure and Paper Waste as Biofuels Feedstock

MixAlco™ is a biomass conversion technology that transforms low-cost, readily available, non-food and non-sterile biomass into carboxylic acids, the chemical precursors to valuable industrial chemicals and transportation fuels. READ MORE.

April 6, 2009 Read Full Article

Hawaiian Agricultural and Municipal Waste Turned Into BioCarbon, Biofuel, Bioenergy

Carbon Diversion, Inc., has been operating for two years at the Campbell Industrial site in Kapolei, Oahu, Hawaii, testing and refining the CDI Carbonization™ equipment for managing various feedstocks including rubber tires, macadamia shells and other green wastes, sewage sludge, and Municipal Solid Waste/Refuse-Derived Fuel (MSW/RDF). The company is partnering with

April 6, 2009 Read Full Article

Agricultural and Municipal Waste Feedstocks for Biofuels, Biochemicals

Many technologies have been used over the years to destroy troublesome waste, including incineration, but at an expense to the environment. Now, technological development at Changing World Technologies, Inc., has produced a new process that allows waste to be reformed into renewable fuels, thereby minimizing the environmental effects from the

April 6, 2009 Read Full Article

Mascoma Plans Research Beyond 2nd Generation Ethanol

Mascoma’s R&D team is focused on developing biofuels from non-food biomass wood, straws, fuel energy crops, paper pulp and other agricultural waste products. The knowledge and expertise being generated by Mascoma’s R&D activities can be transferred to target other high-value products beyond ethanol, including the transformation of biomass into valuable green

April 6, 2009 Read Full Article

Coskata Makes 2nd Generation Ethanol from Agricultural and Municipal Waste

Coskata’s biology-based technology enables production of ethanol from a wide variety of input material including biomass, agricultural and municipal wastes, as well as other carbonaceous material. Using proprietary microorganisms and patented bioreactor designs, the goal of Coskata is to play a major role in creating economic fuels from renewable resources,

April 6, 2009 Read Full Article

The Woody Biomass Program at SUNY-ESF

Willow Biomass is an environmentally sound, locally produced, renewable source of energy and bio products.   Driven by concerns about global warming, air pollution, rural development, and national security, research conducted by SUNY-ESF has reconnected the historic willow cultivation industry to central New York. For almost two decades, SUNY-ESF has teamed

April 5, 2009 Read Full Article

Federal Interagency Biomass Research and Development Board Releases Biofuel Feedstocks Report

Feedstock Production for Biofuels: Economic Drivers, Policy Implications, and the Role of Research advises on the economic feasibility of developing both farm- and forest-derived biofuel feedstocks for expansion of the national fuel mix. The report looks at the potential impacts of the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) on domestic production of

April 5, 2009 Read Full Article

Brewing Biohydrogen from Beer, Food Waste

Sapporo Breweries Ltd. and Brazil’s state-run oil producer, Petrobras, will execute a trial – beginning as early as September – to make hydrogen gas from sugar cane waste and other farm leftovers. They will use a technology developed by Sapporo to make “biohydrogen” from food waste with fermentation methods derived

April 2, 2009 Read Full Article

Ceres CEO Promotes Cellulosic Biofuel by Plant Breeding

by Richard Hamilton (Ceres)  This presentation was part of “Growing Energy” at Biomass 2009 in March.  The President and CEO of Ceres, Hamilton promoted breeding hardier plants, resulting in more efficient harvesting of their stems, stalks and leaves for cellulosic biofuels. His presentation included photos of more robust plants that

March 30, 2009 Read Full Article

New Possibilities for Hydrogen-Producing Algae

Photosynthesis produces the food that we eat and the oxygen that we breathe ― could it also help satisfy our future energy needs by producing clean-burning hydrogen? Researchers studying a hydrogen-producing, single-celled green alga, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, have unmasked a previously unknown fermentation pathway that may open up possibilities for increasing

March 30, 2009 Read Full Article

Developments in Algal Harvesting, Dewatering and Drying

Univenture, Inc. and AlgaeVenture Systems, announced the details of a disruptive solid liquid separation and dewatering technology specifically designed for microalgae which reduces the cost barrier for harvesting, dewatering, and drying by over 99.75%.  Prototype and laboratory testing has successfully been achieved with three species attempted including Chlorella vulgaris, Euglena

March 23, 2009 0 comment Read Full Article

A Systems Approach to Biomass Sustainability

M. Christina Negri, Argonne National Laboratory, presentation for the “Defining Sustainability: Science, Standards and Scorecards” session of the US Department of Energy’s Biomass 2009 conference.  The goal of the project is to develop and analyze system-based resource recovery strategies to increase biofuel feedstock production that by design offer substantial improvements in

March 17, 2009 Read Full Article

Growing Energy

Richard Hamilton, Ceres, discusses indirect land use change theories and development of improved energy crops and cultivation around the world.  Download PDF

March 17, 2009 Read Full Article

Michigan State and Michigan Tech Share Trees-to-Biofuels Grant

Research to turn trees into liquid fuel gets a boost with approval of the $410 billion federal omnibus spending bill today. The bill allocates $1.4 million for a new biofuel research program at the Michigan State University Upper Peninsula Tree Improvement Center in Escanaba.  The funds will allow MSU and

March 10, 2009 0 comment Read Full Article

New Trade Association Formed for North America Camelina Industry

GREAT FALLS, Mont., — Thirteen seed companies, processors and researchers of camelina have formed the first trade association focused on camelina production and processing in North America. The North American Camelina Trade Association (NACTA) will work to promote research, production and the development of new markets for camelina – a

March 4, 2009 Read Full Article

UW-Green Bay to Research Marginal Lands for Energy Crops

Planting agricultural crops in poorly drained or marginal soil areas may be delayed, prevented or unprofitable for traditional farming. However, these areas may be ideally suited for native, mixed-species grasslands that can withstand harsher conditions, yet still be harvested for bio-fuel production, researchers say.  Starting in July, University of Wisconsin-Green

March 2, 2009 Read Full Article

University of Minnesota Reports on Life-Cycle Analysis Related to Corn Stover

Research shows that, as a fuel for heat and power applications, corn stover reduces the life-cycle fossil-fuel emissions of carbon dioxide by factors of approximately 15 and 25 compared to natural gas and coal, respectively. This means significant amounts of renewable electricity can be generated in a distributed fashion with

March 2, 2009 0 comment Read Full Article

Doubling a Gene in Corn Results in Giant Biomass

University of Illinois plant geneticist Stephen Moose has developed a corn plant that yields corn that would make good silage, due to a greater number of leaves and larger stalk, which could also make it a good energy crop. READ MORE

March 2, 2009 0 comment Read Full Article

Changes in Soil Organic Carbon under Biofuel Crops

by Kristina J. Anderson-Teixeira, Sarah C. Davis, Michael D. Masters and Evan H. Delucia  (Global Change Biology Bioenergy)   One potentially significant impact of growing biofuel crops will be the sequestration or release of carbon (C) in soil. Soil organic carbon (SOC) represents an important C sink in the lifecycle C balances

February 27, 2009 Read Full Article

Mascoma Facility Generating Cellulosic Ethanol With Assistance from New York State Agencies

Mascoma Corporation, a leader in the development of low carbon cellulosic ethanol, announced that the company’s demonstration facility in Rome, New York, is now producing ethanol from non-food cellulosic biomass.  The demonstration facility has the flexibility to run on numerous biomass feedstocks including wood chips, tall grasses, corn stover (residual

February 25, 2009 Read Full Article

QuantumSphere Awarded Research Grant to Turn Algae into Biofuels

California Energy Commission awards $100k grant to turn algae blooms in the Salton Sea into methane, hydrogen, and synthetic gasses.  READ MORE

February 24, 2009 0 comment Read Full Article

POET’s Project Liberty Cellulosic Ethanol Pilot Plant Uses Corn Cobs as Feedstock

A leading U.S. ethanol producer, Poet, announced the opening of an $8 million pilot plant that will produce cellulosic ethanol from corn cobs and other crop residue. READ MORE

February 12, 2009 0 comment Read Full Article

POET to Discuss Cellulosic Ethanol, Cob Harvesting with Northwest Iowa Farmers

Harvesting cobs will provide an additional revenue stream for farmers, without requiring them to change their planting practices. Agriculture equipment manufacturers are developing a wide range of options for farmers to ensure that harvesting cobs will not significantly slow the harvest and will require little to no additional labor. READ

February 12, 2009 Read Full Article

Blade Switchgrass Management Guide for Bioenergy Now Available

THOUSAND OAKS, Calif., Feb. 11 /PRNewswire/ — A new crop management guide is available for producers interested in learning more about growing switchgrass as a non-food, low-carbon source for biofuels and biopower.  Published by Blade Energy Crops, a seed brand of Ceres, Inc., the guide features the latest thinking among

February 11, 2009 0 comment Read Full Article

Energy, Biotechnology and Agribusiness Veterans Form SG Biofuels to Develop Jatropha as Low-Cost, Sustainable Oil

Following three years of research, a team of energy, biotechnology and agribusiness veterans announced the formation of SG Biofuels, a San Diego, CA-based plant oil company specializing in the development of Jatropha as a low-cost, sustainably produced source of oil.  READ MORE

February 10, 2009 Read Full Article

Researchers Seek to Create Ethanol from Idaho Agricultural Waste

Researchers from Idaho’s three largest public universities are seeking to create ethanol from the Gem state’s agricultural waste. And they have a realistic shot at converting potato, sugar beet and other agricultural waste – perhaps even cow manure – into a fuel that can run in your car.  READ MORE

February 9, 2009 Read Full Article

Camelina Crop May Save the Day for Northwest Pa. Farmers, Landowners

by Andrea Zippay (Farm and Dairy)  A rather low-budget, low-input crop may be a boon to northwest Pennsylvania farmers.   Camelina sativa, an oilseed from the Brassica family, is a valuable crop for biofuel production. Already in production in Crawford County, with a demanding market in place nearby, camelina is poised

February 8, 2009 Read Full Article

SG Biofuels Launches Jatropha Developer at 2009 National Biodiesel Conference

Following three years of research, a team of energy, biotechnology and agribusiness veterans today announced the formation of SG Biofuels, a San Diego, CA-based plant oil company specializing in the development of Jatropha as a low-cost, sustainably produced source of oil.  The company’s Latin American Jatropha recently out performed palm,

February 2, 2009 0 comment Read Full Article

Japan Airlines Flight Brings Aviation One Step Closer to Using Biofuel

Japan Airlines (JAL) became the first airline to conduct a demonstration flight using a sustainable biofuel primarily refined from the energy crop, camelina. It was also the first demo flight using a combination of three sustainable biofuel feedstocks, as well as the first one using Pratt & Whitney engines. READ

February 2, 2009 Read Full Article

Sirona Fuels Acquires Blue Sky Biofuels and Invests in Jatropha to Expand Production of High-Quality, Sustainable Biofuel

Through its purchase of Blue Sky Biofues, Sirona has acquired an Oakland, CA-based refinery that produces high-quality biodiesel from both virgin and non-virgin feedstocks. READ MORE

February 2, 2009 Read Full Article

Sustainable Oils, Inc., provided camelina-based fuels for Japan Airlines demo flight.

Also known as gold-of-pleasure or false flax, camelina, the main feedstock used for the recent Japan Airlines test flight, is good candidate for a sustainable biofuel source, given its high oil content and ability to grow in rotation with wheat and other cereal crops.  READ MORE Also known as gold-of-pleasure

January 30, 2009 Read Full Article

Genome Sequence Shows Sorghum’s Immense Potential

Southerners may best know sorghum as sweet, biscuit-topping syrup. But the small grain’s uses range from a dependable, drought-tolerant food crop to biofuel source, says a University of Georgia researcher who led a team that recently sequenced the plant’s genome. READ MORE

January 29, 2009 Read Full Article

UK’s Biggest Public Investment in Bioenergy Research Includes Advanced Biofuels

At the University of Nottingham, two of six research projects being run by the national £27m BBSRC Sustainable Bioenergy Centre hope to lead the way in the development of sustainable bioenergy fuels — Ethanol and Butanol using non-food crops, such as willow, industrial and agricultural waste products and inedible parts

January 28, 2009 Read Full Article

South Dakota POET Plant Produces Cellulosic Ethanol from Corn Cobs

Following a successful start-up in the fourth quarter of 2008, POET Research Center in Scotland, S.D. is now producing cellulosic ethanol at a pilot scale, completing a crucial step toward development of commercially viable cellulosic ethanol.  The Scotland plant is producing ethanol at a rate of 20,000 gallons per year

January 13, 2009 1 comment Read Full Article

Algae, Coal, and Jatropha: the Future of Aviation Fuels?

On January 7, 2009, Continental Airlines flew a successful demonstration out of Houston in partnership with Boeing, GE Aviation/CFM International, and Honeywell’s UOP. One of the Boeing 737’s two engines was powered with standard A1 aviation fuel. The other ran on a 50-50 mix of standard A1 fuel and a

January 12, 2009 Read Full Article

Sugar Cane Stalks Serve as Cellulosic Ethanol Feedstock in Louisiana

Verenium operates one of the nation’s first cellulosic ethanol pilot plants, an R&D facility, in Jennings, Louisiana and has recently entered the start-up phase at its 1.4 million-gallon-per-year demonstration-scale facility.  Stacks of crushed sugar cane stalks pile up waiting to be used as feedstock for the plant.  READ MORE

January 9, 2009 0 comment Read Full Article

BioJetFuel Powers Passenger Jet Test Flight

A New Zealand Air passenger jet partially powered by a 50-50 blend of oil from jatropha plants and standard A1 jet fuel successfully completed a two-hour flight December 30 to test a biofuel that could lower airplane emissions and cut costs.   READ MORE   05 2009 Update

January 7, 2009 Read Full Article

Human Stomach Bugs Used to Make Biofuels

California scientists say they can use E.coli, a strain of bacteria present in the human digestive tract, to make a fuel that is twice or three times more efficient than ethanol. READ MORE: Article 1 | Article 2 | Abstract

January 7, 2009 Read Full Article

Switchgrass-Ethanol Study Shows Positive Findings

Switchgrass grown for biofuel production produced 540 percent more energy than needed to grow, harvest and process it into cellulosic ethanol, according to estimates from a large on-farm study by researchers at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. READ MORE: Article | Abstract

January 6, 2009 Read Full Article

New Mapping Tool Models Nutrient Pools in Forests Harvested for Biomass

University of New Brunswick forestry professor Paul Arp has devised a tool that shows how removing the forestry sector’s leftovers – the biomass – will affect how much wood the Crown forests produce sustainably by looking at the soil, water table and a slew of other considerations. READ MORE.

December 20, 2008 Read Full Article

New Crop Modeling Tool for Predicting Sorghum Production

Researchers at Texas A&M have developed a new modeling tool to help prospective biofuel producers better estimate sorghum crop yield potential in a given region under various conditions. READ MORE.

December 19, 2008 Read Full Article

Study Shows Bioenergy Could Become Major Energy Source in 2030

Two German scientists investigated the feasibility of replacing fossil fuels with biomass as the primary energy supply. Their paper, published in the journal Naturwissenschaften, posited a scenario in which degraded lands were planted with fast growing trees, which were then harvested, converted via fast pyrolysis into a liquid bioslurry, and

December 19, 2008 Read Full Article

Waste Coffee Grounds Offer New Source Of Biodiesel Fuel

Researchers in Nevada are reporting that waste coffee grounds can provide a cheap, abundant, and environmentally friendly source of biodiesel fuel for powering cars and trucks. READ MORE.

December 15, 2008 Read Full Article

Diverse Crops Better for Sustainable Biofuel Production

Shifting more acreage to corn production may not be the best way to meet increasing renewable fuel production requirements, researchers at Michigan State University and the Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center are finding.  Growing a variety of different crops is key to promoting and sustaining beneficial insects, limiting harmful pests,

December 15, 2008 Read Full Article

Ceres, Inc., Introduces Dedicated Energy Crop Seeds

California-based crop company Ceres Inc. has introduced two varieties each of switchgrass and high-biomass sorghum specifically designed to boost energy crop yields.  Early buyers of the seeds include DOE-backed biofuels companies building demonstration cellulosic ethanol refineries as well as forward-thinking farmers seeking a toehold in an emerging market. It is

December 11, 2008 Read Full Article

Scientists Seek to Turn Waste Glycerol Biofuels into High-Value Gas

For every tonne of biodiesel made from vegetable oil, 100kg of thick, viscous glycerol is produced as a byproduct. The annual 6.8 billion liters of biodiesel production in the EU yields around 680,000 tonnes of crude glycerol. Although some of the sweet-tasting liquid can be purified for pharmaceutical or food

December 10, 2008 Read Full Article

UGA Researchers Looking to Turn Fruit into Fuel

by April Sorrow (University of Georgia)  Half of all the fruit grown in Georgia is never eaten by people or animals. It rots in the fields. A University of Georgia researcher says that spoiled fruit could fuel cars.   That wasted fruit can be converted into bioethanol through a fermentation process,

December 10, 2008 Read Full Article

Modified Lignin Has Potential Benefits for Ethanol, Advanced Biofuels, Paper, and Feed

University of Wisconsin-Madison scientists, in partnership with USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS), have synthesized a new form of lignin that breaks down more readily than that which occurs in nature. Lignin is the mortar that holds cellulose (the thick, undigestable portion of plant cell walls) together; the fact that it

December 9, 2008 Read Full Article

Freeways to Fuels (F2F)

by Dallas Hanks and Ralph Whitesides  (Utah State University)  … Nearly all highway, airport, railway and military areas in the United States have fallow agronomic areas that require regular maintenance to keep them from becoming unsightly and unsafe. In addition to costly maintenance, these areas can harbor noxious weeds and

November 30, 2008 Read Full Article

Great Plains – The Camelina Company and the EERC Poised to Produce 100 Percent Renewable Jet Fuel from Camelina

Great Plains-The Camelina Company has studied the science and agronomy of camelina for over 10 years and for the past three years has contracted with growers throughout the United States and Canada to grow the crop. Currently, the company is processing camelina seed to create biodiesel. The Energy & Environmental

October 2, 2008 0 comment Read Full Article

From Sugar To Gasoline: ‘Green Gasoline’ Crafted From Sugar and Carbohydrates

Following independent paths of investigation, two research teams are announcing this month that they have successfully converted sugar-potentially derived from agricultural waste and non-food plants-into gasoline, diesel, jet fuel and a range of other valuable chemicals. READ MORE

September 19, 2008 Read Full Article

Agriculture’s Role in Fueling the BioCar of the Future

Until recently, Americans thought very little of filling up our gas tanks. Gas was gas. Where it came from was of little concern, as long as it powered our cars to get us where we needed to be, when we needed to be there. Now, more aware of the consequences

August 28, 2008 Read Full Article

$2.00/gal Bio Diesel Fuel Ready for Production

Several thousand gallons of bio diesel fuel that meets ASTM specification D-975 have been produced, road tested in diesel vehicles and declared ready for volume production, according to Harrison Dillon, President and Chief Technology Officer, Solazyme, Inc. South San Francisco, California.   Automotive Industries interviewed Mr. Dillon in his office recently

August 28, 2008 Read Full Article

Giant Grass Miscanthus Can Meet US Biofuels Goal Using Less Land Than Corn Or Switchgrass

ScienceDaily (Aug. 4, 2008) — In the largest field trial of its kind in the United States, researchers have determined that the giant perennial grass Miscanthus x giganteus outperforms current biofuels sources – by a lot.  READ MORE

August 4, 2008 Read Full Article

Crawford County Farmers Growing Camelina for Biofuel

(Farm and Dairy)  In most places in the East, they’re still talking about the coming biofuels revolution. But in Crawford County, Pennsylvania — thanks largely to Penn State Cooperative Extension — farmers already are involved in it. The local extension office has taken the lead in organizing a group of

June 15, 2008 Read Full Article

Now Sunlight CO2 and Bacteria Equals Ethanol

(New Energy and Fuel) A new bacterium, a cyanobacterium that is energized by sunlight and excretes the sugars glucose and sucrose with some cellulose has been created by Dr. R. Malcolm Brown and Dr. David Nobles at the University of Texas at Austin. The life of the bacteria based in the

April 30, 2008 Read Full Article

Biofuels from Sugar Beets

 Sugar beet pulp left over from sugar production is rich in 5-carbon (C-5) and 6-carbon (C-6) sugars that are ideal for the production of advanced biofuels.   Atlantic Biomass Conversions, Inc., is currently developing “evolved” enzyme sets to release C-5 and C-6 sugars from low-value plant biomass that can be used

April 30, 2008 Read Full Article

Breeding and Biotechnology Increase the Productivity and Efficiency of Maize

Mike Edgerton (Monsanto) from the Global Stewardship session at the Biomass 2008 conference.  Download PDF.

April 17, 2008 Read Full Article

Ag Biotechnology Improvements for Dedicated Energy Crops

Neal Gutterson (Mendel Biotechnology) from the plenary sesssion at the Biomass 2008 conference.

April 17, 2008 Read Full Article

International GeneSyst Converts Municipal Waste to Ethanol

GeneSyst upgraded the weak acid hydrolysis process to convert biomass from municipal waste to fuel ethanol by making it a ‘continuous (flow) process ‘ using the patented Gravity Pressure Vessel instead of the former ‘pump and pressure’ tanks (batch).  READ MORE  and MORE

March 30, 2008 Read Full Article

Bio Aviation Fuel

by Jennifer Holmgren (UOP) This March 2008 presentation reviews biomass-based manufacturing technologies and aviation fuel requirements.  READ MORE

March 29, 2008 Read Full Article

Pacific Ethanol Wins DOE Cellulosic Energy Grant

U.S. Department of Energy has included Pacific Ethanol in a matching award totaling $24.32 million to build the first cellulosic ethanol demonstration plant in the Northwest United States.  The plant will employ a technology to produce ethanol from wheat straw, wood chips and corn stover and will be co-located at

January 30, 2008 Read Full Article

The Third Domain: The Untold Story of Archaea and the Future of Biotechnology

(Science News)  Until 1977, the known classes of life included eukaryotes and bacteria. When microbiologist Carl Woese announced the discovery of a third class, most academics scoffed. Yet today, barely 30 years later, archaea are known to be at least as abundant as bacteria. They are among the oldest life

January 2, 2008 Read Full Article

Transgenics Are Imperative for Biofuel Crops

  by Jonathan Gressel  (Plant Science)  Petroleum dependency is a challenge that can potentially be partly offset by agricultural production of biofuels, while decreasing net, nonrenewable carbon dioxide output. Plants have not beendomesticated formodern biofuel production, and the quickest,most efficient, and often, the only way to convert plants to biofuel

December 3, 2007 Read Full Article

‘Sweet’ Biofuels Research Goes Down On The Farm

(Science Daily)  Oklahoma State University’s sorghum-related biofuels research is taking a localized approach, with the aim of making possible the effective production of ethanol in the farmer’s own field. Sweet sorghum can be grown throughout temperate climate zones of the United States, including Oklahoma. It provides high biomass yield with

September 30, 2007 Read Full Article

Salty Biodiesel Crops May Be Grown at the Beach

University of Delaware researchers are interested in developing a type of mallow, the seashore mallow, for biodiesel and ethanol production: And unlike soybeans and corn, which require annual plantings on valuable farmland to feed the growing appetite for biofuels, the pink-flowered seashore mallow is both a perennial and a halophyte,

August 30, 2007 Read Full Article

Syngenta Introduces Tropical Sugar Beet for Food and Biofuels

Syngenta has introduced sugar beet in India for cultivation in tropical climatic conditions. Tropical sugar beet brings significant agronomic, environmental and output advantages to Indian farming and the Indian economy. The beet delivers similar output yields to sugar cane and can be used both for processing sugar for food and

August 28, 2007 0 comment Read Full Article

An Apple a Day Keeps the Gas Pump Away

by Jeremy Elton (Treehugger)   A team of scientists led by James Dumesic at the University of Wisconsin-Madison has discovered a way (subscription needed) to turn the sugar commonly found in fruits like apples and oranges into a biofuel with 40% greater energy density than ethanol. This two-stage process, which essentially

June 30, 2007 Read Full Article

Making the Desert Bloom – with Fuel-Yielding Plants, Halophytes

A NASA scientist is confident that within five years commercial aircraft could be powered using a type of biofuel derived from saltwater plants, or halophytes, grown in desert areas and irrigated using sea water. While the concept may sound far-fetched, engine manufacturer General Electric says it is following developments in

January 20, 2007 Read Full Article

Citrus Peel Waste a Potential Source of Ethanol

Thanks to recent hikes in gasoline prices, there is a renewed interest in finding a cheaper way to fill up the gas tank. Researchers at the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Citrus and Subtropical Products Laboratory in Winter Haven, Fla. have been working on a potential substitute: citrus peels. In 1992,

April 30, 2006 Read Full Article

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Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP h Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawaii hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) HFS-SIP hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrids hydrocarbon fuels hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogenolysis hydrogen price hydrogen pumps hydropower hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indiana Indian beech tree Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial ethanol industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic 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liquefaction liquid liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M3 M15 M50 M100 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Bio- Renewable Fuel marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar 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modeling system MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol nahar Namibia nano nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem negative 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Policy (OSTP) offtake agreements Ohio Ohio Wisconsin oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins olive cake olive oil olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent 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roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple 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incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course Technical Readiness Levels techno-economic analysis technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion thermochemical liquefaction Tibet Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool tools Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Fuels Policy; carbon removal Transportation Policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale trucks tubers tung tunicate 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