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Tag "renewable volume obligation (RVO)"

Vilsack: Fuel Trend Should Guide EPA Ethanol Ruling

by Christopher Doering (Des Moines Register)  Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack said Thursday a recent uptick in gasoline consumption should be considered by the Environmental Protection Agency when it determines how

April 4, 2014 Read Full Article

No Logic in Blaming Ethanol for High Gas Prices

by Bob Dinneen (Renewable Fuels Association/US News and World Report)  Ethanol is less expensive than gas, and consumers will benefit more if it’s used. Logic is nowhere to be seen

April 4, 2014 Read Full Article

Veteran Farmer Says EPA RFS Proposal Will Likely Undermine Conservation Efforts

by Kevin Jeffries (25 x ’25)  …  Lower demand for renewable fuels means lower prices for corn, soybeans and other crops. Generally, producers account for lower prices by shifting to more

April 4, 2014 Read Full Article

DSM to Make Biofuel by July as EPA Considers Cutting Requirement

by Ehren Goossens  (Bloomberg BusinessWeek)  Royal DSM NV (DSM), the world’s largest vitamin manufacturer, expects to begin producing cellulosic ethanol in the U.S. by July as the government considers reducing

April 3, 2014 Read Full Article

U.S. EPA Head Defends Proposed Cuts in Biofuel Target for 2014

by Ayesha Rascoe (Reuters)  U.S. energy markets cannot absorb the levels of biofuels required by law to be blended into the fuel supply in 2014, Environmental Protection Agency head Gina McCarthy said

April 2, 2014 Read Full Article

Vilsack Outlines 3-Pronged RFS, U.S. Ethanol Strategy

by Jeannine Otto (AgriNews)  Defend, expand, export. … “We need to make sure that people understand this entire standard is under attack. Folks in Congress, some folks in Congress, would like

April 2, 2014 Read Full Article

World-Herald Editorial: Wait Is Ending for Cellulosic

(Omaha World-Herald)  … The first commercial production of cellulosic ethanol began in 2013, and this year biomass plants in Iowa will be taking the lead in expanding capacity. The facilities will

April 1, 2014 Read Full Article

Estimating Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Proposed Changes to the Renewable Fuel Standard Through 2022

by Brent Erickson, Matt Carr, and Paul Winters (Industrial Biotechnology)  The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has proposed a significant change to the US Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) for 2014 and

March 26, 2014 Read Full Article

Moving Toward a Clean and Renewable Future

by Bob Dinneen (Ethanol Producer Magazine/Renewable Fuels Association)  The success of cellulosic ethanol is critical to the success of all renewables. We will continue fighting to keep the renewable fuel

March 18, 2014 Read Full Article

National Biodiesel Day Celebrates Growth in America's Advanced Biofuel

(National Biodiesel Board)  Biodiesel Offers Renewable Alternative to Fuel Economy You wouldn’t be reading this if it weren’t for diesel power. Diesel engines are responsible for moving the majority of

March 18, 2014 Read Full Article

Ethanol Backers Tout Fuel’s Many Benefits for Nebraska

by Jerry Oster (WNAX, Yankton/Nebraska Radio)  … Todd Becker, president of the Omaha-based Green Plains Renewable Energy, says corn-based ethanol is continuing to have an enormous impact on the state’s economy.

March 18, 2014 Read Full Article

It’s Not a Sprint: Achieving Biofuel Goals Requires the Effort of a Marathon

(25 x ’25)   EPA’s release this week of the latest rule governing vehicle emissions and fuel standards is a reminder that while regulations can raise the profile of biofuels, there are no

March 7, 2014 Read Full Article

Biodiesel's Added Value: Time to Get Back on Message

by Michael Devine  (AMERIgreen Energy/Biodiesel Magazine)  …As a veteran of biodiesel marketing and distribution over the past decade, my first suggestion for the current state of the biodiesel industry is

March 6, 2014 Read Full Article

Biodiesel Finds Allies at Commodity Classic

by John Davis (DomesticFuel.com)  …Joe (Jobe, CEO of the National Biodiesel Board) is really perplexed at the cut to the share of biodiesel in the Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS) considering how

March 6, 2014 Read Full Article

Will the EPA Reverse Itself on the Write Down of the Renewable Mandate for 2014? The Message from the RINs Market

by Scott Irwin (FarmDocDaily/University of Illinois)  … The purpose of today’s post is to show that the recent behavior of prices in the RINs market suggests the odds of the EPA

March 4, 2014 Read Full Article

POET-DSM Says Iowa Cellulosic Ethanol Plant Running by June

by Michael Hirtzer (Reuters)  An Iowa ethanol plant that will be one of the first producers of biofuels made from crop waste will be operating by June, a general manager

March 4, 2014 Read Full Article

'There Needs to Be a Market'

by Donnelle Eller and Christopher Doering (Des Moines Register)  The future of the cellulosic ethanol industry depends on convincing investors that the market for its product will grow. The EPA

February 24, 2014 Read Full Article

Square Pump, Round Fuel

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …Flash-forward to today: the American Petroleum Institute rallies the Panzers to repel the landing of renewable fuels — bringing alternative choices for consumers at affordable

February 24, 2014 Read Full Article

Mark Dayton and Terry Branstad: Don’t Mess with the RFS

by Mark Dayton and Terry Branstad (Winona Daily News)  We are governors from neighboring states and different political parties. We don’t agree on everything, but we stand united in our

February 24, 2014 Read Full Article

US EPA to Finalize 2014 Renewable Fuel Standard by June 20: Official

by Herman Wang (Platts)  The US Environmental Protection Agency will finalize the 2014 Renewable Fuel Standard in about four months, a top official said Wednesday. “Our goal was to finalize

February 20, 2014 Read Full Article

Big Oil to Ethanol: Build Your Own Dang Distribution, If You Think E85 Has Blend-Wall Busting Potential

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Reform, repeal or compete: the options laid out for ethanol by Big Oil by Marathon’s Product Supply & Optimization Director in a frank keynote at

February 20, 2014 Read Full Article

EPA's New Ethanol Proposal Could Affect Local Farmers

by Samantha Jeffreys (WREX)  The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal to reduce the amounts of ethanol that must be blended with gasoline could have a big effect on local farmers. …

February 18, 2014 Read Full Article

American Ingenuity Will Help Meet Climate Goals

by Adam Monroe (Novozymes/The Hill) …In our view, the fuels of the future are biofuels and they are already here.  There’s only one problem: The very institution that set the

February 18, 2014 Read Full Article

Corn Growers Worry about Price Decline if RFS Is Reduced

by Mikkel Pates (Agweek) Crop farmers in the northern corn belt who have benefited from ethanol targets are putting on a push to save the current renewable fuel standard (RFS) from proposed

February 14, 2014 Read Full Article

Iowa Corn Growers Says Informa Study Backs Higher RFS Volumes

(WNAX) A new study by Informa Economics shows the original intended RFS level for 2014 blending of 14.4 billion gallons can be reached through increased consumption of E 85 and

February 14, 2014 Read Full Article

Don’t Go Backward on Biofuels

by Senator Charles Grassley (R-IA) and Senator Maria Cantwell (D-WA) (The Hill)  … Now is not the time to slam the brakes on 21st century alternative, domestic energy breakthroughs that would

February 13, 2014 Read Full Article

Powerful, Personal, Pro-RFS Comments to EPA

(Renewable Fuels Association)  As of today, approximately 40,000 Americans from all walks of life have submitted comments to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) voicing their opposition to the Agency’s proposed

February 13, 2014 Read Full Article

DuPont: “Future Fuel” Cellulosic Ethanol Here Today

by John Davis and Joanna Schroeder (DomesticFuel.com)  Cellulosic ethanol is not just a fuel of the future; it’s here today. And at the recent 8th Annual Iowa Renewable Fuels Summit

February 13, 2014 Read Full Article

Vets Group Says EPA Should Stand up to Big Oil, Stand up for US Military

by Jon LeSage   (AutoBlogGreen)  Hundreds of thousands of people are waiting for the US Environmental Protection Agency to issue its final ruling on the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS). Over

February 11, 2014 Read Full Article

Attorney General Says EPA Action on Ethanol Not Legal

by Matt Kelley  (RadioIowa)  Legions of people lately have pleaded in public hearings for the federal Environmental Protection Agency to maintain the amount of ethanol required to be blended into

February 5, 2014 Read Full Article

Answers to Your Questions about the Renewable Fuel Standard: Your Guide to the Comments Received by EPA

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … More than 15,000 comments were received by EPA.  What is the problem that led to a waiver petition? Why does EPA propose to act and

February 5, 2014 Read Full Article

Advanced Biofuels USA Submits Comments on EPA's RFS RVO Proposed Rule

by Robert Kozak (Advanced Biofuels USA)  In regard to the determination of the Applicable Volume of ethanol and other biofuels allowed for Renewable Identification Number (RIN) credits in 2014, Advanced

January 20, 2014 Read Full Article

Evaluating EPA's Arguments for RFS Waiver Authority

by Jonathan Coppess (FarmDocDaily)  …The heart of the matter is whether the waiver authority Congress provided to the EPA allows it to waive the specific RFS requirements on the basis of

January 20, 2014 Read Full Article

Webinar: The Role of the Renewable Fuels Standard and Renewable Identification Numbers in Driving Biofuels Production and Technology Development January 24, 2014 2:00PM ET

  Webinar:  The Role of the Renewable Fuels Standard and Renewable Identification Numbers in Driving Biofuels Production and Technology Development   January 24, 2014    2:00PM ET

The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) is the most effective policy tool to date to simultaneously reduce our dependence on foreign oil, expand production of renewable fuels and give future generations

January 16, 2014 Read Full Article

Low-Cost Biodiesel Production

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  As federal biodiesel policy uncertainty rises, low-cost biodiesel production with new technologies to allow processing of cheaper, lower quality feedstocks, is paramount. Biodiesel Magazine provides

January 15, 2014 Read Full Article

The Time Is Now for Farmers to Comment

by Meghan Grebner (Browfield Ag News)  There’s just a few weeks left for farmers to submit comments on the Environmental Protection Agency’s proposed cuts to the Renewable Fuels Standard. The

January 14, 2014 Read Full Article

Record Corn Crop Gets Little Reaction

by Tom Bryan (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  For all the media melodrama displayed at this time last year when the USDA released its tally on the drought-suppressed 2012 corn crop, there’s

January 14, 2014 Read Full Article

New University Analysis: No Changes Needed to 2014 and 2015 Renewable Fuel Requirements

(KTIC Blogs)  The Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) proposal to slash 2014 Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) blending requirements is unwarranted and economically irrational, according to a new analysis released today by

January 6, 2014 Read Full Article

Top Five Energy Stories for 2013

by  Laura Barron-Lopez (The Hill E2Wire) … 5. Retreat on Ethanol   —  The debate over the country’s renewable fuel mandate, which determines how much ethanol and biofuels refiners must blend into

January 2, 2014 Read Full Article

Troubling Advanced RIN Carryover Scenario under RFS Proposal

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  In a recent farmdocDaily post, Nick Paulson, assistant professor in the University of Illinois Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics, addresses renewable identification number (RIN) stocks and the

January 2, 2014 Read Full Article

Brazil’s Ethanol Sector, Once Thriving, Is Being Buffeted by Forces Both Man-Made, Natural

by Juan Forero (The Washington Post) … The allure for these giants is Brazil itself, where most cars are built to run on the biofuel. An even bigger, largely untapped market awaits

January 2, 2014 Read Full Article

Ethanol Loses Friends and Influence as Reform Movement Grows

by Javier E. David  (CNBC)  Ethanol requirements for U.S. gasoline appear to be losing friends and influencing the wrong people, with calls growing to reform or scrap the government mandates

December 30, 2013 Read Full Article

EPA’s Christmas Gift to the Oil Refiners

by Brent Erickson (Biotechnology Industry Organization/Biofuels Digest)  The Obama administration appears ready to give the oil refining industry the perfect gift this Christmas. If left unchanged, EPA’s proposed RFS rule

December 30, 2013 Read Full Article

EPA Agrees to 'Take Another Look' at Biofuel Blending Rules – Harkin

by Cezary Podkul (Reuters)  * 16 farm-state Senators urge agency not to cut biofuel blending quotas; * Despite EPA administrator’s assurances, major changes unlikely – expert; * EPA seeks to put biofuel blending

December 26, 2013 Read Full Article

KiOR Provides Operational Update on Columbus Facility

(MarketWatch/KiOR)  KiOR, Inc., provided today (December 23, 2013) an update on the operations at its Columbus, Mississippi, facility. KiOR expects that, given current and anticipated operations through the remainder of

December 26, 2013 Read Full Article

Branstad, Five Other Governors Lobby President for Higher Ethanol Mandate

by Donnelle Eller  (Des Moines Register)  Six Midwestern governors sent a letter to President Barack Obama expressing their support for the Renewable Fuel Standard, which his administration has proposed scaling

December 23, 2013 0 comment Read Full Article

CoBank Report Considers Implications of 2014 RFS Proposal

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  CoBank, a national cooperative bank serving rural American industries, has published a report predicting that the U.S. EPA’s proposed 2014 renewable fuel standard (RFS)

December 23, 2013 Read Full Article

A Concern with the EPA

by Rep. Emanuel Cleaver II (Marshall Democrat News) … I am very concerned with the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) recent decision to reduce the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) requirement for next year. It

December 18, 2013 Read Full Article

Corn Plummeting Spurs Talk of ’80s U.S. Farmland Bust: Mortgages

by Kathleen M. Howley (Bloomberg)  … Now, as corn prices start to decline, bankers and agricultural economists are predicting a slowdown in farmland prices that could turn into a bust. “I

December 18, 2013 Read Full Article

54 U.S. Representatives Call for Continued Biodiesel Growth

(National Biodiesel Board)  Bipartisan Group Signs Letter Calling for Strong RFS Fifty-four members of Congress representing 24 states called on the Obama Administration Wednesday to boost its proposal for biodiesel

December 18, 2013 Read Full Article

Analyst Offers Sobering Ethanol Outlook

by Cindy Zimmerman (DomesticFuel.com)  AgResource Company president Dan Basse looked at the year in review for grain markets and gave his outlook for the future at the American Seed Trade

December 17, 2013 0 comment Read Full Article

Webinar: RFS RVO EPA Comments December 17, 2014 Noon ET

  Webinar:  RFS RVO EPA Comments   December 17, 2014    Noon ET

(American Coalition for Ethanol)  Brian Jennings, executive vice president for the American Coalition for Ethanol, said the advocacy group will be hosting a webinar at 11:00 a.m. (CST) on Dec.

December 16, 2013 Read Full Article

Iowa Officials Seek Hearing on Renewable Fuel Standard Changes

by James Q. Lynch (Quad City Times)  Citing national security as well as benefits for clean air, the economy and consumers, Iowa political leaders are urging the Obama administration to travel

December 16, 2013 Read Full Article

RFS Proposals to Increase GHG Emissions?

(EnergyGlobal)  In light of the proposed rule for the 2014 RFS, BIO have utilised the GREET 1.2013 model to estimate the changes in petroleum demand and the associated CO2 equivalent emissions

December 13, 2013 Read Full Article

Ethanol Makers Looking for Export Boost

(St. Louis Post Dispatch/Omaha.com)  U.S. ethanol makers will be looking to boost exports of the fuel if the federal government, as expected, scales back the amount mandated for use in

December 11, 2013 Read Full Article

Ad Campaign Aims to Recruit Speakers against RFS Proposal

by Chris Hanson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Americans United for Change launched an advertising campaign to urge farmers, ethanol industry workers, related industries and American consumers to voice their concerns on

December 10, 2013 Read Full Article

EPA Caves to the Petroleum Industry, Could Cost Taxpayers

by Laura Sesana  (The Washington Times) The petroleum industry’s renewed campaign against Congressionally mandated increasing levels of ethanol in gasoline appears to be working. The result, however—EPA’s proposal to reduce ethanol

December 9, 2013 Read Full Article

This Is No Time to Cut Back on Ethanol Targets

by Bob Dinneen (Renewable Fuels Association/The Boston Globe) letter to editor:  … But oil companies, as the Globe’s editorial acknowledges, “never wanted the hassle” of renewable fuels. Indeed, that’s exactly why

December 6, 2013 Read Full Article

Save The RFS Ad Debutes in Iowa

by Joanna Schroeder (DomesticFuel.com)  A new “Save the RFS” television ad is now running throughout Iowa, a key state in Presidential elections. The ad was produced by Americans United For

December 6, 2013 Read Full Article

Dinneen: RFS Not for Big Oil’s Convenience

by John Davis (DomesticFuel.com)  The case for keeping the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) as-is is being made today at an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) hearing in Arlington, Va. Our friends

December 6, 2013 Read Full Article

Another Battle Looms in the Endless Ethanol War

by Clare Foran (National Journal)  The debate over the renewable-fuel standard flared up again this week ahead of a hearing

December 5, 2013 Read Full Article

Nightmare Scenario: Renewable Fuels’ Defenders Pull out the Stops to Persuade EPA to Continue the War on Imported Oil

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Today, the EPA has scheduled a day of testimony on its proposed 2014 Renewable Fuel

December 5, 2013 Read Full Article

Renewable Fuel Standard; Petitions for a Waiver Published in Federal Register

(Federal Register/Environmental Protection Agency)  EPA has received a number of petitions for a waiver of the renewable fuel standards that

December 2, 2013 Read Full Article

Renewable Fuel Standard Program; 2014 Standards Proposed Rule Published in Federal Register

(Federal Register/Environmental Protection Agency)  Under section 211(o) of the Clean Air Act, the Environmental Protection Agency is required to set

December 2, 2013 Read Full Article

“We The People” Support of the RFS

by Joanna Schroeder (DomesticFuel.com)  … Rep. Cheri Bustos (D-IL) along with Representative Kristi Noem (R-S.D.) have written a letter for Environmental

November 27, 2013 Read Full Article

It Isn’t Only Corn: Brazilian Sugar Cane Ethanol Worries about Changes in RFS

by Herman Wang (Platts)  Much of the rhetoric surrounding the US Renewable Fuel Standard centers around the notion of home-grown

November 25, 2013 Read Full Article

Big Oil Reaps $23 Billion Windfall – In One Day

(Americans United for Change)  What a difference a day makes for Big Oil.  The oil industry scored a big victory

November 25, 2013 Read Full Article

Lewinsky’s Dress Syndrome and the EPA Biofuels Debacle

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  So, the EPA hands down cruel cutbacks in renewable fuel targets as the Administration reels

November 25, 2013 Read Full Article

Public Hearing for the 2014 Standards for the Renewable Fuel Standard Program December 5, 2013 Arlington, VA

  Public Hearing for the 2014 Standards for the Renewable Fuel Standard Program   December 5, 2013  Arlington, VA

(Federal Register) The EPA is announcing a public hearing to be held for the proposed rule 2014 Standards for the Renewable

November 22, 2013 Read Full Article

Examining EPA’s Authority to Reduce RFS Volume Requirements

by Holly Jessen (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The Renewable Fuels Association held a media teleconference Nov. 21, to address the issue

November 22, 2013 Read Full Article

Many Have Stake in Maintaining RFS Certainty

(25 x ’25)  Disappointment, outrage, confusion, “betrayal,” “punch to the gut,” “pulls the rug out,” “huge step backwards” – all

November 22, 2013 Read Full Article

Ethanol Industry Examines Implications of Record Corn Crop

by Susanne Retka Schill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The record corn supply has multiple implications for the ethanol industry. The USDA’s

November 21, 2013 Read Full Article

CARD Report: Altering RFS Would Have Modest Effect on Corn Prices

by Holly Jessen (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  A new paper from the Center for Agricultural and Rural Development at Iowa State University indicates

November 21, 2013 Read Full Article

32 US Senators Urge Administration to Support Biodiesel Growth

(National Biodiesel Board/Biodiesel Magazine)  A bipartisan group of 32 U.S. senators from across the country sent a letter Nov. 14

November 21, 2013 Read Full Article

The Biofuels Renewable Fuel Standard at a Crossroads

by Wallace E. Tyner (PennEnergy/Purdue University)  … So what is behind the differences in both my suggested values and the EPA

November 21, 2013 Read Full Article

Proposed Rules for 2014 RFS – A Volume of Uncertainty

by Seth Meyer and Rob Johansson (US Department of Agriculture/FarmDocDaily)  …Alternatively, if the EPA’s estimates of the potential for E85 consumption are

November 21, 2013 Read Full Article

Editorial, 11/20: Ethanol a Key Part of Energy Mix

(Journal Star)  … There’s little doubt  the industry is under attack by a misguided and misinformed alliance of tea party Republicans

November 21, 2013 Read Full Article

FEATURE: US Ethanol Producers Look to Exports, if 2014 RFS Caps Domestic Demand

by Herman Wang  (Platts)  Even before the US Environmental Protection Agency signaled last week that it planned to cut its

November 21, 2013 Read Full Article

Continued Biodiesel Growth Jeopardized by EPA's 2014 RFS Proposal

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine) The U.S. biodiesel industry has grown significantly this year, but if the U.S. EPA’s final 2014

November 20, 2013 Read Full Article

Veterans Enter Fight for RFS

by Joanna Schroeder (DomesticFuel.com)  Two new organizations have entered the fight for the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) today as concerns

November 20, 2013 Read Full Article

Branstad Launches a New Website to Support Ethanol, Biodiesel Use in Fuel Supply

by Donnelle Eller (Des Moines Register)  Gov. Terry Branstad and Lt. Gov. Kim Reynolds today launched a new website to

November 20, 2013 Read Full Article

Vilsack Defends EPA’s Slashing of RFS

by John Davis (DomesticFuel.com)  Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack is defending the Obama Administration’s proposal to cut the 2014 Renewable

November 19, 2013 Read Full Article

Obama Messes with the RFS

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Washington, the EPA released its 2014 proposed standards and volumes for renewable fuels. The volumes, as

November 18, 2013 Read Full Article

EPA Authority to Reduce the RFS

by Jonathan Coppess (FarmDocDaily)  … The statute provides EPA with the authority to waive a requirement for an individual calendar year

November 8, 2013 Read Full Article

Reduction to 2014 RVOs Would be a Financial Windfall for Big Oil

by Geoff Cooper (Renewable Fuels Association)  Big Oil has developed a laundry list of excuses for failing to break through

November 8, 2013 Read Full Article

Biofuel Groups Seek to Intervene in Latest Legal Challenge to RFS

(Agri-Pulse)  The Renewable Fuels Association, Growth Energy and the Biotechnology Industry Organization filed Friday a motion with the U.S. Court

November 5, 2013 Read Full Article

Fuel-From-Soy Makers Mount Last-Ditch Lobby Push on EPA

by Mark Drajem (Bloomberg)  Companies that make biofuels from corn husks, soy and other materials are mounting a last-ditch lobbying campaign

November 5, 2013 Read Full Article

The DIY Renewable Fuel Standard

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Biobutanol, ethanol, renewable diesel, renewable gasoline and biodiesel — five renewable fuels.   By what combination

November 1, 2013 Read Full Article

Ethanol, Oil Groups Blitz White House as Biofuel Rule Nears

by Cezary Podkul  (Reuters) Biofuel and oil industry lobbyists have raced to the White House over the past two weeks in

October 31, 2013 Read Full Article

Journey to the Center of the Renewable Fuel Standard

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The pressure has risen to 30 atmospheres and the temperatures are rising into the hundreds

October 30, 2013 Read Full Article

Ethanol Industry Refutes AAA Claims

by Cindy Zimmerman (DomesticFuel.com)  The American Automobile Association (AAA) is calling on the Environmental Protection Agency to “lower the amount of ethanol

October 29, 2013 Read Full Article

Iowa Renewable Fuels Association Releases E15 Sales Data, Declares E10 Blend Wall Dead

(Iowa Renewable Fuels Association/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  On the heels of surging E15 and E85 sales, the Iowa Renewable Fuels Association

October 28, 2013 Read Full Article

Businesses Flock to White House ahead of Biofuel Rule

by Julian Hattem  (The Hill Reg Watch) Officials at the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) have been busy meeting

October 28, 2013 Read Full Article

US EPA's 2014 RFS Volume Draft Proposal Misses the Boat

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine) The U.S. EPA’s 2014 renewable fuel standard (RFS) volume obligation proposal is under review by the

October 23, 2013 Read Full Article

EPA Considers U.S. Ethanol Mandate Cut Amid Complaints

by Mark Drajem & Lucia Kassai (Bloomberg)  The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is considering scaling back legal requirements on the use of ethanol

October 14, 2013 Read Full Article

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BioRefineries/Renewable Fuel Production Biorefinery Assistance Program (BAP) Biorefinery Renewable Chemical Biobased Product Mfgr Assistance BioRenewable-1 (BR-1) BioSNG Biotechnology birch black carbon black grease black liquor black locust blender blender pumps Blenders Credit blending blendstock Blend wall blockchain blue carbon boat fuel Bolivia bolt-on Bonaire bonds book-and-claim border tax Borneo Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana BQ-9000 Brachiaria bracken brackish water Brassica Brazil breweries British Columbia broker brownfields brown grease Brunei Btu's BTX (Benzene Toluene Xylene) Bu12.5 Bu16 Budget building block chemicals Bulgaria bunker oil Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Burkina Faso Burma Burundi buses business law business resources butadiene Butane butanediol butanol/biobutanol butanol emissions butyl acetate c C3 sugar C5 sugar C6 sugar Cabo Verde cactus cagaita calibration California California Air Resources Board (CARB) Cambodia Camelina camels Cameroon Canada canarygrass Canary Islands canary reed grass candle nut cannabis canola/rapeseed canola straw cap-and-invest cap-and-trade carbohydrates carbon carbon-efficient fuels carbon capture and storage (CCS) carbon capture and utilization (CCU) carbon cost carbon credit carbon credit markets carbon cycle carbon debt Carbon Dioxide (CO2) carbon efficiency carbon emissions carbon fiber Carbon Intensity (CI) carbon life cycle carbon markets Carbon Monoxide (CO) carbon negative carbon neutrality carbon offsets carbon price carbon recycling carbon sequestration carbon sink carbon tax carbon tax-and-dividend Carbon tax border adjustments carbon user fee Carbon Utilization and Biogas Education Program carcinogens cardoon Caribbean carinata/brassica carinata carob cashew cashew apple CASI CAS Registry Cassava cassava price cassava pulp cassava stalk castor bean castor stalk catalysis catalysts catalytic decarboxylation catalytic hydrothermal conversion-to-jet (CHCJ) catalytic hydrothermal gasification catalytic hydrothermolysis jet CHJ pathway cattle cavitation CBD (cannabidiol) cell culturing cellulase enzymes cellulose cellulosic biofuel Cellulosic biomass cellulosic diesel Cellulosic ethanol cellulosic ethanol price cellulosic feedstock cellulosic production tax credit cellulosic sugars Cellulosic Tax Credit cellulosic waiver credit cement Central African Republic Central America Certificate Program certification certification fuels cesium cetane Chad change in soil condition charging stations CHCJ-5 Chesapeake Bay chicken feathers chickens Chile China chitin chufa/cyperus esculents/nutsedge CIA circular economy citrus citrus greening disease Citrus Peel clean air Clean Air Act (CAA) clean diesel Clean Fuel Standard/Policy Clean Power Plan (CPP) Clean Water Act climate change Climate Change Adaptation climate change effects climate change mitigation climate legislation climate smart agriculture closed-loop system Clostridium thermocellum cloud point clover CNG Conversion kit co co-generation co-location co-operative Co-op Extension co-processing co-products CO2 Sequestration coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) coastal habitat conservation coastal hay Coast Guard cobalt cock's foot cocoa Coconut coffee coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold-tolerance cold flow college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG / R-CNG) compression-ignition engine compression ratios computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology cooking fuel cook stoves cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 copper coppice cordgrass corn-based products corn/maize corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crimes Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cuphea cup plant currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D5 (5%DME) D20 (20%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date palm date palm pits Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization Delaware DeltaWing demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices diethyl ether digital Digital Biology dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct-to-fuel direct air capture directed evolution direct injection Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME Dominican Republic double cropping Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop- drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e-diesel e-LNG e-methanol E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E2 E3 E4 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E40 E50 E55 E75 E78 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED95 educatio education educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric grid electricity electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electricity price electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) end user Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylene ethyl levulinate (EL) ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication externalities extremophiles f F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose flameleaf sumac flavors flax Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) French fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery GREET model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP h Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawaii hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) HFS-SIP hibiscus High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrids hydrocarbon fuels hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogenolysis hydrogen price hydrogen pumps hydropower hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indiana Indian beech tree Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial ethanol industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insects insurance integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine International international balance of payments International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Alternative Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kero kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land prices land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars Lipid liquefaction liquid liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M3 M15 M50 M100 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Biofuel marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts mass balance standard Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methan methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks methanization Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methanol price Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum Monaco Mongolia mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol nahar Namibia nano nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Transportation Safety Board Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota Northeast northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Northwest Territories Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds NTSB nuclear Nunavut nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins olive cake olive oil olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peak oil demand peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin peela kaner pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Flex Fuel Hybrid Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poland poli Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter/waste power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the 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renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) RenovaBio replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog smokestack soap Social social benefit investing social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soi soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar-to-fuels solar biofuels solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solaris solid oxide fuel cell Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve STrategiv Petroleum Reserve straw students su sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugarcane sugarcane prices sugarcane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic liquified gas (SLG) synthetic methane Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course Technical Readiness Levels techno-economic analysis technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion thermochemical liquefaction Tibet Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey UCOME (Used Cooking Oil Methyl Ester) Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) Ultra Low Sulfur Fuel Oil (ULSFO) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils vehicles miles traveled (VMT) Velocys Venezuela Vermont Victoria video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volunteers w waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil wastewater water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass wheat prices wheat straw whey whisky white grease White House wildlife habitat willow wind energy wine wastage/grape marc winter crops Wisconsi Wisconsin Wood woody biomass World Bank World Trade Organization (WTO) Wyoming XTL xylan xylene xylose yard waste yeast yellow grease yellowhorn tree Yemen yields Yukon Zambia Zanzibar zein zeolites Zimbabwe zinc

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