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Pennsylvania

Burning Man, Burning Microbe: Biofuels beyond Biomass

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …Are they biofuels? We think so – even if they are post-biomass. They do what organisms have done for eons to make biomass in the first place: convert lifeless CO2, sunlight and water and nutrients into a new material. Today, there are four classes of

October 15, 2012 Read Full Article

Renmatix Unveils State-of-the-Art R&D Facility at Pennsylvania Headquarters

(Renmatix)  U.S. Senator Bob Casey (D-PA) visits facility to discuss job creation and growth of biobased markets Renmatix, the leading manufacturer of cellulosic sugars for biobased chemical and fuel markets, marked the opening of a new research and development center in Pennsylvania today, during a facility tour with U.S. Senator

September 25, 2012 Read Full Article

Waste Management and Renmatix Announce Agreement to Explore Conversion of Urban Waste to Low-Cost Cellulosic Sugar

(Renmatix)  Companies embark on program to explore viability of MSW as inputs for PlantroseTM process Waste Management, Inc.
, the leading provider of comprehensive waste management services, and Renmatix, the leading manufacturer of biobased sugar intermediates for global chemical and fuel markets, today announced they have entered into a joint development

August 24, 2012 Read Full Article

Genuine Bio-Fuel to Open Biodiesel Refinery in Lincoln Park, NJ

(Genuine Bio-Fuel/Biodiesel Magazine)  Genuine Bio-Fuel Inc., headquartered in Indiantown, Fla., expands its operations to Lincoln Park, N.J., with the build-out of a state-of-the-art biodiesel refinery at the Lincoln Park Airport, while creating15 to 30 new jobs in the process. Genuine Bio-Fuel looks forward to branching out to New Jersey and

August 15, 2012 Read Full Article
  Keystone Farm Show   January 8-10, 2013   York, PA

Keystone Farm Show January 8-10, 2013 York, PA

The Keystone Farm Show is the fastest growing farm show on the East Coast! Started in January of 1998 to address the needs of agrimarketers in the Mid-Atlantic area, the show has nearly tripled in size! The Keystone Farm Show has been extended to 3 days to accommodate the increase

August 10, 2012 0 comment Read Full Article

Agriculture Secretary Vilsack Announces Support for Producers to Grow Renewable Feedstocks for Advanced Biofuels

(US Department of Agriculture)  Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack today announced payments for 125 advanced Biofuel producers across the country to support the production and expansion of advanced biofuels from a wide variety of non-food sources, including waste products. “Advanced biofuels are a key component of President Obama’s ‘all-of-the-above’ energy strategy

July 31, 2012 Read Full Article

Yabba Dabba Rabba Dopsis: A Coming Revolution in Crop Yields during Times of Drought?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …Here we are, some 30+ years into the era of genetic modification of crops. The primary breadbasket of the world, the United States, is experiencing its most severe drought conditions in decades, and you might well ask how many new drought-resistant genetic traits are in

July 25, 2012 Read Full Article

Death Valley Days: The Biofuels Financing Saga

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  As bio-based companies race across the Valley of Death, in the dash for scale, who’s getting financing now, and how? The path to financing success in bio-based project development used to be a little less complicated. Raise seed money from friends and family.  Series A

July 20, 2012 Read Full Article

Danforth Center Part of Biofuel Study

by Tim Bryant   (STLToday.com)   The Donald Danforth Plant Science Center is among five recipients of a $12.1 million federal grant to develop drought-tolerant grass as a sustainable source of biofuel. Developing bioenergy grasses with the desirable traits needed for large-scale production requires “model plant systems” closely related to

July 17, 2012 Read Full Article

Student Biofuels Projects at EnergyPath 2012 Science Fair: From Energy Grasses to Enzyme Fuel Cells with Cellulosic and Biodiesel Research inbetween

by Joanne Ivancic (Advanced Biofuels USA)  He was dressed like an executive; dark suit, white shirt, tie, and struggling to get a poster board out of the back of an SUV as his mother tried to help.  I glanced the word “Bio diesel” on the poster and approached the two.

June 30, 2012 0 comment Read Full Article

EnergyPath 2012 Full of Inspiration

by Joanne Ivancic (Advanced Biofuels USA)  EnergyPath, a project of the Sustainable Energy Fund, provides a unique conference/workshop event to promote implementation of sustainable energy in Pennsylvania, in the broadest sense. Founded in 1999 via a settlement approved by the Pennsylvania Public Utility commission during the state’s electric deregulation proceedings,

June 28, 2012 0 comment Read Full Article

Dial 9011 for Crop Assistance

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Section 9011 of the Farm Bill – the Biomass Crop Assistance Program – USDA deploys $9.6M in new investments in bioenergy crops as questions revolve around the program’s future and effectiveness.   Is BCAP important? Will it survive? How will it change? In Washington, Agriculture Secretary

June 14, 2012 Read Full Article

Yecch, Ptooey! The 13 Oddest and Strangest Biofuels Feedstocks

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Most of the stories we write at the Digest on the subject of biofuels feedstocks fall into the well-established realms of normal. But every once in  a while, a feedstock emerges that is so compellingly bizarre that we file the story away in our “yecch,

June 4, 2012 Read Full Article

Ethanol Plant Set to Begin Production Soon, Job Opportunities Available

by Brittany Boyer (WJAC TV)  Pennsylvania Grain Processing has officially closed on the purchase of the former Bionol Ethanol plant in Clearfield. According to a news release obtained by 6 News, production at the plant is expected to begin sometime during late June or early July. …Beth Westemeyer, marketing manager

May 29, 2012 Read Full Article

Sugar Rush: The Race Is on to Commercialize Low-Cost, High-Quality Sugars from Nonfood Sources

by Bryan Sims (Biorefining Magazine)  The biorefining industry is hungry for a low-cost, high-quality and readily available supply of sugar feedstock from nonfood biomass sources. A number of pure-play sugar technology developers and manufacturers like Renmatix, Virdia (formerly HCL CleanTech), Sweetwater Energy, Comet Biorefining Inc., Proterro and others are deeply

May 2, 2012 Read Full Article

Brown Grease Collection Unit Helps Provide Low-Cost Feedstock

by Ron Kotrba  (Biodiesel Magazine)   Bio-Energy Holdings Inc. has developed a brown grease collection process unit available for restaurants, trademarked the A-Ceptor, to help avoid clogged grease traps, fines and sewer problems. The unit, which the company says is modular, free-standing, externally self-contained and serviceable, collects and processes brown

April 26, 2012 Read Full Article
  2012 AFREC Sustainability Summit    May 31    Hershey, PA

2012 AFREC Sustainability Summit May 31 Hershey, PA

Alternative Fuels Renewable Energies Council’s Annual Sustainability Summit – Where corporate representatives, government officials, and financial partners convene to collaborate and form strategic alliances that promote and market sustainable products, programs, projects and initiatives. Speakers: Katherine Neal Blue, Managing Director, US Climate Change & Sustainability,  KPMG LLP (confirmed) Dr. Cheryl Martin, Deputy Director Advanced Research

April 18, 2012 Read Full Article

Low Carbon Fuel Standard Could Double Gas Prices

by Cindy Zimmerman (DomesticFuel.com)  A new study released today by the Consumer Energy Alliance (CEA) indicates that a low carbon fuel standard (LCFS) in Northeast and Mid-Atlantic states could result in doubling gasoline prices and other negative economic impacts. The study, “Analysis of the Economic Impact of a Regional Low Carbon Fuel Standard

March 27, 2012 Read Full Article

U.S. Ag Secretary Says Ethanol Holding Gas Prices in Check

by Jim Martin (Erie Times-News)  U.S. Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack knows gas prices are high. …But Vilsack, a Pittsburgh native, said prices could be a lot worse. In an interview with the Erie Times-News, Vilsack said Tuesday that ethanol and other biofuels are helping to hold prices at the pump

March 14, 2012 Read Full Article

AMERIgreen Offering Biodiesel at New NY Blending Terminal

by Bryan Sims (Biodiesel Magazine)  The distribution of biodiesel-blended fuels for both on- and off-road applications in the Northeast just got easier as Lancaster, Pa.-based fuel dealer AMERIgreen Energy Inc., in partnership with International Petroleum Traders LLC, recently opened a state-of-the-art biodiesel blending terminal in Rensselaer, N.Y. According to Steve

February 29, 2012 Read Full Article
  Energypath 2012 and Energy Camps    June 25-29   Center Valley, PA

Energypath 2012 and Energy Camps June 25-29 Center Valley, PA

Come explore the future of energy at Energypath 2012. Conference and Expo June 28 & 29 2012 • Pre Conference Energy Camps June 25-27 held at DeSales University. During the week at Energypath, professional educators learn side by side with industry professionals and policy makers in over 100 classes in sustainable Energy. The week kicks

February 29, 2012 Read Full Article

Startup Takes Wood Pellets in, Turns out ‘Biogasoline’

by Martin LaMonica (CNET)  For a new crop of biofuel companies, ethanol is out and “biogasoline” is in. One of them is Primus Green Energy, which plans to open a demonstration plant by the end of the year that will convert wood pellets into high-octane gasoline. The Hillsborough, N.J.-based company intends

February 15, 2012 Read Full Article

Companies Show Interest in Ethanol Plant

by Jeff Corcino  (The Progress News)  The Bionol Clearfield ethanol plant could have some potential buyers. At last night’s meeting of the Clearfield Lawrence Township Joint Airport Authority, manager Richard Shaffer said he has received some inquiries on how tall the silos can be at the ethanol plant. According to

January 20, 2012 Read Full Article

Iowa State University-Led Group Awarded $25 Million Grant for Land Use, Biofuel Production Study

(Iowa State University)  Now, an Iowa State University-based study over the next five years will examine whether a single, coordinated production system can address all of these concerns while making profits for producers. A multi-state, interdisciplinary team led by Ken Moore, Charles F. Curtiss Distinguished Professor in the Department of

January 19, 2012 Read Full Article

Federal Cutbacks Not Stopping MFA Biofuels Plan

by Jacob Barker (Columbia Tribune)  Despite large cuts to the federal program supporting it and concerns from some groups about environmental impacts, a project to begin growing a giant perennial grass to serve as a dedicated biofuel crop is moving ahead. MFA Oil Biomass, a partnership between Columbia-based MFA Oil

January 16, 2012 Read Full Article

Ocean Robots Could Sail Seas and Farm Fuel from Algae

by Jeremy Hsu (MSNBC)  Engineer says cheap biodiesel can be made on any scale year-round — he just needs cash The biofuel farm contained only a small wind turbine, solar panel and container of green scum packed within a tub-size frame floating on the water. But its design could someday

January 9, 2012 Read Full Article

Coskata’s $100 million IPO: The 10-Minute Version

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The first gas fermentation technology to come to the public markets: Coskata files its $100 million IPO.  Here’s our 10-minute version of the filing, with a translation of the risks into English. …Coskata, which in the past year lost $28.7 million while recording $250K in

December 27, 2011 Read Full Article

Discovery On How Sugars Are Moved Throughout a Plant

(Science Daily)  …But how the sucrose produced in the leaves via photosynthesis is delivered to the transporters that move it into the phloem has remained a mystery. Thus, a critical piece of the molecular pump was unknown–the protein that moves the sucrose to the inside of the plant’s leaf cell

December 27, 2011 Read Full Article

Troubled Ethanol Plant Looks to Sell Water for Fracking

by Holly Jessen   (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Idled ethanol plant Bionol Clearfield LLC is working to get approval to sell some of the water it would be using for ethanol production to sell to the natural gas extraction industry for “fracking.” Bionol, a 110 MMgy ethanol plant located in Clearfield,

December 5, 2011 Read Full Article

Natural Gas Threatens Biofuels?

by Carrin Hall (Energy Digital)  As the natural gas industry targets vehicles, what will happen to biofuels development? Clean Energy Fuels, a leading natural gas provider in Seal Beach, has teamed up with Quarles Petroleum Inc. to bring customers alternative fuel, priced at $1.50 per gallon less than diesel or

November 17, 2011 Read Full Article

Biofuels Research and Teaching Facility Dedicated at Harrisburg Campus

(Pennsylvania State University)  Penn State Harrisburg has opened its new $1.6 million biofuels research and teaching laboratory and greenhouse. Dedicated during a recent ceremony, the facility serves a center for the study of second- and third-generation biofuels, with the goal of bringing environmentally friendly energy alternatives to the marketplace. Located

October 30, 2011 Read Full Article

Agency Gets Another State Grant

by Carole Duran (Reading Eagle.com)  Berks County Intermediate Unit has been awarded a $100,000 Alternative Fuels Incentive Grant from the state Department of Environmental Protection to continue offsetting the difference in diesel and biodiesel fuel costs. …The grant was a follow-up to a previous $183,000 grant that the department split between offsetting

October 26, 2011 Read Full Article

Company Plans to Build First Biodiesel Plant in Schuylkill

by Stephen J. Pytak   (RepublicanHerald.com)  A company is planning to start up the first biodiesel plant in Schuylkill County, which will convert food waste oil into biodiesel fuel. Borough officials have been in talks with NAGSCO Corp., which is working with Liberty Oil, Port Carbon, on the project. NAGSCO Corp.

October 24, 2011 Read Full Article

Growing Algae Could Clean the Chesapeake Bay and Create Biofuel

By Richelle Gonzalez   (Severna Park Patch)  University of Maryland researcher says algae could remove pollutants from agricultural wastewater. The Eastern Shore is known for vast soybean and corn farms, but if Patrick Kangas had his way it would be covered in slime. Kangas, a researcher at the University of

October 20, 2011 Read Full Article

Coskata, Inc.’s Semi-Commercial Facility Demonstrates Two Years of Successful Operation

(Coskata)   With More than 15,000 Run Hours, Company Focus Turns to Commercial Scale Facilities Coskata, Inc., a developer of technology for the production of advanced biofuels and biochemicals from biomass and waste materials, achieved two years of successful operations at their cellulosic ethanol semi-commercial facility in Madison, Pennsylvania this month. The

October 17, 2011 Read Full Article

Primus Green Energy Produces Drop-In Fuel with 25% Longer Runtime; Proprietary Thermal Chemical Process Successfully Tested In Pilot Production

(Enhanced Online News)    Primus Green Energy (“Primus”), the leader in renewable, drop-in fuel, successfully proved its pilot scale production is capable of producing “drop-in” standard gasoline that achieves 25 percent longer runtime than regular unleaded fuel. The bio-gasoline product was tested on an unmodified engine, following the recent expansion of

October 13, 2011 Read Full Article

Philadelphia-Based Co-op Launches Bioheat Initiative

by Erin Voegele (Biodiesel Magazine)  The Energy Cooperative, a Philadelphia-based member-owned nonprofit, has launched an initiative to encourage the use of Bioheat. To kick off the Clean Heat initiative, The Energy Co-op is holding a Clean Heat video contest. Members of the group submitted videos of their experiences using Bioheat.

October 5, 2011 Read Full Article

BARD Holding Inc. Announces Opening of Algae Production Facility in Calhoun, Georgia

(The Weekly)  Company to Direct Manufacturing for Nutraceutical, Pharmaceutical and Bio-Fuel Industry Bard Holding Inc., a U.S. based algae production company, announced the opening of its Calhoun, Georgia facility, the first of multiple manufacturing sites the company plans to operate in Georgia. …Charles Clerecuzio, BARD Holding’s Chief Operating Officer explained,

October 5, 2011 Read Full Article

Forest Resources Professor Part of Huge Biofuels Research Project

by Jeff Mulhollem and Chuck Gill (Penn State/Gant Daily)  A forest products researcher in Penn State’s College of Agricultural Sciences is playing a role in a national effort to gauge the viability of a novel use for wood-based biofuels. The U.S. Department of Agriculture on Sept. 28 announced five grants totaling

October 3, 2011 Read Full Article

Gevo Awarded Contract to Supply Jet Fuel to U.S. Air Force

(BusinessWire/Yahoo!Finance)  Air Force Purchase is for Jet Engine Testing and Feasibility Flight Demonstration Gevo, Inc., a leading renewable chemicals and advanced biofuels company, received a $5 million grant from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) for the development of biojet fuel from woody biomass and forest product residues. The

September 30, 2011 Read Full Article

Agriculture Secretary Vilsack Announces Payments to Producers in 41 States to Expand the Production and Availability of Advanced Biofuels

(US Department of Agriculture)  Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack today (September 27, 2011) announced that USDA will make payments to more than 160 energy producers in 41 states to support and ensure the production and expansion of advanced biofuels. “Renewable energy production will create tens of thousands of direct, American jobs;

September 28, 2011 Read Full Article

Renmatix Reveals Supercritical Hydrolysis as Lowest-Cost Pathway to Cellulosic Sugar

(PR Newswire/Renmatix)  Kleiner Perkins’ John Doerr, Pennsylvania Governor Tom Corbett, and Amyris CEO John Melo laud company’s novel use of super critical water Renmatix, the leading producer of cellulosic sugars, today unveiled the Plantrose™ process, the company’s commercial approach to producing sugars more cheaply than ever before. Access to non-food

September 27, 2011 Read Full Article

A Way to Make Motor Fuel Out of Wood? Add Water

by Matthew L. Wald (New York Times)  A Georgia company says it has overcome a major roadblock in turning agricultural waste into vehicle fuel and other useful chemicals by experimenting with a technology that treats the waste with compressed water heated to very high temperatures. The company, Renmatix, plans to cut

September 27, 2011 Read Full Article

2 Alternative Biodiesel Processes Unveiled at Biorefining Show

by Ron Kotrba  (Biodiesel Magazine)  The International Biorefining Conference & Trade Show in Houston wasn’t exclusively about biobased chemicals and next-gen biofuels. In fact, the event featured two speakers who presented novel biodiesel technologies that are on the verge of commercialization. John Massingill, president of Advanced Materials and Processes, presented

September 26, 2011 Read Full Article

N.J. Company Eyes Plainfield Township as Potential Site for Biofuel Plant

by Tom Shortell (LehighValleyLive.com)  A New Jersey company is considering building a biorefinery in Plainfield Township that would convert tall grass and wood pellets into fuel, but no official plans have been submitted to the township. Primus Green Energy, based out of Hillsborough, N.J., has approached the township and the Lehigh Valley

September 19, 2011 Read Full Article
  Bioheat Northeast   October 11, 2011   Pittsburgh, PA

Bioheat Northeast October 11, 2011 Pittsburgh, PA

Learn and Connect Presented by the National Biodiesel Board and Biodiesel Magazine, Bioheat Northeast will include a comprehensive agenda focusing on federal, state and local biodiesel oilheat mandates, as well as technical solutions for biodiesel storing, blending, and transporting. As an attendee you’ll have the opportunity to shake hands with industry leaders

September 16, 2011 Read Full Article

USDA Scientists Use Commercial Enzyme to Improve Grain Ethanol Production

by Ann Perry (US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service)  A commercial enzyme could reduce overall costs linked with producing ethanol from grain, and also reduce associated emissions of greenhouse gases, according to a study by U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientists and colleagues. The researchers found that the enzyme helps

September 13, 2011 Read Full Article

Keystone BioFuels Paves Way for Evolving Fuel industry

Monica Von Dobeneck (The Patriot-News /PennLive.c0m)  Ben Wooten is doubling his workforce, quadrupling his space and increasing his production tenfold at his Keystone BioFuels in Lower Allen Twp.    Not bad in a stagnant economy, he said. Wooten said government policy is helping to fuel his growth. Keystone produces biodiesel,

September 12, 2011 Read Full Article

New USGS Marcellus Shale Anaylsis Drastically Cuts DOE Estimates

by David Hughes (Post Carbon Institute)  This week the USGS released anew assessment of gas resources in the Marcellus Shale, Appalachian Basin. The report is a reasonable effort by the USGS to sort out some of the wheat from the chaff. The 84 Tcf technically recoverable undiscovered resource for the

August 29, 2011 Read Full Article

Senator Warner and Vice Admiral McGinn Discuss Energy Security, Fuel Economy

(The Pew Charitable Trusts)  This week, former Navy secretary and U.S. senator John W. Warner (R-Va.) is traveling with Vice Adm. Dennis V. McGinn (Ret.), vice chairman of the CNA Military Advisory Board, as part of a national tour to discuss security threats caused by the United States’ dependence on foreign

August 17, 2011 Read Full Article

Faces of Energy: Andrew Butcher and GTECH

by Lindsay Derba (PopCityMedia)  Andrew Butcher, 30, co-founded GTECH, one of Pittsburgh’s premier green economy initiatives, along with his partner, Chris Koch. The nonprofit aims to help Pittsburgh grow by transforming vacant land, connecting people to the green economy, and using green strategies to provide economic and community development opportunities. Its

August 4, 2011 Read Full Article

Area Businesses Say Ethanol Troubling for Machinery that Has Smaller Engines

by Walt Frank (Altoona Mirror)  Cars and trucks are capable of running on E-10 gasoline – gas that contains 10 percent ethanol – but it may not be so good for boats and other machinery with small engines. Service departments at Raystown Lake say there are seeing a significant increase

July 29, 2011 Read Full Article

Messiah College Uses Flower Power to Save Money, Environment

(ABC27.com)  Messiah College has been around for over 100 years, but they’re trying something for the first time this year. The school is a couple of months into what they are calling, “The Sunflower Power project.” …The school is growing five acres of sunflower plants. They plan to squeeze the oil out

July 28, 2011 Read Full Article

Computer Software Helps Engineer Organisms

by John Roach (MSNBC)  Could lead to microbes that produce drugs and biofuels A computer software program is outfitting biotechnology companies with the ability to determine the genetic plans they need to engineer microorganisms for the production of products such as building materials, drugs and biofuels. …The software program, called a

July 22, 2011 Read Full Article
  Keystone Farm Show    January 3-5, 2012   York, PA

Keystone Farm Show January 3-5, 2012 York, PA

The Keystone Farm Show is the fastest growing farm show on the East Coast! Started in January of 1998 to address the needs of agrimarketers in the Mid-Atlantic area, the show has nearly tripled in size! The Keystone Farm Show has been extended to 3 days to accommodate the increase

July 18, 2011 Read Full Article

No Eureka Moments in Long U.S. Campaign to Crack Cellulosic Code

by Paul Voosen (New York Times/Greenwire)  …For eons, plants have locked the sun’s energy into complex strands of sugar, used to build their stems and leaves. These chains are far different from table sugar or grain starch; they cling together, providing the meat of tree trunks and cotton strands. They

July 14, 2011 Read Full Article

Ashtabula County: Growing New Energy Industry

by Tom Beres (WKYC)  Farmers in Northeast Ohio and Pennsylvania are being recruited to grow a special grass that can be converted to biofuel energy. Some are already planting miscanthus, a durable grass that won’t spread and requiries little fertilizer and care. It can be harvested and converted to energy pellets and

June 29, 2011 Read Full Article

USDA Announces Projects to Provide Increased Renewable Energy Production, Reduce Reliance on Foreign Oil

(US Department of Agriculture)  Projects Further Obama Administration’s Effort to Produce Clean Home-Grown Energy, Create Sustainable Rural Jobs Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack announced today the establishment of four additional Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP) project areas to promote the cultivation of crops that can be processed into renewable energy. Acreage

June 17, 2011 Read Full Article

Sunoco Offering Biodiesel Blends on N.J. Turnpike, Garden State Parkway

(CSPNet)  Ultra-low-sulfur diesel provided along toll roads will contain 2% biodiesel Sunoco Inc. said yesterday that customers are now able to refuel with biodiesel blends at several New Jersey Turnpike and Garden State Parkway service plazas. The ultra-low-sulfur diesel provided along the toll roads will contain 2% biodiesel. …Sunoco said

May 27, 2011 Read Full Article

First Flex Fuel Pump Opens in Pennsylvania

by Joanna Schroeder (DomesticFuel.com)  Pennsylvania is the home of its first flex fuel pump. Rhoads Energy worked with Growth Energy to install the pump at its station located at 2176 Paxton Street, Harrisburg, PA. The pump was installed with assistance provided from Growth Energy’s 2010 E85 and Flex Fuel Pump Program.

May 10, 2011 Read Full Article

Rep. George: Alternative Fuels Grant Program Accepting Applications

(The Progress News)  State Rep. Camille “Bud” George, D-74 of Houtzdale, encouraged local businesses and political subdivisions to apply for grants available through the state’s Alternative Fuels Incentive Grant program. “The AFIG program was established in 1992 and has consistently helped create new markets for alternative fuels in Pennsylvania,” George

May 9, 2011 Read Full Article

BARD and OriginOil Announce Co-Venture

(Algae Industry Magazine)  BARD Holding Inc., of Morrisville, PA, and California-based OriginOil, Inc. have formed a co-venture to combine their technologies into an end-to-end algae cultivation, harvesting and extraction system. …“OriginOil’s harvesting and extraction technology coupled with BARD’s commercial algae production complete the end to end solution,” said Riggs Eckelberry,

May 9, 2011 Read Full Article
  Northeast Biomass Conference and Trade Show   October 11-13, 2011   Pittsburgh, PA

Northeast Biomass Conference and Trade Show October 11-13, 2011 Pittsburgh, PA

With an exclusive focus on biomass utilization in the Northeast – from Maryland to Maine – the Northeast Biomass Conference & Trade Show is a dynamic regional offshoot of Biorefining Magazine and Biomass Power & Thermal’s International Biomass Conference & Expo, the largest event of it’s kind in the world. Taking place in

May 5, 2011 Read Full Article

Pennsylvania DEP Announces Alternative Fuel Transportation Projects Grant Opportunity

(Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection)  The Department of Environmental Protection is accepting applications for projects to be funded by the Alternative Fuels Incentive Grant Program (AFIG). The program makes available $4 million in grants to assist in funding eligible projects that use or produce biofuels, alternative fuels and alternative fuel

May 4, 2011 Read Full Article

Ethanol Plant Spin-Off Industry Developing in Clearfield Borough

by Aaron T. Evans (Gant Daily)  A spin-off industry from Bionol Clearfield’s ethanol plant is under development in Clearfield Borough. On Thursday night a representative from Air Liquide and a representative from Gannett Fleming Inc. gave a presentation during council’s committees meeting. Air Liquide is a world player in gases

April 18, 2011 Read Full Article

USDA Grants Support Sustainable Bioenergy Production

(U.S. Department of Agriculture)  Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack today announced research grants awarded to spur production of bioenergy and biobased products that will lead to the development of sustainable regional systems and help create jobs. The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) Director Roger

April 13, 2011 Read Full Article

Oregon’s Diesel to Contain 5 Percent Renewable Biodiesel

(National Biodiesel Board)  Oregon is about to become the second state to require that most of the diesel sold there contain at least 5 percent biodiesel (B5). The National Biodiesel Board applauded the state on its progressive upgrade. “Policymakers in Oregon should be congratulated for displaying national leadership on clean

April 12, 2011 Read Full Article

GM, Coskata Join Forces to Correct Misconceptions about Ethanol

by Holly Jessen (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  With four decades of experience backing him up, Rathin Datta, chief scientific officer for Coskata Inc. has identified the primary renewable liquid fuel. “There’s no doubt—no technical, thermodynamic or energy or any other doubt—that ethanol is the molecule,” he told EPM. Datta is one

April 5, 2011 Read Full Article

Low Cost Sugars? The Beet Goes On

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …For hot technology companies such as Amyris, Solazyme, LS9, Cobalt and Virent, it all comes down to low-cost sugars. Which brings us to the case of that other sugar source: your friend, the sugar beet. The humble, often overlooked sugar-producing plant that is the mainstay

April 1, 2011 Read Full Article

UGES Expands New York Rail-to-Rack Biodiesel Terminal

by Bryan Sims (Biodiesel Magazine)  Ultra Green Energy Services Inc. expanded operations at the New Hyde Park Fuel Terminal in New Hyde Park, N.Y., by increasing railcar storage capacity by 30 percent. The terminal, owned and operated by Hart Petroleum, is the lone operating rail-to-rack terminal dedicated to biofuels on

March 30, 2011 Read Full Article

BARD Moves towards Commercial Algae Production

by Erin Voegele (Biorefining Magazine)    Morrisville, Penn.-based BARD Holdings Inc. recently announced its shift from research and development to the commercialization phase of its algae production technology. According to Avery Hong, BARD’s chief global strategist, the company has completed the first phase of its production rollout. Its initial facility,

March 24, 2011 Read Full Article

Freedom Environmental Acquires David M. Hickman Septic Service Company of West Chester, PA

(CityBizList Philadelphia)  Freedom Environmental Services announces today that it has acquired in an asset purchase the business and assets of David M. Hickman Septic Service Company, a family owned residential and commercial septic service company operating for over 100 years in the Pennsylvania area. “This acquisition gives us the perfect location and

March 14, 2011 Read Full Article

Municipal Solid Waste to Biofuels Summit: Conference Report

by Bill Brandon (Advanced Biofuels USA)  On February 10 & 11, about 120 participants gathered in chilly Chicago for the first Municipal Solid Waste to Biofuels Summit presented by the British firm, Eye for Energy.  The conference drew participants from across the United States, Canada, the Caribbean and internationally from

February 21, 2011 0 comment Read Full Article

Nation's Advanced Biofuel to Break Records This Year

(National Biodiesel Board/PRNewsWire)   The National Biodiesel Conference & Expo wraps up today leaving attendees with many reasons why the future is bright for biodiesel. 2011 promises to set a record pace for biodiesel. Here’s why: Record biodiesel sales. Petroleum companies and other obligated parties are using biodiesel, America’s first

February 21, 2011 Read Full Article

From Farm to Fuel to a NASCAR Track

by Joanne Ivancic (Advanced Biofuels USA)  Transitioning to unleaded gasoline at NASCAR occurred only a few years ago.  NASCAR race cars still use carburetors without fuel injection.  The move to Sunoco Green E15 represents an enormous cultural shift in NASCAR Nation.  Or does it?  On reflection, maybe NASCAR is just

February 17, 2011 0 comment Read Full Article

Penn State Demonstrates Biofuel Crops for PA

by Kelsey McNeeley and Joanne Ivancic (Advanced Biofuels USA/Lancaster Farming)  In 2002, Penn State University began using 20 percent (B20) biodiesel fuel on campus in the division of farm operations.  Because of their expertise in biodiesel, Penn State’s farm operations (Farm Ops) was given the opportunity to test three New Holland tractors on

January 25, 2011 0 comment Read Full Article

Agriculture Secretary Vilsack Announces Producer Payments to Promote Bioenergy Production in Rural America

(USDA) Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack today announced new investments in 33 states to support the production and usage of advanced biofuels. Vilsack highlighted these projects as ways the Obama Administration is working to reduce the nation’s dependence on foreign oil by creating alternative energy sources and promoting economic development and

January 21, 2011 Read Full Article

Philadelphia Eagles Go Greener with Eco-Friendly Stadium

by Neela Banerjee  (Los Angeles Times)  …(Jeffrey) Lurie and his wife, Christina Weiss Lurie, are retrofitting Lincoln Financial Field with wind turbines, solar panels and a biodiesel-reliant power plant with the goal of making it the first major U.S. sports facility to be self-sufficient on renewable fuel. The Luries’ ambitious timetable

January 10, 2011 Read Full Article

The Formation of The Center for Sustainable Energy Farming, a Non-Profit Research Foundation, Was Announced by Global Clean Energy Holdings, Inc., a Leader in Jatropha and Energy Farming

(Globe Newswire)  Global Clean Energy Holdings announced the establishment of a new non-profit research organization: The Center for Sustainable Energy Farming (www.CfSEF.org). The Center’s mission is to perform cutting-edge plant science research in genetics, breeding and horticulture, and further develop technologies to allow for the economic commercialization and sustainability of energy farms globally.

January 10, 2011 Read Full Article

Researchers Study Benefits of Barley as a Biofuel Crop

by Ann Perry (Hoosier Farms)  The benefits of using barley for bioenergy production don’t stop at the gas pump, according to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) studies. Scientists with USDA’s Agricultural Research Service (ARS) have found that barley grain can be used to produce ethanol, and the leftover byproducts-barley straw, hulls,

December 23, 2010 Read Full Article

Inspired by “Grassoline” Cover Story, High School Student Takes First in Statewide Science Competition

(Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center)  At the Pennsylvania Junior Academy of Sciences (PJAS) state competition earlier this year, Jacob Robertson took home a first prize for his project, “Could Corn be Put to Better Use?” Robertson, a high school student from Fairview, Pa., also placed first at the regional competition with

December 8, 2010 Read Full Article

County Terminates Agreement to Transfer $2M Grant to Ethanol Research Center

by Jessica Shirey (Gant Daily)  The Clearfield County Commissioners voted to terminate its cooperation agreement with SWAN Biomass Inc. at its meeting Tuesday in order to proceed with the transfer of grant funding to a cellulosic biomass ethanol research project in Curwensville. … Helios is a Pennsylvania-based science and technology firm

November 30, 2010 Read Full Article

Governor Rendell Says Latest Investments in Alternative Fuels Make PA More Energy Independent, Spur Innovation

(Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection)  Announces Nearly $8 Million for 21 Projects Promoting Biofuels, Natural Gas- and Electric-Powered Vehicles Governor Edward G. Rendell said today that Pennsylvania is cutting its appetite for foreign oil by more than a half-million gallons as it invests in 21 alternative fuel projects that will

November 22, 2010 Read Full Article

Sheetz Creating E-85 ‘Clean Fuel Corridor’

(PRNewswire)  Pennsylvania motorists wishing to use E-85, a cleaner fuel consisting of 85 percent Ethanol, will soon have a more consistent source of fuel as they travel between Pittsburgh and Harrisburg. Sheetz today unveiled its “East-West Clean Fuel Corridor” where E-85 fuel may be purchased. That includes three Pittsburgh area

November 8, 2010 Read Full Article

Erie’s HeroBX Launches New National Biodiesel Lobbying Group

Global Biofuels Alliance, Inc. (GBA), established in 2010, is a new nonprofit trade association representing small to midsize biofuels producers, traders, marketers, distributors, and other interested biofuels parties.  The GBA’s formation was prompted by the need for a voice for small and medium sized companies active in the U.S. biofuels

November 3, 2010 Read Full Article
  Penn State Bioenergy Shortcourse Series: Cellulosic Supply Chains November 11 State College, PA

Penn State Bioenergy Shortcourse Series: Cellulosic Supply Chains November 11 State College, PA

Penn State’s Biomass Energy Center sponsors this annual series of advanced short course training opportunities for emerging bioenergy topics.  National and international experts in biomass energy are brought together to deliver the latest developments in bioenergy, and to provide an opportunity for the biomass energy industry to meet fellow stakeholders

October 28, 2010 Read Full Article

Spring Groundbreaking Eyed for Ethanol Plant

by Scott Gilbert (WITF)  The Lancaster County developers behind a proposed ethanol plant hope to break ground in about six months. …The facility will generate ethanol using second generation beets with high sugar content, most of which Wheaton says will be grown in Lancaster County. “We could go to Lebanon

October 27, 2010 Read Full Article

Navy Unveils Its ‘Mean, Green Riverine Machine’ in Norfolk

by Bill Sizemore (Virginia-Pilot)  The Navy took a step toward breaking its dependence on petroleum Friday, powering up a boat with fuel derived in part from seaweed. In a demonstration at Norfolk Naval Station, an experimental boat was put through a series of maneuvers using a 50/50 blend of diesel fuel

October 25, 2010 Read Full Article

Pennsylvania Bill Would Establish New Biodiesel Fee

by Erin Voegele  (BioDiesel Magazine)  Legislation currently pending in Pennsylvania could negatively impact the state’s biodiesel industry. On Oct. 6, the Pennsylvania House of Representatives adopted an amendment, SB 901, which seeks to impose a new fuel tax on businesses that sell biodiesel fuel by amending the state’s Biofuel Development

October 18, 2010 0 comment Read Full Article

NASCAR Moving to Ethanol Fuel Mix for ’11

(NASCAR)  NASCAR announced Saturday it will race with E15 fuel in its three national touring series in 2011. Sunoco Green E15 is a 15-percent ethanol blend using American-made ethanol from corn grown by American farmers. “NASCAR is committed to being an environmental leader, and the sport has taken significant steps over

October 16, 2010 Read Full Article

Compact Contractors for America Developing Powdered Algae as Jet Fuel

by Tamra Fakhoorian  (Algae Industry Magazine)  Recent press about the seemingly novel concept of powdered algae as a jet engine fuel has raised eyebrows in the airline industry, and among competing algae processing technologies. However, Robert Fulton, president of Utah-based Compact Contractors for America (CCA), sees dry processed algal biofuel as

October 15, 2010 Read Full Article

Helios Scientific Looks to Bridge Gap with Cellulosic Ethanol at Curwensville Facility

by Aaron T. Evans (Gant Daily)  During a press conference on Thursday, Helios Scientific announced the launch of its cellulosic ethanol project in Curwensville. …Polite said the Curwensville facility will use cutting-edge technology to turn cellulose into affordable energy. The site will be a demonstration facility, and will use one ton

October 15, 2010 Read Full Article

Ethanol Plant in Rapho Township Wins Appeal

by Jon Rutter (LancasterOnline)  Beets-to-ethanol site won’t have to pay impact fee. Developer expects to break ground in the spring. Proponents of a Rapho Township plant that would convert sugar beets to ethanol won a sweet victory last week. Lancaster County Court Judge James Cullen ruled Tuesday that the developer,

October 14, 2010 Read Full Article

‘Energy Beet’ Crop Grown Here is Called a Success

by Ad Crable  (Lancaster Online)  Proposed plant in Rapho would use them. The results are in: Special sugar beets can be grown in and around Lancaster County to produce the alternative fuel ethanol. What’s more, farmers in the region should be eager to grow a crop that will be more

October 6, 2010 Read Full Article

Old Braddock Gas Station May Be Converted to Pump ‘Biofuels’

by Joe Napsha (Pittsburgh Tribune-Review)   A business that collects used cooking oil and processes it into fuel for diesel-powered vehicles plans to convert a dilapidated gas station in Braddock into a biofuels filling station next year. Fossil Free Fuel LLC in Braddock plans to convert the station in the 300 block

September 9, 2010 Read Full Article

Rush Township Landfill Project Changes Course

by Anne Danahy  (CenterDaily.com)  Dumpsite scaled back as developer focuses on ethanol The developer who had proposed building a landfill in Rush Township said the project has changed direction and the company is now working on plans for a waste-to-ethanol plant. Ed Abel, president of Resource Recovery LLC, said the

September 1, 2010 Read Full Article

Beet Ethanol Plant Survives Legal Challenge in Rapho Township

by Cindy Stauffer (Lancaster Online) Plans for a beet ethanol plant in Rapho Township have survived a court challenge.  A Lancaster County Court judge has dismissed a lawsuit by four businesses who own land near the site. … Maibach LLC wants to build a $93 million beet ethanol plant at the

August 25, 2010 Read Full Article

New E85 Pumps near Pittsburgh, PA; Phoenix, AZ; Fremont, CA

by Joanne Ivancic (Advanced Biofuels USA)  Ninety degrees on a Sunday afternoon in August, waiting 20 minutes on the Pennsylvania Turnpike in line for fuel near Pittsburgh left time to get out of the car to take a look at the fuel options.  Relatively new “E85 Only” pumps faced B5 biodiesel

August 9, 2010 Read Full Article

Pennsylvania Pursues Alternative Fuel JV

(Algae Industry Magazine)  The Raytheon Co., Accelergy Corp. of Houston, TX, and A2BE Carbon Capture LLC/Algae at Work, of Boulder, CO have formed a joint venture to develop a technology to gasify algae mixed with coal and/or coal waste into a cleaner, less expensive and more efficient gasoline, diesel and jet

August 3, 2010 Read Full Article

Renewergy Develops Aeroponic Algal System

(Algae Industry Magazine)  Renewergy Corporation, of Erie, PA, has begun cultivating algae with its patent pending Aeroponic Algal Culture system at the Erie Wastewater Treatment Facility. The system is designed to encourage and enhance the growth of naturally occurring algae with nutrients from the effluent. The algae can be used to produce a variety

July 24, 2010 Read Full Article

Firm Selected to Supply R&D Equipment for Pretreatment of Biomass

(PR Newswire)  AdvanceBio Systems LLC, a Cincinnati-based technology company, has been awarded a contract by The Pennsylvania State University to supply a Bench Scale Hydrolyzer System for its Shared Fermentation Facility located in University Park, Pennsylvania. The equipment will be used for research, development and demonstration of technology related to production

July 24, 2010 Read Full Article

Secretary Chu Announces Six Projects to Convert Captured CO2 Emissions from Industrial Sources into Useful Products

(US Department of Energy)  $106 Million Recovery Act Investment will Reduce CO2 Emissions and Mitigate Climate Change U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced today the selections of six projects that aim to find ways of converting captured carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from industrial sources into useful products such as fuel,

July 23, 2010 0 comment Read Full Article

Pennsylvania Dept. of Environmental Protection Makes $6 Million Available for Alternative Fuel Transportation Projects

(PR-USA.net)  Environmental Protection Secretary John Hanger announced today that the department is now accepting applications through the state’s $6 million Alternative Fuel Incentive Grant program, or AFIG, for homegrown fuel projects throughout Pennsylvania. “The AFIG program helps improve our environment and economy by developing cleaner burning, less polluting forms of transportation,”

July 20, 2010 Read Full Article

Bion Confirms Participation in SUNY Oswego’s Forum

(Bion Environmental Technologies, Inc.)  Bion Environmental Technologies, Inc. (OTC BB: BNET) today confirmed its participation at a public issues forum on July 14, hosted by SUNY Oswego’s Office of Business and Community Relations at their Campus Center auditorium. The forum, sought by Bion along with Operation Oswego, Oswego County’s economic

July 20, 2010 Read Full Article

Accelergy Receives Grant from Pennsylvania Commonwealth Financing Authority

(Accelergy)  Carbon Cycle Technology Alliance to scale carbon capture and recycling operations Accelergy Corporation, a global leader in the production of high-grade, domestically sourced liquid fuels, has been awarded an alternative and clean energy program grant from the Pennsylvania Commonwealth Financing Authority to fund a feasibility study to evaluate the viability

July 12, 2010 Read Full Article

N‐Viro International Corporation Receives N‐Viro Fuel Facility Permit Approval

(N-Viro)  N-Viro International Corporation, an environmental technology company that markets an alternative fuel manufacturing process and agricultural products, announced today the Company has received all necessary permit approvals from the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection to operate a full scale N-Viro Fuel(TM) mobile facility.  The permits allow for operation of a

July 12, 2010 Read Full Article

Lehigh Valley International Airport Gets $700,000 Grant

(LehighValleyLive.com)   …The Lehigh-Northampton Airport Authority today received a $700,000 state grant to promote cleaner transportation through the production and use of alternative biodiesel, natural gas and electricity.   …The money comes from an Alternative Fuel Incentive Grant through the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection.  READ MORE

May 19, 2010 Read Full Article

USDA’s Vilsack Says Biofuels Plant Is Future of U.S. Energy

by Debra Schell  (Press and Journal)  The Obama Administration’s quest to wean the nation off foreign oil by turning to renewable energy sources brought U.S. Department of Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack to Middletown Friday. Vilsack, along with Pennsylvania Agriculture Secretary Russell Reading, and U.S. Rep. Tim Holden, D-Pa., toured the

May 14, 2010 Read Full Article

Vilsack Tours Pennsylvania Biodiesel Plant

(Biodiesel Magazine)  Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack toured Middletown Biofuels in central Pennsylvania on May 7, where he highlighted biodiesel production as a critical component in America’s strategy to create jobs and revitalize the rural economy. But the hope of Congress finalizing the biodiesel blender tax credit legislation, critical for the

May 12, 2010 Read Full Article

Governor Rendell: Investing in Alternative Fuel Transportation Projects Will Drive Pennsylvania toward Energy Independence

Seeking to enhance Pennsylvania’s energy security, promote alternative forms of energy and create a cleaner environment, Governor Edward G. Rendell announced an $8 million investment in 20 projects that will advance the alternative fuels industry in the state. “The Alternative Fuel Incentive Grant projects promote cleaner transportation through the production

April 7, 2010 Read Full Article

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minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol nahar Namibia nano nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National 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tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests proton exchange membrane (PEM) public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest rain tree RAND rare earth metal RD10 RD20 RD30 RD80 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar red ii Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw 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Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion resurrection grass retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Rural Renewable Energy Pilot Program Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog smokestack soap Social social benefit investing social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soi soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar energy solar 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sunflower sunflower stalks supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic kerosene synthetic liquified gas (SLG) synthetic methane synthetic natural gas Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course Technical Readiness Levels techno-economic analysis technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics Thermal catalytic depolymerization (TCD) thermal 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