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Don’t Miss Out as DOE Internship and Fellowship Program Deadlines Approach! DEADLINES vary from January-February f2024

(U.S. Department of Energy)  Internships and fellowships can be vital ways to gain real-world experience and training, and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has programs available for interested applicants. Students from high school to technical and community colleges to university

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Webinar: The Future of Hydrogen Hubs Unlocked: $7 Billion in DOE Funding Unfolded --- January 10, 2024 --- ONLINE

As the clean hydrogen sector gears up to become a multi-billion-dollar industry in the next decade, it faces a unique challenge: aligning supply with demand. This hurdle is precisely what the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) aims to tackle by

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Making the Case for Marine Biofuels

by Michael Kass (Oak Ridge National Laboratory/Biodiesel Magazine)  The maritime industry is one of the most important transportation sectors, with more than 80% of all goods shipped via large container or cargo vessels that are powered using residual heavy fuel oil

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New BRIDGES Bioenergy Case Studies Resources Are Available for Your 2024 Curriculum!

(U.S. Department of Energy) New resources and 2024 Office Hours are available to help educators incorporate the Bioenergy Research and Education Bridge (BRIDGES) Program into their classroom curricula. The U.S. Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO), in collaboration with Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) and Idaho National Laboratory (INL),

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New Tax Credits for Sustainable Aviation Fuel in U.S. Raise Concerns in Korea

by Choi Hyun-jae and Choi Jieun (Pulse)  ... These rules are likely to have a ripple effect on the Korean refining sector as the U.S. currently relies on Korea for more than half of its jet fuel imports. According to the U.S.

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Timeline 2024: 28 Sustainability Policies, Guidelines and Targets to Track

by Elsa Wenzel (GreenBiz) ... The business of sustainability continues to evolve rapidly. Here are the most important changes to expect in the coming year. Below are some defining moments that will drive change in the business of sustainability in the

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U.S Department of Energy Awards Team Led by Ginkgo Bioworks Funding to Develop Algal Crop Protection Solutions

(Ginkgo Bioworks)  Algae-based biotechnology can be used to drive forward clean energy solutions, such as sustainable aviation fuel, yet scaling algal biotechnologies for such purposes faces major barriers; The DOE has awarded a Ginkgo-led team — which also includes partners from Pacific

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DOE Announces $59 Million to Advance the National Clean Hydrogen Strategy

(U.S. Department of Energy) The Department of Energy (DOE) today released a funding opportunity announcement (FOA) for up to $59 million to accelerate the research, development, demonstration, and deployment (RDD&D) of affordable clean-hydrogen technologies. Projects supported by this funding will reduce

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DOE Issues Notice of Intent to Advance Low Carbon Feedstocks for Clean Energy Technologies

(U.S. Department of Energy)  The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Bioenergy Technologies Office announced its notice of intent (NOI) to issue a funding opportunity announcement (FOA) that will drive the research and development (R&D) of low-carbon, purpose-grown energy crops leading to the deployment

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US Rules Could Force Early Production Halt to Some Gas Vehicles -Letter

by David Shepardson (Reuters) A group representing major automakers urged the Biden administration to make significant changes to three proposed vehicle rules, warning they could force car companies to hastily stop building some gas-powered vehicles. The administration has proposed, among others, stringent

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Gevo to Pay Farmers Incentives under Farm-to-Flight Program

by Jonathan Welsh (Flying Magazine) Three-tiered incentive system aims to cut carbon intensity. -- Gevo Inc. said it plans to offer incentives to farmers under its Farm-to-Flight Program in an effort to boost production of sustainable fuels, including ethanol and sustainable aviation

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RFA Welcomes Recognition of GREET Model in SAF Tax Credit Guidance

(Renewable Fuels Association) The U.S. Treasury Department today released guidance regarding the implementation of the Inflation Reduction Act’s sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) tax credit. The guidance clarifies that a soon-to-be-updated version of the Department of Energy’s GREET model will be among the methodologies used

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Dimensional Energy Secures $20 Million Series A Funding

(Dimensional Energy/Business Wire) Global leader in carbon utilization technology will use funds to accelerate sustainable aviation fuel production and the decarbonization of our economy. -- Dimensional Energy, Inc., a global leader in cutting-edge carbon utilization technology, Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) production and

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Carbon Removal, at County Scale

by Charlotte Levy  (Carbon 180/Medium) Roads to Removal charts the future of US carbon removal through a magnifying glass -- Roads to Removal is the latest brainchild of the Department of Energy and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory — and it’s unlike any report

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Reducing Carbon Emissions through U.S. Sustainable Aviation Fuels

by Reyhaneh Shenassa (U.S. Department of Energy)  The U.S. transportation sector, including cars, trucks, airplanes, ships, and trains, accounts for 34% of the nation’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and is a significant driver of climate change. While the commercial aviation industry is an important

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Accelerating Global Sustainable Waste Management: LanzaTech and Tadweer Explore Transforming Solid Waste into Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(LanzaTech) Feasibility study aims to advance the US and UAE's bilateral partnership for accelerating clean energy by laying the groundwork for bolstering waste management’s role in a circular carbon economy  --  LanzaTech Global, Inc. (NASDAQ: LNZA), the carbon recycling company transforming waste

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Gevo

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Gevo addresses the market need of reducing greenhouse gas emissions with sustainable alternatives, and is commercializing the next generation of advanced, bio-based renewable fuels with sustainable aviation fuel, renewable premium gasoline, and renewable natural gas that

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A Clear Road Ahead (ClearFlame Engine Technologies)

by Katie Schroeder (Ethanol Producer Magazine) In the pursuit of decarbonization, diesel, the energy-dense fuel that powers industrial and commercial transport globally, is difficult to replace. ClearFlame Engine Technologies has developed a solution to this problem, using a cheaper and lower-carbon

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U.S. Department of Energy Announces Clean Energy Achievements at COP28

(U.S. Department of Energy)  This week, U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy David M. Turk traveled to Dubai, United Arab Emirates for the 28th Conference of the Parties to the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP28), where he led the U.S.

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Fire! Open Letter to US Treasury, Energy Secretaries on Addressing the Threat of Forest Fire via the Bioeconomy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) ... Which brings us to the forest, because once we have stopped by the commodity exchanges where oilseeds, grains, and waste fats and oils are priced and traded, we discover right away that commodity prices are

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New Renewable Fuel Standard Volume Targets Facilitate Renewable Natural Gas Production

by Jonathan Inbal and Stephen York (U.S. Energy Information Administration)  On June 21, 2023, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced a final rule that established biofuel volume requirements and standards for cellulosic biofuel for 2023–25 as part of the Renewable Fuel

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U.S. Department of Energy Announces $10 Million to Support Next Generation of Energy Innovators DEADLINE January 5, 2024

(Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E)) New ARPA-E Program Will Support and Accelerate Transformative Energy Progress Led by Early-Career Scientists and Engineers -- The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced up to $10 million in funding for a new program to support

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DOE Releases First in Series of Reports Highlighting Pathways toward Clean Hydrogen EarthShot

(U.S. Department of Energy) Deputy Secretary of Energy Turk Announces Report’s Findings at COP28  --  The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced the findings of a report highlighting ways to achieve the Department’s goal of making hydrogen an affordable, abundant source

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Carbon Removal Funding Tracker

(Carbon180)  With the dollars and power to establish and expand key federal programs for carbon removal, the government plays a critical role in deploying solutions at scale. With Carbon180’s Funding Tracker, stay up-to-date on the appropriations, authorizations, and funding opportunity announcements

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New Energy Blue Launches Farmer-Owned Business to Supply Clean, Sustainable Feedstock for Its Biomass Refineries

(New Energy Blue/CISION PR Newswire)  New Energy Blue, the clean-tech creator of biomass refineries that turn crop residues such as corn stalks into some of the world's lowest-carbon fuels and chemicals, announces the formation of New Energy Farmers LLC, which

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Biomass to Liquid Fuels: We Need Commercial Scale Gen 2 Success

by Doug Rivers (Lee Enterprise Consulting/Biofuels Digest)  ... And while advances have been made in the materials handling and pretreatment of these feedstocks, commercial scale attempts produce ethanol have been met with multiple and highly visible failures measured in at least hundreds

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Newly Identified Algal Strains Rich in Phosphorous Could Improve Wastewater Treatment

by Justin Rickard (National Renewable Energy Laboratory) Several algal strains with high capacities for phosphorus accumulation were isolated from wastewater. These strains have the potential to boost phosphorus recovery in wastewater treatment systems along with recovering harmful or valuable metals. Phosphorus in

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Webinar Recording: Overview of Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) Activities at the Bioenergy Research Centers

(Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative) Dr. Brian Davison (CBI), Tim Donohue (GLBRC), Dr. Jennifer R. Gottwald (GLBRC), Dr. Andrew Leakey (CABBI), and Dr. Aindrila Mukhopashyay (JBEI) present an Overview of Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) Activities at the DOE Bioenergy Research Centers  READ

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The Treasure in Trash: DOE Embarks on Ambitious Effort to Aggregate Waste for Energy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Washington, the U.S. Department of Energy’s  Bioenergy Technologies Office and Vehicle Technologies Office announced their intent to issue a funding opportunity announcement (FOA) to support the development of community planning and strategies for converting organic waste into feedstock

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‘Balance’ and ‘Harmony’ and ‘SAF’: Key Words at the 2023 AFCC Global Biobased Economy Conference

by Joanne Ivancic* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  Conferences serve to present the current thoughts, activities and plans for the community involved in the focus of the event.  At the 2023 Alternative Fuels and Chemicals Coalition Global Biobased Economy Conference and Exhibit

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Can Solar and Farming Coexist?

by Clinton Griffiths (AgWeb)   The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) believes solar could provide up to 40% of the country’s electricity by the year 2035. However, it’s estimated roughly 5.7 million acres of land will be needed. “While that amount is

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“Unlocking the Value of Algae” Presented at the Alternative Fuels and Chemicals Coalition Conference

by Joanne Ivancic* (Advanced Biofuels USA)   "Unlocking the Value of Algae" was the subject of a Sunday Symposium at the recent Alternative Fuels and Chemicals Coalition’s 2023 Global Biobased Economy Conference and Exhibit.  Presenters at the symposium followed the whole

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Hydrogen Giant’s Money Problems Show Industry Growing Pain

by Christine Mui (E&E News Energywire) A fuel cell developer aiming to build North America’s first “green” hydrogen supply network is running into financial troubles and facing skepticism from Wall Street analysts, dealing a setback to a technology at the center

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The Renewable Fuel Standard Shattered the “Blend Wall” for Ethanol

by Scott Richman (Renewable Fuels Association) ... But no one really talks about the “blend wall” anymore. Why? Because ethanol’s blend rate has exceeded 10.0% every year since 2016 and hit a record 10.38% in 2022, according to data from the U.S. Energy Information

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Department of Energy Releases Request for Information to Achieve Rail Sector Decarbonization DEADLINE extended to February 12, 2024

(U.S. Department of Energy)  Recognizing that the rail sector generates two percent of U.S. transportation greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the Department of Energy (DOE) has released the Progression to Net-Zero Emission Propulsion Technologies for the Rail Sector request for information (RFI) to understand

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Biden-Harris Administration Invests $444 Million to Strengthen America’s Infrastructure for Permanent Safe Storage of Carbon Dioxide Pollution

(U.S. Department of Energy)  Funding from President Biden’s Investing in America Agenda Supports Projects Across Twelve States to Slash Harmful CO2 Emissions and Deliver High-Quality Local Jobs -- As part of President Biden’s Investing in America agenda, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)

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Growth Energy CEO Takes Center Stage on SAF and Clean Energy

(Growth Energy/Ethanol Producer Magazine) This week, CEO Emily Skor highlighted the biofuel industry’s perspective on the future of sustainability and clean energy during two high-profile forums in Washington, D.C.   On Nov. 14, Skor joined lawmakers and industry leaders, including Argonne National Laboratory

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Hydrogen Systems Development and Integration

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The US Department of Energy’s Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Office’s  Systems Development & Integration Program is overseen by Jesse Adams, who gave this overview of the US program, projects underway, targets, milestones ahead and more, at the

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2024 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Annual Merit Review Proceedings --- May 6-9, 2024 --- TBA

(U.S. Department of Energy) The Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting provides an opportunity for peer evaluation of the projects funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Hydrogen Program. An opening plenary session highlights activities in the participating

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Hydrogen Infrastructure Development

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The US Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Office’s  H2 Infrastructure Technologies Subprogram is overseen by Ned Stetson, who gave this overview of the US hydrogen program, projects underway, targets, milestones ahead and more, at the Hydrogen Program 2023 Annual Merit

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America’s First Hydrogen-Powered Ferry Is Set to Sail

by Maria Gallucci (Canary Media) Switch Maritime aims to start operations early next year in San Francisco. It just raised $10M to help take zero-emissions ferries nationwide. -- America’s first hydrogen-fueled ferry is set to launch in San Francisco early next year after more

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Basics 2 Breakthroughs: Genetically Improving Sorghum for Biofuels

by Marilyn Sargent (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)  Bioscientist Anne Villacastin is using genetics to supercharge the growing power of sorghum, a cereal plant that humans have been cultivating for millennia. By adding genes from wheat, Villacastin and her colleagues at the Joint

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Clean Hydrogen Production

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest/REenergize! the Gulf Coast) The US Department of Energy’s Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Office’s  Hydrogen Production Program Manager is overseen by David Peterson, who gave this overview of the US hydrogen production program, projects underway, targets, milestones ahead and more,

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Ethanol as a Renewable Building Block for Fuels and Chemicals

by Robert A. Dagle, Austin D. Winkelman, Karthikeyan K. Ramasamy, Vanessa Lebarbier Dagle, and Robert S. Weber (Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research)  Three factors, (i) the ethanol “blend wall”, which limits its market as a transportation fuel, (ii) advances in production efficiency,

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to the Hydrogen Shot and Hydrogen Hubs

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest/REenergize! the Gulf Coast)  The US Department of Energy’s Hydrogen Shot and Hydrogen Hubs programs are presented here by Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Office Chief Scientist Eric Miller — Hydrogen Hub award announces, Shot targets, milestones ahead and

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to the Impact of the Inflation Reduction Act

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)   IRA, everyone has heard about it — what does it mean? The IRA has been billed as the largest clean energy infrastructure investment in United States history. It allotted $370B to the development and promotion of

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Applications Open for Barbara McClintock Distinguished Postdoctoral Fellowship DEADLINE November 21, 2023

(Sandia National Laboratories)  Are you interested in research at the forefront of biological sciences? Are you interested in research that will lead to transformative breakthroughs in fundamental science and technologies from a national security perspective? If so, you could join our

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to HTL Technology Scale-up

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  HTL represents a processing technology that precludes the need to evaporate or dry the waste feed prior to conversion to fuel. In fact HTL requires that the feed be aqueous. HTL enables the conversion of the

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The Potential of Agrivoltaics for the U.S. Solar Industry, Farmers, and Communities

by Michele Boyd (U.S. Department of Energy) Large-scale solar energy installations are a relatively new form of development in many rural areas. Solar energy development can create clean energy, jobs, and other economic benefits in these communities. At the same time, the

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EIA's Next-Generation Modeling Webinar --- November 15, 2023 --- ONLINE

(U.S. Department of Energy) The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) invites you to join us as we share EIA’s plans to develop a next-generation energy model, which will eventually be used to produce EIA’s long-term projections.  During this webinar, we will lay

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Ethanol Industry Still Waiting on Tax Guidance

by Carah Hart (Brownfield Ag News)  The CEO of the Renewable Fuels Association says the U.S. Treasury Department still hasn’t issued additional guidance on federal tax credits from the Inflation Reduction Act.     Geoff Cooper tells Brownfield he’s expecting an announcement anytime. “By

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House Biofuels Caucus Introduces GREET Act

by Cindy Zimmerman (Energy.AgWired.com) House Biofuels Caucus Co-chairs Dusty Johnson (R-SD) Adrian Smith (R-NE), Angie Craig (D-MN), and Mark Pocan (D-WI) this week introduced the Adopt Greenhouse Gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy Use in Transportation (GREET) Act to direct the Environmental Protection Agency

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Reducing Carbon Emissions through U.S. Sustainable Aviation Fuels

(U.S. Department of Energy)  ... In an article published in Open Access Government, Dr. Reyhaneh Shenassa, Chief Engineer at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO), explains how U.S. sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) will reduce aviation carbon emissions, and details what DOE is achieving

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Sustainable Aviation Fuel Industry Leaders Call on Biden Administration to Immediately Recognize Argonne GREET Model

(Renewable Fuels Association)  As President Biden kicks off a series of events focused on rural investment, 70 industry leaders covering nearly the entire supply chain for Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) – including major airlines – called on the Biden Administration to unleash progress in

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Newly-Engineered Enzymes Can Help Plants Produce More Biofuels

by Loukia Papadopoulos (Interesting Engineering) ... In order to improve the efficiency of converting grass plant biomass into biofuels and other bioproducts, plant biologists at the DOE's Brookhaven National Laboratory have created a new type of enzymes that optimizes plants’ ability to develop biomass. These

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A Jet Engine Powered by Switchgrass? UGA Project Is Looking at the Biofuel Possibilities

by Erica Van Buren (Augusta Chronicle)  An ongoing study dedicated to identifying and accessing renewable energy source options suggested switchgrass could be a contender.  “Switchgrass is a grass that is native to the United States,” said Katrien Devos, research professor of crop

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Technoeconomic Analysis and Life-Cycle Assessment for Separations

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The Bioprocessing Separations Consortium is a National Laboratory-led effort, supported by the U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office, that is dedicated to identifying and overcoming separations challenges associated with the conversion of biomass into fuels

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Renewable Energy SmartPod: What's Next for Sustainable Aviation Fuel - with Dr. Patrick Gruber from Gevo

by Sean McMahon (Renewable Energy SmartPod/KPMG) It's time to talk about sustainable fuels; specifically sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). Dr. Patrick Gruber is the Chief Executive Officer of Gevo, where he and the team are at forefront of sustainable fuel development. Patrick is here to outline

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Volatile Products Recovery

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The Bioprocessing Separations Consortium is a National Laboratory-led effort, supported by the U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office, that is dedicated to identifying and overcoming separations challenges associated with the conversion of biomass into fuels

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Adsorption-based ISPR for Bioproducts

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The Bioprocessing Separations Consortium is a National Laboratory-led effort, supported by the U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office, that is dedicated to identifying and overcoming separations challenges associated with the conversion of biomass into fuels

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Adsorptive De-Nitrogenation as a Pathway to SAF

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The Bioprocessing Separations Consortium is a National Laboratory-led effort, supported by the U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office, that is dedicated to identifying and overcoming separations challenges associated with the conversion of biomass into fuels

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Learn How to Bring Real World Bioenergy National Laboratory Case Studies to Your Students --- November 16, 2023 --- ONLINE

Join DOE’s Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO), in collaboration with Argonne National Laboratory and Idaho National Laboratory, for a BRIDGES Bioenergy 101 Webinar on Thursday, November 16, 2023, from 4:00 – 5:00 pm ET. The Bioenergy Research and Education Bridge (BRIDGES) Program is a FREE case study-based education

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GE Aerospace Researchers to Build, Demonstrate Prototype Engine with Fuel Cells, SAF

(GE Aerospace/Biobased Diesel Daily) Following successful completion of the design phase of its FLyCLEEN project, the U.S. DOE’s Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy has awarded GE Aerospace Research $4.5 million in Phase 2 funding to take the next step of building and

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Market Prices for Renewable Fuel Standard Credits Are Falling

by Jimmy Troderman (U.S. Energy Information Administration) The prices of ethanol (D6) and biomass-based diesel (D4) renewable identification number (RIN) credits—the compliance mechanism used for the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) program administered by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)—each fell by more than one third

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Butanediol Separations

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The Bioprocessing Separations Consortium is a National Laboratory-led effort, supported by the U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office, that is dedicated to identifying and overcoming separations challenges associated with the conversion of biomass into fuels

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Scuttled CO2 Pipeline Renews Debate about State Hurdles

by Jeffrey Tomich, Jason Plautz, Niina H. Farah (E&E News Energywire) The cancellation of a major carbon dioxide pipeline Friday rippled far beyond the Corn Belt, raising questions about the fate of similar projects and the viability of carbon capture technology

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Feedstock Preprocessing

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) A recent DOE project with the Feedstock-Conversion Interface Consortium aims to develop science-based design and operation principles informed by TEA/LCA that result in predictable, reliable, and scalable performance of preprocessing unit operations.  The investigators aim to develop design

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Feedstock Material Handling

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) A recent DOE project with the Feedstock-Conversion Interface Consortium analyzed a primary challenge in the design of a biorefinery — — the storage, transport, and reactor feeding of the biomass feedstocks, as material handling/feeding is prone

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NREL Analysis Shows Midwestern Electrofuels Could Become Energy Superheroes

by Zia Abdullah (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  More ethanol, fewer emissions, land with multiple purposes—there are several advantages of using renewable electricity to increase the carbon efficiency of biorefineries. --  ...  Made from carbon dioxide (CO2) from industrial waste gases or directly

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Feedstock Variability

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) A recent DOE project with the Feedstock-Conversion Interface Consortium analyzed the initial distribution of feedstock critical material attributes (CMAs) and strategies to manage this variability. Understanding key sources of biomass variability (e.g., growth conditions, harvest

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Alder Renewables Unlocks Carbon-Negative SAF via Miscanthus Breakthrough

by Tim Obitts and Derek Vardon (Alder Renewables/Biofuels Digest)  • Sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) produced from miscanthus Alder Renewable Crude (ARC) can reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 110% compared to conventional fossil jet fuel.* A purpose-grown energy crop, miscanthus can store roughly half

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Automakers Blast US Plan to Hike Fuel Efficiency Rules

by David Shepardson (Reuters)  A group representing General Motors (GM.N), Toyota Motor (7203.T), Volkswagen (VOWG_p.DE) and nearly all other major automakers on Monday sharply criticized the Biden administration proposal to drastically hike fuel efficiency requirements. The Alliance for Automotive Innovation said the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Electrocatalytic CO2 Utilization

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Low-temperature CO2 electrolysis is a promising pathway to produce low carbon intensity fuels and chemicals, offering advantages in scalability, process efficiency, and intermittent operation. Significant risks must be overcome for CO2 electrolysis to help meet 2050 decarbonization goals A

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to the Economics and Sustainability of CO2 Utilization Technologies with TEA and LCA

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) A recent DOE project aims to perform techno-economic analysis (TEA), life cycle analysis (LCA), and water analysis of CO2 utilization (CO2U) technologies to address their costs and energy/environmental sustainability implications and to present economic and environmental

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Biden-Harris Administration Announces $7 Billion For America’s First Clean Hydrogen Hubs, Driving Clean Manufacturing and Delivering New Economic Opportunities Nationwide

(U.S. Department of Energy) President Biden’s Investing in America Agenda Drives $50 Billion in Public-Private Sector Investment to Jumpstart America’s Clean Hydrogen Economy; Seven Clean Hydrogen Hubs Will Create Tens of Thousands of High-Quality Jobs, Strengthen the Nation’s Energy Security, and

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to CO2 Utilization Markets, Resources, and Environmental and Energy Justice

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) A recent DOE project aims to quantify resource availability and costs for CO2 utilization (CO2U) in sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) production to inform industry, technology communities, and policymakers on location-specific economic and societal impacts. It will provide

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to the Feasibility of Utilizing Electricity to Produce Intermediates from CO2 and Biomass

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) A recent DOE project analyzed promising bolt-on compatible CO2 reduction pathways to fuels or products from standalone biorefineries, (2) Published a comprehensive strategic plan for achieving industrial decarbonization goals via CO2 conversion, with inclusion of outyear technical, cost,

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The Policy Push behind Sustainable Aviation Fuel

By Timothy Eggert  (FarmWeek Now)  ...  Attention and advocacy around sustainable aviation fuel (SAF), what (Department of Agriculture Secretary Tom) Vilsack frames as “the next generation” of liquid biofuels, has accelerated since 2016, with policymakers and industry stakeholders presenting it as

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Upgrading of C2 Building Blocks

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) A new DOE project aims to develop a novel catalytic upgrading technologies that enable cost-competitive conversion of cellulosic ethanol to sustainable aviation fuel. It aims to develop a commercially viable process within the concept of an

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48C Qualified Advanced Energy Project Tax Credit: One Year into the Inflation Reduction Act

by John R. Kirkwood, Christopher B. Berendt, Matthew R. Levy, Jason Deppen, Joshua L. Andrews, Aaron L. Szabo, Brian S. Fennerty, Bryan Michael Allen, Wendy Yan, Virginia M. Speck  (Faegre Drinker Biddle & Reath/Biofuels Digest)  The next round of funding for

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The U.S. Department of Energy Announces $16.7 Million in Project Selections to Advance Production of Affordable Biofuels and Biochemicals

(U.S. Department of Energy) The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) announced $16.7 million in funding for five projects to advance the production of affordable biofuels and biochemicals that will significantly reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The selected projects will support the Sustainable

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The U.S. Department of Energy AlgaePrize 2023-2025 Sign-up DEADLINE: November 1, 2023

(Algae Foundation/U.S. Department of Energy)  Registration for the AlgaePrize 2023-2025 Competition is officially open! The AlgaePrize, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office and supported by the Algae Foundation, American-Made Challenges, and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), challenges students to

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Visolis

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  A recent DOE project aims to support Visolis, a biotech start-up company, to develop hydrogenolysis catalyst that can operate at low-pressures (≤ 5 MPa) and demonstrate conversion of a fermentation-derived C6 intermediate to a high value

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Revolutionary Recycling Process Transforms Plastic Waste

(U.S. Department of Energy) Despite millions of Americans depositing their plastic waste into recycling bins, much of that waste, including flexible films, multilayer materials, and colored plastics, cannot be recycled cost-effectively. In fact, only 9% of plastics in the U.S. are

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SAF in Action: Carbon Negative Jet Fuel Made from Manure and More

(U.S. Department of Energy)  Wet waste—including food waste, manure, sewage, and inedible fats, oils, and greases—is a large source of methane emissions, a pollutant 20 times more potent than carbon dioxide. Scientists at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have created

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Catalytic Upgrading of Pyrolysis Products for SAF

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) A recent DOE project aims to Develop a technology pathway to convert woody biomass into sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) and other biogenic products via catalytic fast pyrolysis (CFP) and hydrotreating. This research opens pathways for SAF production from forest resources

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Ethanol: Context Missing on This Vital Fuel

by Brian Werner and Gary Prescher (Minnesota Bio-Fuels Association/ Minnesota Corn Research & Promotion Council/Minneapolis Star Tribune) The Oct. 2 commentary discussing the climate impacts of Minnesota agriculture included several misleading statements and cherry-picked science to assert that ethanol is not

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Public Perception of CO2 Capture and Storage

by Danny Otto (Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research) Surveys show that public opinion about technologies for capturing and storing CO2 in Germany remains divided. Respondents are concerned that the focus on CCS can weaken climate policy, and they have doubts about

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New Issue Brief on Next Generation Fuels Act

(Clean Fuels Development Coalition) CFDC has produced an Issue Brief clearly explaining the provisions of the Next Gen legislation and makes a compelling case for its passage. The new brief, the latest in CFDC’s highly successful Issue Brief and White Paper series,

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Upgrading of C1 Building Blocks

A new DOE project aims to develop the centerpiece technology for an integrated biorefinery concept based on the conversion of renewable and waste sources of C1 intermediates (e.g., syngas, CO2, methanol) to produce sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) with improved carbon

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A Drop in Emissions, and a Jobs Bonanza? Critics Question Benefits of a Proposed Hydrogen Hub for the Appalachian Region

by Jon Hurdle (Inside Climate News) The potential gains for Pennsylvania, West Virginia and Ohio have not been clearly spelled out, and the science is being challenged, as the Department of Energy prepares to announce the builders of six to 10

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The U.S. Department of Energy Launches the 2023 - 2025 AlgaePrize Competition!

(U.S. Department of Energy) The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO), in partnership with the Algae Foundation and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, is announcing the launch of the 2023-2025 AlgaePrize Competition, which challenges students to become the next generation of bioeconomy professionals by expanding novel solutions

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NREL Releases 6th Edition of Biodiesel Handling Guide

by Cindy Zimmerman (Energy.AgWired.com) The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) recently released its sixth edition of the Biodiesel Handling and Use Guide, funded by Clean Fuels Alliance America to offer basic information on biodiesel’s proper and safe use to help fleets, blenders, distributors and

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Thermochemical Platform Analysis

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  A recent DOE project aims to Improve Research Impacts by Providing Industrial Context, Maximize SAF and Heavy Fuels as Primary Products, Facilitate the Reuse of Existing Petroleum Refining Operations and mitigate scale-up risks feasible within lab/pilot

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Accelerating the Catalyst and Process Development Cycle for Bioenergy Applications

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) ChemCatBio accelerates the development of catalytic technologies for converting biomass and waste resources into fuels and chemicals with a lower carbon footprint. From sustainable aviation fuel to bio-based marine fuel to renewable monomers for material manufacturing, the Chemical

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Carbon Dioxide Utilization Markets, Resources, and Environmental and Energy Justice

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  A new DOE project is quantifying resource availability and costs for CO2 utilization (CO2U) in sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) production to inform industry, technology communities, and policymakers on location-specific economic and societal impacts. It will provide insights

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DOE Announces Nearly $48 Million to Advance Clean Hydrogen Technologies

(U.S. Department of Energy) Funding Will Help Reduce Costs and Improve the Performance of Critical Hydrogen Infrastructure and Fuel Cell Technologies, Support DOE’s Hydrogen Shot -- In support of President Biden’s Investing in America agenda, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Utilizing Electricity to Produce Intermediates from CO2 and Biomass

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) A recent DOE project analyzed promising bolt-on compatible CO2 reduction pathways to fuels or products from standalone biorefineries; Published a comprehensive strategic plan for achieving industrial decarbonization goals via CO2 conversion, with inclusion of outyear technical, cost, and carbon intensity targets, and

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Ethanol Blog -- RFA Chief: EPA Science Board Using Bad Data to Question Corn Ethanol Emissions

by Chris Clayton (DTN Progressive Farmer)  As the EPA's Science Advisory Board meets Thursday and Friday, the ethanol industry is continuing to push back on the board's claim that there are "minimal or no climate benefits" in using corn ethanol in

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to CO2 Reduction and Upgrading for e-Fuels Consortium

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Commercial shipping and transportation expected to be difficult to electrify/decarbonize. Projected supply of traditional biomass feedstocks may be insufficient to fully meet global demand. CO2 as a feedstock could help meet SAF Grand Challenge. The CO2RUE

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Department of Energy Releases Request for Information on Building Supply Chains to Meet Sustainable Aviation Fuel Grand Challenge Goals DEADLINE extended to November 17, 2023

(U.S. Department of Energy) The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has released a Request for Information (RFI) to better understand the challenges facing critical elements within sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) supply chains. Specifically, this RFI (DE-FOA-0003157) seeks input from industry, academia, research laboratories, government agencies, and other

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Can Push for Carbon Capture Pipelines Also Mean Billions for Conservation-Minded Farming?

by Donnelle Eller (Des Moines Register) Builders of carbon capture pipelines stand to reap billions in tax credits. Will farmers also get a share?; Advocates say incentives to adopt less carbon-intensive farming practices also could be part of the equation; Whether

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Growth Energy Urges Action after Administration Officials Show Commitment to Biofuels at 2023 Advocacy Summit

(Growth Energy) Growth Energy, the nation’s largest biofuels trade association, welcomed its members from across the U.S. to Washington, D.C. last week for the 14th-annual Growth Energy Biofuels Summit—the American biofuels industry’s premier advocacy event. While in D.C., the attendees met with

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Systems Development and Integration – Emerging and Supporting Technologies

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) SDI directly supports BETO’s strategic goal to decarbonize the transportation sector through R,D, &D to produce cost-effective, sustainable aviation and other strategic fuels – By 2030, SDI aims to support scale-up of multiple biofuel production pathways

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DOE Announces $17.2 Million to Use Carbon Dioxide for Enhanced Oil Recovery in Unconventional Reservoirs, Combined with Carbon Storage DEADLINE December 13, 2023

(U.S. Department of Energy)  The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy and Carbon Management (FECM) today announced up to $17.2 million to evaluate the potential for unconventional oil production through a combined process that uses captured carbon dioxide

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DOE Announces $27 Million for Carbon Dioxide Transport Networks to Manage Carbon Emissions DEADLINE November 16, 2023

(U.S. Department of Energy) Funding From President Biden’s Investing in America Agenda Will Help Connect Sources of Carbon Dioxide to Locations for Geologic Storage and Conversion Through Multiple Transport Modes -- The U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Fossil Energy and Carbon

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Systems Development and Integration – Scale-Up Portfolio

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) SDI directly supports BETO’s strategic goal to decarbonize the transportation sector through R,D, &D to produce cost-effective, sustainable aviation and other strategic fuels – By 2030, SDI aims to support scale-up of multiple biofuel production pathways

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Separations and Performance Advantaged Bioproducts

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The DOE Bioenergy Technologies Office seeks in its separations strategy to support scale-up of sustainable aviation fuels and other biofuels with >70% reduction in GHG emissions relative to petroleum; enable commercial production of 10+ renewable chemicals

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WVU Engineers Study How to Pull Carbon out of Building Air to Make Methanol

(WVU Today) Researchers at West Virginia University have taken the first steps toward developing technology that can capture carbon dioxide in the air and use it for eco-friendly manufacturing of methanol. The process they have begun modeling — which involves pulling air from

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to the DOE Feedstock Technologies Program

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The DOE’s Feedstock Technologies program focuses on challenges and barriers crucial to reaching program goals, including: Feedstock Availability and Cost Production; Feedstock Genetics and Variety Improvement; Sustainable Harvesting; Feedstock Quality; Biomass Storage Systems; Biomass Physical State

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Ferrie: Biofuel Tax Credit Needs Could Mean More Dollars for Farmers’ Grain

by Rhonda Brooks (AgWeb)  When the Inflation Reduction Act was signed into law last August, it unveiled an opportunity for farmers to see substantially increased value for their grain crops, says Ken Ferrie, Farm Journal Field Agronomist. At the heart of the

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USDA to Adjust GHG Model to Help Ethanol Get Aviation Fuel Subsidy

by Leah Douglas (Reuters)   The U.S. Department of Agriculture will spend up to $400,000 to adjust a federal greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions model to ensure that aviation fuel made from corn-based ethanol is eligible for hefty subsidies, Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to the Feedstock Conversion Interface Consortium and Task X

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The Feedstock-Conversion Interface Consortium is led by DOE as a collaborative effort among researchers from 9 National Labs. The key ideas? 1. Biomass feedstock properties are variable and different from other Commodities. 2. Empirical approaches to

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U.S. Department of Energy Announces $18.6 Million to Support Production of Low-Carbon Biofuels and Bioproducts

(U.S. Department of Energy) The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) today announced $18.6 million in funding for eight university and industry projects to develop biomass feedstocks to produce affordable biofuels and bioproducts that reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Located in eight states, the

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US Renewable Diesel Production Capacity Surpasses Biodiesel Capacity in 2023

(U.S. Energy Information Administration/Biobased Diesel Daily) In January 2023, U.S. production capacity of renewable diesel and other biofuels reached 3 billion gallons per year, surpassing U.S. biodiesel production capacity for the first time. Rising targets for state and federal renewable fuel programs

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Development Capital – the Lifeblood of Every New Initiative Is Much Too Hard to Obtain

by CJ Evans (American Diversified Enterprises/ Alternative Fuels & Chemicals coalition/Biofuels Digest)  ... First, every project being developed – every one that is needed to mitigate the climate crisis – only can advance with infusions, sometimes large infusions, of development capital. For example, a typical $1

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Carbon Dioxide Utilization

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The DOE Bioenergy Technologies Office seeks to decarbonize the U.S. economy by developing efficient and economical biological and chemical technologies to convert renewable carbon resources into bioenergy and renewable chemicals and materials. Good news? CO2 represents

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Biochemical Conversion and Lignin Utilization

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The DOE’s goals are >54% upgradable products from Lignin by 2030, including an emphasis on Deconstruction and depolymerization, conversion of lignin oils to liquid fuels, opportunities for lignin to SAF, and valorization of lignin-derived monomers to

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Catalytic Upgrading

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) High-value chemicals and materials have the clearest near-term path to market; accordingly, the program is encouraged to increase its focus on ancillary technologies for producing high-value chemicals alongside core technologies that focus on producing high-volume fuels.

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to the Agile BioFoundry Projects

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The Agile BioFoundry is a consortium of seven U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories that operate as a distributed biofoundry in collaboration with industry and academia. They partner with the biomanufacturing industry to accelerate bioproduct

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to the BETO Program for Systems Development and Integration

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Technology is great — but energy is made by systems that integrate technology at scale. So, a critical part of the DOE Bioenergy Technologies Office is its Systems development and integration programs. Who’s on the team,

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A Model System for Microalgae Production Forecasting

by Karthikeyan K. Ramasamy (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory)  In the world of biofuels over the past decade, the eyes of industry have increasingly focused on the potential for domestic microalgae to provide alternative energy with reduced carbon emissions. However, to use these

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What Is a Carbon Intensity Score?

by Margy Eckelkamp (AgWeb)A provision in the Inflation Reduction Act, Section 45Z, provides biofuel producers (ethanol, biodiesel and sustainable aviation fuel) with a tax credit incentive to produce low-emission fuels. Here are the FAQs for farmers who are exploring carbon’s next chapter

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Department of Energy and the National Science Foundation Select Three Projects to Accelerate Biomanufacturing Innovation and Advance the U.S. Bioeconomy

(U.S. Department of Energy)  Biotechnology and biomanufacturing continue to offer vast opportunities to advance science and engineering, support a growing U.S. bioeconomy, and provide solutions to our nation’s climate change challenges. To help accelerate innovation and develop new biomanufacturing approaches, three

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Ethanol Is Turning Down the Heat on Labor Day Gasoline Prices

by Scott Richman (Renewable Fuels Association) Holiday Travelers Expected to Save $155 Million Thanks to Ethanol - As temperatures have heated up this summer, so have gasoline prices. Regular unleaded gasoline rose to $3.87 per gallon during the week ending August 21—the

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Navigating the Financial Skyways: Financing SAF Projects in the US

by Todd Taylor (SAF Magazine/Avisen Legal) The pivot to SAF is not just a matter of overcoming technical and logistical roadblocks—it requires navigating an intricate financial labyrinth. ... Notably, equity and debt financing play pivotal roles in shaping the financial landscape of SAF

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to the DOE’s Overview of the Bioenergy Technologies Office

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The U.S. Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office (establishes partnerships with key public and private stakeholders to develop technologies for producing cost-competitive advanced biofuels from non-food biomass resources, including cellulosic biomass, algae, and wet waste (e.g.,

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MN Bio-Fuels Commends State Leadership for Supporting Agriculture's Role in Reducing Emissions in the Aviation Industry

(Minnesota Bio-Fuels Association)  The Minnesota Bio-Fuels Association (MN Bio-Fuels) commends Minnesota Department of Agriculture Commissioner Thom Petersen for his leadership advocating for the participation of agriculture and biofuel producers in decarbonizing the aviation sector in a recent letter to U.S. Secretary of Agriculture

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Additional Selections for Funding Opportunity Announcement 2400: Clean Hydrogen Production, Storage, Transport and Utilization to Enable a Net-Zero Carbon Economy (Round 3)

(U.S. Department of Energy)  AREA OF INTEREST 4 — ADVANCED AIR SEPARATION FOR LOW-COST H2 PRODUCTION VIA MODULAR GASIFICATION An Advanced Modular Redox Air Separation System for Cost-Effective, Net-Zero Hydrogen Production — North Carolina State University (Raleigh, North Carolina) intends to develop a redox-based, radically engineered modular

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Fundamentals and the Future: At the National Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Summit, Industry Experts Discussed the Complexities of the Current Sustainable Aviation Fuel Industry

by Katie Schroeder (SAF Magazine)  The market opportunities around sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) have attracted the attention of the ethanol industry. In June, at the National Biodiesel & Renewable Diesel Summit—colocated with ethanol industry’s largest conference, the Fuel Ethanol Workshop, held

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to DOE’s overview of Renewable Carbon Resources

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The U.S. Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office (establishes partnerships with key public and private stakeholders to develop technologies for producing cost-competitive advanced biofuels from non-food biomass resources, including cellulosic biomass, algae, and wet waste (e.g.,

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RFA Blasts EPA Science Advisory Board for ‘Specious’ Report on Corn Ethanol and Carbon Emissions

(Renewable Fuels Association)  In a letter today to U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Michael Regan, the Renewable Fuels Association blasted EPA’s Science Advisory Board (SAB) for its recent report making “specious” and unfounded claims about corn ethanol’s impact on greenhouse gas emissions. In a

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BRIDGES Bioenergy 101 Webinar: Introducing Educators to Bioenergy National Laboratory Research --- September 14, 2023 --- ONLINE

Kick off the new school year with cutting-edge bioenergy resources that help students explore clean energy careers and build critical thinking skills! Join the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO), in collaboration with Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) and Idaho National Laboratory (INL), for a professional development

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Making Aviation Fuel from Biomass

by Nancy W. Stauffer (MIT Energy Initiative) MIT researchers are converting the plant material lignin into hydrocarbon molecules that could help make jet fuel 100 percent sustainable. ... Aviation fuel is a combination of two large classes of chemical compounds. Some 75 to

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DOE Awards $34 Million to Advance Clean Hydrogen

(U.S. Department of Energy) Industry and University-Led Projects Across the Country Will Develop Technologies and Infrastructure for Efficient Hydrogen Production, Transport, and Storage -- The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today (August 17, 2023) announced the award of nearly $34 million to

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Equatic’s Transformative Technology Allows Seawater to Capture & Store Carbon

(Equatic/Business Wire) Equatic White Paper Outlines Rigorous MRV Framework to Validate Process -- Carbon removal company Equatic has developed a revolutionary process that relies on seawater electrolysis to capture and store carbon dioxide (CO2), while simultaneously producing clean hydrogen. A new white paper written

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NREL Highlights Sustainable Aviation Partnerships on National Aviation Day 2023

(Bioenergy International)  August 19 marks the birthday of Orville Wright, an American inventor credited for flying the world’s first successful motor-operated airplane in 1903. Marking the occasion on National Aviation Day 2023, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) celebrates the partnerships

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National Laboratory Pilot Plants Help Industry De-Risk Biofuel Processes

by Zia Abdullah (National Renewable Energy Laboratory) We are witnessing a renaissance of innovation in sustainable fuels. Established corporations and small startups around the world are proposing novel solutions for turning abundant renewable carbon resources into energy-dense, low-carbon fuels that are key

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SAF Modeling Debate Isn’t Really about “GREET vs. ICAO.” It’s about Current Data vs. Old Data.

by Geoff Cooper (Renewable Fuels Association) Last year’s Inflation Reduction Act created tax credits meant to stimulate the production and use of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF), a critical tool in the aviation sector’s decarbonization strategy. To qualify for the tax credits, SAF

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to the DOE’s Overview of Biomass Conversion R&D

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The U.S. Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office (establishes partnerships with key public and private stakeholders to develop technologies for producing cost-competitive advanced biofuels from non-food biomass resources, including cellulosic biomass, algae, and wet waste (e.g.,

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BRIDGES Bioenergy 101 Webinar: What Happens When You Combine Airplanes and Bioenergy? --- September 14, 2023 --- ONLINE

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) is committed to strengthening its relationships with aviation industry partners, including fuel producers, biofuel crop growers, researchers, academia, state/local/tribal governments, and others. The mission of this continued collaboration is to accelerate the growth

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Many Roads to the Big H: The Digest’s Guide to Hydrogen Roadmaps 2023

Later this week, the United States is conducting a webinar to describe in detail the  U.S. National Clean Hydrogen Strategy and Roadmap, including an explanation of the benefits of clean hydrogen and its role in the clean energy transition. Leaders from

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The U.S. National Clean Hydrogen Strategy and Roadmap: A Vision for Clean Hydrogen and Federal Agency Coordination --- August 18, 2023 --- ONLINE

The webinar will include an introduction and overview of the U.S. National Clean Hydrogen Strategy and Roadmap, including an explanation of the benefits of clean hydrogen and its important role in the clean energy transition. Leaders from DOE and the

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EPA’s 3.5% Solution

by Paul Winters (Clean Fuels Alliance America/Biobased Diesel Daily) Buried in the Renewable Fuel Standards for 2023, 2024 and 2025, as finalized in June, is an unexpected change to the obligated fuel volume calculations. The change has the same effect as

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Fairbanks Morse Defense, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Collaborate on Developing Alternative Fuel Technology for Marine Engines

(Oak Ridge National Laboratory/Newswise) Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), the Department of Energy’s largest multidisciplinary laboratory, and Fairbanks Morse Defense (FMD), a portfolio company of Arcline Investment Management, have entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to collaborate on the development and integration

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Department of Energy Awards $2.5 Million to Accelerate Commercialization of Bioenergy Technologies

The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) today announced $2.5 million in funding, with an industry match of $2.5 million, for four projects selected from the Base Annual Appropriations Technology Commercialization Fund (TCF). The TCF is administered

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Request for Information on the Progression of Clean Fuels in the Shipping Industry DEADLINE August 18, 2023

(U.S. Department of Energy) The maritime industry set a goal to transition to net-zero emission fuels by 2050. This transformation requires coordination among all aspects of the shipping supply chain including feedstock supply, alternative fuel production, ship and engine manufacturers, port

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DOE: Biofuel, Bioenergy Employment up in 2022

by Erin Voegele (Biodiesel Magazine) U.S. firms working with clean energy fuels, such as corn ethanol, woody biomass/cellulosic biofuel, and other biofuels, added 1,962 jobs in 2022, growing by 1.7 percent when compared to the previous year, according to the U.S.

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Can Vacuums Slow Global Warming? Administration Bets $1.2 Billion on It.

by Evan Harper (Washington Post) Texas and Louisiana will become a global testing ground for giant machines that suck carbon from the air  --  The Biden administration is betting big on giant carbon-sucking vacuums as a climate solution, announcing that it will

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Department of Energy Selects Three Projects to Help Industry Leverage FCIC Capabilities to Overcome Bioenergy and Bioproduct Challenges

(U.S. Department of Energy) The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) awarded $2.18 million in funding to three projects as part of the 2023 Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) Call by the Feedstock-Conversion Interface Consortium (FCIC). Funded and led by BETO,

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fee Carbon Utilization and Biogas Education Program carbon-14 testing carbon-efficient fuels carbon/CO2 sequestration carcinogens cardoon Caribbean carinata carinata/brassica carinata carob CAS Registry cashew cashew apple CASI Cassava cassava price cassava pulp cassava stalk castor bean castor stalk catalysis catalysts catalytic decarboxylation catalytic hydrothermal conversion catalytic hydrothermal conversion-to-jet (CHCJ) catalytic hydrothermal gasification catalytic hydrothermolysis jet CHJ pathway cattails cattle cavitation CBD (cannabidiol) CBG (compressed biogas) cell culturing cellulase enzymes cellulose cellulosic biofuel Cellulosic biomass cellulosic diesel Cellulosic ethanol cellulosic ethanol price cellulosic feedstock cellulosic production tax credit cellulosic sugars Cellulosic Tax Credit cellulosic waiver credit cement Central African Republic Central America Certificate Program Certificates of Origin (COs) certification certification fuels cesium cetane Chad change in soil condition charging stations CHCJ-5 chemical-looping hydrogen method Chesapeake Bay chicken feathers chickens Chile Chili China chitin chp chromium chufa/cyperus esculents/nutsedge CIA circular economy citrus citrus greening disease Citrus Peel clean air Clean Air Act (CAA) clean diesel Clean Fuel Production Tax Credit (45Z) Clean Fuel Standard/Policy (CFS) Clean Heat Standards Clean Power Plan (CPP) Clean Trucks Plan Clean Water Act climate change Climate Change Adaptation climate change effects climate change mitigation climate legislation climate smart/conservation agriculture closed-loop system Clostridium thermocellum cloud point clover cmelina CNG Conversion kit co co-generation co-location Co-op Extension co-operative co-processing co-products CO2 neutral fuels CO2Removal Certificates (CORCs) coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) Coast Guard coastal habitat conservation coastal hay cobalt cock's foot coco coco methyl ester (CME) cocoa Coconut coffee coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold flow cold-tolerance college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning commo Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement/engagement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG/R-CNG/bioCNG) compression ratios compression-ignition engine computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology Cook Islands cook stoves cooking fuel cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 COP26 COP27 COP28 COP30 copper coppice cordgrass corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup corn-based products corn/maize Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality county cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crassulacean acid metabolism plants (CAM) crimes criteria pollutants Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cup plant cuphea currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cusi cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs d-5 D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D20 (20%DME) D5 (5%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date kernel oil date palm date palm pits date palm waste Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization defossilize Dehydration Delaware DeltaWing demonstration demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose dfdsffsfdfsf diatoms diesel Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices Diesel R5 diesel with renewables diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct air capture direct injection direct ocean capture Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) direct-to-fuel directed evolution dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought tolerant drought-resistant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency egg shell Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect Global South global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrid ships hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass Indiana indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial burners industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated biorefineries integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit Invvesting ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jersey Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati knotweed Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose Lake County lamp oil land ownership land prices land rights land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy landfill methane Landfills landscape Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon lecithin legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena levulinic acid Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels liquidation Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps liquified biomethane (LBM) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louis Louisiana low c low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M100 M15 M3 M50 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning machinery macororo Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Fuel Oil Marine Gas Oil (MGO) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel Terminal Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering market forces market share marketing markets/sales Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute mass balance standard Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritania Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane leaks methane/biomethane methanization methanol benefits methanol fuel cells methanol price Methanol-to-Jet (MTJ-SPK) Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methylbutenol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels milk permeate millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minn Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molinia molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo monitoring/measuring reporting verifiction (MRV) Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed mvr Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nano particles nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha naphthene NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science 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weeds nuclear Nunavut nut shells nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition oak oat hulls oat straw oats Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Office of Science Technology and Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes oil/gas terminals Oils Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olive water olives Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm ammonia production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing on-site hydrogen production one p one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontaio Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course owa oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil Palm Oil Methyl Ester (PME) palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm trunk sap palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay Paris Agreement parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peach shell 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Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island rhododendron Ricardo rice rice bran rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw/paddy straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) RNG tax credit roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rosin rotation crops royalties RP-1 RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rubber seeds rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Rural Renewable Energy Pilot Program rushes Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass rye straw s saccharification SAF pipeline SAF10 SAF30 SAF40 Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC sal tree Salicornia salt water salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar Samoa Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy scooters Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater seaweed cultivation Seaweed/Macroalgae second-generation biofuel income tax credit Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed husks seed-to-wheel Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shellfish shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silage silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore Singpore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration Small Business Innovatin Research (SBIR) small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog smokestack soap soapstock Social social benefit investing social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soi soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar energy solar 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