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Call to Action for a Truly Sustainable Renewable Future
August 8, 2013 – 5:07 pm | No Comment

-Include high octane/high ethanol Regular Grade fuel in EPA Tier 3 regulations.
-Use a dedicated, self-reducing non-renewable carbon user fee to fund renewable energy R&D.
-Start an Apollo-type program to bring New Ideas to sustainable biofuel and …

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USDA Announces More Than $8 Million in Payments to Support the Production of Advanced Biofuel
May 27, 2016 – 2:58 pm | No Comment

…eum Corporation in Itta Bena, Miss., is receiving a $13,165 payment to produce more than 2.6 million gallons of biodiesel from 3 million gallons of waste, non-food grade corn and catfish oil and poultry fat. The biodiesel is distributed throughout Arkansas, Louisiana and Mississippi. View the complete list of producers receiving payments. These payments build on USDA’s historic investments in rural America over the past seven years. Since…

Women Head 3 Ethanol Plants in the Midwest
May 18, 2016 – 4:49 pm | No Comment

…best ethanol per-bushel yield rates, at 2.86, in the industry. UWGP has had an exceptional earnings history. Since the beginning of operations in April 2005, it has recorded $108 million in earnings, of which 74 percent were distributed to its members. … The small number of women in the ethanol industry, however, does not mean that her peers in the industry and her customers don’t respect her. “That hasn’t been my experience at all,” she…

EPPO to Increase B10 Biodiesel Use
May 18, 2016 – 4:31 pm | No Comment

…Thawarat Sutabutr, in his capacity as the spokesman of the Ministry of Energy, said government and military units would join in a pilot project to increase the use of B10 biodiesel. EPPO estimated that B10 biodiesel would be distributed commercially by 2018, said the director. EPPO has set the target to increase B10 biodiesel consumption to 14 million liters a day by 2036. Tax incentives will be offered to encourage the use of the biodiesel….

Business Strategies for Transitioning the Bioeconomy to a Landscape with Long-Term Profitability
May 11, 2016 – 12:28 pm | No Comment

by Mahmood Ebadian (Biomass and Bioenergy Research Group/Biomass Supply Chain Consulting Ltd./Biofuels Digest) …With specialization occurring in feedstock engineering, these new business entities will be well-positioned to produce multiple products including both intermediate and final bio-products. In other words, they will be multi-product firms that exploit the economics of scope to produce multiple products for downstream markets….

Bringing up Better Biofuel
May 6, 2016 – 4:52 pm | No Comment

by Rosalie Marion Bliss (US Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service) … Now, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists have advanced a process to produce crude liquid fuel called “bio-oil” from agricultural waste. The bio-oil is produced by a process called “pyrolysis,” which involves chemical decomposition of plant and other organic matter at very high heat without oxygen. This new technology for producing renewable…

China, India, Russia and South Africa Express Concern that GMBM Proposals Do Not Address Differentiation
April 22, 2016 – 3:38 pm | No Comment

…ained in the latest draft Assembly Resolution text, namely the criteria as to which States should be included in the scheme, action to minimise market distortion between airlines and how offsetting responsibilities should be distributed. Feedback was also sought from States on whether key considerations raised by 2015 participants for the scheme’s design – such as administrative simplicity, environmental integrity and cost effectiveness – had…

Could Renewable Diesel’s Boom Be Cut Short by Feedstock Access and Availability?
April 11, 2016 – 9:59 am | No Comment

…structural difference, renewable diesel is a superior product with a higher cetane index than typical ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD), and unlike biodiesel, an energy density value equivalent to ULSD. Renewable diesel can be distributed using the established petroleum pipeline system, while biodiesel requires truck or rail transport. Additionally, renewable diesel has no cold-flow issues and won’t thicken and clog engines in cold weather as may…

5th Biobased World 2016: Chemicals and Plastics — May 9-11, 2016 — Bangkok, Thailand
April 7, 2016 – 6:28 pm | No Comment
5th Biobased World 2016: Chemicals and Plastics  —  May 9-11, 2016  —  Bangkok, Thailand

…ing goal of long term sustainable returns for their bio-based investments Recently, Verdezyne and Sime Darby sealed an agreement of a bio-based dodecanedioic acid (DDDA) production plant in Malaysia, and the product is to be distributed through Asia Pacific, especially China, Japan and South Korea. Gain insights and the latest on the following: Sime Darby’s perspective on how they balance bio-based investment in their palm oil supply chain…

Justin Trudeau, Prime Minister of Canada Visits the BioCube™
April 4, 2016 – 11:28 am | No Comment

…can process high quality biodiesel from a wide variety of waste and renewable feedstock that can be used directly in any modern diesel engines without modification. The BioCube fuels energy independence by making sustainable distributed biodiesel processing viable for commercial and community enterprises around the world. The company has operations in Queensland Australia, and Vancouver, BC Canada. For more information please visit:…

Lab Creates New Biofuels to Expand Alternative Energy Sources
March 29, 2016 – 5:29 pm | No Comment

…mercial marketplace, they must first overcome a number of scientific roadblocks. … This month, (Deepak) Rajagopal received a grant from the UCLA Sustainable LA Grand Challenge to investigate where Los Angeles’ waste is distributed, and how we can best produce biofuels using state resources. “In California, where we have a shortage of land or a shortage of water, we can rely on agricultural waste or municipal waste (for fuel),” Rajagopal…

Is It the perfect Energy Solution? Where Solar, Carbon Capture and Bio Collide
March 23, 2016 – 12:32 pm | No Comment

…together symbiotically to provide utility services to a metro area, but also the elements for a solar fuel — well, that’s the picture. No emissions of course — it’s all captured for an industrial symbiosis. That fuel can be distributed as liquid energy via pipeline, truck and rail to conventional re-fueling facilities. No need to depend in the long-term on slow-charging electric battery stations, only. If you’ve considered the range efficiency,…

PHYCO2 and MSU Make Breakthrough in Clean Air Technology, Growing Pure Algae 24/7 and Without Sunlight
March 21, 2016 – 6:11 pm | No Comment

…electricity for the university. Also known as “combined heat and power,” the plant utilizes steam to generate electricity. Boilers create steam that passes through a turbine generator. The electricity and the steam are then distributed across campus. The steam is mainly used to heat and cool buildings. The T.B. Simon Power Plant is an ideal environment for the partnership with PHYCO2 to research technology that recycles carbon dioxide emissions…

Portable Biodiesel Refinery on Display at GLOBE 2016
March 3, 2016 – 1:49 pm | No Comment

…y was recently awarded the prestigious Global Innovation and Friendly Energy Award by the Biodiesel Association of India in recognition of its ability to produce high quality biodiesel from renewable sources that improves India’s energy independence at a commercial and community level. Head of CBVL Ed Tycholaz commented: “We have been working with BioCube since 2012 to design and engineer a machine that is defining the distributed

Benefits and Ordeals of a Biofuel Project in Nigeria
February 29, 2016 – 12:23 pm | No Comment

…go any further due to lack of funds needed to clear the land and get it ready for Jatropha cultivation. In the course of biofuel production, it is anticipated that the harvested product will be conveyed from the farmers to a centralized location where it will be processed into biofuel. However, there is an exception to this. If there is a large acreage of land in a particular area, we may likely consider expelling oil and shipping that to a…

ACORE’s Advanced Biofuel Leadership Conference Summary
February 24, 2016 – 7:29 pm | No Comment

…nergy Finance (BNEF); Doug Berven, Vice President of Corporate Affairs, POET, a leading ethanol and cellulosic producer; Scott Sklar, President, The Stella Group, a strategic technology optimization and policy firm for clean distributed energy, who has worked on both the renewable power and fuel side; and Cynthia Thyfault, Founder & CEO, Westar Trade Resources, a consulting firm that helps clients obtain funding for clean energy projects….

Bringing #Biodiesel to the Northeast
January 29, 2016 – 6:33 pm | No Comment

…ons and ultimately promote renewable energy. BioHeat in particular is really gaining ground. Yet distribution challenges need be overcome in order to get more biodiesel products into the northeast. Nazzaro said in an interview after the panel discussion that compared to other areas of the country, there are very few terminals where the fuel can be blended and distributed. READ MORE includes AUDIO interview…

NETL Carbon Capture Technologies to Be Used in Commercial Biomass-to Biofuel Conversion Process with Power Generation
January 28, 2016 – 3:39 pm | No Comment

…iTek plans to incorporate these sorbent technologies into its integrated biomass-to-biofuels conversion process with power generation. This innovative process includes carbon capture and represents a sustainable solution for distributed power. The liquid biofuels produced by the process can also be used as transportation fuels. Biofuels are usually derived from corn, but CogniTek plans to use a wide range of plant matter for feedstock, including…

Volvo Exec: ‘Plenty More Scope’ to Cut CO2 Emissions from Trucks
January 27, 2016 – 11:47 am | No Comment

…challenge—you might need to have electricity on the road to make that happen, and that of course is going to take some time. So renewable fuels and energy efficiency are really going to be key in the short run. But there is no silver bullet unfortunately, so all these areas will require continuous effort. … But the bigger challenge is to build a business case around it, and also to get the renewable fuels that need to be distributed to…

Biofuels, Trade Latest Hot Ag Topics for Presidential Candidates
January 26, 2016 – 6:20 pm | No Comment

(NorthernAg.Net) The Montana Farm Bureau is closely following the “Rural Route to the White House,” U.S. presidential election coverage produced and distributed by Agri-Pulse. The American Farm Bureau is officially the exclusive sponsor of this coverage. This effort will convey to readers Farm Bureau’s support of farmers and ranchers being informed, active and engaged in the U.S. presidential election process. The coverage will be focused on…

Flint Hills Adding Ethanol Terminal in Texas
January 25, 2016 – 6:54 pm | No Comment

…truck-loading rack, water storage and an operations building. Over a hundred contractors will be employed for construction of the facility. “Buda is an efficient distribution hub to our existing Texas fuel terminals and this centralized location will enable us to meet the ethanol demands of our customers throughout Central and South Texas,” said Nathan Brubaker, Texas marketing general manager for FHR. READ MORE and MORE (Ethanol Producer…

Renewable Hydrogen From Tri-Generation Fuel Cells Included Under California Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS)
January 22, 2016 – 7:45 pm | No Comment

(Globe Newswire/FuelCell Energy) Distributed renewable hydrogen solution receives contingent approval for Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) Credit Market to sell or trade credits; Using stationary fuel cells to convert biogas from wastewater treatment into renewable hydrogen, power, and heat (tri-generation), offsetting carbon emissions; LCFS enhances tri-generation fuel cell economic value proposition while supporting renewable transportation…

Renewable Energy Benefits: Measuring the Economics
January 19, 2016 – 1:05 pm | No Comment

…energy technologies. Solar PV is the largest employer, accounting for 2.5 million jobs in 2014. This is due to increasing global production of solar panels as lower costs drive accelerated growth in installations. Moreover, distributed solar PV is more widely deployed as it offers a feasible and afordable way to improve energy access. The distribution and assembly of panels and the provision of aftersales service is easy to localise, creating…

BioHiTech America Collaborates to Convert Food Waste to Energy
January 15, 2016 – 3:04 pm | No Comment

(BioHiTech Global Inc./Biomass Magazine) … BioHiTech’s Eco-Safe Digester utilizes an aerobic digestion process to convert food waste to grey water, also referred to as effluent. Typically the effluent is discharged safely into the sewage system and individual wastewater treatment facilities to treat it with other sanitary waste. This new process will tank the unit’s effluent allowing for transportation to an anaerobic…

Bringing Up Biofuel
January 15, 2016 – 2:55 pm | No Comment

by Rosalie Bliss (US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service) … U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientists have advanced a process to produce a crude liquid called “bio-oil” from agricultural waste. The team is headed by Agricultural Research Service (ARS) chemical engineer Akwasi Boateng with the Sustainable Biofuels and Coproducts Unit at the Eastern Regional Research Center in Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania. Crude…

Restaurant Group Advocates the Use of Biodiesel
December 30, 2015 – 7:48 pm | No Comment

…d sustainability, emphasized its president, Joaquin Vargas Mier y Teran. For this, the company created a system of oil recycling and conversion into fuel for use in its fleet of trucks that delivers supplies to more than 130 distributed throughout the country restaurants. With advanced technology and employing engineers specializing in the treatment of fuel oil, this system implemented by CMR is a unique procedure of its kind that will spearhead…

ADM Announces Agreement to Develop New Ethanol Hub in Selma, North Carolina
December 23, 2015 – 12:21 pm | No Comment

…up to 96 railcar-long unit trains in a 24-hour period. KMI will also build a new pipeline, approximately 2.6 miles in length, to connect the unit train offload system to their vast tank farm in Selma, allowing ethanol to be distributed to blending terminals in Selma and the surrounding markets. “This project will help us improve the efficiency of our ethanol delivery in this market with added unload capacity, quick-turn time on railcars and a…

UPS to Power Fleet with Gas from Landfills
December 23, 2015 – 10:15 am | No Comment

…les worldwide. RNG, also known as biomethane, can be derived from many abundant and renewable sources, including decomposing organic waste in landfills, wastewater treatment and agriculture, the company explained. It is then distributed through the natural gas pipeline system, making it available for use as liquefied natural gas (LNG) or compressed natural gas (CNG), UPS added. … The company has a goal of driving one billion miles with its…

TSCA Reform: Detailed Summary of Key Changes in Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act (S. 697) as Compared with S. 697 Passed by Senate EPW in June
December 22, 2015 – 1:52 pm | No Comment

…t (TSCA)] Modernization Act of 2015, which passed the House of Representatives on June 23, 2015, to identify areas of alignment and dissonance. Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.’s (B&C®) 2016 Forecast memorandum, to be distributed in early January, will provide further analysis and discussion of likely legislative next steps regarding TSCA reform and other significant legislative and regulatory initiatives. Our review of Lautenberg2 is…

Consumers Go ‘Green.’ Are We Leveraging This Trend Enough?
December 17, 2015 – 3:45 pm | No Comment

…owder brands in China, Nice and Liby, for example position ~80% of their products as green. … Given that green products are initially often more expensive to produce, it is important to address how additional costs are distributed across the value chain. The above examples show that consumers are willing to pay part of it. Other parts can be booked as R&D investments or marketing expenses in finished good companies. The first movers in…

Export Exchange 2016 — October 24-27, 2016 — Detroit, MI
December 16, 2015 – 5:06 pm | No Comment
Export Exchange 2016 — October 24-27, 2016  —   Detroit, MI

…kind opportunity to bring buyers and sellers together with the goal of promoting continued growth in the international market,” said Bob Dinneen, president and CEO of the Renewable Fuels Association. More information will be distributed in the coming months to members of the grains industries and will be available online at www.exportexchange.org or on social media using the hashtag #ExEx16. Those interested can sign up for a mailing list to…

Recycling All that Waste Carbon: The Digest’s 2015 8-Slide Guide to LanzaTech
December 2, 2015 – 3:49 pm | No Comment

…ch has developed a fully sustainable integrative gas to fuels and chemicals platform that has no impact on food, water security or high biodiversity land use. LanzaTech’s gas fermentation platform disrupts the current highly centralized global energy system by enabling the regional production of low-cost energy from local wastes and residues, including gases as varied as industrial flue gas, gasified biomass wastes and residues, biogas, and…

Green Ideas for Emerging Resources: The Digest’s 2015 8-Slide Guide to VerdeNero, CelloFuel and Russian Opportunity
November 30, 2015 – 9:39 am | No Comment

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) “We are a boutique technical consulting and service firm to the alternative energy and resources industry,” said the VerdeNero manifesto, adding: “We provide services in technology transfer, system analysis and integration. We operate at the boundaries between engineering, economics, environment and policy analysis.” Here’s a recent presentation on opportunities in Russia by VerdeNero and Hamrick Engineering. READ…

A Time to Take Stock: Advanced Biofuels as a Solution
November 25, 2015 – 1:35 am | No Comment

…modular system (click here for more articles about the system) is designed as a solution to the problem of converting relatively small amounts of feedstock into fuels for local use with an emphasis on waste, co-products and centralized digital-driven biorefinery management. So this Thanksgiving as you remember those whose work brought you your daily food, feed, fiber and fun (wine, beer, sodas, football games and holiday parade balloons, etc.),…

Hamrick Engineering Granted Patent for Extracting Sugars and Nanocellulose from Biomass
November 17, 2015 – 11:03 am | No Comment

(Hamrick Engineering/Your Oil and Gas News) Hamrick Engineering is pleased to announce the granting of a broad patent for extracting sugars and nanocellulose from lignocellulosic biomass by the US Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). “This ground-breaking patent describes how to extract sugars and nanocellulose from lignocellulosic biomass using a low-cost process. It provides a foundation for technologies to produce low-cost sugars,…

E85 & Fleets — It’s Not Rocket Science!
November 13, 2015 – 6:31 pm | No Comment

…ive fuel of choice is not available within five miles or 15 minutes. … The two stations adopted new POS systems, altered the entry path for fueling with E85, educated drivers continually at the pump about FFVs and E85, distributed educational materials inside the stations, created informational decals and key tags for all FFVs, incorporated aggressive in-house media through emails and newsletters, and highlighted vehicles and fuel at…

Oil Lobby Had Hand in House Lawmakers’ Anti-Ethanol Note to EPA
November 9, 2015 – 6:14 pm | No Comment

…n be safely blended into gasoline has been made repeatedly by the oil industry. The echo in the letter wasn’t a coincidence: A lobbyist for refiner Marathon Petroleum Corp. was listed as an author of early drafts of what was distributed to lawmakers for them to sign on. … “It’s not hard to see the oil industry’s fingerprints all over this campaign,” said Brooke Coleman, the executive director of the Advanced Biofuels Business Council,…

Students, Prep Your Entries for Planet Forward Storyfest 2016!
October 27, 2015 – 12:10 pm | No Comment

…riginal work, produced by you (see note below about Team Entries). Any data points, facts or claims must be backed and cited through reliable sources. Team entries: While team members may be recognized, awards/prizes will be distributed to the official submitter. Submissions to Planet Forward Storyfest can be original material created for the contest OR items created for classes, student media, other contests, etc., so long as it is new content…

Building Sustainable Cellulosic Biofuel Portfolios
October 26, 2015 – 2:24 pm | No Comment

by Rajdeep Golecha (Biomass Magazine) The amount of risk in supply variation a biorefinery is willing to accept will depend on its fundamental business strategy, and the amount of premium they are willing to pay to reduce risks associated with biomass supply variation … In the U.S., corn stover is one of the largest sources of agricultural residue for cellulosic biofuel production. Studies have found that cellulosic biomass, such as corn…

Biodico Presents Results of Five-Year Biofuel Study to Navy, Energy Commission and Governor’s Office
October 23, 2015 – 2:36 pm | No Comment

…tion’s strategic energy reserves and fuel production. That vulnerability is one of the major reasons why we have had a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement with Biodico since 2002, to develop a network of regional, distributed renewable fuels and energy facilities ‘inside the fence’ giving the DOD immediate access to both fuel and energy,” said Kyle Lawrence of the Environmental Security Department at NAVFAC EXWC. The tour included a…

Setting the Renewable Energy Policy Agenda: Insights from ACORE’s 2015 National Renewable Energy Policy Forum
October 20, 2015 – 11:33 am | No Comment

…attract capital, yet renewable energy policies right now, especially at the federal level, are anything but consistent and clear.  State policies continue to have an important influence on deployment of renewable energy and distributed generation, as well as on how the grid can adapt to accommodate this new generation. The theme of policy consistency was particularly salient. As with mature, conventional energy resources, which continue to…

Volvo Trucks Underlines Its Commitment to HVO
October 7, 2015 – 4:00 pm | No Comment

…’t get any tank deposits or filter blocking.” Despite these differences, the fact it is “almost identical” to traditional diesel gives HVO “a very big advantage,” he continues. Because of its inherent properties, “HVO can be distributed using the existing diesel fuelling station network. There is no need for a separate infrastructure, and the fuels can even be mixed freely together.” When considering other alternative fuels like natural gas…

100% Renewable: The Digest’s 2015 8-Slide Guide to the Coca-Cola Plant Bottle
September 16, 2015 – 12:14 pm | No Comment

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Since introducing PlantBottle packaging – the first-ever fully recyclable PET plastic bottle made partially from plants – Coca-Cola has distributed more than 25 billion of the bottles to thirsty consumers in 37 countries. The breakthrough technology also has helped catalyze a movement to redirect the entire polyester fiber and plastic resin industry toward a renewable future. PlantBottle packaging now accounts for…

Is U.S. Commitment to Renewable Fuels Waning?
September 10, 2015 – 12:08 pm | No Comment

…novation from the renewable energy sector. We are on the cusp of being able to generate energy from discarded corn cobs, husks and stalks and companies have invested millions of dollars to produce next-generation ethanol. But the EPA’s proposed rollback would send a halting message of uncertainty to the industry. Beyond being clean-burning and more efficient, gas prices would be less steep if higher blends of ethanol were widely…

California Takes the Lead on Climate Policy
September 9, 2015 – 12:57 pm | No Comment

…andate could be met. … For California, the key will be the rapid development of the electric car. This will require advances in battery technology and widespread investment in the infrastructure of renewable energy and distributed generation of energy. Micro-grids and smart-grids will be needed to modernize the energy system and make it more receptive to renewable energy and more efficient when transmitting energy. State-wide installation…

IEA Bioenergy Newsletter Features New Zealand Biofuel Prospects
September 4, 2015 – 2:11 pm | No Comment

…group of international experts working to commercialize sustainable transportation biofuels, recently released its latest newsletter, featuring an update on opportunities for biofuels in New Zealand. Newsletter Issue No. 40 distributed by Task 39 includes a feature article on New Zealand authored by Ian Suckling, Task 39 New Zealand member, and various other contributors. … There are also significant exports of unrefined crude oil, or 30…

From Guest Blogger Auvisa.org: Mallow-Biofuel–Diesel from a Tough Wildflower
September 3, 2015 – 5:32 pm | No Comment

by by msemmawhite (Auvisa.org/2GreenEnergy) … Biodiesel can be truly green when it’s produced and distributed locally and grown efficiently without extensive use of pesticides and fertilizers. An even better option would be a crop that also can improve marginal land and produce useful products in addition to fuel. That’s where the seashore mallow comes in. A perennial wildflower that thrives in brackish coastal regions, Kosteletzkya…

Top 10 Low Carbon Fuels Made from Greenhouse Gases All Around You
September 2, 2015 – 5:42 pm | No Comment

…ch has developed a fully sustainable integrative gas to fuels and chemicals platform that has no impact on food, water security or high biodiversity land use. LanzaTech’s gas fermentation platform disrupts the current highly centralized global energy system by enabling the regional production of low-cost energy from local wastes and residues, including gases as varied as industrial flue gas, gasified biomass wastes and residues, biogas, and…

International Biomass Conference and Expo — April 11-14, 2016 — Charlotte, NC
August 19, 2015 – 5:53 pm | No Comment
International Biomass Conference and Expo — April 11-14, 2016 — Charlotte, NC

…beverage processors Managers of institutional food waste Animal processing facility managers Growers and cooperative board members Crop technology experts Livestock and poultry owner/operators Forestry managers Wood waste handlers Saw mill operators Pulp and paper manufacturing managers Logging operation operators Wood processing operators Pelleting operations managers Utility executives and managers Power, distributed power and district energy…

California’s New Energy and Climate Goals Will Create Jobs and Boost the Economy
August 19, 2015 – 4:45 pm | No Comment

…’s priorities for the 2015-16 legislation session include: Extending the State’s Energy and Climate Goals: Provide businesses with regulatory certainty beyond 2020 Open and expand markets for renewable, clean and distributed resources, including technologies that have emerged since passage of AB 32 Address the state’s ongoing energy and water supply challenges Investing Cap and Trade Revenue to Achieve Maximum Economic and…

Neste’s NEXBTL Renewable Diesel: The Digest’s 2015 8-Slide Guide
August 18, 2015 – 10:02 am | No Comment

…native for powering city buses, for example. For distributors NEXBTL renewable diesel is not only fully compatible with existing engines, but also the existing fuel distribution infrastructure. The product can be blended and distributed within the existing diesel infrastructure; all the way from the refinery to service stations and end-users. With no blending limits, NEXBTL renewable diesel is a cost-efficient solution and enables flexible…

North Set to Be Biofuel Capital
August 17, 2015 – 6:08 pm | No Comment

by Charlie Peel (Townsville Bulletin) Up to 30 mini biofuel plants could be rolled out across North Queensland as part of an ambitious plan to make the region Australia’s renewable fuel capital. The centrepiece of the project would be a $150 million refinery built near Townsville, which would turn oil produced by the smaller plants into fuel to power ships, planes and mining machinery. The consortium behind the project – Sister City Partners…

E-Fan Cross-Channel Flight Could Herald a Green Future for Hybrid-Electric Passenger Aircraft
August 5, 2015 – 4:40 pm | No Comment

…opulsion (DEAP) project, which started in 2012, is exploring innovative technologies that will enable improved fuel economy and reduced exhaust gas and noise emissions. Compared to engines on existing commercial airliners, a distributed propulsion system will require a much higher level of integration with the airframe design than that of today’s aircraft. The concept involves a number of electrically-powered fans – six are being considered as a…

Southeastern Biomass Interactive Mapping Service
August 4, 2015 – 2:33 pm | No Comment

…urces and the competitors who use these resources in the southeast US. It allows users to spatially examine feedstock, competitors for feedstock and the infrastructure for moving feedstock and how they are interconnected and distributed across the landscape. Currently users can examine nearby wood-using facilities around any given point placed on the map. We are currently looking for individuals to test the site and provide eedback. It is a work…

The Pyromaniax, Class of 2015: The Top 10 Pyrolysis Projects in Renewable Fuels
August 4, 2015 – 12:29 pm | No Comment

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) It’s been around for a generation or so — fast pyrolysis, that is. Though in the original low-tech incarnation — known as “cooking fire” — pyrolysis has been around since the dawn of man. But the numbers have never been so close to commercial, even in these days of low fossil fuel energy prices. Who’s in the lead? Where, why — and when will there be commercial-scale plants? … In pyrolysis, the biomass is…

Climate Deniers Uncovered
August 3, 2015 – 6:10 pm | No Comment

…ort for in-depth information on each of the seven dossiers. … Indeed, one of the key documents highlighted in the deception dossiers is a 1995 internal memo written by a team headed by a Mobil Corporation scientist and distributed to many major fossil fuel companies. The internal report warned unequivocally that burning the companies’ products was causing climate change and that the relevant science “is well established and…

Aston University Bioenergy Technology Embarks on European Tour
July 29, 2015 – 12:57 pm | No Comment

(Aston University) Pre-testing of waste materials using prototype Pyrofab technology was underway today ahead of a summer tour to evaluate sustainable sources of bioenergy from waste across north-west Europe. The Pyrofab is based on PyroformerTM technology, developed in the UK by the European Bioenergy Research Institute (EBRI) at Aston University. Using this intermediate pyrolysis process, the tests are determining the potential of different…

DOE Seeks Nominations for Biomass Advisory Committee
July 20, 2015 – 3:36 pm | No Comment

…ides guidance with respect to the Biomass R&D Initiative and priority technical biomass R&D needs and makes written recommendations to the Biomass R&D Board. Recommendations relate to whether initiative funds are distributed and used consistent with stated objectives, whether solicitations are open and competitive with awards made annually, whether objectives and evaluation criteria of the solicitations are clear, and whether the…

Research and Markets: Next Generation Biofuels Market 2015 – In-Depth Analysis of 90 Major Players Including Abengoa, Verenium, BP Plc., BASF, Shell & Iogen
July 7, 2015 – 4:31 pm | No Comment

…e wood ethanol market in Canada in a case study, along with various topics related to next generation biofuels such as the life cycle analysis of biofuels, production of green diesel and jet fuel range alkanes, production of distributed biofuels with fast pyrolysis, as well as an overview of first and second generation biofuels and feedstock and conversion processes. This report on Next Generation Biofuels is a complete guide for investors as…

Why Such a Struggle to Advance Renewable Fuels?: The (Non-Cooperative) Games People Play
July 6, 2015 – 12:22 pm | No Comment

…well, it’s reality. It’s non-sensical but not in the same way that unicorns are. … How about President Obama’s EPA backing away from the Renewable Fuel Standard because they lack confidence that renewable fuels can be distributed in the originally targeted volumes. Yet, the Administration is pushing electric cars via $7,500 tax credits when re-charging infrastructure is hard to find and connects, if you find it, to a grid mainly powered…

Ethanol for All, And Then Some
July 2, 2015 – 5:59 pm | No Comment

…ip formed by Green Plains (NASDAQ: GPRE) — the nation’s fourth largest ethanol producer — to provide ethanol and fuel storage, terminal and transportation services for the 1.2 billion gallons of ethanol per year marketed and distributed by its parent. Compounding the aforementioned risks of volatility tied to fuel prices, grain prices and government policy, this first-of-a-kind MLP is also running an additional risk of an adverse tax ruling by…

Financing for Development: Access To Cleaner and Safer Energy In Africa — July 13-16, 2015 — Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
July 2, 2015 – 1:07 pm | No Comment
Financing for Development: Access To Cleaner and Safer Energy In Africa — July 13-16, 2015 — Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

…has said, it make no sense to wait for ‘Never –will –Happen Big Power Plant’ with inhibitive CAPEX and Investment trying to make financial case for ROI while thousands of small institutions are pushing successful small scale distributed electricity and mini grids across the world under the United Nations Sustainable Energy for All Initiative. The Global Alliance for Clean CookStoves has been Supporting Effort and activities across the world….

4 Minutes with… Michael R. Schuppenhauer, Ph.D. President & CEO, Farmatic
July 2, 2015 – 12:59 pm | No Comment

…of complex substrates. … All is well that ends well – if it isn’t well, it is not the end, yet. READ MORE…

Stoves that Save: Poet Partners to Fight Pollution and Deforestation in Haiti with Ethanol Cookstoves
June 29, 2015 – 3:52 pm | No Comment

…, Poet donated 12,000 gallons of ethanol, shipping two loads from its production site in Jewell, Iowa, to Port-au-Prince, Haiti. The first rollout of stoves and fuel began earlier this year. A couple hundred stoves have been distributed so far. … “We found that in Haiti, people were spending 56 cents to cook one meal because of the fuel cost,” Luceno says. “It’s our hope that with ethanol, they’ll be able to cook more meals with the same…

Sustainable Bioenergy High-Impact Opportunity Launches
May 21, 2015 – 11:58 am | No Comment

…renewable energy. All types of bioenergy projects are being promoted including: 1) Renewable biomass for clean cooking solutions; 2) On-farm bioenergy production to boost agricultural yield and reduce post-harvest losses; 3) Distributed electricity production using sustainable biomass from forestry and agriculture co-products; 4) Electricity and fuels from municipal solid waste (MSW); 5) Cellulosic ethanol for clean cooking and transportation;…

UN Sustainable Energy for All Announces Global Bioenergy Initiative
May 20, 2015 – 11:01 am | No Comment

…evelopment and deployment. All types of bioenergy projects are being promoted, including renewable biomass for clean cooking solutions; on-farm bioenergy production to boost agricultural yield and reduce post-harvest losses; distributed electricity production using sustainable biomass from forestry and agriculture coproducts; electricity and fuels from municipal solid waste (MSW); cellulosic ethanol for clean cooking and transportation; and…

Low Carbon Transport on the Move: What’s up in Australia?
May 15, 2015 – 10:14 am | No Comment

…rbonizing the electricity grid in Australia Bruce Godfrey raised eyebrows with a sobering assessment of the options and realities in improving Australia’s grid emissions, but offered optimism with respect to opportunities in distributed power generation. … “Another important question? For sure, EVs and Fuel Cell’s have no tailpipe emissions, but beware, the greenness depends on the carbon intensity of your grid. … According to…

Renmatix Acquires Mascoma Demonstration Plant in New York
May 6, 2015 – 3:55 pm | No Comment

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Another step towards commercial scale, aimed at “secure supply” of cellulose-lignin solids for Renmatix’ Georgia facility Renmatix announced that it has acquired existing assets of the former Mascoma corporation’s 56,000 square foot manufacturing facility in Rome, NY. The new Feedstock Processing Facility (FPF) is dedicated to the first step in conversion to cellulosic sugar (from different types of biomass…

The Catalyst That Refused To Die
April 24, 2015 – 6:35 pm | No Comment

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Battelle-led group succeeds in US Department of Energy challenge — 1,000 hours of continuous biomass hydrotreating on a single catalyst charge. The undefeated champ hits 1200 hours before being retired from the ring. Next stop, 4000 hours? In Ohio, we hear from Battelle that they have succeeded at the United States Department of Energy challenge to demonstrate at least 1,000 hours of bio oil hydrotreatment on a…

“Biomass Utilization: A Renewable, Versatile Pathway to Fuels and Chemicals” — April 28, 2015 — Breinigsville, PA
April 24, 2015 – 3:02 pm | No Comment
“Biomass Utilization: A Renewable, Versatile Pathway to Fuels and Chemicals”  — April 28, 2015 — Breinigsville, PA

…ed throughout to put the transformation towards a sustainable supply chain in perspective. Besides the production of traditional biofuels, biomass feedstocks can also be pyrolyzed and upgraded to produce fuel blendstocks for centralized refineries where they are converted to “green gasoline”. Fast pyrolysis of biomass is a promising way to densify the carbon content; however, the liquid produced is corrosive, highly reactive, and not suitable…

High-Yield Hydrogen Production from Biomass by in vitro Metabolic Engineering: Mixed Sugars Coutilization and Kinetic Modeling
April 13, 2015 – 12:13 pm | No Comment

…mbined into artificial enzymatic pathways and a high yield from both glucose and xylose to hydrogen was achieved. Also, gaseous hydrogen can be separated from aqueous substrates easily, greatly decreasing product separation costs, and avoid reconcentrating sugar solutions. This study describes high-yield enzymatic hydrogen production from biomass sugars and an engineered reaction rate increase achieved through the use of kinetic modeling….

Corn Husks a Promising Source of Renewable Fuel
April 7, 2015 – 3:35 pm | No Comment

…d hydrogen-powered vehicles, said the report in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a peer-reviewed US journal. “We have demonstrated the most important step toward a hydrogen economy — producing distributed and affordable green hydrogen from local biomass resources,” said study co-author Percival Zhang, a professor in the Department of Biological Systems Engineering at Virginia Tech. The study was led by Joe…

SDTC Looking for Canada’s Next Cleantech Innovators
April 6, 2015 – 2:42 pm | No Comment

…rce and energy efficiency: Technologies that encourage energy efficiency in buildings and industrial processes, with a focus on industrial water use efficiency. Clean energy: Technologies that enable clean energy production, distributed power generation and energy storage as well as technologies related to carbon capture and storage, integrated energy systems, and biorefinery/biochemical production. Northern and remote communities: Innovative…

Algae from Clogged Waterways Could Serve as Biofuels and Fertilizer
March 26, 2015 – 11:02 am | No Comment

…d I know firsthand the needs of small-scale farmers, as well as the problems posed by algal blooms,” says John B. Miller, Ph.D. “But I am also a chemist, so I see an upside with algae.” … Large-scale, centralized “algal turf scrubber” operations in Florida and elsewhere are getting underway and are growing natural communities of periphytic or attached algae for biofuel production. Miller is building on this…

Report: Advanced Energy is a Nearly $1.3 Trillion Global Industry, as Big as Apparel and Almost Four Times Semiconductors Worldwide
March 10, 2015 – 5:36 pm | No Comment

…ficiency is a critical and important growth sector because the outcomes including reduced operating costs, reduced energy costs, greater reliability and resilience are in high demand.” “The rapid proliferation of Distributed Energy Resources, growing adoption of customer efficiency measures and increasing diversification of customer demand, have highlighted the need for a more flexible and agile distribution grid,” said Naimish…

Yes, We Can Live Well and Avoid Climate Disaster, Says UK Government
February 6, 2015 – 2:15 pm | No Comment

…rding to country. So although the tool shows that global average diet, transport use and household appliance use can rise to levels consistent with a good lifestyle by 2050, it does not specify how this consumption should be distributed by country (for example, whether the richest should reduce their consumption). These are questions of a political nature and beyond the scope of the Global Calculator. However, the Global Calculator does…

Vilsack Heads “Top 125 People in the Advanced Bioeconomy” Poll for 2015
February 6, 2015 – 1:29 pm | No Comment

…Cesar Maciel Ramundo, BNDES’ Industrial Director; and Ray Mabus, US Secretary of the Navy. This year, the Digest recognized a complete Top 125 for the first time, in recognition of the large number of write-in votes and the distributed nature of the voting, in which more than 350 individuals received votes in the poll. “For the fifth year in a row, readers overwhelmingly identified US Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack as the most significant…

“Faces” Debuts: New Original Series on the Advanced Bioeconomy
February 6, 2015 – 1:21 pm | No Comment

…lly Morse, Algenol CEO Paul Woods, Liquid Light CEO Kyle Teamey, and Rivertop Renewables CEO Mike Knauf. Streaming or downloading episodes Faces is available free for download or streaming at this time, and will initially be distributed via biofuelsdigest.com and our You Tube channel. … Later in the year, we’ll debut two more original series: “Places”, a documentary-style program that takes you inside the labs and project sites of the…

Is Bureaucracy Holding Back Advanced Biofuels?
February 6, 2015 – 1:11 pm | No Comment

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … Why must “the entire value chain of production from feedstock to finished product be conducted at a single location” asks Antoine Schellinger, VP of Strategy and Technology at Triten IAG. Should a regulatory burden for tracking RINs be increased so that the financing risk burden can be reduced for investors? A memorable article on the challenges within and the future direction of the Renewable Fuel Standard…

Backers Say Factory Will Buy $26 Million from Farm Sector
December 30, 2014 – 5:25 pm | No Comment

by Sean Ellis (Capital Press) The head of a proposed ethanol and food-processing facility near Greenleaf, Idaho, says the plant would purchase $26 million worth of farm commodities from Idaho farmers each year. He also says it would be the first of several such facilities in the region. … A group of local citizens trying to stop the facility is concerned about the impacts of the proposed ethanol part of the project. A public hearing on…

USDA Announces Support for Producers of Advanced Biofuel
December 3, 2014 – 2:58 pm | No Comment

…of North Haverhill, N.H., a producer of biodiesel from waste vegetable oil, received $8,655. The company produced almost 1.8 million gallons of biodiesel from almost 2 million gallons of waste vegetable oil. The biodiesel is distributed throughout Vermont and New Hampshire. Prairie Horizon Agri-Energy, LLC of Phillipsburg, Kan., produced 6.9 million gallons of ethanol from almost 2.6 million bushels of sorghum and received $18,128. View the list…

Big Oil to Ethanol: Build Your Own Dang Distribution, If You Think E85 Has Blend-Wall Busting Potential
February 20, 2014 – 11:31 am | No Comment

…y line. In Brazil, we have seen that 40 percent of the market will choose ethanol when the prices are at parity. Now, one of the problems we have is that, although we have 14.6 million flex fuel vehicles they are most widely distributed in Texas, California, and Florida — wheras the vast majority of E85 ethanol is distributed in the Midwest. … RIN prices increase the cost of producing gasoline, and incentivize producers to reduce the…

XTRM Announces Mobile Cannabis/Hemp To Biodiesel Unit
February 7, 2014 – 4:35 pm | No Comment

(Baystreet.CA/AccessWire) Extreme Biodiesel, Inc. (PINK:XTRM) today announced that the Company wholly owned subsidiary XTRM Cannabis Ventures has just completed assembly of its first Mobile Hemp To Biodiesel Production Unit. XTRM Cannabis Ventures will begin marketing and posting specs for the Mobile Hemp to Biodiesel unit shortly on its new website being constructed at http://xtrmcannabisventures.com. … A problem for the biofuel industry…

Vilsack; POET, LanzaTech, Beta Renewables, Genomatica, DuPont, Solazyme, KiOR, Raizen, REG Execs Win Top 100 People in the Bioeconomy poll for 2013-14
December 31, 2013 – 10:58 am | No Comment

…le Fuels Association chief Bob Dinneen; and DuPont Industrial Biosciences chief Jim Collins. This year, the Digest recognized a complete Top 300 for the first time, in recognition of the vast number of write-in votes and the distributed nature of the voting, in which more than 400 individuals received votes in the poll. READ MORE The Complete Top 100 Poll; PLUS, the complete Top 300. Editor’s note: Advanced Biofuels USA executive director…

Universities Receive $10M to Study Biofuels
December 26, 2013 – 7:06 pm | No Comment

by Martiin Kidston (Missoulian) If 1 ton of woody debris can produce 50 gallons of fuel, how many gallons of fuel could 42 million acres of dead and dying forests produce? Funded by a $10 million grant from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, a consortium of five universities, joined by research labs across the Northern Rockies, is looking for ways to turn that mass of dead timber into a carbon-neutral fuel source. Known as the Bioenergy…

CALL FOR ABSTRACTS: 4th International Conference on Algal Biomass, Biofuels and Bioproducts June 15-18, 2014 Santa Fe, New Mexico DEADLINE: February 14, 2014
November 19, 2013 – 11:36 am | No Comment
CALL FOR ABSTRACTS:  4th International Conference on Algal Biomass, Biofuels and Bioproducts June 15-18, 2014 Santa Fe, New Mexico   DEADLINE:  February 14, 2014

…ic receipt including an abstract reference number, which should be quoted in all correspondence. Allow at least 2 hours for your receipt to be returned to you. Once the paper is accepted, at least one of the authors must register for the conference and present the paper at the conference. Abstracts of all accepted contributions will be included within the abstract CD which will be distributed to all registered conference participants. Deadline:…

Rebalancing Clean Energy Debate, ACORE Launches EnergyFactCheck.org, @EnergyFactCheck
August 9, 2012 – 1:15 pm | No Comment

…w.EnergyFactCheck.org) and a Twitter feed (@EnergyFactCheck) will be real-time resources for reporters, policy makers and members of the public engaged in the energy debate. The site and Twitter feed represent the first-ever centralized and regularly updated platform for facts and data on every major renewable energy industry, as well as fact-based answers to major controversies. Admiral McGinn noted that ACORE chose to launch…

Investment Shift for Algae Biofuels, Market to Grow 43.1% Annually Through 2015: SBI Bulletin
July 31, 2012 – 2:01 pm | No Comment

…ill lead the market to $1.6 billion in 2015. Investment into algae biofuels is shifting as government grants, which were a major funding source in 2009 when over $100 million in funding from the U.S. Department of Energy was distributed, is being replaced by strategic partnerships and slowly growing internal company revenues. According to the Bulletin, strategic partnerships include a range of industry sectors such as oil & gas, biofuels…

REAP Funding Announced for Blender, Flex-Fuel Pump Projects
July 17, 2012 – 3:03 pm | No Comment

…EAP) awards announced by the USDA June 25, four were for blender pumps or flex fuel pumps. In all, projects in Florida, Georgia, Missouri and South Dakota received a total of $112,214 in funding out of more than $6.9 million distributed. They are: * ATJ Corp., $15,551, blender pump, Florida * Down to Earth Retail #1/Rick Huszagh, $29,927, blender pump, Georgia * Hometown Fuel Inc., $59,040, blender pumps, Missouri * Martins Inc., $7,696,…

Unleaded Avgas Transition Aviation Rulemaking Committee Final Report Now Available
July 4, 2012 – 6:24 pm | No Comment

…tablish centralized testing of candidate unleaded fuels which would generate standardized qualification and certification data. Establish a solicitation and selection process for candidate unleaded aviation gasolines for the centralized testing program. Establish a centralized certification office to support unleaded aviation gasoline projects. Establish a collaborative industry- government initiative called the Piston Aviation Fuels Initiative…

Energy Independence Day
July 4, 2012 – 1:49 pm | No Comment

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … The entropy problem in feedstocks In bioenergy, it’s the chief reason, for example, that otherwise perfectly acceptable fruit waste from citrus harvest is a difficult feedstock for energy production. The process for cellulosic conversion was discovered in the 1990s – so what’s the hold up? Just not enough fruit waste in a given target area, and the proposed stand-alone refineries are limited so far to an…

“End Fossil Fuel Subsidies” Emerges as Rio+20 Theme; PANGEA Says Focus on “Best Practices” for Biofuels
July 4, 2012 – 12:23 pm | No Comment

…testers, organized by Earth Day, 350.org and youth groups attending the summit protested $1 trillion per year in subsidies that they said posed a significant barrier to the adioption of clean energy. …Meanwhile, PANGEA distributed its position paper, “Encouraging sustainable bioenergy to ensure energy access in developing countries”, … READ MORE and MORE (ThinkProgress.org/The Huffington Post) Download PANGEA paper   Excerpt…

Ethanol Report Visits Bobby Likis
July 3, 2012 – 7:01 pm | No Comment

by Cindy Zimmerman (DomesticFuel.com) This edition of “The Ethanol Report” features comments from Bobby Likis of the Bobby Likis Car Clinic Network, a radio, television and internet distributed automotive talk show that recently partnered with the Renewable Fuels Association to help educate both consumers and automotive technicians about ethanol. Likis recently visited Argonne National Labs and the Detroit Technical Campus of Ricardo Engines to…

EnergyPath 2012 Full of Inspiration
June 28, 2012 – 11:39 pm | No Comment

…use the web site for academic and career research also gained the organization a number of new and exciting volunteers. As is true of every opportunity for public interaction, we gained insights and understandings as well as distributed materials and information. Some conversations at the booth and during meals went on for an hour or more as people pulled up chairs to discuss complex questions about the roadblocks to commercialization of…

Official: Future of BCAP Could Impact Future of Energy Crops
June 25, 2012 – 7:11 pm | No Comment

by Kris Bevill (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The nearly $10 million awarded by the USDA’s Farm Service Agency to three energy crop project areas on June 13 will be the only funding distributed through the Biomass Crop Assistance Program this year and it’s unclear whether the program will be reauthorized by Congress as part of the next Farm Bill or if legislators will allow it to expire on Sept. 30. BCAP was created by Congress in the 2008 Farm…

Barley’s Biofuel Bang
June 22, 2012 – 5:58 pm | No Comment

…sts say that barley leftovers such as straw, hulls, and dried distiller grains (DDGS) can be used to produce an energy-rich product called bio-oil. Bio-oil offers several advantages. It can potentially be refined, stored and distributed with the current infrastructure of the United States to carry petroleum fuel. There’s also the possibility that consumers filling up their tanks with gas or diesel derived from bio-oil wouldn’t need special…

State’s Investment in Alternative Energy Showing Progress, Officials Say
June 12, 2012 – 3:11 pm | No Comment

…8230;Richard Bell, director of the state Department of Agriculture, which oversees the incentive program for biofuels development, said “the state has become more of a player, which we weren’t before.” He said his agency has distributed about $8.3 million through the state Alternative Fuels Development program for construction, modification or retrofitting of feedstock facilities and to alternative fuels producers and biodiesel distributors….

IEA Bioenergy Invites Feedback on Sustainability Certification of Biomass, Biofuels, and Bioenergy
June 8, 2012 – 3:07 pm | No Comment

…ceive feedback from a broad audience impacted by the sustainability certification of biomass, biofuels, and bioenergy. You are invited to provide feedback before Friday, June 15, 2012. A first analysis of the results will be distributed to participants in July. The full study reports will become available in the second half of 2012 at the websites of the participating IEA Bioenergy Tasks: • IEA Bioenergy • IEA Bioenergy Task 40, Sustainable…

Gasification May Convert Mesquite and Juniper Wood to a Usable Bioenergy
June 8, 2012 – 12:52 pm | No Comment

by Kay Ledbetter (Texas AgriLife/Southwest Farm Press) Biomass gasification is being considered as a possible technology for converting 60 million acres of Texas brush into biofuel, according to Dr. Jim Ansley, Texas AgriLife Research rangeland ecologist in Vernon. A study using an adiabatic bed gasifier to convert mesquite and redberry juniper species foundin the Southern Great Plains into usable bioenergy gases was conducted by Ansley and Dr….

DSM Enzymes for Cellulosic Ethanol Qualified by DONG Energy
June 6, 2012 – 11:44 am | No Comment

…Biomass Refinery is the world’s largest scale cellulosic ethanol demonstration plant that is currently in operation. The plant has a capacity of 1.5 million gallons a year and produces cellulosic biofuel for Statoil which is distributed via gasoline stations throughout Denmark. DSM’s enzyme cocktail is particularly effective at breaking down cellulosic biomass to component sugars while having a very high thermal stability. Because of this the…

Cellulosic Developers Make Case for Integrated Ethanol Production
June 6, 2012 – 11:39 am | No Comment

by Kris Bevill (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Corn ethanol and cellulosic ethanol have previously been viewed as entirely separate products which will be manufactured by two unique types of producers, but the concept of integrating cellulosic production into corn ethanol plants is gaining popularity as producers begin to consider the benefits of integrated production models. …Dwight Anderson, bioconversion manager Catchlight Energy LLC, said…

Sugar Rush: The Race Is on to Commercialize Low-Cost, High-Quality Sugars from Nonfood Sources
May 2, 2012 – 5:00 pm | No Comment

…advanced drop-in biofuels such as biogasoline and light and heavy diesel fractions, plus chemicals. …If enough ready-to-use sugar feedstock volumes enter the market to meet high demand, its developers understand that a distributed, modular approach is the most practical avenue to achieve economies of scale. … “We see not only supplying the technology to produce sugars, but also the modules to produce them because when you talk about…

An Analytic Advantage: A New Model Developed by University of Illinois Researchers Can Help Increase Biomass Supply Chain Efficiencies
May 2, 2012 – 4:43 pm | No Comment

…i says. …In other words, you can change the data values as you run different scenarios for different crops, regions and production methods. …“I anticipate that we will find ways to publish it in a way that can be distributed, but working with BP right now there are, of course, some intellectual property concerns,” Rodríguez says. “It’s not something that we’ll be rushing out the door with, but given the commercial interest, I think…

Innovation Turning Wood Waste into Bio-Fuel for Transportation
May 1, 2012 – 2:20 pm | No Comment

…ions in Dryden, Ontario. Known as fast pyrolysis, the technology applies heat without the use of oxygen to convert the biomass – in this case rejected wood chips. …“This has been specifically developed for small scale, distributed implementation. We’re not trying to mirror the petroleum industry here. Rather, we are looking at the economic advantages of collocating smaller systems with nearby biomass sources. Because it is small, it can…

North Dakota Research Center Demos Methanol from Wood for Off-Grid Power
April 24, 2012 – 1:24 pm | No Comment

…smission lines in remote areas, which ultimately saves utility ratepayers money,” said EERC Senior Research Advisor John Hurley. “The wood-to-fuel technology provides a renewable, nearly carbon dioxide neutral method to fuel distributed power generators.” The largely automated system uses a unique gasifier to convert the wood waste into a blended gas, which is cleaned and compressed and then passed through a gas-to-liquids reactor to convert the…

New NSF Research Grants for Bioenergy, Renewable Fuels and Energy, Bio-Based Chemicals and Renewable Chemical Process Technology
April 10, 2012 – 8:12 pm | No Comment

…rojects might include novel approaches to biomass conversion to energy; novel methods to generate energy from marine, plant, algal, and microbial bio-energy sources; microbial fuel cells; hydrogen production; and methods for distributed bio-energy production. (Cognizant Program Officer: Prakash Balan;pbalan@nsf.gov) ET3 – Renewable Fuels and Energy: Proposed projects might include development of commercially viable renewable fuel options,…

Free Ethanol Safety Seminar April 18, 2012 Chattanooga, TN
March 29, 2012 – 12:06 pm | No Comment
Free Ethanol Safety Seminar   April 18, 2012    Chattanooga, TN

…10:30 p.m. This course was developed to give first responders, hazmat teams and safety personnel an in-depth look at proper training techniques needed when responding to an ethanol-related emergency. Lunch and dinner will be provided. The Ethanol Safety Seminar is recognized as a state training program by the state of Tennessee. Certificates of participation will be distributed following the completion of the seminars. READ MORE…

The Distributed/Centralized BioProduction Approach: Sustainable Biofuels and Bioproducts Are Possible Through the Significant Reduction of Biomass Transportation Costs
March 27, 2012 – 4:53 pm | No Comment

…h existing networks of agricultural collecting points with railheads since the Depots would be able to collect and process large quantities of biomass. In either case, the benefits to overall bioproducts would be the same. Decentralized/Centralized System Benefits: By splitting precursor production from the integrated biorefinery and placing it close to the grower, the transportation conundrum can be overcome. The result would be a sustainable…

Rail Plan to Ship Ethanol Is Decried
March 9, 2012 – 1:00 pm | No Comment

…uple of rail cars, as bright flames and a plume of dark smoke engulf parts of the freight train in a still image stamped with the message: Ready for ethanol in Chelsea? The deliberately shocking image is being used in fliers distributed by Chelsea Green Space, the environmental justice component of the nonprofit Chelsea Collaborative, to sway public opinion against a proposal by Global Partners LP to ship ethanol to its petroleum storage…

Nigerian Government Agency Launches Microdistillery and Stoves to Provide Sustainable Ethanol Fuel for Household Cooking, Lighting and Small-Scale Power Generation
February 28, 2012 – 4:43 pm | No Comment

…l alternative than imported kerosene. A growing fuel supply crisis and Nigeria’s need to move to a market-based approach for fuel pricing has made this an urgent priority. The NABDA EMD will serve as a model for small-scale, distributed clean energy production in Nigeria. It will be available for widespread replication. A growing reliance on fuel ethanol will help to stabilize cassava prices. New markets for the by-products of ethanol production…

Up and Running: Retailers Respond Positively to SD Blender Pump Incentive
February 23, 2012 – 10:01 am | No Comment

…for within a couple of weeks of the Ethanol Infrastructure Incentive Program’s launch, according to South Dakota’s Energy Policy Director Hunter Roberts, leaving little doubt that the entire $950,000 budget would be quickly distributed to future blender pump retail locations. …South Dakota’s blender pump program is a five-year, $3.5 million grant program and was initiated by the state’s ethanol producers, who volunteered to redirect a…

Update on a Mobile Indirect Biomass Liquefaction System
February 1, 2012 – 3:04 pm | No Comment

…to remote off-grid sites and reformed to hydrogen to power fuel cells producing electricity. …The Energy & Environmental Research Center has developed and tested at small scales much of the technology necessary for distributed indirect liquefaction systems. With funding provided by customers of Xcel Energy through a grant from the Renewable Development Fund, and the U.S. Department of Energy through the EERC Centers for Renewable…

Synenergy Limited LLC and Allard Energy, Inc. to Revolutionize Medium-Scale Distributed Ethanol Fuel Refineries
January 25, 2012 – 4:27 pm | No Comment

…rm waste management related issues into a profit center,” said Tom Burgess, General Manager of Synenergy. Allard Energy, Inc. is a leading supplier of small- to medium-scale ethanol refineries designed to support a new distributed fuel production model. Rather than building large-scale ethanol plants, Allard’s distributed fuel production model will have many smaller modular ethanol refineries spread across a geographic region that…

The New Biofactories
January 20, 2012 – 3:00 pm | No Comment

…nge. Such artificial life forms will fundamentally change how we power the economy, bringing about a switch from fossil fuels to biological feedstocks like sugar, starch, and cellulose. Bio-manufacturing is less likely to be centralized, like petroleum refineries and ethanol plants, and will instead be more evenly distributed, like beer breweries. Cars themselves might actually become the producers of the very fuels they consume. In the spring…

From Field to Biorefinery: Computer Model Optimizes Biofuel Operations
January 19, 2012 – 3:18 pm | No Comment

…0;consider all these operations together and find out the best system, not just the best harvester or the best method of storage, but a system that works together to achieve a given goal.” READ MORE Abstract: Impact of distributed storage and pre-processing on Miscanthus production and provision systems; Abstract: “Optimization ofMiscanthus Harvesting and Handling as an Energy Crop: BioFeed Model Application;” Abstract:…

Partnership Facilitates Grease Recycling for Biodiesel Production
January 12, 2012 – 4:47 pm | No Comment

…ess to BlackGold’s innovative wastewater service,” said Emily Landsburg, CEO of BlackGold Biofuels. “In partnership with SLM, we have identified both the most cost-effective and best use for wastewater materials, eliminating confusion and headaches for kitchens and waste-haulers.” …BlackGold’s receiving facilities process the material into an intermediate product, which is then converted into biodiesel at centralized facilities, allowing…

Boosting Biofuels for Sustainable Energy and Environment
December 28, 2011 – 1:42 pm | No Comment

…ass and residues use. The BIOBOOST consortium will tackle this issue in a series of steps. They will initially focus their efforts on concentrating the energy, as the residual biomass (e.g. straw) materialises in a spatially distributed manner and contains a tiny amount of energy. Biogenous residues are converted into coke and oil at decentralised facilities; this is performed via pyrolysis or carbonisation. The products are mixed to form…

Alta Vista Securities Announces a Joint Venture for a Bioenergy Venture in the Philippines
December 27, 2011 – 3:29 pm | No Comment

…Through contract production arrangement with farmers who are farming lands in marginally productive areas in the Sierra Madre Mountain part of the provinces of Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya, Qurino, Nueva Ecija, and Quezon on Luzon Island in in the Philippines, jatropha plantation will be organized and placed under the integrated production and processing arrangement. The biodiesel processing facilities will be centralized for every 10,000…

Pact Deepens FuelCell’s Reach to Europe, S. America
December 13, 2011 – 1:06 pm | No Comment

…n Palmas Altas, Spain, using a FuelCell module and Abengoa plant design and manufacturing. FuelCell said the Abengoa deal announced Monday expands its reach further by allowing the company to attract customers such as municipalities, large industrial power users and biogas facilities in Europe and Latin America. The focus is on customers who want clean distributed generation. READ MORE…

Ethanol-Injection Systems Explained
December 8, 2011 – 10:26 am | No Comment

…aight substitute. On the opposite side of the ­ledger, ethanol has an octane rating of 100, versus 85 to 100 for gasoline, enabling much higher compression ratios. (Unleaded, 100-octane racing gas is expensive and not widely distributed. Readily available premium gas tops out at 94 octane.) And when ethanol changes from ­liquid to gas on the way to combustion, it absorbs 2.6 times more heat than gasoline, a highly beneficial cooling effect. So…

FAA Announces Alternative Energy Investments For Cleaner, More Sustainable Jet Fuel
December 2, 2011 – 3:21 pm | No Comment

…) The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is awarding $7.7 million in contracts to eight companies to help advance alternative, environmentally-friendly, sustainable sources for commercial jet fuel. The FAA funds are being distributed by the Department of Transportation’s (DOT) John A. Volpe Center. “These new green aviation fuels will use energy sources right here at home,” said U.S. Secretary of Transportation Ray LaHood. “This type of…

Honeywell and AliphaJet Commit to Commercialize Renewable Drop-in Jet Biofuels at a Dinner Hosted by Former President Jimmy Carter
December 2, 2011 – 2:51 pm | No Comment

…Instrumentation and Advanced Solutions, including its Experion® Process Knowledge System (PKS) and UniSim® process simulators and field instrumentation. “AliphaJet’s ability to produce drop-in jet fuel on a small and widely distributed basis is the perfect complement to our own in-house technologies,” said Tracey Haslam, Americas vice president, Honeywell Process Solutions. “We are very happy that Honeywell has joined our team and is investing…

Bio-Ethanol from Norwegian Timber in Statoil Fuel
November 28, 2011 – 1:10 pm | No Comment

…sugar from the timber, which becomes ethanol through fermentation. Statoil Fuel & Retail will receive its first delivery of bio-ethanol today. The ethanol will then be blended with transport fuel at Sjursøya in Oslo and distributed to Statoil-stations in the eastern region of Norway. “By mixing bio-ethanol with regular transport fuel, most of our customers will be able to use environmentally-friendly, Norwegian bio-ethanol,”…

Solar Energy Consultant Partners with Advanced Biofuel Developer
November 17, 2011 – 3:58 pm | No Comment

…c Corp. The future energy facility will hinge on the recently formed partnership between Aquaflow and Energy Parks Australia Pty, a niche consultancy specializing in the development and deployment strategies for large-scale, centralized energy parks that feature solar infrastructure, according to Jason Hague of Energy Parks Australia. The first site on the Sunshine Coast has already been chosen, and although Hague said it will take time (a…

Raleigh Gets E85 Ethanol Station
November 15, 2011 – 4:33 pm | No Comment

…8211; the 18th such facility in the state built in recent years. The Crown Express Mart on New Bern Avenue began selling the 85 percent-ethanol blend last month. The station, which also sells biodiesel made from plants. …The Crown Express Mart financed the E85 pump with a $104,000 federal grant channeled through the N.C. Department of Transportation and distributed by the N.C. Solar Center. READ MORE…

LanzaTech Makes Its First Commercial Sale
November 8, 2011 – 9:45 am | No Comment

…nzaTech this agreement is significant as it represents our first technology sale in a key strategic market and a very critical waste segment,” Dr Holmgren says. “It is estimated that global generation of MSW has risen 37% since 2007. With developing countries spending a significant portion of their available budget on solid waste management, using this waste as an energy source and deploying distributed MSW systems means we could have a real…

3rd Biomass Trade & Power February 23-24, 2012 Brussels, Belgium
October 25, 2011 – 3:21 pm | No Comment
3rd Biomass Trade & Power      February 23-24, 2012  Brussels, Belgium

…istics of Biomass/Pellets CHP Growth & Implication for Biomass Requirements You will network with: – Biomass/Pellets Producers, Traders & Importers – Biofuels Producers Importers – Utilities, Power, Distributed Power – Agriculture/Forestry/Plantation Companies – Commodity Brokers & Analysts – Wood Processing Companies – Shipping & Brokers (Dry Bulk, Biomass/Pellets) –…

New Fuel Might Mean Higher Gas Prices for Chicago
October 17, 2011 – 12:30 pm | No Comment

…includes E10 but not E15. …(David) Sykuta (executive director of the Illinois Petroleum Council) emphasized that it’s not that simple. E15 still needs the green light from the federal government before it can be distributed at all in Illinois. Pro-ethanol groups project that E15 could be on the market in early 2012. “Let’s wait for regulations on how we’re supposed to (distribute E15),” Sykuta said….

Primus Green Energy Produces Drop-In Fuel with 25% Longer Runtime; Proprietary Thermal Chemical Process Successfully Tested In Pilot Production
October 13, 2011 – 8:03 am | No Comment

…rves as a critical step making the economic case for commercial scale production.” Primus’ game-changing process for converting biomass into gasoline produces a “drop-in” fuel that can immediately and without modification be distributed, sold and consumed in exactly the same way as standard petroleum-based gasoline using existing infrastructure. The resulting drop-in fuel is cost-competitive with fossil fuels without subsidies utilizing…

The Need for a Real Domestic Alternative Energy Policy in the USA
October 4, 2011 – 1:23 pm | No Comment

…would not want their initial investments guaranteed. And also this does not mean supporting bail-outs of large banking institutions who are not a new industry, but only for infant industries. Nor does it mean remaining with centralized power plants that lose 6.5-7.5% of energy due to long distance transmission. Those things would be fallacious to the argument. What it means is that the government has a duty to utilize tax revenue in order to…

A Call for Statutory Clarity
October 3, 2011 – 4:12 pm | No Comment

…hors argue that if RFS2 is going to incentivize the deployment of advanced biofuels, then producers will need assurance that there will be no unnecessary delay or cost in the fuel waiver process to get their product sold and distributed into the fuel infrastructure. …Another issue at the forefront of discussion by advanced biofuel developers like Gevo and supporting organizations such as the ABFA is specific language found in the CAA that…

CSX, Kinder Morgan Team up for Ethanol Hub at Port of Tampa
September 20, 2011 – 1:25 pm | No Comment

…ld rail track and support infrastructure to handle 100-car unit train deliveries and a multi-product unit train offloading yard at Hooker’s Point. The new rail facilities will allow CSX (NYSE: CSX) to transport ethanol from Midwest producers to central Florida in 100-car unit trains capable of being offloaded within 24 hours to Kinder Morgan’s Tampa Terminal. It will be distributed to blend terminals and new markets via pipeline. READ MORE…

Powered by Seaweed: Polymer from Algae May Improve Battery Performance
September 16, 2011 – 8:13 am | No Comment

…yvinylidene fluoride binder manufactured using a toxic solvent. Alginates — low-cost materials that already are used in foods, pharmaceutical products, paper and other applications — are attractive because of their uniformly distributed carboxylic groups. Other materials, such as carboxymethyl cellulose, can be processed to include the carboxylic groups, but that adds to their cost and does not provide the natural uniform distribution of…

Primus Green Energy Expands Drop-In Fuel Development Plant in N.J., Increases Total Production Capacity
September 10, 2011 – 9:56 am | No Comment

…, enabling the company to build its complete, integrated thermal-chemical process. Primus’ game-changing process for converting biomass into gasoline produces a “drop-in” fuel that can immediately and without modification be distributed, sold and consumed in exactly the same way as standard petroleum-based gasoline using existing infrastructure. ”With a scalable process, technology and feedstock models and a sizable gasoline market, our…

Bioenergy Policy Planks Promote Sustainability, Fairness
August 16, 2011 – 5:52 pm | No Comment

…er pumps, and the development of advanced biofuels. In addition to creating new markets and expanding current ones for biofuel producers, the policy planks would provide important incentives that harness animal agriculture’s distributed energy generation potential. For example, policies and funding mechanisms that promote the conversion of manure from livestock operations into electrical power through anaerobic digestion would generate new…

Coal and Ethanol Are Not Alternative Energy Policy
August 10, 2011 – 10:50 am | No Comment

…is not an alternative, but a new name for an old game. It is stating that some how by adding scrubbers to a factory along with other minor updates that it then becomes environmentally sound and efficient. Yet, it is still a centralized plant losing power on the grid, … In 1990 11.8% of the electric supply was produced from renewable energy sources, while in 2005 it was only 8.9% a reduction of almost 25% of renewable energy sources. It…

Ethanol Across America Releases White Paper Laying Out Path Forward for Cellulosic Ethanol
August 9, 2011 – 10:38 am | No Comment

…best fuel coming from biomass, the importance it holds for the future of the United States’ energy mix, and the predictable and enduring government support needed to commercialize.” Produced by the Clean Fuels Foundation and distributed through the Ethanol Across America education campaign, Mr. Bolsen’s paper is part of an ongoing series that has included experts from automotive, food, environmental, and legal fields covering a range of issues…

A New Catalyst for Ethanol Made from Biomass
August 2, 2011 – 2:39 pm | No Comment

…high-powered tools called transmission electron microscopes, the team saw that the mixed oxide catalyst was made up of nanometer-sized crystalline particles. A closer look at the best-performing catalysts revealed zinc oxide distributed evenly over regions of zirconium oxide. The worst performing catalyst — with a 1:1 zinc to zirconium ratio — revealed regions of zinc oxide and regions of zirconium oxide. This suggested to the team…

Energy and Forestry Programs Examined During Farm Bill’s Title IX (Energy) Hearing
July 25, 2011 – 10:57 am | No Comment

…rding to USAD testimony, no loan guarantees have yet to be awarded. Three, there are conflicting visions of the focus for Farm Bill Energy programs between the Administration and members of Congress. There included: 1. Large centralized biorefineries ($250 loan guarantees under Section 9003 rules) versus request by members such as Chellie Pingree (D-Maine) for small scale cellulose plants and local energy programs, and 2. Requests for biomass…

CTSI Defense Energy Technology Challenge: Deadline August 5
July 18, 2011 – 12:17 pm | No Comment

…nology, challenges of implementation/adoption, positioning guidance, and potential collaboration opportunities. Key Technology Target Areas: Efficiency: Buildings, Power, Waste heat, Lighting Grid: Microgrids, Grid Security, Distributed Generation Integration, Grid Management, Storage, Sensing/Monitoring Renewables: Solar, Wind, Ocean, Hydro, Geothermal Transportation Fuels: Algae, Biomass-to-liquids, Alternative Fuels, Production/Refining…

Biofuels 2.0
July 15, 2011 – 9:30 am | No Comment

…e model failed. That is to say, the prescriptive nature of the mandates, which focused on expectations that specific fuels would be developed (e.g. cellulosic ethanol), in specific timeframes (the RFS schedule), and would be distributed at precisely designed blend ratios (E10 and E85, and nothing in between). That is to say, the prescriptive nature of the R&D investments by DOE, which focused on scaling cellulosic ethanol, with scant work on…

Can California Renewables Survive Democracy?
June 29, 2011 – 6:40 pm | No Comment

…Attending stakeholders immediately set to work recording their concerns onto forms provided by the Commission until group discussions led by Commission facilitators began. …Several groups talked enthusiastically about distributed renewables. Apparently unaware of the state’s many renewables initiatives, many said California’s investment in utility-scale development should go to taxpayers for rooftop solar, solar water heating and other…

The Island of Misfit Materials
June 29, 2011 – 4:03 pm | No Comment

…oming from some biodiesel operators who have been producing a pure enough glycerine for sale into the industrial glycerin market – many biodiesel operators haven’t been ablr to produce it at sufficient purity and it has been distributed at very little value into the feed market, or even landfilled. Along comes the GlycosBio fermentation magic. Using pathways engineered through non-pathogenic microorganisms, the company has developed microbial…

World’s First Self-Powered Modular Cellulose Ethanol Refinery Announced
June 27, 2011 – 12:01 pm | No Comment

…s operates as a closed-loop system that minimizes waste and fully utilizes all parts of the feedstock. Water is cleansed and recycled back into the system. The new self-powered modular cellulose ethanol refinery allows for a distributed fuel production model that overcomes all of the issues facing large-scale refineries by creating numerous smaller-scale plants that are not dependent on significant infrastructure, nor are their locations…

2011 Biomass Program Peer Review Meetings Final Meetings June 27-28, 2011 Chrystal City, VA
June 24, 2011 – 9:33 am | No Comment
2011 Biomass Program Peer Review Meetings  Final Meetings June 27-28, 2011 Chrystal City, VA

…ation) Wei Wei GE 2011 Thermochemical Review Feedstock Treatments for Thermal Reactors (Abstract, Presentation) Shahab Sokhansanj Oak Ridge National Lab 2011 Thermochemical Review Dual Layer Monolith ATR of Pyrolysis Oil for Distributed Synthesis Gas Production (Presentation) Adeniyi Lawal Stevens Institute of Technology 2011 Thermochemical Review Evaluation of the Relative Merits of Herbacious and Woody Crops for Use in Tuneable Thermochemical…

Fuels of the Future: The Bioalcohol Paradigm
June 6, 2011 – 6:12 pm | No Comment

…in these slides supports Advanced Biofuels USA’s mission to promote understanding, development and use of advanced biofuels. These slides are for public consumption and can be duplicated, replicated, modified, adapted, distributed, transmitted, and/or shared as seen fit by the reader. This slide presentation is one element in a series of white papers and slide presentations prepared for Advanced Biofuels USA. Our purpose is to provide a…

3-Way Partnership Formed to Commercialize Biodiesel-Fueled Genset
May 26, 2011 – 9:39 am | No Comment

…nership between Angel Labs LLC, Industrial Green Power Inc. and Titan Biodiesel was forged whereby Angel Labs will deliver to market its ultra-efficient, six-inch “Massive Yet Tiny” (MYT) engine to power a 40 kilowatt genset distributed by Industrial Green Power Inc., powered by biodiesel fuel supplied by Titan Biodiesel. … The MYT-6 engine can be applied to benefit virtually any engine application, from ships to small generators. When…

Beyond Food vs. Fuel: FAO Finds Integrated Food and Energy Farming Could Save the Poor and the Planet
May 17, 2011 – 7:14 am | No Comment

…bal comeback. So far the movement hasn’t reached corporate farms, but it is being rapidly embraced by small farmers even in the US. In India, the key state of Uttar Pradesh has abandoned the transportation-intensive model of centralized biofuel processing and now teaches farmers to make biodiesel from Jatropha and other oilseeds on the farm, to provide for their own energy needs and serve as a source of income. Oilseed trees like Jatropha,…

Call for Proposals 12th National Conference on Science, Policy and the Environment: Environment and Security January 18-20, 2012 Washington, DC Deadline June 27, 2011
May 16, 2011 – 1:18 pm | No Comment
Call for Proposals 12th National Conference on Science, Policy and the Environment: Environment and Security    January 18-20, 2012    Washington, DC  Deadline June 27, 2011

…icipant group discussion to develop a set of ~8 outcomes – a new initiative, a new partnership or collaboration, recommendations for action, or a “follow-up” activity. These outcomes will be synthesized and distributed to the Obama administration, Congress, state and local government, business, non-profit organizations, colleges and universities, and others. Follow-up activities will be supported and facilitated if possible….

Biofuels: Ethical Issues
April 13, 2011 – 2:21 pm | No Comment

…fuels should develop in accordance with trade principles that are fair and recognise the rights of people to just reward (including labour rights and intellectual property rights). 5. Costs and benefits of biofuels should be distributed in an equitable way. 6. If the first five principles are respected and if biofuels can play a crucial role in mitigating dangerous climate change then, depending on certain key considerations, there is a duty to…

KiOR Files $100M IPO – The Complete Digest Analysis
April 13, 2011 – 11:01 am | No Comment

…ruction for our project by September 30, 2011. To date, we only have received a term sheet from the DOE for a loan guarantee to support the construction of these planned four standard commercial production facilities and the centralized hydrotreating facility at an estimated project cost of over $1 billion. We now are in the due diligence phase of negotiation with the DOE for the loan guarantee. … The offtake agreement with Hunt Refining…