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Exclusive: China Suspends National Rollout of Ethanol Mandate – Sources

by Hallie Gu, Muyu Xu, Shivani Singh (Reuters)  China has suspended its plan to implement a nationwide gasoline blend containing 10% ethanol this year, three sources briefed on the matter

January 8, 2020 Read Full Article

LETTER TO THE EDITOR: Every Single Point Ron Hart Tried to Make about Ethanol Was Wrong

by Bob Miller (Destin Log)  Ethanol is in fact an excellent solvent and will help keep injectors clean.  — I just read Ron Hart’s opinion piece in your paper. I don’t want to

January 8, 2020 Read Full Article

Study Warns of Rise in Greenhouse Gas Pollution from Oil and Gas Firms by 2025

by Rachel Frazin (The Hill)  Oil, natural gas and petrochemical companies could release about 30 percent more greenhouse gas pollution by 2025 than they did in 2018, according to a new

January 8, 2020 Read Full Article

As Iran Crisis Drives Oil Prices Higher, Ethanol Delivers Relief at the Pump

(Renewable Fuels Association) Tensions in the Middle East have inflamed global oil markets, sending Brent crude oil futures over $70 per barrel and pushing U.S. gasoline futures to a nine-month high.

January 8, 2020 Read Full Article

A Greener, Simpler Way to Create Syngas

by Matthew Chin  (University of California, Los Angeles)  UCLA, Rice and UC Santa Barbara researchers develop new method to produce vital industrial gas  — Researchers from UCLA Samueli School of Engineering, Rice

January 8, 2020 Read Full Article

A Clean Fuels Policy for the Midwest

(Great Plains Institute)  This Initiative is exploring a clean fuels policy, at the state or regional level, as a marketdriven approach to achieving our economic, energy security, climate, environmental, and

January 8, 2020 Read Full Article

Biofuels Take up Little Space

(Union for the Promotion of Oil and Protein Plants (UFOP)) Although the share of the area for biofuels production increased by 1 percentage point in 2018, it is still very small. Cultivated

January 8, 2020 Read Full Article

Australian Tyre Recycler Signs Deal for First US Plant

(Green Distillation Technologies) Australian tyre recycler Green Distillation Technologies, which has developed world-first technology that recycles end-of-life tyres into oil, carbon and steel, has signed a deal to build their first

January 8, 2020 Read Full Article

10 Reasons Why Algae Are Interesting: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Non-Isocyanate Polyurethanes for Carbon Capture Reuse and Sequestration

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Algae is a wondrous thing…and here are 10 reasons why. But that’s not all! What about polyurethanes? Fully renewable polyurethanes from unsaturated lipids and protein-derived

January 8, 2020 Read Full Article

UABio Proposals for Amendments to the Legislation on Stimulating the Cultivation of Energy Crops

(UABio)The UABIO Working Group has finalized work on amendments to legislation to stimulate cultivation of energy crops in Ukraine. Read also: aboutabout creation of UABIO Working group on energy crops and about creation

January 8, 2020 Read Full Article

Top Industrial Biotechnology Trends in the U.S. – The View from Europe

by Mark Warner (Warner Advisors LLC/Biofuels Digest)  …   Housed in a region with significant historic chemical operations, including the home of where buna rubber was first commercialized, Eastern Germany is

January 8, 2020 Read Full Article

U.S. EPA’S Cleaner Trucks Initiative Launches Next Chapter for Advanced Diesel Technology

(Diesel Technology Forum) he Diesel Technology Forum issued the following statement today at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) announcement of the Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM) regarding the Cleaner

January 8, 2020 Read Full Article

Richard L. Ottinger Internship Program (Paid) at Environmental and Energy Study Institute

(Environmental and Energy Study Institute) EESI relies on interns to provide substantive help to advance our environmental and energy policy agenda. In return, interns gain insight into the workings of Congress

January 8, 2020 Read Full Article

D.C., New York, New Orleans Lead the Way on Biodiesel

by Savannah Bertrand (Environmental and Energy Study Institute) An increasing number of U.S. cities are switching their diesel fleets to biodiesel, a renewable fuel produced from biomass (such as waste oils)

January 8, 2020 Read Full Article

Minister: Govt to Channel 50pc of Crude Palm Oil Windfall Tax to Biofuel Fund

(Malay Mail/Bernama)  At least 50 per cent of the crude palm oil (CPO) windfall tax will be channelled to the biofuel stabilisation fund, which is expected to be set up

January 7, 2020 Read Full Article

Shell Aviation Inks Deal to Supply Sustainable Aviation Fuel to Lufthansa in US Airport

by Madeleine Cuff (Business Green) Firm promises to develop ‘scalable supply’ of sustainable aviation fuels under new multi-year partnership with World Energy  —  Shell Aviation, the jet fuel arm of

January 7, 2020 Read Full Article

Biofuels a Positive for Farmers in Ag Issue Conversations

by Rhiannon Branch (Brownfield Ag News)  … Elliott Uphoff grows corn and soybeans near Shelbyville in central Illinois. He tells Brownfield  biodiesel from soybeans and ethanol from corn should be

January 7, 2020 Read Full Article

First Fund @ Delaware Innovation Space Funding Applications Due January 31, 2020

(Gust Launch)  … First Fund is an exclusive program at the Delaware Innovation Space (DISI), that provides select early stage startup companies with up to $150,000* to access to DISI’s business building

January 7, 2020 Read Full Article

Notice of Intent to Issue a Vehicle Technologies Funding Opportunity

(U.S. Department of Energy)  The U.S. Department of Energy’s Vehicle Technologies Office has published a notice of intent to issue a Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) titled “Fiscal Year 2020 Advanced Vehicle

January 7, 2020 Read Full Article

The Work Ahead

by Vijay Swarup (LinkedIn/ExxonMobil) … That further work means continued technology innovation. We have to keep finding and inventing solutions to the myriad of individual problems posed by the dual

January 7, 2020 Read Full Article

JetBlue Prepares Its Business for a New Climate Reality

(JetBlue) JetBlue to Go Carbon Neutral on All Domestic Flights by Offsetting Emissions Starting in 2020, Ramping up to Offset more than 15-17 Billion Pounds of CO2 Emissions Per Year;  JetBlue

January 7, 2020 Read Full Article

Corn and Ethanol Markets: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Farmer Efforts to Drive the Renewable Economy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The National Corn Growers Association is working hard to increase demand, improve productivity and environmental sustainability and more, but how are they doing this? How

January 7, 2020 Read Full Article

Cracking the Code of Bacteria: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to MicroByre’s Engineered Bacteria

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  “Working with only E.coli is like feeding dogs grass to make milk,” said Dr. Sarah Richardson during this presentation given at ABLC NEXT in San

January 7, 2020 Read Full Article

Clariant, Anhui Guozhen Group, and Chemtex Chemical Engineering Ink Deal for 30 Million Gallon Cellulosic Ethanol Project in China

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) From Germany we have news that Clariant, Anhui Guozhen Group, and Chemtex Chemical Engineering signed a license agreement on sunliquid cellulosic ethanol technology. This is the third

January 7, 2020 Read Full Article

WEBINAR SERIES: 4th Annual Sustainable Fleet Technology Virtual Conference & Expo — July-December, 2020 — ONLINE free

    WEBINAR SERIES: 4th Annual Sustainable Fleet Technology Virtual Conference & Expo   —   July-December, 2020   —   ONLINE  free

Discover the latest and greatest in sustainable fleet technology, operations, and implementation. The Sustainable Fleet Technology Conference & Expo showcases the latest and greatest opportunities for biofuel, electric, natural gas,

January 7, 2020 Read Full Article

Florida Is Fueled with Biodiesel

(National Biodiesel Board/Biodiesel Magazine)  Florida Power & Light Co. embraces environmental stewardship as a core value and has used biodiesel fuel regularly for nearly 20 years—one vital component of its

January 6, 2020 Read Full Article

LNG Station Opens in Kristianstad, Soon with Locally Produced Biogas

(Gasum/NGV Journal) Gasum has opened its first natural gas station in Skåne, in Kristianstad, which will serve heavy-duty vehicles by offering LNG and bio-LNG. It is part of the company’s ambitious

January 6, 2020 Read Full Article

What’s Looming in 2020?

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)  …  Another looming fight: EPA’s proposals to weaken rules on greenhouse gas emissions from cars. The Trump administration has revoked California’s waiver authority, but

January 6, 2020 Read Full Article

China’s Resumption of US Ethanol Imports by No Means Likely Despite Phase One Deal

by Donavan Lim (S&P Global Platts) US exports to China unviable even if tariffs return to pre-tension levels; Philippines’ fuel ethanol imports to fall further; South Korea’s imports from Pakistan to dry up

January 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Suncor Asks 10th Circuit to Review EPA’s Denial of Controversial Biofuels Exemption

by Michael Karlik (Colorado Politics) Suncor Energy U.S.A. has filed a petition asking the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit to review a federal decision denying the company a one-year

January 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Producer Says Middle East Tension Shows Why U.S. Should Focus on Ethanol

by Larry Lee (Brownfield Ag News) An ethanol producer says events in the Middle East are again showing why home-grown renewable fuel is good for America.  Erik Huschitt with Badger State

January 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Pioneering a Path to Cleaner Fuels and Fewer Emissions

by Matthew Menzies (University of Alberta) Unconventional greenhouse gas reduction research brings biology and chemistry together in engineering  —  … UAlberta engineering PhD candidate Fatemeh Bakhtiari Ziabari is investigating ways to

January 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Valero Energy and AFPM Petition Supreme Court on RFS’ Point of Obligation

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) In Washington, D.C., Valero Energy Corporation and the American Fuel and Petrochemical Manufacturers petitioned the U.S. Supreme Court to look at whether the EPA is following the

January 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Year in Review: Biofuel Facility Closer to Construction

by Anna Del Savio (Columbia County Spotlight/Pamplin Media Grou)  NEXT’s biofuel production facility scheduled to open at Port Westward in 2022  — Preparations for the NEXT Renewable Fuels production facility

January 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Merrick’s Bioprocessing: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Bioprocess Engineering Toolbox

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Bioprocessing is complex, but does it have to be? Just ask Michael Washer at Merrick who gave this illuminating presentation at ABLC NEXT in San

January 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Microalgae Applications and Cultivation: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to mBio’s Algae Biomass

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  From microalgae applications that include adding value to feed, shrimp larvae culturing, bioplastics and anti-bacterial constituents and other applications, do you know about the latest

January 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Hydrogen Research Fuels New Solar Ideas for Green Energy

(Curtin University)  New research led by Curtin University explores the use of methanol as a storage for hydrogen fuel, providing a potential green option for the extraction and creation of

January 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Carbon X Prize: Transforming CO₂ into Valuable Products

(Carbon X Prize)  The $20 million NRG COSIA Carbon XPRIZE is a global competition to develop breakthrough technologies that will convert CO₂ emissions from power plants and industrial facilities into

January 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Stanford Global Energy Heroes Competition Application DEADLINE: January 31, 2020

(Stanford University)  Stanford Global Energy Heroes is a competition to recognize young people around the world who are creating sustainable energy solutions to benefit their communities. Share your solution in a three-minute

January 6, 2020 Read Full Article

NYC Is Heating up with America’s Advanced Biofuel

(National Biodiesel Board/Biodiesel Magazine)  NYC requires all city fleet vehicles and equipment to use B20 biodiesel from April through November, and B5 from December through March. However, biodiesel has performed

January 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Canola Growers See Opportunity in Biofuel Option

by Sean Pratt (Western Producer)  Hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) is starting to make inroads in the fuel sector.  HDRD can be made with the same plant-based feedstocks as biodiesel, so

January 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Used Cooking Oil Biodiesel: Best in Class to Decarbonise Road Transport

(EWABA/EurActiv)  According to EWABA, Farm Europe’s op-ed “Fraudulent Used Cooking Oil biodiesel – bad for the climate and a blow to EU farm, oilseed and plant protein sectors” was “slanderous

January 3, 2020 Read Full Article

South Korea Finalizes Energy Technology Development Plan for Next 10 Years

(Business Korea)  South Korea’s Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy (MOTIE) announced on Dec. 23 that it has finalized “The 4th Energy Technology Development Plan,” which presents its energy technology

January 3, 2020 Read Full Article

FuelCell Energy Highlights Advances in Renewable Biogas Applications Using SureSource Fuel Cell and Proprietary Gas Treatment Systems

(Power Mag/FuelCell Energy) Improving reliability and efficiency of renewable biogas applications since first commercial shipment in 2003; Unique chemistry of carbonate fuel cell avoids de-rating power plant when using  on-site

January 3, 2020 Read Full Article

The RFA 2020 Out-In List

(Renewable Fuels Association) RFAEditor’s Note: In keeping with a long-standing RFA holiday tradition, our very own Senior Strategic Advisor offers his views on what is on the way “out” as

January 3, 2020 Read Full Article

7th Annual Four Generations of Leaders in Clean Energy & Sustainable Solutions — December 4, 2020 — DMV TBD

    7th Annual Four Generations of Leaders in Clean Energy & Sustainable Solutions   —   December 4, 2020    —   DMV TBD

SAVE THE DATE     READ MORE

January 3, 2020 Read Full Article

7th Annual Green Jobs Forum — August 27, 2020 — ONLINE

    7th Annual Green Jobs Forum   —   August 27, 2020    —   ONLINE

Join us for our 7th Green Jobs Forum (held virtually) on Thursday, 8/27, 6-9 pm.  Learn about new deep green jobs from Justine Burt, author of “The Great Pivot: Creating

January 3, 2020 Read Full Article

CWEEL Clean Energy & Sustainability Extravaganza — February 28, 2020 — College Park, MD

    CWEEL Clean Energy & Sustainability Extravaganza   — February 28, 2020   —   College Park, MD

Presented with the Association of Energy Engineers – National Capital Chapter and Council on Women in Energy & Environmental Leadership — Innovative Trends on University Campuses in Clean Energy and

January 3, 2020 Read Full Article

6th Annual Green Financing Forum — January 23, 2020 — Arlington, VA

    6th Annual Green Financing Forum   —   January 23, 2020   —   Arlington, VA

More than ever, innovative financing solutions are needed for green energy and sustainability projects. On January 23, Leaders in Energy/Potential Energy DC will co-host their annual green financing program. As always, you

January 3, 2020 Read Full Article

OPINION: 2019 Brought Some Good Ethanol News for Retailers

by Cassie Mullen (Ethanol Producer Magazine/Renewable Fuels Association) As we enter this new decade of the 2020s, the future looks incredibly bright for higher blends of ethanol. Here are a few

January 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Low-Carbon Fuel on Agenda for WA Lawmakers

By Mateusz Perkowski (Capital Press/Chinook Observer) Gov. Jay Inslee’s agenda for the 2020 legislative session includes a low-carbon fuel standard, which effectively taxes fossil fuels and subsidizes renewable fuels such as

January 3, 2020 Read Full Article

National Ethanol Conference Scholarship Available DEADLINE: January 10, 2020

(National Ethanol Conference) Two scholarships are available to college students interested in attending the 25th annual National Ethanol Conference, scheduled for Feb. 10-12 in Houston. The scholarships cover the cost

January 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Request for Proposals: 2020 U.S.-Ukraine Alternative Energy Research Competition DEADLINE February 28, 2020

(CRDF Global)  CRDF Global and the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine (MES) are currently accepting proposals from joint teams of U.S. and Ukrainian researchers for the 2020 U.S.-Ukraine

January 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Required Biofuel Content in Fuels to Rise to 6.4% in Estonia from 2020

(The Baltic Course)  From the beginning of 2020, fuel retailers in Estonia are required to have in the fuel sold by them a bio-component equaling at least 10% of the

January 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Preventing FAME-Related Disruption

(Certas Energy)  To help customers prepare for the potential impact of increased FAME content, Certas Energy has developed a free guide that covers the problems caused by FAME, best practice

January 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Increased Blend of Biodiesel to Diesel Should Boost Supply of Soybean Meal

(Canal Rural (Google Translation)) According to Cepea, the fact should also reduce the idleness of the grain processing industries.  — Increasing demand for soybean oil for biodiesel, due to increased diesel

January 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Bid to Supply Huge Quantity of Hazardous Oil Foiled

(Business Recorder) The Punjab Food Authority (PFA) has caught four vehicles fully loaded with 24,580 liters of dirty oil which was being carried from different areas of Punjab to Lahore for

January 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Small California Indian Tribe Goes Off-Grid with Mini-Grid Including UCO Biodiesel

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In California, the Washington Post newspaper reports that used cooking oil from the Blue Lake Rancheria Indian tribe’s hotel and casino is used for biodiesel production,

January 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Zero Waste Scotland Promoting Insect Farming as Biodiesel Feedstock Source

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In the UK, the Scotsman newspaper reports that Zero Waste Scotland is promoting the development of an insect farming sector to diversify its circular economy, biofuels

January 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Microbes to Materials: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Lygos’ Sugar Conversion

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  By taking a low pH yeast platform and adding in some BioFab and software, machine learning and artificial intelligence, you get new materials development, said

January 3, 2020 Read Full Article

World’s 1st Hydrogen Fuel-Cell Powered Yacht, Hemp Airplane, Rock Snot to Biomaterials, Sisal-Based Thermal Insulation, and More: The Digest’s Top 10 Innovations for the Week of January 3rd

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The bioeconomy is kickstarting 2020 with a flurry of innovations, like a millennial entrepreneur who developed

January 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Mazda Claims Big-Battery EVs Have Worse Carbon Impact than Diesels

by James Gilboy (The Drive) When Mazda revealed its first mass-market electric vehicle, the MX-30, the world glossed over its

January 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Cutting Edge Funding: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Debt and Equity Financing Mechanisms for Bioeconomy Projects

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Money, money, money – a growing bioeconomy needs lots of it. But with so many challenges

January 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Triangle Clean Cities: Renewable Natural Gas Workshop — January 15, 2020 — Morrisville, NC

    Triangle Clean Cities: Renewable Natural Gas Workshop   —   January 15, 2020   —   Morrisville, NC

Sign up to attend the Triangle Clean Cities Coalition workshop about renewable natural gas and its applications in North Carolina.

January 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Clean Vehicles Coalition: Renewable Natural Gas Workshop — January 14, 2020 — Ashville, NC

    Clean Vehicles Coalition: Renewable Natural Gas Workshop   —   January 14, 2020   —   Ashville, NC

Natasha Beilstein, a Regulatory Consultant at EcoEngineers, will be giving a presentation at upcoming renewable natural gas (RNG) workshops in

January 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Welcoming an Age of Sustainable Flight

(Neste) Lufthansa’s Katja Kleffmann tells Satu Dahl how the airline is succeeding in its bid to make aviation greener. Globally, we

January 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Biodiesel at Work at Jackson Hole Mountain Resort

(Yellowstone-Teton Clean Cities) Yellowstone-Teton Clean Cities is non-profit that aims to increase the use of alternative fuels in the Greater

January 2, 2020 Read Full Article

USDA Issues Final Rule for Advanced Biofuel Payment Program

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine) The USDA Rural Business-Cooperative Service published a final rule for the Advanced Biofuel Payment Program on

January 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Sontirat Steps up Campaign for B10 Biodiesel Use

(The Nation Thailand) Energy Minister Sontirat Sontijirawong visited a PTT petrol station in Viphavadee Soi 11 on Wednesday (January 1) to

January 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Advanced Biofuel Center Releases Calendar of Biofuel Training Events for the Year 2020

(Advanced Biofuel Center/AltEnergyMag.com)  The Advanced Biofuel Center is a bioenergy crop research and development company that has established the Biodiesel

January 2, 2020 Read Full Article

State of the Renewable Fuels Standard — January 17, 2020 — Washington, DC

    State of the Renewable Fuels Standard   —   January 17, 2020   —   Washington, DC

National Capital Area Chapter of the United States Association for Energy Economics Lunch: STATE OF THE RENEWABLE FUELS STANDARD WITH CHRIS

January 2, 2020 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 10 Top Advanced Bioeconomy Markets & Predictions for 2020

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) A mere “The Year in Rewind” as we sail into 2020? Not the good ship Digest!

January 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Forest Service Grants License for Biomass Conversion Technology

by Matt Thompson (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The U.S. Forest Service announced in November its intent to grant a license for technology

January 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Greenlane Wins Biogas Upgrading Contract for California Project

(Greenlane Renewables/Biomass Magazine) Greenlane Renewables Inc. announced on Dec. 27 that its wholly owned subsidiary, Greenlane Biogas North America Ltd., has

January 2, 2020 Read Full Article

InnovationXLab Biomanufacturing Summit — January 28-29, 2020 — Berkeley, CA

    InnovationXLab Biomanufacturing Summit   —   January 28-29, 2020   —   Berkeley, CA

The Department of Energy (DOE) invests billions of dollars per year in its National Laboratory system, a global leader in

January 2, 2020 Read Full Article

World’s First Hemp Airplane Could Be Ten Times Stronger Than Steel

by Mark Horowitz (Anonymous News)  … Derek Kesek, the company’s founder, says that the hemp material that he made the

January 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Biofuel Company Anticipates February Start

By Ron Warnick (Quay County Sun) The president of a Tucumcari biofuels company said he anticipates construction will begin in February

January 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Converting Waste to Synthetic Crude Oil: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Licella’s Thermochemical Tech

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Licella is transforming plastic and biomass waste into high value sustainable resources. Their Cat-HTR platform

January 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Cellulosic Biofuel Technology: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Mercurius Biorefining

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Reaching high is something Mercurius is familiar with, esp. with their REACH technology. Standing for renewable,

January 2, 2020 Read Full Article

The Digest’s Biofuels Mandates Around the World 2020

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) 64 countries have targets or mandates – but how much where, and when, and what?  Besides

January 2, 2020 Read Full Article

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Co-op Extension co-processing co-products CO2 Sequestration coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) coastal habitat conservation coastal hay Coast Guard cobalt cock's foot cocoa Coconut coffee coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold-tolerance cold flow college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG / R-CNG) compression-ignition engine compression ratios computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology cooking fuel cook stoves cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 copper coppice cordgrass corn-based products corn/maize corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crimes Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cuphea cup plant currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D5 (5%DME) D20 (20%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date palm date palm pits Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization Delaware DeltaWing demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices diethyl ether digital Digital Biology dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct-to-fuel direct air capture directed evolution direct injection Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) dispense distillation distilled biodiesel distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME Dominican Republic double cropping Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dual cropping Dubai duckweed e-diesel e-LNG e-methanol E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E2 E3 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E40 E50 E55 E78 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED95 educatio education educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric grid electricity electricity/power generation electricity price electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) end user Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication externalities extremophiles f F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose flameleaf sumac flavors flax Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) French fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel additives fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility green Jo Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery GREET model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guinea Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP h Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawaii hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) HFS-SIP hibiscus High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horse bedding horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrids hydrocarbon fuels hydrodeoxygenation hydrofaction Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogenolysis hydrogen price hydrogen pumps hydropower hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indiana Indian beech tree Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial ethanol industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insects insurance integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine International international balance of payments International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Alternative Jetfuel (SAJF)/Renewable Jetfuel (RJF) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kero kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land prices land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars Lipid liquefaction liquid liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M3 M15 M50 M100 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Biofuel marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts mass balance standard Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methan methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks methanization Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methanol price Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum Monaco Mongolia mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol nahar Namibia nano nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Transportation Safety Board Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Northwest Territories Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds NTSB nuclear Nunavut nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins olive cake olive oil olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peak oil demand peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin peela kaner pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poland poli Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest rain tree RAND rare earth metal RD20 RD30 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming regulation regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit renewable d Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price Renewable Diesel Production renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED and RED II) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) RenovaBio replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog smokestack soap Social social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soi soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar-to-fuels solar biofuels solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solaris solid oxide fuel cell Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve STrategiv Petroleum Reserve straw students su sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugarcane sugarcane prices sugarcane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname sustai Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic liquified gas (SLG) synthetic methane Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course Technical Readiness Levels technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) Ultra Low Sulfur Fuel Oil (ULSFO) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils vehicles miles traveled (VMT) Velocys Venezuela Vermont Victoria video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volunteers waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil wastewater water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass wheat prices wheat straw whey whisky white grease White House wildlife habitat willow wind energy wine wastage/grape marc winter crops Wisconsi Wisconsin Wood woody biomass World Bank World Trade Organization (WTO) Wyoming XTL xylan xylene xylose yard waste yeast yellow grease yellowhorn tree Yemen yields Yukon Zambia Zanzibar zein zeolites Zimbabwe zinc

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