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Final CAFE-GHG Rule Impedes Biofuel Development and Use

(25 x '25)  The nearly 2,000-page final rule establishing federal corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) and greenhouse gas (GHG) standards for light

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RFS Waiver Comment Period Extended

by Joanna Schroeder (DomesticFuel.com)  The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has issued a 15 day extension of the comment period on the requests for

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EPA’s Jackson Pressed on Four-Gallon-Minimum Mandate of Ethanol Blend

(PJ Tatler)  Republicans on the House Science, Space and Technology Committee are going after the EPA’s recent decision to mandate

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Ethanol Mandate Waiver: Decks Stacked Against Petitioners

by Marlo Lewis (GlobalWarming.org)  The Governors of Georgia, Texas, Arkansas, Delaware, Maryland, New Mexico, and North Carolina have petitioned EPA Administrator Lisa Jackson to waive the mandatory ethanol blending requirements established by

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EPA, DOT Finalize Fuel Efficiency Rule, Address Biofuel Comments

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The U.S. EPA and U.S. Department of Transportation finalized new fuel efficiency standards on

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Obama Fuel-Economy Rule Gives Sweeteners To Honda, Tesla

by Angela Greiling Keane (Bloomberg)  Honda Motor Co. (7267), which last year complained that a proposed fuel-economy rule was unfair

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25x’25 Statement on the Obama Administration’s Final 2017 and Later Model Year Light-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards

(25 x '25)  The 25x’25 Alliance’s preliminary review of the final rule outlining 2017 and Later Model Year Light-Duty Vehicle

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EPA’s 2017-2025 Light Duty Vehicle Rule Discourages Alternative Fuel Use

by Boyden Gray & Associates (25 x '25)   While there are a number of obstacles impeding further growth in

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Ethanol Stays in Gasoline Even If Mandate Ends

by Mario Parker (Bloomberg BusinessWeek)  Ethanol, the best-performing energy commodity this year, is cheaper than gasoline, encouraging refiners to use

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Obama Administration Finalizes Historic 54.5 mpg Fuel Efficiency Standards/ Consumer Savings Comparable to Lowering Price of Gasoline by $1 Per Gallon by 2025

(Environmental Protection Agency/The White House)  The Obama Administration today finalized groundbreaking standards that will increase fuel economy to the equivalent

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A Waiver that Wouldn’t Be Wise

by Adam Monroe (News Observer)  Last week Gov. Beverly Perdue filed a waiver request for the Renewable Fuel Standard, one

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Biofuels Group: Big Oil Also behind Ethanol Waiver Requests

by Zack Coleman (The Hill/E2Wire)  ...Monte Shaw, executive director with the Iowa Renewable Fuels Association, credits the uptick in gubernatorial

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Chrysler Helps “Tell the Story” of Ethanol

by Joanna Schroeder (DomesticFuel.com)  Chrysler sees great value in ethanol. James Frusti, Chrysler Group manager of Fuels, Energy and Regulatory Affairs, presented

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US EPA Seeks Input on Ethanol Mandate Waiver Requests

(Reuters)  * EPA to gather public comment for 30 days * EPA must make decision on ethanol waivers by November * Petitioners

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Court Ruling Paves Way for E15 Gas Use

by Robert Pore (The Grand Island Independent)  Higher ethanol blend could be used by nearly two-thirds of vehicles on road On

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Updated Assessment of the Drought's Impacts on Crop Prices and Biofuel Production

by Bruce Babcock (Center for Agricultural and Rural Development)  ...The sharply lowered production estimates suggest the preliminary assessment of the

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EPA to Approve Sorghum for Cleaner Ethanol; Experts Say Grain Has Less Impact on Food Prices

(The Washington Post/Associated Press)  The federal government is on the verge of approving a grain mainly used as livestock feed

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EPA to Propose US Biofuel Fraud Fix by End of 2012

by Ryan Tracy (Hydrocarbon Processing)  ...The US Environmental Protection Agency late Tuesday made its first specific promises to address fraud

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Ethanol Plant Closures Cause DDGS Supply Issues

(Drovers Cattle Network)  The 2012 drought is not only taking its toll on U.S. Midwest crop and livestock producers. Ethanol

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EPA Should Reject NC Gov’s RFS Waiver Request, Says RFA

(Renewable Fuels Association)  Responding to an official waiver request of the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) by North Carolina Governor Beverly

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North Carolina, Arkansas, Maryland and Delaware Request Renewable Fuel Standard Waiver

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Washington, the governors of North Carolina, Arkansas, Maryland and Delaware made a formal request

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Lower U.S. Corn Crop Doesn’t Justify Ethanol Waiver, RFA Says

by (Bloomberg) ...Refiners can meet biofuel targets by drawing from ample stockpiles and utilizing excess credits, known as Renewable Identification

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RFS2 Compliance: Little Known Facts Can Have a Big Impact

by Ashley Player (Biodiesel Magazine/Frazier, Barnes & Associates)  ...One potential gray area is the treatment of off-spec biodiesel—many facilities simply

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EPA’s 2017-2025 Light Duty Vehicle Rule Discourages Alternative Fuel Use

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest/BIO)  ...While there are a number of obstacles impeding further growth in alternative energy, few are

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Industry in High Gear to Secure Critical Federal Policy Decision

by Anne Steckel  (National Biodiesel Board/Biodiesel Magazine) ...Starting this year, the RFS calls for a minimum of 1 billion gallons

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Hurdle Cleared for Sale of 15% Ethanol Blends

by Ciindy Zimmerman (DomesticFuel.com)  The Environmental Protection Agency has given its approval for the first retailers to sell 15% ethanol

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Expect Brutal Fight for RFS and E15

by Greg Martin (AgInfo.net)  ...DINEEN: The RFS is under attack in Washington today. I don’t see for a moment that

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USDA Deregulates GMO Sugar Beets -- Again

by Mateusz Perkowski   (Capital Press)  The USDA has decide to again fully deregulate genetically engineered sugar beets that are resistant

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Will US Federal Fleet Help Alternative Fuel Switch?

by John Kemp (Reuters COLUMN)  Widespread use of alternative motor fuels has been hampered by lack of fuel distribution infrastructure,

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Paper Evaluates Consequences of Dueling CAFE, RFS Policies

by Kris Bevill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Increasing fuel efficiency standards are expected to shrink U.S. gasoline demand over the coming

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Is Kansas Ready to Bump to E15 at the Pump?

by Steve Everly (Kansas City Star)  Ethanol industry pushes for the state to step up from the E10 blend now

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No Farm Bill, No Tier 3—Not until after the Election; Sundrop Fuels Presents an Alternative

By Joanne Ivancic (Advanced Biofuels USA)  At the March 21 Bioenergy Day on Capitol Hill, discussion focused on the need

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Indonesia and Malaysia Launch Palm Oil Offensive against U.S. Ruling

(FreshFruitPortal.com)  Indonesia and Malaysia have questioned a U.S. decision  that their palm oil fails to meet regulatory greenhouse gas reduction

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The Palms Of Controversy

by Joelle Brink (Biofuels Digest Asia) Palms are said to be a symbol of peace and prosperity, but you can’t prove

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US Group Files Suit against Federal Cellulosic Ethanol Mandate

A US energy industry group on Monday said it has filed suit to challenge the federal government’s mandate for US cellulosic ethanol consumption, charging that it

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Oil Prices, Gas Prices and Domestic Production

(US Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources)  Jeff Bingaman, chairman of the Senate Energy Committee, has a well-deserved reputation

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Lawmakers Urge Administration to Support Biodiesel

by Cindy Zimmerman (DomesticFuel.com)  Dozens of lawmakers have sent letters to the White House calling for an increase in the

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Automakers Press for Some Changes to Fuel Rules

by David Shephardson (Detroit News)  Automakers asked the Obama administration Monday to make modest changes to a proposed boost in

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Retailers Want Liability Protection before Considering E15

by Kris Bevill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Liability issues surrounding the use of E15 remain a major concern for many retailers

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Republicans to Investigate EPA Handling of Renewable-Fuel Rules

by Mark Drajem (Bloomberg)  The House Energy and Commerce Committee said it will investigate the actions of the Environmental Protection

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Senate Energy Outlook Hearing Focuses on Fossils First

by Kris Bevill  (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Witnesses projected strong growth for renewable fuels use in both the power generation and

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Words from the Wise: A Study by a Group of Forest Scientists Confirms Forest-Derived Bioenergy Results in No Net Carbon Release

by Anna Austin (Biomass Power and Thermal Magazine)  A recently released study authored by nine scientists from multiple organizations  and

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EPA Issues Notice of Data Availability Concerning Renewable Fuels Produced from Palm Oil Under the RFS Program

(US Environmental Protection Agency)  he U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is issuing a Notice of Data Availability (NODA) to release its

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Policies for Bioenergy in an Era of Austerity

By Douglas L. Faulkner (Biofuels Digest)  What should be the priorities for federal government support for bioenergy, in an era

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Ethanol’s Octane Provides Proactive Opportunity

by Brian Jennings (Ethanol Producer Magazine/American Coalition for Ethanol)  ... The new CAFE standards apply to light-duty vehicles beginning in model

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EPA Releases First GHG Emissions Data Reporting Results

by Kris Bevill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  ...Power plants were found to be the largest stationary source of direct emissions, producing

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Deepwater Horizon's Missed Lessons

by Richard G. Steiner (Los Angeles Times) OpEd:  Not two years after the Deepwater Horizon debacle, the U.S. is proceeding with

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Ethanol Plants Add to Pollution

by Cody Winchester and Megan Luther  (Argus Leader)  Industry tops in state for toxic emissions ...For the past five years in South

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On Electric-Vehicle Incentives, Diesel Defenders Cry Foul

by Paul Stenquist (New York Times)  The U.S. Coalition for Advanced Diesel Cars, a Washington-based advocacy group whose members include Bosch,

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Battery-Car Future Undercut by Europe, Improvements in ICE Technology

by Neil Winton (Detroit News)  Investment bank Morgan Stanley came up with a nasty surprise for Nissan-Renault and other cheer-leaders

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Reaching the E15 Summit: Getting the Waiver Was Easy, Compared to the Work Required to Fulfill Requirements for E15 Implementation

by Kris Bevill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  ...The industry believed it had the scientific backing to support the use of higher

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Analyzing Concerns of EPA Regulatory Overreach

(Environmental and Energy Study Institute) The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is under persistent pressure from lawsuits and the threat of legislation

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SIGMA Joins Coaltion for E85

by Cindy Zimmerman (DomesticFuel.com)  The Society of Independent Gasoline Marketers of America (SIGMA) has officially joined the Coalition for E85 in the effort to

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Companies Cited by EPA for Fake Biofuel Credits

by Ayesha Rascoe (Reuters)  ...The EPA has issued 24 notices of violation to more than a dozen companies, including units

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Independent Petroleum Marketers Group Joins E85 Coalition

by Holly Jessen (Ethanol Producers Magazine)  Just more than a week after announcing the formation of the Coalition for E85 the

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E15: Cracking the RVP Nut

by Jeremy P. Greenhouse  (Ethanol Producer Magazine/Greenhouse & Gram) New blend won’t qualify for One Pound Waiver, presenting huge hurdle When

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Gauging 2012 Volumes: Will RINs Prove that the RFS Needs Modifying?

by Kris Bevill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  ...By Nov. 30, the U.S. EPA will issue its renewable fuel standard (RFS) volumes

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Ammo for Defending the RFS

by  Susanne Retka Schill  (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Interesting article turned up this week from Australia, showing just what could happen

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EPA Approves Canadian Renewable Biomass for RFS2

by Luke Geiver (Biodiesel Magazine)  After roughly seven months of thorough consideration and review, the U.S. EPA has approved a

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A Call for Statutory Clarity

by Bryan Sims (Biorefining Magazine)   ...Today, in an industry that’s working to produce high-performance, fungible, drop-in molecules, some on

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EPA Mandate Waivers Create New Uncertainties in Biodiesel Markets

by Seth Meyer and Wyatt Thompson  (FarmDocDaily/University of Illinois)   ...Biofuel mandates are directly relevant for biofuel producers, and indirectly

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Some Clean-Energy Firms Found U.S. Loan-Guarantee Program a Bad Bet

by Steven Mufson and Carol D. Leonnig    (The Washington Post)  ...The Obama administration’s vaunted initiative to catalyze the U.S. clean-energy industry

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EPA Releases Draft Policy for Ensuring Scientific Integrity / Agency seeking public comment

(US Environmental Protection Agency)  The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency August 5, 2011, is releasing its draft Scientific Integrity Policy for

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Diesel Power Ready to Meet Challenge To Achieve Lower Greenhouse Gas Emissions & Increased Fuel Efficiency in Trucks & Buses

(Diesel Technology Forum)  Diesel engines – which power more than 95 percent of America’s commercial trucks and 85 percent of

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Mandate Emerges as Ethanol’s Sacred Cow

by Amy Harder (National Journal)  ...By year's end, the congressional “super committee”  charged with reducing the federal deficit likely will

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President Obama Announces New Fuel Economy Standards

(The White House)  President Obama today announced the next phase in the Administration’s program to increase fuel efficiency and reduce

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The Work at Hand for E15 Market Expansion

by Bob Dinneen (Renewable Fuels Association/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Back in October, I wrote on the RFA blog, “The E-Xchange,” about

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Study: Regulatory Hurdles Hinder Biofuels Market

by Phil Ciciora (University of Illinois)  Regulatory hurdles abound for the successful commercialization of emerging liquid biofuels, which hold the

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AMA Wants Motorcycles Included in Study of Ethanol-Blended Fuel

(American Motorcycle Association)  The American Motorcyclist Association (AMA) is asking a key U.S. House panel to include motorcycles and all-terrain

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E-15 Gasoline Won't Be Sold for at Least a Year, Watchdog says

by Neil Roland (Automotive News)  Gasoline with up to 15 percent ethanol probably won't be sold at the pump for

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EPA Defers Application of CO2 Emissions Rules to Biomass

(Troutman Sanders)  The EPA on July 1, 2011 issued a final rule deferring for three years application of the Clean

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Ford, Toyota Criticize EPA Ethanol-Blend Fuel Proposal

(Bloomberg)  Automakers including Chrysler Group LLC, Ford Motor Co. and Toyota Motor Corp. criticized an Environmental Protection Agency proposal to

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FEW: 'Feed is Food' Cautions Panel

by Ron Kotrba (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The Food Safety Modernization Act is changing how ethanol producers do business, and it’s

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Next Generation Fuel Economy Labels Arm Consumers with Information They Can Use

by Ray LaHood (Department of Transportation)  ...Because of President Obama's efforts and automakers' innovations, Americans today have many more options

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U.S. Scraps Letter Grades for Cars

by Josh Mitchell and Stephen Power (Wall Street Journal)   The Obama administration has scrapped a proposal to assign new

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Shell Oil President Odum Calls For Biofuel Incentives

by Ryan Tracy (Dow Jones NewsWires/NASDAQ.com)  Shell Oil Co. President Marvin Odum gave a bullish outlook for biofuels Tuesday, saying

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Indirect Land Use Change: A Second-Best Solution to a First-Class Problem

by David Zilberman, Gal Hochman, and Deepak Rajagopal  (AgBioForum)  Concern about the possible effects of biofuels on deforestation have led

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Development of Measurements and Standards for Biofuels

(National Institute of Standards and Technology)  With concerns over the limited supply of non-renewable forms of energy, there is growing

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2 Studies Target Sticking Points, Gaps in Life-Cycle Calculations of Biofuels

by Jenny Mandel (New York Times/Greenwire)  Conducting in-depth life-cycle assessments of the environmental impacts of biofuels is complicated, and new

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Notice of Proposed Rulemaking to Reduce the Potential for Misfueling

(EPA)  EPA is concurrently proposing a regulatory program to promote the successful introduction of E15 into commerce by ensuring that E15

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The Health Benefits of Ethanol

(Ethanol Across America)  C. Boyden Gray, one of the architects of the historic 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments that established

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Renewable Fuel Standards -- RFS2

by B.A. (Ben) Thorp and Masood Akhtar  (Ahead of the Curve, TAPPI)  ...The first question to ask is, why do I

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Texas Loses “Food vs. Fuel” Biofuel Feud

by Angela Neville (Power Mag) ... In April, the Texas governor jumped into the middle of this debate. Responding to what

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E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass Indiana indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial burners industrial ethanol 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Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jersey Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati knotweed Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose Lake County lamp oil land ownership land prices land rights land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy landfill methane Landfills landscape Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon lecithin legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena levulinic acid Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels liquidation Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps liquified biomethane (LBM) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louis Louisiana low c low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M100 M15 M3 M50 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning macororo Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandate mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Fuel Oil Marine Gas Oil (MGO) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel Terminal Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering market forces market share marketing markets/sales Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute mass balance standard Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritania Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane leaks methane/biomethane methanization methanol fuel cells methanol price Methanol-to-Jet 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tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed mvr Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nano particles nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha naphthene NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gas prices natural gas vehicles natural 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